.

Біологічні особливості Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall. при вегетативному розмноженні: Автореф. дис… канд. біол. наук / В.Є. Харченко, НАН України.

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IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

OeAIO?AEUeIEE AIOAI?*IEE NAAe

IIAI? I.I.A?EOEA

Oa?/aiei Aieoi?iy ?aaaiiaia

OAeE: 581.522.4: 580:633.366:631.532

A?IEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO? MELILOTUS OFFICINALIS (L.)PALL. I?E AAAAOAOEAIIIO
?ICIIIAEAII?

03.00.05. – aioai?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aiieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Eoaainueeiio nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio oiiaa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? aiieiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Nieieia Iaai Aeieo?iae/

Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oiiaa?neoao, caaiaeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
aioaiiee oa aeieiai?

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,

C?iai Na?oeaia Ieeiea?aia

?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Aoeao Iao?i ?aaai?eiae/

Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i. I.I.A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
aioai?ee,i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “5”eenoiaaea 1999 ?. i _13.00. aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.215.01 aeey caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe i?e Oeaio?aeueiiio
aioai?/iiio naae? IAI Oe?a?ie ?iai? I.I. A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith:

252014, i. Ee?a, aoe. O?i??yc?anueea, 1.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Oeaio?aeueiiai
aioai?/iiai naaeo ?iai? I.I. A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie,

252014, i.Ee??a, aoe. O?i??yc?anueea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee “27“ aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
Ioce/oe A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A Oe?a?i? ?nio? ?yae i?iaeai aeiiii?/iiai oa
aeieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a ae??oaiiy yeeo ?
aeei?enoaiiy o ainiiaea?noaao iiaeo ia?niaeoeaieo eoeueoo?. Ialilotus
officinalis (L.)Pall. – oe?iia ei?iiaa, o?oiiae?i?aoeaia,
ia?icai?ithth/a, aioe?aae?iaeoeaia, iaaeiiinia oa e?ea?nueea ?ineeia
(A?otheia, 1973, Iieueiaee, 1989). O eoeueoo?? M. officinalis ca
ei?ioeee oa?i?i iiaeia io?eiaoe aenie? noaa?euei? a?iaea? ei?iiai? iane
oa ian?iiy, e??i oiai ?ineeie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia caeaiee ei?i
oa aiaeii/an ae?thoue, ye aeia?eai, ai caeaoi? iaeiie/oaaoe acio (aei
150-200 ea/aa) (Noai?ia, 1962, Niaoaiei, 1987). Ai?no i?ioa?io a
ei?iia?e ian? ia nooo ?a/iaeio noaiiaeoue 160 – 190 a/ea (Ianaeeiia,
1991). E??i oiai, oea aenieia?oai?iia ?ineeia. Oae, o ia?a?aooieo ia
nooo ?a/iaeio ai?no anei?a?iiai? eeneioe neeaaea? 827 ia/100a., ea?ioeio
– 199 iea/a., a?oai?io A – 205 iea/ a, a?oai?i?a A1 – 9 iea/a, oa A2 – 1
iea/a (Aiaioiaa, 1983). M. officinalis iaaeaaaeeaee aei ?iaeth/ino?
a?oio?a, ia?aoeiaeaea? ?o a?ic??, yea ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie ui??/ii
ca?eueoo?oueny ia 100 – 120 oen. aa (Oeeoea, 1998). Iaeiae
?iciianthaeaeaiiy M. officinalis o ainiiaea?noaao e?a?ie iaaeoi
iaiaaeaia, ui iiynith?oueny aeao?oeeoii ian?iiy oa iaaeineiiae?noth
?aeiiiaaieo ni?o?a, ye? iathoue ?yae iaaeie?e?a: a?oa? noaaea, iecueeo
iaeenoiai?noue oa ?i. (Naaaeaaeia, 1984).

Naeaeoe?ei? ?iaioe no?eiothoueny iaaeinoaoiueith aea/ai?noth
a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeaioae oe??? ?ineeie. E??i oiai M. officinalis ?
aeai??/iei enaiiaaiiei aioiiio?eii, e a?eueo?noue c?ace?a ?c caaeaieie
iciaeaie iinooiiai ao?a/a? ?o /anoeio o ca’yceo c ia?ao?aniei
caieeaiiyi c i?e?iaeieie oi?iaie. Oaeei /eiii, aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueiei
aoei i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?enei?aia ca?eueoaiiy a
iiioeyoe?yo e?eueeino? ?ineei c oe?iieie iciaeaie oa i?aeaeuaiiy
eiia??iino? ooai?aiiy iiaeo oi?i oa ni?o?a.

Aaaaoaoeaia ?iciiiaeaiiy aeicaiey? oaeaeei io?eioaaoe aaeeeo e?euee?noue
?ineei aac ci?ie aaiioeio. Aeey aeayeeo i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeeie Fabaceaa
(Madicago sativa, Vic?a faba oa ?i.) aaea ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee
aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy (Ianoieaoee, 1970, Iiaiaeeeia, 1987). Oiio
aeey i?enei?aiiy naeaeoe?? M. officinal?s aeioe?eueiei aoei i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae oe???
?ineeie i?e aaaaoaoaiiio ?iciiiaeaii?. Caaaa/aiiy ni?oiaiai ani?oeiaioo
M. officinal?s ia? caaania/eoe ca?eueoaiiy iin?aii? ieiu?, i?ae oe??th
eoeueoo?ith, ui ni?eyoeia iie?ioaiith aeieia?/iiai noaio a?oio?a
Oe?a?ie ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? a?ic?eieo i?ioean?a, oa ??aiy
?oiuei? ?aae?iaeoeaiino?, ca?eueoaiith ae?iaieoeoaa ?ineeiiiai a?eea
oiui.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy c
ieoaiue aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy M.
officinal?s aoei neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oaiaoe/iiai ieaio eaoaae?e
aioai?ee oa aeieia?? Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiia aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ii
aeeiiaiith aea?aeaaiiai ieaio a 1991-1999 ?.?. i?iaeoo “Ei?ie ? ei?iiaee
a?eie” IOI “I?iaeiaieuenoai-95“ (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? UAO
1002374 P).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaaea o ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiae?a i?enei?aiiai ca?eueoaiiy a iiioeyoe?yo M. officinal?s
e?eueeino? oi?i c oe?ieie iciaeaie ia iniia? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy,
a?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? iioiaaiaco aeaii? ?ineeie, aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
eiia??iino? noai?aiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy ni?o?a c aaaeaieie iciaeaie.

?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeiaaaea ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:
aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? naciiiiai ?icaeoeo eieaeoe?eieo ni?oi-c?ace?a a
oiiaao oeaio?aeueii? oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie; aea/eoe iniaeeaino?
oei??iaiiy aeeaoe?a oa oeyoe iioei?caoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano;
i?iaiae?coaaoe ei?aeyoe?th iciae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ei?aiaooai?thaaiiy
ia aeeaoeyo; aea/eoe ?icaeoie ?ineei, ui aoee ?iciiiaeai? aaaaoaoeaii;
aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino? ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy ca
?aooiie canoinoaaiiy aeiooaiiai ia??iaeo niieith o ?ineei ia?oiai ?ieo
aeeooy; aecia/eoe oiiae aaaaeaiiy a eoeueoo?o in vitro ca aeiiiiiaith
iioei?caoe?? oiia io?eiaiiy eaethnieo eoeueoo? c eenoiaeo,
n?i’yaeieueieo, aiiieioeeaaeo aenieaioia ? eaoa?aeueieo a?oiueie,
aea/eoe caeaaei?noue ii?oiaaiaco eaoa?aeueieo a?oiueie a eoeueoo?? a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?oiai?iii?a o iiaeeaieo na?aaeiaeuao; ?ic?iaeoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii caa?aaeaiith oa i?enei?aiith ?iciiiaeaiiy oe?iieo
aaiioei?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeine?aei? ?ineeie M.
officinal?s ni?oic?ace?a e-36672, e-36673, e-36674, e-36675, e-36676,
e-36680 c eieaeoe?? Ana?in?enueeiai ?inoeoooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?iai?
I.?.Aaa?eiaa a oiiaao oeaio?aeueii? oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie o
ia?oee ??e aeeooy ia ia?aoiaeyoue aei ianiaiai oea?o?iiy. Aoee
?ic?iaeai? oeyoe ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?ia?o ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy
eiia??iino? noai?aiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy ni?o?a ?c aaaeaieie iciaeaie ca
?aooiie canoinoaaiiy aeiooaiiai ia??iaeo niieith ?ineei ia?oiai ?ieo
aeeooy. A ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy ?icaeoeo ?ineei M. officinal?s ia?oiai
?ieo aeeooy ?iciiiaeaieo aaaaoaoeaii anoaiiaeaii, ui c-ca iaaei?icaeoeo
ceioth/eo i?aai?a oe? ?ineeie ia caeaoi? ia?aiineoe in?iiuei-ceiiaee
ia??iae oa ooai?thaaoe ian?iiy. Aeey i?enei?aiiai ia?aoiaeo ?ineei
ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy, ui aoee ?iciiiaeai? aaaaoaoeaii, aei oea?o?iiy aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii canoinoaaiiy oioi?iaeoeoe??, ia i?ioyc? aeiooaiiai
ia??iaeo niieith. Aoee ?ic?iaeai? oiiae aaaaeaiiy M. officinal?s a
eoeueoo?o in vitro, oaeiae nenoaia ?iaeoeoe?? eaethniaaiaco ia
eenoeiaeo, n?i’yaeieueieo, aiiieio?eaaeo aenieaioao oa eaoa?aeueieo
a?oiueeao. Aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue i?ioean?a ii?oiaaiaco a eoeueoo??
eaoa?aeueieo a?oiueie a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?oiai?iii?a o iiaeeaieo
na?aaeiaeuao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??, aoee
aeei?enoai? ni?a?ia?oieeaie eaoaae?e aioai?ee oa aeieia?? ia
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e aac? Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
i?e io?eiaii? iiaiai ni?oo: Ao?eoi aeiaoee Eoaainueeee iaeieoia?eiiaee,
yeee cayaeaii o Aea?aeaaio eii?n?th ii ni?oiaei?iaoaaiith aeey caianaiiy
o ni?oiaee ?a?no? Oe?a?ie ia 1999 ??e. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen iaoiae?a
aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy oa oioi?iaeoeoe?? i?ae /an aeiooaiiai
ia??iaeo niieith iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e ?iciiiaeaii? oe?iieo
aaiioei?a ?ioeo eoeueoo? c aeecueeeie a?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ii ooai?aiith eaeonieo eoeueoo? c eenoyieo,
n?i’yaeieueieo, aiiieioeeaaeo aenieaio?a oa eaoa?aeueieo a?oiueie aoei
io?eiaii aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae aeey naeaeoe?? oa nei?i/aii o?eaae?noue
naeaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano M. officinal?s. E??i oiai, cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee
eoeueoeaoaaiiy oa ?aaaia?aoe?? ?ineei iiaeooue

aooe canoiniaai? aeey eeiioaaiiy oe?iieo aaiioei?a, naiieeiiaeueieo
aa??aio?a oa iooaioieo oi?i, a oaeiae aei?iuoaaiiy a?a?eaeieo ca?iaee?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeeaaeai?
a aeena?oaoe?? oa ioae?eaoe?yo (naiino?eii aai a ni?aaaoi?noa?), iieyaa?
a o/ano? a ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai oa iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiue, i?aai?caoe?? e
i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aaaaoaoeaiiai
?iciiiaeaiiy M. officinal?s.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aoee
aeeeaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oa E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo a 1993-1999?.?.

Ioae?eaoe??: Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c ieo 4 – o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, c yeeo 3 – naiino?eii, 1 – o
ni?aaaoi?noa?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??: Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 3
?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 110 noi??ieao oaenoo,
aeeth/a? 8 oaaeeoeue, 10 ?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iaoeiai?
e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 196 iaeiaioaaiue, o oiio /ene? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a –
36.

?ICAeIE 1. IAEssAe EIOA?AOO?E II A?IEIA?*IEI INIAEEAINOssI IALILOTUS
OFFICINALIS (L.)PALL. OA AAAAOAOEAIIIO ?ICIIIAEAIITH ?INEEI

Iaaaaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue ii?oi-o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
oa iioiaaiaco I. officinalis .

?icaeyaeathoueny iaoiaee aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy ?ineei, ye?
iioe?aii canoiniaoaaoe aeey caa?aaeaiiy oe?iieo aaiioeiieo iciae.

?ICAe?E 2. IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeEEE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia eaoaae?? aioai?ee oa aeieia??
Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo o 1991-1994 ?ieao oa ia
eaoaae?? i?e?iaeie/i–iaoaiaoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo o 1994-1999 ?ieao. Ia`?eoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ni?oic?acee ao?eoio aeiaoiai iaeieoia?eiiaiai
e-36672, e-36673, e-36674, e-36675, e-36676, e-36680, io?eiai? c
eieaeoe?eiiai oiiaeo Ana?in?enueeiai ?inoeoooo ?ineeiieoeoaa. Aoei
anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? naciiiiai ?icaeoeo aeine?aeieo ni?oic?ace?a o
eiie?aoieo oiiaao i?noey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a.

Aaaaoaoeaia ?iciiiaeaiiy aea/aeinue oeyoii aenia?eiaio?a ii oei?ai?iith
caeaieo aeeaoe?a oa aaaaeaiith aenieaio?a M. officinalis a eoeueoo?o in
vitro.

Aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae M. officinalis i?e aaaaoaoeaiiio
?iciiiaeaii? i?iaiaeeee ia ?ineeiao ni?oic?aceo e-36672, ine?eueee i?e
i?iaaaeaii? naeaeoe?eieo ?ia?o ni?a?ia?oieee eaoaae?e aioai?ee oa
aeieia?? Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoee iaea?eueo
caoe?eaaeai? naia eiai ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieie iciaeaie. Ioe?ieo ai?noo
eoia?eio i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii o?iiaoia?ao??; iiooaei?noue ?icaeiaii?
ei?aiaai? nenoaie, yea ooai?eeanue ia aeeaoeyo, aea/aee ca iaoiaeii
Oo?aoeueei? (1968). ?icaeoie ii?oio?c?ieia?/ieo i?enoinoaaiue aei
ia?aianaiiy ceiiaeo oiia o ?ineei M. officinalis ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy oa
?o ?aaaia?aio?a ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee, ?ic?iaeaii? ia
eaoaae?? aioai?ee oa aeieia?? Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Aea/aiiy ii?oieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ei?aiaai? nenoaie i?e
oei??iaii? aeeaoe?a ia i?neo i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii ?ioi?no?iaa (1965).
?iaioe ii aaaaeaiith aenieaio?a M. officinalis a eoeueoo?o in vitro
i?iaiaeeee o eaai?aoi??yo eoeueoo?e ?cieueiaaieo oeaiei o anaioe/ieo
oiiaao ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith ?iaioe c eoeueoo?ith oeaiei.

?i?oe?aoe?th ia?aoiaeo ?ineei M. officinalis ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy aei
oea?o?iiy i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii oioi?iaeoeoe??.

Aeine?aee caeeaaeaee ca?aeii c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie
i?iaaaeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo aenia?eiaio?a (Aeini?oia, 1979). ?ic-i?uaiiy
aa??aio?a aeine?aeo i?iaiaeeee oeyoii ?aiaeii?caoe??. Eiaeai aeine?ae
iaa /ioe?ee?aoio iiaoi?thaai?noue. E?euee?ni? iieacieee ii?aoeueiaoaaee
ca aeiiiiiaith aa??aoe?eii-noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a. A??ia?aei?noue
aecia/aee ca e?eoa???i nooo?aino? Nouethaeaioa oa i.?.?., ye? io?eioaaee
i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeenia?niiai oa ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?c?a (Eaeei, 1990).
On? iaoaiaoe/i? ?ic?aooiee aeeiioaaeenue ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?ai
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co Arm statistic oa Microsoft Excel` 97 ia
eiii’thoa?? Pentium II-586.

?ICAeIE 3. AIIEIAI*II INIAEEAINOI MELILOTUS OFFICINALIS (L.)PALL. I?E
AAAAOAOEAIIIO ?ICIIIAEAIII

3.1 Iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy Melilotus officinalis
(L.)Pall caeaieie aeeaoeyie c ?ineei ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai ?ie?a aeeooy

3.1.1 Iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo aeine?aeiiai ni?oic?aceo a oiiaao
oeaio?aeueii? oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie.

A i?ioean? aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae naciiiiai ?icaeoeo aeine?aeieo
ni?oic?ace?a a?aeiia?aeii aei aaia?ao?/iiai iieiaeaiiy oa
aa?iee?iaoe/ieo oiia i?noey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
ia a?aei?io a?ae iaaaaeaieo a eaoaeic? A?? aeaieo, aeine?aei? ?ineeie o
ia?oee ??e aeeooy aei ianiaiai oea?o?iiy ia ia?aoiaeeee. Aecia/ai?
?ica?aeiino? iia`ycai? c ??ciith o?eaae?noth na?oeiaiai aeiy a
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?c? (i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy A??) oa ia oa?eoi??? oeaio?aeueii?
oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeii? Oe?a?ie (i?noea i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a).

3.1.2.Iniaeeaino? oei??iaiiy caeaieo aeeaoe?a Melilotus officinalis
(L.)Pall c ?ineei ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai ?ieia aeeooy.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiue aoei ?ic?iaeaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei ?iciiiaeaiiy
aeai??/ieo enaiiaaiieo ei?iiaeo ?ineei iii??ii? ciie ia iniia?
canoinoaaiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy oa oioi?iaeoeoe?? aei
?aaaia?aio?a c ?ineei ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy i?ioyaii in?iiuei-ceiiaiai
ia??iaeo, ia iniia? /iai nei?i/o?oueny ia??iae ca?eueoaiiy a iiioeyoe?yo
e?eueeino? ?ineei c oe?iieie aaiioeiieie iciaeaie (ia 1 ??e).
Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy M. officinalis
caeaieie aeeaoeyie c ?ineei ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai ?ie?a aeeooy iieyaaei o
aecia/aii? iniaeeainoae ?aaaia?aoe?? ei?ai?a. Ei?aiaooai?aiiy ia
aeeaoeyo ii/eiaeinue o ia?oee oeaeaeaiue a?ae /ano eeiioaaiiy oa o?eaaei
aeecueei 5 oeaei?a. Aoaeoeai?noue oei??iaiiy aeeaoe?a M. officinalis
ioe?ithaaee ye a?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? aeeaoe?a, ui ooai?eee ei?ai?, aei
?o caaaeueii? e?eueeino?. Aeenia?niee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeo
na?ae/ea i?i ia?aaeuaiiy noaiaea?oiiai (Fst=2,0;2,2;3,3) e?eoa??th
nooo?aino? iaae oaeoe/iei (F=1,3). Oiio ie aaaaea?ii, ui a?e aeeooy
?ineei ia iiiaio eeiioaaiiy iaei aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai?noue oei??iaiiy.
Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui o caeaieo aeeaoe?a c ?ineei M. officinalis
ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy ei?aiaooai?aiiy i?ioiaeeei oaeaeoa oa c iaioith
?ioaineai?noth, i?ae o aeeaoe?a c ?ineei ae?oaiai ?ieo aeeooy ( oaae.
3.1).

Oaaeeoey 3.1

Caeaaei?noue aeeiai?/ieo oa a?iiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ei?aiaooai?aiiy
ia caeaieo aeeaoeyo I. officinalis a?ae a?eo ?ineei ia iiiaio eeiioaaiiy
(a na?aaeiueiio ca 4 ?iee).

Iieaciee??e aeeooy ?ineeie ia iiiaio eeiioaaiiyA?aeoeeaiiyi.i.?.Ia?oee
(eiio?ieue)Ae?oaee

± aei eiio?ieth ± aei eiio?iethNa?aaei? ca iiaoi?iinoyiea %1.Ia??iae
a?ae ii-/aoeo aeine?aeo aei ii/aoeo ei?aia-ooai?aiiy (aei?a)

14.1±3.6

17.1±2.9

+3.0*

+21.3

2.92.Caaaeueia o?eaae?noue ?icaeoeo ei?ai?a ia aeeaoeyo (aei?a)

20.0±3.6

23.9±2.7

-3.9*

-19.5

3.73.O?eaae?noue ?inoo ei?ai?a ia aeeaoeyo (aei?a)

6.6±3.6

6.4±4.0

-0.2

-3.0

1.94.E?euee?noue ei?a-i?a ia aeeaoeyo (oo.)

7.1±4.6

11.1±3.7

-4.0*

-57.1

3.25. I?e??no noaa-eiai? /anoeie aeeaoey i?ioyaii oei??iaiiy (ni)

4.2±2.0

4.7±2.2

-0.7

-1.1

2.6I?eiioea. *?icieoey i?ae aa?iaioia aeineiaeo noaoenoe/ii ai?iaiaeia
ca e?eoa?i?i Nouethaeaioa i?e ?iaii cia/ouinoi p

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