Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

AOAIANIA

Aiae??e Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 629.4.082.053

AAOIIAOECAOe?ss OI?AAE?IIss CENOAIITH CIAUOAAIIss A?AAAI?A EIE?N
EIEIIIOEA?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05. 22. 07 – ?ooiiee neeaae cae?cieoeue ? oyaa
ii?cae?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? aeaeo?i?ooiiiai neeaaeo Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo,
I?i?noa?noaa o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aaoueiai Aaiaae?e Eocueie/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e
aeaeo?i?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeaiiae/ Aeeoi? Aeai?eiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e eie?? oa eie?eiiai
ainiiaea?noaa;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ia?/aiei Aeieo?i Ieeieaeiae/,

No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao,

noa?oee aeeeaaea/ eaoaae?e
cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo,

eaoaae?a aenieoaoaoe?? oa ?aiiioo
?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 22 ” eenoiiaaea 1999?. i 14 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.820.02 i?e
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo ca aae?anith: 320010, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. Ae. Eaca?yia, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21 ” aeiaoiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aiaeia? A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. No/aniee noai i?iaeaie «eieani-?aeea» aeeeoo?
aei?noe? aeiiae aei nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy a?aaai?a, yeeie ?:

— iaiao?aeia i??a cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy a?aaai?a eiein i
?aeie;

— iiiiiaeueia ieoiia aeo?aoa ianoeeueieo iaoa?iaeia;

— aaoiiaoe/ia ?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/i ianoeea aac ao?o/aiiy eieiiioeaii?
a?eaaaee;

— aiaenooiinoue caa?oaeiaiiy ianoeeii aeiiaaeii? /anoeie eieiiioeaa oa
cieaeaiiy i?ioeaienoai/ieo aeanoeainoae eieiiioeaa.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aenieo aoaeoeaiinoue canoinoaaiiy eoa?eeaoei?,
caoieniaaio i?e aenieoaoaoeieieo aei?iaoaaiiyo ?yaeo nenoai
aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy, aeiei?iiii i?iaeaia iaaeii?iaoeaii?
iioaineaiinoi ciino a?aaaiia eiein ? ?aeie ia ia?aaei caeicieoeue
Oe?aiie ia ae?ioaia. I?e/eiith oeueiai ? ye aeinoaoiuei iecueea
iaaeieiinoue inioth/eo i?eeaaeia iiaea/i ianoeea, oae i caeaa ni?iuaiiy
aeai?eoiia oi?aaeiiiy eoa?eeaoi?aie.

Inoaii? i?eaiaeeoue aei iaaeii?ii? aeo?aoe ianoeea, cia/iiai
caa?oaeiaiiy iei aeiiaaeii? /anoeie eieiiioeaia, caieueoo? eiiai?iinoue
aienoaaiiy. Ia?aei/aii oaeoi?e nooo?ai iiai?oothoue oiiae aenieoaoaoei?
oa oaoii/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ye naieo ciauoth/eo i?eeaaeia, oae i ani??
aeiiaaeii? /anoeie eieiiioeaia, ? i?e/eiith /anoeo aiaeiia aiae
aeei?enoaiiy eoa?eeaoei? c aieo eieiiioeaii? a?eaaaee oa oneeaaeiththoue
oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aaiaciauoaa/ia.

?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy, ui
caaacia/othoue ?aoeiiiaeueiee ?aaeei ciauoaaiiy, aeicaieeoue cia/ii
iiaeaeueoe aoaeoeaiinoue a?aaiaciauoaaa/ia i cieceoe iioaineaiinoue
ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia ?ooiiiai neeaaeo i ?aeie ia caeicieoeyo Oe?a?ie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeineiaeaeaiiy a aaeoci iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ciauoaaiiy
a?aaaiia, ?ic?iaea i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy
eieiiioeaieie eoa?eeaoi?aie ? aeooaeueieie.

Aeooaeueiinoue aeeiiaieo aeineiaeaeaiue iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aianaiiyi ?o
aei «I?ia?aie iaoeiai-aeineiaeieoeueeeo i aeine?aeiiii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo
?iaio c i?iaeaie cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi iaii?iaeueieo ciinia ia?e
eieani-?aeea, iiaeaeuaiiy iaaeieiinoi oa aeiaaiai/iinoi ?aeie i eieinieo
ia? ?ooiiiai neeaaeo», ui ?aaeico?oueny Oe?caeicieoeath c 1995?.

Iaoa i caaea/? aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea, aeineiaeaeaiiy
i i?aeoe/ia ?aaeicaoeiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy eieiiioeaieie
eoa?eeaoi?aie c iioe?aieie ooieoeiiiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie oa
?aoeiiiaeueiei aeai?eoiii ?aaoethaaiiy, ui caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio i??o
cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy a?aaai?a eiein ?ooiiiai neeaaeo i
?aeie.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeinyaa?oueny ?ioaiiyi neiaeoth/eo caaea/:

— anoaiiaeaiiy ii?e aieeao ia?aiao?ia ieaio eie?? oa ?aaeeiia ?ooo ia
iioaineaiinoue ciino a?aaaiia eieinieo ia? eieiiioeaa, a oaeiae
aeioeieueiinoi aaaaeaiiy a aeai?eoi oi?aaeiiiy iiaea/ath ianoeea oeeo
ia?aiao?ia a yeinoi ea?oth/eo;

— aecia/aiiy ?aoeiiiaeueii? aaee/eie iaiaoiaeiiai nooiaiy cieaeaiiy
iioaineaiinoi ciino a?aaaiia;

— anoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee i?eeaaeia i nenoai iiaea/i ianoeea ye
ia’?eoia ?aaoethaaiiy;

— ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae eiiaoeee ciauoaaeueieo oa??a a eiioaeoi
a?aaaiy eieana c ?aeeith oa iica eiioaeoii;

— ?ic?iaea ?aoeiiiaeueiiai aeai?eoio iiaea/i ianoeea i nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy ca aeaiei aeai?eoiii;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aeai?o ?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia oi?aaeiiiy
eoa?eeaoi?aie;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ioa?aaeueii? ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia, i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo oa
aenieoaoaoeieieo aei?iaoaaiue ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
oi?aaeiiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia:

— cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ?aoeiiiaeueiee aeai?eoi
ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia, ui a?aoiao? ia?aiao?e ieaio eie??, iai?yiie i
oaeaeeinoue ?ooo eieiiioeaa, a oaeiae ciiio a`yceinoi ianoeea i?e
eieeaaiiyo oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?aoeiiiaeueii? aaee/eie nooiaiy
cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia, ui caaacia/o? a?aenooi?noue
oaoiieia?/iiai ciino aaiaeaaeo eieiiioeaa;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/ii iiaeaei eiiaoeee ciauoaaeueieo oa??a ia
aieuei?e iiaa?oii a?aaaiy i a eiioaeoi eiai c ?aeeith, ui aeicaieythoue
iioeiicoaaoe ia?aiao?e oi?aaeiiiy ciauoth/eie i?eeaaeaie;

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeai?o ?aoeiiiaeueiiai ia?iiaeo aa?ieiaiiy
eoa?eeaoi?ia ii aaee/eii i?ieaeaiiai oeyoo, a oaeiae ia?aiao?ia
aeaiaioia oaiia?aoo?ii? eiiiainaoei? ?aaeeiia ciauoaaiiy;

— io?eiaii oiiaa?naeueii oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaoethaaiiy ieoiii? iiaea/i
ianoeea aeey ocaaaeueiaiiai aeai?eoio oi?aaeiiiy, ye ca aaee/eiith
i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai?, oae i ca /anii;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo iioa?aaeueii? ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia;

— ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy eieiiioeaieie
eoa?eeaoi?aie c ?icoe?aiieie ooieoeiiiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie i
?aoeiiiaeueiei aeai?eoiii ?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/ath ianoeea; cai?iiiiiaaii
iiai oaoii/ii ?ioaiiy aaia?aoi?ia iiioeuenia, aeao/eea e?eai?, aeao/eea
a?aenoai? oa iai?yieo ?ooo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. I?e aeeiiaii? iaoeiai?
?iaioe aoei ?ic?iaeaii i aeaioiaeaii ?yae iiaeeoieaoeie nenoai
aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia aeey eieiiioeaia na?ie: AE8, AE80,
*N2, 2OY116, *IY3, 2I62, ye? aoee aei?iaoaai? o ??cieo oiiaao
aenieoaoaoei?. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie nenoaiaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy
a?aaaiia aoei iaeaaeiaii oyaiaee ?ooiiee neeaae ?yaeo eieiiioeaieo aeaii
I?eaeiii?ianueei? oa Iaeanueei? caeicieoeue. Aeinyaiooi cieaeaiiy
iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia eieinieo ia? eieiiioeaia a 2 — 4 ?ace.
Noai?aiee a?aaiaciauoaa/ AN2 ?aeiiaiaeiaaii Oe?caeicieoeath a 1997?. aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia anie ia?aaei caeicieoeue Oe?aiie.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe
aeieeaaeaii, iaaiai?aii i noaaeaii ia:

— IX Iiaeia?iaeiie eiioa?aioei? «I?iaeaie iaoaiiee caeicie/iiai
o?ainii?oo», 1996?.

— Ia?aae? i?aaenoaaiee?a Oe?cae?cieoe?, cae?cieoeue oa iaoeiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e Oe?a?ie, 26.12.1995?.

— Can?aeaii? naeoe?? Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy eieiiioeaiiai ainiiaea?noaa
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ?aaee Oe?cae?cieoe?, 26.06.1997?.

— ION I?eaei?i?ianueei? cae?cieoe? oa iaoeiaeo naiiia?ao eaoaae?e
Aeaeo?i?ooiiiai neeaaeo AeIIOo.

Ioaeeeaoei?. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe iioaeieiaaii a 8
iaoeiaeo noaooyo, aaoi?nueeiio iinaiae/aiii N?N? oa aeaio oacao
iiaeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioei?. Noaoo? iioae?eiaai? a aeaeaiiyo, ye?
aoiaeyoue aei caoaa?aeaeaiiai AAE Oe?a?ie ia?ae?eo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A ni?aaaoi?noa? iioae?eiaaii iaeio noaooth,
aaoi?nueea iina?ae/aiiy ? oace i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??. A ?iaioao [2]
? [11] aaoi?ii aoei c?a?aii oa ia?iaeaii noaoenoe/i? aeaii? i?i ciin
a?aaai?a eie?nieo ia? eieiiioea?a, a a ?iaio? [9] cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio
aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy a?aaiaciauoaa/aie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa neeaaeaaoueny c
aaaaeaiiy, oanoe ?icaeieia, aeniiaeo, nienea eioa?aoo?e i aeiaeaoea.
Iinoeoue 150 noi?iiie iniiaiiai iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 56 ?enoieia, 28
oaaeeoeue, nienie eioa?aoo?e ic 130 iaeiaioaaiue, 10 noi?iiie
aeiaeaoeia. Onueiai 210 noi?iiie.

O anooii iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeueiinoue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoa i
caea/? aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?eaaaeaii ?? iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe,
iieacaia iaoeiaa iiaecia oa aecia/aii i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei i?eaaaeaii noeneee iaeyae aeineiaeaeaiue, iia’ycaieo
c i?iaeaiith ciino a?aaaiia eiein ?ooiiiai neeaaeo i ?aeie,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii no/aniee noai i?iaeaie, i?eaaaeaii aiaeic i?e/ei
iaaeii?iaoeaiiai ciino ia?e eieani-?aeea i caniaia eiai cieaeaiiy, a
oiio /enei oeyoii ciauoaaiiy. Iieacaii, ui i?e/eia c?inoaiiy oaiio ciino
a?aaaiia i ?aeie ? eiiieaeniith i i?noeoue o nia? oeieee ?yae ie?aieo
oaeoi?ia. C ieo iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiao? a?aenooi?noue «i?e?iaeiiai»
ciauoaaiiy ?aeie, yea aeieeea i?ney ia?aaiaeo ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ia
iiaeoeiieee ei/aiiy, caaa?oaiiy yeiai ni?aiaei ca /anii ci niaeaoii
iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy ia?e eieani-?aeea.

Oeyoii e?eoe/iiai aiaeico inioth/eo nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy
eieiiioeaieie eoa?eeaoi?aie iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaii o ieo aeai?eoie
?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/ath ianoeea aiaecia/athoueny iaaei??iith
ni?iuaii?noth, a naii nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy iio?aaothoue nooo?aiai
?icoe?aiiy ?o ooieoeiiiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei i?eaaaeaii aiae?c iniiaieo oaeoi?ia, ui aecia/athoue
iioaineaiinoue ciiooaaiiy a?aaai?a eieinieo ia? eieiiioeaia i aieiaeo
a?aiae ?aeie, ui iiaeooue aooe a?aoiaaii aeai?eoiii oi?aaeiiiy
eoa?eeaoi?aie.

A aiaeici ?icaeyiooi aieea ia oaeoi? ciino: e?eaecie ?aeeiai? eie?? a
ieaii, iieiaeaiiy eieinii? ia?e a aeiiaaei, aaee/eie oyaiaiai i
aaeueiiaiai coneeue eieiiioeaa, a oaeiae oaeaeeinoi ?ooo.

Aiaeic i?iaiaeeany ca iaeaieueo aiaeiieie e?eoa?iyie oaeoi?o ciino c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?acoeueoaoia oai?aoe/ieo i aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiue o aaeoci aca?iiaei? eie?? oa ?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

C on?o ?icaeyiooeo oaeoi?ia a yeinoi oeo, ui iiaeiii a?aoiaoaaoeny
aeai?eoiii oi?aaeiiiy eoa?eeaoi?aie, aecia/aii e?eaecia eiei? a ieaii oa
iieiaeaiiy eieinii? ia?e a aeiiaaei eieiiioeaa, oae ye ?o aieea ia
iioaineaiinoue ciino ia?e eieani-?aeea ? iaea?eueo cia/iei.

Iaea?aeaii aeniiaee iiaeoaa?aeaeaii ?acoeueoaoaie noaoenoe/iiai aiaeico
iioaineaiinoi ciino a?aaaiia, i?eaaaeaieie a aeaiiio ?icaeiei.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? aaee/eie nooiaiy cieaeaiiy
iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia, ui aaco?oueny ia oiiai aeinyaiaiiy
a?aenooiino? oaoiieiai/iiai ciino eieiiioeaiiai aaiaeaaeo.

O?aoie ?icaeie i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoei i iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaiith aeai?eoio
oi?aaeiiiy ciauoth/eie i?eeaaeaie, a oaeiae noai?aiith oai?aoe/ieo
ia?aaeoiia aei iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ciauoaaiiy. C oei?th iaoith aoee
i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy eiiaoeee
ciauoaaeueieo oa??a ia iiaa?oii a?aaaiy, oa?aeoa?enoee i?eeaaeia i
nenoai iiaea/i ianoeea, aeeiiaii oai?aoe/iee aiaeic ?aaoethth/eo
aeanoeainoae nenoai oi?aaeiiiy eoa?eeaoi?aie.

Aianeiaeie aiaeico eiiaoeee ciauoaaeueieo oa??a ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/ii
iiaeaei, ui iienothoue ?oo ianoeea ii aieueiie iiaa?oii a?aaaiy iiae
aei?th aiaeoeaio?iai? neee, a oaeiae i?ioeane ia?aiino ianoeea c a?aaaiy
ia ?aeeo i?e ?o eiioaeooaaiii a e?eaie.

Ciiia oiaueie ciauoaaeueiiai oa?o i?e eiioaeooaaiii a?aaaiy eieana c
?aeeith iieno?oueny ae?acii

i= n-1

hn = h0 I [1 ( ai/(2A)] ,
(1)

i= 0

aea n — /enei iaa?o?a eieana;

hn — oiaueia ciauoaaeueiiai oa?o;

h0 — ii/aoeiaa oiaueia ciauoaaeueiiai oa?o;

ai — oe?eia ciie eiioaeoo aieiai? a?aii ?aeee c ianoeeii;

A — oe?eia ciauoaaeueiiai oa?o ia iiaa?oii a?aaaiy.

Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae io?eiaii a?aoiee caeaaeiino? oiaueie
ciauoaaeueiiai oa?o a?ae a?aenoai?, yeo i?ioiaeeoue eieani ii ciaiioi?e
ieooei e?eai? i?e oa?ieiooiio oa aeieiooiio ciauoth/iio i?eeaaei.

A ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue
oa?aeoa?enoee i?eeaaeia i nenoai iiaea/i ianoeea io?eiaia oiiaa?naeueia
caeaaeiinoue i?iaeoeoeaiinoi ?icieethaa/ia aiae a`yceinoi ianoeea, a
oaeiae caeaaeiinoi o?eaaeino? cao?eiee ?icieeaiiy i cai?ioiiai aeoieaiiy
ianoeea a ?ieinoue aiae oeneo, ui noai?th?oueny ?icieethaa/ai, i
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia ianeii?iaiaeo,. O?eaae?noue cao?eiee ?icieeaiiy
ianoeea, ui iaoiiaeaia iaiaaeaiiyi oaeaeeino? caiiaiaiiy iei
ianeii?iaiaeo, aecia/a?oueny ae?acii

tci = 16 lii2( / (I g d2),
(2)

aea lii — aeiaaeeia ianeii?iaiaeo;

( — a`yceinoue ianoeea;

H — oene, ui noai?th?oueny ?icieethaa/ai;

g — i?enei?aiiy aieueiiai iaaeiiiy;

d — aeiaiao? ianeii?iaiaeo.

Iaoith oai?aoe/iiai aiaeico ?aaoethth/eo aeanoeainoae nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy
aoei aecia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae i iaiaaeaiue ?aaoethaaiiy ieoiii? iiaea/i
ianoeea ia?aiao?aie nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy. A aiaeici ?icaeyaeaany
ocaaaeueiaiee ciioaiee aeai?eoi oi?aaeiiiy ye ca aaee/eiith i?ieaeaii?
a?aenoai?, oae i ca /anii. Aianeiaeie aiaeico io?eiaia oiiaa?naeueia
caeaaei?noue ieoiii? iiaea/? ianoeea a?ae oaeaeeino? ?ooo oa ia??iaeo
ni?aoethaaiiy nenoaie ciauoaaiiy

I = f(S0, V), (3)

aea I — ieoiia iiaea/a ianoeea;

S0 — ia?iiae oaiieiaiiy ciauoth/eo i?eeaaeia ii aaee/eii i?ieaeaiiai
oeyoo;

V — oaeaeeinoue ?ooo.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo /enaeueiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy oiiaa?naeueii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee I (S0, V) a o?ueio i?oiaiiaeueieo ieiueiao i?iaeoeie.

Ia iiaenoaai ?acoeueoaoia i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii i
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ?aoeiiiaeueiee aeai?eoi oi?aaeiiiy eoa?eeaoi?aie, a
oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii ooieoeiiiaeueio noaio, ui caaacia/o? oi?aae?iiy ca
aeaiei aeai?eoiii.

Nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy i?noeoue aiaeiiaiaeii aei noaie,
i?eaaaeaii? ia ?en. 1, aeao/ee i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai? AeI, aeao/ee
oaeaeeinoi AeN, aeieueiee /anoioe Ae*, aaia?aoi? iiioeuenia AE, aeao/ee
iai?yio ?ooo AeI, aeao/ee e?eai? AeE, iiaeneethaa/i O1-O4, aeaeo?e/ii
i?eaiaee ciauoth/eo i?eeaaeia YI1-YI4 oa eiai/ii aeaiaioe, ui
ca’ycothoue iiae niaith ia?aei/aii aeiee aiaeiiaiaeii aei eiaiee
oi?aaeiiiy. Noaia caaacia/o? iiaea/o ianoeea a e?ea?e ia a?aa?iue
eieana, ui ?ooa?oueny ii ciaiioiie ?aeoei, ia?aaeiuei? ii iai?yieo ?ooo
eieinii? ia?e eiaei?e naeoei?.

Neio?iiicaoeiy iiaea/i ianoeea ii aaee/eii i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai?
caaacia/o?oueny aeao/eeii a?aenoai?, a ia?iiaee/iinoue oaiieiaiiy
eoa?eeaoi?ia ?aaoeth?oueny aeieueieeii /anoioe. Aeao/ee oaeaeeinoi
caaacia/o? aiaeeeth/aiiy ciauoth/eo i?eeaaeia i?e iecueeeo oaeaeeinoyo
?ooo eieiiioeaa. Aneio?iiiee caione aaia?aoi?a iiioeuenia ia ii/aoeo
eiaeii? e?eai? caaacia/o?oueny ca’yceii aeoiaeo aeao/eea e?eai? ci
aoiaeii aaia?aoi?a /a?ac eiai/ii aeaiaioe EEE1, EEE2.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei cai?iiiiiaaii noaiii ?ioaiiy aeieia nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy, a naia: aaia?aoi?a iiioeuen?a, aeao/eea
e?eai?, aeao/eea i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai? oa iai?yio ?ooo, aeieueieea
/anoioe.

Aaia?aoi? iiioeuenia aeeiiaii ca ooieoeiiiaeueiith noaiith, ui
caaacia/o? ciioaiee aeai?eoi oi?aaeiiiy (?en. 2), oa i?noeoue aeaa
iaeiiaia?aoi?a IA1, IA2, ia?oee c yeeo oi?io? ?iai/ee iiioeuen
o?eaaeinoth t?, a ae?oaee — o?eaaeinoue O iani?eeiyoeeaiai aei aieeao
aoiaeieo iiioeuenia noaio aaia?aoi?a. Eiaeiee iaeiiaia?aoi? ia? aeaa
aoiaee caioneo, aiae aeai?o yeeo caeaaeaoue o?eaae?noue iiioeuenia. I?e
caioneo aaia?aoi?a aiae aeao/eea i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai? o?eaaeinoue
iiioeuena t? aei?iaith? iaiaoiaei?e o?eaaeino? ?icieeaiiy tp. I?e
caioneo aaia?aoi?a aiae aeao/eea e?eai? o?eaaeinoue t? aieueoa ia
aaee/eio tci.

Aei noaie aaia?aoi?a aoiaeeoue iaiiai?iaiaeieeiaee oa?ii?acenoi?, ui
caaacia/o? iinoieiinoue ii?oei? iaiineiiai ianoeea i?e eieeaaiiyo
oaiia?aoo?e oa ciiiao a`yceinoi ianoeea.

Aeao/ee e?eai? aeeiiaii ca ooieoeiiiaeueiith noaiith, yea i?eaaaeaia ia
?en. 3, i i?noeoue aeaa aeao/eea iiai?ioo aicea AeIO1, AeIO2. Oaea
eiai/ia noaia aeao/eea e?eai? aeicaiey? cieceoe eiiai?iinoue eiai
iiieeeiaiai ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy i?eaeecii a 5 ?ac?a.

Aeao/ee iiai?ioo aicea aeeiiaii c aeei?enoaiiyi aa?iaoeciaaieo
iaaiioiea?iaaieo eiioaeoia (?en. 4).

Aiaenooiinoue aei?noeiai iaoaii/iiai eiioaeoo eociaa eieiiioeaa c
ei?ionii aeao/eea, ?iciiuaiiai ia ?aii aicea, aeicaieeea cia/ii
iiaeaeueoe iaaeieiinoue i ?ano?n aeao/eea a ii?iaiyiii c aiaeiieie
i?ioioeiaie.

Aeao/eee i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai? oa iai?yio ?ooo aeeiiaii o aeaeyaei
iaeiiai i?eeaaea, aeeiioth/iai iaeaeai ooieoei? iaeii/anii. Aeao/ee
aeeiiaii aaceiioaeoiei, aa?eiiiaei (?en. 5). Iai?yi ?ooo aecia/a?oueny
aeaeo?iiiith noaiith ii /a?aiainoi caieeaiiy aa?eiiia o caeaaeiinoi aiae
iai?yieo iaa?oaiiy i?eaiaeo oaeaeeinoaii?o.

Aeao/ee oaeaeeinoi yaey? niaith ii?iaiaee i?eeaae o aeaeyaei oeeo?iaiai
oieueo?o aeniei? /anoioe, a aeieueiee /anoioe aeeiiaii ia aaci
oeeo?iaiai ei/eeueieea c aeaoeo?iaaiei aeoiaeii i aeicaiey? ?aaoethaaoe
ia?iiaee/iinoue oa?ieiaiiy eoa?eeaoi?ia ii aaee/eii i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai?
a iaaeao 66-297 i c ?ioa?aaeii 33 i.

I`yoee ?icaeie i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoei iaoiaeee aeai?o ?aoeiiiaeueieo
ia?aiao?ia oi?aaeiiiy eoa?eeaoi?aie i oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeaiaioia oaiia?aoo?iii eiiiainaoei? aaia?aoi?a iiioeuenia.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ae?ace aeey aecia/aiiy ?aoeiiiaeueieo cia/aiue ii?oei?
ianoeea Q1, o?eaaeinoi ?iai/iai iiioeueno t? oa /ano iani?eeiyoeeaiai
noaio aaia?aoi?a O.

?aoeiiiaeueiee ia?iiae oa?ieiaiiy ciauoth/eo i?eeaaeia Si ciaoiaeeoueny
ii noaii, iaaaaeai?e ia ?en. 6, ye

S0 = S? ( Sano ,
(4)

aea Sp ? Sano — a?aenoai?, i?ieaeai? eieiiioeaii a?aeiia?aeii ca
/an ?icieeaiiy ianoeea te oa i?e aeieiooiio noai? i?eeaae?a ciauoaaiiy.

E?eai h(Sp) i h(Sano), ye? aecia/athoue oiaueio oa?o ianoeea,
aoaeothoueny ii iaoaiaoe/iei iiaeaeyi eiiaoeee ciauoaaeueieo oa??a,
iaaaaeaiei o o?aoueiio ?icaeiei.

C aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaeaeae iaea?aeaii caeaaeiinoi
?aoeiiiaeueiiai ia?iiaeo aa?ieiaiiy eoa?eeaoi?ia S0 aiae oaeaeeinoi ?ooo
a e?eaie oa i?iaeoeoeai?noi ?icieethaa/ia. Iiiiiaeueia oiaueia oa?o
ianoeea hmin iaea?aeaia c oi/ee ci?o ooai?aiiy a eiioaeoi a?aaaiy eieana
c ?aeeith oiiae a?aie/iiai oa?oy, ui caaacia/o? aeinoaoi?e nooi?iue
cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy.

Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaiaioia oaiia?aoo?ii? eiiiainaoei?
caniiao?oueny ia aeinyaiaiii ni?aiaae?iiy cei?aeoiaaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oa?ii?acenoi?a c iaiaoiaeiith, ui caaacia/o? iinoieiinoue ii?oei?
ianoeea. Iaiaoiaeia oa?aeoa?enoeea aecia/a?oueny ca ia?aiao?aie
?icieethaa/a i nenoaie i?aeaiaeo ianoeea, a ei?aeoeiy i?e?iaeiuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?ii?acenoi?a ae?iaey?oueny ca noaiith, iaaaaeaiith ia
?en. 7.

Ii ?ic?iaeai?e iaoiaeeoei iiaeooue aooe aecia/aii iaiaoiaeii iii?e
ei?aeooth/eo ?acenoi?ia caeaaeii aiae i?e?iaeii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oa?ii?acenoi?a, ia?aiao?ia o?iiiiao?oth/eo eaioethaeeia aaia?aoi?a
iiioeuenia, oa?aeoa?enoee ?icieethaa/ia oa nenoaie i?aeaiaeo ianoeea.

O oinoiio ?icaeiei iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo oa
aenieoaoaoeieieo aeineiaeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
oi?aaeiiiy eieiiioeaieie eoa?eeaoi?aie.

?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo aeineiaeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
i?aaeeueiinoue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee oaiia?aoo?ii? eiiiainaoei?, a
oaeiae aeinoaoith aaeaeaaoiinoue iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, i?eaaaeaieo o
?iaioi.

Oeyoii aeai?o ?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia aeaiaioia oaiia?aoo?ii?
eiiiainaoei? aeinyaiaii oaei oiiae ciauoaaiiy, i?e yeeo ii?oeiy ianoeea
Q1 a aeiaiaciii oaiia?aoo?e aiae 10 aei 300N i?aeoe/ii ia ciiith?oueny,
a i?e iiaeaeueoiio cieaeaiii oaiia?aoo?e iacia/iei /eiii c?inoa?.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo iioa?aaeueii? ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy, yea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe eiiai?iinoue
ia?aaeuaiiy nooiaiy cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia
aoaeue-yeiai iaia?aae caaeaiiai cia/aiiy. Oey iiiai?iinoue aecia/a?oueny
o aeaeyaei

p(e ( amin) = 0,5 + O [(m1 ( amin m2)/ ((12 ( amin (22 ] ,
(5)

aea emin — caaeaia cia/aiiy iiiiiaeueii? aoaeoeaiinoi;

m1, m2 — na?aaeii noaoenoe/ii aeai?ie aeaieo, ye? ii??aiththoueny;

(1, (2 — na?aaeii eaaae?aoe/ii aiaeoeeaiiy aeai?ie;

O — ooieoeiy Eaieana.

Iaea?aeai? caeaaeiinoi eiiai?iinoi ia?aaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoth cia/aiiy
emin=1 (oiaoi inioaaiiy aoaeoo acaaaei) aiae ?icieoei na?aaeiio
noaoenoe/ieo c?iaithaaeueieo aeai?ie aeey aeaeieueeio cia/aiue
ia?aiao?a. Iieacaii, ui i?e cia/i?e aa?iaoei? iioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy
a?aaaiia c?iaithaaeueieo eieiiioeaia ia`?eoeaiinoue ii?iaiyeueii?
ioeiiee nooo?ai caeaaeeoue aiae ?icieoei na?aaeiio noaoenoe/ieo. A ?ac?
iacia/iino? oei?? ?icieoei ?acoeueoaoe ii?iaithaaiiy aoaeooue
iaaecia/aieie.

Aenieoaoaoeieii aei?iaoaaiiy ?yaeo iiaeeoieaoeie nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai
oi?aaeiiiy eieiiioeaieie eoa?eeaoi?aie aeey eieiiioeaia na?ie: 2I62,
AE8, AE80, *N2, 2OY116, *IY3, ye? aenieoaoothoueny o ?icieo oiiaao,
i?iaiaeeeeny ia oyaiaiio ?ooiiiio neeaaei I?eaeiii?ianueei? oa
Iaeanueei? caeicieoeue a ia?iiae c 1989 ii 1997?. Iiae /an iaoeiaeo
aeineiaeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeeeeny ii ?yaeo aeiaiai?ia c iaoith noai?aiiy
aenieiaoaeoeaiiai eoa?eeaoi?a, aoei ?ic?iaeaii oa aeaioiaeaii ?yae
nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy aeey ia?aei/aieo na?ie eieiiioeaia, yei
aiae?iciythoueny iaeei aiae iaeiiai a caeaaeiinoi aiae niaoeeoiee ?o
aenieoaoaoei?, aea a oeieiio iathoue oni aocee oa aeaiaioe nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy, cai?iiiiiaai?ee o aeaiie ?iaioi.

Aianeiaeie aenieoaoaoeieieo aei?iaoaaiue iaea?aeaii neiaeoth/i
?acoeueoaoe:

— aeinyaiooi cieaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia
eieinieo ia? eieiiioeaia o 2-4 ?ace;

— ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy eiai/ii? noaie aeao/eea e?eai?, yea iaaaaeaia
ia ?en.3, aeinyaiaii i?aeoe/ii iiaia aeeo/aiiy iiieeeiaeo
ni?aoeueiaoaaiue aeao/eea ia i?yieo aeieyieao (niinoa?iaaeeny iaeeii/ii
iiieeee aeao/eea);

— cao?eniaaii nooo?aa caieueooaaiiy oiaueie oa?o ianoeea ia aieiaeo
a?aiyo ciaiioi?o ?aeie ia ii/aoeo e?eaeo eie?? i?e aaaaeaiii a nenoaio
aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy aneio?iiiiai caioneo aaia?aoi?a iiioeuenia aiae
aeao/eea e?eai?;

— iiae /an aei?iaoaaiue o aeineiaeieo ii?caeeao aieeao iiaea/i i?neo ia
?aaeei ciauoaaiiy onoaiiaeaii, ui iayaiinoue i?neo o ciii eiioaeoo
i?eaiaeeoue aei iiaiiai cieeiaiiy ianoeea c iiaa?oii a?aaaiy;

— caaaeyee aeei?enoiaoaaiith oaiia?aoo?ii? eiiiainaoei? ?aaeeio
ciauoaaiiy cieeea iaiaoiaeiinoue ?o/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?eaaeinoi
?iai/iai iiioeueno aaia?aoi?a i?e ciiii oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, aeinyaiaia o?eaaea ?iaioa ?icieethaa/ia i?e iecueeeo
oaiia?aoo?ao;

— i?e aeieeaiii aeao/eea e?eai? oa iai?yieo ?ooo cao?eniaaii ?icea
iiaeaeuaiiy aeo?aoe ianoeea, caa?oaeiaiiy aeiiaaeii? /anoeie eieiiioeaia
oa /ano? aienoaaiiy eieinieo ia? i?e i?aeoe/ii iaciiii?e iioaineaiinoi
ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia aaiaeaaeia;

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo eaai?aoi?ieo aeineiaeaeaiue oa aenieoaoaoeieieo
aei?iaoaaiue nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy eieiiioeaieie
eoa?eeaoi?aie aeacothoue ia oa, ui cai?iiiiiaaii a aeena?oaoeieiie
?iaioi iaoaiaoe/ii iiaeaei, iaoiaeeee oa oaoii/ii ?ioaiiy ? aoaeoeaieie
i iiaeooue aooe oe?iei aeei?enoai? i?e i?iaeooaaiii oa ai?iaaaeaeaiii
nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia eieinieo ia? eieiiioeaia.

A aeiaeaoeao i?eaaaeaii noaoenoe/i? aeai? uiaei ?ioaineaiino? ciino
a?aaai?a eieiiioea?a, ye? iaea?aeai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie iai??thaaiue
eie?nieo ia? o eieiiioeaieo aeaii I?eaei?i?ianueei? cae?cieoe?.

AENIIAIE

?iaioa i?enay/aia ?ioaiith aaaeeeai?, aeooaeueii?, ui ia? aaeeea
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, caaea/? — aaoiiaoecaoei? ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia eiein
?ooiiiai neeaaeo, cie?aia eieiiioeaia, c iaoith cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
ciino a?aaai?a, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aeo?aoe ianoeea oa
caa?oaeiaiiy ianoeeii ae?iaaeii? /anoeie ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ? eie??.

A oiaei aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe iaea?aeai? neiaeoth/i ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Oeyoii aiaeico oaeoi?ia, aieeaath/eo ia iioaineaiinoue ciino a?aaaiia
eiein eieiiioeaia, anoaiiaeaii, ui aei ia?aiao?ia, ye? iaia’yceiai
iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoeny nenoaiith aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy eoa?eeaoi?aie,
iaiaoiaeii aiaeianoe e?eaecio eie?? oa ?icoaooaaiiy eieinii? ia?e a
aeiiaaei ii aiaeiioaiith aei iai?yieo ?ooo eieiiioeaa.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai nooiaiy cieaeaiiy
?ioaineaiino? ciiooaaiiy a?aaai?a, ui caaacia/o? a?aenooi?noue
oaoiieia?/iiai ciino aaiaeaaeo eieiiioeaa.

3. Anoaiiaeaii i?i?iaeueio oiaueio oa?o ianoeea ia iiaa?oi? a?aaaiy, ui
caaacia/o? iio??aiee nooi?iue cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? eiai ciino i?e
i?i?iaeuei?e ieoii?e aeo?ao? ianoeea.

4. Aiane?aeie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee i?eno?i?a ? nenoaie iiaea/?
ianoeea iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? caeaaeiino? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
?icieethaa/?a aiae aaee/eie oeneo iiaio?y oa a`yceinoi ianoeea.
Cai?iiiiiaaii oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii caeaaeiinoi o?eaaeino?
cao?eiee ?icieeaiiy aiae ia?aiao?ia ianeii?iaiaeo, a`yceinoi ianoeea oa
?ic??aeaeoaaiiy, ui noai?th?oueny ?icieethaa/ai.

5. I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy eiiaoeee
ciauoaaeueieo oa?ia ia iiaa?oii a?aaaiy c o?aooaaiiyi ae?? ia ianoeei
a?aeoeaio?iai? neee. Anoaiiaeaii iaeneiaeueii aeiionoeio c oiia
caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii? yeino? eoa?eeaoe?? aeico ianoeea a caeaaeiinoi
aiae oaeaeeinoi ?ooo.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue eiiaoeee oa?ia ianoeea i?e
eiioaeooaaiii a?aaaiy eieana eieiiioeaa c aieiaeith ?aeee. Iaea?aeaii
caeaaei?noue ciiie na?aaeiuei? oiaueie ianoeeueiiai oa?o ia iiaa?oii
a?aaaiy a?ae /enea iaa?o?a eieana.

7. Io?eiaii oi?aa?naeueio caeaaei?noue ieoiii? iiaea/? ianoeea a?ae
oaeaeeino? ?ooo oa ia??iaeo ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy i?eeaae?a ciauoaaiiy, yea
aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe aeo?aoe ianoeea i?e aoaeue-yeiio aeai?eoi?
oi?aae?iiy.

8. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aoe?iiaeueiee aeai?eoi oi?aae?iiy ciauoaaeueieie
i?eeaaeaie, a oaeiae iaoiaeeeo aeai?o ?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia
?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/ath ianoeea, ye? caaacia/othoue aenieo aoaeoeai?noue
ciauoaaiiy a?aaai?a i?e i?i?iaeuei?e aeo?ao? ianoeea.

9. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy ciauoaaeueieie
i?eeaaeaie, ui caaacia/o? aeeiiaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeai?eoio.

10. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo iioa?aaeueii? ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiy, yea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe eiiai?iinoue
ia?aaeuaiiy nooiaiy cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia
aoaeue-yeiai iaia?aae caaeaiiai cia/aiiy.

11. Aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, i?eaaaeaieo a
aeena?oaoe??, caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi ciino a?aaaiia
eieinieo ia? eieiiioeaia o 2 — 4 ?ace.

NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

1. Aoaiania A.I. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia eniuoaiee ?aniueeoaeae aeey niacee
a?aaiae eiean eieiiioeaia nenoaiu AeEEOa / Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ono?ienoa
yeaeo?e/aneiai o?ainii?oa. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. AeEEO, 1995. – N.41
– 44.

2. Aoaiania A.I., Aaoueiai A.E., Ieoaeeaiei TH.A. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia
yenieoaoaoeee a?aaianiacuaaoaeae nenoaiu AeEEOa ia I?eaeiai?ianeie
aeaeaciie aei?iaa / Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ono?ienoa yeaeo?e/aneiai
o?ainii?oa. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. AeEEO, 1995. – N. 53 – 57.

3. Aoaiania A.I. Nenoaiu aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey a?aaianiacuaaoaeyie
eieiiioeaia / Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ono?ienoa yeaeo?e/aneiai o?ainii?oa.
Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. AeEEO, 1995. – N. 28 – 32.

4. Aoaiania A.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue eeiaoeee niaci/iuo neiaa i?e
eiioaeoe?iaaiee a?aaiy eieana n ?aeuenii / Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy a
?iaeaia?ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo caaea/ao o?ainii?oo. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. Ae??O, 1999. – N. 29 – 33.

5. Aoaiania A.I. E eioa?aaeueiie ioeaiea noaiaie nieaeaiey eioaineaiinoe
eciaoeaaiey a?aaiae eieaniuo ia? eieiiioeaia / Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy
a ?iaeaia?ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo caaea/ao o?ainii?oo. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. Ae??O, 1999. – N. 26 – 29.

6. Aoaiania A.I. Aiaeec eeiaoeee niaci/iuo neiaa ia naiaiaeiie
iiaa?oiinoe a?aaiy eieana ?aeueniaiai o?ainii?oiiai n?aaenoaa /
I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?eeaae?a aeaeo?e/iiai o?ainii?oo.
I?aeaoc?anueeee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999. – N.
154 – 159.

7. Aoaiania A.I. Oai?aoe/aneea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
?aaeeiia iiaea/e niacee aeeaeeinoiuie eoa?eeaoi?aie yaeaeoeeiiiiai oeia
a caaeneiinoe io oaiia?aoo?u ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu / I?eaeiii?ianueeee
iaoeiaee ainiee. 1998.-N105(172) – N.24 — 27.

8. Aoaiania A.I. E ii?aaeaeaieth ieieiaeueiie oieueiu niaci/iiai neiy
a?aaiae eiean ?aeueniaiai iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa / I?eaeiii?ianueeee
iaoeiaee ainiee. 1998.-N101(168) – N.95 — 97.

9. A.n. 1759703 NNN?, IEE A61 E 3/02. Ono?ienoai aeey niacee a?aaiae
eieaniuo ia? / A.E. Aaoueiai, A.E. Eeeei, A.I. E?oo, A.I. Aoaiania,
A.N. Naoa?the {CCC?). — ? 4817990/11; Cayaeaii 24.04.90. Iioae.
07.09.92. Athe. ? 33.

10. Aoaiania A.I. Iioeiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey ?aaeeiaie niacuaaiey a?aaiae
eieaniuo ia? eieiiioeaia // O?oaeu IO Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “I?iaeaiu
iaoaieee aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa”. -1996.– N.48.

11. Aaoueiai A.E., Aoaiania A.I., Oaaoe A.A. Noaoenoe/aneee aiaeec
eciina a?aaiae eieaniuo ia? eieiiioeaia ia I?eaeiai?ianeie aeaeaciie
aei?iaa // O?oaeu IO Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “I?iaeaiu iaoaieee
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa”. -1996.– N.69.

Aoaiania A.I. Aaoiiaoecaoeiy oi?aaeiiiy nenoaiith ciauoaaiiy a?aaai?a
eie?n eieiiioea?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 05.22.07 — ?ooiiee neeaae caeicieoeue ? oyaa
ii?caeia. -Aeiii?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao
caeicie/iiai o?ainii?oo, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien, ui iinoeoue iien oeyoia iioeiicaoei? oi?aaeiiiy
?aaeeiaie ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia eieinieo ia? eieiiioeaia ai?oiaeie
eoa?eeaoi?aie. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aoeiiiaeueiee aeai?eoi oi?aaeiiiy
ciauoth/eie i?eeaaeaie, ui caaacia/o? cia/io aeiiiiith ciauoaaeueieo
iaoa?iaeia, cieaeaiiy nooiaiy caa?oaeiaiiy ianoeeii aeiiaaeii? /anoeie
eieiiioeaa oa eiiai?iinoi aienoaaiiy eieinieo ia? a ?aaeei? ciauoaaiiy
i?e aenieiio nooiai? cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi ciiooaaiiy a?aaaiia.

?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy, ui ?aaeico? iioeiaeueiee
aeai?eoi ?aaoethaaiiy ?aaeeiia ciauoaaiiy, a oaeiae iaoiaeeeo aeai?o
?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia oi?aaeiiiy.

Io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?eeaaeia
oa nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai ciauoaaiiy a?aaaiia eiein ?aeeiaiai ?ooiiiai
neeaaeo.

Eeth/iai neiaa: eieiiioea, a?aa?iue eieinii? ia?e, iioaineaiinoue
ciiooaaiiy, eoa?eeaoi?, nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aaeiiiy, aoaeoeaiinoue,
aienoaaiiy, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy.

Afanasov A.I. Automation of control by lubrication system of locomotive
wheel flanges.- Ianuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
of engineering science on a speciality 05.22.07 — mobile structure of
railways and draft of trains. The Dniepropetrovsk state technical
university of a railway transport, Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

The manuscript including the description of ways of optimisation of
controlling by modes of greasing of flanges of wheel pairs of
locomotives onboard lubricator is protected. The rational algorithm of
controlling of greasing devices is offered which provides significant
economy of lubricant materials, decrease of a degree of pollution with
greasing mechanical of a part of the locomotive and probability boxing
of wheel pairs at a high degree of intensity of wear process of flanges.

The system of automatic control realising optimum algorithm of
regulation of modes of greasing, and also technique of a choice of
rational parameters of management is developed.

The received results can be used at the decision of tasks of development
of devices and systems of automatic greasing of flanges of wheels of the
rail rolling-stock.

Key words: the locomotive, flanges of wheel pair, intensity of
deterioration, lubricator, system of automatic control, efficiency,
boxing, mathematical modelling.

Aoaiania A.I. Aaoiiaoecaoeey oi?aaeaiey nenoaiie niacuaaiey a?aaiae
eiean eieiiioeaia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.07 — iiaeaeaeiie ninoaa aeaeaciuo aei?ia e
oyaa iiacaeia.- Aeiai?iiao?ianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999 .

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue, aeeth/athuay iienaiea iooae iioeiecaoeee
oi?aaeaiey ?aaeeiaie niacuaaiey a?aaiae eieaniuo ia? eieiiioeaia
ai?oiauie eoa?eeaoi?aie. I?aaeeiaeai ?aoeeiiaeueiue aeai?eoi oi?aaeaiey
niacuaathueie ono?ienoaaie, o/eouaathuee e?eaecio ?aeueniaiai iooe a
ieaia, nei?inoue e iai?aaeaiea aeaeaeaiey eieiiioeaa. Iinoiyinoai
oaeaeueiie iiaea/e niacee iaania/eaaaony iooai i?eiaiaiey aeai?eoia
oi?aaeaiey eoa?eeaoi?aie ii aeeeia i?ieaeaiiiai iooe.

I?aaeeiaeaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue eeiaoeee niaci/iuo neiaa i?e
eiioaeoe?iaaiee a?aaiy eieana n aieiaeie ?aeuena i?e aeaeaeaiee a
e?eaie, iicaieythuay iioeiece?iaaoue ia?eiaee/iinoue aeeth/aiey
eoa?eeaoi?ia. Iieo/aia caaeneiinoue ?aoeeiiaeueiiai ia?eiaea
aeeth/aiey eoa?eeaoi?ia ii aeeeia i?ieaeaiiiai iooe io nei?inoe
aeaeaeaiey eieiiioeaa a e?eaie e i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe niacuaathueo
ono?ienoa.

?ac?aaioaia nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey eieiiioeaiuie
eoa?eeaoi?aie, iaania/eaathuay iioeiaeueiue aeai?eoi ?aaoee?iaaiey
iiaea/ae niacee, iicaieythuee nieceoue oaeaeueiue ?anoiae niaci/iiai
iaoa?eaea, noaiaiue caa?yciaiey niaceie yeeiaaeiie /anoe eieiiioeaa e
aa?iyoiinoue aieniaaiey eieaniie ia?u a ?aaeeia niacuaaiey.
Eniieueciaaiea a nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey yeaiaioia
oaiia?aoo?iie eiiiainaoeee iaania/eaaao iiaeaea?aeaiea iinoiyinoaa
ii?oeee iiaeaaaaiie niacee i?e eciaiaieyo i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
?aniueeoaeae ec-ca eieaaaiee oaiia?aoo?u ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e
eciaiaiey ayceinoe niacee.

I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey ?aoeeiiaeueiie noaiaie nieaeaiey
eioaineaiinoe eciaoeaaiey a?aaiae, a oaeaea iaoiaeeea eioa?aaeueiie
ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe nenoaiu aaoiiaoe/aneie niacee a?aaiae, aeathuay
aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeaiey aa?iyoiinoe i?aauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoueth
caaeaiiiai ieieiaeueiiai o?iaiy.

?acoeueoaou eaai?aoi?iuo enneaaeiaaiee, i?eaaaeaiiua a aeenna?oaoeee,
iiaeoaa?aeaeatho aaeaeaaoiinoue ?ac?aaioaiiuo a ?aaioa iaoaiaoe/aneeo
iiaeaeae e aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiuo iaoiaeee. A
?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiuo yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo eniuoaiee ?ac?aaioaiiie
nenoaiu aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey eieiiioeaiuie eoa?eeaoi?aie iieo/aii
nieaeaiea eioaineaiinoe eciina a?aaiae eieaniuo ia? eieiiioeaia a 2 – 4
?aca.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu i?e ?ac?aaioea
ono?ienoa e nenoai aaoiiaoe/aneie niacee a?aaiae eieaniuo ia? oyaiaiai
iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eieiiioea, a?aaaiue eieaniie ia?u, eioaineaiinoue
eciaoeaaiey, eoa?eeaoi?, nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey,
aooaeoeaiinoue, aieniaaiea, iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue.

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