EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

I/ae?ioeaaa Ieaia Aaeoa?ae?aia

808. 2: 801.563.1

ANIAEOOAEUeI?NOUe O NO?OEOO??

A?AeAe??NE?AIEO ?IAI Ae??

O ?IN?ENUeE?E IIA?

10.02.02 — ?in?enueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Ion??iei Aaeaioeia Iaae?aia,

*a?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai,

caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith caaaeueiiai

oa ?in?enueeiai iiaiciaanoaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Ooia?iaa Iaoaey Iao??aia

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee

e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai

oa ?in?enueeiai iiaiciaanoaa,

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Nieieiaa Na?oeaia Ieaa?aia,

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae

IAI Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iiaiciaanoaa ?iai?

I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie,

a?aeae?e ?in?enueei? iiae, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “19”_aa?aciy_1999?. i_14_aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.19 o Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a, aoeuea. Oaa/aiea, 14).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “19”_ethoiai_1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
E.?. Oaoiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

?icaeoie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iai?yio no/anii? e?iaa?noeee a inoaii? ?iee
i?eca?a aei ia?aaeyaeo oe?ieiai eiea e?iaa?noe/ieo i?iaeai. sseui
o?aaeeoe?eia ii?oieia?y ?icaeyaeaea a?aiaoe/ia cia/aiiy eeoa o ca’yceo c
iaaiith iaoa??aeueiith oi?iith eiai ae?aaeaiiy, oi a ?one?
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo noa? i/aaeaeiith iio?aaa iiaeeaeaiiai
aiae?co ye naiiai a?aiaoe/iiai cia/aiiy, oae ? an?o cania?a eiai
?aae?caoe??, cie?aia ?iie?oeeoieo.

?aeath “i?eoiaaii? a?aiaoeee” aoei caeeaaeaii ua o i?aoeyo I.I.Iioaai? ?
?icaeiooi o aeine?aeaeaiiyo E.A.Ua?ae, A.Oi?oa A.Eioieaea?a, *.O?eii?a,
N.Ae.Eaoeiaeueniia, A.Aaaeaeoeueei?, I.A.Aiiaea?ea, 0.I.Nieieiaa,
O.N.Aaoeaae/a, A.I.Eacaeiaa. Oaeee ?icaeoie e?iaa?noe/ii? aeoiee ni?eya
oi?ioaaiith iiaiai iai?yio — ?iie?oeeoii? ii?oieia??, iaoith yei? ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aiaoe/ieo cia/aiue, ui ia iathoue ?aaoey?ieo
oi?iaeueieo iieaciee?a, a aeyaeythoue naaa ye iaaiee oei naiaioe/ii?
iiiceoe?? ia eiioaenooaeueiiio ??ai? (I.I.Nieieia, I.A.Iao?ia,
I.I.Aieiaa/). ssne?aaei aeiaaeeii ?iie?oeeoiino? cia/aiue ? i?ioeane
o?ainiiceoe?? /anoei iiae, ine?eueee, ci?ithth/e noaoon /anoeie iiae,
neiaa caa??aathoue ie?ai? a?aiaoe/i? aeeoa?aioe?ei? iciaee ?ioeo eean?a
ne?a. O no?oeoo?? aea?eaaoa o cai?iaiiio aeaeyae? i?noeoueny ?ioi?iaoe?y
i?i eaene/io ? neioaene/io niieo/oaai?noue, oiaoi o i?ioean
neiaioai?aiiy caeo/a?oueny oe?oa, i?ae aaaaea?oueny o?aaeeoe?eii, eiei
yaeu — eaene/ieo, neioaene/ieo, eiioaenooaeueieo. Oae, a?aeae??ne?aiee
?iaiiee c? cia/aiiyi ae?? caeaoiee io?eioaaoe a?ae iioeaaoi?a ae??ne?ai?
naiaioe/i? eiiiiiaioe, cie?aia i?ioeanoaeuei?noue, e?i?oaoeai?noue,
iiaoi?thaai?noue, ?ioaineai?noue, ia?oaeoi?noue, oacia?noue. Oe? iciaee
?ai?acaioothoue naiaioe/io eaoaai??th aniaeooaeueiino?, ui oa?aeoa?eco?
“aioo??oi?e /an” ae?? (?aoa?ianueea 1984).

Iii?e oa, ui i?iaeaio ae??ne?aiino? ?iai ae?? aoei aena?oeaii o i?aoeyo
E.A.Oaiioieeiai?, A.A.Aaaaeoeaai?, I.?.Ei?yeiaoeaai?, E.I.Aaea?the,
I.I.Ii?iciai?, E.O.Eaaoeiai?, N.A.Oeueyioeaai?, I.A.Iao?iaa,
A.I.Eociaoeiai?, A.I.Eacaeiaa, aeioaia? caeeoa?oueny iac’yniaaiei
ieoaiiy i?i ?iie?oeeoi? oa aenie?oeeoi? aniaeooaeuei? eiiiiiaioe o
naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? aeaaa?aaoea?a, ia aecia/aii /eiieee aeeiai?ee
aniaeooaeueieo nai a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iai o iia? oa iiaeaii?; iio?aao?
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaia iayaiino? eaoaai??? aeaeo o a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iai.
Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, oaeei /eiii, iieyaa? o aeine?aeaeaii?
aniaeooaeueii? naiaioeee aeaaa?aaoea?a, eaoaai??aeueiiai noaoono aeaeo a
ieo oa /eiiee?a aniaeooaeueii? ?ai?acaioaoe?? ?c caaaeueiith
i???ioaoe??th ia iaoiaeieia?th ooieoe?iiae?cio oa iia?oi? aeine?aeaeaiiy
c ?iie?oeeoii? ii?oieia??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? ?iie?oeeoiiai ci?noo
aniaeooaeueiino? o naiaioeoe? aeaaa?aaoea?a, o oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
nenoaiii-iiaieo /eiiee?a oi?ioaaiiy aniaeooaeueii? naiaioeee
aeaaa?aaoea?a, a iien? oei?a cia/aiue, ?aeaaaioieo/ia?aeaaaioieo aeey
?iaiii? oi?ie ae?aaeaiiy ae??, o aeine?aeaeaii? aieeao naiaioe/ii?
no?oeoo?e ?iaiieea oa eiai ao?en?a ia aea?? aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioiiai
eiioaenooaeueiiai ioi/aiiy, a aiae?c? eiioaenooaeueieo /eiiee?a
aniaeooaeueiino? aeaaa?aaoea?a.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiiaio?a aniaeooaeueiino?
oa /eiiee?a ?oiuei? aeooae?caoe?? o naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? ?iai ae??.
Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1. Anoaiiaeoe oeiieia?th ?iai ae?? oa niieo/oaai?noue aeae?eaieo oei?a
c aniaeooaeueieie iieacieeaie, iaa?oiooaaaoe nenoaiii-iiai? iciaee
aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy aniaeooaeueiino? aeaaa?aaoea?a.

2. Aecia/eoe aniaeooaeuei?e iioaioe?ae ?iai ae??.

3. Aeine?aeeoe aieea aeaaa?aaoeaa ia aea?? aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioiiai
eiioaenooaeueiiai ioi/aiiy, aecia/eoe ?ieue o?ainiiceoe?eieo ?
ae??ne?aieo ao?en?a o oeueiio i?ioean?.

4. Iienaoe ??cii??aiaa? eiioaenooaeuei? /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy
aniaeooaeueiiai cia/aiiy aeaaa?aaoeaa o iiaeaii?.

Iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieth? aeecueei 5500 aeaaa?aaoea?a, ye?
aeeo/aii iaoiaeii nooe?eueii? aea??ee c? Neiaa?y ?onneiai ycuea a 4-o
oiiao, Neiaa?y nia?aiaiiiai ?onneiai eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea a 17-oe oiiao,
Naiaeiiai neiaa?y nia?aiaiiie ?onneie eaeneee. Iiaeaii?a? aniaeooaeuei?
iciaee ?iai ae?? i?iaiae?ciaaii ia iniia? 5000 oaenoiaeo o?aaiaio?a ?c
oai??a ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeaie aeei?enoiaoaaeany eiiieaenia iaoiaeeea,
cie?aia, iieniaee, o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee, aeeno?eaooeaiee,
oaenoiai-?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiee oa ?io?iniaeoeaiee iaoiaee, a oaeiae iaoiaee
naiii-eiiiiiaioiiai oa e?euee?niiai aiae?co. C iaoith ia?aa??ee
aeniiae?a oa ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii aieaooaaiiy
aoaeiiieo iin??a ?in?enueei? iiae o e?eueeino? 117 in?a o
i.Iiainea??nueeo.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o eiiieaeniiio aiae?c?
aniaeooaeueii? naiaioeee a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iai ae??, aeine?aeaeaii?
nenoaiii-iiaieo oa iiaeaii?aeo /eiiee?a ?oiuei? ?ai?acaioaoe??, ui iiaea
noaoe i?aea?oioyi aeey aea/aiiy ?ioeo eaoaai??aeueieo ?iie?oeeoieo
cia/aiue, a oaeiae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eoiaaieo ae??ne?aieo eaoaai??e
o a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiao ae?? ia iaoa??ae? ?ioeo iia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny oei, ui ?? iaoa??aee iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? o eaeneeia?ao?/i?e i?aeoeoe?, o /eoaii? oai?aoe/ieo
eo?n?a «Caaaeueia iiaiciaanoai», «No/ania ?in?enueea iiaa», o
niaoeeo?nao oa niaoenai?ia?ao ?c neiaioai?o oa ?iie?oeeoii? ii?oieia??,
naian?ieia??, e?iaa?noeee oaenoo, ooieoe?iiaeueii? e?iaaenoeee, a oaeiae
o ia?aeeaaeaoeuee?e ae?yeueiino? oa i?e aeeeaaeaii? ?in?enueei? iiae ye
?iicaiii?.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno

1. ?i’y ae?? oniaaeeiao? a?ae iioeaoth/iai ae??neiaa eiiieaen
aniaeooaeueieo naiaioe/ieo iciae oa ? ia?eoa??eiei eiiiiiaioii
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai iiey aniaeooaeueiino?.

2. Neeaae aniaeooaeueieo iciae aeaaa?aaoeaa coiiaeaii iniaeeainoyie
naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e iioeaoth/iai ae??neiaa, oa oi?iaeueieie
iieacieeaie (ae??ne?aieie oa o?ainiiceoe?eieie ao?enaie).

3. Naiaioe/iee iioaioe?ae ?iai? ae?? aoae/ee, i?ae o ni?aa?aeiinieo
ae??ne?a: aeaaa?aaoea caeaoiee ae?aaeaoe naiaioe/i? iciaee oaciaino?,
o?eaaeino?, ia?oaeoiino?, iiaoi?thaaiino?, iaeiiaeoiino?, ?ioaineaiino?,
?acoeueoaoeaiino?, aea ia iiaea ?ai?acaiooaaoe cia/aiiy
e?euee?nii-/aniai? iaae? ae??.

4. Nooi?iue o/ano? eiioaenoo a aeooae?caoe?? aniaeooaeueiiai cia/aiiy
oa ae?aiacii eiai aieeao caeaaeaoue a?ae naiaioe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ?iai?
ae?? oa aenie?oeeoieo aniaeooaeueieo iieaciee?a.

5. Eiioaeno eiie?aoeco? cia/aiiy aeaaa?aaoeaa o iiaeaii? ca aeiiiiiaith
eaene/ieo, a?aiaoe/ieo oa neioaene/ieo /eiiee?a. ?acii c oei, aeey
aeaaa?aaoea?a, oae naii, ye ? aeey a?aeiia?aeieo ae??ne?a, ?aeaaaioi?
neooaoe?? aeaeiai? neiii?i??.

Ai?iaaoe?y iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeany o aenooiao ia 4 I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?aioeey e
Oe?aeia: iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneee iiuo a eiioaenoa aeeaeiaa iaoeeiiaeueiuo
eoeueoo?” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, o?aaaiue 1997), ia 4 I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ooieoeeiiaeueiay eeiaaenoeea. I?aaiaoeea oaenoa” (sseoa,
aeiaoaiue 1997), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e o?eieia?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiie aiaei-aia?eeaineie eeoa?aoo?u. I?iaeaiu
nia?aiaiiie eeiaaenoeee” (*a?eane, o?aaaiue 1998). ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai oa
?in?enueeiai iiaiciaanoaa *a?eanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo nei?i/aiue, nieneo aeaea?ae
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo oa neiaiee?a, a?ae?ia?ao??. Ianya ?iaioe — 198
noi??iie.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa
iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Ae??ne?ai? aeanoeaino? ?iai? ae??” i?enay/aii
oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaiith i?iaeaie oa aiae?co nenoaiii-iiaieo /eiiee?a
oi?ioaaiiy aniaeooaeueiiai cia/aiiy aeaaa?aaoea?a.

I?iaeaia iayaiino? o a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiiee?a ae?? aeaeiaeo cia/aiue
ia? ??ci? aniaeoe ?ica’ycaiiy: a?ae eaoaai?e/iiai caia?a/aiiy
(A.?.Oioea/iaa, I.A.Aoe?i, A.I.?aueinueea) aei noaa?aeaeaiiy ?o ia ??ai?
ae?ao?ii?? o ?in?enueeeo noanoaioea?a a 16-18 noie?ooyo
(A.A.Aeiia?aaeia, I.I.?iiaiiaa, I.ss.Ai?aoiia, A.Ae.E?a?i) /e aeciaiiy
?oiuei? aeooaeueiino? o no/anieo ?iaiiee?a (I.I.Iaoeianueeee,
I.A.?na/aiei, A.A.Aeiieo?). Oe? aniaeoe noinothoueny eeoa ?iaiiee?a ?c
noo?enaie -iea/-oea, ye? iathoue aea? iioeaoth/? iniiae — aeieiiaiiai oa
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo (oeio iouneeaaiea — iouneaiea). ?io? aeaaa?aaoeae,
ia aeoieo aeine?aeiee?a, ia ae?aaeathoue aeaeiaeo cia/aiue /a?ac
a?aenooi?noue oi?iaeueieo iieaciee?a.

Iaeiae ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aeeeth/ii ia oa?ai? o?aaeeoe?eii?
ii?oieia?? ? iaeiia?niaeoeaiei aiane?aeie oiai, ui aniaeooaeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?? ia iaiaaeaia eeoa aeaeii, a aeaoa?i?iiaaia oaeiae
a?aie/i?noth/iaa?aie/i?noth, niiniaii ae??, aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioiei
eiioaenoii. A?aie/i?noue oa niin?a ae?? cia/iith i??ith aeieeaathoue c
eaene/ii? naiaioeee ae??neiaa ? oiio oniaaeeiaothoueny ?iaiieeii.
Aniaeooaeueia ?ieue eiioaenoo caa??aa?oueny oa iineeth?oueny uiaei
a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iai ae?? /a?ac a?aenooi?noue o ieo ?aaoey?ieo aeaeiaeo
iieaciee?a. C iaeyaeo ia aeooaeueio a no/ani?e e?ia?noeoe? iaoiaeieia?th
ooieoe?iiae?cio oi?io?oueny iiaee i?aeo?ae aei oe??? i?iaeaie, ui
a?aoiao? i?e iiaeaethaaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai iiey
aniaeooaeueiino? ye nenoaiii-iiai?, oae ? eiioaenooaeuei?, cie?aia,
aeeaeii? nieneia? /eiieee (I.A.Aiiaea?ei, A.A.Aae, O.N.Aaoeaae/,
?.I.Nonia, I.I.Nieieia, A.I.Eacaeia, A.O.ssoaana?iaa).

Aiane?aeie oiai, ui ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y eiie?aoiiai aniaeooaeueiiai cia/aiiy
?iai ae?? i?e a?aenooiino? oi?iaeueieo aeaeiaeo iieaciee?a iiaea aooe
iaiaeiicia/iith, caniaii eiai anoaiiaeaiiy aoea iaoiaeeea niieo/oaaiino?
ae??ne?a c aniaeooaeueieie iieacieeaie (I.A.Aiiaea?ei, I.I.Oaeye?i),
ni?iaeoiaaia iaie ia ?iaiieee c o?aooaaiiyi /anoeiiiiaii? niaoeeo?ee.
Aeey aecia/aiiy ?iia?oaeoeaii? naiaioeee ? ?aeaaaioiith iiceoeaia
niieo/oaai?noue c oaciaeie ae??neiaaie (ia/aoue, i?iaeieaeaoue,
caaa?oeoue) oa aae’?eoeaieie iieacieeaie iiaoi?thaaiino? /e o?eaaeino?
ae?? (iiiaie?aoiue, aeeeoaeueiue, iinoiyiiue). Niieo/oaai?noue c
?acoeueoaoeaieie ae??neiaaie (inouanoaeoue, i?iecaanoe, i?iecieoe)
oa aae’?eoeaieie iieacieeaie (iaiiaaiiue,

iieiue) aea? ciiao anoaiiaeoe iayai?noue ia?oaeoeaieo nai.

Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo nenoaiii-iiaieo /eiiee?a ca nooiaiai aieeao ? ianyaii
eaene/iiai iaoa??aeo ? a?aie/i?noue — iaa?aie/i?noue ae??ne?aii? iniiae,
yea ? iae?aaoi?iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith aoaeue-yei? ae??. Oey naiaioe/ia
iciaea iaia’yceiai oniaaeeiao?oueny ?iaiieeii oa ia iio?aao?
oi?iaeueiiai ae?aaeaiiy: ia/aoue iao/aiea — inouanoaeoue iao/aiea, aea:
ia/aeinue oeaaoaiea — *i?iecioei oeaaoaiea, i?iaeieaeaoue iaiea —
*i?iecaanoe iaiea.

Naiaioe/iee oei aeaeiai? ei?aeyoeaiino? iioeaoth/iai ae??neiaa
(“i?ioean — ?acoeueoao”, “iaeiiaeoi?noue — na??ei?noue”), iacaeaaeii
a?ae aeaeo, ? iieacieeii iayaiino? i?ioeanoaeueii? /e iiaoi?thaaii? naie
o no?oeoo?? aeaaa?aaoeaa, a oaeiae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?oaeoeaieo oa
?iia?oaeoeaieo nai. Iniiaieie aniaeooaeueieie cia/aiiyie aeaaa?aaoea?a,
iioeaiaaieo ae??neiaaie oeio “iaeiie?aoi?noue — na??ei?noue”, ?
iaeiie?aoi?noue, oe?e?ni?noue, ?acoeueoaoeai?noue: i?iecioae ooea,
naeaeaoue aic?aaeaiea. Naie iiaoi?thaaiino? caa??aathoueny ca oiiae
iayaiino? ?iia?oaeoeaiiai noo?ena: i?iaeieaeaeinue acae?aaeaaiea.
?iaiieee, iioeaiaai? ae??neiaaie oeio “i?ioean – ?acoeueoao”, caeaoi?
aeooae?coaaoe i?ioeanoaeueia cia/aiiy, iacaeaeaaeii a?ae nooiaiy eiai
aenieeeaoe??, oa oa?aeoa?ecothoueny c??aiiaaaeaiei ci?noii iiey?eciaaieo
ia?oaeoeaieo oa ?iia?oaeoeaieo nai: ia/aoue eco/aiea – inouanoaeoue
eco/aiea.

Aeeoa?aioe?eio ?ieue aeeiiothoue oi?iaeuei? iieacieee: iayai?noue
?iia?oaeoeaiiai noo?ena aai a?aenooi?noue i?ao?ena o aeaaa?aaoea?a ?c
ei?aeyoeaieo ia? caaacia/o? ia?aaaaeaiiy nai o?eaaeino?: ia/aoue
ecaeaaaiea — *inouanoaeoue ecaeaaaiea. O?ainiiceoe?eiee noo?en -iej-
coiiaeth? ia?aaaaeaiiy o?eaaeeo nai (ii?.: ia/aoue i?ioiaeaeaiea, ii
*i?iecaanoe i?ioiaeaeaiea), ioeueiaee noo?en i?aeo?eio? naie
oe?e?niino?, ?acoeueoaoeaiino? (ii?.: i?iecioae ia?aa?oc, ii: *ia/aoue
ia?aa?oc), noo?en -e(a) ? o oeueiio ieai? oi?aa?naeueiei (inouanoaeoue
nai?eo — i?iaeieaeaoue nai?eo).

?acoeueoaoe aiae?co i?aaenoaaeai? o noai?. Iicia/aiiy “AeA” oa “IAeA”
aeei?enoiaothoueny iaie uiaei ia?aaaae iaaieo aniaeooaeueieo nai o
no?oeoo?? aeaaa?aaoeaa.

“”

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aniaeooaeuei? iciaee o naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? ?iai?
ae??” ?icaeyaea?oueny aieea aniaeooaeueii? naiaioeee iioeaoth/iai
ae??neiaa ia eiai i?iaeoeoeai?noue uiaei ?iaiiee?a ae??, a oaeiae
aiae?co?oueny iioaioe?ae ?iai ae?? o noa?? aioo??ne?aiiai ae?aaeaiiy
aniaeooaeueieo naiaioe/ieo iciae.

Eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ia eaoaai??y niinia?a (ca ?ioith oa?i?iieia??th —
?iae?a) ae??ne?aii? ae?? ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c eaene/iith oa
a?aiaoe/iith naiaioeeith ae??neiaa ? eiai ao?en?a, a oiio o a?eueoiio
ianyc?, i?ae ?io? ae??ne?ai? iciaee, oniaaeeiao?oueny iio?aeiei
?iaiieeii. E??i oeueiai aiia aeicaiey? aeaoaeuei?oa eeaneo?eoaaoe oeie
aniaeooaeueieo cia/aiue. Oiio aiae?c aeaaa?aaoea?a i?iaiaeeany ia
i?aenoaa? ?oiuei? naiaioe/ii? ni?aa?aeianaiino? c ae??neiaaie iaaieo
niinia?a ae??.

Niaoeeo?ea a?aeae??ne?aiiai ?iaiieea o ae?aaeaii? cia/aiue o?eaaeino?
aeyaey?oueny o noa?? ia?aoeio naiaioe/ieo iciae o?eaaeino? oa
e?i?oaoeaiino? (iaiaaeaiino? ae??) — ?i’y ae?? i?aeoe/ii ia caeaoia
aioo??ne?aii ae?aaeaoe naiaioeeo aecia/aii?, ?aaeueii a?aie/ii?
o?eaaeino?. Aeanoeaei aeey ?iai ae?? ? ae?aaeaiiy iaaecia/aii?
o?eaaeino? — ae??neiaa, ye? i?noyoue oeth iciaeo, aac iaiaaeaiue
ooai?ththoue aeaaa?aaoeae, iai?eeeaae, ni?aa?aeiini? ?iaiieee iathoue
100% aaiethoeaieo ae??ne?a (oaioaiea, neieueaeaiea), 255 ?c 262
aaaaoiaeoieo (oa?aooaiea, oeeaiea). C ??cieie a?aeo?ieaie oey iciaea
oa?aeoa?ia oaeiae aeey ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo (167 ?iai ia 225 ae??ne?a,
ia?aaeaeuaaoue — ia?aaeaeuaaiea), i?iniaeoeaieo (76 ?iai ia 62
ae??neiaa, caaioaaeeaaoue — caaioaaeeaaiea) ye?nii-ioe?iieo (169 ?iai ia
187 ae??ne?a, aue?aoiaeeaaoue — aue?aoiaeeaaiea) oa ?i.

Uiaei ?aae?caoe?? ?iaiai naiaioeee aecia/aii? o?eaaeino?, oi ooo eiai
iiaeeeaino? aeineoue iaiaaeai?. Ae??neiaa naoeaiiai (iaaoeyoueny,
auaaaaoueny), iaaei??ii-?ioaineaiiai (oeaaeaoueny, oi?uaaoueny),
o?iaeueii-caia?a/iiai (aeiea?aoueny, aeineaeaoueny) niinia?a ae??, ye?
i?noyoue oeth iciaeo o iai?aee?aneai?e oi?i?, acaaae? ia ni?iiiaei?
iioeaoaaoe ?iaia. A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao, eiee i?ioean oai?aiiy ?iaiieea
ae?? ana ae oaee ia? i?noea, a?i noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith ae??ne?aii?
naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e: iaaei??ii-o?eaae? naie cia/iith i??ith
iaeo?ae?cothoueny, iaaoaa?oueny cia/aiiy noaoaeueii? ia?oaeoiino?:

o?eaaeee i?ioean – iane?aeie – iaa?aie/iee noai

oiuaoue – enoiueoueny – enoiuaiea.

Aeiaaeee iioeaaoe?? ?iai ae?? o?eaaei-iaiaaeoaaeueieie (i?inoiyoue) oa
aeae?i?oaoeaieie (iineaeaoue) ae??neiaaie, o yeeo aecia/aia o?eaae?noue
aenooia? o i?aee?aneai?e oi?i?, iiiaeeiie?: ia 650 ae??ne?a i?eiaaea? 24
aeaaa?aaoeaa. Iaia’yceiaith oiiaith ?oiueiai ooai?aiiy ? iayai?noue o
ae??neiaa ?iia?oaeoeaii? oi?ie, ine?eueee iciaea aecia/aii? a?aie/ii?
o?eaaeino? a ieo eeoa iioaioe?eia (ia?aceiiaea, ioneaeeaaiea, iiauaea).

?aae?caoe?th naiaioe/ii? iciaee iiaoi?thaaiino? o a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiao
oaeiae iaiaaeo? oei a?aeiioaiiy ae?? aei ?? iaae?: aeaaa?aaoea iiaea
aeooae?coaaoe iaa?aie/ia iiaoi?thaaiiy ae?e aai i?noeoe iciaeo
a?aie/iino? o iioaioe?eiiio aeaeyae? (ye ni?yiiaai?noue ae?? aei
aeinyaiaiiy iaae?). Ioeueoeie?eaoeaia iaa?aie/ia iiaoi?thaai?noue ia
caia?a/o? ooai?aiith ?iaiiee?a: 100% aaaaoiaeoieo oa 140 c 200
?oa?aoeaieo ae??ne?a iioeaothoue ?iaia ae?? (iicayeeaaiea,
i?eoiiouaaiea, ia?aniaeaaiea), aea ?? a?aie/iee oei (iii?uaaoue,
canoo/aoue) iiaea aeooae?coaaoeny eeoa caniaaie eiioaenoo: Aaeaeaea
?acaeaeny nooe oiii?a (A?naiueaa).

Neiaioa??ia aeoeai?noue ae??ne?a, ye? ae?aaeathoue aeeno?eaooeaio
e?aoi?noue, caeaaeeoue a?ae i??e ae?aaeaiiy iciaee a?aie/iino?.
Aeeno?eaooeaii-noia?i? ae??neiaa c i?ao?enaie ii- (iino?aeyoue anao
ioeoe, iiaeoue anth iinoaeo) — aenie?oeeoii a?aie/i?, oiio aiie acaaae?
ia oai?youe ?iai ae??. Aeeno?eaooeai? ae??neiaa c i?ao?enaie ia- ? ?ac-
(?o ia?aoiao?oueny 108) iathoue ?iia?oaeoeaio oi?io, yea ae?aaea?
a?aie/i?noue o iioaioe?ei?e oi?i?, /a?ac oa 62 ?c ieo iioeaothoue ?iaia
ae??: iaoa?eaaiea, ?acaea?eaaiea ? iiae. Eiioaeno iiaea aenie?eoaaoe
iciaeo iaae?: Aaaeii auei, /oi neaaeao Ae?iaio iinea iniio?a aai
ai?iiai ?aeiia (A.Aieioei), aai i?aaenoaaeyoe ae?th ye ?aaeueii
iaiaiaaeaio: Iiea ?iaia aeaeae aeaaiiai eiaeaia?a, aio caiiai
i?eiiiieeny naaiaeiyoiee iaoiae o/anoeia aianoa n ia/aeueieeii oaoou
(A.Aieioei).

O?ao?e oei iiaoi?thaaiino? — ?oa?aoeaiee — ? a?eueo oa?aeoa?iei aeey
?iaiii? oi?ie ae?aaeaiiy ae??, oiio ui ia i?noeoue iciaee a?aie/iino?.
An? aeaaa?aaoeae, ni?aa?aeiini? c ae??neiaaie iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo,
caeaoi? ca a?aeiia?aeieo oiia aeooae?coaaoe cia/aiiy ?oa?aoeaii?
iiaoi?thaaiino?: Oee eiiiua ?aoe, oee iaoea…Inoaiiaee(ii.) auaaee
ei?ioee, ia?aoiaeu aeieae: ca oaeiiaie eania aeaeaea eo Iineaa
(Ai?iaeei).

Ae?aiacii cia/aiue ?ioaineaiino? o a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiao ae?? ?
aeineoue oe?ieei: a?ae iaiiaiioe, iineaaeaiino? ae?? “aoaioaoeaieo” ?iai
(iiaee?aoeaaiea) aei cia/ii? i??e i?iyao iciaee a
“i?aeneethaaeueii-?ioaineaieo” (?acaoe). Aei oiai ae ??aaiue
neiaioa??ii? aeoeaiino? a?aeiia?aeieo ae??ne?a aaciina?aaeiuei
caeaaeeoue nooiaiy aeyaeaiiy oeueiai cia/aiiy a ?o naiaioe/i?e
no?oeoo??: /ei aeua ?ioaineai?noue ae??ne?aiiai niiniao ae??, oei ieae/a
eiai i?iaeoeoeai?noue a?aeiinii aeaaa?aaoea?a. Oae, aoaioaoeai?
ae??neiaa ooai?ththoue 90 aeaaa?aaoea?a (i?eioae?eaaiea, iiaenaeeaaiea),
?ioaineaii-ye?ni? — 35 (iaoaieeaaiea, ia?aaioea),
?ioaineaii-i?aeneethaaeuei? — 20 (?acia?aaaiea, ?ania?eaaiea),
?ioaineaii-i?ioeanoaeuei? — 14 (aui?aoeaaiea),
i?aeneethaaeueii-?ioaineai? — 7 (?acaa?), o?eaaei-i?aeneethaaeuei?
(aeicaiieoueny) ?iaiiee?a ia iioeaothoue acaaae?, iacaaaeath/e ia
iayai?noue ?iia?oaeoeaieo oi?i (aeicaaieaaoueny). Aeayeo ?ieue ooo,
iaaii, a?ae?a?a? oie oaeo, ui aiaeii/an c? c?inoaiiyi nooiaiy
?ioaineaiino? i?aeneeth?oueny aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaia caaa?aeaiiy,
i?ioa a

caaaeueiiio eiioaeno? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaii?oei ? iiyniaiiy oeeo
neiaioa??ieo eaeoi c?inoaiiyi iciaee a?aie/iino? a ?ioaineaieo
ae??neiaao, yea nyaa? iaeneioio a o?eaaei-i?aeneethaaeueieo.

Aeaaa?aaoeae caeaoi? aeooae?coaaoe o iiaeaii? cia/aiiy noaoaeueii?
ia?oaeoiino? (cao?eiee ?acoeueoaoo ae?? ia aeayeee /an). Iaiao?aeia
oiiaa ?? i?iyao — iayai?noue nai a?aie/iino? oa noaoaeueiino?:
Iiaeeeueyie nicaeae iiiaeanoai ethaeae; eo ia/aeue, ioeaiaiaiea, eo
cao?aaeaiiay iaaeiinoue iio?ynatho iinaoeoaeae iocay (Y?aiao?a); Ca
a?iiaaeiua aiaeu ecaiaiuey, any eieth/ei aea?ii aeuoa, enoiaeeea ou
ie?icaeaiuey, i, einiaoay iaoa aeooa (Iaaieia).

Niaoe?ae?ciaaiei caniaii ae?aaeaiiy cia/aiiy oaciaino? a ae??neia? ?
ii/eiaeueiee oa o?i?oiee niiniae ae??. Aiie iiaeooue aeacoaaoe ia /aniao
iaaeo ii/aoeo /e e?ioey ae?? (iaaaiethoeaiee oei c ?aaeueiith
a?aie/i?noth) aai ia /anoeio ae?? a ?? iaai?e oac? (aaiethoeaiee oei c
iioaioe?eiith a?aie/i?noth). sse iieaco? aiae?c iiaiiai iaoa??aeo,
a?aeae??ne?ai? ?iaia ae?? ooai?ththoueny eeoa a?ae ae??ne?a c
aaiethoeaiei ii/eiaeueiei cia/aiiyi (caoeaaoaoue). Aea a ?in?enuee?e
iia? aeoaea iaei ii/eiaeueieo ae??ne?a c aaiethoeaiei cia/aiiyi (aiii
ia?eo?oueny ?iia?oaeoeaiith oi?iith), iai?eeeaae, c i?ao?enii ca-, ca
aeaieie A.I.Oeoiiiaa (1959), ?o 30 ia?. I/aaeaeii, naia oeei /eiieeii
coiiaeth?oueny iecueea /anoioi?noue ooai?aiiy ii/eiaeueieo aeaaa?aaoea?a
(c i?ao?enii ca- eeoa 16 noanoaioea?a ia 898 ae??ne?a). A?ae
ii/eiaeueieo ae??ne?a c i?ao?enaie ac-(aic-)(ainiueaoue) ?
ii-(iineaeaoue), aiane?aeie ?o iae?aaoi?ii? aenie?oeeoii? a?aie/iino?,
acaaae? ia oai?youeny aeaaa?aaoeae. Aioo??ne?aia ae?aaeaiiy
aeaaa?aaoeaii cia/aiiy caaa?oaiino? ae?? oaeiae i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny
oe??e caeiiii??iino?.

Ioaea, nai???aei?noue ?iai ae?? o noa?? ae?aaeaiiy aniaeooaeueii?
naiaioeee aeyaey?oueny i?e aca?iiae?? cia/aiue oaciaino?,
iiaoi?thaaiino?, o?eaaeino? oa ?ioaineaiino? c naiaioe/iith iciaeith
e?i?oaoeaiino?. E?i?oaoeai?noue ii?aeio? ??ciiiai?oi? oeie a?aeiioaiiy
ae?? aei ?? iaae?, yea iiaea aooe ciai?oiueith oa aioo??oiueith,
?aaeueiith oa iioaioe?eiith. Iayai?noue ciai?oiuei? iaae? a ?iaiieeia?e
ae??, oiaoi aeooae?caoe?y ?? a?aie/iino? caniaaie eiioaenoo, aeineoue
iioe?aia. Aea ?aae?caoe?y o oi?i? ?iaiieea aioo??oiuei? (aioo??ne?aii?)
iaae? caeaaeeoue a?ae ci?noiaiiai oeio ae??ne?aii? a?aie/iino?.
Iayai?noue iciaee ?acoeueoaoeaii? iaae? (ni?yiiaaiino? ia aeinyaiaiiy
ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai ?acoeueoaoo) o naii?e no?oeoo?? iioeaoth/iai ae??neiaa
ia ia?aoeiaeaea? i?ioeano oai?aiiy ?iaiieea ae??, yeee eaaei oniaaeeiao?
oeth naiaioe/io iciaeo. Oea, iai?eeeaae, aeooaeueii aeey ?iai,
iioeaiaaieo ?acoeueoaoeaii-oioeaieie (aeeth/aiea, ianeie),
i?ioeanoaeueii-?acoeueoaoeaieie (iiaeuai, aica?auaiea),
?acoeueoaoeaii-iaioeaieie (no?ieea, iiaaeea) ae??neiaaie. Cia/aiiy
?acoeueoaoeaii? iaae? iiaea aeooae?coaaoeny o eiioaeno?: Ioaoe inoaeny a
Aeueoea e aeiaae aeaei aei ioe?uoey oaei, ?aciaea/aaoeo aiciooeoaeueiua
i?anooieaiey (Eaneia), aai caeeoaoeny o iioaioe?eiiio aeaeyae?:
I?ienoiaeeei oi?aeanoaaiiia ioe?uoea aeaeaeaiey ii aiiaue ono?iaiiiio
iinoo (*aoia).

?ioei oeiii a?aie/iino? ? cia/aiiy iaeiiaeoiino?. O a?aeae??ne?aieo
?iaiao ae?? ia niinoa??aa?oueny ?aaoey?iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ca iciaeith
iaeiiaeoiino? — aaaaoiaeoiino? (?iaiieo ia?, ye? caa??aathoue
a?aeiia?aei? ae??ne?ai? iieacieee, ia?aoiao?oueny aeecueei 40: aeioaiea
— aeioie ? iiae.). Aea i?e aaeeaaii? a eiioaeno? o oi?i? iaeieie
“iaeiiaeoi?” aeaaa?aaoeae caaaeaee aeooae?cothoue cia/aiiy iaeiiaeoii?
ae??: Oo?oauay iaaeeaiiinoue ieaa O?aaiaeiei caiieii i?a?aaeanue
(Aaoooaiei). Ii?.: Io?ie eee eiycth aiaeo…; eanaiea no?oe i iaaeue
?iaeaeaei caii, iioiaeee ia aeaeueithth ianith (Ai?iaeei). ?ic?yae
“iaeiiaeoieo” aeaaa?aaoea?a acaaae? iiaeia aaaaeaoe oi?eaeueiei /a?ac
oa, ui nooi ?iaiieeiaee noo?en aniaeooaeueii ia?eo? ?iaiio ae?th, aei
oiai ae oe?eeii iaeiicia/ii.

I?ioa ?niothoue ? ?io? oeie a?aie/iino?, ye? aeacothoue ia
e?euee?nii-/aniao iaaeo ae??. Naia aiie ? o??th ae??ne?aiith iciaeith,
yea aoiaeeoue o noia?a/i?noue ?c oi?iith ?iaiieea ? caeaoia caa??aaoeny
i?e o?ainiiceoe?? a ?i’y eeoa o iioaioe?eiiio aeaeyae?. An? ci?noiai?
oeie e?euee?nii? ?aaeueii? a?aie/iino? ae??ne?aii? ae?? ia aeiioneathoue
ooai?aiiy a?aeae??ne?aiiai ?iaiieea. Oea aaea ?icaeyioo? iaie 1) /aniaa
iaaea iaaii? o?eaaeino? ae?? (aca?iiae?y c iciaeith o?eaaeino?), 2)
/aniaa iaaea ii/aoeo aai e?ioey ae?? (aca?iiae?y c iciaeith oaciaino?),
3) e?aeiy iaaea ?ioaineaiino? (aca?iiae?y c iciaeith ?ioaineaiino?), 4)
e?aeiy iaaea iiaoi?thaaiino? ae?? (aca?iiae?y c iciaeith e?aoiino?).
Iiaeeeai, oea yaeua coiiaeaia aieeaii i?aaeiaoiiai eaoaai??aeueiiai
cia/aiiy ?iaiieea, aeey yeiai ?acoeueoaoeai? naie ? a?eueo ?aeaaaioieie,
i?ae e?euee?nii-/ania? iciaee, ine?eueee ui ?i’y aaiaoe/ii ia iia’ycaia
c /anii.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Aniaeooaeuei?noue ?iai? ae?? oa
eiioaeno” ?icaeyaea?oueny aniaeooaeueia niaoeeo?ea aeaaa?aaoea?a o
iiaeaii?. Aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iiaieea eiioaenoo ? neiaioi?ie
ae?aaea?oueny, c iaeiiai aieo, o aea??eiaiio oa?aeoa?? niieo/oaaiino?
noanoaioeaa c ??cieie eiioaenooaeueieie aeaiaioaie. Oea coiiaeaii
?iie?oeeoii aai aenie?oeeoii ai?uaiith a iueiio aeac?aeith ia
iiaeeea?noue aeeth/aiiy aei iaaiiai eiioaenoo. C ?ioiai aieo,
aniaeooaeueii ?aeaaaioiee eiioaeno iiaea cia/iith i??ith iiaeeo?eoaaoe
naiio no?oeoo?o neiaa, iaaiaeeoe iaei? naie ? aaneoe ?io?. Iaeaeaa
i?ioeane uiaei ?iai ae?? iine?aeiaii ?icaeyaeathoueny o oeueiio
?icae?e?.

Aniaeooaeueii-naiaioe/iee iioaioe?ae aeaaa?aaoea?a coiiaeth? ae?aiacii
eiioaeno?a ?oiueiai iiaeaii?aiai aaeeaaiiy oa iaiao?aeiee nooi?iue
o/ano? eiioaenooaeueiiai ioi/aiiy a aeooae?caoe?? aniaeooaeueieo nai.
sseui a?aeiia?aeia naia ? aeii?iaioiith o no?oeoo?? aeaaa?aaoeaa, oi ??
aeooae?caoe?y

cae?enith?oueny aac i?aeo?eiee eiioaenooaeueiiai ioi/aiiy: Iia ioaeii
oieueei aaoa ionoonoaea (Iooeei) = …/oiau au ionoonoaiaaee — ii?.: Iia
ioaeai oieueei aao iouacae = /oiau au oaoaee. Oae? a?aeoeaio?ia?
aeanoeaino? iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? aeey i?ioeanoaeueieo oa a?aie/ieo nai.
Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioo iayai?noue neeueii? i?ioeanoaeueii? aai
a?aie/ii? naie o aeaaa?aaoeaa coiiaeea eiai aeei?enoaiiy o a?aeiia?aeieo
cia/aiiyo o 111 oa 97 aeiaaeeao ?c 117.

C??aiiaaaeaiee ci?no iiey?eciaaieo nai aai ia?eoa??eiee noaoon naie
aecia/a? iaiao?aei?noue i?aeo?eiee eiioaenoo aeey ?? aeooae?caoe??:
Aoeeea ?anneacae Caoa?ee ana o?oaeiinoe, i?aiaeieaiiua ei i?e eniieiaiee
ie?aieaeu (Eaneia) …eiaaea ii eniieiye ie?aieaeo. Ii?.: Ca oa?icie
iineaaeiaaei e eniieiaiea: ?acaeaeenue oaea?u a aeaa?ue (Eaneia) caoai
oa?ica auea eniieiaia… I?eaa?oa? oaaao iiaeeea?noue aeooae?caoe??
neaaei? i?ioeanoaeueii? naie aeaaa?aaoeaaie, iioeaiaaieie ae??neiaaie
AeA, yea aeieea? o aeiaaeeo, eiee ?acoeueoao ae?? ?iie?oeeoii
ia?aaeaa/a? a?eueo /e iaio o?eaaeo ae?th: Iinoii, iieayieai,
eniiaaaeueth i/euaee naay ienoeu, i?aaeaea /ai i?enooieoue e iaienaieth
eieae (Ai?iaeei) = …ia/aoue ienaoue. Oeueiio ia ia?aoeiaeaea? iaa?oue
iaeiiaeaeia?noue iioeaaoi?a Perfektiva tantum ca oiiae eiai ?iie?oeeoii?
i?ioeanoaeueiino?,: Aeaeaa?ue aa?aaee aee ec oae… eiaaea iinoe naiaiae
i?ioae… (Ianoa?iae) eiaaea caeii/eee noeeoue naiaiaeu… *anoioi?noue
aaeeaaiue caeaaeeoue a?ae noaoono naie. Aeaaa?aaoeae, ui i?noyoue
iiey?eciaai? naie (iai?eeeaae, eco/aiea), i?eaeecii c iaeiaeiaith
/anoioith aaeeaathoueny a iaio aniaeooaeueieo cia/aiiyo (65 : 52)
Ia?eoa??eiee noaoon naie (iai?eeeaae, ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe o neia?
auneaaeeaaiea) coiiaeth? iecueeo iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy o
a?aeiia?aeiiio cia/aiiy (6 aeiaaee?a ?c 117).

A?aenooi?noue i?ioeanoaeueieo oa a?aie/ieo nai o no?oeoo?? ?iaiieea
caiia?aa? eiai aaeeaaiith o a?aeiia?aeieo cia/aiiyo. sseui aeaaa?aaoea
ia ia? nai a?aie/iino? (i?aauaaiea, eaaeaiea), oi iaiaaeaiiy ae?? iiaea
aooe eeoa ciai?oi?i: Iinea ieiooiiai iie/aiey A?eaaeia i?eaeaeanue ei
iia e neacaea…(*aoia) = iiiie/aa ieiooo… (oea oa?aeoa?ii ? aeey
a?aeiia?aeieo iaa?aie/ieo ae??neia: I.I.Oaeye?i 1983) aea oae? aaeeaaiiy
? iaoa?aeoa?ieie aeey oeeo ?iai (aeecueei 1% aaeeaaiue). Aeiyoeii ?
cia/aiiy iiaoi?thaaiino?, ui a?aecia/a?oueny aeioeaio?iaeie
aeanoeainoyie. Eiai ?aae?caoe?y ?aeaaaioia aeey aoaeue-yeiai
aeaaa?aaoeaa, ae?y yeiai iiaea iiaoi?thaaoeny, o iaaiiio eiioaeno?:
Noa?ee auionoee o?iae?aoiue iaacae Eeuee, e ianiy auoea e?ai/a, eae
oaea? ia/a (Ai?iaeei); /e o oi?i? iiiaeeie: A?iciua iinauaiey, iiaea?u e
a?aaaaee i?ae?aoeeenue (Iooeei), ii?.: Yoi neiai i?eoeinue iia
naea?aeaoue eao /a?ac naiue iinea iiaai ia?aiai iinauaiey (*aoia). O
oeueiio aeiaaeeo eaaei i?iaanoe ia?aeaeue: iaaeieiiaiee aeae — iiiaeeia,
aeieiiaiee aeae — iaeieia, oiaoi eaoaai??y /enea i?eeia? ia naaa
ooieoe?th ae?aaeaiiy cia/aiue, ye? o ae??neia? ae?aaeathoueny ca
aeiiiiiaith aeaeiaiai i?ioenoaaeaiiy

(aeea. ?iaioe I.N.Iini?eiaa, I.ss.Aeiaeinueei?)** Iiiaeeia aeaaa?aaoeaa
ia caaaeaee ae?aaea? iiaoi?aiiy ae??, o aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aiia
i?aeneeth? naio o?eaaeino?: Ae (?onneie eeoa?aoo?a) i?enoue iaonoaiiua
iienee nioeeaeueiie i?aaaeu (A. Aiioeeia). Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aenia?eiaioo, aeiaeiee c ?ioi?iaio?a ia aeei?enoaa iaa?aie/i? oa
iai?ioeanoaeuei? aeaaa?aaoeae (i?iaeeaaiea, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea) o
ia?aeaaaioieo cia/aiiyo (*ia/aoue i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea). Iaeiae,
aeaaa?aaoea i?eciaiea, yeee ia i?noeoue nai iiaoi?thaaiino?, aoei
aeei?enoaii o iiaoi?thaaiiio cia/aii? a 9 aeiaaeeao.

Niieo/oaai?noue aeaaa?aaoea?a c aniaeooaeueii-cia/ouei eiioaenooaeueiei
ioi/aiiyi iaaiith i??ith aeaoa?i?io?oueny aenie?oeeoii. Ae??ne?ai?
ia?oaeoeai? i?ao?ene oa ?iia?oaeoeai? noo?ene aeaaa?aaoeaa
caaacia/othoue ia?aaaao iaaieo aniaeooaeueieo nai, iniaeeai i?e
caa?aaeaii? naiaioe/ii? ei?aeyoe?? (aa?noea – naa?noea, aucaei?iaeaiea –
aucaei?aaeeaaiea), oa aieeaathoue ia ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?iai
ae??. Oae, “ia?oaeoeaii ia?eiaai?” /eaie ia? ia caeaoi? aeooae?coaaoe
cia/aiiy eiioaenooaeueii iaa?aie/iiai i?ioeano. Oea coiiaeaii,
i/aaeaeii, iaiiaeeea?noth iiaiiai iiaaoaiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiiai cia/aiiy
i?ao?ena: Aeeaaiic o?aaoao aeeeoaeueiiai noaoeeiia?iiai ea/aiey
(iaiiaeeeaa: ecea/aiey) (*aoia), aea: Oae eiee caaieae, oi ieoe i?iiaei.
A iaaeeoeeia iao aeaaea iaiaea ia aiciiaeiinoue ecea/aiey(*aoia). I?ioa
aaeeaaiiy “ia?oaeoeaiiai” aeaaa?aaoeaa o cia/aii? ?acoeueoaoeaiiai
i?ioeano, oiaoi c a?aeo?ieii ia?oaeoeaiino?, iiaeeeaa: Aee?aeoi?
?ac?aoee Ia?ciaao nuacaeeoue i?iaaaeaoue caieyea, iaoiaeeaoaainy ia
ecea/aiee (=ea/aiee) iinea oyaeaeie eiioocee (Iaiiaa).

“?iia?oaeoeaii ia?eiaai?” aeaaa?aaoeae ia aaeeaathoueny o cia/aii?
iai?ioeanoaeueiiai oe?e?niiai oaeoo: Io aea?u ia auei nianaiuey
(iaiiaeeeaa: nianaiey) (Eeueo e Iao?ia). ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue: 117 in?a (100%) ?c ia?e nianaie(a) – nian(a)ie(a)
aeei?enoaee aeey oeueiai ?a/aiiy “ia?oaeoeaiee” aeaaa?aaoea, 80
?ioi?iaio?a aea?aee neiai ia -aiea aeey eiino?oeoe?? c i?ioeanoaeueiei
cia/aiiyi: Iiniae ieiiiinaoe “A?aaue” e oiaea caiyeny nianaieai ethaeae
(Iiaeeia-I?eaie).

Naiaioeea o?ainiiceoe?eieo noo?en?a (?anoeai — ?anoeaiea — ?anoeaieaiea)
oaeiae ei?aao? ooieoe?iiaeuei? aniaeooaeuei? iniaeeaino? aeaaa?aaoea?a.
?iaiieee c -iea a 75% i?iaiae?ciaaieo iiaeaii?aeo o?aaiaio?a
?aae?cothoue o?eaaei-i?ioeanoaeueia cia/aiiy: ss aioiaeeny ia oo?i
i?enoonoaiaaoue i?e ia?aoiaeaeaiee /a?ac yeaaoi? (Aii/a?ia) = … eiaaea
aoaeoo ia?aoiaeeoue; a 25% — cia/aiiy a?aie/iino?, ?acoeueoaoeaiino?:
Enei ia iioaaaeeeny, iaeeaeay aica?auaiey /aeiaaea (Onia)= … eiaaea
aica?aoeony.

Aeaaa?aaoeae c -ea i?eaeecii c iaeiaeiaith /anoioi?noth ?aae?cothoue
iaeaeaa cia/aiiy: Iueana “Aeie Oo?aeiuo” aucaaea ao?th iaaiaeiaaiey
“iaenoiauo ?aaieoaeae” iinea aa iinoaiiaee (Aiioeeia) — Ea?a eacaeanue
aani?iea?uoiith e ia/aeanue iiaeoaniaea …ea?o (Eaneia).

Ae?y, yea ae?aaeaia aeaaa?aaoeaii c ioeueiaei noo?enii, ni?eeia?oueny,
caeaa?eueoiai, ye oe?e?nia, cae?i/aia. I?ae?aooiie eiioaenooaeueieo
aaeeaaiue iieacaa, ui o 70% aeiaaee?a oae? ?iaiieee aeooae?cothoue
?acoeueoaoeaia, a o 30% — o?eaaei-i?ioeanoaeueia cia/aiiy: Ii iniio?a
iinoaee Aetheianeee io?aii?oiaae (*aoia) = …iniio?aa iinoaeue… —
Aieaey ai oeeaaeue, neaaeiaaoaeue caiyeny, i?aaeaea anaai, iniio?ii
aeaa?e a niaeueith (*aoia) = ia/ae iniao?eaaoue… Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aieaooaaiiy, ?i’y c -ea aoei aaeeoi a iaio aniaeooaeueieo cia/aiiyo o 81
aeiaaeeao: caieiaoueny caeoieie — inouanoaeoue caeoieo. Naiaioeea
ooai?aiue ?c ioeueiaei noo?enii iaeiicia/ii ni?eeia?oueny ye oe?e?nia,
?acoeueoaoeaia (90 aeiaaee?a ?c 117), ?c noo?enii -iej- – ye
aeooaeueii-o?eaaea (110 aeiaaee?a ?c 117).

Aaaeeeaei caniaii ae?aaeaiiy ae??ne?aii? aniaeooaeueii? naiaioeee ?
aocueeee aai oe?ieee eiioaeno, ine?eueee i?eoiaai? eaoaai??aeuei?
cia/aiiy aenie?eothoueny o?eueee ia ??ai? niieo/oaaiino? c ?ioeie
ciaeaie. ?iia?oaeoeai? naie aeooae?cothoueny:

a) o niieo/aii? c ?iaiieeaie, i?eeiaoieeaie ? ae??neiaaie, ui aeacothoue
ia iaaio oaco ae??, ia ?? iaiaiaaeaii-iiaoi?thaaiee oa?aeoa? /e
i?ieiiaiaaio o?eaae?noue: Oicyei, iaeue eao aeaaaeoeaoe o?ao, caiyo
oai?eie (*aoia). Iu ia ai?aaa anth yia?aaoeeo no?ieoue ia i?eioeeia
aunaiaiaeaeaiey yia?aee ec aauanoaa naiae ieaiaou (Y.Ae?onia);

a) a neiainiieo/aiiyo c ae??neiaaie c? cia/aiiyi iaeii/anieo ae?e, ui
i?aee?aneth?oueny i?eeiaiieeaie i?e, ai a?aiy: Iaiieiaeio niyoue naiia
ai a?aiy o?ynee e iaaeaiey nai niyeny (*aoia); aai i?eeiaiieeii ii ia?a:
Aeaaeii-?iciaua ioeoeu …n yoeo e?ueueaa nuiaee aaeua ia?uoee e ii ia?a
i?eaeeaeaiey e caiea ia?auaeenue a iaiae (Eaneia);

a) ca iayaiino? aeaoa?i?iaio?a, ui eiie?aoecothoue ?iaiio ae?th ye
o?eaaeo, iino?eio aai oaeo, ui iiaoi?th?oueny: Ethaa i?iaiaeeea ana naia
a?aiy ca ?aaioie eee ?aceeaaieai /ay (Eaneia); Iiaeei?iee i?iaiaeyo
aeaaaeaeu a aiae (Aeuey/aiei).

Naie ?acoeueoaoeaiino?, cae?i/aiino?, oe?e?niino? ae?? aeooae?cothoueny
a ?iaiao ae??:

a) o niieo/aii? c ?acoeueoaoeaieie ae??neiaaie o oi?i? aeieiiaiiai
aeaeo: Iin?aaee ii/e ?acaoaeeee iaiy oaeaniua e?eee: iiaeii auei
iiaeoiaoue, /oi iai?eyoaeue naeaeae ia/ayiiia iaiaaeaiea (Iooeei); c
?iaiieeaie, ui aeacothoue ia eiie?aoii-oaeoe/iee oa?aeoa? ?iaiii? ae??
/e ia iiiaio ?? cae?eniaiiy: ?aoi?io Aeaaeeie?a neaaeoao iiieiaoue eae
iiiuoeo i?aiaeieaiey e?ecena naiiai ycu/anoaa (A.Eocueiei); c
i?eeiaoieeaie, ui ae?aaeathoue iiaiioo cae?eniaiiy ae??: Oo?oeey aeecea
e iieiiio ?aniaaeaieth (I.Oeeeiiia);

a) o neiainiieo/aiiyo c /aniaeie a?aeiioaiiyie ae?e, ye?
cae?eniththoueny iine?aeiaii: Ii ooiaea Iaiueoeeiaa Aeenoaoaeueiie
Ii?oie iaeaaeaea iaieea (I.Oeeeiiia).

Aeey aeaaa?aaoea?a, ye ? aeey a?aeiia?aeieo ae??ne?a, ?aeaaaioi?
neooaoe?? aeaeiai? neiii?i??, o yeeo aniaeooaeueia cia/aiiy iiaeia
aeoeoia/eoe iiaea?eii, i?e oeueiio ci?no aeneiaethaaiiy nooo?ai ia
ci?ith?oueny. Oae? i?eeeaaee ni?aa?aeiini? c aiaeia?/ieie ae??ne?aieie
neooaoe?yie neiii?i?/iiai aaeeaaiiy aeae?a, iai?eeeaae: Ioaae ia?ioiaea
aue iacia/ai ?aiiei oo?ii (Iaiei-Neae?ye) = …Ia?ioiae aeieaeai aue
ioaaeeoue(AeA) = …aeieaeai aue ioaaeeaaoue(IAeA).

O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei c?iaeaii oae? aeniiaee.

1. A?aeae??ne?ai? ?iaia ae?? caa??aathoue eiiieaen ae??ne?aieo
aniaeooaeueieo iciae a ?iie?oeeoiiio oa aenie?oeeoiiio aeaeyae?.
Aiane?aeie ia?aaoey?iino? oi?iaeueiiai ae?aaeaiiy aniaeooaeuei?noue ia
iaaoaa? o ?iaiieeo noaoono a?aiaoe/ii? eaoaai???.

2. Neeaae aniaeooaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a o naii?e no?oeoo?? aeaaa?aaoea?a
oi?io?oueny i?ae aieeaii nenoaiii-iiaieo /eiiee?a, iaeaaaeeea?oeie c
yeeo ? aniaeooaeueii-naiaioe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iioeaoth/iai ae??neiaa
(a?aie/i?noue/ iaa?aie/i?noue, cia/aiiy eiai niiniao ae??, naiaioe/iee
oei aeaeiai? ei?aeyoeaiino?) oa oi?iaeuei? iieacieee ?iaiii? ae??
(ae??ne?ai? oa o?ainiiceoe?ei? ao?ene).

3. Naiaioe/iee iioaioe?ae ?iai ae?? aoae/ee, i?ae o ni?aa?aeiinieo
ae??ne?a: aeaaa?aaoea caeaoiee ae?aaeaoe aniaeooaeuei? iciaee oaciaino?,
o?eaaeino?, ia?oaeoiino?, iiaoi?thaaiino?, ?ioaineaiino?, yeui aiie ia
i?noyoue nai e?euee?nii-/aniai? ?aaeueii? iaae? ae??. ?acoeueoaoeaiee oa
iaeiiaeoiee oei iaae? niieo/o?oueny c oi?iith ?iaiieea.

4. Ia?aaoey?i?noue ooai?aiiy ?iai ae?? iiynith?oueny iayai?noth o
naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? iaaieo ae??ne?a iciaee e?euee?nii-/aniai? iaae?,
ui noia?a/eoue oi?i? ?iaiieea.

5. Iaa?aiaoe/iee oa?aeoa? aniaeooaeueiino? aeaaa?aaoea?a ciaioo?
cia/aiiy ii?oaiieo iieaciee?a oa i?aeneeth? ?ieue naiaioe/iiai
iioaioe?aeo iniiae o ?? ?ai?acaioaoe??. Iciaee i?ioeanoaeueiino? oa
?acoeueoaoeaii? iaae? a?aecia/athoueny a?aeoeaio?iaeie aeanoeainoyie,
naiaioeea iiaoi?thaaiino? ia? ia?aaaaeii aeioeaio?iaee oa?aeoa? oa
iio?aao? eiioaenooaeueii? i?aeo?eiee.

6. Ae??ne?ai? aeaeia? ao?ene iineeththoue a?aeiia?aei? naie o no?oeoo??
?iai ae??. Iayai?noue /e a?aenooi?noue oi?iaeueiiai iieacieea (o
ei?aeyoeai?e ia?? ?iaiiee?a) caiia?aa? aaeeaaiith oeueiai aeaaa?aaoeaa o
eiioaeno? c yne?aaith oa iaeiicia/iith i?ioeeaaeiith aniaeooaeueiith
naiaioeeith. O?ainiiceoe?ei? noo?ene aeiaeathoue cia/aiith ?iai? ae??
iaaieo aniaeooaeueieo a?aeo?ie?a.

7. Aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioi? eaene/i?, a?aiaoe/i? oa neioaene/i? /eiieee
eiioaenoo coiiaeththoue aeooae?caoe?th o aeaaa?aaoeaao ia?oaeoeaieo oa
?iia?oaeoeaieo iciae. Aeiaaeee, o yeeo iiaeeeaa iaiaeiicia/ia oeoia/aiiy
naiaioeee ?iai? ae??, iaeaaeaoue aei ae??ne?aieo neooaoe?e neiii?i??
aeae?a.

8. Iae?aaoi?iee oa?aeoa? aniaeooaeueieo iciae o no?oeoo?? aeaaa?aaoea?a
oa ?o ia?aaaaeii ?iie?oeeoia ae?aaeaiiy aecia/a? ia?eoa??eiee noaoon
?iai ae?? o no?oeoo?? ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai iiey aniaeooaeueiino?
o ?in?enuee?e iia?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oaciaay naiaioeea a no?oeoo?a ioaeaaieueiuo eiai aeaenoaey. //
Iiiianoeea ? aiaeyoeae. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1998, N.121 — 132.

2. Eiieeoeeoiay naiaioeea aeaea a ioaeaaieueiuo eiaiao nouanoaeoaeueiuo
n aano?aeoiui cia/aieai aeaenoaey.// E?iaa?noe/i? nooae??. Aei.??.
*a?eane,1997, N.95-103.

3. Niioiioaiea neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiiai e eiioaenooaeueiiai oaeoi?ia a
oi?ie?iaaiee aniaeooaeueiie naiaioeee noanoaioeaia. // A?niee
*a?eanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aei.3.*a?eane,1997, N. 81-89.

4. Ooieoe?iiaeueia iaoiiaeai?noue aniaeooaeueieo cia/aiue o
a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiao ae??. // Aoiai?oa?iee a?niee. I?iaeaie no/anii?
e?iaa?noeee. ?2. *a?eane, 1998, N.174-178.

5. Iaeioi?ua aniaeou eiieeoeeoiie aeaaieueiie naiaioeee noanoaioeaia n
aano?aeoiui cia/aieai aeaenoaey.// Oace aeii. 4 I?aeaeoia?iaeii?
eiioa?aioe?? “O?aioeey e Oe?aeia, iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneee iiuo a eiioaenoa
aeeaeiaa iaoeeiiaeueiuo eoeueoo?” — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, o?aaaiue, 1997, ?
oii, N. 151-155.

6. Aniaeooaeuei? cia/aiiy o a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiao ae??. // Oace aeii.
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? o?eieia?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie no/anii?
aiaei-aia?eeainueei? e?oa?aoo?e. I?iaeaie no/anii? e?iaa?noeee”.
*a?eane, o?aaaiue, 1998, N. 61-62.

I/ae?ioeaaa I.A. Aniaeooaeuei?noue o no?oeoo?? a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iai
ae?? o ?in?enuee?e iia?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.02. – ?in?enueea iiaa. – Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith naiaioe/ii? eaoaai???
aniaeooaeueiino? o no?oeoo?? ?iai ae??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaaa?aaoeae ?
ia?eoa??eieie eiiiiiaioaie ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai iiey
aniaeooaeueiino? ia i?aenoaa? iayaiino? a ieo ?iie?oeeoieo
aniaeooaeueieo

iciae oa iaaieo caeeoeiaeo ia?ea??a aeaeo. Aniaeooaeueia naiaioeea
aeaaa?aaoea?a — oea ?acoeueoao aca?iiae?? ?iie?oeeoii ? aenie?oeeoii
oniaaeeiaaieo ae??ne?aieo aeanoeainoae iioeaaoi?a, iaaooeo a?aiaoe/ieo
oa no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae ?iaiieea, a oaeiae aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioieo
eiioaenooaeueieo neooaoe?e ?oiueiai aaeeaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eaoaai??y aniaeooaeueiino?, a?aeae??ne?aiee ?iaiiee
ae??, aeaaa?aaoea, naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a, iiaoi?thaai?noue, a?aie/i?noue,
i?ioeanoaeuei?noue, aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioiee eiioaeno.

I/aeeioeaaa A.Y. Aniaeooaeueiinoue a no?oeoo?a ioaeaaieueiuo eiai
aeaenoaey a ?onneii ycuea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.02. – ?onneee ycue. – Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
ei. O.A.Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth naiaioe/aneie eaoaai?ee
aniaeooaeueiinoe a no?oeoo?a ioaeaaieueiuo eiai aeaenoaey a ?onneii
ycuea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeaaa?aaoeau yaeythony ia?eoa?eeiuie
eiiiiiaioaie ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneiai iiey aniaeooaeueiinoe ia
iniiaaiee iaee/ey a ieo eiieeoeeoiuo aniaeooaeueiuo i?eciaeia e
iaeioi?uo inoaoi/iuo ia?ea?ia aeaea. Aniaeooaeueiay naiaioeea
aeaaa?aaoeaia – yoi ?acoeueoao acaeiiaeaenoaey eiieeoeeoii e
yenieeoeeoii oianeaaeiaaiiuo aeaaieueiuo naienoa iioeaaoi?a,
i?eia?aoaiiuo a?aiiaoe/aneeo e no?oeoo?iuo iniaaiiinoae eiaie
nouanoaeoaeueiiai, a oaeaea aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioiuo eiioaenooaeueiuo
neooaoeee eo oiio?aaeaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaoaai?ey aniaeooaeueiinoe, ioaeaaieueiia eiy
aeaenoaey, aeaaa?aaoea, naiaioe/aneay no?oeoo?a, e?aoiinoue,
i?aaeaeueiinoue, i?ioeannoaeueiinoue, aniaeooaeueii-?aeaaaioiue
eiioaeno.

Pchelintseva O.E. Aspectuality in the structure of the action
verb-derived nouns in Russian language. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate’s Degree by speciality 10.02.02. — Russian
language. — T.G.Shevchenko Kiev University, Kiev, 1999.

The Thesis is devoted to the research of semantical aspectuality
category in the structure of Russian deverbatives. The thesis proves
that a verb-derived noun is the periphery component of the functional
and semantical field of aspectuality on the base of the presence of
implicit aspectual features and residual aspect’s markers in their
structure. Aspectual deverbatives’ semantics is formed as the result of
the interaction of some implicitly and explicitly inherited verb
qualities, assumed grammatical and structural noun features as well as
aspectually relevant contextual situations of their usage.

Key words: aspectuality category, action verb-derived noun, deverbative,
semantical structure, repeating, limitation, processing, aspectually
significant context.

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