E??IAIA?AAeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE

OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eeneoi Ieaa Aiae??eiae/

OAeE 367.082

Aaoiiaoecaoe?y ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei

a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao oa?i aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.13.07 “Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a”

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

E??iaia?aae 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a E??iaia?aaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio

oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aauaiei Ai?en ?aaiiae/,

E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iauaiei Aaneeue Oaaei?iae/,

E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeae Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/,

Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? TH.Eiiae?aothea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aaoiiaoeee ? aeaeo?ii?eaiaeo;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aa?aithe Ieaenaiae? Oeeeiiiiae/,

E??iaia?aaenueeee iaa/aeueii-iaoeiaee iaaeaaia?/iee eiiieaen,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a,

eaoaae?a “Aaoiiaoecaoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa”.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 2 ” eeiiy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 23.073.01 a
E??iaia?aaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca
aae?anith:316050, i.E??iaia?aae, i?ini.I?aaaee,70A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:316050, i.E??iaia?aae,
i?ini.I?aaaee,70A.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 5 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ____________ Eae?/ A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y oaa?eiieoeoaa iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e
caaacia/aii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oaa?ei a on?o
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao ae?iaieoeoaa. C aeei?enoaiiyi aaoiiaoe/ieo
nenoai ea?oaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie iaea?aeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? oa
?aae?caoe?y ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo noathoue iiaeeeaeie eeoa i?e
aaoiiaoe/iiio ?ici?ciaaaii? (?aeaioeo?eaoe??) ie?aii? oaa?eie.

?nioth/? oaoi?/i? caniae aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei
iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii caaacia/othoue iino?eii c?inoath/? aeiiae aei
aeinoia??iino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy oa iaae?eiino? ?o ?iaioe. Ae??oaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie iiaeeeaa oeyoii ?ic?iaee iiaeo niinia?a (aeey ?nioth/eo
iaoiae?a) aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei ? a?aeiia?aeii aei
?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a noai?aiiy ia no/ani?e aeaiaioi?e aac? iiaeo
oaoi?/ieo cania?a c a?eueo aeineiiaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Oaeei /eiii,
aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?aaeai? ia noai?aiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei, yea caeaoia caaacia/eoe iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue
aeinoia??iino? i?e caaeia?euei?e aa?oino?, ? aeooaeueieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii
ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiaeo ?ia?o I?iaeaiii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a
E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
ia 1997 ??e a ?aieao oaie “Nenoaia ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei aeey oa?i A?O”,
i?ioieie ?4 can?aeaiiy a/aii? ?aaee IIAeE a?ae 20 eenoiiaaea 1996 ?ieo.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei ?c caaeaiei ??aiai aeinoia??iino? oa
oaoi?/ia ?aae?caoe?y ?? aeine?aeiiai c?acea.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

1. Aecia/eoe iaea?eueo i?eaeaoiee niin?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy.

2. Aecia/eoe ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee niiniao ?ici?ciaaaiiy.

3. Iiaoaeoaaoe e aeine?aeeoe iiaeaeue nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei.

4. ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei.

5. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ic?iaeoe ?? no?oeoo?io oa ooieoe?iiaeueio
noaie.

6. ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?th oa aeine?aeiee c?acie nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei, i?iaanoe ii?iaiaoaaiiy, aecia/eoe ??
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

7. Ioe?ieoe aeiiii?/i? iieacieee nenoaie.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?ioean aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei,
niin?a oa nenoaia eiai ?aae?caoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia iieyaa? o
ianooiiiio:

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii niin?a aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie, yeee aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe aenieo aeinoia??i?noue
?ici?ciaaaiiy (aea?aeiaoaio Oe?a?ie ?23744A).

2. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c oa aeeiiaii iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy
ne?aeeoth/iai ii?iaa aeey ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a.

3. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei ae?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey aeai?o ia?aiao??a
aeaii? nenoaie.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oa no?oeoo?io noaio
aeey ?aae?caoe?? niiniao ?ici?ciaaaiiy, ui caaacia/eei a?eueo aenieo
aeinoia??i?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, ui caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue
iia?aoeaiiai neioaco nenoai c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaiiai ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a. ?ic?iaeaia i?eioeeiiaa aeaeo?e/ia noaia oa eiino?oeoe?y
nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?ei, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue ciioaoi?/iei aeiiaai ia ?ic?iaeo aeaii? nenoaie
(aenia?eiaioaeueiee c?acie ai?iaaaeaeaii).

Iniaenoee aianie. Cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo
iiia?a oaa?eie. ?ic?iaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii iiaeaeue nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei, a ?acoeueoao? /iai ?ic?iaeaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey aeai?o ia?aiao??a aeaii? nenoaie. ?ic?iaeaii
aeai?eoi ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ia eiai iniia? ooieoe?iiaeueio, no?oeoo?io,
i?eioeeiiao aeaeo?e/ii noaie oa eiino?oeoe?th nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?ei.

Caaaeueia /anoea o/ano? a iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? i?aoeyo neeaaea?
50-70%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: XVIII iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a,
ani??aio?a oa ni?a?ia?oiee?a E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (1997, E??iaia?aae),
“AAOIIAOEEA-97” (1997, *a?eane).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 6 noaoae oa
iaea?aeaii iaoaio.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
neeaaea? 153 noi??iee, a oiio /ene? 48 ?ethno?aoe?e, 21 oaaeeoey, nienie
e?oa?aoo?e, yeee ia?aoiao? 98 iaeiaioaaiue, oa 17 aeiaeaoe?a, caaaeueiee
ianya yeeo neeaaea? 66 noi??iie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaii nooi?iue ?? ?ic?iaee, ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie
oaiaie oa i?ia?aiaie, aeeeaaeaii iaoo oa caaea/?, iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, aeae?eaii iniaenoee aianie.

?icae?e 1. Aiae?oe/iee iaeyae nenoai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei.

?ici?ciaaaiiy (?aeaioeo?eaoe?y) oaa?ei — i?ioean ioioiaeiaiiy oaa?eie,
yea ?ici?cia?oueny, c iaei??th c a?aeiieo. Nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy
i?ecia/ai? aeey aecia/aiiy iiia?a oaa?eie e ia?aaea/? aecia/aiiai iiia?a
aei ANE OI, yea ca?aeii ?c caaeaiith i?ia?aiith oa aeaiei cae?enith?
i?ioeane aiaeoaaiiy, ianoaaeaiiy oiui. Nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy ciaoiaeyoue
oe?iea canoinoaaiiy ia oaa?eiieoeueeeo eiiieaenao. A?aeiia?aeii aei
oaoiieia?? i?ioeano, i?eioeeio ae??, aeiiii?/ieo oyaeaiue, oiia
aenieoaoaoe?? oa ae?th/eo ii?i oaoi?ee aaciaee cenoaia ?ici?ciaaaiiy
iiaeiia caaeiaieueiyoe ianooi? aeiiae: caaacia/oaaoe aacia?a?aia
aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano; iaoe aenieo iaae?ei?noue
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei; iaoe aeinooiio oe?io; iaoe aeiaaio?eaaeee no?ie
neoaeae; iaoe iiaeoeueio aa?iaoe/io eiino?oeoe?th; caaacia/oaaoe
i?ea’yceo i?eno?ith nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy aei ?nioth/eo oaa?eiieoeueeeo
i?ei?uaiue ye ca ooieoe?yie, oae ? ca aaaa?eoieie ?ici??aie; iaoe
iiaeeea?noue aeoaethaaiiy aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?o/iei; iaoe
oi?aa?naeueiee ?ioa?oaen aeey ia?aaea/? iiia?a oaa?eie a eiii’thoa?;
iiaeiia i?aoethaaoe a oiiaao i?aeaeuaii? aieiaino? oa iayaiino?
aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeu; iaoe iecueeiaieueoiaa aeeaeaiiy oa cacaieaiiy
iaoaeaaeo aeaoaeae (iai?eeeaae, ei?iona eiio?iea?a, iaoaei?oeaaa).

Iaeyae ?nioth/eo niinia? oa i?eno?i?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oaa?ei iieacaa, ui
aiie ia a iiai?e i??? caaacia/othoue iino?eii c?inoath/? aeiiae, ye? aei
ieo i?aae’yaeythoueny ? oiio iio?aaothoue iie?ioaiiy. Aeoiaey/e ?c
neacaiiai, iinoaaeai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

?icae?e 2. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
oaa?ei.

I?ioean ?ici?ciaaaiiy ? neeaaeiei aaaaoia?aiiei aeoii, oiio aeioe?eueii
?icaeyiooe a?ioaoi?/io nenoaio “oaa?eia – nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei”, ?en.1.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe iaaaaeaio no?oeoo?o a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie, i?ioean
?ici?ciaaaiiy caaee aei aecia/aiiy eiaeo oaa?eie a caeaaeiino? a?ae
noaio aeaii? a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie:

y(t)=F[ x(t), h(t), u(t), t], (1)

aea y(t) – eiae oaa?eie, yeee ?ici?ciaea nenoaia, o iaiao?aeiiio aeey
i?aaenoaaeaiiy aeaeyae?;

x(t) – aaeoi? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a noaio a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie;
h(t)=h1(t),h2(t),h3(t),Q(t) – aaeoi? ooiiaeo aieea?a, ye? ae?thoue ia
a?ioaoi?/io nenoaio ?ici?ciaaaiiy: h1(t) – ciai?oi?e aieea ia oaa?eio,
h2(t) – ciai?oi?e aieea ia aeao/ee nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy,
h3(t) – ciai?oi?e aieea ia ia?aeiiee ia?aoai?thaa/ nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy, Q(t) – aieea nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei
ia naio oaa?eio;

u(t)=U1(t),U2(t) – aaeoi?, yeee aecia/a? ea?oaaiiy nenoaiith
?ici?ciaaaiiy, a yeiio e?eoa??e ?ici?ciaaaiiy iienaii ooieoe??th U1(t),
ooieoe??th U2(t) iienaii ea?oaaiiy aeaea/ath ?acoeueoaoo ?ici?ciaaaiiy.

Ca ?aaeueieo oiia x(t) iaeiicia/ii a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia x*(t) – aaeoi?
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a noaio nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
oaa?ei, yeee a naith /a?ao iaeiicia/ii a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia IP(t) – noai
i?ioeano niinoa?aaeaiiy, a ia y(t) iaeiicia/ii a?aeia?aaea?oueny y*(t) –
??oaiiy i?ioeano ?ici?ciaaaiiy. Ioaea, i?ioean ?ici?ciaaaiiy, c
oaoi?/ii? noi?iie, aecia/a?ii:

y*(t)=F*[ IP(t), h*(t), u*(t), t],
(2)

aea h*(t) – aaeoi?, yeee iieno? oii, ia yeiio niinoa??aa?oueny
i?ioean;

u*(t)=U1(t) – ooieoe?y, yea iieno? e?eoa??e ?ici?ciaaaiiy.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa iaoaioieo
iaoa??ae?a iieacaii, ui an? ?nioth/? iaoiaee aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
oaa?ei iathoue iaai? aaaee oa iaaeie?ee. I?ioa, a?aoiaoth/e
aeiiii?/i?noue, i?inoioo a ?aae?caoe?? oa iaae?ei?noue iaoiaeo, a yeiio
aeei?enoiao?oueny ianeaiee aaceiioaeoiee aeao/ee ?iaeoeoe?eiiai oeio,
yeee aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ici?ciaaaoe ia’?eoe a ?on?, aeey iiaoaeiae
aaoiiaoe/ii? nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei aeioe?eueii canoinoaaoe aeaiee
iaoiae. Aeey iaoiaeo ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?nioth/eo
niinia?a, iaie cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aoe ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeii
aei iiia?aaei?o aaniethoieo cia/aiue aiie?ooaee, oiaoi ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy
(ne?aeeoth/ee ii??a) aecia/a?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi iecueei/anoioieo ci?i
aiie?ooaee, aeeeeeaieo noaiii iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe eiia??i?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy. Ioaea, aoei io?eiaii
niin?a aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy iiia?a oaa?eie ca eiai eiaeii, ui
iieyaa? o o?enaoe?? iin?y eiaeo eiai iiia?a o aeaeyae? iaai?o ianeaieo
?aciiainieo eiioo??a, ui iaeaaiaeaeothoueny ia o?eniaai? /anoioe,
iaaaaeai? a i?noe? ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ci?iii?
/anoioe, oi?ioaaiiy oa ?a?no?aoe?y ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a neaiaeo ia
aeoiae? aeaea?aea aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, eiai ii??aiyiiy c ii?iaiaei
cia/aiiyi ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a ? oi?ioaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie,
yeee a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui caaaeaiiy cia/aiiy ii?iao aeeiio?oueny
oeyoii eiai ia/eneaiiy i?ney iecueei/anoioii? o?eueo?aoe?? cia/aiiy
io?eiaiiai ia?aiao?a. Aeiaeaoeiai aeey i?aeaeuaiiy eiia??iino?
i?aaeeueiiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeioe?eueii aecia/aoe ii?iaia? cia/aiiy
?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a – aiie?ooaee iai?oae ia aeaea?ae?
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ie?aii aeey eiaeii? /anoioe.

Aeey aeaiiai niiniao aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie
oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie noaio a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie ? ?ici?uaiiy
oaa?eie oa ?? oaeaee?noue, i?e oeueiio oaoiieia?/iei ia?aiao?ii noaio
nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei ? eiao?oe??io aca?iii?
?iaeoeoeaiino? ianeaieo ?aciiainieo eiioo??a oa aeaea?aea
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey. I?ioeanii niinoa?aaeaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii, ?
aiie?ooaea iai?oae ia aeaea?ae? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey (ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a), iiaeaeue yei? ?icaeyaea?ii ye aaeeoeaio noi?o ei?eniiai
neaiaeo, yeee aecia/a? noai i?ioeano niinoa?aaeaiiy, oa aaoniaiai ooio
(caaaaee), yeee aecia/a? oii, ia yeiio niinoa??aa?oueny i?ioean –
aeaoa?i?iiaaii? oa aeiaaeeiai? neeaaeiaeo. ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeaiaioa eiaeo
iiia?a oaa?eie a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii ia?aa??ee i?inoi?
aeaiaeueoa?iaoeaii? a?iioace oa ? ii??aiyiiyi ona?aaeiaiiai cia/aiiy
aiie?ooaee iai?oae wmetafile8? ??™????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy`????? ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??%???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA????? ???&?
?MathType??A????u?th??????i?e iaioiio ii?iaiaiio cia/aii? i?eeia?oueny
a?iioaca H0 – eieeaaeueiee eiioo? a?aeiia?aeii? ?aciiainii? /anoioe iica
ciiith ?ici?ciaaaiiy, a ioaea, aeaiaioo eiaeo iiia?a i?enaith?oueny
cia/aiiy 0, ?iaeoa i?eeia?oueny a?iioaca H1 – eieeaaeueiee eiioo?
a?aeiia?aeii? ?aciiainii? /anoioe a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy, a ioaea,
aeaiaioo eiaeo iiia?a i?enaith?oueny cia/aiiy 1. ?ici?ciaaaiiy ae
iiaiiai eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo neeaaea?oueny c m
iine?aeiaieo iacaeaaeieo ia?aa??ie aeaiaeueoa?iaoeaieo a?iioac.
I?aaenoaaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoo ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie
a?aeaoaa?oueny a iine?aeiaiiio noaiaea?oiiio eiae? “Iai/anoa?-II” c
a?aeiia?aeiei aeai?eoiii iiaoaeiae.

Aca?iio ?iaeoeoeai?noue aaaa?eoii? i?yiieooii? ?aiee ?ici??ii oa
?ici?uaii? ana?aaeei? ?? ieiu? c eii?aeeiaoaie (x, y) a?aeiinii noi??i
aaaa?eoii? ?aiee eioooee i?e oiia?, ui ieiueia aaaa?eoii? ?aiee oa
ieiueia iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co eioooee ia?aeaeuei? aai ni?aiaaeathoue,
a?aeiia?aeii aei i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a, aecia/aii ae?acii:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A<???&??yyyy?????Ay¶y?<6 ???&? ?MathType??0???u????????????-?????1/2)???1/2????*o ???»%???u?? ??????????-????A%???yl???-?????yt???r?O???r?O ???r?1???1/2I???1/2Q???*???»G???-????AG ???y????-?????y–???r?o???r?o???r?’#???1/2i ???1/2?#???*w%???»?%???-????A?%???yi%???-????? y/%???r?U&???r?U&???r?y-???1/2O%???1/2.???*ae/? ??»0???-????A0???y???-?????yd0???r?A0???r?A0 ???r?©;???1/21/4/???1/2E;???u?th??????aea mAO – aoaeoeaia a?aeiinia iaai?oia i?iieei?noue na?oeaaeie eioooee; S2 – ieiua, iaiaaeaia eiioo?ii eioooee; w0=4*p* 10 -7 Ai/i – iaai?oia iino?eia; w1 – e?euee?noue aeoe?a o aaaa?eoi?e ?aioe?; w2 – e?euee?noue aeoe?a o eiooooe?. O aeiaaeeo, eiee eioooea ciaoiaeeoueny ia a?aenoai? d iica ieiueiith aaaa?eoii? ?aiee, iaiaaeeiinue o?eueee oi/eaie i?yii?, yea i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac oeaio? aaaa?eoii? ?aiee ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei ?? ieiueie. Aca?iio ?iaeoeoeai?noue aaaa?eoii? i?yiieooii? ?aiee ?ici??ii oa eioooee i?e oiia?, ui ieiueia aaaa?eoii? ?aiee oa ieiueia iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co eioooee ia?aeaeuei? aai ni?aiaaeathoue, a?aeiia?aeii aei i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a, aecia/aii ae?acii: wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A 0???&??yyyy?????Ayµya/u ???&? ?MathType??P???u????????????-?????1/2 ???1/2???uwya?????O aeiaaeeo, eiee ieiueie aaaa?eoii? ?aiee oa iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co eioooee iaia?aeaeuei?, aca?iia ?iaeoeoeai?noue eiioo??a, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny, ciaioeoueny e aecia/aoeiaoueny oeyoii aeiiiiaeaiiy ia eineion eooa i?ae oeeie ieiueiaie. Aeey aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino? noaio i?ioeano niinoa?aaeaiiy a?ae oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?icaeyiaii aca?iiae?th aeaio iaai?oiica’ycaieo eiioo??a c neioni?aeaeueiei no?oiii: iine?aeiaiee eieeaaeueiee eiioo? aaaa?eoii? ?aiee c aeaea?aeii iai?oae (eiioo? 1) oa eieeaaeueiee eiioo? eioooee (eiioo? 2), ?en.2. A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? aeaii? iiaeae?, oeiiai? aeey aeaio iaai?oiica’ycaieo eiioo??a c neioni?aeaeueiei no?oiii a ieo, cia?aaeaiiy iai?oae aeao/eea aecia/eee ae?acii: wmetafile8? ??A??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a  ;???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy`;??† ?? ???&? ?MathType??0???uLthA?????aea w – /anoioa iai?oae ?aeaaeueiiai aeaea?aea iai?oae, M – aca?iia ?iaeoeoeai?noue ?aiee oa eioooee, ri, Li ? Ci – ii??, ?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ?ii?noue i-i? eaiee, LK ? CK – ?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ?ii?noue eiaen?aeueiiai eaaaeth, CL – aeania ?ii?noue aaaa?eoii? ?aiee, UAI – cia?aaeaiiy iai?oae aea?aaeaioiiai aeaea?aea iai?oae aeey aeeaeaiiy eaioethaa L1-r1, yea aecia/aii: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @a???&??yyyy?????Ay?y o ???&? ?MathType?? ???u????????????-?????*;???*x???*0??? *C???re ???r%???r????rE???uE ???um???T3/4???T??? 0??? m??? “??? ¦???Q”???QN???Qd???Qw???T???T| ???u????????????-????ZAA – aeo?aeiee ii?? aea?aaeaioiiai aeaea?aea iai?oae aeey aeeaeaiiy eaioethaa L1-r1, yeee aecia/aii: wmetafile8? ??'??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? A4???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?4??8 ?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?????????"????-?????t ???tth???tL???te???tu???to???t;$???t5(? ??$'???$AE???$P ???$J???$`???$> ???$

???$y»???$ *???$~.
???u?????????»????-????Ue·???UeT/???u?th??????aea
wmetafile8? ??“???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ??
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA??A?? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????’b
???’t???’-???’#???W:???WL???WI???WA???
l???l ???’ ???’I ???a r???a „???a S???a
I???O???c???j???`???’R???’
???u?????????»????-????| F???| o???u?th??????Aiie?ooaea
iai?oae aeao/eea, yea ? noaiii i?ioeano niinoa?aaeaiiy aai
?ioi?iaoeaiei ia?aiao?ii aeey nenoaie, aecia/a?oueny:

wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-?????M????«???M?a???«a???u?
th??????Ine?eueee, a yeino? iiaeae? i?ioeano niinoa?aaeaiiy
Z(t)=x(t)+h(t) (iiaeae? aiie?ooaee iai?oae, yea niinoa??aa?oueny ia
aeaea?ae? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey) aeinoaoiuei aeei?enoaoe aaeeoeaio
noi?o ei?eniiai neaiaeo – iino?eii? aiie?ooaee, iaoiiaeaii? aecia/aiei
noaiii (iayai?noth /e a?aenooi?noth iin?y aeaiaioa eiaeo a cii?
?ici?ciaaaiiy), oa ia?aoeiaee (ooio) – aeiaaeeiai? iaoiiaeaii? ooiaie,
ye? iienaii ye aaoniaee i?ioean c ioeueiaeie iaoaiaoe/ieie niiae?aaiiyie
oa aeenia?n??th s. Ca oaeeo oiia, aecia/aiiy aeaiaioa niaoe?aeueiiai
iiceoe?eiiai eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii ii??aiyiiy
?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a (aiie?ooaee Aj iai?oae j-oi? /anoioe ia
aeaea?ae? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey) c eiai ii?iaiaei cia/aiiyi hj, yea
a?aeiia?aeii aei e?eoa??th iaeneiaeueii? i?aaaeiiiae?aiino? i?iiiio?ii
aecia/aoe:

wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy???–?? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????»????-?????ue1/4???ue????u?th??????aea
M[Aj/H0] – iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a i?e
a?aenooiino? eiioo?o j-i? /anoioe a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy;

k – eiao?oe??io, yeee aecia/a? ?aaeoe?th ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia
aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o, eiao?oe??io iaeaaeeoue ?ioa?aaeo
0,5…0,9 (aecia/a?oueny eiino?oeoeaieie iniaeeainoyie ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a).

sse?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeaiaioa eiaeo iiia?a —
eiia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy iioeaie aecia/a?oueny ae?acii:

wmetafile8? ??`???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy@??—?? ???&?
?MathType??????uYya?????aea P(Aj/Hi) – u?euei?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy
eiia??iino? aiie?ooaee j-oi? /anoioe iai?oae i?e a?iioac? Hi.

Ine?eueee, a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, eiia??i?noue a??iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ia’?eoa i?e m iiceoe?yo eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie, aecia/a?oueny aeiaooeii
Ij = m 1 (1-Pj a+b), aea 1-Pj a+b – eiia??i?noue a??iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy j-ai aeaiaioa niaoe?aeueiiai iiceoe?eiiai eiaeo iiia?a
oaa?eie, oi o aeiaaeeo iaeaaiaeaeaiiy aiie?ooae Aj ia iaeia iaaia
cia/aiiy, eiia??i?noue a??iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy aecia/aoeiaoueny:

P=(1-Pa+b)m, (13)

aea (1-Pa+b) – eiia??i?noue a??iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeaiaioa eiaeo
iiia?a oaa?eie.

Aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ?iaioe nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?eie
oa aecia/aiiy ?? oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy:
caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioa aca?iii? ?iaeoeoe?? a?ae ?ici?uaiiy oaa?eie
a?aeiinii ciie ?ici?ciaaaiiy; ia?aiao??a iaeaaiaeaeaiiy nenoaie
?ici?ciaaaiiy i?e e?eoe/iiio cia/aii? eiao?oe??ioa aca?iii? ?iaeoeoe??
i?e ?ici?uaii? oaa?eie a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy; aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeoe??
ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiao?oe??ioa aca?iii?
?iaeoeoe?? i?e iioeiaeueiiio iaeaaiaeaeaii? nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy oa
aecia/aiiy ciie ?ici?ciaaaiiy nenoaie, a ye?e aeinyaa?oueny caaeaiee
??aaiue aeinoia??iino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei; aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeoe??
ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a
nenoaie.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaeaii ooieoe?th G, ui aecia/a? ?aaeoe?th
ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o a ciio
?ici?ciaaaiiy oa ? a?aeiioaiiyi aiie?ooae A iai?oae ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a i?e a?aenooiino? eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o a cii?
?ici?ciaaaiiy oa eiai iayaiino? a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy e aecia/a?oueny
ae?acaie (6)- (10):

wmetafile8? ??z???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy ???? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????K?P???AP???fP???THP???
??? ‰???u?th??????I?e oeueiio, aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeinoia??iino?
?ici?ciaaaiiy 0.95 i?e aiie?ooae? iai?oae ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a a
10A, yeo aenoaaeaii i?e a?aenooiino? eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o a cii?
?ici?ciaaaiiy, yeui aieea ia?aoeiae ia ni?e/eiy? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia
a?aeoeeaiiy aiie?ooaee iai?oae ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a aeua 0.2A,
?aaeoe?y ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a iiaeiia ia?aa?eueooaaoe 11.8%, oiaoi
ooieoe?y G >1.134.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui:

— iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio eiioo??a ia /anoioo iai?oae
aeeaeaiiy cia/ii i?aeaeuo? ?aaeoe?th aeao/eea ia aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai
eiioo?o, ia a?ao?eo ooieoe?? G(X1,X2) – ?en.3, oi/ea (0,0) a?aeiia?aea?
iaeaaiaeaeaiith ?aciiainieo /anoio eiioo??a ia /anoioo iai?oae
aeeaeaiiy, a X1 oa X2 – ?aaeoeai? iii?e eiioo??a;

— c i?aeaeuaiiyi ?iai/i? /anoioe i?aeaeuo?oueny e ?aaeoe?y ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a ia aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o, e ca oiiae
iaeneiaeueii? aiie?ooaee iai?oae ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a a 10A, yeo
aenoaaeaii i?e a?aenooiino? eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy,
aeey ??cieoe? aiie?ooae a 1.2A (aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeinoia??iino?
?ici?ciaaaiiy 0.95) i?i?iaeueiith ?iai/ith /anoioith ? /anoioa 25eAoe,
ia aenieeo /anoioao, aeueo ca ?iai/?, niinoa??aa?oueny aieea eaiee
CK-LK-CL – ui ? aeniei/anoioiei o?eueo?ii, yeee cieaeo? ?aaeoe?th ? oei
naiei iaiaaeo? aa?oith /anoioo ?iai/iai ae?aiaciio /anoio;

— i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe??ioa aca?iii? ?iaeoeoe?? aaaea aei i?aeaeuaiiy
?aaeoe?? ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o
(i?e i?aeaeuaii? a 1.5 ?ace aca?iii? ?iaeoeoeaiino? i?ae eiioo?aie i?e
oiia? noaeino? ?ioeo iacaeaaeieo ia?aiao??a ca?eueoo?oueny ?aaeoe?y ia
aa?oi?o /anoioao a 1.3-1.4 ?ace, ia ieaei?o – a 1.2-1.3), cia/aiiy ae
cacia/aiiai eiao?oe??ioa caeaaeeoue a?ae aca?iiiai ?ici?uaiiy aaaa?eoii?
?aiee oa eioooee, a i?e ?ici?uaii? eioooee a na?aaeei? aaaa?eoii? ?aiee
? i?i?iaeueiei a ieiuei? aaaa?eoii? ?aiee, i?e a?aeaeaeaii? eioooee a?ae
aaaa?eoii? ?aiee eiao?oe??io aca?iii? ?iaeoeoe?? ciaioo?oueny, i?e
oeueiio ciia ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeinoia??iino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy
0.95 i?e iioeiaeueiiio iaeaaiaeaeaii? nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy neeaaea?
0.22i;

— o aeiaaeeo iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio eiioo??a ia /anoioo
iai?oae aeeaeaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy aeia?ioiinoae eiioo??a
Qi=(w*Li)/ri=1/(w*Ci*ri) ca?eueoo? ?aaeoe?? ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a
(?en.4), i?ioa ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui aeei?enoaiiy aeniei? aeia?ioiino?
iio?aao? aeniei? oi/iino? iaeaaiaeaeaiiy eiioo??a, ui noa? iaiiaeeeaei
aiane?aeie oaiia?aoo?ieo oa ?ioeo cnoa?a ia?aiao??a eieeaaeueieo
eiioo??a, ye? a?aeiia?aeii i?eaiaeyoue aei cnoa?a ?aciiainieo /anoio
oeeo eiioo??a;

— nioaa /anoio aecia/a?oueny aeia?ioi?noth eiioo?o aaaa?eoii? ?aiee e
neeaaea? 1eAoe;

— ciaioaiiy aioo??oiueiai iii?o aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy, ui ? aeaea?aeii
iai?oae, aaaea aei i?aeaeuaiiy ?aaeoe?? ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, a
ioaea, ? aei i?aeaeuaiiy eiia??iino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy.

?icae?e 3. Oaoi?/ia ?aae?caoe?y nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
oaa?ei.

Aeoiaey/e c i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie (?en.4).

I?eaaaeaiee aeai?eoi ?aae?co? nenoaia, yea no?oeoo?ii neeaaea?oueny c
oaeoiaiai aaia?aoi?a, aeieo oi?aae?iiy oa neio?ii?caoe??, aaia?aoi?a
iano/i? /anoioe, ae?eueieea iano/i? /anoioe ?c ci?iiei eiao?oe??ioii
ae?eaiiy aeiea eiiooaoe??, eiiooaoi?a, eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o c
aaaa?eoiith ?aieith oa iaai?ii ?iiinoae, aooa?a, aeaoaeoi?a c
iiaeai?iiyi iai?oae oa ?ii?niei o?eueo?ii, noaie aecia/aiiy oa caaeaiiy
ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy aiie?ooaee, oi?ioaa/a aeaiaioa eiaeo iiia?a,
aeaiioa?a (?en.5).

Oaeoiaee aaia?aoi? i?ecia/aiee aaia?oaaoe i?yiieooi? ?iioeuene caaeaii?
o?eaaeino? /a?ac iaai? i?ii?aeee /ano, aeey aecia/aiiy a /an? neaiae?a
ea?oaaiiy oa neio?ii?caoe?? ?aaeei?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoce?a nenoaie.
Aeie ea?oaaiiy oa neio?ii?caoe?? a?aeiia?aeii oaeoiaei ?iioeuenai
aaia?o? neaiaee ea?oaaiiy oa neio?ii?caoe?? ?aaeei?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aoce?a nenoaie. Aaia?aoi? iano/i? /anoioe i?ecia/aiee aaia?oaaoe
iaaiae? caaeaii? aeey iiaeaeueoiai oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a aecia/aieo
/anoio. Ae?eueiee iano/i? /anoioe oi?io? aecia/aio /anoioo oeyoii
ae?eaiiy iano/i? /anoioe ia eiao?oe??io, a?aeiia?aeiee aea?ai?e /anoio?.
Eieeaaeueiee eiioo? c aaaa?eoiith ?aieith oa iaai?ii ?iiinoae
i?ecia/aiee, a?aeiia?aeii aei iayaiino? a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiioo?o
iaaii? ?aciiainii? /anoioe, oi?ioaaoe aa?iii?eiee neaiae a?aeiia?aeii?
aiie?ooaee. Aooa? i?ecia/aiee aeeiiaoe i?aeeeth/aiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy aei
eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o oae, uia ii?? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia cieaeoaaa
aeia?ioi?noue eiioo?o. Aeaoaeoi? c iiaeai?iiyi iai?oae oa ?ii?niei
o?eueo?ii i?ecia/aiee oi?ioaaoe iino?eio iai?oao, i?iii?oe?eio
aiie?ooae? aa?iii?eiiai neaiaeo eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o. Noaie aecia/aiiy
oa caaeaiiy ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy aiie?ooaee i?ecia/ai? oi?ioaaoe
ii??aiyeueio iai?oao, i?iii?oe?eio ii?iaiaiio cia/aiith ?ioi?iaoeaiiai
ia?aiao?a – aiie?ooaee aa?iii?eiiai neaiaeo eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o.
Eiiooaoi? i?ecia/aiee eiioooaaoe ?iiino? eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o aeey
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ?aciiainii? /anoioe inoaiiueiai ia /anoioo aeeaeaiiy.
Aeaiioa?e anoaiiaeththoue ioeueiao iai?oao ia eieeaaeueiiio eiioo?? oa
aeaoaeoi?? i?e aeai?? iiai? aecia/aii? /anoioe aeey oi?ioaaiiy
ianooiiiai aeaiaioa eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie, caaaeyee /iio i?aeaeuo?oueny
oaeaee?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy nenoaie. Oi?ioaa/ aeaiaioa eiaeo iiia?a
i?ecia/aiee oeyoii ii??aiyiiy iai?oae aeaoaeoi?a oa iai?oae noaie
aecia/aiiy oa caaeaiiy ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy aiie?ooaee aecia/aoe aeaiaio
eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie, a?aeiia?aeiiai aea?ai?e aecia/ai?e /anoio?. Oaeei
/eiii, ia aeoiae? oi?ioaa/a eiaeo io?eio?ii niaoe?aeueiee iiceoe?eiee
eiae iiia?a oaa?eie a iine?aeiaiiio NRZ aeaeyae?.

Ia iniia? aeaii? no?oeoo?e ?ic?iaeaii aeaeo?e/io i?eioeeiiao noaio
nenoaie oa ?? eiino?oeoe?th.

Aeey ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
oaa?ei aei ANE OI ?ic?iaeaii i?ioieie ca’yceo (?en.7). Aeey caaacia/aiiy
aeinoia??iino? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? ii e?i?? ca’yceo aeei?enoiao?ii
eiae “Iai/anoa?-II”, ui cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oieo
i?eno?i?a.

?icae?e 4. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeaioiaeaii
?iai/ee iaeao nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeeny ia aac? I?iaeaiii? eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e AAI
E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaieie caaea/aie: aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ?
ia?aiao??a eiioo?o aaaa?eoii? ?aiee; aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ?
ia?aiao??a eiioo??a iin??a eiaeo; aecia/aiiy ?iciiae?eo ?aaeoe?? a
ieiuei? ?aiee; aecia/aiiy ?iciiae?eo ?aaeoe?? iica ieiueiith ?aiee;
aecia/aiiy ?ioa?aae?a ?ici?uaiiy ?iai/eo /anoio ae?aiaciio
ia?aiaeaaiaeaeaiiy; ee?iaoe/i? aei?iaoaaiiy; aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino?
?aaeoe?? a?ae /anoioe; aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii? noi?niino? nenoai;
aecia/aiiy iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo eiioo??a; aecia/aiiy
i?aoeacaeaoiino? nenoaie i?e ?on? ia’?eoa ?ici?ciaaaiiy. Aeey eiaeiiai
aeaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueio iaoiaeeeo, yea caaacia/o?
aeinoia??i?noue aecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui: oi/i?noue
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o aaaa?eoii? ?aiee ia ?aciiainio
/anoioo neeaaea? 31 Aoe, i?e /anoioiiio ae?aiacii? 25…73,9 eAoe
iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue aeoe?a o ?aioe? noaiiaeoue 27 aeoe?a, oi/i?noue
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ia ?aciiainio /anoioo eiioo??a iin??a eiaeo neeaaea? 11
Aoe. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueii? aeia?ioiino? ia eiaei?e c ?iai/eo
/anoio /anoioiee ae?aiacii 25…73,9 eAoe aeioe?eueii ?icaeoe ia
/anoioi? a?ae??cee 25…34,5 eAoe, 34,5…48 eAoe, 48…60,5 eAoe oa
60,5…73,9 eAoe, iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue aeoe?a o eiooooe? a?aeiia?aeii
noaiiaeoue: 820, 575, 450 oa 360; i?e aca?iiiio ?ici?uaii? nenoai
?ici?ciaaaiiy ia a?aenoai? 5 i i?ae oeaio?aie ?oi?o ?aiie iaeneiaeueia
aiie?ooaea ia?aoeiae noaiiaeoue 1.5 % a?ae aiie?ooaee iai?oae ?aiee ? ia
ia? nooo?aiai aieeao ia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nenoaie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e
??ai? ia?aoeiae d=0.2 B aeinyaiaiiy eiia??iino? i?aaeeueiiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy 0.95 iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e cia/aiiyo ?aaeoe?? ia ieae/a 11.8
%, ui caaacia/o?oueny a cii? z=±0.1 i a?ae ieiueie ?aiee; /anoioiee
?ioa?aae ?iai/eo /anoio neeaaea? ia iaioa 3 eAoe (c aeayeei caianii);
i?e iaeaaiaeaeaii? ?aciiainieo /anoio eiioo??a nenoaie a na?aaeei?
?iai/iai oaiia?aoo?iiai ae?aiaciio ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e ia ±15°N ni?e/eiy?
ciaioaiiy aiie?ooaee ?ioi?iaoeaiiai neaiaeo ia ieaei?o /anoioao aei 7 %,
ia aa?oi?o – aei 2 % (ca oaeeo oiia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nenoaie
caaacia/o?oueny); i?e ?on? ia’?eoa /a?ac ciio ?ici?ciaaaiiy c?
oaeaee?noth 2 i/n ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia’?eoa aa?aioiaaii c eiia??i?noth 0.95.

?icae?e 5. Ainiiaea?/? aei?iaoaaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy
oaa?ei.

Ainiiaea?/? aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia oa?i? aeine?aeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa “Eoooc?aea”, i.Oa?e?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a
oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei:
a?aeiia?aei?noue iaea?aeaiiai cia/aiiy iiia?a oaa?ei?, yea
?ici?cia?oueny, noaa?euei?noue iaea?aeaiiy eiae?a i?e iiaoi?ieo
?ici?ciaaaiiyo, oaeaeeiae?y nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie,
i?iaiaeeeenue ia a?oi? oaa?ei c 24 aie?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iieacaee, ui eiae oaa?eie, yeo ?ici?ciaaaee, o?enoaaany oi/ii aac
aoaeue-yeeo a?aeoeeaiue (iioeaie), i?e aaaaoi?aciaiio ?ici?ciaaaii?
oaa?eie ?? eiae aecia/aany no?eei, i?e ?ici?ciaaaii? oaa?ei, ye?
?ooathoueny cai?a oa ii?ooaiue a ?iaio? nenoaie ia niinoa??aaeinue.

I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy ANE OI oa?i c iiaie?a’yi
1000 aie., aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeeoue nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei, neeaaea? 60320 a?i., oa?i?i ieoiiino? neeaaea?
3,63 ?ie?a (ca aaciaee ia??iae acyoee 1997 ??e). Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui
aeei?enoaiiy ANE OI iaoiiaeth? iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe?, ci?ith?
nioe?aeuei? aniaeoe n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

AENIIAEE

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy niiniao aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?ei, yeee iieyaa? o o?enaoe?? iin?y eiaeo
eiai iiia?a o aeaeyae? iaai?o ianeaieo ?aciiainieo eiioo??a, ui
iaeaaiaeaeothoueny ia o?eniaai? /anoioe, iaaaaeai? a i?noe?
?ici?ciaaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ci?iii? /anoioe, oi?ioaaiiy oa
?a?no?aoe?y ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a neaiaeo ia aeoiae? aeaea?aea
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, eiai ii??aiyiiy c ii?iaiaei cia/aiiyi
?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a ? oi?ioaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie, yeee
a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui caaaeaiiy cia/aiiy ii?iao aeeiio?oueny oeyoii
eiai ia/eneaiiy i?ney iecueei/anoioii?

o?eueo?aoe?? cia/aiiy io?eiaiiai ia?aiao?a.

2. Aeey ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii
aeei?enoaiiy ne?aeeoth/iai ii?iaa ii??aiyiiy ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a
oa eiai aecia/aiiy, ui caaacia/eei i?aeaeuaiiy aeinoia??iino?
?ici?ciaaaiiy aei 0.95, yea aeiaeaoeiai i?aeaeuo?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi
cai?iiiiiaaiiai ne?aeeoth/iai ii?iaa ii??aiyiiy ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a
ie?aii aeey eiaeii? aecia/aii? /anoioe.

3. Iiaoaeiaaii iiaeaeue a?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie “oaa?eia – nenoaia
aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei”, aeey yei? iiaoaeiaaii iiaeaeue
aca?iiaieeao iin?y aeaiaioa eiaeo oa ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, yea
?ice?eaa? caeaaei?noue aaee/eie ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a (aiie?ooaee
iai?oae ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a) a?ae ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a eiioo??a:
aeoeaieo oa ?aaeoeaieo iii??a eiioo??a, ia?aiao??a aeaea?aea iai?oae
eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o (eiai aiie?ooaee, /anoioe oa aioo??oiueiai iii?o)
oa aca?iii? ?iaeoeoe?? i?ae eiioo?aie, yeo a naith /a?ao aecia/eee
caeaaeiino? a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a oeeo eiioo??a oa ?oiueiai
aca?iiiai ?ici?uaiiy.

4. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue nenoaie
aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei aecia/aii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaie, ui:

— aaee/eia ?aaeoe?? eiai ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia aianaiiy
eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o ca?eueoo?oueny ia 35% a?aeiia?aeii aei i?aeaeuaiiy
aeia?ioiino? eiioo?o eioooee a 1.5 ?ace i?e oiia? noaeino? ?ioeo
iacaeaaeieo ia?aiao??a i?e ?o ?aaeueieo cia/aiiyo,

— i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe??ioa aca?iii? ?iaeoeoe?? aaaea aei i?aeaeuaiiy
?aaeoe?? ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o,
cia/aiiy ae cacia/aiiai eiao?oe??ioa caeaaeeoue a?ae aca?iiiai
?ici?uaiiy aaaa?eoii? ?aiee oa eioooee e i?e ?ici?uaii? eioooee a
na?aaeei? aaaa?eoii? ?aiee ? i?i?iaeueiei a ieiuei? aaaa?eoii? ?aiee,
i?e a?aeaeaeaii? eioooee a?ae aaaa?eoii? ?aiee eiao?oe??io aca?iii?
?iaeoeoe?? ciaioo?oueny, i?e oeueiio ciia ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy
aeinoia??iino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy 0.95 i?e iioeiaeueiiio iaeaaiaeaeaiith
nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy neeaaea? 0.22i;

— c i?aeaeuaiiyi ?iai/i? /anoioe i?aeaeuo?oueny e ?aaeoe?y ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a ia aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o, e ca oiiae
iaeneiaeueii? aiie?ooaee iai?oae ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a a 10A, yeo
aenoaaeaii i?e a?aenooiino? eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy,
aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeinoia??iino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy 0.95, ieaeiueith ?iai/ith
/anoioith ? /anoioa 25eAoe;

— iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio eiioo??a ia /anoioo iai?oae
aeeaeaiiy cia/ii i?aeaeuo? ?aaeoe?th ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia
aianaiiy eieeaaeueiiai eiioo?o, a a?aeiia?aeii e aeinoia??i?noue
?ici?ciaaaiiy.

5. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?eie aecia/aiiyi ne?aeeoth/iai ii?iaa ?ioi?iaoeaiiai
ia?aiao?a, ui caaacia/o? ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiae?a iiia??a oaa?ei c
aeinoia??i?noth aeuith a?ae 0,95.

6. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?eie,
yea aeeth/a? a naaa:

— aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?aaeoe??, a a?aeiia?aeii e a??ia?aeiino?
?ici?ciaaaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaii noaio ia?aeiiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, a ye?e
ia?aaeaa/aii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei iiaoaeiae aeaea?aea iai?oae;

— aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeiae?? nenoaie, c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?eie i?e ?? ?on?, cai?iiiiiaai? noaie aeaiio??oaaiiy
eiioo?o ?aiee oa iaioe?iiy aeoiaeo aeaoaeoi?a;

— aeey cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao ?ici?ciaaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii noaio aecia/aiiy
oa caaeaiiy ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy aiie?ooaee;

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy caoeuaiino? a?ae ia?aoeiae ?ic?iaeaii i?ioieie ca’yceo
ia?aaea/? aeaieo ia aeuee ??aaiue ANE OI c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oiiai
eiaeo “Iai/anoa? II”.

7. A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?iaee nenoaie oa ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui
nenoaia ia? ianooii? ia?aiao?e:

— aaaa?eoia ?aiea ?ici??ii 0.8×1.7i ia? iioeiaeueio e?euee?noue aeoe?a a
?iai/iio ae?aiacii? /anoio — 27 aeoe?a;

— oi/i?noue iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ia ?aciiainio /anoioo eiioo?o aaaa?eoii?
?aiee — 31Aoe;

— eioooee iathoue ieiuo a?eia ia iaioa 0.00012 i2 e a?aeiia?aeii aei
/anoioe (a?ae??ce?a /anoioe) iathoue 360, 450, 575 oa 820 aeoe?a
(iioeiaeuei?) i?e eiao?oe??io? a?aeiinii? aoaeoeaii? iaai?oii?
i?iieeiino? na?oeaaeie 25;

— oi/i?noue iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ia ?aciiainio /anoioo eiioo?o iin?y aeaiaioa
eiaeo 11Aoe;

— i?e aecia/aieo 16 ?iai/eo /anoioao, ye? ?ici?uai? a ae?aiacii? a?ae 25
eAoe aei 73.5 eAoe c ?ioa?aaeii ia iaioa 3eAoe, aeei?enoaiiy 3-o
eiioo??a aeey o?enaoe?? eiaeo iiia?a caaacia/o? ?ici?ciaaaiiy noaaea c
iiaie?a’yi 560 oaa?ei, 4 oa 5 eiioo??a — caaacia/o? ?ici?ciaaaiiy noaaea
c iiaie?a’yi a?aeiia?aeii 1820 oa 4368 oaa?ei;

— i?e aca?iiiio ?ici?uaii? e?eueeio nenoai i?i?iaeueia a?aenoaiue i?ae
oeaio?aie ?aiie, i?e ye?e caaacia/o?oueny i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nenoai,
noaiiaeoue ia iaioa 5i,

— ciia ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia’?eo?a noaiiaeoue 0.2i, ui caaacia/o?
?ici?ciaaaiiy ia’?eo?a, ye? ?ooathoueny c? oaeaee?noth 2i/n.

— aeinoia??i?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei a ?aaeueieo oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??
0.983, i?e oeueiio /an ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia ia?aaeuo? 0.1c.

8. Aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei o
ae?iaie/eo oiiaao iieacaei ?? i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, eiae oaa?eie, yeo
?ici?ciaaaee, o?enoaaany oi/ii aac aoaeue-yeeo a?aeoeeaiue (iioeaie),
i?e aaaaoi?aciaiio ?ici?ciaaaii? oaa?eie ?? eiae aecia/aany no?eei, i?e
?ici?ciaaaii? oaa?ei, ye? ?ooathoueny, cai?a oa ii?ooaiue a ?iaio?
nenoaie ia niinoa??aaeinue.

9. ??/iee i/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy ANE OI oa?i c
iiaie?a’yi 1000 aie., aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeeoue nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei, neeaae? 60320 a?i., oa?i?i ieoiiino? neeaaea? 3,63
?ie?a, ca noaiii ia 1997 ??e.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

1. Aauaiei A.E., Aeo?iaa E.A., Eeneoi I.A. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaea
iaeneiaeueiiai i?aaaeiiiaeiaey i?e eaeaioeoeeaoeee aeeaioiuo // I?iaeaie
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oa aia?aicaaacia/aiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?. E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1996. — Aei.2. — N.15-17.

2. Iinia A.?., Aauaiei A.E., Eeneoi I.A. Iiauoaiea aa?iyoiinoe
?aniiciaaaiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai eiiieaena eaeaioeoeeaoeee aeeaioiuo
i?e yenieoaoaoeee // I?iaeaie aaoiiaoecaoe?? oa aia?aicaaacia/aiiy a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ? iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?. E??iaia?aae: E?NI. —
1996. — Aei.2. — N.46-48.

3. Iinia A.?., Aauaiei A.?., Ei?ioeia N.A., Eeneoi I.A. Aei
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai noi?nieoeoaa nenoai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oaa?ei // I?iaeaie
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oa aia?aicaaacia/aiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?. E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1996. — Aei.2. — N.54-58.

4. Aauaiei A.?., Eeneoi I.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ia?aeiiiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?ei // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1997. — Aei.1. — N.156-158

5. Aauaiei A.?., Eeneoi I.A. Niinia aaoiiaoe/iiai ?iciiciaaaiiy eiaeo
iiia?a oaa?ei // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1998.
— Aei.2. — N.14-17

6. Aauaiei A.?., Eeneoi I.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeao/eea nenoaie
?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?ei // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1998. — Aei.3. — N.24-26

7. Iao.23744A Oe?a?ia, IEE A 01 E 29/00. Niin?a aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo iiia?a oaa?ei / Iinia A.?., Aauaiei A.?., Eeneoi
I.A. ?97031442;Cayae.27.03.97 Ca?aa.16.06.98.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eeneoi I.A. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei a oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioeanao oa?i aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.13.07 – Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a. –
E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, E??iaia?aae, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?ei i?e eiiieaeni?e
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oaa?eiieoeueeeo oa?i.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii niin?a aaoiiaoe/iiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy eiaeo
iiia?a oaa?ei, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia aeyaeaii? eieeaaeueieo eiioo??a
iaaieo ?aciiainieo /anoio, ?ici?uaieo ia oaa?ei? i?ae /an ciaoiaeaeaiiy
inoaiiuei? a cii? ?ici?ciaaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy
ne?aeeoth/iai ii?iaa aeey ?ioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a i?e aeyaeaii? eiioo?o
i?aeaeuo? eiia??i?noue i?aaeeueiiai ?ici?ciaaaiiy oaa?eie.

Cai?iiiiiaaii noaii? ??oaiiy oa eiino?oeoe?y nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?ici?ciaaaiiy, aeine?aeiee c?acie yei? ciaeoia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ANE OI
iiei/ii? oa?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ici?ciaaaiiy, nenoaia, eiae iiia?a oaa?eie, aeaiaio
eiaeo iiia?a, i?ioean.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eeneoi I.A. Aaoiiaoecaoeey ?aniiciaaaiey aeeaioiuo a oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?ioeannao oa?i e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.13.07 – Aaoiiaoecaoeey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia.
– Ee?iaia?aaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Ee?iaia?aae,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?aniiciaaaiey aeeaioiuo i?e eiiieaeniie
aaoiiaoecaoeee oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo oa?i.

I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec aeaeeia?aoe/aneeo e iaoaioiuo iaoa?eaeia iieacae,
/oi ana nouanoaothuea iaoiaeu aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey aeeaioiuo
eiatho ii?aaeaeaiiua iaaeinoaoee e iaoi/iinoe.

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca nouanoaothueo ?aoaiee i?aaeeiaeai, iainiiaai e
?ac?aaioai niinia aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaiey eiaea iiia?a aeeaioiiai,
iniiaaiiue ia iaia?oaeaiee eieaaaoaeueiuo eiioo?ia ii?aaeaeaiiuo
?aciiainiuo /anoio, ?aciauaiiuo ia aeeaioiii ai a?aiy iaoiaeaeaiey
iineaaeiaai a ciia ?aniiciaiey, a eioi?ii a ioee/ea io nouanoaothueo
niiniaia i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue neaaeyuee ii?ia aeey eioi?iaoeaiiai
ia?aiao?a i?e iaia?oaeaiee eiioo?a. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea
neaaeyuaai ii?iaa, aaee/eia eioi?iai ii?aaeaeyaony n o/aoii
iecei/anoioiuo eciaiaiee naiiai eioi?iaoeaiiai ia?aiao?a aucaaiiuo
ninoiyieai ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, iiauoaao aa?iyoiinoue i?aaeeueiiai
?aniiciaiey aeeaioiiai.

A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioaiiie iiaeaee nenoaiu
aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey aeeaioiuo ii?aaeaeaiu ia?aiao?u nenoaiu e
naeaeaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.

Enoiaey ec i?aaeeiaeaiiiai niiniaa aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey eiaea
iiia?a aeeaioiiai ?ac?aaioaii aeai?eoi ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nenoaiu
aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey aeeaioiuo. I?aaeeiaeaiu noaiiua ?aoaiey e
eiino?oeoeey nenoaiu aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey, iiuoiue ia?acaoe
eioi?ie iaoae i?eiaiaiea a ANO OI iiei/iie oa?iu.

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ?aaioiniiniaiinoe e ooi/iaiey ia?aiao?ia nenoaiu ia
aaca I?iaeaiiie iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie eaai?aoi?ee Ee?iaia?aaeneiai
einoeoooa naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai iaoeiino?iaiey (n aeaeaa?y 1998 a. —
Ee?iaia?aaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao) auee
i?iaaaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey. Aeey eaaeaeiai aeaea
i?iaiaeeiiai enneaaeiaaiey ?ac?aaaouaaeanue niaoeeaeueiay iaoiaeeea,
eioi?ay iaania/eaaea aeinoiaa?iinoue iieo/aaiuo ?acoeueoaoia.

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ac?aaioaiiie nenoaiu
aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey aeeaioiuo auee i?iaaaeaiu oicyenoaaiiua
eniuoaiey. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iieacaee, /oi naiaa e ia?ooaiee a
?aaioa nenoaiu ?aniiciaaaiey ia iaaethaeaeinue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aniiciaiea, nenoaia, eiae iiia?a aeeaioiiai, yeaiaio
eiaea iiia?a, i?ioeann.

THE SUMMARY

Kislun O. A. Automation of a Recognition of an Animal in Technological
Processes of Farms of the Large Horned Cattle. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a scientific degree of the candidate of technical sciences
on a speciality 05.13.07 – Automation of technological processes. –
Kirovograd state technical university, Kirovograd, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to problems of an animals’ recognition at complex
automation of technological processes of animals farms.

In a thesis is developed a mode of an automatic recognition of a code of
number of the animal, which is based on a detection of oscillatory
outlines of defined resonance frequencies placed on the animal during a
determination last in zone of a recognition. Use of a tracking threshold
for an informative parameter is installed, that at a detection of an
outline rising probability of a right recognition of the animal.

The schematic solution and construction of a system of an automatic
discernment, the experimental sample of which has found application in a
MANAGEMENT AUTOMATIC SYSTEM TP of a milk farm, are offered.

Key words: a recognition, system, code of number of the animal, element
of a code of number, process.

Eiii’thoa?ia aa?noea Io?ai’?aa ?.I.

Caeaii aei iaai?o 15.04.99. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 20.04.99.

Oi?iao 60o84 1/16 (A5). Iai?? aacaoiee. Iaae?oeiaaii ia ??cia?ao?.

Aa?i?oo?a Oei Oaein. Oiia.ae?oe.a?e. 1,0. Cai. ? 463/99. Oe?aae 100
i?ei.

© ?AE. EAeOO. i.E??iaia?aae, i?ini.I?aaaee,70A.

Oae.597-541,597-551,559-245

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