EE?ANUeEEE I?AEIA?IAeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OeEA?EUeII? AA?AOe??

ssEOOAIEI Ieaenaiae? Na?a?eiae/

OAeE 629.735.083.03-226.2.018.4.001.57:681.5.015:681.3(043.3)

AAOIIAOECIAAIEE III?OI?EIA CAEEOEIAIAI ?ANO?NO AA?AOe?EIEO AOAe A
AENIEOAOAOe?? CA E?EOA???I IIOEIAeAEAIIss ?IAI*EO EIIAOIE OO?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.22.14 «Aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? Aa?aoe?eieo aeaeaoi?a Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

?aiaoiae/ Na?a?e ?iioaeueaeiae/,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Ee?anueeiai

i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:
aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aoeaiia A?oae?e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aoae?aaeueii? iaoai?ee

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aaoiiia?eueii —

aei?iaeiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Naioe??a Aieiaeeie? A?eoi?iae/,

ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e eiino?oeoe?? aa?aoe?eieo

aeaeaoi?a Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo A?enueeiai-

Iia?o?yieo Nee I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo», I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 28 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.062.03 i?e Ee?anueeiio
i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ca aae?anith: 252058,
Ee?a-58, i?iniaeo Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1, EIOOeA.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? EIOOeA.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 27 » aa?aniy 1999 pieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee 26.062.03 Caii?iaeaoeue I.?.

16

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ianaaee?nueeeo oa aaioaaeieo ia?aaacaiue ia
iia?o?yiiio o?ainii?o? ia? caaacia/oaaoenue ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi eiiieaeno
i?aai?caoe?eieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeo?eieo
iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy aaciaee iieueio?a ? iioei?caoe?th aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?nieo iiaeeeainoae aa?aoe?eii? oaoi?ee. Aeaye? c oaeeo caoiae?a, ui
iia’ycai? c aaeineiiaeaiiyi oaoiieia?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy aa?aoe?eii?
oaoi?ee, ni?yiiaai?, cie?aia, ia ia?ao?ae aei aenieoaoaoe?? aa?aoe?eieo
aeaeaoi?a c aeei?enoaiiyi no?aoaa?? «a?aeiia?aeii aei noaio». Ae??oaiiy
oe??? aeineoue aeooaeueii? ia no/aniiio aoai? i?iaeaie ia?aaeaa/a?
?ic?iaeo oa aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? cania?a eiio?ieth oaoi?/iiai noaio
(ON) aa?aoe?eieo aacioo?a?iieo aeaeaoi?a (AOAe) a aenieoaoaoe??,
cie?aia, cae?eniaiiy iii?oi?eiao ?o caeeoeiaeo ?ano?n?a ca e?eoa???i
iioeiaeaeaiue, ui iaeiie/othoueny a iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo
eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaioao.

Nueiaiaei? ?niothoue ??ci? ?ic?aooieia? oa iino?oiaioaeuei? iaoiaee
ioe?iee oa?iiiaoai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aeaoaeae aa?aoe?eieo aeaeaoi?a.
?nio? aaeeeee ianya aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo noiniaii iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae ? aeiaaia?/iino? no/anieo eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ?
??ci? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?o ?oeioaaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee noai?aiiy
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?iai/iai i?ioeano (II?I) aa?aoe?eieo aeaeaoi?a. A
aenieoaoaoe?? c’yaeeeny na??ei? AOAe iiaiai iieie?iiy, ui iathoue
i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue eiio?ieai?eaeaoiino?. No/ani?
aeaeo?iiii — ia/enethaaeuei? iaoeie iathoue aenieo oaeaee?noue ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe??, ui aeicaiey? ?aaeiciaoaaoe neeaaei? ?ic?aooieia? iaoiaeeee.
Ana oea aecia/a? a?oioiai? ia?aaeoiiae noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai
aacia?a?aiiai eiio?ieth caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aa?aoe?eieo AOAe, cie?aia
noeioeth? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia ?ic?iaeo iaoiaeieiai? iiaoaeiae,
aeai?eoi?/iiai ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiue oaeeo aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ni?yiiaaia ia ae??oaiiy aeooaeueii? caaea/?, ui
iia’ycaia c ?ic?iaeith iaoiaee/iiai ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiue
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai eiio?ieth caeeoeiaeo ?ano?n?a aa?aoe?eieo AOAe a
aenieoaoaoe?? ca e?eoa???i iioeiaeaeaiue ?iai/eo eiiaoie oo?a?ie.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiue aeey ?aae?caoe?? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai eiio?ieth
caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aeaoaeae aa?aoe?eieo AOAe ca e?eoa???i o?eaaei?
i?oeiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi cia/aiue ia?aiao??a ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ui
?a?no?othoueny i?e aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeaoi?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaea/?:

 iaa?oiooaaiiy no?oeoo?e ? ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
eiio?ieth caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a aaiaaeaeaoia ca
e?eoa???i o?eaaei? i?oeiino?;

 ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe, yea
iaiao?aeia aeey aecia/aiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeae oa
?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ?o iaaaioaaeaiiy;

 ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ioe?iee iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeae
aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe ca ia?aiao?aie ?iai/iai i?ioeano, ui ?a?no?othoueny o
iieueio?;

 ?ic?iaea ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiue nenoaie
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai eiio?ieth caeeoeiaeo ?ano?n?a ia?eo iaeiioeiieo
aa?aoe?eieo AOAe;

 noai?aiiy iaoiaeeee ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao oaoi?/iiai noaio aeaiaio?a i?ioi/ii?
/anoeie (I*) AOAe oa ?aaeei?a eiai aenieoaoaoe?? ia i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy
iioeiaeaeaiue o i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeyo ? ia aaee/eio caeeoeiaiai
?ano?no.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

 ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?iia??iiniiai i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no
aaiaaeaeaoia ca aaee/eiith iaeiie/aieo o iiia?aaei?e ia??iae
aenieoaoaoe?? iioeiaeaeaiue i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeae oa ca i/?eoaaieie
noaoenoe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ianooiiiai ia??iaeo;

 cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aieeao iieaciee?a oaoi?/iiai noaio
aeaiaio?a i?ioi/ii? /anoeie aeaeaoia ? ie?aieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a
ia i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeyo;

 ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iiaoaeiae aeai?eoi?a iai?yiiai eiio?ieth ?
oi?aae?iiy ae?ia?oeii ?ano?no aa?aoe?eieo aeaeaoi?a, yea a?oioo?oueny ia
canoinoaaii? ae?oaiai ??aiy neeaaeiino? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?iai/iai
i?ioeano, ui ia?aiao?e/ii iaeaioeo?eothoueny;

 ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ia??iaee/ii? ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe i?aeaeuaii?
eiio?ieai?eaeaoiino? ca aeaieie ooaoii? nenoaie aenieoaoaoe?eiiai
eiio?ieth;

 cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea i?aai?caoe?? /enaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo, iaoith
yeiai ? iaea?aeaiiy ?aa?an?eieo caeaaeiinoae ia?aiao??a oaieiaiai noaio
? iaoai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeae AOAe a?ae
ia?aiao??a eiai ?iai/iai i?ioeano, ui ?a?no?othoueny a aenieoaoaoe??.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai?:

 a Oe?a?inueeiio oeaio?? c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy
aenieoaoaoe?? aa?aoe?eii? oaoi?ee i?e ?ic?iaoe? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
aeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao aa?aoe?eieo AOAe «Aiiniy» ;

 ia i?aei?e?inoa? — ?ic?iaieeo aeaeaoia IN — 90A (a?aee?eoa aeoe?iia?ia
oiaa?enoai «Aaeaaeaeaaoaeue», i.Ia?iue) i?e io?eiaii? ?aa?an?eieo
caeaaeiinoae ia?aiao??a oaieiaiai ? iai?oaeaiiai noaio eiino?oeoeaieo
aeaiaio?a aeaeaoia a?ae ia?aiao??a eiai ?iai/iai i?ioeano;

 o iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iio i?aei?e?inoa? «Aceao» (aa?iii?o «Oa?aiao?ai»)
i?e noai?aii? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie eiiieaeniiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ?
ioe?iee ae?ia?oeo ?ano?no aeaeaoi?a IN — 90A.

Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a aeey AOAe, ui i?iaeoothoueny oa
na??eii aeioneathoueny, iiaea caaacia/eoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae??oaiiy caaea/ ioe?iee ?o i?ecia/aiiai ?ano?no, caaea/
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai iii?oi?eiao ?o caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no oa caaea/
oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? iioei?caoe?? aeei?enoaiiy
ia?eo aeaeaoi?a. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ooieoe?iioaaiiy AOAe a aeai?eoiao eiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy ca oa?iiaaciaeeiai?/ieie ia?aiao?aie iiaea ni?eyoe
i?aeaeuaiith oi/iino? ioe?iee iioi/iiai ON aeaeaoia a aenieoaoaoe??.
?ic?iaeaia o aeena?oaoe?? i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy iiaea ciaeoe
canoinoaaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a
aa?aoe?eiiai i?io?eth, ui aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee
oao?aoe?a c i?iaeooaaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?? neeiaeo onoaiiaie e?oaeueieo
aia?ao?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iia’ycaia c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ?
oaiaie, ui aeeiioaaeenue ? aeeiiothoueny ia eaoaae?? aa?aoe?eieo
aeaeaoi?a oa o IAeE-2 EIOOeA. Iaoiaeeee ? aeai?eoie, ye? iaaaaeaii o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeei?enoai? i?e aeeiiaii? aea?aeathaeaeaoieo
oai 004-AA92 (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0193U023714), 383-AA93
(0194U000646) ? 453-AO93 (0194U013110).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
ia?oiio oa ae?oaiio eiia?anao aeaeaoiiaoae?aiee?a Oe?a?ie (i. Oa?e?a,
1996, 1997 ?.?.), i?aeia?iaei?e IOE «Nia?aiaiiua iao/ii-oaoie/aneea
i?iaeaiu a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee» (i. Iineaa, 1996 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e IIE
«Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe iieaoia a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo» (i.
Ee?a, 1997 ?.), ca?oieo IOE EIOOeA (i. Ee?a, 1994, 1995, 1996 ?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee iioae?eiaai? o i’yoe iaoeiaeo noaooyo,
ui oa?eoee aei niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ca??iee?a iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa aei
ca??ieea i?aoeue iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe??, a oaeiae aeeeaaeai? o
oanoe oacao iaoeiaeo aeiiia?aeae.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a:

— i?e i?aeaioiaoe? noaoo? [1] aaoi?ii aoea cae?eniaia ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio
/enaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo, i?aeaioiaeaii eiai i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy,
aeeiiaia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a;

— o ?iaio? [2] aaoi?ii aoei i?aeaioiaeaii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueii? oo?a?ie oo?aiaaeueiiai
AOAe;

— i?e i?aeaioiaoe? noaoae [3] oa [5] aaoi?ii aoee ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaeaoia IN-90A, iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aieeao
ae?iaie/i — oaoiieia?/ieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a ia iioeiaeaeaiiy
eiai IAe, a oaeiae aeai?eoi i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no AOAe c
o?aooaaiiyi ON eiai I* oa iniaeeainoae ianooiiiai ia??iaeo
aenieoaoaoe??.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 107 iaeiaioaaiue ? iaeiiai
aeiaeaoeo. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe — 161 noi??iea, a oiio /ene? 27
?enoie?a ? 11 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie aeena?oaoe??,
iaaaaeai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aecia/athoue iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aiae?cothoueny ?nioth/? iaoiaee caaacia/aiiy
iaae?eiino? aa?aoe?eieo AOAe ia ??cieo noaae?yo ?o aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo oa
aecia/a?oueny i?noea nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aenieoaoaoe?eiiai eiio?ieth
caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aeaeaoi?a o aeiaaeuei?e nenoai? eiio?ieth ?
oi?aae?iiy ?o ON. ?icaeyaeathoueny ?nioth/? oa ia?niaeoeai? i?aeoiaee
aei ioe?iee caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aa?aoe?eieo AOAe. Aecia/aii ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy — aeaeaoi IN-90A (oo?ai?aaeoeaiee, aeaieiioo?iee,
aeaiaaeueiee, ?c ci?ooaaiiyi iioie?a ?iai/iai o?ea). Ia aac? aiae?co
oa?iiiaoai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy eiai iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a
aeae?eai? e?eoe/i? i?aeeiio?ieuei? aeaoae? (IAe), a naia: ?iai/? eiiaoee
ia?oi? ? ae?oai? nooiai?a oo?a?ie aenieiai oeneo (OAO). sse i??a
ae/a?iaiiy ?ano?no aeaeaoia aeei?enoiao?oueny ?ic?aoiaaiee ca e?eoa???i
o?eaaei? i?oeiino? ??aaiue iioeiaeaeaiue, iaeiie/aieo o IAe. Ia
i?aenoaa? aiae?co i?iaeai, ui aeieeathoue i?e noai?aii? nenoaie
eiio?ieth caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe, aecia/aia iaoa
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? noi?ioeueiaai? ?? iniiai? caaea/?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?ica`ycaiiy caaea/? noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?ioeano aeaeaoia IN-90A, yea i?eaeaoia aeey
?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a eiai ?iai/iai i?ioeano (I?I), o oiio /ene?
ia?aiao??a, ui aecia/athoue oa?iiiaoai?/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy IAe.
?ic?aooiie I?I aeeiio?oueny ia iniia? a?aeiieo cia/aiue ciai?oi?o ?
aioo??oiueiai ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a, a oaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi ia?aiao??a
noaio II?I.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?nioth/ith eeaneo?eaoe??th noai?aia II?I ?
iae?i?eiith, ae?oaiai ??aiy neeaaeiino? iiaeaeeth noaeiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe. O ?ie? ia?aiao??a noaio II?I aenooia?
iaa?? c 41 eiao?oe??ioo, ye? aecia/athoue ci?uaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iniiaieo aeaiaio?a I* a?aeiinii a?aeiia?aeieo
oa?aeoa?enoee na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iiai aeaeaoia ia ii/aoeo eiai
aenieoaoaoe??. Iaeeie/i? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a noaio a?aeiia?aeathoue ON
I* na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iiai aeaeaoia. Cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a noaio II?I
eiie?aoiiai aecaiiey?o AOAe aecia/athoueny ia?aiao?e/iith
?aeaioeo?eaoe??th iiaeae? ca aeaieie eiai ae?iaie/iai oa
aenieoaoaoe?eiiai eiio?ieth.

Ciai?oi?ie ?aaeeiieie ia?aiao?aie II?I ?: ia?aiao?e iia?o?y ia aoiae? a
AOAe, oaeaee?noue iieueioo iia?o?yiiai noaeia (IN), aaee/eie a?aeai??a
iia?o?y oa iaoai?/ii? aia?a?? a?ae aeaeaoia ia iio?aae IN. O ?ie?
aioo??oiueiai ?aaeeiiiai iiaea aenooiaoe aoaeue-yeee c ia?aiao??a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy AOAe, ui iiaeaeththoueny.

Iniiao ia/enethaaeueiiai i?ioeano iiaeae? neeaaea? ?oa?aoe?eia
i?ioeaaeo?a ?ica`ycaiiy ca iaoiaeii Iuethoiia nenoaie iae?i?eieo
??aiyiue a?aeiinii 8-ie ia?aiao??a, ui caaeathoue ?iai/ee i?ioean
iniiaieo aeaiaio?a I* AOAe.

I?e oi?ioaaii? II?I na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iiai aeaeaoia IN-90A
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?iaeoi? ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniiaieo
aeaiaio?a eiai i?ioi/ii? /anoeie, oi?ioey?i? aeai? ie?aieo aeaeaoi?a oa
?ioi?iaoe?y, yea aoea io?eiaia i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo 24-o aeaeaoi?a ia caie?
a aa?iii?oo «Oa?aiao?ai».

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo
noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iioeiaeaeaiue, ui iaeiie/othoueny o IAe
aeaeaoia.

O yeino? iiaeae? iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue aeei?enoaia iiaeaeue ?o
e?i?eiiai noioaaiiy. Aeey ?ic?aooieo aeiaaia?/iino? iaoa??ae?a
canoiniaaia caeaaei?noue Ea?niia-Iieea?a, ui ai?ieneio? oa?aeoa?enoeee
o?eaaei? i?oeiino?. Aoee i?eeiyo? aei oaaae oae? oaeoi?e, ui
aecia/athoue ?icn?yiiy iioeiaeaeaiiy IAe i?e i?iaaaeaii? ??
?ic?aooieiai? ioe?iee: iioeaee a?aee?eo /ano o nenoai? ?a?no?aoe?? I?I
AOAe; iioeaee ?a?no?aoe?? I?I, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeai?eoiao
?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy aeaoaeae; iioeaee, ui aiinyoueny
iaoiaeeeith ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeaeaiue; noioanoe/ia ?icn?thaaiiy
aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa oa?aeoa?enoee i?oeiino? IAe.

Cia/aiiy iaeiie/aieo ca Nk iieueioieo oeeee?a iioeiaeaeaiue IAe YN k oa
eiai na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy (NEA) SYN k aecia/athoueny ye

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(eaae??a ?a?no?aoe??) a i-io iieueio?;

t i j — o?eaae?noue j -ai noaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio a i -io iieueio?;

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noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iioeiaeaeaiiy IAe iaiao?aeii iaoe caeaaeiino?
a?ae I?I, ui ?a?no?othoueny a iieueio?, ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy
aeaoaeae o ciiao ?o ?iia??iiai ?oeioaaiiy. Ca aaciao aoea i?eeiyoa
iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy IAe, yea cai?iiiiiaaia
?ic?iaieeii aeaeaoia. Ia i?aenoaa? oe??? iaoiaeeee oa ?ic?iaeaii? II?I
aeaeaoia noai?aii aeai?eoi ? cae?eniaii /enaeueiee aenia?eiaio, iaoith
yeiai ? oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?an?eieo caeaaeiinoae ia?aiao??a oaieiaiai noaio ?
iaoai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeae a?ae I?I, ui
?a?no?othoueny.

O oiae? aenia?eiaioo ?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e aeaeaoia aa??thaaeeny iacaeaaeii
iaeei a?ae iaeiiai ia 3-5 ??aiyo a iaaeao ae?aiacii?a nai?o iiaeeeaeo o
aenieoaoaoe?? cia/aiue. Cae?enithaaany iiaiee ia?aa?? eiia?iaoe?e
cia/aiue 4-o ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a ? ca aeiiiiiaith II?I ?ic?aoiaoaaeenue
cia/aiiy I?I, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue eiaei?e c 534 oaeeo eiia?iaoe?e. Ia
aac? io?eiaieo oaeei /eiii cia/aiue ia?aiao??a i?iaiaeeany ?ic?aooiie
iai?oa s ? oaiia?aoo? O o IAe ca?aeii c aaciaith iaoiaeeeith. O oiae?
ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo aecia/aeenue oi?ia ?aa?an?eieo
caeaaeiinoae ? cia/aiiy ?o eiao?oe??io?a. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaany
iaoiae iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a. Ia caeeth/iiio aoai? ia?iaee o eiaei?e
?ic?aooieia?e oi/oe? aecia/aeeny iiaeoe? a?aeiinieo iaa’ycie i?ae
cia/aiiyie ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy (s /e O), ui iaea?aeothoueny ii
aaciaiio aeai?eoio (OE) ? ii ?aa?an?ei?e caeaaeiino? (O?): wmetafile8?
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??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyya ??<?? ???&? ?MathType?? ? ???u?????????"????-?????O?@????O?Ue???d?O ???O ???D?n???4n???u?th??????Io?eiai? ?aa?an?ei? caeaaeiino? aeey oaiia?aoo? O [E] ? iai?oa s [IIa], ui ae?thoue a ciiao ?iia??iiai ?oeioaaiiy IAe aeaeaoia: wmetafile8? ??„???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ay«y?+ ???&? ?MathType??p????ussya?????T = g0 + g1 T#T + g2 nAO + g3 (nAO/nIO)2 , (3) s = g0 + g1 n2AO + g2 P#K , aea [g] - aaeoi? eiao?oe??io?a ?aa?an?eii? iiaeae?; nAO, nIO - a?aeiia?aeii, /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ?ioi??a aenieiai oa iecueeiai oeneo [%]; T#T - iiaia oaiia?aoo?a ca oo?a?iith [K]; P#K - iiaiee oene ca eiii?ani?ii [aoa]. Oaaeeoey 1 i?noeoue cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a caeaaeiinoae (3) aeey ?iai/eo eiiaoie ae?oai? nooiai? OAO i?e ?iaio? aeaeaoia c iaeneiaeueiei a?aeai?ii iia?o?y ia ioieiaeaeaiiy oo?a?ie. Oai aea iaaaaeai? ioe?iee oi/iino? ai?ieneiaoe?? caeaaeiinoyie (3) aaciaeo. O ii??aiyii? c aaciaei aeai?eoiii, caeaaeiino? (3) caaacia/othoue iaioo o?oaeii?noe?noue ia/enethaaeueiiai i?ioeano oa cieaeaiiy NEA ?ic?aooieiaeo ioe?iie iioeiaeaeaiiy IAe. Inoaii? iiynith?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi o ?ie? a?aoiaio?a caeaaeiinoae (3) oeo I?I, iao?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee eaiae?a ?a?no?aoe?? yeeo caaacia/othoue iaioo iiieeeo ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeaeaiue. Aeey o?aooaaiiy oaieiai? iia?oe?eiino? aeaoaeae, ui i?aoeththoue i?e ci?iieo oa?iiiaoai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiiyo, cai?iiiiiaaii aaanoe a aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo oaiia?aoo? IAe i?ioeaaeo?o caeaaeaeoaaiiy oeeo ia?aiao??a ca?aeii c aeniiiaioe?eiei caeiiii. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ca?a?no?iaaieo o iieueioao aeaieo i?i ci?io oaiia?aoo?e ?iai/i? eiiaoee ia?oi? nooiai? OAO iaa?oioiaaii aea?? aeey IAe cia/aiiy iino?eii? /ano ia?aiiai caeiio caeaaeaeoaaiiy. Oaaeeoey 1 Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a [g] ? ia?aiao??a wmetafile8? ??i???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??o?? ???&? ?MathType??@? ???u?????????"????-?????T?@????T?o???u?th???????aa?an?eieo caeaaeiinoae Ia?aiao?g0g1g2g3wmetafile8? ??I???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy???°?? ???&? ?MathType?? ? ???u?????????"????-?????X?@????X?o???u?th??????Iiaeaeue (1) - (2) iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue, a oaeiae caeaaeiino? (3) ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy IAe aeaeaoia a?ae I?I iieeaaeai? a iniiao ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no. Aoei i?eeiyoi, ui i?ioean iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o ianooiiee ia??iae aenieoaoaoe?? aoaea i?ioiaeeoe ye aei iiiaioo eiio?ieth. I?e oeueiio /enei iieueioieo oeeee?a Nr, ui caeeoeeiny i?aoethaaoe AOAe i?ney iiiaioo eiio?ieth, aecia/a?oueny ca?aeii c caeaaei?noth wmetafile8? ??Ae??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy`?? ?? ???&? ?MathType??a? ???u?????????"????-????? X??? !???u?th??????aea an - a?aie/ia cia/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiiy e?eoe/ii? IAe; Nk - e?euee?noue iieueio?a, aeeiiaieo aei iiiaioo eiio?ieth; wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy???I?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????Up - eaaioieue ii?iaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo, ui a?aeiia?aea? caaeai?e eiia??iino? ? ae/a?iaiiy ?ano?no aeaeaoia. Cia/aiiy aaee/eie an aecia/a?oueny, aeoiaey/e c oaeeo ii?iaoeaieo ia?aiao??a: i?ecia/aiee ?ano?n AOAe; aaee/eia iioeiaeaeaiue IAe ca ocaaaeueiaiee iieueioiee oeeee; o?eaae?noue ocaaaeueiaiiai iieueioiiai oeeeeo. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue iien ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie eiio?ieth caeeoeiaeo ?ano?n?a ia?eo iaeiioeiieo AOAe. Iiaeaii aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a nenoaie, aeeiiaia ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y c iiceoe?e iio?aa noai?aiiy aoaeoeaii? aace aeaieo ? caaacia/aiiy aeinoia??iino? ?ioi?iaoe??. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeaeaiue ? /ooeeaeie aei iiieeie ?a?no?aoe?? I?I aeaeaoia. I?e aiae?c? iieueioii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aoee aeae?eai? oa?aeoa?i? iiieeee, ui aeieeathoue i?e ?a?no?aoe?? I?I. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oa ei?aaoaaiiy iiieeie ?a?no?aoe?? I?I aeaeaoia, cia/aiiy yeeo aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeaeaiiy IAe. Aeai?eoi aaco?oueny ia ioe?ieao aeinoia??iino? ca?a?no?iaaieo cia/aiue I?I oeyoii ?o ii??aiyiiy c ?aaeoe??th II?I aeaeaoia ia iioi/i? ?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e. I?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy oa ei?aaoaaiiy iiieeie caaacia/o?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo II?I aeey eiie?aoieo aecaiiey??a aeaeaoi?a. Aeey oi?ioaaiiy oaeeo iiaeaeae cai?iiiiiaaii i?ioeaaeo?o ?o ia?aiao?e/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. I?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ae??oo?oueny caaea/a aecia/aiiy cia/aiue ia?aiao??a noaio II?I AOAe ca ca?a?no?iaaiei a aenieoaoaoe?? I?I. O ?icae?e? oaeiae iaaaaeai? iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?o?oaeoo?e i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iii?oi?eiao caeeoeiaeo ?ano?n?a ia?eo aa?aoe?eieo AOAe. ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy oaei? nenoaie, ?? iioaa?aoe?? o caaaeueio nenoaio oi?aae?iiy aenieoaoaoe??th ia?eo IN. O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia iaoiaeeea iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ON iniiaieo aeaiaio?a I* AOAe ? ciai?oi?o oiia eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o IAe. Oey iaoiaeeea oa ?? i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ?aae?ciaai? noiniaii aeaeaoia IN-90A, ui aenieoaoo?oueny o neeaae? neeiai? onoaiiaee e?oaea ?e-96-300. Noai?aiith iaoiaeeee ia?aaeoaaa aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i no?oeoo?o ?aaeueieo iieueioieo oeeee?a aeaeaoia oa iioeiaeaeaiiy eiai IAe o oeeo oeeeeao (oaae.2). Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a oaeiai aiae?co aoa noi?iiaaiee oeiiaee iieueioiee oeeee (OIOe), ui anoaiiaeth? caeaaeiino? cia/aiue ?aaeeiieo I?I a?ae /ano iieueioo. Iaoiaeeea ia?aaeaa/a? i?iaaaeaiiy /enaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiiiai eiiieaeno, yeee ?aae?co? II?I aeaeaoia, iiaeaeue nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai iaiaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy, i?ioeaaeo?o i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaeo ?ano?n?a IAe ? iiaeaeue aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee IN. O oiae? aenia?eiaio?a iiaeaethaaeeny iieueioi? oeeeee aeaeaoia oeyoii ci?ie ca niaoe?aeueieie i?ia?aiaie ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a ? ia?aiao??a noaio II?I AOAe. Iaoiaeeea aoea aeei?enoaia aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ae?iaie/i - oaoiieia?/ieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a ia i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue. Oaaeeoey 2 No?oeoo?a aeayeeo iieueioieo oeeee?a aeaeaoi?a IN - 90A oa cia/aiiy iaeiie/aieo i?e ?o aeeiiaii? iioeiaeaeaiue IAe Aa?iii?o ceueioo OaiieAaiaeieAaiaeieOa?aiao.Aeaoa aeeueioo 18.01.9624.01.9626.01.9615.04.95Caaiaenueeee iiia? aeaoia 3291029349002734900273292020Aa?iiao?e/ia aa?iae?iio ceueioo 16324064aenioa, iii/aoeo e?aena?nueeiai iieueioo 8800940085009100Oaiia?aoo?ai?e ceueio? 27302711ia aoiae? a aeaeaoi, iNia ii/aoeo e?aena?nueeiai iieueioo- 33- 31- 29- 55 Na?aaei? a?aeoeeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ia aoiae? a aeaeaoi a?ae i?aeia?iaeii? noaiaea?oii? aoiinoa?e (INA), iN13.613.713.5- 5.7iieueioiiai oeeeeo11.34 10010.78 10010.94 10010.66 100O?e-aa-ceueioo ? iaai?o aenioe 3000 i 0.12 1.00.13 1.20.11 1.00.11 1.0e?noueiaai?o aenioe iiiaae 3000 i0.33 3.00.37 3.40.28 2.50.22 2.1aiae. % e?aena?nueeiai iieueioo 10.58 93.49.87 91.510.03 91.69.73 91.6cieaeaiiy, iinaaeee ? iacaiieo iia?aoe?e 0.31 2.70.41 3.80.52 4.80.60 5.3Iioeiaeaeaiiy ?iai/i? eiiaoee 1-i? nooiai? OAO NEA ioe?iee 1.78 10-5 7.35 10-61.68 10-5 4.4810-61.63 10-5 4.34 10-61.30 10-6 8.73 10-7Iioeiaeaeaiiy ?iai/i? eiiaoee 2-i? nooiai? OAO NEA ioe?iee1.70 10-4 8.82 10-55.90 10-5 3.11 10-57.50 10-5 3.93 10-51.94 10-5 1.01 10-5A?aeiinia iioeiaeaeaiiy i?e ceueio? ? iaai?? aenioe 3000 i52.5 51.541.1 33.860.0 58.084.8 85.9?iai/i? eiiaoee 2-i? nooiai? i?e iaai?? aenioe iiiaae 3000 i35.9 12.552.3 15.132.4 12.414.9 7.1____OAO____ A?aeiinia a e?aena?nueeiio iieueio?9.7 0.16.4 0.077.0 0.080.3 0.003oaeaee?noue iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiuei?e cieaeaii?, iinaaeoe? ? iacaiieo iia?aoe?yo1.9 1.10.2 0.080.0 0.00.0 0.0 Ia ?en.1 iaaaaeaii aeaye? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia iniiai? noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iioeiaeaeaiiy IAe aaee/eie a?aeoeeaiiy DO oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y ia aoiae? a AOAe a?ae oaiia?aoo?e INA i?e ??ci?e aenio? DHA ?icoaooaaiiy aa?iae?iio ceueioo IN. ?en.2 i?noeoue aea??eia? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ON I* aeaeaoia ia i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o IAe. Iaaaaeai? caeaaeiino? iioeiaeaeaiiy ?iai/eo eiiaoie ae?oai? nooiai? OAO a OIOe a?ae aaee/eie DO aeey i`yoe aa??aio?a ON I*: na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iee aeaeaoi; aeaeaoie, ui a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iiai noaiii oaeeo aeaiaio?a I*, ye aaioeeyoi?, eiii?ani? aenieiai oeneo, OAO, oo?a?ia iecueeiai oeneo. O inoaii?o /ioe?ueio aeiaaeeao iiaeaethaaeeny ci?ie aeaiaei??ieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee cacia/aieo aeaiaio?a I*, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ?icaeoeo a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeaoia oaeeo yaeu, ye caa?oaeiaiiy eiiaoie aaioeeyoi?a, aa?aceaia iioeiaeaeaiiy eiiaoie eiii?ani?a aenieiai oeneo, i?iaa? aeo?aeieo e?iiie niieiaeo aia?ao?a OAO, iaaa?iooai?aiiy ia eiiaoeao oo?a?ie iecueeiai oeneo. O eiaeiiio c oeeo aeiaaee?a anoaiiaethaaeeny ei?aeueiaai? a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae iaeeieoe? cia/aiue aeaio ia?aiao??a noaio i?e ooieoe?iiaeuei?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? a?aeiia?aeiiai eaneaaeo I*. Oaeeie ia?aiao?aie noaio aoee ianooaae iaie?aiiy a?AI ? eiao?oe??ioo ei?enii? ae?? (EEAe) aAAI aaioeeyoi?o, i?eaaaeaii? aeo?aoe aGKA ? EEAe aAEA eiii?ani?o aenieiai oeneo, ia?aiao?o aeo?aoe aAOA ? EEAe aAOA OAO, ia?aiao?o aeo?aoe aAOI e EEAe aAOI oo?a?ie iecueeiai oeneo. Aiae?c iaaaaeaieo ia ?en.1 ? 2 aeaieo iieaco?, ui ia?aiao?e iia?o?y ia aoiae? a AOAe oa ON aeaiaio?a eiai I* ni?aaeythoue nooo?aee aieea ia i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o IAe ? iiaeii? aooe a?aoiaai? i?e i?iaiicoaaii? caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no. Ia i?aenoaa? iaaaaeaii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no AOAe ca e?eoa???i iioeiaeaeaiiy eiai IAe. Aeai?eoi aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe oae? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianooiiiai ia??iaeo aenieoaoaoe??: naciii? ? aeiaia? ci?ie ia?aiao??a aoiinoa?e ia iia?o?yieo e?i?yo, eiia?oe?eia iaaaioaaeaiiy IN, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? ON IN ? aeaeaoi?a eiai neeiai? onoaiiaee. Ia ?en.3 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioeano ci?ie caeeoeiaiai iioeiaeaeaiiy DYN r=aN  - YNk  - Up SyNk IAe aeaeaoia i?e aeei?enoaii? IN o uiaeaiieo ?aenao i?ae aa?iii?oaie, ui ?icoaoiaai? ia ??cieo aaia?ao?/ieo oe?ioao. sse aeaeii c iaaaaeaieo ia ?en.3 aeaieo, i?e aenieoaoaoe?? IN o ??cieo ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao caeeoeiaee ?ano?n aei iiiaioo aeinyaiaiiy IAe a?aie/iiai noaio (eiee aaee/eia DYN r aei??aith? ioeth) ci?ith?oueny a oe?ieeo iaaeao. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iiaea aooe iieeaaeaia a iniiao aeai?eoi?a iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a iieueio?a IN c o?aooaaiiyi i?ioean?a iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o ?o eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaioao. ?en.4 ?ethno?o? iiaeeeaino? oaei? iioei?caoe?? aeey ?aaeeio ceueioo e?oaea ?e-96-300. Iaaaaeaii caeaaeiino? iaeiie/aieo i?ae /an ceueioo iioeiaeaeaiue Yc IAe aeaeaoia oeueiai e?oaea a?ae eiai a?aeiinii? ce?oii? iane wmetafile8? ??S??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A  ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy` ??t?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????T?@????T?6???u?th??????C iaaaaeaieo ia ?en.4 aeaieo aeaeii, ui aeei?enoaiiy caeii?a R = const ? nAO = const caaacia/o? nooo?aa cieaeaiiy ??aiy iioeiaeaeaiue IAe o ii??aiyii? c caeiiii R = max. AENIIAEE 1. Noi?iiaaia iaoiaeieiaiy aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aenieoaoaoe?eiiai eiio?ieth caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aaiaaeaeaoia ca e?eoa???i o?eaaei? i?oeiino? ?iai/eo eiiaoie oo?a?ie. Iaoiaeieiaiy a?aoiao? noioanoe/io i?e?iaeo i?ioeano iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue ? aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no AOAe o ?iia??iiniiio aniaeo?. 2. Noai?aii iaoiaeeeo, ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ? i?iaaaeaii /enaeueiee aenia?eiaio ii aecia/aiith aieeao ON aeaiaio?a I* AOAe ? iniaeeainoae eiai aenieoaoaoe?? ia i?ioeane iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeyo. Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aa?aaeaeaoia c o?aooaaiiyi eiai oaoi?/iiai noaio ? iniaeeainoae ianooiiiai ia??iaeo aenieoaoaoe??. 3. Noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?iai/iai i?ioeano aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe IN-90A, yea aeicaiey? aecia/aoe ia?aiao?e eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ca caaeaieie ?aaeeiieie ia?aiao?aie. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ocaiaeaeaiiy aeaii? iiaeae? c ia?aiao?aie ?iai/iai i?ioeano AOAe, ui ?a?no?othoueny. 4. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea /enaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo ii aecia/aiith oa?iiiaoai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeeiio?ieueieo aeaoaeae aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe ? io?eiai? ?aa?an?ei? caeaaeiino? ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy a?ae ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano aeaeaoia, ui ?a?no?othoueny o iieueio?. Ooi/iaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oaiia?aoo?e i?aeeiio?ieueii? aeaoae? o caaeai?e oi/oe?. 5. ?ic?iaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?eia oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaiiai eiio?ieth caeeoeiaeo ?ano?n?a ia?eo iaeiioeiieo aa?aoe?eieo AOAe. Noi?iiaaia noaia ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a oaei? nenoaie, ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aa?eo?eaoe?? oa ei?aaoaaiiy ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe 1. ?aa?anneiiiua iiaeaee iaa?oaeaiey aeaoaeae aacioo?aeiiiai aeaeaaoaey a aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaia eiio?iey au?aaioee aai ?ano?na /Aao?ia A.I., Ei?ieaa I.A., Oa?anaiei A.A., sseooaiei A.N.// I?iaeaiu oi?aaeaiey oaoie/aneie yenieoaoaoeeae aaeaoeeiiiie oaoieee: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. - Eeaa: EIOAA, - 1996. - N. 32 - 37. 2. Eiio?ieue iiuiinoe naiaiaeiie oo?aeiu aaeaoeeiiiiai aacioo?aeiiiai aeaeaaoaey/Aeaienthe I.E., Ei?ieaa I.A., Iioea A.A., sseooaiei A.N.//I?iaeaiu oi?aaeaiey oaoie/aneie yenieoaoaoeeae aaeaoeeiiiie oaoieee: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. - Eeaa: EIOAA, 1996. -N. 66 - 70. 3. sseooaiei A.N., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia. Aeeyiea ia ?anoiaeiaaiea ?ano?na aacioo?aeiiiai aeaeaaoaey noioanoe/aneiai ?aca?ina oaiia?aoo?u aoiinoa?iiai aicaeooa // I?iaeaiu eioi?iaoecaoeee e oi?aaeaiey: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. Auione 3. -Eeaa: EIOAA, 1998. -N. 276 - 278. 4. sseooaiei A.N. Aeeyiea ia en/a?iaiea ?ano?na neeiaie onoaiiaee ?acee/iuo caeiiia oi?aaeaiey naiieaoa i?e ?acaaaa // I?ia?ann - oaoiieiaey - ea/anoai: O?oaeu aoi?iai eiia?anna aeaeaaoaeano?ieoaeae Oe?aeiu n eiino?aiiui o/anoeai. - Oa?ueeia: EIeN, 1997. -N.183. 5. Eaiaoiae/ N.?., sseooaiei A.N. Eniieueciaaiea iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee ?aai/aai i?ioeanna AOAe i?e i?iaiice?iaaiee aai inoaoi/iiai ?ano?na //I?ia?ann - oaoiieiaey - ea/anoai: O?oaeu aoi?iai eiia?anna aeaeaaoaeano?ieoaeae Oe?aeiu n eiino?aiiui o/anoeai. - Oa?ueeia.: EIeN, 1997. -N.279 - 281. 6. sseooaiei I.N. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aenieoaoaoe?eieo /eiiee?a ia i?ioeane ae?ia?oeo ?ano?no ?iai/eo eiiaoie oo?a?ie aaiaaeaeaoia //Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe iieaoia a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie IIE. - Eeaa: EIOAA, - 1997. -N.252. 7. Iiieoi?eia ?ano?na aacioo?aeiiuo aeaeaaoaeae /Aiae?thuaiei I.E., Ei?ieaa I.A., Oa?anaiei A.A., sseooaiei A.N. //Iaoa?eaeu ia?aiai eiia?anna aeaeaaoaeano?ieoaeae Oe?aeiu. - Oa?ueeia: EIeN,- 1996. - N.44. 8. Ei?ieaa I.A., sseooaiei A.N. Iioeiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey neeiaie onoaiiaeie naiieaoa ia yoaia ?acaaaa n o/aoii au?aaioee aa ?ano?na //Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe iieaoia a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie IIE. - Eeaa: EIOAA, - 1997. -N.265-266. 9. Aaneeaiei A.A., Ei?ieaa I.A., sseooaiei A.N. Iiaeaee ?aai/eo i?ioeannia AAe a nenoaiao oi?aaeaiey eo ninoiyieai // Cia?aiaiiua iao/ii-oaoie/aneea i?iaeaiu a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee: Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie IOE IAOOAA. - Iineaa: IAOOAA, - 1996. -N.103. AIIOAOe?ss sseooaiei I.N. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee iii?oi?eia caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aa?aoe?eieo AOAe a aenieoaoaoe?? ca e?eoa???i iioeiaeaeaiiy ?iai/eo eiiaoie oo?a?ie. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.22.14 "Aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo", Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, i. Ee?a, 1999 ?. Noi?iiaaia iaoiaeieiaiy eiio?ieth caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no AOAe ca e?eoa???i o?eaaei? i?oeiino? ?iai/eo eiiaoie oo?a?ie, ui a?aoiao? noioanoe/io i?e?iaeo iioeiaeaeaiiy. Noai?aia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aieeao oaoi?/iiai noaio (ON) AOAe oa iniaeeainoae eiai aenieoaoaoe?? ia iaeiie/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiue o eiai aeaoaeyo. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai ?ano?no aa?aoe?eiiai AOAe c o?aooaaiiyi eiai ON oa iniaeeainoae ianooiiiai ia??iaeo aenieoaoaoe??. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?iai/iai i?ioeano AOAe IN-90A oa aeai?eoi ?? ocaiaeaeaiiy c ia?aiao?aie ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaeaoia. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iaea?aeaiiy ?aa?an?eieo caeaaeiinoae ia?aiao??a iaaaioaaeaiiy aeaoaeae AOAe a?ae ia?aiao??a eiai ?iai/iai i?ioeano. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iioeiaeaeaiiy, caeeoeiaee ?ano?n, ?iai/ee i?ioean aeaeaoia, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy. AIIIOAOeEss sseooaiei A.N. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiue iiieoi?eia inoaoi/iiai ?ano?na aaeaoeeiiiuo AOAe a yenieoaoaoeee ii e?eoa?eth iia?aaeaeaiiinoe ?aai/eo eiiaoie oo?aeiu. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.14 "Yenieoaoaoeey aicaeooiiai o?ainii?oa", Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, a.Eeaa, 1999a. Noi?ie?iaaia iaoiaeieiaey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai yenieoaoaoeeiiiiai eiio?iey inoaoi/iiai ?ano?na aaeaaeaeaaoaey ii e?eoa?eth aeeeoaeueiie i?i/iinoe ?aai/eo eiiaoie oo?aeiu, o/eouaathuay noioanoe/aneoth i?e?iaeo i?ioeanna iaeiieaiey iia?aaeaeaiee e iicaieythuay i?iecaiaeeoue i?iaiice?iaaiea inoaoi/iiai ?ano?na AOAe a aa?iyoiinoiii aniaeoa. Aeaiiay iaoiaeeea o/eouaaao aeeyiea ia aeenia?neth iia?aaeaeaiiinoe iiaeeiio?ieueiie aeaoaee aeaeaaoaey neaaeothueo oaeoi?ia: iia?aoiinoue ion/aoa a?aiaie a ai?oiaie nenoaia ?aaeno?aoeee; iia?aoiinoe ?aaeno?aoeee ia?aiao?ia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey AOAe; iia?aoiinoe, aiineiua iaoiaeeeie ?an/aoa iia?aaeaeaiiinoe; noaoenoe/aneee ?aca?in aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aeaoaee e noioanoe/aneoth i?e?iaeo aeieaiaa/iinoe eiino?oeoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia. Nicaeaia iaoiaeeea, ?ac?aaioaii i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea e i?iaaaeai /eneaiiue yenia?eiaio ii ioeaiea aeeyiey oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey yeaiaioia i?ioi/iie /anoe AOAe e oa?aeoa?iuo yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia ia i?ioeannu iaeiieaiey iia?aaeaeaiee a iiaeeiio?ieueiie aeaoaee. Iaoiaeeea i?aaeiacia/aia aeey i?iaaaeaiey /eneaiiuo yenia?eiaioia, a eioi?uo ?aaeecoaony eiiieaen ?ac?aaioaiiuo a ?aaioa iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae: iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ?aai/aai i?ioeanna (II?I) aeaeaaoaey, iiaeaeue nenoaiu aaoiiaoe/aneiai ia?aie/aiey ia?aiao?ia aai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, iaoaiaoe/aneoth iiaeaeue, iienuaathuay i?ioeannu iaeiieaiey iia?aaeaeaiee a aeaoaeyo aeaeaaoaey e iiaeaeue ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee aicaeooiiai noaeia. Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiice?iaaiey inoaoi/iiai ?ano?na iiaeeiio?ieueiuo aeaoaeae AOAe n o/aoii aai oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey e iniaaiiinoae i?aaenoiyuaai ia?eiaea yenieoaoaoeee. Iaoiaeeea iicaieyao o/anoue aeeyiea ia i?ioeannu iaeiieaiey iia?aaeaeaiee i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoiieiae/aneeo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia: aoiinoa?iua oneiaey ia ia?o?ooao, aceaoiay ianna e ay?iaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aicaeooiiai noaeia, oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aai/aai i?ioeanna eiie?aoiiai yecaiiey?a AOAe, iniaaiiinoe eaoiie yenieoaoaoeee aeaeaaoaey. Nicaeaia iaeeiaeiay, aoi?iai o?iaiy neiaeiinoe II?I aaeaoeeiiiiai AOAe IN-90A, iicaieythuay ii?aaeaeyoue ia?aiao?u ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aeaeaaoaey ii caaeaiiui ?aaeeiiui ia?aiao?ai. ?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi iino?iaiey iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee eiie?aoiiai yecaiiey?a AOAe iooai niaeaniaaiey enoiaeiie iiaeaee n ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuie ia?aiao?aie ?aai/aai i?ioeanna. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea /eneaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ii ioeaiea oa?iiiaoaie/aneie iaa?oaeaiiinoe iiaeeiio?ieueiuo aeaoaeae aaeaoeeiiiiai AOAe e iieo/aiu ?aa?anneiiiua caaeneiinoe ia?aiao?ia iaa?oaeaiiinoe io ?aaeno?e?oaiuo a iieaoa ia?aiao?ia ?aai/aai i?ioeanna. A ioee/ea io aeaenoaothuaai aeai?eoia iieo/aiiua ?aa?anneiiiua caaeneiinoe iaania/eaatho iaiueooth o?oaeiaieinoue au/eneeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna e nieaeaiea aeenia?nee ?an/aoiuo ioeaiie iia?aaeaeaiiinoe iiaeeiio?ieueiuo aeaoaeae. Aeey o/aoa oaieiaie eia?oeeiiiinoe aeaoaeae, ?aaioathueo i?e ia?aiaiiuo oa?iiiaoaie/aneeo iaa?oceao, a aeai?eoi ?an/aoa oaiia?aoo? iiaeeiio?ieueiuo aeaoaeae aaaaeaia i?ioeaaeo?a naeaaeeaaiey yoeo ia?aiao?ia a niioaaonoaee n yeniiiaioeeaeueiui caeiiii. ?ac?aaioaii eioi?iaoeeiiiia e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai eiio?iey inoaoi/iiai ?ano?na ia?ea iaeiioeiiuo aaeaoeeiiiuo AOAe. Noi?ie?iaaia noaia eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iioieia aeaiiie nenoaiu. ?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey e ei??aeoe?iaee ioeaie ?aaeno?aoeee ia?aiao?ia ?aai/aai i?ioeanna AOAe. Aeai?eoi aace?oaony ia ioeaieao aeinoiaa?iinoe ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo cia/aiee ia?aiao?ia ?aai/aai i?ioeanna iooai n?aaiaiey eo n ?aaeoeeae II?I eiie?aoiiai AOAe ia oaeouea ?aaeeiiua ia?aiao?u. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iia?aaeaeaiiinoue, inoaoi/iue ?ano?n, ?aai/ee i?ioeann aeaeaaoaey, iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea. ANNOTATION Yakushenko O. S. Automated maintenance monitoring the remaining working life of aviation GTEs by the criterion of turbine rotor blades' damage. - Manuscript. Thesis for the Degree of the Candidate of Science by speciality 05.22.14 "Air Transport Operation", Kyiv International University of Civil Aviation, Kyiv, 1999. The methodology of checking the remaining working life of GTE by the criterion of long strength of turbine rotor blades was formed. It is taking into account the stochastic nature of damage . The procedure was created for the estimation of influence of technical state (TS) of GTE and peculiarities of its maintenance to the accumulation of damages in its details. The procedure was developed for the prediction of remaining working life of aviation GTE with the consideration of its TS and peculiarities of forthcoming period of maintenance. The mathematical model of working process of GTE IN-90A and the algorithm of coordination it with the parameters of engine functioning were developed. The procedure was developed for the producing the regression dependences of the parameters of loading of GTE details from the parameters of its working process. Key words: damage, remaining working life, working process of engine, mathematical modelling. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 16.09.99. Oi?iao 60o84/16. Iai?? ae?oea?nueeee. Ionaoiee ae?oe. Oi. oa?aia?aea. 5. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,16. Iae. aeae.a?e.1,25. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ?291-1. Aeae.?40 / ??. Aeaeaaieoeoai EIOOeA. 252058. Ee?a - 58, i?iniaeo Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1.

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