OA?E?ANUeEEE A?ENUeEIAEE OI?AA?NEOAO

IEIO?O A?eoi? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 159.9: 629.7

AIOEOeEIAOe?EI? OOIEOe?? IIA?AOEAII? IAI’ssO?

O Ae?ssEUeIINO? EUeIO*EEA

19.00.09 — ineoieia?y i?aoe? a iniaeeaeo oiiaao

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/i?e aeaaeai??,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai/a?iaa Na?oeaia Iao??aia,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith ineoieia??

Oe?a?inueei? ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? aeaaeai??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?aaiiaa Ieaia Oae?en?aia,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?e ineoieia??;

— eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Caieyinueea Ieaia
Aieiaeeie??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
eaai?aoi??? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

— ?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N.Einothea AII Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 30“ aa?aniy_ 1999 ?. i _15.00__ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.702.05 a Oa?e?anueeiio
a?enueeiaiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310043, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
Aeeiai?anueea 6, aoae. Ae606.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
a?enueeiaiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310043, i. Oa?e?a, iaeaeai
Naiaiaee 6. .

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 “ _na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iaioeeia ?.I. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. I?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeino?, neeaaeiino?,
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae iiai? aa?aoe?eii? oaoi?ee iaoiiaeth?
i?aeaeuaiiy aeiia aei aoaeoeaiino? ea?oaaiiy e?oaeueieie aia?aoaie,
i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeneeaiiy iai?oaeaiino? ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea
(?.Iinoeai, I.E?aniia, I.Oaaei?/oe, A.?eue?i). Oi/i?noue oa
nai?/ani?noue ea?oth/eo ae?e eueio/eea aaaaoi a /iio aecia/a?oueny eiai
caeaoi?noth aioeoeeioaaoe (ia?aaeaa/aoe) ?icaeoie iieueioii? neooaoe??.
Onoaiiaeaii, ui aioeoeeiaoe?y ye aaaeeeaa neeaaeiaa ineo?/ieo iaoai?ci?a
oe?eaaecia/aiiy oa naii?aaoeyoe?? aoiaeeoue aei ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai
eueioii? ae?yeueiino? (I.Ae.Caaaeiaa, A.O.Eiiia, A.I.Iiiiia?aiei). I?e
oeueiio no?oeoo?a i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy, eiai
nooo?a? iniaeeaino? i?ae /an ea?oaaiiy oaeith aeeiai?/iith nenoaiith, ye
e?oae, i?aeoe/ii ia ?icaeyaeaeenue. Iaei aeine?aeaeoaaeenue nenoaii?
iaoai?cie aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ae eooii ci?o aecia/aiiy ?ie? oa o/ano? a ieo
??cieo ineo?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Aaaaoueia aaoi?aie i?aee?anethaaeanue iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa ?ieue
iai’yo? ethaeeie a aioeoeeiaoe?? (I.E.Aiio?i, I.?.Aa?iooaei,
N.I.Ai/a?iaa, A.ss.Eyoae?n). ?acii c oei, cacia/a?oueny, ui oni?o
ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue ea?oaaiiy aeeiai?/ieie ia’?eoaie ?, ia?aaeon?i,
i?eioiaaieie e?oaeueieie aia?aoaie aaaaoi a /iio aecia/a?oueny
aoaeoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? noa’?eoa (A.O.Eiiia,
A.I.Iiiiia?aiei, I.I.E?eeia, A.A.Eaia oa ?i.). Oaeei /eiii, aeaea?oueny,
ui ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? iiaeii? a?ae?a?aaaoe aaaeeeao ?ieue a
aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean? i?e ae??oaii? caaaeaiue i?eiooaaiiy. Iaeiae,
iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeea oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aena?oeaiiy ?ie?
iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? o aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean?, aeine?aeaeaiiy c oe???
i?iaeaiaoeee i?aeoe/ii ia i?iaiaeeeenue.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ??oaiiy, ui oi?iothoueny o
ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoaiao ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioeane iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? eueio/eea i?ae
/an oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy o ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoaiao
ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: aecia/eoe niaoeeo?/i? aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe??
iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? eueio/eea, ui aoee noi?iiaai? a oiiaao ae??
aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a iieueioo.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea iia?aoeaia iai’youe
?aae?co? niaoeeo?/i? aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? ? oeei nooo?ai aecia/a?
oi/i?noue oa nai?/ani?noue oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ia?aco-iaoe.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: — cae?enieoe aiae?c cia/aiiy oa niaoeeo?ee
aioeoeeiaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea;

— cae?enieoe aiae?c oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue oni?o aioeoeeiaoe??
i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aioeoeeiaoe??, yea a iiaeaethaaea
caaaeaiiy oa ae?th niaoeeo?/ieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a ae?yeueiino?
eueio/eea;

— ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo, io?eiaieo a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii?,
aeyaeoe ooieoe?iiaeueio no?oeoo?o aioeoeeiaoe??, yea ?aae?co?oueny ii
a?aeiioaiith aei i?ioean?a, ui oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny;

— ioe?ieoe aieea ia?aiao??a ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? ia
i?inoi?ia? oa /ania? oa?aeoa?enoeee aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy;

— aecia/eoe ?ieue iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a i?aai?caoe?? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano oa noi?ioethaaoe iieiaeaiiy i?i ci?no aioeoeeiaoe?eieo ooieoe?e
iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? o ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoaiao ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea;

— aeaoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii?
iaoiaeeee aeey ae?aaiinoeee aoaeoeaiino? aioeoeeiaoe?eieo ooieoe?e
iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? eueio/eea.

Iaoiaee/io iniiao ?iaioe neeaee iieiaeaiiy i?i nenoaiiee oa?aeoa?
aioeoeeiaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ? ?o i?ia?aeio ?ieue o iaoai?ciao
oe?eaiieeaaeaiiy a no?oeoo?? ae?yeueiino? (I.E.Aiio?i, I.?.Aa?iooaei,
A.O.Eiiia, A.ss.Eyoae?n, I.I.Na?a??iei), i?i iai’youe ye aaciao
ooieoe?iiaeueio nenoaio a no?oeoo?? ae?yeueiino? (N.I.Ai/a?iaa).

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaany oaeee eiiieaen
iaoiae?a: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie, aaoiiaoeciaaiee eaai?aoi?iee
aenia?eiaio, niinoa?aaeaiiy, oanooaaiiy, aan?aea, iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee i?ae /an ia?iaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeinue o ia??iae c 1996 aei 1997 ?ieo a Oa?e?anueeiio
?inoeooo? eueio/ee?a (O?E).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) ?aae?ciaaii nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei
aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a
aioeoeeiaoe?eieo i?ioeanao o no?oeoo?? ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea. 2)
Aecia/aia iecea niaoeeo?/ieo aeiia aei aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaoiaeeee c
aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?e iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio
i?ioean?. Aiie oae?: i?ioean, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, iiaeiai aooe
i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee iaai?e caeiiii??iino?; e?euee?noue iacaeaaeieo
ia?ai?iieo a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio caaaeaii? iiaeiia aooe i?i?iaeueiith;
i?ioean, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, iiaeiai ?icaeaaoeny aei iiiaioo naiai
caeiiii??iiai cae?i/aiiy i?ioyaii ?ioa?aaeo /ano, yeee iiaeia c?noaaeoe
c o?eaae?noth caa??aaiiy ? ia?a?iaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a iia?aoeai?e
iai’yo?. 3) Aecia/ai? niaoeeo?/i? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a
no?oeoo?? aioeoeeiaoe?eieo i?ioean?a. 4) Aia?oa iieacaii aieea oi/iino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? ia oi/i?noue aioeoeeiaoe??
i?ioean?a, ui oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) Aeae?eai? niaoeeo?/i?
aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a no?oeoo?? ae?yeueiino?
eueio/eea. Oea oae? ooieoe??: oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? cia/oueo
oiia; aecia/aiiy oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny;
aeae?eaiiy iiaeeeaeo aeoie?a i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, c aace?/?
a?aeiieo ? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy; /aniaa ?aaoeyoe?y aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano. 2) Onoaiiaeaia i?ia?aeia ?ieue iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? o
oi?ioaaii? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy a?aeiinii i?ioean?a, ui oaeaeei
?icaeaathoueny. Oea aeicaiey? eiie?aoecoaaoe oai?aoe/ia iieiaeaiiy i?i
iai’youe ye aaciao ooieoe?iiaeueio nenoaio a no?oeoo?? ae?yeueiino?. 3)
Iieacaii aieea ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a ae?yeueiino?
eueio/eea (aeao?oeeo ?aeaaaioii? ?ioi?iaoe??; ii?aeiaia ae?yeuei?noue;
?ioa?oa?aioe?y ?ioi?iaoe??, nooo?aa iaiaaeaiiy /ano ia i?eeiyooy
??oaiiy) ia aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) ?ic?iaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia
iaoiaeeea, ui aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe caaaeaiiy oa niaoeeo?/i?, iia’ycai?
c ae??th aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a, oiiae ae?yeueiino? eueio/ee?a i?e
aioeoeeiaoe?? ?ooo aeeiai?/ieo ia’?eo?a. 2) Cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaoiaeeee aeey ae?aaiinoeee
iioi/iiai noaio aioeoeeiaoe?eii? ooieoe?? /aniai? ?aaoeyoe?? i?e
iaa/aii? eueio/ee?a. 3) Iieacaia nooo?aa ?ieue i?inoi?iaeo i???ioe??a a
aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean? i?e ae??oaii? eueio/eeii caaaeaiue noaaeaiiy.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy:

1. Aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? o ooieoe?iiaeueieo
nenoaiao ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea nooo?aei /eiii aecia/a? oni?oi?noue
aioeoeeiaoe?? ia’?eoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny.

2. Iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia aioeoeeiaoe?eiee i?ioean oaeoi??a,
ui aecia/athoue aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa? eueioii? ae?yeueiino?,
caeaaeeoue a?ae i?aai?caoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano a iia?aoeai?e iai’yo?.

3. Oni?oi?noue aioeoeeiaoe?? ia’?eoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei
?icaeaathoueny, caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiioe oa oi/iino? ioe?iee ?o
aeeiai?/ieo iniaeeainoae a iia?aoeai?e iai’yo?.

4. Aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? ? i?ioan?eii cia/oueie o
ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? aoee c?iaeai?
aeiiia?ae? ia o?ao?o ? /aoaa?oeo I?aeia?iaeieo Eiiianueeeo /eoaiiyo
(Iineaa, 1996, 1997), ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/aeeny aei ca?o?a
a?aeae?eo i?iaeai aa?aoe?eii? ineoieia?? Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o O?E.
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aoea ai?iaaaeaeaia o O?E (a?aeaoe aeiaea?oueny).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 7
i?aoeue, nienie yeeo iaaiaeeoueny a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ui caaaeii neeaaea? 156
noi??iie, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, yeee i?noeoue 172 iaeiaioaaiiy, 2
aeiaeaoe?a. O ?iaio? iaaaaeai? 23 oaaeeoe? oa 10 ?enoie?a. Caaaeueiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 173 iaoeiiienieo noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO
AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O «Anooi?» iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iiaeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?aenoaae i?iaeoeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a aioeoeeiaoe?eieo i?ioeanao o no?oeoo??
ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea” c?iaeaiee iaeyae a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aioeoeeiaoe?? a ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea, niaoeeo?ee oiia
eueioii? ae?yeueiino?, iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? ye neeaaeiai? nenoaiieo
iaoai?ci?a oi?ioaaiiy ia?aca-oe?e? ae?yeueiino?. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e
na?ae/eoue, ui aioeoeeiaoe?ei? i?ioeane ? iaiao?aeiith neeaaeiaith
ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea (I.Ae.Caaaeiaa,
A.I.Iiiiia?aiei, A.A.Eaia). Iaeaaaeeea?oa caaaeaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eieo
iaoai?ci?a iieyaa? o oi?ioaaii? oa iiaeeo?eaoe?? iaoe ae?yeueiino?
(I.E.Aiio?i, I.?.Aa?iooaei, A.O.Eiiia). O aenieiaeeiai?/i?e ae?yeueiino?
eueio/eea iathoue i?noea i?iyae aioeoeeiaoe??, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
??ciei ??aiyi ineo?/iiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy, aea iniaeeaa ?ieue
a?aeaiaeeoueny ooieoe?iioaaiith ineo?/ieo iaoai?ci?a aioeoeeiaoe??
i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny. ?acoeueoaoe ?ai?oa i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i ia?aaaao ni?yiiaaiino? o ooieoe?iioaaii?
aioeoeeiaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ia ioe?ieo oa ianooiia aeei?enoaiiy
caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo ia’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano (A.O.Eiiia, ?.I.No?eia,
?.N.?aiaoeaae/). Oaeiae a?aei?/a?oueny, ui aaaeeeaith aeaoa?i?iaioith
aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy ? eiia??i?nia no?oeoo?a aeina?aeo noa’?eoa
(?.I.Oaeaaiaa?a).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny,
aeicaieeee aeae?eeoe ieceo oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue oi?ioaaiiy
aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy (A.O.Eiiia, ?.Iioeoii, A.I.Aiaeei??cia,
A.A.Nooiaeieuenueeee). Onoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aeueieie c oeeo oaeoi??a ?,
ia?o ca ana, o?, ye? iathoue ca’ycie c aeeiai?/ieie iniaeeainoyie
?icaeoeo ia’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui iaaeoi aaaeeeaeie
aeaoa?i?iaioaie aioeoeeiaoe?? o ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea ? aeno?aiaeuei?
(no?aniaaii?) oaeoi?e, o oiio /ene? e aeno?aiaeuei? oaeoi?e
?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?e?iaee (A.I.Aiae?ia, TH.I.Caa?iae?i, I.I.Iaiciia,
E.I.Eeoa?a-Niee). Oea oae? oaeoi?e, ye aeao?oeeo ?ioi?iaoe??,
noa’?eoeaia oa ia’?eoeaia neeaaei?noue caaaeaiiy, aeao?oeeo /ano,
aenieee oaii iiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, ii?aeiaia ae?yeuei?noue,
?ioa?oa?aioe?y neaiae?a oa ?io?. Iino?eia ae?y ia eueio/eea i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy iieueioo oeeo oaeoi??a aecia/a? aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa? oiia
eiai ae?yeueiino? (TH.I.Caa?iae?i, A.A.Cacee?i). I?ae aieeaii
aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a o eueio/ee?a oi?iothoueny niaoeeo?/i?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? nenoaie ae?yeueiino?, aaeaioiaai? aei aeno?aiaeueieo
oiia.

?acii c oei, ooieoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai
??oaiiy aaaaoi a /iio ua ia ?ice?eoa. Iaei aeine?aeaeoaaeeny e nenoaii?
iaoai?cie aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny, o
ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoaiao ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea i?ae eooii ci?o
aecia/aiiy ?ie? oa o/ano? a ieo ??cieo i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioean?a.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeacothoue ia aaaeeea?noue ooieoe?e iai’yo?,
cie?aia, iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei
?icaeaathoueny (I.?.Aa?iooaei, A.O.Eiiia, A.ss.Eyoae?n). O eiioeaioe??
eiia??i?niiai i?iaiicoaaiiy nenoai? iai’yo? a?aeaiaeeoueny i?ia?aeia
?ieue o oi?ioaaii? aeia?aaeaeath/iai a?aeia?aaeaiiy (?.I.Oaeaaiaa?a).
Iia?aoeaia iai’youe (II), aa?o/e o/anoue a i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano
ia?a?iaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy iaoe ae?yeueiino? aeeiio?
i?iaeoeoeai? ooieoe?? (N.I.Ai/a?iaa). Aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy II
nooo?ai aieeaa? ia oni?oi?noue ?aae?caoe?? aenieiaeeiai?/ieo aeae?a
iia?aoi?nueei? ae?yeueiino? (I.I.Aeieo???aa, A.I.E?eeia, I.I.Iaiciia).
?acii c oei, ?ieue II o iaoai?ciao aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei
?icaeaathoueny, ia ?icaeyaeaeany.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aoaie oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai oyaeaiiy
(aenia?eiaio 1)” aeae?eythoueny aieiai? aoaie ia?a?iaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy. Aeine?aeaeo?oueny ci?no
oa ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?caoe?? eiaeiiai c aeae?eaieo aoai?a. I?e
ii?aoethaaii? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aoiaoaaeenue oae? aeiiae : a
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iiaeii? iiaeaethaaoenue caaea/?, ui
ae??oothoueny eueio/eeii o iieueio?; a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? iiaeiia iiaeaethaaoeny ae?y aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a
iieueioo; i?ioean, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, iiaeiai aooe i?aeii?yaeeiaaiei
iaai?e caeiiii??iino?; e?euee?noue iacaeaaeieo ia?ai?iieo a
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio caaaeaii? iiaeiia aooe i?i?iaeueiith; i?ioean, ui
aioeoeeio?oueny, iiaeiai ?icaeaaoeny aei iiiaioa naiai caeiiii??iiai
cae?i/aiiy i?ioyaii ?ioa?aaeo /ano, yeee iiaeia c?anoaaeoe c o?eaae?noth
caa??aaiiy ? ia?a?iaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a II; aeine?aeaeoaaieie iiaeii?
aooe eueio/eee.

Aeine?aeaeoaaieie a aenia?eiaio? 1 aoee eueio/eee — neooa/?
Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo eueio/ee?a o e?eueeino? 17 in?a.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ye oaea, ui caaeiaieueiy? cacia/aiei aeiiaai, aoei
ia?aia caaaeaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?? iieiaeaiiy ia’?eoa, yeee
??aiioiia?eueiaii i?yiie?i?eii ia?ai?uo?oueny. Aioeoeeiaoe?eia caaaeaiiy
?aae?ciaaia o aeaeyae? i?ia?aie aeey IAII oeio IBM, eio?? i?eioneathoue
i?aeeeth/aiiy i?eno?ith «ieoa». sse ia’?eo- iaoa a caaaeaii? aenooiaea
iicia/ea, yea ia?ai?uoaaeanue ia ae?ai? a?aeaiiii?oi?a. Ia ii/aoeiaiio
aoai? ?ooo iicia/ea a?coae?coaaeany i?ioyaii 2,2(0,1nae. I?ney oeueiai
iicia/ea ianeoaaeany. A?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeiaaaeinue yeiiiaa oi/i?oa
? oaeaeoa aeacaoe ca aeiiiiiaith i?eno?ith «ieoa» iiaeeeaa i?noea
coieiee iicia/ee (IICI). Ae?enia i?noea coieiee iicia/ee aena?/oaaeiny
i?e iayaiino? aeaio iiae?e: ?aae?caoe?? ??oaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiei ?
caaa?oaii? ?ooo iicia/ee.

?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy iaaecia/aiino? ?, aeania, aeao?oeeoo ?aeaaaioii?
?ioi?iaoe?? aeey ae?iaeaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy cae?enithaaeinue
oeyoii ci?ie e?eueeino? IICI oa a?aenoai? i?ae IICI a ie?ai?e na???.
?ioaineai?noue i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, caaeaaaeany ci?iith
ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? iicia/ee ca oiia a?aeiia?aeii? ci?ie aaee/eie
oiia?eueiaiiy.

Eiaeiee aeine?aeaeoaaiee aeeiiaa caaaeii iiiaae 300 ni?ia. Aeey eiaeii?
na??? ?ic?aoiaoaaeanue oi/i?noue aioeoeeiaoe?? (OA). *an oi?ioaaiiy oa
?aae?caoe?? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy (*A) aecia/aany ye /an a?ae
iiiaioo ii/aoeo ?ooo iicia/ee aei iiiaioo ?aaeoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai.
Aecia/aeenue /anoioe aeai?o a na??? eiaeiiai ?c IICI ? na?aaei?
aaniethoia a?aeoeeaiiy i?noey coieiee iicia/ee, yea aioeoeeio?oueny,
a?ae ae?eniiai (NAAA). Aeine?aeaeoaai? a?aeiia?aeaee ia caieoaiiy oanoo
A.Aecaiea, iieoieea Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia, a oaeiae ia caieoaiiy ca?oo i?i
aeeiiaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo caaaeaiue.

Ocaaaeueiaiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ae??oaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieie
aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai caaaeaiiy oa ?o ca?o?a cana?ae/ea, ui /an
a?coae?caoe?? ia?ai?uaiiy iicia/ee aeei?enoiaoaaany ia?o ca ana aeey
iaeiie/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei i?ioeano, yeee a?aenoaaeoaaany. Ia?ao?ae
aei aeania oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai oyaeaiiy i?noey coieiee iicia/ee
a?aeaoaaany o?eueee i?ney cieeiaiiy iicia/ee c ae?aia. Oeae oaeo
iiynith?oueny (o oiio /ene? ? naieie aeine?aeaeoaaieie) ca?eueoaiiyi
?acoeueoaoeaiino? noaaeaiiy i?e iaaeeaeaii? ia’?eoa aei i?noey coieiee:
/ei aeiaoa ?icaeaa?oueny ia’?eoeaiee i?ioean, oei a?eueo ae?aaeaieie
noathoue eiai niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?. Ioaea, iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i
iayai?noue o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ni?yiiaaiino? ia ae/a?iia iciaeiieaiiy c
?ioi?iaoe??th i?i iioi/io neooaoe?th ? oi?ioaaiiy iaea?eueo iiaiiai
oyaeaiiy i?i iine?aeiai? aoaie ci?i i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny.
I?e/iio, aiae?c ci?noo cacia/aiiai oyaeaiiy iieacaa, ui aei iueiai
aiineeanue ia?aaaaeii ci?iaa ?ioi?iaoe?y : i?ii??ioeaioeaiee eiioo?
noaaeaiiy (a?aenoaaeoth/? ia?ai?uaiiy ?oee) ia caaacia/oaaa iaiao?aeii?
oi/iino? ioe?iee oiia?eueiaiiy.

Ca?aeii c io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie oi?ioaaiiy oyaeaiiy aai
?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? iine?aeiaieo noaae?e ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, eio?ee
a?aene?aeeiao?oueny, aei iiiaioa ianeoaaiiy iicia/ee aoei aecia/aii ye
ia?oee aoai aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano.

I?e oi?ioaaii? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy eueio/ee iiaea aeoiaeeoe ye c
oaeoo iiyae iaaii? iciaee a ?icaeoeo neooaoe?? (oiiaia ?aaeoe?y), oae ?
c ?acoeueoao?a ioe?iee oaiaeaioe?? i?io?eaiiy i?ioeano, ui
aioeoeeio?oueny. ? a ia?oiio, ? a ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo caaaeueiei ?
ia’?eoeaia iaa?oioiaai?noue ??oaiiy.

Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo cana?ae/ea, ui a on?o na??yo, ca
aeiyoeii iaei???, aea ii/aoeiaa oaeaee?noue ?ooo iicia/ee (10ii/nae)
aoea aeecueeith aei ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy ?ici?ciaaaiiy i?enei?aiiy, OA
nooo?ai aeua ??aiy, yeee a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeeiaiio aeai?o (oaae.1). Oea
aiai?eoue i?i oa, ui i?e ae??oaii? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeoaai? iaee iiaeeea?noue aeineoue aoaeoeaii ei?enooaaoeny
ia?oeaioeaiith ?ioi?iaoe??th. I?e aecia/aii? oa?aeoa?o oe??? ?ioi?iaoe??
aoea anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue OA a?ae ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? ?ooo
iicia/ee (F=12,94; p<0,01). Iaea?eueo /?oei aeacaia caeaaei?noue aenooieea i?e ioe?ioe? iieaciee?a OA o aeae?eaieo c a?oie aeaio i?aea?oiao, aea aeine?aeaeoaai? a?ae??ciyeeny oei, yeiio c oaeaee?nieo ?aaeei?a aiie a?aeaeaaaee ia?aaaao, oa ??aiai aeno?aaa?oiaaiino? (t=2,61; p<0,05). Aoa onoaiiaeaiee oaeo iayaiino? iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaeo aeey aioeoeeiaoe?? oaeaee?nieo ?aaeei?a ?ooo ia'?eoa. Nooo?aa a?aei?ii?noue (o a?eueoiio aai a iaioiio iai?yieo) ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? a?ae a?aeiia?aeath/eo oeei ?aaeeiai cia/aiue iaoiiaethaaea cieaeaiiy OA. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue ca'yceo OA c aeeiai?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aioeoeeiiaaiiai i?ioeano, c oeie iniaeeainoyie eiai ?icaeoeo, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei a aoa?aioieo aeaieo ia iaaiaeyoueny ? iio?aaothoue aeey naiai aecia/aiiy ?ioaa?aoe?? ia?oeaioeaii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? aoee c?iaeai? aeniiaee i?i i???ioaoe?th aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?e ae??oaii? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai caaaeaiiy ia oaiaeaioe?th ia?ai?uaiiy ia'?eoa ? i?i iayai?noue o no?oeoo?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue i?e oi?ioaaii? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy ae?oaiai aoaio - aoaio aecia/aiiy oe??? oaiaeaioe??. Aoei aeyaeaii, ui i?e cia/iiio ca?eueoaii? OA aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy ??aiy iaaecia/aiino? oeyoii nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? aeueoa?iaoea iiaeeeaeo ??oaiue c ainueie aei /ioe?ueio (aeea.oaae.1) nooo?ai ciaioo?oueny NAAA (t=3,85; p<0,01). ?, iaaiaee, i?e ca?eueoaii? a?aenoai? i?ae IICI ?, aeania, a?aei?iiino? i?ae ie?aieie ??oaiiyie OA i?aeaeuo?oueny ?acii c? ca?eueoaiiyi NAAA (t=2,80; p<0,01). Oe? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee aecia/eoe iayai?noue i???ioaoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo a aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean? ia eeoa ia oaiaeaioe?th ?icaeoeo ia'?eoeaiiai i?ioeano, aea e ia aoaeiii? aa??aioe ?ica'ycaiiy caaea/?, ui caa??aathoueny a aeiaai/ani?e iai’yo? (AeI). Ia aioeoeeiaoe?eia ??oaiiy aieeaaee a?ae?aco aeae?eueea ioe?ithaaieo aeine?aeaeoaaieie ye iiaeeea? aa??aio?a a?aeiia?aeae. C oeeo aa??aio?a ia o?aoueiio aoai? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano aeae?aany yeeenue iaeei. Oaaeeoey 1 Iieacieee oi/iino? aioeoeeiaoe?? (OA) ? na?aaei? aaniethoia a?aeoeeaiiy aioeoeeiiaaiiai i?noey coieiee iicia/ee a?ae ae?eniiai (NAAA) o a?oi? a na??yo aenia?eiaioo 1. N na??? Vo, ii/nae E?euee?noue IICI A?aenoaiue i?ae IICI, ii Na?aaei? OA Noaiaea?oia a?aeoeeaiiy OA NAAA, ii 1 10 8 15 0,148 0,040 35,52 2 50 8 15 0,247 0,059 21,37 3 80 8 15 0,245 0,076 20,41 4 50 4 15 0,371 0,126 14,90 5 50 4 40 0,485 0,110 27,28 I?ei?oea: V0 - ii/aoeiaa oaeaee?noue ?ooo iicia/ee; IICI - iiaeeeaa i?noea coieiee iicia/ee. Aiae?c i?ioeaaeo?e aeai?o aeine?aeaeoaaieie ??oaiiy iieacaa ?nioaaiiy noa'?eoeaii iaoiiaeaii? oaiaeaioe?? caaeuaiiy eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy iaeieo ? iaaeiioe?iee iiaeeeaino? ?ioeo iiae?e. Aoei aeyaeaii iaaaoeaiee aieea cacia/aii? oaiaeaioe?? ia OA, a?aeaeoee o cieaeaii? /aeaiiy oeo caeiiii??ieo aeoie?a i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, ye? ? ia’?eoeaii iaei?ino?oeie o aecia/aii? oa iaea?eueo iaaeeaeaieie o /aniaiio ieai?. Oaeei /eiii, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui: ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea, yea aeicaiey? aeine?aeaeoaaoe iniaeeaino? aioeoeeiaoe?? a caaea/ao noaaeaiiy a oiiaao aeao?oeeoo ?aeaaaioii? ?ioi?iaoe??; aeae?eai? o?e aieiai? aoaie oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy a?aeiinii ia’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano, yeee oaeaeei ?icaeaa?oueny; iieacaia ni?yiiaai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a ia cieaeaiiy iaaecia/aiino? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy ia eiaeiiio c aoai?a eiai oi?ioaaiiy; onoaiiaeaiee iaaaoeaiee aieea noa’?eoeaii iaoiiaeaiiai a?aeaeaiiy ia?aaaae iaeiei c iiaeeeaeo aioeoeeiaoe?eieo ??oaiue ia?aae ?ioeie. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? "Ioe?iea aieeao aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai'yo? ia aioeoeeiaoe?eiee i?ioean (aenia?eiaio 2)" ca?aeii c i?eioeeiaie nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ioe?ith?oueny aieea oi/iinieo oa?aeoa?enoee ooieoe?iioaaiiy II ia ia?aiao?e aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy: oi/i?noue, nai?/ani?noue oi?ioaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeoaaieie a aenia?eiaio? 2 aoee eo?naioe /aoaa?oiai eo?no Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo eueio/ee?a o e?eueeino? 24 in?a. Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy a aenia?eiaio? 2 aacoaaeany ia aeei?enoaii? yaeua ?ioa?oa?aioe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? a II. A aenia?eiaio? iiaeaethaaeeny oiiae ii?aeiaii? ae?yeueiino? ca noaiith aenia?eiaio?a c aeeno?aeoi?ii (?.Eeaoee?). Ii?aeioaaeenue i?ioeane ae??oaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ? iiai?/iiai caaaeaiiy. sse aeeno?aeoi? aenooiaei aioeoeeiaoe?eia caaaeaiiy, yea aoei aeeth/aia aei no?oeoo?e iiai?/iiai caaaeaiiy i?ae caiai'yoiaoaaiiyi ? a?aeoai?aiiyi ?ioi?iaoe??. ? aioeoeeiaoe?eia, ? iiai?/ia caaaeaiiy ?aae?ciaoaaeenue ye o ?aaeei? ii?aeiaiiy, oae ? naiino?eii. Eiaeiee aeine?aeaeoaaiee, ae??ooth/e aioeoeeiaoe?eia caaaeaiiy, aeeiiaa i'youe na??e o?aioaaeueieo oa cae?eiaeo ni?ia, ui caaaeii ia?aaeueei cia/aiiy 250. A oiiaao ??ciiiai?oieo na??e ci?ithaaeanue e?euee?noue iiaeeeaeo ?aaeei?a ?ooo iicia/ee ?, a?aeiia?aeii, e?euee?noue IICI. Ii/aoeiaa oaeaee?noue ?ooo iicia/ee a on?o na??yo aei??aithaaea 50 ii/nae. Iiai?/ia caaaeaiiy aoaeoaaeiny ca o?aaeeoe?eiith noaiith (caiai'yoiaoaaiiy - iaoca - a?aeoai?aiiy) ? aoei ?aae?ciaaia o aeaeyae? i?ia?aie aeey IAII. Noeioeaie iiai?/iiai caaaeaiiy aoee a?ae??cee i?yieo e?i?e ? a?aanuee? oeeo?e. A?ae??cee ("aeiaaee" ? "ei?ioeee") i?aae'yaeyeeny aeey caiai'yoiaoaaiiy ia iaei?e i?yi?e ? ia i?yi?e iiaeii? aoee a?aeoai?thaaoenue aeine?aeaeoaaiei ca aeiiiiiaith i?eno?ith “ieoa”. O caaaeaii? ia caiai'yoiaoaaiiy oeeo? aoa ?aae?ciaaiee i?eioeei aaoiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? aeiaaeeie noeioeueiiai ?yaeo (A.I.Eaaaae?a). Ca?aeii c oeei i?eioeeiii o ianooii?e ni?ia? e?euee?noue oeeo? o ?yae? noeioe?a ca?eueooaaeanue ia iaeeieoeth, yeui a?aeoai?aiiy a iioi/i?e ni?ia? aoei i?aaeeueiei ?, iaaiaee, ciaiooaaeanue ia iaeeieoeth, yeui a?aeoai?aiiy aoei iaoi/iei. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ae??oaiiy iiai?/iiai caaaeaiiy aecia/aany ianya iia?aoeaii? iai'yo? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia oeeo?e ? iioeaee caiai'yoiaoaaiiy a?ae??ce?a. Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ae??oaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieie iiai?/iiai caaaeaiiy a oiiaao ii?aeiaiiy c aioeoeeiaoe??th ? aac oaeiai iieacaei iayai?noue aeinoia??ii? a?aei?iiino? a iioeaoe? a?aeoai?aiiy a?ae??ce?a i?yii? e?i?? (aeey "ei?ioeeo" - t=4,44 i?e p<0,01; aeey "aeiaaeo" - t=3,48 i?e p<0,01) ? a?aenooi?noue nooo?ai? a?aei?iiino? a ianyc? II ia oeeo?e. Aeyaeaia a?aei?ii?noue o oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy a?ae??ce?a aoea a?aeianaia ia ?aooiie aieeao aoaeo?a ?ioa?oa?aioe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia oi/i?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy II. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui ?ioa?oa?aioe?y aeieea? aiane?aeie aaciina?aaeiuei? aca?iiae?? a iai'yo? ?ioi?iaoe??, yea ia? iaaio iiae?ai?noue, aoee c?iaeai? aeniiaee i?i oa, ui a i?ioean? ae??oaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaai? iia?oaaee ?ioi?iaoe??th, aiaeia?/iith ca oi?iith oyaeaiiy a?ae??ceai i?yieo e?i?e. ?aaeueii a ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea cacia/aia ?ioi?iaoe?y iiaea aooe iiaeaia o aeaeyae? a?aenoaiae i?ae a?aene?aeeiaoaaieie ia caie? aai a iia?o?? ia'?eoaie ? aea?aieie a i?inoi?? i???ioe?aie. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aeicaieea aeyaeoe aeinoia??iee iaaaoeaiee ca'ycie i?ae iioeaeith a?aeoai?aiiy a?ae??ce?a i?yii? ? OA. Oeae ca’ycie i?inoaaeo?oueny a ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeiaaee?a. Ca?aeii c oeei iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i oa, ui aeniea oi/i?noue iiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ia’?eoeaiee i?ioean a II iaoiiaeth? aenieee nooi?iue a?aeiia?aeiino? ae?enii? iiae?? oa iiae??, yea aioeoeeio?oueny. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co /anoio ?iciiae?eo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iieaciee?a OA, io?eiaieo a iaei?e ?c na??e aenia?eiaioo 2, a?oia aeine?aeaeoaaieo aoea iiae?eaia ia aea? i?aea?oie: "oni?oieo" ? "iaeioni?oieo". Iaa?oioiaai?noue oaeiai ?iciiae?eo i?aeoaa?aeeeanue oaeiae iane?aeeaie ii??aiyiiy OA a i?aea?oiao a ?ioeo na??yo (?en.). Ii??aiyiiy iieaciee?a iioeaee a?aeoai?aiiy a?ae??ce?a i?yii? o i?aea?oiao iieacaei a?aei?ii?noue i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie i?aea?oi a on?o na??yo caaaeaiiy ia caiai'yoiaoaaiiy a?ae??ce?a i?yii? (aeea. ?en.). Onoaiiaeaii, ui "oni?oi?" aeine?aeaeoaai? ia a?aei?io a?ae ?aooe aoee caeaoi? iaaaaaoi oi/i?oa oyaeyoe ?ioi?iaoe?th, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeanue aeey oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy. ?en. Oi/i?noue aioeoeeiaoe?? (OA) o i?aea?oiao 1 (1) ? 2 (2) o na??yo I-V aenia?eiaioo 2; iioeaea a?aeoai?aiiy “ei?ioeeo”(I,IV) oa “aeiaaeo”(II,V) a?ae??ce?a i?yii? e?i?? (L) o i?aea?oiao 1 (3) ? 2 (4) ca oiia iiai?/ii? (I-II) oa ii?aeiaii? (IV-V) ae?yeueiino?. O i?aea?oi? "iaeioni?oieo" aeine?aeaeoaaieo OA i?aeoe/ii a on?o na??yo ciaoiaeeoueny ia ??ai?, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeeiaiio aeai?o (aeea. ?en.). Oiaoi "iaeioni?oi?" aeine?aeaeoaai? i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy ia?aaaaeii ia iiaee aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeeiai?eo ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny; aeey ieo aoa aaaeeeaee ia?o ca ana nai oaeo aeieeiaiiy iiae?? (?oo ia’?eoa-iicia/ee). Aiane?aeie a?aenooiino? ia'?eoeaiiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o eiei iiaeeeaeo aioeoeeiaoe?eieo ??oaiue aeey oeeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia caoaeoaaeiny ? ?i aeiaiaeeeinue aeae?aoe c on?o cacaeaeaa?aeue a?aeiieo caaa?oaiue ia’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iecueea oi/i?noue iiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a II ia aeicaieyea “iaeioni?oiei” aeine?aeaeoaaiei noi?ioaaoe aoaeoeaio ooieoe?iiaeueio no?oeoo?o aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. sse iane?aeie oeueiai, aecia/aiiy ci?noo ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaio ae?? cae?enithaaeiny ca ni?iuaieie, iaei?acoeueoaoeaieie noaiaie, aea cia/aiiy ie?aieo aoai?a ia?a?iaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaea aeeiai?eo i?io?eaiiy ia’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano, aoei nooo?ai cieaeaia. O oie aea /an aenieee nooi?iue a?aeiia?aeiino? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy ia’?eoeaiei ci?iai caaacia/oaaany aenieith oi/i?noth ia?a?iaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a II. Ioaea, oi/i?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy II aenooia? ye iaeaaaeeea?oa aeaoa?i?iaioa aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioeano, yeee oaeaeei ?icaeaa?oueny. Caaacia/aiiy II ??aiy oi/iino? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue, ui ia?aaeuo? i?i?iaeueii aeiionoeiee, ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith iiaiioe?iii? aioeoeeiaoe??. Aiae?c /aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ae??oaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieie aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai caaaeaiiy a na??yo aenia?eiaio?a 1 ? 2 iieacaa, ui i?e aecia/aii? iiiaioo i?eeiyooy ? ?aae?caoe?? ??oaiiy aeine?aeaeoaai? i???iooaaeenue ia /ania? aoaeiie, ye? aeooae?coaaeeny a II. *ania? aoaeiie iaee ocaaaeueiaiee oa?aeoa?, oae ui a iaaeao ie?aii? na??? aeei?enoiaoaaany iaeei aoaeii aeey an?o ?aaeei?a ?ooo iicia/ee. ?aae?caoe?y /aniaeo aoaeii?a ii noo? yaeyea niaith i?ioeaaeo?o a?aeoai?aiiy II "caiiaiaieo" ae?yeuei?noth uiaei aecia/aiiy i?noey coieiee iicia/ee ?ioa?aae?a /ano. Ocaaaeueiai? /ania? aoaeiie oi?ioaaeeny aeine?aeaeoaaieie c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? i?ioeano, yeee aioeoeeio?oueny. Ii??aiyiiy cia/aiue *A, io?eiaieo a na??yo aenia?eiaioo 1, iieacaei, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? ?ooo iicia/ee a?ae 10ii/nae aei 80ii/nae *A aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny (F=19,95; p<0,01). Aoei oaeiae onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e oi?ioaaii? /aniaeo aoaeii?a aeine?aeaeoaai? i??aiooaaeenue ia iaeiaioo o?eaae?noue ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, yeee aioeoeeio?oueny. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c o ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aeyaea o?niee ca’ycie i?ae iieacieeaie *A, io?eiaieie a na??yo ie?aii aeey aenia?eiaio?a 1 ? 2. A?aeiia?aeii iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i iayai?noue oaeoi?a aai a?oie oaeoi??a, ye? ia?aaaaeii aecia/athoue /ania? oa?aeoa?enoeee aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ? iia’ycai? c ooieoe?iioaaiiyi II. Iiaeai? o o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?acoeueoaoe aeacothoue ia oa, ui oi/i?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? aecia/a? oi/i?noue aioeoeeiaoe??; iecueea oi/i?noue iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? iaoiiaeth? nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy aieeao ia aioeoeeiaoe?eiee i?ioean noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a, ye? iaoiiaeththoue iaaeaiiy ia?aaaae aeai?o iaeieo ??oaiue ia?aae ?ioeie iiaeeeaeie; nai?/ani?noue oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy aecia/a?oueny ci?noii ia’?eoeaii aeaoa?i?iiaaieo /aniaeo aoaeii?a, ye? a?aeoai?ththoueny a iia?aoeai?e iai’yo?. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? o no?oeoo?? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano” iiaea?oueny ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eueio/ee?a e aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eo?naio?a, ?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, ?ice?eaa?oueny ci?no aioeoeeiaoe?eieo ooieoe?e II o ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoaiao noaaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea. Aiane?aeie ii??aiyiiy cia/aiue OA, io?eiaieo o i?aea?oiao “oni?oieo” ? “iaeioni?oieo” aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eo?naio?a o aeiaaeeo ii?aeiaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai caaaeaiiy c caaaeaiiyi ia caiai’yoiaoaaiiy oeeo?iaeo noeioe?a, aoei a?aei?/aia i?ae??aithaaiiy i?aea?oi ca ia?aiao?ii OA. Aeacaia i?ae??aithaaiiy noaei iiaeeeaei aiane?aeie cieaeaiiy OA o i?aea?oi? “oni?oieo” aeine?aeaeoaaieo a oiiaao ii?aeiaii? ae?yeueiino? aei ??aiy, yeee a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeeiaiio aeai?o (t=4,20; p<0,01). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeacothoue ia oa, ui cieaeaiiy OA o “oni?oieo” aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?e ii?aeiaii? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai caaaeaiiy c iiei?/iei aoei aeeeeeaia ia?o ca ana i?iaeoeaiei aaeueioaaiiyi aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano iaoai?ciaie iiaoi?aiiy II (N.I.Ai/a?iaa). Oea aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i oa, ui i?e/eie iaaaaeaiiai cieaeaiiy OA iathoue i?ioeaaeo?iee oa?aeoa? ? iia’ycai? c i?aai?caoe??th ii?aeiaiiy noai (i?ia?ai) iiai?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa noai oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy a caaea/ao noaaeaiiy. I?iaiaeeany ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c OA aeine?aeaeoaaieo - eo?naio?a, ye? oa?eoee o i?aea?oie “oni?oieo” ? “iaeioni?oieo”, oa aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eueio/ee?a. Aoei aeyaeaii, ui a oiiaao aioeoeeiaoe?? iaeiiai c /ioe?ueio IICI oi/i?noue aioeoeeiaoe?? “oni?oieo” eo?naio?a aeua, i?ae o eueio/ee?a (t=2,43; p<0,05), aea eueio/eee ia?aaeueee ca iieacieeii OA “iaeioni?oieo” eo?naio?a (t=3,64; p<0,01). ?acii c oei, na?aaei? oaiaeaioe?? cia/aiue OA o i?aea?oiao aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eueio/ee?a ? aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eo?naio?a a?ae??ciythoueny iaei. A oiiaao aioeoeeiaoe?? iaeiiai c ainueie IICI “ea?oeia” ni?aa?aeiioaiue OA eueio/ee?a oa eo?naio?a ci?ith?oueny. Ooo OA eueio/ee?a ? “oni?oieo” eo?naio?a i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny. Iaeiae a?oia aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eueio/ee?a ca oeei iieacieeii ia? ia?aaaao iaae a?oiith aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eo?naio?a o oe?eiio (t=2,22; p<0,05). Iaaaaeaia ci?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy OA aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eueio/ee?a oa aeine?aeaeoaaieo-eo?naio?a i?e i?aeaeuaii? iaaecia/aiino? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, neeaaeiino? oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy iiaea iiynithaaoeny e?auith noi?iiaai?noth o eueio/ee?a aioeoeeiaoe?eieo noai (I.I.Na?a??iei), ca?aeii c yeeie i?aai?co?oueny ia?a?iaea ?ioi?iaoe?? a iia?aoeai?e iai’yo?. Ii??aithaaeanue oi/i?noue a?aeoai?aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieie-eueio/eeaie oa aeine?aeaeoaaieie-eo?naioaie /aniaeo aoaeii?a, ye? iaiaaeoaaee o?eaae?noue aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, ca iieacieeii a?aeiinii? aa??aa?eueiino? a?aeoai?aiiy o?eaaeino? /W/a/ (H.Woodrow). Aoei a?aei?/aii, ui na?aaei? cia/aiiy W/a eueio/ee?a nooo?ai ieae/a iiaeaieo o e?oa?aoo?? cia/aiue a?aeiinii? aa??aa?eueiino? a?aeoai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo /aniaeo ?ioa?aae?a iao?aiiaaieie aei?ineeie (oaae.2). Oaeiae aeyaeeiny, ui W/a o eueio/ee?a caaaeii ieae/a, i?ae W/a eo?naio?a. Oae, ca ?acoeueoaoaie ioe?iee ??cieoe? cia/aiue W/a, io?eiaieo a na??yo aenia?eiaio?a 1 ? 2 c ?aeaioe/ieie oiiaaie (aeea.oaae.2), aoea anoaiiaeaia cia/ia ia?aaaaa eueio/ee?a iaae eo?naioaie a?aeiinii cai?ioii? aei iieacieea W/a oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy /aniaeo aoaeii?a (t=4,06 i?e p<0,01; t=4,50 i?e p<0,01). Oaaeeoey 2 A?aeiinia aa??aa?euei?noue: /ano aioeoeeiaoe?? (W/a) o na??yo aenia?eiaio?a 1 ? 2 c ?aeaioe/ieie oiiaaie; a?aeoai?aiiy ?ioa?aae?a /ano (W) o?eaae?noth 4 nae iao?aiiaaieie aei?ineeie (H.Woodrow). ? na??? Waa (eueio/eee), % Waa (eo?naioe), % W, % 1 13,31 22,19 16-17 2 11,76 19,95 16-17 Ca?aeii c e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie cieaeaiiy a?aeiinii? aa??aa?eueiino? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy /aniaeo ?ioa?aae?a a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie o?eaaeeo o?aioaaiue, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia oi?ioaaiiy o aeine?aeaeoaaieo noai ioe?ithaaiiy /ano (I.O?an). A?aoiaoth/e, ui aeine?aeaeoaai?-eueio/eee i?yeiai oe?eani?yiiaaiiai iaa/aiiy o oeueiio ieai? ia i?ioiaeeee, iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i oa, ui noaie ioe?iee /aniaeo ?ioa?aae?a oi?ioaaeenue o ieo o i?ioean? ae??oaiiy i?ioan?eieo caaaeaiue. Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee oi/iino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy II ? aieiaieie aeaoa?i?iaioaie aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny. Aeniea oi/i?noue ?aae?caoe?? II nai?o aaciaeo ooieoe?e iaoiiaeth? iiaeeea?noue nai?/aniiai oi?ioaaiiy ia’?eoeaii iaa?oioiaaiiai aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, II iieaco? naaa o ?ie? i?ia?aeiiai ineo?/iiai i?ioeano a aioeoeeiaoe?? ia’?eoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny, o caaea/ao noaaeaiiy. sse iane?aeie oeueiai, ??oaiiy eieaeueieo caaaeaiue o iaaeao ?aae?caoe?? ie?aieo aoai?a oi?ioaaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy iiaea aooe a?aeianaia ia?aaaaeii ia ?aooiie niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?e II. Aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? II iathoue i?iaeoeoeaiee oa?aeoa?. ?o ?aae?caoe?y ni?yiiaaia ia ia?aoai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii c? ci?noii aeina?aeo noa’?eoa ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ia’?eoeaiee i?ioean, yeee aioeoeeio?oueny, ? ia oi?ioaaiiy iaoe ae?yeueiino?. Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe ooieoe?iiaeueio noaio II a aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean?. Noaia i?noeoue oae? ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeiee: oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? cia/oueo oiia; aecia/aiiy oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, eio?ee aioeoeeio?oueny; aeae?eaiiy iiaeeeaeo aeoie?a i?ioeano, eio?ee aioeoeeio?oueny, c aace?/? a?aeiieo oa i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy; caa??aaiiy aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy; /aniaa ?aaoeyoe?y aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. ?aae?caoe?y II ooieoe?? oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? cia/oueo oiia ni?yiiaaia ia aea??eiaa, oii?yaeeiaaia, ye iaea?eueo iiaia ? oi/ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aeeiai?/i? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ia’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano, eio?ee aioeoeeio?oueny. Aecia/aiiy oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, eio?ee aioeoeeio?oueny, ia?aaeaa/a? ioe?ieo oa?aeoa?o ci?ie eiai aieiaieo ia?aiao??a ia i?aenoaa? iaeiie/aii? a II ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ianooiia oi?ioaaiiy ocaaaeueiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i aeeiai?/i? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano. I?ae /an ?aae?caoe?? II ooieoe?? aeae?eaiiy iiaeeeaeo aeoie?a i?ioeano, eio?ee aioeoeeio?oueny, c aace?/? a?aeiieo oa i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy cae?enith?oueny oaea: ioe?iea a?aeiia?aeiino? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, eio?ee aioeoeeio?oueny, aoaeiiai ??oaiue, ye? aeooae?cothoueny c AeI; aeae?eaiiy aoaeii?a ??oaiiy, ui iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeathoue aeeiai?oe? ?icaeoeo ia’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano; aeae?a?oueny iaeia ??oaiiy c iecee aeae?eaieo. I?e aeeiiaii? oe??? ooieoe?? ia? i?noea iaaeiioe?iea iiaeeeaino? iiyae iaeiaio a?aeaeaeaieo o /an? a?ae iiiaioo o “oaia??oiueiio” aeoie?a i?ioeano, eio?ee aioeoeeio?oueny. *aniaa ?aaoeyoe?y aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano cae?enith?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia aeinyaiaiiy aeniei? oi/iino? ??oaiiy oa caaacia/aiiy aeia?aaeaeath/iai aoaeoo. sse aieiai? iaoai?cie /aniai? ?aaoeyoe?? aioeoeeiaoe?? aenooiathoue iaoai?cie eiio?ieth oa aeio?eioaaiiy e?i?oo /ano ia ??oaiiy. E?i?o /ano ia oi?ioaaiiy ??oaiiy anoaiiaeth?oueny ca?aeii c aoaeiiaie AeI. Oaeei /eiii, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aioeoeeiaoe?y ia’?eoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny, cae?enith?oueny ca?aeii c? noaiaie, eio?? aeooae?cothoueny a iia?aoeai?e iai’yo?; iniiao noai aioeoeeiaoe?? neeaaeathoue i?iaeoeoeai? ooieoe?? II, oi/i?noue ?aae?caoe?? yeeo aecia/a? oni?oi?noue oi?ioaaiiy aeia?aaeaeath/iai a?aeia?aaeaiiy; aioeoeeiaoe?ei? noaie oi?iothoueny a i?ioean? ae??oaiiy eueio/eeii i?ioan?eieo caaaeaiue; ii?aeiaiiy ?aae?caoe?? noai aioeoeeiaoe?? a i?ioean? ae??oaiiy caaea/ noaaeaiiy c ia?a?iaeaiiyi ciaeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? cieaeo? oi/i?noue aioeoeeiaoe??. AENIIAEE 1. Iia?aoeaia iai’youe a?ae?a?a? i?ia?aeio ?ieue o iaoai?ciao aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny. A aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? ni?yiiaaia ia ciyooy iaaecia/aiino? ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaio ae??. 2. Aioeoeeiaoe?eiee i?ioean ?aae?co?oueny iia?aoeaiith iai’yooth ca?aeii c? noaiaie, ye? aeooae?cothoueny c aeiaai/anii? iai’yo?. Noaie aioeoeeiaoe?? ia’?eoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny, iathoue neeaaeio no?oeoo?o oa i?noyoue eiaieoeaio ? ?aaoeyoeaio neeaaeia?. 3. A aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean? ca?aeii c? noaiaie, ye? aeooae?cothoueny, iia?aoeaia iai’youe ?aae?co? oae? niaoeeo?/i? ooieoe??: oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? cia/oueo oiia; aecia/aiiy oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny; aeae?eaiiy iiaeeeaeo aeoie?a i?ioeano, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, c aace?/? a?aeiieo ? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy; /aniaa ?aaoeyoe?y aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. 4. Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaiiy eueio/eeaie aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ui oaeaeei ?icaeaathoueny, iiaeiia caaeiaieueiyoe iecoe? oaeeo niaoeeo?/ieo aeiia: a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iiaeii? iiaeaethaaoenue caaea/?, ui ?ica’ycothoueny eueio/eeii o iieueio?; i?ioean, ui aioeoeeio?oueny, iiaeiai aooe i?aeii?yaeeiaaiei iaai?e caeiiii??iino?; e?euee?noue iacaeaaeieo ia?ai?iieo a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio caaaeaii? iiaeiia aooe i?i?iaeueiith. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy aioeoeeiaoe??, yea iiaeaeth? ?aaeuei? caaea/? eueioii? ae?yeueiino?. O iaoiaeeoe? iiaeaeth?oueny ae?y ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a c ia?ae?eo oeo, ui aecia/athoue niaoeeo?/i? oiiae ea?oaaiiy e?oaeueiei aia?aoii. Oea oae? aeno?aiaeuei? oaeoi?e: aeao?oeeo ?aeaaaioii? ?ioi?iaoe??; ii?aeiaia ae?yeuei?noue; ?ioa?oa?aioe?y ?ioi?iaoe??, nooo?aa iaiaaeaiiy /ano ia i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy. 5. I?aeneeaiiy ae?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a ia?aaaaeii cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue aioeoeeiaoe?eieo ooieoe?e iia?aoeaii? iai’yo?. Oi/i?noue aioeoeeiaoe?? cieaeo?oueny i?ae /an ii?aeiaiiy i?ioeano aioeoeeiaoe?? ia?ai?uaiue ia’?eoa, yeee a?aenoaaeo?oueny, c ia?a?iaeaiiyi ciaeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia aioeoeeiaoe?th ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a ia?aaeaa/a? i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ioe?iee iniaeeainoae i?ioeano, yeee oaeaeei ?icaeaa?oueny, ? i?aai?caoe?th aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. 6. Aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo?, ui aecia/athoue i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ia?aca-iaoe a caaaeaiiyo noaaeaiiy, ? i?ioan?eii cia/oueie ? ?icaeaathoueny a ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea. 7. Nai?/ania ae?aaiinoeea oa iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aioeoeeiaoe?eii? ooieoe?? /aniai? ?aaoeyoe??, yea aeeiio?oueny iia?aoeaiith iai’yooth, ? aaaeeeaith ia?aaeoiiaith oi?ioaaiiy eaae?o?eiaaiiai niaoe?ae?noa-iia?aoi?a aeeiai?/ieo nenoai. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo: Ieioeo A.A. Iniaaiiinoe i?eiyoey aioeoeeiaoeeiiiiai ?aoaiey a caaea/ao oi?aaeaiey aeeiaie/aneeie iauaeoaie //A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. -na??y ineoieia?y -1998. -?419. -N.146-154. Ieioeo A.A. I?iyaeaiey aioeoeeiaoeee a aeayoaeueiinoe eao/eea // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. -na??y ineoieia?y. -1999. -?432. -N.283-289. Ieio?o A.A. ?icaeoie ooieoe?? /aniai? ?aaoeyoe?? a ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea //Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai a?enueeiaiai oi?aa?neoaoo -na??y: nioe?aeueia o?einio?y, iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y. -1999. - aei.2. -N.90-96. Ai/a?iaa N.I., Een?eue N.A., Ieio?o A.A. Ca’ycie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii- oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae iia?aoi??a c iieacieeaie aoaeoeaiino? aioeoeeiaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? //Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y. -1997. -?3. -N.126-134. Ai/a?iaa N.I., Eenaeue N.A., Ieioeo A.A. Naycue iieacaoaeae yooaeoeaiinoe iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe n oi/iinoueth aioeoeeiaoeee a caaea/ao neaaeaiey // Ineoie. aeo?i. ?inneeneay aeaaeaiey iaoe. -1998. - O.19. -?5. -N.54-59. Eenaeue N.A., Ieioeo A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe a iaoaieciao niaiauaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe //A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. -na??y ineoieia?y. -1998. -?403. -N.82-87. Eenaeue N.A., Ieioeo A.A. Iaoiaeeea enneaaeiaaiey aioeoeeiaoeeiiiuo niiniaiinoae iia?aoi?ia nenoai neaaeaiey ca aeaeaeoueieny iauaeoaie //Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu. -1997. -?23. -N.11-18. Ieio?o A.A. Aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? o ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea. -?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.09 - ineoieia?y i?aoe? a iniaeeaeo oiiaao. -Oa?e?anueeee a?enueeiaee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi o/ano? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? o oi?ioaaii? aioeoeeiaoe?eiiai ??oaiiy o ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoaiao ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a ye?e iiaeaeththoueny caaaeaiiy, ui ?aaeueii ae??oo? eueio/ee a oiiaao ae?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a. Onoaiiaeaii, ui iia?aoeaia iai’youe a?ae?a?a? i?ia?aeio ?ieue a i?aai?caoe?? aioeoeeiaoe?? i?ioean?a, ye? oaeaeei ?ic-aeaathoueny. Aecia/ai? niaoeeo?/i? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? a aioeoeeiaoe?eiiio i?ioean?. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? aieeao ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a ia aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?caoe?? aioeoeeiaoe?eieo ooieoe?e iia?aoeaii? iai’yo?. Onoaiiaeaii, ui aioeoeeiaoe?ei? ooieoe?? iia?aoeaii? iai’yo?, ye? aecia/athoue i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ia?aca-iaoe a caaaeaiiyo noaaeaiiy, ?icaeaathoueny a ae?yeueiino? eueio/eea. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo iaa/aiiy ia eueioi? niaoe?aeueiino?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iia?aoeaia iai’youe, aioeoeeiaoe?eia ??oaiiy, ooieoe?iiaeueia nenoaia ae?yeueiino?, aeno?aiaeuei? oaeoi?e, ia?ac-oe?eue. Plohih V.V. Anticipation functions of operation memory in pilot’s activity. -Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 19.00.09 - Psychology of iabour under special conditions. - The Kharkov Military University, Kharkov, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the problems of the participation of operation memory in the formation of anticipation decision in the functional systems of pilot’s activity. A new methodology of experimental investigation is worked out, which models the problems to be solved by lilot under extreme information conditions. It was stated that operation memory plays a principal role in the anticipation of the fast-developing objective procesess. The specific functions of operation memory in the anticipation process were determined. The particularities of the influence of information extreme factors on the efficiency of anticipation functions of the operation memory were investigated. It was stated that the anticipation functions of the operation memory, which determine the formation process of image-target in the surveylance tasks, are developed in pilot’s activity. The main results of the dissertation were applied in the praxis of pilot training. Key words: operation memory, anticipation decision, functional system of activity, extreme factors, image-target. Ieioeo A.A. Aioeoeeiaoeeiiiua ooieoeee iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe a aeayoaeueiinoe e?o/eea. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.09 - ineoieiaey o?oaea a iniauo oneiaeyo.- Oa?ueeianeee aiaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai o/anoey iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe a oi?ie?iaaiee aioeoeeiaoeeiiiiai ?aoaiey a ooieoeeiiaeueiuo nenoaiao aeayoaeueiinoe e?o/eea. Aiaeec eeoa?aoo?u iieacae, /oi a aunieiaeeiaie/iie aeayoaeueiinoe e?o/eea iniaia cia/aiea i?e oi?ie?iaaiee oeaeae eiaao aioeoeeiaoeey auno?i ?acaeaathueony iauaeoeaiuo i?ioeannia. A ea/anoaa aaaeiaeoeo ii?aaeaeeoaeae aioeoeeiaoeee auno?i ?acaeaathueony i?ioeannia iacuaathony: iaiyoue, iauaeoeaiua aeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, eioi?iaoeeiiiua yeno?aiaeueiua oaeoi?u. Ioia/aaony, /oi iia?aoeaiay iaiyoue nouanoaaiiui ia?acii aeeyao ia oniaoiinoue ?aaeecaoeee aunieiaeeiaie/iuo aeaeia iia?aoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe. Aianoa n oai, ?ieue iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe a iaoaieciao aioeoeeiaoeee auno?i ?acaeaathueony i?ioeannia ia ?anniao?eaaeanue. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey aioeoeeiaoeee, iiaeaee?othuay ?aaeueii ?aoaaiua e?o/eeii caaea/e a oneiaeyo aeaenoaey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo yeno?aiaeueiuo oaeoi?ia. A iaoiaeeea iiaeaee?oaony aeaenoaea neaaeothueo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo yeno?aiaeueiuo oaeoi?ia: aeaoeoeeo ?aeaaaioiie eioi?iaoeee; niaiauaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue; eioa?oa?aioeey neaiaeia; ia?aie/aiea a?aiaie ia i?eiyoea ?aoaiey. Iaoiaeeea iicaieyao a oe?ieeo i?aaeaeao eciaiyoue neiaeiinoue yenia?eiaioaeueiuo caaeaiee, ioeaieaaoue oniaoiinoue oi?ie?iaaiey eniuooaiuie aioeoeeiaoeeiiiiai ?aoaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iia?aoeaiay iaiyoue ea?aao aaaeouoth ?ieue a i?aaiecaoeee aioeoeeiaoeee auno?i ?acaeaathueony iauaeoeaiuo i?ioeannia. Iieacaii, /oi oi/iinoue i?aaenoaaeaiey e i?aia?aciaaiey eioi?iaoeee a iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe ii?aaeaeyao oi/iinoue e naiaa?aiaiiinoue aioeoeeiaoeee. Ieceay oi/iinoue ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe ia iicaieyao oi?ie?iaaoue aioeoeeiaoeeiiiia ?aoaiea a oneiaeyo neaaeaiey ca auno?i ?acaeaathueiny iauaeoeaiui i?ioeannii. Ieceay oi/iinoue i?aaenoaaeaiey e ia?a?aaioee a iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe eioi?iaoeee ia aioeoeeie?oaiii i?ioeanna iaoneaaeeaaao oneeaiea aeeyiey ia i?eieiaaiia ?aoaiea noauaeoeaiuo oaeoi?ia, aucuaathuaa iaaeiioeaieo aiciiaeiinoe iiyaeaiey iaeiaiaa oaeaeaiiuo ai a?aiaiiii ieaia io oaeouaai iiiaioa enoiaeia aioeoeeie?oaiiai i?ioeanna. Iieacaii, /oi ooieoeeiie?iaaiea iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe a aioeoeeiaoeeiiiii i?ioeanna iai?aaeaii ia niyoea iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaia aeaenoaey ia anao yoaiao oi?ie?iaaiey ?aoaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aioeoeeiaoeeiiiue i?ioeann ?aaeecoaony iia?aoeaiie iaiyoueth a niioaaonoaee ni noaiaie, aeooaeece?oaiuie ec aeieaia?aiaiiie iaiyoe. Noaiu aioeoeeiaoeee auno?i ?acaeaathueony iauaeoeaiuo i?ioeannia eiatho neiaeioth no?oeoo?o e aeeth/atho eiaieoeaioth e ?aaoeyoeaioth ninoaaeythuea. Iniiao noai aioeoeeiaoeee i?aaenoaaeytho i?iaeoeoeaiua ooieoeee iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe. Ii?aaeaeaiu niaoeeoe/aneea ooieoeee iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe a aioeoeeiaoeeiiiii i?ioeanna. Yoi oaeea ooieoeee, eae oi?ie?iaaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiie iiaeaee cia/eiuo oneiaee; ii?aaeaeaiea oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey aioeoeeie?oaiiai i?ioeanna; auaeaeaiea aiciiaeiuo enoiaeia aioeoeeie?oaiiai i?ioeanna ec iiiaeanoaa ecaanoiuo e i?eiyoea ?aoaiey; a?aiaiiay ?aaoeyoeey aioeoeeiaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna. Auyaeaiu iniaaiiinoe aeeyiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo yeno?aiaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ia yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaeecaoeee aioeoeeiaoeeiiiuo ooieoeee iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe. I?e oaaee/aiee iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe neooaoeee oi/iinoue aioeoeeiaoeee nieaeaaony. Oi/iinoue aioeoeeiaoeee nieaeaaony i?e niaiauaiee i?ioeanna aioeoeeiaoeee ia?aiauaiee ioneaaeeaaaiiai iauaeoa n ia?a?aaioeie ciaeiaie eioi?iaoeee. Eioi?iaoeey, eniieuecoaiay a i?ioeanna aioeoeeiaoeee ia?aiauaiee aeaeaeouaainy iauaeoa eioa?oa?e?oao n eioi?iaoeeae, i?aaenoaaeaiiie a ia?aciie oi?ia. Iieacaii, /oi i?aiaeieaiea iaaaoeaiiai aeeyiey ia aioeoeeiaoeeth yeno?aiaeueiuo oaeoi?ia i?aaeiieaaaao iiauoaiea oi/iinoe ioeaiee aeeiaie/aneeo iniaaiiinoae auno?i ?acaeaathuaainy iauaeoeaiiai i?ioeanna e i?aaiecaoeeth aioeoeeiaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aioeoeeiaoeeiiiua ooieoeee iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe, ii?aaeaeythuea i?ioeann oi?ie?iaaiey ia?aca-oeaee a caaea/ao neaaeaiey, ?acaeaathony a aeayoaeueiinoe e?o/eea. Aeaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth ?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeee aeey aeeaaiinoeee o?iaiy ?acaeoey auiieiyaiie iia?aoeaiie iaiyoueth a aioeoeeiaoeeiiiii i?ioeanna ooieoeee a?aiaiiie ?aaoeyoeee. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea a i?aeoeea iao/aiey ia e?oiua niaoeeaeueiinoe. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iia?aoeaiay iaiyoue, aioeoeeiaoeeiiiia ?aoaiea, ooieoeeiiaeueiay nenoaia aeayoaeueiinoe, yeno?aiaeueiua oaeoi?u, ia?ac-oeaeue. A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione aeieoi? ineoie. iaoe, i?ioani? Ai/a?iaa N.I.

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