OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?i.
A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

Caa?aanueeee ?aaai ?aaiiae/

OAeE 801.56

AACNIIEO*IEEIA? NEEAAeI? ?A*AIIss C IIssNITHAAEUeIEI EIIIIIAIOII O
NO*ANI?E OE?A?INUeE?E IIA?

10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 199915

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee Aei?ioaiei Na?a?e ?aaiiae/. Io?oe?ei?
iiiiaioe:aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
iiaeAei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo Aa?aiiee Aeieo?i
Oa?eoiiiae/;eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy o?eieia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i o ii/aoeiaeo eeanao
E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iio?oa
Ethaeieea ?aai?aia.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? o?eieeia?? ? caaaeueiiai
iiaiciaanoaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 3 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.03 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? OAeIO ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee (310168 Oa?e?a – 168, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 30 ea?oiy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.A.Ieaenaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

No/aniee noai aea/aiiy aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ia
a?aiaoe/iee noaoon yeeo iaia? ?aeeiiai iiaeyaeo, aeooae?co? iio?aao a
iiiia?ao?/iiio ?icaeyae? ie?aieo aeae?a aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo
no?oeoo?.

I?aaeiao ?aoa?iaaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue aacniieo/ieeia?
neeaaei? ?a/aiiy c iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi i?aaeeeaoeaieo
eiiiiiaio?a o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? c ?o nai???aeieie
no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/ieie iciaeaie ? noee?noe/ieie ooieoe?yie.

Aoaeo/e iaeiei c iioe?aieo o noeeyo oe?a?inueei? iiae aeaeii
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo no?oeoo?, a?i ia iaea?aeaa o no/ani?e
oe?a?i?noeoe? i? ?aeeiiai aecia/aiiy, i? anaa?/iiai iiiia?ao?/iiai
aea/aiiy an?o eiai ??ciiaeae?a ye ?c naiaioeei-neioaene/iiai, oae ? c
noee?noe/iiai iiaeyae?a. Oea e niiioeaei ia?aoe oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy
naia oeae aeae aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. Caa?iaiiy aei iueiai
coiiaeaii ua e iayai?noth ??cieo iiaeyae?a ia a?aiaoe/io i?e?iaeo
ie?aieo eiai ??ciiaeae?a, ui noeioeth? ?o iiaeaeueoa oai?aoe/ia
inieneaiiy ye naiino?eiiai, ia caeaaeiiai a?ae niieo/ieeiaeo ?a/aiue
aeaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. Ona oea ?iaeoue ia?aio oaio aeooaeueiith.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – aeyaeoe naiaioeei-neioaene/i?
iniaeeaino? iiynithaaeueieo a?aeiioaiue o no?oeoo?? aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei
?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) aecia/eoe ci?no iiiyooy “iiyniaiiy” noiniaii aacniieo/ieeiaiai
ii?aeiaiiy i?aaeeeaoieo /anoei;

2) anoaiiaeoe no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? ??ciiaeae?a

aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei eiiiiiaioii;

3) i?aeaeaoe aiae?cia? iniaeeaino? i?iyao a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo
i?ae?yaeiino? a ie?aieo a?oiao ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi
/anoei;

4) ooi/ieoe a?aiaoe/io ? naiaioe/io ni?aa?aeianai?noue ?icaeyaeoaaieo
no?oeoo? c niieo/ieeiaeie neeaaeieie ?a/aiiyie;

5) aeyaeoe iioe?ai?noue aiae?ciaaieo neeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e o noeeyo
no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?eioeeie ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeai? eiai iaoith ? caaaeaiiyie.
I?ia?aeiee i?eioeei – ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iee. ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y
iaoa??aeo cae?enith?oueny iaoiaeaie iienoaaiiy, c?noaaeaiiy,
o?ainoi?iaoe??. Iiai? yaeua aiae?cothoueny c o?aooaaiiyi aca?iica’yceo
eaene/iiai e ii?oieiai-neioaene/iiai ae?aaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a
i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue aeeoioii?/ia ?icoi?iiy
iiae ye noni?eueiiai yaeua, ona?aeiieaiiy ae?aeaeoe/iiai aca?iica’yceo
caaaeueiiai e ie?aiiai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e oia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio
iiaiciaanoa? i?aeaeaii iiiia?ao?/iiio aea/aiith aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei?
?a/aiiy c iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi i?aaeeeaoeaieo eiiiiiaio?a,
?ice?eoi ci?no iiiyooy “iiyniaiiy” o canoinoaaii? aei aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ooi/iaii o?aeooaaiiy a?aiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae
i?aaeeeaoeaieie /anoeiaie aeayeeo ??ciiaeae?a iiynithaaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e, cae?eniaii i?ae?aooiee iioe?aiino? ? /anoioiino?
?icaeyaeoaaieo no?oeoo? o noeeyo no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy i?aoe? iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e cai?iiiiiaaii iiao
eeaneo?eaoe?th iiynithaaeueieo aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue,
aeiiiaiaii e ooi/iaii oaa?aeaeaiiy ?.?.Aeoiaaioey i?i iayai?noue
i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie /anoeiaie ie?aieo ??ciiaeae?a
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo no?oeoo? c iiynithaaeueiei eiiiiiaioii, ia
iniia? i?ae?aooie?a aeiaaaeaii oe?iea ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy o ??cieo noa?ao
oe?a?inueei? iiae ye caniao oniiai ? ienaiiiai ni?eeoaaiiy, ui ia?
ni?eyoe ?ica’ycaiith ?yaeo aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai aacniieo/ieeiaino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny ia?aaeon?i iiaiei
iienii ?icaeyaeoaaiiai aeaeo aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, a
oaeiae i?aaenoaaeaiei o i?aoe? cia/iei oaeoe/iei iaoa??aeii, ae?a?aiei c
??cieo noee?a oe?a?inueei? iiae, yeee iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee o /eoaii?
eaeoe?e ? iaienaii? i?ae?o/iee?a oa iin?aiee?a, iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie c
neioaeneno oe?a?inueei? iiae aeey aeui? ? na?aaeiuei? oeiee. Aeniiaee e
ocaaaeueiaiiy, iayai? a oe?e ?iaio?, iiaeooue noaoe i?aaeiaoii
iaaiai?aiiy ia caiyooyo niaoenai?ia??a, a oaeiae iiaeooue aooe
iieeaaeai? a iniiao ie?aiiai niaoeeo?no.

Iaoa??aeii aeey niinoa?aaeaiue iineoaeeee i?eeeaaee, ocyo? c oai??a
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a XIX-XX noie?oue, iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ia??iaeeee
inoaii?o ?ie?a, aeaea?ae io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai noeeth (aeecueei 7 oen.
i?i?iaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e).

Ai?iaaoe?y iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? o aenooiao ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? o
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo (1997). Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy e ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ui??/ieo i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a ? iieiaeeo o/aieo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee (1996; 1997; 1998). C
oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii /ioe?e noaoo? e iaei? oace.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. I?aaenoaaeaia aei caoenoo aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a. Caaaeueiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 150 noi??iie. Nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 194 aeaea?aea.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? aecia/aii i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaii ia?oiooaaiiy
aeooaeueiino? ia?aii? oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa e caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, ??
oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aea/aiiy
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi
i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei” i?enay/aii aiae?cia? ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
aecia/aiiyi iiynithaaeueiino? ye naiaioeei-neioaene/iiai yaeua noiniaii
aacniieo/ieeiaiai ii?aeiaiiy i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy.

Ia?oa /anoeia i?noeoue ?icaeyae i?aeoiae?a aei ?icoi?iiy “iiyniaiiy” ye
naiaioeei-neioaene/iiai yaeua ? aeyaeaiiy iiynithaaeueieo a?aeiioaiue
i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie /anoeiaie aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue.
I?iaeeeoiaaii oea no/aniei noaiii neioaene/ii? iaoee , o ye?e
i?aaenoaaeai? ??cia oeoia/aiiy ci?noo oa?i?ia “iiyniaiiy”, eiai
eiie?aoia iaiiaiaiiy e o?aeooaaiiy iniaeeainoae ae?aaeaiiy a?aeiioaiue
iiynithaaeueiino?. I?e/eia ??ciiaith o eiai ni?eeiyoo? ia o?eueee ? ia
no?eueee a iiaeci? iiiyooy “iiyniaiiy”, ne?eueee a neeaaeiino?
naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? i?e?iaee eiino?oeoe?e, ui ia?aaeathoue
iiynithaaeuei? a?aeiioaiiy. Aiie, ye a?aeiii, iiaeeea? ye o iaaeao
i?inoiai, oae ? a no?oeoo?? neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy, o oiio /ene? e
aacniieo/ieeiaiai, nai???aeia aoaeiaa yeiai iio?aao? ie?aiiai aea/aiiy.

Na?aae aacniieo/ieeiai ii?aeiaieo i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei cana?ae/o?oueny
e?eueea ??ciiaeae?a iiynithaaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, ??ciiiai?oieo ca
no?oeoo?ith ? oeiii a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo, ui coiiaeth? iiyao ??cieo
eeaneo?eaoe?eieo i?eioeei?a ?icaeyaeoaaieo no?oeoo? o i?aoeyo ye
oe?a?inueeeo, oae ? ?in?enueeeo aeine?aeiee?a (I.N.Iini?eia,
E.I.Eaaeiioeaaa, N.?.Aei?ioaiei, ?.I.Oe?y?a, Ae.?.?ca?aieia).
A?aenooi?noue ?aeiino? aeine?aeiee?a o ?o eeaneo?eaoe?? coiiaeaia
??cieie oeoia/aiiyie naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue, ui eeaaeooueny
a iniiao ?iaeiaiai iiiyooy “iiyniaiiy”.

O?aooaaiiy naiaioeei-no?oeoo?ieo ? neioaene/ieo ?en aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi i?eaaei aoi?a
aeena?oaoe?? aei ia?aeiiaiiy, ui “iiyniaiiy” a iaaeao aiae?ciaaieo
no?oeoo? i?aaii??ii ?icoi?oe ye “?icai?oaiiy ci?noo iniiaiiai neeaaeo
aeneiaeaiiy oeyoii eiai aeaoae?caoe??” (I.N.Aoiaiiaa). ?icai?oaiiy ae
ci?noo aeneiaeaiiai o iiynithaaeuei?e /anoei? iiaea ae?aaeaoeny
??ciioeiieie a?aeiioaiiyie i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue. Oea ? 1) neeaaeia
ii?aeiaiiy, a yeiio eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ia iaiiaiaiiy iio?aao? eiai
?icai?oaiiy a iiynithth/?e, ? 2) neeaaeia no?oeoo?a, a ye?e aeneiaeaia o
i?aiiceoeaiiio eiiiiiaioia? ooi/ith?oueny iinoiiceoeaiith /anoeiith. ?
3) neeaaeia aoaeiaa, a ye?e iacaaia a ia?o?e /anoei? eiiaioo?oueny
ianooiiith /anoeiith, ? 4) neeaaeia ?a/aiiy, a yeiio noi?ioeueiaaia a
i?aiiceoeaiiio eiiiiiaioia? oeoia/eoueny a ianooiiiio.

Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei eeaneo?eaoe?? aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c
iiynithaaiei a?aeiioaiiyi eiiiiiaio?a aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe /ioe?e ?o
??ciiaeaee:

1) ?a/aiiy c ?icai?oath/ith /anoeiith: a/ ia’?eoii-?icai?oath/?: Aeoiea
eacaea – ia iiaea, a a??a oaa?aeeea – iiaea! (?.Aaa?yiee), a/
noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/?: Ana eiio ia?aueeiny – aoiathoue Noaiaieia?
/iaioeua a?ey ii?iaa (TH.Caaiaoeueeee), a/ c i?iiouaiith naiaioe/iith
eaieith: Aeeaethnue, oo?/ei ?c-ca eoua oe?ey? i?yii a iaia
(I.E?iieaieoeueeee);

2) ?a/aiiy c ooi/ithth/ei eiiiiiaioii: aeania ooi/ithth/?: a/ Iacaaa?ii
ciia iiaeia: iaie/ Eueieuei iineaa aei aeai?o ?iai/eo c ao?aeuei?
(I.Eioethaeinueeee), a/ ?icai?oath/i-ooi/ithth/?: A oe caiai’yoae iaeia:
a’thie ye? ni?eoi?, a e oeo o i?ae?ao?oeo eiaeyoue (A?.Othothiiee);

3) ?a/aiiy c eiiaiooth/ei neeaaeieeii: Ieeiea aaeyae?a i?ae aa?aaie
a?e? ieyie: oi a?e?ee ia ae?a/aoao ni?i/ee (?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee), Niioea
ia/a, o?aaa iaoia, ?ae, oa e aiae? (A?.Othothiiee);

4) ?a/aiiy c oeoia/iei aeaiaioii: E?aneao eaaaiaeo ia?aiiauaeathoue
ca?oa?aeiei ainoyi aa?oaa’yee – oae iaceaathoue naaa iaoeaioe?
iieuenueei? noieeoe? (C aacaoe).

?icaeyioo? aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? eiino?oeoe?? iiynithaaeueiiai aeaeo
a?aeaeaathoue a iniiaiiio cai?iiiiiaaiee N.? Aei?ioaieii iiae?e
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi ia
/ioe?e ??ciiaeaee, aea c aeayeeie ooi/iaiiyie ? aeiiiaiaiiyie. O
aeine?aeaeaii? ia caa?aaeaii iacao /aoaa?oiai ??ciiaeaeo – ?a/aiiy c
aeiiiaithth/ith /anoeiith. Aeaeaeiny iai?eeiyoiei aei ci?noo iiyniaiiy
aiineoe cia/aiiy aeiiiaiaiiy, ine?eueee oa?i?i “iiyniaiiy” ia aeeth/a?
iiiyooy “aeiiiaiaiiy” I?aaii??ii a iaaeao ?icaeyaeoaaiiai aeaeo
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue caeeoeoe eeoa eiino?oeoe??, ae?oaee
eiiiiiaio yeeo oeoia/eoue cia/aiiy iaeiiai c ne?a (neiainiieo/aiiy)
ia?oi? /anoeie. Ca ieie o i?aoe? cae??ieaia iacaa “?a/aiiy c oeoia/iith
/anoeiith”.

Aiae?c on?o ??ciiaeae?a aacniieo/ieeiaeo iiynithaaeueieo ?a/aiue
cae?enith?oueny o ae?oa?e /anoei? ia?oiai ?icae?eo.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “I?iaeaia a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie
eiiiiiaioaie aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei
a?aeiioaiiyi” i?enay/aiee ia?oiooaaiith i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo o aeayeeo
??ciiaeaeao ?icaeyaeoaaieo eiino?oeoe?e.

O ia?o?e /anoei? aeiaiaeeoueny iio?aaa a iiaeaeueoiio aeine?aeaeaii?
a?aiaoe/iino? aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ui ni?e/eiaii iiyaith
iiaeyaeo ia aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? no?oeoo?e ye ia oaenoia? niieoee, a
ia ye ?a/aii?a? iaeeieoe? (?A-80).

Iaeiae aeeo/aiiy aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo niieoe c ?ic?yaeo ?a/aiue
ia iiaeia i?eeiyoe c ?yaeo i?e/ei. Ia?oa – oea oa, ui ii?aeiaiiy
i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei anooiathoue o a?aeiia?aei? naiaioeei-neioaene/i?
a?aeiioaiiy, caaaeyee /iio iaaoaathoue iaaieo a?aiaoe/ieo cia/aiue.
Ae?oaa: iecea oeeo cia/aiue ni?aa?aeiineoueny c? cia/aiiyie
niieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue, ui aeicaiey? aaa/aoe a ieo ia oaenoia?,
a ?a/aii?a? niieoee iaeiiai c niieo/ieeiaeie ?a/aiiyie ??aiy. O?aoy: ye
? anyea neeaaeia niieo/ieeiaa ?a/aiiy, aacniieo/ieeiaa neeaaeia ?a/aiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?ioiiaoe?eiei iaethieii ana?aaeei? no?oeoo?e ?
?ioiiaoe??th caaa?oaiino? a e?ioe?. ?ioiiaoe?eia ae ?aei?noue neeaaeieo
eiiiiiaio?a ? ?eoiiiaeiae?eia caaa?oai?noue no?oeoo?e ? iaei??th c iciae
?a/aii?aino? aoaeue-yei? neeaaeii? no?oeoo?e, o oiio /ene? e
aacniieo/ieeiai?.

A ianoithaaii? a?aiaoe/iino? aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue neooio
aeoieo aeneiaea N.?.Aei?ioaiei. Aiia caiaeeoueny aei oaa?aeaeaiiy, ui
a?aenooi?noue niieo/iee?a ia iicaaaey? aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei?
eiino?oeoe?? a?aiaoe/iino?. Ia i?ioeaaao niieo/ieeiaiio ii?aeiaiith
/anoei aacniieo/ieeia?noue noaiiaeoue oaeee niin?a
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii? iia’ycaiino? eiiiiiaio?a, i?e yeiio i?aai?caoe?y
an??? neioaene/ii? no?oeoo?e nie?a?oueny ia ia niieo/ieee ? niieo/i?
neiaa, a ia a?aiaoeciaai? aeaiaioe (ii?yaeie ?icoaooaaiiy neeaaeiee?a,
aeaei-/aniaa, /aniai-niiniaiaa ? niiniaiai-iiaeaeueia ni?aa?aeiini?noue
i?enoaee?a i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei, ii?oieiai-eaene/i? aeaiaioe, ii?yaeie
ne?a o eiiiiiaioao, ?ioiiaoe?y), ye? aeeiiothoue aaaeeea? eiino?oeoeai?
ooieoe?? a a?aiaoe/iiio ioi?ieaii? neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. Aiie, ye a?aeiii,
iayai? e o niieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo. Aea a ieo oe? aeaiaioe
ooieoe?iiothoue ye noi?ia?aei? aieiaiei iieacieeai a?aiaoe/ii?
iia’ycaiino? eiiiiiaio?a – niieo/ieeai ? niieo/iei neiaai. O
aacniieo/ieeiaeo ?a/aiiyo aiie a?ae?a?athoue ae??oaeueio ?ieue o
oi?ioaaii? a?aeiioaiue i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei. sse iieacaee iiaeaeueo?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a ie?aieo aeaeao aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue aoei
aeyaeaii a?aiaoe/i? ca’ycee no?yaeiino? e i?ae?yaeiino?, ui niiioea? aei
?aoaeueiiai aea/aiiy eiaeiiai ??ciiaeaeo aacniieo/ieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e,
o oiio /ene? e o nenoai? eiino?oeoe?e iiynithaaeueiino?.

O ae?oa?e /anoei? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo aiae?co?oueny iayai?noue
i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo o aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo c
?icai?oath/ei eiiiiiaioii.

Na?aae ??cieo i?aeoiae?a aei aecia/aiiy oeio a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo a
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo niieoeao ae??ciy?oueny iaeei c iaea?eueo
ia?niaeoeaieo. A?i ie?aneeany a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy i?ae aieeaii
iineeaiiy oaaae aeine?aeiee?a aei aeyaeaiiy ooieoe?e ie?aieo no?oeoo?ieo
aeaiaio?a aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue ye cania?a a?aiaoe/iiai
ca’yceo.

Oae, ca ?.?.Aeoiaaioeai, iayai?noue i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo aecia?oueny a
oeo aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo, o yeeo no?oeoo?ia noaia
aoaeo?oueny ca iiaeaeeth i?inoiai ?a/aiiy: caeaaeiee eiiiiiaio
coiiaeth?oueny naiaioeei-neioaene/iith aaeaioi?noth iii?iiai neiaa,
cie?aia ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy, aeoiee, ni?eeiaiiy. Ia ?o aaeaioiino?
?oioo?oueny aeae i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo a ia’?eoii-c’ynoaaeueieo (ca
iaoith oa?i?iieia??th – ia’?eoii-?icai?oath/eo) aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo c?acea: Ciath: c iiiaeo noiaeyoue ea?oe. A??th: c
eaiaith a’? aeaea?aei (A.Iaeeoei).

Oea niinoa?aaeaiiy ? iiaei neiaii o neioaene/i?e iaooe?,
aeinoia??i?noue yeiai ia? i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaoenue ? ooi/ithaaoenue.
Oaaaea?ii ca aeioe?eueia aeiaeaoe oaea. Iiaeath/e ?ethno?aoe?? aei
ae??ne?a iiaeaiiy, aeoiee, ni?eeiaiiy, o/aiee iia’ycaa ?o eeoa c
iniaiaeie, /aniaeie ? niiniaiaeie oi?iaie. Oei /anii iii?iei iiaea aooe
?io?i?oea, a oaeiae ae??i?eeiaoieee ? ae??i?ene?aieee, ooai?ai? a?ae
iniia caaaeoaaieo a?oi ae??ne?a, ye-io: Oea ana ??aii, ui neacaoe –
aaeeeee eieainiiee (I.Aeiaaeaiei), Eaon oaea aoa ia?aeiiaiee: ia aeeoei
cai??a (TH.Caaiaoeueeee), Aaaaoi ooi c ae?oaei?i ni?a/oooyi noaaeeoue ca
?icaeoeii iiae?e, a??y/e: ?aii /e i?cii Eaea??y ca?eueieoueny a?ae
iaeaioie?? ? aeyia ia aeeooy oaa?aceie i/eia (A.Iaoeueiaaiee). Oea
aeiiiaiaiiy ?icoe?th? eiei ae??ne?aieo oi?i iaaieo naiaioe/ieo a?oi, ye?
nai?th aaeaioi?noth coiiaeththoue iiyao caeaaeiiai i?aaeeeaoeaiiai
eiiiiiaioa.

I?ene?aia caeaaei?noue a?aecia/a?oueny ? a aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo
?a/aiiyo c ?icai?oath/ei eiiiiiaioii oaeiai c?acea: Oae ieoa?oueny:
iaaaea oiio e?ioey-e?ath ia aoaea? (C oniiai iiaeaiiy); Ia ?aiie /ooii:
oi oiai, oi ae?oaiai ia?e?aaeaii (Iaian Ie?iee). Oea
noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/? – ca iaoith oa??iieia??th aai
noa’?eoii-c’ynoaaeuei? – ca ?.?.Aeoiaaioeai.

O oeeo ?a/aiiyo o ?ie? iii?ieo ne?a aenooiathoue ae??neiaa iaaiiai
ii?oieia?/iiai ioi?ieaiiy (c iinoo?enii -ny), aaciniaiai-i?aaeeeaoeai?
neiaa ? i?ene?aieee ye iin?? aeoeaii? aaeaioiino?: ae??neiaa ca
i?eoaiaiiith ?i eaeneei-neioaene/iith aeanoea?noth, a i?ene?aiee –
aiane?aeie ia?ai?uaiiy o ia?aeiio aeey ae??neiaa i?aaeeeaoeaio
ooieoe?th. ?oiy neeueia aaeaioi?noue iio?aao? caiiaiaiiy a?aiaoe/ii
a?eueii? iiceoe??, yea ca oa?aeoa?ii caieoaiue ? iiceoe??th noa’?eoa.
Caeaaei?noue iinoiiceoeaiiai eiiiiiaioa aacniieo/ieeiaiai ?a/aiiy
aeeeeeaia i?aaeeeaoii i?aiiceoeaii? /anoeie, ui ? ia /ei ?ioei, ye
iaeiei ?c aeae?a i?ene?aiiai ca’yceo, eiie?aoii – i?ae?yaeiei ca’yceii.
Oea oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i iayai?noue i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo a
noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/iio ??ciiaeae? iiynithaaeueieo aacniieo/ieeiaeo
?a/aiue aenoaa?oueny ye aeueoa?iaoeaia a?aeiiiio iiaeyaeo, ca yeei o
noa’?eoii-c’ynoaaeueieo ?a/aiiyo aecia?oueny i?aaeeeaoeaiee ca’ycie
(?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue). Ioaea, o iacaaieo i?aeoiaeao aei a?aiaoe/ii?
eaae?o?eaoe?? ?icaeyaeoaaieo ?a/aiue a?aei?iiei ? o?aeooaaiiy oeio
a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo: ca ?.?.Aeoiaaioeai – i?aaeeeaoeaiee, c iaoiai
iiaeyaeo – i?ae?yaeiee.

A?aecia/ath/e oai?aoe/io ia??oioiaai?noue aeyaeaiiy a?aiaoe/iiai
ca’yceo i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie /anoeiaie ?icaeyaeoaaiiai c?acea
?icai?oath/iai (c’ynoaaeueiiai) ?a/aiiy, aaaaea?ii ca iiaeeeaa aeneiaeoe
aeieace naia i?ae?yaeiiai, a ia i?aaeeeaoeaiiai ca’yceo.

?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue ?icaeyaea? aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy ye
a?aiaoe/ia ooai?aiiy, iiaoaeiaaia ia neioaene/ieo ca’yceao ? ooieoe?yo,
aiaeia?/ieo neioaene/iei ca’ceai ? ooieoe?yi aeaiaio?a i?inoiai ?a/aiiy.
Ca?aene e iiaeeea?noue aeae?eaiiy a aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo
ie?aieo oei?a a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo: i?aaeeeaoeaiiai, i?ae?yaeiiai,
no?yaeiiai. Iaeiae o?aaa, iaaooue, iiaiaeeoeny c aeaaii aeneiaethaaiei
oaa?aeaeaiiyi i?i oa, ui i?inoa e neeaaeia ?a/aiiy iathoue niaoeeo?/i?
a?aiaoe/i? iciaee. I?ae ieie ? noiae?noue, aea iaia? oioiaeiino? a
caniaao ? oi?iao ae?aaeaiiy a?aiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a eiiiiiaio?a. Ca?aene e
aeiiaa – i?aeaeaaaoe aiae?cia? eiie?aoiee oei eiioi?eaoeaii? iaeeieoe? –
i?inoa aai neeaaeia, niieo/ieeiaa /e aacniieo/ieeiaa ?a/aiiy. Iaiao?aeii
ooeaoe iniaeeaino? a?aiaoe/iino? a eiaeiiio eiioi?eaoeaiiio oei?, ia
a?aeeeaeath/e iayaiino? ni?eueieo a?aiaoe/ieo iciae.

sseui c?noaaeyoe i?inoa ? aacniieo/ieeiaa neeaaeia ?a/aiiy ca oei, yeee
oei a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo aa?a o/anoue o no?oeoo?oaaii? ?o
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii? iniiae, oi ne?ae eiinoaooaaoe ?o ianoiae?noue. O
i?inoiio ?a/aii? i?aaeeeaoeaiee ca’ycie aeyaey?oueny a eii?aeeiaoe??,
yea ??oioo?oueny ia neioac? ocaiaeaeaiiy ? ea?oaaiiy. Oea e coiiaeth?
aca?iini?yiiaai?noue ? aca?iicaeaaeiee ca’ycie. I?enoaeie aeiaaa?
(ea?o?) a?aeiia?aeii? oi?ie i?aeiaoa, i?aeiao ocaiaeaeo? nai? oi?ie c
aeiiaaie i?enoaeea. O aacniieo/ieeiaiio neeaaeiiio ?a/aii? iinoiiceoeaia
/anoeia aeeiio? aieth “oacy?ia” (A.A.A?eioaieiaa) – caiiaith? ii?iaeith
ee?oeio (I.I.Ei/a?aai) – noa’?eoio iiceoe?th. I?e oeueiio
i?aeii?yaeeiaaia aacniieo/ieeiai i?e?aeiaia /anoeia ia a?aeiia?aea? ia
aeiiae iii?iiai neiaa aeiaeieie iciaeaie ocaiaeaeaiino?. Oiio iaia?
i?aenoaa aiai?eoe i?i eii?aeeiaoe?th i?ae aieiaiith oa i?ae?yaeiith
/anoeiaie a noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/eo eiino?oeoe?yo aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. A?aeiioaiiy a oeeo no?oeoo?ao caniiaaia ia
i?ae?yaeiiio ca’yceo, ia i?ene?ai?e eiai oi?i?.

O i?aaeeeaoeaiiio e i?ae?yaeiiio ca’yceao ? e?eueea ni?eueieo
aeeoa?aioe?eieo iciae. Oea – ia?aaeaa/oaai?noue, iaia’yceia?noue
i?aaeeeaoeaiiai /e i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo, ?o cae?eo?noue. Iaeiae o ieo ?
oaea ae e?euee?noue aeeoa?aioe?eieo iciae, ca yeeie aiie ea?aeeiaeueii
??ciyoueny. Iaeia c ieo – oea aeciaiiy i?ene?aii? caeaaeiino? o
i?ae?yaeiiio oei? a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo ? a?aenooi?noue iiae?aii? oi?ie o
i?aaeeeaoeaiiio ca’yceo. E??i oeueiai, aeineoue ?noioiith ?
aca?iicaeaaei?noue i?aeiaoa e i?enoaeea, ?o aca?iica’ycie, ui ?
“aa?oeiiith aeeoa?aioe?eiith iciaeith i?aaeeeaoeaiiai ca’yceo”, ?
iaeiini?yiiaai?noue, iaeiia?/ia caeaaei?noue, ui ? aecia/aeueiith
aeeoa?aioe?eiith iciaeith i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo (?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue).

Oeth nooo?ao a?aei?ii?noue ie e eeaaeaii a iniiao i?aeoiaeo aei
aeciaiiy a aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/iai
??ciiaeaeo i?ae?yaeiiai, a ia i?aaeeeaoeaiiai oeio a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo.
A?aeiii ae, ui iaeiini?yiiaai?noue aaeaioiiai iii?iiai neiaa, yea
aeeeeea? ia?aaeaa/oaaiee e iaia’yceiaee ca’ycie, coiiaeth? ea?oaaiiy ye
iaeio c oi?i a?aiaoe/iiai ca’yceo, ui e ciaoiaeeoue na?e ae?ac o
a?aeiioaii? iii?iiai ae??neiaa ? caeaaeii? iinoiiceoeaii? /anoeie
aacniieo/ieeiai? no?oeoo?e. O oeueiio ciaoiaeeoue aeya i?ae?yaeiee
ca’ycie.

Ioaea, a noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/eo ?a/aiiyo, ye a ia’?eoii-?icai?oath/eo,
ne?ae aeciaoe iayai?noue i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo i?ae i?aaeeeaoeaieie
eiiiiiaioaie.

O o?ao?e /anoei? ?icae?eo eaeaoueny i?i aeciaiiy i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo a
ie?aieo a?oiao ooi/ithth/iai ??ciiaeaeo aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo
?a/aiue.

sse cacia/aeinue, i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie o ?a/aiiyo c ?icai?oath/ei
cia/aiiyi ??oioo?oueny ia neeuei?e aaeaioiino? iii?iiai
ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea i?aiiceoeaiiai eiiiiiaioa, yea a?ae?a?a?
no?oeoo?oth/o ?ieue o aoaeia? aacniieo/ieeiaiai ii?aeiaiiy
i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei. Iath/e i?aaia?/io ? e?aia?/io neeueio
aaeaioi?noue, ae??neiaa no?oeoo?othoue ia’?eoii- ?
noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/? aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? eiino?oeoe??. Aiie
i?ia?aiothoue ia?aaeaa/oaai?noue e iaia’yceia?noue ?icai?oaiiy ae??,
caaaeyee yeei aecia/a?oueny i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie.

Iiae?aia niinoa??aa?oueny ? a ie?aieo a?oiao ooi/ithth/eo ?a/aiue. C
aeaio a?oi ?a/aiue c oeei cia/aiiyi, a naia: 1) c iii?ieie neiaaie
aeac?aiiai cia/aiiy (? ciae ?ua oa: ai?eoue aeooa ioaee/a – A.Aieiaei) ?
2) c iii?ieie iiaiicia/ieie eaenaiaie, iicaaaeaieie eiie?aoii-?a/iaiai
ae?aaeaiiy (Iaynia ai?ooioeanue a iaia oiae? aeoiea: iaaooue, y aeey
e?oa?aoo?e iio??aiee – Inoai Aeoiy) – a?aiaoe/io i?ae?yaei?noue ne?ae
aecia/aoe eeoa na?aae eiino?oeoe?e ia?oi? a?oie. O ieo, ye a?aeiii,
iii?ieie neiaaie i?aiiceoeaii? /anoeie aenooiathoue aeac?ai? caeiaiieee,
caeiaiieeiaee i?ene?aiee oae (ioae) ? /ene?aiee iaeei o caeiaiieeiaiio
cia/aii?. I?ioa ia o an?o ?a/aiiyo c ia?ae?/aieie neiaaie i?aaeeeaoeai?
/anoeie ia?aaoaathoue o i?ae?yaeiiio ca’yceo. ?aeaoueny eeoa i?i
no?oeoo?e oeio: Aeaaaea? ae ioaea – nieia’?a caienaoe (I.Aii/a?), o yeeo
i?aaeeeaoe iathoue cia/aiiy iiaeaiiy, ieneaiiy, ni?eeiyooy, a oaeiae
eiino?oeoe?? c i?aaeeeaoii o oi?i? ae??neiaa ia – ny,
aaciniaiai-i?aaeeeaoeaiiai neiaa ? i?ene?aiee?a ye iin??a aeoeaii?
aaeaioiino?: ae??neiaa ca i?eoaiaiiith ?i aaeaioi?noth, a i?ene?aieee –
aiane?aeie ia?ai?uaiiy o i?aaeeeaoeaio iiceoe?th, ye-io: ssnii iaeia:
yeee ae oai Aiao ia aoa, ye? a o iueiai ia aoee iiieeee, a a?i –
?aaeyinueea aeaaea ia nae? (A.Othothiiee).

A aiae?ciaaieo ?a/aiiyo aaeaioia neea iacaaieo ae??ne?a ni?yiiaaia ia
aeac?ai? caeiaiieee, caeiaiieeiaee i?ene?aiee oae (ioae), /ene?aiee
iaeei o caeiaiieeiaiio cia/aii?, ye? ia caaeiaieueiythoue
naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? iio?aae ea?oth/iai neiaa a ?icai?oaii?. Oiio,
aoaeo/e iicaaaeaieie eaene/iiai iaiiaiaiiy, ai aeeiiothoue eeoa aeac?aio
?ieue, aiie iiaeooue i?iioneaoeny. I?e oeueiio ci?no ?a/aiiy ia
ao?a/a?oueny. Ia aoaeoueny e a?aiaoe/ia a?aeiioaiiy i?aaeeeaoeaieo
/anoei. Ii?.: Aeaaaea? ae ioaea – nieia’?a caienaoe – Aeaaaea? ae –
nieia’?a caienaoe; Iaeia ynii – a i?aoioo (A.Iaoeueiaaiee) – ssnii – a
i?aoioo.

Aeoiaeeoue, ui a?aiaoe/ia caeaaei?noue coiiaeaia iayai?noth a
i?aiiceoeai?e /anoei? ia aeac?aiiai caeiaiieea /e caeiaiieeiaiai
i?ene?aieea aai /ene?aieea a caeiaiieeiaiio cia/aii?, a iii?ieo ae??ne?a
iiaeaiiy, aeoiee, ni?eeiyooy /e aaciniaiai-i?aaeeeaoeaiiai neiaa aai
i?ene?aieea, ye? e no?oeoo?othoue aacniieo/ieeiaa ?a/aiiy
iiynithaaeueiiai aeaeo, ui aeicaiey? aaa/aoe a oaeeo eiino?oeoe?yo aeya
i?ene?aii? oi?ie i?ae?yaeiino?, ye ? a ?a/aiiyo c ia’?eoii-?icai?oath/ei
oa noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/ei a?aeiioaiiyi.

Iaeiae ia ia?aoeiae? aeciaiiy ?o aeania ia’?eoii- ?
noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/eie ?a/aiiyie noiyoue aeac?ai? neiaa, ye?
noi?iaiaeaeothoue iii?i? ae??neiaa-i?enoaeee i?aiiceoeaieo /anoei. ?o
iayai?noue noai?th? iiaea?eio caeaaei?noue. C iaeiiai aieo, aeac?ai?
neiaa caaaeyee nai?e i?e?iae? aeiaaathoue ?ice?eooy, ooi/iaiiy naiai
ci?noo. O oie aea /an naiaioeea ae??neiaa caaaeyee neeuei?e aaeaioiino?
iio?aao? caiiaiaiiy neioaene/ii? iiceoe?? ia’?eoa /e noa’?eoa. O
?acoeueoao? a naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio a?aeiioaii? eiioai?iothoueny aeaa
cia/aiiy: ooi/iaiiy e ?ic’yniaiiy. Oiio oae? ?a/aiiy noiyoue ia iaae?
aeaio ??ciiaeae?a aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei
eiiiiiaioii. Oea – ooi/ithth/i-?icai?oath/? aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei?
?a/aiiy. ?oith no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/io iciaeo noaiiaeoue iayai?noue o
i?aiiceoeai?e /anoei? iii?ieo ne?a: ae??ne?a-i?enoaee?a ?c cia/aiiyi
iiaeaiiy, aeoiee, ineo?/iiai noaio ? ne?a eaoaai??? noaio, caaaeyee yeei
iinoiiceoeaia /anoeia iaaoaa? ooieoe?e ia’?eoa /e noa’?eoa, oa caeaaeieo
a?ae ae??ne?a-i?enoaee?a aeac?aieo ne?a, ye? iio?aaothoue ooi/iaiiy.

Aeaui ?ioiai oeio ? ?a/aiiy, aei neeaaeo ia?oiai eiiiiiaioa yeeo ia
aoiaeyoue ae??neiaa iiaeaiiy, aeoiee, ni?eeiyooy, neiaa eaoaai??? noaio.
Oea e ciooo? aeae?eeoe ?o a ie?aio a?oio aeey naiino?eiiai ?icaeyaeo. ?o
iniaeea?noue o oiio, ui i?e iayaiino? a i?aiiceoeai?e /anoei?
ae??ne?a-i?enoaee?a ?ioi? naiaioeee, ye? ia aieiae?thoue neeueiei
ea?oaaiiyi, a cia/eoue – ia aeiaaathoue ?icai?oaiiy, ?aeeiei
no?oeoo?oth/ei aeaiaioii aoaeiae aacniieo/ieeiaiai neeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy
noa? iii?ia neiai caeiaiieeiai-i?ene?aieeiaiai aeac?aiiai cia/aiiy.
Iio?aaoth/e ooi/iaiiy, aiie ni?e/eiththoue aeieeiaiiy ?a/aiue c
aacniieo/ieeiai ii?aeiaiei ooi/ithth/ei eiiiiiaioii: A i??caeua oaea a
iueiai: Aeeeaea (Inoai Aeoiy).

Oae? eiino?oeoe?? ne?ae oaaaeaoe aeania ooi/ithth/eie ?a/aiiyie,
ine?eueee a ieo iayaia eeoa ooi/iaiiy aeac?aieo ne?a. Ae??neiaa, a?ae
yeeo aiie caeaaeaoue, ia a?ae?a?athoue oaei? naiaioeei-neioaene/ii?
?ie?, yeo a?ae?a?athoue ae??neiaa a ?ai?oa ?icaeyioo?e a?oi? ?a/aiue.

Ioaea, o a?oi? ooi/ithth/iai ??ciiaeaeo aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo
?a/aiue c iii?ieie neiaaie o aeaeyae? aeac?aieo caeiaiiee?a, i?ene?aieea
oae (ioae) ? /ene?aieea iaeei o caeiaiieeiaiio cia/aii? ie?aia i?noea
iin?aeathoue no?oeoo?e, ye? noiyoue ia iaae? i?ae ?icai?oath/ei oa
ooi/ithth/ei ??ciiaeaeaie. Oea neie?aoe/i? ?icai?oath/i-ooi/ithth/?
aacniieo/ieeia? eiino?oeoe??. ?a/aiiy ia c iii?ieie ae??neiaaie
iiaeaiiy, aeoiee, ni?eeiyoo?a, neiaaie eaoaai??? noaio ? aeac?aieie
caeiaiieeaie noaiiaeyoue no?oeoo?e aeania ooi/ithth/iai ??ciiaeaeo. Oe?
iiaoaeiae neeaaeathoue ae?oao a?oio ooi/ithth/eo aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. O ieo a?aeiioaiiy i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei ia
??oioo?oueny ia caeaaeiino? iinoiiceoeaii? /anoeie a?ae iii?iiai
ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea. A?aenooi?noue o oeeo ?a/aiiyo, ye ? a
eiiaioothth/eo oa oeoia/ieo, ae??ne?a c neeueiith neioaene/iith
aaeaioi?noth aeicaiey? eaae?o?eoaaoe a?aiaoe/iee ca’ycie ye
iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Ni?aa?aeianai?noue aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo
?a/aiue ?c eiiiiiaioii iiyniaiiy c niieo/ieeiaeie neeaaeieie ?a/aiiyie”
c?noaaeythoueny ?a/aiiy iaio oei?a ? anoaiiaeththoueny iiaeeeaino? ?o
aca?iiia?aoai?aiiy.

C?noaaeaiiy ?a/aiue iaio oei?a aea? ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy ia iiaeia ioioiaeithaaoe c
niieo/ieeiaeie, cie?aia – c neeaaeiino?yaeieie e neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie.
?o a?aei?iiino? i/aaeaei?. Iaeiae a iaio oeiao neeaaeieo ?a/aiue ? ia
o?eueee /anoeiaa, ca yeei eiaeai c ieo a?ae??ciy?oueny iaeei a?ae
iaeiiai, aea e caaaeueia, ui aeanoeaa ?i ye neeaaeiei no?oeoo?ai. Oea e
aeicaiey? anoaiiaethaaoe iaaio ni?aa?aeianai?noue aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo no?oeoo? c niieo/ieeiaeie.

Aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy ia’?eoii-?icai?oath/iai ?
noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/iai ??ciiaeae?a ni?aa?aeiini? c? niieo/ieeiaeie: ca
iaei??th eeaneo?eaoe??th – c? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie aeiaeaoeiaeie ?
i?aeiaoiaeie, ca ?ioith – c? neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieie c’ynoaaeueieie,
eiie?aoii – ia’?eoii-c’ynoaaeueieie e noa’?eoii-c’ynoaaeueieie.
I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oeueiai ciaoiaeeii o iiaeeeaino? ia?aoai?aiiy
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ia’?eoii-c’ynoaaeueieo o aacniieo/ieeia? ? iaaiaee,
ye-io: Eaeaeao iiaa/ea, ui ni?aaae? o?aaa iae??cieoe ae?oae
(?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee) – Eaeaeao iiaa/ea: ni?aaae? o?aaa iae??cieoe
ae?oae. Iiae?aia cana?/o?oueny ? a noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/eo ?a/aiiyo: ?
aeaeii: aae-aae-aae aai aei oiai e?nea, eoaee iei ae?noaia, aei?iaith
aice iioyaeeny (Inoai Aeoiy) – ? aeaeii, ui aae-aae-aae aai aei oiai
e?nea aei?iaith aice iioyaeeny.

Na?aae aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e c ooi/ithth/ei
eiiiiiaioii ni?aa?aeiinieie c? niieo/ieeiaeie neeaaeieie ?a/aiiyie ? o?,
o yeeo iii?i? aeaiaioe ae?aaeai? neiaaie iaaeac?aiiai cia/aiiy. Oae?
aacniieo/ieeia? ii?aeiaiiy ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c? niieo/ieeiaeie
no?oeoo?aie, ye? ia?aaeathoue iiynithaaeuei? a?aeiioaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
neoaeaiaeo ne?a oiaoi, a naia, cie?aia. Ii?.: Na?aae ia?iaeo oiaeeee
aeaoeea? /ooee: i?ioe? eeaeathoue o aiaiiue ae?oae, ?icno??eththoue
ie?ia ianaeaiiy, iaethaenueeeie ioeaie ii?aeothoue iieiiaieo
/a?aiiia?i?eoe?a (A?.Othothiiee) – Na?aae ia?iaeo oiaeeee aeaoeea?
/ooee, cie?aia: i?ioe? eeaeathoue o aiaiiue ae?oae, ?icno??eththoue
ie?ia ianaeaiiy…

Iiaeeea?noue ia?aoai?aiiy ia niieo/ieeia? ?a/aiiy niinoa??aathoueny ? a
ie?aieo aacniieo/ieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?yo c oeoia/iith /anoeiith. Ii?.: A
iieiaeoeo eeanao, oa e a na?aaei?o, a aeey aaaaoueio ? a noa?oeo ana oea
aoei cian?i aeaeaea, “oa??a ?ieiai?oa”: eaoeinueeith iiaith oea icia/a?
“iaa?aeiia caiey” ? acaaae? uinue iaa?aeiia (TH.Niiee/) – Ana oea aoei
cian?i aeaeaea, “oa??a ?ieiai?oa”, ui eaoeinueeith iiaith icia/a?
“iaa?aeiia caiey”.

Iaeiae ia an? ?icaeyaeoaai? no?oeoo?e ia?aoai?ththoueny ia
ni?aa?aeiini? niieo/ieeia?. O?ainoi?iaoe?? ia i?aeaeathoueny:

1) ?icai?oath/? ?a/aiiy: a/ c ieoaeueieie neiaaie e /anoeaie, ye-io:
Neaaee iai?, o?aa aiii oae iiaeiii aoei a/eieoeny, uia oe aeethaei?a ia
a aaoueeia?e, a a /oae?e oao?? (I.E?iieaieoeueeee); a/ c ae?oaith
i?aaeeeaoeaiith /anoeiith, ae?aaeaiith iii?iaoeaiith no?oeoo?ith: Io
o?eueee i??caeua iai? ii? ia iiaeiaaeiny… Oya?oue nia?: *aia?a,
Aieioa, AEoo?ae, Ei?/aa?i ? … Eocia/eeia! (A?.Othothiiee); a/ c
iinoiiceoeaiith /anoeiith, yea noaiiaeoue niaoeeo?/iee onoaeaiee aene?a,
oeeoaoo /e aeeth/a? neiaa-?a/aiiy oae, aaa, aaaeaae, i?, i?inoi??/i?
aeaiaioe, aeaoee: ss ua ainaie caiai’yoaa [iiia?]: OAe-41-18
(A?.Othothiiee); ? aiia caiaeeeanue: oae, ia o? /ane, uia aiyoenue
(I.Aii/a?); Oa ia a?eny, ye oi?o, a ca?aae aei o?oee Iano? e neaaee: oae
? oae iiaeya, /enoa ni?i/ea e ni?aeieoey aaaei? a eiii??, o caeai?e
ne?ei?… (A?.Othothiiee); Eiee oae oaea ia?aae aa/a?ii /oth: ?ei-?ei,
?ei-?ei, ?ei-?ei! (A?.Othothiiee); a/ ae?oaa /anoeia aeeth/a? oi?ie
ae??ne?a iaeaciaiai niiniao: Iaa?oue iaie aiiiiyoue: iaeaeaeii caieth
(I.Eioethaeinueeee); ae/ ?c iaiacaaieie ae??neiaaie ni?eeiaiiy: Ae
aeeaeoanue oai?o – i?iieeaa? ca?aeea /e?yo (Inoai Aeoiy);

2) ooi/ithth/? eiino?oeoe??, o yeeo iii?i? aeaiaioe ae?aaeai? neiaaie
aeac?aiiai cia/aiiy. Oea noino?oueny ye aeania ooi/ithth/eo ?a/aiue, oae
? ?icai?oath/i-ooi/ithth/eo: Iaeiae ?aai Naiaiiae/ a/eiea ?iaeoa –
ae??oea ?ici?aaeoenue ?c ni?eeaei ?aaeaeoi?ii… (C aacaoe); Neaaeo
iaeia: ia i?aeei?aio aenioo aae?oaa i?ae?eiaoeny ia oe?eaai (C aacaoe);

3) eiiaiooth/? ?a/aiiy: Oai, ia /i?iiio oe? oeaie uinue a?e??… oi
Oi… (I.Eioethaeinueeee);

4) ?a/aiiy c eiiiiiaioii oeoia/aiiy ?c caeiaiieeiaei i?ene?aieeii oae:
Aoaeeiie “Neiai” aeaaii ia?aoai?eany a “E?aiaoi??e” – oae eiai i?icaaee
ca iauaaei? e nenoaiaoe/i? a?aooe ienueiaiiee?a, ieooe?a oa iaoeiaoe?a
(?.Aaa?yiee).

On? ia?ae?/ai? eiino?oeoe?? – oeiiai aacniieo/ieeia? iaeeieoe?, ia
ni?aa?aeiini? c aeiaeiei aeaeii niieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue. Oaeei
/eiii, on? ??ciiaeaee (e??i eiiaiooth/iai) aacniieo/ieeiaeo
iiynithaaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e iiae?eythoueny ia a?oio ni?aa?aeiinieo
?a/aiue ? a?oio ia ni?aa?aeiinieo c niieo/ieeiaeie no?oeoo?aie, ui
aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?en a?aiaoe/iino? a
eiaeiiio ie?aiiio ?o ??ciiaeae?, ia a?aeeeaeath/e i?e oeueiio
ni?eueiiai.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Noeeueiaa i?eiaeaaei?noue aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c eiiiiiaioii iiyniaiiy” aiae?co?oueny iioe?ai?noue
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiino?oeoe?e o noeeyo iiae.

A?aenooi?noue ?aeeiiai iiaeyaeo ia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue o eieaeieo noeeyo aeeeeeaea iio?aao o
anoaiiaeaii? caaaeueii? ea?oeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeeo no?oeoo? o ??cieo
noa?ao canoinoaaiiy iiae.

Aeai? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiaeyoue, ui eiino?oeoe?? c
iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi aeanoea? an?i eieaeiei noeeyi. A?eueoa
oiai, iiaoaeiae oeueiai aeaeo aacniieo/ieeiaeo ?a/aiue o?aieythoueny
/ano?oa ca ?io? aeaee neeaaeieo aacniieo/ieeiaeo no?oeoo?. Oea aea?
i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiae?ciaai? eiino?oeoe?? ?
caaaeueiinoeeueiaeie iaeeieoeyie, oi/ iayai?noue ?o o ??cieo eieaeieo
noeeyo iaiaeiaeiaa.

Iaiaaeai?noue o aeei?enoaii? coiiaeaia ia no?oeoo?ieie iiaeaeyie, a
oeie eaene/ieie aeaiaioaie, ui noaiiaeyoue no?eaeaiue no?oeoo?e, ? ?o
eiino?oeoeaieie neeaaeieeaie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiaeai noeeue o aoaeia?
eiino?oeoe?? c ?icai?oath/ei ??ciiaeaeii iaaea? ia?aaaae iaaiiio eieo
eaenai. Oae, na?aae ne?a, ui aeiaaathoue iiyniaiiy ae?oaei eiiiiiaioii,
o ooaeiaei?e e?oa?aoo?? cana?ae/othoueny caeaa?eueoiai: aa/eoe,
a?ae/oaaoe, aiiii?oe, aei??eaoe, aeoiaoe, caaaeaoe, ia?aaeeoe, i?ineoe,
/ooe, oaiio?oe; o ioae?oeenoe/iiio noee? – cacia/aoe, cana?ae/oaaoe,
cayaeoe, eiinoaooaaoe, iaaieiooaaoe; o iaoeiaiio noee? – aaaaeaoe,
aeacaoe, cacia/eoe, i?aee?aneeoe, na?ae/eoe, noaa?aeaeoaaoe; a
io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiio – anoaiiaeoe, aeiiia?aeaoe, cayaeoe, ?ioi?ioaaoe,
iiia?aaeeoe oiui. Noeeueiaa cae??ieai?noue oeeo eaenai noi?oue ia
ia?aoeiae? ?o aeei?enoaiiy a ?ioiio noee?, iaeiae oea ia aeeeth/a?
iiaeeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?icai?oath/iai ??ciiaeaeo ye
no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/iiai oeio a noeeyo oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Ie?aia i?noea na?aae ieo iin?aeathoue eiino?oeoe??, o yeeo o
?icai?oath/?e /anoei? ? neiaa, ye? nai?th naiaioeeith i?aeaiaeyoue aei
ni?eeiaiiy, aea iaia? neiaa, ui iaceaa? nai i?ioean ni?eeiaiiy, ye o
?a/aii?: Aeeaethnue, oo?/ei ?c-ca eoua oe?ey? i?yii a iaia
(I.E?iieaieoeueeee), o yeiio i?iiouaia eaenaia aa/o. *a?ac a?aenooi?noue
caiiaiaii? neiaanii? eaiee eia?/ii? iine?aeiaiino? aeeeaaeo aeoiee oae?
?a/aiiy ia aeanoea? i? io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiio, i? iaoeiaiio noeeyi. Aiie ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue ?o aeiiaai: caaacia/eoe eia?/io no?oie?noue aeeeaaeo.
Noa?a aaeeaaiiy oeeo ?a/aiue – onia ?iciiaia iiaeaiiy, ooaeiaeiy
e?oa?aoo?a, ie?ai? aacaoi? aeai?e. Aiie iiaeeea? e o iaoeiai-iiioey?iiio
aeeeaae?.

?a/aiiy c ooi/ithth/ith /anoeiith, o yeeo o ?ie? iii?ieo aenooiathoue
neiaa c aeac?aiei cia/aiiyi (oaeee, oae oiui) ? neiaa, iicaaaeai?
eiie?aoii-?a/iaiai ae?aaeaiiy (icia/aeuei? caeiaiieee, i?eeiaoieee,
/ene?aieee, ?iaiieee), a oaeiae ?o ??ciiiai?oi? ii?aeiaiiy,
aeei?enoiaothoueny a on?o eieaeieo noeeyo.

Ianooii? aeaa ??ciiaeaee – c eiiaiooth/ith ? oeoia/iith /anoeiaie – o
eieaeieo noeeyo cana?ae/othoueny ??aeei. Iaeaeaa aiie a?aecia/ai? a
ioae?oeenoe/iiio oa ooaeiaeiueiio noeeyo. O iaoeiaiio oa
io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiio iiaeeea? eeoa eiiaiooth/? aacniieo/ieeia? ?a/aiiy.

O aeniiaeao eiinoaoo?oueny:

1. Iiynithaaeuei? a?aeiioaiiy, caniiaai? ia ?icaeoeo ci?noo iniiaiiai
neeaaeo aeneiaeaiiy oeyoii eiai aeaoae?caoe?? (I.N.Aoiaiiaa),
aeeeoothoue ii?yaeie ?ici?uaiiy i?aaeeeaoeaieo /anoei, yeee oi?io?
nieneiaa ? neioaene/ia a?aeiioaiiy an??? eiino?oeoe??: o i?aiiceoe?? –
iiynithaaiee, o iinoiiceoe?? – iiynithth/ee eiiiiiaio. Iaa?iai?noue ?o
iaiiaeeeaa. Ca oe??th iciaeith ?a/aiiy c iiynithaaeueiei a?aeiioaiiyi
eaae?o?eothoueny ye iaaio/e? no?oeoo?e.

2. Iniaeea?noth iiaoaeiae oeeo ?a/aiue ? iayai?noue o i?aaeeeaoeaieo
/anoeiao eaene/ieo aeaiaio?a, ye? a?ae?a?athoue eiinoeoooeaio ?ieue a
i?aai?caoe?? no?oeoo?ii? noaie aiae?ciaaieo eiino?oeoe?e. Iaei? c ieo
i?noyoueny a ia?o?e /anoei?, ?io? – o ae?oa?e /anoei?. O eiinoeoooeai?e
ooieoe?? aenooiathoue: o ia?o?e /anoei? – ae??neiaa, caeiaiieee,
?iaiieee, i?eeiaoieee, /ene?aieee, i?ene?aieee, o ae?oa?e – aeac?ai?
caeiaiieee, i?en?eaiee oae. Ia ?o iniia? aoaeothoueny aacniieo/ieeia?
neeaaei? ?a/aiiy c ?icai?oath/ith e ooi/ithth/ith /anoeiaie (c
eiinoeoooeaiei aeaiaioii o ia?o?e /anoei?) oa c eiiaiooth/ith e
oeoia/iith /anoeiaie (o ieo iacaai? aeaiaioe ? neeaaeiaeie ae?oai?
/anoeie).

3. Iayai?noue o no?oeoo?ao c ?icai?oath/ei eiiiiiaioii ne?a c neeueiith
aaeaioi?noth coiiaeth? a?aeiioaiiy, o yeiio ae?oaa i?aaeeeaoeaia /anoeia
cai?ua? iiceoe?th ia’?eoa aai noa’?eoa. Iaia’yceia?noue cai?uaiiy oeeo
neioaene/ieo iiceoe?e aeaea i?aenoaae aeciaoe iayai?noue i?ae?yaeiiai
ca’yceo ia o?eueee a ia’?eoii-?icai?oath/eo, a e noa’?eoii-?icai?oath/eo
??ciiaeaeao ?a/aiue.

4. ? i?aenoaae aaa/aoe ca’ycie i?ae?yaeiino? e o a?oi? eiino?oeoe?e c
ooi/ithth/ei eiiiiiaioii, o yeeo eiino?oeoeaio ooieoe?th o i?aiiceoeai?e
/anoei? aeeiiothoue ia aeac?ai? caeiaiieee /e i?ene?aiee oae, a
ae??neiaa iiaeaiiy, aeoiee, aieaaeyaeaiiy, /ooo?aiai /e
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ni?eeiyooy.

5. ?icaeyiooee o aeena?oaoe?? iaoa??ae ia?aeiieeai aeiaiaeeoue
caaaeueiinoeeueiaee oa?aeoa? aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue acaaae?
? ?o iiynithaaeueiiai aeaeo cie?aia. I?aai?/ia no?oeoo?ia, naiaioe/ia ?
eia?/ia a?aeiioaiiy iiynithaaiiai e iiynithth/iai, aeanoeaa
?icaeyaeoaaiei ??ciiaeaeai aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e,
a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai oeeo noee?a iiae, o oiio /ene? e oei, ye?
iio?aaothoue iaaeaicia/iiai ae?aaeaiiy aeoiee. Oea aaaeeeai aeey
ona?aeiieaiiy oiai, ui aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy ye nai???aeiee
no?oeoo?ii-neioaene/iee oei neeaaeieo ?a/aiue iin?aea? ie?aia iii?oia
i?noea a neioaene/i?e aoaeia? iiae, a oiio e caneoaiao? ia aea/aiiy ia
??ai? c ?ioeie neeaaeieie ?a/aiiyie.

IOAE?EAOe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii o noaooyo oa oacao:

1. Caa?aanueeee ?.?. Aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy c iiynithaaeueieie
a?aeiioaiiyie /anoei o iaoeiaiio noee? oe?a?inueei? iiae // E?iaa?noe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy: Iaoeiaee a?niee. – Aei. 3. – Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1997. – N.
137-141.

2. Caa?aanueeee ?.?. Ci?no oa?i?ia “iiyniaiiy” ye aeaeo neioaene/iiai
a?aeiioaiiy // Oai aea. – N. 146 – 148.

3. Caa?aanueeee ?.?. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy neeaaeieo aacniieo/ieeiaeo ?a/aiue
o eieaeieo noeeyo no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy no/anii? o?eieia??. – 1998. – ? 408. –
N. 73-76.

4. Caa?aanueeee ?.?. Caniae a?aiaoeeae?caoe?? a aacniieo/ieeiaeo
neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo iiynithaaeueieo a?aeiioaiue // Oai aea. – N. 77-80.

5. Caa?aanueeee ?.?. I?iaeaie aea/aiiy aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo
?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueiei eiiiiiaioii // IV I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y:
O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao
iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?: Iaoa??aee: O 2 o., 5 /. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee:
Iie?a?ao?no, 1997. – O. 1. – *. 1. – N. 40-44.

AIIOAOe??

Caa?aanueeee ?.?. Aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy c iiynithaaeueiei
eiiiiiaioii o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aia aeyaeaiith
naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo iniaeeainoae iiynithaaeueieo a?aeiioaiue o
no?oeoo?? aacniieo/ieeiaeo ?a/aiue. O aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aii ci?no
“iiyniaiiy” noiniaii aacniieo/ieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e, anaa?/ii ?ice?eoi
iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?c?oe?? ?o ie?aieo ??ciiaeae?a, ui
aeicaieeei ooi/ieoe eeaneo?eaoe?th aacniieo/ieeiaeo iiynithaaeueieo
?a/aiue. Aeyaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/ieo iciae aeaei ciiao anoaiiaeoe
i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie a ie?aieo a?oiao iiynithaaeueieo ?a/aiue
aacniieo/ieeiaiai oeio ?, oaeei /eiii, aeciaoe ?o a?aiaoe/io
ni?aa?aeianai?noue c? niieo/ieeiaeie neeaaeieie ?a/aiiyie. Ia iniia?
cae?eniaiiai aiae?co naiaioe/ii? e a?aiaoe/ii? ni?aa?aeianaiino?
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ? niieo/ieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e eiinoaoiaaii, ui ?a/aiiy
iaio oei?a aeyaeythoue ye ni?euei?, oae ? niaoeeo?/i? ?ene
a?aiaoe/iino?. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe?aiino? e /anoioiino?
aacniieo/ieeiaeo neeaaeieo ?a/aiue c iiynithaaeueieie a?aeiioaiyie
eiiiiiaio?a o noeeyo iiae ? aeiaaaeaii ?o oe?iea ooieoe?iioaaiiy o
??cieo noa?ao aeei?enoaiiy no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aacniieo/ieeia? neeaaei? ?a/aiiy, iiyniaiiy,
eeaneo?eaoe?y, i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie, a?aiaoe/ia e naiaioe/ia
ni?aa?aeianai?noue, noeeueiaa ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Zagrevski E.I. Asyndetic compound sentence with explanatory component
in the modern Ukrainian language. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree of philologikal sciences in speciality
10.02.01. Ukrainian Language. – Kharkiv State Pedagogikal University
named after G.Skovoroda, Kharkiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to manifestation of semantic-syntactical features
of the explanatory relations in asyndetic sentence structure. There the
content of «explanation» of asyndetic constructions is determined, the
peculiarities of the structure organization of their special types are
comprehensively disclosed. It helps to specify the asyndetic explanatory
sentence classification. Structural grammar signs manifestation made
possible the ascertainment of subordinate connection in definite groups
of the asyndetic explanatory sentences. So it helped to define their
grammatical correlation with syndetic compound sentences. This analysis
of semantic and grammatical correlation of syndetic constructions
established the both types of the sentences demonstrated common and
special grammatical features. It was held the investigation of spreading
and frequency of asyndetic compound sentences with explanatory relations
of the components in language styles and it was demonstrated their wide
functioning.

Key words: asyndetic compound sentences, explanation, classification,
subordinate connection, grammatical and semantic correlation, style
functioning.

Caa?aaneee A.E. Aannithciiua neiaeiua i?aaeeiaeaiey n iiynieoaeiui
eiiiiiaioii a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue. – Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao ei. A.N.Neiai?iaeu,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii aiaeeco
naiaioeei-neioaene/aneeo iniaaiiinoae iiynieoaeueiuo ioiioaiee a
no?oeoo?a aannithciuo neiaeiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee oe?aeineiai ycuea. A
aeenna?oaoeee ii?aaeaeaii niaea?aeaiea iiiyoey “iiyniaiea” ioiineoaeueii
aannithciuo eiino?oeoeee, iiae eioi?ui oniao?eaaaony ?acaeoea
niaea?aeaiey iniiaiiai ninoaaa auneacuaaiey iooai aai aeaoaeecaoeee.
Oaeia iiieiaiea oa?ieia “iiyniaiea” iicaieeei iaia?oaeeoue a ?aieao
iiynieoaeueiiai aeaea neiaeiuo aannithciuo i?aaeeiaeaiee ioiioaiey
?acaa?ouaaiey, ooi/iaiey, eiiiaioe?iaaiey e oieeiaaiey, /oi n
ii?aaeaeaiiuie ooi/iaieyie niioaaonoaoao ?aiaa noi?ioee?iaaiiie
eeanneoeeaoeee yoiai aeaea neiaeiuo no?oeoo?, a oaeaea ananoi?iiia
?ane?uoue iniaaiiinoe no?oeoo?iie i?aaiecaoeee ioaeaeueiuo
?aciiaeaeiinoae iiynieoaeueiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee. Eo aaaeiui no?oeoo?iui
iieacaoaeai i?eciaaony ii?yaeie ?aciauaiey i?aaeeeaoeaiuo /anoae,
eioi?ue oi?ie?oao niuneiaia e neioaene/aneia ioiioaiea anae aannithciie
eiino?oeoeee: a i?aiiceoeee – iiynieoaeueiue, a iinoiiceoeee –
iiyniythuee eiiiiiaio. Iniaaiiinoueth yoeo i?aaeeiaeaiee yaeyaony oaeaea
iaee/ea a i?aiiceoeaiie eee iinoiiceoeaiie i?aaeeeaoeaiuo /anoyo
eaene/aneeo yeaiaioia, eioi?ua auiieiytho eiinoeooe?othuoth ?ieue a
i?aaiecaoeee noaiu aiaeece?iaaiiuo eiino?oeoeee.

Auyaeaiea no?oeoo?ii-a?aiiaoe/aneeo i?eciaeia iino?iaiey aannithciuo
iiynieoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee aeaei aiciiaeiinoue iaia?oaeeoue a
ioaeaeueiuo eo a?oiiao iiae/eieoaeueioth naycue. Iaee/ea a ia?aie /anoe
aannithciuo i?aaeeiaeaiee n ?acaa?ouaathuae /anoueth iii?iuo neia n
neeueiie aaeaioiinoueth (aeaaieueiuo oi?i, a oii /enea i?e/anoee e
aeaai?e/anoee, ia?a/ee, i?aaeeeaoeaiuo i?eeaaaoaeueiuo ni cia/aieai
?a/e, iunee aini?eyoey) naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i i?eneiaiie caaeneiinoe.
Enoiaey ec oiai, /oi neiaeiua eiino?oeoeee no?iyony ia neioaene/aneeo
ioiioaieyo e ooieoeeyo, ioee/iuo io neioaene/aneeo ioiioaiee e ooieoeee
i?inoiai i?aaeeiaeaiey, a oaeaea ec oiai, /oi, a aannithciuo neiaeiuo
i?aaeeiaeaieyo aiaeece?oaiie ?aciiaeaeiinoe caaeneiinoue iinoiiceoeaiie
/anoe i?aaeii?aaeaeaia aaeaioiinoueth i?aaeeeaoeaiiai neiaa, iaaeaeo eo
/anoyie io?eoeaaony iaee/ea aeaonoi?iiiae nayce eii?aeeiaoeee. Iiyoiio
iiae/eieoaeueiay naycue i?eciaaony eae a i?aaeeiaeaieyo, o eioi?uo
aoi?ay i?aaeeeaoeaiay /anoue ii o?aaiaaieth naiaioeei-neioaene/aneie
aaeaioiinoe iii?iiai i?aaeeeaoa caiauaao iiceoeeth iauaeoa, oae e a
eiino?oeoeeyo, o eioi?uo iinoiiceoeaiue eiiiiiaio iaoiaeeony a iiceoeee
noauaeoa.

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey aeaee iniiaaiey oniao?eaaoue
iiae/eieoaeueioth naycue ia?yaeo n ?acaa?ouaathua-iauaeoiuie e
?acaa?ouaathua-noauaeoiuie i?aaeeiaeaieyie e a a?oiia eiino?oeoeee n
ooi/ieoaeueiui ioiioaieai. Yoi eanaaony oao aannithciuo i?aaeeiaeaiee, a
eioi?uo eiino?oeoeaioth ooieoeeth a i?aiiceoeaiie /anoe auiieiytho ia
oeacaoaeueiua ianoieiaiey, ia?a/ea oae, a aeaaieu ni cia/aieai ?a/e,
iunee, aieaecuyaeaiey, /oanoaaiiiai eee eioaeeaeooaeueiiai aini?eyoey.
Iaee/ea oaeeo aeaaieia iicaieeei oniio?aoue a yoeo eiino?oeoeeyo
i?eneiaioth oi?io a?aiiaoe/aneie caaeneiinoe. Iaee/ea aea oeacaoaeueiuo
neia, eioi?ua nii?iaiaeaeatho aeaaieu-neacoaiua, aeaei aiciiaeiinoue
ioianoe eo ia e ?acaa?ouaathuei, a ooi/ieoaeueiui, eiie?aoii – e
ooi/ieoaeueii-?acaa?ouaathuei.

Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua i iaee/ee i?iae/eieoaeueiie nayce a a?oiia
aannithciuo neiaeiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee n iiynieoaeueiuie ioiioaieyie
iicaieyao aanoe ?a/ue ia oieueei ia eo naiaioe/aneie niioianaiiinoe n
nithciuie neiaeiuie i?aaeeiaeaieyie, ii e i niioianaiiinoe
a?aiiaoe/aneie. Aianoa n oai a enneaaeiaaiee i?eciaaony, /oi
naiaioe/aneay niioianaiiinoue ioee/aaony iaeioi?ui naiaia?aceai:
aannithciua i?aaeeiaeaiey aiieiuatho a neiaeiia aaeeinoai ioee/iia io
nithciuo eiino?oeoeee cia/aiea.

Aeaaiaea?y i?iaaaeaiiiio enneaaeiaaieth ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe e
/anoioiinoe aannithciuo neiaeiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee n iiynieoaeueiuie
ioiioaieyie eiiiiiaioia a noeeyo ycuea aeieacaii oe?ieia eo
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea a ?acee/iuo noa?ao eniieueciaaiey nia?aiaiiiai
oe?aeineiai ycuea. Cia/eoaeueiay ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue yoiai aeaea
aannithciuo neiaeiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee aaaeao e noaaeeecaoeee
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneiai oeia i?aaeeiaeaiee, a cia/eo, iicaieyao
i?eciaoue aai ia oieueei ?aciiaeaeiinoueth ?a/e, ii e yeaiaioii
neioaene/aneie no?oeoo?u ycuea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aannithciua neiaeiua i?aaeeiaeaiey, iiyniaiea,
eeanneoeeaoeey, iiae/eieoaeueiay naycue, a?aiiaoe/aneay e naiaioe/aneay
niioianaiiinoue, noeeenoe/aneia ooieoeeiie?iaaiea.

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