1

Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i.I.I.A?eoea

IA?EIE* ?AI? NOAIAIIAE*

OAeE 634.017:712.4

A?IEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO?

I?AI?*IIAIA?EEAINUeEEO OIEEUeEIAEO O CA»ssCEO

C ?O EOEUeOO?ITH A E?NINOAIO OE?A?IE

03.00.05 — aioai?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oeaio?aeueiiio aioai?/iiio naaeo ?i.I.I.A?eoea

Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?. Iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

N.?.Eociaoeia,OeAN ?i,I.I.A?eoea IAIO,caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,no.iaoe.ni.

A.?.Iaeueiee, OeAN ?i.I.I.A?eoea IAIO,caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

Eaiae?aeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,aeioeaio ?.N.?a/aiei,

IIO ?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.O.Oaa/aiea,

Aioai?/iee naae ?i.I.A.Oii?ia, I?iina?oe

Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aae?e E 26.215.01 i?e

Oeaio?aeueiiio aioai?/iiio naaeo ?i.I.I.A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie

(252014,Ee?a-14,aoe.O?i??ycaanueea,1)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Oeaio?aeueiiai

Aioai?/iiai naaeo ?i.I.I.A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie (252014,
Ee?a-14,aoe.O?i??ycaanueea,1)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
A.I.Ioce/oe

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue.

Ani?oeiaio oaieieo, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie, iio?aao?
iie?auaiiy. A oeueiio ieai? cia/iee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue oieeueeia? c
I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee, a?eueo?noue yeeo iathoue aenieo no?ee?noue,
caeaoi?noue caa??aaoe aenie? aeaei?aoeai?, nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? ?
anoaoe/i? aeanoeaino? i?e ?io?iaeoeoe??. A?eueo?noue aeae?a ? oi?i
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo, ye? ?io?iaeoeiaai? a aioai?/ieo
naaeao, aeaiae?iia?eao, aeaiae?a??yo, noa?iaeiieo ia?eao, a icaeaiaii?
ianaeaieo ioieo?a iaeaea ia o?aieythoueny, oi/a ie?ai? c ieo, oae? ye
ooy cao?aeia, yeeia eieth/a, ninia Aaeiooiaa aeineoue iioe?ai? a
Oe?a?i?.

I?iaaaeai? ?yaeii a/aieo aeine?aeaeaiiy (Eeia, 1939, 1952, 1962;
Eaieoiaiei 1962, 1968; Eioii ? ?i. 1972, 1975; Iaoyo 1984; Eociaoeia ?
?i., 1985; Iooea?, 1986; Eiaeiia, 1988; Eioii, Eo?aethe, 1994)
aeicaieeee aeyaeoe oaeniiii?/iee neeaae oaieieo a Oe?a?i?, i?iaanoe
iiia?aaeith ioe?ieo aeeoo?caeaoiino? ie?aieo aeae?a, i?iaiae?coaaoe
iniaeeaino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy a naaeiai-ia?eiaiio aoae?aieoeoa?. Iaeiae
caeeoathoueny ia aea/aieie iniaeeaino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo, ian?ii?iioaiiy
? ?iciiiaeaiiy a oiiaao eoeueoo?e, a?eiaa oa e?euee?nia no?oeoo?e a
ianaaeaeaiiyo E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie, i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy ie?aieo aecaiiey??a
aeae?a i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo.

Aeyaeaiiy ca i?aenoieaie aei?iaiaoaaiiy iaea?eueo ei?enieo,
ia?niaeoeaieo aeae?a ? oi?i i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo c iaoith
oe?ieiai caeo/aiiy ?o a eoeueoo?o ia? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey
naaeiai-ia?eiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? a?aa o/anoue o aeeiiaii? oaeeo oai:

— Aea/aiiy aioo??aeaeiai? ??ciiiai?oiino? aea?aaieo ?io?iaeooeaio?a c
iaoith aeiai?o iaeoe?ii?oeo oi?i aeey eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i? (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01900004996);

— Iaoeia? iniiae aea/aiiy, caa?aaeaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy aaiioiiaeo
eoeueoo?ii? aeaiae?ioei?e a eieaeoe?eieo oa ia?eiaeo ianaaeaeaiiyo
Iie?nny oa E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195O002739).

Aea?aiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? ?iaioai OeAN ?i.
I.I. A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie c iniiaii? i?iaeaie — “?io?iaeoeoe?y oa
aee?iaoecaoe?y ?ineei” a ieai? aea/aiiy ?o a?ieia??, aeaeiaiai oa
aioo??aeaeiaiai ??ciiiai?ooy, aeei?enoaiiy oe?iieo aeaei?aoeaieo
aeanoeainoae aea?aaieo oa /aaa?ieeiaeo ?ineei i?e icaeaiaii?.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy a?iaeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae, oi?iiai?
??ciiiai?oiino? ?io?iaeoeiaaieo a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo, iniaeeainoae ?o ?iciiiaeaiiy a
oiiaao eoeueoo?e ? ia oe?e iniia? aea?? iioeiaeueiiai ani?oeiaioo ?ineei
c ii?aoethaaiiyi niinia?a ?o eaiaeoaooiiai aeei?enoaiiy. Caaaeaiiyi
aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aeinue aecia/aiiy oaeniiii?/iiai neeaaeo,
a?eiai? ? e?euee?nii? no?oeoo?e, a?iiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo, aea/aiiy ?o oaiieia??, ?eoio oa
aeeiai?ee ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo, a oaeiae no?eeino? a oiiaao E?ninoaio
Oe?a?ie, aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ieeoaaiiy ? ian?ii?iioaiiy;
oaeineiiaeaiiy niinia?a ian?ii?aiai ? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy; aiae?c
aeina?aeo ? ii?aoethaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo iaoiae?a eaiaeoaooiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeae?a o aeaiiio ?aa?ii?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa a oiiaao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie aeaoaeueii aeine?aeaeaii iioe?aiiy
on?o i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo ia aeaeiaiio ? aioo??aeaeiaiio
??aiyo a eoeueoo??. Aeyaeaii oaeniiii?/iee neeaae, a?eiao ? e?euee?nio
no?oeoo?e, a?iaeieia?/i? iniaeeaino? i?e ?io?iaeoeoe??. Anoaiiaeaii
caeaaei?noue a?iaeaeiino? ian?iiy a?ae ee?iaoe/ieo oiia ? e?eueeino?
iniaei. Oaeineiiaeaii niiniae ?o ian?ii?aiai ? aaaaoaoeaiiai
?iciiiaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii eiiiiceoe?? c o/anoth i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo
oieeueeiaeo ia iniia? ?o iioeiaeueiiai ani?oeiaioo.

Ia caoeno aeianaii:

1. Aioai?ei-aaia?ao?/iee oa oaeniiii?/iee aiae?c
i?ai?/iiaia?eeai-nueeeo oieeueeiaeo.

2. Aiae?c a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae oieeueeiaeo I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee a
ca’yceo c ?o ?io?iaeoeoe??th a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

3. Ia?niaeoeae caaaa/aiiy oa aeia?? ani?oeiaioo i?ai?/iiaia?eeai-nueeeo
oieeueeiaeo aeey icaeaiaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaii iaeia?niaeoeai?o? aeaee ? oi?ie
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo, ye? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a
ani?oeiaio? ?ineei aeey icaeaiaiiy ianaeaieo i?noeue E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.
Cai?iiiiiaai? i?eioeeie oa niiniae noai?aiiy aeaei?aoeaieo ianaaeaeaiue
c o/anoth i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oaieieo iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
i?iaeooaaii? icaeaiaiiy ianaeaieo i?noeue E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.
Oaeineiiaeai? niiniae ?o ian?ii?aiai ? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy
aeicaieyoue ca?eueoeoe aeo?ae iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo aeey caeeaaeaiiy
iaoi/iee?a o aeaei?aoeaieo ?icnaaeieeao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie. Cai?iiiiiaaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo aeae?a oa oi?i a ia?iaeiiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaaaeaieo ia iaoa??aeao c?a?aieo i?ae /an aeanieo aeniaaeeoe?eieo
ii?caeie ii Oe?a?i?, a oaeiae ?iaioe a eaai?aoi???.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo
iieiaeeo a/aieo “I?iaeaiu aeaiae?ieiaee, naaeiaiaenoaa e oeaaoiaiaenoaa”
ca 1994-1995??., ia nan?? ?aaee Aioai?/ieo naae?a Oe?a?ie “Aioaie/aneea
naaeu-oeaio?u nio?aiaiey aeieiae/aneiai ?aciiia?acey ie?iaie oei?u”
1995?., ia Ia?oiio i?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? “I?iaeaie eaiaeoaooii?
a?o?oaeoo?e, o?aiaeieia?? oa icaeaiaiiy ianaeaieo i?noeue” 1997?., ia
can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee oa a?aeae?eo aeaiae?ieia?? ? ia?eiciaanoaa OeAN
IAI Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?e aeaiae?ieia?? ? eaiaeoaooii? a?o?oaeoo?e IAO ca
1993-1997??.

Aeena?oaoe?y caneooaia ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo ??oaiiyi can?aeaiiy
a?aeaeae?eo aeaiae?ieia?? ? ia?eiciaanoaa OeAN IAI Oe?a?ie, A/aiith
?aaeith OeAN IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o i’yoe iioae?eiaaieo noaooyo
a ca??ieeao i?aoeue, o /ioe?ueio-iaoa??aeao ? oacao eiioa?aioe?e oa
aeaio iiaeaieo aei ae?oeo noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??.

?iaioa no?oeoo?ii neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa 3 aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia
181 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 36 oaaeeoeue oa 28 ?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny ?c 176 iaca. Aeiaeaoee — ?c aeaio oaaeeoeue (12
noi??iie) oa

12 ?enoie?a.

?icae?e 1. I?ia?aia, ia’?eoe ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ianaaeaeaiiy aioai?/ieo naae?a,
aeaiae?iia?e?a, noa?iaeiieo ia?e?a, aeaiae?a???a, ianaaeaeaiue i?nueeiai
icaeaiaiiy (ia?ee, neaa?e, naaee, aoeueaa?e, iaeaeaie, aeaei? ? aoee/i?
iinaaeee) a cii? E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie — anueiai aeecueei 100 ia’?eo?a a 18
aaia?ao?/ieo ioieoao.

Ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeoaaee ca i?ia?aiith, yeith ia?aaeaa/aeiny ooi/iaiiy
aeaeiaiai neeaaeo, aea/aiiy oaiieia??, ?eoio, aeeiai?ee ?inoo ?
?icaeoeo, a?eiai? oa e?euee?nii? no?oeoo?e, oi?iiai? ??ciiiai?oiino?, a
oaeiae no?eeino? i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo, ii?aoethaaiiy
i?eeii?a eiiiiceoe?? aea?aaieo ?ineei oa aoaeoeaieo cania?a ian?ii?aiai
? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy.

Oaeniiii?/iee neeaae ianaaeaeaiue aea/aee oeyoii ia?o?ooiiai ianoaaeaiiy
ianaaeaeaiue.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeae?a oa aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i aeei?enoiaoaaee aeaaeai?/ia
aeaeaiiy “Aea?aauey e eonoa?ieee NNN?” (o.1, 1949) c o?aooaaiiyi ?ia?o
N.E. *a?aiaiiaa (1995), G. Krussmann (1979), I.E. Eeie, ?.N. ?a/aiei,
O.A. ?aoaoiye (1993).

Nooi?iue ceiino?eeino? ioe?ithaaee ca 5-aaeueiith oeaeith iaia?caiiy
I.E. Aaoiaa (1957), iinooino?ee?noue — ca 6-aaeueiith oeaeith N.N.
I’yoieoeueeiai (1961), nooi?iue ieeoaaiiy ? ian?ii?iioaiiy — ca
6-aaeueiith oeaeith A.A. Eaiia?a a iiaeeo?eaoe?? I.A. Eaeeie/aiei
(1970). Aeiiaiai?noue ian?iiy — iaoiaeii eiai ?ic??coaaiiy, na?aaei?e
i?e??no o aenioo — ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoei a e?nia?e oaenaoe?? iaoiaeii.
Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca i?ioiaeaeaiiyi oaiieia?/ieo oac i?iaiaeeee ca
iaoiaeeeith Aieiaiiai aioai?/iiai naaeo AI N?N? (1975). Ioe?ieo
oni?oiino? ?io?iaeoeoe?? aea?aaieo ?ineei i?iaaaeaii ca iaoiaeeeith I.?.
Eaieia ? N.A. Neaei?ai? (1973).

Aeaei?aoeaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ani?oeiaioo oieeueeiaeo a ianaaeaeaiiyo
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie aea/aee ca iaoiaeeeith ?.A. Oa?aia ? I.A. Aaaiiai?
(1981).

Eaiaeoaooii-anoaoe/iee aiae?c ie?aieo iaecaaeieo a?oi c iaoith
aecia/aiiy iaeaaeae?oeo eiiiiceoe?e i?iaaaeaii ca 3-aaeueiith nenoaiith
Ee?anueeiai IAe?I i?noiaoae?aieoeoaa (1974).

Ian?ii?aa ? aaaaoaoeaia ?iciiiaeaiiy ?io?iaeooeaio?a aea/aee oeyoii
caeeaaeee iieueiaeo ? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?ae?a. I?e oeueiio aecia/aee
aia?a?th i?i?inoaiiy oa noiae?noue ian?iiy ? aei??iaiiy aeeaoe?a. I?e
aaaaoaoeaiiio ?iciiiaeaii? aeei?enoaee aeina?ae ?ia?o A.A. ?oaaiee
(1977), C.ss. ?aaiiai? (1982), I.A. Oeooei (1988).

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo i?iaaaeaii ca i?ia?aiaie TH.?. ?aaiiaa,
I.I. Iiai?aethea (1990).

?icae?e 2. Aioai?ei-aaia?ao?/iee aiae?c i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo
oieeueeiaeo

2.1. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ee?iaoe/ieo oiia I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee oa
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie

C?iaeaii ii??aiyeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ee?iaoe/ieo oiia E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie
? ?aeii?a i?e?iaeiiai iioe?aiiy i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo.

Oeae aiae?c aeaieo ee?iaoo ?aa?ii?a ?io?iaeoeoe?? ? i?e?iaeieo a?aae?a
?io?iaeooeaio?a aea? iiaeeea?noue iaaeeaeaii i?ae?a?aoe aiaeiae
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie, i?iaiicoaaoe oni?oi?noue ?io?iaeoeoe?? ? ioe?ieoe
iniaeeaino? i?ioeano aee?iaoecaoe?? ?io?iaeooeaio?a o iiaeo oiiaao
c?inoaiiy.

2.2. Aiae?c oaeniiii?/iiai neeaaeo aeaiae?ioei?e
i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao

Aaiioiiae aeaiae?ioei?e I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao
/ioe?ueio oei?enoe/ieo iaeanoae: Iaae?aainueei?, Oee?eoiai?aaeueii?,
Aoeaioe/ii-I?ai?/ii-Aia?eeainueei?, I?ai?/ii-Cao?aeii-Aia?eeainueei?.
Ooo c?inoathoue i?aaenoaaieee ?iae?a Abies Hill. (yeeoey) — 15 aeae?a,
Larix Mill. (iiae?eia) -3, Picea Dietr. (yeeia) -8, Pinus L. (ninia)-
74, Pseudotsuga Carr. (inaaaeionoaa) — 6, Tsuga Carr. (onoaa) — 4,
Libocedrus Endl. (eaeioeaae?on) -1, Cupressus L. (eeia?en) -12,
Chamaecyparis Spach. (eeia?eniaee) -3, Juniperus L.(yeiaaoeue) — 22,
Thuja Tourn. (ooy) — 2, Sequoia Endl. (naeaiey)-1, Sequoiadendron
Buchholz. (naeaieyaeaiae?ii) -1, Taxodium Rich. (aieioiee eeia?en) -2,
Taxus L. (oen) -4, Torreya Arn. (oi??ay)- 2, anueiai 160 aeae?a, ye?
iaeaaeaoue aei 3 ii?yaee?a oa 4 ?iaeei.

?icae?e 3. I?aenoiee ?io?iaeoeoe?? i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo a
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie

3.1. ?noi??y ?io?iaeoeoe??

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c nenoaiaoe/iiai neeaaeo ? /ano ?io?iaeoeoe??
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie cana?ae/ea i?i
oa, ui ii/aeanue ?o ?io?iaeoeoe?y a ia?o?e iieiaei? XIX no. Ia?o?
iia?aeiieaiiy i?i oea ? a i?aoeyo I.N.?iaiae/a (1869), ?.O.Oiaeueaaocaia
(1886), ?.E. Ia/inueeiai (1897) oa ?i. Iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy aecio?a a
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie ?icii/aeinue a XIX no. a ca’yceo c i?aai?caoe??th
aioai?/ieo naae?a i?e o/aiaeo caeeaaeao. Cacia/a?oueny, ui ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue oieeueeiaeo c I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee ?io?iaeoeiaaia a Oe?a?i?
i?ioyaii XIX -XX no. aieiaiei /eiii ?c Cao?aeii? ?a?iie.

3.2. Oaeniiii?/iee neeaae

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie c?inoa? 44 aeaee oa 120 oi?i
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo, c yeeo o i?nueeeo ianaaeaeaiiyo
cono??/a?oueny a?ae 1 aei 10 aeae?a oa a?ae 3 aei 13 oi?i. Aiie
iaeaaeaoue aei 4 ?iaeei oa 12 ?iae?a. C iaoith aeyaeaiiy aeaea?ae
?io?iaeoeoe?? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iioiaeaeaiiy aeae?a ca oei?enoe/ieie
iaeanoyie. Iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy ye aeaea?aea ?io?iaeoeoe??
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo noaiiaeyoue aeaee, ye? iioiaeyoue c
I?ai?/ii-Cao?aeii-Aia?eeainueei? oei?enoe/ii? iaeano? (26 aeae?a-59,1%),
Aoeaioe/ii-I?ai?/ii-Aia?eeainueei? (10 aeae?a-22,7%), Oee?eoiai?aaeueii?
(7 aeae?a-15,9%), Iaae?aainueei? (1 aeae-2,3%). Cacia/a?oueny, ui
a?eueo?noue oieeueeiaeo I?ai?/ii-Cao?aeii-Aia?eeainueei? oei?enoe/ii?
iaeano? (Abies concolor Lindl.at Gord., Picea pungens Engelm., Picea
engelmannii Engelm., Pseudotsuga menziesii Franco, Chamaecyparis
lawsoniana Parl., Thuja plicata D.Don) a?aecia/athoueny aaeeeei oi?iiaei
??ciiiai?ooyi ? no?ee?noth aei iani?eyoeeaeo oiia iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua. Cia/iee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue aeaee c
Aioeaioe/ii-I?ai?/ii-Aia?eeainueei? iaeano? (Tsuga canadensis Carr.,
Pinus resinosa Ait., Abies fraseri Poir., Juniperus virginiana L., Thuja
occidentalis L., Taxodium distichum Rich.).

Ianoaaeaiiy ianaaeaeaiue aioai?/ieo naae?a, aeaiae?iia?e?a, noa?iaeiieo
ia?e?a, aeaiae?a???a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie iieacaei, ui aeii?iaioaie na?aae
aeae?a ? Abies Hill. — yeeoey iaeiieie??ia, yeeoey aaeuecai?/ia; Picea
Dietr. — yeeia eieth/a ? ?? oi?ie (‘Argentea’, ‘Glauca’, ‘Coerulea’,
‘Viridis’), yeeia neca ? ?? oi?ia ‘Coerulea’; Pinus L.-ninia Aaeiooiaa,
ninia Aaiena; Pseudotsuga Carr.-inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na; Tsuga Carr.-onoaa
eaiaaenueea; Chamaecyparis Spach.-eeia?eniaee Eaaniia; Juniperus
L.-yeiaaoeue a??a?inueeee, Thuja Tourn.-ooy cao?aeia oa ?? oi?ie
(‘Pyramidalis’,’Columna’,’Fastigiata’,’Globosa’), ooy neeaae/anoa, aai
aaeaoainueea.

*anoi o?aieythoueny ninia aeiaoa, ninia aio/ea, inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na ?
?? oi?ie (‘Glauca’,’Viridis’), ooy cao?aeia ? ?? oi?ie
(‘Filiformis’,’Ericoides’).

Iiiaeeiiei ? iaaaeeeeie a?oiaie — ?aooa aeae?a ? oi?i.

Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue oaenii?a (i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oaieieo) ? a
OeAN ?i.I.I.A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie(32 aeaee ? 64 oi?ie), aioai?/iiio naaeo
?i.I.A.Oii?ia Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.O.Oaa/aiea(25 aeae?a ? 43
oi?ie) (oaae 3.1).

Ianoaaeaiiy i?nueeeo caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie, aea ?
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainuee? oieeueeia?, cana?ae/eei, ui aeii?iaioaie ? yeeia
eieth/a (Picea pungens Engelm.) ? ?? oi?ie (‘Argentea’, ’Glauca’,
’Viridis’), ooy cao?aeia (Thuja occidentalis L.) ? ?? oi?ie
(‘Pyramidalis’, ’Columna’, ’Erico?des’, ’Globosa’). *anoi
cono??/athoueny ninia Aaeiooiaa (Pinus strobus L.), ninia Aaiena (Pinus
banksiana Lamb.). Iiiaeeiiei, iaaaeeeeie a?oiaie — yeeia neca (Picea
glauca Voss.), eeia?eniaee Eaaniia (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Parl.),
inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na (Pseudotsuga menziesii Franco), yeiaaoeue
a??a?inueeee (Juniperus virginiana L.), yeeoey iaeiieie??ia (Abies
concolor Lindl.et Gord).

Oaaeeoey 3.1

E?euee?noue aeae?a oa oi?i i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo o
ianaaeaeaiiyo E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie

E?euee?noueIacaa ia’?eo?aCaaaeueia e?euee?noue
oaenii?aaeae?aoi?iOeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i. I.I.A?eoea IAI
Oe?a?ie

96

32

64Aioai?/iee naae ?i.I.A.Oii?ia Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.O.Oaa/aiei

68

25

43Aioai?/iee naae IAO351916Aioai?/iee naae Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.O?aiea

67

21

46Aioai?/iee naae Oa?e?anueeiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

35

19

16Aioai?/iee naae Iiaeie??(A?iieoey)251312Aeaiae?ieia?/iee ia?e
“O?inoyiaoeue”562531Aeaiae?ieia?/iee ia?e “Ieaenaiae??y”231310Ia?ee,
neaa?e, aoeueaa?e, iaeaeaie, aoee/i? ? aeaei?
iinaaeeeEe?aa1596Eueaiaa19910A?iieoe?1046Eooeueea1257*a?ean1055Iaea?eueo
a e?euee?noue oaenii?a oaieieo a ia?eao, neaa?ao, ia aoeueaa?ao,
aoeeoeyo ? iaeaeaiao cono??/a?oueny o Eueaia? (9 aeae?a ? 10 oi?i),
Ee?a? (6 aeae?a ? 9 oi?i) oiui.

3.3.A?eiaa oa e?euee?nia no?oeoo?e ianaaeaeaiue i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueeeo
oieeueeiaeo

I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiue aoea i?iaiae?ciaaia a?eiaa ? e?euee?nia
no?oeoo?e ianaaeaeaiue oieeueeiaeo (yeeia eieth/a ? ?? oi?ie, yeeia neca
? ?? oi?ie, ooy cao?aeia ? ?? oi?ie, inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na ? ?? oi?ie,
yeiaaoeue a??a?inueeee, yeeoey iaeiieie??ia, ninia Aaeiooiaa, onoaa
eaiaaenueea) a ianaaeaeaiiyo E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co a?eiai? no?oeoo?e oaieieo anoaiiaeaii, ui a
aioai?/ieo naaeao, aeaiae?iia?eao, aeaiae?a??yo oa i?nueeiio icaeaiaii?
ia?aaaaeathoue ianaaeaeaiiy o a?oe? a?ae 10 aei 60 ?ie?a. Iaeaea a on?o
a?eiaeo a?oiao i?ia?aeia i?noea caeia? Picea pungens ? ?? oi?ie
‘Argentea’, ‘Glauca’, ‘Viridis’, ‘Coerulea’ (a?ae 10 aei 60 ?ie?a),
Picea glauca ? ?? oi?ia ‘Coerulea’ (a?ae 15 aei 60 ?ie?a), Pinus
strobus (a?ae 15 aei 160 ?ie?a), Pseudotsuga menziesi? ? ?? oi?ie
‘Glauca’, ‘Viridis’, ‘Glauca Pendula’ (a?ae 15 aei 110 ?ie?a), ooy
cao?aeia ? ?? oi?ie ‘Pyramidalis’, ‘Columna’, ‘Ericoides’, ‘Globosa’
(a?ae 20 aei 130 ?ie?a), Juniperus virginiana(a?ae 15 aei 90 ?ie?a),
Abies concolor(a?ae 30 aei 110 ?ie?a), Tsuga canadensis (a?ae 40 aei
100 ?ie?a), Chamae-cyparis lawsoniana (a?ae 5 aei 50 ?ie?a), Thuja
plicata ? ?? oi?ia ‘Aureo-Variegata’ (a?ae 30 aei 120 ?ie?a).

A noa?iaeiieo ia?eao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie i?e oi?ioaaii? iaecaae?a /?eueia
i?noea caeia? Pinus strobus, Pseudotsuga menz?esii i ?? oi?ia ‘Glauca’,
?icea pungens ? ?? oi?ia ‘Argentea’, Juniperus virginiana, Thuja
occidentalis ? ?? oi?ie ‘Pyramidalis’, ‘Columna’, Picea glauca oiui.

3.4. Aiae?c ia?niaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co ia?niaeoeaiino? i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo
ca iaoiaeeeith I.?.Eaieia, N.A.N?aei?ai?(1973) anoaiiaeaii, ui 14 aeae?a
a?aeiineoueny aei iiai?noth ia?niaeoeaieo, 19 aeae?a — aei
ia?niaeoeaieo, 7 aeae?a — aei iaio ia?niaeoeaieo, 4 aeaee — aei
iaeiia?niaeoeaieo.

Aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiue aeaei?aoeaieo ianaaeaeaiue c o/anoth
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oaieieo a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie. Iaaaaeaii ei?ioe?
a?aeiiino? iaeaaaeeea?oeo ieoaiue ?o no/aniiai noaio, iioe?aiiy a
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

?icae?e 4. ??no oa ?icaeoie oieeueeiaeo I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee a oiiaao
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie

4.1. Iniaeeaino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo

No?iee aaaaoaoe?? ?ineei caeaaeaoue, ianaiia?aae, a?ae aeaeiai?
iaeaaeiino? ? iiaiaeieo oiia. Ii/aoie ?inoo iaaii?a o aeae?a ?iaeeie
Niniiaeo niinoa??aa?oueny a ea?oi?-o?aai? i?e na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e
oaiia?aoo?? +9,8-13,20N. I?e iani?eyoeeaeo ceiiai-aaniyieo oiiaao
ii/aoie aaaaoaoe?? iiaea ci?uoaaoeny ia 15-21 aeaiue. ?ioaineaiee ??no
iaaii?a ?icii/eia?oueny a /a?ai? i?e na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e oaiia?aoo??
18,5-22,60N. Iaea?eueoee na?aaeiuei??/iee (aei 50 ni) ? aeiaiaee (1,6
ni) i?e??no o aenioo a i?noeaaeo oiiaao anoaiiaeaii o inaaaeionoae
Iaic?na, iaeiaioee na?aaeiuei??/iee (aei 5 ni) ? aeiaiaee (aei 0,3 ni)
— o ninie inoenoi?. A ie?ai? ?iee o aeayeeo aeae?a ninie, onoae, yeeie,
yeeoe? a?aei?/aii iiaoi?iee i?e??no iaaii?a.

Ii/aoie ?inoo iaaii?a o aeae?a ?iaeeie Eeia?eniaeo a?aei?/a?oueny o
ea?oi? — ia ii/aoeo o?aaiy i?e na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e oaiia?aoo??
+7,5-9,30N. Eieeaaiiy a no?ieao ii/aoeo ?inoo iaaii?a neeaaea? 4-23
aei?. ?ioaineaiee ??no iaaii?a niinoa??aa?oueny a e?ioe? eeiiy — ia
ii/aoeo na?iiy i?e

na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e oaiia?aoo?? 17,8 -24,50N. Iaea?eueoee
na?aaeiuei??/iee (aei 23 ni) ? aeiaiaee (aei 0,4 ni) i?e??no o aenioo
aeyaeaii o eeia?eniaeea Eaaniia, iaeiaioee na?aaeiuei??/iee (aei 1,4 ni)
? aeiaiaee (aei 0.2 ni) — o yeiaoey ai?eciioaeueiiai.

Oa?aeoa? ? o?eaae?noue ?inoo iaaii?a oa?aeoa?i? aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo, ye?
noi?ioaaeenue a i?ioean? o?eiaaiaco a iaaieo oiiaao na?aaeiaeua. Na?aae
aeae?a ?iaeeie Niniiaeo o i?noeaaeo oiiaao iaeo?eaae?oei ?inoii
a?aecia/a?oueny onoaa eaiaaenueea-1055 aei?a, iaeiaioei — yeeia
Aiaaeueiaia-464 aei?a. ?aooa aeae?a ca o?eaae?noth ?inoo caeia?
i?ii?aeia iieiaeaiiy.

Na?aae aeae?a ?iaeeie Eeia?eniaeo iaeo?eaae?oee ??no a?aei?/aii o oo?
neeaae/anoi? — 1246 aei?a, iaeiaioee — o yeiaoey a??a?inueeiai — 1135
aei?a.

A i?noeaaeo oiiaao aei aeae?a, ye? ?ioaineaii ?inoooue iaeaaeaoue yeeoey
iaeiieie??ia, yeeoey Eioa, inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na, yeeia n?ooeinueea,
yeeia eieth/a, ninia Aaeiooiaa, ninia aeiaoa, ninia aio/ea. Ninia
aei?noea, ninia ne?o/aia, ninia inoenoa, ninia Aaiena, yeiaaoeue
ai?eciioaeueiee ?inoooue iia?eueii. sse i?aaeei, aia?a?y ?inoo
oieeueeiaeo c a?eii cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny (ca aeiyoeii ninie inoenoi?,
ninie ne?o/aii?, ninie Aaiena, ye?aoe?a oiui). Iaeiei ?c oaeoi??a, ui
iaiaaeo? ??no iaaii?a o aecio?a, ? oieiaeia, aacni?aeia, c /anoeie
a?aeeeaaie ceia. A?eueo /ooeea? — yeeia n?ooeinueea, yeeoey aaee/ia,
ninia ?no?aia, eeia?eniaee oo?iiae?aiee oiui. No?ee? — ninia ne?o/aia,
ninia Aaeiooiaa, ninia Aaiena, yeeia eieth/a, yeeia neca, yeeia
Aiaaeueiaia, ooy cao?aeia, yeiaaoeue ai?eciioaeueiee oa ?i.

4.2. Iniaeeaino? ieeoaaiiy ? ian?ii?iioaiiy

A oiiaao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie o i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo
a?aei?/aii ?aii?e anooi a ii?o ian?ii?iioaiiy; ninia ne?o/aia, ninia
aei?noea, yeeia neca, yeeia /i?ia, ooy cao?aeia, ooy neeaae/anoa
ieiaeiiinyoue c 5-10 ?ie?a. Ninia aio/ea, ninia Aaeiooiaa, inaaaeionoaa
Iaic?na, eeia?eniaee Eaaniia, eeia?eniaee iooeainueeee, yeiaaoeue
a??a?inueeee, yeiaaoeue neaeueiee, yeiaaoeue cao?aeiee ieiaeiiinyoue c
10-15 ?ie?a. ?aooa aeae?a ?icii/eiathoue ?ai?iaeoeoaaoe i?ney 20 ?ie?a,
a yeeia eieth/a, yeeia Aiaaeueiaia, yeeoey iaeiieie??ia, yeeoey aaee/ia,
onoaa eaiaaenueea — c 25-35 ?ie?a.

A ?iaio? iaaaaeaii aiae?c ieeoaaiiy oa ian?ii?iioaiiy 27 aeae?a ca
ia??iae 1994-1996 ??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui an? aeaee iiai?noth cae?i/othoue
oeeee naciiiiai ?icaeoeo.

O aeae?a ?iaeeie Niniiaeo ieeoaaiiy ?icii/eia?oueny a o?aai?, ?ieiee
ci?uo?oueny ia e?iaoeue o?aaiy — ii/aoie /a?aiy. A nooo, oaieo iiaiaeo
cae?i/o?oueny oaeaeoa, a i?ioieiaeio ? aieiao caoyao?oueny aai
ia?a?eaa?oueny aeiuaie. O?eaa? ieeoaaiiy 5-12 aei?a. Iaea?eueo ?ynii
oea?oooue yeeoey iaeiieie??ia, yeeia eieth/a, yeeia neca, inaaaeionoaa
Iaic?na, ninia Aaeiooiaa — 2-5 aae?a, a i?nueeeo ianaaeaeaiiyo — 1-2
aaee. sseeoey aaeuecai?/ia, yeeie n?ooeinueea oa /i?ia, ninie aei?noea,
aio/ea oa inoenoa oea?oooue neaaei — 1-3 aaee.

O aeae?a ?iaeeie Eeia?eniaeo ieeoaaiiy ?icii/eia?oueny a ea?oi? — ia
ii/aoeo o?aaiy. Ieeoaaiiy ci?uo?oueny caeaaeii a?ae iani?eyoeeaeo
iiaiaeieo oiia ia 5-16 aei?a. O?eaa? ieeoaaiiy 6-10 aei?a. Iaea?eueo
?ynii oea?oooue eeia?eniaee Eaaniia, oo? cao?aeia oa neeaae/anoa,
ye?aoe? a??a?inueeee oa neaeueiee — 2-5 aae?a. ??aeei oea?oooue
yeiaaoeue ai?eciioaeueiee, eeia?eniaee iooeainueeee — 1-2 aaee.

I?e anooi? a aaia?aoeaio oaco aaaaoi aeae?a ?iaeeie Pinaceae a ia?o?
?iee ooai?ththoue iaaaeeeo e?euee?noue oeoie(3-7 oo.) c
ia?oaiinia?i?/iei ian?iiyi. Oae, o Abies balsamea Mill. ia?oa ooai?aiiy
iaaano?ia?e?a niinoa??aa?oueny o a?oe? 22 ?ie?a, i?e?ino?ia?e?a ia
aoei. Oiio ana ian?iiy ionoa. I?e?ino?ia?ee c’yaeeeny eeoa /a?ac 3 ?iee.
Ooai?aiiy o?eueee ae?ii/eo aaia?aoeaieo i?aai?a a?aei?/aii ? o ?ioeo
aeae?a yeeoe?, a oaeiae o yeei /i?ii?, n?ooeinueei? oa Aiaaeueiaia,
onoae eaiaaenueei?, ninai aeiaoi? i?aaiinueei? oa aio/ei?. I?e?ino?ia?ee
ooai?ththoueny, aea a iaaaeee?e e?eueeino? (iaioa 20%). Aiie
i?aaenoaaeai? iiiaeeiiei ? ia iathoue iiaeeeaino? ia?ao?aniiai
caieeaiiy. Ian?iiy o iacaaieo aeae?a ionoa aai neaaei aeiiaiaia (3-9%).
Aecaiiey?e, ye? c?inoathoue a eo?oei? — yeeia eieth/a ? ?? oi?ie, yeeia
neca, yeeoey iaeiieie??ia, ninia Aaeiooiaa, inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na
ooai?ththoue aeiiaiaia ian?iiy(aei 50-70%) ca aeiyoeii ninai ne?o/aii?,
aei?noei? oa Aaiena, o yeeo ian?iiy neaaei aeiiaiaia.

Aeey aeae?a ?iaeeie Cupressaceae oa?aeoa?ia ooai?aiiy i?e?i- ?
iaaano?ia?e?a c 5 — 15 ?ie?a. ?ai?iaeoeothoue ui??/ii, aea ?yni? a?iaea?
ian?iiy ianoathoue /a?ac 1 — 2 ?iee. Ui??/ii ooai?th?oueny aaeeea
e?euee?noue ieeeo. I?e?ino?ia?ee ??aiii??ii ?ici?uothoueny ii an?e
iiaa?oi? e?iie ? e?euee?nii(a?eueoa 60%) ia?aaaaeathoue iaaano?ia?ee.
Ieeie aeic??aa? oaeaeei, oaeaee?noue eiai aeic??aaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae
iiaiaeieo oiia. Aeo?ae ian?iiy o ye?aoe?a ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao 30-50%.
Eeia?eniaeee ia caaaeaee ooai?ththoue ye?nia ian?iiy, oi/a ieeeo
aeinoaoiuei ? ca?aathoueny oace aeic??aaiiy i?e?i- ? iaaano?ia?e?a.
Aeo?ae ian?iiy o eeia?eniaeea iooeainueeiai eieeaa?oueny a?ae 15 aei 20
%, o eeia?eniaeea Eaaniia — 35-55 %.

Iaeiae noiae?noue ian?iiy o eeia?eniaee?a iaaaeeea, ui iia’ycaii ia
o?eueee c iiaeie oiiaaie na?aaeiaeua, aea e aaiaoe/ieie iniaeeainoyie
ian?iiy. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeai? i?i iecueeo ye?noue ian?iiy
eeia?eniaee?a a iaaeao i?e?iaeiiai a?aaeo. Iniaeie, ye? c?inoathoue
iiiaeeiiei, ia iathoue iiaeeeaino? ia?ao?aniiai caieeaiiy, ooai?ththoue
neaaei aeiiaiaia(2-7%) ian?iiy.

4.3. O?eaae?noue aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo

Ca iaoeie niinoa?aaeaiiyie, aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae o
i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo o?eaa? a?ae 109 aei 177 aei?a, c ieo
ia ??no iaaii?a o aeiaaeeio i?eoiaeeoueny a?ae 42 aei 130 aei?a.
Iaea?eueo o?eaaeee /an ?inoooue iaaiie o oo? neeaae/anoi? 126-130 aei?a,
iaeei?iooee ia??iae ?inoo o yeeie Aiaaeueiaia — 42-49 aei?a. O?eaae?noue
?inoo iaaii?a ?aooe aeae?a noaiiaeoue 43-127 aei?a. ??no iaaii?a o ninai
?icii/eia?oueny iaeaea iaeii/anii c aoaiya?iiyi a?oiueie aai ia 1-3 aei?
i?ci?oa — a ia?o?e-ae?oa?e aeaeaaeao ea?oiy, o ye?aoe?a ??no iaaii?a
?icii/eia?oueny /a?ac 2-6 aei?a i?ney oea?o?iiy — a ae?oa?e-o?ao?e
aeaeaaeao ea?oiy. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo niinoa?aaeaiue iieacothoue, ui ??no
??/ieo iaaii?a o ceiino?eeeo aeae?a ?icii/eia?oueny ?ai?oa, a
?ioaineai?noue eiai ia ii/aoeo ?inoo aeua, i?ae a e?ioe? aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo. Oae, inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na ?icii/eia? ?inoe ?ai?oa iaio
ceiino?eeeo — a ia?o?e aeaeaae? o?aaiy. Ca aaee/eiith ??/iiai i?e?inoo
aiia ia?aaaaea? a?eueo?noue aeine?aeaeaieo aeae?a. ?? na?aaeiuei??/iee
i?e??no o ie?aieo na?aaeiueia?eiaeo ?ineei aeinyaa? 60 ni.

Iaeiia?euei?oa ?inoa ninia inoenoa, aiia aeinyaa? eeoa 1,75 i caaaeoee
o a?oe? 60 ?ie?a. A oiiaao i?e?iaeiiai a?aaeo ia? iaeneiaeueii 10-15 i
caaaeoee. Neaaei ?inoooue oaeiae ninie inoenoa, aei?noea, ne?o/aia,
yeiaaoeue ai?eciioaeueiee.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia eiinoaiooaaoe, ui a?eueo?noue aeine?aeaeaieo
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo aeae?a oieeueeiaeo a oiiaao ?io?iaeoeoe??
?inoooue oni?oii. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oe? aeaee i?eaeaoi? aeey
oe?ieiai eoeueoeaoaaiiy a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

?icae?e 5. Niiniae ?iciiiaeaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a eoeueoo?o
ia?niaeoeaieo aeae?a

5.1. Ian?ii?aa ?iciiiaeaiiy

Iaie i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy c aecia/aiiy ia??iaeo ian?ii?aiai
niieith aeayeeo i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oaieieo a oiiaao Ee?aa. Aea/aee
aia?a?th i?i?inoaiiy, eaai?aoi?io ? a?oioiao noiae?noue, niiniae
caa??aaiiy ? no?aoeo?eaoe?? ian?iiy, no?iee iin?ao.

?c 44 i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo aeae?a a oiiaao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie 27 aeae?a
?ai?iaeoeothoue. AEeoo?caeaoia, aeiiaiaia ian?iiy (ia 50-70%)
ooai?ththoue Abies concolor ? ?? oi?ia ‘Violacea’, Abies lowiana, Picea
glauca ? ?? oi?ia ‘Coerulea’; Picea pungens ‘Argentea’, ‘Glauca’,
‘Viridis’; Pseudotsuga menziesii i ?? oi?ie ‘Glauca’, ’Viridis’; Pinus
strobus, Thuja occidentalis ? ?? oi?ie ‘Pyramidalis’, ‘Columna’,
‘Lutea’, ‘Aurea’; Thuja plicata ? ?? oi?ie ‘Zebrina’, ‘Aureo-Variegata’;
Juniperus virginiana, Juniperus scopulorum.

?ai?iaeoeothoue, aea ooai?ththoue ia?oaiinia?i?/ia ian?iiy Pinus
sabiniana, Picea mariana, Picea sitchensis. Aiie ooai?ththoue iacia/io
e?euee?noue /ieia?/eo eieine?a ? ia iathoue iiaeeeaino? ia?ao?aniiai
caieeaiiy, o ieo iii?/aii naiicaieeaiiy aai a?eueia caieeaiiy.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?ae?a anoaiiaeaii, ui o ian?iiy Pinus strobus, Pinus
rigida, Abies concolor i?iyaey?oueny iaeaeua aia?a?y i?i?inoaiiy. I?ney
caa??aaiiy ian?iiy a e?iiaoieo oiiaao a neeyiiio iinoae? i?ioyaii 18
i?nyoe?a aia?a?y i?i?inoaiiy ? eaai?aoi?ia noiae?noue iii?oii
ciaioo?oueny. O ian?iiy Thuja occidentalis aeniea noiae?noue
caa??aa?oueny ? i?ney o?eaae?oiai caa??aaiiy(53%). Ian?iiy a?eueoino?
aeine?aeaeaieo iaie aeae?a i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oaieieo ao?a/athoue
noiae?noue /a?ac 2-4 ?iee.

5.2. Aaaaoaoeaia ?iciiiaeaiiy

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy c aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy
i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo. *a?ac a?aenooi?noue iiaiioe?iiiai
ian?iiy i?noeaai? ?ai?iaeoeoe?? aeayeeo aeae?a aeieea? iio?aaa caiiaeyoe
eiai ca ae?eaeoonaie ?c ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a. Iaaaeeea e?euee?noue ? iecueea
a?oioiaa noiae?noue ian?iiy i?ecaaee aei iaiao?aeiino? aeei?enoaiiy
iiaeeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy: aeeaoethaaiiyi, uaieaiiyi.

Oaaeeoey 5.1

?acoeueoaoe aei??iaiiy aeeaoe?a aeayeeo aeae?a oa oi?i
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo

(Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a)

A?e iaoa-AeaoaIaniaa-

Aeae, oi?ia?ei-

nueei? ?ineeieaeeaoeth-aaiiyiiyae ei?ai?aAei??-

iai?noue, %aei??-iaiiy, aei?aPseudotsuga menziesii
Franco2012.0516.0747,62,965Picea pungens
‘Glauca’3512.054.0934,83,6145Picea glauca
‘Conica’3512.057.0861,72,387Picea glauca
‘Albertiana’5012.0515.0833,53,195Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Parl.4512.0519.0722,82,568Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Ellwoodii’

15

12.05

21.07

28,02,3

70Chamaecyparis nootkatensis Spach.

50

12.05

23.07

16,33,4

72Thuja occidentalis L.4512.0518.0761,52,067Thuja occidentalis
‘Ericoides’4012.057.0782,01,756Thuja occidentalis ‘Globosa
Nana’3512.0521.0733,01,970Thuja occidentalis
‘Lutea’4012.059.0751,02,758Thuja occidentalis
‘Columna’4012.0518.0758,03,267Thuja occidentalis
‘Spiralis’4012.0520.0752,02,169Thuja occidentalis
‘Lutescens’4012.0511.0756,73,160Thuja plicata
D.Don5012.0516.0762,01,965Thuja plicata
‘Zebrina’5012.0510.1260,91,559Aeina?ae aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy oeyoii
uaieaiiy a OeAN IAI Oe?a?ie aia?oa aoa cae?eniaiee ?.?.Ai?ae??iei
(1964), i?ci?oa A.A.Eiaeiiaei (1970). Aoea c?iaeaia ni?iaa aca?iii?
o?ainieaioaoe?? ?yaeo aeae?a ninai ? yeei, a oiio /ene? c I?ai?/ii?
Aia?eee: ninie inoenoi?, yeei Aiaaeueiaia, n?ooeinueei? oa /i?ii?. A
?acoeueoao? c’ynoaaany aca?iiee aieea i?aeuaie ? i?euaie: i?enei?aiee
?icaeoie uaieaieo iniaei ia neeueii?ineeo i?aeuaiao ? iaaiaee —
oiia?eueiaiee ??no oa ?icaeoie oaeaeei?ineeo aeae?a ia neaaei?ineeo
i?aeuaiao. Ia ii/aoeo 80-o ?ie?a aoei oni?oii i?iaaaeaii uaieaiiy
inaaaeionoae Iaic?na (Iaoyo,1984). A oiiaao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie aeina?ae
aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy aeayeeo i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo aeae?a oeyoii
aeeaoethaaiiy aoa cae?eniaiee I.I.Io?oeeiei (1961) — yeeie eieth/i?;
C.ss.?aaiiaith (1982) — oo? cao?aeii? ? ?? oi?i, oo? a?aaionueei?,
yeiaoey a??a?inueeiai oiui.

Aaoi?ii c 1994 ?ieo i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aee c ?iciiiaeaiiy
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo oeyoii aeeaoethaaiiy. ?aaaia?aoeaio

caeaoi?noue aeeaoe?a aea/aee o 5 aeae?a ? 11 oi?i, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei
aeaio ?iaeei ? 4 ?iae?a (oaae. 5.1).

I?ae /an aeine?ae?a aecia/aee oa?i?i aeeaoethaaiiy, aieea a?eo iaoi/ieo
?ineei, neeaae noano?aoo ? noeioeyoi??a ?inoo ia aei??iaiiy aeeaoe?a. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeine?ae?a anoaiiaeaii, ui iioeiaeueiei oa?i?iii
aeeaoethaaiiy ? aaniyiee — a?ae aoaiya?iiy aei ?icioneaiiy a?oiueie. A?e
iaoi/ieo ?ineei aieeaa? ia ?iciiiaeaiiy noaaeaaeie aeeaoeyie. I?e?iaeii
e?auo ?aaaia?aoeaio caeaoi?noue iathoue iieiae? ?ineeie, a ii??aiyii? c
na?aaeiueia?eiaeie — aeua ia 15-20%. Neeaae noano?aoo ia? iii?oiee aieea
ia ?iciiiaeaiiy noaaeaaeie aeeaoeyie: e?au? ?acoeueoaoe io?eiaee i?e
aeei?enoaii? i?iieoiai ??/eiaiai i?neo oa?ii oiaueiith 4 ni. I?e
aeei?enoaii? aaoa?iaoeneio (0,01%), ia?aaioeaaieeneiai eae?th (0,01%) c
aeiaeaaaiiyi iaaeo (0,8-1,0%) niinoa??aaeinue i?aeaeuaiiy aei??iaiiy
aeeaoe?a ia 10-20 %.

Aeai? oaaeeoe? na?ae/aoue i?i a?aeiinio oni?oi?noue ?iciiiaeaiiy
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo i?e aeio?eiaii? aeacaieo oiia
?iciiiaeaiiy.

5.3. Iniiai? i?eioeeie ? niiniae iiaoaeiae eiiiiceoe?e ca o/anoth
oieeueeiaeo

Aeeeaaeai? iniiai? i?eioeeie aeiai?o oieeueeiaeo i?e noai?aii?
naaeiai-ia?eiaeo eiiiiceoe?e. Caa?iaii oaaao ia iaaeie?ee i?e noai?aii?
?ineeiieo oa?oioaaiue c o/anoth i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo.

Ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (Aieueo, 1915; *a?eania, 1976; ?oaoeia,
1977; Aa?aiaoa?e?, 1956; Noie/aa, 1962; Iaeaio?a??, 1968; Aiaiaay, 1971,
1977; Oai?iaiaa, Iineaeueiaa, 1971; Eoioe, 1974; Naaa?ei, 1975;
Otheueiaiia, 1975; Iaoeinueeee, Cieia?ia, 1978; AEe?iia, I?oyaeia, 1978;
?iae?/e?i, 1981; Eo/a?yaee, 1981; Oa?ai, Aaaiiaa, 1987) oa aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ocaaaeueiaii i?eioeeie eeaneo?eaoe?? oieeueeiaeo.

Ia iniia? aeaieo ianoaaeaiiy ianaaeaeaiue E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie
cai?iiiiiaaii 12 eiiiiceoe?e c o/anoth i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo
oieeueeiaeo.

?icae?e 6. Iniiai? iai?yiee ? ia?niaeoeae caaaa/aiiy aeaei?aoeaieo
ianaaeaeaiue c o/anoth i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo

6.1. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiai?o iniiaiiai ? aeiaeaoeiaiai ia?niaeoeaiiai
ani?oeiaioo

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ianaaeaeaiue aioai?/ieo naae?a,
aeaiae?iia?e?a, aeaiae?a???a, noa?iaeiieo ia?e?a ? i?nueeeo
ianaaeaeaiue, c a?aooaaiiyi aaaaoi??/iiai aeina?aeo aeei?enoaiiy
oieeueeiaeo a icaeaiaii? ianaeaieo i?noeue Oe?a?ie, aeicaieeee
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey i?nueeeo ianaaeaeaiue E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie ? aaaaeaoe
ia?niaeoeaieie 21 aeae oa 42 oi?ie i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo.
Aeey ?icoe?aiiy ?nioth/iai a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie aaiioiiaeo
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo iaiao?aeii iniaeeao oaaao caa?iooe ia
iiiiaiaiiy oi?iiaiai ??ciiiai?ooy oaeeo oe?iieo aeae?a ye eeia?eniaee
Eaaniia (aeiaeaoeiai iiiaae 200 oi?i ), onoaa eaiaaenueea (140), ooy
cao?aeia (74), ninia Aaeiooiaa (63), yeeia eieth/a (51), yeiaaoeue
a??a?inueeee (41), inaaaeionoaa Iaic?na (38), yeeoey iaeiieie??ia (20),
ooy aaeaoainueea (17) oiui.

Aeey aecia/aiiy e?eoa???a aeiai?o ia?niaeoeaiiai ani?oeiaioo oieeueeiaeo
aeei?enoai? oae? iieacieee, ye oni?oi?noue c?inoaiiy a oiiaao E?ninoaio,
oaeaee?noue ?inoo, ceiino?ee?noue, iinooino?ee?noue,
na?oeiae-aaaeea?noue, aeiaaia?/i?noue, ooaeiaeiuei-aeaei?aoeai? iciaee ?
iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo. Ani?oeiaio oieeueeiaeo
aea?aaieo ?ineei(caeaaeii a?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy)
neeaaea?oueny c iniiaiiai ? aeiaeaoeiaiai. ?c ?ineei iniiaiiai
ani?oeiaioo iiaeiia oi?ioaaoeny ia?aaaaeia /anoeia ianaaeaeaiue ia’?eoo
? noai?thaaoenue aeaiaioe eiiiiceoe?e caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue. Aeaee ?c
aeiaeaoeiaiai ani?oeiaioo iiaeii? aiineoe ??ciiiai?oi?noue a iinaaeee ?c
iniiaieo aeae?a ? anoaoe/ii iineethaaoe eiiiiceoe??, ye? noai?ththoueny.
Aiie iiaeii? neeaaeaoe aei 15% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iinaaeie
ia’?eoo icaeaiaiiy.

Aeniiaee

1. Iiia?aaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeyaeoe oaeniiii?/iee neeaae
oieeueeiaeo(o oiio /ene? i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo) a Oe?a?i?, i?iaanoe
iiia?aaeith ioe?ieo aeeoo?caeaoiino? ie?aieo aeae?a, i?iaiae?coaaoe
iniaeeaino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy a naaeiai-ia?eiaiio aoae?aieoeoa?.
Caeeoathoueny ia aea/aieie iniaeeaino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo, a?eiaa oa
e?euee?nia no?oeoo?e, ian?ii?iioaiiy ? ?iciiiaeaiiy
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

2. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie
eoeue-oeao?oueny 44 aeaee oa 120 oi?i oieeueeiaeo c I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee,
ye? a?ae-iinyoueny aei 4 ?iaeei ? 12 ?iae?a. C ieo 42 aeaee — aea?aaa, 2
aeaee — eou?. Iae-a?eueoa aeae?a oa oi?i aeyaeaii o ianaaeaeaiiyo OeAN
IAI Oe?a?ie (96), aioai?/iiio naaeo ?i.I.A.Oii?ia (68). A i?nueeeo
ianaaeaeaiiyo eoeueoeao?oueny a?ae 1 aei 10 aeae?a ? a?ae 3 aei 13
oi?i.

3. Ia?niaeoeaieie aeey aeei?enoaiiy a naaeiai-ia?eiaiio aoae?aieoeoa? ?
aeaee I?ai?/ii-Cao?aeii-Aia?eeainueei?,
Aoeaioe/ii-I?ai?/ii-Aia?eeai-nueei? oa Oee?eoiai?aaeueii? oei?enoe/ieo
iaeanoae. O ianaaeaeaiiyo aioai?/ieo naae?a, aeaiae?iia?e?a, noa?iaeiieo
ia?e?a, aeaiae?a???a ? i?nueeeo ianaaeaeaiiyo aiie neeaaeathoue 97,7%
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aeae?a i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo.
Aeaee c aeec’thieoeaieie a?aaeaie neeaaeathoue 25,0%.

4. Nenoaiaoe/iee aiae?c i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo iieacaa, ui
iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth aeae?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a on?o
eaoaai??yo ianaaeaeaiue, i?aaenoaaeai? ?iaee ninia (8), yeeoey (8),
yeeia (7).

5. A ianaaeaeaiiyo E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie cono??/athoueny oe?ii? ??aee?ni?
?io?iaeooeaioe — yeeoe? a?eciinueea, /oaeiaa oa aaee/ia, ninie inoenoa,
Naa?ia, aeiaoa a??nueea oa ne?o/aia oiui. ?o ne?ae iaa??aaoe ye
aeo?aeiee aaiioiiae eoeueoo?ii? aeaiae?ioei?e oaieieo.

6. Ca a?eiaith oa e?euee?niith no?oeoo?ith ia?aaaaeathoue ianaaeaeaiiy
a?eii a?ae 40 aei 60 ?ie?a. Aiie noaiiaeyoue 64,2% a?ae caaaeueii?
e?eueeino? ianaaeaeaiue, ?ineeie a?eii a?ae 20 aei 40 ?ie?a noaiiaeyoue
25,5%, iieiae? — 10,1%, a 0,2% — noa?? (100 ?ie?a ? a?eueoa).
A?eueo?noue ?ineei anooieee a ia??iae ian?ii?iioaiiy.

7. ?acoeueoaoe oaiieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ca ?inoii ? ?icaeoeii
i?a-i?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo a oiiaao Ee?aa na?ae/aoue i?i
caeaoi?noue ??cieo iniaei iaeiiai aeaeo i?ioiaeeoe iaeiieiaii? oace
naciiiiai ?icaeoeo a ??ci? no?iee. Oea caaacia/o? oni?oio
aee?iaoecaoe?th ?io?iaeooeaio?a a iiaeo oiiaao.

8. O?eaaeee ia??iae aeeaieiai niieith i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo
a cia/i?e i??? aecia/a? ?o a?aeiinii aenieo ceiino?ee?noue a oiiaao
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie. Ca nooiaiai ceiino?eeino? aiie ?iciiae?eythoueny ia
oae? a?oie: iiai?noth ceiino?ee? — 38 aeae?a, iaaeinoaoiuei ceiino?ee? —
6.

9. Aeyaeaii iniaeeaino? ieeoaaiiy ? aeic??aaiiy ieeeo
i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo. Ieeie aaaaoueio aeae?a aeic??aa?
caeaaeii a?ae iiaiaeieo oiia. Ia??iae c na?aaeiueii?ny/iith
oaiia?aoo?ith 3,50N, yeee ia?aaeo? ieeoaaiith, cia/ii (aei 16 aei?a)
i?enei?th? ieeoaaiiy ?, iaaiaee, c na?aaeiueii?ny/iith oaiia?aoo?ith
-3,00N — aaeueio?.

10. Aecia/aia caeaaei?noue o?iaeaeiino? ? yeino? ian?iiy a?ae oiia
c?inoaiiy, e?eueeino? iniaei, ye? ni?eueii c?inoathoue. AEeoo?caeaoia,
aeiiaiaia ian?iiy (50-70%) oa?aeoa?ia aeey ?ineei, ye? ?acii c?inoathoue
o a?oi?, eo?oei?, ianea? ? ooai?ththoue aeinoaoith e?euee?noue ieeeo, a
naia Pseudotsuga menziesii, Abies concolor, Picea pungens, Picea glauca,
Pinus strobus, Thuja occidentalis, Thuja plicata, Juniperus virginiana
oiui.

11. Ia i?aenoaa? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, a oaeiae aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue
c ian?ii?aiai ? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy, anoaiiaeaii, ui iioeiaeueiei
no?ieii aeeaoethaaiiy ? aaniyiee (aa?acaiue-ea?oaiue) ia??iae aoaiya?iiy
a?oiueie. Aeei?enoaiiy aaoa?iaoeneio ye noeioeyoi?a ?inoo c aeiaeaaaiiyi
ia?aaioeaaieeneiai eae?th oa iaaeo a?aeiia?aeii eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,01% ?
0,8%-1,0% i?aeaeuo? aei??iaiiy aeeaoe?a ia 15-20%.

12. O aioai?/ieo naaeao, aeaiae?iia?eao, noa?iaeiieo ia?eao,
aeaiae?a??yo ? i?nueeeo ianaaeaeaiiyo ia?aaaaeathoue iaeia — o?e a?oie
o?c?iiii?/ieo oei?a aea?aa, a naia — yeeiiaee, ooeiaee oa yeeoeaaee.
??aeoa cono??/athoueny ianaaeaeaiiy, aea ia?aaaaeathoue 1-5 a?oi
o?c?iiii?/ieo oei?a (aeiaeaoeiai inaaaeionoaiaee, niniiaee).

13. Anoaiiaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo aeaiaio?a o ia?eiaeo
ianaaeaeaiiyo c o/anoth i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo: a?oie
neeaaeathoue 68%, aea? — 1%, nie?oa?e — 29,8%. Ia?aaaaeathoue a?oie c
iecueeeie ? na?aaei?ie aeaei?aoeaieie yeinoyie (a?aeiia?aeii 32,8% ?
42,9% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? a?oi).

Ae?a?aii ? cai?iiiiiaaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy a icaeaiaii? E?ninoaio
Oe?a?ie iniiaiee (12 aeae?a oa 22 oi?ie) ? aeiaeaoeiaee (9 aeae?a oa 20
oi?i) ani?oeiaioo i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo. Aeina?ae oni?oii?

?io?iaeoeoe?? i?ai?/ii — aia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo na?ae/eoue i?i
iiaeeea?noue cia/iiai ?icoe?aiiy ani?oeiaioo oieeueeiaeo ca ?aooiie ua
iaaei?iaoaaieo aeae?a oa aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i oaieieo I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee.

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

1. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia cai?iiiioaaoe aeey
aei?iaoaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? 21 aeae oa 42
oi?ie i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo, a oiio /ene?:

2. Aeey aeei?enoaiiy a naaeiai-ia?eiaiio aoae?aieoeoa?

a) no/ani? — Abies concolor, Abies lowiana, Picea glauca, Picea pungens,
Picea engelmannii, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Thuja occidentalis, Thuja
plicata, Juniperus virginiana, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Juniperus
horizontalis;

a) ia?niaeoeai? — Pinus ponderosa, Pinus contorta, Pinus flexilis, Abies
fraseri, Abies arizonica, Tsuga canadensis, Pinus murrayana, Pinus
aristata, Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Juniperus scopulorum;

a) ia ?aeiiaiaeo?ii aei iinaaeie — Pinus rigida, Pinus edulis, Pinus
mon-ticola, Pinus banksiana, Picea mariana, Chamaecyparis thyoides.

3. Aeey aei?iaoaaiiy a e?niaeo eoeueoo?ao E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie
?aeiiaiaeo?ii Pinus ponderosa, Pinus contorta, Pinus murrayana, Pinus
scopulorum, a oaeiae ?ai?oa aei?iaoaai? Pseudotsuga menziesii, Pinus
strobus ye oaeaeei?ine?, ye? iathoue oe?iio aea?aaeio. Caneoaiao?
aei?iaoaaiiy ye ai??oiiinia Pinus flexilis.

4. I?e caeeaaeaii? iaoi/iee?a a aeaei?aoeaieo ?icnaaeieeao aeey
caaacia/aiiy ia?ao?aniiai caieeaiiy ne?ae aenaaeaeoaaoe ?ineeie a?oiaie
a?ae 7 iniaei ? a?eueoa.

5. ?iciiiaeoaaoe i?ai?/iiaia?eeainuee? oieeueeia? aeioe?eueii ian?iiyi

Abies concolor, Picea pungens, Picea glauca, Pseudotsuga menziesii,
Tsuga canadensis, Pinus strobus, Pinus ponderosa, Juniperus virginiana,
Juniperus scopulorum, a oaeiae aeeaoeyie oi?ie Picea pungens, Picea
glauca, Picea engelmannii, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Thuja occidentalis,
Thuja plicata, Juniperus horizontalis, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana,
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis. ?aooo aeae?a oa ?o aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i ne?ae
?iciiiaeoaaoe uaieaiiyi.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii oae? ?iaioe:

1. Eociaoeia N.?., Ia?eie/ ?.N., Ie?iiiaa A.I. Aaiioiiae oaieieo
I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee o ca’yceo c ?o aeei?enoaiiyi o eoeueoo?o?oioeaiicao
Oe?a?ie //Iaoeiaee a?niee Oe?.aea?ae. e?nioao. o-oo. — Euea?a: Oe?AeEOO,
1998.- Aei.9.2.- N. 55-58.

2. Ia?eie/ ?.N. ??no ? ?icaeoie oieeueeiaeo I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee a oiiaao
E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie // Iaoeiaee a?niee Oe?. aea?ae. e?nioao. o-oo.-
Euea?a: Oe?AeEOO, 1998.- Aei.9.2.- N. 63-66.

3. Ia?eie/ ?.N., Ie?iiiaa A.I., *a?iye A.I. I?aenoiee ?io?iaeoeoe??
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie // Iaoe. cai.
Oa?iii. aea?ae. iaae. oi-oo ?i. A. Aiaothea. Na??y 4: A?ieia?y.-
Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — ?3.- N. 15-18.

4. Eociaoeia N.?., I?ooainueea I.Ae., Ai?iaaoeue N.A., Aei?ioaiei I.E.,
Ia?eie/ ?.N. Noai oa i?iaeaia caa?aaeaiiy yeeie eieth/i? (Picea pungens
Engelm.) a oiiaao i. Ee?aa // I?iaeaie aenia?eiaioaeueii? aioai?ee oa
aeieia?? ?ineei.-E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1997.- Aei. 1.- N.234-238.

5. Ia?eie/ ?.N. I?ai?/iiaia?eeainuee? oaiei? a ia?eao i?noa Ee?aa //
I?iaeaie eaiaeoaooii? a?o?oaeoo?e, o?aiaeieia?? oa icaeaiaiiy ianaeaieo
i?noeue.-Euea?a, 1997.-N.208-210.

6. Ia?eie/ ?.N., Ie?iiiaa A.I. Aeei?enoaiiy i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo
oaieieo ?iaeeie Pinaceae Lindl.a naaeiai-ia?eiaiio aoae?aieoeoa? Oe?a?ie
// I?iaeaie eaiaeoaooii? a?o?oaeoo?e, o?aiaeieia?? oa icaeaiaiiy
ianaeaieo i?noeue.-Euea?a, 1997.-N.210-212.

7. Ia?eie/ E.N. Oaieiua Naaa?iie Aia?eee a eieeaeoeeyo aioaie/aneeo
naaeia a. Eeaaa// Oac. Iaaeaeoia?. eiio.iie.o/aiuo “I?iaeaiu
aeaiae?ieiaee, naaeiaiaenoaa e oeaaoiaiaenoaa”.-sseoa.-1994.-N.13-14.

8. Ia?eie/ E.N. Aeue eieth/ay (Picea pungens Engelm.) e ia?niaeoeau
iaiaauaiey a? aaiioiiaea a Oe?aeia //Oac.aeiee.nannee Nia.aioai.naaeia
Oe?aeiu “Aioaie/aneea naaeu — oeaio?u nio?aiaiey aeieiae/aneiai
?aciiia?acey ie?iaie oei?u.”-sseoa.-1995.-N.137.

9. Ia?eie/ ?.N., Ie?iiiaa A.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ian?ii?iioaiiy ?
aaaa-oaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy o ?iaeo Ooy//Iaoa??aee I?aeia?.tha?e.eiio.
“E?n?a-ie/a iaoea oa ina?oa: noai oa ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo.”-Ee?a.-1997.-N.93-94.

Ia?eie/ ?.N. A?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oieeueeiaeo o
ca’yceo c ?o eoeueoo?ith a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeeoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.05. — aioai?ea. — Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee
naae ?i. I.I. A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeeeaaeaii iaoa??aee c aea/aiiy
i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeeo oaieieo a E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie, a o./. no/aniee
oaeniiii?/iee neeaae, a?eiaa ? e?euee?nia no?oeoo?e, a?iiao?e/i?
iieacieee. Aea/aia ?o oaiieia?y, ?eoi, aeeiai?ea ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo,
iniaeeaino? ieeoaaiiy ? ian?ii?iioaiiy. Aena?oeaii ieoaiiy
oaeineiiaeaiiy niinia?a ian?ii?aiai ? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy.
I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeina?aeo ? ii?aoeueiaaii ?aoe?iiaeuei? iaoiaee
eaiaeoaooiiai aeei?enoaiiy aeine?aeaeaieo aeae?a o aeaiiio
aioai?ei-aaia?ao?/iiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ai?/iiaia?eeainuee? oieeueeia?, eoeueoo?a,
oaeniiii?/iee neeaae, a?eiaa ? e?euee?nia no?oeoo?e, oaiieia?y,
ieeoaaiiy, ian?ii?iioaiiy, ?iciiiaeaiiy, eaiaeoaooia aeei?enoaiiy.

Ia?eie/ E.N. Aeieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo a
nayce n eo eoeueoo?ie a Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.05. — aioaieea.- Oeaio?aeueiue aioaie/aneee
naae ei. I.I. A?eoei IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa eceiaeaiu iaoa?eaeu, naycaiiua n eco/aieai
naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo a Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu eae enoi/ieea
eio?iaeoeoeee e ia?niaeoeaiiai anni?oeiaioa aeey aeaeueiaeoiai
eniieueciaaiey a eieeaeoeeiiiuo, ia?eiauo e ae?oaeo oeiao caeaiuo
ianaaeaeaiee. I?eaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea eeeiaoe/aneeo
oneiaee ?aeiiia eio?iaeoeoeee naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo a oneiaeyo
Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu e eo i?e?iaeiuo a?aaeia. I?iaaaeai aiaeec
oaeniiiie/aneiai ninoaaa aeaiae?ioei?u naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo a
i?e?iaeiuo oneiaeyo, a oaeaea aiaeec eo i?ienoiaeaeaiey ii
oei?enoe/aneei iaeanoyi. Io?aaeaia enoi?ey eio?iaeoeoeee
naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo a Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu. Onoaiiaeaii
ianoiiaoiaeaeaiea ioaeaeueiuo oeaiiuo ?a?eoaoiuo yecaiiey?ia, aic?anoiay
e eiee/anoaaiiay no?oeoo?u, aeiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee, aic?ano
anooieaiey a ?ai?iaeoeoeaioth oaco ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia naaa?iaia?eeaineeo
oaieiuo a oneiaeyo eoeueoo?u Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu a — o./. ioia/aiu aeaeu,
eioi?ua aeinoeaee cia/eoaeueiiai aica?anoa i?e yoii nio?aiyy aunieea
aeaei?aoeaiua, naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneea e ynoaoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe.
Eco/aia oaiieiaey, ?eoi e ?acaeoea, iniaaiiinoe iueaiey e naiaiioaiey 27
aeaeia naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo a caaeneiinoe io iiaiaeiuo oneiaee e
oneiaee ianoii?iec?inoaiey; oeacaiu o?iaeaeiinoue, n?iee nic?aaaiey e
nai?a naiyi; ii?aaeaeaiu yia?aey i?i?inoaiey, eaai?aoi?iay e a?oioiaay
anoiaeanoue, n?iee no?aoeoeeaoeee e iinaaa naiyi.

I?e aaaaoaoeaiii ?aciiiaeaiee enneaaeiaaiu iioeiaeueiua n?iee
/a?aieiaaiey, aeeyiea aic?anoa iaoa?eineeo ?anoaiee, noano?aoa e
noeioeyoi?ia ?inoa ia oei?aiaiea /a?aieia, oaoieea eo caaioiaee,
i?aaeiinaaei/iay ia?aaioea e aunaaeea /a?aieia. Ii?aaeaeaiu iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiua aeaeu e aeaei?aoeaiua oi?iu naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo
niioaaonoaaiii aeiaaiaa/iinoe, nei?inoe ?inoa, onoie/eainoe e
eeieoe?othuei oaeoi?ai, aeaei?aoeaiinoe, naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneei e
ynoaoe/aneei iniaaiiinoyi aeey eo eniieueciaaiey a icaeaiaiee ianaeaiiuo
ioieoia Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iieo/aiu ia aaca iiauo iao/iuo aeaiiuo eo
?inoa e ?acaeoey, a oaeaea niiniaia ?aciiiaeaiey e aiaae?aiey a
eoeueoo?o. Aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiuo aeaeia e aeaei?aoeaiuo oi?i a naaeiai-ia?eiaii
no?ieoaeuenoaa, eaniuo eoeueoo?ao, aiaiiiio e aaaaoaoeaiiio
?aciiiaeaieth naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo.

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey ianaaeaeaiee aioaie/aneeo naaeia,
aeaiae?iia?eia, aeaiae?a?eaa, noa?eiiuo ia?eia e ai?iaeneeo ianaaeaeaiee
n o/aoii iiiaieaoiaai iiuoa eniieueciaaiey oaieiuo a icaeaiaiee
ianaeaiiuo ioieoia Oe?aeiu, iicaieeee ?aeiiaiaeiaaoue aeey ai?iaeneeo
ianaaeaeaiee Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu e n/eoaoue ia?niaeoeaiuie 21 aeae e 42
aeaei?aoeaiuo oi?iu naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo. Aeey ?anoe?aiey
nouanoaothuaai a Eaninoaie Oe?aeiu aaiioiiaea naaa?iaia?eeaineeo oaieiuo
iaiaoiaeeii iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeeoue iiiieiaieth oi?iiaiai ?aciiia?acey
oaeeo oeaiiuo aeaeia eae eeia?eniaee Eaaniia (aeiiieieoaeueii nauoa 200
oi?i), onoaa eaiaaeneay (140), ooy caiaaeiay (74), ninia Aaeiooiaa (63),
aeue eieth/ay (51), iiaeaeaaaeueiee ae?aeineee (41), inaaaeionoaa
Iaicena (38), ieooa iaeiioeaaoiay (20), ooy aeaaioneay (17).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naaa?iaia?eeaineea oaieiua, eoeueoo?a, oaeniiiie/aneee
ninoaa, aic?anoiay e eiee/anoaaiiay no?oeoo?u, oaiieiaey, iueaiea,
naiaiioaiea, ?aciiiaeaiea, eaiaeoaooiia eniieueciaaiea.

Marinich I.S. Biological peculiarities of North-American conifers in
connection with their culture in the partially-wooded steppe of Ukraine.
– Manuscript.

Dissertation to obtain the degree of candidate of biological sciences in
speciality 03.00.05 — botany. -The I.I. Gryshko Central Botanic Gardens
of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation gives the materials related to studing North-American
conifers in the partially-wooded steppe of Ukraine, including their
taxonomical consistency, age and quantitative structure, biometrical
parameters. Their phenology, rythm, dynamics of their growth and
development, pecularities of their pollination and seed bearing have
been investigated.

There are issues related to the improvement of methods of the
propagation by seed and vegetation. There has been done experiment
analysis and devaloped rational methods of landscape use of studied
kinds in the botanic geographical region of Ukraine.

Key words: North-American conifers, culture, taxonomical consistency,

age and quantitative structure, phenology, pollination, seed bearing,
reproduction, landscape use.

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