?INOEOOO IAAe?AO???, AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??

AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

AIAOOeUeEA Iaoae?y Eaceie??aia

OAeE: 616.2-002.1-053.4

*ANO? AINO?? ?ANI??AOI?I? CAOAI?THAAIIss O Ae?OAE AeIOE?EUeIIAI A?EO (
EE?I?*IA OA AEIEIAI-AI?AeAI?IEIA?*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA )

14.01.10. — iaae?ao??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aoeiaeinuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aac?oeia Eaii?ae Ieaen?eiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeeoy/eo oai?ia N1

Aoeiaeinuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? IIC Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Iicaeaanueeee Aiaoie?e Oaiaein??ae/, ?inoeooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eaiiy i?aai?a aeeoaiiy ? IAA AIIO;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaai?ia Aioii?ia Iaenei?aia,
Oe?a?inueeee ?inoeooo a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia(y IIC Oe?a?ie, canooiiee
aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaae?ao??? ?1 (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «18» /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 1430 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.533.01 ?c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth «Iaae?ao??y», «Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y» i?e ?inoeooo?
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo iaae?ao???,
aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 05 » o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.A.Eaaoi?ia

CAAAEUeIA OAPAEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. ?ani??aoi?ia caoai?thaai?noue i?iaeiaaeo? caeiaoe
i?ia?aeia i?noea o caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? aeeoy/i? caoai?thaaiino?
(Iicaeaanueeee A.O., 1994, ?a/eineee N.A. e niaao., 1996). Ia oi?ioaaiiy
??aith inoaiiuei? nooo?ai aieeaa? eiioeiaaio oae caaieo /anoi oai??th/eo
ae?oae (*OAe) (Bellanth J.A., 1997, Korpp M., 1997), i?e/iio naia o
aeioe?eueiiio a?oe? i?iaeaia /anoeo iiaoi?ieo aino?eo ?ani??aoi?ieo
caoai?thaaiue (A?C) ? iaea?eueo aeooaeueiith (ssai?neay I.A. e niaao.,
1992, Oaoi/aiei A.E. e niaao., 1981). ??aaiue A?C, aeniea e?aoi?noue
yeeo aecia/a? oi?ioaaiiy eiioeiaaioo *OAe, na?aae aeoiaaioe?a aeeoy/eo
aeioe?eueieo onoaiia (AeAeO) cia/ii aeuee o ii??aiyii? c ?o
«iai?aai?ciaaieie» iaeiie?oeaie (Wald E.R. et al., 1988) ? ia ia?
oaiaeaioe?? aei cieaeaiiy. Iaaiaee, ca no/anieo aeieia?/ieo oiia
a?aenioie *OAe c?inoa? (Karpatova E. et al., 1993, Viegi G. et al.,
1991).

O /enaeueieo ioae?eaoe?yo caeaa?eueoiai ?icaeyaea?oueny caeaaei?noue
e?aoiino? A?C o ae?oae a?ae e?eoe/ieo aeineooaoe?e, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny cia/iei ia?aaeuaiiyi iiethoaioaie ?o a?aie/ii
aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e (AAeE) (Aeaooia O.O., ss?oeeei E.A., 1993).
Iaioa ?ia?o i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai ee?i?/iiai oaiiiaio a
iiaeeea?e caeaaeiino? a?ae aeioa?aeoa?enoeee aeiae?eey, ui iae/ano?oa
aecia/a?oueny eiai aio?iiiaaiiei caa?oaeiaiiyi eiiieaenii iiethoaio?a,
eiioeaio?aoe?? yeeo iaaeothoue c a?aie/ii aeiionoeieie. Oiio iaaaeueiith
? iio?aaa o aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeicaeaaeiino? /anoi? caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae
a oiiaao iecueei?ioaineaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey c aecia/aiiyi
aaniethoiueiai oa a?aeiiniiai ?eceeo ?? aeieeiaiiy.

Iacaaaeath/e ia a?aeiia ?nioaaiiy caeaaeiino? oi?ioaaiiy ee?i?/iiai
oaiiiaio *OAe a?ae eiiieaeno aeci- oa aiaeiaaiieo oaeoi??a, aeineoue
iaei/enaeueieie ? ioae?eaoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy aca?iica’yceo oa
aeieueiai? o/ano? eiaeiiai c /eiiee?a o aeieeiaii? /anoeo iiaoi?ieo A?C
o aeioe?eueiyo (Eoaeeaeiai A.A., 1993), a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy
eiiieaeniiai aieeao aaaaoueio /eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai oaiiiaio.
Oiio aeooaeueieie ? iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaieo
eiiieaen?a i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a ia i?aenoaa?
aaaaoioaeoi?ii? ioe?iee iiiaeeiieo aiaei- oa aeciaaiieo /eiiee?a ?eceeo
aaoa?iaaiiiai ee?i?/iiai neiae?iio /anoeo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue o
ae?oae.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? oaie IAe? iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai
(IAI) IIC Oe?a?ie «Aea/eoe ii?aeiaiee aieea iani?eyoeeaeo aeieia?/ieo
oaeoi??a ? iaeeo aeic ?aae?aoe?? ia caei?ia’y ae?oae aeioe?eueieo
onoaiia c iaoith ?ic?iaee caoiae?a ii cieaeaiith ?o caoai?thaaiino?»,
iiia? ?a?no?aoe?? 019UO29775.

IAOA ?IAIOE. I?aeaeueoe ?acenoaioi?noue ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo aei
iiaoi?ieo A?C i?e canoinoaaii? oaeineiiaeaieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ?ic?iaeaieo ia i?aenoaa? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
c o?aooaaiiyi aeioa?aeoa?enoeee ?aeii?a iaoeaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ae??ooaaeenue ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? oaeoi?e
?eceeo /anoi? aino?i? ?ani??aoi?ii? caoai?thaaiino? o aeoiaaioe?a AeAeO
i?noa.

2. I?iaanoe aeieiai-ai?aeai?ieia?/iee aiae?c /anoeo A?C o ae?oae
aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, ye? a?aea?aeothoue AeAeO.

3. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? a?a??i?/ieo oiia ia?aaoaaiiy o AeAeO oa
i?e?inioe?aeueiee noaoon n?iae /anoi oa ai?ciaee/ii oai??th/eo ae?oae.

4. I?iaanoe eiiieaenia iiaeeaeaia ianoaaeaiiy aeioe?eueiyo c aea/aiiyi
iieaciee?a niaoeeo?/ii? oa ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? aeey aeyaeaiiy
ci?i o ieo, ye? anioe?ththoue c /anoeie A?C oa iani?eyoeeaith
aeioa?aeoa?enoeeith.

5. Iaa?oiooaaoe oa ?ic?iaeoe i?io?eaeoe/i? oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee
na?aae *OAe ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaeniiai
ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai oa ia?aee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy /anoi oa
ai?ciaee/ii oai??th/eo aeoiaaioe?a AeAeO c ioe?ieith ?o aoaeoeaiino?.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A.

Aia?oa aea/aii caeaaei?noue caoai?thaaiino? ia /ano? A?C aeoiaaioe?a
AeAeO aeioe?eueiiai a?eo a?ae eiiieaeno iani?eyoeeaeo aei/eiiee?a ia
??ai? iaaeoth/eo AAeE c aecia/aiiyi iieaciee?a aaniethoiiai oa
a?aeiiniiai ?eceeo ?? c?inoaiiy.

Iieacaii, ui oaiiiai /anoeo A?C o aeoiaaioe?a AeAeO aeioe?eueiiai a?eo
oi?io?oueny o ?acoeueoao? aca?iiae?? eiiieaeno iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo oa
iani?eyoeeaeo aeciaaiieo /eiiee?a (a?a??i?/ieo, i?e?inioe?aeueieo), o
oiio /ene? a?ae ii?aeiaiiai aieeao iiethoaio?a ia ??ai? iaaeoth/eo AAeE.

O ae?oae c iciaeaie aoii?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? aeieeiaiiy oaiiiaio /anoeo
A?C aecia/a?oueny ia?aaaaeii aiaeiaaiieie /eiieeaie, a oie /an ye i?e
iaeii/ani?e iayaiino? o?ii?/ieo aiaieu ?ioaeoe?? — aeaoa?i?io?oueny ?o
ii?aeiaiiyi c i?e?inioe?aeueieie, a?a??i?/ieie oa iecueei?ioaineaieie
aeiaaiieie noeioeaie.

Aia?oa a?aei?/aii, ui ae?aaeai?noue cnoa?a o iieacieeao ?ioiii? oa
aeooao?iiiai? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie o *OAe caeaaeeoue ? a?ae
eiiieaeno iani?eyoeeaeo aeiaaiieo noeioe?a ia ??ai? AAeE.

Iaoiaeaie aeenia?n?eiiai oa aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?c?a iieacaia
iie?oaeoi?i?noue oa ee?i?/ia aaoa?iaaii?noue oaiiiaio *OAe c aecia/aiiyi
iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a oi?ioth/eo eiai aeieeiaiiy oaeoi??a.

Cai?iiiiiaaii noia?iee eiao?oe??io iieaciee?a aiceiio?e?a e?ia? o yeino?
ia?ea?a ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a aoii?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?.

?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaiaaii eiiieaen ?aoe?iiae?ciaaieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a na?aae /anoi oai??th/eo aeoiaaioe?a AeAeO c
o?aooaaiiyi iie?oaeoi?iino? oi?ioaaiiy oa ee?i?/ii? aaoa?iaaiiino?
aeaiiai oaiiiaio oa ioe?iaia eiai aoaeoeai?noue.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A.

Aecia/ai? iieacieee aaniethoiiai oa a?aeiiniiai ?eceeo uiaei eiia??iino?
aeieeiaiiy oaiiiaio *OAe o caeaaeiino? a?ae aeioa?aeoa?enoeee
iecueei?ioaineaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy cii i?iaeeaaiiy aeioe?eueiyo.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae «oanooaaiiy» iani?eyoeeai? aeioa?aeoa?enoeee, ui
aecia/a?oueny caa?oaeiaiiyi aeina?aaeiaeu aeiae?eey eiiieaenii
iiethoaio?a, iaaeoth/eo ia ??ai? a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e.

Cai?iiiiiaaii noia?iee eiao?oe??io iieaciee?a aiceiio?e?a e?ia? ye
ia?ea? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a aoii?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? o aeioe?eueiyo.

?ic?iaeaii aoaeoeaiee eiiieaen ?aoe?iiae?ciaaieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a na?aae /anoi oai??th/eo aeoiaaioe?a AeAeO c
o?aooaaiiyi iie?oaeoi?iino? oi?ioaaiiy oa ee?i?/ii? aaoa?iaaiiino?
aeaiiai oaiiiaio.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o 1995-98 ?? ai?iaaaeaeai? o
i?aeoeeo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe AeAeO NN 35, 38 i.*a?i?aoe?,
iaeanii? aeeoy/i? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i.*a?i?aoe?, *a?i?aaoeueeiai
iaeaniiai aeeoy/iai ?aae?aoe?eii-aeieia?/iiai aeeniaina?a, a oaeiae
*a?eanueei? i?nueei? e?ea?i? N3, I?eeooeueei? aeeoy/i? e?ea?i?, OII
i.*a?aiiia?i?enuee (AEeoiie?nueea iae.), Oiaeueieoeueei? Oe?E.

INIAENOEE AIANIE CAeIAOAA*A. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a io?eiai? iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe ? iniiaiei ? iieyaa? o oi?ioaaii? eiioeiaaioo aeine?aeii? ?
?aoa?aioii? a?oi, a i?iaaaeaii? iniiaii? /anoeie ee?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa aea/aii? iieaciee?a aioeieneaeaioiiai noaoono, a
aiae?c?, ocaaaeueiaii? oa noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a
ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy aeioe?eueiyo, aeaieo a?a??i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeina?aaeiaeu aeiae?eey, ?ic?iaoe? i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a aeey eiioeiaaioo /anoi oai??th/eo ae?oae oa
i?aeaioiaoe? iaoeiaeo aeaieo aei ioae?eaoe??.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ii?eethaeiaii ia I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Iaaeeei-aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie
ioi?iie caei?ia’y a Oe?a?i?» (14-15 aa?aniy, 1994, i.*a?i?aoe?); ia
ieaioi? iaoeiai-iaaee/iiai oiaa?enoaa aeeoy/eo e?ea??a «?aaa?e?oaoe?y a
iaae?ao???» (aeiaoaiue 1995, Ee?a-Oa?iii?eue); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa nooaeaio?a, i?enay/ai?e 120-??//th
canioaaiiy *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (4-6 o?aaiy, 1995, i.*a?i?aoe?);
neiiic?oi? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth «O??o?a?/i? i?iaeaie ? aeieia?y»
(5-6 aeiaoiy, 1995, i.*a?i?aoe?); ia ia?o?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? ii/aoeoth/eo iaoeiaoe?a oa iieiaeeo a/aieo Aoeiaeie
«A?ieia?y, iaaeeoeeia, aeieia?y» (23-24 ethoiai, 18-19 aa?aciy 1996,
i.*a?i?aoe?); ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Environmental Pollution and
Child Health: Critical Needs and Issues for Central and Eastern Europe»
(Sosnowiec, May 8-10, 1996); XXX-?e oa XXXII-?e ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo nan?yo
a ?oioi?? (12-14 /a?aiy, 1996; 7-8 o?aaiy 1998); i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Iia? aniaeoe e?eoaaiiy ia?aeiiiai ? aoi?eiiiai
?ioiiaeao?oeeoo», (26 ea?oiy, 1996, i.Ee?a); ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th Oe?a?inueeiai IAe? ioi?iie caei?ia’y
ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae
oe?eueiiai a?eo ? i?aee?oe?a», (23-24 aeiaoiy, 1997, i. Oa?e?a); ia
i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Indoor Environment and Respiratory Illnesses,
Including Allergy», (Ustron, Poland, September 25-27, 1997), ia
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aoiinoa?a e caei?iauea /aeiaaea»(24-26
eenoiiaaea 1998, i. Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a).

IOAE?EAOe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 8 noaooyo oa 5
oacao.

NO?OEOO?A ? IA’?I ?IAIOE. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 196 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a,
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.
A?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee, ui caeia? 36 noi??iie, aeeth/a? 325 aeaea?ae,
c ieo 129 — ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a. ?iaioa i?noeoue 44 oaaeeoe? (caeiathoue
18 noi??iie) oa 15 aeiaeaoe?a (caeiathoue 15 noi??iie).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

IA’?EO OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/
aoei i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 200
aeioe?eueiyo-aeoiaaioe?a noa?oeo a?oi 24 AeAeO i?noa, ui
cae?enithaaeinue o ia??iae ee?i?/iiai aeaaiiieo//y, ia ?ai?oa ye /a?ac 2
i?nyoe? i?ney inoaiiueiai ai?ciaeo A?C, ia aac? *a?i?aaoeueeiai
iaeaniiai aeeoy/iai ?aae?aoe?eii-aeieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o. A?oie
niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee noi?iiaai? ca iaoiaeii «aeiaaeie-eiio?ieue». Ia?oo
ee?i?/io a?oio neeaee 112 *OAe, oi?iae?coth/ith iciaeith o yeeo aoea
/anoioa ai?ciae?a A?C /ioe?e oa a?eueoa ?ac?a ia ??e, ui ia?aaeoaaa
ianoaaeaiith (Aeueaeoeueeee A.TH., Aa?aiia A.A., 1986; Iaea?iaa C.N.,
1984). O o?aoeie aeioe?eueiyo e?aoi?noue A?C ia?aaeuoaaea 7 ai?ciae?a ia
??e. Ae?oao a?oio ii??aiyiiy neeaee 88 ai?ciaee/ii oai??th/eo ae?oae
(AOAe), A?C o yeeo niinoa??aaeenue iaioa /ioe?ueio ?ac?a ia ??e, ui
ia?aaeoaaa ianoaaeaiith. Na?aaei?e oa?i?i a?aea?aeoaaiiy AeAeO noaiiaea
o ae?oae iaio a?oi 3,4 ?iee.

Ii?yae c caaaeueiiee?i?/ieie canoiniaoaaee ianooii? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue (e?euee?noue ianoaaeaieo ae?oae aeea. o oaaeeoe?):
?ioiieia?/i? (A-?OE — ii iaoiaeo Jondal M. et al. (1972) o iiaeeo?eaoe??
*a?iooaiei A.A. oa ni?aaao. (1978); AAN-?OE — ii *a?aae??ao A.I. (1976);
aecia/aiiy /ooeeaino? O-e?ioioeeo?a aei oaio?e?io — ii Limatibul S.
(1978); A-?OI — ca iaoiaeii Eiiao?ia I.A. oa ni?aaao. (1983); AAN-?OI —
ca iaoiaeii Iao?iaa ?.A. oa ni?aaao. (1980); oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue
(OA) oa oaaioeeoa?ia /enei (O*) iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? — ca
iaoiaeii Iinya?ii? A.I. (1941); oano iaeo?io?eueieo oa aiceiio?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? c i?o?inei?i oao?acie??i (INO) o niiioaiiiio oa
noeioeueiaaiiio i??iaaiaeii aa??aioao — ca iaoiaeii Park B.H. et al.
(1968) o iiaeeo?eaoe?? Ee?iiaa A.A. oa ni?aaao. (1988) c aecia/aiiyi
OeOE ca i?eioeeiii Astaldi G., Verga L. (1957); ?ioiiaeiaoe?ie eean?a A,
M, G ne?iaaoee e?ia? — ii Mancini G. et al. (1965); aecia/aiiy
iieaciee?a ia?ieneaeiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE) ne?iaaoee oa
aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a e?ia? (??aaiue iaeiiiaiai
aeeaeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA) o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ca iioe/iei oanoii Aa?ao?aa o
iiaeeo?eaoe?? Aiae???ai? E.?. (1988); ai?no a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio o
a?eo?ioeeoao e?ia? ii iaoiaeo O?aaeii? I.A. (1955); aeoeai?noue o
a?eo?ioeeoao e?ia? aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace ii iaoiaeo Ii?ia A.I. (1986) oa
aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace (AT) ii iaoiaeo Habig W.H. (1974).

Oaaeeoey — E?euee?noue ianoaaeaieo ae?oae o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe

Iaoiae ianoaaeaiiy E?euee. ae?oae

Ioe?iea i?e?inioe?aeueiiai noaoono 199

Ioe?iea a?a??i?/ieo oiia ia?aaoaaiiy o AeAeO 96

Aea/aiiy a?a??i?/ieo iieaciee?a oa?/oaaiiy o AeAeO 91

Caaaeueiiee?i?/i? eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy 196

A?io?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ne?iaaoee e?ia? 181

?iiia?aia ne?iaaoee e?ia? 180

?ioiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia?, 174

o o./. ?ioiiaeiaoe?ie eeano A, M, G ne?iaaoee 101

Iieacieee IIE ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a
e?ia? 165

AEA 182

OCAe i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, na/iaeae?eaiiy oa ueoiaeaeii? caeice
195

I?e aea/aii? a?a??i?/ieo oiia ia?aaoaaiiy ae?oae o AeAeO aieia?noue oa
na?aaeith oaiia?aoo?o iia?o?y aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith ani??aoe?eiiai
ineo?iiao?a ca?aeii c ?ino?oeoe??th aei i?eeaaeo, ia?aiao?e ina?oeaiino?
i?ei?uaiue AeAeO ioe?ithaaee a?aeiia?aeii aei AI?I-11-4-79 «I?e?iaei? ?
ooo/ia ina?oeaiiy. Ii?ie i?iaeooaaiiy», ina?oeai?noue o i?ei?uaiiyo ?
iaciai? aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith etheniao?a TH-116, aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?o
oa?/oaaiiy ae?oae o AeAeO i?iaiaeeeinue oeyoii aeeii?thaaiiy aeaieo ca
10 aei?a c iaith-?iceeaaeie ii naciiao ?ieo, aecia/aiiy na?aaeiuei?
e?eueeino? i?iaeoeo?a ia iaeio aeeoeio o aeaiue ? ii??aiyiiy c
?aeiiaiaeiaaieie, aecia/aiiy o oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeoao aia?a??, a?ee?a,
aee??a oa aoaeaaiae?a, i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei oa a?oai?i?a i?iaiaeeeinue
ii iiiia?aiao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?inioe?aeueiiai noaoono cae?eniaii
iaoiaeii aieaooaaiiy.

Cae?eniaii eiiieaenio aeieia?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo cii ?icoaooaaiiy AeAeO
oa i?noeue iiiaoeaiiy ianoaaeaieo ae?oae ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co aeaieo,
iaea?aeaieo «Oe?i?ai?/aaieia??th», «E??iaaaieia??th», A?ae?iiaoii,
*a?i?aaoeueeei aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoii oa eaai?aoi???th ?aae?io?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAe? IAI IIC Oe?a?ie (1992-1996). Aiae?c caa?oaeiaiino?
aiaee ieoii? oaeeie aaaeeeie iaoaeaie (AI), ye Pb,Cu,Ni,Cr,Fe,Zn,Cd,Mn,
cae?enithaaany ca?aeii AAeE N44630-88 «Naieoa?iua i?aaeea e ii?iu io?aiu
iiaa?oiinoiuo aiae io caa?yciaiey». Aecia/aiiy caa?oaeiee?a iia?o?y
(Pb,Cd,Zn,Cu,Fe,Mn,Ni, aoee/iee iee, NI,NO2,SO2,NO, oaiie,
oi?iaeueaeaa?ae, aaic(a)i??ai) cae?enithaaeinue ca?aeii AeANOo
17.2.3.01-86 «I?aaeea eiio?iey ea/anoaa aicaeooa ianaeaiiuo iano»,
a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea ?o ai?noo — ca?aeii c «IAeE caa?yciythueo aauanoa a
aoiinoa?iii aicaeooa N3086-84 io 27.08.84». Ai?no 17 AI o a?oio? i?noeue
iiiaoeaiiy oa aeiaeaoeiaa aecia/aiiy ai?noo Pb,Cu,Zn,Cd oa Hg o
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ciiao AeAeO i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii aoiiii-aani?aoe?eii?
niaeo?ioioiiao??? ia i?eeaae? AN-115I IAe? IAI. ?aae?iiao?e/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aecia/aiith u?eueiino? caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo
oaoiiaaiieie?aaeiioee?aeaie (O?) (137Cs oa 90Sr) i?iaiaeeeenue ?c
canoinoaaiiyi aeiceiao?o ?EN, i?eeaaeo N?I-88I oa aaia-niaeo?iiao?o. O
ca’yceo c aaaaoieiiiiiaioiei caa?oaeiaiiyi ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua i?noa
c iaoith ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee aeieia?/iiai noaio aeiae?eey aoei
i?iaaaeaii eeanoa?iee aiae?c. O ?acoeueoao? ciie i?noa aoee
aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? ye /enoa oa caa?oaeiai?, iniiaiith a?aei?ii?noth o
aeioa?aeoa?enoeoe? yeeo aoee aeu? na?aaeiuei??/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? o
aoiinoa?iiio iia?o?? caa?oaeiaieo cii Pb,Mn,Ni, ieeo (o 3-7 ?ac?a c
aeinyaiaiiyi na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie eiioeaio?aoe?yie 2 AAeE) oa NI,NO2,
oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (noia ni?aa?aeiioaiue oaeoe/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e yeeo aei
?o AAeE ia?aaeuoaaea 1, AAeE ?3086-84); i?aeaeuaiee ai?no o a?oio?
anioe?aoe?? AI, i?aaenoaaeaii? Pb,Zn oa Cd, aaea?/? i?aeaeuaia
u?euei?noue caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo ca 137Cs, ui caeaa?eueoiai ia?aaeuoaaea
1 Ku/ei2. Aoei i?iaaaeaia noiooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo AI oa O? o na/?
(Pb,Cu,Zn,Cd,Hg,Mn,Fe,Ni oa 134Cs, 137Cs, 90Sr) 197 ianoaaeaieo ae?oae,
o e?ia? (Pb,Cd,Zn,Mn,Ni) — 28 oa o aeoiaeaiaeueiiio ai?no?
(Pb,Cd,Cu,Zn,Mn,Fe,Ni,Co) 19 ae?oae-iaoeaioe?a ??cieo ca
aeioa?aeoa?enoeeith ?aeii?a i?noa.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue ia IE
«Sharp EL-546G» oa ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoo i?ia?ai «STATGRAF» ia
eiii’thoa?? oeio IBM ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee,
ei?aeyoe?eiiai, aeenia?n?eiiai oa oaeoi?iiai aiae?co iaoiaeii aieiaieo
eiiiiiaio. Aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a ?eceeo cae?enithaaee ca iaoiaeaie
ee?i?/ii? ai?aeai?ieia?? (Greenberg R.S. et al., 1994; Dawson-Saunders
B. et al., 1994). Aeinoia??i?noue a?aei?iiinoae io?eiaieo aaee/ei
aea/aeanue ca aeiiiiiaith t-e?eoa??y No’thaeaioa. O iaaaeeeeo aeai?eao
aeey ioe?iee a?aei?iiinoae aoee aeei?enoai? iaia?aiao?e/i? e?eoa???
(Aoaea? A.A., 1978).

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss. I?e i?iaaaeaii?
ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaia a?eueoa /anoioa
aeayeeo i?aii?a?aeieo «oiiiaeo» noai?a o eiioeiaaioo /anoi oai??th/eo
ae?oae c aeuith ca 6 e?aoi?noth A?C ca ??e. Na?aae oeeo aeioe?eueiyo
i?iyae ?ao?oo I-II nooiaith oa aenoaeaoeaii-eaoa?aeueiiai ae?aoaco ia
ia?oiio ?ioe? aeeooy a?aei?/aee a?aeiia?aeii o 31,1±6,9% oa 35,6±7,1%
aeiaaee?a o ii??aiyii? c oaeeie o a?oi? AOAe a?aeiia?aeii o 8,0±2,9%
(pt<0,01) oa 17,1±4,0% aeiaaee?a (pt<0,05). Nooo?aei oaeoi?ii uiaei oi?ioaaiiy eiioeiaaioo *OAe aeyaeeanue iayai?noue /anoeo A?C aaea ia ia?oiio ?ioe? aeeooy, ui neaaei ei?aethaaea c e?aoi?noth aino?eo caoai?thaaiue ca ??e, ui ia?aaeoaaa ianoaaeaiith (r=0,18, pt<0,05), c aaeii oi?iae?ciaaii? eiinoaeyoe?eii? ioe?iee i?iya?a /anoi? caoai?thaaiino? (r=0,24, pt<0,01), c o?eaae?noth i?iya?a /anoi? caoai?thaaiino? o ?ieao (r=0,33, pt<0,0004) oa c a?oiith caei?ia'y (r=0,25, pt<0,008) ianoaaeaieo ae?oae. Ca aeaieie eaiii?/iiai ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co (Can r=0,49, P<0,05) iaea?eueoee aieea ia /anoioo ?ani??aoi?ieo ai?ciae?a iaee iayai?noue iiaoi?ieo A?C aaea ia ia?oiio ?ioe? aeeooy (r=0,59), a oaeiae na?aaeiuei??/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y Pb o iia?o?? i?noeue iiiaoeaiiy (r=0,57). C-iii?ae on?o iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo /eiiee?a nooo?aei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo iiaoi?ieo A?C o aeioe?eueiyo aeyaeeanue iaoyaeai?noue aaiaaeia?/iiai aiaiiaco. O 28,8±4,3% aeiaaee?a oi/a a o iaeiiai c aeecueeeo ?iaee/?a /anoi oai??th/eo i?iaaiae?a aoei a?aei?/aii iayai?noue ?aoeeaeeaii? a?iioieaaaiaai? iaoieia?? oa/aai o?ii?/ieo aiaieu ?ioaeoe??, oiae? ye na?aae ?iaee/?a AOAe oea a?aei?/aeinue eeoa o 16,5±4,0% aeiaaee?a (pt<0,05). O ?iaeeiao ae?oae I a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy aoei aeyaeaii iaeii/anii aeaio ? a?eueoa ?iaee/?a c ee?i?/ieie iciaeaie aea?a?? o 8,0±2,7% aeiaaee?a, oiae? ye na?aae AOAe - o 1,2±1,1% aeiaaee?a (pt<0,05). *anoioa iioe?aiino? caoai?thaaiue o nean?a *OAe oa AOAe a?aeiia?aeii neeaea 48,5±6,2% oa 27,8±6,1% (pt<0,05). Na?aae eiioeiaaioo *OAe ia?aaaaeaee ianooii? noiooi? iaoieia?/i? noaie, aae?aei?noue yeeo aecia/aeanue ca ae?aaiinoe/ieie eiao?oe??ioaie c o?aooaaiiyi ?o cia/ouino?, ioe?ithaaii? ca ?ioi?iaoe?eieie eiao?oe??ioaie - ii ciaioaiith nooiaiy cia/ouino?: ee?i?/i? i?iyae aea?a??, aiaieua o?ii?/ii? ?ioaeoe?? (EI?-i?aai?a), ??cei aeenaa?iii?eiee o?ce/iee ?icaeoie, ooieoe?iiaeueia iaoieia?y o?aaii? nenoaie, aeene?iac?? aeia/aaea?aeieo oeyo?a, aaaaoinoaeeii? aeenoii?? oiui. Na?aaei?e aae, i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeaeyae? noie aae?a ii ie?aieo iicieia?/ieo iaeeieoeyo oa iaoieia?/ieo noaiao, oi?iae?ciaaii a?aeia?aaeaa iaoieia?/io iaoyaeai?noue o ae?oae iaio a?oi niinoa?aaeaiiy. A?aei?/aia anioe?aoe?y iiaoi?ieo A?C o ae?oae c iani?eyoeeaith aeioa?aeoa?enoeeith cii ?o iiiaoeaiiy. Ca aeaieie aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co na?aaeiuei??/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y Pb o iia?o?? i?noeue iaoeaiiy ae?oae iiynithaaea iniiaio /anoeio aeenia?n?? /anoioe iiaoi?ieo ?ani??aoi?ieo ai?ciae?a o aeoiaaioe?a AeAeO aeioe?eueiiai a?eo ia 16,0% (F=4,7; p=0,01), a aaee/eio aaeo, ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaa iaoieia?/io iaoyaeai?noue - ia 30,0% (F=10,52; p=0,0002). I?e aiae?c? c caeo/aiiyi iaoiae?a ee?i?/ii? ai?aeai?ieia?? anoaiiaeaii, ui iaecia/i?o? iieacieee a?aeiiniiai oa aaniethoiiai ?eceeo (ye? noaiiaeee a?aeiia?aeii 3,0 (95%CI:1,4-6,4) oa 26,64% ((2=16,80, p<0,001) uiaei aeieeiaiiy /anoeo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue o aeioe?eueiyo aeyaeyee ca oiiae ?o i?iaeeaaiiy o iaea?eueo aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeea?e cii? i?noa, ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue ii?aeiaiiyi aeuiai ca na?aaei?e ai?noo iiethoaio?a o iia?o?? oa a?oio? oa a?eueoi? ca 1 Eu/ei2 u?eueiino? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ca 137Ns. I?e ioe?ioe? nooiaith oaoiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iiethoaioaie ia i?aai?ci aeioe?eueiyo-iaoeaioe?a i?noa anoaiiaeaii nooo?aa ia?aaeuaiiy oiiiaiai ??aiy o na/? Mn - i?aeoe/ii o an?o aeioe?eueiyo, Nu - o 47,7±4,3% aeiaaee?a, Pb - o 93,8±3,0% ae?oae; iecueeee ai?no Zn o a?ina?aaeiaeuao aeioe?eueiyo cai?ioiuei ei?aethaaa c ??aiai Cd; o ie?aieo aeiaaeeao ciaeaeaii ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue i?ae ai?noii enaiia?ioee?a o a?ina?aaeiaeuao ae?oae oa ??aiai caa?oaeiaiiy iia?o?y ? a?oioo iiethoaioaie. Oa?/iaee ?aoe?ii o AeAeO o an?o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae a?aecia/aany ye e?euee?niith, oae ? ye?niith ianaaeainiaai?noth, a o a?oi? *OAe a?aei?/aia ua e iaeiiiai?oi?noue aeaea?ae iaaeoiaeaeaiiy oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a aei aeiiaoiueiai ?aoe?iio. O oieiaeiee ia??iae ?ieo ae?oe iniiaii? a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy caciaaaee iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao ioieiaeaeoth/iai i?e?iee?iaoo o 6,2% aeiaaee?a. Aea/aiiy iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaeo oiia, i?iaaaeaia o n?i'yo ianoaaeaieo ae?oae, aeyaeei, ui o a?oi? *OAe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeioe?eueiyo, ye? iaoeaee o iacaaeia?eueieo iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaeo oiiaao, aei oeo, ui i?iaeeaaee o oi?ioeo, noaiiaeei 3:1, oiae? ye o a?oi? AOAe - 1:1. Iacaaeia?euei? oiiae iaoeaiiy i?yii ei?aethaaee c /anoioith a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iio oa a?oiith caei?ia'y ae?oae. Ae?oe, ye? /anoi oai??ee, aeaui /ano?oa aeoiaoaaeenue o iaiiaieo oa aaaaoiae?oieo n?i'yo. O aeiaaeeo ceiaaeeaaiiy othothiiiae?iiyi o eiaei?e o?ao?e n?i'? (32,8%) *OAe iaeeee iai? aaouee?a, oiae? ye o a?oi? AOAe - eeoa o eiaei?e i'yo?e (20,4%), o *OAe aeaui aeuith aoea ? /anoea iaoa??a, ye? ceiaaeeaaee othothiiiae?iiyi. Aeyaeaia aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy ai?noo aaiiaeia?io o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? caaaeii o a?oi? *OAe ianaiia?aae anioe?thaaei c "aenieeie" aaeaie iaoieia?/ii? iaoyaeaiino? oa a?aea?aeoaaiiyi AeAeO o caa?oaeiai?e cii?. O *OAe a?aei?/aii aeuo a?aeiinio e?euee?noue aiceiio?e?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? (4,1±0,3% i?ioe 2,9±0,5%, pt<0,05) oa ieae/ee ai?no eaeeioeeo?a (4,7±0,1 A/e i?ioe 5,4±0,3 A/e; pt<0,05). Na?aae *OAe c "aenieeie" aaeaie caoai?thaaiino?, na?aaei? iieacieee uiaei ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eeo oa aeueaoi?i?a aeyaeeeny ieae/eie eeoa ca oiiae a?aea?aeoaaiiy AeAeO a caa?oaeiai?e cii? oa noaiiaeee a?aeiia?aeii 74,46±1,14 a/e oa 45,42±0,50 (pt:N<0,01). I?e aea/aii? noaio aeooao?iiiai? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie oa ia?ieneaeiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a a?aei?/aii, ui o *OAe aeua iai?oaeai?noue i?ioean?a IIE, ye? ioe?ithaaeenue ca ??aiai IAeA o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?. Na?aae iieaciee?a aeooao?iiiai? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie a?aei?/aia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? AT, yea anioe?thaaei c a?aea?aeoaaiiyi ae?oueie AeAeO, ?icoaoiaaieo o caa?oaeiai?e cii? (20,6±1,3 ieI/aHboa, pt:N<0,05), c iineeaiiyi aeyaeaii? caeaaeiino? o *OAe ca oiiae iaoeaiiy (19,6±0,8 ieI/aHboa, pt:N<0,02) aai iaeii/aniiai i?iaeeaaiiy oa a?aea?aeoaaiiy AeAeO o cii? c cacia/aiith aeioa?aeoa?enoeeith (19,6±1,1 ieI/aHboa, pt:N<0,05). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iai?yii i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeenue iayai?noth aeinoia??ieo cai?ioi?o ei?aeyoe?eieo ca’yce?a iieacieea AO o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae c? u?euei?noth caa?oaeiaiiy ca 137Ns, 90Sr ? ai?noii o a?oio? Nd oa Pb. Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaiiai, o yeino? ia?ea?a aeieia?/iiai iaaeaaiiieo//y aoee aeei?enoai? aaee/eie iieacieea aeoeaiino? AO, ui a?aeoeeyeenue ia ±1( a?ae ii?iaoeaiiai, oiaoi aoee ieae/eie oa aeueie a?aeiia?aeii ca 17,1 ? 36,3 ieI/aHboa, i?e/iio "iecuee?" cia/aiiy anioe?thaaee c caa?oaeiaiith ciiith (iieaciee niaoeeo?/iino? 72%), a "aenie?" - c /enoith (iieaciee niaoeeo?/iino? 97%). I?e ?ioiieia?/iiio ianoaaeaii? o *OAe a?aei?/aii oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy a?aeiiniiai ai?noo O-e?ioioeeo?a ca ?aooiie noaiiioeyoe??, ooieoe?y yei? anioe?thaaea c oaeia?iith, iniaeeai ca oiiae a?aea?aeoaaiiy AeAeO a caa?oaeiai?e cii? oa aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy oeeo iieaciee?a i?e a?aea?aeoaaii? AeAeO o cii? c iaea?eueo iani?eyoeeaith aeioa?aeoa?enoeeith (A-?OE - 29,9±3,4%,; OO?-A-?OE - 13,1±2,2%, pt<0,05), i?e/iio "aenie?" aaee iaoieia?/ii? iaoyaeaiino? anioe?thaaee c a?eueo cia/ieie c?ooaiiyie o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieacieeao ee?oeiii? eaiee ?ioi?oaoo. O a?oi? *OAe 51,0% oa 27,7% (p(<0,018) ae?oae a?aeiia?aeii c caa?oaeiaii? oa /enoi? cii ?icoaooaaiiy AeAeO iaee iieacieee OO?-A-?OE, ieae/? ca I-1(. Aeyaeaiee o *OAe iaaaoeaiee ?aca?a eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeiino? iaeo?io?eueieo oa aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? c oaiaeaioe??th aei i?aeaeuaiiy iieacieea INO-oanoo o niiioaiiiio aa??aio? ciaiooaaany ca oiiae iayaiino? "aenieeo" aae?a iaoieia?/ii? iaoyaeaiino? oa i?e oiia? a?aea?aeoaaiiy AeAeO a caa?oaeiai?e cii?. A?aei?/ai? i?aeaeuai? iieacieee oaaioeeoico iaeo?io?e?a o *OAe cieaeoaaeenue ca oiiae iaoeaiiy a caa?oaeiai?e cii? i?noa. I?e a?aenooiino? nooo?aeo a?aei?iiinoae uiaei ai?noo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ae?oae a?oi niinoa?aaeaiiy, a?aei?/aii oaiaeaioe?th aei anioe?eiaaiiai c a?aea?aeoaaiiyi AeAeO a caa?oaeiai?e cii? cieaeaiiy ??ai?a IgA oa IgG o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? *OAe oa noiooi?e cai?ioi?e ei?aeyoe?eiee ca(ycie i?ae ?o ??aiai o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aeioe?eueiyo oa ai?noii iiethoaio?a o aeina?aaeiaeuao aeiae?eey. Caaaeath/e ia aeyaeai? ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/i? iniaeeaino? eiioeiaaioo *OAe c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy o yeino? ia?ea?a i?iya?a aoii?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? o aeioe?eueiyo cai?iiiiiaaii noia?iee eiao?oe??io iieaciee?a aiceiio?e?a e?ia? (NEIAe): aice- iio.,% INO-oano ni. aic.,% (INO-oano no.,%-INO-oano ni.,%) NEIAe= ——— + ———— + —————————————— , 4 12 (INO-oano no.,%-INO-oano ni.,%+1) aea aiceiio.,% - oaeoe/iee a?aeiiniee ai?no aiceiio?e?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia?, 4 - cia/aiiy, i?i?iaeueii ia?aaeuoth/a aa?oith iaaeo ii?iaoeaiiai a?aeiiniiai ai?noo aiceiio?e?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? o ae?oae, INO-oano ni. - oaeoe/ia cia/aiiy niiioaiiiai aa??aioo INO-oanoo aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a aaiicii? e?ia?, 12 - na?aaei? cia/aiiy niiioaiiiai INO-oanoo aiceiio?e?a o *OAe, INO-oano no. - oaeoe/ia cia/aiiy iieacieea noeioeueiaaiiai i??iaaiaeii aa??aioo INO-oanoo aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a aaiicii? e?ia?. I?e ia?aaeuaii? NEIAe aaee/eie 3 ca oiiae iaeii/anii? iayaiino? o aeioe?eueiyo aeui? ca 3% a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? aiceiio?e?a, aeui? ca 11% e?eueeino? oi?iacaiiiceoeaieo aiceiio?e?a o niiioaiiiio INO-oano? oa iaaaoeaiiai ?aca?ao eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeiino? aiceiio?e?a ca aeaieie INO-oanoo, aeaiee iieaciee c aenieith niaoeeo?/i?noth na?ae/ea i?i iayai?noue i?iya?a aoii?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?. Cai?iiiiiaaiee ae?aaiinoe/iee oano iaea?eueo cia/ouee uiaei aeyaeaiiy niaaeeiai? aea?aieia?/ii? iaoyaeaiino? oa/aai ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a aea?a?? o ae?oae. Aeey aea/aiiy eiiieaeniiai ca'yceo /anoioe A?C o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae c on?ia iciaeaie /eiiee?a a?iioaoe/iiai ?eceeo uiaei oi?ioaaiiy oaiiiaio /anoi? caoai?thaaiino?, canoinoaaee oaeoi?iee aiae?c iaoiaeii aieiaieo eiiiiiaio, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai na?ae/eee i?i cia/io ee?i?/io iaiaeii??aei?noue a?oie *OAe oa ioeueoeoaeoi?i?noue aeaiiai ee?i?/iiai oaiiiaio. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co na?aae aaoa?iaaiii? ee?i?/ii? a?oie *OAe aeae?eaii i?aea?oie ae?oae c aea?a?/ii ci?iaiith ?aaeoeai?noth, i?iyaaie iiaoi?ieo ai?ciae?a a?iioiiano?oeoe??, o?ii?/ieie aiaieuaie ?ioaeoe?? a ii?aeiaii? c ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie aea?a??. I?e/iio naia a inoaii?e i?aea?oi? ae?oae c ?aae?caoe??th /anoi? caoai?thaaiino? ia A?C oaea ia ia?oiio ?ioe? aeeooy aeaiee ee?i?/iee oaiiiai a?aecia/aany iaea?eueoith caeaaei?noth a?ae eiio?ieueiaaieo aeciaaiieo /eiiee?a, ia?o ca ana aeiaaiieo - iecueei? u?eueiino? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa, iniaeeai, iecueei?ioaineaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey AI, a oaeiae iani?eyoeeaeo a?a??i?/ieo oa i?e?inioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a. Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo oaeoi?iiai aiae?co c o?aooaaiiyi o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiaeee aoei noi?iiaaii aeie i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a. Caaaeueiei i?eioeeiii iiaoaeiae ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a aoa iuaaeeeaee ?aaeei, ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaia caaeainiaaia ae??oioa?ai?y c ei?aeoe??th aeyaeaieo ii?ooaiue ni?aa?aeiioaiue iae?i-, i?e?iioo???io?a oa aeiaeaoeiaei aaaaeaiiyi i?iaeoeo?a c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii Ca oa caaaa/aiiyi ?aoe?iio o ceiiaee ia??iae aee?i- oa aiaei?ic/eiieie aioeieneaeaioaie (a?o. A,A,N). I?iaiaeeeanue ei?aeoe?y a?a??i?/ieo ia?aiao??a o ooieoe?iiaeueieo ciiao AeAeO (?icoaoiaaieo ia?aaaaeii o caa?oaeiai?e cii?) o oieiaeiee ia??iae ?ieo; ca oiia a?aea?aeoaaiiy AeAeO c ieae/eie ca ii?iaoeai? iieacieeaie i?e?iaeiuei? ina?oeaiino? o oieiaeiee ia??iae ?ieo i?iaiaeeee eo?niaa caaaeueia OOI ii caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e iaoiaeeoe?. O *OAe i?e iayaiino? iieaciee?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? IIE oa iaaeinoaoiino? aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo aai ?cieueiaaiiio cieaeaii? aeoeaiino? AO oa i?iaeeaaii? o cii? c iani?eyoeeaith aeioa?aeoa?enoeeith canoiniaoaaee: oieioa?ieo aoeaoao ii 0,01 oa ?aoeiieo aoeaoao ii 10 oen.II aioo??oiuei 1 ?ac o aeaiue 1 i?nyoeue. Ca oiia iayaiino? iieaciee?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? IIE oa i?e noiooiueiio aea?a?/iiio oii? aeiaeaoeiai canoiniaoaaee eaoio?oai ii 0,05 2 ?ace o aeaiue ia eo?n. I?e iayaiino? aeaieo ca iai?oaeai?noue iieaciee?a INO-oanoo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? c iaoith noaa?e?caoe?? iaia?ai oa iioei?caoe?? eeniaaicaeaaeiiai iaoaaie?cio canoiniaoaaee aaiaeaa?o ii 1 ae?aaea 2 ?ace ia aeaiue i?ney ?aee ia eo?n. *OAe c ae?aaiinoiaaiith iaaeinoaoi?noth ee?oeiii? eaiee ?ioi?oaoo canoiniaoaaee ?io?aiacaeuei? oo?oiaee c a?eicaiii ii 15 oaeeei aea?/? ia aeaiue iai?ioyc? 14 aei?a. O *OAe ca oiiae iaoeaiiy oa a?aea?aeoaaiiy AeAeO o cii? ii?aeiaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa/aai noiooiuei? iayaiino? iieacieea aeoeaiino? AO ieae/iai ca -1( a?ae ii?ie, aai i?e ai?no? AI o na/?, nooo?ai aeuiio ca oiiia? aaee/eie, canoiniaoaaee eo?n aioa?ini?aoe?? - aeini?a ii 1/2 iaeaoa ia i?aneeyiee aiaee ca 2 aiae aei ?aee 2 ?ace ia aeiao iai?ioyc? 14 aei?a o ii?aeiaii? c aaiaoii?ioaeoi?aie. Cai?iiiiiaai? caoiaee canoiniaoaaee o in?iiuei-aaniyiee ia??iae o 35 aeioe?eueiyo. I?e cae?eniaii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo caoiae?a o eaoaiiac? /a?ac 1,5 ?iee a?aei?/aii, ui 74,3% ae?oae ia?aeoee aei eiioeiaaioo ai?ciaee/ii oai??th/eo, oiae? ye o eiio?ie? (35 ae?oae) oeae iieaciee neeaa eeoa 35,0%. Ca oiiae a?aea?aeoaaiiy ae?oueie AeAeO oa/aai iaoeaiiy a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeea?e cii? a?aei?/aii aeu? iieacieee ?eceeo uiaei caa?aaeaiiy caoai?thaaiino? aeioe?eueiyo ia iiaoi?i? A?C. BENIIAEE 1. *ano? aino?? ?ani??aoi?i? caoai?thaaiiy (A?C) o aeoiaaioe?a aeeoy/eo aeioe?eueieo onoaiia (AeAeO) aeioe?eueiiai a?eo ? aaoa?iaaiiei iie?oaeoi?iei ee?i?/iei oaiiiaiii, o oi?ioaaii? yeiai aa?ooue o/anoue iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i?, i?e?inioe?aeuei?, a?a??i?/i? oaeoi?e, a oaeiae caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey noeioeaie iecueei? ?ioaineaiino? ?aae?aoe?eii? oa ia?aae?aoe?eii? i?e?iaee. 2. I?e i?iaeeaaii? aeioe?eueiyo o ?aeiiao c a?aeiinii iecueeei caa?oaeiaiiyi aeina?aaeiaeu eiiieaenii iiethoaio?a (aaaeeeie iaoaeaie, oaoiiaaiieie ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa aa?ioieneeaioaie) a?aeiiniee oa aaniethoiee ?ecee aeieeiaiiy /anoeo A?C o ieo i?aeaeuoaaany a?aeiia?aeii o 2,4 ?ace oa ia 22%. 3. Na?aae ee?i?/ieo aa??aio?a aaoa?iaaiiiai oaiiiaio /anoeo iiaoi?ieo ?ani??aoi?ieo ai?ciae?a o ae?oae c iciaeaie aoii?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? /ano? A?C, a iniiaiiio, aecia/aeenue iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie, a o aeioe?eueiyo c ii?aeiaiiyi ee?i?/ieo iciae aea?a?? oa o?ii?/ieo aiaieu ?ioaeoe?? - eiiieaenii inoaii?o c iani?eyoeeaeie i?e?inioe?aeueieie, a?a??i?/ieie oa aeiaaiieie noeioeaie. 4. O *OAe c aenieith e?aoi?noth ai?ciae?a A?C oa cia/iith "oiiiaith" iaoieia?/iith iaoyaeai?noth, iniaeeai i?e a?aea?aeoaaii? ieie AeAeO oa iaoeaii? o ?aeiiao c iecueei?ioaineaiei caa?oaeiaiiyi aeiae?eey eiiieaenii iiethoaio?a ?aae?aoe?eii? oa ia?aae?aoe?eii? i?e?iaee, a?aei?/aeinue nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aith iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, cieaeaiiy ai?noo a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio oa aeoeaiino? aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace o a?eo?ioeeoao e?ia?, ciaioaiiy a?aeiiniiai ai?noo O-e?ioioeeo?a e?ia? ca ?aooiie oaio?e?i?acenoaioii? noaiiioeyoe??, cieaeaiiy ?aca?ao eeniaaicaeaaeiiai iaoaaie?cio aiceiio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? ca aeaieie oanoa c i?o?inei?i oao?acie??i. 5. Cai?iiiiiaaiee noia?iee eiao?oe??io iieaciee?a aiceiio?e?a e?ia? aecia/a?oueny aenieith niaoeeo?/i?noth, /ooeea?noth, oi/i?noth ? ia?aaeaa/oaaiith oe?ii?noth o yeino? ne?ei?ia-oanoa aeyaeaiiy iaoyaeaiiai niaaeeiaiai aea?aieia?/iiai aiaiiaca oa/aai ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a aoii?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? o aeioe?eueiyo i?e ia?aaeuaii? iei cia/aiiy 3. 6. Iieacieee aeoeaiino? aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace a?eo?ioeeo?a e?ia? aeioe?eueiyo, ieae/? ca 17,1 ieI/aHb(oa, c aenieith niaoeeo?/i?noth na?ae/aoue i?i iani?eyoeeaee aeiaieea a?aeiinii iecueeiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey eiiieaenii iiethoaio?a (aaaeeeie iaoaeaie, oaoiiaaiieie ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa o?i?/ieie caa?oaeieeaie iia?o?y), a aeu? ca 36,3 ieI/aHb(oa - a?aeiia?aeii eiai a?aenooiino?. 7. Cai?iiiiiaai? ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaai? i?io?eaeoe/i? ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee (c aeeth/aiiyi ei?aeoi??a iineeaiiai ia?ieneaeiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a oa aioeieneaeaioii? iaaeinoaoiino?, aeena?ico, cania?a ?ioii?aaa?e?oaoe??, aioa?ini?aoe?? oa i?io?eaeoe/iiai onoiaiiy iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao ei?eaiaaieo aeciaaiieo /eiiee?a) aeicaieeee cieceoe e?aoi?noue A?C o 85,7% oa aeinyaoe ?o ai?ciaee/iino? o 74,3% ae?oae eiioeiaaioo /anoi oai??th/eo. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. O i?ioean? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ye a?oio ?eceeo uiaei ?icaeoeo /anoeo A?C ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe aeioe?eueiyo ca oiiae ?o i?iaeeaaiiy o cii? c ii?aeiaiei iecueei?ioaineaiei caa?oaeiaiiyi aeiae?eey aaaeeeie iaoaeaie, oaoiiaaiieie ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa aa?ioieneeaioaie, iniaeeai i?e iayaiino? iaoyaeaiiai niaaeeiaiai aiaiiaco, o?ii?/ieo aiaieu ?ioaeoe?? o ii?aeiaii? c ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie aea?a?? oa iani?eyoeeaiai i?e?inioe?aeueiiai noaoona, c iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy caoiae?a ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee. 2. Iieaciee aeoeaiino? AO a?eo?ioeeo?a e?ia? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe o yeino? ia?ea?iiai uiaei iayaiino? iani?eyoeeaiai aeiaaiiiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci ae?oae oa oanooaaiiy aeioa?aeoa?enoeee c a?aeiinii iecueeei caa?oaeiaiiyi aeiae?eey eiiieaenii ?aae?aoe?eieo ? ia?aae?aoe?eieo /eiiee?a i?e cia/aiiyo, ieae/eo ca 17,1 ieI/a Hb(oa. 3. O yeino? aenieiniaoeeo?/iiai ne?ei?ia-oanoa c iaoith aeyaeaiiy na?aae aeioe?eueiyo eiioeiaaioa c aoii?/ii ci?iaiith ?aaeoeai?noth iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee noia?iee eiao?oe??io iieaciee?a aiceiio?e?a e?ia? i?e ia?aaeuaii? aaee/eie 3 (ca oiiae iaeii/anii? iayaiino? o aeioe?eueiyo aeui? ca 3% a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? aiceiio?e?a, aeui? ca 11% e?eueeino? oi?iacaiiiceoeaieo aiceiio?e?a o niiioaiiiio INO-oano? oa iaaaoeaiiai ?aca?aa eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeiino? aiceiio?e?a ca aeaieie INO-oanoa). 4. I?io?eaeoe/i? oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee c iaoith cieaeaiiy /anoioe A?C o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo iiaeii? aooe ?ic?iaeai? ia i?aenoaa? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co on?o /eiiee?a ?eceeo oa ni?yiiaoaaoenue ia eeoa ia ei?aeoe?th ii?ooaiue nenoai ?acenoaioiino?, aea e ia?aaeaa/aoe onoiaiiy iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao ei?eaiaaieo aeciaaiieo i?e?inioe?aeueieo, a?a??i?/ieo oa aeiaaiieo /eiiee?a. IA?AE?E INIIAIEO IOAE?EAOe?E II OAI? AeENA?OAOe?? Ioe?iea ?eceeo /anoeo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue oa anioe?eiaaieo c ieie ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a aea?a?? o aeoiaaioe?a aeeoy/eo aeioe?eueieo caeeaae?a // Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee. - 1997. - N1. - N.101-105. (Ni?aaao. A?iaoeye I.A., Ai?aiei I.A.) Iie?oaeoi?i?noue ee?i?/iiai oaiiiaio /anoeo aino?eo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue o aeoiaaioe?a aeeoy/eo onoaiia c ??cieo ca aai?aae?io?i?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith i?noeue iiiaoeaiiy // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. - 1997. - O.4,N2. - N.11-13. (Ni?aaao. Aac?oeia E.I., Eieineiaa I.E., Eano?aea ?.A., A?iaoeye I.A., ssuaiei TH.A.). A?ia??aaeoeai?noue a?iio?a oa aeaye? iieacieee ?ioi?oaoo o ae?oae a caeaaeiino? a?ae aai?aae?io?i?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee o i?noeyo ?o i?iaeeaaiiy // Oe?a?inueeee ioeueiiiieia?/iee aeo?iae. - 1997. - N3. - N.60-62 (Ni?aaao. A?iaoeye I.A., Eieineiaa I.E., Iie?uoe I.?., Aac?oeia E.I., Aac?oeiaa ?.O.). Iniaeeaino? ?ioiieia?/iiai noaoono /anoi oai??th/eo aeioe?eueiyo c ??cieo ca aai?aae?io?i?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith cii i?noa // Oe?a?inueeee ioeueiiiieia?/iee aeo?iae. - 1997. - N4. - N.54-56.(Ni?aaao. Aac?oeia E.I., Eieineiaa I.E., A?iaoeye I.A., Eano?aea ?.A., ssuaiei TH.A.) Iiaoi?i? aino?? ?ani??aoi?i? caoai?thaaiiy o aeioe?eueiyo c ??cieo ca aai?aae?io?i?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith i?noeue i?iaeeaaiiy // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. - 1997. - O.4,N4. - N.14-15. (Ni?aaao.: Eano?aea ?.A.) Iieacieee ia?aeiiiai ?ioiieia?/iiai ne?ei?iao oa aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie o aeioe?eueiyo c ??cieo ca aai?aae?io?i?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith cii // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. - 1997. - O.4,N4. - N.11-13. Aeieiai-ai?aeai?ieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea /anoi oai??th/eo aeoiaaioe?a aeioe?eueieo caeeaae?a // IAA. - 1998, N3. - N. 47-49. (Ni?aaao.: Aac?oeia E.I., A?iaoeye I.A., Eano?aea ?.A., ssuaiei TH.A.). Relationship between passive tobacco smoking, some other hazardous effects and recurrent respiratory infections in children of preschool age // International Symposium on Indoor Environment and Respiratory Illnesses, Including Allergy, Ustron, Poland, September 25-27, 1997, Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health / Abstracts, P.124-127. (Coauth.: Bezrukov L.O., Koloskova O.K., Lastivka I.V., Nakonechny J.J., Yashchenko Y.B., Vlasyk L.I.). I?i iiaeeea?noue aeyaeaiiy ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio ??ai? aieeao iani?eyoeeaeo aeioaeoi??a ia i?aai?ci ae?oae // I?ei?eoaoi? i?iaeaie a?a??i?/ii? iaoee: iaaee/ia aeieia?y, nai?oa?ia i?aeoeea oa ioi?iia caei?ia(y. Oace aeiiia?aeae 13 c(?caeo a?a??i?no?a Oe?a?ie / Oa?e?a, 3-5 aeiaoiy 1995 ?ieo. IIC AII Oe?a?ie, iaoeiaa oiaa?enoai a?a??i?no?a Oe?a?ie. *anoeia 1, 400 n. - N.170. (Ni?aaao.: Oaeaa? E.A., A?iaoeye I.A., Eieineiaa I.E., Eano?aea ?.A.) I?i aeioe?euei?noue aeeth/aiiy aioeieneaeaio?a o eiiieaen i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a aeioe?eueiyo c aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo cii i.*a?i?aoe? // ?aaa?e?oaoe?y a iaae?ao???: Iaoa??aee ieaioio iaoe.-iaae. oiaa?enoaa aeeo. e?ea??a. - Ee?a-Oa?iii?eue, 1995. - N.15. Aiae?c ci?i nenoai aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo i?aai?cio ae?oae ?c cii aeieia?/iiai iaaeaaiiieo//y // Iao-ee iaoe. eiio. aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa nooaeaio?a, i?ena. 120-??//th canioaaiiy *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?noeoaoo, 4-6 o?aaiy, 1995 ?ieo. - O.3, I?e?iaeie/? iaoee. - *a?i?aoe?, 1995. - N.4. (Ni?aaao. Aac?oeia E.I., Aiaeiaaiaoeue TH.Ae.). Ioe?iea eiiieaeniiai aieeao a?a??i?/ieo oa iaaeeei-nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a ia oi?ioaaiiy a?oie /anoi oai??th/eo ae?oae // A?ieia?y, iaaeeoeeia, aeieia?y: Iaoa??aee ia?oi? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. ii/aoeoth/eo iaoeiaoe?a oa iieiaeeo a/aieo Aoeiaeie, 23-24 ethoiai, 18-19 aa?aciy 1996. - *a?i?aoe?, 1996. - N.8-9. Combined influence of low doses of lead, heavy metals and radiation on disease cases in children in the city of Chernivtsi // Environmental Pollution and Child Health: Critical Needs and Issues for Central and Eastern Europe: Abstracts of the Intern. Conf. - Sosnowiec, May 8-10, 1996. (Coauth.: Bezrukov L.O., Koloskova O.K., Nakonechny J.J., Vlasyk L.I., Lastivka I.V.). Aiioaoe?y Aiaooeueea I.E. *ano? aino?? ?ani??aoi?i? caoai?thaaiiy o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo (ee?i?/ia oa aeieiai-ai?aeai?ieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea). - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 14.01.10 - iaae?ao??y. - ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. I?e ianoaaeaii? 112 /anoi oai??th/eo aeoiaaioe?a aeeoy/eo onoaiia aeioe?eueiiai a?eo i?iaaaeaia ?ioaa?aeueia ioe?iea aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy o ieo oaiiiaia /anoeo aino?eo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue eiiieaena aeci- ? aiaeiaaiieo oaeoi??a c aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?ioiieia?/iiai ? aioeieneaeaioiiai noaoona. Aecia/ai? aeii?ioth/a ?ieue niaaeeiaeo ? iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo, cia/aiiy aieeao a?a??i?/ieo ? i?e?inioe?aeueieo noeioe?a. Anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue iiaoi?ieo aino?eo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue o ae?oae a?ae iaoeaiiy a oiiaao iecueei?ioaineaiiai ii?aeiaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey i?noa. Iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaiiai aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaen ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a o ieo aioeieneaeaio?a, a?eicaia, aioa?ini?aoe??. Eeth/ia? neiaa: /anoi oai??th/? ae?oe, oaeoi?e ?eceeo, aeioe?euei? onoaiiae, ii?aeiaia iecueei?ioaineaia caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey, ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee. Aiiioaoeey Aiaooeeay I.E. *anoua ino?ua ?anie?aoi?iua caaieaaaiey o aeaoae aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa (eeeie/aneay e yeieiai-yieaeaieieiae/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea). - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.10 - iaaeeao?ey. - Einoeooo iaaeeao?ee, aeooa?noaa e aeiaeieiaee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniia eeeieei-yieaeaieieiae/aneia ianeaaeiaaiea 112 /anoi e 88 yieciaee/anee aieathueo ainieoaiieeia aeaoneeo o/?aaeaeaiee aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa. Oi?iaeece?othuei i?eciaeii a?oiiu /anoi aieathueo aeaoae (*AAe) auea /anoioa yieciaeia ino?uo ?anie?aoi?iuo caaieaaaiee (I?C) /aou?a e aieaa ca aiae, i?aaeoanoaothuee ianeaaeiaaieth, o o?aoe aeioeieueieeia e?aoiinoue I?C i?aauoaea 7 yieciaeia ca aiae. I?iaaaeaia eioaa?aeueiay ioeaiea aeeyiey ia oi?ie?iaaiea oaiiiaia /anouo I?C o ainieoaiieeia aeaoneeo o/?aaeaeaiee yeci- e yiaeiaaiiuo noeioeia n enneaaeiaaieai iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo e iee?inioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia, aeaeaie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia a aeioeieueiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo, ni/aoaiiiai ieceieioaineaiiai caa?yciaiey yein?aae eiiieaenii iiethoaioia, a oaeaea eiioiieiae/aneiai e aioeieneaeaioiiai noaoona i?aaiecia. Ii?aaeaeaiu aeiieie?othuay ?ieue ianeaaenoaaiiuo e iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia ?enea, cia/aiea aeeyiey aeaeaie/aneeo e iee?inioeeaeueiuo noeioeia. Onoaiiaeaia caaeneiinoue iiaoi?iuo ino?uo ?anie?aoi?iuo caaieaaaiee o aeaoae io i?iaeeaaiey a oneiaeyo ieceieioaineaiiai ni/aoaiiiai caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu ai?iaea eiiieaenii iiethoaioia (oyaeaeuie iaoaeeaie, oaoiiaaiiuie ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie e ay?ioieneeaioaie). Iaeaeaia ei??aeyoeeiiiay caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo o?iaiai caa?yciaiey n?aaeu iiethoaioaie e niaea?aeaieai enaiiaeioeeia a aein?aaeao aeaoae i?e cia/eoaeueiii i?aauoaiee iiiaeie ec ieo oiiiauo iieacaoaeae. Iiauoaiea iieacaoaeae o?iaiy iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaaeaea a nuai?ioea e?iae e nieaeaiea aeoeaiinoe aeooaoeii-S-o?ainoa?acu y?eo?ioeeoia e?iae, iaia?oaeaiiua a a?oiia *AAe, oneeeaaeenue i?e oneiaee aunieie e?aoiinoe I?C e iaee/ey niioonoaothuae iaoieiae/aneie ioyaiuaiiinoe o ieo, a oaeaea o i?iaeeaathueo a yeieiae/anee iaaeaaiiieo/iii ?aeiia. Aaee/eiu iieacaoaey aeoeaiinoe AO, ioeeiiythueany ia ±1( io ii?iaoeaiie, n aunieie niaoeeoe/iinoueth naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaee ia ionoonoaee eeai iaee/ee iaaeaaii?eyoiiai yeiaeeyiey ieceieioaineaiiai caa?yciaiey n?aaeu eiiieaenii iiethoaioia. I?e eiioiieiae/aneii ianeaaeiaaiee o *AAe ioia/aia oaiaeaioeey e nieaeaieth ioiineoaeueiiai niaea?aeaiey O-eeioioeeoia ca n/ao noaiiioeyoeee, ooieoeey eioi?ie annioeee?iaaea n oaeia?iie, e aeinoiaa?iia nieaeaiea yoeo iieacaoaeae o aeaoae ec ?aeiia n iaeaieaa iaaeaaii?eyoiie yeioa?aeoa?enoeeie. Auyaeaiiue o *AAe iaaaoeaiue ?aca?a eenei?iaeicaaeneiie iee?iaeoeeaeiinoe iaeo?ioeeueiuo e yiceiioeeueiuo a?aioeioeeoia e?iae cia/eoaeueii oneeeaaeny i?e oneiaee iaee/ey niioonoaothuae iaoieiae/aneie ioyaiuaiiinoe e i?e i?iaeeaaiee a caa?yciaiiie ciia. A ea/anoaa ia?ea?a i?iyaeaiee aoiie/aneie ?aaeoeaiinoe o aeaoae i?aaeeiaeai noiia?iue eiyooeoeeaio iieacaoaeae yiceiioeeia e?iae, o/eouaathuee ioiineoaeueiia niaea?aeaiea yiceiioeeia a e?iae, eiee/anoai oi?iacaiiieiaeeoaeueiuo yiceiioeeia a niiioaiiii INO-oanoa e iaee/ea iaaaoeaiiai ?aca?aa eenei?iaeicaaeneiie iee?iaeoeeaeiinoe yiceiioeeia ii aeaiiuo INO-oanoa. Aeey auyaeaiey acaeiinayce /anoiou I?C o ianeaaeiaaiiuo aeaoae ni anaie oaeoi?aie ?enea i?iecaaaeai oaeoi?iue aiaeec iaoiaeii aeaaiuo eiiiiiaio, ?acoeueoaou eioi?iai naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaee i eeeie/aneie aaoa?iaaiiinoe e ioeueoeoaeoi?iinoe aeaiiiai eeeie/aneiai oaiiiaia. Noi?ie?iaaiu eeeie/aneea iiaea?oiiu aeaoae n aeea?ae/anee eciaiaiiie ?aaeoeaiinoueth, n i?iyaeaieyie a?iioiiano?oeoeee, a oaeaea n o?iie/aneeie i/aaaie eioaeoeee a ni/aoaiee n eeeie/aneeie i?iyaeaieyie aeea?aee. A iineaaeiae iiaea?oiia n ?aaeecaoeeae /anoie caaieaaaaiinoe I?C oaea ia ia?aii aiaeo aeecie aeaiiue eeeie/aneee oaiiiai ioee/aeny iaeaieueoae caaeneiinoueth io eiio?iee?iaaiiuo yeciaaiiuo oaeoi?ia. Iieacaia yooaeoeaiinoue ii nieaeaieth e?aoiinoe I?C n?aaee eiioeiaaioa *AeA eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaiiuo i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo e ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo eiiieaenia n eniieueciaaieai, ia?yaeo n iauai?eiyouie ia?ii?eyoeyie, aioeieneaeaioia, aeeicaia, yioa?ini?aoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: /anoi aieathuea aeaoe, oaeoi?u ?enea, aeioeieueiua o/?aaeaeaiey, ni/aoaiiia ieceieioaineaiia caa?yciaiea ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiua ia?ii?eyoey. Summary Bohutska N.K. Frequent acute respiratory diseases in children of pre-school age (clinical and ecological-epidemiological characteristics). - Manuscript. Thesis for the scientific degree of the Candidate of Medical Sciences on speciality 14.01.10 - pediatrics. - Resarch Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kijiv, 1999. According to the examination of 112 children of preschool age with frequent respiratory diseases the combined influence of the complex of external and internal factors, including antioxidant and immunological status indices, on the rise of the frequent respiratory diseases phenomenon in them was evaluated. The dominating role of the hereditary and medico-biological risk factors and the significance of the hygienic and microsocial causes were determined. The dependence of the frequent respiratory diseases in children on the low-level pollutants exposure in their residing zones was ascertained. The effectivity of the individualized use of antioxidants, vilosen, enterosorbtion in the rehabilitative measures in them was shown. Key words: children with frequent respiratory diseases, risk factors, kindergartens, combined low-level pollutants exposure, rehabilitative measures. Ia?ae?e oiiaieo iicia/aiue AI - aaaee? iaoaee; AAeE - a?aie/ii aeiionoei? eiioeaio?aoe??; A?C - aino?? ?ani??aoi?i? caoai?thaaiiy; AO - aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?aca; AeAeO - aeeoy/? aeioe?euei? onoaiiae; A-?OE - A-?icaoeiooai?thth/? e?ioioeeoe; AOAe - ai?ciaee/ii oai??th/? ae?oe; IAeA - iaeiiiaee aeeaeueaeaa?ae; IAe? IAI - IAe? iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai; INO - i?o?inei?e oao?acie?e; IIE - ia?ieneaeia ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a; NEIAe - noia?iee eiao?oe??io iieaciee?a aiceiio?e?a e?ia?; O? - oaoiiaaii? ?aae?iioee?aee; OO?-A-?OE - oaio?e?i?acenoaioi? A-?icaoeiooai?thth/? e?ioioeeoe e?ia?; *OAe - /anoi oai??th/? ae?oe. Aeneiaethth aeeaieo iiaeyeo aeaaeai?eo AII Oe?a?ie, /eaio-ei?aniiiaeaioo IAI Oe?a?ie, caneoaeaiiio ae?y/o iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie ?naeo Ieoaeeiae/o O?aooaiaa?ao ca eiinoeueoaoeaio aeiiiiiao a ocaaaeueiaii? aeieiai-a?a??i?/ieo iaoa??ae?a aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

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