IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A?AE?IOAEA OE?A?IE

?IAI? A.?. AA?IAAeNUeEIAI

OAeE 658.012:02+002:681.3

Eyoaiei ??eia
TH???aia

Aaoiiaoecaoe?y a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
ia?aaeaaeo oaoiieia?e

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.13.06 — aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy oa
i?ia?aneai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai, i. Ee?a

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

*AEIA?UeIA AIAOIE?E
IEAEN?EIAE*,

Iaoe?iiaeueia
a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai,

canooiiee aaia?aeueiiai
aee?aeoi?a

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

EINOAIEI EAII?Ae
EINEOIAE*,

Iaoe?iiaeueia
a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai,

ea??aiee Oeaio?o
a?ae?ioa/ii — ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

OAAeAEEIIA AIEIAeEIE?
A?OAE?EIAE*,

?inoeooo i?iaeai
?a?no?aoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

EICIEOess AEUeO?AAe
NOAIAIIAE*,

Iaoe?iiaeueia
a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a ei?ii?aoe?y
«Ee?anueeee ?inoeooo aaoiiaoeee»

I?ii?iiiie?oeee IAI
Oe?a?ie, iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a i?aei?e?inoai

«Eiiieaeni? iaoiaee
aaoiiaoecaoe??»

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 5 » n?/iy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiae.

Ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.165.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a (eaiaeeaeaoa)
oaoi?/ieo iaoe o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai ca aae?anith: 252039, Ee?a, i?ini. 40-??//y AEiaoiy,
3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai, Ee?a, i?ini. 40-??//y AEiaoiy, 3.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii « 4 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
A.I.*aeia?ueia

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycaia c caaino?aiiyi noia?a/iino?
i?ae iaaieiii c?inoath/ei ?ioi?iaoe?eiei iioaioe?aeii noni?euenoaa ?
iaiaaeaieie iiaeeeainoyie ?nioth/eo iaoeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eieo eiioi?eaoe?e
a?ae?ioae — iaenoa??oeo noni?eueieo ?inoeooo?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
eoioeyoe?th, caa??aaiiy oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeieoiaioiaaieo ciaiue. A
ieo ia no/aniiio aoai? iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ianya?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
?ano?n?a iiaeeeainoyi aeiaaaeaiiy ?o aei /eoa/?a i?iyaey?oueny aeoaea
aino?i. Oiaoi, iai?oeeiny a?aenoaaaiiy a?ae?ioae a?ae ?ioeo eaiie
nenoaie iaoeiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e, ye? cia/ii ?ai?oa inai?ee ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??. Iiaeeea?noue a?eueiiai aeinooio aei ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
?ano?n?a, iaeiie/aieo ia eeoa a Oe?a?i?, a e a onueiio na?o?, iei?
aecia/a?oueny ye iaeaieiai?oee e?eoa??e ae?yeueiino? a?ae?ioae. Aaeaea
aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?iaeoeoe?? i?ia?aeieo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i,
ye? aeaaeae? aeoeai?oa ia?aoiaeyoue aei aeaeo?iiii? oi?ie ioae?eaoe?e,
iiaeeeaa, ianaiia?aae, /a?ac a?ae?ioa/i? eiii’thoa?i? ia?aae?.

Oaea neooaoe?y oa?aeoa?ia ? aeey nenoaie eieaica??aiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
yea aeeth/a? Iaoe?iiaeueio a?ae?ioaeo Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai
(aieiaiee i?aai), Euea?anueeo iaoeiao a?ae?ioaeo ?iai? A.Noaoaieea ? 105
a?ae?ioae iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo onoaiia IAI Oe?a?ie. Noeoiiee oiiae oe???
nenoaie ia?aaeuo? 25 iei. iaeeieoeue caa??aaiiy. Ui??/ii a?i
ca?eueoo?oueny ua ia 400 oen. aeieoiaio?a. ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ?ano?naie IAI
Oe?a?ie ei?enoothoueny iiiaae 190 oen. ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? eieaeoeaieo
aaiiaio?a, yeei ia i?ioyc? ?ieo aeaea?oueny a?eueo ye 9 iei.
ia?oiaeaea?ae.

Iath/e cia/iee iioaioe?ae ?ioi?iaoe?eia ?io?ano?oeoo?a Oe?a?ie a oie aea
/an ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai uiaei iia?aoeaiino? iaaeaiiy
aeieoiaio?a (ca?oa?aei? a/ai? io?eiothoue ?? a 10-20 ?ac?a oaeaeoa). Aei
oiai ae o?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee ? caniae ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?iaioe ia
aeicaieythoue oe?a?inueeei a/aiei ? niaoe?ae?noai aoaeoeaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ciai?oi? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne. O ?aieao ?ia?o ii
?ioi?iaoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa, a ?yae? a?ae?ioae Oe?a?ie noai?ai?
aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie. Iaai? ?acoeueoaoe aeinyaioo?, iai?eeeaae, o
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e ia?eaiaionuee?e a?ae?ioaoe?, aea noai?aii aeaeo?iiiee
eaoaeia ianyaii iiiaae 100 oen. a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo caien?a, Oa?niinuee?e
iaeani?e oi?aa?naeuei?e iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?, ui cae?enith?
?ao?iniaeoeaio eiiaa?n?th ea?oeiaiai eaoaeiao a aeaeo?iiiee,
Oeaio?aeuei?e i?nuee?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?i.Ean? Oe?a?iee i.Ee?aa, aea ii?yae
c iaiiaiaiiyi aeaeo?iiiiai eaoaeiao aaaeooueny aace aeaieo ?noi?e/ii?
oaiaoeee. I?ioa, ?nioth/? nenoaie ia caaacia/othoue ii-eaeiiaiai
aeinooio aei iayaieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo ?ano?n?a (aiie aeinooii? eeoa
/eoa/ai eieaica??aiue). Aeey ea?aeeiaeueieo ci?i neooaoe??, ui neeaeany,
o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii ?ic?iaeo ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ia?aaeaaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ye? aacothoueny ia aeei?enoaii?
aaoiiaoeciaaieo aaie?a aeaieo ? aeiaaeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aae,
aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yie ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? a?ae?ioae Oe?a?ie oa ?o
aoiaeaeaiiy aei na?oiaiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: aca?iica’ycai? i?ioeane aioo??oiuei?
a?ae?ioa/ii? oaoiieia?? ? i?ioeane ia?aaeaai? aca?iiae?? eieaica??aiue.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee c
aeei?enoaiiyi Internet/Intranet oaoiieia?e.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo canaae aeey noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee, yea aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? ia?aaeaaeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

Eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaaee o oiio, uia:

I?iaanoe aiae?c ?nioth/eo aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
oa i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? a?ae?ioae.

C?iaeoe aiae?c ?nioth/eo ?ic?iaie aaoiiaoeciaaieo
?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ae?ioa/ieo nenoai (AA?N) aeey eiiieaenii? aaoiiaoecaoe??
a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a oa aecia/eoe no?oeoo?o aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee.

Noai?eoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ii iioei?caoe?? aeai?o eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo
cania?a aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a?ae?ioaee.

Iaa?oiooaaoe no?oeoo?o ? ooieoe?? eiii’thoa?iiai a?ae?ioa/iiai oeaio?o,
ui ?ioaa?oaaoeia ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne eieaica??aiue.

Noi?ioaaoe oaoiieia?/i? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iie?ioaiiy ia?aaeaai?
aca?iiae?? a?ae?ioae.

Aeeiiaoe ?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oa no?ieo ieoiiino?
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie eieaica??i?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: Caaaeueia oai??y nenoai, oai??y aac aeaieo,
ciaiue oa ianiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, ia’?eoii-i???ioiaaia iaoiaeieia?y oa
oai??y aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ? ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Aecia/aia no?oeoo?a aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie a?ae?ioaee, yea i???ioiaaia
ia Internet/Intranet oaoiieia?? ? oi?ioaaiiy ia oe?e iniia? ?ioaa?iaaieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a.

Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue oi?ioaaiiy eiii’thoa?iiai a?ae?ioa/iiai
oeaio?o aeey i?aeo?eiee ia?aaeaaeo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa aecia/aia
eiai ooieoe?iiaeueia ni?yiiaai?noue ia ii?aeiaiiy a?aeii/i?
oeaio?ae?caoe?? ? ?aa?iiaeueii? eiiia?aoe?? eieaica??aiue.

Cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?y eiiia?aoeaii? eaoaeia?caoe??, yea ia?aaeaa/a?
iine?aeiaiee ia?ao?ae aei ia?aaeaai? aca?iiae?? a?ae?ioae a i?ioean?
ia?iaee iiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue.

Noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aiae?co ooieoe?iiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue
i?ae oaoiieia?/ieie iieacieeaie nenoaie oa noi?iiaaieie oaoi?/ieie
aeiiaaie, yea aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe aea?? eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a
/EOC/ aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee.

Aecia/ai? e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
nenoaie a?ae?ioaee, yea aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
iia?aoeaiino? oa iiaiioe iaaeaiiy ei?enooaa/ai iio??aii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?acoeueoao?a ? ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? ii-eaeiiaiai
eiii’thoa?iiai oeaio?o IAOA. Cie?aia, c o?aooaaiiyi oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue, aeeeaaeaieo o ?iaio?, aoea aecia/aia aeai??aiaaa a?o?oaeoo?a
(Internet/Intranet) aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie a?ae?ioaee. Ia iniia?
cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee iioei?caoe?? eiiieaeno i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/ieo
cania?a aoei ia?aii no?oeoo?o i?ia?aiiiai ? oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy
ii-eaeiiaiai eiii’thoa?iiai oeaio?o a?ae?ioaee. Noai?aiiy oaeiai oeaio?o
aeicaieeei ia?aeoe aei ?aae?caoe?? ia?oiai aoaio eiiia?aoeaii?
eaoaeia?caoe?? iiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei noeoiiiai oiiaeo oe?a?inueeeo
eieaica??aiue ? i?aeaiooaaoe iniiao aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?o caaaeaiiai
aeaeo?iiiiai eaoaeiao.

?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi iioei?caoe?? aeai?o EOC ia iniia? aiae?co
oaoiieia?/ieo ? oaoi?/ieo aeiia ia? oi?aa?naeueiee oa?aeoa? ? iiaea aooe
canoiniaaiee i?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeeeaaeai? ia
i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: «No?aoaa?y eiiieaeooaaiiy oiiae?a
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee» (Ee?a, 1996 ?.), «I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy eaoaeia?a
iaoeiaeo a?ae?ioae» (Ee?a, 1997 ?.), «A?aiiii?ea ia aaoiiia?eueiiio
o?ainii?o?» (Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.), «?ioi?iaoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiai?
a?ae?ioaee» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.), «?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? ia o?ainii?o?.
Noai ni?aa oa iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iniiai? aeniiaee aena?oeai? a
ioae?eaoe?yo, ye? ai?uai? a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue oa iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe:

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? 165 noi??iie, 18 ?enoie?a, nienie e?oa?aoo?e — 98 aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eaa?oueny ??
aeooaeuei?noue, nooi?iue aea/aiiy, aecia/athoueny iaoa oa caaaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe??, iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «I?aai?caoe?y ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?ae?ioae, a?ae?ioa/ieo
nenoai oa oa?aeoa?enoeea oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a» i?iaaaeaii iaeyae
?nioth/i? ia?aae? a?ae?ioae oa ?? nenoaiii? i?aai?caoe??. Cacia/aii, ui
aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?ae?ioa/ieo ia?aae iaaeinoaoiuei o?aooaaiiy aeaio
i?eioeei?a — aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai oa ae?iaie/iai,
iaiao?aeii aaanoe ua e ?ioi?iaoe?eiee, ui aeicaieeoue a?eueo iiaii
caaeiaieueieoe ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iio?aae ei?enooaa/?a a?ae?ioaee.

Ia iniia? aiae?co aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee iaa?oioiaaia
iaiao?aei?noue ia?aoiaeo aei aaoiiaoecaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaeaaeo oaoiieia?e. I?ia?aei? eieaica??i? Oe?a?ie
i?ieoee ia?oee aoai ?ioi?iaoecaoe??, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noai?aiiyi
“aaoiiiiieo” aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai.

Ianooiiee aoai ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? oe?a?inueeeo a?ae?ioae — noai?aiiy ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ieo ii-eaeiiaeo ia?aaeaaeo oaoiieia?e, ye? iathoue
?ioaa?oaaoe aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie ie?aieo eieaica??aiue o eiii’thoa?io
a?ae?ioa/io ia?aaeo Oe?a?ie ? aeeth/eoe ?? aei na?oiaiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
i?inoi?o.

Ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao aiae?co iaiao?aei? aeai? ii ?ic?iaeai
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai a?ae?ioae o ii??aiyeuei?e oi?i?. A?aeiiinoae i?i
ooieoe?iioth/? a?o/eciyi? nenoaie iaia?. O aeia?aeieeo Library Systems
in Europa, ca 1994 ?., oa ea??aieoeoao ii aaoiiaoeciaaiei nenoaiai
?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i iaaeai? a?aeiiino? ii 29 iaea?eueo a?aeiiei o na?o?
eiia?oe?eiei ?ic?iaeai nenoai.

?c 29 nenoai, ui aiae?cothoueny, o?eueee 5 caaacia/othoue ?iaioo
aieiaieo iiaeoe?a: eaoaeia?caoe??, aeaeo?iiiiai eaoaeiao, iae?eo ?ooo
aeieoiaio?a, eiiieaeooaaiiy, iae?eo na??aeueieo aeaeaiue,
i?aea?ae?ioa/iiai aaiiaiaioo /IAA/. Oea oae? nenoaie, ye ALEPH, LIBER,
TINLIB, URICA, VTLS. On? oe? nenoaie aeia?a a?aeii? o iao?e e?a?i?, 4 c
ieo (ALEPH, LIBER, TINLIB, VTLS) iathoue ?in?enueeo aa?n?th. A?oioiaia
aea/aiiy iaoa??aeo iieacaei, ui oe? nenoaie ca nai?ie iiaeeeainoyie
cia/ii ia?aaa?oothoue a?eueo?noue ?ioeo. I?iaiae?coaaaoe an? io?eiai?
a?aeiiino? ? ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ca?oa?aeieo ?ic?iaie o ian a
e?a?i? iiaeia a?aei?oeoe, ui i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai iia’ycaii c ?yaeii i?iaeai:

1. Caei?aeiii? ?ic?iaee AA?N ia iathoue aeinoaoiueiai nooiaiy
a?aeiia?aeiino? i?aai?caoe?eiei, oaoiieia?/iei oa ?ioei aeiiaai ? ii?iai
a?ae?ioa/ii? ae?yeueiino?, i?eeiyoei ia Oe?a?i?. Aaeaioaoe?y oaeeo
nenoai i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? o eiie?aoieo a?ae?ioaeao aeineoue neeaaeia.

Aeinoaoiuei aenie? iieacieee aa?oino? caei?aeiiieo i?ia?aiieo
i?iaeoeo?a, cania?a ?o oaoi?/ii? i?aeo?eiee, a oaeiae noi?iaiaeaeaiiy
i?e aenieoaoaoe??.

sse aaea a?aei?/aeiny, eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae ? iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei
i?aeoiaeii aei aaoiiaoecaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a,
oa?aeoa?iith ?enith yeiai ? ?ioaa?aeuei?noue, yea ia?aaeaa/a?
iaeii?aciao ia?iaeo ?ioi?iaoe?? ia aac? AII ? i?aai?caoe?th
aaaaoi?aciaiai ? aaaaoianiaeoiiai ?? aeei?enoaiiy. Iiaa oaoiieia?y
aeicaiey? noai?eoe ? iaa?oiooaaoe oaoiieia?th aaaeaiiy caaaeaiiai
aeaeo?iiiiai eaoaeiao aeae?eueeio a?ae?ioae, caaacia/o? caa?iaiiy aei
iueiai niiaeeaa/?a c a?aeaeaeaieo eiii’thoa??a /a?ac ia?aaeo ia?aaea/?
aeaieo.

Ia iniia? aiae?co oaoiieia?/ieo aeiia a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a uiaei
iniiaiiai iieacieea — caaeiaieaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa /eoa/a,
noi?iiaai? oaoi?/i? aeiiae aei eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oi?aa?naeueii? iaoeiai?
a?ae?ioaee.

Ieoaiiy iioei?caoe?? aeai?o eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a, yeee ciiaea
caaacia/eoe ?aae?caoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a, ae??oo?oueny oeyoii
noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? (II) ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/iiai ia’?eoa.
?ica’ycaiiy oe??? caaea/? neeaaea?oueny c ianooiieo aoai?a:

1. Aiae?c oaoiieia?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy oa aeyaeaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae iieacieeaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?icaeyiooee ia’?eo.

I?e oeueiio ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeaeyae?
nenoaie ni?aa?aeiioaiue:

Wl = f l ( X 1, … Xi, … Xn; A1, … Ah, … Aq)
(1)

aea Wl — aeo?aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia’?eoo; l = 1, L; Xi; Ah —
ao?aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia’?eoo;

Xi — ci?ii? ia?aiao?e; i = 1, n; Ah — ii/aoeia? ia?aiao?e; h =
1, q

2. Aiae?c aeyaeaieo iieaciee?a oa anoaiiaeaiiy nooiaith ?o aieeao ia
oaoiieia?th ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia’?eoa. Aea?? ae?th/eo iieaciee?a.

I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeththoueny aeiiii?aei? aaeoi?e i??i?eoao?a V = (
V1, … Vn) oa aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a

n

( = ((1, … , (n) 0 ( (i ( 1; i = 1, n
( (i = 1 (2)

i=1

3. Oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaa?aeueieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee
oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a oa oe?eueiai? ooieoe??

i = 1, k

P = ( P1, … Pn, …..Pk), aea Pi — ?ioi?iaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea
(3)

k

F = ( (p * Ep ( extr, oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y, (4)

p=1

aea Ep = fp (Pp) — e?eoa??e iioeiaeueiino?, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae ?-?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee;

(p — aaaiaee eiao?oe??io

4. Oi?ioaaiiy oaoi?/ieo aeiia aei iaeaaeiaiiy, yea ciiaea
caaeiaieueieoe noi?iiaai? ?ioaa?aeuei? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee

T = (t1, …., tk), i = 1, k ,aea ti — oaoi?/iee ia?aiao?
(aeiiaa);

k

Ft = ( (p * Ep( extr, oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y, aea Ft ( F
(5)

p=1

(p — aaaiaee eiao?oe??io oaoi?/ieo aeiia;

Ep = fp (Pp) — e?eoa??e iioeiaeueiino?

Aea?? oaoi?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, yea a?aeiia?aea? oaoi?/iei aeiiaai.

Aeie-noaia aeai?eoio iioei?caoe?? aeai?o eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a
/EOC/ i?eaaaeaia ia iae.1

?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy i?aaenoaaeaii? II, yea aoei
canoiniaaii i?e iioei?caoe?? aeai?o eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a AA?N
Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai.

Aeey iioei?caoe?? aeai?o eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a canoiniao?ii
ocaaaeueiaiee e?eoa??e iioeiaeueiino? o aeaeyae?:

A = f ( R ( p (t) ) , C ( p (t) )( ( extr, aea
(6)

A — e?eoa??e iioeiaeueiino?; R — ?acoeueoao, yeee io?eio?oueny a
?acoeueoao? ?iaioe eiiieaeno;

N — aeo?aoe ia io?eiaiiy ?acoeueoaoo; p — aaeoi? ia?aiao??a ia’?eoo,
ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai noai;

f — ooieoe?y ca’yceo i?ae neeaaeiaeie e?eoa??th iioeiaeueiino?.

Aeioe?eueii A aeei?enoiaoaaoe o aeaeyae?:

R ( p (t) )

A = ( max; (7)

C ( p (t) )

I?e oeueiio io?eio?ii iaenei?caoe?th ?acoeueoao?a ia iaeeieoeth aeo?ao.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «?ioi?iaoe?ei? ia/enethaaeuei? ?ano?ne oa ?o
eiiieaenia aeei?enoaiiy o ae??oaii? caaaeaiue iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee», ye
iane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a?ae?ioaee oa
noi?iiaaieo oaoi?/ieo aeiia, iioei?ciaaii aea?? oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey
aaoiiaoecaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee. Iaaeaiiy
iiaeeeaino? a?aeaeaeaiiai aeinooio aei ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ?
aeei?enoaiiy eieaeueieo ia?aae a i?ioean? ?iaioe c aacaie aeaieo ?
?ioeie ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ?ano?naie (aeaeo?iiieie aeaeaiiyie, eaoaeiaaie
oiui), c iaei??? noi?iie, noai?ththoue niiaeeaa/ai oiiae aeey
naiino?eiiai iiooeo ?ioi?iaoe?? c? nai?o ?iai/eo i?noeue, a c ?ioi?
noi?iie, aeaiaeyoue ?ioi?iaoe?eia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia a?eueo aenieee
??aaiue.

Iaiao?aeia ?aae?caoe?y oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eii? ia?aae? iai?io aeaieo
caaaeueiiai ei?enooaaiiy i?ae a?ae?ioaeaie c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
a?aee?eoiai aeinooio aei ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a a?ae?ioae ? ia?aoiaeo
aei iiai? oi?ie ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. O noai?aii? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e iiaeiia aooe caeeaaeaia ?aeay a?o?oaeoo?e a?aee?eoeo nenoai.
No?oeoo?a iiaeiia i?noeoe a nia? o?e /anoeie: aoaeiiio oaoi?/io
iiaeaeue; ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i noaiaea?oe ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ieie;
iaoiaeieia?th canoinoaaiiy no?oeoo?e aei i?ia?aiii-aia?aoiiai
na?aaeiaeua ei?enooaa/?a.

Aei oaei? ia?aae? noaaeoueny ?yae oaoi?/ieo aeiia, cie?aia:

i?aeo?eiea noaiaea?oieo i?ioieie?a ca’yceo; aenieee ??aaiue iaae?eiino?;

aaciaea i?e ia?aaea/? aeaieo; aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? iiaeeea?noue
?iaioe o ?aaeei? ii-eaei;

aa?aioiaaia aeinooii?noue aac aeaieo, ?o oe?e?ni?noue;

aa?o?noue o?aicaeoe??, yea cae?enith?oueny /a?ac ia?aaeo, iiaeiia aooe
aeinoaoiuei iecueeith aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ieoiiino?.

Eiii’thoa?ia ?ioi?iaoe?eia ia?aaea INTERNET ca nai?ie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?
iiaeeeainoyie aeinooio ? iiooeo ?ioi?iaoe?? caaeiaieueiy? aeiiaai, ui
aoee a?aei?/ai?.

?icaeyiooa aeua oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eia no?oeoo?a aea? iiaeeea?noue
a?ae?ioaeai i?enooieoe aei noai?aiiy naiai aeaniiai na?aa?o Internet,
aea oi?ioaaoeiooueny ? caa??aaoeiooueny iniiai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie a?ae?ioaee.

Ca ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi nenoaia i?noeoue ianooii? eiiiiiaioe:

Ca aia?aoiei caaacia/aiiyi:

oeaio?aeueiee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen aeniei?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? c ono?i?i aeiaaino?ieiaiai caa?aaeaiiy ? iaeiie/aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? — Na?aa? AAe;

?ioi?iaoe?eiee ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? —
Oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiee Na?aa?;

?ioi?iaoe?ei? eiiieaene ??aiy i?ae?icae?e?a nenoaie, aeey caaacia/aiiy
?iaioe n?oueiaeo ono?i?a eieaeoeaiiai aeinooio;

ia?eoa??eia oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eia iaeaaeiaiiy, ui caaacia/eoue
aca?iica’ycie an?o aeaiaio?a nenoaie, ao?ae-aeo?ae ia ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
ia?aae? Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ia i?aeia?iaei? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ia?aae?.

Ca i?ia?aiiei caaacia/aiiyi:

iia?aoe?ei? nenoaie;

nenoaia ea?oaaiiy aacaie aeaieo;

i?eeeaaei? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie.

Iaiao?aeii canoinoaaiiy no/anieo n?oueiaeo oaoiieia?e, ye?
i???ioothoueny ia ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ei?ii?aoeai? ia?aae?, ui canoiniaothoue
oaoiieia?th Internet ? ia?aae? Intranet (Internet/Intranet). Oaea
iinoaiiaea caaaeaiiy iio?aao?:

canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?? eieaeueii? a?ae?ioa/ii? ia?aae? Intranet, aeey
oiai, uia a?ae?ioaea iaea iiaeeea?noue ia’?aeiaoe an? nai? ooieoe?? c
iaoith caaacia/aiiy aaaaoioe?eueiaiai ?aaeeio iiooeo aoaeue-yei?
?ioi?iaoe?? c aoaeue-yeiai ?iai/iai i?noey;

aca?iiiai?i ? ii?aeiaiiy c ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ?ano?naie Internet.

Intranet — oea aoaeue-yea ei?ii?aoeaia nenoaia, ui iiaoaeiaaia ia iniia?
WEB — oaoiieia?e, ia? NEAAe ? aace aeaieo, aieiae?? nenoaiith eiio?ieth
? ?iciaaeoaaiiy aeinooio ? iio?aao? aeey nai?? ?ic?iaee oa
noi?iaiaeaeaiiy aaeeeiai ianyao i?ia?aiieo cania?a.

Noi?iiaai? oaoiieia?/i?, oaoi?/i? oa i?ia?aii? aeiiae aei eiiieaenii?
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie a?ae?ioaee aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
nenoaia iiaeiia iaoe aeai??aiaao no?oeoo?o.

Ia?oee ??aaiue — oea eieaeueia aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia aioo??oi?o
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a?ae?ioaee, ??aaiue Intranet. Ae?oaee ??aaiue —
oeaio?ae?caoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ia?aaeaai? aca?iiae??
a?ae?ioaee aeey caaacia/aiiy caaaeueiiaeinooiiino? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
aeieoiaioaeueieo ?ano?n?a iaee?oii?oeo eieaica??aiue Oe?a?ie oa
aeeth/aiiy ?o o na?oiaee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?ino??, ??aaiue Internet.
Ca’ycai? aiie i?ae niaith ia ??ai? oi?iao?a i?aaenoaaeaiiy aeaieo, a
oaeiae niaoe?aeueieie i?ia?aiieie caniaaie. ?ioaa?aoe?y caaacia/o?oueny
aeei?enoaiiyi oaoiieia?? Intranet.

C a?aooaaiiyi na?oiaiai aeina?aeo aaoiiaoecaoe?? eieaica??aiue ?
i?eeiyoi? o?aaeeoe?eii? a?ae?ioa/ii? oaoiieia?? a aaoiiaoeciaai?e
nenoai? a?ae?ioaee aeae?eythoueny o?e ooieoe?iiaeuei? i?aenenoaie:
aaoiiaoeciaaiee aaie aeaieo; i?aenenoaia eiiieaeooaaiiy ? ia?iaee
aeieoiaio?a; i?aenenoaia ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Aaoiiaoeciaaiee aaie aeaieo — yae?i nenoaie.

A iniia? i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a i?e eiiieaeooaaii? ?
ia?iaoe? aeieoiaio?a eaaeeoue i?eioeei «?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eiiaae??a», ui
ia?aaeaa/a? aa?ae ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo aeaieo eieae /e aeo?iaeo ia aoiae?
«eiiaae??a» (o a?aeae?eao eiiieaeooaaiiy i?e caiiaeaii? oa ?a?no?aoe??
aeieoiaio?a) ? ianooiia aeiiiaiaiiy iayaii? a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
a?aenooi?ie aeaiaioaie i?e eaoaeia?caoe?? ? nenoaiaoecaoe??.

Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue i?iiiiothoueny aeaa ?aaeuei? oeyoe ciaioaiiy
o?oaeiaeo?ao i?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? ia?iaee iiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue:

i?iaaaeaiiy oaei? ia?iaee a ?aieao eiiia?aoe?? c ?ioeie a?ae?ioaeaie;

noai?aiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?iai/iai i?noey /A?I/o
aaiaeo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaieo, yeee ae caaacia/oaaa aaoiiaoe/ia
caianaiiy a aace aeaieo no?oeoo?iaaii? oaenoiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? aaoiiaoeciaaii? oaoiieia?? eiiieaeooaaiiy ? ia?iaee
aeieoiaio?a i?iiiio?oueny noai?aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii iiaiiai eiiieaeno
A?I. A?i i?noeoue: A?I eiiieaeoaoi?a, eaoaeia?caoi?a, nenoaiaoecaoi?a.

Iniiai? ooieoe?? A?I eiiieaeoaoi?a:

i?aeo?eiea neoaeaiaeo aac aeaieo;

oi?ioaaiiy aeieoiaio?a aeey caiiaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?e;

eiio?ieue aeeiiaiiy caiiaeaiue a?ae?ioaee, oiui.

Iniiai? ooieoe?? A?I eaoaeia?caoi?a:

aa?ae a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo caien?a ia an? aeaee oai??a ae?oeo ia iniia?
MARC-noi?nieo oi?iao?a;

i?aeo?eiea aace aeaieo aaoi?eoaoieo caien?a;

oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee ? naiaioe/iee eiio?ieue ?ioi?iaoe??, yea
aaiaeeoueny, oiui.

Iniiai? ooieoe?? A?I nenoaiaoecaoi?a:

oi?ioaaiiy ? i?aeo?eiea aace aeaieo eeaneo?eaoe?eieo ?iaeaen?a, ui
caaacia/eoue oaiaoe/iee iiooe o aeaeo?iiieo eaoaeiaao oa ea?oioaeao
a?ae?ioaee;

anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiioaiue i?ae eeaneo?eaoe?eieie ?iaeaenaie ? ?o
neiaanieie aecia/aiiyie oiui.

?ioi?iaoe?eia ianeoaiaoaaiiy a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei? i?noeoue:
a?ae?ioa/ia ?ioi?ioaaiiy (?aaoey?ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy /eoa/?a ? aaiiaio?a
a?ae?ioaee aac caieo?a, aai o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiaaino?ieiaa ae?th/eie
caieoaie); aeia?aeeiai-a?ae?ia?ao?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy (caaeiaieaiiy
?aciaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iio?aa /eoa/?a ? aaiiaio?a
a?ae?ioaee o ?aaeei? «caieo-a?aeiia?aeue»); iiooe ? caiiaeaiiy
aeieoiaio?a c a?ae?ioa/ieo oiiae?a; iaaeaiiy iiaieo oaeno?a aeieoiaio?a.

E??i oeueiai, a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei? oi?ioaaoeiooueny oaenoia?
oaeee: iiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue; oaiaoe/ieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo niene?a oiui.
Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia aeicaiey? ?icoe?eoe niaeo? oaeeo oaee?a ?, ui
a?eueo aaaeeeai, caaacia/o? ea?aeeiaeueia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? a?ae?ioaee oeyoii iaaeaiiy
/eoa/ai ? aaiiaioai aeaeo?iiieo aa?n?e i?aeaioiaeaieo
iaoeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

I?aeaioiaea aeuaiacaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?iaeoeoe?? iio?aao? noai?aiiy
A?I a?ae?ia?aoa, yeee aoaea ?aae?coaaoe ooieoe??:

aaiaeo caien?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeaeaiue o a?aeiia?aei? aace aeaieo;

oi?iaeueii-eia?/iiai ? naiaioe/iiai eiio?ieth ?ioi?iaoe??, ui
aaiaeeoueny (iayaiino?/a?aenooiino? iaaieo aeaiaio?a a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai
caieno, ia?aa??ee ia aeoaeaoi?noue, aaoi?eoaoiiai eiio?ieth oiui).

Iaiao?aei?noue o?aooaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a iaoiiaeth? aea?? aeaio
aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iai?yi?a ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie
aeia?aeeiai-a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy:

i???ioaoe?y ia io?eiaiiy, ia?aaaaeii, ?ao?iniaeoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aaieo aeaieo;

caaacia/aiiy oaeaaeinooio aei iaeiia?oeo aeaieo.

Ia?oee iai?yi aaco?oueny, ia?aaeon?i, ia aeei?enoaii? aac aeaieo ia
eiiiaeo-aeeneao, a yeeo cao?eniaai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?oeei-neioaoe/ii?
ia?a?iaee na?oiaiai aeieoiaioaeueiiai iioieo. Aaee/acia ?ii?noue oaeeo
aeene?a (500-800 oen. a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo caien?a) i?e ii??aiyii iaaenie?e
aa?oino? aeicaieythoue eiaei?e aaeee?e a?ae?ioaoe? c?a?aoe i?aeoe/ii
anth na?oiao a?ae?ia?ao?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th ii nai?io i?io?eth.

Ae?oaee iai?yi aaco?oueny ia i?aai?caoe?? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiiai aeinooio
aei aaie?a eiii’thoa?ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. O iaaeao ?icaeoeo nenoaie
i?iiiio?oueny ?? i?aeeeth/aiiy, aei aeiaaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ia?aae?
Internet. Iiaeaeueo? ia?niaeoeae — oea noai?aiiy aeaniiai oino-oeaio?o ?
WWW-na?aa?o ia?aae? Internet, ui ae??oeoue ?yae aaaeeeaeo ieoaiue, ye?
ni?yiiaai? ia ?icaeoie a?ae?ioa/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e e?a?ie.

?aae?caoe?y aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?aaeeio iiooeo aeieoiaio?a cae?enith?oueny
ia iniia? eiiieaeno aac aeaieo a?ae?ioaee, ye? ?ice?eaathoue ?? oiiaee.
Iniiaa oeueiai eiiieaeno — aeaeo?iiiee eaoaeia.

Ea?aeeiaeueia i?aeaeuaiiy iia?aoeaiino? a?ae?ioa/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
caaacia/o? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eia oaoiieia?y caiiaeaiiy aeieoiaio?a c
iniiaiiai eieainoiaeua, eio?a ia?aaeaa/a? ia?aaea/o /eoaoeueeeo aeiia
aaciina?aaeiuei c ?iai/eo i?noeue iaoeiaoe?a ? oao?aoe?a o
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo onoaiiaao, AOCao oiui ia ioieoe i?eeiio oeeo aeiia o
a?ae?ioaoe?.

Oaea oaoiieia?y aeicaiey?:

aeeeth/eoe aeo?aoe /ano /eoa/a ia /aeaiiy aeinoaaee caiiaeaieo
aeieoiaio?a c eieainoiaeua (aei i?e?caeo /eoa/a o a?ae?ioaeo oe?
aeieoiaioe aaea aoaeooue ciaoiaeeoeny ia iieeoeyo);

iioei?coaaoe oeyo /eoaoeueei? aeiiae (caaeieoaaoe ia?aaea/o aeiia ia
aeieoiaioe, ui ciaoiaeyoueny o oiiaeao a?aeae?e?a ianeoaiaoaaiiy, aei
eieainoiaeua);

c?a?aoe noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i ia?a aeieoiaio?a aeey ianooiiiai
ei?eaoaaiiy oiiieia?? caa??aaiiy oiiae?a (ia?aaea/? i?io?eueieo aeey
a?ae?ioaee aeaeaiue, ye? ei?enoothoueny iaea?eueoei iiieoii, c
eieainoiaeua aei oiiae?a a?aeae?e?a ianeoaiaoaaiiy).

Ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ye oeaio?o eiii’thoa?ii? a?ae?ioa/ii? ia?aae?,
ui ? eiiiiiaioith anana?oiuei? a?ae?ioaee, ia?aaeaa/a?
oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiee aeinooi /eoa/?a ? aaiiaio?a a?ae?ioaee ia eeoa aei
aoi?eiii? (a?ae?ia?ao?/ii?) ?ioi?iaoe??, a e aei ia?aeiieo aeieoiaio?a.

Aeey i?aenenoaie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?iiiio?oueny noai?eoe
A?I /eoa/a ? a?ae?ioaea?y.

A ? I / e o a / a — ?ioaa?iaaiee oaoiieia?/iee eiiieaen, ui caaacia/o?
aeeiiaiiy oaeeo ooieoe?e:

a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai iiooeo a aacao aeaieo, yeeie eiiieaeoo?oueny
a?ae?ioaea;

a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai iiooeo a aeaeo?iiiiio eaoaeic? oa caaaeueiiaeinooiieo
aacao aeaieo, ui noai?ththoueny i?ae?icae?eaie a?ae?ioaee;

a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai iiooeo a aeinooiieo a?ae?ioaoe? a?aeaeaeaieo aacao
aeaieo;

io?eiaiiy aeieoiaioaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c iiaiioaenoiaeo aac aeaieo.

A?I /eoa/a ia? aeaeaaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th, ciaeaeaio a aacao aeaieo:

ia ae?ai aeenieath;

a eiii’thoa?io ia?aaeo a?ae?ioaee aeey i?eeiyooy /eoaoeueeeo aeiia;

ia iaia?ia? iin?? o aeaeyae? eaoaeiaeii? ea?oee oa aii?yaeeiaaiiai
oaenoiaiai oaeeo;

ia iaai?oi? iin?? o aeaeyae? aii?yaeeiaaiiai oaenoiaiai oaeeo.

Aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi i?e noai?aiiy A?I /eoa/a ? ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?y
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiooeo a ?iciiae?eaieo aacao aeaieo c ??cieie
e?iaa?noe/ieie caniaaie i?e ia/?oeiio oi?ioethaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
iio?aae.

A ? I a ? a e ? i o a e a ? y caaacia/o? aeeiiaiiy an?o ooieoe?e
A?I /eoa/a, a oaeiae ooieoe?e ia?iaee /eoaoeueeeo aeiia (?o i?eeiio,
aeeniao/a?ecaoe??, ae?oeo, noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co), eiio?ieth
eieaiaeaea/? ii IAA ? o?enaoe?? iacaaeiaieaieo aeiia. sse iaeio c
ooieoe?e A?I a?ae?ioaea?y ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ? caien /eoa/?a.

A aaoiiaoeciaai?e nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ?acii ?c ooieoe?iiaeueieie
i?aenenoaiaie ?niothoue caaacia/oth/? i?aenenoaie, oae?, ye i?ia?aiia,
oaoi?/ia oiui.

I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy nenoaie i?noeoue:

caaaeueia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy;

caniae i?ia?aiii? i?aeo?eiee ia?aaeaai? a?ae?ioa/ii? oaoiieia??;

eieaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa ie?aieo i?iaeo?a.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae iayaieo oei?a AII ( IBM PC, Macintosh) ?
iniaeeainoae i?eeeaaeieo caaaeaiue iae?aoeiooueny iia?aoe?ei? nenoaie oa
iaieiiee Windows, MS-DOS, Norton Commander.

Aeey i?ia?aiii? i?aeo?eiee ?aaeeio ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ye oeaio?o
eiii’thoa?ii? a?ae?ioa/ii? ia?aae? i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe
i?ia?aiiee eiiieaen, yeee ia? ianooii? ?ene ? oa?aeoa?enoeee: caaacia/o?
eiiieaenio aaoiiaoecaoe?th an?o i?ioean?a a?ae?ioa/ii? oaoiieia??
(eiiieaeooaaiiy, eaoaeia?caoe??, iiooeo ?ioi?iaoe??, eiio?ieth
eieaiaeaea/? ? IAA, caoenoo ?ioi?iaoe??); ooieoe?iio? ye o eieaeueieo,
oae ? o aeiaaeueieo ia?aaeao caaaeyee iiaeeeaino? i?aeo?eiee oe?ieiai
niaeo?o i?ioieie?a ia?aaea/? aeaieo.

Oaoi?/i? caniae iiaeii? caaacia/eoe iiaeeea?noue aeinooio c on?o ?iai/eo
noaioe?e aei na?aa??a. Oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aeeth/a? oae?
iniiai? eiiiiiaioe: eieaeuei? eiii’thoa?i? ia?aae? i?aenenoai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, eiiieaeooaaiiy ? ia?iaee aeieoiaio?a;
niaoe?aeuei? oaoi?/i? caniae.

ssae?i eieaeueii? eiii’thoa?ii? ia?aae? i?aenenoaie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy — na?aa?iee eiiieaen, yeee ooai?ththoue:

na?aa? aac aeaieo;

?ioina?aa? c aeieii aeey c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c eiiiaeo-aeene?a
(CD-ROM);

oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiee na?aa? aeey caaacia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
aca?iiiai?io i?ae a?ae?ioaeith oa ?? ciai?oi?ie aaiiaioaie a ?aaeeiao
ii-eaei oa aeaeo?iiii? iiooe.

Aiae?coth/e oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane ciai?oiuei? a?ae?ioa/ii? ae?yeueiino?
ca?aeii aea?aii? eiioeaioe?? aaoiiaoecaoe?? ? e?eoa??th — iaea?eueo
iiaiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ei?enooaa/?a c i?i?iaeueieie
aeo?aoaie, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy
eiii’thoa?iiai a?ae?ioa/iiai oeaio?o.

A?i ia? caaacia/eoe caaaeueiiaeinooii?noue aeieoiaioaeueieo ?ano?n?a
iaee?oii?oeo eieaica??aiue Oe?a?ie oa ?o aeeth/aiiy a na?oiaee
?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?ino??. Iniiai? ooieoe?? Oeaio?o:

i?aeo?eiea caaaeaiiai aeaeo?iiiiai eaoaeiao iaee?oii?oeo oe?a?inueeeo
a?ae?ioae;

oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeaiiceoa??th a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aac aeaieo i?i
na?oiaee aeieoiaioaeueiee iio?e;

noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeaiiceoa??th eiii’thoa?ieo oaee?a ia?aeiieo
aeieoiaio?a (aeaeo?iiieo aa?n?e eiea, aeo?iae?a, aacao oiui);

i?aai?caoe?y iai?io aeieoiaioaeueiith ?ioi?iaoe??th ii aeiaaeueieo
eiii’thoa?ieo ia?aaeao;

O ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? aiaeiaii Oeaio?o ? iaea?eueoa ?ioi?iaoe?eia
nenoaia na?oo — aia?eeainueeee OCLC (Online Computer Library Center —
ii-eaeiiaee eiii’thoa?iee a?ae?ioa/iee oeaio?), yeee iaaea? 20.000
eieaica??iyi c 60 e?a?i iiaeeea?noue ei?enooaaoeny ?ano?naie 50
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo, oaeoia?ao?/ieo ? iiaiioaenoiaeo aac aeaieo.

Iine?aeiai?noue i?aeeeth/aiiy aei Oeaio?o aaciaeo a?ae?ioae
aecia/aoeiaoueny nooiaiai ?o aioiaiino? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iia?oi?o
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

I?iiiio?oueny oaeee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ?iaioe Oeaio?o i?e
eaoaeia?caoe??. Aaciaa a?ae?ioaea caa?oa?oueny ii eaiaeao oaeaaeinooio
aei caaaeaiiai aeaeo?iiiiai eaoaeiao. sseui ia?iaea io?eiaiiai iath
aeieoiaioo aaea aoea i?iaaaeaia ?ioith eieaica??iath, aiia aeiiiaith?
?nioth/ee a?ae?ia?ao?/iee caien nai?ie aeaieie (neaeith a?ae?ioaee,
oeo?ii caa??aaiiy aeaeaiiy a oiiaeao oiui) ? aeei?enoiao? eiai aeey
aeanieo iio?aa. sseui ae a?ae?ia?ao?/iee caien a?aenooi?e, a?ae?ioaea
i?iaiaeeoue eaoaeia?caoe?th aeieoiaioa ca ?aeeieie aeey Oeaio?o
iaoiaee/ieie i?aaeeaie. Aeey oeueiai ia?aaeaa/a?oueny noai?eoe
aaoiiaoeciaaia ?iai/a i?noea, ui caaacia/o?: eeaa?aoo?iee ? iaeaoiee
aa?ae aeaieo; oi?ioaaiiy oa i?aeo?eieo aac aeaieo aaoi?eoaoieo caien?a,
eeaneo?eaoe?eieo ?iaeaen?a ? i?aaeiaoieo ?oa?ee; oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee ?
naiaioe/iee eiio?ieue ?ioi?iaoe??, yea aaiaeeoueny; ae?oe
i?ea?iae-iaeao?a eaoaeiaeieo ea?oie.

Nenoaia ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aaiiaio?a ia? caaacia/eoe:

a?ae?ia?ao?/ia ?ioi?ioaaiiy;

aeia?aeeiai-a?ae?ia?ao?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy;

iiooe ? caiiaeaiiy ia?oiaeaea?ae c a?ae?ioa/ieo oiiae?a; iaaeaiiy iiaieo
oaeno?a aeieoiaio?a, ui caa??aathoueny o aeaeyae? eiii’thoa?ieo oaee?a;

iai?i aeieoiaioaeueiith ?ioi?iaoe??th ii aeiaaeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo
ia?aaeao.

Ia?a?aoiaai? iineoae iaaeaaaoeiooueny aaiiaioai Oeaio?o a ii-eaeiiaiio
?aaeei?.

Caaaeueia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy Oeaio?o — iia?aoe?ei? nenoaie UNIX aai
Windows NT. Oe? iia?aoe?ei? nenoaie a?aeiia?aeathoue i?aeia?iaeiei
noaiaea?oai ? aeiiaai aei iiae?aieo nenoai.

E?eoa??? aeai?o i?ia?aiieo ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a: iayai?noue ?o noi?nieo
ai?iaaoe?e; ia?eaoeiaiaa iie?oeea o??i-ae?iaiee?a; aenieoaoaoe?eiee
na?a?n o??i-iinoa/aeueiee?a; aeiiii?/iee.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiii’thoa?iiai a?ae?ioa/iiai Oeaio?o
cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeeio aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaii? eiiia?aoeaii?
eaoaeia?caoe??. Eiai eiioeaiooaeueieie iciaeaie ?:

noai?aiiy a neeaae? aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai a?ae?ioae oaoiieia?/ieo aac
aeaieo, o ye? caiineoeiooueny a?ae?ia?ao?/i? caiene i?i iia?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei oiiae?a ?ioeo eieaica??aiue;

i?aeo?eiea ia?aaeaaiai iai?io i?ae a?ae?ioaeaie a?ae?ia?ao?/iith
?ioi?iaoe??th a oi?o?eiaaiiio oaenoiaiio aeaeyae?;

iiaeeea?noue ?iaioe eiaeii? eieaica??i? i?e ii?aoethaaii? iiaeo
iaaeoiaeaeaiue ye a ?aaeei? aeiiiaiaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai caieno
aeuacaaaeaii? oaoiieia?/ii? aace aeaieo nai?th ?ioi?iaoe??th ( c
aeeth/aiei iaoai?ciii eiiia?aoeaii? eaoaeia?caoe??), oae ? o ?aaeei?
eeaa?aoo?iiai aaiaeo an?o aeaiaio?a a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai iieno aeieoiaioa (
c aeeeth/aiei iaoai?ciii eiiia?aoeaii? eaoaeia?caoe??).

Cai?iiiiiaaiee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ia? aeanoea?noue onoaeaiino? a
aniaeo? caaacia/aiiy noaa?eueiino? io?eiaiiy aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a
(a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo caien?a) i?e eieeaaiiyo ao?aeieo (iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c ?ioeo eieaica??aiue). Ii?aoethaaiiy
ao?aeiiai aeieoiaioaeueiiai iioieo i?ioiaeeoeia ? i?e iiai?noth
aaoiiiii?e ?iaio? eiaeii? a?ae?ioaee. Eiiia?aoeaia ae eaoaeia?caoe?y
ni?ey? ciaioaiith noeoiieo o?oaeiaeo?ao ? aeinyaiaiiy oe?a?inueeeie
eieaica??iyie ye?nii iiaiai ??aiy ni?ai?aoe?, ui ia? i?eaanoe a
ia?niaeoea? aei noai?aiiy oe?a?inueei? eiii’thoa?ii? a?ae?ioa/ii?
ia?aae?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaii? eiiia?aoeaii?
eaoaeia?caoe?? ? aaiethoe?eiei oeyoii ?icaeoeo ?nioth/i? noaie
ii?aoethaaiiy iiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei oiiae?a eieaica??aiue ? ia
iio?aao? noai?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo /e
i?aai?caoe?eii-eii?aeeioth/eo no?oeoo? oa ia?aaoaeiae iayaieo
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai oe?a?inueeeo a?ae?ioae. ?aeeia iiaiaaaaeaiiy —
oaoiieia?/ia aaca aeaieo, o yeo caiineoeiooueny a?ae?ia?ao?/i? caiene,
ui noai?ai? ?ioeie eieaica??iyie.

Noeoiiee aea?ao aeey a?ae?ioa/ii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaii? eiiia?aoeaii? eaoaeia?caoe?? aacia?a/iee, ine?eueee
aac aeiaeaoeiaeo o?iainiaeo aeo?ao aoaea noai?aia nenoaia, yea
aeicaieeoue: nooo?ai ciaioeoe aeoaethaaiiy ?ia?o i?e ii?aoethaaii? iiaeo
iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei oiiae?a a?ae?ioae ca ?aooiie iaeii?aciaiai aaiaeo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aeieoiaio a iaei?e eieaica??i? ?
aaaaoi?aciaiai aeei?enoaiiy oe??? ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae?ioa/iith
ni?eueiioith; i?aeaeueoe ye?noue oi?ioaaiiy oiiae?a oe?a?inueeeo
eieaica??aiue ia iniia? ?ioaa?aoe?? a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
ao?aeiee aeieoiaioaeueiee iio?e aei oe?a?inueeeo eieaica??aiue;
?icai?iooe ?iaioe ii oi?ioaaiith a Oe?a?i? eiii’thoa?ii? a?ae?ioa/ii?
ia?aae? ? aeeth/aiith ?? aei na?oiaiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o, ui
aeicaieeoue ea?aeeiaeueia i?aeaeueoe iiaiioo e iia?aoeai?noue
caaeiaieaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa /eoa/?a oa aaiiaio?a eieaica??aiue.
Eiiieaen oaoi?/ieo cania?a cai?iiiiiaaii? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
a?ae?ioaee i?aaenoaaeaii ia iae. 2 .

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee» aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
ye?nii? oa e?euee?nii? neeaaeiai? aoaeoo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaii? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie eieaica??ai?.

Aaoiiaoeciaaia aeai??aiaaa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ae?ioa/ia nenoaia i?e
ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeicaieeoue: nei?ioeoe i?aoeaaeo?aoe ia aeeiiaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e, ye? iia’ycai? c eiiieaeooaaiiyi, aaaeaiiyi ?
aenieoaoaoe??th oiiae?a oa aac aeaieo, aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiei
ianeoaiaoaaiiyi ? ?ioi?iaoe?eiei caaacia/aiiyi ei?enooaa/?a nenoaie;
?icoe?eoe neeaae iineoa, ye? iaaeathoueny ei?enooaa/ai, cie?aia, oeyoii
aeeth/aiiy a ?iaioo a?ae?ioaee iao?aaeeoe?eieo iineoa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy ? aeia?aeeiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy; i?iaiaeeoe ocaiaeaeaio c
?ioeie a?ae?ioaeaie ia?iaeo ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai oiiaeo aeieoiaio?a aeey
i?enei?aiiy oi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?iiieo eaoaeia?a, oaiaoe/ieo ? neoaeaiaeo
aac aeaieo; caaacia/eoe iia?aoeaiee aeinooi aei aac aeaieo ? oiiae?a
?ioeo i?aai?caoe?e; iaaeaaaoe ei?enooaa/ai ? caoe?eaaeaiei i?aai?caoe?yi
niaoe?aeueieo iineoa, ui iia’ycai? c caaacia/aiiyi a?aeaeaeaiiai
aeinooio aei nai?o ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a; i?aeaeueoe ye?noue
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ? aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ei?enooaa/?a ca iieacieeaie «iia?aoeai?noue», «iiaiioa»,
«oi/i?noue», «aeinoia??i?noue».

Ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo ? oa?i?io ieoiiino?
iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie.
Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii?
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie aoaea neeaaeaoe 10 oen. a?i/??e.

E??i e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a ? ua e ye?ni?, ui oaeiae oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-a?ae?ioa/ii?
nenoaie. Oea: i???ioaoe?y a?ae?ioae ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia o?eueee
eieaeueieo ei?enooaa/?a, a e a?aeaeaeaieo aaiiaio?a, ? ye iane?aeie oa,
ui /eoa/? eiie?aoii? a?ae?ioaee aoaeooue iaoe aeinooi aei ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
?ano?n?a ?ioeo a?ae?ioae ? ?ano?n?a na?oiaiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o;
iiaiioa ? iia?aoeai?noue iaaeaiiy iio??aii? ?ioi?iaoe??; iaaeaiiy
aeinooio aei aeaeaiue ia o?eueee ia o?aaeeoe?eieo — iaia?iaeo, a e ia
iaoeiieo iin?yo; onoiaiiy cia/ii? e?eueeino? ?ooeiieo ?o/ieo iia?aoe?e,
ye? iaieio/? i?e ia?iaoe? ?ioi?iaoe??, ciaioaiiy i?aoeaaeo?ao ia
aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e; iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy eia?/ii?
iine?aeiaiino? i?ioean?a ? iia?aoe?e, onoiaiiy aeoaethth/eo ? caeaeo
?ia?o oa oaoiieia?/ieo «iaoaeue».

Oaeei /eiii, aeeiiaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/iith
iniiaith aeey noai?aiiy aeai??aiaai? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie iaoeiai?
a?ae?ioaee.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe:

Iaa?oioiaaia aeai??aiaaa no?oeoo?a aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie a?ae?ioaee,
yea i???ioiaaia ia Internet/Intranet oaoiieia?? ? oi?ioaaiiy ia oe?e
iniia? ?ioaa?iaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, ye neeaaeiai? eiiiiiaioe
?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e Oe?a?ie.

Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue oi?ioaaiiy eiii’thoa?iiai a?ae?ioa/iiai
oeaio?o aeey i?aeo?eiee ia?aaeaaeo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ? aecia/aia
eiai ooieoe?iiaeueia ni?yiiaai?noue ia ?icaeoie ?nioth/i? a Oe?a?i?
a?aeii/i? oeaio?ae?caoe?? ? ?aa?iiaeueii? eiiia?aoe?? eieaica??aiue.

Anoaiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noue o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeaeo?iiieo eaoaeia?a ie?aieo
eieaica??aiue o caaaeai? aeaeo?iii? eaoaeiae, c o?aooaaiiyi iayaii? a
Oe?a?i? no?oeoo?e a?aeii/eo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo a?ae?ioa/ieo oa?oioaaiue.

Cai?iiiiiaaia ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaoiieia?y eiiia?aoeaii? eaoaeia?caoe??, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? iine?aeiaiee ia?ao?ae a?ae iai?io oaeeaie c a?ae?ia?ao?/ieie
iienaie iiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei ii-eaeiiai? aca?iiae?? a?ae?ioae i?e
ia?iaoe? noeoiiiai ao?aeiiai aeieoiaioaeueiiai iioieo.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui aei oi?ioaaiiy caaaeaiiai aeaeo?iiiiai eaoaeiao
a?ae?ioae aeioe?eueii caeo/aoe, ianaiia?aae, eieaica??i?, ui ?
iaoiaee/ieie oeaio?aie a?ae?ioa/ieo ia?aae, ine?eueee oea aeicaieeoue ia
eeoa nooo?ai ciaioeoe noeoii? o?oaeiaeo?aoe ia eaoaeia?caoe?th, a e
caaacia/eoue aaaaoianiaeoia aeei?enoaiiy ?ioaa?iaaiiai ?ano?no a
?nioth/eo ia?aaeao eieaica??aiue.

Noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aiae?co ooieoe?iiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue
i?ae oaoiieia?/ieie iieacieeaie nenoaie oa noi?iiaaieie oaoi?/ieie
aeiiaaie, yea aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe aea?? eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo cania?a
aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee.

Aecia/ai? e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
nenoaie a?ae?ioaee, ye? aeinyaathoueny ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
iia?aoeaiino? oa iiaiioe iaaeaiiy ei?enooaa/ai iio??aii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Eyoaiei ?.TH. I?ia?aneai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a oi?aae?ii?
a?ae?ioa/ieie i?ioeanaie / Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai. — E., 1998. — 44 n.

2. Eyoaiei ?.TH. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?aaeaaeo oaoiieia?e / Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea ?iai?
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai. — E., 1998. — 20 n.

3. Eyoaiei ?.TH. ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a oi?aae?ii? aeene?aoieie
oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie // ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??: noai ni?aa oa
iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo: Iaoa??aee eiio., Ee?a, 12-15 o?aaiy 1998 ?. —
E., 1998. — N. 73-76.

4. Eeaoi TH.N., Eyoaiei E.TH. I?iaeaiu nicaeaiey aaeeiie
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu ianeoaeeaaiey ia?aaicie ia aaoiiiaeeueiii
o?ainii?oa // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai Ainoaea?noaaiiiai
aaoiiiaeeueii-aei?iaeiiai oieaa?neoaoa. — 1998. — Aui.? 7. — N. 75-77.

5. Eeaoi TH.N., Eyoaiei E.TH. ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee a o/aaiue e o?ainii?oiue i?ioeannu // Y?aiiiieea ia
aaoiiiaeeueiii o?ainii?oa: Na.iao/i.o?. iaaeaeoia?. iao/i. eiio.,
Oa?ueeia, 18-20 iiya?y 1997 a. — O., — 1997. — N.130-131.

Einoaiei E.E., Eyoaiei ?.TH. Canoinoaaiiy Intranet-oaoiieia?e o
a?ae?ioaeao // ?ioi?iaoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee: Iao-ee
iaaeaeoia?.eiio., Ee?a, 13-16 aeiaoiy 1998 ?. — E., 1998. — N. 92-100.

Eyoaiei ??eia TH???aia. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?aaeaaeo oaoiieia?e.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.13.06 — «Aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy oa
i?ia?aneai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??». Iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie
?iai? A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai. Ee?a, 1998.

Aeine?aeaeai? ieoaiiy aca?iica’ycaieo i?ioean?a aioo??oiuei?
a?ae?ioa/ii? oaoiieia?? ? i?ioean?a ia?aaeaai? aca?iiae?? eieaica??aiue
oa ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? canaaee aeey noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee c aeei?enoaiiyi Internet/Intranet oaoiieia?e.
Cai?iiiiiaaia ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaoiieia?y ia?aaeaai? aca?iiae??
eieaica??aiue Oe?a?ie ia iniia? ii-eaeiiaiai eiii’thoa?iiai
a?ae?ioa/iiai oeaio?o, a oaeiae iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? aeai?o eiiieaeno
oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? a?ae?ioa/ieo i?ioean?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Internet/Intranet oaoiieia??, ia?aaeaaa aca?iiae?y
a?ae?ioae, iia?aoeai?noue caaeiaieaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa, iaoiaeeea
iioei?caoe??, aace aeaieo, eiiia?aoeaia eaoaeia?caoe?y, eiii’thoa?iee
a?ae?ioa/iee oeaio?.

Eyoaiei E?eia TH?ueaaia. Aaoiiaoecaoeey aeaeeioa/iuo i?ioeannia n
eniieueciaaieai eioi?iaoeeiiiuo naoaauo oaoiieiaee.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.13.06 — «Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiua nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey e
i?ia?anneaiua eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee». Iaoeeiiaeueiay aeaeeioaea
Oe?aeiu eiaie A.E.Aa?iaaeneiai, Eeaa, 1998.

Enneaaeiaaiu aii?inu acaeiinaycaiiuo i?ioeannia aioo?aiiae aeaeeioa/iie
oaoiieiaee e i?ioeannu naoaaiai acaeiiaeaenoaey aeaeeioae, ?ac?aaioaiu
oai?aoe/aneea iniiau aeey nicaeaiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu iao/iie
aeaeeioaee n eniieueciaaieai Internet/Intranet oaoiieiaee. I?aaeeiaeaia
eioi?iaoeeiiiay oaoiieiaey naoaaiai acaeiiaeaenoaey aeaeeioae Oe?aeiu ia
iniiaa ii-eaeiiaiai eiiiuethoa?iiai aeaeeioa/iiai oeaio?a, a oaeaea
iaoiaeeea iioeiecaoeee auai?a eiiieaena oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa aeey
aaoiiaoecaoeee aeaeeioa/iuo i?ioeannia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Internet/Intranet oaoiieiaee, naoaaia acaeiiaeaenoaea
aeaeeioae, iia?aoeaiinoue oaeiaeaoai?aiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iio?aaiinoae,
iaoiaeeea iioeiecaoeee, aacu aeaiiuo, eiiia?aoeaiay eaoaeiaecaoeey,
eiiiuethoa?iue aeaeeioa/iue oeaio?.

Lyashenko I.U. Automatization library processes with use information
network technologies.

Dissertation submitted for the granting of the academic degree
Candidate in Technical Sciences in the specialization 05.13.06
«Automatic systems control and progressive information technologies».
V.I.Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, Kiev, 1998.

In thesis consider the questions of connect processes inside library
technology and processes of network cooperation libraries, theoretical
basis for creation automatic system science library with the use of
Internet/Intranet technologies are developed. Proposes information
technology of network cooperation Ukrainian libraries on the base online
computer library center and the method optimization choice complex of
technical means for the automatization library processes are proposed
too.

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