EUeA?ANUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AAOA?EIA?II? IAAeEOeEIE ?IAI? N.C.AAEEOeUeEIAI

OA?AIEI Ieeiea ?aaiiae/

?iaeaen OAeE 619:636.4.082.42

A?IOAOIIEIA?ss ?ICIIIAEAIIss NAEIAE.

?IOAINEO?EAOe?ss A?AeOAI?II? OOIEOe??

NAEIIIAOIE ? EIO??A.

16.00.07 — aaoa?eia?ia aeooa?noai

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? iiiia?ao?y.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oiiei Noaiai Iao?iae/,

Euea?anueea aeaaeai?y
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie

?iai? N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai,

caa. eaoaae?ith aeooa?noaa ?
ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?.OAAI Einaiei Ieoaeei
Aaneeueiae/, aee?aeoi? Aea?aeaaiiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai eiio?ieueiiai
?inoeoooo aaoa?eia?ieo i?aia?ao?a oa ei?iiaeo aeiaaaie

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ii?ic ?aai Aa?aneiiae/, Eoaainueeee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, i?ioani? eaoaae?e a?ieia?? ?
oaa?eiieoeoaa

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?ooa A?eai??e A?eai?iae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa.eaoaae?ith
aeooa?noaa ? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo, eaoaae?a
aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? ?iciiiaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei I?i?noa?noaa AIE, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ “ 1998
?. i aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae
35.826.01 i?e Euea?anuee?e aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai?
N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai ca aae?anith: 290010 i. Euea?a-10, aoe. Iaea?nueea, 50

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueei?
aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai ca aae?anith:
290010 i. Euea?a — 10, aoe. Iaea?nueea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ “ 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeioeaio
Aieiaa/ I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O ae??oaii? i‘ynii? i?iaeaie Oe?a?ie aaaeeeaa ?ieue
a?aeaiaeeoueny naeia?noao, yea ? nei?ini?eith aaeoccth oaa?eiieoeoaa ?
ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy a caaacia/aii? ianaeaiiy i‘ynii ? i‘ynieie
i?iaeoeoaie. Ieoiia aaaa naeieie a caaaeueiiio ae?iaieoeoa? i‘yna a
Oe?a?i? noaiiaeoue aeecueei 40%. Aenie? oaiie ?icaeoeo naeia?noaa a
iao?e aea?aeaa? iiaeeea? i?e ca?eueoaii? iiaie?a‘y naeiae, i?aeaeuaii?
?o i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa oe?ieiio ai?iaaaeaeaii? ia?aaeiai? oaoiieia??, yea
aaco?oueny ia aaeineiiaeaieo a?ioaoiieia?/ieo iaoiaeao, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniiio ??aith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano ?
aeinyaiaiiyi ia?aaeiai? i?aeoeee.

Ca inoaii? ?iee e?euee?noue iiaie?a‘y naeiae a Oe?a?i? ??cei
ciaioeeany. Oae, e?euee?noue iaea?aeaieo ii?inyo c 2630,4 oen. a 1996
?ioe? ciaioeeany aei 1599,8 oen. a 1997 ?ioe?, a aeo?ae i?eieiaeo a?ae
iniiaieo naeiiiaoie c 2095,7 oen. aei 1314,9 oen., a?aeiia?aeii.

No/ania oaoiieia?y aaaeaiiy naeia?noaa oa ?ic?iaeai? aoaeoeai?
a?ioaoiieia?/i? iaoiaee aeicaieythoue ?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
caniae ae?iaieoeoaa, cieaeoaaoe nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??, cia/ii
iie?auoaaoe oiiae i?aoe?. Aei oeueiai ne?ae aeiaeaoe, ui ?ic?iaeai? oa
aaeineiiaeai? a?ioaoiieia?/i? iaoiaee, yeeie ei?enoothoueny i?e
?iciiiaeaii? naeiae, c oni?oii aoaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny ? a nenoai?
oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa, ia ye? ci???ioiaaia aeecueea iaeaooi?
aa?a?iiai naeoi?o Oe?a?ie. / A?oeiiaaoeue I.E., 1959; Eaanieoeueeee
I.A., 1972; Eiaaeaiei A.O., 1985; Ii?ic ?.A., 1965; Na?aethe N.?., 1977
oa ?io? /.

Iiaeaeueoa ?ioaineo?eaoe?y aaeoc? naeia?noaa ia?aaeaa/a? iaeneiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae naeiae oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy
a?ioaoiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a ?o ?iciiiaeaiiy, ui iiaeeeaa o?eueee i?e
/?oeiio ii?aeiaii? oaoiieia?? oa a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae oaa?ei /
Eaanieoeueeee I.A., 1972; Ia?oeiaiei I.A., 1971 /.

Iniaeeai aeooaeueieie e aei e?ioey ia aea/aieie caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy
i?io?eaeoeee iaie?aeiino? oa iaeiie?aeiino?, i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy naiie ? naioe?a, a oaeiae ieoaiiy aieeao ??ciiai ??aiy
aiae?ae? a ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy ia ?icaeoie, oi?ioaaiiy oa noaiiaeaiiy
a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? / Ienee I.O. oa ?i., 1977; Ii/a?iy?a O.E., 1967;
Aei?ioeia A.A., 1976; *a?eaniaa A.A. oa ?i., 1972; Einaiei I.A., 1995 /.

A?aeiiaeaiiy, noeioeyoe?y oa neio?ii?caoe?y a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? ye
naeiiiaoie, oae ? eio??a — oea eaiee nenoaie i?io?eaeoeee ? e?ea?aeaoe??
iaie?aeiino? oa i?aeaeuaiiy aaaaoiie?aeiino?. Oeth ?iaioo o?aaa
i?iaiaeeoe i?ney /?oeiai aiac?co ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaenii? aeooa?nueei? ?
a?iaeieia?/ii? aeeniaina?ecaoe?? oaa?ei ia i?aenoaa? iieacaiue ?
i?ioeiieacaiue, i?aaeeueii aecia/eaoe caniae, i?aia?aoe, ?o aeico oa
e?aoi?noue canoinoaaiiy, aea i?e oiia? /?oeiai aaaeaiiy iae?eo iniiaieo
iieaciee?a a?aeoai?aiiy noaaea / Ieoaeeia I.I., 1973; Iieyioeaa I.?.,
Oa?e/aiei ?.?., 1969; ssaeiinueeee A.I., Oii‘ye ?.E., 1983; AEo?aaiei
A.?. oa ?i., 1983 /

Oaia? c oni?oii canoiniaothoue aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii?
ooieoe?? o naiie ? naioe?a a?oai?ii?, iae?io?iii? e ai?iiiaeuei?
i?aia?aoe, a inoaii?i /anii o i?aeoeoe? aeooa?noaa ? a?ioaoiieia??
?iciiiaeaiiy, a oiio /ene? e o naeia?noa?, ii/aee aeei?enoiaoaaoe
i?inoaaeaiaeeie ? oeaieii? i?aia?aoe oaa?eiiiai oa ?ineeiiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa o??o?a?? c ieoaiue ?ic?iaee nenoaie eiiieaenieo caoiae?a
i?io?eaeoeee iaie?aeiino?, yeiaino? oa iaeiie?aeiino? naeiae, yea ?
iaeiei c ?icae?e?a oaiaoe/iiai ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ( ?a?no? ? 41/1 ).

A?aoiaoth/e no/aniee noai a ?icaeoeo naeia?noaa a Oe?a?i?, iaae??oaieie
i?iaeaiaie caeeoathoueny: iaeiie?aei?noue ? iaie?aei?noue naeiiiaoie oa
ie?aeiee?a, iaaeiiaea?aeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? e?eueeino? iii?in?a ca ??e ye
a?ae iniiaieo, oae ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie, iecueea ?acenoaioi?noue
i?aai?cio io?eiaiiai i?eieiaeo oa ?yae ?ioeo oaeoi??a, ye? iio?aaothoue
aeineiiaeiai ae??oaiiy c iaoeiaei iaa?oiooaaiiyi oa ?ic?iaeith
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia ?ioaineo?eaoe?th ?icaeoeo
naeia?noaa oa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iiaie?a‘y oaa?ei ? i?iaeoeoe??
aaeoc? a oe?eiio.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei eiiieaenia
ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae o
niaoeainiao ? i?iieneiaeo eiiieaenao Noinueei? oa ?ioeo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie
? ?in?? oeyoii ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie ?
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi a?ioaoiieia?/ieo cania?a ?aaoeyoe??
?o noaoaai? ooieoe??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ii??aiyoe iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo
ae?iaieoeoaa naeieie;

— ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??e aecia/aiiy oi?i iaie?aeiino? iniiaieo ?
ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie;

— iaa?oiooaaoe ia?aaaao ?eoi?/ii? oaoiieia?? ?iaioe niaoeainio c
i?aai?caoe??th aioo??oiuei-ainiiaea?nueeiai ioieoo ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy
ia?aae ?nioth/eie oi?iaie ia?oaaiiy naeiiiaoie;

— aecia/eoe ? ii??aiyoe iniiai? iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe??
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ??cieo ii??ae i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo ?o oo?eiaiiy oa
aeei?enoaiiy;

— anoaiiaeoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ie?aieo ai?iiiaeueieo,
a?oai?iieo oa iae?io?iiieo i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae neioaoe/ieo
i?inoaaeaiaeei?a i?e iaie?aeiino? iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie;

— i?iaanoe ai?iaaoe?th a?inoeioeyoi??a, aeaioiaeaieo c oeaiei ieaoeaioe
ethaeeie ca iieacieeaie aieeao ia a?aeoai?io ooieoe?th naeiiiaoie ?
eio??a- ie?aeiee?a oa aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ci?i iniiaieo a?io?i?/ieo
iieaciee?a e?ia? ? ai?iiiiiiaco i?ney ?o canoinoaaiiy;

— i?iaanoe ae?iaie/o ia?aa??eo ei?iiaiai i?aia?aoo i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai
ea?ioeio / EIIE / ia naeiiiaoeao i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaaeaoe?? aeey i?aeoeee aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?aia?ao?a ? cania?a aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe??
a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a ii??aiyiiio aniaeo?
anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo
oo?eiaiiy, ?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? aecia/aiiy i?e/ei ? oi?i iaie?aeiino?
iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie oa anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino?
aieeao oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy ia ye?noue nia?ie
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia ia?aaaaa i?aai?caoe??
aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai ioieoo ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy naeiiiaoie ia?aae
?nioth/ith nenoaiith o?ainii?ooaaiiy nia?ie c ieaii?aei?e?inoa,
?ic?iaeaia noaia ?ooo iiaie?a‘y naeiae o niaoeaini? i?e ?eoi?/i?e
oaoiieia?? ?iaioe, a oaeiae oi?ie iii?ny/iiai oa ??/iiai aaaeaiiy iae?eo
iieaciee?a a?aeoai?aiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ye?ni? iieacieee nia?ie ?aeiiiaaieo ii??ae
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a iathoue ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy a iie?auai?e
naeaeoe?eii-ieaiaii?e ?iaio? o naeia?noa?.

Aia?oa iaa?oioiaai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai? iaoiaee noeioeyoe?? oie?eoeiaaiaco
? neio?ii?caoe?? noaoaai? oeeee?/iino? o naeiiiaoie oeyoii canoinoaaiiy
a?oai?iieo, ai?iiiaeueieo ? iae?io?iiieo i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae
neioaoe/ieo i?inoaaeaiaeei?a i?e ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?? o naeia?noa?.

I?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a, aeaioiaeaieo c aeeoy/i?
ieaoeaioe oa ioiiaeie ethaeeie aeey i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino?
naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a. Aea/aiee ia no/aniiio ??ai? oa?aeoa?
ci?i iniiaieo a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? oa ai?iiiiiiaco i?e
canoinoaaii? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia i?aenoaa? iaoa??ae?a
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iaa?oioiaaii ?eoi?/io oaoiieia?th a?aeoai?aiiy
naeiae o niaoeainiao c i?aai?caoe??th aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeeo ioieo?a
ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy, a oaeiae caoiaee i?io?eaeoeee iaie?aeiino? ?
iaeiie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie.

Aeey niaoeaini?a ? i?iieneiaeo eiiieaen?a ?ic?iaeaiee e?eoa??e
aecia/aiiy iniiaieo oi?i iaie?aeiino? iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo
naeiiiaoie, yeee aeiiiiiaea a ei?ioeee /an aeyaeoe i?e/eie iaie?aeiino?
iaoi/iiai iiaie?a‘y oa oaeaeei canoinoaaoe caoiaee i?io?eaeoeee ?
e?ea?aeaoe?? iaie?aeiino? oa iaeiie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie.

Aecia/ai? iieacieee nia?ie eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ??cieo ii??ae noaiooue
iniiaith aeey i?aeoee?a naeia?noaa i?e eiiieaeoaoe?? iniiaiiai noaaea
ie?aeiee?a c o?aooaaiiyi ii?e ?ieo ? eiie?aoieo oiia niaoeainio /e
i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno oa /?oeiai aaaeaiiy naeaeoe?eii-ieai?iii? ?iaioe.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?e ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii?
ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi a?oai?iieo,
ai?iiiaeueieo ? iae?io?iiieo i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae neioaoe/eo
i?inoaaeaiaeei?a ? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a, ye? cai?iiiiiaai? aeey
aaoa?eia?ii? i?aeoeee, a oaeiae iaoiaeeee ? niiniae ?o canoinoaaiiy c
iaoith i?io?eaeoeee oa e?ea?aeaoe?? iaie?aeiino? ? iaeiie?aeiino?
noaiooue iniiaith ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aaeoc? naeia?noaa a niaoeaini?,
oiaa?i?e oa?i?, oa?ia?nueeiio ainiiaea?noa? /e i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?.

Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ii canoinoaaiith
a?inoeioeyoi??a, aeaiaeaieo c oeaiei ethaeeie — “Oi??ioeai”,
“Oia?e?oeai” oa IAeA, ia aac? ae?iaie/iai a?aeae?eo iaeanii?
?ioaeoe?eii? e?ea?i? AEIA?IO /i.Noie/ aeey i?aeoe/ii? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie inai?ii ae?iaieoeoai oeeo i?aia?ao?a /E?oeaic?y ? 000089 a?ae
01.10.97 ?ieo, OOO 46.15.250-97, OOO 46.15.251-97, OOO 46.15.252-97/.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa i?iiiceoe?? aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a: 1.
Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo ii e?ea?aeaoe?? ? i?io?eaeoeoe? ae?iaioa?ii?
iaie?aeiino? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ? naeiae, iaoiiaeaieo A-a?oai?iiith
iaaeinoa/ath. Noie, 1983.-16n. 2.Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo ii
i?aai?caoe?? a?aeoai?aiiy noaaea ? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy naeiae a
i?iieneiaeo eiiieaenao ? niaoeainiao Noinueei? iaeano?. Noie,
1985.-115n. 3. Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo ii oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
naeieie a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ainiiaea?noaao iaeano?. Noie, 1986, -88 n. 4.
Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo ii a?aeiiaeaiith, noeioeyoe?? ?
neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? naiie ? ie?aeiee?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei. Noie, 1994.-34 n. 5. Eiec?
“A?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy naeiae”. E. “Aao?ioi?i”, 1996.-216n. 6.
Iiiia?ao?? “A?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy naeiae”. Noie, “Eicaoeueeee Aae”,
1998, 221n. 7. Iiiia?ao?? “A?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy naeiae” / ia
i?iaoeuee?e iia? ae?oeo?oueny a I?ia//ei?, 1998/.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeth/ai? aei o/aiaiai ieaio e ?iai/i? i?ia?aie
eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? o??o?a?? Noinueeiai AeAO oa eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ?
ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy A?eioea?e?anueeiai AeAO i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?no
“Aeooa?noai, a?iaeieia?y ? a?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” nooaeaioai oaeoeueoaoo aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie ? cii?iaeaia?iiai oaeoeueoaoo, a oaeiae aei o/aiaiai ieaio ii
ui??/i?e ia?ai?aeaioiaoe? niaoe?ae?no?a aaoa?eia?iiai oa cii?iaeaia?iiai
i?io?eth Noinueei? iaeano?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeothoueny a 29
niaoeainiao Noinueei? iaeano?, a ?iaeono??aeueiiio eiiieaen?
“E?ai?inueeee” Eoaainueei? iaeano?, a oaeiae o oa?ia?nueeeo
ainiiaea?noaao Noinueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi ?ic?iaeaii iai?yie ii
aaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia?? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo
oo?eiaiiy, c ieoaiue ae?aaiinoeee ? i?io?eaeoeee ??cieo oi?i
iaie?aeiino? naiie ? naioe?a, ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe??
naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi a?oai?iieo,
ai?iiiaeueieo oa iae?io?iiieo i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae neioaoe/eo
i?inoaaeaiaeei?a ? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a, aeaioiaeaieo c aeeoy/i?
ieaoeaioe oa ioiiaeie ethaeeie. Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny iaoeia? aeai?,
iaea?aeai? caeiaoaa/ai i?ioyaii 22 ?ie?a c i?iaeai a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae a
niaoeainiao ? i?iieneiaeo eiiieaenao Oe?a?ie ? ?in??, ye? aeeth/athoue
ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a i?e ?iciiiaeaii? naeiae,
?ici?ciaaaiiy, ae?aaiinoeee oa i?io?eaeoeee ??cieo oi?i iaie?aeiino? ?
iaeiie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie, ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ooieoe?? ?iciiiaeaiiy naiie ?
naioe?a, ui neeaaea? iniiao ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aaeoc? naeia?noaa Oe?a?ie a
oe?eiio. A iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo ?c ni?aaaoi?aie an? ?aea? oa
?ic?iaee ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iaeaaeaoue caeiaoaa/o iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai?
oa noaaeai? ia Ananithcieo ? ?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo c ieoaiue
aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? ? a?ioaoiieia?? ?iciiiaeaiiy /Oa?e?a, 1978,
1979; Noie, 1989; Eacaiue, 1989; Ai?iiaae, 1994/ oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo / Noie, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1995, 1997, 1998; A?yinuee,
1987; A.Oea?eaa, 1995, 1998 /.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe iioae?eiaaii o 26 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, c
yeeo 4 ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, iaeia eieaa ? iiiia?ao?y. C iioae?eiaaieo
i?aoeue: iniaenoeo — 14, o ni?aaaoi?noa? — 12. Aeaeaii o oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo 17 i?aoeue.

INIIAIA *ANOEIA

Aea?? iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iai?yi i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
caeiaoaa/a ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi eiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe c ia??iaeo
aeeiiaiiy e caoenoo iei eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? ? niaoe?ae?caoe??
a aaeoc? aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? ?iciiiaeaiiy naeiae c
iniiaieo i?iaeai a?aeoai?aiiy, ye? ae??oo? i?aeoe/ia aaoa?eia?ia
iaaeeoeeia.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa??aeii aeey iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue neoaeeee iniiai? ? ia?aa??thaai? naeiiiaoee aaeeei? a?ei?
ii?iaee oa eio??-ie?aeieee aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee, eaiae?an, aeth?ie,
II-? ? aaeeei? /i?ii? ii?iaee, ye? iaeaaeaee ainiiaea?noaai Noinueei?,
Oa?e?anueei?, Iieoaanueei?, Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? oa Eoaainueei? iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee a 1975-1997 ?ieao. Aea/aiiy iniiaieo
iieaciee?a a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae, i?e/ei oa oi?i iaie?aeiino? ? ?ic?iaea
e?eoa???a aecia/aiiy oi?i iaie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie i?iaiaeeee a
niaoeainiao ?i. E.Ia?ena oa ?i.O.Aiaaeuena Noinueei? iaeano? oa
“Ae?oaeaa” Iieoaanueei? iaeano?, a oaeiae o i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?
“E?ai?inueeee” /108-oeny/ieeo/ Eoaainueei? iaeano? ia 10000 iniiaieo ?
ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoeao, a aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy
naeiiiaoie i?e ?eoi?/i?e oaoiieia?? ?iaioe niaoeainio c i?aai?caoe??th
aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai ioieoo i?iaiaeeeinue o 29 niaoeainiao ciie
ianeoaiaoaaiiy A?eii?euenueeiai, E?ieaaaoeueeiai oa ?iiainueeiai
ieaii?aei?e?inoa Noinueei? iaeano?.

Aea/aiiy iieaciee?a nia?ie eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ??cieo ii??ae i?iaiaeeee a
oiiaao i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno “E?ai?inueeee” / AA — 14; eaiae?an — 31;
aeth?ie -12 / oa niaoeainio ?i.E.Ia?ena Noinueei? iaeano? /AA — 7 ? II —
2 /.

Oa?aeoa? ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i o noaoaaeo i?aaiao naeiiiaoie i?e ??cieo
oi?iao iaie?aeiino? aea/eee ia naeoe??, a?aoiaoth/e i?e oeueiio:
iayai?noue caiaeueieo i?ioean?a, aaae ?icaeoeo, iayai?noue oie?eoe?a,
aeiaoeo o?e, e?no oa ?ioeo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i a y?/ieeao oa ?ioeo i?aaiao
noaoaai? nenoaie, i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/e ae?aaiic aeaieie aiaiiaco oa
a?io?i?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?ia e?ia?. Ae?aaiinoe/iiio caaith c
oe??th iaoith aoei i?aeaeaii 120 naeiiiaoie.

Aoaeoeai?noue noeioeyoe?? oa neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe??
naeiiiaoie aea/aee oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo noai, aeic, oeyo?a
aaaaeaiiy, e?aoiino? e ?ioa?aae?a aaaaeaiiy a?oai?iieo / o?ea?oai?i,
a?oai?i A, oao?aa?o, o?ea?o /, ai?iiiaeueieo / ieneoioeei, oie?eoe?i,
OA, neiano?ie, NAEE /, iae?io?iiieo i?aia?ao?a / i?ica?ei /, a oaeiae
neioaoe/ieo i?inoaaeaiaeei?a / ano?ioai, anoooaeai, noia?oai /.
I?aia?aoe aaiaeeee ye a eiiieaen?, oae ? a /enoiio aeaeyae?. Anueiai
aoei caae?yii a aeine?aeao 705 iaie?aeieo naeiiiaoie, a oiio /ene? 499
iniiaieo ? 206 ia?aa??thaaieo.

Aeine?ae ii ia?aa??oe? aieeao EIIE / ei?iiaee i?aia?ao
i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai ea?ioeio / ia a?aeoai?io caeaoi?noue oaa?ei aoa
i?iaaaeaiee ia 6000 iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoeao o i?iieneiaiio
eiiieaen? “E?ai?inueeee”. I?aia?ao caiaeoaaee anueiio iiaieia‘th
naeiiiaoie o aeaeyae? aeiaeaoeo aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio c ?ic?aooieo ia
iaeio aieiao ia aeiao ? c o?aooaaiiyi o?c?ieia?/iiai noaio oaa?ei, ?o
a?eo, aeeai? iane, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai i?e?inoo, ia??iaeo ii?iniino? oa
o?eaaeino? i?aeneniiai ia??iaeo. Eiio?ieai aoee iieacieee a?aeoai?aiiy
noaaea naeiae ca iiia?aaei?e ??e ia oeueiio ae eiiieaen?.

Ai?iaaoe?th oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a “Oi??ioeaio”, “Oia?e?oeaio” ? IAeA,
aeaioiaeaieo i?aei?e?inoaii AEIA?IO /i.Noie / c aeeoy/i? ieaoeaioe ?
ioiiaeie, i?iaiaeeee a niaoeainiao Noinueei? iaeano?. Canoiniaoaaee
i?aia?aoe a ??cieo aeicao, a ??cio ii?o ?ieo oa c ??ciei ?ioa?aaeii ?
e?aoi?noth aaaaeaiiy 35 iniiaiei ? 60 ia?aa??thaaiei naeiiiaoeai oa 33
eio?ai-ie?aeieeai.

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aieeao oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a ia noai
caei?ia‘y oaa?ei, oa?aeoa? i?iyao noaoaaeo ?aoeaen?a, iieaciee?a
nia?iii?iaeoeoe??, a oaeiae ia iniiai? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? oa
ai?iiiaeueiee oii, a?aeae?aee i?iae e?ia? a?ae aeine?aeieo oaa?ei.

O ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aecia/aee ai?no aetheice, eaeueoe?th, oieanoa?eio,
o?eae?oea?eae?a, caaaeueiiai a?eeo, (-ai?eace, eoaeii? oinoaoace,
(-a?ae?ieneaooe?aoo aeaa?ae?iaaiace, (- aeooai?eio?aioa?ace,
e?aaoeie?iace.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia aac? ae?iaie/iai a?aeae?eo Noinueei?
iaeanii? ?ioaeoe?eii? e?ea?i? AEIA?IO c aeei?enoaiiyi aia?aoo
“Kobas-Amira” aano??enueei? o??ie “Kobas” oa ?aaeoea?a o??ie “Carmay” ?
“Roche”.

Ie?ai? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? naeiiiaoie aecia/aee a E?ieaaaoeuee?e
?aeiii?e eaai?aoi??? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie Noinueei? iaeano?:
caaaeueiee a?eie — ?ao?aeoiiao?e/ii, caaaeueiee eaeueoe?e —
eiiieaeniiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii, iai?aai?/iee oinoi? — ii A?eano a
iiaeeo?eaoe?? A.O. Oniae/a /1976/, eoaeiee ?aca?a — aeeooc?eiei iaoiaeii
ca ?.I.Eiiae?ao?iei /1985/.

Aecia/aiiy ai?noo oanoinoa?aio a ieaci? e?ia? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a
i?iaiaeeee i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai caii?iaeoaaiiy i?ia o iie?noa?ieiaeo
i?ia??eao ca aeiiiiiaith ??aeeiai acioo a ?aae?i?ioiieia?/i?e
eaai?aoi??? Ana?in?enueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo
iaoaeia??, oa?iaeieia?? ? oa?ai?? /i.Ai?iiaae/. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?aae?iae?aaiinoe/ieo iaai??a ?aaaaio?a
ae?iaieoeoaa OII ? AIO AI A?N?, aeaoaeoiaaieo O125 ia aaoiiaoeciaaieo
aaia-e?/eeueieo ??A-300 o??ie LKB. ?ic?aooiee aeeiioaaee ca
noaiaea?oiith e?eaith, a oaeiae ia eiii‘thoa?? “Aeaeo?ii?ea” 15ANI5.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy ??cieo i?aia?ao?a aeey
?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie ? ie?aeiee?a aecia/aee
ca iaoiaeaie O.O.A?eioniaa ?c ni?aaaoi?aie /1982/ oa INA N?N?
/Aaoa?eia??y — 1984. ?1.-n73-79/, a noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ia i?e?ieaeueeoeyoi?? IE-52 ca ?.A.Iea?iei
/1960/.

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?yo

ae?iaieoeoaa naeieie.

Ii??aiyeuei? iieacieee a?aeoai?aiiy naeiiiaoie o niaoeaini? oa
i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo 1,2. C aeaieo oaaeeoeue 1
? 2 aeaeii, ui iniiai? iieacieee a?aeoai?aiiy a niaoeaini? oa
i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? iathoue nai? iniaeeaino?. O i?iieneiaiio
eiiieaen? ?eoi noaoaaeo oeeee?a o naeiiiaoie a?eueo ??aiii??iee, i?ae o
niaoeaini?. Oae, o ceiiao ii?o ?ieo a i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? in?i?iyee
25-26% naeiiiaoie. Iaeneiaeueia ??cieoey i?iyao noaoaai? oeeee?/iino? o
naeiiiaoie a ?io? ii?e ?ieo neeaea 3 ? 2% /?<0,05/ o 1990 ? 1991 ?ieao a?aeiia?aeii. O niaoeaini? aceieo aoei in?iaiaii a?aeiia?aeii 18 ? 21% naeiiiaoie, iaaani? e?euee?noue in?iaiaieo naeiiiaoie ca?eueoeeany ia 8 ? 6 % /?<0,001/, ae?oeo - ia 7 ? 3% /?<0,001/, a ainaie - ia 12 ? 6% /?<0,001/ a?aeiia?aeii. Ui noino?oueny ia?aaoe?a, oi a i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? oeae iieaciee eieeaaany a?ae 22,5 aei 28% o 1990 ?ioe? ? a?ae 24,3 aei 26% o 1991 ?ioe?, a a niaoeaini? - a?ae 16,7 aei 34,6% ? a?ae 21,3 aei 33,7% o 1988 ? 1989 ?ieao a?aeiia?aeii. ??aiii??i?noue i?iyao noaoaaeo oeeee?a o naeiiiaoie a i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? iiynith?oueny a?eueo /?oeith oa ?eoi?/iith oaoiieia??th ?iaioe, a?eueo iiaiioe?iiith oa noaa?eueiith aiae?aeath iaoi/iiai iiaie?a‘y ? ie?aeiee?a, a oaeiae a?eueo oaeineiiaeaiith nenoaiith naeaeoe?eii-ieai?iii? ?iaioe e i?iaaaeaiiyi eiiieaenieo caoiae?a ii ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ?eoi?ea noaoaaeo oeeee?a o naeiiiaoie niaoeainio a?eueoith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae ae?iaioa?ieo ? ee?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a, a oaeiae a?ae nenoaie oaoiieia?/ieo oiia, ye? ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?aeaee nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iei aeiiaai. Aeeiai?ea iii?in?a ? caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie i?ney ?iae?a o i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? oa niaoeaini? oaae iaea nai? iniaeeaino?. sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 2, caie?aeiai?noue naeiiiaoie o i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? aoea aeuith 9 ? 13% a?aeiia?aeii, a ii?e ?ieo nooo?ai ia aieeaaee ia oe? iieacieee. Oae, ??cieoey iieaciee?a caie?aeiaiino? ia i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? o 1990 ?ioe? neeaea 5,3% /?<0,01 /, a o 1991 ?ioe? - 8,9% /?<0,001/, oiae? ye o niaoeaini? - 32,3 ? 38,3% /?<0,001/ a?aeiia?aeii. ??cieoey iaea?aeaiiy iii?in?a a?ae naeiiiaoie i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno neeaea a?aeiia?aeii 5,3% /?<0.01/ ? 2,2% /?<0,01/, a a niaoeaini? - 13,3% /?<0,001/ ? 10% /?<0,001/. ??cieoey iieaciee?a iii?in?a ? caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie o i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? oa niaoeaini? oaeiae iiynith?oueny aeuacaaaeaieie i?e/eiaie, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?eoi?eo noaoaai? oeeee?/iino?. E?eoa??e aecia/aiiy oi?i iaie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie Ca iniiao e?eoa??th aecia/aiiy oi?i iaie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie a niaoeainiao ? i?iieneiaeio eiiieaen? aoee acyo? iieacieee oa i?e/eie a?aeoaaiiy iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie. I?e oeueiio iaie aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aoiaoaaeeny aeai? aiaiiaco, ee?i?/ieo, iaoieiaiaiaoii?/ieo, ?ioiieia?/ieo oa a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo 3,4. Oaaeeoey 1 Aeeiai?ea ?eoio noaoaai? oeeee?/iino? naeiiiaoie Ii?a N I A Oe A I N I I?IIENEIAEE EIIIEAEN ?ieo 1988 1989 1990 1991 In?ia-iaii e-oue/% Ia?aaoee e-oue/% In?ia-iaii e-oue/% Ia?aaoee e-oue/% In?ia-iaii e-oue/% Ia?aaoee e-oue/% In?ia-iaii e-oue/% Ia?aaoee Ceia 428 18.3+1.9 102 21.1+4.0( 496 21.1+1.8( 115 21.3+_3.8 5702 24.9+_0.6 1347 22.5+1.1 5313 25.7+_0,6 1247 Aania 611 26.1+1,8 81 16.7+_4.1 643 27.3+_1.8 117 21.7+_3.8 6477 28.2+_0.6 1682 28.0+_1.1 5341 25.8+_0.6 1324 E?oi 595 25.4+_1.9 134 27.6+_3.9 572 24.4+_1.8 126 23.3+_3.8 4986 21.7+_0.6 1555 25.9+_1.1 5206 25.1+_0.6 1286 In?iue 707 30.2+_1.7 168 34.6+_3.7 638 27.2+_1.8 182 33.7+_3.5 5776 25.2+_0.6 1416 23.6+_1.1 4846 23.4+_0.6 1242 Ca ??e 2341 100.0 485 20.7+_1.8 2349 100.0 540 23.0+_1.8 22941 100.0 6000 26.2+_0.6 20706 100.0 5099 24.6+_0.6 Oaaeeoey 2 Aeeiai?ea iii?in?a ? caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie Ii?a N I A Oe A I N I I?IIENEIAEE EIIIEAEN ?ieo 1988 1989 1990 1991 Caie?ae-ieeinue e-oue/% Iaea?aea-ii iii?in?a e-oue/% Caie?ae-ieeinue e-oue/% Iaea?aea-ii iii?in?a e-oue/% Caie?ae-ieeinue e-oue/% Iaea?aea-ii iii?in?a e-oue/% Caie?ae-ieeinue e-oue/% Iaea?aea-ii iii?in?a Ceia 326 57.4+7.5 322 26.7+2.1( 381 78.4+2.1( 358 28.8+_2.4 3381 59.3+_0.8 2701 21.8+0.8 3666 69.0+_0,8 3464 Aania 530 42.2+2.2 236 19.6+_2.6 526 55.5+_2.2 322 25.9+_2.4 4177 64.5+_0.7 3303 26.6+_0.8 4064 76.1+_0.7 3761 E?oi 461 71.1+_2.1 396 32.9+_2.4 446 62.6+_2.3 329 26.5+_2.4 3431 63.3+_0.8 3359 27.1+_0.8 4055 77.9+_0.7 3706 In?iue 539 38.8+_2.1 251 20.8+_2.6 456 40.1+_2.3 234 18.8+_2.6 3419 59.2+_0.8 3035 24.5+_0.9 3604 69.0+_0.8 3441 Ca ??e 1856 52.7+_1.2 1205 100.0 1809 57.9+_1.3 1243 100.0 14408 61.7+_0.4 12398 100.0 15383 72.9+_0.4 14372 100.0 Ia i?aenoaa? iieaciee?a a?aeoaaiiy naeiiiaoie aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaieie i?e/eiaie a?aeoaaiiy iniiaieo naeiiiaoie ia i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? aoee: ooo/ii iaaooa iaie?aei?noue - 28%; neiioiiaoe/ia - 24,3%; ae?iaioa?ia - 14,2%; ?ioiia - 12,2%; noa?a/a - 2,9%; i?e?iaeaeaia - 0,5%. Iniiaieie i?e/iaie a?aeoaaiiy ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie aoee: ooo/ii iaaooa iaie?aei?noue - 28,2%; neiioiiaoe/ia - 23,2%; ae?iaioa?ia - 13%; i?e?iaeaeaia - 1,9%. C i?e/ei a?ii- ? aaaeaeo?? a?aeo?oueny 33,7% ia?aa??thaaieo oa 17,7% iniiaieo naeiiiaoie. Iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue ye iniiaieo, oae ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie a?aeoaaee a e?oith ii?o ?ieo, a iaeiaioo - aceieo. Iniiai? i?e/eie a?aeoaaiiy iniiaieo naeiiiaoie a niaoeainiao: noa?a/a iaie?aei?noue - 13,2-23,1%; ?ioiia - a?ae 8,3% aei 19,2% oa ooo/ii iaaooa - a?ae 5,2% aei 12,1%, a ia?aa??thaaieo naeiie - i?e?iaeaeaia - 3,4-33,4%; neiioiiaoe/ia - 11,2-28,2%; ae?iaioa?ia -12,8-79,2% oa ooo/ii iaaooa - 2,6-14,2%. C a?ii- ? aaaeaeo??th a niaoeainiao a?aeo?oueny a?ae 1,7% aei 28,4% ia?aa??thaaieo ? a?ae 9,6% aei 22,9% iniiaieo naeiiiaoie. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo oi?i i?aai?caoe?? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy naeiiiaoie Aea/eaoe ae?iaie/? oiiae 29 niaoeaini?a Noinueei? iaeano?, a oaeiae a?aoiaoth/e oa, ui ooo/ia in?iai?iiy naeiiiaoie o oeeo niaoeainiao i?iaiaeeoueny caaacaiith nia?iith e?aueo eio??a-ie?aeiee?a c A?eii?euenueeiai, E?ieaaaoeueeiai oa ?iiainueeiai ieaii?aei?e?inoa ? aeeiiaaoe ?yae i?aai?caoe?eieo ? i?aeaioia/eo ?ia?o, ?c n?/iy i?nyoey 1983 ?ieo niaoeaini ?i.E.Ia?ena E?ieaaaoeueeiai ?aeiio aoa ia?aaaaeaiee ia ?eoi?/io oaoiieia?th aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy naeiiiaoie. O niaoeaini? aoea neeaaeaia oaoiieia?/ia noaia ?ooo iiaie?a‘y oa ?ic?iaeai? oi?ie iae?eo iii?ny/iiai ? ??/ieo iieaciee?a a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 5. E?euee?noue eio??a ciaioeeany c 56 a 1982 ?ioe? aei 20 a 1983 ? 12 a 1984 ?ioe?, a aeo?aoe ia ?o oo?eiaiiy c 22,4 oen.ea?aiaaioe?a a 1982 ?ioe? aei 4,8 oen. ea?aiaaioe?a o 1984 ?ioe?. Iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iaeiiai ie?aeieea ae?inei c 25 aei 139 naeiiiaoie ca ??e. A?aoiaoth/e, ui oe?ia in?iai?iiy naeiiiaoee i?e i?e?iaeiiio ia?oaaii? neeaaeaea aeecueei 18 ea?aiaaioe?a, a i?e ooo/iiio - 5 ea?aiaaioe?a, aeo?aoe ia i?iaaaeaiiy ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy ciaioeeeny c 21,6 oen.ea?aiaaioe?a aei 6 oen., ui aeaei ca inoaii? aeaa ?iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo o 31,2 ea?aiaaioe?a, a caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ca 2 ?iee a?ae i?aai?caoe?? aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai ioieoo in?iai?iiy naeiiiaoie neeaa 63,2 oen. ea?aiaaioe?a. Ca oeae /an iii?oii c?inea ?ioaineai?noue aeei?enoaiiy naeiiiaoie / c 1,08 iii?in?a aei 1,45 - ?<0,001/, ca?eueoeany aeo?ae ii?inyo ia iii?in / c 5,79 aei 7,0 - ?<0,001/ ? iieaciee aeoiaeo ii?inyo ia iniiaio naeiiiaoeo ca ??e / a?ae 11,22 aei 14,82 - ?<0,001/, ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue ia?aaoe?a ? aai?o?a. Iieaciee caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie c??n c 69,7% aei 81,0% /?<0,001/, a e?euee?noue iaea?aeaieo aeeaeo ii?inyo c 5778 o 1982 ?ioe? aei 7886 o 1984 ?ioe?. Aieea oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy eio??a - ie?aeiee?a ia iieacieee nia?ie A?aeiii, ui 50% oni?oo a aeinyaiaii? iaeneiaeueieo iieaciee?a caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie ? aoaeoeaiino? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy caeaaeeoue a?ae ye?nieo iieaciee?a nia?ie eio??a-ie?aeiee?a, ia ye? iathoue aieea ii?iaea, a?e, ?aaeei aeei?enoaiiy, oiiae oo?eiaiiy e aiae?ae? ie?aeiee?a, a oaeiae ii?e ?ieo oa oaoi?ea iaea?aeaiiy nia?ie. A?aoiaoth/e an? oe? oaeoi?e, o nai?e ?iaio? ie aecia/eee oa ii??aiyee iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ??cieo ii??ae, ye? oo?eiothoueny a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno oa niaoeainio c o?aooaaiiyi ii?e ?ieo. ?iaioo aeeiioaaee a oeaoo a?aeoai?aiiy i?iieneiai? ciie ?aaeainio - eiia?iaoo “E?ai?inueeee” Eoaainueei? iaeano? oa niaoeaini? ?i. E.Ia?ena E?ieaaaoeueeiai ?aeiio Noinueei? iaeano?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 6. C aeaieo oaaeeoe? 6 aeaeii, ui a niaoeaini? e?au? iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? aoee iaea?aeai? a?ae ie?aeiee?a AA ii?iaee. Oae, a na?aaeiueiio ca i?nyoeue a?ae iaeiiai ie?aeieea iaea?aeaee a?ae 9,6+_0,3 ayeoeyo?a a in?iith ii?o ?ieo aei 10,2+_0,3 ayeoeyo?a ae?oeo, a a?ae iaeiiai ie?aeieea ii?iaee II-? a?ae 9,3+_0,5 ayeoeyo?a aceieo aei 10,3+_0,6 ainaie. Ia‘?i ayeoeyoo a ie?aeiee?a AA ii?iaee eieeaaany a?ae 293,1+_10,6 ie ae?oeo aei 312,5+_8,8 ie ainaie, a o ie?aeiee?a ii?iaee II-? - a?ae 292,8+_11,4 ie ae?oeo aei 323,0+_18,8 ie aceieo. O i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? ca i?nyoeue a na?aaeiueiio iaea?aeoaaee a?ae iaeiiai ie?aeieea ii?iaee eaiae?an a?ae 5,5+_0,3 ayeoeyo?a ae?oeo aei 7,8+_0,1 ayeoeyo?a ainaie i?e ia‘?i? ayeoeyoo a?ae 213,6+_9,4 ie ainaie aei 237,3+_14,3 ie iaaani?. A?ae iaeiiai ie?aeieea AA ii?iaee - a?aeiia?aeii a?ae 4,8+_0,2 ayeoeyo?a aceieo aei 6,6+_0,2 ayeoeyo?a ainaie i?e ia‘?i? ayeoeyoo a?ae 160,5+_6,4 ie aceieo aei 183,5+_16,6 ie ainaie, a a?ae iaeiiai ie?aeieea ii?iaee I?e/eie ? oi?ie iaie?aeiino? iniiaieo naeiiiaoie Oaaeeoey 3 I ? E * E I E ( aie,/%) Niaoeaini i?iien-eiaee eiiieaen Anueiai aea?aeiaaii naeiiiaoie ,aie./% A?aenoo-i?noue iaoa?, ?inoeieoo A?e O?aaie caaaeueiiai iioiaeaeai-iy O?aaie noaoa- aeo i?aai?a I?ney iieiaia? caoai?th-aaiiy Caoyae- ia a?aenoo -i?noue ioioe Iaee??iiy Nooaeiaiiy Iaeiie?ae-i?noue Ia?oaiia?iaeaeoaa-i?noue Aaaaoi?acia? ? aac?a-coeueoaoi? in?iai? Aaaee iiei/ii? caeice ian- “Ae?oae-aa” /10oen./ 205 35.8 7 3.4+_4.2 7 3.4+_4.2 27 13.2+_2.4 27 13.2+-2.4 13 6.3+_1.7 7 3.4+_1.3 50 24.4+_3.0 30 14.6+_2.5 21 10.2+_2.1 11 15.4+_1.6 32 15.6+_2.5 0 0 16 7.8+_1.9 25 12.2+_2.3 9 4.4+_1.4 17 8.3+_1.9 17 8.3+_1.9 47 22.9+_4.2 47 ?i.E.Ia?ena /10 oen./ 194 32.3 7 3.6+_1.3 7 3.6+_1.3 28 14.4+_2.5 28 14.4+_2.5 30 15.5+_2.6 5 2.6+_1.1 49 25.3+_3.1 14 7.2+_1.9 40 20.6+_2.9 50 25.7+_ 3. 10 5.2+_1.6 1 0 0 8 4.1+_1.4 10 5.2+_ 1. 2 1.0+_0.7 6 24 12.4+_2.4 24 12.4+_2.4 26 13.3+_2.4 26 ?i.O.Aiaa-euena /10oen./ 52 8.5 0 0 12 23.1+_5.8 12 23.1+_5.8 8 15.4+_5.0 0 0 10 19.2+_5.5 2 3.8+_2.7 9 17.3+_5.2 2 3.8+_2.7 12 23.1+_5.9 1 1.9+_1.9 3 5.8+_3.2 3 5.8+_3.2 0 0 10 19.2+_5.4 10 19.2+_5.4 5 9.6+_4.1 5 “E?ai?i-nueeee” /108 oen./ 2625 62.8 0 0 76 2.9+_0.3 76 2.9+_0.3 462 17.6+_1.7 12 0.5+_0.1 639 24.3+_0.8 165 6.3+_0.5 207 7.9+_0.5 162 6.2+_0.5 390 14.9+_0.7 21 0.8+_0.2 601 22.9+_0.8 735 28.0+_ 0. 134 5.1+_0.4 9 320 12.2+_0.6 320 12.2+_0.6 465 17.7+_0.7 465 Oi?ia iaie?aeiino? I?e?iae-aeaia Noa?a/a N e i i o 513 16.7+_0.7 i i a o e 24 0.8+_0.2 / i a 211 6.9+_0.5 A e ? i a 277 9.0+_0.5 i o a ? i 186 6.0+_0.4 a 22 0.7+_0.2 Ooo/ii- 628 20.4+_0.7 iaaooa 145 Anueiai 3076 29.3 14 0.5+_0.13 143 4.6+_0.4 748 24.3+_0.8 484 15.7+_0.7 773 25.1+_0 .8 371 12.1+_0.6 543 17.7+_0.7 Oaaeeoea 4 I?e/eie ? oi?ie iaie?aeiino? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie I ? E * E I E ( aie,/%) Niaoeaini i?iien-eiaee eiiieaen Anueiai aea?aeiaaii naeiiiaoie ,aie./% A?aenoo-i?noue iaoa?ei-nueeiai, ?inoeieoo I?e?iae-aeai? aaaee noaoaaiai aia?aoo O?aaie caaaeueiiai iioiae-aeaiiy I?ney iieiaia? caoai?th-aaiiy Caoyaeia a?aenooi?noue ioioe Iaee??iiy Iecueea aeeaa aaaa Iaeiie?aei?noue Ia?oaiia?iaeaeoaa-i?noue Aaaee iiei/ii? caeice, ianoeoe, iaoaeia?y ae?eie, aaaeaeo?y “Ae?oae-aa” /10oen./ 148 37.9 4 2.7+1.3 16 10.8+_3.0 11 7.4+_2.1 18 12.2+_2.6 31 20.9+_3.3 3 2.0+_1.1 2 1.4+_1.1 14 9.5+_2.4 7 4.7+_3.0 42 ?i.E.Ia?ena /10 oen./ 39 10.0 2 5.1+_2.2 11 28.2+_5.0 4 10.3+_3.1 7 17.9+_4.1 5 12.8+_5.0 0 0 0 0 1 2.6+_2.5 0 0 9 ?i.O.Aiaa-euena /10oen./ 177 35.4 2 1.1+_1.1 4 2.3+_1.1 8 4.5+_2.0 12 6.8+_1.9 134 75.7+_3.2 3 1.7+_1.3 3 1.7+_0.9 8 4.5+_1.6 0 0 3 “E?ai?i-nueeee” /108 oen./ 1555 37.2 6 0.4+_0.1 24 1.5+_1.1 161 10.4+_0.8 200 12.9+_0.9 127 8.2+_0.7 63 4.1+_0.5 12 0.8+_0.2 317 20.4+_1.0 121 7.8+_0.7 524 33.7+_1.2 Oi?ia iaie?aeiino? I?e? i ae ae 14 0.7+_0.1 aia 55 2.9+_1.1 N e i i o i 184 9.6+_0.5 i a o e/ia 237 12.4+_0.8 A e ? i a 297 15.5+_0.8 i o a ? i a 69 3.6+_0.4 17 0.9+_0.2 Ooo/ii- 340 17.7+_0.9 iaaooa 128 Anueiai 1919 35.0 69 3.9+_1.1 421 21.9+_ 0.9 383 19.9+_ 0.3 468 24.4+_1.0 578 30.1+_1.0 Oaaeeoey 5 Aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy naeiiiaoie Iieacieee 1982 1983 1984 Aeei?enoaii ie?aeiee?a /aie./ 56 20 12 In?iaiaii naeiiiaoie /aie./ 1430 1416 1659 % caie?aeiaiino? ? 69.7+_1.2 - 71.1+_1.2 <0.001 81.0+_1.0 < 0.001 Aeo?ae ii?inyo ia iii?in /aie./ ? 5.79+_0.11 - 6.16+_0.15 < 0.001 7.00+_0.18 < 0.001 Iaea?aeaii ii?inyo a?ae iniiaii? naeiiiaoee a ??e / aie./ ? 11.22+_0.20 - 13.68+_0.24 < 0.001 14.82+_0.36 <0.001 Iaea?aeaii aeeaeo ii?inyo anueiai / aie./ 5778 6907 7886 aeth?ie - a?ae 5,2+_0,3 ayeoeyo?a ainaie aei 7,9+_0,2 ayeoeyo?a iaaani? i?e ia‘?i? ayeoeyoo a?ae 123,6+_5,9 ie ainaie aei 141,6+_12,7 ie iaaani?. A?aoiaoth/e oaoiieia?th oo?eiaiiy eio??a, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ?ioaineai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a ye o niaoeaini?, oae ? a i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? caeeoathoueny noaa?eueieie iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o ii?iaee, aea a niaoeaini? ie?aeieee aeei?enoiaothoueny a?eueo ?ioaineaii, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui a i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? iieacieee ia‘?io ayeoeyoo ie?aeiee?a caeeoathoueny iaaaaaoi ieae/eie, i?ae o niaoeaini?, ? oea, cae/aeii, iicia/a?oueny ia aeiiii?/ieo iieacieeao ?o aeei?enoaiiy. Iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeuacaaaeaieo ii??ae eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ye a niaoeainiao, oae ? a i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? aoea iaoiiaeaia ieaiiaei i?iaaaeaiiyi naeaeoe?eii-ieai?iii? ?iaioe oa e?aueie iieacieeaie i?e?ineii?/ii? ioe?iee nia?ie. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy a?oai?iieo, ai?iiiaeueieo ? iae?io?iiieo i?aia?ao?a oa neioaoe/ieo i?inoaaeaiaeei?a aeey noeioeyoe?? ? neio?ii?caoe?? noaoaai? ooieoe?? o naeiiiaoie Noeioethth/o ae?th a?oai?iieo ? ai?iiiaeueieo i?aia?ao?a aea/aee ia /ioe?ueio a?oiao iaie?aeieo iniiaieo naeiiiaoie aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee a niaoeaini? “Eiioi?no” Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano?. C aeaieo oaaeeoe? 7 aeaeii, ui iaee?au? ?acoeueoaoe aoee iaea?aeai? a a?oiao naeiiiaoie, yeei canoiniaoaaee ye o?ea?oai?i o /enoiio aeaeyae?, oae o eiiieaen? c a?oai?iii A. Oae, ca 10 ae?a a iaio a?oiao i?iyaeee noaoaao oeeee?/i?noue 100% naeiiiaoie i?e 93,3+_6,5% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy. O a?oi? naeiiiaoie, yeei aaiaeeee NAEE a eiiieaen? c OA, ca 10 ae?a i?iyaeee noaoaao oeeee?/i?noue 98,8+_2,8% naeiiiaoie i?e 85,7+_9,0% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy. Acyaoe oea ca iniiao, ie i?iaaee ae?iaie/a aei?iaiaoaaiiy iaoiaeo eiiieaeniiai canoinoaaiiy o?ea?oai?io ? a?oai?io A ia 90 oaa?eiao ? anoaiiaeee, ui na?aaei?e no?ie i?iyao noaoaai? oeeee?/iino? neeaa 3,27 aei?. An? 100% oaa?ei i?eeoee a ioioo e aoee in?iaiai? i?ioyaii 30 ae?a, c yeeo caie?aeieeeny a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy 90,1+_8,3% oaa?ei, a ?iaeaen caie?aeiaiino? noaiiaea 1,14. Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui iaeei?iooee no?ie i?eoiaeo naeiiiaoie a ioioo i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo ? iaeaeua ?o caie?aeiai?noue a?aei?/athoueny aceieo ? ainaie. Ioaea, noeioethth/e noaoaao ooieoe?th, i?aia?aoe ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe iaaani? ? ae?oeo, ae?y yeeo iai?aaeaia ia i?enei?aiiy oie?eoeiaaiaco oa i?aeaeuaiiy i?ie?oa?aoe?? ai?oae?th aiaeiiao??y, ui ni?ey? e?auiio i?ioeano ?iieaeoaoe?? ceaio ? ca?eueoaiith aaaaoiie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie. A?aenioie i?eoiaeo oaa?ei a ioioo i?ioyaii 10 aei?a i?ney ia?iaee, a oaeiae a?aenioie caie?aeiaiino? oa iieaciee aeo?ao ia ia?iaeo aea/aee ia iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoeao o niaoeaini? ?i.E.Ia?ena Noinueei? iaeano?. Anueiai aoei a aeine?aeieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oiao 202 naeiiiaoee aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee. ?acoeueoaoe noeioeyoe?? oa neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 8. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii noeioeyoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? iniiaieo naeiiiaoie aoei eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy 2%-iiai ianeyiiai ?ic/eio neiano?ieo oa oao?aa?oo. I?e oeueiio i?ioyaii 10 ae?a c ii/aoeo ia?iaee i?eo?ae naeiiiaoie a ioioo neeaa 93,6+_6,12% i?e caie?aeiaiino? 100%, a aeo?aoe ia ia?iaeo iaei??? naeiiiaoee neeaaeaee 8,3 eii?eee. Ia ia?aa??thaaieo naeieao e?au? ?acoeueoaoe aoee iaea?aeai? i?e canoinoaaii? ano?ioaio. I?e oeueiio i?ioyaii 10 ae?a i?eeoei a ioioo 62,5+_11,4% oaa?ei, c yeeo 80+_9,4 caie?aeieeenue i?ney ia?oiai in?iai?iiy. O ii??aiyii? c iniiaieie naeiiiaoeaie aeo?aoe ia ia?iaeo iaei??? naeiee aoee a 10 ?ac?a a?eueo? e neeaaeaee 87 eii?eie. Oaaeeoey 6 Iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a /I+_i/ Ii?a E-oue N i a oe a i n i E i i i e a e n ?ieo ie?aeiee?a /aie./ Ii?iaea Iaea?aea-ii ayeo- eyo?a anueiai Iaea?aea-ii ayeo- eyo?a a?ae 1 ie?ae- ieea Ia‘?i ayeoey-oo /ie/ E-oue ie?ae- iee?a /aie./ Ii?i- aea Iaea?-aeaii ayeo-eyo?a anueiai Iaea?-aeaii ayeoeyo?a a?ae 1 ie?ae Ia‘?i ayeo-eyoo / ie/ Ceia 7 3 AA II-? 194 74 9.7+_0.3 9.3+_0.5 307.0+3.3 323.0+_18.8 31 14 12 E AA Ae 433 157 149 5.6+_0.2 4.8+_0.2 5.3+_0.2 217.9+-5.1 160.5+-6.4 124.7+-4.2 Aania 7 3 AA II-? 211 74 10.0+_0.3 9.3+_0.5 312.5+_8.8 298.9+_5.3 31 14 12 E AA Ae 438 179 134 5.6+_0.1 5.0+_0.2 5.2+_0.3 237.3 -14.3 183.5-16.3 141.6-12.7 E?oi 7 3 AA II-? 215 60 10.2+_0.3 10.0+_0.6 293.1+_10.6 292.8+_11.4 31 14 12 E AA Ae 453 213 166 5.5+_0.1 5.3+_0.2 6.1+_0.3 228.3+-5.3 163.4+-3.5 130.6+-1.7 In?iue 7 3 AA II-? 183 62 9.6+_0.3 10.3+-0.6 302.7+_1.0 299.8+_4.4 31 14 12 E AA Ae 677 277 261 7.8+_0.1 6.6+_0.2 7.9+_0.2 213.6+-9.4 162.3+-4.6 123.6+-5.3 Ca ??e 7 3 AA II-? 803 270 9.9+_0.1 9.6+_0.2 303.7+_6.8 304.2+_9.9 31 14 12 E AA Ae 2001 826 710 6.2+_0.1 5.5+_0.1 6.2+_0.1 223.0+-8.5 166.9+-7.4 128.9+-6.0 Caaeia?eueieie iiaeia aaaaeaoe e ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaee ia?aa??thaaieo naeiie 0,5%-iei ?ic/eiii i?ica?eio. I?e oeueiio a?aenioie i?eoiaeo oaa?ei a ioioo aei??aithaaa 53,3+_12,9 i?e caie?aeiaiino? a 75+_11,2% a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy, a aeo?aoe ia ia?iaeo iaei??? oaa?eie neeaaeaee 8,1 eii?eee. E??i iacaaieo i?aia?ao?a, aeey noeioeyoe?? oa neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie , ie canoinoaaee oie?eoe?i ?iaioo i?iaiaeeee a niaoeainiao ?i.Eai?ia oa ?i.E.Ia?ena Noinueei? iaeano? ia iniiaieo oa ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoeao. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 9. C aeaieo oaaeeoe? 9 aeaeii, ui canoinoaaiiy 0,05%-iiai ianeyiiai ?ic/eio oie?eoe?io a aeic? 4 ie /400 IAe/ aeey ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie, a oaeiae eiiieaenia ia?iaea iniiaieo naeiiiaoie oie?eoe?iii a o?e aea aeic? c o?ea?oai?iii aoaeoeaii aieeaaea ia a?aeoai?io ooieoe?th oaa?ei. Oae, ca 10 aei?a i?ney ia?iaee i?iyaeee noaoaao oeeee?/i?noue 75,9+_5,8% ia?aa??thaaieo ? 100% iniiaieo naeiiiaoie i?e caie?aeiaiino? a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy 81,5+_5,3% oa 93,3+_6,5% a?aeiia?aeii. Aeo?ae i?eieiaeo ca iaeei iii?in ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie noaiiaea 8,5, a iniiaieo - 9,8 ii?inyo. Oie?eoe?i iiceoeaii aieeaa? ye ia iiaiioe?ii?noue noaoaaiai oeeeeo naeiiiaoie, oae ? ia aeo?ae i?eieiaeo, ui aac noii?ao iiaea iaoe aaaiia cia/aiiy aeey i?aeo?eiee ?eoi?/iino? Oaaeeoey 7 Aieea a?oai?i?a ? ai?iii?a ia noaoaao ooieoe?th iniiaieo naeiiiaoie Iaoiaeeea E?euee?noue Na?aaei?e % Caie?aeiaiiy a?ae in?iai?iiy ?iaeaen ia?iaee oaa?ei a a?oi? /aie/ no?ie i?eoiaeo a ioioo /aei?/ I?eoiaeo oaa?ei a ioioo ca 10 ae?a 1-ai 2-ai 3-ai Eiio?ieue 15 8.5 93.3+_6.5 10 71.4+-11.7 1 7.1+_6.6 3 21.4+_10.6 14 NAEE -10 IAe ia !1ea ae.i. +OA - 500 IAe a ia?oo aeiao i?ney a?aeeo /aiiy ii?inyo 15 4.8 98.8+_2.8 12 85.7+_9.0 1 7.1+_6.6 1 7.1+_6.6 14 93.3+_6.5 O?ea?oai?i –2.5i, aeai?aciaa, ca 6-7 aei?a aei a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo ? a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy 15 3.8 100 14 93.3+_6.5 1 6.7+_6.5 0 0 15 100 1.1 O?ea?oai?i -2.5ie, a eiiiean? c a?oai?iii A-300 oen 10, ,aeai?aciai, ca 6-7 aei?a aei a?aeeo/aiiy ? a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo 15 3.2 100 14 ----------- 93.3+_6.5 1 6.7+_6.5 0 -------- 0 15 ---------- 100.0 1.1 ae?iaieoeoaa naeieie a niaoeaini?, i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?, oa?i? /e oa?ia?nueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Ca inoaii? ?iee a i?aeoeoe? aeooa?noaa ? a?ioaoiieia?? a?aeoai?aiiy ii/aee canoiniaoaaoe neioaoe/i? i?inoaaeaiaeeie. Aea a i?aeoeoe? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae oeth a?oio i?aia?ao?a ia?aaaaeii canoiniaoaaee aeey neio?ii?caoe?? iii?in?a ? i?aeoe/ii ia aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? naeiiiaoie. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, a oaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi iieaciee?a caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie a caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?e ?ieo, ie ia?aa??eee aoaeoeai?noue aiaeia?a i?inoaaeaiaeeio F-2( “Anoooaeaio” ? “Noia?oaio” a ??cieo aeicao ia iniiaieo naeiiiaoeao aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee a i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? “E?ai?inueeee”. O aeine?aeao ii aea/aiith ae?? “Anoooaeaio” /oaaeeoey 10/ ciaoiaeeeinue 88 iniiaieo naeiiiaoie, ye? aoee iiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie: aea? aeine?aei? oa iaeia eiio?ieueia i?ney 2 iii?ino c aeeaith ianith 140-180ea. O ia?o?e aeine?aei?e a?oi? “Anoooaeai” aaiaeeee a aeic? 1ie aioo??oiueii‘yciai a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo, a ae?oa?e aeine?aei?e a?oi? - a aeic? 1,5ie . O?ao?e a?oi? naeiiiaoie i?aia?ao ia aaiaeeany. O aeine?aeao ii aea/aiith ae?? “Noia?oaio” ciaoiaeeeinue 135 iniiaieo naeiiiaoie i?ney 2 iii?ino c aeeaith ianith 150-190 ea, ye? aoee iiae?eai? ia 4 a?oie: 3 - aeine?aei?; 4-eiio?ieueia. Ia?o?e a?oi? naeiiiaoie i?aia?ao aaiaeeee a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo aioo??oiueii‘yciai 0.5 ie, ae?oa?e - 0.75 ie, a o?ao?e - 1.5 ie. I?ney aaaaeaiiy anoooaeaio a aeic? 1 ie ca 10 aei?a noaoaaa oeeee?/i?noue i?iyaeeanue o 88,5+_6,3% oaa?ei i?e 76,9+_8,2 caie?aeiaiino? a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy, a aeo?aoe ia ia?iaeo iaei??? oaa?eie noaiiaeee 56 eii?eie. Ca 10 aei?a i?ney ia?iaee naeiiiaoie “Noia?oaiii” o aeic? 1,5ie i?eeoei a ioioo 73,5+_7,6% oaa?ei i?e 70,6+_7,8% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae ia?oiai in?iai?iiy, ui iiaeia aaaaeaoe caaeia?eueiei aeey e?oiuei? ii?e ?ieo. Aeo?aoe ia ia?iaeo iaei??? oaa?eie noaiiaeee 73 eii?eee. Oaaeeoey 8 ?acoeueoaoe noeioeyoe?? ? neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie A?oia naeiiiaoie I a o i ae e e a i a ? i a e e E?euee?noue naeiiiaoie o a?oi? /aie./ % i?eoiaeo naeiiiaoie a ioioo ?+?( Na?aaei?e no?ie i?eoiaeo a ioioo /aei?/ % caie?aeia-iino? ?+?( Aeo?aoe ia i?iaaaeaiiy noeioeyoe?? oaa?ei /eii./ I a ? a a ? ? th a a i ? n a e i i i a o e e 1 2%-iee neiano?ie o aeic? 1ie i?aeoe??ii a eiiieaen? c oao?aa?oii o aeic? 2 ie a/i, iaeii?aciai 18 37.5+-11.4 6.33 66.6+-11.1 8.3 2 Oa ae naia, aea neiano?ieo 0.5ie 15 880.0+_10.3 4.66 25.0+_11.2 6.7 3 0.5%-iee ?ic/ei i?ica?eio a aeic? 2ie i?aeoe??ii a eiiieaen? c oao?aa?oii o aeic? 2.5ie 15 53.3+_12.9 4.87 75.0+_11.2 8.1 4 20 IAe ieneoioeeio i?aeoe??ii 17 42.8+_12.0 5.33 66.6+-11.4 16.8 5 1 ie ano?ioaio i?aeoe??ii 18 62.5+_11.4 8.0 80.0+_9.4 87.0 6 Eiio?ieue 19 20.0+_9.2 8.0 100 - I n i i a i ? n a e i i i a o e e 1 2%-iee neiano?ie o aeic? 1ie i?aeoe??ii 13 84.6+_10.01 2.45 90.0+_7.9 3.2 2 2%-iee neiano?ie o aeic? 1ie a eiiieaen? c oao?aa?oii o aeic? 2.5ie aioo??oiueii‘yciai 16 93.6+_6.12 2.53 100.0 8.30 3 Oa ae naia, aea neiano?ieo 0.5ie 17 57.1+_12.00 2.50 100.0 6.70 4 Ianeyiee ?ic/ei a?oai?io A a aeic? 1ie IAe ca 6-7 aei?a aei a?aeeo/aiiy ? a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo 16 75.0+_10.8 4.58 91.6+_6.9 16.82 5 Oa ae naia o eiiieaen? c aioo??oiueii‘yciaei aaaaeaiiyi 2.5 ie oao?aa?oo 19 60.0+_11.2 5.66 100.0 27.02 6 Eiio?ieue 19 50.0+_11.5 7.36 80+_91 - Oaaeeoey 9 Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy oie?eoe?io aeey noeioeyoe?? noaoaai? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie E?eue-e?noue oaa?ei o a?oi? I a o i ae e e a i a ? i a e e % oaa?ei, ye? i?eeoee a ioioo ca 10 aei?a, ?+_?( Caie?aeia-i?noue a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy /%/ ?+_?( Na?aaei?e no?ie i?eoiaeo a ioioo /aei?/ Iaea?aeaii aeeaeo ii?inyo ca iii?in Aeo?aoe ia ia?iaeo 1-? oaa?eie /eii./ I a ? a a ? ? th a a i ? n a e i i i a o e e 54 0.5%-iee ianeyiee ?ic/ei oie?eoe?io a aeic? 4ie ia?aae in?iai?iiyi 75.9+_5.8 81.5+_5.3 8.68 8.5 26.8 50 Eiio?ieue 42.0+_7.0 60.0+_6.9 14.98 7.7 I n i i a i ? n a e i i i a o e e 15 Oie?eoe?i a aeic? 4ie /400 IAe/ a eiiieaen? c o?ea?oai?iii a aeic? 5ie a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo 100.0 93.3+_6.5 1.66 9.8 74.05 11 Eiio?ieue 100.0 63.6+_14.5 1.18 8.5 - Canoinoaaiiy neioaoe/ieo i?inoaaeaiaeei?a aeey noeioeyoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? o naeiiiaoie aaaaea?ii aeioe?eueiei oa aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiei. I?io?eaeoeea iaie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie ? eio??a O i?aeoeoe? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae ae?iaioa?iee oaeoi? ? iaei??th c aieiaieo i?e/ei iaie?aeiino? ? iaeiie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie. Iniaeeai ianoa/a a ?aoe?iiao naeiae ea?ioeio, ye iniiaiiai aeaea?aea neioaco a?oai?io A a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei. Oiio ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaii? nenoaie caoiae?a uiaei aeyaeaiiy oa iaaeiiouaiiy ii?ooaiue a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? o naeiiiaoie, iaoiiaeaieo A-a?oai?iiith ianoa/ath, ia? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui a a?eueoino? i?iieneiaeo eiiieaen?a ? niaoeaini?a ae?iaioa?ia iaie?aei?noue naeiiiaoie ?a?no?o?oueny o cia/ii? e?eueeino? oaa?ei, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue aeaieo i?i aieea ia a?aeoai?io ooieoe?th naiie ei?iiaiai i?aia?aoo i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai ea?ioeio /EIIE/, ae?iaieoeoai yeiai iaeaaiaeaeaia ia A.-Aei?i?ianueeiio eiia?iao? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano?, iaie aoa ia?aa??aiee eiai aieea ia a?aeoai?io caeaoi?noue naeiiiaoie. A 1 ea a?iiane EIIE i?noeoueny 37,018181 a ea?ioeio, aei 30% a?eeo, a?eueoo /anoeio yeiai neeaaeathoue iacai?ii? ai?iieeneioe, aeecueei 55%- e?i?aee, a oaeiae a?oai?ie a?oi A,A, iae?i- ? i?e?iaeaiaioe. On?i naeiiiaoeai caiaeiaoaaee EIIE ye aeiaaaeo aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio i?ioyaii 1991 ?ieo. Oaaeeoey 10 Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy neioaoe/ieo i?inoaaeaiaeei?a A?oia oaa?ei ? aeica E?euee?noue oaa?ei o a?oi? /aie./ % i?eoiaeo a ioioo ca 10 aei?a ?+_?( Na?aaei?e no?ie i?eoiaeo a ioioo / aei? / % caie?aeiaiino? a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy ?+_?( Aeo?aoe ia ia?iaeo iaei??? oaa?eie ,eii./ A o a e o e a i ? n o ue c a n o i n o a a i i y “A n o o o a e a i o” 1 1 ie 26 88.5+_6.3 5.00 76.9+_8.2 56.0 2 1.5 ie 32 78.2+_7.3 5.42 69.7+_8.1 93.3 3 eiio?ieue 30 73.3+_8.1 6.17 62.3+_8.9 - A o a e o e a i ? n o ue c a n o i n o a a i i y “N o i a ? o a i o “ 1 0.5 ie 33 54.5+_8.7 3.88 45.5+_8.7 24.3 2 1.0 ie 34 64.7+_8.2 4.81 52.9+_8.6 48.6 3 1.5 ie 34 73.5+_7.6 6.28 70.6+_7.8 73.0 4 eiio?ieue 34 61.8+_8.3 5.42 55.9+_8.5 - Oaaeeoey 11 Iieacieee a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno i?e canoinoaaii? EIIE ?iee % caie?aeiaiino? Iaea?aeaii iii?in?a Iaea?aeaii aeeaeo ii?inyo /aie./ Aeo?ae ii?inyo ia iaeei iii?in 1990 61.7+_0.4 12398 90504 7.28 1991 72.9+_0.4 14372 106077 7.38 Iniiai? iieacieoee a?aeoai?aiiy ca 1991 ??e / oaaeeoey 11/ ii??aithaaee c aiaeia?/ieie ca 1990 ??e. Caie?aeiai?noue naeiiiaoie ca?eueoeeanue c 61,7+_0,4% aei 72,9+_0,4% o 1991 ?ioe?, e?euee?noue iii?in?a a?aeiia?aeii c?inea c 12398 aei 14372, a e?euee?noue iaea?aeaieo aeeaeo ii?inyo - c 90504 aei 106077 aie?a, i?e iaeaea ia ci?ii?e e?eueeino? aeeaeo ii?inyo o ai?cae? ca 1 iii?in. E??i oeueiai, ie i?iaaee ai?iaaoe?th oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a o ?yae? ainiiaea?noa Noinueei? iaeano? / aeine?aeia ainiiaea?noai IAI “Ae?oa” Noinueei? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? noaioe??, A?eii?euenueea aea?aeieaii?aei?e?inoai, niaoeaini “I?aee?ni?anueeee” oa ?i. / i?e cao?eioe? iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee, ia?nenoaioe?? aeiaoeo o?e o ei??a, a oaeiae c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? iniiaieo oa ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a aaeeei? a?ei?, aaeeei? /i?ii? oa ii?iaee aeth?ie ??ciiai a?eo ca?aeii c ?ic?iaeaieie ?ai?oa iaoiaeeeaie. A on?o aeiaaeeao ai?iaaoe?? i?aia?ao?a aiie iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia noai caei?ia‘y oaa?ei oa ?o a?aeoai?io ooieoe?th ia iaee. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo 12 ? 13. Iniiai? naeiiiaoee i?ney aaaaeaiiy “Oi??ioeaio” a aeicao 10 ? 20 ie i?iyaeee oeeee?/i?noue 100% ia 3-4 aeaiue i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo i?e 100% caie?aeiaiino? i?ney 1-ai in?iai?iiy. I?ney aaaaeaiiy “Oia?e?oeaio” a aeic? 10 ie naeiiiaoee i?iyaeee oeeee?/i?noue ia 3-4 aeaiue i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo o 80+_17,9% aeiaaee?a ? 75+_19,4% caie?aeiththoueny a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy, a a aeic? 20 ie - a?aeiia?aeii 100% ? 80+_17,9%. Aaaaeaiiy IAeA naeiiiaoeai a ??cieo aeicao iaoiiaeth? i?iyao noaoaai? ioioe ia 3-4 aeaiue i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo a 100% aeiaaee?a i?e 60+_21,9 : 80+_17,9% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oaa?ei i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo o?eueee 60,0+_21,9% naeiiiaoie i?iyaeee noaoaao oeeee?/i?noue ia 10-23 aeaiue, a caie?aeiai?noue a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy ia ia?aaeuoaaea 52,7+_22,3%. Ia?aa??thaai? naeiee i?ney ia?iaee “Oi??ioeaiii” i?eoiaeeee a ioioo a 66,7+_12,2% aeiaaee?a ia 31-51 aeaiue i?e 60+_12,6% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy; i?ney ia?iaee “Oia?e?oeaiii” - a 71,5+_12,1% aeiaaee?a ia 31-49 aeaiue i?e 60+_12,2% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy, a i?ney ia?iaee IAeA - a 68,7+_11,5% aeiaaee?a ia 31-57 aeaiue i?e 81,8+_ 9,6% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiie ia 45-61 aeaiue i?ney oi?ioaaiiy a?oi i?iyaeyee oeeee?/i?noue o?eueee 60+_12,6% oaa?ei i?e 55,6+_12,8% caie?aeiaiino? a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy. Caie?aeiai?noue iniiaieo naeiiiaoie i?ney i?e?iaeiiai ia?oaaiiy ie?aeieeaie AA ii?iaee ia?iaeaieo “Oi??ioeaiii” neeaaeaea 70,8+_6,6%, a A* ii?iaee - ia?aaeuoaaea 47,6+_7,6% i?ney ia?iaee “Oi??ioeaiii” ? 57, 9+_8,0% ia?iaeaieo “Oia?e?oeaiii”. Ui noino?oueny caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie i?ney ia?oaaiiy ie?aeieeaie ii?iaee aeth?ie / ia?iaea IAeA /, oi oeae iieaciee aoa o iaaeao 62,6+_17,1%. Canoinoaaiiy a?inoeioeyoi??a eio?ai - ie?aeieeai i?aeaeueei aoaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi iieaciee?a caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie i?ney ia?oaaiiy a ii??aiyii? c ie?aeieeaie eiio?ieueieo a?oi aeuacaaaeaieo ii??ae, yeei i?aia?aoe ia aaiaeeeenue. Aeeiai?ea a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ne?iaaoee ? oanoinoa?iio ieacie e?ia? oa ia‘?i ayeoeyoo eio??a, ia?iaeaieo a?inoeioeyoi?ii A?aea?? i?ia e?ia? ia a?io?i?/i? iieacieee Na, iiieue/e Aetheica , iiieue/e Oieanoa?ei, iiieue/e O?eae?oea?eaee, ieiieue/e Caaaeueiee a?eie , a/e (-ai?eaca, i/e Iaethiie 1. Eoaeia oinoaoaca,i/e Aea?? i?ia e?ia? ia oanoinoa?ii,Oanoa?ii ia/ie (-a?ae?ieneaooe?ao aeaa?ae?iaaiaca, i/e Ia‘?i ayeoeyoo,ie (-aeooai?e o?ainoa?aca,i/e E?aaoei e?iaca,i/e I?iaeiaaeaiiy iaethieo 1. Oaaeeoey 12 Iieacieee a?aeoai?aiiy naeiiiaoie i?ney canoinoaaiiy a?inoeioeyoi??a A?oie E?euee?noue I?eeoei a ioioo Na?aaei?e % caie?ae- Aeo?aoe oaa?ei, i?aia?ao ? aeica oaa?ei E?euee?noue ? aei? % ?+_?( no?ie i?eoiaeo a ioioo /aei?/ iaiino? a?ae 1-ai in?iai?iiy ?+_?( ia ia?ia- eo iaei??? oaa?eie /a?eai?/ I a ? a a ? ? th a a i ? n a e i e e 1 “Oi??ioeai” 10 ie o 2 15 10 31-51 66,7+_12.2 39.3 60,0+_12.6 0.8 2“Oia?e?oeai” 10 ie o 2 14 10 31-49 71.5+_12.1 42.6 70.0+_12.2 0.8 3 IAeA 10 ie o 2 16 11 31-57 68.8+_11.5 44.4 81.8+_9.6 0.8 4 Eiio?ieue 15 9 45-61 60.0+-12.6 56.1 55.6+-12.8 - I n i i a i ? n a e i i i a o e e 1 “Oi??ioeai” 20 ie o 3 5 5 3-4 100.0 3.3 100.0 2.4 2“Oia?e?oeai” 20 ie o 3 5 5 3-4 100.0 3.4 75.0+_19.3 2.4 3 IAeA 20 ie o 3 5 5 3-4 100.0 3.3 80.0+_17.9 2.4 4 “Oi??ioeai” 10 ie o 3 5 5 3-4 100.0 3.6 100.0 1.2 5“Oia?e?oeai” 10 ie o 3 5 4 3-4 80.0+_17.9 3.8 75.0+_19.3 1.2 6 IAeA 10 ie o 2 5 5 3-4 100.0 3.7 60.0+_21.9 1.2 7 Eiio?ieue 5 3 10-23 60.0+_21.9 21.2 52.7+_22.3 - Oaaeeoey 13 Iieacieee caie?aeiaiino? iniiaieo naeiiiaoie i?ney i?e?iaeiiai ia?oaaiiy ie?aeieeaie ??cieo ii??ae ia?iaeaieo a?inoeioeyoi?aie A?oia, ii?iaea, i?aia?ao E?aoi?noue, aeica, ?ioa?aae E?euee?noue ? a?e ie?aeie- e?a /aie.,??e/ In?iaiaii naeiiiaoie Caie?aeiai?noue a?ae 1-ai in?ia- i?iiy,?+_?( Aeo?aoe ia ia?ia eo 1-aiie?ae-ieea /a?i/ 1 AA-Oi??ioeai 5-e,20 ie 48 aiae. 6 3-4 48 70.8+_6.6 4.0 2 A*-Oi??ioeai 5-e,20 ie 48 aiae. 4 3-4 42 47.6+_7.7 4.0 3 A*-oia?e?oeai 5-e,20 ie 48 aiae. 4 3-4 38 57.9+_8.0 4.0 4 Aeth?ie-IAeA 5-e,20 ie 48 aiae. 2 3-4 8 62.5+_17.1 4.0 5 AA-Eiio?ieue - 3 3-4 29 40.2+_9.1 - 6 A*-Eiio?ieue - 3 3-4 24 38.7+_9.9 - 7 AA-Oi??ioeai 5-e,20 ie 72 aiae. 4 3-4 25 56.0+_9.9 4.0 8 AA-oia?e?oeai 5-e,20 ie 72 aiae. 5 4-8 29 44.8+_9.2 4.0 9 AA-IAeA 5-e,20 ie 72 aiae. 4 1,5 12 58.3+_14.2 4.0 10 AA-eiio?ieue 3 3-4 16 43.7+_12.4 - Aeoiaey/e c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a?inoeioeyoi?e “Oi??ioeai”, “Oia?e?oeai” ? IAeA iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia a?aeoai?io ooieoe?th naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a, a oe?iea canoinoaaiiy ?o ia ae?iaieoeoa? aeicaieeoue ca?eueoeoe ??no iiaie?a‘y naeiae oa ae?iaieoeoai naeieie o iao?e e?a?i?. C iaoith iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aieeao a?inoeioeyoi??a ia a?aeoai?io ooieoe?th eio??a-ie?aeiee?a, ? a ia?oo /a?ao ia oa?aeoa? ci?ie a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? oa ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono, aeuacaaaeaieie i?aia?aoaie aoee ia?iaeai? ie?aeieee ia A?eii?euenueeiio ieaii?aei?e?inoa? Noinueei? iaeano?, a?ae yeeo iaea?aeaia nia?ia o?ainii?oo?oueny a niaoeaini ?i.E.Ia?ena O?inoyiaoeueeiai ?aeiio. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeai? ia iaethieo 1. O eiaeiiai c aeuacaaaeaieo ie?aeiee?a aea/aeeny iniiai? iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? aei aaaaeaiiy, i?ae /an aaaaeaiiy ? i?ney aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a /ia‘?i ayeoeyoo, eiioeaio?aoe?y nia?i??a ? e?euee?noue iaea?aeaieo nia?iiaeic/. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue nia?ie eio??a iieacaee, ui canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo i?aia?ao?a ia? iiceoeaiee aieea ia i?ioean nia?i?iaaiaco. A?eueo?noue a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ne?iaaoee e?ia? ii/eia? ca?eueooaaoeny i?ney ae?oai? ia?iaee a?inoeioeyoi?aie. Aeeeth/aiiy neeaaeathoue iieacieee (-ai?eace, Na oa caaaeueiiai a?eeo, ye? i?ney eiaeii? ia?iaee oaa?ei iii?oii cieaeothoueny. Iieacieee oanoinoa?iio i?aeaeuothoueny i?ney ia?iaee IAeA / a?ae 1,89 aei 5,05 ia/ie / ? i?ney ia?iaee “Oia?e?oeaiii” / a?ae 4,05 aei 4,20 ia/ie /. I?ney ia?iaee “Oi??ioeaiii” oeae iieaciee cieaeo?oueny a?ae 9,50 aei 1,88 ia/ie. A E N I I A E E 1.Iaie?aei?noue ? iaeiie?aei?noue naeiiiaoie ? ia o?eueee iane?aeeii iacaaeia?eueieo oiia aiae?ae? oa oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei, aea iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaia ii?ooaiiyi a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae a?aeoai?thaaii? ooieoe?? oaa?ei a oiiaao i?iieneiaeo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa naeieie. 2.A?aei?ii?noue ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?e oo?eiaiiy naeiae i?iieneiaeo eiiieaenao ? niaoe?aeueieo ainiiaea?noaao noi?iaiaeaeothoueny iniaeeainoyie noaoaai? ooieoe?? o naeiiiaoie ? eio??a, ye? iieyaathoue o i?ieeaino? oa?i?i?a noaoaaiai aeic??aaiiy, caie?aeiaiino? oa aeoiaeo i?eieiaeo, a oaeiae ye?nieo iieaciee?a nia?ie. 3?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy oi?i iaie?aeiino? aeicaieeee aeinoia??ii anoaiiaeoe i?e/eie ii?ooaiue a?aeoai?thaaii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie , ye? iia‘ycai? c oaoiieia??th oo?eiaiiy naeiiiaoie o eiiieaenao ? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ainiiaea?noaao. 4.Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c noaio a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae o ainiiaea?noaao ??ciiai oeio iieacaa, ui i?aai?caoe?y i?aeainiiaea?nueeeo ? aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeeo ioieo?a ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy caaacia/o? oe?eani?yiiaaia aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a, aaaeaiiy ieaiiai? naeaeoe?eii-ieai?iii? ?iaioe ? ? iaeiei ?c aaaiieo caoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee iaie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie. 5.Eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy ai?iiiaeueieo e a?oai?iieo i?aia?ao?a iaie?aeiei naeiiiaoeai caaacia/eei a?aeiiaeaiiy ? iiaiioe?ii?noue noaoaaiai oeeeeo o 93,6-98,8% oaa?ei, c yeeo caie?aeieeinue i?ney ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy 90,0-93,3% naeiiiaoie. Aoaeoeai?noue noeioethth/i? ae?? ai?iiiaeueieo i?aia?ao?a caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiioe?iiino? aiae?ae? naeiiiaoie oi?iaeiaae i?aeneniiai ia??iaeo. 6.Anoaiiaeaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy neioaoe/ieo aiaeia?a i?inoaaeaiaeeio F2( aeey i?enei?aiiy a?aeiiaeaiiy noaoaai? oeeee?/iino? a iniiaieo naeiiiaoie i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo oa neio?ii?caoe?? noaoaai? ooieoe?? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiie. Iniaeea?noue ethoaie?oe/ii? ae?? i?inoaaeaiaeei?a caeaaeeoue a?ae o?eaaeino? i?aeneniiai ia??iaeo, e?eueeino? ii?inyo ? iiei/iino? naeiiiaoie. 7.Anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaiee aieea oeaieiii-ai?iiiaeueieo i?aia?ao?a, aeaioiaeaieo ?c aeeoy/i? ieaoeaioe ethaeeie, ia caaaeueiee noai i?aai?cio oa noaoaao ooieoe?th eio??a-ie?aeiee?a. O e?ia? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei ca?eueoeeanue eiioeaio?aoe?y aetheice, oieanoa?eio, o?eae?oea?eae?a, eoaeii? oinoioace, (-aeooai?io?ainoa?ace, e?aaoeie?iace, a oaeiae noaa?e?co?oueny nia?iiaaiacia ooieoe?y n?i‘yiee?a c ianooiiei iinooiiaei i?aeaeuaiiyi ia‘?io ayeoeyoo, ye?nieo iieaciee?a nia?ie oa ??aiy oanoinoa?iio a ieaci? e?ia? ie?aeiee?a. 8.Ianiaoeeo?/ia ae?y oeaieiii-ai?iiiaeueieo i?aia?ao?a, canoiniaoaaieo naeiiiaoeai i?ney cae?i/aiiy iii?ino, i?iyaeyeanue o ciaioaii? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue oa nei?i/aii? oa?i?i?a ?iaiethoe?? i?aai?a noaoaai? nenoaie. Caie?aeiai?noue ianooiaea o an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo naeiiiaoie, in?iaiaieo i?ioyaii aeaio noaoaaeo oeeee?a. 9.Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ii ai?iaaoe?? oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a, aeaioiaeaieo c oi??iio oa ioiiaeie ethaeeie, eiiieaenieo a?io?i?/ieo ? ai?iiiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue e?ia? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei noaee iniiaith aeey inai?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa e canoinoaaiiy a i?aeoe/i?e aaoa?eia?i?e iaaeeoeei? aeieia?/ii /enoeo i?aia?ao?a aeey ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa i‘ynii? i?iaeoeoe?? naeia?noaa. 10.Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ae?iaie/eo aeine?ae?a ii aeei?enoaiith ei?iiaiai i?aia?aoo i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai ea?ioeio / EIIE / i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeioe?euei?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy aeey i?io?eaeoeee ae?iaioa?ii? iaie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie ? eio??a. I?aia?ao iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye ei?iiao aeiaaaeo aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio e caiaeiaoaaoe on?i naeiiiaoeai ? ie?aeieeai i?iieneiaeo eiiieaen?a, niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ainiiaea?noa. 11.Iaeneiaeueia aoaeoeai?noue a?ae canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii-aeoeaieo i?aia?ao?a aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy, noeioeyoe?? oa neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie oa eio??a-ie?aeiee?a o ainiiaea?noaao c ??ciith oaoiieia??th oo?eiaiiy iiaea aooe aeinyaiooa eeoa ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo a?io?i?/ieo ? ai?iiiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue e?ia? i?e iiaiioe?ii?e aiae?ae? oaa?ei. 12. ?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai? oi?ie iae?eo iii?ny/ieo ? ??/ieo iieaciee?a a?aeoai?aiiy oa ?acoeueoao?a noeioeyoe?? ? neio?ii?caoe?? noaoaaiai oeeeeo aeicaieythoue a/anii ?ic?iaeoe caoiaee ii i?io?eaeoeoe? oa aanoe eiie?aoi? i?ae?aooiee aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae iaie?aeiino? ? iaeiie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie.. I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO 1.Aeey nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee oa i?io?eaeoeee iaie?aeiino? ? iaeiie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie, aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae a niaoeainiao, i?iieneiaeo eiiieaenao, oiaa?ieo oa?iao ? oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao i?iaiaeeoe uieaa?oaeueii aeooa?nueeo oa a?iaeieia?/io aeeniaina?ecaoe?th oaa?ei. 2.O niaoeainiao aeioe?eueii i?aai?coaaoe aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nuee?, a aeey ni?eie oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa - i?aeainiiaea?nuee? ioieoe ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy naeiae c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aeiiiaaieo ? oe?iieo o ieai?iiiio a?aeiioaii? ie?aeiee?a ye aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueii? oaoiieia?? in?iai?iiy iaoie. 3.Aeey ii?iae?caoe?? noaoaai? ooieoe??, i?aeaeuaiiy caie?aeiaiino? naeiiiaoie iaiao?aeii ii?aeioaaoe aeei?enoaiiy ai?iiiaeueieo ? a?oai?iieo i?aia?ao?a oa neioaoe/ieo i?inoaaeaiaeei?a i?ioyaii i?aeneniiai ia??iaeo e a?ae?aco i?ney a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo, a?aoiaoth/e a eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo oiiae oo?eiaiiy oa caaeainiaai?noue ?aoe?iio ca iniiaieie iiaeeaieie ?a/iaeiaie. Aeey noeioeyoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? iaie?aeieo iniiaieo naeiiiaoie canoiniaoaaoe: 2%-e ?ic/ei neiano?ieo a aeic? 1 ie i?aeoe??ii ? oao?aa?o a aeic? 2,5 ie aioo??oiueii‘yciai a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo; o?ea?oai?i a aeic? 2,5 ie aioo??oiueii‘yciai ? a aeic? 300 oen.?.I. a?oai?io A a /a?aaio ii?iaeieio, aeai?aciai, ca 6-7 aei?a aei a?aeeo/aiiy ? a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo; 0,05%-e ianeyiee ?ic/ei oie?eoe?io a aeic? 4 ie / 400 IAe / aioo??oiueii‘yciai ? o?ea?oai?i a aeic? 5 ie aioo?ooiueii‘yciai, iaeii?aciai, a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo; neioaoe/i? i?inoaaeaiaeeie - “Anoooaeai” a aeic? 250 iea aeoeaii? ?a/iaeie , aioo??oiueii‘yciai, iaeii?aciai, a aeaiue a?aeeo/aiiy ii?inyo; “Noia?oaio” a aeic? 0,1125 ia aeoeaii? ?a/iaeie. 4.Aeey neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie canoiniaoaaoe : “Ano?ioai” a aeic? 1 ie, i?aeoe??ii, iaeii?aciai, a aeaiue iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei naeoi?o in?iai?iiy; 0,05%-e ianeyiee ?ic/ei oie?eoe?io a aeic? 400 IAe, aioo??oiueii‘yciai, iaeii?aciai, oeaieii? i?aia?aoe a aeic? 10 ie, i?aeoe??ii, aeai?aciai - a 7 ? 8-i?ny/iiio a?oe?. 5.Aeey i?io?eaeoeee ae?iaioa?ii? iaie?aeiino? oa i?aeaeuaiiy caie?aeiaiiy caiaeiaoaaoe anueiio iiaie?a‘th naeiiiaoie o aeaeyae? i?ai?eno ( y/i?iue ? a?iiana EIIE) aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio i?aia?ao i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai ea?ioeio (EIIE) c ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio aieiao ca aeiao a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?c?ieia?/iiai noaio, aeeai? iane oa na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai i?e?inoo a aeic? a?ae 17 aei 66 a?ai. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Oa?aiei I.?. A?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy naeiae. //Iiiia?ao?y. Aeaeaiiy 2-a, aeiiiaiaia.- Noie.-Aeae.Eicaoeueeee aae.-1998.-221n. Oa?aiei I.?., *a?iaiei I.A. A?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy naeiae. // Iiiia?ao?y.-Ee?a.-Aeae.”Aao?ioi?i”.-1996.-216n. Oa?aiei I.?. Noeioeyoeey aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ooieoeee naeiiiaoie. /Iaaeaoc.na.iao/iuo o?oaeia.-Eacaiue.-1989.-n.85-88. Oa?aiei I.?. Noaoaaa ooieoe?y naeiae oa ?? noeioeyoe?y a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno //A?niee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? iaoee.- 1981.-?5.- n.73-75. Oa?aiei I.?. Ioe?iea iaie?aeiino? naeiiiaoie //Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie.-1995. ? 4-5.- n.24. Oa?aiei I.?. Neio?ii?caoe?y a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie //Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie.-1996.-?3.-n.22. Oa?aiei I.?. Ia?niaeoeaa canoinoaaiiy a?inoeioeyoi??a aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? o naiie ? naioe?a //Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie.-1997.-?4.-n.43-44 Oa?aiei I.?., *a?iaiei I.A. 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Ainnoaiiaeaiea, noeioeyoeey e neio?iiecaoeey aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ooieoeee naiie e i?iecaiaeeoaeae naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo aeeaioiuo //Ecae.”Neiaiaeaiueia”. Iaoiae.?aeiiaiaeaoeee.-Noiu.-1994.-34n. Oa?aiei I.?. A?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy naeiae. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie ? eio??a.- Iiiia?ao?y. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.07 - aaoa?eia?ia aeooa?noai. - Euea?anueea aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai, Euea?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae o niaoeainiao ? i?iieneiaeo eiiieaenao Oe?a?ie. O ?iaio? a ii??aiyeueiiio aniaeo? aea/ai? iniiai? iieacieee a?aeoai?aiiy naeiae c /?oeei aecia/aiii iii?ny/ii? oa naciiii? aeeiai?ee oeeo iieaciee?a, ?ic?iaeaiee e?eoa??e ioe?iee oi?i iaie?aeiino? iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie, a oaeiae iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia ia?aaaaa i?aai?caoe?? aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeeo ioieo?a ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy naeiae. O ii??aiyeueiiio aniaeo? aea/ai? iieacieee nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? ?aeiiiaaieo ii??ae eio??a-ie?aeiee?a o niaoeainiao ? i?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?, iaa?oioiaaia ia?aaaaa eiiieaeniiai canoinoaaiiy ai?iiiaeueieo oa a?oai?iieo i?aia?ao?a i?e ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? iniiaieo ? ia?aa??thaaieo naeiiiaoie, a oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeey oe??? iaoe i?inoaaeaiaeei?a ? EIIE. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y oeaieiieo i?aia?ao?a /a?inoeioeyoi??a/, aeaioiaeaieo ?c oi??iio ? ioiiaeie ethaeeie aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? naeiiiaoie ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a. Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?oai?ie, ai?iiie, iae?io?iii? i?aia?aoe, i?inoaaeaiaeeie, a?inoeioeyoi?e, “Oi??ioeai”, “Oia?e?oeai”, IAeA, EIIE. Oa?aiei I.E. Aeioaoiieiaey ?aciiiaeaiey naeiae. Eioaineoeeaoeey aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ooieoeee naeiiiaoie e o?yeia. -Iiiia?aoey. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.07 - aaoa?eia?iia aeooa?noai. - Eueaianeay aeaaeaiey aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu eiaie N.C.Aaeeoeeiai, Eueaia, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiaee aini?iecaiaenoaa naeiae a niaoeoicao e i?iiuoeaiiuo eiiieaenao Oe?aeiu. A ?aaioa a n?aaieoaeueiii aniaeoa eco/aiu iniiaiua iieacaoaee aini?iecaiaenoaa naeiae n /aoeei ii?aaeaeaieai iiiany/iie e naciiiie aeeiaieee yoeo iieacaoaeae, ?ac?aaioai e?eoa?ee ioeaiee oi?i aanieiaeey iniiaiuo e i?iaa?yaiuo naeiiiaoie, a oaeaea aeieacaii yeiiiie/aneia i?aeiouanoai i?aaiecaoeee aioo?eoicyenoaaiiuo ioieoia eneonnoaaiiiai inaiaiaiey naeiae. A n?aaieoaeueiii aniaeoa eco/aiu iieacaoaee nia?iii?iaeoeoeee ?aeiie?iaaiiuo ii?iae o?yeia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae a niaoeoicao e i?iiuoeaiiii eiiieaena, iainiiaaii i?aeiouanoai eiiieaeniiai i?eiaiaiey ai?iiiaeueiuo e aeoaieiiuo i?aia?aoia aeey eioaineoeeaoeee aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ooieoeee iniiaiuo e i?iaa?yaiuo naeiiiaoie, a oaeaea iaiaoiaeeiinoue eniieueciaaiey aeey yoie oeaee i?inoaaeaiaeeiia e EIIE. Aia?aua i?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoeey oeaiaauo i?aia?aoia /aeinoeioeyoi?ia/, ecaioiaeaiiuo ec oi?eiia e ioiiaeiu /aeiaaea i?e eioaineoeeaoeee ?ai?iaeoeoeaiie ooieoee naeiiiaoie e o?yeia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiaae?aiu e i?iaeieaeatho aiaae?youeny a io?anee naeiiaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeoaieiu, ai?iiiu, iae?io?iiiua i?aia?aou, i?inoaaeaiaeeiu, aeinoeioeyoi?u, “Oi?eioeai”, “Oiaeeeoeai”, IAeY, EIIE. Kharenko N.I. Biotechnology of pigs breeding. Intensification of sows and hog-sires reproductive function. - Monigraphy. Dissertation on competition of Doctor of Veterinary Sciences Academic Degree (Speciality - 16.00.07 - Veterinary Midwifery).-The Lvov Veterinary Medecine Academy named after S.Z.Gzhitski, Lvov, 1998. Dissertation is devoted to the problems of pigs reproductive technology impovement on specialized farms and industrial complexes of Ukraine. In this research work in comaparative aspect the main indexes of pigs reproduction with strict def?nition of monthly and seasonal dynamics of these definitions have been studied; evaluation creterion of basic and tested sows barrenness forms has been worked out; the economic advantage of inner-farm pig artificial insemination centres organizing has also been proved. In comparative aspect indexes of sperm-production of district hogsires on specialized farms and industrial complexes have been studied; the advantage of complex usage of hormonal and vitamin preparations for intensification of basic and tested sows reproduction function is determined; necessity of prostaglandines and KPMK usage for this purpose is also determined. First the approbation of tissue preparations ( biological stimulatirs ) produced of human khorion and umbilical cord at the intensification of sows and hog sires has been conducted. The main results of this research work are introduced and still introducing into the branches of pig-breeding of Ukraine. Key words: vitamins, hormons, neirotropien preparations, prostaglandines, biostimulators,”Khoriozen”, “Umbilizen”, PDE, KPMK. PAGE 12

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