OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?I.A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

OOEssEIA IEAA IEAAIAE*

OAeE 371.477 (09)

AIOE*I? ?AeA? INA?OE OA AEOIAAIIss O OAI?*?E NIAAeUEI? A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

13.00.1 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo?
?i.A.N.Iaea?aiea I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Na?o?aa Ae?ia Aiaoie??aia,

Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo,

caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith iaaeaaia?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

Aieei Aeea Ieeeo?aia,

Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo

?i.A.A.Ei?ieaiea, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

A?ae/aiei Aeea Aaa?ee?aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee, aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii?
ina?oe

AII Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??y iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia??

aeui? ina?oe, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 10.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.04 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee ca aae?anith: 310168,
i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Aethoa?a, 2, aoae.221.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee ca aae?anith:
310168, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Aethoa?a, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 ethoiai 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aeieo?aiei O.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. No/aniee ?icaeoie iiiaethaaii? Oe?a?ie
iio?aao? ?ic?iaee eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
yei? iaaeanoue iiaeeea?noue o/iyi iaieiae?aaoe ci?noii ina?oe a
ocaiaeaeaiino? c aeanieie i?e?iaeieie iaoeeaie. Iaoeiaa ae??oaiiy oaeiai
caaaeaiiy iaiiaeeeaa aac o?aooaaiiy aeina?aeo a?o/eciyieo iaaeaaia?a
ieioeiai, cie?aia — i?ina?oieoeueei? niaaeueie A?eai??y Naae/a
Neiai?iaee.

O Aea?aeaai?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? “Ina?oa” (“Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy”)
aeaco?oueny, ui iaeiei ?c no?aoaa?/ieo iai?yi?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe a
Oe?a?i? ? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy e?aueo o?aaeeoe?e a?o/eciyiiai oe?eueieoeoaa,
a?o/eciyii? iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee oa iaoe?iiaeueii? aeooiaiino?. ?aea?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue ni?eyoe i?aeoe/iiio ao?eaiith ie?aieo iieiaeaiue
Eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy, noaaeaii? Anaoe?a?inueeith
iaaeaaia?/iith ?aaeith i?aoe?aiee?a ina?oe 30 /a?aiy 1994 ?ieo, cie?aia
— aeio?eiaiith i?eioeei?a i?e?iaeia?aeiia?aeiino?, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano, aeeiiaiith caaaeaiue oi?ioaaiiy
aeooiaiino? iniaenoino? ia iniia? na?oiaeyaeo ye ocaaaeueiaii? nenoaie
iiaeyae?a ia na?o ? ia nai? i?noea a iueiio.

C?noaaeaiiy a?aei-?einueei? oa neiai?iaeei?anueei? niaaeuei aeioe?eueii
c iaeyaeo ia o?niee ca’ycie aioe/ii? oa oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?. Ie
aeoiaeeii c ?aea? E.A.Ooeaeiaa i?i oa, ui aee?i?ci iicia/eany ia anueiio
oe?a?inueeiio na?oiaeyae?. (A?eai??e Neiai?iaea ? aioe/ia eoeueoo?a. —
Oa?e?a, 1997).

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. I?iaeaia oai?/iai ii?aoethaaiiy
A.N.Neiai?iaeith a?aei-?einueeeo ?aeae ina?oe ? aeoiaaiiy noaaeeanue a
?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe?. Aea aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaciina?aaeiuei
i?enay/ai? oeueiio ieoaiith, iaiaaeothoueny eeoa noaooath
I.Caeaethaeiiai “Iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea aioe/iiai na?oo oa A.N.Neiai?iaea”,
aea aeiaiaeeoueny aieea ia a/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai iaaeaaiaa ieaoii?anueei?
oai??? ?aeaaeueii? aea?aeaae, aeoiie Aeaiie??oa i?i
i?e?iaeia?aeiia?aei?noue aeoiaaiiy, ?aeae Ieooa?oa oa Ea?io?e?aia.

Caaaeaiiy c?noaaeaiiy aioe/ieo oa neiai?iaeei?anueeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo
iiaeyae?a ae??oo?oueny a ?yae? oai??a o?einionueeiai ci?noo. A ?iaioao
I.Ein?aa, A.A?ia, O.Caeaiiai?nueeiai, Ae.Aaaae?y aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey
iaaeaaia?a Aeaaiuei? A?aoe?? ? ?eio oa aeey A.N.Neiai?iaee ni?eueiei ?
i?eioeei: aeoiaia ?iaioa ia? nie?aoeny ia aeooiai? caeiie ?icaeoeo
ethaeeie oa na?oo.

I.I?iaeoi iia’yco? neiai?iaeei?anueeo ?aeath “n?iaeiino?” aeoiaaiiy c
aeoieaie Ieaoiia i?i eanoie?aoe/iee ono??e noni?euenoaa, ?.?aaiuei
c?noaaey? “n?iaei?noue” ?c a/aiiyi noi?e?a, A.Einothe aeiaiaeeoue:
iaaeaaia?/ia niaaeueia A.N.Neiai?iaee ai?uo? aeaiaioe aioe/ii?
ae?aeaeoeee. Iaeiae o eiiieaen? i?iaeaia ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iiai
c?noaaeaiiy aee?inueeeo oa neiai?iaeei?anueeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae aei
oeueiai /ano ia aeine?aeaeoaaeanue. Aea/ai? o?eueee ie?ai? ieoaiiy
ca‘yceo aioe/ieo ?aeae aeoiaaiiy oa ina?oe ?c niaaeueiith
A.N.Neiai?iaee.

C iaeyaeo ia iaaaaeaia oae oi?ioeth?ii oaio aeine?aeaeaiiy : “Aioe/i?
?aea? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy o oai?/?e niaaeuei? A.N.Neiai?iaee”.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?/a niaaeueia aeaeaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai
iaaeaaiaa A.N.Neiai?iaee.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?/a ii?aoethaaiiy A.N.Neiai?iaeith aioe/ieo
?aeae ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe oai?/ee ?icaeoie aioe/ieo ?aeae
ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy o iaaeaaia?/i?e niaaeuei? A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe ?aea? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy a Noa?iaeaai?e A?aoe?? oa ?ei?,
ye? iaee ?icaeoie o oai?/?e ae?yeueiino? A.N.Neiai?iaee.

2. Ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aieea aioe/ieo i?ina?oieoeueeeo ?aeae ia
iaaeaaia?/io niaaeueio A.N.Neiai?iaee.

3. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c?noaaeaiiy aee?inueeeo oa
neiai?iaeei?anueeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue
?ic?iaee aee?ii-neiai?iaeei?anueei? eiioeaioe?? ina?oe, ?ic?iaeoe
/anoeio ?? iiiyo?eiiai aia?aoo, aecia/eoe aeaiaioe ci?noo iiiyoue,
aeaea?aea aea/aiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue oai??y iaoeiaiai
i?ciaiiy, iieiaeaiiy i?i ca‘ycie ?noi??? ?c nueiaiaeaiiyi, i?i
ae?aeaeoe/io ?aei?noue iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa caaaeueiiethaenueeiai, i?i
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? a i?ioean? aeoeaii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio,
aeaoa?i?i?cio, nenoaiiino?, anaa?/iino? (aeiiaa a?aoiaoaaoe o i?ioean?
i?ciaiiy an? noi?iie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia’?eoa).

Iniiai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?noi?e/iee, i?iaeaiiee,
ae?aeaeoeei-oaieia?/iee (I.Aoaa?), ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co
?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iiai oa o?einionueeiai iaoa??aeo, aieaooaaiiy.

Aeaea?aeiciaa/ith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee oai?e iaaeaaia?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o ieneeoae?a Noa?iaeaaiuei? A?aoe?? oa ?eio, A.N.Neiai?iaee.
Oe?ii?noue aeey aeena?oaoe?? iaee i?aoe? o?einio?a O?O-OO noie?oue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia oa oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue o
oiio, ui ?iaeoueny iiaeaeueoee a?oioiaiee aiae?c ina?oiueiai aniaeoo
aieeao aioe/ii? niaaeueie ia Neiai?iaeo-iaaeaaiaa.

Cie?aia, aeine?aeaeothoueny ca’ycee neiai?iaeei?anueei? ?aea?
“n?iaeiino?” ?c caaaeueiith aoe/iith eiioeaioe??th noi?e?a, ?iaeoueny
c?noaaeaiiy aioe/iiai oa neiai?iaeei?anueeiai iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeaae?a,
aeaiaio?a aioe/ii? eaeieaaao?? oa aioe/ii? ae?aeaeoeee c iaaeaaia?/iith
ae?yeuei?noth “oe?a?inueeiai Nie?aoa”.

O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa c?noaaeythoueny aioe/i? oa neiai?iaeei?anuee?
?aea? uiaei ?aaai?ee — iaoee i?i oiiae ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae, i?i
“a?ieia?/iee a?enoie?aoeci” ye aieiaiee i?eioeei aecia/aiiy i?e?iaeieo
cae?aiinoae aeeoeie oa i?ioan?eiiai aeiai?o. ?iaeoueny ni?iaa aeiaanoe
oi?aa?naeuei?noue neiai?iaeei?anueei? ?aea? «n?iaeiino?» caniaii
i?iaaaeaiiy nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaeiaaeaia ?iaioa ii c?noaaeaiith nie?ao?anueeiai oa
neiai?iaeei?anueeiai ae?aeia?a ye iaoiaeo ae??oaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo
ieoaiue. I?e oeueiio aia?oa aecia/ai? oa aeine?aeaeai? oi?eaeuei?
“?aaeena?nuee?” i?eeiie, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaa A.N.Neiai?iaea i?e iaienaii?
iia/aeueieo ae?aeia?a. Iiaaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae — o oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
aeoiaieo iaoiae?a A.N.Neiai?iaee oa eiai aee?inueeeo iiia?aaeiee?a c
iaeyaeo ia ?o “ineoaaia?/i?noue”, oiaoi i???ioaoe?th aeeeth/ii ia aeooo
(ca Neiai?iaeith — ia “aioo??oith i?e?iaeo”) aeoiaaioey.

I?iaeiaaeo?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy A.N.Neiai?iaeith aioe/ieo
ineoaaia?/ieo cania?a “ia?aiace”, “ae?ao?eae” oa “nieiea?oio”.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia ?aeayo aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeai? “Caoiaee ii a?ae?iaeaeaiith
niaaeueie A.N.Neiai?iaee ia Noiuei?”, caoaa?aeaeai? Noinueeith iaeaniith
?aaeith. Caeaa?eueoiai aiie aoaeothoueny ia iniia? aenoiooi? o
aeine?aeaeaii? aee?ii-neiai?iaeei?anueei? eiioeaioe?? aeoiaaiiy.
Caoiaeaie, cie?aia, ia?aaeaa/a?oueny noai?aiiy ao?oe?a i?noeaaeo
o?einio?a, ?iaioa yeeo aoaea ni?yiiaaia ia aeooiaia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ia
iaa/aiiy oaeaiiaeoi? iieiae?, ia aeei?enoaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao ?aeae
Ieaenaiae?a Iae?oeeia- iaeiiai ?c iine?aeiaiee?a A.N.Neiai?iaee ia
Noiuei?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aeeeaaeaii?
aoc?anueeiai eo?no ?noi??? iaaeaaia?ee, a ?iaio? no/anieo na?aaei?o
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. Ia iniia? iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa
?ic?iaeaiee niaoenai?ia? “Aoiai?noe/i? iniiae a?o/eciyii? iaaeaaia?ee”.
?aea? aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio? c?
nooaeaioaie i?ae /an iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee.

Iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a ? aeyaeaiiy aioe/ieo ?aeae ina?oe oa
aeoiaaiiy, ui iaee oai?/ee ?icaeoie o niaaeuei? A.N.Neiai?iaee,
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?o ii?aoethaaiiy oe?a?inueeei iaaeaaiaii, aeiaaaeaiiy
nii??aeiaiino? na?oiaeyaeieo iniia aioe/ii? iaaeaaia?ee oa aeoiaii?
oai??? A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iniiaieo eiai aeniiae?a
caaacia/o?oueny eiiieaeniei ?icaeyaeii i?iaeaie c iaaeaaia?/ieo,
o?einionueeeo, ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo iiceoe?e, oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?oiaeaea?ae, nenoaie iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue eiai ia‘?eoo, i?aaeiaoo oa caaaeaiiyi, ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o ?iaioo i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy
oa iaa/aeueiee i?ioean.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoeiaa ?iaioa
a?aeiia?aea? caaaeueiiio iai?yio aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeyoueny
eaoaae?ith iaaeaaia?ee Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i.
A.N.Iaea?aiea (oaia eieaeoeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eaoaae?e —
“I?ia?aiii-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy aeeeaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo
aeenoeeie?i”).

Ai?iaaoe?y ? canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aea/aiiy, aena?oeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy
iaoeiai? ? ooaeiaeiuei? niaaeueie A?eai??y Neiai?iaee” (Oa?e?a, 1997),
ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oaeoi?e
i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey” (AEeoiie?,
1995), ia I?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eoeueoo?a
iaaeaaia?/iiai ni?eeoaaiiy ye oaeoi? aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? no/anii? ina?oe”
(Noie, 1996), ia ?ioeo iaoeiaeo oi?oiao.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a 3-o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
a 4-o ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a oa oac eiioa?aioe?e.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1. A.N. Neiai?iaea oai?/i ii?aoeueiao? na?oiaeyaei? iniiae aioe/ieo
?aeae ina?oe ? aeoiaaiiy, ine?eueee:

— no?oeoo?iooai?thth/ith iciaeith aioe/iiai ? neiai?iaeei?anueeiai
iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeaae?a ? coiiaeai?noue i?ioeano ?icaeoeo iniae
aeooiaieie aieeaaie;

— o i?ina?oieoeuee?e ae?yeueiino? A.N.Neiai?iaee ?icaeioo? aeaiaioe
«eaeieaaao??» — eeane/iiai ?aeaaeo ethaeeie a a?aei-?einuee?e eoeueoo??;

— a aioe/ieo ?aeayo i?i eanoie?aoe/iee ono??e noni?euenoaa, noi?/i?e
aoeoe?, ?aaaieoe?, a/aii? Ai?eo?a, i?ina?oieoeuee?e ae?yeueiino? Nie?aoa
A.N.Neiai?iaea ciaoiaeeoue iniiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy aeanii? oai???
“n?iaeiiai” aeoiaaiiy.

2. A ina?oiuei-aeoiai?e ae?yeueiino? A.N.Neiai?iaee aeei?enoai? aeaye?
iaoiaee/i? caniae c a?naiaeo aioe/ieo ina?oi?o nenoai, ine?eueee:

— A.N.Neiai?iaea ii?aoeueiao? aeaiaioe nie?ao?anueeiai ae?aeiao;

— a ai?noiey?iiio iaoiae? iaa/aiiy A.N.Neiai?iaee i?inoaaeo?oueny
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeeo cania?a aioe/ii? iaaeaaia?ee, ye ae?ao?eaa,
ia?aiaca, nieiea?oi;

— o iaaeaaia?/ieo oai?ao A.N.Neiai?iaee aeaiaioe aioe/ii? ae?aiaoo?a??
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ?ic?iaee aeanieo “?aaeena?nueeeo” i?eeii?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a caaaeueiei ianyaii 178 noi?. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue
oaaeeoeth ianyaii 4 noi??iee, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 211
iaeiaioaaiue ianyaii 10 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo, caaaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi aeaea?aeiciaa/o aaco,
iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iniaenoee
aianie aeine?aeieea, aeinoia??i?noue oa oi?ie ai?iaaoe?? ? canoinoaaiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O IA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? — “Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aieeao aioe/ieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae ia oai?/o niaaeueio A.N.Neiai?iaee” ia iniia?
aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae anoaiiaeth?oueny iayai?noue aaeeei?
e?eueeino? ?ia?o, aea aeine?aeaeothoueny o?einionuee?, e?oa?aoo?i?
aniaeoe i?iaeaie “A.N.Neiai?iaea oa aioe/ia niaaeueia”, ui ? iaae?eiei
i?aea?oioyi aeey iiaeaeueoeo ?ic?iaie.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui ieoaiiy aecia/aiiy ca’yceo iaaeaaia?/ii? niaaeueie
A.N.Neiai?iaee c aioe/ieie ?aeayie ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy iaiaeii?aciai
noaaeeiny, aea ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ia iaoea ia? iaiaeue aeine?aeaeaiue c
oeacaii? i?iaeaie, ui coiiaeth? oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy ia?oiaeaea?ae o
aeena?oaoe??, oai??a o?einionueeiai oa ?noi?e/iiai ci?noo.

Ia iniia? ?o aiae?co anoaiiaeaia iayai?noue aeeaieiai ca’yceo ?aeae
aee?i?a oa iaaeaaia?ee A.N.Neiai?iaee. ?iaioa ii ?o c?noaaeaiith — oeyo
aei aaeaeaaoiiai ?icoi?iiy a/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai i?ina?oeoaey, ui ?
aa?aioii eiai aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae cana?ae/ea, ui ca‘ycie
aioe/ieo oa neiai?iaeei?anueeeo ?aeae ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy
anoaiiaeth?oueny o?eueee o ?ac? ?icoi?iiy i?ina?oieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeiai Nie?aoa ye oaei?, ui nie?a?oueny ia aeooiai? iniiae
?icaeoeo ethaeeie oa na?oo. Aaeeea eiei e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ia
a?aeiia?aea? oeei aeiiaai. Oae, o oa?aeoa?i?e ?iaio? I.Caeaethaeiiai
“Iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea aioe/iiai na?oo oa A.N.Neiai?iaea” aioe/ia
iaaeaaia?/ia niaaeueia iia’yco?oueny c aeaiia oaiaeaioe?yie
na?oiaeyaeo, ye? aecia/athoueny ye “iaoa??ae?noe/ia” oa “?aeaae?noe/ia”,
a oai?/?noue A.N.Neiai?iaee ?icoi??oueny ye “iaoa??ae?noe/ia” c
aeayeeie “a?oa?/ieie” ?aeaae?noe/ieie aeaiaioaie. O oeueiio ?ac? ca’ycie
aioe/ieo ?aeae ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy c oai?/ith niaaeueiith oe?a?inueeiai
iaaeaaiaa anoaiiaeoe iaiiaeeeai, ui iiynith? iaeaea iiaio a?aenooi?noue
?ia?o c oaei? i?iaeaiaoeee o ?aaeyinueeee ia??iae.

I?aeo?eioth/e ?aea? A.A?ia, O.Caeaiiai?nueeiai, I.I?iaeoia, O.Ein?aa oa
?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a, ie noaa?aeaeo?ii, ui aeooiaia na?oini?eeiyooy
A.N.Neiai?iaee, yea aecia/a?oueny ?aaeyinueeeie o?einioaie ye
“?aeaae?noe/ia oaiaeaioe?y”, aaciina?aaeiuei coiiaeth? ci?no
iaaeaaia?/ii? oai??? oe?a?inueeiai iaaeaaiaa. Oaeiae, ia iaoo aeoieo,
ia ia? i?aenoaa iia’ycoaaoe ina?oi? i?ioeane aioe/iino? oa iaaeaaia?/io
niaaeueio Neiai?iaee c ai?ioueaith eean?a o noni?euenoa?, ui
iaiaeii?aciai cono??/a?ii a ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/i?e
e?oa?aoo??.

Ia iniia? aiae?co noaio iinoaaeaii? iaoeiai? i?iaeaie aenoaa?oueny
a?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny oa iaa?oioiaothoueny eiai
iaoiaee.

Ae?OAEE ?ICAe?E — “Na?oiaeyaei? iniiae aioe/ii? iaaeaaia?ee o niaaeuei?
A.N.Neiai?iaee”.

Aeaea?aea na?ae/aoue, ui aaaeaiiy aeooiaiiai i?ciaiiy noaei iioeaii
caa?iaiiy oe?a?inueeiai i?ina?oeoaey aei aioe/ii? niaaeueie. Neiai?iaea
ia o?eueee aeoeaii canoiniao?, a ? iaiia “?aaa?e?oo?” aioe/i?noue, yea
aaaaeaeany iiaainueeith, iaci?noiaiith o aeooiaiiio a?aeiioaii?,
ciaoiaey/e naia ia oa?ai? a?aei-?einueei? eoeueoo?e iniiao aeey
oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae. Ia’?aeio? aee?inueeee oa
neiai?iaeei?anueeee iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeaaee iiiyooy “Eiain”, yea aoei
caiice/aii c aioe/ii? niaaeueie no?aeiineia’yinueeith i?aaineaaiith
eoeueoo?ith ? icia/a? ciaiiy i?i aeooiaia.

I?ina?oieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue c iaoith ii?aeueiiai i?iaoaeaeaiiy ethaeae
A.N.Neiai?iaea cae?enith? c o?aooaaiiyi aeina?aeo Nie?aoa, yeee iaa
iiae?ai? iai??e a oiiaao ?aeaeii? ai?ioueae Aeaaiuei? A?aoe?? V
noie?ooy aei ?.O.. Ae?yeuei?noue, ni?yiiaaio ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeiai
oeio ina?oe, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? i?ciaiiy aeooiaieo caeii?a Anana?oo,
iiae?aii O.Caeaiiai?nueeiio, aecia/a?ii ye “nie?aoe/io ae?yeuei?noue”.

Aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ii? niaaeueie A.N.Neiai?iaee aeiaiaeeoue iayai?noue a
i?e ina?oiueiai aniaeoo “eaeieaaao??”, ui a aioe/i?e eoeueoo?? icia/a?
?aeaae ethaeeie. O oai??? aeoiaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai o?einioa oai?/i
aeei?enoiaothoueny aenie?eaoe?eia oa neioacoth/a ooieoe?? “eaeieaaao??”.

Cie?aia, ii?aoeueiaoth/e “eaeieaaao?th”, A.N.Neiai?iaea noaaeoue
i?iaeaio ca’yceo oai??? oa i?aeoeee. O iaaeaaia?/iiio aniaeo? oea
icia/a? aaciina?aaei?e, i?aai?/iee ca’ycie iaoee, ui aea/a?oueny o/iai,
c eiie?aoeeith eiai aeeooy. Ia Oe?a?i? 18 noie?ooy oa a einiiiie?oe/iee
ia??iae a?aoeueeiai aeoiaaiiy (i?ney iaeaaeiinueeeo a?ei)
niinoa??aa?oueny ii?ooaiiy oeueiai i?aaeea. Iaoea, yea aeeeaaeaeany a
ina?oi?o onoaiiaao oeeo /an?a, ia?aoai?eeany o a?ae??aaio a?ae i?ioean?a
?icaeoeo i?e?iaeieo cae?aiinoae o/i?a aeiaiaoeeo. A.N.Neiai?iaea ia
o?eueee oai?aoe/ii, a ? aeaniei aeeoo?aei i?eeeaaeii aaaea ai?ioueao c
aeiaiaoe/ieie yaeuaie ia oa?ai? a?o/eciyiiai ina?oiueiai ?ooo.

Ine?eueee “eaeieaaao?y” ? iaaiei ciai?oi?i aeaeyaeii aeia?i/eiiino?,
oiio a/eiee ethaeeie, ui a?aeiia?aea? oeueiio ?aeaaeo, iathoue aooe
ci?iaeie, aeaiiino?aoeaieie, c?icoi?eeie. Oea iaaea? iiaeeea?noue,
aieeaath/e ia o/i?a aeaniei i?eeeaaeii, aoaeoeaii i?iaiaeeoe ina?oith
ae?yeuei?noue.

Aeacaiee aniaeo “eaeieaaao??” oaeiae aeeaiei ?icaeiooee
A.N.Neiai?iaeith. Oae, aeaea?aea na?ae/aoue, ui oe?a?inueeee
i?ina?oeoaeue neeith nai?? aai?aeueii? iaoo?e, yea aoea i?aeoe/iei
ao?eaiiyi oai?aoe/ii ?ic?iaeaieo ?aeae, ni?ii?any aaeaiooaaoe aaeueie
neeaaeia oa aeeaiea a/aiiy aei na?aeiiino? iaeaea an?o aa?noa ianaeaiiy
no/aniiai eiio noni?euenoaa.

Oaeiae anoaiiaeaii, ui e??i aioe/ii? niaaeueie, ia oi?ioaaiiy
neiai?iaeei?anueei? “eaeieaaao??” aieeioee ?aea? o?enoeyinoaa.
Aeine?aeaeo?oueny aeei?enoaiiy A.N.Neiai?iaeith e ?ioeo aeaiaio?a
“eaeieaaao??”, na?aae yeeo — “?ici??i?noue”, “neiao??y”

Aecia/aiiy aeoie?a neiai?iaeei?anueei? ?aea? «n?iaeiino?» aeoiaaiiy a
aioe/i?e niaaeuei? ia?aaeaa/a? caa?iaiiy aei iaoa??aeo aoe/iiai oa
iie?oe/iiai ci?noo, cie?aia — aei oai??? eanoie?aoe/iiai ono?ith iaoe??,
yea ?ic?iaeyeany ? ca /an?a Noa?iaeaai?o A?aoe?? ? ?eio. I?aaeeueia
?icoi?iiy oa?i?i?a “eanoa” oa “eanoie?aoe/iee ono??e” aeicaiey? oyaeoe
iaoai?ci aeiai?o “n?iaeii? i?aoe?” a?aeiia?aeii aei iayaieo i?e?iaeieo
cae?aiinoae o/iy.

Iiaeyaee Ieaoiia uiaei eanoe o?einio?a Neiai?iaea aeei?enoiao? aeey
aecia/aiiy ie?aii? aa?noae “aiaineia?a” (aai “nooaeaio?a”), ye?
iieeeeai? a?aeiia?aeaoe ca aeooiaia o noni?euenoa?. Aeoiee
neiai?iaeei?anueei? ?aea? n?iaeiino? i?inoaaeothoueny i?e
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? aeaaiueia?aoeueei? ?ae?a??, aeey yei?, ye ? aeey
oe?a?inueeiai o?einioa, i?eoaiaiia ioioiaeiaiiy iiiyoue Aia oa I?e?iaea.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey A.N.Neiai?iaee oa?aeoa?ia noi?/ia o?aeooaaiiy
iiiyooy “i?e?iaea ethaeeie” — yea ? ye aeaii?noth, oae ? aioo??oi?i
oe?eani?yiiaaiei ono?i?i.

A.N.Neiai?iaea oa eiai aioe/i? iiia?aaeieee iaaeaaaee nooo?ao oaaao
i?iaeai? noai?aiiy iaeaaeieo oiia aeey ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae, ui ?
i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy “?aaai?ee”. A oai??? «n?iaeiino?» Neiai?iaea oaeiae
canoiniao? oai?aoe/ii ?ic?iaeaiee Ieaoiiii i?eioeei “a?ieia?/iiai
a?enoie?aoecio”, yeee iieyaa? a ocaiaeaeaiino? “i?e?iaee ethaeeie” oa
nioe?aeueii? ooieoe??, yeo aiia aeeiio?. Ia iao iiaeyae, ?aeay
“a?ieia?/iiai a?enoie?aoecio” ? aee?inueei-neiai?iaeei?anueeei aiaeiaii
nenoaie eanoiaiai aeiai?o, yeee ?nioaaa o aeaai?o eoeueoo?ao.

A.N. Neiai?iaea ie?aeii ?icaeioa ieaoii?anueeo ?aeath “a?ieia?/iiai
a?enoie?aoecio”, yea ia? aeey no/aniino? oe?ii?noue ia o?eueee
iaaeaaia?/iei, aea ? nai?i iie?oe/iei aniaeoii. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oni?o
aoaeue-yeeo ia?aaoaeia/eo i?ioean?a caeaaeeoue ia?o ca ana a?ae
aecia/aiiy oaei? nenoaie aeiai?o eaae??a, yea a a?aoiaoaaea i?e?iaei?
iaoeee ethaeae, ii-neiai?iaeei?anuee? — “i?e?iaeo ethaeeie”.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui Neiai?iaea, iiae?aii Ieaoiio, a?a “ai?ioueao ca
n?iaei?noue”, ni?yiiaaio ia oa, aae ci?no oa iaoiaee iaa/aiiy, a oaeiae
iaeaooi? i?noea a noni?euenoa? a?aeiia?aeaee i?e?iaei?i cae?aiinoyi
o/i?a.

O O?AOUeIIO ?ICAe?E? “Aioe/i? iaoiaee/i? caniae a oai?/?e ae?yeueiino?
A.N.Neiai?iaee” aecia/a?oueny iaoiaee/iee aniaeo aieeao aioe/ieo ?aeae
ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy ia oai?/o niaaeueio oe?a?inueeiai iaaeaaiaa.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoo oaaao Neiai?iaee i?eaa?oa? i?ia?aeiee iaoiae
i?ina?oieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? Nie?aoa oa o/i?a — ae?aeia. Aeoiaiee
aeina?ae Neiai?iaee i?noeoue i?ea?iaeueiee oai?/ee ?icaeoie
nie?ao?anueeiai ae?aeiao caniaii iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ac?a ni?a?iciiaiee?a.

AEeaa neiai ae?aeiaa caaacia/o? ae?th aoaeoa i?enooiino?, ia yeee
?ic?aoiaoaaee ye Nie?ao, oae ? A.N.Neiai?iaea. Oaeiae ni?eueiei aeey
aeaio i?ina?oeoae?a ? o?aeooaaiiy ae?aeiao ye i?ioeano ??aiii?aaiiai
iiooeo ?noeie. Nie?ao?anueeee oa neiai?iaeei?anueeee ae?aeiae
ia?aaeaa/athoue aca?iiae?th in?a, aeey yeeo ?noeia oa ciaiiy ?
i?iaeaiith, a ia o?eueee i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy. ?noeia oa ciaiiy ia
ia?aaeathoueny, a ?ice?eaathoueny o na?aeiiino? o/aniee?a ae?aeiao.
Oaeei /eiii, nie?ao?anueei-neiai?iaeei?anueeee ae?aeia?/iee iaoiae ?
nai???aeiei “aei?iaoaaiiyi” ni?a?iciiaieea, aai eiai “aee?eooyi”.
“Aee?eooy” ia? nioe?aeueiee aniaeo, ine?eueee ni?yiiao?oueny ia o?eueee
ia iniao o/iy, a ia anth ni?eueiioo, yea ciaoiaeeoueny o noai?
caiaaeaaiiy aeooiaiiai. C iaeyaeo ia oa, ui aeooa o/iy ? aieiaiei
ia’?eoii aieeao a oaeeo ae?aeiaao, canoiniao?ii oa?i?i “ineoaaia?y”.

Iane?aeoth/e Nie?aoa, A.N.Neiai?iaea ?iaeoue aecia/aiiy aoe/ieo iiiyoue
iniiaiith iaoith naiai ae?aeiao. Oa yeui Nie?ao iaiaaeo?oueny eeoa
aaeaeei aei?iaoaaiiyi ni?a?iciiaieea, oi ia?niiaae? neiai?iaeei?anueeeo
ae?aeia?a ua ? iaa/athoue, canoiniaoth/e iia/aeueiee, iaa?oue
iaioi?nueeee oii. Oiae yeui nie?ao?anuee? ae?aeiae o?eueee iaaiaeyoue
/eoa/a ia iaai? ?icaeoie, oi neiai?iaeei?anuee? ae?aeiae aaea i?noyoue
aecia/aiiy aoe/ieo iiiyoue.

An? ae?aeaeoe/i? caniae aeoiaaiiy, ye? i?iiiio? aioe/ia iaaeaaia?ea ?
ye?, a naith /a?ao, ?icaeaa? oa ai?iaaaeaeo? a i?aeoeeo Neiai?iaea,
iia’ycai? c? neiaii. Aea yeui nie?ao?anueea neiai aaea ia’?aeiaia c
?noeiith, oi A.N.Neiai?iaea ia? ni?aao c oaeei noaiii ?a/ae, eiee neiai
a?aeie?aieaii a?ae ?noeie ( iane?aeie iaioth/iai ia oa?ai? oiae?oiuei?
ina?oe aeiaiaoecio). Oiio oe?a?inueeee o?einio ooea? ?aeiino? neiaa oa
aeoiee.

A?aee?eooy e na?aeiia canoinoaaiiy Nie?aoii oa Ieaoiiii ae?aeaeoe/iiai
iaoiaeo a?aeie?aieth? ? i?aeiineoue oeeo o?einio?a iaae nio?noaie, a
Neiai?iaeo, a naith /a?ao, — iaae i?iyaaie aeiaiaoecio, iayaiiai a
ni?aa? ina?oe ia Oe?a?i? XVIII noie?ooy.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui ye iaoiae iinooiiaiai noiaeaeaiiy a?ae ie?aieo
i?eeeaae?a aei caaaeueieo aecia/aiue a ae?aeiaao nie?ao?anueeeo oa
neiai?iaeei?anueeeo aeei?enoiaothoueny aiaeia??, c?noaaeaiiy, iiia?aaei?
a?iioaoe/i? aecia/aiiy, ??ii?y.

Eenoe A.N.Neiai?iaee aei I.Eiaaeeinueeiai oa aei ?ioeo in?a iiaeia
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye ienueiiao ae?ao?eao, ?ic?iaeaio naiai /ano
aioe/ieie i?ina?oeoaeyie. Aeecuee?noue aeoiie Neiai?iaee oa eiai
ae?oc?a, aei yeeo o?einio iaaeneeaa eenoe, iaaea? ciiao i?ina?oeoaeth
naiino?eii “iiaeaethaaoe” caieoaiiy oa a?aeiia?aeaoe ia ieo. Oiio aaaaoi
iia/aeueieo eeno?a Neiai?iaee ia? aeaeyae nie?ao?anueeiai ae?aeiao.

O nai?o eenoao Neiai?iaea canoiniao? ?aea? aeaeaoieo eoeueoo?ieo
ae?y/?a. I?e oeueiio ia?aaaaa iaaea?oueny aeaeaoiei iinoaoyi ieioeiai,
ye? i?ae caeo/athoueny aei aan?aee ca o/anoth aeae?eueeio in?a. Na?aae
ieo — Neiai?iaea oa o/aiue, aei yeiai aae?aniaaii eeno. Iaaeaaia?/ia
iaoa, ui ia?ane?aeo?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii? oaeiai iaoiaeo, iieyaa? a
aoaeo? “i?enooiino?” o/iy ia aan?ae? ca o/anoth aeaeaoieo iinoaoae.
Aeoiee o/iy i?aai?/ii aoiaeyoue o eiioaeno ae?aeiao. Oea ni?ey?
?icoi?iith neeaaeieo ?noei.

Neiai?iaea oai?/i aeei?enoiao? aieiaio iniaeea?noue aioe/ii? ia?aiace —
aoaeo “?ic?ieiaiino? a aeeooy”, yeee iieyaa? a ii?aeiaii? iia/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo c aeeoo?aith eiie?aoeeith.

Aiae?c iia/aeueieo eeno?a Neiai?iaee iaaea? ciiao aecia/eoe aeae?eueea
canoiniaaieo iaaeaaiaii oei?a i?eeiio “?ic?ieiaiino?”. Na?aae ieo:

1. Iiaoaeiaa iia/aiiy ia iniia? c?icoi?eiai aeeoo?aiai i?aaeea,
niinoa?aaeaiiy.

2. Ii?aeiaiiy iaio/aiiy c iineeaiiyie ia ianoaaeie aeeooy.

3. Ii?aeiaiiy iaio/aiiy c nayoeiaeie a?oaiiyie.

I?eeii «?ic?ieiaiino?» ni?ey? aeinyaiaiith ?ioeiiino? o ni?eeoaaii?, ui
? aecia/aeueiith iciaeith neiai?iaeei?anueei? ienueiiai? ae?ao?eae.

A aioe/i?e niaaeuei? aeei?enoiao?oueny ye iia/aeueiee can?a aioo??oi?e
iiiieia — nieiea?oi, yeee o aee?i?a aoiaeeoue ye aei neeaaeo ia?aiace,
oae ? ae?ao?eae. I?e/aoi?noue aei aeooiaiiai coiiaeth? iiiieia?/iee
oa?aeoa? aioe/ieo oa neiai?iaeei?anueeeo ai?noiey??e. Nieiea?oi
Neiai?iaee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny “a?aee?eo?noth” na?oo ?aeae, iaiieaaeeaeie
iiooeaie “n?iaeieo” aeoo ye o aeeoo?, oae ? a eoeueoo?iiio i?inoi??.
Neiai?iaeei?anueeee nieiea?oi oaeiae aecia/a?oueny oei, ui caa?iaiiy
aei aae?anaoa ia?aaeaa/a? caa?iaiiy aei aoaeeoi???, a oaeiae
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny “?ic?ieiai?noth”, ine?eueee /anoi a?i ii/eia?oueny c
iineeaiiy ia aeeoo?a? ianoaaeie.

Oi?iaeiaae aeine?aeaeaiiy aea/a?oueny oai?/a ia?iaea Neiai?iaeith a eiai
eenoao aei Eiaaeeinueeiai aee?inueeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a eiio?anoo oa
ci?ie oiio, aeei?enoaiiy ei?ioeeo ae?acieo ianoaiia.

Iaeia c oa?aeoa?ieo iciae, ui i?inoaaeo?oueny a iia/aeueieo eenoao
Neiai?iaee, iieyaa? o aeiiaao aei ci?noo i?iaeai, ye? aeiinyoueny ia
iaaiai?aiiy a eenoao aei ae?oc?a. Iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui an? eenoe
o?einioa i?enay/ai? ?aeeiiio- aecia/aiith nainiai? coiiaeaiino? aeeooy,
aeinyaiaiith eiai iioieia?/ii? iioeaaoe??. Caaaeaio iciaeo ie aecia/eee
ye “aa?oiai?noue” (oa?i?i A.A?ia). “Aa?oiai?noue” o na?oiaeyae?
Neiai?iaee coiiaeaia aioe/ieie aieeaaie. sse eenoe Naiaee aei Eooe?e?y,
eenoe Neiai?iaee aei Eiaaeeinueeiai i?noyoue oe?e?nia a/aiiy, yea, ia
iaoo aeoieo, ? i?aenoaae oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye aeooae?ciaaiee eo?n
o?einio??, ui a?aeia?aaea? na?oiaeyae i?ina?oeoaey.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaii i?ioean aeei?enoaiiy aioe/ieo
ae?aiaoo?a?/ieo cania?a o iaaeaaia?/i?e oai?/ino? A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Cie?aia, aeiaiaeeoueny, ui ieaoii?anuee? oa neiai?iaeei?anuee? ae?aeiae
i?aeii?yaeeiaai? iaai?e ae?aiaoo?a??, ine?eueee i?inoaaeo?ii aino?o
ai?ioueao aeoiie, ye? nii/aoeo noia?a/aoue iaeia iaei?e, aea iio?i an?
aiie iinoathoue ia?aae /eoa/ai ye ?aeeia ni?acao//y.

Aiae?c i?eo/? “Aaey/iee ??iae?e” na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue o i?e
ae?aiaoe/ii? caa’ycee ae?enoaa, ?icaeoeo ae??, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae
neiaieii ?noeie oa ethaeeiith, yea ia? ?? caaaiooe. ?icaeoie ae?? ?
ii/aoeii ineoaaia?/iiai i?ioeano a aeoo? o/iy, yeee /eoaoeia oeae
ae?aeia. ?ieue o/iy iiae?aia aei ?ie? Aeyoeiaa (iniae, ye?e Neiai?iaea
iaaeneea? oeae oa??) — iaii i?iiiio?oueny i?inoaaeeoe ca oei, ye
aeooiaia ae?noa?oueny c?icoi?eeo, eiie?aoii-i?aeoe/ieo oi?i aeeoo?ai?
iiaaae?iee, iiaeyae?a oiui.

Ia nooi ae?aiaoo?a?/ieo i?eioeeiao aoaeo?oueny iiaeaeueoee ae?aeia i?ae
??iae??i oa iaaiith I?oae. I?e oeueiio a?aeaa?oa “iaaaoeai?noue” ia?aco
I?oae oa “iiceoeai?noue” ??iae?y caeathoueny oaeeie eeoa ia ia?oee
iiaeyae. Iaoa Neiai?iaee- ia i?inoi aeaiiino?aoe?y ??cieo oi/ie ci?o ia
aeoiaaiiy. O oaeiio aeiaaeeo ie a iaee i?inoee iai?i aeoieaie.
Neiai?iaea iaiaaa?oueny cae?enieoe ineoaaia?/iee i?ioean aioe/ieie
ae?aiaoo?a?/ieie caniaaie.

Caaaeueio ae?th iiaeia i?ae?icae?eeoe ia ie?ai? “i?aeae??”, ye? a
oeueiio ae?aeic? iathoue ni?eueio no?oeoo?o. Iaoa oaei? “i?aeae??” —
?ice?eooy ie?aii? /anoee ?noeie. ?noeia oe?eeii iinoa? a e?ioe?
ae?aeiao. Oea aeiaiaeeoueny aiae?cii ie?aieo “i?aeae?e” “Aaey/iiai
??iae?y”.

“I?aeae??” cae?eniththoue caaaeueiee ?icaeoie ae?? ae?aeiao. C eiaeiith
ianooiiith i?aeae??th iai?oaeai?noue c?inoa?. Iaaeeaea?oueny
eoeuei?iaoe?y (ua iaeei ae?aiaoe/iee aeaiaio ae?aeiao). A eoeuei?iaoe??
ia’?aeiothoueny aeaa ia/aea, ye? ai?iaeiaae ae?aeiao anooiaee o
c?oeiaiiy. Aeooiaia noaei iayaiei o aeeoo?a?e eiie?aoeoe?. Cae?i/aiiy
i?eo/? (e??e/ia cai?ooeeaa i?niy) oaae oa?aeoa?eco? Neiai?iaeo ye
?aaeena?a, ine?eueee aiii iieeeeaii ni?eyoe “aeooaaiiio niieith” (oa?i?i
A.N.Neiai?iaee), yeee, ca?aeii c ieaiii aaoi?a, ia? i?eeoe a aeooo o/iy.

Caneoaiao? ia oaaao oa ianoaaeia, ui ?ie? Aeaoaee, A?eai??y o
neiai?iaeei?anueeeo ae?aeiaao iiae?ai? ?ie? Nie?aoa o ieaoii?anueeeo.
Aeacai? ia?niiaae? iieeeeai? i?aeaeaaoe i?aenoiee iaaiai?aieo ?aeae,
i?aaenoaaeyoe ?noeio iaeneiaeueii iiaii oa aeeaiei.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii, yea coiiaeei “oaao?aeuei? iioeae”
o iaaeaaia?oe? Neiai?iaee, ? ia?iaeia oai?/?noue, i?ae aieeaii yei?
noi?ioaaany oaao?aeueiee aeaiaio ? a aioe/i?e ina?oi?e nenoai?.

sse ? Ieaoii, Neiai?iaea “aeieno?” ia?ace ae?aeiao ia iniia?
niinoa?aaeaiue ca iniaaie c ?aaeueiiai aeeooy.

O aeniiaeao ia iniia? io?eiaieo o aeine?aeaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a
aeiaiaeeoueny iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaee aee?ii-neiai?iaeei?anueei?
eiioeaioe?? aeoiaaiiy. Iaie aecia/a?oueny /anoeia ?? iiiyo?eiiai
aia?aoo, aeaea?aea aea/aiiy, aeaiaioe ci?noo iiiyoue.

Aeniiaee

1. Io?eiai? o aeine?aeaeaii? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe iaiao?aei?noue ?iaioe iaae i?iaeaiith c iaeyaeo ia ??
cia/aiiy a i?ioean? ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ina?oe.

2. Oeyo aei ?icoi?iiy Neiai?iaee-iaaeaaiaa iieyaa? o iiaeyae? ia
i?ina?oeoaey ye ia aeooiai?oey, oiaoi iiooeoaa/a aeooiaii? ?noeie. Oaea
aeeoo?aa i???ioaoe?y, ui coiiaeth? anth ina?oith nenoaio oe?a?inueeiai
o?einioa, aoea noi?iiaaia ia iniia? oai?/iai aeei?enoaiiy ?aeae Nie?aoa
oa eiai o/i?a. Aioe/i? oa neiai?iaeei?anuee? iaaeaaia?/i? ?aea? iathoue
nii??aeiaio na?oiaeyaeio iniiao.

3. Oai??y oa i?aeoeea i?ina?oieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? A.N.Neiai?iaee
aoaeo?oueny ia ii?aoethaaii? aeayeeo iieiaeaiue «eaeieaaao??» —
eeane/iiai ?aeaaeo ethaeeie a a?aei-?einuee?e eoeueoo??.

4. ?aeay “n?iaeiiai” aeoiaaiiy A.N.Neiai?iaee ia? ooiaeaiaioaeuei?
aeoiee a aioe/i?e eoeueoo??, a naia — a oai??? eanoie?aoe/iiai ono?ith
noni?euenoaa, noi?/i?e aoeoe?, ?aaai?oe?, a/aii? Ai?eo?a,
i?ina?oieoeuee?e ae?yeueiino? Nie?aoa oa ?i.

5. Neiai?iaeei?anuee? iaaeaaia?/i? iaoiaee aoaeothoueny ia
i?eioeeiao nie?ao?anueeiai ae?aeiao, a a iia/aeueieo eenoao
A.N.Neiai?iaee i?inoaaeo?oueny oai?/a aeei?enoaiiy ae?ao?eae, ia?aiace
oa nieiea?oio, ye? ? caniaaie aioe/ii? iaaeaaia?ee. Ii?aoeueiaoth/e
aeaiaioe aioe/ii? ae?aiaoo?a??, A.N.Neiai?iaea ?ic?iaey? aeani?
“?aaeena?nuee?” i?eeiie, ye? aeei?enoiao? a ina?oiuei-aeoiai?e ?iaio?.

6. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeathoue ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe
iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaee ?aeeii? aee?ii-neiai?iaeei?anueei? eiioeaioe??
aeoiaaiiy.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo iaoeiaeo ?iaioao:

1. Ooeyeia I.I. Caniae ia?aiace ? nieiea?oio a ai?noiey?iiio iaoiae?
iaa/aiiy A.N.Neiai?iaee // Iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Noie:
NAeI? ?i.A.N.Iaea?aiea, 1998. — N.196-202.

2. Ooeyeia I.I. Aeaiaioe nie?ao?anueeiai ae?aeiao a iaaeaaia?/i?e
oai?/ino? A.N.Neiai?iaee // Iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee: Ca iaoe. i?. — Noie:
NAeI? ?i.A.N.Iaea?aiea, 1998. — N.20-27.

3. Ooeyeia I.I. Aioe/ia ?aaai?ea oa oai?/a niaaeueia A.N.Neiai?iaee //
Oai?/a iniaeno?noue o/eoaey: i?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee: Ca.iaoe. i?. —
E.: IIO ?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 1999. — N.140-142.

4. Ooeyeia I.I. Neioacoth/a ooieoe?y aioe/ii? eaeieaaao?? o
iaaeaaia?/i?e oai?/ino? A.N.Neiai?iaee // Oai?/a iniaeno?noue o/eoaey:
i?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee: Ca.iaoe. i?. — E.: IIO ?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
1999. — n.142-144.

5. Ooeyeia I.I., Ooeyeiaa I.I. Aeaye? aniaeoe i?ioan?eii?
naiiaecia/aiino? oai?/i? iniaenoino? // Oai?/a iniaeno?noue o/eoaey:
i?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee: Ca.iaoe. i?. — E.: IIO
?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 1999. — N.85-88.

6. Ooeyeia I.I. Aioe/ia ae?aiaoo?a?y a iaaeaaia?/i?e niaaeuei?
A.N.Neiai?iaee // Ethaeeia: noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie / O?einionuee?
iiooee, aei. 4. — Euea?a-Iaeana: Cogito — Oeaio? ?a?iie, 1997. —
N.285-292.

7. Ooeyeia I.I. “Caaaeueiee ?icoi” noi?e?a a ?aeayo A.N.Neiai?iaee i?i
n?iaei?noue aeoiaaiiy // Ethaeeia: noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie/ O?einionuee?
iiooee, aei. 1(5). — Euea?a-Noie: Cogito-Oeaio? ?a?iie, 1998. —
N.274-280.

8. Ooeyeia I.I. Aioe/ia eaeieaaao?y o iaaeaaia?/i?e niaaeuei?
A.N.Neiai?iaee // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
275-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai o?einioa oa iiaoa. —
Oa?e?a: Aeae. OAeIO ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee, 1998 — N.147-153.

9. Ooeyeia I.I. Aieea aioe/ii? niaaeueie ia oai??th aeoiaaiiy
A.N.Neiai?iaee // Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oaeoi?e i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii?
iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey”.- AEeoiie?: AEeoiie?nueeee
aea?ae.iaae.?ino. ?i. ?.O?aiea. — 1995.- N.107.

10. Ooeyeia I.I. Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa i?aeoe/ia ao?eaiiy
A.N.Neiai?iaeith i?eioeeio i?e?iaeia?aeiia?aeiino? aeoiaaiiy ia oa?ai?
ina?oiueiai ?ooo Neia?aenueei? Oe?a?ie // Iaoa??aee aoc?anueei?
nooaeaionueei-ani??aionueei? eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie ina?oe oa
iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee ia Noiuei? o XVIII-XX noie?ooyo”. — Noie: NAeI? ?i.
A.N.Iaea?aiea. — 1996. — N.11-18.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ooeyeia I.I. Aioe/i? ?aea? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy o oai?/?e niaaeuei?
A.N.Neiai?iaee. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 13.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. —
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaia nii??aeiai?noue na?oiaeyaeieo iniia aioe/ieo
oa neiai?iaeei?anueeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii i?ioean
oai?/iai ii?aoethaaiiy A.N.Neiai?iaeith aioe/ieo ai?noiey?ieo oa
ae?aiaoo?a?/ieo iaoiae?a aeoiaaiiy, eaeieaaao??, nie?ao?anueeiai
ae?aeiao, ineoaaia??. O aeena?oaoe?? aenoaa?oueny
aee?ii-neiai?iaeei?anueea eiioeaioe?y ina?oe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: na?oiaeyaei? iniiae iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae, ai?noiey?iee,
ae?aiaoo?a?/iee iaoiaee aeoiaaiiy, eaeieaaao?y, nie?aoe/ia
ae?yeuei?noue, ineoaaia?y, aee?ii-neiai?iaeei?anueea eiioeaioe?y
aeoiaaiiy.

Ooeyeia I.I. Aioe/iua eaeae ia?aciaaiey e iao/aiey a oai?/aneii
ianeaaeee A.N.Neiai?iaeu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01. — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. —
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao ei.
A.N.Neiai?iaeu, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aia?aua ?aoaaony i?iaeaia eiiieaeniiai
enoi?eei-iaaeaaiae/aneiai niiinoaaeaiey iaaeaaiae/aneeo eaeae iuneeoaeae
Ae?aaiae A?aoeee e ?eia n oai?/aneei ianeaaeeai aaeeeiai oe?aeineiai
iaaeaaiaa OVIII aaea A.N.Neiai?iaeu.

A enneaaeiaaiee ioa?aeoa?eciaai i?ioeann oai?/aneiai eniieueciaaiey
A.N.Neiai?iaeie ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo iniia aioe/iuo eaeae ia?aciaaiey e
ainieoaiey. A /anoiinoe, aeieacuaaaony, /oi iooue e aaeaeaaoiiio
iiieiaieth o/aiey oe?aeineiai iaaeaaiaa eaaeeo ai acaeyaea ia iaai eae
ia aeooiai?oea, oi anoue eneaoaey aeooiaiie enoeiu. Oaeay aeeciaiiay
i?eaioaoeey oeeinioa auea noi?ie?iaaia iiae aeeyieai ianeaaeey Nie?aoa e
aai o/aieeia. A aioe/iie eoeueoo?a iaaeaaia iaoiaeeo eaeaeiua i?eaioe?u,
/oi iaoneiaeee aai iaaeaaiae/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a A.N.Neiai?iaea eniieuecoao yeaiaiou “eaeieaaaoee” —
eeanne/aneiai eaeaaea /aeiaaea a a?aei-?eineie eoeueoo?a
(“?acia?iinoue”, “neiiao?ey”, yenieeeaoeeiiiay e neioace?othuay
ooieoeee), a aioe/iua eaeae i eanoie?aoe/aneii no?ia, yoeeo noieeia,
aioe/ioth aaaaieeo, o/aiea Yieeo?a, iiuo i?inaaoeoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe Nie?aoa A.N.Neiai?iaea eniieuecoao i?e ?ac?aaioea oai?ee
“n?iaeiiai” ainieoaiey. Aeieacuaaaony, /oi neiai?iaeuineay e
a?aei-?eineay iaaeaaiaeea eiatho ?iaenoaaiioth ie?iaicc?ai/aneoth
iniiao.

A aeenna?oaoeee ioa?aeoa?eciaai i?ioeann eniieueciaaiey a oai?/aneii
ianeaaeee A.N.Neiai?iaeu aioe/iuo iaoiaee/aneeo i?eaiia. A yienoiey?iii
iaoiaea ainieoaiey oe?aeineiai iaaeaaiaa — yeaiaioia “aeeao?eau”,
“ia?aiacu” “nieieaeoia” (yooaeo “i?enoonoaey”, yooaeo “?aciieiooinoe a
aeeciue”, “aa?oiaiinoue”, “ioe?uoinoue ie?o eaeae” e ae?.). Aioe/iay
ae?aiaoo?aey oai?/anee aiieiuaia a ianeaaeee A.N.Neiai?iaeu eae
“iaaeaaiaa-?aaeenna?a” (a /anoiinoe — a ?ac?aaioea eaeae
“iiaeaeaenoaey”). A aeenna?oaoeee aeaaony oa?aeoa?enoeea oiai, eae a
o/aiee i?inaaoeoaey Neiaiaeneie Oe?aeiu iaoee aiieiuaiea aioe/iay
“ineoaaiaey” e yeaiaiou nie?aoianeiai aeeaeiaa (“aiaeiaey”, “n?aaiaiea”,
“i?aaeaa?eoaeueiua aeiioaoe/aneea ii?aaeaeaiey”, “e?iiey”).

Ia iniiaa ?acoeueoaoia aeenna?oaoeee auaeaeaaaony yeeeii-neiai?iaeuineay
eiioeaioeey ainieoaiey. ?ac?aaaouaaaony /anoue aa iiiyoeeiiai aiia?aoa,
ii?aaeaeythony enoi/ieee aeey eco/aiey, yeaiaiou niaea?aeaiey iiiyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ie?iaicc?ai/aneea iniiau iaaeaaiae/aneeo eaeae,
yienoiey?iue, ae?aiaoo?ae/aneee iaoiaeu ainieoaiey, eaeieaaaoey,
nie?aoe/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue, ineoaaiaey, yeeeii-neiai?iaeuineay
eiioeaioeey ia?aciaaiey.

Tulyakov O.I. Antique Ideas of Education and Upbringing in Skovoroda’s
Eviadive Heritage. — Manuscript.

Thesis on the competition of the Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences
scientific degree by speciality 13.00.01 — Theory and History of
Pedagogics. — Kharkiv State Pedagogical University, named after
G.S.Skovoroda, Kharkiv, 1999.

It ?s proved in the investigation that the creative of Antiqe and
Skovoroda’s pedagogical ideas are similiar, the process of the creative
adaptation of antique epistolar and dramatic methods of upbringing,
kalocagatiya, socrat’s dialoge, phicogogy is characrterised. In the
investigation the «ellino-skovorodinskaya» concept of education is
investigated.

Key words: philosophical basis of pedagogical ideas, epistolar and
dramatic methods, kalocagatiya, socratic activity, phicogogy,
ellino-skovorodunskaya concept of education.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.02.99.

Oi?iao 60o90/16

Oi.ae?oe.a?e. 1,0

Iai?? ena?ieniee 80 a/i2

Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Caiiaeaiiy ?52

Aeae-ai “I?anoeae”. 244030, Noie, ie.Iacaeaaeiino?,2.

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