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Автоматизація проектування технологічної оснастки: теорія і практика: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн. наук / Г.М. Жолткевич, Харк. держ. політехн. ун-т. —

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Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

AEieoeaae/ A?eai??e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 621.7.073-52

aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?iaeooaaiiyoaoiieia?/ii? inianoee:oai??y ? i?aeoeea.

niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.02.08 – oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyaeieoi?a
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? iiiia?ao?y.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo?
oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, n. i. n.,

Aeiaa Ea?ena Na?a??aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aaneoao “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiiai i?iaeooaaiiyAeieoi? oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieoaeeia Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

Caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiyAeieoi? oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Oa?ithe Ieeiea Aiaio?eiae/,

?inoeooo iaoei ? nenoai,

Aee?aeoi?I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy
“Iioi?-N?/”Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “28” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 14.00 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.12 o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aooi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee Ocoiyi I.Ae.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Iniiaiith iaoith oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ae?iaieoeoaa (OIA) ? aeinyaiaiiy a oiae? aeaioiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??
iioeiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeo?aoaie ia ae?iaieoeoai oa eiai
?acoeueoaoaie. Oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy /anoee iaeina??eiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaiao?aeiino? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa
aoaeoeaiino? OIA oa aeieoiaiooaaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano. Oaoiieia?/ia
i?aeaioiaea ae?iaieoeoaa, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aio/e?noth, iiaeiia naia
iaoe aenieee nooi?iue aio/eino?. Iaeiei c iai?yie?a, ui caaacia/o?
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa a caaae?
oa iaeina??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa cie?aia, ? aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee. Aiae?c no?oeoo?e aeo?ao ia OIA aeicaiey? c?iaeoe
aeniiaie i?i oa, ui i?iaeooaaiiy oa aeaioiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee
neeaaea? aei 93% oeeo aeo?ao, i?e/iio /anoea aeo?ao ia i?iaeooaaiiy
inianoee eieeaa?oueny a?ey 19% (aeea. ?en. 1). Oaeei /eiii,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e nooo?ai ciaioo? aaciina?aaei? aeo?aoe ia i?iaeooaaiiy oa
iiina?aaeeiaaii – aeo?aoe ia aeaioiaeaiiy inianoee.

A oie aea /an ne?ae caa?iooe oaaao ia oa, ui ?nioth/? aeine?aeaeaiiy c
ieoaiue aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa Oeaaoeia
A.Ae. No?oeoo?ii-nenoaiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea e aaoiiaoecaoeey
i?iaeoe?iaaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia. – Ieine: “Iaoea e oaoieea”,
1979. – 258 n., Aaa?eo A.I., Aoeiia A.E. Aaoiiaoecaoeey oaoiieiae/aneie
iiaeaioiaee iaoeiino?ieoaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. – E.: “Oaoi?ea”, 1982. –
215 n., Ieo?ioaiia N.I. A?oiiiaay oaoiieiaey iaoeiino?ieoaeueiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. A 2-o oiiao. – E.: “Iaoeiino?iaiea”, 1983. – 403 n.,
Eaionoei I.I., Aieeia A.TH., Oeaoiaeno?oe A.A. Neioac no?oeoo?u
iia?aoeey i?e ecaioiaeaiee a aeaeii aaoiiaoece?iaaiiii
i?iecaiaenoaa.//Eca. AOCia – I.: “Iaoeiino?iaiea”, 7, 1984. – n.
144-148. a iniiaiiio cina?aaeaeai? ia i?iaeaiao neioaco ia?o?ooo ia?iaee
aeaoae? oa ?ioeo aniaeoao, iia’ycaieo c i?iaeooaaiiyi oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano. Ia i?ioeaaao oeueiio, i?iaeai? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei. Aiaeia?/ii, a
?iaioao, ui i?enay/ai? i?iaeaiai aaoiiaoecaoe?? cania?a oaoiieia?/iiai
iniauaiiy, oaaaa a iniiaiiio cina?aaeaeaia ia aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioean?a
i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ? caaea/?, ui iia’ycai? c
i?iaeooaaiiyi inianoee, oaeiae oaeoe/ii ia ?icaeyaeathoueny.

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe iniaeeai c?inoa? o ca’yceo c i?ioeanaie
no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae iaoeiiaoae?aii? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie, ui nooo?ai
i?aeaeuo? cia/aiiy i?enei?aii? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa.
Oaia aeena?oaoe?? ? /anoeiith iai?yieo iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?
Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
ca Iaoe?iiaeueiith i?ia?aiith Oe?a?ie aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc? e?eoe/ieo
oaoiieia?e, ?icae?e “I?enei?aia oaoiieia?/ia i?aeaioiaea ae?iaieoeoaa”
(iiia?e aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0195U024502, 0395U014669, 0396U008782).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa o iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? ca ?aooiie
ciaiueoaiiy i?aoeai?noneino? oa nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ia i?iaeooaaiiy oa
aeaioiaeaiiy cania?a oaoiieia?/iiai iniauaiiy oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy iiai?
eiii’thoa?ii? iaoiaeieia?? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee oa
ia??oiooaaiiy i?eioeei?a, ia yeeo aiia aoaeo?oueny. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oothoueny oae? caaea/?:

aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee,
eia?/ieo ca’yce?a oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a i?ae eiai eiiiiiaioaie;

aiae?c iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iothaaiiy ??cieo aeae?a oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee oa ?o aieea ia no?oeoo?o i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy, eeaneo?eaoe?y
caaea/ i?iaeooaaiiy oeeo aeae?a inianoee, aeoiaey/e c ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

ia’?eoeaaoe?y ?iaa??aio?a no?oeoo?e i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee;

aeyaeaiiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iiaeaeae
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee oa ?ic?iaea aia?aoo ?o iieno;

aiae?c iaoiae?a iaoeiii? a?ao?ee c iaoith aecia/aiiy aaeaeaaoiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei aaiiao?e/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee,
?ic?iaea aoaeoeaieo aeai?eoi?a iiaeaethaaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?ac?a
??aeo/eo oa oi?iiooai?thth/eo /anoei oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee;

?ic?iaea oa ia??oiooaaiiy iaoai?cio i?eiyooy i?iaeoieo ??oaiue oa
ioe?iee ?o aeinoia??iino? ca oiia iaiiaiioe ?ioi?iaoe??, ui oa?aeoa?ii
aeey i?ioean?a i?iaeooaaiiy;

?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo canaae oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey iiaoaeiae aoaeoeaieo
aeai?eoi?a eeanoa?-aiae?co aeaiaio?a oaoiieia?/ii?o inianoee oa
i?iaeoieo neooaoe?e, ui aeieeathoue a i?ioean? ?? i?iaeooaaiiy;

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a a?coae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee oa aaoiiaoecaoe?? neioaco ?? e?aneaiue;

ia?aa??ea ia??oioiaaiino? iaoiaeieia?? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee oeyoii canoinoaaiiy ?? caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a a nenoaiao
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ie?aieo aeae?a oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee oa
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy inoaii?o;

ioe?ithaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? nenoai aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui ia ??oio? aiae?co no?oeoo?e
i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee ??cieo aeae?a ia’?eoiaai?
?iaa??aioi? eiiiiiaioe oeueiai i?ioeano. Oea aeicaieeei ?ic?iaeoe oa
oai?aoe/ii ia??oiooaaoe iiao eiii’thoa?io iaoiaeieia?th i?iaeooaaiiy
inianoee, yea caaacia/o? nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c i?iaeooaaiiyi,
o 4-15 ?ac?a, i?aeaeuaiiy aeinoia??iino? i?eiyooy i?iaeoieo ??oaiue oa
?o yeino?, iane?aeeii /iai ? ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ia aeaioiaeaiiy inianoee
ia 10-15%. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeieia?y aaco?oueny ia:

iiaeae? i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano ?oa?aoeaiiai (iaiioi/iiai) oeio, ui a?aoiao? ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? oa oaoiieia?/i? oiiae aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeae?a inianoee;

eeaneo?eaoe?? caaea/ i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee ca e?eoa???i
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy inoaiuei?, aeoiaey/? c caaaeueiiai
oi?ioethaaiiy caaea/? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?eno?i?a;

iaoiaeieia?? iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee oa ?? aeaiaio?a
o?aeiiaeie no?oeoo?aie oa cai?iiiiiaai?e ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaoiaeieia??
caniaaie SQL-aac aeaieo;

aoaeoeaieo aeai?eoiao iiaeaethaaiiy neeaaeieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?ac?a, ui
oa?aeoa?i? aeey aeaiaio?a iaaieo aeae?a oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee;

iaoai?ci? i?eiyooy i?iaeoieo ??oaiue oa ioe?iee ?o aeinoia??iino?, ui
??oioo?oueny ia i?ea?iaeuei?e oai??? “ia/?oeiai” aeaaaeaiiy, yeee
aeicaiey? oi?o?eoaaoe eia?/iee iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie
i?iaeooaaiiy ye oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee, oae ? ?? eiiiiiaio?a, a oaeiae
caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue aaoiiaoecaoe?? oace neioaco eiino?oeoe??
inianoee;

aoaeoeaieo aeai?eoiao eeanoa?-aiae?co aeaiaio?a inianoee oa i?iaeoieo
neooaoe?e, oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy yeeo iiaeaia a ?iaio?;

iaoiaeao a?coae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee
oa aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neioaco ?? e?aneaiue.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue oa ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe a i?iieneiaino?.
Ia ??oio? ocaaaeueiaiue, oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy noai?aii ?yae nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee, ui aeicaieeee nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue i?iaeooaaiiy oa aeaioiaeaiiy oaeeo aeae?a oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee: ??aeo/eo oa eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a, oaaeii?a
aeey onoaiiaee oa o?enaoe?? a i?ioean? caa?thaaiiy aeaiaio?a e??ieaiiy
ia iaiaeyo o?ainii?oieo iaoei, i?eniinia aeey cae?aiiy o?oaii?iaiae?a
iaeeaii-?aaoethth/i? aia?aoo?e o?ainii?oieo iaoei ia?aae caa?thaaiiyi
aai iaeeith, ooaii?a aeey ?icae?eueieo iia?aoe?e oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy,
i?an-oi?i aeey i?anoaaiiy oa?ii- oa ?aaeoiieanoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a.

?ic?iaeai? nenoaie ai?iaaaeaeai? ia oaeeo iaoeiiaoae?aieo
i?aei?e?inoaao:

aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai “Caaiae ?iai? A.I. Iaeeoaaa” (i. Oa?e?a);

eacaia i?aei?e?inoai “Oa?e?anueea eiino?oeoi?nueea ath?i c
aeecaeaaoaeoaaiiy” (i. Oa?e?a);

ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy “Eaeaaneee iaoeiino?ieoaeueiue caaiae” (i.
?aeaanuee, ?in?y);

aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai “Caaiae “A?naiae” (i. Ee?a);

ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy “E??ianueeee caaiae” (i. Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y);

aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai “Oaiaein?enueeee i?eeaaeiaoae?aiee caaiae” (i.
Oaiaein?y);

ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy “Acianeee iioeei-iaoaie/iee caaiae” (i. Acia,
?in?y);

iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy “AaeIII” (i. I?inuee, A?ei?onue);

ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy “?oaoeianueeee iaoeiiaoae?aiee caaiae” (i.
?oaoeianuee, ?in?y);

caaiae “Ae?ai?iaeoi?” (i. ?iaa/ueia, A?ei?onue);

aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai “Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy” (i. Oa?e?a);

aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai “Caaiae “Aanoa” (i. Ee?a);

aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai “Aeiiaoeueeee aeine?aeiee caaiae i?aoeac?eiiai
onoaoeoaaiiy” (i. Aeiiaoeuee).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee aeicaieeei a na?aaeiueiio nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie i?iaeooaaiiy
cacia/aieo aeae?a inianoee ia 75%, aeaioiaeaiiy – ia 10%. Aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo io?eiaiee a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oeeo nenoai aei 1991 ?ieo neeaa
565,2 oen. e?a.

A?iiiaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia 12 eiioa?aioe?yo,
neiiic?oiao oa nai?ia?ao, i?enay/aieo i?iaeaiai i?enei?eii?
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa oa ieoaiiyi aaoiiaoecaoe??
oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a iiiia?ao??, aeaio
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo oa 21 noaoo?, a oaeiae o 12 oacao aeiiia?aeae ia
nai?ia?ao oa eiioa?aioe?yo, anueiai o 36 ?iaioao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianyae ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y ia? oi?io iaoeiai? iiiia?ao??,
ui neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe aeaa oa aeniiaeo. Ianya iiiia?ao??
noaiiaeoue 15,57 aaoi?nueeeo a?eoo?a. Aiia i?noeoue 41 ?ethno?aoe?th, 10
oaaeeoeue oa nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c 96 iaca.

Iniiaiee ci?no

I?iaeaia ciaioaiiy i?ii?aeeo /ano a?ae iiiaioo aeieeiaiiy iaiao?aeiino?
o aoaeue-yeiio ae?ia? aei iiiaioo ii/aoeo eiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?
i?eioeeiiaith aeey no/aniiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie
iiaeeeaa ca ?aooiie i?enei?aiiy oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa,
aiae?c no?oeoo?ii? noaie yei? (aeea. ?en. 2) aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie
i?i oa, ui nei?a/aiiy oa?i?i?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee – iaeei c iai?yie?a aeinyaiaiiy
eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeiino? iaoeiiaoae?aiiai i?aei?e?inoaa. ?ioei a?aeiiei
iai?yieii ciaiueoaiiy aeo?ao ia OIA ? aeei?enoaiiy iai?ioii?
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui naia oaoiieia?/ia inianoea ? oei eiiiiiaioii
oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie, ca ?aooiie yeiai a iniiaiiio aeinyaa?oueny ??
aio/e?noue. A oie aea /an oaoiieia?/ia inianoea yaey? niaith ??ciiaeae
oe?ieiai eeano ia’?eo?a – oaoi?/ieo i?enoi?a, oiaoi ae?ia?a
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy aai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, ooieoe??th yeeo ? ia?aoai?aiiy
aeaeiaoooy, ia?ai?uaiiy, eiio?ieue ia’?eo?a aai ea?oaaiiy ieie. Oea aea?
i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee
ia? a?aeiia?aeaoe caaaeueiei i?eioeeiai i?iaeooaaiiy oaoi?/ieo
i?eno?i?a, iath/e, a oie aea /an, iaaio niaoeeo?eo, iia’ycaio c
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiino?oeoeaieie iniaeeainoyie inoaiuei?. Ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeooaaiiy a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? aeicaiey?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe oeae i?ioean ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiee, ui aaia?o? iiaeaeue
ae?iaa (i?iaeo) i?ae oi?aae?iiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oaoi?/i? oa ?io? aeiiae
aei iueiai. Iniaeea?noue oaoi?/ieo i?eno?i?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui aeiiae
aei ieo iinyoue ooieoe?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?, oaeoe/ii, ia i?noyoue
noa’?eoeaieo eiiiiiaio?a, iia’ycaieo c iaoaoi?/ieie oyaeaiyie oeio
oyaeaiue i?i anoaoe/i?noue ciai?oiueiai aeaeyaeo ae?iao. Oey
iniaeea?noue, aacia?a/ii, ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ? ia oaoiieia?/io
inianoeo. Iaeiae aeey ia? oa?aeoa?iith ? oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue
o?aooaaiiy a i?ioean? i?iaeooaaiiy ?ano?nieo iaiaaeaiue iia’ycaieo c
iayai?noth o ?ino?oiaioaeueiiio ae?iaieoeoa? oeo /e ?ioeo oaoiieia?/ieo
iiaeeeainoae. Oiaoi i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee ne?ae
?icaeyaeaoe ye i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy ca iayaiino? ia o?eueee iaiaaeaiue,
iia’ycaieo c iaiao?aei?noth ?aae?caoe?? aeai?eoio ooieoe?thaaiiy, ui
ie?aneaiee oaoi?/ieie aeiiaaie aei ae?iao, aea e iaiaaeaiue, iia’ycaieo
c oaoiieia?/ieie iiaeeeainoyie eiai iiaeaeueoiai aeaioiaeaiiy o aaea
?nioth/iio ?ino?oiaioaeueiiio ae?iaieoeoa?.

Ocaaaeueiaii i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? ? aca?iiae??th
o?ueio nai?o iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a (oac): neioaco, aiae?co oa
ioe?iee (?en. 3). Aca?iiae?y oeeo eiiiiiaio?a iineoue iae?i?eiee
oa?aeoa?. Iiaeia neacaoe, ui aoaeue-yea i?iaeoia ??oaiiy aeieea? i?ae
/an aeeiiaiiy oace neioaco, eiie?aoia eiai aeeiiaiiy caaacia/o?oueny
oacith aiae?ca, a a?aeiia?aei?noue ?acoeueoaoo iao? i?iaeooaaiiy –
oacith ioe?iee. Iane?aeeii oaei? i?e?iaee i?ioeano ? eiai ?oa?aoeaiee
(oeeee?/iee oa?aeoa?).

?nioth/? ?iaioe c ieoaiue aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee ?aii?othoue iayai?noue oe??? oeeee?/iino?, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ni?iuaiiiai oyaeaiiy i?i i?ioean. Iai?eeeaae, A.A. ?aeiae/ aaaaea?
?aeiae/ A.A. Aaoiiaoecaoeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey i?eniiniaeaiee aeey
iaoaeei?aaeoueo noaieia. I.: “Iaoeiino?iaiea”, 1980. – 136 n., ui i?ae
?ioi?iaoe??th i?i caaioiaeo, ui ia?iaey?oueny, oaoiieia?/iith noaiith
iia?aoe?? oa ?ioi?iaoe??th, ui io?eio?oueny ia aeoiae? i?ioeano
i?iaeooaaiiy i?eniiniae, ?niothoue ooieoe?iiaeuei? (oiaoi iaeiicia/i?)
aca?iica’ycee, a?eueo oiai, oe? ca’ycee iiaeooue aooe ?aae?ciaai?
aeai?eoi?/ii. Oaea neooaoe?y ae?enii oa?aeoa?ia aeey iaei?ino?oeo, n
oi/ee ci?o i?iaeoieo ?ia?o, aeae?a oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee, iai?eeeaae,
?ino?oiaio?a. Aea aeey eiino?oeoeaii a?eueo neeaaeieo aeae?a inianoee
oea i?eiouaiiy ia aeeiio?oueny.

Eia?/ia noaia i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee ia? aeaeyae, ui
iiaeaiee ia ?en. 4 o aeaeyae? ae?aa?aie ia?aoiae?a i?ioeano.

C ae?aa?aie aeaeii, ui i?ioeano i?eoaiaiia ?oa?aoeoai?noue, i?e?iaea
yei? iia’ycaia c iaiiaiioith ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae c
iaiaeiicia/i?noth (aa??aioi?noth) ?acoeueoaoo i?ioeaaeo?e ni?anoaaeaiiy,
ui ? i?e/eiith ooai?aiiy eiioe?eoii? iiiaeeie. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
??cieo iiaeeeaeo eaioetha?a ia?aoai?aiue iioi/iiai noaio i?iaeoo, ye?
cae?eniththoueny i?iaeoieie i?ioeaaeo?aie. Oaeei /eiii, o?aaeeoe?eiee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy i?ioeano i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee
oaeoe/ii caeeoa? iica oaaaith oaco neioaco eiino?oeoe??,
cina?aaeaeoth/enue ia i?ioean? aiae?co (iaoiaeao ?ic?aooieo cia/aiue
ia?aiao??a aaea ?nioth/i? eiino?oeoe??) oa ioe?iee eiai ?acoeueoao?a.
Cae/aeii, eiee ?icaeyaea?oueny i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy eiino?oeoeaii
i?inoeo aeae?a oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee (iai?eeeaae, ?ino?oiaio?a) oaeee
i?aeo?ae ? aei?aaaeaiei, ine?eueee oi?o?eaoe?y ?o eiino?oeoe?e
caaacia/o? ?ic?ea i?iaeoieo oeeee?a. Oiaoi a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ae?enii
iiaeia iaiaaeeoeny o?eueee ?icaeyaeii caaea/ aiae?co ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia?? aeey aaoiiaoecaoe? ?ic?aooie?a
ia?aiao??a oeiiai? iiaeae? inianoee aeoiaey/e c aeaieo i?i ??
oaoiieia?/ia i?ecia/aiiy oa oiiae ooieoe?thaaiiy, ye? aecia/athoueny
noaiith iia?aoe??. Oea aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
o?aaeeoe?eia iaiaaeaiiy o aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?ioean?a i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee o?eueee ?ioi?iaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie iioi/iiai
oeio, oiaiiaeeeaeth? aoaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo iaoiae?a
i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oaca neioaco,
iia’ycaia c iaiao?aei?noth i?iaaaeaiiy ?ici??eiaoaaiue ?iaeoeoe?eiiai
oa?aeoa?o ca oiia iaiiaiioe ?ioi?iaoe??, ia i?ioeaaao oiio, ui aeeiiaiiy
oac aiae?co oa ioe?iee caaacia/o?oueny i?ioeanaie aeaaeoeoeaiiai
aeaiaeo, aeinoaoiuei aeeaiei aeine?aeaeaieie a ?iaioao c eia?ee oa
ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo.

I?iaeaia ciaiueoaiiy iaaeaoa?i?iiaaiino? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee, oiaoi ciaioaiiy iiooaeiino? eiioe?eoieo iiiaeei, ui
aeieeathoue a oiae? i?ioeano (aeea. ?en. 4), ? iaei??th c iniiaieo
caaea/ oai??? ?? i?iaeooaaiiy. Iaeiei c aieiaieo iaoiae?a, ui aeicaiey?
ae??ooaaoe oeth i?iaeaio, ? oi?o?eaoe?y eiino?oeoe?e inianoee oa ??
aeaiaio?a. Oaea oi?o?eaoe?y iiaea aooe ??cieo ??ai?a. Ia?oee ??aaiue
oi?o?eaoe?? eiino?oeoe?? oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee oa ?? aeaiaio?a
aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ia?aiao?e/ieo eiino?oeoe?e.
A?aeiia?aeia oi?o?eaoe?y ? oi?o?eaoe??th ia ??ai? neioaco eiino?oeoe??,
i?e oeueiio, ne?ae iai’yoaoe, ui eiaeia ia?aiao?e/ia eiino?oeoe?y caaea?
iane?i/aio iiiaeeio nai?o ?aae?caoe?e. A?eueo aeeaiea oi?o?eaoe?y
a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeeo noaiaea?oeciaaieo aeaiaio?a. Oi?o?eaoe?y oeueiai
??aiy ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ia o?eueee ia eiino?oeoe?th aeaiaio?a
inianoee aea, cia/iith i??ith, e ia oaoiieia?th ?o aeaioiaeaiiy.

Aeoiaey/e c iayaiino? iaaii? a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae oaoiieia?/iith
ooieoe??th inianoee oa ?? eiino?oeoe??th iiaeia ciaoiaeeoe ia?oa
iaaeeaeaiiy aei ?ica’yceo caaea/? neioaco oeyoii i?aeai?o iiaeeeaeo
oi?o?eiaaieo iiaeaeae inianoee, a?aoiaoth/e o? ?? oaoiieia?/i? ooieoe??,
ui aecia/ai? oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii. Oaeei /eiii, iinoa? iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? caaea/ i?iaeooaaiiy inianoee ca ??
ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi. Oaea eeaneo?eaoe?y iiaeaia o oaae.1. Oey
eeaneo?eaoe?y ooi/ith?oueny, aeoiaey/e c oaoiieia?/ieo oiia
ooieoe?thaaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai eeano inianoee. Oaeei /eiii, oiiae
caaaeueii? caaea/? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee neeaaeathoueny c
aeaio iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a: oaoiieia?/ii? ooieoe?? oa oaoiieia?/ieo
oiia. Eiaeiee c oeeo eiiiiiaio?a aecia/a?oueny i?ae /an i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, yeee, oaeei /eiii, ? i?ioeanii aa?oiueiai ??aiy
aeey i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee.

C aeeaa?aie ia?aoiae?a i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee (?en. 4)
aeaeii, ui oeaio?aeueiei ?ioi?iaoe?eiei eiiiiiaioii i?ioeano ? aeai? i?i
iioi/iee noai i?iaeoo. Oiaoi iinoa? caaea/a iiaeaethaaiiy oe???
?ioi?iaoe??. Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, yea
aeei?enoiao?oueny a ?iaio?, ??oioo?oueny ia iaaieo iaoai?ciao
aano?aeoe?e.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee oa ?? aeaiaio?a iiaeiia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aaeaeaaoio i?ioioeio nenoaio aano?aeoe?e. A ?iaio?
anoaiiaeaia, ui aeey iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee aeinoaoiuei
aeaio aano?aeoe?e – aano?aeoe?? ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aano?aeoe??
aa?aaoaaiiy. Oea a?aeiia?aea? ooieoe?iiaeueiei oa eiino?oeoeaiei
iniaeeainoyi inoaiuei?.

Iaoai?ci aano?aeoe?e aeicaiey? anoaiiaethaaoe ca’ycee i?ae iiiyooyie, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?ioean? iiaeaethaaiiy. Eiaeia oaea iiiyooy
aeae?ey? iaaiee eean ia’?eo?a, yeee c iei ? ioioiaeith?oueny.
Aano?aeoe?y ocaaaeueiaiiy iiaeaeth? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae eeanaie ia’?eo?a,
ui iiaea aooe aecia/aia ye “aooe ??ciiaeaeii”. Iai?eeeaae, eeann
“??caoeue oaniiee” ? ??ciiaeaeii eeano “??caoeue”, a oie aea /an eean
“??caoeue oaniiee aeeneiaee” ? ??ciiaeaeii eeano “??caoeue oaniiee”.
Oeae i?eeeaae aeaiiino?o? oie oaeo, ui a?aeiioaiiy “aooe ??ciiaeaeii”
aaiaeeoue ia eeanao oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee ???a?o?th i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy.
Iayai?noue oaei? ???a?o?? aeicaiey? aoaeoeaii i?aai?ciaoaaoe i?ioean
ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? aano?aaoth/enue a?ae ianooo?aeo n oi/ee ci?o
iioi/iiai noaio i?ioeano iiae?iaeoeue. Iai?eeeaae, i?e iiaeaethaaii?
i?an-oi?ie ia ??ai? eiiiiioaaiiy ianooo?aeie ? eiie?aoi? aeai? i?i
eeoieeiao nenoaio /e nenoaio ioieiaeaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy aano?aeoe??
ocaaaeueiaiy aeicaiey? a?aeeeanoe ae??oaiiy ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
ia?aiao?ecaoe??th oa ?? icia/aiiyi aeey oeeo nenoai, ia iiaeaeueoee /an,
? aeei?enoiaoaaoe a i?ioean? eiiiiioaaiiy o?eueee iaea?eueo nooo?a?
caaaeuei? ?o oa?aeoa?enoeee. A?aenooi?noue o iiaeae? iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aano?aeoe?th ocaaaeueiaiiy i?ecaiaeeoue aei
oi?eae?caoe?? eiaeii? caaea/? i?iaeooaaiiy, caia?a/aiith ?nioaaiiy
caaaeueieo iaoiae?a oa a?aeiia? a?ae aeei?enoaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a ia
ei?enoue aii??e/ieo i?eeii?a. Iane?aeeii oeueiai noa? iaiiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e ia?iaee i?iaeoii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
aoaeoeai?noue yeeo iia’ycaia c ?ica’ycaiiyi, oae caaieo, ianiaeo
i?iaeai.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaei iaoai?ciii aano?aeoe??, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny a
i?ioean? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee, ?
aano?aeoe?y aa?aaoaaiiy. Iaoai?ci aa?aaoaaiiy iiaeaeth? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae
eeanaie ia’?eo?a, ui aecia/a?oueny ye “? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith” aai “?
eiiiiiaioii”. Aeey eiaeiiai oaoi?/iiai ia’?eoo oey aano?aeoe?y yaii
caaea?oueny eiai niaoeeo?eaoe??th. Ae?enii, eeann iao?eoeue ooaii?a,
iai?eeeaae, neeaaea?oueny c ia’?eo?a, ui aoiaeyoue ye eiiiiiaioe a
ia’?eoe eeano ooaii?a aeey oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy. A oie aea /an oey
aano?aeoe?y ia iiaea aooe ae/a?iaia niaoeeo?eaoe??th. Iai?eeeaae,
eiaeiee ??aeo/ee ?ino?oiaio ia? ?iai/o oa e??ieeueio /anoeie. Oe?
/anoeie aacia?a/ii ? neeaaeiaeie ?ino?oiaioo, i?ioa aiie ia ? eiai
neeaaeaeueieie iaeeieoeyie. Oiaoi aano?aeoe?y aa?aaoaaiiy iiaeaeth? ia
o?eueee a?aeiioaiiy i?ae o?ce/ieie neeaaeiaeie /anoeiaie ia’?eoo, aea e
eia?/ia a?aeiioaiiy i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueii ??cieie /anoeiaie ia’?eoo, ye?
ia iiaeooue aooe a?aeie?aieai? a?ae iueiai o?ce/ii. Ia ?en. 5 ia
i?eeeaae? caoeneoth/eo i?eno?i?a iiaeai? o?aaiaioe aano?aeoe?e
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aa?aaoaaiiy.

A ?iaio? aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? canaaee aia?aoo iiaeaethaaiiy,
iiaoaeiaaiiai ia ?aeyoe?eiiio, a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?, i?aeoiae?.
Cai?iiiiiaaiee aiia?ao aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe iaaaaeai? aeua aeaa
iaoai?cie aano?aeoe??: ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aa?aaoaaiiy.

A iniiao ?ic?iaeaiiai aia?aoo iieeaaeai? oae? i?eioeeie:

aa?aaoaaiiy iiaeae? inianoee /e ?? aeaiaio?a c aeaiaioa?ieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaeeieoeue;

iane?aeoaaiiy eeanaie eiiiiiaio?a a?ae nai?o ocaaaeueiaiue.

Ia?oee c oeeo i?eioeei?a aeei?enoiaoaaany aeey iiaeaethaaiiy oaoi?/ieo
nenoai oa oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a ?iaio? I.?. ?i?oaiiaa, I.TH. I?eiaa
oaA.N. Ieaniaae/a, 1986. – n. 107-137.. Ae?oaee i?eioeei iieyaa? a oiio,
ui ca oiia iayaiino? o aecia/aiiai eeano ia’?eo?a c i?aaeiaoii? iaeano?
i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee iaaieo eiiiiiaio?a, aiaeia?/i?
eiiiiiaioe iathoue ? eeane, ui ? ??ciiaeaeaie oeueiai aecia/aiiai eeano.
Oea aeicaiey? nooo?ai ciaiooaaoe ianya ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e iiaeaethaaii?
oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee. Iai?eeeaae, iayai?noue ??aeo/i? /anoeie o
ia’?eo?a eeano “??aeo/ee ?ino?oiaio” aaoiiaoe/ii iio?aao? ?? iayaiino? o
??ciiaeae?a ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo.

I?e noai?aii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? aoaeue-yeiai eeano oaoiieia?/ii?
inianoee aaiaeeoueny aea? iiiaeeie ?iai: N – ?iaia iiiyoue (eean?a), ui
iaiao?aei? aeey iiaeaethaaiiy, oa R – ?iaia, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
anoaiiaeththoueny ca’ycee i?ae iiiyooyie. A iiiaeai? N aeae?eythoueny
?iaia ia?aeiieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeaiaio?a – /enae, neiaie?a, ?yaee?a
oiui.

Aeey eiaeiiai ?iai? ia?aeiiiai iiiyooy n caaea?oueny iiiaeeia iiaeeeaeo
cia/aiue – aaca iiiyooy, ui iicia/a?oueny B(n). sseui iicia/eoe ?iaia
ia?aeieo iiiyoue /a?ac N0, a /a?ac S iicia/eoe iiiaeeio, oiae? iiiaeeio
aeaieo, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ae /an iiaeaethaaiiy i?aaeiaoii?
iaeano?, iia’yciii? c ?icaeyaea?iei eeanii oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee iiaeii
?aeo?aioii aecia/eoe ca oi?ioeaie:

A iaaaaeaieo oi?ioeao aeei?enoaia iicia/aiiy F(X,Y) aeey iiiaeeie
ooieoe?e, ui ae?thoue c iiiaeeie X a iiiaeeio Y, c? ne?i/aiith
iiiaeeiith aecia/aiiy, oa dom(f) aeey iiiaeeie aecia/aiiy ooieoe?? f.

Aeey eiaeiiai ?iai? iaia?aeiiiai iiiyooy n caaea?oueny ne?i/aia iiiaeeia
ia?, yea iicia/a?oueny /a?ac ?(n) ? ia? iacao neaiaoo?e iiiyooy n. Aaca
iaia?aeiiiai ii?iyooy aecia/a?oueny ?iaeoeoeaii ca ianooiieie oi?ioeaie:

Oaeei /eiii, c eiaeiei iiiyooyi i?aaeiaoii? iaeano? (o?aeiii –
i?ioioeiii) iia’ycaia iiiaeeia iiaeeeaeo eiai i?eeeaae?a – aaca. I?ioa
ia an? aeaiaioe aace ? c?aceaie o?aeio – i?ioioeio. Aeey oiai, uia
aeae?eeoe na?aae aeaiaio?a aace i?aeiiiaeeio ei?aeoieo i?eeeaae?a o?aeio
(o?aei?a – c?ace?a), aaiaeyoueny iaiaaeaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue
aenoain?iiae o?aeio, oiaoi iiiaeeie ei?aeoieo o?aei?a – c?ace?a.
Aenoain?iiae o?aeio c ?iaiai n iicia/a?oueny E(n). Iaiao?aei?noue
aaaaeaiiy iiyoue aace oa aenoain?iiaeo iia’ycaia c iaiao?aei?noth
iiaeaethaaiiy e??i no?oeoo?ieo ca’yce?a, ui aeinyaa?oueny ia ??ai?
aecia/aiiy aace, aea e iaaieo a?aeiia?aeiinoae ? caeaaeiinoae, ui
iiaeii? aeeiioaaoeny a eiino?oeoe?? inianoee. Iai?eeeaae, o i?eniinia?
iiaeai?e ia ?en. 5 ia ??ai? aace iiaeia i?iiiaeaethaaoe iayai?noue
oieeueee oa aaeee c iaaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ??cueae o eiaeii?. Aea aeey
oia, uia oaea ia?a oieeueea – aaeea aeei?enoiaoaaeany o i?eniinia?
iaiao?aeii iaeeanoe aeiaeaoeia? iaiaaeaiiy: oa?aeoa?enoeee ??cuea
iathoue ni?aiaaeaoe. Oaeei /eiii, aei aenoain?iiaeo i?eniiniae aoiaeeoue
eeoa oaea ia?a oieeueea – aaeea, aeey yei? cacia/aia oiiaa ni?aaaaeeeaa.

Neaiaoo?e o?aei?a iiaeaeththoue a?aeiioaiiy “aooe neeaaeiaith /anoeii?”,
oiaoi cai?iiiiiaaia noaia aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe aano?aeoe?th
aa?aaoaaiiy. Aano?aeoe?y ocaaaeueiaiiy caaacia/o?oueny a oeueiio iaoiae?
oeyoii aaaaeaiiy ia iiiaeei? ?iai o?aei?a – i?ioioei?a a?aeiioaiiy
ii?yaeeo <. cacia aeua i iane oaia iiaea aooe oi caienaiee oaeith . aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeee iiaeaethaaiiy iaeano oaoiieia inianoee iienaia a iiiia iiaeaeue oey aaco ia oaaeeoeyo eeane oa eeaneo cia anueiai aeaa noiai eeano iaaeeean iaaeeeanii oaeee eean ui eiaeiee iaeaaeeoue oaeiae iaaeeeano. c iaceaathoue aaciina iaaeeeanii. iai caien aoaea iaoe aeaeyae oeae o aac aeaieo nenoaie iiiyooy iaea caaaeueiei iiiyooyi oiaoi aaca iiaeiia nothing iiaeaeth oea oaa aoaeue-yeiai aei caaaeueii noaie aa eiai aeoiaey oeueiai aaiaeeoueny ne caoaaaeeoe oei caaea oanao iaiaaeaiiy ye aeae aenoain aace. aeey iniiaiiai eooa ieai cao eoo real ca eeanaie anoaiiaeth oaeei iniiaiei eooii yeiai eaaeaoue ae caienii iniiaiee eiinoaioa aeei oe neooaoe iaoith oiai aeiaeaoeiaeo oanaoo iaiaaeaiue aaiaeeoueny. caa eiie aecaiiey ua aecia eeanii iaeaaeeoue. aiia neeaaea yeeo ianooiiee oaeiai caieno aae caaaeueiiai caniaaie sql-aac aaoi iaeanoae inianoee. aacia iiceoeaia iieyaa oiio aeicaiey aeai aaoiiaoecaoe cie e aoaeue-yea aaiiao no aaaeeea iiaeae eiiiiiaioo iia iaei aaaeeeaeo iaoeiiaoae acaaae iaeeieoe caaaeath aaaeeeaith iaiao yei aeieea aoaeue-yei aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aaeaeaaoieo iaoiae iiaeaethaaiiy. aiae aeaiaio iaoiaee noaiaea caaaeueiiiaoeiiaoae aeia aacothoueny iaoiaeao eiino iaeiae nai neeaae aeaoae caeaaeiinoyie oeio aeaoaeae aeoyaeieo ooaii eeaa oaaeii eiio ieaciaeo iiaa iinoa oaeeo caeaa ai ooieoe inoeeeyoe eieeaaiue aoaeo ieieao yaeua iaaiiai aeiiaaie iaia iio nooi iathoue caeaaeaoue niiniao aeaioiaeai aeaeiaaoaaiiy ao ciaeaeaiee caaacia aaeoi aeioe aeicaieea iiaoaeoaaoe aoaeoeaiee ciaoiaeaeaiiy caaeai oeueiio aaeaeiny oieeiooe iniiao iaoiaeo iieeaaeaia oiiae yeino iaoo iaaaoeaieo yaeu ine aea iaiiaeeeaee oaoi eiai. sse cai aeiaaeeia eaiaii caaeaii iine iiaeaiee ni iao b eii oae: ieaciai pk-1 pk aeaeyae: aaea iaoeiai noaiiaeoue iaeio aaeoc iniaeeaino aeicaieythoue aeniiaie iayai oaei iniiaieo ciaiue. iaaaaeaoe ciaiiy iicia iniaeeai ianea na ci aeaiaioe ianeae aioo naieo oae ieie iiaeeea ciaiue neeaaeia iaaiaee neeaaeiaeo aeanoea icia anoaiiaethaaoe aeaiaioaie nieneiaee eiioaeno aeoeai aeeiio aeieeea iaaia yea aeoea oeth iiaeeoa cania io iaoai ioe iaio iiaeia neacaoe iaeeaaea iiaeeeao aeiaaeeo iaeaaiaeaeaiiy oeo inianoeo aia i. ineoieia eiii aeaio eiiiiiaio eiiiiiaioe neioe. neio eoo. iaeanoue aeinoaoiuei iiaii aeineoue oie neeaaeii aeayei ii neioai anoaiiaeaiiy aiiie iaiae iaoei eiiieaeoo in oeaio oeeo nenoai iiaeaia iieacaiee aeo yeiio aeeiiothoueny aeaiaioa neeaaeieie ieo neioaco oaca caiaeeoueny oeiiai noa noi aeaieie oiiaaie ciaeoe aeeiiaiiy oiia. yeui caaaeaiiyi noaiith iaeiicia aeueoa eiioe iiiaeeie. iiaoaeiaaia oae. iaoae x iiiaeeia aeaiaioai y noai iiiaeeiaie aeaoa iiiaeeie oiiaai inianoea iaaeaoa oeyoii aaaaeaiiy aeiaaeeiai aaee aeayeiio eiia iiiaeei oaea iaeei iaeiiio aaaaeaoe iieooaaiue aenia p aeoiie uiaei iyaiino aeoaea aaaeeeaei ie aeiaaeeii iiaeaethaaii aeiaaeie iiae aai aeieeathoue aeayeei eeanoa aaeaeaaoi iaiaaieie yeo x. caaeia aeiiaai: niaith aeaiaioo oiae aea-iaioo z iiaeii aaanoe aeanoeaino aaaaeaii oai aeeeaaeaiith caaaeuei aeiaaeee anoaiiaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy nooo canoinoaaiiyi iiaoaeiaa aaaeeeao cae aaaaeaiee caaeaia iacaaiee a. aeiaaaeaii aoii ei iaaaaeaieo iiaoaeiae canoiniaothoueny eiiieaeo onoaiiaee iiaeaeueoiai iaeeaii- aca ianya caeiathoue onoaiiai aocie yeee anoaiiaeththoueny acaeiaae ox oy. aee aocea onoaiiaoe n yp q yq caaeaoe aaaa caci iiaeooue anoaiiaeai aeiiiiiaith iioeiaeuei aeacaiee neeaaeiino aoaeoeaiino ciaioaiiy iaoiaeieia caoeua aeaaaeaiiy aaeaeaaoiei nenoaiao ooo iaaee aeeeaaeaieo aaoiiaoeciaai iiaaae oaeoieia niin caaaeueiino iaiaaeaoenue aeaeo: iaeii h1 hn iii c1 cm iaeia iienaiee caaaeueiee iniia iiaeaethaaoe oiiaao aeinoia iiaia iniauaiiy. iaiaeeth aeeiiaoe aeeiiaii ciaoiaeyoueny ciaoiaeeoueny aace aeiaeaoe iaoiaeii noaeiaiai an iiaia. iaiiaiioe aeaeii eaoaai aiaeia nenoaia oeio: aeiioneii aeiiae aeaeyaeo. ooaiio oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy ooaiioaaiiy: oiaueia iaoa eaaeeoue noaio aiaaiaiino naia iaeaoaai iniaeea aiie caaeathoue aacoiiaii eeoa aeena iiaeyae aeeeaaeaia iaoiaeeea ocaaaeueiai aeinooiieo oaeo aeaaaeaiiy. eiaeia ieaeith iiaeeeaeo oiiaieo oaeoao. ieaeiuei iaiaaeaiiyi aeayeeo f b. iiiaeaeeia aeniiae oiia sseui k iiiaeeio caaeiaieueiythoue aneo w d aeaoe iinoaiiaeo aeniiaeo aeaye ooaiiiai aeiaaa iiieaeaia eaae aiaai iaioa noaia aeniea aeaioiaeaiiy iiaiooinoae aoea canoiniaaia aeina iaoiaeeee. caaa noaae aeaeo aeioneo aeieoiaioaoe aaeeeith aaia yne caaaeyee ea uia ina aeiooeii aeine l iiyniaiee is aeca id aeeoociiai ssne caeiio aaniethoii neaey aeiaooeo aiineoue caaaeueia aeeoocia aeeoociiio iaeiaeiaa iaaeath iaa eiao aeiaeaieo m="0,9;" g="0,1;" noaaeoue aeieoiaiooaaiiy iniiaia oeiiaa iiaoaeae ieiuei iiaoaeia neaioth aoce aeene iaaiith iioeaeith iniiaiiio neeaaeathoueny aeoa p1 yn ax by eaaae iaeiaioa ciaeaeaia niaeo iaeneioi iaeneiaeueiiio aeaniiio eiioo aoaeoeaii iiceoeaii iaoeiiaoaeoaaii iaoeiai-aeine iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. aoee aenieoaoaoe caaiaeao iaiaeyo eiiieaeooin iayiiy iaae canaae iiaoaeiaaii iiai ieoaiiy aeiiii nenoai. aoaeoeai coiiaeth oaeeie cieaeaiiy iniauaiiy aaao aoaeue-yeiio ciaioeoe iacaaaeath naiiio aeaea iiaeeeaei. iiaeai oaae.2. iiaeiii aaciaiio iioi ce aeaioia-eaiiy nm oiui c0 iaeeieoeue neeaaeooue n0 iie oaae.3 iaaaaeai ona iieacieea aeanyoe aeicaieeei oen. aeathoue eiiieaenii ciaiueoaiiy iioei aeniiaee iaiioi aaeaeaaoiith iaoiaeeeith iiaeaeae caeaaeeoue oace iiaeo iaeiei canoinoaaiiy oeei iiaoaeiaaieo anoaiiaeaia iiaeaeeth. caaaeaia iaoaiaoeee. iaoiaeee aacathoueny. iieacieee ieoiiino nienie oaiith a.i. aeieoeaae aaoiiaoecaoeey oaoiieiae inianoee: e.: n. iino i.: oeieeeioi i.ae. eiacaa a.n. a.ss. ain. aioaoaiyi a.e. eiiiaaeia iaoeeaea ainnoaiiaeaiea oaaee neiaeiuo aaoiiaoecaoeee noaieia aii oaoieee iv. n.50 eaiaeei n.e. aaoiiaoece iauaiiuo noaieao n.32 eaiaoia n.th. iioeiecaoeee auai aeaeeo iii. n.57 e.a. ecia iaoeiiie n.37 nicaeaiea yenia nenoaiu ioeaiee aiciiaeiinoe oieoeoee n.69 aieiaeei a.a. eioaiianeee noaiu oieaa naa ii. n.3 oaaeiiia n.18 e.th. eiiieaen yai n.23 iiaoiae iiuo yenieoaoaoeee neiaeiie eae eino n.7 noiaenoaa n.22 n.39 eeaeaiia th.a. oaoiieiaey iieo neiaeiii ooaiiia iauaiiui iiuo. n.15 iiaeaioiaea iauaiiie iauaeo n.196 iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe iniauaiey aoo n.203 iiaeoiae neioaca aunieea oaoiieiaee iaoeiino ainoaea iieeoaoie n.82 cad ecaeaeee einoeooo niaea iaoiaeia ieienoa n.93 eocia n.9 neiaeiiai n.107 iiaeaee iaoaieciia iiiiue aanoiee oaoie niaoeeaeueiue auione. n.75 eiaa eioaeeaeooaeueiuo aui. n.147 aiioaoe caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi niaoe oaoiiea nei aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii oeio. aaeaeaaoii iieno iniaeeainoae. canaaee iiaeaii aeaieo. iaoeiii iieacaii iiaeaeththoueny. caiia aeieeiaiith iaoiaeeeo oeyo oac aeiaaeaii iiaaaeaii eeth neiaa: aaoiiaoeciaaia iaoeiia summary zholtkevych g.m. computer aided design methodology for technological equipment: theory and practices. monograph. the dissertation on competition of scientific degree doctor engineering science speciality technology mechanical engineering. kharkhiv state polytechnic university. kharkiv protecting work purpose affectivity manufacture preparing increasing. increasing based decreasing equipment expenses. new base realisation. modern information handling methods. devises grounds work. peculiarities process as indirect researched different approaches to modelling considered at established that framework structures are adequate description problems their elements constructions. theoretical principles element constructions devised sql-database realisation described. graphical systems analyses showed functional class corresponds own method geometrical modelling. effective algorithms sculptural curves devised. free from oscillation phenomena. project solution grounded it original deduction. these results made possible using during syntheses phase design. about cluster established. this building situations classification concerning with drafts generation successful devising five kind proof justifiability methodology. economic effectiveness marked. key words: tool device punch mould system artificial intelligence graphics. aiioaoeess aeenna nieneaiea noaiaie niaoeeaeueiinoe aiae. iniiaiie oeaeueth iiaeaioiaee yaeyaony aeinoeaeaiea ecaioiaeaiey iioeiaeueiiai niioiioaiey iaaeaeo iaaethaeathuayny oaiaeaioeey aeiee iaeeina iiiaieeaoo iaiaoiaeeiinoe aeieoiaioe ec onei aaaeiinoue nie ecaioiaeaiea iauyniyaony anaai eiaiii eiiiiiaioie eioi caaeneo aeaeinoue yooaeoeaiinoue oneiaeyo iiiaiiiiaieeaoo ninoaaeyao enneaaeiaaeny eieeaeoeaaie ian yoii neaaeoao ioiaoeoue iaoiaeieiaee iniaaiii eiiiuethoa inoaeny ciiu aieiaiey enneaaeiaaoaeae. oao iinayuaiu ianoiyuae eniieuecoaony acaeyae caaeaiiiai oneiaeyie oaeoaie iaeanoe oeia. oaeie iaaiciiaeiinoe onoaiiaeaiey eiiiiiaioia eco neaaenoaeai ionoonoaea niiniaiuo aaeaioe aeaeai. eiuie neiaaie iiaeoiaea eaaeaeiai oieeaeueiie aeaeaao iaaiciiaeiie iauae iainiiaaiiie iniiaaiiie nia oaoiieiaeyo. iniiaaiee aiaeeca iaueo caeiiiia ono iniaaiiinoae yoiai iauaeoeae iineaaeiaai. iaee iicaieeei iainiiaaoue iiaoth iaoiaeieiaeth yoa iaoiaeieiaey oeia ninoiyuaai iniiaiuo acaeiiaeaenoaothueo eiiiiiaioia: ioeaiee. enneaaeiaaiea yoie onoaiiaeoue aeaeia aaeaeo oeacaiiuo iineaaeiaa naiaeeo caaeaiiie au noaia. iauai neo yae iaiieiiou iieiaeaia iauaeoa eaaeaeue iiiaio niaie oaeouoth aeinoeaeaiey iieiiou iicaieythuae inouanoaeoue iiaeoiaeia iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiuie yaeythony eo aeaiiuo. enneaaeiaaiu onoaiiaeaii eaaeaeiio ooieoeeiiaeueiiio eeanno yeaiaioia niioaaonoaotho naie aaeaeaaoiue nayce eniieueciaaiey ieaciaiai yeaiaiou eiathuea yooaeoeaiiai ieaciauo naiaiaeiiai yaeaiey inoeeeeyoeee. iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey auaeaeaeeaaiea iaiaoiaeeiinoue iinoaaeea auaiaea iniiaa neooaoeee. eaeay caeeth oii eiathueony iaiaoiaeeii auae iaeaieueoae iaaeaaeiinoueth aeaii eiyooeoeeaioa eceiaeaia auaiaea. eeanneoeeaoeee neooaoeee aicieeathueo oiaea yooaeoeaiua eaaee eiiaeiaoi yeaiaioia. iyoe eeannia oniaoii yenieoaoe naeaeaoue auaiae aeinoiaa iieiaeaiee eceiaeaiiuo oaeaea aeaia ioeaiea yeiiiie aiaae aiaea yooaeo oun. eiiieaeniie iinea iicaieee neaaeothuea yooaeoeaiinoe: oiaiueoaiea iyoue eneonnoaaiiue eioaeeaeo iaoeiiay ___________________________________________ oo.oo.99 oi. iae.-aeae. iaeeaae caiiaeaiiy ooo. aoe.>

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