IAOeIIIAEUeIA AEAAeAIIss IAOE OE?AIIE

IINOEOOO AAIEIAI*IEO IAOE

IAAIIAA Oaoyia A?iieueaeiaia

OAeE 551.782.1 (477.9)

AIINO?AOEA?AOIss IIIOeAIIAEO AIAeEEAAeIA ?IAIEIIIAI E?EIO CA
OI?AIIIIOA?AIE

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 04.00.99 – iaeaiioieiaiy oa no?aoea?aoiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoeii ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaieiai/ieo iaoe

Eeia – 1999

Aeina?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a IAeI aaieiaii Aeiii?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaa?neoaoo Iiiinaioe Oe?aiie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? aaieiai-iiia?aeiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AA?A

IAI? IONIEIAE*, eaoaae?a
aaieiaii i aiae?iaaieiaii

Aeiii?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo,

i?ioani?

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaieiai-iiia?aeiai/ieo iaoe IAAIIE

IEOAEEI IEOAEEIAE*, Iinoeooo
aaieiai/ieo

iaoe IAI Oe?aiie, caa.
aiaeaeieii

eaiaeeaeao aaieiai/ieo iaoe
O?IOEIIAE*

IAOAEIss AIAOIEIIAIA,
Oe?aiinueeee aea?aeaaiee

aaieiai-?icaiaeoaaeueiee
iinoeooo,

iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Eeianueeee oiiaa?neoao ii. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea
(aaieiai/iee oaeoeueoao)

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “ 4 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaiii a/aiii ?aaee Ae.26.162.01 Iinoeoooo
aaieiai/ieo iaoe IAI Oe?aiie, i. Eeia, aoe. I. Aii/a?a, 55-a

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iinoeoooo
aaieiai/ieo iaoe Oe?aiie, i. Eeia, aoe. ?. Aii/a?a, 55-a

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “ 30 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaiii a/aiii ?aaee ………….?yaieiiue O. N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Iiioeaiiai aiaeeeaaee oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeaii ia
oa?eoi?ii ?iaieiiiai E?eio. Noai?aiiy aeaoaeiciaaiiii
no?aoea?aoi/iii noaie oeeo aiaeeeaaeia ye iniiae aeey na?aaeiuei-,
e?oiiiianooaaiiai ea?ooaaiiy, iiooeia oa ?icaiaeee ?iaeiaeu
ei?enieo eiiaeei I nai?/aniei, oiio ui, iacaaaeath/e ia aieueo iiae
aieiao inoi?ith aea/aiiy iiioeaio, na?aae aeineiaeieeia iaia?
?aeeiii aeoiee aiaeiinii ianyao aeaiiiai aiaeaeieo i ?yaea eiai
y?onia, a oaeiae io ei?aeyoeii c caoiaeii — ?a?iiaenueeeie oa
na?aaecaiiiii?nueeeie no?aoiiaie. Inioth/i noaie neeaaeaii,
aieiaiei /eiii, ii iiethneai. Ca aiaenooiinoth inoaiiio aeey
aecia/aiiy aieo ii?iae c oniioii iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii
oi?aiiiioa?e, yei ii i?aao aaaaeathoueny i?oino?aoea?aoi/iith a?oiith
i?aaieciia.

C’aycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
o ?aieao oaiaoeee, yea i?iaiaeeeanue o IAeI aaieiaii
Aeiii?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeoiiaa?neoaoo c 1994 ii 1999 ??. caiaeii c
eii?aeeiaoeieiei ieaiii N 36 Iiiaoco Oe?aiie «Aea/aiiy aoaeiae oa
aaiethoeii caiiii ei?e oa?eoi?ii Oe?aiie aaieiai-aaioice/ieie iaoiaeaie»
(aea?aeathaeaeaoii oaie N 56-94 «No?aoea?aoi/ia oeaea i?yiii ei?aeyoeii
iaiaaio Iiaii/iiai I?e/i?iiii?uey oa E?eio», N 04-22-97 «Iiaeieia
no?aoea?aoiy oa iaeaiaaia?aoiy ieiaioeaio oa iiioeaio Iiaaeaiiii Oe?aiie
(I?e/i?iiii?nueea caiaaeeia, ?iaieiiee E?ei oa Ea?/ainueeee
iiaino?ia)»), a oaeiae iiaiaeaeo?oueny c ieaiii ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiue Aeaaeaiii Iaoe o i?iaeoi N 25 IIAE «No?aoea?aoi/ia
ei?aeyoeiy iaiaaio Oaoeno i Ia?aoaoeno».

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — aeaoaeueia noaia
no?aoea?aoii iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ?iaieiiiai E?eio, yea a?oioo?oueny
ia yoaiiinoi ?icaeoeo oi?aiiiioa? oa aa?oeeaeueiie ciiii io
eiiieaenia, a oaeiae ii cinoaaeaiiy c noaiaie noiiaeieo ?aaiiiia.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaiiii iaoe aeeiiaii ?yae caaea/:

— aiaeic aa?oeeaeueiiai i eaoa?aeueiiai iioe?aiiy oi?aiiiioa? o
iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeao ?iaieiiiai E?eio;

— aea/aiiy nenoaiaoe/iiai neeaaeo oi?aiiiioa?iaeo anioeiaoeie, ioeiiea
no?aoea?aoi/iii oa ei?aeyoeaiii cia/iinoi ie?aieo oaeniiia; c’ynoaaiiy
iioiaeaeaiiy, oeyoia iia?aoeii i aecia/aiiy aoaiia ?icaeoeo oaoie
oi?aiiiioa?;

— aiiiiii/ia ?aeiino?oeoeiy iiioeaiiaeo aanaeiia ?iaieiiiai E?eio;

— iiaoaeiaa iinoeaaeo no?aoea?aoi/ieo noai aeey ie?aieo ?aeiiia
?iaieiiiai E?eio, io aca?iia cinoaaeaiiy oa neioac; ?aaiiiaeueia i
iaae?aaiiiaeueia ei?aeyoeiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

1. Aia?oa ia iiaenoaai ciaoiaeie oa?aeoa?ieo aeaeia ieaieoiiieo
oi?aiiiioa? noaiaea?oiii ciie N 8 Globigerinatella insueta —
Globigerinoides bisphaericus o nii?iaeiniaeo aeeiao ?iaieiiiai E?eio
iiaeoaa?aeaeaii io ?aiiueiiiioeaiiaee aie i iaeaaeiinoue aei
oa?oainueeiai ?aaiiy?ono, caeieniaia i?yia ei?aeyoeiy inoaiiueiai c
ea?iaoi?i Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno i aa?oiii ao?aeiaaeii Na?aaecaiiiii?’y.
Ooi/iaii ianyae oa?oainueeiai oa /ie?aoeueeiai ?aaiiy?onia. I?eiouaii
inioaaiiy o oa?oaii Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno aeaio iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ieo
i?iaeioeie — E?eii-Eaaeacueeii oa Iiaaeaiiioe?aiinueeii.

2. Aeiiiaiaia iaeaiioieiai/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ea?aaaia. Iiaeoaa?aeaeaii
aeioeieueiinoue ia’?aeiaiiy oa?ia c a?aieiyie i oieaaeaie o
ea?oaaeuenueei aa?noae oa aiaeianaiiy io aei eiienueeiai ?aaiiy?ono, a
oaeiae o?ueio/eaiiiai iiaeieo inoaiiueiai. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia ei?aeyoeiy
ea?oaaeuenueeeo aa?noa ?iaieiiiai E?eio c aa?aiaaoeueeeie aa?noaaie
Ia?aaeea?iaooy. Ooi/iaia oaoiinoe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea na?oaaainueeeo i
aanaeyinueeeo aa?noa eiienueeiai ?aaieiy?ono.

3. Aia?oa aeey ?iaieiiiai E?eio i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueia ?ic/eaioaaiiy
na?iaonueeiai ?aaiiy?ono ii oi?aiiiioa?ai c aeaeieaiiyi aa?noa;
iiiiaiaii nienee iie?ioaoie aa?oiueiai na?iaoo.

4. Iiaeoaa?aeaeaii aeai/eaiiee iiaeie iaioe/iiai ?aaiiy?ono; ooi/iaia
eiai iaeaiioieiai/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea: aia?oa o aiaeeeaaeao iaioeno
?iaieiiiai E?eio aeyaeaii ieaieoiiii oi?aiiiioa?e.

5. ?icoe?aii aiaeiiinoi i?i aiiiiiith iiioeaiiaeo aanaeiia ?iaieiiiai
E?eio. Aia?oa ca oi?aiiiioa?aie i?iaaaeaii iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ia
?aeiioaaiiy oa?oainueeiai, eiienueeiai oa iaioe/iiai ii?ia aeaiii
oa?eoi?ii, iaii/aii oeyoe iia?aoeii oaoie.

6. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii aeaoaeiciaaio noaio aiino?aoea?aoii iiioeaio
?iaieiiiai E?eio ca oi?aiiiioa?aie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia iieyaa? a ooi/iaiii
ianyaia iiae?icaeieia iiioeaio ?iaieiiiai E?eio oa io cinoaaeaiii c
aiaeiai/ieie no?aoiiaie noiiaeieo ?aaiiiia, ui nooo?ai iiaeaeuo?
nooiiiue iaaeieiinoi cai?iiiiiaaiii noaie no?aoea?aoii. Caiaeii
inoaiiie i?iaaaeaii aiino?aoea?aoi/ia ?ic/eaioaaiiy iiioeaiiaeo
aiaeeeaaeia Aeueiiineii caiaaeeie , Niioa?iiieueneiai iiaeiyooy, ciie
niieo/aiiy ?iaieiiiai E?eio oa Ea?/ainueeiai iiaino?iaa (Aeiaiaenueeiai
ia?aoeeea), E?aniiia?aeiinueeiai i?ii?aeiia, Iiaii/iiai I?eniaaooy.
Iaoa?iaee aeineiaeaeaiue, ia i?ioyci 1994 — 1999 ??. ia?aaeaaaeenue o
aiae?iaaieiai/io ia?oith IAI «E?eiaaieiaiy», ciaeoee aaciina?aaeii
aeei?enoaiiy i?e i?iaaaeaii aaieiai/ieo ceiiie, iiaoaeiai ea?o oa
?ic?icia, neeaaeaiii caioia.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Oni iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe oa aeniiaee, ui
aeeeaaeaii o aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi, caeiaoaa/ai iaea?aeaii naiinoieii.
O niieueieo ioaeieaoeiyo aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue aeaii iie?ioaoiinoe/iiai
aiaeico iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ?iaieiiiai E?eio, iaeaiaaia?aoi/ieo oa
iaeaiaeieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny

1. Ciiia eiiieaenia oi?aiiiioa? oa aoaiiinoue io ?icaeoeo a iiioeaii
?iaieiiiai E?eio — iaaeieia iniiaa aeey no?aoea?aoi/ieo oa
iaeaiaaia?aoi/ieo iiaoaeia.

2. I?enooiinoue ieaieoiiieo oi?aiiiioa? noaiaea?oiii ciie N 8
Globigerinatella insueta — Globigerinoides bisphaericus o nii?iaeiniaeo
aeeiao ?iaieiiiai E?eio naiae/eoue i?i io ?aiiueiiiioeaiiaee aie oa,
ioaea, iaeaaeiinoue aei oa?oainueeiai ?aaiiy?ono, a oaeiae aeicaiey?
i?iaanoe i?yio ei?aeyoeith inoaiiueiai c ea?iaoi?i Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno
oa aa?oiii ao?aeiaaeii Na?aaecaiiiii?ue’y.

3. Aiaeiiia aeaeiaiai neeaaeo oa?oainueeeo oi?aiiiioa?iaeo anioeiaoeie
noiaeiii oa caoiaeiii /anoei ?iaieiiiai E?eio, io noiaeinoue c
iaeiiaieiaeie eiiieaenaie aiaeiiaiaeii E?eii-Eaaeacueeii iaeanoi oa
I?aaeaiiii Oe?aiie, i?eioneathoue inioaaiiy o oa?oaii Noiaeiiai
Ia?aoaoeno aeaio iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ieo i?iaiioeie, yei «cieeaeenue» o
iaaeao aeineiaeaeaiii oa?eoi?ii.

4. Iiiiaeaiiy iie?ioaoie oa caaaa/oaaiiy ii na?aaecaiiiii?nueeeie
aeaiaioaie ia iaaei ea?aaaio (a?oaoainueeeo aa?noa) oa aiaeeeaaeia c
a?aieiyie i oieaaeaie iiaeoaa?aeaeo? aeioeieueiinoue aeeth/aiiy inoaiiio
o neeaae eiienueeiai ?aaiiy?ono. Ca iayaiinoth ieaieoiiieo
iie?ii?aaiiciia oa no?aoea?aoi/iiio iieiaeaiith ea?oaaeuenueei
(«a?aiei?ai-oieaaeiai») aa?noae ?iaieiiiai E?eio iaeiiaieiai
aa?aiaaoeueeei aa?noaai Ia?aaeea?iaooy.

5. Aiaeic ?iciiaeieo oi?aiiiioa? o aiaeeeaaeao iaioe/iiai ?aaiiy?ono
?iaieiiiai E?eio naiae/eoue i?i i?aaiii/iinoue aeai/eaiiiai iiaeieo
aeaiiai no?aoiio.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaia aeaoaeueia noaia no?aoea?aoii iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia
?iaieiiiai E?eio ? ?acoeueoaoii eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy
oi?aiiiioa? ic caeo/aiiyi aeaieo aaieiai/iii inoi?ii
aeineiaeaeaiiai oa noiiaeieo ?aaiiiia, ui caaacia/o? aeioeieueiinoue
oa iaaeieiinoue ii aeei?enoaiiy aeey iiooeia oa ?icaiaeoaaiiy ei?enieo
eiiaeei, na?aaeiuei- i e?oiiiianooaaiiai ea?ooaaiiy.

Oaeoe/iee iaoa?iae. Iniiaith aeey aeineiaeaeaiue iineoaeea
ea?iiaee iaoa?iae 28 naa?aeeiaei (aeecueei 400 c?aceia ii?iae),
ui aoee i?iao?aii o ?iaieiiiio E?eio, ciii eiai niieo/aiiy c
Ea?/ainueeei iiaino?iaii oa Iiaii/iiio I?eniaaooi. Aaoi? iaa
iiaeeeainoue iciaeiieoenue c eieaeoei?th iiioeaiiaeo oi?aiiiioa?
E?eio oa iaeaiioieiai/iei iaoa?iaeii ieaaii/iiai ao?iiiy, yei aoee
etha’ycii iaaeaii I.Ae.Eiiaieiaith (IAeI aaieiaii AeAeO,
i.Aeiii?iiao?ianuee) oa E.I.Nieieiaith (Iinoeooo ieaaiieiaii ?AI,
i.Iineaa). O ?iaioi o?aoiaaii eioa?aoo?ii aeaii i?i iiioeaiiao
iie?ioaoio aea/aiiai ?aaiiio.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeeina?oaoeii. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue
ai?iaiaaii ia XVIII, XX, XXI naniyo Oe?aiinueeiai
iaeaiioieiai/iiai oiaa?enoaa (i. Eeia, 1995, 1997, 1998 ?? .), XLIV
nanii Iaeaiioieiai/iiai oiaa?enoaa ?AI (i. Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1998 ?.),
iiaeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo oa neiiicioii nooaeaioia,
anii?aioia oa iieiaeeo a/aieo (i. Oiinuee, 1996, 1998, 1999 ??.),
iiaenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo IAeI aaieiaii AeAeO
(i.Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1996-1999 ??.).

Ioaeieaoeii. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeenna?oaoeii aeeeaaeaii o /ioe?ueio
noaooyo ( o niiaaaoi?noai) oa naie oacao aeiiiaiaeae.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Ianya
oaenoiaii /anoeie 130 iaoeiiienieo noi?iiie. E?ii oiai, ?iaioa
aeeth/a? 14 ?enoieia ia 12 noi?iieao, 16 oaenoiaeo oaaeeoeue ia 41
noi?iioei, 189 iaeiaioaaiue eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ia 19
noi?iieao.

Aaoi? ue?i aaey/iee nai?io iaoeiaiio ea?iaieeo, aeieoi?o aaie.-iii.
iaoe, i?io. I.I.Aa?ao ca iaioeiiaiio aeiiiiiao i?e iaienaiii ?iaioe, a
oaeiae aeieoi?o aaie.-iii. iaoe, i?io. I.O.Iinianueeiio, eaiaeeaeaoai
aaie.-iii. iaoe ?.I.Aiaaeaiiae/, I.O.Aeoaeiee, I.Ae.Eiiaieiaie,
A.A.Ei?aeeiaie (IAeI aaieiaii AeAeO, i.Aeiii?iiao?iauee), E.I.Nieieiaie
(Iinoeooo ieaaiieiaii ?AI, i. Iineaa), caa. aiaeaeieii iaeaiioieiaii
I.I.Eo/a?yaeo (AAI «Caooe?aaieiaiy», i. Eueaia), iiaeo?eieith oa
eiinoeueoaoeiyie yeeo ei?enooaaany aeena?oaio. Aaoi? aeeaiei aaey/iee
niia?iaioieeai IAI «E?eiaaieiaiy» oa onii iniaai, ui ni?eyee o cae?aiii
iaoa??aeo. A ioi?ieaiii ?iaioe a?aee o/anoue I.A.Eiaaethe,
A.I.E?aniiiea, I.A.Iuaiei, N.I.*aio?, yeei aaoi? aeneiaeth? naith
aaey/iinoue.

CIINO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei “NOAI AEA*AIIss OA AeAssEI I?IAEAIE NO?AOEA?AOII
IIIOeAIIAEO AIAeEEAAeIA ?IAIEIIIAI E?EIO” aea?oueny iaeyae iniiaiii
eioa?aoo?e ii oaii aeena?oaoeii oa iaeaieueo aaaeeeaeo aeeneonieieo
ieoaiue no?aoea?aoii aeineiaeaeaieo aiaeeeaaeia.

Cia/iee iaoa?iae c aaieiaii, oaeoiiiee, no?aoea?aoii, iaeaiioieiaii,
inoi?ii aaieiai/iiai ?icaeoeo, ui iaeiie/aiee ca aanue ia?iiae aea/aiiy
iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ?iaieiiiai E?eio, iaeaieueo iiaii
aenaioeth?oueny a ?iaioao A.O.Aeieaiooaeia oa ii. (1958), «Aoean
n?aaeiaieioeaiiaie oaoiu Naaa?iiai Eaaeaca e E?uia» (1959), A.I.Iieyaei
(1960), I.A.Io?aoiaa (1960), «Aaieiaey NNN?. E?ui» (1969), «No?aoea?aoiy
O?N?. Iaiaai» (1975), I.A.*aeoiiaa e ae?. (1976), «No?aoea?aoey NNN?.
Iaiaaiiaay nenoaia» (1986), I.I.Aa?aa (1993), N.I.Ii?ica oa ii. (1995).

Oi?aiiiioa?e iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ?iaieiiiai E?eio aea/aeenue
E.I.Aieoaie/ith (1958, 1969), A.A.E?aoaieiieeiaei (1959),
A.ss.Aeiaeeianueeei (1959-1962, 1964), I.Ae.Eiiaieiaith (1991),
I.A.Aaiaeiinueeei (1992). A i?aoeyo I.I.Aa?aa oa ii. (1972;
1993) iaaiaeyoueny nienee oi?aiiiioa? ca aecia/aiiyie E.N.Iioaaiiaii,
I.E.Aiaaeaiiae/a, I.A.Aaiaeiinueeiai, I.Ae.Eiiaieiaii. Oeei
ae/a?iothoueny aiaeiiinoi i?i iiioeaiiai oi?aiiiioa?e aeaiiai ?aaiiio .

Iacaaaeath/e ia /eneaiii iaoeiai aeaii c no?aoea?aoii iiioeaio Noiaeiiai
Ia?aoaoeno, ui ioiiethaaa aea/aio oa?eoi?ith, caeeoeeeny ?yae
aeeneonieieo ieoaiue, na?aae yeeo iaeaaaeeeaioi ianooiii: iieiaeaiiy
ieaeiueii oa aa?oiueii iaae iiioeaio, a oaeiae eiai iiaeaiaeaeieia;
ianyae eaaeacueeiai, oa?oainueeiai, /ie?aoeueeiai, ea?aaainueeiai,
eiienueeiai, iaioe/iiai ?aaiiy?onia; iiae?aaiiiaeueia ei?aeyoeiy.

Noiniaii aei oa?eoi?ii ?iaieiiiai E?eio aaoi?ii a ?yaei noiinieo oa
iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo ioaeieaoeie [1-11] ooi/iaii ianyae, iie?ioaoiinoe/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea oa?oainueeiai, eiienueeiai, iaioe/iiai ?aaiiy?onia;
ei?aeyoeaii ca’ycee oa?oaia, «a?aiei?ai-oieaaeiaeo» aa?noa eiienueeiai
?aaiiy?ono; aeey inoaiueiai anoaiiaeaii o?e oeia ?ic?icia;
aeiiiaiaii inioth/i oyaeaiiy i?i iaeaiaeieiaith oa iaeaiaaia?aoith
iiioeaiiaeo aanaeiia.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei “IAOIAeEEA AeINEIAeAEAIUe” ?icaeyiooi iniiaii
iaoiaee ?iaioe, ui aoee aeei?enoaii aaoi?ii.

Ia ia?oiio aoaii i?iaiaeeeenue aeaoaeueiee aiaeai? c?aceia, ?o
aeaciioaa?aoeiy oa aiaeieaea c ianooiiei aeaeieaiiyi i ia?aaeyaeii
iie?ioaoie iiae aiiieoey?ii IAN-1. Iaeaiioieiai/ii ?aooee c iaeaieueo
iioeieo aiiaaiieo ii?iae ea?aaaio, eiiee, na?iaoo aea/aeenue o i?ici?eo
oeioao. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ano?iaiai aeaeo?iiiiai iie?ineiio ?AI-200
aeineiaeaeoaaany neeaae noiiee /a?aiaoie aeayeeo ea?oaaeuenueeeo oa
iaioe/ieo iieiieiae; c?iaeaii ?yae oioiciiieia ieaieoiiieo oi?aiiiioa?
oa?oaio.

O iiaeaeueoiio aeei?enoiaoaaeenue, aieiaiei /eiii, iaeaiioieiai/ii,
iaeaiaiae?ieiai/iee, inoi?eei-aaieiai/iee iaoiaee no?aoea?aoi/ieo
iiaoaeia.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei “IIOE?AIIss, EIOIEIAI*IEE NEEAAe OA
IAEAIIOIEIAI*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA IIIOeAIIAEO AIAeEEAAeIA ?IAIEIIIAI E?EIO”
iaaaaeaii aeaii i?i ?icaeoie iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia oa ?acoeueoaoe io
aiino?aoea?aoi/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy o Aeueiiinueeie caiaaeeii, I?eniaaooi,
Iiaeieuenueeiio i?iaeii, ia Niioa?iiieuenueeiio iiaeiyooi, yei aoaeooue
o iiaeaeueoiio iiaioaaoenue Aeueiiinueeei, Iiaii/iei, Iiaeieuenueeei oa
Oeaio?aeueiei ?aeiiaie.

Iiioeaiiai aiaeeeaaee o iaaeao ?iaieiiiai E?eio aeoaea iiieeai ca
eioieiai/iei neeaaeii, iiaiioith ?ic?icia oa iaeaiioieiai/iei ciinoii.
Iaeiaio i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaiiio ?aaiiii aiaeeeaaee ieaeiueiai iiioeaio,
yei ?icaeiooi ia?aaaaeii o aeeienoeo oaoeiyo. Na?aaeiuei- i
aa?oiueiiiioeaiiai aiaeeeaaee, iioe?aii iaeaea iianthaee oa
i?aaenoaaeaii aiiaaiieie ea?aiiaoii-oa?iaaiieie i aeeienoeie ii?iaeaie.
Inoaiii, ye i?aaeei, i?enooii o Iiaeieuenueeiio ?aeiii, ?iaeoa — ia
?aooi oa?eoi?ii.

Ieaeiie iiioeai

Eaaeacueeee ?aaiiy?on. Aa?oiueiea?eaoonueea iiaenaeoa. Inaaeee
aa?oiueii /anoeie iiaenaeoe, yei ?icii/eiathoue ?ic?ic iiioeaio
(No?aoea?aoey NNN? …, 1986), aeyaeaii ni?eie, ao?eie aacea?aiiaoieie
aeeiaie iiooaeiinoth 72-400 i. Oa?aeoa?ia oaoia oaenooey?iiae,
iiiiiiiae, aeueoiaeiiae oa ii.; iniaeeai — aaee/acia eieueeinoue
Uvigerinella californica.

Naea?aoeuenueeee ?aaiiy?on. A?aaaonueea (= aaoeneoiiiaa) naioa.
Aiaeeeaaee naioe ?icaeiooi o aeaeyaei ni?eo, caeaioaaoi-ni?eo
aeaa?eoinoeo aacea?aiiaoieo aeei iiooaeiinoth 130-300 i. E?ii aeaeia, ui
ia?aeoee c aa?oiueiai ea?eaooo, oeiiai: Neobulimina elongata,
Globobulimina pupoides oa ii.

Eioeaoo?nueeee ?aaiiy?on. Ei?ieueianueea naioa. Aiaeeeaaee
neeaaeathoueny ei?e/ioaaoi-ni?eie aeaa?eoiaeie aeeiaie n Saccammina
zuramakensis. Iiooaeiinoue aei 300 i.

Oa?oainueeee ?aaiiy?on. I?eeia?oueny o ianyci eaieoeaoeueeeo, aeanii
oa?oainueeeo i th?aeianueeeo aa?noa (I. O. Iinianeee e ae?., 1976);
nii?iaeiniai aeeie ?icaeyaeathoueny o neeaaei oa?oaio. Ii?iaee
?aaiiy?ono neeaaeaii aeeiaie, aeaa?eoinoeie aeeiaie caeaioaaoi-ni?eo
oiiia, iiiaei /i?ieie iaeeiiiaeaeieie. Iiooaeiinoue -26 i. A
eaieoeaoeueeeo aa?noaao oienothoueny ia?oi oa?oainueei eaiieaaeieoeiie,
aeaa?aoaeee, oei?ieone. Aeanii oa?oainueei oa ieaeiy /anoeia
th?aeianueeeo aa?noa caaaa/aii iieiieiaeaie, iiaeica?iiaeaie,
aaaiioeiiiaeaie, iieiii?oiiiaeaie, aeaa?aoaeeiiaeaie, iiiiiiiaeaie,
neoiiiiiaeaie, ?ioaeiiaeaie, aieiaiiioiaeaie, aeiaiaa?iiiaeaie oa
aaaaoueia ii. Oa?aeoa?ia i?enooiinoue ieaieoiiieo oi?aiiiioa?:
Globigerina bollii, G. tarchanensis, G. praebulloides, Globigerinoides
trilobus, G. bisphaericus, Globoquadrina dehiscens, a a th?aeianueeeo
aa?noaao oaeiae Praeorbulina aff. transitoria, ui aeanoeai aeey ciie N
8 Globigerinatella insueta — Globigerinoides. bisphaericus. E?ii
oi?aiiiioa?, a oa?oainueeeo s.str. oa th?aeianueeeo aa?noaao aeyaeaii
iaiiieaieoii ciie NN 4 Helicosphaera ampliaperta (A.I. Aiaaeaiiae/,
1998), nii?aoaeee, niieoee aoaie, ?aooee Characea.

Na?aaeiie iiioeai

*ie?aoeueeee ?aaiiy?on i?eeia?oueny aac iiaeieo ia aieueo ae?iaii
iaeeieoei (No?aoea?aoey NNN? …, 1986). *ie?aoeueei aiaeeeaaee, ui
iacaiaeii caeyaathoue ia nii?iaeiniaeo aeeiao oa?oaio, ae?aaeathoueny
naioei-, caeaioaaoi-ni?eie aaiiyeaie oa iineiaeeaie iiooaeiinoth 3-6 i
c caiaeiieith oaoiith oi?aiiiioa?: Sigmoilinita cf. tschokrakensis,
Flintina georgii, Ammonia ex gr. beccarii, Elphidium rugosum
atschiensis.

Ea?aaainueeee ?aaiiy?on. ?icaeyaea?oueny o ianyci aa?noa c
Spaniodontella pulchella aai a?oaoainueeeo aa?noa (A. I. AEaaioe, 1981).
Aiaeeeaaee, yei i?aaenoaaeaii i?aaiiaaiieie aaiiyeaie, iineiaeeaie,
aeeiaie, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aiaeaii/iith iie?ioaoiith: Quinqueloculina ex
gr. reussi, Discorbis figuratus, Nonion bogdanowiczi, Ammonia ex gr.
beccarii, Elphidium cubanicum oa ii. Iiooaeiinoue 5-20 i.

Eiienueeee ?aaiiy?on. I?eeia?oueny o ianyci ea?oaaeuenueeeo (o
?icoiiiii A.A.*aeoiiaa oa ii., 1976), na?oaaainueeeo oa aanaeyinueeeo
aa?noa. Ii?iaee eioieiai/ii noiaei c ea?aaainueeeie. Iiooaeiinoue
6,8-116,5 i. A ea?oaaeuenueeeo aa?noaao aiaeii/athoueny ia?oi
oi?aiiiioa?e na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai aeaeyaeo (ioaaeoey?iiaee, iieiieiaee,
iaia?iieiaee, aeiaiaa?iiiaee); aei aeeaieiaiaeieo oaoeie i?eo?i/aii
neoi/aiiy ?aaeiiey?ie (Aa?a, Eaaiiaa, 1998). ?iceaio oaoie
niinoa?iaa?oueny a na?oaaaii: Quinqueloculina akneriana, Pyrgo inornata,
Spirolina austriaca, Borelis melo, Conorbina miocaenica, Neobulimina
elongata, Bolivina dilatata, Cassidulina? bogdanowiczi, Globigerina
bulloides oa aaaaoi ii. A aanaeyinueeeo aa?noaao aeiiiiothoue aiiiiii
oa aeueoiaeioie.

Aa?oiie iiioeai

Na?iaonueeee ?aaiiy?on no?aoeoieiaaiee caiaeii
A.ss.Aeiaeeianueeiio (1964).

Aieeinueeee (ieaeiie) iiae?aaiiy?on. Ieaeiie na?iao a ianyci
eoaei?nueeeo i ca?o/nueeeo aa?noa i?aaenoaaeaiee oa?iaaiii-ea?aiiaoieie
i aeeienoeie aiaeeeaaeaie. Inoaiii, noiinii c aiaeiai/ieie
na?aaeiueina?iaonueeeie (iiaiiineianueeeie) inaaeeaie neeaaeathoue
e?aniiia?aeiinueeo naioo. Iiooaeiinoue aieeinueeeo aiaeeeaaeia 6-67 i.
Oa?aeoa?ii oeiiai na?iaonueei iieiieiaee, iiiiiiiaee, aeueoiaeiiaee c
ia?aaaaeaiiyi Quinqueloculina karreri karreri, Q. karreri ovata a
eoaei?nueeeo aa?noaao oa aeueoiaeiiae — a ca?o/nueeeo.

Aanna?aanueeee (na?aaeiie) iiae?aaiiy?on. Iaaea ieaeiueiai oa
na?aaeiueiai na?iaoo o eioieiai/ii iaeiiiaiioieo oiauao i?iaiaeeoueny ca
iiyaith na?aaeiueina?iaonueeeo eaiieaaeieoeii, a?oieoeii, aeiae?eii,
i?ioaeueoiaeioiia. Na?aaeiie na?iao neeaaea?oueny iiaiiineianueeeie,
aaneeianueeeie, aeiii?iiao?ianueeeie aa?noaaie, yei i?aaenoaaeaii
ia?aaaaeii aiiaaiieie ea?aiiaoieie i cia/ii iaioa — iin/aii-aeeienoeie
inaaeeaie. Iiooaeiinoue aiae 0,5-34 aei 80 i. Anioeiaoeiyi
iiaiiineianueeeo aa?noa aeanoeai ciioaiiy ieaeiuei- oa
na?aaeiueina?iaonueeeo aeaeia. Aaneeianueei aa?noae aecia/athoueny
caaaeyee ?iceaioo ioaaeoey?ie, aeiae?eii, na?iaoiaee, iaaiae?ieieoeii
oa ii. O aeiii?iiao?ianueeeo aa?noaao neeaae oaoie ?icei caiaeith?oueny
— caeeoathoueny aeayei eaiieaaeieoeiie, oeiioiie, nii?ieiie, iiiiiie,
aeueoiaeioie oa ii.

Oa?niinueeee (aa?oiie) iiae?aaiiy?on. Ii?iaee eioieiai/ii no?ieaoi.
Iiooaeiinoue 5-85 i. Oi?aiiiioa?e, a iniiaiiio, aiaenooii, ca aeiyoeii
aeeienoeo inaaeeia Aeiaiaenueeiai ia?aoeeeo, aea aeyaeaiee iiiiii?oiee
eiiieaen c Discorbis kartvelicus.

Iaioe/iee ?aaiiy?on. I?eeia?oueny o ianyci aaaa?ianueeiai oa
aeiaiaenueeiai iiae?aaiiy?onia (No?aoea?aoey NNN?…, 1986). Ii?iaee
i?aaenoaaeaii ?iciiiaiioieie aaiiyeaie oa iin/aii-aeeienoeie inaaeeaie
iiooaeiinoth 2-48 i. Na?aae oi?aiiiioa? cae/aeii eaiieaaeieoeiie,
aiiiiii, aeueoiaeioie. A aaaa?ianueeeo aiaeeeaaeao aiie cono?i/athoueny
?acii c Cornuspira involvens, Spirolina stelligera, Discorbis aff.
obtusus, Bolivina floridana, Globigerina bulloides, G. dubia,
Globigerinoides trilobus, Globorotalia scitula oa ii., nii?aoaeeaie,
?aaeiiey?iyie, iaiiieaieoiiii cii NN 9 D. hamatus i NN 10 D. neohamatus,
iiaeciie D. bellus (A.I. Aiaaeaiiae/, O.A. Eaaiiaa, 1997). Aeiaiaenueei
aa?noae iinoyoue aa?eaaeeiio oaoio, ca aeiyoeii naieo aa?oia, ui
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ae?iaieie aieiaiiaie oa iaiiieaieoiiii.

Iiioe/iee ?aaiiy?on. ?icaeyaea?oueny o neeaaei iiioeaio (A. I.
Naiaiaiei, 1993; V. N. Semenenko, 1995). Ia aeineiaeaeaiie ieiui
i?aaenoaaeaiie ieaeiii, iiai?innienueeei iiae?aaiiy?onii, yeee
neeaaea?oueny iaeiiiooaeieie iieioiaeie oa /a?aiaoeiaeie aaiiyeaie. Ca
iiethneaie (aecia/aiiy I.I.Aa?aa) iiaeiey?oueny ia ?aiaoi?ienueei
aa?noae c Prosodacna littoralis oa iaeanueei — c Monodacna
pseudocatillus. Oaoia oi?aiiiioa? ia aeyaeaia.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei “?ICIIAeIE OI?AIIIIOA? O IIIOeAIIAEO AIAeEEAAeAO
?IAIEIIIAI E?EIO, IEOAIIss IO AAIACENO OA AOAIE ?ICAEOEO” iaaaaeaii
?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy nenoaiaoe/iiai neeaaeo oi?aiiiioa?iaeo anioeiaoeie,
?icaeyiooi iniaeeainoi aa?oeeaeueiiai i eaoa?aeueiiai iioe?aiiy
oa?aeoa?ieo oaeniiia, aecia/aii io no?aoea?aoi/io oa ei?aeyoeaio
cia/ouinoue; i?iaaaeaii aaiaoe/iee aiaeic oaoie, i?inoaaeaii oeyoe ii
iia?aoeii oa aoaiiinoue ?icaeoeo.

Nenoaiaoe/iee neeaae oi?aiiiioa? oa iniaeeainoi io ?iciiaeieo o
iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeao ?iaieiiiai E?eio. A aeineiaeaeaiieo
aiaeeeaaeao ciaeaeaii aieueo 200 aeaeia c iiaeaeaeaie oi?aiiiioa?, yei
caiaeii c eeaneoieaoei?th, ui i?eeiyoa o «Aaaaeaiee a eco/aiea
oi?aieieoa?…» (I. I. Noaaioeia e ae?., 1981) oa c o?aooaaiiyi «Iniia
iaeaiioieiaee» (1959), iaeaaeaoue aei 83 ?iaeia 34 ?iaeei. I?aaenoaaieee
?iaeei Miliolidae, Discorbidae, Nonionidae, Rotaliidae, Elphidiidae
cono?i/athoueny o anio iiae?icaeieao iiioeaio. Ca eieueeinoth ea?iaieo
oi?i aeey eiie?aoieo no?aoiiia eiaee?othoue iieiieiaee. Aa?oeeaeueia
iioe?aiiy aaaaoueio oi?aiiiioa? (Nubeculariidae, Peneroplidae,
Alveolinidae, Polymorphinidae, Buliminidae, Bolivinitidae,
Globigerinidae oa ii.) iaiaaeaii inaaeeaie aanaeiia, yei iaee ca’ycie c
ieaaiii. No?aoea?aoi/iee ?iciiaeie caaaeaieo oaeniiia i?eaaaeaii a 12
oaenoiaeo oaaeeoeyo.

Iioiaeaeaiiy oa oeyoe iia?aoeii. A aaiaoe/iiio ieaii iiioeaiiai
oi?aiiiioa?e Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno iiaeieythoueny ia aai?eaaiia,
aeiooiiia oa iaiaaoiooiiia (A. E. Aiaaeaiiae/, 1965; 1986). Iniaeeaa
cia/aiiy iathoue aeaee-iia?aioe, iiyaa yeeo o ?ic?ici ? iaeiei c
aieiaieo e?eoa?iia no?aoea?aoi/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy i ei?aeyoeii, a oaeiae
iniiaith aeey iaeaiaaia?aoi/ieo iiaoaeia.

Aecia/aiiy aeaea?aea iiciueiea?eaoonueeeo aeiooiiieo oi?aiiiioa?
oneeaaeith?oueny aiaenooiinoth aeecueeeo eiiieaenia o aiaeeeaaeao
aiaeiaia eaaeacith o Caoiaeiiio Ia?aoaoeni i Na?aaecaiiiii?’i.

A a?aaaonueea ii?a iie?ioaoia iia?i?oaaea, iaaii, c iiaaeaiiiai noiaeo,
ui iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aieueoith ii ?iciiiaiioiinoth o
naea?aoeuenueeeo aiaeeeaaeao Caoiaeiii A?ocii (I. E. Aeaeaiaeeaeca,
1970).

Icieueiaaiee oa?aeoa? ei?ieueianueeiai ii?y ni?eya ?icaeoeo ?aeieoiaii
oaoie naeeaiiii.

Ca’ycie oa?oainueeiai aanaeio c Caoiaeiei Ia?aoaoenii i, iiaeeeai,
aaciina?aaeiuei ci Na?aaecaiiiii?’?i, iiynith? iane/aiinoue inaaeeia
Aeueiiinueeiai ?aeiio ia ciiiaieie na?aaecaiiiii?nueeeie iia?aioaie —
eyaaiaie, ?iaoethnaie, nioiiiiaie, aeiaiaa?iiaie, — a oie /an ye o
aiaeeeaaeao Iiaeieuenueeiai ?aeiio ia?aaaaeathoue oa?aeoa?ii
e?eii-eaaeacueei aiaeaiiee — iieiieiaee, iieiii?oiiiaee oa ii.
Oaeniiiii/ii i aaiaoe/ii aiaeiiie oi?aiiiioa?iaeo anioeiaoeie caoiaeiii
oa noiaeiii /anoei ?iaieiiiai E?eio i?eioneathoue inioaaiiy o oa?oaii
Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno aeaio iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ieo i?iaiioeie —
E?eii-Eaaeacueeii oa Iiaaeaiiioe?aiinueeii, — «cieeaaoeony» o iaaeao
aea/aiii oa?eoi?ii. Aieueiiio iaiiio oaoiaie ia?aoeiaeaeoaaee
Oa?oaieoonueeee aae, Niioa?iiieuenueea iiaeiyooy, E?einueei ai?e i,
iiaeeeai, ii?iaiyii iieeiaiaeia oeaio?aeueia /anoeia *i?iiai ii?y.

*ie?aoeueei oa ea?aaainueei niieueiioe noi?iiaaii, a iniiaiiio,
?aeieoaie oa?oainueeeo iieiieiae, aeinei?aiae, aeueoiaeiiae oa ii.
Aiaenooiinoue aeaeia-iia?aioia naiae/eoue i?i ecieueiaaiiinoue
/ie?aoeueeiai i a?oaoainueeiai aanaeiia.

Iiyaa aeiooiiiii oaoie oa ia?oeo eiienueeeo aaoiooiiia i?eo?i/aia aei
ea?oaaeuenueeeo aa?noa, io iaeneioi i iinooiiaa cieeiaiiy — aiaeiiaiaeii
aei na?oaaainueeeo oa aanaeyinueeeo, ui iiaee?aneth? ?aeiinoue caaaeaieo
iiae?icaeieia oa i?e?iaeiinoue io aiaeianaiiy aei eiienueeiai
?aaiiy?ono. A?aoiaoth/e noiaeinoue eiienueeeo i iiciueiaaaeainueeeo
iie?ioaoi, yea iieyaa? o iayaiinoi caaaeueieo oi?i (ai?aeinia, eiii?aii,
aoeiiii oa ii.) oa iineiaeiaiie ciiii ?aaeiiey?i?aeo,
aoeiiiii-aieiaiiiaeo, eanniaeoeiiiaeo e aiiiii?aeo niieueiio (E. Ae.
Eiiaieiaa, 1991; E. I. Aa?a, O. E. Eaaiiaa, 1998), iaeaieueo iiaeeeaei
aeaea?aeii eiienueeeo aeiooiiieo aeaiaioia neiae i?eioneaoe
iiciueiaaaeainueei ii?y Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno.

Na?iaonueea iie?ioaoia i?aaenoaaeaia eiienueeeie ?aeieoaie,
iaiaaoiooiiaie (iniaeeai, o na?aaeiueina?iaonueeeo anioeiaoeiyo),
aeaeaie-iia?aioaie. Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy inoaiiio aei eiioey iiaiiineianueeiai
/ano i?eionea?oueny c caoiaeieo ?aeiiia Ia?aoaoeno; o aaneeianueeee /an
iia?aoeiy oi?aiiiioa? aiaeaoaaeanue, iaaia, aaciina?aaeiuei c
Na?aaecaiiiii?’y. O iiciueiio na?iaoi inioaaee ?iaeeinii ?aeieoiai
oi?ie, ui aeaco? ia caieiaiiy oa?niinueeiai ii?y.

?iciiaeie aeiooiiieo aeaiaioia a iaioe/ieo aiaeeeaaeao naiae/eoue i?i
iaeneioi o?aina?anii a eiioei aaaa?ianueeiai /ano. A?aoiaoth/e ciaoiaeee
ieaieoiio a iaioeni Aeiaiaenueeiai ia?aoeeeo E?eio (A. I. Aiaaeaiiae/,
O. E. Eaaiiaa, 1997) oa aiaeic iioe?aiiy oi?aiiiioa? o neio?iiieo
inaaeeao noiiaeieo oa?eoi?ie (E. N. Iaeno?aaeca, 1980; T. Simionescu, E.
Ciubotariu, 1990; N.A. Iiiia e ae?., 1996), iiyaa aeaeia-iia?aioia
i?eionea?oueny ci Noiaeiiai Na?aaecaiiiii?’y.

Aoaie ?icaeoeo. O ?icaeoeo iiioeaiiaeo oi?aiiiioa? aea/aiiai ?aaiiio
iaii/athoueny /ioe?e aoaie: eaaeacueei-eioeaoo?nueeee c eaaeacueeei
(iiciueiea?eaoonueeei), naea?aoeuenueeei (a?aaaonueeei), eioeaoo?nueeei
(ei?ieueianueeei) iiaeaoaiaie; oa?oainueei-ea?aaainueeee c oa?oainueeei,
/ie?aoeueeei, ea?aaainueeei iiaeaoaiaie; eiienueei-na?iaonueeee c
eiienueeei i na?iaonueeei iiaeaoaiaie; iaioe/iee c ?aiiuei- i
iiciueiiaioe/iei iiaeaoaiaie. Eiaeiee aoai ii/eia?oueny iiyaith
aeaeia-iia?aioia, ui aiaecia/athoue aicc’?aeiaiiy Aaeneii-Eaniith c
noiiaeieie iiaiinieiieie ii?yie, oa caaa?oo?oueny caiiuaiiyi aeiooiiiii
oaoie aiaeaii/iith iiney ii?ooaiiy ca’yceia icia/aiieo aanaeiia.
I?inoaaeaia aoaiiinoue iethno?o? caaaeueiee iai?yiie aaiethoeii
iiioeaiiaeo ii?ia E?eio (aiae iiciueiea?eaoonueeiai oa a?aaaonueeiai,
yei iaeaieueo aieueii i o?eaaei niieo/aeeny c ieaaiii, aei iaioe/iiai,
ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaany cao?oaeiaieie aiiciaee/ieie ii?aeioaaiiyie) oa
iaeii/anii ? iniiaith aiino?aoea?aoi/iiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy.

O i’yoiio ?icaeiei “AIIIIII*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA IIIOeAIIAEO AANAEIIA
?IAIEIIIAI E?EIO” ia iiaenoaai aeieiai/iiai aiaeico iie?ioaoie oa
a?aoiaoth/e aeaii aea/aiiy na?aaeiaeua inioaaiiy no/anieo oi?aiiiioa?
(O. I. Naeaeiaa, 1975) ?aeiino?oeiaaii aiiiiii/ii oiiae iiioeaiiaeo
ii?ia aeineiaeaeaiiai ?aaiiio.

Iaeaaaeeeaioeie oaeoi?aie, ui aecia/aee iaeaiaaia?aoith oa aeieiaith
iiioeaiiaeo ii?ia Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno, ye aiaeiii, aoee oaeoiaaiac
Aeueiienueeiai neeaae/anoiai iiyno, aeiaaeueii aanoaoe/ii iiaeii oa
eeiiao.

Iicaeiueiea?eaoonueea oa a?aaaonueea ii?y, noaey/e ca neeaaeii
oi?aiiiioa?iaeo anioeiaoeie, iaee noiaeo aeieiaith: aeecueeo aei
ii?iaeueiii nieiiinoue; aeeaeie o iaaeao noaeioi?aei; ni?eyoeeaee
aaciaee ?aaeei; oaiia?aoo?o i?eaeiiieo aiae 10-12°N.

Iiiiii?oia oaoia naeeaiiii a inaaeeao ei?ieueianueeiai ii?y aeaco? ia
eiai nieiioaaoiaiaeiee oa?aeoa?, a oaeiae, iaaii, iecueeo oaiia?aoo?o
aeeaieeo oa?ia aiaee (aei 5° N) oa iane/aiinoue e?aiiacaiii.

O oa?oainueeiio aanaeii, aeecueeiio aei ii?iaeueii-ii?nueeiai,
aeaeieythoueny o?e iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ieo ?aeiia: Aeueiiinueeee,
Iiaeieuenueeee, Oa?oaieoonueei-Iiaioea?eoeeinueeee. Iaeaieueo aenieith
nieiiinoth, a?aoiaoth/e aaaaoi/enaeueiinoue oa ?iciiiaiioiinoue
ieaieoiio, aiae?iciyany Aeueiiinueeee ?aeii. Iaeneiaeueieie aeeaeiaie
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany Iiaeieuenueeee ?aeii, iiiiiaeueieie —
Oa?oaieoonueei-Iiaioea?eoeeinueeee. Eieaeueii aeyaeyeinue ni?iaiaeiaaa
ca?aaeaiiy. Oaiia?aoo?a i?eaeiiiuo aiae neeaaeaea 12-15° N, iiaa?oiaaeo
— ia iaio 20° N. O eiioei th?aeianueeiai /ano aanaei o?ioe ii?inieany.

*ie?aoeueea ii?a, canaeaia aa?iaaeeiiith iie?ioaoiith, ?icieeinue
cieaeaiith nieiiinoth oa iaaaeeeeie aeeaeiaie.

Ea?aaainueea ii?a oaeiae oa?aeoa?ecoaaeinue ii?ooaiiei aiae?ioiii/iei
?aaeeiii, i?i ui naiae/eoue i?eaii/aiee aeaeyae oaoie. I?ioa,
i?enooiinoue ia ie?aieo aeieyieao neoi/aiue aaeeeeo, aeia?a
neoeueioiaaieo Discorbis figuratus iiaaii iia’yco?oueny c oyaeaiiyi
i?i ii?iniaiiy aanaeio. A?aoiaoth/e oaieee, canooeeaee eeiiao
a?oaoainueeiai /ano (E. N. Aaeie?un, 1984) oa ciaoiaeee o ea?aaaii
ia?aeiii-inaaei/ieo aeieiiioia (E. N. Aaeie?un e ae?., 1973), aaaaea?ii
aieueo iiiai?iei ia?ainieiiaiiy a?oaoainueeiai ii?y, ia aeeeth/ath/e
iiaeeeaeo eieeaaiue o eiai iaaeao.

Nieiiinoue eiienueeiai aanaeio iaeaieueo iaaeeaeaeanue aei ii?iaeueiii o
na?oaaaii i aoea cieaeaiith o ea?oaaeuenueeee oa aanaeyinueeee /an.
Aeaeieythoueny Caoiaeiee oa Noiaeiee iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ii ?aeiie. Ia?oee
, canaeaiee ioaaeoey?iiaeaie, nii?ieiiaie, ai?aeinaie oa ii.,
aiaeiiaiaeaa iieeiio, oaieiio (aieueo 20° N) ii?th c aeia?ith
aa?aoei?th. Aieueo aeoaieiaiaeiee Noiaeiee ?aeii aiae?iciyany
oo?oaeiaiei aaciiaiiiii, oaiia?aoo?ith i?eaeiiiuo aiae 5-10° N, i?e yeeo
inioaaee iieei?inei neeoaaoi iieiieiiaeee, aeinei?aine, aoeiiiie,
eanniaeoeiie oa ii.

Neeaae na?iaonueeeo i?eeoioeaiicia aeaco? ia nieiioaaoiaiaeiee oa?aeoa?
eoaei?nueeiai, ca?o/nueeiai, iiaiiineianueeiai ii?ia i?e aieueoie
nieiiinoi ia?oiai. Iiaeaeuaiiy nieiiinoi ?icii/aeinue c aaneeianueeiai
/ano aianeiaeie ena?ioa?iicaoeii eeiiaoo (E. N. Aaeie?un, 1976) oa
iiiai?iiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy na?aaecaiiiii?nueeeo aiae, ui
iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iiyaith ii?nueeeo i?aaieciia (ioaaeoey?ie,
aeayeeo iieiieiae oa ii.). O iiciueiio na?iaoi ni?eyoeeai oiiae
caa?iaaeenue eeoa ia Aeiaiaenueeiio ia?aoeeeo, aea ?icaeaaeenue
iiiiii?oii aeinei?ainiai oeaiice.

Iaioe/iee aanaei oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iaeaieueo aeecueeith aei ii?iaeueiii
nieiiinoth a eiioei ?aiiueiai iaioeno i, aeoaea ei?ioei/anii, a eiioei
iicaeiueiai, ui iiaee?aneth?oueny ciaoiaeeaie ieaieoiio o iie?iaei
aaaa?ianueeeo oa aieiaii — o iie?iaei aeiaiaenueeeo aiaeeeaaeia.
Aeaeieythoueny Aeueiiinueeee, Iiaeieuenueeee,
Oa?oaieoonueei-Iiaioea?eoeeinueeee iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ii ?aeiie. Inoaiiie
yaeya niaith iieeiaiaeio, c aeia?ith aa?aoei?th oa i?ia?ioo (aei 20° N)
aeieyieo aanaeio, aea inioaaee iieiieiaee, iaia?iieiaee, aiiiiii.
Iiaeieuenueeee ?aeii aanaeio ?icieany aieueoeie aeeaeiaie i nieiiinoth,
oo?oaeiaiei aaciiaiiiii, ai?oith i?ia?ioinoth (8-15° N). Iaeiaio
ni?eyoeeai oiiae neeaaeaeenue o Aeueiiinueeiio ?aeiii, canaeaiiiio
caiaeiieith aeueoiaeiiaeiaith oaoiith.

Iecueea nieiiinoue iiioe/iiai (iiai?innienueeiai) ii?y aoea iniiaiei
oaeoi?ii, caaaaeath/ei ?icaeoeo oi?aiiiioa?.

O oinoiio ?icaeiei “IAA?OIOOAAIIss NOAIE NO?AOEA?AOII IIIOeAIIAEO
AIAeEEAAeIA ?IAIEIIIAI E?EIO OA IO EI?AEssOeIss C IAeIIAIEIAEIE
OOAI?AIIssIE NOIIAEIEO ?AAIIIIA” i?eaiaeyoueny iniiaii e?eoa?ii
?ic/eaioaaiiy i ei?aeyoeii aea/aieo aiaeeeaaeia, aeei?enoaieo i?e
iiaoaeiai cai?iiiiiaaiii noaie no?aoea?aoii (oaae. 1). Iniaeeaa oaaaa
i?eaa?iooa aei ae?ioaiiy ?yaeo aeeneonieieo ieoaiue no?aoea?aoii
iiioeaio aeaiiai ?aaiiio:: ooi/iaiith ianyaia oa?oainueeiai,
/ie?aoeueeiai, ea?aaainueeiai, eiienueeiai, iaioe/iiai ?aaiiy?onia. Ca
iniiao i?e i?iaaaeaiii iiae?aaiiiaeueiii ei?aeyoeii i?eeiyoa noaia
E.I.Iaaanueeii oa ii. (1984).

Aianeiaeie ia?aoiaeieo ieiaioeai-iiioeaiiaeo ?en aa?oiueiea?eaoonueeeo
aaioinieo oi?aiiiioa? oa ?iaeeeo ciaoiaeie ieaieoiio, ieaeiy iaaea
iiioeaio i?eeia?oueny oiiaii ca iiyaith oeiiaeo aeey eaaeacith Noiaeiiai
Ia?aoaoeno nii?iieaeoaiiii, i?ioaeueoiaeioiia, oaiaa?iiaee oa ii.
ona?aaeaii aa?oiueiea?eaoonueeii iiaenaioe (No?aoea?aoey NNN? …,
1986). Aa?oai aeaiii iiaenaioe o Iiaii/iiio

I?e/i?iiii?’i aiaeiiaiaea? ai?iinoaianueea naioa. A noaiao Caoiaeiiai
Ia?aoaoeno i Na?aaecaiiiii?’y ?icaeyiooi aiaeeeaaee ei?aeththoueny c
aa?oaie aaa?a oa aeaioaiii.

Inaaeee a?aaaonueeii naioe Ea?/ainueeiai iiaino?iaa (E. I. Aa?a, I. O.
Iinianeee, 1993) oa ?iaieiiiai E?eio aeaeieythoueny ca iiyaith
Neobulimina elongata, ui ii?yae c ae?oaeie aoeiiiiiaeaie oa?aeoa?eco?
naea?aoeuenueeee ?aaiiy?on Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno. O Iiaii/iiio
I?e/i?iiii?’i a?aaaonueeii naioi neio?iiii /i?iiaaianueea naioa c
Bulimina tumidula i (aa?oiueii ii /anoeii), oiiaii, — eii?aonueei
aa?noae c Globoquadrina langhiana, Globorotalia proxima (I.O. Iinianeee,
E.I. Aa?a, 1973). A?aaaonueea naioa iaeiiaieiaa c aaaiao?ai?i, iecaie
ioiaiaiy Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno oa aieueoie /anoeii ao?aeiaaea
Na?aaecaiiiii?’y.

Aiaeeeaaee ei?ieueianueeii naioe E?eio iinoyoue caiaeiieo oaoio
Saccammina zuramakensis, oeiiao aeey eioeaoo?nueeiai ?aaiiy?ono
Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno. Iiaeeeaei aiaeiaii o Iiaii/iiio I?e/i?iiii?’i ?
ea?aeeinueei aa?noae c aeiaoiiayie (A. A. Aanaeia, A. E. Aeeueeiai,
1970). Ei?ieueianueea naioa aeaiaaeaioia aa?oai ioiaiaith i /anoeii
aa?oiueiai ao?aeiaaeo o noaiao Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno oa
Na?aaecaiiiii?’y.

Oa?oainueeee ?aaiiy?on, yeee caaa?oo? ?ic?ic ieaeiueiai iiioeaio,
onoaiiaeth?oueny ca iiyaith oi?aiiiioa? na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai aeaeyaeo
(iieiieiae, iiaeica?iiae, iieiii?oiiiae, aeiaiaa?iiiae oa ii.), iaeneioi
yeeo niinoa?iaa?oueny a inaaeeao oa?oaio s.str. i iecao th?aeianueeeo
aa?noa. Ciaoiaeaeaiiy a inoaiiio ieaieoiiieo oi?aiiiioa? Globigerina
bollii, Globigerinoides bisphaericus, Praeorbulina aff. transitoria, yei
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ciio N 8 Globigerinatella insueta — Globigerinoides
bisphaericus, i iaiiieaieoiia ciie NN 4 Helicosphaera ampliaperta (A.I.
Aiaaeaiiae/, 1998), aeaco? ia ?aiiueiiiioeaiiaee aie nii?iaeiniaeo aeei

?iaieiiiai E?eio oa i?aaiii/iinoue io aiaeianaiiy aei oa?oainueeiai
?aaiiy?ono, a oaeiae ia iaiaoiaeiinoue ia?aioeiiee aeiaiaciiia
cono?i/a?iinoi aaaaoueio aaioinieo oi?aiiiioa?, ui aaaaeathoueny oeiiai
/ie?aoeueeeie. Ca ieaieoiiieie oi?aiiiioa?aie oa?oainueeee ?aaiiy?on
?iaieiiiai E?eio cinoaaey?oueny c ea?iaoi?i Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno,
aa?oiueith /anoeiith aa?oiueiai ao?aeiaaeo Na?aaecaiiiii?’y, ca
aaioinieie — c oa?oaiii E?eii-Eaaeacueeii iaeanoi, oiiaeianueeeie
aa?noaaie i (oiiaii) iay/eianueeith naioith Iiaii/iiai I?e/i?iiii?’y.

Aei /ie?aoeueeiai ?aaiiy?ono aiaeiinyoueny inaaeee, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii
?aeieoaie oa?oainueeii iie?ioaoie. Ia Ea?/ainueiio iiaino?iai aeaiei
aiaeeeaaeai neio?iiii aaiiyee, yei iacaiaeii caeyaathoue ia
nii?iaeiniaeo aeeiao. Iiaeiaiee eiioaeo, ui niinoa?iaa?oueny
oaeiae i o aea/aiiio ?aeiii, iaeaieueo /ioei aiaeia?aaeo? ia?aeiiiee
iiiaio o aaieiai/iie inoi?ii E?eio ia iaaei ?aiiueiai oa na?aaeiueiai
iiioeaio, yeee iia’ycaiee c aeyaeaiiyi ooi?ienueeii oace i?iaaiaco.
Aiaeiai/ii iiaeii caoieniaaii o aaaaoueio ?aaiiiao Caoiaeiiai oa
Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno ia?a?aaie o inaaeeiiaeiie/aiii iiae ea?iaoi?i oa
ieaeiii aaaeaii?i, oa?oaiii oa /ie?aeii. *ie?aoeueeee ?aaiiy?on
ei?aeth?oueny c ieaeiii aaaeaii?i (ii?aai?i) Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno oa
aa?oiii eaiai?i Na?aaecaiiiii?ue’y.

Aeaeieaiiy o ?ic?ici i ei?aeyoeiy o iaaeao Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno
ea?aaainueeiai ?aaiiy?ono (a?oaoainueeeo aa?noa) caeienith?oueny ca
caiaeiieith aiaeaii/iith oaoiith eaiieaaeieoeii, aeinei?ainia,
aeueoiaeioiia. Ea?aaainueeee ?aaiiy?on ?iaieiiiai E?eio ia?aeaeico?oueny
c aaee/ei?i Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno. A Na?aaecaiiiii?’i ea?aaaio
aiaeiiaiaea? /anoeia na?aaaeith.

Eiienueeee ?aaiiy?on aecia/a?oueny iiyaith na?aaecaiiiii?nueeii oa
oa?aeoa?iii eiienueeii iie?ioaoie o ea?oaaeuenueeeo aa?noaao, ii
?iceaioii o na?oaaainueeeo i iinooiiaei cieeiaiiyi o aanaeyinueeeo
aa?noaao. Ia’?aeiaiiy inaaeeia c a?aieiyie oa oieaaeaie o ea?oaaeuenueei
aa?noae a?oioo?oueny ia noiaeanoi oi?aiiiioa?iaeo anioeiaoeie.
I?enooiinoue o aeaieo aiaeeeaaeao ?aaeiiey?ie oa ?iaeeeo aeiaiaa?ii, a
oaeiae iieiaeaiiy ea?oaaeuenueeeo aa?noa iiae ea?aaaiii i inaaeeaie ciie
Bulimina — Bolivina (E. Ae. Eiiaieiaa, 1991), aeaco? ia io
iaeiiaieiainoue c aa?aiaaoeueeeie aa?noaaie Ia?aaeea?iaooy (E. N.
Ieoaaiiaa, 1972) oa iniiaith einiaiy Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno (J. Cicha,
J. Senes, 1975). Ca?oaaainueei oa aanaeyinueei aa?noae ca aaioinieie
oi?aiiiioa?aie oiaaiaii ei?aeththoueny c ?aooith einiaiy . A
Na?aaecaiiiii?’i eiienueeiio ?aaiiy?ono aeaiaaeaioia /anoeia na?aaaeiy.

Na?iaonueeee ?aaiiy?on /ioei no?aoeoieo?oueny ca oi?aiiiioa?aie ia
aa?noae (aeea. ?icaeie 3), yei i?inoaaeothoueny o iaaeao Noiaeiiai
Ia?aoaoeno. A noaiao Ia?aaeea?iaooy oa Caea?iaooy eoaei?nueeei aa?noaai
aiaeiiaiaeathoue iece aeaoaanueeii oa aei?ia?aoianueea naioa c
Quinqueloculina karreri; ca?o/nueeei — aa?oiy /anoeia aeaoaanueeii oa
eoeianueea naioa c Quinqueloculina reussi i aeueoiaeiiaeaie;
iiaiiineianueeei — aeiaonueea naioa c i?ioaeueoiaeioiaie. Aaneeianueei,
aeiii?iiao?ianueei i oa?niinueei aiaeeeaaee cinoaaeythoueny c ieaeiueith
/anoeiith iaiiio Caoiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno. Na?iaonueeee ?aaiiy?on
aeaiaaeaioiee aa?oai na?aaaeiy — iecai oi?oiio Na?aaecaiiiii?’y.

Iaioe/iee ?aaiiy?on aeaeiey?oueny ca iiyaith oa?aeoa?ieo iiei- oa
iaciaaeeiieo oi?aiiiioa?, i?eo?i/aiinoue yeeo ia?aaaaeii aei ieaeiueii
/anoeie ?ic?ico i iacia/iee ?icaeoie aei aa?oiueii, iiaeoaa?aeaeo?
aeioeieueiinoue aeai/eaiiiai iiaeieo aeaiiai no?aoiio ia aaaa?ianueeee
oa aeiaiaenueeee iiae?aaiiy?one, ui i?inoaaeothoueny o aieueoinoi
iaeanoae Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno. Ei?aeyoeiy iaioeno c oi?oiiii
Na?aaecaiiiii?’y caeienith?oueny ca iaiiieaieoiiii (A. I. Naiaiaiei, N.
A. Etheueaaa, 1978; A. I. Aiaaeaiiae/, O. A. Eaaiiaa, 1997). O
Caoiaeiiio Ia?aoaoeni iaioeno aiaeiiaiaea? /anoeia iaiiio.

Iiioe/ii aiaeeeaaee onoaiiaeththoueny o ?ic?ici ca oaoiith iiethneia
oa cieeiaiiyi oi?aiiiioa?. Iiaenoaaa aeey aeeth/aiiy iiioe/iiai
?aaiiy?ono o neeaae iiioeaio — ciaoiaeee iaiiieaieoiio o aa?oiueiio
iaioeni oa eiia?ii Ea?/ainueei-Oaiainueeiai ?aaiiio, ui aeicaieeee
i?iaanoe cinoaaeaiiy iiioo c ianeii?i Na?aaecaiiiii?’y (A. I.
Naiaiaiei, N. A. Etheueaaa, 1978, 1982).

AENIIAEE

1. Oi?aiiiioa?e — iaeia c iaeaieueo aaaeeeaeo a?oi i?aaieciia,
aa?oeeaeueia ciiia eiiieaenia yeeo ? iniiaith aeey iiaoaeiae noaie
no?aoea?aoii iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ?iaieiiiai E?eio.

2. Oa?oainueeee ?aaiiy?on i?eeia?oueny a ianyci eaieoeaoeueeeo, aeanii
oa?oainueeeo i th?aeianueeeo aa?noa; nii?iaeiniai aeeie iiaiinoth
aeeth/athoueny aei neeaaeo oa?oaia. ?cia/aii aeeie iinoyoue ieaieoiiii
oi?aiiiioa?e ciie N 8 Globigerinatella insueta — Globigerinoides
bisphaericus, ui aiaeeoue ?aiiueiiiioeaiiaee aie oa?oainueeiai
?aaiiy?ono oa caaacia/o? eiai i?yio ei?aeyoeith c ea?iaoi?i Caoiaeiiai
Ia?aoaoeno i aa?oiii ao?aeiaaeii Na?aaecaiiiii?’y. I?eiouaii inioaaiiy
o oa?oaii Noiaeiiai Ia?aoaoeno aeaio iaeaiaiiaaia?ao?/ieo i?iaiioeie —
E?eii-Eaaeacueeii oa Iiaaeaiiioe?aiinueeii.

3. Eiienueeee ?aaiiy?on ?icaeyaea?oueny o neeaaei ea?oaaeuenueeeo,
na?oaaainueeeo i aanaeyinueeeo aa?noa. Aeaii iiae?icaeiee /ioei
aca?iiiia’ycaii oa?aeoa?ii oaoiinoe/ieo anioeiaoeie. Ea?oaaeuenueei
aa?noae ?iaieiiiai E?eio iaeiiaieiai aa?aiaaoeueeei aa?noaai
Ia?aaeea?iaonueeiai i?iaeio.

4. Aeyaeaii caeiiiii?iinoi aa?oeeaeueiiai ?iciiaeieo oi?aiiiioa? o
aiaeeeaaeao na?iaonueeiai ?aaiiy?ono ?iaieiiiai E?eio ? iniiaith aeey
aeaoaeueiiai ?an/eaioaaiiy inaaeeia oeueiai aieo.

5. Iaioe/iee ?aaiiy?on i?eeia?oueny a ianyci aaaa?ianueeiai oa
aeiaiaenueeiai iiae?aaiiy?onia. Ciaoiaeee ieaieoiiieo oi?aiiiioa?
iieacothoue iaeneioi iaioe/iii o?aina?anii a eiioei aaaa?ianueeiai /ano.

6. Iiyaa o eiiieaenao iie?ioaoie aeaeia-iia?aioia i?eionea?
aicc’?aeiaiiy iiioeaiiaeo ii?ia ?iaieiiiai E?eio o oa?oainueeee,
eiienueeee oa ?aiiueina?iaonueeee /an — c aanaeiaie Caoiaeiiai
Ia?aoaoeno, a na?aaeiueina?iaonueeee oa iaioe/iee — aaciina?aaeiuei ci
Na?aaecaiiiii?’?i.

7. ?aeiinoue ?icaeoeo oaoie oi?aiiiioa? ?iaieiiiai E?eio oa noiiaeieo
?aaiiiia a ie?aii i?iiiaeee iiioeaiiaiai /ano naiae/eoue i?i
aca?iica’ycie io aaieiai/iii inoi?ii, ui ia? aooe a?aoiaaii i?e
no?aoea?aoi/ieo iiaoaeiaao i ei?aeyoeii.

8. Ieaeiy iaaea iiioeaio ?iaieiiiai E?eio i?eeia?oueny ona?aaeaii
aa?oiueiea?eaoonueeii iiaenaioe.

9. Aa?oiy iaaea iiioeaio i?eeia?oueny o iie?iaei iiioe/iiai
?aaiiy?ono.

10. Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia no?aoea?aoii iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ?iaieiiiai
E?eio — iaaeieia iniiaa aeey oeieani?yiiaaieo iiooeia oa ?icaiaeee
ei?enieo eiiaeei, i?e na?aaeiuei- oa e?oiiiianooaaiiio aaieiai/iiio
ea?ooaaiii.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CAeIAOAA*A CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOeII

1. Iiaua aeaiiua i oa?oaineeo ioeiaeaieyo Aeiaiaeneiai ia?aoaeea (E?ui)
//Aeiiiaiaei IAI Oe?aiie. — 1997. — N 5. — N. 118-120 (niaaoi?
E.I.Aa?a).

2. I iiaie iaoiaeea ieaieoiiiuo i?aaieciia a iyioe/aneeo ioeiaeaieyo
E?uia // Aeiiiaiaei IAI Oe?aiie. — 1997. — N 6. — N. 127-129 (niaaoi?
A.I.Aiaaeaiiae/).

3. Ia iauaia eiieneiai ?aaeiy?ona ?aaieiiiai E?uia // Aeiiiaiaei IAI
Oe?aiie. — 1998. — N 2. — N. 134-138 (niaaoi? E.I.Aa?a).

4. Oa?oaineee ?aaeiy?on ?aaieiiiai E?uia // Eca. aocia. Na?. Aaieiaey e
?acaaaeea. — 1998. — N 2. — N. 44-50 (niaaoi?u E.I.Aa?a,
A.I.Aiaaeaiiae/).

5.Oaoienoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe iyioe/aneeo ioeiaeaiee Naaa?iiai
I?eneaaouey // I?aoei XVIII nanii OIO «Aeinenoaie aaieiai/iiai ieioeiai
Oe?aiie». — E.: IAI IAIO. — 1995. — N. 61-62.

6. Ei??aeyoeaiua o?iaie ieioeaia E?uia ii ieaieoiiiui oi?aieieoa?ai //
Oacenu aeiee. Iaaeaeoia?. iao/. neiiiceoia «Iieiaeaaeue e i?iaeaiu
aaieiaee». — Oiine: Oiineee iieeoao. ei-o. — 1997. — N. 28-29.

7. E aii?ino i oaoeeaeueiii ?ani?aaeaeaiee oi?aieieoa? a eiieneeo
ioeiaeaieyo ?aaieiiiai E?uia // I?aoei XX nanii OIO «Aiinoa?a i
aaieiai/ii eaoano?ioe». — E.: IAI IAIO. — 1997. — N. 54.

8. Cia/aiea ieaieoiiiuo oi?aieieoa? a enoi?ee ?acaeoey oa?oaineiai
aannaeia E?uia // Oacenu aeiee. XLIV nannee Iaeaiioieiae/aneiai ia-aa
?AI «Aeino?aoea?aoey e yeieiai-aeinoa?iua aniaeou iaeaiioieiaee». — N.-
Iaoa?ao?a: ANAAAE. — 1998. — N. 43-44.

9. No?aoea?aoe/aneia ?ani?aaeaeaiea ieaieoiiiuo oi?aieieoa? a
ieioeaiiauo ioeiaeaieyo ?aaieiiiai E?uia e eo iaeaiaaia?aoe/aneia
cia/aiea // I?aoei XXI nanii OIO «Iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy oa
i?iaeaie noai?aiiy ?aaiiiaeueieo no?aoea?aoi/ieo oeae». — E.: IAI IAIO.
— 1998. — N. 62-63.

10. E aii?ino i aic?anoa nie?eaeeniauo aeei E?uia // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?.
eiio. «I?iaeaiu aaieiaee e inaiaiey iaae?». — O. 1. — Oiine: Oiineee
iieeoao. ei-o. — 1998. — N. 30-31 (niaaoi?u I.I.Neae?yeiaa,
A.I.Aiaaeaiiae/).

11. No?aoea?aoe/aneia e iaeaiyeieiae/aneia cia/aiea ?iaea Nubecularia
(Foraminifera) ia i?eia?a ieioeaiiauo ioeiaeaiee ?aaieiiiai E?uia // Oai
aea. — N. 29-30.

Iaaiiaa O.A. Aiino?aoea?aoiy iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ?iaieiiiai E?eio ca
oi?aiiiioa?ai. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaieiai/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 04.00.09 — iaeaiioieiaiy i no?aoea?aoiy —
Iinoeooo aaieiai/ieo iaoe IAI Oe?aiie, Eeia, 1999.

Aia?oa ia iiaenoaai ciaoiaeie ieaieoiiieo oi?aiiiioa? ciie N 8
Globigerinatella insueta — Globigerinoides bisphaericus, iiaeoaa?aeaeaii
?aiiueiiiioeaiiaee aie nii?iaeiniaeo aeei ?iaieiiiai E?eio, io
iaeaaeiinoue aei oa?oaineiai ?aaiiy?ono oa caeieniaii iiae?aaiiiaeueio
ei?aeyoeith inoaiiueiai. Ooi/iaii ianyae oa?oainueeiai, /ie?aoeueeiai,
ea?aaainueeiai, eiienueeiai, iaioe/iiai ?aaiiy?onia. Aia?oa aeey aeaiiai
?aaiiio i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueia ?ic/eaioaaiiy na?iaonueeeo aiaeeeaaeia ii
oi?aiiiioa?ai c aeaeieaiiyi aa?noa. C’yniaaii iioiaeaeaiiy, oeyoe
iia?aoeii oa yoaie ?icaeoeo iiioeaiiaeo oi?aiiiioa? ?iaieiiiai E?eio.
I?iaaaeaii iaeaiaiiaaia?aoi/ia ?aeiioaaiiy oa?oainueeiai, eiienueeiai,
iaioe/iiai aanaeiia. Aia?oa aeey ?iaieiiiai E?eio iiaoaeiaaia aeaoaeueia
noaia no?aoea?aoii iiioeaiiaeo aiaeeeaaeia ca oi?aiiiioa?aie.

Eeth/iai neiaa: ?iaieiiue E?ei, iiioeai, oi?aiiiioa?e, aiino?aoea?aoiy,
ei ?aeyoeiy, iaeaiaaia?aoiy, iaeaiaeieiaiy.

Eaaiiaa O.A. Aeino?aoea?aoey ieioeaiiauo ioeiaeaiee ?aaieiiiai E?uia
ii oi?aieieoa?ai. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
aaieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 04.00.09 — iaeaiioieiaey e
no?aoea?aoey. — Einoeooo aaieiae/aneeo iaoe IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aia?aua ia iniiaaiee iaoiaeie ieaieoiiiuo oi?aieieoa? ciiu N 8
Globigerinatella insueta — Globigerinoides bisphaericus, iiaeoaa?aeaeai
?aiiaieioeaiiaue aic?ano nie?eaeeniauo aeei ?aaieiiiai E?uia, eo
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue oa?oaineiio ?aaeiy?ono, inouanoaeaia iaae?aaeiiaeueiay
ei??aeyoeey iineaaeiaai. Ooi/iaiu iauaiu oa?oaineiai, /ie?aeneiai,
ea?aaaineiai, eiieneiai, iyioe/aneiai ?aaeiy?onia. Aia?aua aeey aeaiiiai
?aaeiia i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiia ?an/eaiaiea na?iaoneeo ioeiaeaiee ii
oi?aieieoa?ai n auaeaeaieai neiaa. Auyniaiu i?ienoiaeaeaiea, iooe
iea?aoeee e ii?aaeaeaiu yoaiu ?acaeoey ieioeaiiauo oi?aieieoa?
?aaieiiiai E?uia. I?iaaaeaii iaeaiaeiaaia?aoe/aneia ?aeiie?iaaiea
oa?oaineiai, eiieneiai, iyioe/aneiai aannaeiia. Aia?aua aeey ?aaieiiiai
E?uia iino?iaia aeaoaeueiay noaia no?aoea?aoee ieioeaiiauo ioeiaeaiee ii
oi?aieieoa?ai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaieiiue E?ui, ieioeai, oi?aieieoa?u, aeino?aoea?aoey,
ei??aeyoeey, iaeaiaaia?aoey, iaeaiyeieiaey.

Ivanova T. A. Biostratigraphy of the Plain Crimea Miocene deposits by
foraminifers. – Manuscript.

Dissertation is for a candidate’s degree speciality
04.00.09 – paleontology and stratigraphy. – Institute of
Geological Science at National Academy of Science of
Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

For the first time the early miocene age of the
spirialis clays of the Plain Crimea and their belonging to the
Turkhanian regiostage have been confirmed on the basis the finding
planktonic foraminifers ?8 zone Gl. Insueta – Gs. bisphaericus;
interregional correlation of the Tarkhanian have been
made by planktonic foraminifers. Volumes of the Tarkhanian,
Chokrakian, Karaganian, Konkian, Meotian regiostages have been
defined more precisely. For the first time the Sarmatian
sediments of this region have been divided into
strata by foraminifers. The Plain Crimea Miocene
foraminifers’ genesis, migration ways and development
stages have been determined. Paleobiogeographic distriction
of the Tarkhanian, Konkian, Meotian basins have been
realized. For the first time the detailed stratigraphic scheme
of the Plain Crimea Miocene deposits have been builded by
foraminifers.

Key words: Plain Crimea, Miocene, foraminifers,
biostratigraphy, correlation, paleogeography, paleoecology.

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