IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO E?OA?AOO?E ?i. O.A.OAA*AIEA

AeAAAeTHE ?AAIIA AANEE?AIA

OAeE 82.091+820+883 “18”

AIAE?ENUeEA E?OA?AOO?A O OAI?*?E Ae?ssEUeIINO? IAIOAEAEIIIA EOE?OA

(IA?AEEAAeE. E?EOE*IA NI?EEIssOOss. OAI?*A CANAI?IIss)

10. 01. 05 — II??AIssEUeIA E?OA?AOO?ICIAANOAI

AAOI?AOA?AO

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss

EAIAeEAeAOA O?EIEIA?*IEO IAOE

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Aaneey Noaoaieea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IAOA??OEI Aieiaeeie?
A?eai?iae/, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e I?eea?iaonueeiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
Aaneey Noaoaieea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, /eai-ei?an-

iiiaeaio Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

IAEEAAEEI Aeieo?i
Na?a?eiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?eieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?-

neoaoo “Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea Aeaaeai?y”.

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AA?ANUeEA Iaae?y Ia?e?aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Ee?anueeiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.
Aiaothea, eaoaae?a oai???

e?oa?aoo?e ?

ii??aiyeueiiai
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 9 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.178.02 i?e ?inoeooo? e?oa?aoo?e ?i.
O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe?
?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 3 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
AAEI?*A?O I.?. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyiiai e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa
ciinoa??aa?oueny aeoea?caoe?y eiiia?aoea?nonueeeo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiane?aeie oeueiai i?e?iaeii aeieeei i?aaiaiiy aecia/eoe
i?noea oe?a?inueeiai ienueiainoaa a ?a?iiaenueeiio oa na?oiaiio
eiioaeno?. I?aeaaeeie eiiia?aoea?noeee aoee caeeaaeai? a Oe?a?i? o O?O
noie?oo? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei, I.Aeaoeaae/ai, ?.O?aieii, I.Iaaeeeii,
A.Uo?aoii oa ?i. O OO noie?oo? ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/i? oa oeiieia?/i?
nooae?? oni?oii i?iaeiaaeeee I.A?eaoeueeee, A.Aa?aan, I.Aiciye,
A.Aieeia, A.Aieothe I.Aieueaa?a, E.A?eoeee, ?.A?ii’ye, ?.AEo?aanueea,
Ae.Caoiinueeee, ?.Ci??a/ae, A.Ei/o?, I.E?oo?eiaa, I.Ia?iei,
Ae.Iaeeaaeei, I.Iiaeeiaa, A.Iaoa??oei, N.Iaaee/ei, I.Iaoeueianueea,
O.Iia?aaaiiee, A.Iie?e, E.Oaoiaa oa ?i. Nie?ath/enue ia ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c, yeee ioiieth? aea/aiiy eiioaeoii-aaiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a ?
oeiieia?/ieo noiaeaeaiue o ?oi?e i?aai?/i?e ?aeiino?, co/ani?
aeine?aeieee-eiiia?aoea?noe i?aaiooue anoaiiaeoe iiiaioe “ni?eueiino? e
iaoe?iiaeueii? nai???aeiino?” iaoi? e?oa?aoo?e “a ?? ?on? oa ??
yaeuao”1.

Ine?eueee aeo?aeiith aacith ii??aiyeueieo nooae?e ? ia?aaeon?i
eiioaeoii-aaiaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? e?oa?aoo?e, iinoa? iaiao?aei?noue iiaeeaeaiiai
inieneaiiy aeooiaiiai aei?iaeo ?yaeo a?o/eciyieo iaeno??a neiaa, eio??,
na?aeiii i???iooth/enue ia ?icaeioo? ienoaoeueei-eoeueoo?i? na?aaeiaeua,
nai?th oai?/?noth ni?eyee oaiaoe/iiio, aeai?iaiio oa ooaeiaeiueiio
iiiaeaiith oe?a?inueeiai e?aniiai ienueiainoaa, a ioaea, aoiaeaeaiith
eiai o na?oiao e?oa?aoo?io nenoaio. Iaoo oaaao i?eaa?ioea niaaeueia
iaeiiai c iaeaeaeaoi?oeo ienueiaiiee?a oa a?iiaaenueeeo ae?y/?a ieioeiai
noie?ooy Iaioaeaeiiia Eoe?oa. sse ieoaoeue-eoeueoo?iee, eio?ee iiiaae
ona noaaea ?icaeoie ??aeii? iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e, Eoe?o nai?th
??ciiiai?oiith oa aaaaoia?aiiith ae?yeuei?noth caaaeaee i?aaioa
caaaaoeoe iaoe?iiaeueia ienueiainoai iia?oi?ie oi?iaie, oaiaie,
iioeaaie, i?aeiyoe eiai ia ye?nii aeuee ??aaiue. C oe??th iaoith
iaiieaaeeai i?aoethaaa iaae canai?iiyi ?iicaiieo iia, nooae?thaaa oai?e
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a, a ia noa?ino? ?ie?a aeoeaii acyany ca
ia?aeeaaeaoeueeo ni?aao. Iaaaci?aenoaaii I.Ae?aaiiaiia o eeno? aei
?.O?aiea a?ae 2. 03. 1894 ?ieo ienaa, ui Eoe?o “? aein? iaea?eueoa
ia?aciaaiee c on?o iaoeo ienaoae?a ?, ye ia aeeaii, iaa?oue iia? ?a/?
i?enoathoue aei iaai nei?oa, i?ae aei ae?oaeo”2.

Ia’?eoii eoeueoo?ieo caoe?eaaeaiue I.Eoe?oa noaei /eiaei ?a?iiaenueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a, oai?/ee aeina?ae yeeo iicia/eany ia eiai ooaeiaei?o
i?eioeeiao. ?aaii a?aenoithth/e iaoe?iiaeuei? ei?ai? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, a?i uaae?i /a?iaa c? na?oiai? ienoaoeueei? nea?aieoe?.
Ienueiaiiee ?icoi?a, ui oai?/a canai?iiy anueiai iiceoeaiiai, noai?aiiai
na?oiaith oeea?e?caoe??th, ni?ey? caaaa/aiith ??aeii? eoeueoo?e. I?ae
cacia/aiei eooii ci?o oe?eaaeany, cie?aia, aei?iaeii aiae?enueeeo
iaeno??a ia?a. Oea a?aeaeeiny ia eiai na?oiaeyae?, i?ea?iaeuei?e
iiaoeoe?, aeiiiiaaaei a ia?aeeaaeaoeuee?e i?aeoeoe?

sse ia?aeeaaea/ ? iiioey?ecaoi? aiae?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e I.Eoe?o iaei
a?aeiiee. Oi/a a

___________________________

1Iaeeaaeei Ae.N. Anooiia neiai //Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a a nenoai?
e?oa?aoo? ?a?iie ? Aia?eee (O?O-OO no.).-E.: Caiia?o, 1997. — N.6.

2Ae?aaiiaiia I. Eenoe aei ?a. O?aiea ? ?ioeo: 1887-1895. – Euea?a:
Iaeeaae.Oe?.-?onueei? aeae. ni?eee, 1908.– N. 260.

nenoai? oe?a?inueei-aiae?enueeeo aca?iei O?O noie?ooy eiio iaeaaeeoue
iaeia c i?ia?aeieo i?noeue. A oe?a?inueeiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? ie?ai?
aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaie aena?oethaaeeny o nooae?yo A.Uo?aoa, A.Iao?iaa,
I.Ca?iaa, A.Iaeiaia, ss.Ai?aeeinueeiai, I.Aiciyea, ?.Ee?eethea,
A.Ei/o?a, I.Aaeithe, I.Oaiiaaeiai?, Ae.Eoceea, ?.Ci??a/ae, ?.Iaoe?ea,
A.?aaoe?aa, N.Iaaee/ei, I.No??oe, I.Eo/oe, A.Aoeyea oa ?i. Ia oaaao
caneoaiao? iiiia?ao?y eaiaaenueei? aeine?aeieoe? ?.Aaa??e “Oeyo na?a
Aaeueoa?a Neiooa ia Oe?a?io” (Ee?a, 1993). Aeine?aeieee aeoeaiooaaee
caeaa?eueoiai ia ie?aieo iiiaioao o?ainoi?iaoe?? iiaoeee oa anoaoeee
a?eoainueei? e?oa?aoo?e o oai?ao I.Eoe?oa, oa ia i?aaioee i?inoaaeeoe
nai???aeiino? ?aoeaioe?? iei niaaeueie aiae?enueeeo ienueiaiiee?a o an?e
noeoiiino? e oe?e?niino?. Ie??i oiai, a?eueo?noue i?aoeue aoea iaienaia
a oie /an, eiee ia an? iaoa??aee, ui noinoaaeeny oai?/i? iniaenoino?
I.Eoe?oa, aoee a?aeiieie /e aeinooiieie aeey aea/aiiy. C?aooith, a
inoaii? aeanyoe??//y aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai oai?/i? niaaeueie acaaae? ia
caioi/oaaeiny.

Iaa?iiaaeaeaiee ia nueiaiaei? oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae c ie?aieo ae?eyiie
oaie aeicaiey? iiiia?ao?/ii ?? ocaaaeueieoe ? ia iniia? nenoaiiiai e
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?c?a i?inoaaeeoe aaiethoe?th oai?/iai canai?iiy oa
e?eoe/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? I.Eoe?oai ooaeiaei?o oe?iiinoae aiae?enueeiai
ienueiainoaa ye oe?e?niiai i?ioeano a ?noi?e/i?e ia?niaeoea? c
o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e O?O noie?ooy.
Oeei ? coiiaeaia aeooaeuei?noue ?aoa?iaaii? ?iaioe.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? inieneaiiy ooaeiaei?o
?aoeaioe?e aiae?enueeiai ienueiainoaa o oai?/?e na?aeiiino? I.Eoe?oa, a
oaeiae c’ynoaaiiy ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iiai, i?ciaaaeueiiai e ooaeiaeiueiai
cia/aiiy eiai ae?yeueiino? ye ia?aeeaaea/a e iiioey?ecaoi?a aiae?enueei?
e?oa?aoo?e.

Caaeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy:

– i?iaiae?coaaoe eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/i? /eiieee, ui ni?eyee oai?/iio
canai?iith I.Eoe?oai niaaeueie aiae?enueeeo ieooe?a;

– i?inoaaeeoe caeiiii??iino? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeanoeaeo ai-ae?enueeei
iaeno?ai ia?a oi?i oa ia?acii? nenoaie o oai?/ino? oe?a?inueeiai
ienueiaiieea;

– aecia/eoe ia?aaeoiiae ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino? aaoi?a “*i?ii?
?aaee” ia oe? ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyiiai ienueiainoaa O?O noie?ooy;

– aeine?aeeoe iiaii-noee?noe/i? iniaeeaino? ia?aeeaaeaieo I.Eoe?oai
oai??a A.Oaeni??a ? Aeae.Aae?iia.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?eioeei ?noi?ecio: an? yaeua
aea/athoueny c iiceoe?e no/aniiai e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa c o?aooaaiiyi
niaoeeo?ee ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e O?O noie?ooy. Aeena?oaio
nie?a?oueny ia i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a:
I.A?eaoeueeiai, A.AEe?ioinueeiai, ?.Iaoiiei?ai?, A.Aa?aana,
Ae.Iaeeaaeea, Ae.Aeth?eoeia oa ?i. Canoiniaothoueny aaiaoe/iee,
ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee oa nenoaiii-oe?e?niee iaoiaee aiae?co. Aiie
aeicaieythoue ?icaeyiooe oai?/?noue I.Eoe?oa o neio?iiiiio oa
ae?ao?iiiiio aniaeoao, a?aoiaoth/e eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue ?
e?oa?aoo?i? o?aaeeoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao
aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? oai?/i? ?aoeaioe?? I.Eoe?oai caeiaooe?a
aiae?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e ye oe?e?niiai i?ioeano a eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueeiai ienueiainoaa O?O noie?ooy. Oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia oaeeo
oi?iao canai?iiy ?ioiiiaii? e?oa?aoo?e, ye ia?aeeaae, e?eoe/ia
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y, ienoaoeueea aeei?enoaiiy ia?ac?a, oai, iioea?a. Oia?oa
iaaiaeyoueny iaeia?aeii? oaeoe ? ?oeiieni? iaoa??aee (ciaoiaeyoueny o
A?aeae?e? ?oeiienieo oiiae?a ? oaenoieia?? ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i.
O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, ?inoeooo? ?oeiieno Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee
Oe?a?ie ?i.A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai, ?oeiieniiio a?aeae?e? Euea?anueei?
iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i. A.Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie), ye? ni?eythoue
aeeaoiio aena?oeaiith aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?iaeai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. A.Noaoaieea. Iaeiei ?c i??i?eoaoieo caaaeaiue eaoaae?e ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ca’yce?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e c e?oa?aoo?aie
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i. O ?one? oaeeo caaaeaiue aeeiiaia ?aoa?iaaia ?iaioa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? iieiaeaiiy
? aeniiaee aeiiiaiththoue a?aeiiino? i?i aeeoo?aee ? oai?/ee oeyo
I.Eoe?oa oa eiai i?noea o noni?eueii-eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie
ieioeiai noie?ooy. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia aeei?enoaoe o
i?ioean? /eoaiiy eaeoe?e c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e O?O noie?ooy,
i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a c oai??? ii??aiyeueiiai e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa,
?noi??? oe?a?inueei-aiae?enueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo ca’yce?a, a oaeiae eo?no
oai??? ? i?aeoeee ia?aeeaaeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
eyaee a iniiao aeaieioaieo ? iioae?eiaaieo aeiiia?aeae ia I?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia”
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996; Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997), a oaeiae ia
Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Iaioaeaeiii Eoe?o ?
no/ani?noue” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994), “?aeay iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
a oe?a?inuee?e ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe? O?O-OO no.”
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997), “?aai O?aiei ? iaoe?iiaeueia oa aeooiaia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997), “Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia:
aeiaa oa ?aea?” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996). Iiaiee oaeno ?iaioe
iaaiai?aii ? noaaeaii ia ni?eueieo can?aeaiiyo eaoaae? oe?a?inueei? oa
na?oiai? e?oa?aoo? I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Noaoaieea. Ca
oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 4 noaoo?.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya ?? –167
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ioiieth? 272
iiceoe??.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaothoueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, nooi?iue ??
ii?aoethaaiiy a oe?a?inueeiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?, aecia/athoueny iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ?ice?eaa?oueny ?? iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia
oe?ii?noue. Iiaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe, iaoiaee oa
no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “?ieue aiae?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e o oi?ioaaii? oai?/i?
iaia?e oa ?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiueiai na?oiaeyaeo I. Eoe?oa” – aecia/athoueny
oeyoe i?iieeiaiiy cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai ienueiainoaa a Oe?a?io oa
nai???aeiino? eiai ?aoeaioe?e a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??.
I?inoaaeothoueny caeiiii??iino? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeanoeaeo aiae?enueeei
ieooeyi oi?i oa ia?acii? nenoaie o oai?/ino? I.Eoe?oa. I?aee?aneth?oueny
i??i?eoaoia cia/aiiy ienueiainoaa Aiae?? o nenoai? eiai caoe?eaaeaiue
oai?aoeei-ienoaoeueeeie caeiaooeaie Caoiaeo. ?icae?e no?oeoo?o?oueny ia
o?e i?ae?icae?ee.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iaioaeaeiii Eoe?o ?
cao?aeii?a?iiaenuee? e?oa?aoo?e” – cacia/aii, ui oe?iea ia?ciai?noue c?
na?oiaei e?oa?aoo?iei i?ioeanii ? aeeaie? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? oa
eoeueoo?e ??aeiiai ia?iaeo aoee aaaeeeaeie /eiieeaie noaiiaeaiiy Eoe?oa
ye ienueiaiieea, e?eoeea, ?noi?eea, aoiia?aoa, ia?aeeaaea/a, ni?eyee
caaaa/aiith eiai oai?/ino?, a ioaea, e oe?a?inueeiai ienueiainoaa a
oe?eiio. sse iine?aeiaiee ?aeae aeaeaoiiai i?iaoeueeiai o?einioa
E.Aa?aea?a, a?aeiia?aeii aei yeeo eoeueoo?a eiaeiiai ia?iaeo aaaaeaeany
naiiaooi?i ? iaiiaoi?iei yaeuai, I.Eoe?o iaiieyaaa ia oiio, ui
e?oa?aoo?o o?aaa oai?eoe ia aeaniiio iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio a?oio?.
Aiaeii/an a?i i?aee?anethaaa, ui ia iiaeia ciaoe naiai ia?iaeo, “ia
ciaaoe, ye aeeee, ye iiaeaaeenue ? i?aoethaaee ?io? ia?iaee ?
oiaa?enoaa”3. Eoe?o na?aeiii i???iooaaa oe?a?inueea ienueiainoai ia
neioaoe/ia ii?aeiaiiy aeaiaio?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai ? ?a?iiaenueeiai. Oeei
i?eioeeiii ? ea?oaaany. Nooo?ao ?ieue ooo a?ae?a?aei oa, ui oi?ioaaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ieo iiaeyae?a ienueiaiieea i?ioiaeeei a aiioo
?iiaioecio – iiaiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iai?yio, yeee ioiiea on? e?a?ie
?a?iie, a oiio /ene? neia’yinuee?. Iai?ee?ioe? 40-o ?ie?a a Oe?a?i?
oeae iai?yi “iaeae?aci?oa aeyaey? naith “?iaeiao aeii?iaioo”,
noaa?euei?noue, oeiia? ?ene ?iiaioecio caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiai”4. Oaeei
/eiii, o? yaeua, ui aoee i?eoaiaii? na?oia?e eoeueoo?? o aecia/aio
aeiao, cia/iith i??ith aeyaeeeny ? a oe?a?inueeiio ienueiainoa?,
cie?aia, o oai?/ino? I.Eoe?oa – iaeiiai c yne?aaeo i?aaenoaaiee?a
?iiaioecio.

O eiioaeno? caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e
?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ienoaoeueei? aaiethoe??
ienueiaiieea, ii/eiath/e a?ae ?aii?o iiia?aeaiue ? cae?i/oth/e oai?aie
inoaii?o aeanyoee?oue. Aecia/athoueny /eiieee, ui ni?eyee aeoeaiiio
aeei?enoaiith o oai?/ino? Eoe?oa oi?i oa ia?acii? nenoaie aiae?enueeeo
ieooe?a: A.Oaeni??a, Aeae.Aae?iia, A.Neiooa, *.Ae?eeaina.
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeith niaoeeo?eo a?eoainueei? e?oa?aoo?e oeueiai ia??iaeo
coiiaeei oa, ui a?eueo?noue aaoi??a o nai?o iiooeao i???iooaaeeny,
aieiaiei /eiii, ia iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe??: oieueeei?, ia?iaeio iiao,
?noi??th, a oaeiae anoaoe/i? canaaee aiae?enueeeo i?ina?oeoae?a. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae ni?eya ?icoe?aiith nthaeaoii-oaiaoe/ieo oa aeai?iaeo ianooaa?a
ia eeoa a?o/eciyiiai, a e na?oiaiai ienueiainoaa a oe?eiio. A?ae
oai?/iai canai?iiy oe?a?inueeeie ?iiaioeeaie iaaooeo Oaeni??a, Neiooa,
Aae?iia aa?a ii/aoie ?noi??y oe?a?inueei-aiae?enueeeo eoeueoo?ieo
aca?iei, aaaiia i?noea o ye?e iaeaaeeoue I.Eoe?oaa?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Aaeueoa?-neioo?anueea eiioeaioe?y
iaoeiaiai ?noi?ecio a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? I.Eoe?oa” – aeine?aeaeothoueny
iniaeeaino? oai?/i? ?ioa?i?aoaoe? I.Eoe?oai i?eioeei?a ia’?eoeaiiai
?noi?ecio A.Neiooa, ia iniia? yeeo aoaeoaaeenue ?iiaie neaaaoiiai
oioeaiaeoey.

?noi??y ?icaeyaeaeanue A.Neiooii ye iino?eiee ?oo, aacia?a?aia ci?ia
aiio, ui o i?aenoieo aaei aei i?ia?ano e ooaa?aeaeaiiy aoiai?cio. Oai?/i
ia?ainienethth/e i?eioeeie a?aeiiiai ?iiai?noa, Eoe?o ia eeoa i?aaioa
aei?iaoaaoe naaa a iiioey?iiio oiae? aeai??. Iei ia?aaeon?i ea?oaaei
aaaeaiiy ia iniia? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aea/aiiy ?noi?e/ieo
aeieoiaio?a, e?oiien?a, o?ii?e iiaeaoe ?aaeueio ea?oeio ieioeiai
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. C ia?oeo ?ie?a oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? ienueiaiiee
aa/ea nooo?a? iaaeie?ee a?o/eciyieo oieueeei?eno?a, aoiia?ao?a,
?noi?ee?a, ye? ??aeei

____________________________

3.Eoe?o I. I. Oai?e: O 2-o o. – E.: Aei?i?i, 1989. — O.2.-N.540.

4Aa?aan A.Ae. sse e?oa?aoo?a naiiooaa?aeaeo?oueny o na?o?:
Aeine?aeaeaiiy. – E.: Aei?i?i, 1990. – N.303

caa?oaeeny aei ia?oiaeaea?ae. Cai?iaaaeaeaiee A.Neiooii i?aeo?ae
aeiiiiaaaa caiiaiaiith i?iaaeei o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao??, aoiia?ao??
oa ia?iaeiciaanoa? ii/aoeo O?O noie?ooy. Ie??i oiai, Eoe?oa aeeaiei
oaeethaaee ii?ooai? oioeaiaenueeei ?iiai?noii iaoe?iiaeuei? i?iaeaie.
Oiae iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i iaaio “aioiai?noue» ieooey aei ni?eeiyooy ?
canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo Neiooa, ui aec??ea, c iaeiiai aieo, ?c aioo??oi?o
iio?aa oiai/aniiai eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iaoe??,
a c ?ioiai, aoea i?iaeeeoiaaia ?aeaeii-ooaeiaei?ie ia?aeiiaiiyie
ienueiaiieea.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oeueiio – eiai aaaaoi??/i? ?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, nenoaiaoeciaaii aeeeaaeai? o aeaioiiiiio ca??ieeo
“Caienee i THaeiie ?one” (1856-1857). I?e inieneaii? i?iaeaie “Neioo ?
Eoe?o” e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe? caeeoeee iica oaaaith aeacaia aeaeaiiy, i?ioa
aoiia?ao?/ia ae?yeuei?noue A.Neiooa o cia/i?e i??? noeioethaaea iiooee
I.Eoe?oa o cacia/aiiio iai?yi?. Oea aeyaeeiny o iaiaaaii? caa?aaoe ?
yeiiiaa oi/i?oa a?aeoai?eoe aioo??oi?e ca’ycie i?ae iiia?aea/ai,
neooa/ai ? naiith ?iciia?aeaeth. Ie??i oiai, eaeo/e ca Neiooii, Eoe?o
caaaaoea ca??iee oe?ieeie ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieie i?ei?oeaie, caaaeyee
/iio i?aoey noaea aioeeeeiiaae??th na?oiaeyaeieo iiceoe?e ienueiaiieea,
oai?aoe/iei ocaaaeueiaiiyi eiai iiaeyae?a ia oe?a?inueeee ia?iae, eiai
aeooiaio eoeueoo?o, ?noi??th. Aeey iaoeiaoe?a i?ei?oee iathoue aaeeeo
oe?ii?noue, ine?eueee aeathoue eeth/ aei ?icoi?iiy eiioeaioe??
?noi?e/iiai iinooio, ia iniia? yei? aoaeoaaany, cie?aia, ?iiai “*i?ia
?aaea”.

Ca niiniaii aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeei?a ?noi?ecio, oiaoi ii?aeiaiiy
aeeoo?ai? i?aaaeiiiae?aiino? c oaioanoeeith, aeinoia??ieo oaeo?a ?c
aeaaaeeith, o oai?ao Eoe?oa ia ?noi?e/i? oaiaoeee (“Ieoaeei *a?iuoaiei”,
“Aeaenae Iaeii?ia”, “*i?ia ?aaea”), i?inoaaeothoueny caeiiii??iino?
ooaeiaeiuei? aaiethoe?? ienueiaiieea a?ae aano?aeoii-?iiaioe/iiai
ni?eeiyooy ae?eniino? (?aii? iiia?aeaiiy, “Ieoaeei *a?iuoaiei”) aei
ae?iaeaiiy ? ooaa?aeaeaiiy eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iiai i?aeoiaeo i?e
cia?aaeaii? ieioeiai, ui aoa aeanoeaee ?iiaiai Neiooa, a oaeiae “*i?i?e
?aae?”. Caaaeyee oai?/iio canoinoaaiith iaoiaeo Neiooa, nai???aeiiio
ae??oaiith iaoe?iiaeueii? oaiaoeee “*i?ia ?aaea” noaea oi?eaeueiei
yaeuai ia eeoa o a?o/eciyiiio, a e ?a?iiaenueeiio ienueiainoa?.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e – “Aae?ii?/i? iioeae o oai?/ino? I.Eoe?oa” –
i?enay/aiee aea/aiith iniaeeainoae o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeanoeaeo Aeae.Aae?iio
oi?i oa ia?acii? nenoaie o oai?/ino? I.Eoe?oa. Oi/a aae?ii?/i? iioeae oa
ia?ace cono??/athoueny aaea a ?aii?o oai?ao ienueiaiieea (aeoi? i?i
Naiea Iooeaoa c iiaie-aiiia? “Oe?a?ia” (1843), ?iiaiao “Ieoaeei
*a?iuoaiei” (1843) oa “*i?ia ?aaea” (1857), a??oiaaiiio ?iiai? “Aaaaiee
Iiaaei iaoaai a?aiaie”), i?ioa aiie eaaeue iii?oi? e ?noioii? ?ie? ia
a?ae?a?athoue. Aiae?enueei? iiae oiae? I.Eoe?o ua aeia?a ia ciaa ?
ciaeiieany c oai?aie Aae?iia /a?ac o?aioeocuee?, ?in?enuee? oa
iieuenuee? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, a yeeo i?eoaiaiiee aiae?enueeiio iiaoia?
?iiaioe/iee iaoin aoa aeaui iineaaeaiee. E??i oiai, o 40-50-o ?ieao
I.Eoe?o caeiaany caeaa?eueoiai ?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie,
caoiiethaaany ?noi?e/iith ?iiai?noeeith. Oiio o caaaeaieo oai?ao
aae?ii?/ia o?aaeeoe?y iaei iii?oia. Aeiyoie noaiiaeoue o?aa ia?ac
caii?iaeoey, eicaea-oa?aeoa?ieea Ee?eea Oo?a c ?iiaio “*i?ia ?aaea”.
Eiai iiaeia ca?aooaaoe aei oeiieia?/iiai ?yaeo aae?ii?/ieo aa?i?a, yeiio
ana ae aeanoeaa nooi iaoe?iiaeueia na?oiaa/aiiy.

Ia??iae iaea?eueo aeeaieiai canai?iiy niaaeueie Aeae.Aae?iia i?eiaaea?
ia 50-? ?iee. Naia a oeae /an oi?iothoueny caaeoie, eio?? ienueiaiieeia?
aaea?oueny cae?enieoe o 80-90-? ?iee. Eoe?o aeoeaii /eoa? Aae?iia a
i?ea?iae?, ?iaeoue ia?o? ni?iae ia?aeeaaeo iiaie “*aeeueae Aa?ieueaeiaa
Iaiae??aea” (“Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage” – ia?aeeaa oiae? i?nith ia?oo,
oa ?oeiien ia caa??any), o iaaeaeaiiio ?iiai? “Eni?aaieoeeay aei/ea”
(1857) aeei?enoiao? ia?ace ?c a?aeiieo “?a?aenueeeo iaeiae?e” (“Hebrew
Melodies”).

Inieneai? nooae?? iaae niaaeueiith a?eoainueeiai iiaoa a i?ea?iae?,
?iaioa iaae ia?aeeaaeii “*aeeueae Aa?ieueaea” ? “Aeii AEoaia”
iai?ee?ioe? 80-o ?ie?a, aeania iiaoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue oa iiooee iiaeo
oi?i ooaeiaeiueiai a?aeoai?aiiy ae?eniino? aoee aaaeeeaeie /eiieeaie, ui
niiioeaee aei oe?ieiai eoeueoeaoaaiiy o oai?/ino? ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo,
cie?aia, e??eoe? oa e??i-ai?oe?, aeaiaio?a, aeanoeaeo ienoaoeuee?e
iaia?? Aae?iia oa eiai iine?aeiaiee?a. C oeeo iiceoe?e ?icaeyaeathoueny
oo?eio?euenuee? e??i-ai?/i? iiaie I.Eoe?oa (“Iaaiiao ? Oaaeeca”, “Ia?ony
Aiaoneaaea”) ? a??oiaaia ae?aia “Aaeaea, eiycue Aeoiaaaoeueeee”, ia
no?oeoo?? yeeo iicia/eany ?aeaeii-noeeueiaee ii/a?e aaoi?a “Ayo?a”,
“Ea?e”, “Ei?na?a”. Oeiieia?/ia iiae?ai?noue aeacaieo oai??a c?
“No?aeieie iiaiaie” Aeae.Aae?iia iieyaa? o ?oi?e i?iaeaiaoeoe?,
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiueiio ni?yioaaii?, a oaeiae ni?eueiino? iioea?a. Ie??i
oiai, ?iiaioe/ii-aae?ii?/iith o?aaeeoe??th i?iaeeeoiaaii caa?iaiiy
ieooey aei aeai?o e??i-ai?/ii? iiaie, aaeaea a /an noai?aiiy iiai a?i
i?aoethaaa aiaeii/an iaae ia?aeeaaeaie oai??a Aae?iia, ui ia iiaei ia
iicia/eoeny ia oai?/iio iaoiae?.

Aeayea na?oei ia aaiaco oai??a i???ioae?noe/ii? oaiaoeee I.Eoe?oa
i?ieeaathoue eiai eenoe aei I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. Oae, o eeno? a?ae
22.03.1883 ?ieo, ae?ey/enue e?oa?aoo?ieie ieaiaie, I.Eoe?o iia?aeiiey?
i?i iai?? iaae?oeoaaoe iiaio “Iaaiiao ? Oaaeeca” oa iiaea? o iiaiiio
ianyc? a?ae?ia?ao?/io iioaoeo aei iiaie, yeo cae?a?oueny iii?noeoe a
e?ioe? ia?oiai aeaeaiiy oai?o (Euea?a, 1883). Iioaoea oae ? ia aoea
iioae?eiaaia, i?ioa iayaia o i?e ?ioi?iaoe?y ? aeineoue aaaeeeaith:
Eoe?o iaa iai?? noai?eoe oe?eee oeeee “no?aeieo iiai”. Ia?aaeaa/ath/e
iiaeeeao iaaaoeaio ?aaeoe?th oe?a?inueei? a?iiaaenueeino? uiaei ?oiueiai
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiueiai ci?noo ? i?iaeaiaoeee, ienueiaiiee iioeao? i?e/eie
oai?/iai caa?iaiiy aei ionoeueiainueeiai Noiaeo: “Ia iieeaeath/e ??aeii?
Oe?a?iueie, aaoi? o iiac?? /oaei? aeeci? a?aeii/eaaoeia aeooii […]”5.
Aeey Eoe?oa, ye ? aeey Aae?iia, oa?aeoa?ia nooi ?iiaioe/ia
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y Noiaeo ye ii??yii? noa?e aoooy, aea iiao o nai?e oya?
iiaea ianieiaeeoeny aeeooyi, a?eueiei a?ae ethaenueeeo noia?a/iinoae.
Aiaeii/an o oaeee niin?a aeyaeyany i?ioano noi?ioe anueiai, ui aoei
iaiaaenia a ??aeiiio noni?euenoa?. E??i-ai?/i? iiaie oo?eio?euenueeiai
ni?yioaaiiy c i?eoaiaiieie ?i oi?iith, ia?aciith nenoaiith,
?ioiiaoe?eiei eaaeii iiaeia ni?eeiaoe ye yaeua iaeiiai ?yaeo c
oai?/?noth Aeae. Aae?iia oa I.-A. Oaee?. Oiae naia I.Eoe?o, oi/ ? c
iaaiei cai?ciaiiyi, ?ai?acaiooaaa a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? iioe?aio ia
ii/aoeo noie?ooy aae?ii?/ii-?iiaioe/io oa/?th.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Ae?yeuei?noue I.Eoe?oa ia iea? ooaeiaeiueiai
ia?aeeaaeo” – aea?oueny caaaeueiee aiae?c noaio oe?a?inueeiai
ia?aeeaaeiciaanoaa o ia?o?e iieiaei? O?O noie?ooy, i?inoaaeothoueny
ia?aaeoiiae ae?yeueiino? I.Eoe?oa ye caniiaieea a?o/eciyiiai
aaeaeaaoiiai ia?aeeaaeo, a oaeiae o e?oa?aoo?iiio ? iiaiiio aniaeoao
aiae?cothoueny oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? eiai ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e oai??a
Oaeni??a ? Aae?iia. Oeae ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

__________________

5 Eioioeueeee A.I. I.Eoe?o oa I.I.Ae?aaiiaiia o ?o eenooaaii?. – I?aaa:
Aeae-ai Oe?. o?eieia. oia-aa o I?ac?, 1937. – N.7.

O ia?oiio c ieo – “Aaiaca ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? ae?yeueiino? I.Eoe?oa” –
cacia/aii, ui ia?o? ia?aeeaaee, ia?ani?ae, ia?a?iaee i?aaenoaaiee?a
iiai? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e (I.Aoeaea-A?oaiianueeiai, A.Iaoeeinueeiai,
E.Ai?iaeeianueeiai, I.Einoiia?iaa oa ?i.) cae?enithaaeenue o iioe?aiiio
oiae? a Oe?a?i? ao?eaneii-o?aaano?eiiio noee?. Na?aae ia?aeeaaea/?a aoee
oae?, ui oyae?ee aei aoeaae?cio, i?ioa ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
?ioa?i?aoaoi??a noaaeeany aei i?ea?iae?a a?eueii, aaeath/enue aei
iaaei??ieo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae oaenoo (A.Iaoeeinueeee, I.Einoiia?ia).
?nioaaee ??ci? i?e/eie oaeeo i?aeoiae?a: 1) /a?ac aocueeo noa?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia? aoee neaai ae?iaeai? oi?ie, ye? a
iiaee aaeaeaaoii ia?aaeaoe ?aeaeii-ooaeiaei?e ci?no ia?oioai?o, eiai
ia?aci?noue, eaeneei-naiaioe/ia iaiiaiaiiy; 2) aeaaaea i?i naaa ciaoe
a?aenooi?noue ?ic?iaeaieo i?eioeei?a oai??? ia?aeeaaeaoeueeiai
ienoaoeoaa. ??cieoey i?ae ia?aeeaaeii o aeaniiio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai
neiaa, ia?aeacii ? iane?aeoaaiiyi aoea ie?aneaia cia/ii i?ci?oa.
Oiio oae? iiiyooy, ye oi/i?noue ? a?euei?noue ia?aeeaaeo iaiiaithaaeenue
aeaui ?ioei ci?noii, i?ae nueiaiaei?. Ia?aeeaaeaoeuee? i?eioeeie ii/aee
eiie?aoecoaaoenue c ae?oai? iieiaeie O?O noie?ooy. Ia ?oi?e iniia?
oi?ioaaeanue oai??y ? i?aeoeea aaeaeaaoiiai ia?aeeaaeo.

I.Eoe?o aoa iaeiei c ia?oeo a Oe?a?i?, ooi ii?aaa c o?aaeeoe??th
o?aaano?eieo ia?ani?a?a ? ia?a?iaie. Naia eiio iaeaaeeoue i??i?eoao o
ae?iaeaii? canaae a?o/eciyiiai aaeaeaaoiiai ia?aeeaaeo. Oi/a ienueiaiiee
acyany aei oe??? ni?aae o ae?oa?e iieiaei? nai?? oai?/ino?, oa iniiae
ae?yeueiino? eiai ye ia?aeeaaea/a caeeaaeaeeny cia/ii ?ai?oa – o ia??iae
oi?ioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii-anoaoe/ieo iiaeyae?a.

Aaaeeeaei /eiieeii, eio?ee ni?eya ia?aeeaaeaoeuee?e i?aeoeoe? I.Eoe?oa,
aoei ciaiiy aaaaoueio ?iicaiieo iia. E??i oe?a?inueei?, ?in?enueei?,
iieuenueei?, noa?ineia’yinueei?, a?i aieiae?a o?aioeocueeith,
aiae?enueeith, i?iaoeueeith, ?oae?enueeith, noa?i?a?aenueeith,
oaaaenueeith, aea/aa oaeiae a?aoeueeo, a?aanueeo. Oea aeicaieyei
inyaiooe niaaeueio ?ioiiiaieo ieooe?a o an?e aeeaei?, aaciina?aaeiuei
ni?eeiaoe nai???aeiino? oi?ie ? ci?noo.

Na?eici? ni?iae ia iea? ia?aeeaaeo, ?icii/ao? I.Eoe?oai o 50-o ?ieao,
aoee o?nii iia’ycai? c eiai eoeueoo?ieoeueeeie ia?aeiiaiiyie. A?i
noaa?aeaeoaaa, ui ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? caeaaeaa ia?aaeon?i a?ae
?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e. C oeeo iiceoe?e aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi a?o/eciyiiai
ienueiainoaa aaaaeaa ae?iaeaiiy oa ooaa?aeaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. O
e?eoe/ieo noaooyo, ia?aaeiiaao, ?aoeaic?yo, ui ae?oeoaaeeny ia noi??ieao
“Oaoe” oa “Iniiae”, Eoe?o ye iaeei ?c iaeaaoi?eoaoi?oeo oiai/anieo
ienueiaiiee?a aia?oa /?oei ? oaa?aei ii?ooea aaaeeea? ieoaiiy i?i
oa?aeoa? ? oeyoe ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e. A?i ianoithaaa
i?ea?iaeuei?noue oa naiiaooi?noue ??aeiiai ienueiainoaa, aiaeii/an
iaiieyaaa ia iaiao?aeiino? a/eoeny a ?a?iiaenueeeo ieooe?a, aeeaeoeny,
ye aiie “eiei naiai neiaa ii?aeenue”6. Oeei ? coiiaeaia oaaaa I.Eoe?oa o
ae?oa?e iieiaei? nai?? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? aei ia?aeeaaeaoeueei?
ni?aae, aaeaea o ia?aeeaaeao a?i aa/ea oe?ieo iiaeeea?noue
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

O ae?oaiio oa o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?eao – “A.Oaeni?? o ia?aeeaaeao
I.Eoe?oa” oa “I.Eoe?o – ia?aeeaaea/ oai??a Aeae.Aae?iia” –
aiae?cothoueny oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy I.Eoe?oai caniaaie
oe?a?inueei? iiae ae?ai A.Oaeni??a ? iiaoe/ieo oai??a Aeae.Aae?iia.
Oaaao cina?aaeaeaii ia _________________

6 Eoe?o I.I. Oai?e: O 2-o o. – E.: Aei?i?i,
1989. — O.2. — N.540.

oaeeo ieoaiiyo, ye ?noi??y noai?aiiy oa aeaeaiiy ia?aeeaae?a, ?icoi?iiy
Eoe?oai iiiyoue ia?aeeaaeiino? oa aaeaeaaoiino?, niaoeeo?ea ia?aaea/?
oi?ie ia?oioai?o oa eiai ci?noo, iiaii-noeeueia? aeanoeaino?
ia?aeeaae?a, i?iaeaia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?noi?e/iiai
eiei?eoo, neiaioai?aiiy oa eiai cia/aiiy aeey caaaa/aiiy eaene/iiai
oiiaeo ??aeii? iiae. Ioe?iea ia?aeeaaeai aea?oueny o na?oe? no/anieo
aeiia oai??? oa i?aeoeee ia?aeeaaeo c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee ?noi?e/ieo
oiia ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e O?O noie?ooy.

Caoiieaiiy oai?/?noth Oaeni??a niiioeaei Eoe?oa aei ia?aeeaaeo eiai
oai??a oe?a?inueeith iiaith ua iai?ee?ioe? 50-o ?ie?a. I?ioa i?ci?oa a?i
canoii?aaany o ?oi?e aeioe?eueiino?, iineeath/enue ia iaaeinoaoi?e
??aaiue ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae. A?eueoa ye /a?ac aeanyoue ?ie?a
ienueiaiiee ona ae oaee acyany ca ia?aeeaaee oai??a aiae?enueeiai
ae?aiaoo?aa, ia?oee oii yeeo aeeoia eiooii aaoi?a o Eueaia? 1882 ?ieo:
“Ioaeei” (“Othello, the Moor of Venice”), “O?i?e ? E?aneaea” (“Troilus
and Cressida”), “Eiiaae?y iiieeie” (“The Comedy of Errors”). I.Eoe?o ?
iaaeae? i?aoethaaa iaae a?aeoai?aiiyi niaaeueie a?eoaioey oe?a?inueeith
iiaith. Anueiai a?i ia?aeeaa 13 ae?ai, oi/a iaa iai?? ia?aeeanoe 27. On?
a?aeii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aoee aioia? aei ae?oeo 1886 ?ieo, i?ioa
iioae?eiaaieie, e??i o?ueio iacaaieo, Eoe?o ca aeeooy ia iiaa/ea.
I?ci?oa ca ni?aao ?aaeaaoaaiiy oa aeaeaiiy oeeo ia?aeeaae?a ocyany
?.O?aiei.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy oaeno?a i?ea?iae?a c ia?aeeaaeaie cana?ae/othoue, ui Eoe?o
iaiaaaany iiaiioe?iii ia?aaeaoe ci?no ia?oioai?o oa caa?aaoe eiai
?aeaeii-anoaoe/ia iaiiaiaiiy, i?ioa iaioo oaaao caa?oaa ia oi?io. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae aoa i?iaeeeoiaaiee, c iaeiiai aieo, ia’?eoeaiei noaiii
oe?a?inueeiai ienueiainoaa ae?oai? iieiaeie O?O noie?ooy, a c ?ioiai –
iniaeeainoyie ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? iaia?e ienueiaiieea. I.Eoe?o
niaoe?aeueii ia caeiaany ?ic?iaeith oai??? oa i?aeoeee ia?aeeaaeo,
iaeiae iaai? aeoiee c oeueiai i?eaiaeo aeyaeaii a eiai e?eoe/ieo
nooae?yo, ye? oi?eathoueny i?iaeai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae ?
e?oa?aoo?e caaaeii.

Oae, o ia?aaeiia? aei “*i?ii? ?aaee”, iiynithth/e a?aei?iiino? i?ae
aeaiia oaenoaie ?iiaio (?in?enueeei oa oe?a?inueeei), a?i aeneiaethaaa
i??eoaaiiy i?i iayai?noue o?niiai aa?iii?eiiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae iiaith
? oai?/ith oaioac??th ienueiaiieea. Oiio iiiyooy, ae?iaeai? a ?io?e
iia?, ia?aaeaoe aaeaeaaoii iaiiaeeeai. E??i oiai, eiaeai ieoaoeue, ia
aeoieo Eoe?oa, aieiae?? i?eoaiaiiith o?eueee eiio iiaith, ona aaaaonoai
yei? i?cia?oueny eeoa o ca’yceo c? na?oiaeyaeii, aiioe?yie, ?ioaeaeoii
ienueiaiieea. O i?ioean? ia?aeeaaeo oeae ca’ycie ao?a/a?oueny, ui
iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?icoi?iiy ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae ia?oioai?o.
Ioiae, aa?o/enue ca a?aeoai?aiiy niaaeueie A.Oaeni??a oe?a?inueeith
iiaith, I.Eoe?o iaa iaaiee aeina?ae ia?aeeaaea/a ? ea?oaaany
a?aeiia?aeieie ia?aeeaaeaoeueeeie i?eioeeiaie. Oe? i?eioeeie
ia?aaoeoaaeeny c ?a?iiaenueeith ?iiaioe/iith o?aaeeoe??th a?eueieo
ia?aeeaae?a, ca?aeii c yeith aaaaeaeiny iaiiaeeeaei aaeaeaaoii ia?aaeaoe
/oaeiiiai? oai?e caniaaie ??aeiiai neiaa.

sse iaaaoeaiee iiiaio aeine?aeieee ia?aeeaaeaoeueeiai aei?iaeo I.Eoe?oa
(ss.Ai?aeeinueeee, I.Oaiiaaeiaa) a?aecia/aee iayai?noue aaeeei?
e?eueeino? ae?aeaeoeci?a, iaieia?ci?a, oea?eiaiineia’yi?ci?a oa
?ioiiiaieo ne?a, ye? ia?aiaoyaeoaaee ia?aeeaaee, ?iaeee ?o aaaeeeie aeey
?icoi?iiy. Oa i?e oeueiio ia a?aeeny aei oaaae iiaeyaee ienueiaiieea aei
oaeiai neiaieea. Aaeaea iayaiee a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?yo eaene/iee aeia??
a?aeiia?aeaa ia?aeiiaiiyi ia?aeeaaea/a noiniaii oeyo?a iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo a?o/eciyiiai ienueiainoaa, nooue yeiai iieyaaea o ae?iaeaii?
iniia oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. Oae, neiaa ?ioiiiaiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy Eoe?o aaaaeaa eeoa “aeiiiaithth/ei iaoa??aeii” aeey
?icaoaeiae ??aeiiai neiaa, canoa??aath/e i?e oeueiio, ui ?o iaiao?aeii
aaiaeeoe oae, uia ia c?inoaaoe “aeooa ??aeii? iiae”7.

C iaoith caaaa/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae I.Eoe?o caa?oaany oaeiae aei
ia?iaeii?iciiaii? iiae oa oieueeei?o, aaaaeath/e ?o iniiaieie
aeaea?aeaie, c yeeo ne?ae /a?iaoe iiaii-noee?noe/i? oi?ie aeey oai?aiiy
no/anii? e?oa?aoo?e. I?eeiaoiith o oeueiio ca’yceo ? eiai eiioeaioe?y
“noa?ioe?a?inueeiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy”, ca yeith iniaeeaa i?noea o
oi?ioaaii? e ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? e?oa?aoo?e a?aeaiaeeeinue
aeio?enoeyinuee?e oa aeie?oiieni?e aeiaai, a oaeiae ia?oiio ia??iaeia?
oai?aiiy oea?eiaiineia’yinueei? iiae, eiee ia i?e ua ia iicia/eeinue
“/oaeiaeoa ienueiainoai”8. Naia caaaeyee nai?io aeaaiueiio iioiaeaeaiith
oe?a?inueea iiaa aieiae?ea iaaecae/aeiith aio/e?noth ? caeaoi?noth aei
iiaiooai?aiue. Oea ? iaiaaaany aeiaanoe Eoe?o, aaiaey/e o
ia?aeeaaee cia/io e?euee?noue i?inoi??/ieo oa oieueeei?ieo
aeaiaio?a, naiiaooi?o cai?io?a, iacae/ieo iiiyoue, ye io: aaiiiaeaiiy,
noe?/aa, iiaa?aioa, yneoe, aeecioea, caaieiea, eiaaiyee, aeia??noue,
caeueioieee, aeoeeyne, aoaethueoe, ii?ayoe, i?ineaaecoaaoe oa ?i.
Nai???aeia iaia?a ieooey i?iaeyaea?oueny ? i?e a?aeoai?aii? eaeaiao??a,
aoi?eci?a, ?ae?iiaoeee. Ocaaaeueiaii eaaeo/e, Eoe?o aeyaea naaa
ni?aaaei?i iiaaoi?ii ? oai?oeai oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. ?.O?aiei
c oeueiai i?eaiaeo a?aecia/aa: “Eoe?o oi?? iaaeaoe nai?io ia?aeeaaeia?
na?e ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee eiei?eo, uinue oaea, ui aeicaiey? a?ae?aco
i?ciaoe a i?i i?aoeth Eoe?oa, a ia aeiaeiiai ?ioiai oe?a?inueeiai
iiaoa”9.

O aeena?oaoe?? caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ? ia ?iaioo ?.O?aiea
iaae ?aaeaeoe??th oa aeaeaiiyi ia?aeeaaeaieo I.Eoe?oai oe?a?inueeith
iiaith oai??a Oaeni??a (onueiai 10). I’?ne c? anooiiei neiaii ?.O?aiea
aeoiaeeee i?ioyaii 1899–1902 ?ie?a. O anooi? a?aeiiee e?eoee ai?noea
?noi?e/io aeia?aeeo aei ae?ai, a oaeiae aeaa i?ioan?eio ioe?ieo
ia?aeeaaeai. Oiae? ae oaee c ?i?oe?aoeae O?aiea aoa ooai?aiee
Oaeni???anueeee oiiae, yeee acya ia naaa iaia’ycie an?eyei i?aeo?eioaaoe
a?o/eciyi? ia?aeeaaee. ? oiio aa?oi caaaey/oaaoe iiya? oanoeoiiiiai
aeaeaiiy oai??a A.Oaeni??a (1984-1986) oe?a?inueeith iiaith ye
I.Eoe?oaa?, oae ? ?.O?aieia?, ye?, aeania, caii/aoeoaaee oe?a?inueeo
oaeni???aio.

I.Eoe?oaa? iaeaaeeoue aaaiia i?noea a ?noi??? a?o/eciyii?
ia?aeeaaeii? aae?ii?aie. A?i a?aeoai?ea oe?a?inueeith iiaith iiaio
“Iaeiiieoeoai *aeeueae Aa?ieueaea” i?ae iacaith “*aeeueae Aa?ieueaeiaa
iaiae??aea”, ui ia nueiaiaei? caeeoa?oueny ?aeeiei iiaiei ia?aeeaaeii
oeueiai a?aeiiiai oai?o a Oe?a?i?, ia?aeeaa o?e /anoeie ?iiaio o a??oao
“Aeii AEoai”, a oaeiae ia?ani?aaa aeecueei aeaaaeoeyoe iiac?e, ui
aa?eoee aei ca??ee “Iice/aia eiaca” ii?o/ ?c e??eeith E.Aaoa, A.Aaeia,
O.O?eea?a. sse aeaeii c aaoia?ao?a10 oa “*i?ii? ?oeiien?”11, ?iaioo iaae
oeeie oai?aie ienueiaiiee cae?enithaaa o aeacaiiio ii?yaeeo ai?iaeiaae
inoaiiueiai aeanyoe??//y naiai aeeooy. A?i iaa iai?? ________________

7 Aea?ai? eenoe Iaioaeaeiiia Eoe?oa oe?a?inueeith
iiaith ienai?. – Iueth-Ei?e-Oi?iioi: Oe?. A?eueia AI o NOA, 1984.
–N.257.

8 Eoe?o I. Aea? iiae, eieaeiy ? ia?iaeia // Oe?a?ia. — 1914. — Ei. 3. —
N. 24

9 O?aiei ?. ss. C?a?. oai??a: O 50 o. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1981. – O.
32.-N.169.

10Eoe?o I. Aeii AEoai. Ia?aeeaae c Aae?iia (*i?iiaee aaoia?ao)//
A?aeae?e ?oeiienieo oiiae?a ? oaenoieia?? ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O. A.
Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie. — O.18, ? 15; Eoe?o I. *aeeueae Aa?ieueaeiaa
iaiae??aea. Iiaia Ei?aea Aae?iia. Ia?ani?a oe?a?inueei-?onueeee Eoe?oa
// ?inoeooo ?oeiieno Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?i. A. ?.
Aa?iaaenueeiai. — O. 1, ? 28315.

11Eoe?o I.*i?ia ?oeiienue. 1890-1893// A?aeae?e ?oeiienieo oiiae?a ?
oaenoieia?? ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O. A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.- O.18, ?
27-30.

nii/aoeo aeae?oeoaaoe “*aeeueae Aa?ieueaeiao iaiae??aeo”, aeae? “Aeii
AEoaia”, a ca ieie “Iice/aio eiaco”. Oa /a?ac iaai? i?e/eie ia?aeeaaee
aeaeaaaeenue a ?io?e o?iiieia?/i?e iine?aeiaiino?: “Aeii AEoai” (ia?oa
i?niy) ae?oeoaaany 1890–1891 ??. o euea?anueeiio /aniien? “I?aaaea”,
ia?oee oii (aenooiaoeue) “Iice/aii? eiace” aeeoia o na?o 1897 ?ieo a
AEaiaa? i?ney nia?o? aaoi?a ? eeoa a 1905 ?ioe? o Eueaia? — iiaia
“*aeeueae Aa?ieueaeiaa iaiae??aea”. Ia?aeeaaee iiai Aae?iia ca
eoeueoo?ith a??oa aeaui iinooiathoueny ia?aeeaaeai ?c Oaeni??a. Oi/ o
aeani?e oai?/ino? I.Eoe?o iaeiei ?c ia?oeo o a?o/eciyiiio ienueiaiona?
ei?enooaaany “niaina?iaith no?ioith”, oa o “Iaiae??aoe?” ia caa??a oeth
iiaoe/io oi?io, iionoea ?eie; e??i oiai, cai?noue 10-noiiiiai yiaa aaeea
13-noiiiee, ca?eueoea eiaeio no?ioo ia iaeei a??o, ui iaaaoeaii
iicia/eeiny ia ?eoiiiaeiaeeoe? oai?o, yea o Aae?iia ? aeineoue
??ciiiai?oiith ? aaaaoith. Ui ae aei iiaii-noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae, oi
ooo iii?oia noeeuei?noue aei a?eueoi? eaene/ii? a?aeiia?aeiino?.
A?aooaaaoe, iaaooue, iaaeie?ee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e oai??a A.Oaeni??a,
aaoi? c?iaea ni?iao aaeaeaaoii ia?aaeaoe iiao ? noeeue iiai,
iaoe?iiaeueiee eiei?eo, i?i ui iaaieiooaaa o ?in?enueeiiiai?e ia?aaeiia?
aei “Iaiae??aee”. Ana ae a?i ia ci?a oieeiooe aoeaae?cio.
Ia?aeeaaeath/e “Iaiae??aeo”, I.Eoe?o aeei?enoiaoaaa
oea?eiaiineia’yi?cie, a?oa?cie, iaieia?cie, i?inoi??//y. I?e oeueiio
eiio ?iiae? ia aaeaaaeiny aeo?eiaoe aeanoeao Aeae.Aae?iio aa?iii?th, c
yeith inoaii?e cae?enithaaa ii?aeiaiiy ne?a ??cieo noee?noe/ieo ieano?a.
Iaiaeii?acia? aei?aaeaiiy a aaoia?aoao cana?ae/othoue, ui ia?aeeaaea/
iino?eii i?aoethaaa iaae oaeineiiaeaiiyi iiaiiai aniaeoo nai?o
?ioa?i?aoaoe?e. O ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? eiai ei?aeoe?? aoee
aei?aaaeaieie. Inue aeaye? c ieo: ?c oaiieo aeoiiaei – ?c oaiiiai eooea;
o oooianuee?e ei?ii? – a ei?ii? aeaciy-aeo?iy; a caaaaii? – a
caaooiino?; ionoeiaeii? – caiono?e? oa ?i. Iii?oieie ? iaiaaaiiy oieeaoe
iaaei??ii? “iaoe?iiae?caoe??” oaenoo ? aaeeaaoe iaeo?aeuei? oi?ie.

I?aaio/e aei aaeaeaaoiino?, I.Eoe?o aeineoue ai?aaii
a?aeoai?th? caniaaie oe?a?inueei? iiae oae? i?eoaiaii? Aeae.Aae?iio
iiaii-noee?noe/i? caniae, ye ae?oa?aoe??, aiaoi?e, ?eoi?e/i? caa?oaiiy,
ieee/i? ?a/aiiy, ia?aiine oa ?i. *anoi a?i aeinyaa? ni?aaaeiuei?
iaenoa?iino?, ye oea iiaeia aa/eoe i?e ia?aaea/? iei ?aa?iiy aiaeiniaaeo
Aae?ii (4, LXIX).

A?aeiiee nai?th neeaaei?noth oa aaaaoiieaiia?noth, iiaii-noeeueiaei
?icia?ooyi, aeooeai?noth ?ei, ?iiai o a??oao “Aeii AEoai” aeyaeany
aaaeeei aeey ia?aeeaaeo. sse aeaeii c aaoia?ao?a oa “*i?ii? ?oeiien?”,
I.Eoe?o caeeoea oa?? ia /aoaa?o?e /anoei?, ine?eueee aoa iacaaeiaieaiee
ye?noth ?iaioe. Ana ae, iii?e iaai? iaaeie?ee, ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y Eoe?oa o
oie /an iaea iaaaeyea cia/aiiy ye ia?oa na?eicia ni?iaa iiaeaoe
ia?iaeia? ia?aeeaae a?aeiiiai oai?o a?eoainueeiai ?iiaioeea.

Iaaio oe?ii?noue iathoue, c iiaeyaeo ?o ooaeiaeiuei? iaenoa?iino?,
ia?aeeaaeai? ienueiaiieeii iiac?? Aeae.Aae?iia, ai?uai? o ca??oe?
“Iice/aia eiaca”. Onueiai I.Eoe?o ia?aeeaa a?ey 80 iiaoe/ieo oai??a
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo aaoi??a, c-iii?ae ieo 18 – c Aae?iia.
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeeiiai? o ?iiaioe/iiio aeon? a?eueieo ia?aeeaae?a, ui
aoei oa?aeoa?ii aeey ia?aeeaaeaoeueei? i?aeoeee O?O noie?ooy, eiee ia
?nioaaei /?oeiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy i?ae iiiyooyi ia?ani?ao oa ia?aeeaaeo.
I.Eoe?o iaiaaaany aeio?eioaaoeny caaaeueii? e?eueeino? no?io ? a??o?a,
i?ioa iao?i-?eoi?/ia oa ?ioiiaoe?eia no?oeoo?a iaeaea anthaee ii?ooaia.
Aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeueii? oiiaeueiino? ia?aeeaaeaieo iiac?e, iiaeia
caoaaaeeoe, ui a?i coieieany ia oai?ao, oaia, ?aeaeii-ooaeiaei?e ci?no
oa ia?acii-aiioe?eia nenoaia yeeo ia?aaoeoaaeeny c eiai
na?oini?eeiyooyi.

. Ui ae aei eaene/iiai aeiai?o, oi o ia?ani?aao cono??/a?oueny aaeeea
e?euee?noue aeai?iooeaieo ne?a, aeanoeaeo oe?a?inueeiio
i?naiii-aaeaaeiiio noeeth: na?aeaiueei, c??iiueei, neiaoea (“Caiea/ao ii
iai?, eioaia, i, caiea/ao”), iiaeooa/ei, nai?oiaiueea, aei??aeaiueea,
noaeaioea, i?/ei, ?o/ee, ?aci/ie, i?io?o-noio?o (“Naiioeia”),
c?ooaii?/ei (“I?ae oo?oiaeio”), c?eey/ea, ea?oiiueee (“Aei aethea
Aei?naoa”). Aiie oa?aeoa?i? aeey niiaiaieo ooae e aeaeth aeeaiei
?ioeiieo iiac?e, a oiio aeiaeathoue ?i ua a?eueoi? aeaa?eiino? oa
naioeiaioaeueiino?. Iaoii?noue o a??o? “Iieeoaa i?e?iaee” ia?aaaaeathoue
a?oa?cie oa oea?eiaiineia’yi?cie, ui i?aee?aneththoue iaoinio
oiiaeuei?noue oai?o: c?eo aeoo? ii?? oaiiioo, nicaeaoaeth,
anaiiaouanoai, /oo, ci?iooe iai ia a iiaioo, aean, aiiaath, aeaaiaieea,
aiceaoeoue, aini?e?ieth, aeeaioai?yuee oa ?i. Ii?o/ ?c
oea?eiaiineia’yi?ciaie oa ?oneciaie ?ioa?i?aoaoi? aaeeaa? neiaa, acyo? c
aeeaiai iiaeaiiy, a oaeiae ?aae??, ui a?aeoai?ththoue oe?a?inueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee eiei?eo: eo??iue, ainoeiia n?iue (“I?ae oo?oiaeio”),
oooi?oeyo, eoaaea/ei (“Neueice”), eoeiaeany (“Iieeoaa i?e?iaee”),
ieoeee, ieiaea, ciinoeoeny (“Aae?iiiaa iaaeienue ia iiioiaio?
iuethoaoiaeeaiaenueeiai ina”), canooi (“Eiee a y aoa oeii’y aaeaeoaeia
aac oo?aioe”). Oae? neiaa ia inothoue caaaeueiiai a?aaeaiiy a?ae
ia?ani?a?a, a caaaa/othoue ?o yne?aaeie e na?aeeie aa?aaie.

Aiooth/e aei ae?oeo ia?oee “aenooiaoeue” “Iice/aii? eiace”, o ae?oa?e
iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a Eoe?o iaa iai?? ? iaaeae? caeiaoeny
ia?aeeaaeaoeueeith i?aeoeeith, i?aaio/e i?e oeueiio “ni?aaoe ua e
ii-?oaeueyinueee, ii-a?aoeueee, ii-eaoeinueee”12. A eiai ieaie aoiaeeei
cae?enieoe ia?ani?ae iiaoe/ieo oai??a Naioi, Ia?ae?y, niiao?a
Oaeni??a, i?iaeiaaeeoe ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th i’?n neaaaoiiai a?eoaioey. O
eeno? aei ?in?enueeiai e oe?a?inueeiai aoiia?aoa I.Aeeea??aa ca /a?aaiue
1892 ?ieo I.Eoe?o ienaa: “Uia iaoa ??aeia neiai anoiyei i?ioe
iineiaueie, ioneii i?iaanoe naith noa?i?oueio /a?ac eoeueoo?i? iiae, ye
na ?iaeea aaeeei?onueea iiai?oueia”13. I???iooth/enue ia aeina?ae
?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e, yea aeaui ?ai?oa i?ieoea aoai noaiiaeaiiy,
I.Eoe?o a?aenoithaaa ??ai? iiaeeeaino? oe- ?a?inueei? iiae c
?in?enueeith. Oe?a?inueea iiaa, i?iaiaeea a?i aeoieo, caeeoaeanue ia
ieae/iio ??ai? ia oiio, ui a?aei?oa, a ui /a?ac noie?oi? caai?iie e
ooenee ia iaea ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeey iiaiioe?iiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
?icaeoeo. Oiio oeyoii a?aeoai?aiiy ?ioiiiaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo oaaeaa??a
oe?a?inueeith iiaith Eoe?o ?icoe?thaaa ia??? ??aeiiai neiaa, ia?aae on?i
na?oii aeiaiaeea eiai ca?aai?noue, aeeaiieni?noue oa aa?iii?th,
caeaoi?noue aei anacaaaeueiiai eoeueoo?iiai aaeeoeo.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy.
A?aecia/aii, ui o nenoai? oe?a?inueei-aiae?enueeeo eoeueoo?ieo aca?iei
O?O noie?ooy I.Eoe?oo ye e?eoeeia? oa iiioey?ecaoi?ia? oai?/eo iaaeaaiue
aiae?enueeiai ienueiainoaa iaeaaeeoue aaaiia i?noea. Ea?oth/enue
eoeueoo?ieoeueeeie ia?aeiiaiiyie, ca?aeii c yeeie iaoe?iiaeueia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy caeaaeaei a?ae ?icaeoeo iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e, ienueiaiiee
aenoaaa aeiiae inyaiooe aa?oeie na?oiaiai ienueiainoaa, o?ainoi?ioaaoe
eiai iia?oi? oi?ie oa aeaiaioe ia?acii? nenoaie o aeanieo iiac?yo ? ia
oe?e iniia? aeiiaaaoeny noai?aiiy naiiaooi?o oi?i. I???ioaoe?y ia oai?e
?a?iiaenueeeo aaoi??a, cie?aia, aiae?enueeeo, ni?eyea aeai?iaiio,
oaiaoe/iiio oa ooaeiaeiueiio caaaa/aiith oai?/ino? I.Eoe?oa, a ioaea,
e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e caaaeii.

___________________________

12 Aea?ai? eenoe Iaioaeaeiiia Eoe?oa oe?a?inueeith iiaith ienai?. –
Iueth-Ei?e-Oi?iioi: Oe?.A?eueia AI o NOA, 1984.

13 ?E, o.18, ? 30, a?e.120. – N.304.

Aeia?a ia?ciai?noue ?c oai?aoeei-ienoaoeueeeie caeiaooeaie na?oiai?
eoeueoo?e, ciaiiy iia aoee aaaeeeaeie /eiieeaie noaiiaeaiiy I.Eoe?oa ye
ia?aeeaaea/a. O ia?aeeaaeao a?i aaa/aa ia?aaeon?i oe?ieo iiaeeea?noue
oaeineiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. Eiio iaeaaeeoue i??i?eoao
o cai?iaaaeaeaii? a?o/eciyiiai aaeaeaaoiiai ia?aeeaaeo. C iiaeyaeo
eoeueoo?e neiaa Eoe?oaa? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oai??a Oaeni??a ? Aae?iia ye?nii
ia?aaeuoaaee ?nioth/? ia oie /an. Aeei?enoiaoth/e iae??ciiiai?oi?o?
ooaeiaei? oi?ie ? caniae, ieoaoeue aeiaiaeea iainyaei?noue iioaioe?aeo
??aeii? iiae. Naia caaaeyee eiai iiaeaeaeieoeuee?e ia?aeeaaeaoeuee?e
i?aoe? aoee caeeaaeai? i?aeaaeeie oai?/i? ?aoeaioe?? a Oe?a?i?
ienoaoeueeiai aei?iaeo a?aeiieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iaeno??a ia?a.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o ioae?eaoe?yo:

?aoeaioe?y Eoe?oai cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo oei?a ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy. –
A?niee I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – O?eieia?y. – Aei.2. –
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997. – N. 170–175 (0,3 ae?.a?e.).

“Oi/aoueny ni?aaoe ua ii-?oae?enueee, ii-a?aoeueee, eaoeiith…”
(Iaioaeaeiii Eoe?o – iie?aeio ? ia?aeeaaea/) // Aeeaineiai. – 1997. –
?11. – N.11–14 (0,5 ae?.a?e.).

Iaioaeaeiii Eoe?o oa eiai e?oa?aoo?ii-anoaoe/ia eiioeaioe?y ?iiaioecio//
Ia???. –1997. –?1(4). –N.40–42 (0,4 ae?.a?e.).

Iaioaeaeiii Eoe?o ? Aeaei?aeae Aae?ii // Ia???.–1997.–?2(5). – N.38–41
(0,4 ae?.a?e.).

Aeiaeaoeia? ioae?eaoe??:

5. Eiioeaioe?y oe?a?inueei? aeooiaiino? o oai?/ino? I.Eoe?oa
//?aeay iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e
iaooe? O?O-OO no.: Ca??iee noaoae ? aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? .– ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997. – N.52–54
(0,2 ae?.a?e.).

6. ?aai O?aiei – ?aaeaeoi?, ?aoeaicaio oa aeaeaaaoeue
ia?aeeaae?a I.Eoe?oa // ?aai O?aiei ? iaoe?iiaeueia oa aeooiaia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??.
– ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997. – N.49–52 (0,1 ae?.a?e.).

7. Eiioeaioe?y “i?e?iaeii? ethaeeie” AE.-AE.?onni ?
“oooi?nueea o?einio?y” I.Eoe?oa// “O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia”: Iaoa??aee ?V
I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? Eiioa?aioe?? . – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1997. – O.1. – *.2. – N.41–43 (0,1 ae?.a?e.).

8. I.Ae?aaiiaiia, I.Eoe?o: aioeiiaee /e iaeiiaeoioe? //
“Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia: aeiaa oa ?aea?”: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? . – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996. – N.67–69 (0,1
ae?.a?e.).

9. Aiae?enueea e?oa?aoo?a o ?aoeaioe?? oa ia?aeeaaeao
I.Eoe?oa // “Iaioaeaeiii Eoe?o ? no/ani?noue”: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? . – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,1994. – N.77–83 (0,3
ae?.a?e).

10. ?aea? AEai-AEaea ?onni o oai?/ino? Iaioaeaeiiia Eoe?oa
// “O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia”: Oace aeiiia?aeae ae?oai? I?aeia?iaeii?
eiioa?aioe?? . – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996. – N.71–72 (0,1 ae?.a?e.).

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeaaaethe ?.A. Aiae?enueea e?oa?aoo?a o oai?/?e ae?yeueiino?
Iaioaeaeiiia Eoe?oa (Ia?aeeaaee. E?eoe/ia ni?eeiyooy. Oai?/a canai?iiy).
– ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10. 01. 05 – ii??aiyeueia e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. –
?inoeooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aiae?cia? iniaeeainoae oai?/i? ?aoeaioe??
I.Eoe?oai iaaooe?a aiae?enueeiai ienueiainoaa ye oe?e?niiai i?ioeano.
Oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia oaeeo oi?iao canai?iiy ?ioiiiaii? e?oa?aoo?e, ye
ia?aeeaae, e?eoe/ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y, ienoaoeueea aeei?enoaiiy ia?ac?a,
oai, iioea?a. Anoaiiaeaii ooaeiaei?, i?ciaaaeueia oa ?noi?e/ia cia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? Eoe?oa ye e?eoeea oa iiioey?ecaoi?a aiae?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e
a Oe?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aoeaioe?y, eiioaeoi? ca’ycee, ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y, ?noi?eci,
o?ainoi?iaoe?y, ia?aeeaae, aaeaeaaoi?noue.

SUMMARY

Devdyuk I.V. English literature in P.Kulish’s creative activity
(Translations. Critical perception. Creative acquisition). – Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate’s Degree in Philology. Speciality 10. 01. 05 —
comparative literature. – Shevchenko Institute of Literature at the
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The paper provides insight into the pecularities of P.Kulish’s aesthetic
perception of English li- terature. The dissertation investigates such
forms of the perception of foreign literature as translation, critical
interpretation, creative use of images and motifs. The paper illuminates
aesthetic, cognitive and historical role of P.Kulish’s activity as a
critic and popularizer of English literature in Ukraine.

Romantic movement became one of the most significant stages in the
history of the Ukrainian-English literary relations. At that time the
Ukrainian authors managed to use in their own works the artistic
experience of other writers and made first attempts of translation from
foreign language literature into Ukrainian. Employing the best
achievements of English culture P. Kulish made a valuable contribution
to his native literature. Creative heritage of Shakespeare, Byron,
Scott, Dickens appealed to him for its deep insight into human nature,
keen awareness of the historic progress, all-embracing perception of
life.

Early Kulish’s outlook was greatly influenced by W. Scott — the founder
of the genre of the historical novel in European literature. His
heritage as a folklorist and a novelist to a great extent defined
Kulish’s artistic method and considerably influenced his further
aesthetic views. Evolving in his creativity from romantic idealization
of History (early short stories, novel “Mykhailo Charhyshenko”) to
critical and objective approach to the appreciation of the past (novel
“Chorna Rada”) he proved to be one of the most consistent disciples of
W. Scott in European literature.

Kulish was a follower and admirer of another famous English romanticist
— G.Byron. Byron’s creative efforts had a prominent role in Kulish’s
life. The Ukrainian writer was delighted both with the personality of
the British poet and with the profundities of his poetry. Some elements
of byronism are traced in Kulish’s early works: epic poem “Ukraine”,
novels “Mykhailo Charnyshenko”, “Chorna Rada” etc.

But the influence of Byron and his poetry is still more clearly felt in
Kulish’s works of the 1880’s and 1890’s: lyrico-epics “Muhammed and
Hadyza” and “Marusya Boguslavka”, drama in verse “Baida, Knyaz
Vyshnevetsky”. At the last decades of the XIX century the Ukrainian
writer worked hard translating Byron’s poems “Childe Harold’s
Pilgrimage” and “Don Juan”. Kulish’s expierence as a translator helped
him use Byronic themes and motifs in his own works. The above mentioned
poems with their form, figurative system and intonation can be judged as
the phenomenon of the same type character together with Byron’s
creativity. It is stated that Kulish was one of the brightest
representatives of the Byronic trend in Ukrainian literature.

Deep knowledge of the new tendencies of the world literary process as
well as good command of foreign languages provided the basis for
Kulish’s translation efforts. Serious intentions in this area made by
him in the 1850’s were closely connected with the culturological views
of the Ukrainian writer. According to them the Ukrainian nation revival
depended on the revival of culture and science in general. To his mind
the most important task of the native literature was the development of
the Ukrainian literary language. In this connection the writer viewed
translation as a very necessary thing.

Kulish was one of the first Ukrainian translators who broke with the
tradition of travesty. His works marked an important stage in the
development of the adequate translation in Ukraine. In terms of adequacy
the edition of “Shakespeare’s works” in 1882 (included three plays) in
Kulish’s interpretation became an epochal phenomenon in the development
of the native translation school. Full interpretation of “Childe
Harold’s Pilgrimage”, of three parts of the novel in verse “Don Juan”
and nearly 20 lyrics of the British poet filled a great gap in Ukrainian
Byroniana and acquired a national significance.

Starting translation of the Shakespear’s plays Kulish had already had
some experience as a translator and possessed definite principles which
coincided with European Romantic tradition of free translation. While
rendering Byron he tended to more aoant reproduction of the lexical
pecularities of the original. Following the idea of the Old Ukrainian
revival he used a great many of archaisms, folklore and colloquial
elements. This approach helped to inculcate into the Ukrainian language
new lexical forms enriching its vocabulary. In his works Kulish revealed
the richness, flexibility and charming melodiousness of the Ukrainian
tongue. He demonstrated its broad capacity.

Key words: reception, contact relations, interpretation, historical
method, transformation, translation, adequacy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeaaaethe E.A. Aiaeeeneay eeoa?aoo?a a oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
Iaioaeaeiiia Eoeeoa (Ia?aaiaeu. E?eoe/aneia aini?eyoea. Oai?/aneia
inaiaiea). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeei-eiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10. 01. 05 – n?aaieoaeueiia eeoa?a-oo?iaaaeaiea.
– Einoeooo eeoa?aoo?u ei. O.A. Oaa/aiei IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aiaeeco iniaaiiinoae oai?/aneie ?aoeaioeee
I.Eoeeoii ianeaaeey aiaeeeneie eeoa?aoo?u. Aieiaiea nin?aaeioi/aii ia
oaeeo oi?iao inaiaiey eiiycu/iie eeoa?aoo?u, eae ia?aaiae, e?eoe/aneay
eioa?i?aoaoeey, oai?/aneia eniieueciaaiea ia?acia, oai, iioeaia.
Ii?aaeaeaii ooaeiaeanoaaiiia, iiciaaaoaeueiia, enoi?e/aneia cia/aiea
aeayoaeueiinoe I.Eoeeoa eae e?eoeea e iiioey?ecaoi?a aiaeeeneie
eeoa?aoo?u a Oe?aeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aoeaioeey, eiioaeoiua nayce, eioa?i?aoaoeey, enoi?eci,
o?ainoi?iaoeey, ia?aaiae, aaeaeaaoiinoue.

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