3

IIIINOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAeANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OIIAA?NEOAO

ssuaiei I?eia Aiaoiei?aia

OAeE
616.831-005:615.03

OeA?AA?II?IOAEOI?II AOAEOE a-OIEIOA?IEO I IAIOIENEOIEIIO I?E
IIAeAETHAAIII EINII*II? OAI?IAE ?OOO

14.03.05 — oa?iaeieiaiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1998

Aeena?oaoeiy ? ?oeiienii

?iaioo aeeiiaii o E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi ii.
N.I. Aai?ai?anueeiai.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee : aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AAEAOIA Ieaenie
Iaaiiae/, E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao ii. N.I.
Aai?ai?anueeiai, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oa?iaeieiai?.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: caneoaeaiee aeiy/ iaoee i oaoieei Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?
iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AeOIA?A Aieoi? Aieiaeeie?iae/, Caii?icueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe,
caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e oa?iaeieiai?;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee IIENA?A Iai?
Ieeieaeiae/, Iaeanueeee iaoeiai-aeineiaeiee iinoiooo noiiaoieiai?,
caaiaeoaa/ aiaeaeieo caaaeueii? iaoieiai? oa aenia?aiaioaeueii? oa?aii?.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iinoeooo oa?iaeieiai? oa oieneeieiai? AII Oe?a?ie,
aiaeaeie iae?ioa?iaeieiai?, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny » 6 » ni/iy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.600.01 Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo (270100 i. Iaeana, i?ia. Aaeioianueeee, 2).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o aiaeiioaoei Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo (i. Iaeana, i?ia. Aaeioianueeee,
3).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaii » 24 » eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, e.i.i., aeioeaio
?iaeeianueea I.I.

CAAAEUeHA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aeooaeueiinoue i?iaeaie iaoiiaeaii iio?aaaie
aaiaeinii/ii? iaaeeoeeie o caniaao i iaoiaeao i?ioieaeoeee oa eieoaaiiy
oai?iae ?ooo, i?enei?aiiy aaeaioaoei? oa iiaeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoi
ethaeeie a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao, a oaeiae iiia?aaeaeaiiy oneeaaeiaiue,
ui aeeeeeaii ?iceeie ciiiaie aei? a?aaioaoei?.

Ca no/anieie oyaeaiiyie, oai?iao ?ooo iaoiiaeaii ?iceaaiaeaeaiiyi nenoai
aiiainoaco oa iineaaeaiiyi eiiiainaoi?ieo ?aaeoeie. Einii/ia oi?ia
oai?iae ?ooo (EO?) ia? nai? iniaeeainoi, yei iia’ycaii c aei?th
iaaaaiiinoi oa ineoi-aiioeieiiai no?ano. Inoaiiiie ?ieaie aaaaoi
aeineiaeieeia aiaeaiaeyoue i?iaiaeio ?ieue o iaoiaaiaci EO? ii?ooaiiyi
aaiieieai?iaeeiaiiee (A.Ae. Aai?ia, 1987; A.E. Ai?aeeaaeca, E.E. A?yiia,
1989; Yu.E. Moskalenko, A.I. Beketov, G.B. Weinstein et al., 1991 oa
iioi).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iiaeaethaaiii EO? ca aeiiiiiaith caea/oaaiiy oaa?ei
a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii nooo?ai cieaeo?oueny ii?oi-ooieoeiiiaeueia
noieeinoue nenoaie e?iaiiinoa/aiiy aieiaiiai iiceo, ui ni?e/eith?
caoaeaiiy aeiaiaciio eiiiainaoi?ieo ?aaeoeie iiceiaeo noaeei, ?icaeoie
aiiieni? oa iaa?ye iiceiai? oeaieie (A.E. Aaeaoia, I.A. Nei?iiiue, 1991;
A.E. Aaeaoia oa niiaaao., 1995). O iaoaiicii oeeo ii?ooaiue aaeeea
cia/aiiy ia? no?aniaa ?aaeoeiy i?aaiicio, yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?iceith
aeoeaaoei?th iae?iiia, iiaeaeuaiiyi iio?aae iiceo o eenii oa
noeioethaaiiyi aieueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy. I?e oeueiio
ii?ooo?oueny i?iieeiinoue eeioeiieo iaia?ai oa iiaeaeuo?oueny aeeoociy
?iaeeie o oeaieio iiceo, iiai?oothoueny ?aieiai/ii aeanoeainoi e?iai,
iie?ioee?eoeyoeiy oa o?aineaiiey?iee iaiii o iiceo.

Aeoiaey/e ic no/anii? oi/ee ci?o i?i iaoiaaiac EO?, cia/iee iioa?an
aeeeeea? aea/aiiy oea?aa?iaacii?ioaeoi?ieo aoaeoia oa?iaeieiai/ieo
caniaia, yei iathoue aioeieneaeaioii aeanoeainoi, ii?iaeicothoue
?aieiaith e?iai, iie?ioee?eoeyoeith oa o?aineaiiey?iee iaiii. Aei oeeo
i?aia?aoia aiaeiinyoueny a-oieioa?ie i iaioieneoieii.

Aioaiii A (oieioa?ie) ? oeaio?aeueiith eaieith oiciieiai/iiai
aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo i?aaiicio. Aii /eieoue i?ioieaeoe/io oa
eieoaaeueio aeith iiae /an ?iciiiaiioieo aeno?aiaeueieo neooaoeiyo oa
iaoieiai/ieo noaiao, yei noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeoeaaoei?th
aieueii?aaeieaeueiiai ieeneaiiy (I.I. Aine?anaineee, A.A. Ooiaiia, 1982;
I.I. Aine?anaineee, 1986; ?.Ae. Naeooeea, E.A. Ai?eniaa, 1990 oa iioi).
Oiio aioaiii A i?eoyao? ana aieueo oe?ieo oaaao aeineiaeieeia. Iaoaiici
aei? iiaoieneoieiio iia’ycothoue ic noeioeyoei?th neioaco oeeeei/ieo
ioeeaioeaeia, ui ni?ey? iiaeaeuaiith aeanoe/iinoi a?eo?ioeeoia,
ciaioaiith aaeaaci? oa aa?aaaoei? o?iiaioeeoia, iiaeaeuaiith
oia?iiieioe/ii? aeoeaiinoi ieacie i o?aineaiiey?iiai iaiiio (E.E.
Aeiieoeeee, 1979; A.A. Aia?aeee oa niiaaao., 1982; ?.N. Ao?iuaiei, 1987;
N.A. Ae?icaeia, 1997; Ehrly et al., 1976; Vamosi et al., 1976, oa iioi).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeineiaeaeaiiy
ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? i?iaaaeaii o ?aieao iaoeiai? i?iaeaie, yea
ii?aoeueiao?oueny ia eaoaae?i oa?iaeieiai? c eo?nii eeiie/ii?
oa?iaeieiai? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo ii. N.I.
Aai?ai?anueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie «Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy
oa?iaeieiai/ii? i?ioieaeoeee i ei?aeoei? oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue
i?e oai?iai ?ooo». (Aea?aeaaiee ?a?no?aoeieiee ? 0195U026362).

Iaoa ?iaioe. Iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeeainoue aeei?enoaiiy a-oieioa?ieo i
iaioieneoieiio aeey i?ioieaeoeee oa ei?aeoei? oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo
ii?ooaiue i?e EO? ia iiaenoaai aea/aiiy ?o i?ioaeoi?ii? aei? ia nenoaio
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy iiceo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ae?iooaaeeny ianooiii caaaeaiiy:

1.Aea/eoe aaiiaeeiaii/ii aoaeoe a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio o ei?i,
oaeaioni oa aiiioaeaioni iaia?eioeciaaieo e?ieeeia a oiiaao niieith oa
i?e iiaeaethaaiii EO? oeyoii caea/oaaiiy a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii.

2.Aeineiaeeoe ciiie eeniaaiai aaeaino iiceo i?e iiaeaethaaiii EO? oa
i?ioieaeoe/iiio aeei?enoaiii a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio.

3.Aea/eoe ciiie aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiiai aaeaino o aeineiaeaeaieo
no?oeoo?ao iiceo i?e caea/oaaiii e?ieeeia a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii aac
aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoia i ia oiii ?o aei?.

4.Aea/eoe iaoiii?oieiai/ii ii?ooaiiy iie?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea oa
ia?aiaeo aeaiaioia iiceo i?e iiaeaethaaiii EO? aac aeei?enoaiiy
i?aia?aoia oa iiney ?o i?ioieaeoe/iiai aaaaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia
aenia?eiaioaeueia aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio ia
nenoaio e?iaiiinoa/aiiy aieiaiiai iiceo i?e iiaeaethaaiii
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue, ui aeieeathoue i?e EO?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a-oieioa?ie i iaioieneoieii ye iiae /an ie?aiiai, oae i
eiiaiiiaaiiai i?ioieaeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy iathoue ae?aaeaio caoenio
aeith ia e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, eeniaaee oa aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiee aaeain
aieiaiiai iiceo e?ieeeia i?e caea/oaaiii a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii
(CAIN). Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iee aoaeo i?aia?aoia i?iyaey?oueny
iiia?aaeaeaiiyi oace aaciaeeeaoaoei?, caieueoaiiyi iiceiaiai e?iaioieo
oa iineeaiiyi eiiiainaoi?ii-aaeaioaoeieii? aacieiino?eeoi?ii? ?aaeoei?,
yei aeieeathoue o aiaeiiaiaeue ia ia?aiiuaiiy e?iai oa eieai?o o
e?aiiaeueiiio iai?yieo, oo?oaeiaiiy aaiiciiai aiaeoieo c ii?iaeieie
/a?aio oa iiaeaeuaiiy aiae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo o noaeeiao i eaai?eioi, yea
aeeeeea? iiae?aciaiiy eiai ?aoeaioi?iiai aia?aoo. Iaeii/anii iiae
aieeaii ?-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio ciaiueoo?oueny aiiieniy oa ?icei
cao?eio?oueny i neaaia ?icaeoie iaa?yeiaeo yaeu o no?oeoo?ao ei?e
aaeeeeo iiaeoeue, oaeaiona oa aiiioaeaiona.

Caoenio aeith a-oieioa?ieo ia oea?aa?iaaneoey?io nenoaio i?e
iiaeaethaaiii EO? iaoiiaeaii noeioeyoei?th oiciieiai/ii?
aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie i?aaiicio oa iiaeaethth/ei aieeaii ia
aia?aaoe/iee iaoaaieici, a i?ioaeoi?iee aoaeo iaioieneoieiio iia’ycaiee
ic iieiioaiiyi iie?ioee?eoeyoei? i o?aineaiiey?iiai iaiiio /a?ac
iiaeaeuaiiy aeanoe/iinoi iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeoia, i?eaii/aiiy aa?aaaoei?
o?iiaioeeoia i cieaeaiiy a’yceinoi e?iai, yei iaoiiaeaii iiaeaeuaiiyi
eiioeaio?aoei? oeeeei/ieo ioeeaioeaeia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiao
iniiao aeey aeei?enoaiiy a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieeio c iaoith
i?ioieaeoeee oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue, ui aeieeaththoue i?e EO?.
Io?eiaii aeaii iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii aeey iiooeo iiaeo aoaeoeaieo
oa?iaeieiai/ieo caniaia i?ioieaeoeee oa ei?aeoei? ii?ooaiue iiceiaiai
e?iaiiaiao, yei iia’ycaii ic aeno?aiaeueieie aieeaaie ia i?aaiici.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoeiy ? iniaenoith iaoeiaith
i?aoeath aaoi?a. Aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a ia?aiii iai?yieo, ianyao i
iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy, oi?ioaaiii iaoe oa caaaeaiue ?iaioe,
ocaaaeueiaiii io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia oa oi?ioaaiii aeniiaeia. Aaoi?
i?iaiaeea oi?o?ai/io iiaeaioiaeo oaa?ei, iiaeaethaaiiy oai?ae ?ooo,
aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ii oa ii?oieiai/ii aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? aeieeaaeaii ia iaoeiaie
eiioa?aioei? «Oeiea aeaaeaiiea A.I. *a?eana» (1994 ?.), 7
Ana?inienueeiio neiiicioii «Aeieiai-oiciieiai/ii i?iaeaie aaeaioaoei?»
(1994 ?.), neiiicioii «Iiceiaee e?iaiiaia» ?inienueei? AI (1995), I
Iaoeiiiaeueiiio c’?caei oa?iaeieiaia Oe?a?ie (1995 ?.), I c’?caei
?inienueeiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa oa?iaeieiaia (1995 ?.), II
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? «Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie aenia?eiaioaeueii?
iaaeeoeeie» (Ee?a, 1998), ia caniaeaiii E?einueeiai aiaeaeieaiiy
iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa oa?iaeieiaia Oe?a?ie (1998).

Ioaeieaoei? ca oaiith aeena?oaoei?. Iaae?oeiaaii 11 iaoeiaeo ?iaio, o
oiio /enei 3 noaooi o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo Oe?a?ie oa 8 ?iaio o
iaoa?iaeao c’?caeia, eiioa?aioeie oa neiiicioiia.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy iinoeoue aaaaeaiiy,
iaeyae eioa?aoo?e, iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo
aeineiaeaeaiue c ?o iaaiai?aiiyi (6 aeaa), aeniiaie oa iieaae/ee
eioa?aoo?e. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii ia 123 noi?., aeeth/ath/e
21 oaaeeoeth i 20 iaethieia. Iieaae/ee eioa?aoo?e iinoeoue 202
aeaea?aea, o oiio /enei 135 — ?inienueeith oa oe?a?inueeith iiaaie i 67
— iiicaiieie iiaaie.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

Iaoa?iae i iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ooieoeiiiaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii a o?iii/ieo aenia?eiaioao ia
40 e?ieeeao ic aaeeaeaieie o iicie iie?iaeaeo?iaeaie. Aeey iiaeaethaaiii
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaeeeo caea/oaaiiy
e?ieeeia a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii (CAIN) c eooii iaoeeo oiea ia -45°.
CAIN i?iaiaeeee ia aieaeaeoei c iaeii?th iiaeainiith ainnth o
aa?oieaeueiie ieineinoi i?e eooi aiaeoeeaiiy ia 15°, i?e ciiii
i?enei?aiiy ca niioni?aeaeueiei caeiiii c ia?iiaeii 2 nae., c /anoioith
eieeaaiue 30 ca 1 oaee. oa aiieiooaeith 80-100 ni. CAIN caeienithaaee ia
i?eeaaei, yeee ceiino?oeiaaii o iaoie eaai?aoi?i? oa yeee caaacia/o?
noaiaea?oecaoeith ia?aiao?ia aieeao a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeeii oa
c?o/iinoue aenieoaoaoei?. Aeey aeii?thaaiiy ia’?iii? oaeaeeinoi
eieaeueiiai e?iaioieo (EO), ?aaeoeaiinoi noaeei, iai?oaeaiiy I2 oa
aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiiai aaeaino o no?oeoo?ao ei?e aaeeeeo iiaeoeue,
oaeaiona i aiiioaeaiona aeei?enoaii aieeoaaoi aeaeo?iaee aeiaiao?ii 150
iei, yei aeaioiaeaii c ieaoeie ca oaoiieiai?th, ui ?ic?iaeaia o iaoie
eaai?aoi?i?. Aaeeaeaiiy aeaeo?iaeia o iicie caeienithaaee e?icue
o?aiaiaoeieii ioai?e o /a?aii ca iaoiaeii noa?aioaeneno iiae
aoaiiiae-iao?i?aei ia?eicii (40 ia/ea aioo?ioiueii/a?aaeiii) ca 2 oeaeii
aei ii/aoeo aeineiaeaeaiue. Eii?aeeiaoe no?oeoo?, yei aea/aeeny,
ciaoiaeeee ca aoeanii noa?aioaene/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue ia iiceo e?ieeea
(Monnier, Gangloff, 1961). Aeii?thaaiiy ia’?iii? oaeaeeinoi e?iaioieo
(EO) oa ?aaeoeaiinoi noaeei caeienithaaee ca iaoiaeii eei?aina aiaeith.
Iane/aiiy iiceiai? oeaieie aiaeiai caeienithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
iiaaeyoei? 5% noiioi I2 c iiaio?yi i?ioyaii 40-60 nae. ic aaia?aoi?a
aiaeith NAN-2 e?icue ianeo, yeo ceiino?oeiaaii o iaoie eaai?aoi?i?. Aeey
aeii?thaaiiy oaeaeeinoi eei?aina I2 aeei?enoiaoaaee iiey?ia?aoi/ii
ai/ee, iaiiaieueoaiia?iao?e, nenoaio «Oiciiaeie -01», inoeeeia?aoe
naioeii?iiaiaai c ?a?no?aoei?th ia oeueo?aoiieaoiaiio iaia?i. Ca e?eaeie
eei?aina caeienithaaee ?ic?aooiee aaee/eie EO a ie ia 100 a oeaieie
iiceo ca 1 oaee., aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiae ii/aoeiaiai iaoeeo ca aiaeiiith
oi?ioeith (Lassen, Ingvar, 1961). Ioeiieo ?aaeoeaiinoi noaeei
caeienithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith eiaoioei?ioa ?aaeoeaiinoi, yeee aecia/eee
ye aiaeiioaiiy aaee/eie EO ia oiii iiea aei? iiae?acithaa/a (iiaaeyoeiy
5% NI2 o noiioi c iiaio?yi — eiaoioei?io aaciaeeeaoaoi?ii? ?aaeoeaiinoi,
aai 100% I2 — eiaoioei?io aacieiino?eeoi?ii? ?aaeoeaiinoi) aei aaee/eie
aeoiaeiiai EO. ?I2 o iiceo aeii?thaaee iiey?ia?aoi/iei iaoiaeii i eiai
ciiie ioeiithaaee a % aei aeoiaeii? aaee/eie. Aeey aea/aiiy
aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiiai noaio iiceiai? oeaieie aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaeeeo
aeaeo?e/ii? iiiaaeainiiao?i?. Ca ciiiith aaee/eie iiiaaeaino ia /anoioao
46,3; 93 i 463 eAoe ?iaeee aeniiaie i?i aioo?ioiueieeioeiiee oa
iicaeeioeiiee iii/iee iii?, ia iiaenoaai /iai ioeiithaaee noai
aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiiai aaeaino oeaethey?ii? oa aeno?aoeaethey?ii? ?iaeeie
(I.A. Ai?iaueaa, A.A. Aaeiooaei, 1989). Aaee/eio iiiaiaeaino aeii?thaaee
iinoiaei iaoiaeii c aeei?enoaiiyi a yeinoi ioeue-iiaeeeaoi?a oeeo?iaiai
aieueoiao?a «Eanii-OO-01» ca oaoiieiai?th, ui ?ic?iaeaia o iaoie
eaai?aoi?i? (I.Ae. Naiaaii, 1993).

Ca aeiiiiiaith cacia/aieo iaoiaeee i?iaaaeaii 626 aeineiaeaeaiue o 4
na?iyo aenia?eiaioia: 1) eiio?ieueia (CAIN aac aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoia);
2) CAIN ia oiii aei? a-oieioa?ieo; 3) CAIN ia oiii aei? iaioieneoieiio;
4) CAIN ia oiii aei? eiiaiiaoei? a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio.

Iaoiii?oieiai/ii ciiie o iiceo aea/aee o aino?eo aeineiaeao ia 12
e?ieeeao, yei aoee ?iciiaeieaii ia 4 a?oie: eiio?ieueia (aac i?aia?aoia)
oa 3 aeineiaeieo, yeei i?ioyaii 7 aeiia aaiaeeee a-oieioa?ie,
iaioieneoieii oa eiiaiiaoeith oeeo i?aia?aoia. Iiney 7-? ii’?eoei?
i?ioyaii 6 aiaeei caeienithaaeiny aacia?a?aia CAIN, iiney /iai e?ieeeia
caaeaaee oeyoii aeaeaiioaoei? oa iae?aco caeienithaaee caai? iaoa?iaeo.
Oiaoi/ee iiceo, acyoi c ?ooiaeo cii ei?e, /a?ay iici/ea, oaeaiona,
aiiioaeaiona (ninoeaaeaeii oiea oa noaoaeaii/ia ciia), oienoaaee o 10%
?ic/eii iaeo?aeueiiai oi?iaeiio c iiaeaeueoith caeeaeith o ia?aoii —
oeaei?aeei. C?ice oiaueiith 10 iei oa?aoaaee aaiaoieneeiiii-aiciiii,
oiiieiii ca Ieneai oa iii?aaioaaee acioiieeneei n?iaeii ca
Aieueoianueeei-A?inii. Aeineiaeaeoaaee iniiaii ia?aiao?e
ii?oiooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ia?aiaieeioeiieo aeaiaioia, aei? oa
iio?a-aeno?aiaaeoey?ieo noaeei cacia/aieo no?oeoo? iiceo. Onueiai aoei
c?iaeaii 60 ii?oieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeia aoei
iiaeaeaii noaoenoe/iiio aiaeico c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa?ith No`thaeaioa.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy.

A eiio?ieueieo aeia?eiaioao aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui CAIN
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny oaciaeie ciiiaie EO o iiceo. Ia?oa oaca
oa?aeoa?ico?oueny oaeaeeei, aea iao?eaaeei (15-20 oaee.) caieueoaiiyi EO
o ei?i aaeeeeo iiaeoeue (ia 66%+15,8), oaeaioni (ia 33,2%+10,4) oa
aiiioaeaioni (ia 32%+14,6). Oeae aoaeo iiaeia iiynieoe aca?iiaei?th
o?ueio oaeoi?ia: 1) caieueoaiiy i?eoieo e?iai aei iiceo a ?acoeueoaoi
ciiie iieiaeaiiy ini oiea aei iai?yieo aaeoi?a a?aaioaoei? (iinoo?aeueia
?aaeoeiy); 2) aaciaeeeaoaoi?ieie ?aoeaenaie c ?aoeaioi?ia eaai?eioo; 3)
?iceei iiaeaeuaiiyi ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeoeaiinoi iae?iiia i?e no?aniaie
?aaeoei? i?aaiicio. Ae?oaa oaca oa?aeoa?ico?oueny iinooiiaei iiaa?iaiiyi
EO aei oiiiaeo aaee/ei oa, i/aaeaeii, coiiaeaia eiiiainaoi?ieie
iaoaiiciaie, yei aeeeeeathoue aacieiino?eeoeith o aiaeiiaiaeue ia
iiaeaeuaiiy aiae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo e?iai o noaeeiao iiceo.

Cieaeaiiy ?I2 o anio no?oeoo?ao iiceo niinoa?iaa?oueny ye o /an oace
caieueoaiiy EO, oae i, iniaeeai, ia oiii eiai iinooiiaiai ciaioaiiy.
Oae, ca 60 oaee. iiney ii/aoeo CAIN ?I2 aeinoiai?ii cieceeiny a ei?i ia
30,2%, a oaeaioni — ia 35,7%, a aiiioaeaioni — ia 28,9%. Cinoaaeaiiy i
aiaeic aeeiaiiee eieaeueiiai EO i ?I2 a iaeieo i oeo aea aeieyieao
oeaieie naiae/aoue i?i iiaeaeuaio iio?aao iiceo o eenii, yea iia’ycaia c
aeoeaaoei?th aia?aaoe/iiai iaiiio iiae aieeaii no?ano. Aiiieney iiceiai?
oeaieie ia? ae?aaeaiee oa noieeee oa?aeoa? i niinoa?iaa?oueny iiney
i?eieiaiiy aieeao CAIN aieueoa 60 oaee.

Iaeaieueo caeiiiii?ii ciiie ?aaeoeaiinoi noaeei ca?a?no?iaaii o ei?i
iiceo o ia?oi 30 oaee.: ciaioaiiy eiaoioei?ioa aaciaeeeaoaoi?ii?
?aaeoeaiinoi noaeei ia 23%+6, eiaoioei?io aacieiino?eeoi?ii?
?aaeoeaiinoi- ia 72%+20. A oaeaioni i aiiioaeaioni aiaecia/aeiny
cieaeaiiy aacieiino?eeoi?ieo ?aaeoeie, aea /a?ac aaeeeee ?iceeae aaee/ei
?acoeueoaoe aeii?ia aeyaeeeny iaaeinoiai?ieie.

Aecia/aiiy aaciaeeeaoaoi?iiai i aacieiino?eeoi?iiai eiaoioei?ioia
?aaeoeaiinoi noaeei iiceo aeyaeei inoioia caoaeaiiy aeiaiaciio
eiiiainaoi?ieo ?aaeoeie, iaeaieueo ae?aaeaia o ei?i, ui naiae/eoue i?i
iineaaeaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueii? noieeinoi nenoaie e?iaiiinoa/aiiy iiceo.

Iiae aieeaii CAIN niinoa?iaa?oueny cia/ia iiaeaeuaiiy aeaeo?i-
i?iaiaeiinoi o iiaeeeioeiiiio i?inoi?i iiceiai? oeaieie, yea naiae/eoue
i?i c?inoaiiy iaa?yeiaeo yaeu. Aaea ca 5 oaee. iiney ii/aoeo aieeao
iii/ia iii?iinoue iicaeeioeiiiai na?aaeiaeua cieceeany o ei?i ia 49% +
17, a oaeaioni — ia 55%+21, a aiiioaeaioni — ia 31%+15. Oeae aoaeo
niinoa?iaa?oueny i?ioyaii onueiai ia?iiaeo CAIN. Cieaeaiiy aeaeo?e/iiai
iii?o aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai na?aaeiaeua o ei?i, oaeaioni i aiiioaeaioni
ca?a?no?iaaii ca 30-60 oaee. (aiaeiiaiaeii ia 38%, 45% i 62%). Iiney
i?eieiaiiy CAIN iii? iicaeeioeiii? oa aioo?ioiueieeioeiii? ?iaeeie
iinooiiai c?inoaa i ia?aaieueoea aeoiaeiee ?iaaiue.

?icaeoie iaa?yeo iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaii aei?th ianooiieo oaeoi?ia: 1)
iiaeaeuaiiyi aiae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo o noaeeiao iiceo; 2) iineeaiiyi
aaciaeeeaoaoi?ieo ?aoeaenia c ?aoeaioi?ia eaai?eioo; 3) iiaeaeuaiiyi
aia?aaoe/iiai iaiiio oa iaa?iiaaeaeaiiyi eeneeo i?iaeoeoia iaiiio a
?acoeueoaoi aeoeaaoei? iae?iiia; 4) caieueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoei?
i?iaeoeoia IIE, yei /eiyoue iioeiaeaeoth/ee aieea ia iaia?aie eeioei oa
caieueoothoue ?o i?iieeiinoue a ?acoeueoaoi no?aniai? neooaoei?. Oaeei
/eiii, CAIN aaaea aei cia/iiai iai?oaeaiiy iaoaiiciia ?aaoeyoei?
iiceiai? aaiiaeeiaiiee oa nieaeaiiy ?? eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae.
?acoeueoaoii oeueiai ? ?icaeoie aiiiene? oa ae?aaeaieo ii?ooaiue
aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiiai aaeaino iiceiai? oeaieie o no?oeoo?ao ei?e,
oaeaiona i aiiioaeaiona. Oei aeaii iiaeoaa?aeaeothoue ?acoeueoaoe
i?iaaaeaieo ?aiioa aeineiaeaeaiue (A.E. Aaeaoia, I.A. Nei?iiiue, 1991;
E.A. Iieaaee, 1991; E.Ae. Naiaaei, 1993 oa iioi).

Oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii aoaeoe CAIN ia oiii aei? a-oieioa?ieo i
iaioieneoieiio.

a-Oieioa?ie. Iiney aaaaeaiiy a-oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo CAIN
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny noaoenoe/ii aeinoiai?iei ciaioaiiyi EO o anio
aeineiaeaeaieo no?oeoo?ao iiceo: o ei?i aaeeeeo iiaeoeue — ia 13,7%, a
oaeaioni — ia 10,6%, a aiiioaeaioni — ia 12,2% (60 oaee. iiney ii/aoeo
CAIN). Iaeii/anii niinoa?iaaeiny iaaaeeea cieaeaiiy ?I2 o oeeo ?aaiiiao
(aiaeiiaiaeii — ia 8,4%, 11,6% oa 9,9%).

Ii?iaiyiiy aeeiaiiee EO i ?I2 iieaco? ?o iaeiiiai?aaeaiinoue i,
i?eaeecii, iaeiaeiaee nooiiiue cieaeaiiy iieacieeia. Oea naiae/eoue i?i
oa, ui iacia/ia aiiieney iiceiai? oeaieie iaoiiaeaii aiaeiiaiaeiei
ciaioaiiyi eieaeueiiai EO a ?acoeueoaoi eiiiainaoi?ii? aacieiino?eeoei?
o aiaeiiaiaeue ia iiaeaeuaiiy aiae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo o noaeeiao iiae
aieeaii ia?aiiuaiiy e?iai a e?aiiaeueiiio iai?yieo. Ii/aoie aei? CAIN ia
oiii a-oieioa?ieo ia noi?iaiaeaeoaaany oeiiaith oacith caieueoaiiy EO.
Oeae aoaeo ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy, /a?ac oa, ui aii caaaaea? aeieeiaiith
aiia?aii? iiceo oa cieaeo? iaaaciaeo iiaeaeuaiiy aioo?ioiuei/a?aiiiai
oeneo. Ineieueee a-oieioa?ie noeioethth/e aieeaa? ia iaoaiicie iaaaeii?
aaeaioaoei? i?aaiicio aei aiiiene? ca ?aooiie ia?aeeth/aiiy iaiiio
?a/iaei ia aieueo iecueeee aia?aaoe/iee ?iaaiue, oea ni?ey? cieaeaiith
aeoeaiinoi iae?iiia oa iiaeaeuaiith ?o noieeinoi aei aiiiene? (TH.I.
Aoanueeee oa niiaaao., 1991; I.I. Naiieeia oa niiaaao., 1991; Trosan et
al., 1993).

Ia oiii aei? a-oieioa?ieo iiae aieeaii CAIN ia niinoa?iaaeiny nooo?aeo
ciii ?aaeoeaiinoi noaeei iiceo. Noaoenoe/ii aeinoiai?ia ciaioaiiy
eiaoioei?ioo aaciaeeeaoaoi?ii? ?aaeoeaiinoi o ei?i ia 5,75%
niinoa?iaaeiny ca 1,5 aiaeeie iiney ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioa, a oaeaioni —
ia 6,77% (30-60 oaee.), a aiiioaeaioni — ia 3,38% (30 oaee.).

Aiaeic aeeiaiiee neeaaeiaeo aeaeo?e/iiai iiiaiaeaina iieacaa, ui ia?oi
60 oaee. CAIN ia aeeeeeaei aeinoiai?ieo ciii aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiiai
aaeaino iicaeeioeiiiai i?inoi?o o no?oeoo?ao iiceo. Eeoa ca 1,5-2 aiae.
iiney ii/aoeo aieeao ca?a?no?iaaii noaoenoe/ii aeinoiai?ia cieaeaiiy
iii?o iicaeeioeiii? ?iaeeie: o ei?i — ia 10,7%, oaeaioni — ia 9,9%,
aiiioaeaioni — ia 14,3 %. Caeiiiii?ieo ciii aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai iii?o
i?ioyaii onueiai ia?iiaeo CAIN ia niinoa?iaaeiny.

Oaeei /eiii, iiia?aaei? aaaaeaiiy a-oieioa?ieo /eieoue cia/io
i?ioaeoi?io aeith ye ia noiieo iie?inoaeei, oae i ia iaia?aie
iae?ioeeoia, iiia?aaeaeath/e ?icaeoie iaa?yeo iiceiai? oeaieie i?e
caea/oaaiii oaa?ei a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii.

Iaioieneoieii. Ia oiii aei? iaioieneoieiio CAIN ia aeeeeeaei oace
iiaeaeuaiiy EO o aeineiaeaeaieo no?oeoo?ao iiceo. Aeinoiai?ia ciaioaiiy
EO ca?a?no?iaaii ca 30 oaee. iiney ii/aoeo aieeao (o ei?i — ia 14,25%,
oaeaioni — ia 23,15%, aiiioaeaioni — ia 19,66%) oa niinoa?iaaeiny
i?ioyaii anueiai ia?iiaeo CAIN (2 aiae.) aac nooo?aiai iiaeaeuaiiy
nooiiiy cieaeaiiy. Iaeii/anii ca?a?no?iaaii ciaioaiiy eiaoioei?ioa
aaciaeeeaoaoi?ii? ?aaeoeaiinoi oa iacia/ia cieaeaiiy ?I2 o ei?i (ia
6,69%), oaeaioni (ia 11,48%) i aiiioaeaioni (ia 10,97%) (?acoeueoaoe
aeii?thaaiue ia 120 oaee.). Ii ii?i cieaeaiiy EO, eieoioei?ioa
?aaeoeaiinoi i ?I2 no?oeoo?e iiceo ?icoaoiaothoueny o ianooiiiio
ii?yaeeo: oaeaion > aiiioaeaion > ei?a.

Aeaeo?e/iee iii? iiaeeeioeiiiai na?aaeiaeua o aeineiaeaeaieo no?oeoo?ao
noaoenoe/ii aeinoiai?ii ii/eiaea ciaiooaaoeny ca 1,5 aiae. (ia 20-22%),
a aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai — ca 2 aiae. (ia 11-12%) iiney ii/aoeo
aenia?eiaioo.

Oaeei /eiii, ii?iaiyiiy aeeiaiiee aeii?thaaieo ia?aiao?ia iieaco?, ui
iiney aaaaeaiiy iaioieneoieiio i?e CAIN niinoa?iaa?oueny iacia/ia
cieaeaiiy ?I2 ia oiii aieueo ae?aaeaiiai ciaioaiiy EO. Oea naiae/eoue
i?i oa, ui iaioieneoieii nooo?ai iineeth? eiiiainaoi?io
aacieiino?eeoeith, ioi?iiyth/e iicie aiae iaaeii?iiai e?iaaiaiiaiaiiy oa
iiaeaeuaiiy aioo?ioiuei/a?aiiiai oeneo, ia aeeeeeath/e i?e oeueiio
eeniaai? ianoa/i. Oeae aoaeo iiaeia iiynieoe noeioeyoei?th aiaa?iaiiai
aeieieico oa iieiioaiiyi o?aineaiiey?iiai iaiiio (A.E. Naeaeueei oa
niiaaao., 1982; Vamosi et al., 1976, oa iioi). ?acoeueoaoe
iiiaaeainiiao?i? iieacaee, ui iaioieneoieii /eieoue ae?aaeaio
i?ioeiaa?yeeo aeith, cia/ii cao?eioth/e aeieeiaiiy oa ciaiueooth/e
nooiiiue ii?ooaiue aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiiai aaeaino iiceiai? oeaieie. Oeae
aoaeo, iaaooue, iia’ycaiee c iieiioaiiyi iie?ioee?eoeyoei?, cieaeaiiyi
aoeeaeico i aiiiene? (A.I. Ooie oa niiaaao., 1982), ui ni?ey?
iiaeaeuaiith oiiona aoa?ie i aai oa iieiioaiith aaiiciiai aiaeoieo c
iiceo.

Aiaeic oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo aoaeoia CAIN ca oiiae canoinoaaiiy
iaioieneoieiio aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?aia?ao ia? ae?aaeaio
oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?io aeith i?e iiaeaethaaiii oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo
ii?ooaiue, ui aeieeathoue i?e EO?.

Eiiaiiaoeiy a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio. Aiaeic aeeiaiiee EO oa E?NI2
naiae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia oiii eiiaiiiaaii? aei? i?aia?aoia nooo?ai
iineeth?oueny eiiiainaoi?ia aacieiino?eeoeiy a iiceo oa ciaioothoueny
?aaeoei? noaeei ei?e i oaeaiona ia aeith oice/ieo (CAIN) oa oiii/ieo
(NI2) noeioeia, ui ia? ni?eyoe iiaeaeuaiith ooieoeiiiaeueii? noieeinoi
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii? nenoaie. Ca?a?no?iaaii caeiiiii?ia cieaeaiiy ?I2 o
anio no?oeoo?ao iiceo, ii/eiath/e c 30 oaee. aenia?eiaioo. Nooiiiue
ciaioaiiy ?I2 a ei?i, oaeaioni i aiiioaeaioni o eiioei aei? CAIN aoea
i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaith. Neiae aiaeiioeoe, ui cieaeaiiy ?I2 o ei?i i
oaeaioni aoei ae?aaeaii a iaioie ii?i, iiae ciaioaiiy EO, ui iiaeia
iioa?i?aooaaoe ye iieaciee ciaioaiiy iio?aae iiceo o eenii. Noaoenoe/ii
aeinoiai?ia c`yaeaiiy ia?iaaneoey?iiai iaa?yeo niinoa?iaa?oueny eeoa c
60-? oaeeeie i aei eiioey aieeao nooo?ai ia c?inoa?. A oie naiee /an,
iii? aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai na?aaeiaeua ia oieueee ia ciaioo?oueny, aea i
i?iyaey? oaiaeaioeith aei iiaeaeuaiiy. Oea naiae/eoue i?i aiaenooiinoue
aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioieo ii?ooaiue ona?aaeeii eeioei iiceo.

Io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe ii?iaiyeueio ioeiieo caoenii?
aei? a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio i?e ie?aiii oa eiiaiiiaaiii
aeei?enoaiii c iaoith aecia/aiiy ?o ?iei o i?ioieaeoeoei oa ei?aeoei?
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue, yei aeieeathoue i?e EO?.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii aoaeoe CAIN aac i?aia?aoia oa ia oiii ?o aei?.

No?oeoo-?e iiceoIieac-ieeeCiiie iieacieeia a % aei aeoiaeieo
aaee/eiCAINa-oieioa?ieiaioieneoieiia-oieioa?ie + iaioieneoieii5-30 oa.60
oa.30 oa.60 oa.30 oa.60 oa.30 oa.60 oa.ei?aEEO +66
+4.9*-8-11,9-14,2-25,9
+3.5*-13,6?I2-13,3-30,2-5,4-8,4-5,3-5,1-7,1-8,4R1-49-48-2,1-3.5*-6*-13.2
*-7.8*-11,8R2-24-30 +3.3*-2.1*-3.5*-6.5* +2.2* +8.3oaeaionEEO +33.2
+0.9*-4,4-7,9-23,1-28,5
+6.6*-10,6?I2-16-35,7-10,2-11,6-4,2-6,3-11,7-8,4R1-13-45-2.2*-3.5*-8.4*-
11.2*-9.3*-14,5R2-55-61 +1.2 +0.8-5.4*-5.7* +8.1* +7.7*A?ii-EEO +32
+6.4-7,4-8,2-19,6-26,7-0.5*-12,2oaeaion?I2
+5.2-28,9-5,9-9,9-4,8-5,5-11,8-18,1R1-31-54
+3.9*-2.3*-6.1*-12-7,4-12,2R2-19-63 +3.9* +2.4* +0.9*-5.5* +6.2*
+5*Iicia/aiiy: EEO — eieaeueiee e?iaioie; ?I2- iai?oaeaiiy I2; R1 —
aeaeo?e/iee iii? iiaeeeioeiiiai na?aaeiaeua; R2 — aeaeo?e/iee iii?
aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai na?aaeiaeua; *- iaaeinoiai?iee ?acoeueoao.

Iaeaeaa i?aia?aoe caiiaiaathoue aeieeiaiith oace aaciaeeyoaoei? iiae
aieeaii CAIN i nooo?ai iineeththoue eiiiainaoi?io aacieiino?eeoeith.
Iaeiae aacieiino?eeoi?iee aoaeo iaioieneoieiio o 2 ?ace aieueoee aoaeoo
a-oieioa?ieo. O iaioieneoieiia oaeiae aieueo ae?aaeaia aioeaiiiene/ia
aeiy. Iiae ?iai aieeaii nooiiiue aiiiene? i?e CAIN ciaioo?oueny,
i?eaeecii, o 5 ?acia a onio aeineiaeaeaieo no?oeoo?ao iiceo, i?e/iio ?I2
cieaeo?oueny nooo?ai iaiueoa, iiae EO. Oea naiae/eoue i?i cia/ia
iineaaeaiiy noeioethth/iai aieeao CAIN ia aia?aaoe/iee iaiii oa iio?aao
iiceo o eenii, a ?acoeueoaoi /iai ciaioo?oueny nooiiiue aiiiene? oa
iiaeaeuo?oueny noieeinoue oeaiei iiceo aei eeniaai? ianoa/i. I?e
eiiaiiiaaiiio aeei?enoaiii i?aia?aoia aacieiino?eeoi?iee i
aioeaiiiene/iee aoaeoe neaaioa iiae o iaioieneoieiio. Iaeaieueo
caeiiiii?ii ?aaeoei? noaeei iiceo ia iiaaeyoeith NI2 iineaaeythoueny
oaeiae i?e aei? CAIN ia oiii iaioieneoieiio.

a-Oieioa?ie iiaiinoth iiia?aaeaeo? ?icaeoie aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai
iaa?yeo i?ioyaii onueiai ia?iiaeo aieeao CAIN, a iacia/ia cieaeaiiy
aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o iiaeeeioeiiiai na?aaeiaeua aeieea? eeoa ca 1,5
aiaeeie iiney ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioa. I?ioeiaa?yeiaee aoaeo iaioieneoieiio
o oaeaioni aeaeieueea neaaioa iiae a-oieioa?ieo. I?e eiiaiiiaaiiio
aeei?enoaiii i?aia?aoia i?ioeiaa?yeiaa aeiy o iiaeeeeoeiiiio na?aaeiaeui
ae?aaeaia iaiueoa iiae a-oieioa?iea, aea iineeth?oueny i?ioeiaa?yeiaee
aioo?ioiueieeioeiiee aoaeo. Oaeei /eiii, iaeaeaa i?aia?aoe ye i?e
ie?aiiai, oae i eiiaiiiaaiiai aeei?enoaiiy /eiyoue caoenio aeith ia
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, eeniaaee oa aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiee aaeain o no?oeoo?ao
ei?e aaeeeeo iiaeoeue, oaeaiona i aiiioaeaiona. Iaeiae i?e eiiaiiiaaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoia iineeaiiy i?ioaeoi?ii? aei? ia niinoa?iaa?oueny.
Aieueo oiai, aacieiino?eeoi?iee aoaeo iaioieneoieiio o eiiaiiaoei?
iineaaeth?oueny, oa aeaeieueea cieaeo?oueny eiai aioeaiiiene/ia aeiy.
Neaaioa o ii?iaiyiii c a-oieioa?ieii ae?aaeaii i?ioeiaa?yeiaa aeiy
eiiaiiaoei? o iiaeeeioeiiiio na?aaeiaeui, aea iineeth?oueny
i?ioeiaa?yeiaee aoaeo eiiaiiaoei? i?aia?aoia ia eeioeie iiceo.

Ca oiiae aei? CAIN ia? iinoea cia/ia aeoeaaoeiy i?ioeania
aieueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy oa iaeiie/aiiy i?iaeoeoia IIE a
a?eo?ioeeoao i iiaeeoieiaaiiai aeueaoiiio ieacie e?iai (A.E. Aaeaoia,
E.Ae. Naiaaei, 1993). I?iaeoeoe IIE /eiyoue aeanoaaieicoth/o aeith ia
iaia?aie eeioei, ui aaaea aei iiaeaeuaiiy ?o i?iieeiinoi oa iineeaiith
aenoaeaoei?. Ia oiii iiaeaeuaiiy aiae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo e?iai oa
iineaaeaiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo noaeeiieo ?aaeoeie i?e CAIN oea aaaea aei
oaeaeeiai c?inoaiiy iaa?yeo iiceiai? oeaieie, iineeaiith aiiiene?,
iiaeaeuaiith a’yceinoi e?iai oa i?enei?aiith aa?aaaoei? eeioei e?iai.

Ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic iaoiii?oieiai/ieo ciii o iiceo iiae aieeaii CAIN
aac i?aia?aoia oa iiney ?o i?ioieaeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui CAIN i?ioyaii 6 aiae. aeeeeea? cia/ii ii?oieiai/ii
ii?ooaiiy o iiceo e?ieeeia. O iioi?iie ciii ei?e aaeeeeo iiaeoeue oa
/a?a`yeo iici/ea niinoa?iaathoueny ia?ioeaethey?iee oa aeno?aaacaeueiee
iaa?ye, noac e?iai o noaeeiao c aeiioii oia?eio, yaeua aeiico, aeiaeueii
aoeueee oa iciaee ii/aoeiai? noaaei? iae?iiioaai?. Iie?ioee?eoeyoi?ii
ii?ooaiiy niieo/athoueny c ?aaeoeaiith aiiiene?th iae?ioeeoia,
iaaooaiiyi oa ciiuaiiyi yaea? i noanoaioei? Iinney, oeaio?aeueiei
o?iiaoieicii. Aeyaeythoueny iciaee cieaeaiiy caoenii? ooieoei?
aaiaoiaioeaoaei/iiai aa?’??a. Iaeiaiueo noieeeie aei CAIN ? aaeeei
eeioeie aeeaieeo oa?ia ei?e. O oaeaioni i aiiioaeaioni aeyaeaii
iaeiioeiii ii?ooaiiy. Ia?iaacaeueiee, ia?ioeaethey?iee oa
iioa?aeiaeueiee iaa?ye ae?aaeaii neaaioa, iiae o ei?i oa iici/eo.
Niinoa?iaa?oueny aaaaoi aeieyiie c iiaeaeuaiith eieueeinoth iae?iiia,
yei eiioaeoothoue c aei?th. Cono?i/athoueny iaeiie/aiiy eeioei c
aaeoieiciaaiith oeeoiieaciith.

Aeyaeaii ciiie iiaeia eaaeioieoaaoe ye aeeaieee ?aaeoeaiee i?ioean
ia?aoeiiai oa?aeoa?o o iie?inoaeeiao, iae?ioeeoao i iae?iaei? c
ia?aaaaith o ei?i oa iici/eo.

Iiney 7-aeaiiiai aaaaeaiy iaioieneoieiio o aeici 1,5 ia/ea aeeiaiiea
ii?oieiai/ieo ii?ooaiue iiae aieeaii CAIN nooo?ai ciiuaii o iiceoeaiee
aie. O ei?i oa iici/eo niinoa?iaa?oueny ?icea iineaaeaiiy
ia?iaacaeueiiai oa ia?ioeaethey?iiai iaa?yeo c ia?aaaaith ia?oiai,
aiaenooiinoue ia?iaeiaeueiiai iaa?yeo, noaco e?iai o noaeeiao i aeiico.
Aeaaaia?aoeaieo oi?i iae?ioeeoia ia aeyaeaii. Aieueo ae?aaeaii ciiie
iae?ioeeoia (aiiio?iiiy, iaaooaiiy yaea?) aeyaeaii o aeeaieeo oa?ao
ei?e. O iici/eo niinoa?iaathoueny iciaee ii/aoeiaiai iiae?aciaiiy eeioei
Io?eii`?, iaa?ye neaai ae?aaeaiee, aeiaeueia ?aaeoeiy aiaenooiy. O
oaeaioni i aiiioaeaioni niinoa?iaathoueny iciaee ae?aaeaieo
eiiiainaoi?ieo i?ioeania, iacia/iee ia?iaacaeueiee iaa?ye oa iiii?iee
aeiic.

Aiaeic ii?oieiai/ieo ii?ooaiue iiiae aieeaii CAIN iiney iiia?aaeiueiai
aaaaeaiy a-oieioa?ieo o aeici 3 ia/ea iieacaa nooo?aa iieiioaiiy ea?oeie
o ii?iaiyiii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, aea aeaeieueea neaaioa
i?ioaeoi?iiai aoaeoo iaioieneoieiio. O noaeeiao ei?e aeyaeaii yaeua
noaco e?iai. Niinoa?iaathoueny iiii?iee ia?ioeaethey?iee iaa?ye,
ia?iaacaeueiee aoceiaee iaa?ye, iciaee ii/aoeiai? iae?iiioaai?. O
iici/eo — aiia?o?iiiy eeioei Io?eii`? ic ciiiaiith aei?th iaaeiei ieo oa
neaai ae?aaeaiei iaa?yeii, aea aac noaco aeaiaioia e?iai o noaeeiao. O
oaeaioni i aiiioaeaioni — noac e?iai o ae?iaieo aaiao, iacia/iee
ia?eaacaeueiee iaa?ye, aiia?o?iiiy eeioei, aeiic, iciaee ii/aoeiai?
iae?iiioaai?.

Iiney eiiaiiiaaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iaioieneoieiio i a-oieioa?ieo o
cacia/aieo aeicao cia/ieo iiceoeaieo ciii iaoiii?oieiai/ii? ea?oeie iiae
aieeaii CAIN, o ii?iaiyiii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, ia aeyaeaii. A onio
oa?ao ei?e i a iici/eo niinoa?iaa?oueny iaio ae?aaeaiee, iiae o
eiio?iei, ia?ioeaethey?iee oa ia?iaacaeueiee iaa?ye, noac e?iai c
aeeeaoaoei?th aaeeeeo noaeei. O aieueoinoi iae?ioeeoia — aiia?o?iiiy c
oco?aoei?th e?a?a oeeoiieacie, a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao — aiiio?iiiy eeioei c
iciaeaie ii/aoeiai? iae?iiioaai?, iiii?iee aeiic, iaa?ye noiiie noaeei
oa iciaee ii?ooaiiy i?iieeiinoi aaiaoiaioeaoaei/iiai aa?’??a. O oaeaioni
i aiiioaeaioni ia?ioeaethey?iee iaa?ye ae?aaeaii neeueiioa, iiae i?e
ie?aiiio aeei?enoaiii i?aia?aoia, aiiio?iiiy iae?ioeeoia c iaaooaiiyi oa
ciiuaiiyi yaea?. A oeieiio, iaoiii?oieiai/ii ciiie o anio no?oeoo?ao
iiceo ae?aaeaii neeueiioa, iiae i?e ?o ie?aiiio aaaaeaiii.

Oaeei /eiii, aiaeic iaoiii?oieiai/ii? ea?oeie aeineiaeaeaieo no?oeoo?
aieiaiiai iiceo e?ieeeia, yei iiaeaeaaaeeny 6-aiaeeiiiio aacia?a?aiiio
aieeao CAIN, iieacaa, ui iaeaieueo ae?aaeaiee oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iee aoaeo
ia? iaioieneoieii, yeee, o ii?iaiyiii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, iiaiinoth
iiia?aaeaeo? aai cia/ii iineaaey? iaoiii?oieiai/ii ciiie, yei iaoiiaeaii
aiiiene?th ia?aiaeo aeaiaioia. Iaio ae?aaeaiee i?ioaeoi?iee aoaeo
niinoa?iaa?oueny i?e canoinoaaiii a-oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo. I?ioieaeoe/ia
aeei?enoaiiy eiiaiiaoei? oeeo i?aia?aoia ia oieueee ia iineeth? ?o
oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?ii aeanoeainoi i?e iiaeaethaaiii EO? ca aeiiiiiaith
CAIN, aea iaaioue aaaea aei iineaaeaiiy caoenii? aei? o ii?iaiyiii c
aoaeoii eiaeiiai ie?aiiai i?aia?aoa.

AENIIAEE

1.Caea/oaaiiy iaia?eioeciaaieo e?ieeeia a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii c
eooii iaoeeo -450 noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeaioacieie ciiiaie e?iaioieo,
i?eaii/aiiyi ?aaeoeaiinoi iiceiaeo noaeei, cia/iei cieaeaiiyi iai?oae I2
oa ?icaeoeii iaa?yeo iicaeeioeiiiai oa aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai i?inoi?o o
no?oeoo?ao ei?e aaeeeeo iiaeoeue, oaeaiona i aiiioaeaiona.

2.Iiia?aaei? aaaaeaiiy a-oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo o aeici 3 ia/ea cia/ii
iineaaey? oea?aa?iaaneoey?ii ii?ooaiiy, ui aeieeaththoue i?e caea/oaaiii
e?ieeeia a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii i?ioyaii 2 aiaeei, iiaeaeuoth/e
ooieoeiiiaeueio noieeinoue nenoaie e?iaiiinoa/aiiy aieiaiiai iiceo.
Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iee aoaeo a-oieioa?ieo i?iyaey?oueny o iineeaiii
eiiiainaoi?ii? aacieiino?eeoi?ii? ?aaeoei?, iineaaeaiii aiiiene? oa
iiia?aaeaeaiii ?icaeoeo iaa?yeo iiceiai? oeaieie.

3.I?ioieaeoe/ia oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?ia aeiy iaioieneoieiio o aeici 1,5
ia/ea aioo?ioiueiaaiii i?e 2-aiaeeiiiai caea/oaaiiy oaa?ei a
aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii i?iyaey?oueny a onoiaiii oace aaciaeeeaoaoei?,
iineeaiii eiiiainaoi?ii? aacieiino?eeoei? aac nooo?aiai iiai?oaiiy
eeniaaiai iinoa/aiiy iiceo, cia/iiio cao?eiaiii oa iineaaeaiii ?icaeoeo
iicaeeioeiiiai oa iiia?aaeaeaiii aeieeiaiiy aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiai
iaa?yeo o ei?i oa aeeaieeo no?oeoo?ao iiceo.

4.Eiiaiiiaaia i?ioieaeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy a-oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo i
iaioieneoieiio o cacia/aieo aeicao /eieoue iaio ae?aaeaio
oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?io aeith ia nenoaio e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, eeniaaee oa
aiaeii- aeaeo?ieioiee aaeain aieiaiiai iiceo e?ieeeia i?e 2-aiaeeiiii
caea/oaaii? a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii. Oea aeyaey?oueny a aieueo
ae?aaeaiiio, o ii?iaiyiii c ie?aiei aaaaeaiiyi i?aia?aoia, iineaaeaiii
eiiiainaoi?ii? aacieiino?eeoei?, a aieueo nooo?aiio cieaeaiii
iai?oaeaiiy I2 oa aieueo oaeaeeiio aeieeiaiii iaa?yeo iiaeeeioeiiiai
na?aaeiaeua.

5.Iiney 6-aiaeeiiiai aacia?a?aiiai caea/oaaiiy e?ieeeia a
aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii ?icaeaathoueny ae?aaeaii iaoiii?oieiai/ii ciiie
iie?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea, iae?ioeeoia oa iae?iaei? o no?oeoo?ao ei?e,
iici/eo, oaeaiona i aiiioaeaiona, yei eaaeioieothoueny ye aeeaieee
?aaeoeaiee i?ioean aac nooo?aeo aeano?oeoeaieo oa aeaaaia?aoeaieo
ii?ooaiue ia?aiai? oeaieie.

6.Caoenia aeiy i?aia?aoia iiney 7-aeaiiiai aaaaeaiiy i?iyaey?oueny o
ciaioaiii noaco e?iai o noaeeiao, iineaaeaiii aaciaeeeaoaoei?,
ia?eaacaeueiiai oa aeno?aoeaethey?iiai iaa?yeo, onoiaiii aeiico,
ciaioaiii ?aaeoeaieo ciii o iae?ioeeoao i aei?, yei aeieeathoue i?e
6-aiaeeiiiai caea/oaaiiy e?ieeeia a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii. Ca neeith
caoenii? aei? i?aia?aoe iiaeia ?icoaooaaoe o ianooiiiio ii?yaeeo:
iaioieneoieii > a-oieioa?ie > eiiaiioeiy iaioieneoieiia i
a-oieioa?ieo.

7.Eiiaiiiaaia aeei?enoaiiy iaioieneoieiio i a-oieioa?ieo i?e
oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ?iceaaeao, yei aeeeeeaii iiaeaeuaiiyi i?eoieo e?iai
aei iiceo oa iiai?oaiiyi aaiiciiai aiaeoieo ia oiii iiae?aciaiiy
aanoeaoey?iiai aia?aoo, aaaea aei iineaaeaiiy ?o caoenii? aei? ia
nenoaio iie?ioee?eoeyoei?, iinoa/aiiy eeniai oa aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiee
noai oeaiei iiceo.

IA?AEIE Ae?OEIAAIEO ?IAIO CA OAIITH AeINA?OAOeI?

1.Eco/aiea oea?aa?iaacii?ioaeoi?iuo yooaeoia oiia?ciea i?e
iiaeaee?iaaiee iicaiauo ninoaeenouo ia?ooaiee. // Eiee.- 1998.- ?4.-
N.38-42 (a niaao. n Aaeaoiaui A.E., Iaiaoiaie A.I., Iieaaeeii E.A.,
Naiaaeiui E.Ae.).

2.Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iua yooaeou a-oieioa?iea i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee
einie/aneie oi?iu aieacie aeaeaeaiey. // Oa?iaeie. ainiee.- 1998.- ? 1.-
N.62-64. (a niaao. n Aaeaoiaui A.E., Iieaaeeii E.A., Naiaaeiui E.Ae.).

3.Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iua yooaeou eiiaeie?iaaiiiai i?eiaiaiey a-oieioa?iea
e iaioieneoeeeeia i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee einie/aneie oi?iu aieacie
aeaeaeaiey. // Oa?iaeie. ainiee.- 1998.- ? 4.- N.66-69. (a niaao. n
Aaeaoiaui A.E., Iieaaeeii E.A., Naiaaeiui E.Ae.).

4.Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iia aeaenoaea eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa i?e
iiaeaee?iaaiee aieacie aeaeaeaiey. // I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e
ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai
cae?aaiio?aiaiey O?oaeu E?ui. iaae. ei-oa.-1995.- O. 131.- N. 70-74 (a
niaao. n Aaeaoiaui A.E., Eiiyaaie A.E., Iieaaeeii E.A., Naiaaeiui E.Ae.,
Nei?iiiui I.A., Oiii/eeiui E.I.).

5.Aieea iaioieneoieiio ia e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, eeniaaee i
aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiee aaeain aieiaiiai iiceo i?e iiaeaethaaiii oai?iae
?ooo. / / Oeiea aeaae. I.I. *a?eana: iaea?, ?icaeoie, ia?niaeoeae. —
Oace iaoe. eiio.- Ee?a, 3-5 o?aaiy 1994 ?.- N. 75.

6.Iooe iiauoaiey ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiie onoie/eainoe oea?aa?iaaneoey?iie
nenoaiu e yeno?aiaeueiui aicaeaenoaeyi a?aaeoaoeeiiiiai oaeoi?a. //
Iaoa?. 7-ai Ana?inn. neii. «Yeieiai-oeceie. i?iaeaiu aaeaioaoeee».- I.,
26-28 ai?aey 1994.- N. 28-29 (a niaao. n Aaeaoiaui A.E., Iieaaeeii E.A.,
Naiaaeiui E.Ae., Nei?iiiui I.A., Oiii/eeiui E.I.).

7.Cia/aiea aioeieneaeaioiie e aioeaa?aaaoiie caueou oea?aa?iaaneoey?iie
nenoaiu i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee einie/aneie oi?iu aieacie aeaeaeaiey. //
Iaoa?. ?aa. niaau. ii iaaeaeenoeeieeia?iie iao/. i?ia?aiia «Iicaiaia
e?iaiia?auaiea».- ?AI, Iao/. niaao ii oeceie. iaoeai.- Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a.-
1995.- N. 42-43.

8.Aieea iaioieneoieiio i a-oieioa?ieo ia iie?ioee?eoeyoeith a aieiaiiio
iiceo i?e aanoeaoey?ieo ii?ooaiiyo. // 1-e iaoeiii. c’?cae oa?iaeie.
e?a?ie. «No/anii i?iaeaie oa?iaeieiai?».- Iieoaaa.- 1995.- N. 196.

9.I?eioeeie oa?iaeieiai/ii? i?ioieaeoeee i ei?aeoei? oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo
ii?ooaiue i?e oai?iai ?ooo. // 1-e iaoeiii. c’?cae oa?iaeie. Oe?a?ie.
«No/anii i?iaeaie oa?iaeieiai?».- Iieoaaa.- 1995.- N. 8 (o niiaaao. c
Aaeaoiaei I.I., Iieaaeeii I.A., Naiaaiiei I.Ae., Nei?iiiei I.A.,
Oiii/eiiei I.I.).

10.Oa?iaeieiae/aneay i?ioeeaeoeea oea?aa?iaaneoey?iuo ia?ooaiee i?e
iiaeaee?iaaiee einie/aneie oi?iu aieacie aeaeaeaiey. //
Ooiaeaiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey eae iniiaa nicaeaiey eaea?noaaiiuo
n?aaenoa: Oac. 1-ai nuacaea ?inn. iao/. ia-aa oa?iaeie.- Aieaia?aae,
1995.- N. 41 (a niaao. n Aaeaoiaui A.E., Iieaaeeii E.A., Naiaaeiui
E.Ae.).

11.Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iua yooaeou acaeiiaeaenoaey iaioieneoeeeeia e
a-oieioa?iea aoeaoaoa.// II Oe?a?inueea iaoeiaa eiioa?aioeiy «Aeooaeueii
i?iaeaie eeiii/ii? oa?iaeieiai?».- Aiiieoey.-1998.- N.38 — 39 (a niaao.
n Aaeaoiaui A.E.).

AIIOAOeI?

ssuaiei E.A. Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iua yooaeou a-oieioa?iea e iaioieneoeeeeia
i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee einie/aneie aieacie aeaeaeaiey (?oeiienue).

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.05 — Oa?iaeieiaey, Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue
iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao IC Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia yenia?eiaioaeueiui enneaaeiaaieyi
oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?iiai aeaenoaey ioaeaeueiiai e eiiaeie?iaaiiiai
i?eiaiaiey a-oieioa?iea aoeaoaoa e iaioieneoeeeeia i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee
oea?aa?iaaneoey?iuo ia?ooaiee, aicieeathueo i?e einie/aneie aieacie
aeaeaeaiey.

Enneaaeiaaiey i?iaaaeaiu a ino?uo e o?iie/aneeo yenia?eiaioao ia
e?ieeeao n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaeia yeaeo?ioeceieiae/aneiai e
iaoiii?oieiae/aneiai aiaeeca. Eco/aii aeeyiea i?aia?aoia ia
e?iainiaaaeaiea ei?u, oaeaiona e aeiioaeaiona, ?aaeoeaiinoue ninoaeia,
eenei?iaeiue e aiaeii- yeaeo?ieeoiue aaeain a yoeo no?oeoo?ao, a oaeaea
iaoiii?oieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a nenoaia iee?ioee?eoeyoeee, iae?iiao e
iae?iaeee aieiaiiai iicaa i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee einie/aneie aieacie
aeaeaeaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?ioeeaeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea oeacaiiuo
i?aia?aoia a n?aaeiaoa?aiaaoe/aneeo aeicao ieacuaaao au?aaeaiiia
caueoiia aeaenoaea ia oea?aa?iaaneoey?ioth nenoaio e ia?aioth oeaiue
aieiaiiai iicaa e?ieeeia i?e aeeeoaeueiii aicaeaenoaee oea/eaaiey a
aioei?oinoaoe/aneii iieiaeaiee. Yoi i?iyaeyaony oneeaieai eiiiainaoi?iie
aacieiino?eeoeee, cia/eoaeueiui ineaaeaieai aeiienee e ioaea
aiaeeaoi/iiai e aioo?eeeaoi/iiai i?ino?ainoaa, nouanoaaiiui oeo/oaieai
ii?oieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae ii n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieueiie a?oiiie
aeeaioiuo. Ii noaiaie i?ioaeoi?iiai yooaeoa eo iiaeii ?aniieiaeeoue a
neaaeothuai ii?yaeea: iaioieneoeeeei > a-oieioa?ie > eiiaeiaoeey
iaioieneoeeeeia e a-oieioa?iea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: einie/aneay aieaciue aeaeaeaiey, oea/eaaiea,
aioei?oinoaoe/aneay aeiieeiacey, oea?aa?iaaneoey?iay nenoaia, e?iaioie,
?aaeoeaiinoue ninoaeia, niaaaeaiea eenei?iaeii, aiaeii-yeaeo?ieeoiue
aaeain, iae?ioeeou, iae?iaeey, a-oieioa?ie, iaioieneoeeeei.

ssuaiei I.A. Oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?ii aoaeoe a-oieioa?ieo i iaioieneoieiio
i?e iiaeaethaaiii einii/ii? oai?iae ?ooo (?oeiien).

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 14.03.05 — oa?iaeieiaiy, Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oea?aa?ii?ioaeoi?ii? aei? ie?aiiai oa
eiiaiiiaaiiai aeei?enoaiiy a-oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo i iaioieneoieiio i?e
iiaeaethaaiii oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo ii?ooaiue, yei aeieeathoue i?e
einii/ii? oai?iai ?ooo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aia?aoe iathoue ae?aaeaio caoenio aeith ia
oea?aa?iaaneoey?io nenoaio oa ia?aiao oeaieio aieiaiiai iiceo iiae /an
o?eaaeiai aieeao caea/oaaiiy a aioei?oinoaoe/iiio noaii. Ca ii?ith
i?ioaeoi?iiai aoaeoo ?o iiaeia ?icoaooaaoe o ianooiiiio ii?yaeeo:
iaioieneoieii > a-oieioa?ie > eiiaiiaoeiy iaioieneoieiio i
a-oieioa?ieo.

Eeth/iai neiaa: einii/ia oai?iaa ?ooo, caea/oaaiiy, aioei?oinoaoe/ia
aiiieiiaciy, oea?aa?iaaneoey?ia nenoaia, e?iaioie, ?aaeoeaiinoue noaeei,
caaacia/aiiy eeniai, aiaeii-aeaeo?ieioiee aaeain, iae?ioeeoe, iae?iaeiy,
a-oieioa?ie, iaioieneoieii.

Yashchenko I.A. Cerebroprotective effects of a-tocopherol and
pentoxifylline at the modeling of the space type of the motion sickness
(manuscript).

Thesis for a scientific degree of Candidate of Medical Science by
speciality 14.03.05 — pharmacology, Odessa State Medical University,
Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Odessa, 1998.

This work is dedicated to the problem of cerebroprotective actions of
the a-tocopherol and pentoxyphyline’ separate and combined usage at the
modeling of cerebrovascular derangements, arising out of cosmic
naupathia.

It was established that preparations have the pronounced protective
action upon cerebrovascular system and glia of rabbits, cerebrum at the
durable effect of naupathia at the antiortostatic condition. In
accordance with the protective degree, they can be arranged as follows:
pentoxyphyline > a-tocopherol > combination of pentoxyphyline and
a-tocopherol.

Key words: space type of the motion sickness, naupathia, antiortostatic
hypokinesia, cerebrovascular system, brain bloodstream, vessels
reactivity, aerification, water-electrolyte balance, neurocyte,
neuroglia, a-tocopherol, pentoxifylline.

Caeaii a iaai? 18.11.98?. Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo 23.11.98?.

Ia’?i 1,0 ae?. a?. Oi?iao 60×90/16. Cai. ?191.Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Похожие записи