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Біогальванізація в гострому періоді опікової хвороби: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / В.І. Нагайчук, Вінниц. держ. мед. ун-т ім.М.І.Пирогова. — Вінн

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I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie A?iieoeueeee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.?. Ie?iaia

IAAAE*OE AANEEUe ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 616-001.17-089

A?IAAEUeAAI?CAOe?ss

A AINO?IIO IA??IAe? II?EIAI? OAI?IAE

14.01.03 – o??o?a?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

A?iieoey – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? aaiaoieia??
oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? ? Oe?a?inueeiio ii?eiaiio oeaio?? IIC Oe?a?ie.

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE:

Eao?aao aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
ea??aiee a?aeae?eaiiy ii?e?a – Oe?a?inueeee ii?eiaee oeaio? –
Ee?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy
e?ia? IIC Oe?a?ie, Iianoyiee Ieeiea THoeiiae/

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, eaoaae?e o??o?a?? ? ii?eiai? oai?iae
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea
IIC Oe?a?ie, Eiceiaoeue Aai?a?e Iaaeiae/

Eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueii?
o??o?a?? A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?noaoo ?i. I.?.
Ie?iaiaa, AEae?aa Ieeiea Aeieo?iae/.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee IAe? caaaeueii? ? iaa?aeeeaaeii?
o??o?a?? IIC Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?eaiiy oieo aianoac?ieia?? ? ?aai?iaoe??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24_” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo. i 1200 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee E 05.600.01 i?e A?iieoeueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa ca aae?anith:
286018, i.A?iieoey, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 56.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?. Ie?iaiaa (i. A?iieoey,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa,56)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “19_”aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iieeaeueei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iia?aoeaia a?aeiiaeaiiy ao?a/aieo oe??ieo iie?ea?a
? iniiaiiieiaeiei iaoiaeii ii?yooieo aeeooy iioa?i?eeo (I.E. Eocei ?
ni?aaao.,1982; D.I. Devies, 1983; A.N. Aeo?eaa, A.E. Ao?ieno?ia,1986; W.
Aiako, J. Iigariva, 1990; A.I. Eiceiaoe, 1992). Iaeiae aaeaeaaoia
eiiiainaoe?y ii?ooaiue aiiainoaco ia? ae??oaeueiee aieea ia ia?aa?a ?
iane?aeee ii?eiai? oai?iae (?.?. Io?acyi, I.?. Iai/aieia, 1983; A.E.
Nieiaoa ? ni?aaao., 1986; E.E. Aa?aneiiaa,1988).

Ieoaiiy iaoiaaiaco ? aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ii?eiaiai oieo ?
aino?i? ii?eiai? oienai?? ua aeaeae? aei iiaiiai ae??oaiiy (?.E.
Eeaoeoe, 1986; A.O. Caeoeaa ? ni?aaao., 1986, 1988; E.E. Aa?aneiiaa,
1988; A.I. Eiceiaoe, 1992, N.A. Neana?aiei, 1996). Aaaee? ii?ee
i?eaiaeyoue aei aeeaieeo ii?ooaiue aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?aai?cio ?
ooieoe?e aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo i?aai?a. I?ia?anoth/e oe? ii?ooaiiy noathoue
iaaacia/ieie aeey aeeooy, aeceaath/e caaeaaeue oai?eo a?ae ?ioieneeaoe??
? ?ioaeoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue. Eaoaeuei?noue i?e aaaeeeo ? ae?ae aaaeeeo
ii?eao caeeoa?oueny aenieith ? eieeaa?oueny a?ae 44 aei 95% (A.O.
?oaeianeie ? ni?aaao?., 1980; Anderson of al., 1988, A.E. Aonae oa ?i.,
1992; A.I. Eiceiaoe, 1992; N.A. Neana?aiei, 1996). ?c ieo aei 60% oai?eo
aeia a noaae?? oieo ? aino?i? ii?eiai? oienai?? (A.N. Aeo?eaa, A.I.
Ao?ieno?ia, 1986; I.?. Iai/aieia, 1986).

Eiiieaenia oa?ai?y ii?eiai? oai?iae, yea aeeth/a? ?iooc?eii-o?ainooc?eio
oa?ai?th, aioea?ioeeioa?ai?th, ?ia?a?oi?e i?ioaie?co, aioeeiaaoeyioe ?
aioeaa?aaaioe, aioa?ini?aoe?th, ?ioii?, aioea?noai?ii? oa ?io?
i?aia?aoe, oe?iea canoinoaaiiy o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy iiceoeaii
aieeaathoue ia ia?aa?a ? iane?aeee ii?eiai? oai?iae (E.I.Lowbyry, 1975;
A.G. Ian. Iillan, 1975; ?.E. Io?acyi, I.?. Iai/aieia, 1983; I.I.
Oaaei?ianueea oa ?io?, 1986; A.I. Eiceiaoeue oa ?io?, 1989; I.A. Ee?ee
oa ?io?, 1993; ?.E. Eaai oa ?io?, 1994; I.I. O?e?iiiia oa ?io?, 1994).
Aea ana ua i?iaeiaaeo? caeeoaoenue aenieith /anoioa oneeaaeiaiue
ii?eiai? oai?iae, aea o?eueee a?ae naineno iiie?a? 45-50% oai?eo (A.E.
Aonae oa ?io?, 1992; A.A. Aeaenaaa, 1993).

Nueiaiaei? a o?c?i- ? ?aoeaenioa?ai?? noi?ioaaany iiaee iai?yiie –
”a?iaaeueaai?caoe?y” (AA), yea aeicaiey? aecia/aoe, ei?aeooaaoe ?
ni?eyoe ii?iae?caoe?? ii?ooaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii-aia?aaoe/ii? ??aiiaaae
i?aai?cio, caaacia/oth/e i?e oeueiio a?iaia?aaoe/iee aiiainoac (A.A.
Iaeaoe ? ni?aaao., 1988; A.E. Ia/a?ao ? ni?aaao., 1988, A.A. Iaeaoe,
1991). Ia nueiaiaei? i?e e?eoaaii? iaia/aieo ia a?aoiao?oueny
?ioaa?aeueia ?ieue oe??iiai iie?eao, ye niaoeeo?/iiai i?aaio,
i?aaenoaaeyth/iai ia?eoa?e/io ia?aiao nenoaio, aieiae?th/iai cia/iei
?aoeaioi?iei aia?aoii, caaacia/oth/ei no?ee? eooaiii-a?noea?aeuei?
aca?iica’ycee ? aieeaath/ei ia ooieoe?? neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai? nenoaie
(Ae.I. *a?iooa, A.I. O?ieiaa, 1982).

A e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue ?ice?eoe aieea
AA ia aiiainoac, ?aia?aoeai? i?ioeane, i?e?iaeith ?acenoaioi?noue,
?ioiieia?/io ?aaeoeai?noue, aoii?aeueiee ? ee?oeiiee ?ioi?oao o
iaia/aieo. Ia?niaeoeai?noue oaeiai aea/aiiy ii?eiai? iaoieia?? c
iiceoe?? oe?e?niiai i?aai?cio aaeeea.

A na?oe? aeeeaaeaiiai aeua ?ic?iaea iiaeo aaciaaeeeaiaioicieo ?
aacia/ieo iaoiae?a aieeao, ni?iiiaeieo caaacia/eoe aenieo i?io?eaeoe/io
? e?eoaaeueio aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy iaia/aieo ? aaaeeeaith iaoeiaith
i?iaeaiith, iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiai
iaoo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? iia’ycaia c ieaiiaith iaoeiaith ?iaioith Ee?anueeiai IAe?
aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? ? ? ?acoeueoaoii IAe? “?ic?iaeoe
nenoaio e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia cieaeaiiy nia?oiino? oa
?iaae?aeiino? iaia/aieo ae?oae” (oeo? OeO. 527, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0194U017323).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – iie?aueoe
aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c ii?eaie ? ii?eiaith oai?iaith ??cii?
noaiai? aaaeeino? oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? iaia/aieo
iaoiae?a a?iaaeueaai?caoe??.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe aieea AA ia iieacieee aiiainoaco (i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?th,
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee e?ia? ? oe??e, aeaeo?ie?iaoe/iee
iioaioe?ae a?eo?ioeeo?a, ooieoe?? eae?e-iao???aeo ianin?a
a?eo?ioeeoa?ieo iaia?ai, eeneioii-eoaeiee neeaae).

2. Aecia/eoe aieea AA ia ??ai? aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e, i?e?iaeith
?acenoaioi?noue, ?ioiieia?/io ?aaeoeai?noue o iaia/aieo.

3. Anoaiiaeoe aieea AA ia ??ai? oiene/iino? ne?iaaoee e?ia?, i?e?ioei?o
? ?? ?acenoaioi?noue aei aioeaaeoa??aeueieo i?aia?ao?a;

4. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee a?iaia?aiae?aaiinoeee ? a?iaaeueaai?caoe?? o oai?eo
c ii?eaie;

5. Aea/eoe ee?i?/io aoaeoeai?noue a?iaaeueaai?caoe?? ? ?ic?iaeoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?? canoinoaaiith a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo c
ii?eaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a
eiiaono?ieia??:

– ?ice?eo? iaoai?cie aieeao AA ye ia ie?ai? noi?iie ii?ooaiue
aiiainoaco, oae ? ia i?aai?ci iaia/aieo a oe?eiio;

– iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy AA a aino?iio ia??iae? ii?eiai? oai?iae ?
aecia/ai? iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? iaoiaee ?? aeei?enoaiiy;

– ?ic?iaeai? iia? iaoiaee a?ioi?aco e?ea?nueeeo ?a/iaei;

– ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee a?iaia?aiae?aaiinoeee ? ei?aeoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aia?aaoe/ii? ??aiiaaae i?aai?cio ? no?eeino? eiai
aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, ye? aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe
ooieoe?iiaeueiee eiio?ieue ca a?iaeaeo?e/iith aeoeai?noth aioo??oi?o
i?aai?a iaia/aieo;

– ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee iai?iii? a?i?aciiainii? oa?ai?? i?ae aeaiia
a?ieia?/ieie ia’?eoaie i?e ia?acao eeoa/ieea o ae?oae;

– aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ei?aeoe?? aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e, i?aeaeuaiiy
?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? ? i?e?iaeiuei? ?acenoaioiino?;

– anoaiiaeaiee iiceoeaiee aieea AA ia niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
e?ia?, i?e?iaaiioee?eoeyoe?th, eeneioii-eoaeiee noai e?ia?;

– a?aee?eoee iaeei c iniiaieo iaoai?ci?a ae?? AA, yeee caeeth/a?oueny a
iiaeoethth/?e ae?? ia aeaeo?ie?iaoe/iee iioaioe?ae ? aeoeai?noue
iao???aeo ianin?a a?eo?ioeeo?a;

– aeiaaaeaia ?ioiiiiaeoethth/a ae?y AA ia aoii?aeueiee ? ee?oeiiee
?ioi?oao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee AA a eiiieaeni?e
oa?ai?? ii?eiai? oai?iae, ye? aeicaieythoue cieceoe /anoioo oneeaaeiaiue
a 1,7 ?ace, eaoaeuei?noue oai?eo c aaaeeeie ii?eaie a 2,6 ?ace, ? c
ae?ae aaaeeeie ii?eaie a 1,9 ?ac.

2. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ei?aeoe?? ia?aa?ao ?aiiaiai i?ioeano oeyoii
niieo/aiiy iiaeoethth/i? ae?? AA c aie?eaoe?eiith ni?aoe??th, ye?
aeicaieythoue nei?ioeoe no?iee caaeeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo ii?e?a IIIA
noaiai? ia 5 aei?a, i?iaiaeeoe ia?o? aooiaea?iiieanoeee ia 7-10 aei?a
?ai?oa, caaacia/eoe iaeoaeaiiy oai?eo i?e ii?eao IIIA-IV noaiai? ia
12,1-12,9 aei?a oaeaeoa.

3. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a a?ioi?aco e?ea?nueeeo ?a/iaei aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe
ia 8 aei?a ia??iae e?eoaaiiy caiaeaiiy eaaaiue o iaia/aieo ae?oae, a AA
i?e ia?acao eeoa/ieea o ae?oae a?aeiiaeth? eiai ia?enoaeueoeeo.

4. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ooieoe?iiaeueiiai eiio?ieth ca nenoaiiei
aiiainoacii ? aoaeoeai?noth eiiieaenii? oa?ai??.

5. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a e?eoaaeueio i?aeoeeo
Oe?a?inueeiai ii?eiaiai oeaio?o (i. Ee?a), A?iieoeueeiai,
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeanieo, Euea?anueeiai aeeoy/iai iaeaniiai ii?eiaeo
a?aeae?eaiue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? i?ia?aia ? iaoiaee AA o
iaia/aieo ??ciiai a?eo ? ??cii? aaaeeino? oa?i?/ieo o?aaeaiue. Aecia/aia
aoaeoeai?noue AA, ?? aieea ia aiiainoac, ianiaoeeo?/io ?acenoaioi?noue,
aoii?aeueiee ? ee?oeiiee ?ioi?oao. Aaoi?ii i?ie?eiaaii 90% ianoaaeaieo
oai?eo, aeeiiaii a?eueoa 90% iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue. Aeeaae a
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea? a?ey 60%. A noi?nii
iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao c ae.i.i. A.A. Iaeaoeii aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 70%
?aeae ? ?ic?iaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia VI ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? ii
i?iaeai? “Ii?ee” (Oa?e?a, 1988), ia’?aeiaiiio can?aeaii? i?iaeaiieo
eii?n?e IIC Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1993), I(XVI)c’?cae? o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie
(Euea?a, 1994), ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iaaeeoeeie” (A?iieoey, 1996), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy o??o?a??” (Ee?a-Oiaeueieoeueeee-A?iieoey, 1997),
?anioae?eainueeeo nai?ia?ao caa?aeoth/eo ii?eiaeie a?aeae?eaiiyie
Oe?a?ie (??aia, 1990; Iaie??a, 1996; AEeoiie?, 1997), iaoeiaiio
oiaa?enoa? o??o?a?a (A?iieoey, 1991, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 20 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, ?c ieo
iaeia iiiia?ao?y, iaeei ?icae?e a iiiia?ao??, ?io? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a
iaoa??aeao c’?cae?a, eiioa?aioe?e, neiiic?oi?a. Io?eiaia aaoi?nueea
na?aeioeoai ia aeiao?ae, aeaeaii aea? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
io?eiaiee aeeieii II nooi?ith ? n??aia iaaeaeue AAeIA ONN? ii
?ic?iaethaai?e oaiaoeoe?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeeaaeaia ia 184 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, (147 noi??iie oaenoo).
?ethno?iaaia 28 oaaeeoeyie ? 20 iaethieaie,(37 noi??iie). Aeac?aiee
e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 396 aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee

?iaioa aaco?oueny ia niinoa?aaeai? iaae 360 iaia/aieie a?eii a?ae oanoe
i?nyoe?a aei 86 ?ie?a, ui ciaoiaeeeenue ia e?eoaaii? a A?iieoeueeiio
iaeaniiio ii?eiaiio a?aeae?eaii? c 1989 ii 1996 ??e, na?aae yeeo 186
oai?eo – (51,66%) neeaee iniiaio a?oio, i?e e?eoaaii? yeeo i?iaiaeeee
a?iaaeueaai?caoe?th ii ?ic?iaeaieo iaie iaoiaeeeao; 174 oai?eo (48,34%),
yeei i?iaiaeeee caaaeueiii?eeiyoa e?eoaaiiy, neeaee eiio?ieueio a?oio.
Ae?oao eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaee 96 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a a?eii a?ae
18 aei 50 ?ie?a, o yeeo aeine?aeaeaiee ?yae iieaciee?a, aeei?enoaieo
aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao a?iaaeueaai?caoe?? ia aiiainoac i?e ii?iaeuei?e
?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio.

Na?aae oai?eo, yeeo niinoa??aaee – /ieia?e?a aoei 189 (52,5%) ? ae?iie
171 (47,5%). I?e oeueiio a iniiai?e a?oi? /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie aoei
ii??aio (ii 93 oai?eo), a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? /ieia?e?a aoei 96 (55,17%)
? 78 ae?iie (44,83%). Ae?oae a?eii aei 14 ?ie?a aoei 158 (43,89%),
aei?ineeo a?eii a?ae 21 aei 60 ?ie?a – 143 (39,72%). ?acii c oei na?aae
oai?eo aoei 30 in?a iioeeiai ? noa?a/iai a?eo (8,83%). *eiieeaie
oa?i?/ieo o?aaeaiue a 185 aeiaaeeao (51,38%) aoea aa?y/a ??aeeia ? ia?,
a 117 (32,5%) – iieoi’y, a 37 (10,28%) – aa?y/? i?aaeiaoe ? ?icieaaeaiee
iaoae, a 16 (4,44%) – aeaeo?io?aaia, a 5 (1,38%) – eeneioe ? eoae.
O?aaeaiiy aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a niinoa??aaeinue a 45 aeiaaeeao (12,5%).

Caaaeueia ieiua oa?i?/ieo o?aaeaiue ianoaaeaieo oai?eo aoea a?ae 6-8%
aei 75% iiaa?oi? o?ea. 168 oai?eo (46,64%) iaee ii?ee ia ieiu? a?eueoa
30% iiaa?oi? o?ea, a oiio /ene? o 90 oai?eo (26,0%) aiie aoee ia ieiu?
aeua 50% iiaa?oi? o?ea. Oai?? iaee ye iiaa?oiaa? oae ? aeeaie? oa?i?/i?
o?aaeaiiy. C ieo 140 (38,89%) iaee eaaeo noai?iue o?aaeaiiy ? 95
(26,39%) na?aaeith. A oie aea /an 125 iaia/aieo (34,72%) iaee aaaeeo ?
ae?ae aaaeeo noai?iue oa?i?/ieo o?aaeaiue.

An?i oai?ei iaio a?oi i?iaiaeeeanue ?aeaioe/ia caaaeueia ? i?noeaaa
oa?ai?y, yea aeeth/aea aacenio ?iooc?eii-o?ainooc?eio oa?ai?th,
aioea?ioeee, aetheiei?oeei?aee, ?ia?a?oi?e i?ioaie?co, noa?i?aei? ?
ianoa?i?aei? i?ioecaiaeuei? i?aia?aoe, aioeaa?aaaioe, aioeeiaaoeyioe,
ianeaio ?ioiioa?ai?th ? ?io? caaaeueiii?eeiyo? i?aia?aoe (A.I.
Eiceiaoeue, 1992, N.A. Neana?aiei, 1996).

I?noeaaa e?eoaaiiy ii?e?a i?iaiaeeeinue cae?eoei iaoiaeii c
aeei?enoaiiyi ni?aaioo AOAI – “Aei?i?i”, yeee o oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie a
ia?oo iieiaeio aeiae aeeiioaaa ?ieue aeaeo?iaeo-aeiii?o aeaeo?ii?a aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy AA, a ae?oao iieiaeio aeiae aeeiioaaa ?ieue aie?eaoe?eiiai
ni?aaioo. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oeth iia’yceo iaeeaaeaee ia ?aie o?eueee
c oe?eeth aie?eaoe?eii? ni?aoe??.

I?e i?aeaioiaoe? aeeaieeo ii?e?a aei aooiieanoeee i?iaiaeeee ?aii?
iae?aeoii?? (ia 5-6 aeiao), aai c 9-10 aeiae aeeiioaaee iiaoaii?
aace?iai? iae?aeoii??. A?aioethth/? ?aie cae?eaaee
aooiaea?iio?ainieaioaoaie ii eiioo?o, aeei?enoiaoth/e i?e aeao?oeeo?
oe??ieo ?ano?n?a n?o/ao? o?ainieaioaoe c eiao?oe??ioii ca?eueoaiiy 1:2
aai 1:4.

Anueiai aoei iia?iaaii 250 oai?eo (69,44%), yeei aoea i?iaaaeaia 721
iia?aoe?y, iniiaieie c yeeo aoee aooiaea?iiieanoeee (678-94,0%).
Na?aaeiy ieiua a?aeiiaeaiiai oe??iiai iie?eao neeaaeaea 10-12% iiaa?oi?
o?ea. O eiaeiiai oai?iai a na?aaeiueiio aeeiiaii 2,7 aooiaea?iiieanoeee.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? ee?i?/i?, aaiaoieia?/i?, a?io?i?/i?, a?io?ce/i?,
i?e?ia?ieia?/i?, ?ioiieia?/i? ? ii?oieia?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aieea o?eaaei? a?iaaeueaai?caoe?? ia noai i?aeeaaeeo i?ae aeaeo?iaeaie
oeaiei aea/aeinue ia 25-oe ieoao e?i?? N57AI/6 ianith 20-26 a. ? 36
a?eeo iae?i?eieo uo??a ianith 210-270 a. ii ?ic?iaeai?e iaie iaoiaeeoe?
(A.A. Iaeaoe ? ni?aaao., 1990). Na??ei? c??ce i?aia?ao?a oa?aoaaee
aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii (I.Aieeia, TH.E. Aeaoeueeee, 1932). Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiiaii ia aac? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai iieieia?? ?i. ?.A.Eaaaoeueeiai AI
ONN? ?acii c no.i.n., eaiae. a?ie. iaoe A.A. Ne?iiyoieeiaei.

Aeaeo?ioi?aoe/io ?ooeea?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a (AO?A) – oaeaee?noue ?o
ia?ai?uaiiy a aeaeo?iiaai?oiiio iie? aecia/aee ia eiiieaeniiio
onoaoeoaaii? “Ia?iieaaio-2” o??ie “Ea?e-Oeaenn-Eaia” (I?ia//eia) ii
iaoiaeo A.A. Aa?iiaiei (1987). Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ia aac?
Aaoee?nueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?acii c aeieo. a?ieia. iaoe A.A.
Aa?iiaiei.

Noai i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? aea/aee ii a?ii?e?ineii?? eii’thieoeae iea c
canoinoaaiiyi oioiu?eueiai? eaiie o??ie “Oeaen” ii a?aeiiei e?eoa??yi
(E.O. Iaeay ? ni?aaao., 1977).

Aaeoa??ioeeaeio ? aaeoa??inoaoe/io ae?th aea/aee ia eoeueoo?ao
noao?eieieo, iii?uaieo ia iiaeeai? na?aaeiaeua a oiiaao oa?iinoaoo, i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 360 (I.I. Ae?aa?, 1982). Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ia aac?
A?iieoeueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?. Ie?iaiaa ?acii c eaiae.
a?ie. iaoe A.O. Iaeaoe. ?ioaa?aeueio ioe?ieo eaeeia?aie i?iaiaeeee ii
E.X. Aa?eaa? ? ni?aaao., (1979), ? ii iayaiino? ??cieo oei?a eaeeioeeo?a
oa ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiith iii?ae niaith aecia/aee
aaeaioaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeuei? ?aaeoe??. I?e oeueiio ?aaeoe?? o?aioaaiiy
? aeoeaaoe?? a?aeiineee aei o?c?ieia?/ieo, a ?aaeoe?th aino?iai no?ano
aei iaoieia?/ieo.

Niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee e?ia? ? a?ieia?/ieo oeaiei aea/aeenue
ia aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiiio niaeo?ioioiiao?? NO-16 ? NO-46 ii iaoiaeeoe?
A.N. Niie?inueeiai ? ni?aaao. (1991). Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ?acii c
aeieo. iaae. iaoe A.A. Iaeaoeii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioi?oaoo o oai?eo, ui niinoa??aaeenue, i?iaiaeeee ii
eaieao. Aeey ioe?iee ee?oeiii? eaiee ?ioi?oaoo aea/aeenue ia?aiao?e
e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a (A.A. Eino, 1975), A-?IE, aeoeai? A-?IE ? AAN-?IE
e?ioioeeo?a, e?euee?noue O-oaeia??a ? O-noi?ani??a, a oaeiae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy O-oaeia??a aei O-noi?ani??a (A.A. Iaiueoeeia ? ni?aaao.,
1987; A.O. *a?iooaiei, E.N. Eiainiaa, 1981).

Aeey aea/aiiy noaio aoii?aeueii? eaiee ?ioi?oaoo aecia/aee e?euee?noue
?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eeano A,I,G, a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? iioa?i?eeo ii Iancini at
al. (1969) c iiiiniaoeeo?/ieie aioene?iaaoeaie i?ioe ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a
ethaeeie, aeaioiaeaieo a Ai?e?anueeiio IAe? ai?aeai?ieia?? ?
i?e?ia?ieia?? (?in?y). Aeei?enoiaoaaee aaeoi-aaa? o??ie “Difco” (NOA).
?ioiieia?/ia ?aaeoeai?noue i?aai?cio aecia/aeanue ii iaoiaeo A.E. Iae?y
? ni?aaao., aao. na?ae. ?1082399 (1982). Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ia aac?
A?iieoeueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?. Ie?iaiaa ?acii c eaiae.
a?ie. iaoe A.O. Iaeaoe.

Aeey ioe?iee i?e?iaeiuei? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio iaia/aieo aea/aeenue
?yae iieaciee?a – aaeoa?eoeeaeia aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia? ii A.O.
*a?iooaiei, E.N. Eiainiaie (1978), oeo? eiiie?iaioo ii iaoiaeo Eaaioa,
1968 (A.I. Oeyoia ? ni?aaao., 1985), oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue
eaeeioeeo?a ii A.A. Iaiueoeeiao, 1987.

Eiioeaio?aoe?th iieaeoe na?aaeiuei? iieaeoey?ii? iane a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
aecia/aee ii I.E. Aaa?e?eyio ? ni?aaao. (1985).

Eeneioii-eoaeiee noai e?ia? aecia/aee ia aiae?caoi?? ?II IE-2 (Aeai?y)
ii iaoiaeo “Ano?oia” (A.A. Aaiaeoeueeee, 1988; E.I. *aieee ? ni?aaao.,
1988).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeyeenue iaoiaeeeaie aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee c aecia/aiiyi aeinoia??iino? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
(I.E.Aaeaiueeee, 1959, I.?. Iinoiaie, 1954; I.I. Naiieeia, 1970). I?e
cia/i?e ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e ??cieoe? aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaee
iaia?aiao?e/ii? noaoenoeee (A.A. Aea?aa’yiei ? ni?aaao., 1976).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

Ca aeaieie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia oaa?eiao iaie
anoaiiaeaii, ui o?eaaea AA ia i?ioyc? 21 aeiy ii 6 aiaeei uiaeaiii ia
aeceaa? aoaeue-yeeo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i a oeaieiao, ye? aeiaaee /an
ia?aaoaaee i?ae aeaeo?iaeii-aeiii?ii ? aeoeaioi?ii aeaeo?ii?a.

Iaie aia?oa iieacaiee iiceoeaiee aieea AA ia ?yae iieaciee?a aiiainoaco
(niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee e?ia?, aeaeo?ioi?aoe/io ?ooeea?noue
a?eo?ioeeo?a, i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?th, eeneioii-eoaeiee noai, ??aaiue
na?aaei?o iieaeoe, ?ioiieiiiaoaioi? ee?oeie e?ia?, ??ai? aaeaioaoe?eieo
?aaeoe?e, ianiaoeeo?/io ?acenoaioi?noue, aoii?aeueiee ? ee?oeiiee
?ioi?oao).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o iaia/aieo a noaae?? aino?i? ii?eiai? oienai?? ia?
i?noea ??cea cieaeaiiy AO? a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? (aei
0,74-0,76 o 10-8 i2/n.o. i?e ii?i? 1,10-1.24 o 10-8 i2/n.o., ?

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