Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao » Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea »

Noi?/oi ?aaai Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 615.47

AIIOAOII*II NENOAIE

A IAOAIIEA?AeIIIAO?I? OA EA?AeIIOIEIIAO?I?:

OAOII*II CANIAE OI?IOAAIIss NEAIAEIA

05.11.17 — Iaaee/i? i?eeaaee oa nenoaie

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa Aea?aeaaiiio iaoeiai–ae?iaie/iio
i?aei?e?inoa? ii ?aae?iaeaeo?iii?e iaaee/i?e aia?aoo?? I?i?noa?noaa
i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio ae.o.i., i?ioani? Nia?aeia Aiae??e Aiae??eiae/,
Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, caa. eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: ae.o.i., i?ioani? Ae?aeeianueeee A?oae?e Naiaiiae/,
IOOO “ Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo ”, caa. eaoaae?e

ae.o.i., aeioeaio Ceaiei Na?a?e Iaea?iae/,

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa. eaoaae?e

ae.o.i., i?ioani? Noao?a Iao?i A?eai?iae/,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”,

caa. eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, eaoaae?a “A?iaeaeo?iii? iaaee/i? i?eno?i? oa
nenoaie”, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 16 /a?aiy 1999?. i 12 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.10 Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (290646, Euea?a, aoe. No.Aaiaea?e, 12).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”( aoe. I?ioani?nueea,
1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 29 ea?oiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ______________ ?iiaieoei
TH.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia caei?ia`y ianaeaiiy iaaoea a Oe?a?i?
nioe?aeueii? aino?ioe. Iaea?eueo caa?iceeaeie aeey caei?ia`y aeyaeeeny ?
a iaeaeeae/iio iaeaooiueiio caeeoaoueny caoai?thaaiiy na?oeaai –
noaeeiii? nenoaie i?aai?cio ethaeeie. Ia iaioa caiaiiei?iiy aeeeeea?
c?inoaiiy aeeoy/i? nia?oiino?.

Ae??oaiiy cacia/aieo i?iaeai i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie o?nii iia`ycaii c
?icaeoeii iaoiaeieia?? a?iiaoai?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee (AIAe) ca iaoai?/ieie
? aeonoe/ieie neaiaeaie (IAN) na?oeaai – noaeeiii? nenoaie a?iia`?eoa
(ia a?iiaoai?/i? yaeua o nenoai? e?iaiia?ao i?eiaaea? aeecueei 90 %, a
a?iaeonoe/i? – 10% a?a?aoe?eii? aia?a?? nei?i/aiiy na?oey ethaeeie).

I?e?iaea a?ieia?/ieo ia`?eo?a aeiaaa? aeei?enoaiiy a ?o ae?aaiinoeoe?
??ciiiai?oii?, io?eiaii? iaeii/anii ?ioi?iaoe??. Aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ia
ae?aaiinoeea a?oioo?oueny ia canoinoaaii? ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a,
ye? iino?eii iiiiaiththoueny iia?oi?ie aeinyaiaiiyie iaoee ? oaoi?ee.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aeinyaiaiiy ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, iaoiaeieia?/iee ??aaiue
AIAe, ui ?nioaaa, ia caaacia/oaaa aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ai?noo
neaiae?a, a?aeiia?aeiiai neeaaeiino? ia`?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaei??th
na?aae aieiaieo i?e/ei oeueiai aoea iaa?aeiia?aei?noue iaoiaeieia?? AIAe
( oaoi?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th oa iaoiae?a eiai canoinoaaiiy )
ae?aaiinooaaiith noaio i?aai?cio ethaeeie. O no?oeoo?? iaaee/ieo
i?eeaae?a iacaaieo iaoiae?a eiioaeo c a?iia`?eoii caaacia/othoue
oaoi?/i? caniae oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a (iaaee/i? ia?aoai?thaa/?, i?eno?i?),
nooi?iue ooieoe?iiaeueii? noi?niino? c ia`?eoii yeeo aecia/a? aeaiee
iieaciee aeey ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?eeaae?a ? nenoai o oe?eiio.

O ?icaeoeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a aeey iaoiae?a AIAe ca
aioo??oi?ie IAN nenoaie e?iaiia?ao oaaaa i?eae?eyeany io?eiaiith
iaeneiaeueiiai neaiaeo ? ia a?aoiaoany aieea naini??a ia a?iia`?eo, ui
ni?e/eiyei iiina?aaeeiaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a a?iiaoai?/ieo ianoaaeaiue
aeanoeainoyie iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa oaoiieia?? ?o canoinoaaiiy.
Aeey i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie oea icia/aei ao?aoo ?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a
ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a.

A ??cieo iaoiaeao ae?aaiinoeee ca aioo??oi?ie a?iiaoai?/ieie yaeuaie
nenoaie e?iaiia?ao ethaeeie i?iaeaia ?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a ia? nai?
iniaeeaino?. O iiaiio iaoiae? aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???, aea
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?a?no?aoe?y ioeueniaeo neaiae?a a 6 ciiao i?iiaiaaeo
a?oa??e, iaiao?aeia ?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a o ia`?eoiiio aei???. A
iaeiiciiaeueieo iaoiaeao ae?aaiinoeee aeiaaa?oueny a?aeoai?thaai?noue
?acoeueoao?a ca ??cieo, o?c?ieia?/ii i?eionoeieo, oiia ianoaaeaiiy:
iia?aoi? (iaoiaeeea ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? neaiae?a), /an oiui.

A?aenooi?noue ?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a i?eioeeiiai iaiaaeoaaea
iioaioe?aeuei? iiaeeeaino? iaoiae?a AIAe, ia?aaaaa yeeo iieyaa? o
nenoaii?e ?ioi?iaoeaiino?, iiaeeeainoyo oe?ieiai oa aaaaoi?aciaiai
canoinoaaiiy o ae?aaiinoe/ii–e?eoaaeueiiio i?ioean?. Naia oae? iaoiaee
iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aaaeeea? aeey i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie o ai?iouea? c
iioe?aieie caoai?thaaiiyie, ia /iio aoei iaaieioaii, cie?aia, a
“Eiiieaeni?e i?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo iaaee/ii?, aaoa?eia?ii? oa
i?e?ia?ieia?/ii? i?iieneiaino?, iie?ioaiiy caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy ?
iio?aa oaa?eiieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeie caniaaie, iaaee/iith ? aaoa?eia?iith
oaoi?eith ia 1992 – 1996 ?.”, yea aoea caii/aoeiaaia iinoaiiaith
Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ca ? 573 a?ae 08.10.92 ?. O aeai?e i?ia?ai?
aueueoa 44 % caaaeaiue i?eiaaea? ia noai?aiiy iiai? iaaee/ii? oaoi?ee
ea?ae?ieia?/iiai oa aeooa?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy.

?yae iiaeo iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui noaiiaeee ia`?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy
a aeai?e ?iaio?, aoei noai?aii ca caaaeaiiyie cacia/aii? i?ia?aie.

?noi??th ?icaeoeo iaoiae?a AIAe a?ae??ciyea iaaeinoaoiy ?icaeioo?noue
iiaeaeueieo oyaeaiue uiaei a?iia`?eoa, a?aenooi?noue iiaeaeae, ui
e?euee?nii iienothoue i?ioean aca?iiae?? iaaee/ieo naini??a c
a?iia`?eoii oa nenoaiiiai a?ioaoi?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei noai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? neaiae?a
i?aai?cio ethaeeie – iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa i?eno?i?a.

I?iaeaia iieyaaea o ?ic?iaoe? iniia oai??? neeaaeieo a?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai
(AON) a?iia`?eo – iaaee/iee ia?aoai?thaa/ oi?ioaaiiy IAN nenoaie
e?iaiia?ao ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa; iaa?oiooaaii? iaoiaeieia?/ieo
aniaeo?a canoinoaaiiy; noai?aii? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? o na??eia ae?iaieoeoai
oa iaaee/io i?aeoeeo iiaeo, ooieoe?iiaeueii noi?nieo c a?iia`?eoii,
no?eeeo aei ae?? caaaae oaoi?/ieo cania?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
a?aeoai?thaai?noue oa ?aei?noue ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? cacia/aieo
neaiae?a.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. I?aaenoaaeai? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe aoee io?eiai? aaoi?ii i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue:

– «Nicaeaoue e inaieoue a na?eeiii i?iecaiaenoaa eiiieaeo
i?aia?aciaaoaeae aeey ea?aeeieiaee». Iacaaia AeE? aeeiioaaeany ca
caaaeaiiyi 01.09.017 aaeocaaiai ieaio I?i?noa?noaa iaaee/ii?
i?iieneiaino? N?N? (1980 – 1983 ?.?.);

– «Enneaaeiaaiea aiciiaeiinoe ?ac?aaioee niaiauaiiuo aeao/eeia aeey
ea?aeeieiaee ia iniiaa eieaaaoaeueiuo nenoai n aeaoiy noaiaiyie
naiaiaeu». Cacia/aia IAe? aeeiioaaeany a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaee ? 258
a?ae 12.09.89 ?. c I?i?noa?noaii iaaee/ii? i?iieneiaino? N?N?;

– «Nicaeaoue e inaieoue a na?eeiii i?iecaiaenoaa iiieoi?iue eiiieaen
III – 01 aeey eiio?iey ninoiyiey iaoa?e e ieiaea ii iieacaoaeyi YEA e
na?aea/iuo nie?auaiee». Iacaaia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeany ca caaaeaiiyi 01.03
i?iaeaie 0.18.05 (“ Nicaeaoue e inaieoue a i?iecaiaenoaa
aunieiniaa?oaiioth aeeaaiinoe/aneoth e oa?aiaaoe/aneoth iaaeeoeeineoth
oaoieeo » ) ?icae?eo 045 ( «Aeeaaiinoeea e ea/aiea iniiaiuo caaieaaaiee
/aeiaaea » ) caaaeueiinithcii? iaoei–ai – oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie ia 1986 –
1990 ?.?.;

«?ic?iaea ? i?aai?caoe?y na??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iii?oi?a aeey eiio?ieth
ieiaeo IEI – 02″. ?iaioa cae?enithaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei »
Eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo iaaee/ii?, aaoa?eia?ii? oa
i?e?ia?ieia?/ii? i?iieneiaino?, iie?ioaiiy caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy ?
iio?aa oaa?eiieoeoaa e?ea?nueeeie caniaaie, iaaee/iith ? aaoa?eia?iith
oaoi?eith ia 1992 – 1996 ?.?. «, yea aoea caoaa?aeaeaia Iinoaiiaith
Eaa?iaoo i?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ca ? 573 a?ae 08.10.92 ?.;

– «?ic?iaea ea?ae?iiie?a?aoa » – AeE? aeeiioaaeany ca oaiaeith c
I?i?noa?noaii iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, a?enueeiai – i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno ?
eiiaa?n?? Oe?a?ie ca ? 332 – 1056 / 07 a?ae 07.92 ?.;

– Ca oaiaoeeith eaoaae?e, yea aeeiioaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
I?ia?aiith 05 “?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia iiaoaeiae, i?iaeooaaiiy oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoai aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeine?aeieo oa i?iaeoieo
oaoiieia?e”, ui aoiaeeoue aei eiiieaenii? iaoeiai – oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie “?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia iiaoaeiae aaaaoi??aiaaeo
?ioaa?aeueieo noai c aeeth/aiiyi neeaaeiaeo ea?oth/eo oa
ia/enethaaeueieo eiiieaen?a, ?iaio?a oa ?iaioioaoi?/ieo nenoai, nenoai
?ioi?iaoe??”.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o ?ic?iaoe? iniia oai??? neeaaeieo
a?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai a?iia`?eo – iaaee/iee ia?aoai?thaa/ oi?ioaaiiy
IAN nenoaie e?iaiia?ao ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa; iaa?oiooaaii?
iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a canoinoaaiiy; neioac? ? iiaeaethaaii? no?oeoo?;
i?iaeooaaii? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? o na??eia ae?iaieoeoai ? iaaee/io
i?aeoeeo iiaeo, ooieoe?iiaeueii noi?nieo c a?iia`?eoii, aca?iicai?iieo
oa no?eeeo aei ae?? caaaae, iia`ycaieo c i?aai?ciii ethaeeie ?
aeiae?eeyi, oaoi?/ieo cania?a, ye? caaacia/othoue ?aei?noue ?
a?aeoai?thaai?noue ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? cacia/aieo neaiae?a o
ia`?eoiiio aei??? oa ca ??cieo, o?c?ieia?/ii i?eionoeieo, oiia
ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a (iia?aoi?, /an, i?noea ? o.?i.).

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiue ?ica`ycoaaeeny ianooii?
iniiai? caaea/?:

– ?ic?iaea iniia oai??? AON oi?ioaaiiy IAN nenoaie e?iaiia?ao ia
iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa, ui ooai?ai? : aioo??oi?ie aeaea?aeaie neaiae?a
??cii? a?io?ce/ii? i?e?iaee, ia?aaeaaaeueiei na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo oeaiei
i?aai?cio ethaeeie oa iaaee/ieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie ;

– aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iiae?? iaaee/ieo naini??a c a?iia`?eoii oa:

– iaa?oiooaaiiy oiia ?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a ? aeiia aei oaoi?/ieo cania?a
?o ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? , ui caaacia/othoue a?aeoai?thaai?noue oa
?aei?noue io?eioaaieo ?acoeueoao?a o iaeii– oa aaaaoiciiaeueieo
iaoiaeao iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? ? ea?ae?ioieiiao???;

– neioac no?oeoo? iiaeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a nenoaie
e?iaiia?ao ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie;

– ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? iioei?caoe?y neioaciaaieo no?oeoo?;

– ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo iao?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?
aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao?e/ieo oa
ea?ae?ioieiiao?e/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ye aeaiaio?a a?aeiia?aeieo AON
oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a;

– aiae?c ? iaa?oiooaaiiy eiino?oeoi?nueei–oaoiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
i?iaeooaaiiy, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee iao?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy
na??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? iiaeo naini??a o iaaee/i?e
i?aeoeoe?;

– i?iaaaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo oa iaaee/ieo (o neeaae? ae?aaiinoe/ieo nenoai
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???) aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeo oaoi?/ieo
cania?a oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iniiae oai??? AON oi?ioaaiiy IAN a?ae aioo??oi?o
aeaea?ae ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa, aea ?icaeyiooi o noeoiiino? :

– aeaea?aea aioo??oi?o IAN a?iia`?eoa ye eieeaaeuei? nenoaie ?c
cina?aaeaeaieie ? ?iciiae?eaieie, ci?iieie o ciiao iaeeaaeaiiy iaaee/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ia?aiao?aie;

– ia?aaeaaaeueia na?aaeiaeua i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie ye
iae?i?eia ?aieia?/ia na?aaeiaeua ?c cina?aaeaeaieie ? ci?iieie a ciiao
ci?iaiiy neaiae?a ia?aiao?aie;

– iaaee/i? ia?aoai?thaa/? ye eiia?iaoe?? eieeaaeueieo nenoai ??cii?
o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiao ia?aiao?e/io, iine?aeiaii – ia?aeaeueio iiaeaeue
iioe?aiiy aioo??oi?o IAN iae?i?eiei ?aieia?/iei na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo
oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie, a ye?e aeaoae?ciaaii oeae i?ioean oa iaoai?ci
aieeao ia ia?aiao?e iacaaiiai na?aaeiaeua ciai?oiuei? ae?? ia ciie
?a?no?aoe?? cacia/aieo neaiae?a.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeaii? iiaeae? ca
?acoeueoaoaie aei??thaaiiy aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a c ??ciei
ao?aeiei iaoai?/iei ?iiaaeainii i?e iaeeo cia/aiiyo neee i?eoeneaiiy aei
ciie ?a?no?aoe??.

3. Iaa?oioiaaii iiao ia?aiao?e/io iiaeaeue ioeueniaeo eieeaaiue
iae?i?eii? ca i?oaeieie aeanoeainoyie ae?eyiee a?oa???, ci?ia
oa?aeoa?enoee yei? a ciiao aieeao iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a
iiaeaethaaeany ci?iith oiiono a?oa??aeueii? no?iee oa ieiu? ia?aoeio.

4. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaethaaiiy oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue e?euee?ni? caeiiii??iino? aca?iiae??
eiioaeoieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a o?ce/ieo aaee/ei aioo??oi?o IAN c
a?iia`?eoii, a oaeiae iniaeeaino?, ye? ni?e/eiythoue ao?aoo ?aeiino?
?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a oa iaaeinoaoith caoeuai?noue a?ae
ae?? ?iioeuenii? a?iiaoai?/ii? caaaaee (a?oaoaeo?a) a iaoiaeao
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???.

Cie?aia, ca oiiae ci?ie neee ciai?oiueiai oeneo ia ciie ?a?no?aoe??
neaiae?a o ae?aiacii? cia/aiue (0 – 2) I:

– iiaeoeue ia?aaeaaaeueii? ooieoe?? i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie a
iaeano? i?iiaiaaeo a?oa??e noaiiaeoue (50 – 600) I/i;

– ae?aiacii cia/aiue eiao?oe??ioa ?iciiae?eo cacia/aii? neee i?ae
aeaiaioaie a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a o aeiaaeeo
i?iiaiaaeo a?oa??e ethaeeie noaiiaeoue (0,25 – 0,6).

5. Anoaiiaeaii: ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaia iaoiaeeea aaaaoiciiaeueii?
ioeueniiao??? ca eaiiiaie no?aeii? iaaeeoeeie a?oioo?oueny ia
niaeo?aeuei?e naeaeoe?? ioeueniaeo neaiae?a, ui eeaneo?eo? ?? ye
iaoiaeeeo c aei?noei aecia/aieie oiiaaie ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a ?
noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iaoiae?a ia?iaee oa aiae?co
iacaaieo neaiae?a, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?aaiinoeee.

6. Aia?oa iaa?oioiaaii aeiiae uiaei oiia ?a?no?aoe?? oa oa?aeoa?enoee
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ? i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???, ye?
caaacia/othoue ?aei?noue io?eioaaieo ?acoeueoao?a o ia`?eoiiio aei???.

E?eoa??yie iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiia aoee ??aiiaaeeeee aieea ia aeaea?aei
neaiaeo a ??cieo ciiao oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii – aia?aaoe/iee iieaciee
ia?aoai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo a?io?ce/ieo aaee/ei.

7. Iaa?oioiaaii aeiiae aei iao?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?
aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ia?aoai?thaa/?a neee iaeiiciiaeueieo
aioo??oi?o IAN ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa, ye? caaacia/othoue
ooieoe?iiaeueio noi?ni?noue c i?aai?ciii ethaeeie, a?aeoai?thaai?noue
ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? ca o?c?ieia?/ii i?eionoeieo oiia ianoaaeaiiy
iaoe??io?a ? no?ee?noue aei ae?? a?oaoaeo?a.

E?eoa??yie iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiia aoee ??aiiaaeeeee aieea ia ciio
?a?no?aoe?? neaiaeo ca cacia/aieo oiia ianoaaeaiiy oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii –
aia?aaoe/iee iieaciee ia?aoai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo a?io?ce/ieo aaee/ei.

8. Neioaciaaii iia? no?oeoo?e, ?ic?iaeaii ? aeine?aeaeaii iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae?:

– ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey iaeiiciiaeueieo iaoiae?a a?iiaoai?/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee, iaoai?/ia noi?iia yeeo i?aaenoaaey? eieeaaeueio nenoaio,
cae??ieaio ia o?eueo?? ?io?aiecueeeo /anoio;

– i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???, ui i?aaenoaaey? nenoaio
3 ia?aoai?thaa/?a c aeaiaioaie ?aaoethaaiiy oa eiio?ieth ciai?oiueiai
oeneo ia ciie ?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a.

9. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo iao?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa
aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a aca?iicai?iieo, ooieoe?iiaeueii noi?nieo c
a?iia`?eoii iaoaiiea?ae?iiao?e/ieo oa ea?ae?ioieiiao?e/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a neee, aea iacaai? naini?e ?icaeyioo? ye aeaiaioe
a?aeiia?aeieo AON ae?aaiinoeee.

Aeiaaaeaii ?aei?noue oa a?aeoai?thaai?noue ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? aei
aoi?eiii? aia?aoo?e aioo??oi?o IAN nenoaie e?iaiia?ao a?iia`?eoa o
ia`?eoiiio aei??? (aaaaoiciiaeueia ioeueniiao??y) oa ca o?c?ieia?/ii
i?eionoeieo oiia ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a (iaeiiciiaeuei? iaoiaee
ae?aaiinoeee) ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a oi?ioaaiiy
neaiae?a, a oaeiae aenieo caaaaeino?ee?noue iiaeo iaaee/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a uiaei ciai?oi?o caaaae oa a?oaoaeo?a iaoe??io?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoei ?aae?ciaaii o iiaiio i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii?
ioeueniiao???, a oaeiae ia?aoai?thaa/ao oeio IIA – 02, INA – 02, IAE –
02, IN – 02, IIO – 02, IO – 01. Oeo?e ia?aoai?thaa/?a iaaaaeaii ca
eaoaeiaii Oe?iaaei?eeaaeo ”Eaoaeia ecaeaeee iaaeeoeeineie oaoieee,
i?iecaiaeeiuo a Oe?aeia” (1994 ?.).

Aeey iaoiae?a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? :

– aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao??? –”I?eno??e aeey ci?iaiiy
aaaaoiciiaeueiiai ioeueniaiai neaiaeo”, yeee aeei?enoiaothoue a
aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ioeueniae?aaiinoe/iiio eiiieaen? o?aaonueei?
iaaeeoeeie, Ao?yonueeee ?inoeooo i?e?iaeie/eo iaoe Nea??nueeiai
a?aeae?eaiiy ?AI, i. Oeai – Oaea ;

– ia`?iii? ioeueniiao??? – IIA – 02, OO 64 – 1 – 3635 – 82 (10.3.008);

– ioeueniiao???– INA – 02, OO 64 – 1 – 3635 – 82 (10.3.007);

– aiaenea?ae?iiao???– IAE – 02, OO 64 – 1 – 3635 – 82 (10.3.009),

ye? aeei?enoiaothoue a i?eeaaeao oeiiaiai ?yaeo iie?a?ao?a I4* – 02, I6*
– 02 oa I8* – 02 (OO 64–1–3414–80), Euea?anueeee caaiae
?aae?iaeaeo?iiii? iaaee/ii? aia?aoo?e; a i?eeaae? “ Oiiiea?ae – 01”,
Iaoeiai–ae?iaie/a i?aei?e?inoai “Iaoaeie”, i. I?aeei; a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio
ioeueniae?aaiinoe/iiio eiiieaen? o?aaonueei? iaaeeoeeie, Ao?yonueeee
?inoeooo i?e?iaeie/eo iaoe Nea??nueeiai a?aeae?eaiiy ?AI, i. Oeai–Oaea;

– oiiiea?ae?iiao??? – IO – 01,

ui aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo “Ea?ae?iiie?a?aoa EI–01” (OO
OC.46–14308434–018–96), yeee ca ?acoeueoaoaie Aea?aeaaieo i?eeiaeueieo
oa ee?i?/ieo aei?iaiaoaaiue ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei na??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa
canoinoaaiiy o iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe? (i?eeaae ?ic?iaeaii o Aea?aeaaiiio
iaoeiai – ae?iaie/iio i?aei?e?inoa? ii ?aae?iaeaeo?iii?e iaaee/i?e
aia?aoo??, i.Euea?a).

Aeey ea?ae?ioieiiao???:

– oieiiao??? – IN – 02 (10.3.004);

– oeueo?acaoeiai? eieaoe?? na?oey ieiaeo – IIO – 02 (10.3.032),

ye? aeei?enoiaothoue a aeooa?nueeeo iii?oi?ao oeio IEI–02 ( OO
25–2001.016 ), ui aeaioiaeythoueny Ai?eneaanueeei caaiaeii
?aae?iaeaeo?iiii? iaaee/ii? aia?aoo?e.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
ai?iaaaeaeaii o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoa??ae?a ?iaioe aeaeaii
iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee “A?iiaaee/i? aei??thaaeuei? ia?aoai?thaa/?” aeey
nooaeaio?a niaoe?aeueiino? 7.091002 “A?ioaoi?/i? oa iaaee/i? aia?aoe ?
nenoaie” iai?yieo 6.0910 “Aeaeo?iii? aia?aoe”, yeee caoaa?aeaeaii
?inoeoooii nenoaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue ina?oe I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

?ic?iaeaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aii ianooii? iia? iiaeae?
no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a oa caaaeueieo AON oi?ioaaiiy IAN nenoaie
e?iaiia?ao ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa.

1.1. Aeaoa?i?iiaaio, noaoe?iia?io, neaey?io, ia?aiao?e/io iiaeaeue
ioeueniaeo eieeaaiue ae?eyiee a?oa??? ye iae?i?eii? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii?
nenoaie c ?iciiae?eaieie ? ci?iieie o cii? iaeeaaeaiiy iaaee/iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a ia?aiao?aie (oiion, ieiua ia?aoeio).

1.2. Aeaoa?i?iiaaio, noaoe?iia?io, neaey?io, ia?aiao?e/io,
iine?aeiaii–ia?aeaeueio iiaeaeue iae?i?eiiai ?aieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua
i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie ye nenoaie ?c cina?aaeaeaieie ?
ci?iieie o cii? ci?iaiiy neaiaeo ia?aiao?aie, aea a?aoiaaii ?iciiae?e
iaoiaee/ii iaiao?aeii? neee i?eoeneaiiy iaaee/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a aei
a?aieoe? i?ae aeaiaioaie oeueiai na?aaeiaeua oa eiai caeaaei?noue a?ae
aaee/eie cacia/aii? neee.

1.3. Aeaoa?i?iiaai?, noaoe?iia?i?, neaey?i?, ia?aiao?e/i? iiaeae? AON
ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? aioo??oi?o IAN c iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa aeey
ianooiieo iaoiae?a iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee:

– aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???;

– oiiiea?ae?iiao???;

– ea?ae?ioieiiao???.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iiai?
iine?aeiaii–ia?aeaeueii? iiaeae? na?aaeiaeua i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio
ethaeeie.

3. Anoaiiaeaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaethaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue e?euee?ni? ioe?iee oa?aeoa?enoee AON oi?ioaaiiy
ioeueniaeo neaiae?a (ao?ae i?iiaiaai? a?oa??? – i‘ye? oeaieie –
ia?aoai?thaa/) ca ??cieo a?aie/ieo oiia ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie:

– ae?aiaciio cia/aiue iiaeoey ia?aaeaaaeueii? ooieoe?? i‘yeeo oeaiei
i?aai?cio ethaeeie;

– /anoee neee i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/a aei iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie, ui
i?eiaaea? ia a?oa??th;

– ae?aiaciio cia/aiue eiao?oe??ioa ?iciiae?eo cacia/aii? neee i?ae
aeaiaioaie AON oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a oa eiai caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie
iacaaii? neee;

– ci?i niaeo?a ioeueniaeo neaiae?a, noi?iiaaieo ca ??cieo oiia
ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a.

4. Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeee (i?aaeea canoinoaaiiy ? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa i?eno?ith) ?a?no?aoe?? iaeii– oa aaaaoiciiaeueieo
aioo??oi?o a?iiaoai?/ieo neaiae?a ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa, ye? o
aeiaaeeo iaeiiciiaeueieo neaiae?a caaacia/othoue, ca o?c?ieia?/ii
i?eionoeieo oiia ianoaaeaiiy, iaeiaeiao ciai?oith ae?th ia ciio
?a?no?aoe??, a o aeiaaeeo aaaaoiciiaeueieo – ??aiiaaeeeo ae?th ia
aeaea?aei neaiaeo a ??cieo ciiao.

5. Neioaciaaii iia? no?oeoo?e, ?ic?iaeaii ? aeine?aeaeaii iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae?, anoaiiaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa ia?aiao?aie aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e naini??a aeey
oiiiea?ae?iiao???, oieiiao???, oeueo?acaoeiai? eieaoe?? na?oey ieiaeo oa
i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?yaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a
aeey iaoaiiea?ae?iiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee oa
ea?ae?ioieiiao???.

7. Iioei?ciaaii eiino?oeoe?? oa oaoiieia?th aeaioiaeaiiy iiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa i?eno?ith aeey ?icaeyiooeo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee c
iaoith caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? /ooeeaino? ca oiia ?aeiino? oa
a?aeoai?thaaiino? ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? neaiae?a, i?eeiyoii? aeey
iaaeeoeeie ae?? ia a?iia`?eo i?ae /an ianoaaeaiiy oa aio?iiiiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a naini??a.

I?ae ea??aieoeoaii oa ca aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth caeiaoaa/a aoei
ni?iaeoiaaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii o na??eia ae?iaieoeoai oa iaaee/io i?aeoeeo
?yae iiaeo iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey iaoiae?a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? ?
ea?ae?ioieiiao??? oeio: IIA – 02, IN – 02, INA – 02, IAE – 02, IIO – 02
, IO – 01 oa i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???.

Ca o/anoth caeiaoaa/a (oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy, ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a) aoei
i?iaaaeaii iaaee/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeiino? oa a?aeoai?thaaiino?
?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a ca aeiiiiiaith oaoi?/ieo cania?a
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao??? c iiaeie oaoi?/ieie caniaaie
oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a.

O iaa/aeueiiio iin?aieeo [1] caeiaoaa/ai iaienai? ?icae?ee 2 ? 3, a o
ni?aaaoi?noa? ?icae?e 1 (i?ae?icae?ee 1.3, 1.4, 1.5) oa ?icae?e 4
(i?ae?icae?ee 4.3, 4.5, 4.8, 4.9).

O noaooyo oa oacao aeiiia?aeae: [2] – ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oa
i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy; [3] – ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo
oa i?iaaaeaii oaoi?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eno?i?a ci?iaiiy ioeueniaeo
neaiae?a; [ 8, 9,17] – ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?; [12, 15] –
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aei??thaaiue; [13] – caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeaoue
?acoeueoaoe, ui noinothoueny oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy i`?ciaeaeo?e/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a; [14] – ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oa iaoiaeeeo
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ia?aoai?thaa/a; [21] – caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeaoue
iaoa??aee, ui noinothoueny a?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai ae?aaiinoe/iiai oa
oa?aiaaoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.

O ianooiieo aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaao caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea
?aeae aeiaoiae?a, a oaeiae: [23] – iaa?oioiaaii aio?iiiiao?e/i?
iieacieee oa iniiai? aeaiaioe oi?iiooai?aiiy; [24] – iaa?oioiaaii
aeeiiaiiy iaoai?/ii? noi?iie naini?a o aeaeyae? eiia?iiaaii?
eieeaaeueii? nenoaie oa iano ?io?aiecueei/anoioii? eieeaaeueii? nenoaie;
[25] – iaa?oioiaaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?ici??aie iaeioa oa aeonoe/iiai
aeaiaioa eiino?oeoe??, a oaeiae aei?noeinoyie ia?aoai?thaa/a ? i?oaeii?
iaia?aie; [27] – iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy o?ainoi?iaoi?a neee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ianooiieo eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao
:

– Nai?ia?ao «Oeceea e ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea a iaaeeoeeia» ( i.Ai?ueeee,
1984?., 1985?., 1987?.) ;

– Caaaeueiinithci?e iaoeiai – oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aii?inu ?ac?aaioee
e aiaae?aiey ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo n?aaenoa i?e aeeaaiinoeea na?aea/ii –
ninoaeenouo caaieaaaiee»(i.Naa?aeeianuee, 1984?.);

– 8 Caaaeueiinithci?e eiioa?aioe?? » Ecia?aiey a iaaeeoeeia e eo
iao?ieiae/aneia iaania/aiea » (i.Iineaa, 1986 ?.) ;

– Caaaeueiinithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo » Iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa ecia?aiey
iaoaie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia a nenoaiao eiio?iey e oi?aaeaiey» (i.Iaica,
1987?.,1989?.);

– Iaoeiai–oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo «Aeina?ae ?ic?iaee ? canoinoaaiiy
i?eeaaeioaoiieia?/ieo NAI? a i?e?iaeaeo?ii?oe?»(i.Euea?a, 1993 ?.,
1995?., 1997 ?.);

– «?inneeneie iao/ii–oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee ii aeeo?aeoeee e
?ani?ino?aiaieth ?aaeeiaiei» (i.Oeai–Oaea, 1996 ?.).

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai–oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie cania?a
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?e, eiii`thoa?ii? ?iaeaia??? oa i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a”
(i.Euea?a, 1998?.)

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai–oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu oece/aneie e
aeiiaaeeoeeineie yeaeo?iieee” (i. Ee?a, 1998 ?.)

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii o 28
?iaioao, na?aae yeeo 1 iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee, noaoae o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao
– 9 , noaoae o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue – 9, iaoa??ae?a ? oac
eiioa?aioe?e – 3, aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa – 4, iaoaio?a – 1, aeaiiiiaaia
1 ?iaioa.

Ia`?i ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa 3 aeiaeaoe?a. Aiia
ia? ianya 308 noi??iie, na?aae yeeo 49 ?enoie?a caeiathoue 22 noi??iee
(6 ?enoie?a caeiathoue iiai?noth ieiuo noi??iee), 23 oaaeeoe? – 14
noi??iie (4 oaaeeoe? caeiathoue iiai?noth ieiuo noi??iee), a aeiaeaoee
21 noi??ieo. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae neeaaea? 214
iaeiaioaaiue, a?i caeia? 20 noi??iie oaenoo ?iaioe.

CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eoi nooi?noue ? noai iaoeiai? i?iaeaie, iieacaia
cia/ou?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue ?? ae??oaiiy aeey i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie
caei?ia`y Oe?a?ie oa iaaee/iiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, a oaeiae
i?aaenoaaeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aiae?co i?iaeai iaoiaeieia?? AIAe ca
i?iyaaie ia iiaa?oi? o?ea aioo??oi?o IAN i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

Ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie e?iaiia?ao a?iia`?eoa, ye aaea cacia/aeiny, a
cia/i?e i??? aeyaey? naaa o oi?i? a?iiaoai?/iiai ?ooo. Aeaia ianoaaeia
aecia/a? ae?aaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue ?yaeo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee,
ia`?aeiaieo oa?i?iii iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??y, ye? a?oioothoueny ia
aeine?aeaeaii? oeeo neaiae?a. Iaea?eueo ae?aaiinoe/ii aoaeoeai? iaoiaee
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? iia`ycai? c ?a?no?aoe??th oa ia?iaeith, cie?aia,
ioeueniaeo oa oiiiea?ae?i – neaiae?a.

Aeaea?aeii ioeueniaeo neaiae?a ? eieeaaiiy oeneo e?ia? a a?oa??yo
i?aai?cio ethaeeie. ?nio? e?eueea aeae?a ioeueniiao???: ioeueniiao??y,
ia`?iia ioeueniiao??y oa aaaaoiciiaeueia ioeueniiao??y ca no?aeiith
iaaeeoeeiith. *anoioiee niaeo? oeeo neaiae?a neeaaea? (0,5 – 40) Aoe, a
i?eiaa cia/aiiy neee ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie a ciiao ?a?no?aoe??
ioeueniaeo neaiae?a i?iiaiaaeo a?oa??e ciaoiaeeoueny o ae?aiacii? (0,01
– 0,1) I. Ca eieae?caoe??th neaiae ia`?iii? ioeueniiao??? iaeaaeeoue
aei iaeieaeueieo, ?io? – aei eieaeueieo a?iiaoai?/ieo neaiae?a.

Oiiiea?ae?i – neaiae iia`ycaiee c aeonoe/ieie yaeuaie a na?oe? ethaeeie
oa i?eeaaeeo aei iueiai aaeeeeo noaeeiao. Eiai /anoioiee niaeo?
noaiiaeoue (20 – 800) Aoe, i?eia? cia/aiiy neee, iai?eeeaae, a oi/oe?
Aioe?ia, ooai?aii? oiiaie na?oey, iiaea aeinyaaoe nioeo /anoie
iuethoiia. Ciie ?a?no?aoe?? oiiiea?ae?i–neaiaeo iaiaaeai? ?aa?aie
a?oaeii? ee?oee, oiio eiai a?aeiinyoue aei eieaeueieo a?iaeonoe/ieo
neaiae?a.

Aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii ae?aaiinoeee noaio ieiaeo aeyaeany aiae?c /anoioe
nei?i/aiue eiai na?oey a oiiaao iano?aniaeo oano?a – niiioaiieo
nei?i/aiue iaoee ?iae?ee?. Neaiaee, ye? iia`ycai? c? nei?i/aiiyie iaoee
?iae?ee? (oiei–neaiae) oa oeueo?acaoeiaee neaiae, ui i?noeoue
?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei /anoioe nei?i/aiue na?oey ieiaeo, neeaaeathoue iniiao
iaoiaeo ea?ae?ioieiiao???.

Ia?aeie a ??ci? ia??iaee aaa?oiino? ae?iie o?eaathoue (10 – 60) n, a
oia?oaao?noue oeueiai neaiaeo iiaea ci?ithaaoeny a ae?aiacii? (2 – 120).
Cia/aiiy aeeeeeaii? ia?aeiaie neee ia iiaa?oi? aeeaioa ?iae?ee? iiaeooue
aeinyaaoe 2 I, a oaeaee?noue ?ooo no?oeoo? na?oey ieiaeo, yea aecia/a?
Aeiiiea??anueeo ci?io /anoioe a?aeaeoiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iai?ee?ioe?
aaa?oiino? – 0,1 i/n. Ii?iaeueia cia/aiiy /anoioe nei?i/aiue na?oey
ieiaeo iai?ee?ioe? aaa?oiinoe noaiiaeoue aeecueei 150 oa–1. Ca
?ici??aie ciie ?a?no?aoe?? neaiaee ea?ae?ioieiiao??? a?aeiinyoue aei
iaeieaeueieo.

I?e?iaea ?icaeyiooeo neaiae?a, iayai?noue o an?o ?icaeyiooeo aeiaaeeao
i?ae aeaea?aeii neaiaeo ? iaaee/iei ia?aoai?thaa/ai ?aieia?/iiai
na?aaeiaeua i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie iaoiiaeththoue
iaoiaeieia?/io nii??aeiai?noue caaea/ ?a?no?aoe?? oeeo neaiae?a.

No/aniee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, iaaooee e?ea?nueeee
aeina?ae a?aee?eaathoue iia? iiaeeeaino? aeey a?iiaoai?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee
ca aioo??oi?ie IAN nenoaie e?iaiia?ao, ui iia`ycai? c a?eueo iiaiei
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ai?noo a?aeiia?aeieo neaiae?a, ia?aoiaeii
aei e?euee?nieo ioe?iie iieaciee?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy na?oeaai – noaeeiii?
nenoaie a?iia`?eoa. Aea ia ia?aoeiae? o?eaaeee /an aoea a?aenooi?noue
?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a – io?eioaai? aeai? aoee
iiina?aaeeiaai? oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oaoi?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th oa
iniaeeainoyie eiai canoinoaaiiy.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co, niioai?aiiy io?eioaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?? iaoiaeaie iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???
a?aeaoaaeiny ia noeeo aeeaiai ? iaaeeaiai: a?iia`?eo – iaaee/iee
ia?aoai?thaa/. I?e/eiith aoei iaaeinoaoiuei aeeaiea ?icoi?iiy
a?io?ce/ieo i?ioean?a o a?aeiia?aeieo a?ioaoi?/ieo nenoaiao oi?ioaaiiy
neaiae?a (a?iia`?eo – iaaee/iee naini?). Naia nooi?iue ooieoe?iiaeueii?
aaeaeaaoiino? iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa iaoiae?a ?o canoinoaaiiy
caaea/ai ae?aaiinoeee aecia/a? ??aaiue ?aeiino? io?eioaaieo ?acoeueoao?a
ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeieo iaaee/ieo i?eeaae?a ? nenoai
ea?ae?ieia?/iiai oa aeooa?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy.

?nioth/a ??ciiiai?ooy i?aeoiae?a aei ?a?no?aoe?? ?icaeyiooeo neaiae?a
na?ae/eoue i?i iaoiaeieia?/io neeaaei?noue ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eiioaeoo:
a?iia`?eo – iaaee/iee ia?aoai?thaa/. Iacaaaeath/e ia o?eaaeee ?icaeoie
iaoiaeieia?? AIAe, iiaeaeuei? oyaeaiiy uiaei a?iia`?eoa caeeoaeeny
iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooeie ? cia/iith i??ith a?aeie?aieaieie a?ae
iiaeaeae iaaee/ieo naini??a (Barany E., Franke E., Takagi S. ?c
ni?aaaoi?aie, Vermarien H. ?c ni?aaaoi?aie, Iaeeioeia N.A.). I?aeoe/ii
aoa a?aenooi?e aiae?c aca?iiae?? iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?icaeyiooiai
i?ecia/aiiy ca oiiae ci?iii? ca aaee/eiith neee i?eoeneaiiy naini??a aei
iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie ?c ciiaie ?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a ? aieeao oe???
aca?iiae?? ia ye?noue io?eioaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaeieia?? AIAe aac o?aooaaiiy aeanoeainoae a?i
ia`?eoa oa oaoiieia?? canoinoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iaaee/ieo naini??a ia
caaacia/oaaa ia?aoiaeo aei e?euee?nieo ioe?iie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
eiai nenoaie e?iaiia?ao. Aecia/eeany i?iaeaia nenoaiiiai a?ioaoi?/iiai
i?aeoiaeo aei noai?aiiy oaoi?/ieo cania?a oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a, a yeiio
ia?aoai?thaa/? ?icaeyaeathoueny ye aeaiaioe neeaaeieo a?ioaoi?/ieo
nenoai: ?icoaoiaai? ana?aaeei? o?ea ethaeeie aeaea?aea iaoai?/ieo ?
aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a – ia?aaeaaaeueia na?aaeiaeua i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio
c iae?i?eieie ?aieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie – iaaee/i? naini?e ??cii?
o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee, a a?aeiia?aei? i?eno?i? caaacia/othoue iaiao?aei?
oiiae ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? neaiae?a, cie?aia, neio?iii?noue o aeiaaeeo
aaaaoiciiaeueieo neaiae?a.

Ae??oaiiy cacia/aieo i?iaeai iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???
aoei iia`ycaii c ?ic?iaeith iniia oai??? neeaaeieo a?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai
oi?ioaaiiy IAN nenoaie e?iaiia?ao ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa,
iaa?oiooaaiiyi iaoiaeieia?? canoinoaaiiy, noai?aiiyi ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi o
na??eia ae?iaieoeoai oa iaaee/io i?aeoeeo iiaeo, ooieoe?iiaeueii
noi?nieo c a?iia`?eoii, no?eeeo aei ae?? caaaae iaaee/ieo naini??a aeey
iaeii – oa i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueieo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee, ye?
caaacia/othoue ?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? cacia/aieo
neaiae?a.

A ??cieo iaoiaeao ae?aaiinoeee ca aioo??oi?ie a?iiaoai?/ieie yaeuaie
nenoaie e?iaiia?ao ethaeeie i?iaeaia ?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a ia? nai?
iniaeeaino?. O iiaiio ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaiiio iaoiae? aaaaoiciiaeueii?
ioeueniiao???, aea a?aeaoaa?oueny ?a?no?aoe?y ioeueniaeo neaiae?a o 6
ciiao i?iiaiaaeo a?oa??e, iaiao?aeia ?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a o ia`?eoiiio
aei???. A iaeiiciiaeueieo iaoiaeao ae?aaiinoeee aeiaaa?oueny
a?aeoai?thaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ca ??cieo, o?c?ieia?/ii i?eionoeieo,
oiia ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a: iia?aoi? (iaoiaeeea ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/?
neaiae?a), /an oiui.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy eiioaeoieo iaoiae?a
?a?no?aoe?? aioo??oi?o IAN a?iia`?eoa o nenoai? eii?aeeiao, ui iia`ycaia
c o?eii iaoe??ioa. Iieacaii, ui i?aea?oioyi oi?o?eaoe?? ia?aeiieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a AON iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao??? ?
ia?aoai?aiiy neee oeeo neaiae?a, a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy i`?ciaeaeo?e/iiai
i?eioeeio ia?aoai?aiiy, ca aeiyoeii iia?eueiici?iiiai oiei – neaiaeo.

Ca oaeeo oiia i?iaeaia a?aeoai?thaaiino? ?acoeueoao?a ia?aaea/?
aioo??oi?o a?iiaoai?/ieo oa a?iaeonoe/ieo neaiae?a c iiaa?oi? o?ea
a?iia`?eoa iniaeeai aino?a, ui coiiaeaii i?yiith aca?iiae??th eiioaeoieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a c a?iia`?eoii. Na?aae ?icaeyiooeo iaea?eueo caaaeueiith
? caaea/a ?a?no?aoe?? ioeueniaiai neaiaeo, ui iia`ycaii c iiaa?oiaaei
?icoaooaaiiyi eiai aeaea?aea oa aia?aaoe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
inoaiiueiai.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue AON
oi?ioaaiiy IAN a?ae aioo??oi?o aeaea?ae ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa.

I?ae /an ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a iaoiaeaie AIAe iaaee/i? naini?e
aaciina?aaeiuei eiioaeoothoue c ?aieia?/iei na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo oeaiei
i?aai?cio ethaeeie. Inoaii? in–vivo ia? e?i?ei? aeanoeaino? o
a?aeiioaii? iaoai?/ieo ca nai?th i?e?iaeith ei?enieo neaiae?a a?iia`?eoa
? aeyaey? iae?i?ei? aeanoeaino? i?ae aieeaii ciai?oiuei? ae?? ia ciie ?o
?a?no?aoe??.

Aiae?c a?aeiieo ? oaeineiiaeaieo caeiaoaa/ai iiaeaeae aeaea?aea neaiaeo
a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? cana?ae/ea ye?niee ??aaiue ocaiaeaeaiiy c
iioae?eiaaieie oa io?eiaieie aaoi?ii iiaeie aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie
aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aca?iiae?? a?iia`?eo – ia?aoai?thaa/ ia
?acoeueoaoe ?a?no?aoe?? aioo??oi?o IAN ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie.

C iaoith ae??oaiiy i?iaeai ?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a AIAe ae?aaiinoeee aoei
?ic?iaeaii iiao iine?aeiaii – ia?aeaeueio iiaeaeue iioe?aiiy iaoai?/iiai
neaiaeo iae?i?eiei na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo oeaiei a?iia`?eoa, noaia yei?
i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.1.

?en.1. Iine?aeiaii – ia?aeaeueia iiaeaeue iioe?aiiy neaiaeo iae?i?eiei
na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

Ia ?en.1 : Fo – aeaea?aei aioo??oiueiai neaiaeo, Zo ( (, tFI ), Z1 (
(, tFI ), Z2 ((,(1 – t) FI) – caeaaei? a?ae FI iaoai?/i? ?iiaaeaine
aeaea?aea neaiaeo oa i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie, ui iathoue
i?ioeeaaeio ca ciaeii aeaoi?iaoe?th i?e ia?aaea/? neaiaeo a?ae aeaea?aea
aei iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie ? i?ae ae??th FI, Zd(() – – ao?aeiee
?iiaaeain ia?aoai?thaa/a, FI – neea i?eoeneaiiy aeaiaioa aaaaeaiiy
neaiaeo o iaaee/iee naini? aei ciie ?a?no?aoe??, t – eiao?oe??io
?iciiae?eo FI i?ae aeaiaioaie iiaeae?, ( – /anoioa. O /anoioiiio niaeo??
ioeueniaiai neaiaeo ?iiaaeaine iiaeae? iathoue i?oaeiee oa?aeoa?: Zi= Ki
/ j(, ? = 0, 1, 2, d.

Iae?i?ei? i?oaei? aeanoeaino? aeaiaio?a iiaeaethaaeeny caeaaeiinoyie :

K1(FI)=K1O+(t FI , K2(FI)=K2O+((1–t) FI ,

KO(FI)= KOO+((FS–t FI)2,

,

aea K1O, K2O, KIO – aei?noe?noue a?aeiia?aeieo aeaiaio?a ca oiiae FI =
0,

(, (, ( – eiao?oe??ioe ci?ie ia?aiao??a o caeaaeiino? a?ae FI ,

FS – aaee/eia neee, ui noai?th?oueny nenoie?/iei cia/aiiyi
o?ainio?aeueiiai oeneo e?ia? a a?oa???.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iiaeae? aeea. ?en.1. Aaee/eia
FS aecia/aeany ca ?acoeueoaoaie aei??thaaiiy iieaciee?a a?oa??aeueiiai
oeneo e?ia? iaoiaeii ??aa–?i//?–Ei?ioeiaa, a K1O, K2O, ( ? ( – ca
aei??thaaiiyie neee, ui ae?? ia ia?aoai?thaa/ c? ci?iiith aaee/eiith Kd
aeey 2 cia/aiue FI. Oa?aeoa?enoeee KIO ? ( aoei ioe?iaii ca a?aeiieie
?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae a?oa??e i?aai?cio
ethaeeie.

E?eoa???i a??ia?aeiino? iine?aeiaii–ia?aeaeueii? iiaeae? aoei cia/aiiy
Fei, aeey yeiai niinoa??aaany iaeneioi aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo naini?a

,

aea

,

,

?ica?aei?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo cia/aiue Fei ia
ia?aaaaeaea ( 19%, ui cia/iith i??ith iia`ycaii c
ia?iaeea?aeoeuei?noth a?aoiaaieo ia?aiao??a a?oa??? oa iioeaeith
aecia/aiiy FS .

Anoaiiaeaii e?euee?ni? ioe?iee aieeao ia ia?aiao?e
iine?aeiaii–ia?aeaeueii? iiaeae? iioe?aiiy iaoai?/ieo neaiae?a
na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie ciai?oiuei? (FI) ae?? ia
ciie ni?eeiyooy iacaaieo neaiae?a ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
aiie?ooaeii–/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee (A*O) ia?aaeaaaeueii? ooieoe?? AON:
a?oa??y – i`ye? oeaieie a?iia`?eoa – ia?aoai?thaa/. Io?eiai? aeai?
iieacaee caeaaei?noue niaeo?o neaiaeo ia aoiae? ia?aoai?thaa/a a?ae
aaee/eie FI – ca oiiae neaaeiai i?eoeneaiiy (oene ia ciio ?a?no?aoe??
neaiaeo iaioee ca ae?anoie?/ia cia/aiiy oeneo e?ia? a a?oa???)
niinoa??aaeiny aeae?eaiiy iecueei/anoioieo neeaaeiaeo ioeueniaiai
neaiaeo.

Iieacaii, ui a a?aieoeyo ?icaeyiooi? iaiaaeaii? AON ia iiaeia iiynieoe
cia/ia aeae?eaiiy aeniei/anoioieo neeaaeiaeo ioeueniaiai neaiaeo ca
iii??ieo cia/aiue FI (oene ia ciio ?a?no?aoe?? neaiaeo ni?ai??iee oa
a?eueoee ca nenoie?/ia cia/aiiy oeneo e?ia? a a?oa???).

?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue ?icoe?aii? AON: ae?eyiea a?oa??? – i`ye? oeaieie
a?iia`?eoa – ia?aoai?thaa/. Ae?eyiea a?oa??? iiaeaethaaeany ye
noaoe?iia?ia, iae?i?eia a?ae?iaeeiai?/ia nenoaia c ?iciiae?eaieie ?
ci?iieie o cii? iaeeaaeaiiy naini?a ia?aiao?aie (i?oaei?noue no?iee,
ieiua ia?aoeio).

?en.2.Caeaaei?noue A*O i?iiaiaai? a?oa??? a?ae FI.

A*O ia?aaeaaaeueii? ooieoe?? ae?eyiee a?oa??? a ciio iaeeaaeaiiy
ia?aoai?thaa/a a caeaaeiino? a?ae FI, ca oiiae caaeaiiai ia ?? aoiae?
ioeueniaiai oeneo e?ia? i?i?ethno?iaaia ia ?en.2, aea FI = 0,5 I
a?aeiia?aea? neaaeiio, a FI = 2 I – iii??iiio i?eoeneaiith naini?a aei
ciie ?a?no?aoe?? neaiaeo, a f /a1 – – a?aeiioaiiy aiie?ooae aa?iii?e
ioeueniaiai neaiaeo (/anoioa 1 aa?iii?ee noaiiaeea 1 Aoe), ( –
iaocaiaeaeai?noue oaeeueiaiai iii?o ae?eyiee a?oa??? c aeenoaeueiith
/anoeiith nenoaie e?iaiia?ao a?iia`?eoa.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeea.?en.2
cana?ae/othoue aeae?eaiiy iecueei/anoioieo neeaaeiaeo ioeueniaiai
neaiaeo (FI = 0,5 I) ? oeae aoaeo iineeth? aiaeia?/ia yaeua, yea
niinoa??aa?oueny o i?ioean? ia?aaea/? neaiaeo na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo oeaiei
i?aai?cio ethaeeie aei iaaee/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, a oaeiae cia/ia
aeae?eaiiy aeniei/anoioieo neeaaeiaeo ioeueniaiai neaiaeo aeey iii??ieo
cia/aiue FI (FI = 2 I).

Anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? iaeueiaoi?ii? ae?aaiinoeee ca ioeuenii, ye?
iia`ycai? ?c /anoioiith naeaeoe??th ioeueniaiai neaiaeo ca ?aooiie ci?ie
FI . Oea noai?th? iaoiaeieia?/io ia?aaeoiiao iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
iaoiaeieia?? ioeueniiao???.

?ic?iaeaia iine?aeiaii – ia?aeaeueia iiaeaeue AON oi?ioaaiiy ioeueniaeo
neaiae?a ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie aoea iieeaaeaia a iniiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iiae?? a?iia`?eo – iaaee/iee ia?aoai?thaa/ o ciiao
?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???.

O?ao?e ?icae?e ?iaioe i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aca?iiae?? a?iia`?eo
– ia?aoai?thaa/ o iaoiaeao AIAe, neioaco no?oeoo? iaaee/ieo naini??a oa
i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???, iaa?oiooaaiith ?o
ia?aiao??a oa iaoiaeieia?? ?a?co?aoe?? i?iya?a aioo??oi?o IAN ia
iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie, ye? caaacia/othoue ?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a
ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a.

sse aoei iieacaii o iiia?aaeiueiio ?icae?e?, i?enooi?noue o AON
aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao??? iae?i?eiiai in–vivo aeaiaioo (a?oa???),
i?eaiaeeoue i?ae aieeaii iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a (FI) aei ci?ie
niaeo??a ioeueniaeo neaiae?a. Caaacia/aiiy ?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a o
ia`?eoiiio aei??? aeiaaa? noai?aiiy iaeiaeiaeo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy
a?oa??? a ??cieo ciiao i?ae /an ?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a. Oea iia`ycaii, o
caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, ?c aecia/aiiyi ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith
ia?aiao??a iine?aeiaii–ia?aeaeueii? iiaeae? AON ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/?
neaiae?a aeea.?en.1 aeey eiaeii? ?c cii; o?aooaaiiyi aeanoeainoae
a?oa???; ia?aooieii ? anoaiiaeaiiyi a?aeiia?aeieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
cia/aiue FI o eiaei?e cii?. Ciiaeueia ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue FI
aecia/a?oueny ciiaeueieie aiaoii?/ieie a?aei?iiinoyie a?iia`?eoa. Iaeiae
i?aaenoaaeaia iaoiaeeea ?a?no?aoe?? aaaaoiciiaeueiiai ioeueniaiai
neaiaeo aiane?aeie a?ii?caeeino? ia i?eaeaoia aeey iaaee/ii? i?aeoeee.

Iaa?oioiaaii e?eoa??e aieeao iaaee/iiai naini?a ia ioeuenia? eieeaaiiy
a?oa???, yeei ? aaee/eia ao?aeii? ae?? ia ia?aoai?thaa/ aai aeo?aeiee
neaiae naini?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii ca iiaeaeeth, noaia yei?
i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.3, aea FI – neea ciai?oiuei? ae?? c aieo iaaee/iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a ia ciio ?a?no?aoe?? ioeueniaiai neaiaeo.

?en.3.Noaia aei aecia/aiiy /anoee neee FI, ui i?eiaaea? ia a?oa??th.

Anoaiiaeaiiy ciiaeueii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo cia/aiue FI iiaeeeai ca oiiae
ieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy neee i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/a aei iiaa?oi? o?ea
ethaeeie.

Iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iiaaiaoe/ii? nenoaie ci?ie FI, e?ioeaaei
aeaiaioii yei? ? neeueoii, ui eiioaeoo? ?ooeeaei oi?oeai c iiaa?oiath
o?ea a?iia`?eoa, a oaeiae ?icoaooaaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/a neee ioeueniaiai
neaiaeo a aeaeo?e/iee neaiae ana?aaeei? cacia/aiiai neeueoiia.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeeiiaiiy oi?oey neeueoiia o aeaeyae? o?ainoi?iaoi?a neee
?c iaaiei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi eiai ieiu oa aei?noeino? neeueoiia aeicaiey?
eiio?iethaaoe ciai?oith ae?th ia ciie ni?eeiyooy ioeueniaeo neaiae?a ca
oeneii o iiaaiaoe/i?e nenoai?.

Neioaciaaia no?oeoo?a i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???
neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ia?aoai?thaa/?a, iiaaiaoe/ii? nenoaie
iacaeaaeiiai ?aaoethaaiiy neee i?eoeneaiiy inoaii?o aei iiaa?oi? o?ea
ethaeeie a ciiao ?a?no?aoe?? ioeueniaeo neaiae?a oa iaoai?/ieo
eieeaaeueieo nenoai 2 ii?yaeeo.

A iaeiiciiaeueieo iaoiaeao AIAe ae?aaiinoeee ca eieaeueieie oa
iaeieaeueieie i?iyaaie ia iiaa?oi? o?ea aioo??oi?o IAN a?iia`?eoa
?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeiaaa?, cie?aia, i?i?iaeueiiai ciai?oiueiai
aieeao ia ciie ni?eeiyooy neaiae?a ca aeia?eueieo, o?c?ieia?/ii
i?eionoeieo, cia/aiue FI. Caaacia/aiiy i?i?iaeueiiai ciai?oiueiai aieeao
ia ciio ni?eeiyooy neaiaeo ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa, ie??i ?ioiai,
ia?aaeaa/a? ?aaeoeoe?th ae?? FI ia ciie ni?eeiyooy neaiae?a ca ?aooiie
aeei?enoaiiy iii?iiai aeaiaioa eiino?oeoe?? ia?aoai?thaa/a. O aeiaaeeo
oiiiea?ae?iiao??? caaea/a aeine?aeaeoaaeany ca iiaeaeeth, aiaeia?/iith
aei cia?aaeaii? ia ?en.3. Inoaiiy aoea aeiiiaiaia iaoai?/iei ?iiaaeainii
ae?eyiee iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie, ui eiioaeoo? c iii?iei aeaiaioii
eiino?oeoe?? naini?a, yeee aoei aeeth/aii o iaoai?/iiio nain?
ia?aeaeueii aei iaaaioaaeaiiy aeaea?aea FI. Nooi?iue ?aaeoeoe?? ae?? FI
ia ciio ni?eeiyooy neaiaeo a?ae??ciy?oueny ciiaeueiith
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noth, o oiiiea?ae?iiao???, ia a?aei?io a?ae
ioeueniiao??? oa aiaenea?ae?iiao???, aiia iiaea noaiiaeoe a?eueoa
ii?yaeeo aaee/eie.

Aeey oiiinaini??a aaaeeeaith aeiiaith ? aeonoe/ia caaaaeino?ee?noue.
Neioaciaaii iiao no?oeoo?o oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny
aenieith no?ee?noth aei ciai?oiueiai aeonoe/iiai neaiaeo, iaoai?/ia
noi?iia yeiai i?aaenoaaey? eiia?iaoe?th eieeaaeueieo nenoai ae?oaiai
ii?yaeeo. *anoioe ?aciiaino ia?ai?uaiiy oeeo nenoai ciaoiaeyoueny ca
iaaeaie /anoioiiai niaeo?o oiiiea?ae?i–neaiaeo. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue iiai? no?oeoo?e naini?a.

Aiae?c aeonoe/ii? caaaaeino?eeino? cacia/aiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a aoei
i?iaaaeaii ca iiaeaeeth, noaia yei? iieacaia ia ?en.4, aea Y –
ia?ai?uaiiy ei?iono naini?a, m1, K1d, m2, K2d – eieeaaeueia iana oa
aei?noe?noue aeniei/anoioii? (/anoioa ?aciiaino ia?ai?uaiiy aeua ca
aa?oith iaaeo niaeo?a oiiiea?ae?i–neaiaeo) ? iecueei/anoioii?
eieeaaeueieo nenoai, a?aeiia?aeii, Zt – iaoai?/iee ?iiaaeain ae?eyiee
iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie ia ieiu? eiioaeoo c aeaiaioii aaaaeaiiy neaiaeo o
ia?aoai?thaa/ (iaeioii eiino?oeoe??).

?en.4. Iaoai?/ia noaia iiaeaethaaiiy ae?? aeonoe/ii? caaaaee ia
oiiiia?aoai?thaa/.

?acoeueoaoe o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
a iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe? i?aeoaa?aeeee aenieo aeonoe/io caaaaeino?ee?noue
iiai? no?oeoo?e oiiinaini?a, yea iaeaea ia ii?yaeie aaee/eie ia?aaaaea?
aeaiee iieaciee aeey a?aeiieo oiiiia?aoai?thaa/?a.

Iaoiaee/ia iioeaea ( ia?aoai?aiiy neee oiiiea?ae?i–neaiaeo oa aieea
?ooeeaino? ei?iona naini?a ia a?aeoai?thaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ca iiaeaeeth AON oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a o
oiiiea?ae?iiao???, cia?aaeaiith ia ?en.5, aea FO – aeaea?aei neaiaeo, ZO
– aioo??oi?e ii?? aeaea?aea neaiaeo, mt, Rt, Kt – – eieeaaeueia iana,
ii?? oa?oy oa aei?noe?noue ae?eyiee iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie, ui eiioaeoo?
c iaeioii ia?aoai?thaa/a, m1, R1, K1d, m2, R2, K2d – a?aeiia?aei?
ia?aiao?e aeniei/anoioii? oa iecueei/anoioii? eieeaaeueieo nenoai
iaoai?/ii? noi?iie oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a, ZE? – iaoai?/iee ?iiaaeain
aeaiaio?a cae??ieaiiy naini?a ia o?e? ethaeeie c o?aooaaiiyi ?iiaaeaino
ae?eyiee iiaa?oi? o?ea, ia yeo iie?athoueny oe? aeaiaioe.

?en.5. Iiaeaeue AON oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a o oiiiea?ae?iiao???.

Caeaaei?noue iioeaee ( iiai? no?oeoo?e oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a a?ae /anoioe a
niaeo?? /anoio oiiiea?ae?i – neaiaeo iieacaia ia ?en.6, aea b2 –
nooi?iue caniiei?iiy iecueei/anoioii? eieeaaeueii? nenoaie.

?en.6. Caeaaei?noue a?ae /anoioe a?aeiinii? iioeaee ( ia?aoai?aiiy neee
aeey neioaciaaii? no?oeoo?e naini?a a /anoioiiio ae?aiacii?
oiiiea?ae?i–neaiaeo.

Iaa?oioiaaii aeiiae aei ia?aiao??a iiai? no?oeoo?e oiiinaini?a, eiai
aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a oa aeaiaio?a cae??ieaiiy ia o?e? ethaeeie,
ye? caaacia/othoue a?aeoai?thaai?noue ni?eeiyooy oiiiea?ae?i – neaiaeo
ca aeia?eueieo, o?c?ieia?/ii i?eionoeieo, oiia ?a?no?aoe??.

A iaeiiciiaeueieo iaoiaeao AIAe ae?aaiinoeee ca iaeieaeueieie
iia?eueiici?iieie neaiaeaie (oiei–neaiae) ciai?oiy ae?y ia ia?aoai?thaa/
FI ia o?eueee aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa?enoeee ciie ni?eeiyooy neaiaeo, a aea?
oaeiae i?yiee aianie o aeo?aeiee neaiae iaaee/iiai naini?a. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy iii?iiai aeaiaioa eiino?oeoe?? ia?aoai?thaa/a
aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe /ooeea?noue naini?a aei ei?eniiai neaiaeo.

Caaea/a aeine?aeaeoaaeany ca iiaeaeeth AON oi?ioaaiiy neaiaeo a
oieiiao???, cia?aaeaiith ia ?en.7, aea Fo, Zo(() – ye ? ?ai?oa,
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaea?aea neaiaeo, Z11((), Z12((), Zd((), ZE?(() –
iaoai?/iee ?iiaaeain oeaiei i?aai?cio, ui eiioaeoothoue c aeaiaioii
aaaaeaiiy neaiaeo oa iii?iith iiaa?oiath ia?aoai?thaa/a; ao?aeiee
?iiaaeain naini?a oa aeaiaio?a eiai cae??ieaiiy ia o?e? ethaeeie,
a?aeiia?aeii.

?en.7. Iaoai?/ia noaia AON oi?ioaaiiy iaeieaeueiiai a?iiaoai?/iiai
neaiaeo ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie.

Iaa?oioiaaii aeiiae oa i?aaenoaaeaii iiiia?aie aeey aecia/aiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee ? aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a oieiia?aoai?thaa/?a o
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeoeoe?? aianeo FI o aeo?aeiee neaiae naini?a oa
iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee ia?aoai?aiiy neee i?iya?a ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ?iae?ee?
neaiaeo a?iiaoai?/ii? aeoeaiino? iaoee.

Oeueo?acaoeia? ia?aoai?thaa/? aeooa?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy i?aoeththoue o
?aaeei? iaiaaeaii? ?ioaineaiino? aei?ii?ithaaiiy, coiiaeaiiio
a?ieia?/iith ae??th oeueo?acaoeo. Iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/iiai ? o?ce/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/aii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?iai/ith /anoioith
ia?aoai?thaa/a oa ia?aiao?aie i`?ciaeaiaio?a aei?ii?ithaa/a ? i?eeia/a
OC – eieeaaiue, ye? caaacia/othoue iaeneiaeueio /ooeea?noue naini?a o
i?ioean? eieaoe?? na?oey ieiaeo.

No?oeoo?e ia?aoai?thaa/?a iaaaaeaii ia ?en.8:

a) o?aaiaio no?oeoo?e i?eno?ith aeey oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoiciiaeueiiai
ioeueniaiai neaiaeo;

a) ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey oiiiea?ae?iiao???;

a) naini??a aeey ioeueniiao??? oa aiaenea?ae?iiao???;

a) ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey ia`?iii? ioeueniiao???;

ae) naini??a aeey oieiiao???;

a) ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey oeueo?acaoeiai? eieaoe?? na?oey ieiaeo.

?en.8. No?oeoo?e ia?aoai?thaa/?a (i?eno?ith) aeey iaoiae?a
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???. 1 – ei?ion, 2 – /ooeea?
aeaiaioe, 3 – a?iia`?eo, Fd – – ao?aeia ae?y ia ia?aoai?thaa/, ? –
oene o iiaaiaoe/i?e nenoai?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaii oa iioei?ciaaii eiino?oeoeai?
iniaeeaino?, oaoiieia?/i? aniaeoe aeaioiaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee
iao?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy na??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe??
ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao??? o
iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

Iaa?oioiaaii aea?? ? cae??ieaiiy i`?ciaeaeo?e/iiai oa oaici?acenoeaiiai
/ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a aeey ia?aoai?aiiy neee i?iya?a ia iiaa?oi? o?ea
a?iia`?eoa aioo??oi?o iaoai?/ieo (aeonoe/ieo) neaiae?a a?aeiia?aeieo
eiioaeoieo naini??a; iaoa??aeo iaieiiee oa aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e, ye?
eiioaeoothoue c iiaa?oiath o?ea ethaeeie i?ae /an ianoaaeaiiy;
aei??thaaeueieo ? e?iaiaoe/ieo i?oaeieo aeaiaio?a, a oaeiae oaoiieia?/i?
aniaeoe aeaioiaeaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a.

?ic?iaeaii ? ocaiaeaeaii c i?aaiaie Aea?aenoaiaea?oo iaoiaeeee iia??ee
oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey ci?iaiiy a?iiaoai?/ieo
(a?iaeonoe/ieo) neaiae?a c iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie, ye? a?oioothoueny ia
oaoi?oe? ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a.

Iioei?ciaaii eiino?oeoe?th oeueo?acaoeiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a eieaoe??
na?oey ieiaeo, ooieoe??th oe?e? /iai aoei :

– aeey /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? – caaacia/aiiy iaeneioio
eiao?oe??ioa ia?aoai?aiiy K=U2 / Iae, aea U – iai?oaa ia aoiae?
i?aeneethaa/a, Iae – ?ioaineai?noue oeueo?acaoeiaiai iiey. Aaaaeaeiny,
ui E = E (S, f, (3, Z1, Z3), aea S – ieiua, f – – ?iai/a /anoioa
eaiaeo, Z1, Z3 – ieoii? aeonoe/i? iii?e aeaiioa?a ? i?ioaeoi?a /ooeeaeo
aeaiaio?a, (3 – oiaueia i?ioaeoi?a;

– aeey aei?ii?ithaa/a oeueo?acaoeiaeo eieeaaiue – caaacia/aiiy iaeneioio
eiao?oe??ioa ia?aoai?aiiy K1=Iae / ?ae , aea ?ae – iiooaei?noue
aeaeo?e/iiai caoaeaeaiiy. Aaaaeaeiny, ui K1 = K1 (S, f, (3, Z1, Z3) .

Iioeiaeueiith no?oeoo?ith aocea i`?ciaeaiaio?a OC – ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey
i?eeaae?a aeooa?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy ? cae??ieaiiy /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa aac
ooo/ii noi?iiaaiiai aeaiioa?a ca oiiae oiaueie i?ioaeoi?a, ui e?aoia
iieiaei? aeiaaeeie oaee? OC – eieeaaiue o iaoa??ae? i?ioaeoi?a.

?ic?iaeaii oaoi?/i? caniae aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee i`?ciaeaeo?e/iiai
aei?ii?ithaa/a ? i?eeia/a OC – eieeaaiue iaoiaeii ci?iiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, aea ca iaaaioaaeaiiy aoei aeei?enoaii: iia?o?y,
aeenoeeueiaaio aiaeo oa ae?oea?ei.

Iaa?oioiaaii caniae i?aeaeuaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eii? iaae?eiino? ?ic?iaeaieo
eiino?oeoe?e ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeey iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa
ea?ae?ioieiiao???.

O i`yoiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oaoi?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ia?aoai?thaa/?a neee
eieaeueieo a?iiaoai?/ieo oa a?iaeonoe/ieo, a oaeiae iaeieaeueieo
a?iiaoai?/ieo neaiae?a ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie, a oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe
iaaeeei–oaoi?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

?acoeueoaoe oaoi?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a
iaaaaeai? o oeueiio ?icae?e? ca aeaieie Aea?aeaaieo eiio?ieueieo
aei?iaoaaiue ia?oeo i?iieneiaeo ia?o?e naini??a (oaae.1), ca aeiyoeii
naini??a aeey oiiiea?ae?iiao??? oeio IO–01 oa ia?aoai?thaa/?a i?eno?ith
aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???, ?acoeueoaoe aeey yeeo aoee io?eiai?
i?ae /an Aea?aeaaieo i?eeiaeueieo aei?iaoaaiue aeine?aeieo c?ace?a.

Ia?aoai?thaa/? oeio IIO – 02 iaee ianooii? oa?aeoa?enoeee:

– ?iai/a /anoioa (2,640 ( 0,001) Iaoe,

– ?ioaineai?noue aei?ii?ithaaiiy ( 20 iAo/ni2.

?acoeueoaoe iaaee/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeiino? ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? aioo??oi?o
IAN ia iiaa?oi? o?ea a?iia`?eoa.

On? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeo c?ace?a
iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ia?iaeyeeny c ??aiai aa?aio?? aeniiaeo 0,95.

1. Aaaaoiciiaeueiee ioeueniaee neaiae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii iaoiaeii o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.
Ae?eyiea a?oa??? iiaeaethaaeany ca aeiiiiiaith eaoaenii? o?oaee ?c
aeio?eiaiiyi aaiiao?e/ieo e?eoa???a iiae?aiino?. Ioeueniaee neaiae
iiaeaethaaany ?iioeuenaie oeneo o aeaeyae? i?aneioni?aee c /anoioith
ne?aeoaaiiy (60 – 120) oa–1, oia?oaao?noue neaiaeo ci?ithaaeany o iaaeao
(3,20 – 7,14). Neea i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a aei o?oaee noaiiaeea
(0,2 ( 0,025) I.

Ioeuenia? eieeaaiiy no?iee o?oaee ?a?no?oaaeeny ca o/anoth 6 iine?aeiaii
?icoaoiaaieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a (2 i?eno?i?a, ca e?euee?noth eaiae?a o
ioeueniae?aaiinoe/iiio eiiieaen? “Ioeuen”) ? ioe?ithaaeeny ca
aeiiiiiaith iieacieea, ui aei??aithaaa a?aeiioaiith iiooaeiinoae niaeo?o
neaiaeo a ae?aiacii? /anoio (0,5 – 10) Aoe oa (10 – 48) Aoe. O
oeeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaae? i?ieeaino? na?aaeiueiai o ia`?eoiiio aei???
cia/aiiy oeueiai iieacieea ia ia?aaaaeaee ( 6,5%.

A?aeoai?thaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ca o/anoth ??cieo iia?aoi??a aecia/aeany
ca 7 niinoa?aaeaiiyie i?e /anoio? ioeuenaoe?e 120 oa–1 oa oia?oaaoino?
3,8. Iaae? i?ieeaino? na?aaei?o cia/aiue aeey eiaeiiai ?c 6 eaiae?a
?a?no?aoe?? ioeueniaeo neaiae?a ia ia?aaaaeaee ( 8%.

2. Iaeiiciiaeuei? neaiaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii ca o/anoth 3 iia?aoi??a.

– Ioeueniaee neaiae (ia?aoai?thaa/? oeio INA–02).

Ianoaaeaii 27 in?a o a?oe? (30(11) ?ie?a, 20 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ? 7
in?a oai?eo ia a?ia?oii?/io oai?iao oa ?aaiiea?aeeo. Iaae? i?ieeaino?
a?aeiinieo iieaciee?a ioeueniaiai neaiaeo ia ia?aaaaeaee (11%, a
aaniethoieo (15% na?aaei?o cia/aiue.

– Oiiiea?ae?i – neaiae (ia?aoai?thaa/? oeio IO – 01).

Ianoaaeaii 47 in?a o a?oe? (36 ( 9) ?ie?a. Niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee
i?iaaaeai? c aeei?enoaiiyi iecueei/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee L
oiiiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai eaiaeo. Iaae? i?ieeaino? /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee
neaiaeo ia ia?aaaaeaee ( 4%, a aaniethoieo aiie?ooaeieo iieaciee?a ( 10%
na?aaei?o cia/aiue.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao neee i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a aei
o?ea ethaeeie ia ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a.

1.Ioeueniaee neaiae (ia?aoai?thaa/? oeio INA – 02).

Ianoaaeaii 39 in?a o a?oe? (33 ( 15) ?ie?a. O i?ioean? ianoaaeaiiy neea
i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a Fi aei o?ea ci?ithaaeany o ae?aiacii?
cia/aiue (1 – 5) I c e?ieii (1,00 ( 0,08) I. Iaae? i?ieeaino?
aaniethoieo aiie?ooaeieo iieaciee?a neaiae?a ia ia?aaaaeaee ( 10%
na?aaei?o cia/aiue, ui ia ii?yaeie aaee/eie iaioa o ii??aiyii? c
a?aeiieie naini?aie aeaiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

2. Oiiiea?ae?i – neaiae (ia?aoai?thaa/? oeio IO – 01).

Ianoaaeaii 47 in?a o a?oe? (36 ( 9)?ie?a. Niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai?
c aeei?enoaiiyi iecueei/anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee L oiiiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai
eaiaeo. O i?ioean? ianoaaeaiiy neea i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a Fi aei
o?ea ci?ithaaeany o ae?aiacii? cia/aiue (1 – 5) I c e?ieii (1,00 ( 0,08)
I. Iaae? i?ieeaino? iaea?eueo /ooeeaeo aei Fi aiie?ooaeieo iieaciee?a
neaiaeo ia ia?aaaaeaee ( 9% na?aaei?o cia/aiue.

?aaeoeoe?y aieeao neee i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/a ia ciio ni?eeiyooy
neaiaeo (aianeo o aaee/eio aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo)

1.Ia?aoai?thaa/? oeio IAE – 02.

Ianoaaeaii 38 in?a o a?oe? (28 ( 8) ?ie?a. ?aaeoeoe?y ae?? Fi ia ciie
ni?eeiyooy neaiae?a aecia/aeany ca ia?ao?aeiei i?ioeanii, ui aeieeaa i?e
nooi?i/ano?e ci?i? Fi ia aaee/eio (1,00 ( 0,08) I. ??cieoey
?ic?aoiaaiiai ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai cia/aiue ?aaeoeoe?? ia ia?aaaaeaea
( 16%.

2. Ia?aoai?thaa/? oeio IN – 02.

Ianoaaeaii 15 in?a ae?ii/i? noao? o a?oe? (25 ( 5) ?ie?a. Neea
i?eoeneaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a Fi ci?ithaaeany o ae?aiacii? cia/aiue (1 –
5) I c e?ieii (2,0 ( ( 0,1)I. ??cieoey ?ic?aoiaaiiai ?
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai cia/aiue ?aaeoeoe?? aianeo Fi o aeo?aeiee neaiae
naini??a ia ia?aaaaeaea ( 17%.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a??ia?aeiino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
i?aai?cio ethaeeie ca aeaieie aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???

Ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioeueniae?aaiinoe/iiai eiiieaeno “Ioeuen”, o
neeaae? yeiai aeei?enoaii ?ic?iaeai? i?eno?i? aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii?
ioeueniiao???, i?iaiaeeeeny aac iiia?aaeiueiai c`ynoaaiiy aiaiiaco
aeeooy oa caoai?thaaiino?, ee?i?/iiai oa eaai?aoi?iiai ianoaaeaiiy
ethaeae. Anueiai aoei ianoaaeaii 117 in?a o a?oe? (19 – 55) ?ie?a,
na?aae ieo 42 iniae /ieia?/i? oa 75 ae?ii/i? noao?.

C iaoith c`ynoaaiiy aeinoia??iino? ?acoeueoao?a ioeueniai? ae?aaiinoeee
ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno “Ioeuen” i?ecia/aeeny ianooii? aeiaeaoeia?
ianoaaeaiiy: OCAe, aiaeineii?/ia oa eaai?aoi?iee aiae?c na/?, ye?
caeaaeaee a?ae ?acoeueoao?a ne??i?iao noaio caei?ia`y ianoaaeaieo.

O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aeiaeaoeiaa ianoaaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii,
iiia?aaei?e ae?aaiic iaoiaeii ioeueniai? ae?aaiinoeee ca
o?aaonueei–iiiaieueneith iaaeeoeeiith i?aeoaa?aeeany o 94% aeiaaee?a.

?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee aeonoe/ii? caaaaeino?eeino? oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a IO –
01.

Ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeonoe/ii? caaaaeino?eeino? iiaiai
oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a IO – 01 ? iiaeae? 25D o??ie Siemens aoei i?iaaaeaii a
ae?oa?e na?aaeiuei/anoioi?e nioc? m2 oiiiea?ae?ia?ao?/iiai eaiaeo i?e
??ai? ciai?oiueiai ooio 55 aeA. Ianoaaeaii 31 iniao o a?oe? (34 ( 15)
?ie?a. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aaenoaaeai? a oaae.2.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea

aeonoe/ii? caaaaeino?eeino? oiiiia?aoai?thaa/?a

Oei oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a A?aeiioaiiy neaiae / ooi

25D

IO–01 (10(2) : 1

(103(11) : 1

O aeiaeaoeao i?aaenoaaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?ic?iaeaieo o ?iaio? iiaeo iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a; ae?aaiinoe/ieo
nenoai oa eiiieaen?a, a yeeo canoiniaaii ?ic?iaeai? naini?e, a oaeiae
aeai? i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

AENIIAEE

1. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iniiae oai??? AON oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?/ieo ?
aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a a?ae aioo??oi?o aeaea?ae ia iiaa?oi? o?ea
a?iia`?eoa, aea ?icaeyiooi o noeoiiino? : aioo??oi? aeaea?aei neaiaeo –
ia?aaeaaaeueia na?aaeiaeua i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie – iaaee/iee
ia?aoai?thaa/. I?eioeeiia? iniaeeaino? iiaeaeae no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a
aeine?aeaeaieo nenoai iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio.

Aeaea?aei neaiaeo :

ioeueniiao??y – aeaoa?i?iiaaia, noaoe?iia?ia, ia?aiao?e/ia iiaeaeue
ioeueniaeo eieeaaiue ae?eyiee a?oa??? ye iae?i?eii? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii?
nenoaie c ?iciiae?eaieie ? ci?iieie a cii? iaeeaaeaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/a
ia?aiao?aie (oiion, ieiua ia?aoeio);

oiiiea?ae?iiao??y, ea?ae?ioieiiao??y – aeaoa?i?iiaaia, noaoe?iia?ia
iiaeaeue ia?ai?uaiiy aeeaeiieo no?oeoo? i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

Ia?aaeaaaeueia a?ieia?/ia na?aaeiaeua – aeaoa?i?iiaaia, noaoe?iia?ia,
ia?aiao?e/ia, iine?aeiaii–ia?aeaeueia iiaeaeue iae?i?eiiai ?aieia?/iiai
na?aaeiaeua ?c cina?aaeaeaieie ? ci?iieie o ciiao ?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a
ia?aiao?aie.

Iaaee/i? ia?aoai?thaa/? – ia?aoai?thaa/? iaoai?/ieo ? aeonoe/ieo aaee/ei
o aeaeo?e/iee neaiae, iaoai?/ia noi?iia yeeo i?aaenoaaey? eiia?iaoe??
eieeaaeueieo nenoai ??cii? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee.

?aae?caoe?y nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aeicaieeea noai?eoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe o
na??eia ae?iaieoeoai oa iaaee/io i?aeoeeo ?yae iiaeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a
oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a aeey iaoiae?a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa
ea?ae?ioieiiao???, ye? caaacia/othoue a?aeoai?thaai?noue oa ?aei?noue
ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? cacia/aieo neaiae?a.

2. Anoaiiaeaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaethaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue caeiiii??iino? aca?iiae?? c a?iia`?eoii eiioaeoieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a o?ce/ieo aaee/ei iaoai?/ieo ? aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a, a
oaeiae iniaeeaino?, ui ni?e/eiythoue ao?aoo ?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a
ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a oa iaaeinoaoith caoeuai?noue a?ae ae??
?iioeuenii? a?iiaoai?/ii? caaaaee (a?oaoaeo?a) a iaoiaeao
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???.

Cie?aia, ca oiiae ci?ie neee ciai?oiueiai oeneo ia ciie ?a?no?aoe??
neaiae?a o ae?aiacii? cia/aiue (0 – 2) I:

– iiaeoeue ia?aaeaaaeueii? ooieoe?? i`yeeo oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie a
iaeano? i?iiaiaaeo a?oa??e noaiiaeoue (50 – 600) I/i;

– ae?aiacii cia/aiue eiao?oe??ioa ?iciiae?eo cacia/aii? neee i?ae
aeaiaioaie a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a o aeiaaeeo
i?iiaiaaeo a?oa??e ethaeeie noaiiaeoue (0,25 – 0,6).

Aeiaaaeaii: iaoiaeeea aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao??? ca eaiiiaie
no?aeii? iaaeeoeeie a?oioo?oueny ia niaeo?aeuei?e naeaeoe?? ioeueniaeo
neaiae?a, ui eeaneo?eo? ?? ye iaoiaeeeo c aei?noei aecia/aieie oiiaaie
ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a ? noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
iaoiae?a ia?iaee oa aiae?co neaiae?a, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?aaiinoeee.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ica‘yceo cacia/aiee caaea/ iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeieia?/i?
aniaeoe (oiiae canoinoaaiiy, oaoi?/i? oa aio?iiiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oaoi?/ieo cania?a oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a) iaeii– ? aaaaoiciiaeueii? AIAe ca
aioo??oi?ie IAN nenoaie e?iaiia?ao a?iia`?eoa, ye? caaacia/othoue
a?aeoai?thaai?noue oa ?aei?noue ni?eeiyooy ? ia?aaea/? oeeo neaiae?a ca
o?c?ieia?/ii i?eionoeieo oiia ianoaaeaiiy (iia?aoi?, /an, i?noea oiui)
oa o ia`?eoiiio aei???.

3. Neioaciaaii iia? no?oeoo?e:

– ia?aoai?thaa/?a neee aeey oiiiea?ae?iiao???, ye? caaacia/othoue
a?aeoai?thaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a ca aeia?eueieo, o?c?ieia?/ii
i?eionoeieo, oiia ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a oa aenieo aeonoe/io
caaaaeino?ee?noue;

– ia?aoai?thaa/?a neee aeey oieiiao??? c iaiaaeaieie iaoiaee/iith
iioeaeith ? aianeii neee i?eoeneaiiy naini?a aei o?ea ethaeeie o
aeo?aeiee neaiae; oa

– i?eno?ith oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???,
yeee caaacia/o? ?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a o ia`?eoiiio aei??? ca oiiae
iaeiaeiaeo aeo?aeieo neaiae?a a ??cieo ciiao ?a?no?aoe??;

4. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo iao?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa
aio?iiiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ooieoe?iiaeueii noi?nieo c a?iia`?eoii o
cii? ?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao?e/ieo oa
ea?ae?ioieiiao?e/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a.

Iaa?oioiaaii ? iioei?ciaaii eiino?oeoi?nueei – oaoiieia?/i? iniaeeaino?
i?iaeooaaiiy oa aeaioiaeaiiy ? ?ica`ycaii caaea/? iao?ieia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? cacia/aieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a o
iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe?. A?aeiia?aei? iaoiaeeee iia??ee ocaiaeaeai? c
i?aaiaie Aea?aenoaiaea?oo, aiie a?oioothoueny ia oaoi?oe? ia?ao?aeieo
i?ioean?a.

5. ?acoeueoaoe iaaeeei – oaoi?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeina?ae na??eiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy cana?ae/othoue:

– a?aeiia?aei?noue iao?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa aio?iiiiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a iiaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a no/aniei aeiiaai iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee
aei naini??a aeaiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

– ocaiaeaeaiiy iao?ieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ia?aoai?thaa/?a c ?ic?aoiaaieie
cia/aiiyie, iaea?eueoa ?ica?aei?noue niinoa??aaeany aeey eiao?oe??ioa
ia?aoai?aiiy neee ioeueniaeo neaiae?a naini??a, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
i?eno?ith aeey aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???, yea ia ia?aaeuoaaea ±27%;

– ?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a o iia?e iaoiaeeoe? aaaaoiciiaeueii?
ioeueniiao??? – i?ieea?noue niaeo?aeueieo ioe?iie ioeueniaeo neaiae?a ia
ia?aaaaeaea ± 8 %;

– a?aeoai?thaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a o iaeiiciiaeueieo iaoiaeao
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? – i?e ci?i? neee i?eoeneaiiy naini?a aei o?ea
ethaeeie a iaaeao aei 5I a?aieoe? i?ieeaino? aiie?ooaeieo iieaciee?a
oiiiea?ae?i–neaiaeo ia ia?aaaaeaee ± 9 %, ui iaeaea o 5 ?ac?a iaioa, a
ioeueniaiai neaiaeo – ± 10 %, ui ia ii?yaeie aaee/eie iaioa o ii??aiyii?
c a?aeiieie ia?aoai?thaa/aie a?aeiia?aeiiai i?ecia/aiiy ;

– aenieo aeonoe/io caaaaeino?ee?noue iiai? no?oeoo?e oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a,
yea ia ii?yaeie aaee/eie ia?aaaaea? oeae iieaciee aeey a?aeiieo
oiiinaini??a.

6. Noai?aii ? ai?aaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai oa iaaee/io i?aeoeeo ?yae
iiaeo ooieoe?iiaeueii noi?nieo c a?iia`?eoii aenieiaoaeoeaieo oa
aca?iicai?iieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a neee a?iiaoai?/ieo ? a?iaeonoe/ieo
neaiae?a nenoaie e?iaiia?ao a?iia`?eoa, a naia, aeey:

– aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao??? (o neeaae? i?eno?ith);

– iaeiiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao??? IIA – 02, INA – 02;

– aiaenea?ae?iiao??? IAE – 02;

– oiiiea?ae?iiao??? IO – 01;

– oieiiao??? IN – 02;

– oeueo?acaoeiai? eieaoe?? na?oey ieiaeo IIO – 02,

ui oiiaeeeaeei:

– ?icii/aoe a Oe?a?i? na??eia ae?iaieoeoai iii?oi??a aeooa?nueeiai
i?ecia/aiiy oeio III – 01 ? IEI – 02;

– i?aeaeuaiiy iaoiaeieia?/iiai ??aiy iiaeo iie?a?ao?/ieo nenoai I*4 –
02, I*6 – 02 oa I*8 – 02;

– noai?aiiy iiaeo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo cania?a ae?aaiinoeee
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? na?oeaai–noaeeiii? nenoaie i?aai?cio ethaeeie:
ea?ae?iiie?a?aoa, iie?a?ao?/ii? nenoaie “Oiiiea?ae – 01”,
“Aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ioeueniae?aaiinoe/iiai eiiieaeno o?aaonueei?
iaaeeoeeie”.

7. ?icaeiooee nenoaiiee a?ioaoi?/iee i?aeo?ae o ae??oaii? i?iaeai
noai?aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii noi?nieo c i?aai?ciii ethaeeie iaaee/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy ye aeaiaio?a AON oi?ioaaiiy
neaiae?a a?iia`?eoa ? iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith iiaeaeueoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? aaaaoiciiaeueii? ioeueniiao???, i?iaeai
aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo e?ia? ca iaoiaeaie ??aa –
?i//? – Ei?ioeiaa ? inoeeeiiao???, ?ic?iaee iiaeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey
ae?aaiinoeee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio noaeiaei, o?aaoa ? o.?i.

NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Nia?aeia A.A., Noi?/oi ?.A. A?iiaaee/i? aei??thaaeuei?
ia?aoai?thaa/?: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee.–Euea?a: Eaeueaa??y,1997.–112n.

2. Nia?aeia A.A., Noi?/oi ?.A. Caaaaeino?ee?noue aeaieiioo?iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a oiiiea?ae?ineaiaeo // A?niee Aea?ae.oi?aa?–oo
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.– 1994.– ? 280. –N. 60–63.

3. Nia?aeia A.A., Noi?/oi ?.A., Neaa?oe/ I.E. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee eiiieaen
aeey aeni?an – ae?aaiinoeee ia iniia? iaoiae?a cao?aeii? oa
o?aaonueei–iiiaieuenueei? iaaeeoeeie //Oe?a?inueeee aeo?iae iaaee/ii?
oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia??.–1997.–? 1–2.–N.42– – 46.

4. Noi?/oi ?.A. Iiaeaethaaiiy no?oeoo?e eiioaeoiiai oiiiia?aoai?thaa/a
// Oe?a?inueeee aeo?iae iaaee/ii? oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia??.–1997.–?
3–4.–N.84–87.

5. Noi?/oi ?. Aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeaea?aea a?iiaoai?/iiai neaiaeo //
A?niee Aea?ae.oi?aa?–oo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. –1997.– ? 326.– N.75
–76.

6. Noi?/oi ?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee oiiiia?aoai?thaa/?a //
A?niee Aea?ae.oi?aa?–oo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. –1997.– ? 326.– N. 77
– 79.

7. Noi?/oi ?.A. Iioei?caoe?y aocea i`?ciaeaiaio?a oeueo?acaoeiaeo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a aeooa?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy // Oaoi?/i?
a?no?.–1998.–?1(6)–2(7).–N.79–80.

8. Aca?aaaa E.I., Ai?iiiaa A.A., Iiieaooei A.I., Noi?/oi A.A. Ono?ienoai
?aaeno?aoeee ioeueniaie aieiu // Iaaeeoeeineay oaoieea.–1998.–?2.–N.
28–32.

9. Nia?aeia A., Noi?/oi ?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaaeino?eeino?
oiiiia?aoai?thaa/?a // A?niee Aea?ae.oi?aa?–oo “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea”.–1998.– ? 343.– N.150–153.

10. Noi?/oi ?. Iiaeaethaaiiy aeaiaio?a a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie oieiiao???
// A?niee Aea?ae. oi?aa?–oo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.–1998.– ? 343.–
N.156–158.

11 Noi?/oi A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea oa?aeoa?enoee eiioaeoiuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae
aeey oiiiea?aeeia?aoee // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiay iaaeeoeeineay aiia?aoo?a:
O?oaeu AIEE iaaeeoeeineiai i?eai?ino?iaiey.– I.:1985.– N. 45–47.

12.Noi?/oi A.A., Eiaac E.E., Oai?ee O.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia
enneaaeiaaiea ?aaiou iueaciyeaiaioa i?e caaeaiiie iiuiinoe
yeaeo?e/aneiai neaiaea // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiay iaaeeoeeineay aiia?aoo?a:
O?oaeu AIEE iaaeeoeeineiai i?eai?ino?iaiey.– I.: 1986.– N.76–79.

13.Iaoeeaae/ A.A., Noi?/oi A.A., Aaeaaaiiaa E.?. Iniaaiiinoe ?ac?aaioee
oaoiieiaee ecaioiaeaiey aeao/eeia // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiay iaaeeoeeineay
aiia?aoo?a: O?oaeu AIEE iaaeeoeeineiai i?eai?ino?iaiey.– I.:1986.–
N.103–108.

14. Aieaeaineee Ae.N., Eocue I.I., Noi?/oi A.A. Aeao/ee aeuoaiey ia
iniiaa yeanoe/iie o?oaee e iueaciyeaiaioa // ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiay
iaaeeoeeineay aiia?aoo?a: O?oaeu AIEE iaaeeoeeineiai i?eai?ino?iaiey.–
I.: 1986.– N.76–79.

15. Noi?/oi A.A., Eiaac E.I., Iaeueiee A.I. Oa?aeoa?enoeee na?eeiuo
iueaciyeaiaioia aeey i?eiaiyaiuo a aeooa?noaa i?aia?aciaaoaeae //
?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiay iaaeeoeeineay aiia?aoo?a. O?oaeu AIEE iaaeeoeeineiai
i?eai?ino?iaiey. – I.:1987.– N.86–93.

16. Noi?/oi A.A. I?aia?aciaaoaee aeey oiiiea?aeeia?aoee n aeaeie
naycueth // ?ac?aaioea e i?iecaiaenoai iaaeeoeeineie aiia?aoo?u: O?oaeu
AIEE iaaeeoeeineiai i?eai?ino?iaiey.– I.: 1990.– N.18–20.

17. Noi?/oi A.A., Nia?aeia A.A. Iaaeeoeeineea i?aia?aciaaoaee
iiiaiciiiie ioeueniiao?ee // Yeaeo?iieea e
naycue.–1998.–?4.–/.1.–N.46–49.

18. Noi?/oi ?.A. Iae?i?ei? aoaeoe iioe?aiiy iaoai?/iiai neaiaeo
na?aaeiaeuai i`yeeo oeaiei a?iia`?eoa // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
?inoeoooo i?iaeai iiaeaethaaiiy a aia?aaoeoe? IAI Oe?a?ie. –1998.– ? 4.–
N. 78– 81.

19. Noi?/oi ?.A. Oiiae ?a?no?aoe?? aaaaoiciiaeueiiai ioeueniaiai neaiaeo
// Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?inoeoooo i?iaeai iiaeaethaaiiy a
aia?aaoeoe? IAI Oe?a?ie. –1998.– ? 4.– N. 81– 83.

20. Noi?/oi A.A. Eiioaeoiua i?aia?aciaaoaee aeey oiiiea?aeeia?aoee //
Oacenu Ananithciie eiioa?aioeee “Iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa ecia?aiey
iaoaie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia a nenoaiao eiio?iey e oi?aaeaiey”.–Iaica: AIOI
ei. N.Aaaeeiaa.– 1989.– – N.117–119.

21. Nia?aeia A.A., Noi?/oi ?.A., Nia?aeiaa O.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy a?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai // Oace I?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai–oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Aeina?ae ?ic?iaee oa canoinoaaiiy
i?eeaaei–oaoiieia?/ieo NAI? i?e?iaeaeo?ii?ee”.–Euea?a: I?iina?oe
Oe?a?ie.– 1995.– *.1.– N.15–16.

22. Noi?/oi ?.A. Iiaeaethaaiiy nenoaie ?a?no?aoe?? a?iiaoai?/iiai
neaiaeo ia?aei?a ?iae?ee? // Oace 4 I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai–oaoi?/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeina?ae ?ic?iaee oa canoinoaaiiy i?eeaaei–oaoiieia?/ieo
NAI? i?e?iaeaeo?ii?ee”.–Euea?a: I?i.ina?oe Oe?a?ie.– 1997.– N.178–179.

23. Naeaeaoaeuenoai ia i?iiia?acaoe ? 16398 NNN?. I?aia?aciaaoaeue aeey
noeaiia?oa?eia?aoee/A.A.Noi?/oi, A.A.Inuea,E.E.Neiyaaa, A.A. Iaoeeaae/,
E.I.Ieeeyi/oe (NNN?).– ? 28306; Cayaeaii 05.03.83; Ca?aaeno?e?iaaii
10.01.84; Iioae. Athe. I?iiuoeaiiua ia?acoeu. Oiaa?iua
ciaee.–1984.–?4.–N.65 .

24. A.n. 1568968 NNN?, IEE A 61B 5/02.I?aia?aciaaoaeue aeey
oiiiea?aeeia?aoee/ A.A. Noi?/oi, Ae.N. Aieaeaineee, I.I. Uea?y, N.I.
Eoaey?iaaoe ( NNN? ). – ?4364072/28–13; Cayaeaii 15.01.88; Iioae.
07.06.90, Athe. ? 21. –2n.

25. A.n.1597174 NNN?, IEE A 61B 5/02. Aeao/ee aeey aiaenea?aeeia?aoee
/ A.A.Noi?/oi, A.A. Oeuaiei, E.A. Eooie?oe, Ae.N. Aieaeaineee ( NNN?
). – ?4056431/30 –14; Cayaeaii 14.04.86; Iioae. 07.09.90, Athe. ?
37.–2n.

26. A.n. 1808305 NNN?, A 61B 5/02. I?aia?aciaaoaeue aeey
oiiiea?aeeia?aoee / A.A. Noi?/oi (NNN?).– ? 4868979/14; Cayaeaii
25.09.90; Iioae.15.04.93, Athe. ? 14.– – 2n.

27. Iaoaio 2085111 ?inney, IEE N1 6A 61A 5/02. Ono?ienoai aeey ecia?aiey
ioeuena /Aca?aaaa E.I. (?inney), Ai?iiiaa A.A. (?inney), Iiieaooei A. I.
(?inney), Noi?/oi A.A. (Oe?aeia).–? 93052557/14; Cayae.15.11.93; Iioae.
27.07.97, Athe. ?21. – 5n.

28.Iiaeaethaaiiy iioe?aiiy iaoai?/ieo neaiae?a o na?aaeiaeu? i`yeeo
oeaiei i?aai?cio ethaeeie / Noi?/oi ?.A.; Aea?ae. oi?aa?neoao
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.–Euea?a,1996. –7n.– Oe?.– Aeai. a AeIOA
Oe?a?ie 09.01.97 ?., ? 42 – Oe 97 // Aiio. a ?ao. ae. Aeaiiiiaai?
iaoeia? ?iaioe. – 1998. – ?1. – n.101.

Noi?/oi ?.A. A?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie a iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa
ea?ae?ioieiiao???: oaoi?/i? caniae oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a.– ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.11.17 – iaaee/i? i?eeaaee oa nenoaie – Aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iaoiaeieia?? ?ino?oiaioaeueieo
iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee ca a?iiaoai?/ieie neaiaeaie na?oeaai–noaeeiii?
nenoaie a?iia`?eoa. ?ic?iaeaii iniiae oai??? a?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai
oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a ia iiaa?oi? o?ea ethaeeie. Anoaiiaeaii
caeiiii??iino? aca?iiae?? iaaee/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?c ciiaie
?a?no?aoe?? neaiae?a oa iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe caaacia/aiiy
?aeiino? io?eioaaieo ?acoeueoao?a o iaeii– ? aaaaoiciiaeueieo iaoiaeao
iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??? oa ea?ae?ioieiiao???. ?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a o
aaaaoiciiaeuei?e ioeueniiao??? aeinyaa?oueny ca oiiae ??aiiaaeeei? ae??
ia ??ci? ae?eyiee iae?i?eii? in vivo a?oa??aeueii? nenoaie, a a
iaeiiciiaeueieo iaoiaeao – ca oiiae ?iaa??aioiino? aca?iiae?? iaaee/ieo
naini??a ?c a?iia`?eoii ca aeia?eueieo, o?c?ieia?/ii i?eionoeieo, oiia
ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a. Neioaciaaii no?oeoo?e, ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae? oa iioei?ciaaii eiino?oeoe?? ?yaeo iiaeo iaaee/ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ye? ai?iaaaeaeaii a na??eia ae?iaieoeoai ? iaaee/io
i?aeoeeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie, iaoaiiea?ae?iiao??y,
ea?ae?ioieiiao??y, iaaee/i? ia?aoai?thaa/?.

Noi?/oi A.A. Aeioaoie/aneea nenoaiu a iaoaiiea?aeeiiao?ee e
ea?aeeioieiiao?ee: oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa oi?ie?iaaiey neaiaeia.–
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.11.17 – iaaeeoeeineea i?eai?u e
nenoaiu–Ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao “Eueaianeay iieeoaoieea”, Eueaia,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia aii?inai iaoiaeieiaee
eino?oiaioaeueiuo iaoiaeia aeiiaoaie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee
ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey na?aea/ii–ninoaeenoie nenoaiu aeiiauaeoa.
?ac?aaioaiu iniiau oai?ee aeioaoie/aneeo nenoai oi?ie?iaaiey
iaoaie/aneeo e aeonoe/aneeo neaiaeia nenoaiu e?iaiia?auaiey ia
iiaa?oiinoe oaea /aeiaaea iaeii – e iiiaiciiiuo iaoiaeia aeeaaiinoeee a
iaoaiiea?aeeiiao?ee e ea?aeeioieiiao?ee. Enoi/ieee aioo?aiieo neaiaeia,
ia?aaeathuay n?aaea iyaeeo oeaiae aeiiauaeoa iiaeaee?iaaeenue
aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiuie, ia?aiao?e/aneeie iiaeaeyie iaeeiaeiuo iauaeoia n
nin?aaeioi/aiiuie e ?ani?aaeaeaiiuie ia?aiao?aie, cia/aiey eioi?uo a
ciiao nuaia neaiaeia ii?aaeaeythony acaeiiaeaenoaeai n iaaeeoeeineeie
i?aia?aciaaoaeyie. Iaoaie/aneay noi?iia i?aia?aciaaoaeae
iiaeaee?iaaeanue eiiaeiaoeeyie eieaaaoaeueiuo nenoai ?acee/iie
oece/aneie i?e?iaeu.

Onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe: oi?ie?iaaiey iaoaie/aneeo e aeonoe/aneeo
neaiaeia io aioo?aiieo enoi/ieeia ia iiaa?oiinoe oaea /aeiaaea;
acaeiiaeaeno–aey eiioaeoiuo i?aia?aciaaoaeae n ciiaie ?aaeno?aoeee
neaiaeia, a oaeaea ini–aaiiinoe acaeiiaeaenoaey, ia?ooathuea
aini?iecaiaeeiinoue e aucuaathuea aeey–iea eiioeueniie aeiiaoaie/aneie
iiiaoe (a?oaoaeoia) ia ?acoeueoaou nuaia oea–caiiuo neaiaeia.

Iainiiaaiu o?aaiaaiey e i?aia?aciaaoaeyi e iaoiaeeeai eo i?eiaiaiey,
iaania/eaathuea aaeeinoai e aini?iecaiaeeiinoue oi?ie?iaaiey neaiaeia a
iaeii– e iiiaiciiiuo iaoiaeao aeeaaiinoeee iaoaiiea?aeeiiao?ee e
ea?aeeioieiiao?ee.

A iaeiiciiiuo iaoiaeao aeeaaiinoeee aini?iecaiaeeiinoue ?acoeueoaoia
iaania/eaaaony i?e oneiaee eiaa?eaioiinoe acaeiiaeaenoaey
i?aia?aciaaoaeae n aeiiauaeoii i?e oeceieiae/anee aeiionoeiuo oneiaeyo
ianeaaeiaaiey iaoeeaioia, /oi aeinoeaaaony iooai ?ani?aaeaeaiey
oaoiieiae/anee iaiaoiaeeiiai i?eaeeia iaaeeoeeineiai aeao/eea e oaeo
/aeiaaea iaaeaeo yeaiaioaie ooieoeeiiaeueiuo aeioaoie/aneeo nenoai
oi?ie?iaaiey neaiaeia.

Iieacaii, /oi iaoiaeeea iiiaiciiiie ioeueniiao?ee iniiaaia ia /anoioiie
naeaeoeee ioeueniauo neaiaeia, ii?aaeaeythuae aa eae iaoiaeeeo n aeanoei
?aaeaiaioe?iaaiiuie oneiaeyie ianeaaeiaaiey iaoeeaioia.
Iaaeaeociiaeueiia aaeeinoai ?acoeueoaoia nuaia ioeueniauo neaiaeia
aeinoeaaaony i?e oneiaee iaeeiaeiaiai aicaeaenoaey ia ?aciua o/anoee
iaeeiaeiuo in – vivo eo/aauo a?oa?ee i?aaiecia /aeiaaea.

Neioace?iaaiu no?oeoo?u, ?ac?aaioaiu iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee,
iioeiece–?iaaiu eiino?oeoeee ?yaea iiauo, ooieoeeiiaeueii niaianoeiuo n
aeiiauaeoii iaoaiiea?aeeiiao?e/aneeo e ea?aeeioieiiao?e/aneeo
i?aia?aciaaoaeae, a oaeaea ono?ienoaa nuaia iiiaiciiiiai ioeueniaiai
neaiaea. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee ?an–/aoa iao?ieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee e
aio?iiiiao?e/aneeo iieacaoaeae yoeo i?aia?aciaaoaeae eae yeaiaioia
niioaaonoaothueo aeioaoie/aneeo nenoai oi?ie?iaaiey neaiaeia. ?aoaiu
aii?inu iao?ieiae/aneiai iaania/aiey i?iecaiaenoaa e yenieoaoaoeee
iacaaiiuo aeao/eeia a iaaeeoeeineie i?aeoeea. Iaoiaeu iiaa?ee iniiaaiu
ia oaoieea ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia.

?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaeueiuo e eeeie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee aeieacaii
cia/eoaeueiia iiauoaiea aini?iecaiaeeiinoe e aaeeinoaa ?acoeueoaoia
oi?ie?iaaiey iaoaie/aneeo e aeonoe/aneeo neaiaeia na?aea/ii– ninoaeenoie
nenoaiu ia iiaa?oiinoe oaea /aeiaaea n iiiiuueth iiauo i?aia?aciaaoaeae
e ono?ienoaa ii n?aaiaieth n ecaanoiuie aiaeiaaie.

Aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoai e iaaeeoeeineoth i?aeoeeo ?yae iiauo
i?aia?aciaaoaeae aeey ioeueniiao?ee, oiiiea?aeeiiao?ee e
ea?aeeioieiiao?ee, a oaeaea ono?ienoai aeey iiiaiciiiie ioeueniiao?ee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeioaoie/aneea nenoaiu, iaoaiiea?aeeiiao?ey,
ea?aeeioieiiao?ey, iaaeeoeeineea i?aia?aciaaoaee.

Storchun E.V. Biotechnical systems in mechanocardiometry and
cardiotocometry: technical instruments of forming the
signals.–Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor`s degree by speciality 05.11.17–medicine devices and
systems.– The State University “Lviv Polytechnica”, Lviv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to methodological problems of instrumental
diagnosis of bioobject cardiovascular system by its biomechanical
signals. Fundamentals of a theory of biotechnical systems of receiving
and transmitting the signals from human body surface are developed. A
mechanism of interaction of medical transducers with signal registration
zones is revealed; methodological aspects of measurement results
uniformity are reasoned for uni– and multizone mechanocardiometry and
cardiotocometry. Uniformity of measurement results for multizone
pulsimetry appears to get achieved under terms of equivalent coercion on
different parts of in–vivo non–linear arterial system. In case of
unizone methods the same uniformity is observed if providing for
invariance of interaction between medical sensors and the bioobject
under any physiologically permissible conditions of patient monitoring.
New medical transducers are developed including their structure
synthesis, mathematical modeling and design optimization. The
transducers developed are introduced into serial manufacturing and
medical practice.

Key words: biotechnical systems , mechanocardiometry, cardiotocometry,
medical transducers.

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