2

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.I.AIAIIIEUeOess

Iiiiia?aiei Aeaaeeneaa ?aaiiae/

OAeE 616.127.-005.8-036.8/838-085.838

Ae?iaioa?ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y

oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea,

a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao

14.02.01- A?a??ia, iaaee/i? iaoee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: Aaioaiai Aieiaeeie? Aieueyiiae/, i?ioani?,
aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e a?a??ie ? aeieia?? c eo?nii
a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Oeei??yi A?eoi? Iaaiiae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo
iaoe, i?ioa-ni?, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy
Iaoe?iiaeue-iiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. I. Aiaiiieueoey

Eicy?ei ?aai Iao?iae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie

Ea?iaiei Iao?i Ieaenaiae?iae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Aieiaiee ae??oieia IIC Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee ee?i?ee ?inoeoooo aeia?a??ie ?
oieneeieia?? ?i. E.?.Iaaeaaaey

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 20 » o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 13.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.003.01 “A?a??ia” a
Ia-oe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252057, Ee?a — 57, i?. Ia?aiiae, 34, a?a??i?/iee
ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y ? 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca aae?anith: 252057, Ee?a
— 57, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 3

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ac?neaii “ 19 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.I.ssai?ianueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?nioaaiiy iiiaae 20 ?ie?a nenoaie aoaiiiai
e?eoaaiiy ?I na?ae/eoue i?i cia/io nioe?aeueio, iaaee/io ? aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aiiueiai naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai e?eoaaiiy
(Aia?ia A. A. ? ni?aaao., 1995, Iaaiia ?. I., Aiaeaeiaa A. A., 1996,
Aaioaiai A. A. ? ni?aaao., 1998). Eiai aaaeeeaei neeaaeiaei aeaiaioii ?
aaeaeaaoia aei?oioa?aiiy, yea ia o?eueee aaciina?aaeiuei iioaioe?th?
aiiainoaoe/iee iioaioe?ae icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a, aea ? iioeiico?
ni?eyoeeaee aieea ia i?aai?ci niaoeeo?/ieo eo?i?oieo /eiiee?a (Aa?aiia
A. A. ? ni?aaao., 1997, Ai?aei?iei A. N., 1997). Aac i?aai?caoe??
oa?/oaaiiy, yea a ni?eyei ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaieo ooieoe?e, i?aai?/ii
aeiiiaithaaei eiiieaen e?eoaaeueieo aieea?a, aoaeoeai?noue iaaee/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? aoaea cia/ii ieae/a i/?eoaaiii? (Aaioaiai A. A. ?
ni?aaao., 1997, Ia?aaea??e A.A., 1998, Rudel L.L. et al., 1995, Thompson
G. R., 1995). Aea/aiiyi iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ioo??oe?ieiai? c
ieoaiue ii?aoethaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueii? noaie oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo ia ?I
onoaiiaeaia iayai?noue cia/ii? e?eueeino? ??ciiieaiiaeo ?ia?o, ui
noinothoueny no/anieo i?aeoiae?a aei iiaoaeiae aioeaoa?ineea?ioe/ii?
ae??oe (A?iiia Ae. I. ? ni?aaao., 1996, Iiaiaeaaa A. A. ? ni?aaao.,
1994, Nainiiia I.A. ? ni?aaao., 1997, Bolton-Smith C., 1996, Cameron J.
A., 1995 oa ?i.). Eiie?aoia eiiiooaaiiy o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ieo aeiia, ui
i?aae’yaeythoueny aei ia?, ia?aaeaa/aii, a iniiaiiio, aeey i?aai?caoe??
noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaeueiiai aai aeiiaoiueiai ae??oe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy
(Aoaa I. ?., Niieyinueeee A. E., 1988, Aoaa?a?eoeue A. ss., Eiiaanueeee
TH. A., 1989, Niieyinueeee A. E., Aa?aiiaa AE. ?., 1993, Noieiaeiaa A.
I. ? ni?aaao., 1991 oa ?i.). Aaciina?aaeiy aeno?aiieyoe?y ?o ?aaeaiaio?a
ia naiaoi?i? aeiiaioa?i? i?ia?aie, ye ? ?aae?caoe?y aano?aeoieo, ?iiae?
iaaei??ii iaa??aath/eo noai i?ecia/aiiy oa?/oaaiiy, c o?aooaaiiyi
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ii? niaoeeo?ee in?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oio
?aaa?e?oaoe?th, ia aeioe?euei? (Ea?iaiei I.A., 1996, Eieaniee A. I. oa
ni?aaao., 1997). I?e iaa?oiooaaii? aeiia aei aei?oioa?aiii iaiao?aeii a
eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo /?oei aecia/eoe iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, ui
iaoiiaeththoue ?? aeinyaiaiiy ? i?aaenoaaeythoueny ia?oi?yaeieie
(Eiieoaa A. A., Aaneeaanueea E. N., 1992).

Aiae?c iioae?eiaaieo ii?iaoeaii-?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ui
noinothoueny naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo, iieacaa,
ui a iniiaiiio aiie, aai aeei?enoiaothoue aeai? a?eueo i?ae 14-??/ii?
aeaaiino? (o ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao, a ca’yceo c oaeineiiaeaiiyi
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ii? aace, ?aa?c?y i?iaiaeeoueny eiaei? 5 ?ie?a) ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, ia aaeaioiaai? a iiaiiio ianyc? aei iniaeeainoae no/aniiai
naiaoi?iiai aoaio ?aaa?e?oaoe??, aai iinyoue o ?yae? aeiaaee?a
caaaeueiee aeaeea?aoeaiee oa?aeoa? (ia i?noyoue eiio?ieueieo ii?iaoea?a
ii anueiio niaeo?o ii?ioth/eo «Ii?iaie o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa…» (1991
a.) oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei aaeaeaaoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?i oeyoe iioeiaeueiiai
i?aeoe/iiai caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa oai?eo ia ?I a i?e?iioo?i?ioao c
o?aooaaiiyi ye aiiainoaco i?aai?cio, oae ? o?iainiai-oaoi?/ieo
iiaeeeainoae oa?/iaeie?a icaei?iaieoeue ? o. i.), ui ia ?iaeoue
iiaeeeaei aaeaeaaoia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy anueiai niaeo?a iaoeiaeo iniia
ioo??oe?ieiaii, iiaiioe?iia ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy aeiiaioa?ieo i?ia?ai (Aaaia
E. Ae. ? ni?aaao., 1996, Neiaecaanueea I. E. oa niiaaao., 1997, Iiainaae
A. I. ? ni?aaao., 1984, Oiiacthe ?. I. ? ni?aaao., 1997 oa ?i.).
A?aee?eoeie caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy, ui iia’ycai? c iaoiaeieia?/ieie
ia?aaeoiiaaie aei neeaaeaiiy aeai?eoio aei?oioa?aiii o a?aeae?eaiiyo
?aaa?e?oaoe?? (a?ieia?/i? aniaeoe ?? i?ecia/aiiy, oiiiaee oa?/iaee
noaoon in?a, ui iaaeoiaeyoue, oaeoe/iee noai aoi?eiii? aeiiaioa?ii?
i?io?eaeoeee); ?aeeiith aaceniith oiio?eiaaiith ae??oith, aeeth/ath/e ??
e?ioeaao eaieo — na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?iaeoeoiaee iaa?? ? i???ioiaia
naieaeaiia iaith; canoinoaaiiyi niaoe?aeueieo oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a aai
aiieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie. A?aenooi? ?iaioe, aeeiiai? a ?aaeei?
iaoo?iiai aenia?eiaioo, ye? noinothoueny aea/aiiy iio?aa a aia?a?? ?
oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao oai?eo ia ?I ia aoai? naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, a
oaeiae /?oei a?aeaeeoa?aioe?eiaai? ca ??cieie ??aiyie (i?aaiiciaiiei,
nenoaiiei, i?aaii-oeaieiiei, ee?oeiii-noaee?oeiiei,
iieaeoey?ii-aaiaoe/iei) iiaeae? oa?/oaaiiy, ye? i?iiiiothoueny ??cieie
aaoi?aie, ui aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i a?aenooi?noue ai?iaiaaieo ca
iiaeeeaoi?ieie ia?ea?aie a?a??i?/ieo i?eioeei?a oa?/oaaiiy in?a a?oie
niinoa?aaeaiiy. Iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue, o ca’yceo c aeieia?/iith
neooaoe??th a Oe?a?i?, iaaoaa? ii?aoethaaiiy aaciaeo aeiiaioa?ieo
aieea?a, ye? /eiyoue ia o?eueee e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/io, aea e
aeaoieneeoth/o ae?th (Aeoiaaiaoeue O. A., *a?aieia A. I., 1997,
O?aooaiaa?a ?. I., 1997).

Ia oii? a?aenooiino? iaeaaeii? iaoeiai? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii?
iniiae, ui caaacia/o? anaa?/ia ii?ioaaiiy naiaoi?ii? aei?oioa?aii?
i?neyiioa?eoieo oai?eo, aeyaey?oueny ua iaeei iaaeie?e, ui i?eoaiaiiee
oa?/oaaiith i?aeoe/ii an?o i?aai?ciaaieo eieaeoea?a (Ea?iaiei I.I.,
1996, Eiiiiiaa I. I., 1996), — i???ioaoe?y aeiaiaiai iaith ia ia
o?c?ieia?/i? iio?aae, a ia o?iainia? aeo?aoe. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
/anoeo iaaaaeaieo ci?i o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?aoe?ii?a ? ciaioaiiy
ani?oeiaioo iaai?o i?iaeoeo?a, iia’ycaieo c aeeiai?eith oe?i.

A?aoiaoth/e aeuacacia/aia, i?iaeaia, ui ae??oo?oueny oe??th ?iaioith,
ia? iniaeeao aaaeeea?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue ye o oai?aoe/iiio, oae ?
i?eeeaaeiiio ieaiao, caaacia/oth/e iaea?aeaiiy iiaeo, iaa?oioiaaieo a
?aaeueieo oiiaao, iaoeiaeo aeaieo ?, ia ?o aac?, noai?aiiy nenoaie
aoi?eiii? aeiiaioa?ii? i?io?eaeoeee «ai?aeai?? OO noie?ooy» — ?I ia
eeth/iaiio aoai? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii
ca?aeii c ??oaiiyie I?aae?iiy CAO “Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey” ? I4-7 a?ae
14.11.95?., ? I2-5 a?ae 05.08.1998 ?., i?ia?aiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
?iaioe Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ca oaiith
“?ic?iaeoe eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy a no/anieo
oiiaao a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo” (iiia?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196O004673), ieaiaie Oe?a?inueei? i?iaeaiii? eii?n??
“A?a??ia oa?/oaaiiy” oa i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? “A?a??ia oa?/oaaiiy, ee?i?/ia
ae??oieia?y ? aano?iaioa?ieia?y” ii iaa?oiooaaiith o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ieo
aeiia aei oa?/oaaiiy ? ae?iaioa?ii? i?io?eaeoeee (ia?aeiii? oa
aoi?eiii?) ia?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue o ??cieo a?inioe?aeueieo
iiioeyoe?yo ianaeaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — a?a??i?/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiia aei ae?iaioa?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo, ui ia?aianee
?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, a no/anieo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) ?ac?iaeoe iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae eiioeaioe??
i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, a
no/anieo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao, aeaoe e?euee?nio ? ye?nio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo a?ieia?/iei oaeoi?ai, ui aieeaathoue ia oa?/ia? iio?aae
eiioeiaaioo niinoa?aaeaiiy; 2) aea/eoe oiiiaee (i?e
iaaeoiaeaeaii? ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th) oa?/iaee noaoon oai?eo oa noai
oaeoe/iiai naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea; 3)
iaa?oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aaeaeaaoii-i?io?eaeoe/i? ??ai? niiaeeaaiiy
aia?a?? oa ioo???io?a eiio?ieueii? a?inioe?aeueii? iiioeyoe??; 4)
?ic?iaeoe aaeaioiaai? aei o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa in?a, ui
icaei?iaeththoueny, aeiaiaee i?iaeoeoiaee iaa?? oa oi?aa?naeueia
i???ioiaia naieaeaiia iaith; aecia/eoe aeiiae aei ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy o
a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a; 5)
iaa?oiooaaoe iaoeia? i?aeoiaee aei canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
aeiaaaie aei naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo oa
i?iaanoe iaoo?ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aae?aie ioo??oeaaoe/ii? oa
ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae??oioa?ai?? in?a a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy; 6) aea/eoe iaaee/io
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo a?a??i?/ieo aeiia aei oaiaoe/ieo ae?iaioa?ieo
i?ia?ai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui: a) aeinyaiooi iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia eiioeaioe?? oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo ia ?I o no/anieo
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao; a) aia?oa i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy oa aeaia
eiiieaenia a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea iaoeiaei ia?aaeoiiaai ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy
ae??oioa?ai?? eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo (a?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, oa?/iaiai
noaoono ? noaio oaeoe/iiai naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy); a) aia?oa, a oiae?
iie?aniaeoieo iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaa?oioiaaii
aaeaeaaoii-i?io?eaeoe/i? ??ai? iio?aae a aia?a?? ? oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao,
ui ?aeiiaiaeiaai? i?ney?ioa?eoiei oai?ei ia aoai? naiaoi?ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe??; a) c a?aooaaiiyi o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa a ioo???ioao in?a,
ui icaei?iaeththoueny, oaeineiiaeaii ae?th/ee aeiaiaee i?iaeoeoiaee
iaa??, io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iniiai? aeaiaioe naiaoi?ii?
ae?iaioa?ii? i?ia?aie: aeiiae aei ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, no?oeoo?e aeiaiaeo
?aoe?ii?a, ui eiinie?aeiaai? o ?ic?iaeaiiio oi?aa?naeueiiio i???ioiaiiio
naieaeaiiiio iaith aeey a?aeae?eaiue ?aaa?e?oaoe??; ae) aia?oa
?ic?iaeaii iaoeia? iniiae canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie aei
naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, a oiio /ene? in?a,
ye? caciaee oe?aeeeai? ae?? aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a; iaa?oioiaaii
ia?aae?aio ioo??oeaaoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?
ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/iiai iioaioe?thaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae??oioa?ai?? in?a a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy.

I?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy ? i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai uiaei iioei?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy ianaeaiiy, iathoue
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, yea iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? i?eioeeiiai iiai? ia?aae?aie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae??oieia?/ieo i?ae?icae?e?a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo
ea?ae?ieia?/ieo caeeaae?a (a?aeae?eaiue), i?io?eueieo a?aeae?eaiue
nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo noaioe?e, Oeaio??a Caei?iay ii: a)
?aaeaiaiooaaiith ?iai/i? i?ia?aie naiaoi?ieo ?aeaeaiue; a)
cae?eniaiith eiio?ieth ca aeio?eiaiiyi a?a??i?/ieo aeiia aei
ae??oioa?ai?? (oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a, ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy
AAAe) i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ia aoai? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??;
a) i?iaaaeaiith nai?oa?ii-i?ina?oieoeueei? ?iaioe, i?iiaaaiaee iniia
aaeaeaaoii? aoi?eiii? ae?iaioa?ii? i?io?eaeoeee ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? a iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo “Nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? aeiiae oa eiio?ieue ca
i?aai?caoe??th oa?/oaaiiy i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo a no/anieo
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao” (caoaa?aeaeai? CAO
“Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”, iaeac ? 25 a?ae 30.01.97 ?.), ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio
eeno? “O?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/i? aeiiae aei o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ae??oioa?ai??
i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo a oiiaao eiiieaenii? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii?
?aaa?e?oaoe??” (caoaa?aeaeai? CAO “Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”, iaeac ? 25
a?ae 30.01.97 ?), iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo “Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeiiae
aei canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie aei naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo
?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo” (caoaa?aeaeai? CAO
“Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”, iaeac ? 07-12/201 a?ae 09.06.98?.). ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? icaei?iaieoeue Oe?a?ie
caaacia/eei 20-a?aenioeiaa i?aeaeuaiiy iaeaeeae/i? iaaee/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? naiaoi?iiai aoaio ?aaa?e?oaoe?? eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo
(aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy CAO “Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey” a?ae 04.08.98 ?.).

Iaoeia? aeai?, ui iaea?aeai? a oiae? ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
aeine?aeaeaiue, ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ii ioo??oe?ieia?? o
AIC iaaee/iiai i?io?eth (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy: ii Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e
aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? a?ae 12.05.98 ?, Aeiiaoeueeiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai a?ae 20.05.98 ?.,
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey a?ae
25.09.98 ?.).

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoi? o/ano? aeena?oaioa a ii?aoethaaii? iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiue, ui aeianai? ia caoeno. Aaoi? iniaenoi i?ia?a
aenia?eiaioaeueio oa iaoo?io /anoeio aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?eniea aiae?c
io?eiaieo aeaieo, noi?ioethaaa aeniiaee oa iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy,
ui aeianai? ia caoeno, a oaeiae i?aeaiooaaa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
(a?a??i?/i? aeiiae aei ae??oieia?/ieo i?ia?ai,aeeth/ath/e canoinoaaiiy
AAAe) ii aoi?eii?e ae?iaioa?i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea ia
aoai? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe iaoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeiiai? a ?aieao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, i?ieoee
anaa?/io ai?iaaoe?th ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy eo?i?oieia??” (?aiaoi??y, 1996?.), 3-?e oa 5-?e I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo “O?aioe?y ? Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o
eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996?.,
1998?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie” (Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.), 2-e Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth ii ia?iaei?e oa
iao?aaeeoe?ei?e iaaeeoeei? (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996 ?.), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?e?iaei? e?eoaaeuei? ?ano?ne, no/ania
oai??y ? i?aeoeea aaeueiaie?eoaaiiy, i?aaia? aniaeoe ioi?iie ?
aenieoaoaoe?? ?iaeiaeu i?ia?aeueieo aiae ? e?eoaaeueieo a?ycae (Naee,
1996 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “A?a??i?/i? i?iaeaie ioi?iie
caei?iay ianaeaiiy” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997 ?.), Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “Iao?aaeeoe?ei?
iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee ? e?eoaaiiy a eo?i?oi?e i?aeoeoe?” (Ee?a, 1997 ?.),
I?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??” (Iaeana, 1997 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th c aeiy canioaaiiy nai?oa?ieo i?aai?a
Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998 ?.), ?aa?iiaeuei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aaciaea
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy: i?iaeaie oa oeyoe ?o ??oaiiy”
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.), i?aeia?iaeiiio aeineiiic?oi? “I?ia?aia
aeaeeaaiiy a oiiaao oaoiiaaiiiai i?aneiao” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.).

Oe?eueiao ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe i?iaaaeaii ia eiioa?aioe?? i?io?eueieo
niaoe?ae?no?a eaoaae?e a?a??ie ? aeieia?? c eo?nii a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy ?
eaoaae?e caei?iay Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 2 iiiia?ao??:
“Naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiay aeeaoioa?aiey aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo
ieiea?aea”. — Caii?iaeuea: Aeaeaaaoeue, 1997. — 144 n. (6 aeaa, a o./. 3
naiino?ei?) ? “Aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aeiaaaee a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie
aeeaoioa?aiee aieueiuo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea”. – Eeaa: Oaiaae,
1998. — 160 n. (7 aeaa, a o./. 5 naiino?eieo); 16 iaoeiaeo noaoae, a
o./. 7 naiino?eieo, 13 oac a ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (iaoa??ae?a)
eiioa?aioe?e ? neiiic?oi?a ??ciiai ??aiy.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 306 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, a o./. 61 noi??ioe?, ui i?noyoue 40 oaaeeoeue, 5
iaethie?a ? noai, ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iniiaii? /anoeie, ui
aeeth/a? 10 ?icae?e?a (iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, caaaeuei? aeai?, i?ia?aia,
ia’?eoe, iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, 8 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a), aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e — 710 aeaea?ae
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeeo?eaoe?y ae?th/eo ae??oieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a, ui
aaco?oueny ia ooieoe?iiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/i?e eiioeaioe?? c o?aooaaiiyi
ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/iiai ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy oa?iaeiaeeiai?/ii? a?ieia?/ii?
ae?? ?ae? ia i?aai?ci, aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe iaaee/io aoaeoeai?noue
naiaoi?iiai aoaio ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?I, noi?ioaaoe o ieo
aaeaeaaoiee aaeaioaoe?eiee neiae?ii.

2. A?aooaaiiy iioiaaiaoe/ieo ? noaoaaeo iniaeeainoae iaoaaie?cio,
aio?iiiiao?e/iiai noaoono, oiiiai? caaacia/aiino? ioo???ioaie oai?eo ia
?I, a oaeiae caeiiii??iinoae, ui neeaeeny o oaeoe/iiio naiaoi?iiio
oa?/oaaii? – aaaeeeaa ia?aaeoiiaa iaea?eueo iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa e?eoaaeueieo aeanoeainoae oaiaoe/ieo ae?iaioa?ieo
i?ia?ai.

3. Ii?ioaaiiy oa ioe?ithaaiiy aia?aaoe/ii? iioeiaeueiino? ae??oioa?ai??
eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo iiaeii? aacoaaoeny ia i?eoaiaiiiio
na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e aaaeeino? ?o o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino? EOA, ui aei??aith?
1,4. I?e aiae?c? oaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy, ieaioaaii? niiaeeaaiiy oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a iaiao?aeii i???iooaaoeny ia aaeaeaaoii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
eiao?oe??ioe ?ic?aooieo ??ai?a aeciaaiiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ioo???io?a,
ye? ?aeiiaiaeiaai?, oa neeaaeathoue ca na?aaeiueicaaaeaiei ai?noii ia
1000 eeae a?ee?a, o o. /. oaa?eiieo, aee??a, o o. /. IIAEE -6, IIAEE
-3, IAEE, aoaeaaiae?a, o o./. iiii-, aeenaoa?eae?a, oa?/iaeo aieieii,
a?aeiia?aeii (a): 38,5; 19,2; 30,8; 9,2; 1,5; 7,7; 142,3; 25,0 oa 11,5;
a?oai?i?a A, ?, N, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io, A6 , i?aoeeio, A12, oieaoo
(ia): 0,38; 7,69; 38,46; 0,77; 0,85; 1,23; 9,61; 0,001 oa 0,077;
i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei (ia): eaeueoe?th, oinoi?o, iaai?th, cae?ca, oeeieo,
eiaeo (ia): 384,61; 461,54; 230,27; 5,77; 7,69 oa 0,077.

4.Aeey i?eaaaeaiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?aoe?ii?a o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei
iio?aae o oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, iioei?caoe??
?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai aoaeoo oeeo ?a/iaei iieacaia aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo aeiaaaie: ioo?eoeaaoee?a – ii?iae?coaaiiy noaoono IIAEE -6,
a?oai?io N, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io, i?aoeeio, eae?th, eaeueoe?th oa
iaai?th; ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a – aeaoieneeaoe?? i?aai?cio oa i?aeneeaiiy
aiiainoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ?ae? noiniaii “e?eoe/ieo” aeey ?ON oa ?I
i?aai?a oa nenoai.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

I?ia?aia, caniae ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeoiaey/e c iaoe ? caaaeaiue
?iaioe, aeai?eoi ?? i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??, ui aaco?oueny ia iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiiyo i?i ooieoe?? ?ae? ? ?? a?ieia?/io ae?th ia i?aai?ci,
aeeth/aa a naaa oae? iine?aeiai? ??ai?: 1) ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo ia?aaeoiia i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy, a o./.
canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie aei ?ae? (AAAe), eiio?ieueiiai
eiioeiaaioo; 2) aea/aiiy e?euee?nii? ? ye?nii? no?oeoo?e oaeoe/iiai
naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy, a oaeiae noaio oa?/iaiai noaoono oai?eo ia ?I;
3) iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai ??aiy niiaeeaaiiy aia?a?? ?
oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei iniaaie, ui i?ioiaeyoue ?aaa?e?oaoe?th a oaiaoe/ieo
naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo; 4) ii?aoethaaiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
ae??oioa?ai?? (aeiia aei oa?/iaiai ?aoe?iio ? ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy)
eiioeiaaioo niinoa?aaeaiiy; 5) iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aae?aie ioo??oeaaoe/ii?
? ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? aiiainoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo naiaoi?ieo
ae?iaioa?ieo i?ia?ai i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo; 6) iaoo?io ia?aa??eo
o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ii? aaeaeaaoiino? ? iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? oa?/oaaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe??
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a.

I?e ?aaeaiaiooaaii? iaoeiaeo iniia ae??oioa?ai?? oai?eo ia ?I a ?aieao
oai??? ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai, iaie aeei?enoaiee eiiieaen a?a??i?/ieo,
o?c?ieia?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo, ?ioiieia?/ieo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ?
iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a (? cania?a) aeine?aeaeaiiy, ianya ? iiiaieeaoo?a
yeeo neeaee: 1) aenia?e-iaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia a?eeo ?ia?aaeieo
uo?ao-naioeyo: a) aecia/aiiy ai?noo o e?ia? caaaeueiiai oieanoa?eio
(ON), oieanoa?eio e?iii?ioa?ae?a iecueei?, aeoaea iecueei? ? aeniei?
u?eueiino? (ON EIIU, ON EIAeIU ? ON EIAU), o?eae?oea?eae?a (OA)
oiieioa?iaith o?iiaoia?ao??th, ia?ieneaeiiai aaiie?co a?eo?ioeeo?a (IAA)
ca iicaa?eo?ioeeoa?iei aaiiaeia?iii, ui iaaeoiaeeoue aei na?aaeiaeua, —
252 aiae?ce; a) aecia/aiiy a oeaiei? na?oey aioeieenethaaeueiiai
iioaioe?aeo ca iaoiaeii Eeaaaiiaa A.?. ? ni?aaao., iaeiiiaiai
ae?aeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA) ? ae??iiaeo eiiuethaao?a (AeE) oioiiao?e/ii — 126
aiae?c?a (Aaa?eeia A.A., Iaoei?oaeia I.?., 1983, Eeaaaiia A.?. ?
ni?aaao., 1988, No?i?a ?.A., Iaea?iaa A.A., 1986, Oa?ooiiaa I. ?
ni?aaao., 1980); 2) iaoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe??
naiaoi???a “Aaeeeee Eoa” ? “Aa?aeyinuee” I?eacianueeiai a?aeae?eaiiy CAO
”Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”: a) aea/aiiy oaeoe/ii? ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii?
naiaoi?ii? ae??oioa?ai?? ca iaith-?iceeaaeeaie (Iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ieoaiue aea/aiiy oaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy…, 1984) ?
iaoiaeii o?i?/iiai aecia/aiiy ia?ea?ieo oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei (A?euenueeee
I.E., 1983; Iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee c a?a??i?/iiai eiio?ieth…, 1986;
Iaoiaee ioe?iee caaacia/aiino? ianaeaiiy a?oai?iaie, 1987; I?ineo?yeiaa
A.A., ??ueii?i TH.I., 1982; Neo?eo?i ?.I. ? ni?aaao., 1987) — 310
aeiaiaeo ?aoe?ii?a, 613 aiae?c?a; a) aea/aiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo (Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee oa?/iaiai noaoono
ethaeeie…, 1995) — 3976 aecia/aiue; a) aea/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
noaio i?aai?cio: aiae?c aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o oe??e (AIO) ? oaeaeeino?
ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? (OI?) eiiieaenii i?eno?i?a “Ae?aaiic”-504
aecia/aiiy; ianyao no?eeino? oaaae ca aeiiiiiaith ei?aeoo?ii? i?iae —
504 aecia/aiiy; oaea?iiai ? oaeeeiiiai ianya?a e?ia?(OI ? OI), o?aeoe??
aeeeaeo (OA) aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ii ia aia?ao? “Aloka SSD-680” — 240
aecia/aiue; AEA, a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo (AO), /anoioe na?oeaaeo
nei?i/oaaiue (*NN), /enea iaoaaie?/ieo iaeeieoeue ? oiea?aioiino? aei
o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a oiae? iinoaiiaee i?iae PWC c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?aoa AE ? E-01, ?oooiiai no?aiiiaiiiao?a, aaeia?aiiao?a
Aa-02-252 i?iae PWS — 1260 aecia/aiue; i’yciai? neee ? noaoe/ii?
aeo?eaaeino? ca iaoiaeii aeeiaiiiao??? — 504 aecia/aiiy; ineoieia?/iiai
noaoooo ca iaoiaeeeith iai?ano?oeoo?iaaiiai ?ioa?a’th Konig ? Denolin
(1976) — 126 iieoaieo, 4-o ??aiaaa ?a?no?aoe?y — 6 ineoiiaoieia?/ieo
neiae?ii?a; noa’?eoeaieo neiioii?a ?ON ? ?I (naiiii/oooy) — 120 in?a, ui
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, ca 7 iieacieeaie; aooiaiae?c oyaeeino? iaaaioaaeaiiy,
ui aeeiio?oueny ca iaoiaeeeith Ai?aa — 252 aeine?aeaeaiiy (Aeiia?aaeiaa
O.N. ? ni?aaao., 1986, Io?aoei A.A., No?ooeinueeee A.A., 1987; I?eia
A.I., 1984); a) aecia/aiiy caaaeueieo aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a:
aaiiaeia?io oioiaeaeo?ieiei?eiao?e/ii, eaeeioeeo?a a eaia?? Ath?ea?a c
n?oeith Ai?y?aa ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?ineiia IA-10, o?iiaioeeo?a ?
?aoeeoeioeeo?a iaoiaeii ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?iaieo aeaiaio?a
? oi?o?eiaaiei iaoiaeii c aeei?enoaiiyi aco?a ?, i?io?iia?iiai?
aeoeaiino? iiaeeo?eiaaiei iaoiaeii Eaiaia, o?a?eiiaaia ii Eaeeaio — 616
aiae?c?a (Aaeoaea A.I. ? ni?aaao., 1962, Aa?aaoeue A.A., 1983, Iaioeeia
A.A. ? ni?aaao., 1987); ae) aea/aiiy ?ioiieia?/iiai ? ai?iiiaeueiiai
noaoon?a: aecia/aiiy a e?ia? O-e?ioioeeo?a a ?aaeoe?? niiioaiiiai
?icaoeiooai?aiiy c a?eo?ioeeoaie aa?aia (?-?IE), A-e?ioioeeo?a iaoiaeii
niiioaiiai ?icaoeiooai?aiiy c a?eo?ioeeoaie aa?aia a nenoai?
a?eo?ioeeoe-aioeo?ea-eiiieaiaio (?AN-?IE), ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?
e?ioioeeo?a a ?aaeoe?? aeanoo?ainoi?iaoe?? (?AOE) c ianiaoeeo?/iei
i?oiaaiii-o?oiaaiaaethoei?iii, ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a A, I, G ?aae?aeueiith
?ioiiaeeooc??th, e?cioeeia niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ii — 1620 aiae?c?a;
iia’ycaiiai c a?eeaie eiaeo (IAE) i?o?eoii-?iaeai?aeiei iaoiaeii ?
ia?aoai?iiia ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ii — 132 aiae?ce (??ueii?i TH.I. ?
ni?aaao., 1976; Ianoa? ?.O. ? ni?aaao., 1989, Iaioeeia A.A. ? ni?aaao.,
1987, *a?iooaiei ?.O., Eiainiaa E.N., 1978, Manchini G. et al., 1965);
?) aea/aiiy a?eeiaiai, e?i?aeiiai, a?oai?iiiai ? i?ia?aeueiiai
iaoaaie?cio: aecia/aiiy aene?aeoe?? caaaeueiiai acioo, na/iaeie ?
e?aaoei?io, a?aeiia?aeii, iai?ai?e?iiaoiaeii E’?eueaeaey, ca
eieuei?iaith ?aaeoe??th c ae?aoeaoeeiiiiieneiii ? eieuei?iaith
?aaeoe??th ssooa-150 aiae?c?a; a e?ia? caaaeueiiai a?eea ii a?o?aoia?e
?aaeoe??, aeueaoi?i?a (A) ? aeiaoe?i?a (A) aeaeo?ioi?aoe/iei ?iciiae?eii
ia ie?aeao c aoeaoaoo oeaetheice, na/iaeie eieuei?iaith ?aaeoe??th c
ae?aoeaoeeiiiiieneiii, e?aaoei?io iaoiaeii Iiiia?a-525 aiae?c?a;
eiioeaio?aoe?? a e?ia? ON, ON EIAU, ON EIAeIU, OA, oinoie?i?ae?a (OE),
o?aeoe?eiiai neeaaeo (OE), oinoaoeae?ena?eio (ON), oinoaoeae?e?iic?oo
(O?), no?iaii??e?io (NI) ? (OO) oinoaoeae?eoie?io iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeo?a
(IA) oiieioa?iaith o?iiaoia?ao??th c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaineoiiao?a FRJ 65
m, a oaeiae o?aeoe?eiiai aee?iieeneioiiai neeaaeo IA ? iaia?ai
o?iiaioeeo?a (IO) ca 13 iieacieeaie o?iiaoia?ao?/iei iaoiaeii — 4350
aiae?c?a; ?ioaineaiino? ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IAeA, IE, IAA)
cacia/aieie a ioieo? 1 iaoiaeaie — 676 aecia/aiue; noa’?eoeaieo
iaoieia?/ieo neiioii?a ? ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a a?oai?iii? iaaeinoaoiino? —
126 in?a, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, a?aeiia?aeii, ca 7 ? 18 ioe?ii/ieie
e?eoa??yie; a e?ia? a?oai?io A, ea?ioeii?ae?a, oieioa?ie?a, anei?a?iiai?
eeneioe, a?oai?io A12, oie??ai? eeneioe, ?eaioeaa?io,
i??eaeienaeueoinoaoo, OAeO-aoaeoo ? a na/? N1 — IIA ca ocaaaeueiaieie
iaoiaeeeaie ?inoeoooo oa?/oaaiiy ?AII — 1440 aiae?c?a; a e?ia? cae?ca,
caaaeueii? cae?cica’ycoth/i? ni?iiiaeiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia? (CCNN) ?
i?ioeaioa iane/aiiy o?ainoa?eio cae?cii (IAENN) ca aeiiiiiaith iaai?o
?aaeoea?a o??ie “Eaoaia” (*ao?y), oinoi?o ii a?aeaoaeia?
oinoi?iiiie?aaeaiiai? eeneioe, eaeueoe?th, eae?th, iaai?th, oeeieo,
naeioeth, eaaei?th ? ?ooo? aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiei niaeo?ioioiiao?ii, a
na/? eiaeo i?o?eoii-?iaeai?aeiei iaoiaeii- 1182 aiae?ce (Eiycueeia A.?.,
Eiaaoe?i I.I., 1984, Eiea A.A., Eaieoieeia A.N., 1982, Iaioeeia A.A. ?
ni?aaao., 1987, Iaoiaee ioe?iee caaacia/aiino? ianaeaiiy a?oai?iaie,
1987, No?i?a ?.A., Iaea?iaa A.A., 1986); ae) aea/aiiy aia?aio?ao ?
aia?aaoe/ii? aaeaeaaoiino? oa?/oaaiiy: aecia/aiiy aeo?ao aia?a?? i?e
ie?aieo aeaeao ae?yeueiino? iai?yiith eaei?eiao???th — 1596 aiae?c?a
eaaaiaaiai aaciiai?io; eiio?ieue ca niiaeeaaiiyi ?ae? ? aeeiai?eith iane
o?ea a i?ioean? ae?iaioa?ii? aia?aiiao??? — 560 ethaeeii-i?eeii?a ?ae?,
112 aecia/aiue (Aociee ?.I., 1978, A?ooa I.E., Iao?oiue I.I., 1955,
?c?aaeuenii C.?., Eaieoi C.N., 1983; Iio?aae a aia?a?? ? a?eeo, 1987).

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe. Eiioeaioe?y naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii?
ae??oioa?ai?? oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea. I?e oi?ioethaaii? ia?aae?aie
oa?/oaaiiy i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo canoiniaaiee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae, ui
aaco?oueny ia oai??? ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai. sse iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaa?oiooaaiiy e?euee?nii-ye?nieo ia?aiao??a
ae??oioa?ai?? cai?iiiiiaaia ooieoe?iiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/ia eiioeaioe?y,
ui aaeaioiaaia aei niaoeeo?ee naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. ?? aeo?aeieie
neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie ? caaaeuei? caeiie i?iaaaeaiiy ae?iaioa?ieo
caoiae?a, a oaeiae iinooeaoe oai??? caaeainiaaiiai ? aaeaeaaoiiai
oa?/oaaiiy. Iieacaii, ui a ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/iiio aniaeo? iiaeia
aeae?eeoe o?e eaiee a?ieia?/ii? ae?? ?ae? ia i?aai?ci in?a, ui
icaei?iaeththoueny a naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe??:
niaoeeo?/io, ui caiia?aa? ae?iaioa?iei caoai?thaaiiyi, ianiaoeeo?/io, ui
ia?aoeiaeaea? ?icaeoeo ? i?ia?anoaaiith ia?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue ?
oa?iaei-aeeiai?/io, ui a?aeaoaeiao? ii?ooai? oai?iaith aiiainoac ?
ae?yeuei?noue o?c?ieia?/ieo nenoai i?aai?cio.

A?ieia?/iee aoaeo ae?iaioa?ieo i?ia?ai caaacia/o?oueny a i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy ?aeath i?eoaiaiieo ?e ooieoe?e. ?o ?aae?caoe?y aeinyaa?oueny
oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo naiaoi???a o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ieo aeiia
aei oa?/iaiai ?aoe?iio ? ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, i?e ?ic?iaoe? yeeo
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe eiiieaen a?ieia?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo
/eiiee?a, ui iiaeeo?eothoue oa?/ia? iio?aae.

A?ieia?/i? aniaeoe i?aai?caoe?? naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy i?ney?i-oa?eoieo
oai?eo. I?e i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe noaoue, a?e,
aio?iiiiao?e/iee noaoon in?a, ui i?aeeyaathoue ?aaa?e?oaoe??.
A?aeiia?aeii aei “Ii?i o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa…” (1991) iio?aaa a ?ae? o
/ieia?e?a, a na?aaeiueiio, ia 12% aeua, i?ae o ae?iie. O ea?ae?ieia?/ieo
naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo icaei?iaeththoueny caeaa?eueoiai /ieia?ee,
ieoiia aaaa yeeo neeaaea? 95,8%. C a?eii iaoaaie?ci ioo???io?a cacia?
caeiiii??ii? ci?ie. Ca eiai iioiaaiaoe/ieie ci?iaie ana ianaeaiiy oiiaii
iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia 3 a?eia? a?oie: 18-29 ?ie?a, 30-39 ?ie?a oa iniae
40 ?ie?a ? noa?o?. Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaiiai iieiaeaiiy, a?eiaee neeaae
eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo ia? nai? iniaeeaino?. Aei naiaoi???a
iai?aaeythoueny, caeaa?eueoiai, iniae noa?oiai a?eo (i?ney 40 ?ie?a).
Eaioa 1-i? ? 2-i? a?eiaeo a?oi neeaaea? 0,2% ? 6,0% a?aeiia?aeii.

I?e iaa?oiooaaii? ii?iaoea?a oa?/oaaiiy, a?aeai?? aieiioa??a aeey
iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ca?aeii aeiia iaoiaea noaiaea?o?a ? oeae
?aa?an?? i???iooaaeenue ia, oae caai?, noaiaea?oi? iieacieee o?ce/iiai
?icaeoeo i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo: c??no 170,60,3 ni ( =2,8 ni), aaaa o?ea
— 73,60,5 ea (=4,7 ea), ia?aaaaeiee oei eiinoeoooe?? — ii?iinoai?/iee.
Cacia/ai? na?aaeiueicaaaeai? aaai-c?inoia? cia/aiiy iiaeia aaaaeaoe
oeiiaeie aeey noeoiiino?, ui aea/aeanue, ine?eueee a iaaeao I1
ciaoiaeeeinue iaeaea 70% ie?aieo aaee/ei.

Oiiiaa (i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? a naiaoi??e) caaacia/ai?noue ?aaeaiaioiaaieie
ioo???ioaie oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea. A oiae? iaoo?iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui noaaeei nai?th iaoith aea/eoe oiiia? iieacieee
oa?/iaiai noaoono in?a, ui iaaeoiaeyoue ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th, onoaiiaeaiee
iecueeee ??aaiue aeueaoi?i?a (38,01,5 a/e), ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ia?aeaeueiiai i?aaethaaiiy aei 1,160,06 eiao?oe??ioa AA. I?e/iio o 3,2 —
7,4% in?a, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, cacia/ai? iieacieee aoee ieae/? a?ae
i?i?iaeueii? o?c?ieia?/ii? eiinoaioe, ui a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo, c
o?aooaaiiyi aiiainoaoe/iiai aieeao ?aaoethth/eo iaoaaie?ci ioo???io?a
nenoai, iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye ?aii?e ae?aaiinoe/iee neiioii ii?ooaiiy
neioaco ? ieanoe/ii? ooieoe?? a?ee?a. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeaieie
aene?aoe?? i?iaeoeo?a acioenoiai iai?io: ciaioaiiyi ai?noo acioo
na/iaeie a aeiaia?e na/? aei 5,3a ? IAE aei 741ia. I?e aiae?c?
aeaeo?ioi?aa?ai aeyaeai? ci?ie o aeiaoe?iiaeo o?aeoe?yo: ii?yae c?
cieaeaiiyi ai?noo -aeiaoe?i?a ciaioeeeny ?, iniaeeai, -aeiaoe?ie.

Iaeiei ?c iacaeaaeieo /eiiee?a ?eceeo ?I ? aeene?i?aeai??. O aieiioa??a
eiio?ieueii? a?oie ae?aaiinoiaaia iii??ia a?ia?oieanoa?eiai?y: ai?no ON
neeaa, a na?aaeiueiio, 5,80,3 iiieue/e, ia?aaeuoth/e ia 11,5%
iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy. Cao?eniaaia eiioeaio?aoe?y OA a e?ia? 3,90,1
iiieue/e, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iai?oaeaiee noai ?o iaoaaie?cio. O
ia?nii?o?eiaaiiio ?ic??c? e?i?aeiee noaoon oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ??cei
ae?aaeaiei aeenaaeainii (eiioeaio?aoe?y ON >6,2 iiieue/e, OA>11,0
iiieue/e) o 20-25% in?a. Oiiiaee ai?no ON EIAU a e?ia? (0,810,04
iiieue/e) iaaeeaeaany aei ieaeiuei? iaae? ii?ie. Ii?yae c oeei,
na?aaeiueia?oiiaa cia/aiiy ON EIIU (3,20,2 iiieue/e) ia 23,1% ia?aaeueei
aiiainoaoe/iee ??aaiue, coiiaeaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ON EIAU aei ON EIIU 1
aei 4. O eiioaeno? iaaaaeaieo aeaieo iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui
eiioeaio?aoe?y OA, ui ia?aaeuo? 2,3 iiieue/e, ia oii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ON
EIIU aei ON EIAU>5, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aenieei ?eceeii ?icaeoeo
iaoaoaeueiiai ?ioa?eoa, a oaeiae nia?oth a?ae ?ON. Iaaaaeaia iieiaeaiiy
?iciianthaeaeo?oueny iaeaea ia 50% i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, ui
iaaeoiaeyoue aei naiaoi???a. A oe?eiio na?aae eiioeiaaioo, ui
iai?aaey?oueny aei a?aeae?eaiue ?aaa?e?oaoe??, a?ey 100% in?a iathoue
??ciiai nooiaith ae?aaeaiino? a?ia?e?iii?ioa?iai?th, caeaa?eueoiai ??a ?
IV oei?a.

Cia/io ?ieue a ao?iiaoiaaiac? ?I a?ae?a?a? iaaeinoaoi? niiaeeaaiiy
a?oai?i?a oa i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei. Ciaioaiiy ??aiy anei?a?iiai? eeneioe
a e?ia? aei 4,10,3 ia/e aeaco? ia iaaaeaeaaoia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
cacia/aiiai ioo???ioa a i?aai?ci, ui ?a?no?o?oueny o 94,6%
aeine?aeaeoaaieo in?a. Eaioa in?a c iaaeinoaoi?noth a?oai?io N (??aaiue
a e?ia? iaio 4 ia/e) neeaea 63,8%, a o./. c aeeaieei aeao?oeeoii (iaioa
2 ia/e) 5,1%. Aiaeia?/ia caeiiii??i?noue aeyaeaia i?e aiae?c? aeaieo i?i
iaoaaie?ci a?oai?i?a a?oie A. Ca na?aaei?ie aaee/eiaie iieacieee
caaacia/aiino? o?ai?iii, ?eaioeaa?iii ? i??eaeieneiii, a?aeiia?aeii, ia
10,4%, 1,7% ? 24,4% aoee ieae/eie a?ae anoaiiaeaieo ii?iaoea?a (/anoioa
?a?no?aoe?? aeao?oeeoo 57,7-69,3%). Na?aaeiueicaaaeaia aaee/eia
aene?aoe?? c na/ath N1-IIA, a oaeiae ai?no a e?ia? a?oai?io A12 ?
oie??ai? eeneioe a?aeiia?aeaee ae?aiaciio eieeaaiue ii?ie, i?ioa o
cia/ii? /anoeie in?a, yeeo ianoaaeaii (16,1-51,4%), ?o ??aaiue aeinyaaa
80-90% i?i?iaeueiiai o?c?ieia?/iiai cia/aiiy. Iaaaeaeaaoia oa?/oaaiiy
in?a, ui ianoaaeoaaeeny, o ia?aaenaiaoi?iee ia??iae iaee nooo?aee
iaaaoeaiee aieea ia caaacia/ai?noue ?o aee?i?ic/eiieie a?oai?iaie,
iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? oi?ie yeiai ?a?no?oaaeeny o a?aeiioaii?
ea?ioeii?ae?a (ai?no a e?ia? 0,950,11 ia/e c ?a?no?aoe??th a?io?i?/ieo
i?iya?a aeao?oeeoo o 42,1% in?a) ? a?oai?io A ( 9,50,4 ia/e, 16,4%).

Iieacaii, ui a oe?eiio o eiai?oe, ui ianoaaeoaaeanue, ai?no eaeueoe?th ?
iaai?th a e?ia? ciaoiaeeany ia ??ai? aai o?ioe ieae/a i?i?iaeueii? iaae?
ii?ie (a?aeiia?aeii 2,160,05 iiieue/e ? 0,820,01 iiieue/e). ?acii c oei,
caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao iayai?noue a?io?i?/ieo i?iya?a iaaeinoaoiino?
ia?oiai c cacia/aieo iae?iaeaiaio?a a 22,3% oai?eo ia ?I. ?acoeueoaoe
aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a e?ia? cae?ca (14,81,2 iiieue/e), aeiiiaiai?
aeaieie i?i IAENN ? IAENN (60,53,4 ieiieue/e ? 31,52,2%), na?ae/aoue
i?i aenieo, a oe?eiio aeey oai?eo, iioaioe?eio iiaeeea?noue i?eoiaaii?
oi?ie aeao?oeeoo i?e?iaeaiaioa, ui ?a?no?o?oueny ia iiiaio i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoo?iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o 12,3 — 16,5% aieiioa??a. Ia?aoe?iiaeuei?noue
noaoe?iia?iiai oa?/oaaiiy coiiaeea 27,4% /anoioo ?a?no?aoe?? aeao?oeeoo
oeeieo ? 8,2% — a?iioe?ai?aeiiai noaio. I?e/iio, caeaaei?noue, ui
anoaiiaeaia i?ae e?euee?noth eiaeo a na/? ? eiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi c
oa?/iaeie ?aoe?iiaie (0,74:1 — 0,78:1), aeicaieeea aeeeth/eoe o aeaeyae?
i?e/eiiiai oaeoi?a iaoieia?th o ooieoe?iioaaii? ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

Oae? iniiai? oa?aeoa?i? ?ene oiiiai? caaacia/aiino? ioo???ioaie oai?eo,
ye? iaaeoiaeyoue ia naiaoi?io ?aaa?e?oaoe?th i?ney ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea,
ui aecia/athoue iai?aaeai?noue ae?iaioa?ieo ei?eaoth/eo caoiae?a.

Caeiiii??iino?, ui neeaeeny o oaeoe/iiio oa?/oaaii? a naiaoi?ieo
ea?ae?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo. Ia oii? neeaaeaii? no?oeoo?e ?aoe?ii?a,
?o aia?aioe?ii?noue, a na?aaeiueiio, ca ??e noaiiaeoue 4023 eeae,
ia?aaeuoth/e ?aeiiaiaeiaai? cia/aiiy a 1,6 ?ace. A?ia?eaei??ei?noue
oa?/oaaiiy iia’ycaia c iaaeeeoeiaei niiaeeaaiiyi a?ee?a — a 1,5 ?ace,
aee??a a 2,3 ?ace ? aoaeaaiae?a — a 1,2 ?ace aeua ii?ie. A oe?eiio
naiaoi?ia ae??oioa?ai?y ia? a?eeiai-aee?iao i???ioaoe?th c aia?aaoe/iith
eaioith A:AE:A a na?aaeiueiio ca ??e 15,3:40,5:44,2. ?? niaoeeo?/iith
iniaeea?noth ? ai?no a?ee?a oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, ui ia?aaeuo?
o?c?ieia?/i? ??ai? (+78%), ii?aeiaiee c aeao?oeeoii IIAEE -3 ? -6 (a
na?aaeiueiio 72%), oa?/iaeo aieieii (20% a ceiiai-aaniyiee ia??iae ?ieo)
i?e iaaeeeoeiaino? (a 5,8 — 8,6 ?ac?a) iiii-, aeenaoa?eae?a ?
oieanoa?eio (ia 60%).

Oa?/ia? ?aoe?iie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny nooo?aith (14-80%) iaaeinoaoi?noth
i?aeoe/ii an?o a?oai?i?a (aeiyoie neeaaeathoue a?oai?ie ? ? A6), a
oaeiae eiaeo ? oeeieo (ia 20% ? 71,5% ieae/a cia/aiue, ui
?aaeaiaioothoueny). Oaeei /eiii, o?i?/iee neeaae oaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy
i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ia aoai? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ia
o?eueee ia a?aeiia?aea? ?o o?c?ieia?/iei iio?aaai, aea ? ? ?noioiei
?ecee-/eiieeii i?ia?anoaaiiy ?ON.

O?c?ieia?/ia iio?aaa a aia?a?? i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ia aoai?
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. O niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naiaoi??yo oai??
i?ioiaeyoue ?aaa?e?oaoe?th ia oii? iinooiiai c?inoath/eo ca ??aiai
neeaaeiino? iaa??aath/iai oa iaa??aath/ao?aioth/iai ?aaeei?a ?ooiai?
aeoeaiino?. Iaea?eueo aia?ai?ieeie, c o?aooaaiiyi aeiaiaiai athaeaeaoo
/ano, ? e?eoaaeueia a?iianoeea (eiao?oe??io o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino? (EOA) o
/ieia?e?a 2,314 — 3,157 ? ae?iie 2,361 — 3,183), oa?aieo? (EOA,
a?aeiia?aeii, 2,742 — 3,257 ? 2,910 — 3,474), eaaea ? iii??ia
aeoeai?noue a oiae? ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a a?aeii/eieo (EOA 2,713 — 3,228
? 2,354 — 3,151; 4,405 — 4,497 ? 4,400 — 4,575). Onoaiiaeaii, ui noia?ia
aia?aaoe/ia iio?aaa /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie ia I, II, III ? IV ??ai? ?ooiaiai
?aaeeio ? a na?aaeiueiio ca ia??iae icaei?iaeaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii,
neeaaea? (eeae/aeia): 2388 ? 2006, 2511 ? 2107, 2737 ? 2287, 2841 ?
2418, 2612 ? 2205, i?e EOA 1,282 ? 1,302, 1,351 ? 1,367, 1,473 ? 1,484,
1,529 ? 1,569, 1,402 ? 1,431.

Caaaeath/e ia ?nioth/o i?aai?caoe?th oa?/oaaiiy a naiaoi??yo (niaoeeo?ea
o?iainoaaiiy ae?iaioa?ii? i?ia?aie, ?aeeiee e?i?oiaaiee i?iaeoeoiaee
iaa??, i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a oa ?ioa) ? a?io?i?/i?
iieacieee i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, i?e ii?ioaaii? eaei??eiino? io?oe?eii?
ae??oe ?10 ? (3-e ?aoe?ii) aeioe?eueia i???ioaoe?y ia ?aeeio
na?aaeiueicaaaeaio aaee/eio. A?aoiaoth/e, ui eaioa ae?iie ciaoiaeeoueny
ia ??ai? a?ey 5%, naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oi? ?aoe?iie iiaeii? aacoaaoeny ia
na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e o?c?ieia?/i?e iio?aa? a aia?a?? /ieia?e?a, yea
aei??aith? 2600 eeae. I?e cacia/ai?e aaceni?e aaee/ei? ?ecee
iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao caniiaaieo ia i?e ?aoe?ii?a ia aiiainoac
i?aai?cio, o ie?aieo in?a aoaea ae?ae iecueeei, aiane?aeie ia o?eueee
aaeaioaoe?eieo caeiiii??iinoae iiaaae?iee, aea ? iayaiino?
o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui ?aaoeththoue aia?aaoe/iee aaeain.

?aeiiaiaeiaai? ??ai? niiaeeaaiiy ioo???io?a i?ney?ioa?eoieie oai?eie, ui
?aeiiaiaeothoueny a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo.
?aaeaiaiooaaiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ae??oioa?ai?? cae?eniaii a 2 aoaie. Ia
ia?oiio aoai? oaeoi??aeueiei iaoiaeii (niiniaii), ui aaco?oueny ia
niaoeeo?oe? iaoaaie?cio ioo???io?a ye o caaaeueiia?io?i?/iiio aniaeo?,
oae ? a i?ea’ycoe? aei iaoieia??, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, ?ic?aoiaai?
eaei?e/i? eiao?oe??ioe ii eiaei?e oa?/ia?e ?a/iaei?. O iiaeaeueoiio a
iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ca?aeii c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie oi?o?eiaaieie
iaoiaeeeaie IAe? oa?/oaaiiy ?AII ? IIC Oe?a?ie (Aiiaea??a A.?. ?
ni?aaao. 1986, Aenioeueeee A.A. ? ni?aaao., 1991, Niiey? A.?., 1989) ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie aenia?o?a OAI/AIC (1966, 1987) c aeei?enoaiiyi
?cieaei??eieo ?aoe?ii?a, iine?aeiaii aca?iiiia’ycaieo ? aa??eiaaieo ca
o?i?/iei neeaaeii a iai?yieo a?eeeaee?e, aoaeaaiaeea?oai?iei?ia?aeuei?
?a/iaeie ii noai? 0,751,01,25 (i?e iaiao?aeiino? c? ciaioaiiyi “e?ieo”
ci?i aei 10% a iaaeao <0,75 ? >1,25) c a?aooaaiiyi ?ic?aooieiaeo
ii?iaoea?a, iaa?oioiaai? aaeaeaaoii-i?aaaioeai? ii?ie niiaeeaaiiy
ioo???io?a oai?eo ia ?I. Iaaaeaei??y, ui i?aaenoaaey? ?o, caaeainiaaia
ii iniiaieo oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao, ia? oae? cia/aiiy: a?eee, a o./.
oaa?eii?; aee?e, a o./. IIAEE -6, IIAEE -3; aoaeaaiaee, a o./. iiii-,
aeenaoa?eaee, oa?/ia? aieieia (a/1000 eeae), a?aeiia?aeii, 38,46; 19,23;
30,77; 9,23; 1,54; 7,69; 142,31; 25,0; 11,5; a?oai?ie (ia/1000 eeae):
a?oai?i A (?ao?iie aea?aaeaio), a?oai?i ? (oieioa?ie aea?aaeaio),
a?oai?i N, o?ai?i, ?eaioeaa?i, a?oai?i A6, i?aoeei (i?aoeei aea?aaeaio),
a?oai?i A12, oieao, a?aeiia?aeii, 0,38, 7,69, 38,46, 0,77, 0,85, 1,23,
9,61, 0,001, 0,077; i?ia?aeuei? ?a/iaeie (ia/1000 eeae): eaeueoe?e,
oinoi?, iaai?e, cae?ci, oeeie, eiae, eae?e ? iao??e, a?aeiia?aeii,
384,61; 461,54; 230,77; 5,77; 7,69; 0,077; ia iaioa 1920 ? ia a?eueoa
1540. A oiae? aiae?co a?io?i?/ieo c?ooaiue a a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeuao
aieiioa??a anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue ae??oieia?/ieo i?ia?ai, yea
aeinyaiooa ia aac? iaaaaeaieo aeaieo, ia? iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy:
ii?iae?coaaeenue eiao?oe??io aeueaoi?ie/aeiaoe?ie, eiioeaio?aoe?y a
e?ia? ON EIAU, anei?a?iiai? eeneioe, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io ?
i??eaeienaeueoinoaoo; aeinya “ciie iioeiaeueiino?” o?c?ieia?/ieo iaae
eieeaaiue ??aaiue a?oai?io A, ea?ioeii?ae?a, a?oai?io ?, ?eaioeaa?io,
a?oai?io A12, cae?ca, oeeieo ? IAE, ?a?no?oaaeanue noaoenoe/ii
aeinoia??ia oaiaeaioe?y aei iioei?caoe?? ON, OA ? ON EIIU. Ca?eueoaiiy
aai cieaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai ??aiy niiaeeaaiiy ioo???io?a, ia o?eueee
ia noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny aeiaeaoeiaith iiceoeaiith iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iith
aoaeoeai?noth, aea ? ii ?yaeo aniaeo?a aeyaeyei iaaaoeaio ae?th. Oae, c?
ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo acioo a ?aoe?iiao, aene?aoe?y acioo na/iaeie ?
e?aaoei?io ca?eueoeeany, a?aeiia?aeii, c 167,1 iiieue/aeia ? 5,7
iiieue/aeia (niiaeeaaiiy acioo 12 a/aeia) aei 204,6 iiieue/aeia ? 6,0
iiieue/aeia (13,9 a/aeia), aeinyaioaoe, a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo 244,0
iiieue/aeia ? 6,5 iiieue/aeia (16,0 a/aeia), ui iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye
?aae?caoe?y iie?aiio ?iciiae?eo o?c?ieia?/ieo a?io?i?/ieo eiinoaio.
Aecia/aiiy IAE aeyaeei ianooiio caeaaei?noue: i?e aeciaaiiiio
iaaeoiaeaeaii? a?eea 75 a/aeia ? 87 a/aeia IAE ciaoiaeeany ieae/a
iioeiaeueiiai ? noaaaeaeaaoiiai cia/aiue, i?e niiaeeaaii? 1002 a/aeia
a?i aeinyaaa iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy (78,9%), iiai?noth eiiiainoth/iai
iio?aae a aeaiaio? (e?aaoei?iiaee eiao?oe??io neeaa 27,8).

Ia oii? aeine?aeieo ?aoe?ii?a, ui i?noyoue a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie a
iaaeao 0,75% ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aaee/ei, /anoioa ?a?no?aoe?? a?io?i?/iiai
aeao?oeeoo a?oai?i?a ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei neeaea, a?aeiia?aeii 14,3 —
71,4% ? 14,3 — 28,6%. I?ae aieeaii aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eeiio ioo???io?a
(+0,25N) aaeaeiny ii?iae?coaaoe ?o noaoon, iiaeaeueoa iioei?caoe?y yeiai
i?e ca?eueoaii? ei?eaoth/i? aeice +0,5N ia a?aecia/aeany.

I?aeo?eiea aiiainoaco i?aai?cio, iiaeeea?noue eiai aaeaeaaoii? ?aaeoe??
ia ?ecee-/eiieee aaeeeith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio ia?aeeniiai
ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE). Aea/aiiy niaeo?a OE IA ia oii? oa?/oaaiiy, ui
aa??th? ca aee?iaei ? a?oai?iiei neeaaeii, a iai?yieo 0,75NN iieacaei
aeinoia??ia (p<0,05) c?inoaiiy ??aiy eaaeiieenethaaieo (ON ? O?) ? cieaeaiiy a?eueo no?eeeo aei ieeneaiiy (O ? NI) o?aeoe?e OE, ui niinoa??aa?oueny i?e aaeueioaaii? IIE. Iiaeaeueoa iiaeeo?eaoe?y e?i?aeiiai eiiiiiaioo ae??oioa?ai?? (N1,25N) ia aeaea aeiaeaoeiaiai iiceoeaiiai aieeao ia i?ioeane IIE, ui ciaeoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?e aea/aii? iieaciee?a e?iiia?ieneaeaoe?? (IAeA, IE ? IAA). 6. O?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/i? aeiiae aei na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai naiaoi?iiai iaai?o oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a aeey oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea. Aeo?aeieie aeaieie i?e iaa?oiooaaii? ? neeaaeaii? na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai iaai?o i?iaeoeo?a noaee aia?aaoe/i? ? ioo???ioi? iio?aae eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo, ao?aoe oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei i?e oaieia?e eoe?ia?i?e ia?iaoe?, caeiiii??iino?, ui neeaeeny a niiaeeaaii? ie?aieo i?iaeoeo?a c o?aooaaiiyi ia?niaeoea ae?iaieoeoaa ? iinoa/aiiy, iiaeeea?noue aeaioiaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oiiai ani?oeiaioo no?aa. Ca?aeii c cacia/aieie aaciaeie iaoa??aeaie, o?i?/iee neeaae oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a ia? oae? cia/aiiy: a?eee, a oiio /ene? oaa?eii?, - 106 a ? 53 a; aee?e, a oiio /ene? IIAEE -6, -3, IAEE - 89,6 a, 26,9 a, 4,5 a ? 22,4 a; aoaeaaiaee, a oiio /ene? iiii- ? aeenaoa?eaee - 403,3 ? 70,9 a, oa?/ia? aieieia - 30 a, caaaeueia aia?aioe?ii?noue - 2860 eeae, a?oai?ie: A - 1,3 ia, ? - 22,4 ia, N - 160,0 ia, o?ai?i - 2,6 ia, ?eaioeaa?i - 2,6 ia, A6 - 3,5 ia, i?aoeei - 30,0 ia, A12 - 3,6 ia, oieao - 0,26 ia; i?ia?aeuei? ?a/iaeie: eaeueoe?e - 1120 ia, oinoi? - 1356 ia, iaai?e - 678 ia, cae?ci - 17 ia, oeeie - 23 ia, eiae - 0,3 ia. Aaeaeaaoiee iaaaaeaiei iieacieeai na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?iaeoeoiaee iaa??, iaeneiaeueii caaeainiaaiee (a iaaeao aeiionoeieo iiaeeeainoae) a?aeiia?aeii aei niaoeeo?ee ae?iaioa?ieo i?ia?ai i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, ia iaoo aeoieo iiaea aooe oaeei: oe?a aeeoi?e - 150, oe?a ioaie/iee - 150, ai?ioii ioaie/ia - 15, e?ioiaeue ea?oiieyiee - 5, iaea?iii? ae?iae - 10, e?oie, aiaia? - 75, ea?oiiey - 350, iai/? - 450, o?oeoe na?ae?, yaiaee - 200, niee o?oeoia? - 200, eao?? - 200, niaoaia - 20, ne? oaa?aeee - 20, ne? - 70, yeoea - 1/3 oo, ?eaa ? ?eaii?iaeoeoe - 100, i’yni ? noai?iaeoeoe - 95, eiaaani? ae?iae - 5, ioeoey - 25, ianei aa?oeiaa - 30, ie?y - 30, oiiao-ianoa - 3, ae??aeaeae? - 1, /ae - 2, eaeai - 1. Iniaeeao oaaao ne?ae i?eae?eyoe ai?noo a ?aoe?iiao iao??th oei?eaeo: iaiaaeaiiy aei 7 a/aeia (2 a a i?iaeoeoao oa?/oaaiiy ? aei 5 a ia ?oee). A?aoiaoth/e aei?noea e?i?ooaaiiy oeoe?o, aeey caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeieo niaeiaeo yeinoae iaii?a, ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe oeoe?icai?ithaa/?. Uia ia aeiionoeoe i?e oeueiio ca?eueoaiiy aia?aaoe/ii? oe?iiino? ?ae?, aaaeaii ia aeeth/aoe aei ?aoeaioo?e no?aa oeoe?icai?ithaa/?, nieiaee?noue yeeo ieae/a ca ?? cia/aiiy o naoa?ice. Aeiiae aei i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ia aoai? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. A iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieacaii, ui a naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiei ? i’yoe?aciaa oa?/oaaiiy: ia?oee ni?aeaiie i 8-9 aiae. (25% aia?aaoe/ii? oe?iiino? ?aoe?iio), ae?oaee - i 11-12 aiae. (15%), ia?ae - i 14-15 aiae. (35%), aa/a?y - i 18-19 aiae. (20%) ? i 21 aiae. - neeyiea eeneiiiei/iiai iaiith (aei 5%). Iaiao?aeii, uia a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae o?eniaaiiai a?ao?ea oa?/oaaiiy ia aeoiaeeee ca iaae? 30 oaeeei i?e ia?a?aao i?ae ?aeath (ia aaaaeath/e i?/io ia?a?ao) ia a?eueoa /ioe?ueio-i’yoe aiaeei. Ia ia?oee ni?aeaiie ? ia?ae ne?ae a?aeaiaeeoe ia iaioa 30 oaeeei, ia ae?oaee ni?aeaiie ? aa/a?th - 10-15 ? 20 oaeeei. Ia iniia? caeiiii??iinoae, ui noi?ioaaeeny a naiaoi?i?e ae??oioa?ai??, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai i?iaeoeoiaiai iaai?o, ? aeiia aei ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi neeaaeaiiy aeiaiaiai ?aoe?iio i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo: caeonea - ni?aeaiie, ia?ae; ia?oa no?aaa - ia?ae; ae?oaa no?aaa - ni?aeaiie, ia?ae, aa/a?y; iai?e aai aeana?o - ni?aeaiie, ae?oaee ni?aeaiie, ia?ae, aa/a?y; ia i?/ - eeneiiiei/iee iai?e; aooaoi? i?iaeoeoe ?/aai ia/ai? eoe?ia?i? ae?iae - ni?aeaiie, ae?oaee ni?aeaiie, ia?ae, aa/a?y. Caaaeath/e ia ?aaeaiaioiaai? aeiiae aei i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo c o?aooaaiiyi aeina?aeo e?a?i Cao?aeii? ?a?iie ? Aia?eee, ?ic?iaeaii oi?aa?naeueia aacenia i???ioiaia naieaeaiia iaith aeey a?aeae?eaiue ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ea?ae?ieia?/iiai i?io?eth. A eiai iniiao iieeaaeai? ?aoeaioo?e aethae ca?aeii c “?aeeiith ?anioae?eainueeith ea?oioaeith aethae aeey ?aeaeaiue naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a” (Iaeana, 1991). Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? iniiae canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie (AAAe) aei naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo. Aieiaiei e?eoa???i iaa?oioiaaiino? canoinoaaiiy AAAe ? ciaiiy niaoeeo?ee iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue i?e ?ON ? ?I. Aeiaeaoeiaa oiiaa - aeinyaiaiiy iioeiaeueiiai ii?aeiaiiy ?o a?ieia?/ii? ae?? c iniaeeainoyie iaoai?cio e?eoaaeueiiai (ae??oe/iiai) aieeao aaciai? ae??oe. C o?aooaaiiyi aeuacacia/aieo iieiaeaiue, iioaioe?thaaiiy AAAe iiceoeaiiai iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iiai aoaeoo ?aaeaiaioiaaii? o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?iaioa?ii? i?ia?aie aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoeca aeaiia iai?yieaie: 1) i?eaaaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ioo??oeaaoee?a aeciaaiiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ioo???io?a o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa in?a oaiaoe/ii? a?oie, aeeth/ath/e, o aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeiino?, ? aeiaeaoeia? i?io?eaeoe/i? ??ai? niiaeeaaiiy; 2) i?aeneeaiiy aiiainoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ae??oioa?ai??. Aea?? ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a i?e oeueiio ia?ane?aeo? iaoo: a) iioei?caoe?? noaio ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae “e?eoe/ieo” i?aai?a ? nenoai; a) ii?iae?caoe?? iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a ?, a?aeiia?aeii, a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeu i?aai?cio; a) i?i?i?caoe?? aai onoiaiiy aoaeo?a iaoiaaiii? ae?? aeciaaiieo ? aiaeiaaiieo ao?iiaoiaaiaoe/ieo ?ecee-/eiiee?a. Ia?aae?aia iaoeiaeo iniia canoinoaaiiy AAAe naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo i?aaenoaaeaia ia noai?. Iaoo?ia iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueii? noaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ae??oioa?ai?? oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea ca aeiiiiiaith AAAe. Ioo??oeaaoeee. Iioei?caoe?y e?i?aeiiai neeaaeo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a. Ae?iaioa?iei oeyoii o?c?ieia?/ia iio?aaa oai?eo ia ?I a IIAEE -3 iiaea aooe caaeiaieaia iaeneioi ia 50%. Aeey i?aaethaaiiy aeacaiiai aeao?oeeoo ai?iaiaaii i?aia?ao aee?o ii?nueeeo ?ea - aeeiiie, eiaeia eainoea yeiai i?noeoue 25% IIAEE -3 ? a?oai?i ? a e?eueeino? 2,5 ia ia 1 a Noaia Ia?aae?aia iaoeiaeo iniia canoinoaaiiy AAAe aei naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo I?ney?ioa?eoi? oai?? A?oie caei?iay eiioeiaaio?a, ui icaei?iaeththoueny A?ieia?/ia ae?y AAAe ia i?aai?ci Niaoeeo?/iaIaniaoeeo?/iaOa?iaei-aeeiai?/ia Iaoa (i?ecia/aiiy) I?io?eaeoeea ae?iaioa?ieo caoai?thaaiueI?io?eaeoeea caoai?thaaiue ianiaoeeo?/ii? (aaaaoioaeoi?ii?) ao?ieia??Iiiiaeaiiy ii?ooaiiai oai?iaith aiiainoaco ? ae?yeueiino? ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai i?aai?cio Iaoeia? iniiae oa?/oaaiiyoa?/iaee ?aoe?ii?aaeei oa?/oaaiiyoiiae i?eeiaiiy ?ae?I?ioieie canoinoaaiiy AAAe niaoeeo?eaoe?yaeiaiaa aeiciaa iaaaioaaeaiiy noaia i?eeiaiiy?aae?caoe?y ooieoe?e AAAe A?ieia?/i? (aiaeiaaiia na?aaeiaeua) Aeieia?/i? (i?e?iaeia ? aio?iiiaaiia na?aaeiaeua) Nioe?aeuei? Oaeoi?e, ui e?i?oothoue ?aae?caoe?th ooieoe?e AAAe A?i?aaoeyoi?ia?ioii-?aaoeyoi?iaI?enoiniaii-?aaoeyoi?ia?aaa?e?oaoe?eiaIea noe/iaiiiiaeaiiy aeao?oeeoo anaioe?aeueieo ioo???io?a, ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y ae??oioa?ai??iaoe?eaia ci?ia iaoaaie?cio ioo???io?acaycoaaiiy oa aeaaaeaiiy oeae?a?ioii-iiaeoeth-th/a ae?y?aaoeyoe?y o o?c?ieia?/ieo iaaeao ooieoe?iiaeue-ii? aeoeaiino? i?aai?a ? nenoaiaaeaioi-aaiiee aoaeo?aaoeyoe?y ia?aiai? ae?yeueiino??aaoeyoe?y i?e?ia?i-oeaiico oa?/iaiai eaiaeoOoieoe?? AAAe, ui caaacia/othoue ?o a?ieia?/io ae?th ia i?aai?ci ? aeinyaiaiiy iaoe IIAEE. Aeey iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea ia?aia noaia eo?niaiai i?eeiio AAAe: 8 eainoe ia aeaiue, o oiio /ene? 3, 4 ? 1, a?aeiia?aeii, i?ney ni?aeaieo, ia?aeo ? aa/a??. I?e oeueiio ??aaiue IIAEE -3 a ?aoe?iiao ca?eueoeany c 2 aei 4 a, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy -6:-3 neeaei 6:1, cai?noue oiiiaiai - 12:1. I?ae aieeaii ae??oioa?ai?? c aeeth/aiiyi aeeiiiea aei e?ioey ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai eo?no a?aecia/aeany iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea (p<0,05) ?iaeeeaoi?ieo iieaciee?a aee?iaiai iai?io: ??aaiue ON, ON EIIU ? OA a?aeiia?aeii cieceany ia 10,6%, 8,7% ? 20,4% (a eiio?ie? - 6,5%, 4,3% ? 14,1%). Iayai?noue a AAAe a?oai?io ? caaacia/eea a?aenooi?noue ?iaeoeoe?? IIE. Iaaiaee, aoei ca?a?no?iaaii noaa?e?caoe?th eiioeaio?aoe?? IAeA aei e?ioey e?eoaaiiy (c?ooaiiy -0,51...-0,75 iiieue/e, p>0,05), cieaeaiiy IAA aei 1,7% (p<0,05) i?e aeinoia??i?e ii?iae?caoe?? caaacia/aiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo in?a a?oai?iii ? (33,2 ieiieue/e). Iaea?aeai? ci?ie a?io?i?/iiai noaoono ii?aeioaaeenue c iiceoeaieie c?ooaiiyie iieaciee?a aaii?aieia??. A?aecia/aeiny cieaeaiiy a?ia?o?a?eiiaaiai?? ? i?io?iia?iiai? aeoeaiino?, a?eueo ae?aaeaia ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth (aeiaeaoeiaa iiceoeaia c?ooaiiy 9,2%, p<0,05). Ia?aaaaeaiiy oai?eo ia iioei?ciaaia oa?/oaaiiy a?aeaeeanue ia neeaae? iaia?aiieo e?i?ae?a: eaioa IIAEE -3 a IA ? IO ca?eueoeeany ia 1,52% ? 2,28% i?e ia?aeaeuei?e ?aa?an?? ??aiy IIAEE -6 ia 1,11% ? 2,90% (p<0,05). Iaaaaeaia oaiaeaioe?y caaacia/eea iiceoeai? ci?ie a iieacieeo -6/-3, a?aeoeeaiiy yeiai a?ae o?c?ieia?/ieo cia/aiue cieceeeny a IA c 68,3% aei 3,1%, aeinyaioaoe aeaieo ianoaaeaiiy i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a a IO. I?eeii aeeiiiea caaacia/ea ca?eueoaiiy (c 0,68 aei 0,72 a IA ? c 0,84 aei 0,90 a IO, ?<0,05) ni?aa?aeiioaiiy IIAEE/IAEE, ui na?ae/eoue i?i i?aeaeuaiiy iaiane/aiino? iaia?ai, cieaeaiiy ?o i?e?ia’yceino?. O aeaiiio ieai? i?aaenoaaey? ?ioa?an ??ciiiai?aaeaia aeeiai?ea IIAEE c 20-aoaeaoeaaeie aoiiaie a IA ? IO, ui ciaeoea na?e iaeneiaeueiee i?iya ia oii? AAAe: cieaeaiiy N20:4, ui ? iiia?aaeieeii o?iiaienaio A2 c i?iaa?aaaioiith ae??th, ? nooo?aa c?inoaiiy N20:5 - noano?aoo o?iiaienaio A3, yeee ia ia? aa?aaaioieo aeanoeainoae. Iioaioe?thaaiiy i?ioeaoa?ineea?ioe/ii? ae?? ae??oioa?ai?? eiio?ieueii? AAAe iia’ycii c? cieaeaiiyi ??aiy ?ia?aoaaiiy IAEE, ee??aina EIIU, ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? eaoaaie?cio EIIU, i?enei?aiiyi iaoaaie?cio ON, ?ioaineo?eaoe??th eiai aeaaaeaiiy c eaeii, cieaeaiiyi neioaco EIIU ? OA a ia/?ioe?, aeoeaaoe??th e?iii?ioa?aee?iace ? eaoeeoei-oieanoa?eiaoeeeo?ainoa?ace a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, ii?iae?caoe??th e?iie?ca EIAeIU, neioaco aeia/ieo eeneio ? ?io. Iioei?caoe?y a?oai?iiiai neeaaeo ae??oioa?ai??. Nei?eaiaaiee a iaeneiaeueii aeiionoeieo iaaeao naiaoi?iee ?aoe?ii, ui neeaaeaiee c iaoo?aeueieo i?iaeoeo?a, ia caaacia/o? a iiaiiio ianyc? iio?aae i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo o a?oai?iao: ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee ??aaiue aeciaaiiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?oai?io N, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io ? i?aoeeio ?aae?co?oueny ia a?eueoa, ye ia 72-86%. A?aoiaoth/e aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy a?oai?i?a ? iie?a?oai?iieo i?aia?ao?a aeey i?io?eaeoeee aeao?oeeoieo noai?a ianaeaiiy, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?aea?aeii/i? ?aaee ii i?io?eaeoeoe? caoai?thaaiue ? ci?oeiaiith caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy, ia’?aeiaiiai Ieaioio iaoeiaeo ?aae AII ii iaaee/ieo i?iaeaiao oa?/oaaiiy, c oe?ieiai niaeo?o i?ai?en?a iaiao?aeiiai o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iaie aeey iaoo?ii? ai?iaaoe?? aoa ia?aiee “Oiaeaa?o”. ?acoeueoaoe a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieiioa??a, ye? io?eiothoue oaeoe/ia naiaoi?ia oa?/oaaiiy, iieacaee, ui oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ?o a?oai?iiiai noaoono ? iie?a?iia?oai?iic. Oae, a?aeiinia e?euee?noue oai?eo ia ?I, ui iaee aeao?oeeo a?oai?i?a N, A1, A2 ? i?aoeeio, neeaaeaea 70,0%, 63,3%, 43,3% ? 30,0%. Iioei?caoe?y no?oeoo?e i?iaeoeoiaiai iaai?o iie?aueea caaacia/ai?noue a?oai?iaie in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, yea i?ioa, ia aeinyaioea aaeaeaaoiiai ??aiy. I?i oea na?ae/eoue ye cia/iee i?ioeaio (23,3 - 60,0%) in?a, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, c aeao?oeeoieie iieacieeaie a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeu, oae ? a?aenooi?noue aeinoia??ieo ci?i (ca aeiyoeii AE) a na?aaeiueia?oiiaeo aaee/eiao caaacia/aiino? e?i?oiaaieie ioo???ioaie ia oii? oaeoe/iiai ? nei?eaiaaiiai ?aoe?ii?a. Aeiaeaoeiaa i?ecia/aiiy aei ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai oa?/oaaiiy 1 ae?aaea “Oiaeaa?oa” ia aeiao, e?ea?aeoaaaoe iaaeinoaoi?noue aeciaaiiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?oai?i?a, caaacia/eei ii?iae?caoe?th ?o iaoaaie?cio. Aeinoia??ia (p<0,05) ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a e?ia? AE, ?eaioeaa?io, a oaeiae cia/aiiy OAeO-aoaeoo, aene?aoe?? c na/ath N1-IIA, aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aieie iieacieeaie aei e?ioey ia??iaeo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? “ciie iioeiaeueiino?”, na?ae/eoue i?i aaeaeaaoiee aiiainoaoe/iee iioaioe?ae AAAe. Ca?eueoaiiy aeiaiai? aeice niiaeeaaiiy a?oai?i?a (iai?eeeaae, c i?eeiaiiyi ?ioeo i?ai?en?a) ia aeioe?eueia, ine?eueee ?acoeueoaoii, a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo, aoaea aeeeth/ii ?o ca?eueoaia aeaaaeaiiy c na/ath. Iioei?caoe?y i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo ae??oioa?ai??. I?io?eaeoeea a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oaic?? (AA) ye iaeiiai c i?ia?aeieo ?ecee-/eiiee?a ?I. Aei i??i?eoaoieo ao?iiaoiaaiaoe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a AA a?aeiinyoueny ii?ooaiiy i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io. Caaaeueiiaeciaiei ? o?niee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae ai?noii a i?aai?ci? eae?th, eaeueoe?th, iaai?th ? ??aiai AO, /anoioith ?a?no?aoe?? AA. Aeey caaacia/aiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo ??ai?a niiaeeaaiiy cacia/aieo aeaiaio?a c o?aooaaiiyi o?iainiaeo aeo?ao ia ei?eaoth/? ae??oieia?/i? caoiaee, ?o iaaee/ii? aoaeoeaiino? (canai?iiy ioo???io?a, ?o a?ieia?/ii? aeoeaiino? oa ?i.) i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoaiiy “Ioaie/ieo ca?iaeeiaeo ieano?aoe?a oa?/iaiai i?ecia/aiiy”, ui i?noyoue a 100 a: eaeueoe?th ? eae?th ii 1000 ia, iaai?th - 260 ia. O?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ii iaa?oioiaaia noaia i?eeiio AAAe: 60 a/aeia - ii 20 a i?ae /an iniiaieo i?eeii?a ?ae?, c ia?aeaeueiei aeeo/aiiyi c ?aoe?iio 100 a ioaie/iiai oe?aa. Ia?aaaaith cacia/aii? noaie ? iiaeeea?noue aaeaeaaoii? oe?eani?yiiaaii? ei?aeoe?? oaeoe/iiai naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo ia ?I. A oiae? iaoo?ii? ai?iaaoe?? AAAe c o/anoth oai?eo ia ?I c AA onoaiiaeaii, ui ?? o?eoeaeiaaee i?eeii ?i?oe?thaaa iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy a caaacia/aii? eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo cacia/aieie i?ia?aeueieie ?a/iaeiaie, neeaaoe ii eaeueoe?th +15,3%, iaai?th +30,2% ? eae?th +30,6% aeo?aeieo aaiaoieia?/ieo ? +11,3...+70,0% - ?aiaeueieo ??ai?a (p<0,05). A oe?eiio a?aei?/ai? ci?ie a i?ia?aeueiiio noaoon?, ca?a?no?iaai? i?e i?eeii? ioaie/ieo ca?iaeeiaeo ieano?aoe?a ia iiiaio aeienee c naiaoi??th, iiaeooue aooe ioe?iai? ye aacoiiaii aeioe?euei?, iniaeeai i?e AA, ine?eueee aiie iaaeeaeathoue noai iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a iae?iaeaiaio?a aei aiaeia?/ieo iieaciee?a o caei?iaeo ethaeae, i?aaeththoue iniiai? iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie i?ia?anoaaiiy iaoieia?/ieo c?ooaiue a i?aai?ci?. Iaaaaeai? aeai? ei?aethaaee c ?acoeueoaoaie ia?i?aeueieo eaeueoe?e- iaai?e- oiea?aioieo iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo oano?a: ia?aaeuaiiy oiiiaeo iieaciee?a ia 240-e oaeeei? cieceeiny a e?ioe? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ia??iaeo ii eaeueoe?th ? iaai?th, a?aeiia?aeii, aei 5,3% ? 9,2%, oiaoi a 2-3 ?ace ii??aiyii c eaai?aoi?ieie aeaieie i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? a naiaoi??e, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iie?ioaiiy noaio ?aaoeyoi?ieo ? aeeiiaa/eo nenoai aiiainoaco. A aeaiiio aniaeo? iniaeeaee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey? aeeiai?ea ai?noo ia?aoai?iiia, eiioeaio?aoe?y yeiai aeyaey?oueny ooieoe??th eaeueoe??i??. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui o 32% aeine?aeaeoaaieo in?a, aeo?aeiee ??aaiue ia?aoaa?iiia ia?aaeuoaaa aa?oith iaaeo o?c?ieia?/iiai aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo, neeaaeath/e, a na?aaeiueiio, 83 ia/ie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iai?oaeaiee iaoaaie?ci eaeueoe?th. Ei?aeoe?y noaoono aeaiaioo caaacia/eea aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?aoai?iiia aei 51,2 ia/ie (-40,1%), ai?no yeiai iaaeeceany aei na?aaeiueicaaaeaiiai cia/aiiy ii?ie. Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iee ci?no ca?a?no?iaaii? ci?ie iieyaa? a oiio, ui o?c?ieia?/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y ia?aoai?iiia caaacia/o? aeinyaiaiiy ??aiiaaae i?ae eaeueoe??i a e?ia? ? a aeaii i?e iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeai? aeey i?aai?cio eaeueoe??i??. Aeeiai?ea iaaaaeaieo ia?ea?ieo iieaciee?a iaoaaie?cio eiio?ieueieo iae?iaeaiaio?a i?e i?eeii? ?aaeaiaioiaaii? ae??oioa?ai?? aac AAAe ia oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ?ai?acaioaoeaieie c?ooaiiyie ? iaea a aniaeo?, ui ?icaeyaeaany, a 2-4 ?aca iaio ae?aaeaiee aiiainoaoe/iee iioaioe?ae. Ia?aoa?iaoeaaoeee. Aeaoieneeaoe?y i?aai?cio, i?io?eaeoeea aeieia?/-ieo o?aaeaiue oai?eo ia ?I. Ia iaaeeei-a?ieia?/io aoaeoeai?noue naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? cia/iee iaaaoeaiee aieea ni?aaeythoue iie?eacoaeuei? aio?iiiaaii? i?e?i?ioieneeaoe??, ui ?a?no?othoueny o in?a, ye? iinooiathoue c i?iieneiaeo ?aa?ii?a c aio?iiii?an??th ? aeaiaoo?aoe??th iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo aei niaeo?o e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a iiaeii? aeeth/aoeny caniae ?iaeea?aeoaaeueii? aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee c aeaoieneeoth/ei ? aiiainoaooth/ei iioaioe?aeii. Aei /enea inoaii?o a?aeiinyoueny AAAe. Caaaeaiiy oeueiai o?aaiaioo aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaaei a iaa?oiooaaii? aeioe?eueiino? ? iaoiaeeee ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaoieneeaoe?? i?aai?cio, i?io?eaeoeoe? iane?aee?a aeieia?/iiai ooeiaeaeaiiy oai?eo ia ?I. sse iiaeaeuei? enaiia?ioeee aoee ia?ai? aaaee? iaoaee (AI) 1 eeano iaaaciaee (naeiaoeue, eaaei?e ? ?oooue), ui ? i?ia?aeieie oieneeaioaie, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue a i?aai?ci c iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ? iathoue ae?ae iaaacia/i? a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino?. I?e ai?iaaoe?? AAAe a?aoiao?oueny ia eeoa ?? aeaoieneeoth/ee aoaeo, aea ? iia?/iee aieea ia aiiainoac i?aai?cio, oa?iaeie?iaoeeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a. Ca?aeii c cacia/aieie a?aea??eiaeie e?eoa??yie, a oaeiae c neeaaeaiith oaeoe/iith ae??oioa?ai?th o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? aoea a?ae?a?aia e?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/a i?ia?aia “New Life” o??ie “Team Up” (NOA), eo?n yei? a /aniaiio aniaeo? aaeaeaaoiee ia??iaeo icaei?iaeaiiy a no/anieo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao. Aeey oai?eo ia ?I aoea ?ic?iaeaia noaia, ui iiaeeo?eoaaeany a?aeiinii i?eeiio ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a, ye? aoiaeyoue a AAAe: a) oi?ioea A (Aloe spikata, Aloe ferox, Cassia officinalis, Rhammus purshiana, Berberis vulgaris, Zingiber officinalis, Allium sativum, Capsium ofricanum, Foeniculum vulgare) c 1-ai ii 24-e aeaiue ca ia?aeii /e c?aco i?ney iueiai. I?e iaiao?aeiino? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ca?eueoaiiy aeicoaaiiy ia 1-2 eainoee a aeaiue aeey caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeiiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo; a) oi?ioea A (Linum usitalissium, Malus communis, Ulmus fulva, Althea officialis, Clycyrrhiza glabra, Foeniculum vulgare, Salix alba) c 8-ai ii 20-e aeaiue ii 1 eiaia/eo (ciaoiaeeoueny a oiaeiaoe?), ?icaaaeaiiai a 75 ie aiaee /e nieo ii?ioea 2 ?ace ia aeaiue ca i?aaiaeeie aei ?/aai /a?ac aiaeeio i?ney i?eeiio ?ae?; a) oi?ioea N (Plantago ovatum, Avena sativum, Ozuza sativum, Malus communis, Cyamopsis, Cassia officinalis, Ficus carica, Midicago sativa, Hordeum vulgare, Ceratonia siligua, Glycyrrhia glabra, Mentha piperita, Zingeber officinale, Carcia papaya, Juglans nigra, Berberis vulgaris, Allium sativum) c 20-ai ii 24-e aeaiue ii 1 eiaia/eo ?icaaaeaiiai a 75 ie aiaee /e nieo ii?ioea 2 ?ace ia aeaiue. Ca’ycie aaeeaaiiy oi?ioee N c i?eeiiaie ?ae? ia ?aaeaiaioo?oueny. I?eeii oi?ioe A ? N ia?aaeaa/a? ia?aeaeueia niiaeeaaiiy 75 ie aiaee /e nieo i?e iaiaaeaii? a?eueii? ??aeeie a ?aoe?ii? aei 0,7 e. Oiiiaeie aeine?aeaeaiyie onoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaea o 60% oai?eo ia ?I, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue a naiaoi??? c i?iieneiai ?icaeiaieo ?aa?ii?a, na?aaeiueicaaaeaiee ??aaiue a ia/e OI a a?ina?aaeiaeuao ia?aaeuo? iieacieee “ii?ie”, oiaoi i?e?iaeiiai ai?noo, iaoiiaeaiiai iayai?noth ?o ye i?e?iaeaiaio?a, ? iiaea aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaaiee ye, oae caaia “iin?enoai” (e?ia: naeiaoeue 0,08-0,09 ia/e, eaaei?e 0,191-0,234 ia/e, ?oooue 0,058-0,062 ia/e; na/a: naeiaoeue 0,144-1,517 ia/e, eaaei?e 0,053-0,057 ia/e ? ?oooue 0,108-0,109 ia/e). I?e oeueiio iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui o 20-25% in?a OI ?a?no?oaaeenue a e?ia? a eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ui ia?aaeuothoue ye ?a?iiaenuee? noaiaea?oe, oae ? iioae?eiaai? ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue o oaoiiaaiieo ?aa?iiao cia/aiiy. Eiiieaenia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y caaacia/eea cieaeaiiy ??aiy naeioeth, eaaei?th ? ?ooo? a e?ia? ? na/? in?a a?oie eiio?ieth, a?aeiia?aeii ia 16-30%, 4-13% ? 44-46%. ?acii c oei, iacaaaeath/e ia aeineoue cia/ia na?aaeiueicaaaeaia i?aaethaaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e OI, ca?a?no?iaai? c?ooaiiy a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia iaee ?ai?acaioaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o. I?ecia/aiiy AAAe aeicaieeei cia/ii iineeeoe iaaaaeaio oaiaeaioe?th aei aeaoieneeaoe?? i?aai?cio oai?eo ia ?I. Ai?no OI a e?ia?, ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth, cieceany aeiaeaoeiai, a na?aaeiueiio ia 20-25% (p<0,05), aeinyaioaoe o 70-85% in?a ii?iaeueieo cia/aiue. Aiaeia?/i? aeai? iaea?aeai? ? ca ?acoeueoaie a?io?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na/?. AAAe aeyaeee iiina?aaeeiaaiee iiceoeaiee aoaeo ia e?i?oiaaiee i?e?i?ioieneeaoe??th ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai “e?eoe/ieo” i?aai?a ? nenoai. A?aeiii, ui aeieia?/ia o?aaeaiiy ianaeaiiy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iineaaeaiiyi ?ioiiiai caoenoo i?aai?cio. O aeaeyae? eiai iniiaieo i?iya?a o in?a, ui niinoa??aaeeny, iiaeia aecia/eoe i?aeaeuaiee ai?no a e?ia? JgG (136,6 - 143,1 ieiieue/e) i?e ia?aeaeueiiio cieaeaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? JgA aei ieaeiuei? iaae? ii?ie (5,6 ieiieue/e). Aeenaaeain a aoii?aeueiiio ?ioi?oao? ? iane?aeeii iaaaoeaii? ae?? OI ia O-, A-nenoaie e?ioioeeo?a (a?aeiinia e?euee?noue A-?IE ? ?AN-?IE neeaea, a?aeiia?aeii, 40,2-44,8% ? 26,1-27,3%), ?o ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue a ?aaeoe?? ?AOE (46,2-50,8%). I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?aae?caoe?y i?ia?aie “New Life” caaacia/eea ca?eueoaiiy O-ee?oeiieo iiioeyoe?e ia 16,2% ? 22,6% cieaeaiiy ??aiy -ee?oei, ui ca ??aiai iioeiaeueiino? c?ooaiue o na?aaeiueiio ia 10% aeua iieaciee?a eiio?ieth. Ia?aeaeueii c ii?iae?coth/ith oaiaeaioe??th ee?oeiieo /eiiee?a i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? ?a?no?oaaeany iioei?caoe?y ?o aieiaieo aoaeo?a aoii?aeueii? neeaaeiai? (cieaeaiiy ??aiy JgG ia 28,5% c i?eaaaeaiiyi eiai o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo aiiainoaooth/eo iaae aa??aaaeueiino?, ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? JgA ia 33,3% i?ioe aiaeia?/ieo iieaciee?a o eiio?ie? - 22,9% ? +31,7% ). Cia/iee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaeya aiae?c iiaeeo?eaoe?? e?i?aeiiai niaeo?o e?ia? i?e i?eeii? AAAe. Onoaiiaeaii, ui ia iiiaio aeienee c naiaoi??th aecia/aii cieaeaiiy ai?noo ON, ON EIIU, ON EIAeIU ? OA i?e ca?eueoaii? ON EIAU o eiio?ieueii? ? aeine?aeii? (c AAAe) a?oiao, a?aeiia?aeii, ia -9,2% ? -14,3%; -11,8%, -7,6% ? -18,2% - 9,7%; -8,2%+3,7% ? -11,4%, +5,8% (??cieoey ii ON, ON EIIU ? OA ?ai?acaioaoeai?, p<0,05). O eiioaeno? aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ii? ae?? “New Life”, ni?yiiaaii? ia iaeo?ae?caoe?th caaaeueiioiene/iiai aieeao OI, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c c?ooaiue IIE. Oiiia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui io?eiai?, iieacaee i?aeneeaiiy i?ioean?a IIE i?e aieea? iaaaoeaieo oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua (IAeA 4,35-4,43 ieiieue/e, IE 1,19-1,23 Eg/ie, IAA 11,8-12,2%). Onoiaiiy ae?? aeciaaiieo oiene/ieo /eiiee?a a i?ioean? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ni?eyei ?icaeoeo ae?aaeaii? oaiaeaioe?? aei cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a e?iiia?ieneaeaoe?? ye a in?a eiio?ieueii?, oae ? a aeine?aei?e a?oiao ia -13,6% ? -17,7% (IAeA), -25,2% ? -30,4% (IE). ?acii c oei, noaoenoe/ia cia/ei?noue ??cieoe? o i?aenoieiaeo c?ooaiiyo IAeA a a?oiao aieiioa??a, ui aea/aeeny, aeaea iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i ?noioia iaae?iiy ?ioaineaiino? neiae?iio ia?ieneaeaoe?? i?e i?eeii? AAAe. Oeae oaeo ciaeoia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?e aiae?c? IAA (4,9%-ee aeiaeaoeiaee iiceoeaiee aoaeo) ? niaeo?o OE IA (ia aoai? aeienee a?aecia/aeiny 22,0-44,9% ia?inoaiiy eaaeiieenethaaieo (ON ? O?) ? 18,0 - 28,8% cieaeaiiy a?eueo no?eeeo aei ieeneaiiy (OO ? NI) o?aeoe?e OE). Iaeiei c iniiaieo aoaeo?a ae?? OI ia ??ai? i?aai?cio ? ii?ooaiiy e?iaioai?aiiy. Aeey oiiiaeo caaaeueieo iieaciee?a e?ia? oai?eo ia ?I c i?e?i?ioieneeaoe??th o?i?/iiai aaiaco oa?aeoa?i? cieaeaiiy ??aiy aaiiaeia?io a na?aaeiueiio aei 120 a/e, eaeeioeeoic, o?iiaioeeoic ? ?aoeeoeioeeoic. Eiiieaenia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y caaacia/eea iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy a neeaae? ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? aieiioa??a, a?eueo ae?aaeai? i?e i?eeii? AAAe. Oae, ??aaiue aaiiaeia?io ca?eueoeany ia 15,2%, ai?no eaeeioeeo?a, o?iiaioeeo?a ? ?aoeeoeioeeo?a cieceany, a?aeiia?aeii, ia 8,9%, 9,1% ? 17,0%, neeaaoe 8,2109/e, 298,8109/e, 1,17% ? caaacia/eaoe ?ai?acaioaoeaia (ca aeeiyoeii eaeeioeeo?a) ca?eueoaiiy ni?eyoeeaeo aaiaoieia?/ieo oaiaeaioe?e a iai?yieo “eiio?ieue” “aeina?ae”. Oaeei /eiii, aeeeaaeai? iaoa??aee na?ae/aoue, ui aeey oai?eo ia ?I, ye? caciathoue aieeao oaoiiaaiiiai i?aneiao, aeioe?eueiei ? aeeth/aiiy a ?aaa?e?oaoe?eio i?ia?aio ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a aeaoieneeoth/i? ni?yiiaaiino? o ii?aeiaii? c i?ecia/aiiyi AAAe “New Life” o??ie “Team Up”. Oea caaacia/o? ?aaeueiee iiceoeaiee a?ieia?/iee aoaeo. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? a?ia?oieanoa?eiai??. Caaaeaiiyi aeaiiai o?aaiaioo aeine?aeaeaiue aoa aea?? AAAe, ui aeyaey? ni?yiiaaio i?ioaeoi?io ae?th i?e i?ia?aeiiio ?ecee-oaeoi?? ?I - a?ia?oieanoa?eiai??. Aiane?aeie aea/aiiy iaoai?cio ? ?ioaineaiino? a?ia?oieanoa?eiai?/ii? ae?? ??ciiiai?oieo AAAe, c a?aooaaiiyi iaoa??ae?a i?iaaaeaiiai aenia?eiaioo, aeey ai?iaaoe?? a oiiaao ea?ae?ieia?/iiai naiaoi?iiai a?aeae?eaiiy iaie aoa a?ae?a?aiee ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee “Iaioa eiioeaio?ao” (/enoee i?aia?ao (99% ? a?eueoa) ?ineeie Gunostemma Pentaphyllum n?i’? Curcurbitacea) o??ie “Oeam Up”. O oiae? 24-aeaiiiai aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia 75 a?eeo ?ia?aaeieo uo?ao-naioeyo ianith 260-290 a c a?aeoai?aiith iiaeaeeth ae?iaioa?ii? a?ia?e?iii?ioa?aeai?? (?io?aaano?aeueia aaaaeaiiy oieanoa?eio, ?ic/eiaiiai a ?ao?iiaai?e niiyoieeia?e ie??, c ?ic?aooieo, a?aeiia?aeii, 4% ? 25% ae??oe) onoaiiaeaii, ui aeiaeaoeiaee i?eeii oaa?eiaie 1 eainoee AAAe ia aeiao aeicaieea cia/ii i?aaethaaoe a?io?i?/i? i?iyae iaaeeeoeiaiai niiaeeaaiiy ON. Eiinoaoiaai? i?ioeane ii?iae?caoe?? aaiaoieia?/iiai ??aiy ON ? noie EIIU ? ON EIAeIU (?aa?an ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth neeaa 0,74 iiieue/e ? 0,71 iiieue/e aai - 23,6% ? - 28,6%), /anoeiaa iiiiaeaiiy cieaeaii? AIA, i?aeaeuaiiai IIE o na?oeaaiio i’yc? (a?aeiia?aeii +9,8% ? -34,6% ii IAeA, -14,3% ii IE) ? ei?aethth/iai c ieie IAA (c?ooaiiy - 7,4%). Ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/ia iioei?caoe?y i?ioeaoa?ineea?ioe/ii? aoaeoea-iino? ae??oioa?ai??. Iniiaieie oi/eaie i?eeeaaeaiiy ae?? ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a a a?io?i?/iiio aeniaeo? ? iioei?caoe?y e?i?aeiiai noaoono, a o./. noaio IIE, iieaciee?a nenoaie cai?oaiiy e?ia?, ee?oeiiiai ? aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo, a oaeiae aia?aaoe/ieo ? ieenethaaeueieo i?ioean?a, ciaioaiiy a?iien?? ? aeano?oeoeaieo yaeu a i?iea?ae?. Ne?ei?ia aeicaieaieo IIC Oe?a?ie aei i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy AAAe c o?aooaaiiyi aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaea aea?? o aeaeyae? ai?iaiaaieo aeiaaaie “Iaioa eiioeaio?ao” (“IE”) ? “Eioa?iaio Eo 10” (iniiaa - /enoee i?aia?ao (99% ? a?eueoa) eioa?iaioa Eo 10, ui ? neeaaeieeii i?oioiiae??e) ae?iaieoeoaa o??ie “Bioenergy Nutrients”, NOA. I?eeii AAAe cae?enithaaany ii oae?e noai?: “IE” - 3 ?ace ia aeaiue ii 3 eainoee (2-a a?oia); “IE” ii noai? 2-? a?oie ? “Eo 10” - 3 ?ace ia aeaiue ii 120 ia (3-y a?oia). Ia?oa a?oia neoaoaaea eiio?ieai. Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui ye a aeaiiio, oae ? a iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo, oa?iaeieia?/ia ei?aeoe?y iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a ? a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a a?ina?aaeiaeu ia i?iaiaeeeany. Iaea?aeai? oae? ?acoeueoaoe. Aeiaeaaaiiy aei ?aeiiaiaeiaaii? ae??oioa?ai?? “IE” ?ioaineo?eoaaei ?? aioeaoa?iaaiio ae?th: ??aaiue ON, ON EIIU ? OA ii a?aeiioaiith aei ia?aae?ioa?eoieo iieaciee?a cieceany ia 20,3%, 23,0% ? 26,7% (p<0,05). I?e/iio ii ON ?ioaineai?noue ei?aeoe?? aoea iano?eueee cia/iith, ui aeanoeaa ?I cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? aei 15% ca ia??iae 2-90 ae?a i?ney iiyae aiaieua iae?ico ia i?aaethaaei a??ia?aei?noue iaoiiaeaieo “IE” c?ooaiue. A eiio?ie? ? a 3-e a?oi? ?ioaineai?noue c?ooaiue aoea, a?aeiia?aeii, ia 47% iaio ae?aaeaia ? aaeaeaaoia i?ae a 2-e a?oi?. Ia?niiaeueiee aiae?c aeaieo iieacaa, ui i?eeii “IE” caaacia/ea 1,2 - 1,4-o e?aoia c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? in?a c iioeiaeueieie iieacieeaie ON (<5,2 iiieue/e), ON EIIU (<3,4 iiieue/e) ? OA (<3,3 iiieue/e) i?e ia?aeaeueiiio ia?aoiae? ?o cia/aiue c i?aeaeuaiiai ia iaae? ii?ie aeiaeaoeiai o 15% oai?eo. Ai?no ON EIAU c??n iaeaea o 50% in?a, ui ianoaaeoaaeeny (i?ioe 40% a eiio?ie?). Iaea?eueo eiia??ieie iaoai?ciaie a?iie?i?aeai?/ii? ae?? “IE” ?: i?eai?/aiiy neioaco EIIU ca ?aooiie aaeueioaaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaioa aoeaoee-NIA-oieanoa?ieaoeaoeeo?ainoa?ace, iie?ioaiiy ?o ee??aino, ciaioai-iy aani?aoe?? aeciaaiiiai ON, o?ainoi?iaoe?y ?iciiae?eo ON i?ae oeaieiaie ? e?ia’th i?e iioaioe?thaaii? eaoaaie?cio i?a--e?iii?ioa?ae?a. Iioei?coth/a e?i?aeiee noaoon a?ieia?/ia ae?y AAAe caaacia/eea iiaeaeueo? iiceoeai? ci?ie IIE. Iieaciee aaiie?co a?eo?ioeeo?a aiane?aeie e?ceno ?o iaia?ai, aeeeeeaiiai IIE, cieceany ia 24,3%-25,6% a a?oiao 2 ? 3 o ii??aiyii? c 17,6% a eiio?ie?. A iniia? i?eaaaeaii? caeiiii??iino? eaaeeoue ciaioaiiy aei?noeino?, ca?eueoaiiy noaa?eueiino? a?eo?ioeeoa?ieo iaia?ai aiane?aeie cieaeaiiy ai?noo a ieo ON. I?eeii “IE” ?i?oe?thaaa ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth cieaeaiiy a?ia?o?a?eiiaaiai?? ? i?io?iia?iiai? aeoeaiino?, i??a ?ioaineaiino? yeiai, a?aeiia?aeii, neeaea - 4,2% ? - 2,5% (p<0,05). Aeiaeaoeiaa i?ecia/aiiy “Eo 10” ia aieeioei ia ci?io iieaciee?a aaii?aieia??, ui caa?aaee ?ici??i?noue a?oie 2. Neeueiee aieea “IE” ia o?iiaiaaii? aeanoeaino? e?ia? iniiaaiee ia aca?iica’yceo a?ia?o?eae?oea?eaeai?? c a?ia?eiaaoeyoe??th, a oaeiae aa?aaaoe?eii? caeaoiino? o?iiaioeeo?a c ??aiai a ieo ON, eiioeaio?aoe??th N20:5 IIAEE a a?ina?aaeiaeuao. Aeeth/aiiy AAAe a noaio naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iioaioe?thaaei iiceoeai? ci?ie a ?ioiiiio noaoon?, iniiai? i?iyae yeeo aoee ca?a?no?iaai? i?e i?eeii? “IE” ? “Eo 10” ? oeeaaeaeeny a oaeeo ii?iae?coth/eo oaiaeaioe?yo o ee?oeiiiio ? aoii?aeueiiio ?ioi?oao?: ciaioaiiy AAN-?IE, JgG ia 19,7% ? 24,3% i?e ia?aeaeueiiio c?inoaii? cia/aiue ?AOE, JgA ? e?cioeeia ia 24,3%, 44,8% ? 54,5%. Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui e??i a?io?i?/ieo c?ooaiue a aiiainoac? i?aai?cio, i?eeii “Eo 10” caaacia/ea 5-10% aeiaeaoeiaa iie?ioaiiy iieaciee?a oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee, o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ye? aoaea i?aaenoaaeaia ieae/a. Caaa?ooth/e ?icae?e i?i ?ieue AAAe a naiaoi?i?e ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?I, oio?einue ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui nai?i caaaeaiiyi ie, a ia?oo /a?ao, noaaeee ii?aoethaaiiy noaie ?o i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy, a o./. ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy niaeo?o ? ?ici??iino? ?iaeeeaoi?ieo a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee eiai iaaee/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. Ia?aeaeueii aoa ?ic?iaeaiee aeeeaaeaiee aeua aaceniee aa??aio ?iai/i? i?ia?aie i?ecia/aiiy AAAe. Aiie, ii-ia?oa, iiaeooue i?ecia/aoeny a iiaiiio aai o?aaiaioa?iiio ianyc?, caeaaeii a?ae eiie?aioii? neooaoe??; ii-ae?oaa iiaeeeaa cai?ia cacia/aieo AAAe ia ?o aiaeiae ca ni?yiiaai?noth ? aoaeoeai?noth iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ii? ae?? i?ney a?aeiia?aeii? eiinoeueoaoe?? c e?ea?ai-ae??oieiaii. Iaaee/ia aoaeoeai?noue (iaoo?ia ai?iaaoe?y) ?ic?iaeaieo ae??oieia?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e (caaaeueiiee?i?/i?, caaaeueiiaaeaioaoe?ei?, ooieoe?iiaeuei? ? ineoiiaoieia?/i? aniaeoe). O oiae? eiiieaeniiai iaoo?iiai aei?iaoaaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui ia oii? ae??oioa?ai??, yeo ?aeiiaiaeiaaii, iana o?ea ianoaaeoaaieo i?ioyaii anueiai eiio?ieueiiai ia??iaeo eieeaaeenue o aeiaiaiio ?ic??c? a iaaeao 500 a. Iciae aiaaie?/iiai aai eaoaaie?/iiai oa?aeoa?o ci?i ?? i?aenoieiaeo iieaciee?a o aeiaeiiai aieiioa?a aeyaeaii ia aoei. I?ney cae?i/aiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ca?a?no?iaaii ca?eueoaiiy OI, OI ? OA, a?eueo ae?aaeaia (p<0,05) i?e iioei?ciaaiiio oa?/oaaii?, ui aeeth/a? AAAe - iniiaia a?oia - ? neeaaea?, a?aeiia?aeii, 9,8%, 6,4% ? 16,0% i?ioe 5,9%, 3,4% ? 12,0% a eiio?ie? (oaeoe/ia oa?/oaaiiy), i?e ?ino? a?aeiinii? ?ici??iino? iiceoeaiiai c?ooaiiy a iai?yieo eiio?ieueiaaeine?aeia a?oie ia 66,1%-88,2%-33,3%. Cacia/aiee aoaeo iia’ycaiee c iioei?caoe??th aia?aaoeee, eiio?aeoeeueiiai noaoono na?oey, ia?ooc?? i?iea?aea, aeoeaaoe??th ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo i?ioean?a. I?e i?iaaaeaii? i?iae PWC anoaiiaeaii, ui c ei?aaoaaiiyi ae??oioa?ai?? /enei iaoaaie?/ieo iaeeieoeue ia inoaiiueiio ??ai? iaaaioaaeaiiy ca?eueoeeinue ia 32,0% (p<0,05), ui ia 12,7% (p<0,05) ia?aaeuo? aiaeia?/iee iieaciee o eiio?ie?. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y canai?iiy eenith oeaieiaie iaoiiaeea c?inoaiiy ii?iaiai? iiooaeiino? iaaaioaaeaiiy, iaaoaoe ?ai?acaioaoeaiiai cia/aiiy o ii??aiyii? ye c oiiii (+14,4%), oae ? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith (+5,7%). C iaoith ia’?eoea?caoe?? iaaaaeaieo aeaieo i?iaaaeaii aecia/aiiy aaee/eie iiaea?eiiai ooai?thaaiiy (*NNnenoie?/iee AO) ia aenio? iaaaioaaeaiiy. O na?aaeiueiio ?? cia/aiiy a a?oiao niinoa?aaeaiiy caciaei ?aeaioe/ieo ci?i (c?inoaiiy ia 5,6-6,2%). ?acii c oei, a?aenooi?noue ?noioii? iaaaoeaii? aeeiai?ee /anoioe ioeueno ? AO a iniiai?e a?oi?, ui c?inea aei 103 Ao inoaiiueiai ??aiy iaaaioaaeaiiy, iiaeia ?icoe?ithaaoe ye iieaciee ca?eueoaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. Ao?eaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e iaoiiaeei c?inoaiiy o?eaaeino? aeeiiaiiy noaoe?iia?ii? ?iaioe ia aaeia?aiiao??. *an aeinyaiaiiy ??aiy 14-15 aae?a ca oeaeith Ai?aa ca?eueoeany ia 60%, ui ca ??aiai c?ooaiiy ia 23,6% ia?aaeuo? aiaeia?/iee iieaciee o eiio?ie?. Aeai? i?iae PWC ei?aethaaee c ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiaiiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?: a?aecia/aeenue “iaaeeeoeia?” iiceoeai? ci?ie ca iieacieeaie neee i’yc?a eeno? ? i’yciai? aeo?eaaeino?, ui noaiiaeee, a na?aaeiueiio, 1,4 ea ? 1,7 n aai 3,4% ? 5,0%. Ni?eyoeeaa oaiaeaioe?y ?a?no?oaaeanue ? i?e aea/aii? ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. C?inee ianya oaaae ? ?? no?ee?noue: /an ia ae??oaiiy ?iaeeeaoi?ieo oano?a ciaioeany, a?aeiia?aeii ia 7,1% ? 10,3% (eiio?ieue - 5,4% ? 6,5%). I?ae aieeaii ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a cia/ii iie?aueeiny naiiii/oooy oai?eo. Aei e?ioey naiaoi?iiai e?eoaaiiy a iniiai?e a?oi? ?a?no?oaaeiny ciaioaiiy /e i?eieiaiiy i?enooi?a noaiiea?ae??, ui aeieeathoue i?e o?ce/i?e /e aiioe?ei?e iai?oc? o 96% aeiaaee?a, ia?aai?a a ?iaio? na?oey- o 93%, caaeeoee - o 90%, na?oeaaeooy - o 95%, aieiaiiai aieth - o 79%, ii?ooaiiy nio - o 90% ? i?aeaeuaii? ae?ao?aeeaino? - o 92%. Cacia/aia oaiaeaioe?y ? ?acoeueooth/ei aeaiaioii eiiieaenii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. I?i cia/aiiy a ?? i?aenoieiaiio aoaeo? iioei?ciaaii? ae??oioa?ai?? aiai?eoue oie oaeo, ui a a?oi? eiio?ieth ?aa?an noa’?eoeaieo neiioii?a ?ON aoa ia 3-11% iaio ae?aaeaiee. Aaeaeaaoia o?c?ieia?/iei iio?aaai ei?aeoe?y oa?/oaaiiy ni?eyea cia/iiio (c 45,7% aei 20,3%) ciaioaiith /enea in?a c i?e?ineiioiiaie a?oai?iiiai aeao?oeeoo, i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/e, oei naiei, ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue anoaiiaeaieo aiae?oe/iei oeyoii caeiiii??iinoae. Aeiaeaoeia? iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy a ooieoe?iiaeueiiio noai? ianoaaeoaaieo in?a iniiaii? a?oie ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth, iaee ?noioiee iiina?aaeeiaaiee aieea ia ?o ineoiiaoieia?/iee i?io?eue. Ca?aeii iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, yeui aei naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? na?aaeiueicaaaeaia ae?aaeai?noue ineo?/ieo ci?i a iniiai?e ? eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao ioe?ithaaeany, a?aeiia?aeii, a 2,2 ? 2,0 aaee, oi i?ney icaei?iaeaiiy aiia noaiiaeea 0,7 ? 1,0 aaee, ui na?ae/eoue i?i 1,4-e?aoio ?ioaineo?eaoe?th iiceoeaieo ee?i?/ieo ci?i i?e iiaeeo?eaoe?? ae??oieia?/ii? i?ia?aie. Na?aae aaeiaiai niaeo?o aea/aieo ineoiiaoieia?/ieo neiae?ii?a iaea?eueoi? oaaae caneoaiao? ia?aaaaeaiiy oaeeo iieaciee?a, ye ii/oooy o?eaiae, ?iioiiae??? ? anoai??, c ae?aaeaii? i??e i?iyao (3 aaee) aei noaio c ia??iaee/iei, ia??cei ae?aaeaiei oa?aeoa?ii (1 aae). Aeey ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai aoaeoo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai aoaio, aea/aii noai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aaeaioaoe?? o eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo ia iiiaio aeienee. Ie aeoiaeeee c oiai, ui eiio?ieueiaai? iaie iaoai?cie aaeaioiaaiaco ? ea?ioanaioe??th ae?yeueiino? i?aai?cio a oe?eiio, ia?aaeon?i, ca aeaiia ia?aiao?aie: iaoaaie?/iei ? aiiainoaoe/iei, nooo?aa i?noea a ?aae?caoe?? yeeo caeia? /eiiee oa?/oaaiiy. Aiae?c ANE ? NI? a eiioaeno? oi?ioaaiiy nenoaiiiai no?oeoo?iiai “ne?aeo” aaeaioaoe?? iieacaa, ui a iniiai?e a?oi? o?eueee o 8% ianoaaeoaaieo ?a?no?oaaany 4-e ??aaiue iai?oae, aeey yei? oa?aeoa?ia iaaeinoaoi?noue aaeaioaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a. A eiio?ie? noai iacaaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe??, i?e yeiio ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? i?aai?cio cieaeai?, a?aecia/aany a 2,5 ?ace /ano?oa ? nyaaa 20% a?ae /enea niinoa?aaeaiue. Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aeiia aei ae?iaioa?ii? i?ia?aie oai?eo ia ?I, iieacaee, ui ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao aeicaieeoue cia/ii i?aeaeueoe iaaee/io aoaeoeai?noue oeeo caoiae?a. AENIIAEE 1. Iaeiei c aieiaieo aeaiaio?a eiiieaenieo a?aeiiaethaaieo i?ia?ai o naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo aeey i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ? aaeaeaaoia ae??oioa?ai?y. Iioei?caoe?y ?? a?ieia?/ii? ae?? iaiiaeeeaa aac aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie. ?ic?iaeai? a?a??i?/i? aeiiae uiaei oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a, ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, i?ecia/aiiy ioo??oeaaoee?a oa ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a iathoue nooo?aee aiiainoaoe/iee iioaioe?ae oa caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy iaaee/ii? aoaeoeaiino? naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? i?e ?ioa?eo? i?iea?aea. 2. Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ia?aae?aie i?aai?caoe?? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ae??oioa?ai?? i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ? aeei?enoaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/ii? eiioeaioe??, yea ?ic?iaeaia c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee a?aeiia?aeieo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a ? aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe ooieoe?? oa?/oaaiiy ia ??ai?, ui a?aeiia?aea? noaio oa ooieoe?iiaeueiei iiaeeeainoyi “e?eoe/ieo” i?aai?a ? nenoai. 3. O a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? icaei?iaeththoueny iniae caeaa?eueoiai (93,8%) noa?oiai a?eo (i?ney 40 ?ie?a), /ieia?/i? noao? (95,8%), ?inoii 170,60,3 ni (=2,8 ni) ? ianith o?ea 73,60,5 ea (=4,7 ea) c ia?aaaaeath/ei ii?iinoai?/iei oeiii eiinoeoooe?? (64,8%), i?aaaethth/eie oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie oiiiaiai (i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th) oa?/iaiai noaoono, o yeeo ? noaiioeiaeueia caiiaiaiiy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?aii? i?iyae aeenaaeaino aiaaie?/ieo ? eaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a, iio?aae i?aai?cio a a?eeo (iieaciee a?eeiaiai oa?/oaaiiy 741, eiao?oe??io aeueaoi?ie/aeiaoe?ie 1,160,06); a?ia?e?iii?ioa?iai?th ??A aai 1V oei?a, ui ii?aeio?oueny c iaaeinoaoi?noth a?oai?i?a - aei 94,6% ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei - aei 27,4% ianoaaeaieo. 4. Oaeoe/i? naiaoi?i? ?aoe?iie i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ia?aaeuoth/ei o?c?ieia?/i? iio?aae ai?noii aia?ai?ieeo ioo???io?a - a?ee?a, aee??a, aoaeaaiae?a - a 1,2...2,3 ?ace, a oiio /ene?: a?ee?a oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy a 1,8 ?ace, iane/aieo aee?ieo eeneio a 2,5 ?ace, iiii- ? aeenaoa?eae?a a 2,3 ?ace, ia oii? 14...80% aeao?oeeoo a?oai?i?a (ca aeiyoeii ? ? A6) ? aeenaaeaino i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei, e?eoe/ieie iieacieeaie yeiai ? 20,0% iaaeinoaoi?noue oeeieo ? 71,5% - eiaeo. 5. I?e ?aaeaiaiooaaii? aacenii? aia?aaoeee oa?/oaaiiy eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo a ?aieao naiaoi?ii? a?oiiai? ae??oe 10? iaiao?aeii i???iooaaoeny ia eiai na?aaeiueicaaaeai? aia?aiaeo?aoe, ui aei??aiththoue 2600 eeae/24 aiae. 6. Iioeiaeueiee na?aaeiueicaaaeaiee ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy i?ney?ioa?eoieie oai?eie oa?/iaiai a?eea, iaa?oioiaaiee oaeoi??aeueiei iaoiaeii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee, neeaaea? 100 a/aeia, a o./. 50 a/aeia - oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. 7. ?aeiiaiaeiaaia niiaeeaaiiy aee??a, ui caaacia/o? iioei?caoe?th ?o iaoaaie?cio ? ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy, ae?iaioa?io i?io?eaeoeeo aieeao ?ecee-oaeoi??a ?ON ? ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea, noaiiaeoue 80 a/aeia, a o./. IIAEE -6, IIAEE -3 ? IAEE, a?aeiia?aeii, 24 a/aeia, 4 a/aeia ? 120 a/aeia. 8. Aaeaeaaoiei, c oi/ee ci?o i?aeioo???ioieo aca?iica’yce?a ? i?aaaioeaii? ae??oioa?ai?? i?e iaoieia??, ui aea/aeany, ? ai?no aoaeaaiae?a a aeiaiaeo ?aoe?iiao, a na?aaeiueiio, 370 a, a o./. 65 a iiaeiii i?eoiaeeoeny ia iiii-, ? aeenaoa?eaee. Iio?aaa a oa?/iaeo aieieiao neeaaea? 30 a. 9. Niiaeeaaiiy a?oai?i?a a e?eueeinoyo, ui aei??aiththoue ii a?oai?iao A, A, N, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io, A6, i?aoeeio, A12 ? oieaoo, a?aeiia?aeii,: 1,0; 20,0; 100,0; 2,0; 2,2; 3,2; 25,0; 0,003 ? 0,2 (ia/aeia) caaacia/o? iioei?caoe?th a?oai?iiiai noaoono aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo. 10. Ae?iaioa?ia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy iae?i-, i?e?iaeaiaio?a, ui neeaaea? (ia/aeia): eae?e - ia iaio 5000, iao??e - ia a?eueo 4000, eaeueoe?e - 1000, oinoi? - 1200, iaai?e - 600, cae?ci -15, oeeie - 20, eiae - 0,2, caaacia/o? iaeaaeiee a?ieia?/iee aoaeo i?ecia/aii? aeey i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ae??oioa?ai??. 11. Niaoeeo?eaoe?y i???ioiaaiiai, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaiai iaai?o i?iaeoeo?a, iaeneiaeueii caaeainiaaiiai ca oa?/iaeie ?a/iaeiaie noiniaii o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa in?a a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy, neeaaea? (a/aeia): oe?a aeeoi?e - 150, oe?a ioaie/iee - 150, ai?ioii ioaie/ia - 15, e?ioiaeue ea?oiieyiee - 5, iaea?iii? ae?iae - 10, e?oie, aiaia? - 75, ea?oiiey - 350, iai/? - 450, o?oeoe na?ae?, yaiaee - 200, niee o?oeoia? - 200, eao?? - 200, niaoaia - 20, ne? oaa?aeee - 20, ne? - 70, yeoea - 1/3 oo, ?eaa ? ?eaii?iaeoeoe - 100, i’yni ? noai?iaeoeoe - 95, eiaaani? ae?iae - 5, ioeoey - 25, ianei aa?oeiaa - 30, ie?y - 30, oiiao-ianoa - 3, ae??aeaeae? - 1, /ae - 2, eaeai - 1. 12. C o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ? oaoi?/ieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeaeaiue no/anieo naiaoi???a, a oaiaoe/ieo niaoe?ae?ciaaieo a?aeae?eaiiyo iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiei ? i’yoe?aciaa oa?/oaaiiy c oaeei ?iciiae?eii aaeiai? aia?aioe?iiino? ca ie?aieie i?eeiiaie ?ae?: ia?oee ni?aeaiie i 8-9 aiae. - 25% eaei??eiino? ?aoe?iio, ae?oaee ni?aeaiie i 11-12 aiae. - 15%, ia?ae i 14-15 aiae. - 35%, aa/a?y i 18-19 aiae. - 20%, ia i?/ i 21 aiae. - neeyiea eeneiiiei/iiai iaiith (5%). 13. A aniaeo? ?icaeoeo iaoeiaeo aeaieo i?i ioo???ioi? iio?aae in?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue ?aaa?e?oaoe?th, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee i?iaeoeoiaee iaa?? oa ?aaeei oa?/oaaiiy, ?ic?iaeai? iiaeaeue-noaia oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a ? i???ioiaia oi?aa?naeueia naieaeaiia iaith. ?o iaoo?iith ai?iaaoe??th anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iioei?caoe?? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo oa i?ioaeoi?ii-oa?iaeiaeeiai?/iiai aoaeoo ae?iaioa?ieo aieea?a a eiioaeno? eiiieaenii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? i?ia?aie aeioe?eueiei ? canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie aei ?ae? ca ?ic?iaeaieie noaiaie: a) Ioo?eoeaaoee?a – aeey ii?iae?caoe?? noaoono e?i?oiaaieo ioo???io?a: IIAEE -3 - “Aeeiiie” (8 eainoe ia aeiao ii 1 a); a?oai?i?a N, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io, i?aoeeio - “Oiaeaa?o” (1 ae?aaea ia aeiao); i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei - eae?th, eaeueoe?th ? iaai?th - ioaie/i? ca?iaeeia? ieano?aoe? (60 a ia aeiao). ?o i?eeii o ii?aeiaii? c nei?aaiaaiei oa?/oaaiiyi caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy ??aiy ON, ON EIIU ? OA ia 9-20%, a oaeiae a?ia?o?a??iiaaiai?? oa i?io?iia?iiai? aeoeaiino? ia 9,2%, i?e ca?eueoaii? eiao?oe??ioo IIAEE/IAEE ? eaioe IIAEE-3 a iaia?aiao a?eo?ioeeo?a ? o?iiaioeeo?a a?aeiia?aeii aei 0,77 ? 8,42%, 0,90 ? 7,36%; aeinyaiaii? eiioeaio?aoe?yie e?i?oiaaieo a?oai?i?a oa ?o iaoaaie?o?a, i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei a a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeuao o?c?ieia?/ieo cia/aiue, ui coiiaeei i?aaethaaiiy a e?ia? ??aiy ia?aoai?iiia ia 34,3 ia/ie, ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a aeao?oeeoo a?oai?io N ia 40% ? a?oai?i?a a?oie A ia 26,7%; a) Ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a – aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ae??oioa?ai?? aioeaoa?iaaiii? (“Iaioa eiioeaio?ao” o??ie “Team Up” (NOA)) oa ii?iae?coth/i? ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (“Eioa?iaio Eo 10” o??ie “Bioenergy Nutrients” (NOA)) ae??, a oaeiae aeaoieneeaoe?? i?aai?cio, ii?iae?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio “e?eoe/ieo” aiiainoaooth/eo nenoai o in?a, ui iinooiathoue c ?aa?ii?a c caa?oaeiaiei iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai (i?ia?aia “New L?fe” o??ie “Team Up” (NOA)). Iniiaieie i?iyaaie iioaioe?thaaiiy aiiainoaoe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a cacia/aieo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie ia ??ai? a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeu ? aeiaeaoeiaa na?aaeiueicaaaeaia (ia 5-10%) ca?eueoaiiy iioei?coth/eo oaiaeaioe?e o e?i?aeiiio, aioeieneaeaioiiio, ?ioiiiio noaoonao, neeaae? oinoie?i?ae?a ee?oeiieo iaia?ai, caaaeueieo iieacieeao e?ia? i?e ia?aeaeueiiio cieaeaii? o?eia?iiai oa aaiaoieia?/iiai ai?noo enaiia?ioee?a, ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? oai?eo c ?o o?c?ieia?/iith eiioeaio?aoe??th a?aeiia?aeii ia 20-25% ? 10-35%. A oe?eiio, aaeeaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie ca?eueoo? eaioo in?a c a?io?i?/ieie iieacieeaie a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeu a iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ieo eieeaaiue a 1,2-1,4 ?ace. 14. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaiii? ae??oieia?/ii? i?ia?aie a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie, caaacia/o? ia?eoaoi?noue aiaaie?/ieo ? eaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci?, aeiaeaoeiaa iiceoeaia c?ooaiiy cia/aiue iieaciee?a oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee, ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio (o?ce/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?) – a na?aaeiueiio ia 10-30%, i?e 20-a?aenioeiaiio ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? in?a c ae?aaeaieie (oaii i?e?inoo c?ooaiiy iieacieea a?eueoa 25%) ia?aiao?aie a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o ca i?eaaaeaieie e?eoa??yie, a oaeiae ?ioaineo?eaoe?th a?aeiinii eiio?ieth ni?eyoeeai? aeeiai?ee noa?eoeaieo i?iya?a i?e ee?i?/ieo neiae?iiao ?ON oa ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea, iayaiino? i?e?ineiioii?a iaaeinoaoiueiai oa?/iaiai noaoono (na?aaeiueicaaaeaiee ?aa?an i?e a?aeoeeaii? a?ae ii?ie – 13%), ineoiiaoieia?/iiio i?io?e? (1,4-o e?aoia cieaeaiiy ae?aaeaiino? ?iaeeeaoi?ieo ineoiiaoieia?/ieo neiae?ii?a), noai? aaeaioiaaiaco aei iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a aeci-, aiaeiaeieia?? (ciaioaiiy a 2,5 ?ace a?aeiinii? eaioe in?a c iaaeinoaoi?noth iaoaaie?/ieo oa aiiainoaoe/ieo aaeaioaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a). * * * Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo aaey/i?noue Aa?aiiao A?eoi?o Aaneeueiae/o, aeieoi?o iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?o, i?i?aeoi?o c iaa/aeueii? oa iicaathaeaeaoii? ?iaioe Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ca i?aeo?eieo a i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaii? ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, eiinoeueoaoeaio aeiiiiiao a ioi?ieaii? aeena?oaoe??, oaieioo oa aeia?ice/eea?noue o a?aeiioaiiyo i?e aeeiiaii? aeaii? ?iaioe. NIENIE ?IA?O, ssE? IIOAE?EIAAI? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Iiiia?ao?? 1. Naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiay aeeaoioa?aiey aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo ieiea?aea/ A.E.Iiiiia?aiei, A.A.Aecye, A.A.Aaioaiai, A.A.Aa?aiia.-Caii?iaeuea: Aeaeaaaoeue, 1997. - 144n. (aeaau 4, 5, 6 - N. 81-131 - naiinoiyoaeueiua). 2. Aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aeiaaaee a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie aeeaoioa?aiee aieueiuo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea/ A.E.Iiiiia?aiei, A.A.Aecye, A.A.Aa?aiia, A.A.Aaioaiai. – Eeaa: Oaiaae, 1998.-160n. (aeaau 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 - N. 70-132 - naiinoiyoaeueiua). Noaoo? a iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo 1. Iiaa eiioeaioe?y naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ae??oioa?ai?? /A.A.Aaioaiai, A.?.Iiii-ia?aiei, I.I.Aeaienaiei, A.I.Ooaia // Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae. - 1996. - ? 1. - N.79-81. 2. Aa?aiia A.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.?., Aaioaiai A.A. Aieea iioei?caoe?? ae??oioa?ai?? ia iaaeeei-a?ieia?/io aoaeoeai?noue naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai aoaio ?aaa?e?oaoe?? i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo//Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae. - 1997. - O.2, ? 1. - N.54-58. 3. Yia?aaoeea ieoaiey iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo ia yoaia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee/ Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Aaioaiai A.A., Iieyi/eeia A.A. e ae?.// Iaaeeoeeineay ?aaaeeeoaoeey, eo?i?oieiaey, oeceioa?aiey. - 1997. - ? 1. - N.55-57. 4. Iiiiia?aiei A.?. Oiiiaee oa?/iaee noaoon oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue aei naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a// Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae. - 1997. - O.2, ? 4. - N.77-80. 5. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia iainiiaaiea aioeaoa?iaaiiiai aeaenoaey aeieiae/anee aeoeaiie aeiaaaee “Iaioa eiioeaio?ao” e aiciiaeiinoe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe naiaoi?iie aeeaoioa?aiee// Iaaeeoeeineay ?aaaeeeoaoeey, eo?i?oieiaey, oeceioa?aiey. - 1997. - ? 4. - N.32-34. 6. Yieaeaieieiae/aneea aniaeou aeeiaioa?iiai oaeoi?a a yoeiiaoiaaiaca eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea e eioa?eoa ieiea?aea/A.A.Aa?aiia, A.A.Aaioaiai, A.E.Iiiiia?aiei, A.A.Eieiieaoe//Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue iaae.aeo?iae. - 1997.- ? 3. - N.85-86. 7. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Aeieiae/aneea aniaeou i?aaiecaoeee ieoaiey iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo ia yoaia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee// I?iaeaiu i?ioeeaeoe/aneie iaaeeoeeiu: Na.noaoae. - Aeiiaoee: Euaeaeue, 1997. - N.94-97. 8. Iiiiia?aiei A.E.Ooieoeeiiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/aneay oai?ey ieoaiey: iiaee-oeoee?iaaiiay nenoaia acaeyaeia ia ieoaiea caei?iaiai e aieueiiai /aeiaaea// Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie aeeaoioa?aiee: Na. iao/.o?. - Caii?iaeuea, 1997. - N.9-13. 9. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. ?ieue naiaoi?iiai yoaia a iauae nenoaia ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea// Oai aea.- N. 55-60. 10. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. ?ieue ieuaauo aee?ia a iioeiecaoeee iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe naiaoi?iie aeeaoioa?aiee iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo //Oai aea. - N.60-63. 11. ?ieue aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie a iioeiecaoeee yooaeoeaiinoe aoi?e/iie aeeiaioa?iie i?ioeeaeoeee ynnaioeeaeueiie a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaicee o aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea ia yoaia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee / Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Aaioaiai A.A., Eieiieaoe A.A. e ae?.// Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee. - 1998. - O.2, ? 1. - N.58-64. 12. Aaioaiai A.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.E. O?aaiaaiey e aeieiae/anee aeoeaiui aeiaaaeai, i?eiaiyaiui a naiaoi?iuo ioaeaeaieyo ?aaaeeeoaoeee iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo// Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee. - 1998. - O.2, ?1, i?eeiaeaiea. - N.36. 13. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Aiciiaeiinoe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie aeeaoioa?aiee iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo n iiiiuueth aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie e ieuaaiio ?aoeeiio//Iaaeeoeeineay ?aaaeeeoaoeey, eo?i?oieiaey, oeceioa?aiey. - 1998. - ? 1. - N. 10-15. 14. Iiiiia?aiei A.?., Aa?aiia A.A., Aaioaiai A.A. ?ieue a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaeaoe?a o caaacia/aii? a?oai?iii? iiaiioe?iiino? ae??oioa?ai?? o naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo ea?ae?ieia?/iiai i?io?eth//Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae. - 1998. - O.III, ? 2. - N.89-92. 15. Aeeth/aiea i?aia?aoa yeeiiie a ieuaaie ?aoeeii iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo ia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiii yoaia ?aaaeeeoaoeee/ Aaioaiai A.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Oeooeeia A.A. e ae?.// Iaaeeoeeineay ?aaaeeeoaoeey, eo?i?oieiaey, oeceioa?aiey. - 1998. - ? 3.- N. 34-36. 16. ?ieue aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie a aeeiaioa?iie i?ioeeaeoeea aio?iiiaaiiuo oeie/aneeo iee?ieioieneeaoeee e eo iaaeaaii?eyoiiai aicaeaenoaey ia yooaeoeaiinoue naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo/Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Aaioaiai A.A., Aeaienaiei I.I., e ae?.// Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee. - 1998. – O.2, ? 2. – N. 183-189. Oace 1. Naia?aiei N.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Aaioaiai A.A. Aeaeaie/aneea aniaeou iioeiecaoeee ioo?eaioiiai ninoaaa ?aoeeiiia ianniaiai ieoaiey n oeaeueth aeeiaioa?iie i?ioeeaeoeee iaeioaeoeeiiiie caaieaaaaiinoe// Oac. aeii. III i?aeia?. eiio. “O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996.-O. 2, *.2. – N. 24-25. 2. Ia?aaeeaia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie aeeaoioa?aiee/ A.E.Iiiiia?aiei, A.A.Aaioaiai, A.A.Oeooeeia, A.I.Ooaia// Iaoa?eaeu iao/.-i?aeo.eiio. “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu i?ioeeaeoe/aneie iaaeeoeeiu”. - Oa?ueeia: OAIO, Oa?.iae.NYN. - 1996. - N.64-69. 3. Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Aaioaiai A.A., Oeooeeia A.A. Yia?aaoeea ieoaiey eiioeiaaioa, icaei?aaeeaathuaainy a niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo//Oac. aeiee.iao/.-i?aeo.eiio. “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu eo?i?oieiaee”. - Aaiaoi?ey, 1996. - N.60. 4. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Ninoiyiea Aa?aeyineie eo?i?oii-?ae?aaoeeiiiie ciiu e ia?niaeoeau aa ?acaeoey//Oac.aeiee. Iaaeaeoi. iao/.-i?aeo.eiio. “I?e?iaeiua ea/aaiua ?ano?nu, nia?aiaiiay oai?ey e i?aeoeea aaeueiaia?ycaea/aiey, i?aaiaua aniaeou io?aiu e yenieoaoaoeee ianoi?iaeaeaiee ieia?aeueiuo aiae e ea/aaiuo a?ycae”.- Naee. - 1996. N.45. 5. Ninoiyiea oaeoe/aneiai ieoaiey iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo ia yoaia naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee/Aaioaiai A.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Aeaienaiei I.I. e ae?.//Iaoa??aee iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio. “A?a??i?/i? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy”. - Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Iie?a?ao?no. - 1997. - N.278-280. 6. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. I?eioeeiu i?aaiecaoeee ieoaiey iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo// Oai aea. - N.289-292. 7. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Oeceieiai-aeaeaie/aneea o?aaiaaiey e naiaoi?iui aeeiaioa?iui i?ia?aiiai iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo//Iaoa??aee Oe?a?inueei? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. c i?ae.o/anoth “Iao?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee ? e?eoaaiiy a eo?i?oi?e i?aeoeoe?”. - *.1. - 1997. - N.33-36. 8. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Iao/iua iniiau aoi?e/iie aeeiaioa?iie i?ioeeaeoeee eioa?eoa ieiea?aea a nia?aiaiiuo niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo (ioaeaeaieyo)// Oai aea. - N.80-85. 9. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Cia/aiea aaeaeaaoiiai aeoaieiiiai noaoona aeey iioeiecaoeee yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaaeeeoaoeee aeeiaioa?iuo i?ia?aii a niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiuo ioaeaeaieyo ea?aeeieiae/aneiai i?ioeey // Oai aea.- *. II.- N. 107-112. 10. Naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiay aeeaoioa?aiey: iiaay oai?ey iaoiaeieiae/aneeo i?eioeeiia i?aaiecaoeee/ A.A.Aaioaiai, A.E.Iiiiia?aiei, A.A.Iieyi/eeia, A.A.Oeooeeia//Na. iao/. o?. “Aii?inu aaeaieiaee e yeieiaee a o?aaeeoeeiiiie e iao?aaeeoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeia”. - Aeiai?iiao?iane: Iieea?aoeno. - 1997. - N.36. 11. Aaioaiai A.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Oeooeeia A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea aniaeou i?eiaiaiey aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie e ieuaaui ?aoeeiiai a oaoiiaaiii iai?yaeaiiie ciia// Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoi. yeineiiiceoia “I?ia?aiia auaeeaaiey a oneiaeyo oaoiiaaiiiai i?anneiaa”. - Aeiai?iiao?iane. - 1998. - N.13-14. 12. Aaioaiai A.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.E., Oeooeeia A.A. Oeceieiai-aeaeaie/aneea iniiau i?eiaiaiey aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie e ieuaaui ?aoeeiiai i?e na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo caaieaaaieyo // Na. iao/.-i?aeo. noaoae.- Aeiai?iiao?iane.-1998. - N. 306-307. 13. Aeaeaie/aneea o?aaiaaiey e ?aaeeio ieoaiey e no?oeoo?a ?aoeeiiia i?e i?aaiecaoeee aeeaoioa?aiee a niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo /Aaioaiai A.A., Iieyi/eeia A.A., Iiiiia?aiei A.E. e ae?.// Iaoa??aee iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “Iaaeieeoia na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy”. - Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Iie?a?ao?no.-1998. - N.86-87. Aiioaoe??: Iiiiia?aiei A. ?. Ae?iaioa?ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14. 02. 01 – a?a??ia, iaaee/i? iaoee. - Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iaa?oiooaaiiy a?a??i?/ieo aeiia aei naiaoi?ii? ae?iaioa?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea. A ?iaio? i?eaaaeai? iia? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?acoeueoaoe oa cae?eniai? iia? ?ic?iaee a iaeano? ioo??oe?ieia?? i?e ?ioa?eo? i?iea?aea, ui aacothoueny ia ooieoe?iiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/i?e eiioeaioe??. ?icaeyioo? iaoiaeieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae aei ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy oa?/oaaiiy eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioa, iaa?oioiaaii ??ai? niiaeeaaiiy aia?a?? oa ioo???io?a c aaeaioaoe??th aei ?o cia/aiue ae?th/iai i?iaeoeoiaiai iaai?o. Io?eiaee ?icaeoie aeiiae aei ?aaeeio ae??oioa?ai??, no?oeoo?e ?aoe?ii?a, ui eiinie?aeiaaii a oi?aa?naeueiiio i???ioiaiiio naieaeaiiiio iaith. I?eaaaeaia ia?aaeeaia iioaioe?thaaiiy iaaee/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaioa?ii? i?ia?aie ca aeiiiiiaith a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?io?eaeoeea, ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, oa?/oaaiiy, a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? aeiaaaee. Ponomarenko V. I. Alimentary reabilitation of the post-infarction patients in the health resort establishments. Manuscript. The dissertation for Doctor of Medicine Science Degree of speciality 14. 02. 01. – Hygiene, Medical sciences. – The National Medical University, Kiev, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the questions of substantiation of the hygienic requirements of the post-infarction patients. The new scientific substantiated results are described in the dissertation besides the new working outs in the field of clinical diet of the post-infarction patients based on the functional-homeostatic conception are mentioned in the research-work. The metodological prerequisites to the requlations of nutrition of the tasted contingent are given, the levels of consuming of energy and nutrients with an adaptation to their meanings of the functioning product-set are substantiated in the research-work. The requirements to the regime of diet theory, structure of the rations have been developed. They were described on the example of universal proximate 7-day menu. The paradigm of potentiality of effectiveness alimentary program with a help of biological active aditions are given in the research-work. Key words: health resorts, infarction-miokarda, nutrition, biological active aditions. Iiiiia?aiei A.E. Aeeiaioa?iay ?aaaeeeoaoeey iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.01 – aeaeaia, iaaeeoeeineea iaoee.- Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iainiiaaiey aeaeaie/aneeo o?aaiaaiee e naiaoi?iie aeeiaioa?iie ?aaaeeeoaoeee iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo. I?aaeeiaeaia ooieoeeiiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/aneay eiioeaioeey ?aaeaiaioe?iaaiey ieuaauo i?ia?aii, iniiaaiiay ia o/aiee i ooieoeeyo ieue e aa aeieiae/aneii aeaenoaee ia i?aaieci. Iieacaii, /oi aaaeiie i?aaeiinueeie iieiiai eniieueciaaiey i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo e ea/aaiuo naienoa aeeaoioa?aiee yaeyaony o/ao iioiaaiaoe/aneeo e iieiauo iniaaiiinoae iaiaiiuo i?ioeannia, aio?iiiiao?e/aneiai e ieuaaiai noaoona icaei?aaeeaaaiiai eiioeiaaioa. A ioaeaeaieyo ?aaaeeeoaoeee iaoiaeyony, i?aeiouanoaaiii, (93, 8%) eeoea noa?oeo aic?anoia (iinea 40 eao), ioaeneiai iiea (95,8%), n i?aiaeaaeathuei oeiii eiinoeoooeee ii?iinoaie/aneei (64,8%). I?aaaee?othueie o?ioe/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie iinooiathueo aieueiuo yaeyaony aeenaaeain aiaaiee/aneeo e eaoaaiee/aneeo i?ioeannia, aeia?eeiii?ioaeiaiey IIa eee IV oeiia, ni/aoathueany n aeiiaeoaieiiciuie e aeiiiee?i-, iae?iyeaiaioiciuie ninoiyieyie. Oaeoe/aneea naiaoi?iua ?aoeeiiu, eiathuea 1,2…2,3-o e?aoiue ecauoie yia?aiianoueo ioo?eaioia ia oiia 14…18% e 20…72% aeaoeoeeoa, niioaaonoaaiii, aeoaieiia e iee?iyeaiaioia, ia iaania/eaatho aeieaeiie aoi?e/iie aeeiaioa?iie i?ioeeaeoeee eioa?eoa ieiea?aea. A oiaea eiiieaeniuo iaoo?iuo enneaaeiaaiee aeieacaii, /oi i?e ?aaeaiaioe?iaaiee ieoaiey eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioa iaiaoiaeeii i?eaioe?iaaoueny ia aai n?aaeiaacaaoaiiua yia?aio?aou, ?aaiua 2600 eeae/24 /, iio?aaiinoe (a/noo) a aaeeao-100, aee?ao-80, a o./. IIAEE -6, IIAEE -3 e IAEE-24, 4, 20; oaeaaiaeao – 370, a o./. iiii-, aeenaoa?eaeao-65; ieuaauo aieieiao-30, aeoaieiao A, A,N, oeaieia, ?eaioeaaeia, A6, ieaoeeia, A12, e oieaoa (ia/noo) – niioaaonoaaiii 1,0; 20,0; 100,0; 2,0; 2,2; 3,2; 25,0; 0,003 e 0,2; ieia?aeueiuo aauanoaao: eaeee, iao?ee, eaeueoeee, oinoi?a, iaaiee, aeaeaca, oeeiea e eiaea (ia/noo) – ia iaiaa 5000, ia aieaa 4000, 1000, 1200, 600, 15, 20 e 0,2. N o/aoii yia?aaoe/aneeo e ioo?eaioiuo iio?aaiinoae, iniaaiiinoae iaoaaiee/aneeo i?ioeannia e naiaoi?iie eiiieaeniie ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiie i?ia?aiiu iainiiaaiu i?eia?iue nooi/iue iaai? i?iaeoeoia e ?aaeei ieoaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iauai?eiyoui aeeiaioa?iui iooai i?aeoe/anee iaaiciiaeii oaeiaeaoai?eoue iio?aaiinoue iinoeioa?eoiuo aieueiuo a IIAEE -3, aeoaieiao N e a?oiiu A; oeaeaniia?acia aeiiieieoaeueiay, i?aaaioeaiie iai?aaeaiiinoe iioeiecaoeey noaoona eaeueoeey, eaeey e iaaiey. E?iia oiai, iaiaoiaeeii iioaioee?iaaiea ia? ii aeaoieneeaoeee i?aaiecia a nayce n aunieie ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoueth aio?iiiaaiiuo iee?ieioieneeaoeee e ieaaee?iaaieth aeeyiey ?ene-oaeoi?ia oaiaoe/aneie iaoieiaee. Iieacaii, /oi eo auno?ay e yooaeoeaiay ?aaeecaoeey inouanoaeia i?e eniieueciaaiee aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aeiaaaie (AAAe). ?ac?aaioaiu ia?aaeeaia iao/iuo iniia i?eiaiaiey AAAe, a oaeaea aaceniue aa?eaio iacia/aiey ioo?eoeaaoeeia e ia?aoa?iaoeaaoeeia aaaeoueo ioa/anoaaiiuo e ca?oaaaeiuo oe?i. Aiaae?aiea ?aeiiaiaeoaiie aeeaoioa?aiee, aeiiieiaiiie AAAe, iaania/eei nieaeaiea a 2,5 ?aca ioiineoaeueiie eaiou eeoe n iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth iaoaaiee/aneeo e aiiainoaoe/aneeo aaeaioaoeeiiiuo iaoaieciia, a oaeaea, a n?aaeiai aei 10%, oaaee/aiea ooieoeeiiaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae aieiioa?ia. Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ioeeaeoeea, eioa?eo ieiea?aea, ieoaiea, aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aeiaaaee.

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