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Аліментарна реабілітація хворих, що перенесли інфаркт міокарда, в санаторно-курортних закладах: Автореф. дис… д-ра мед. наук / В.І. Пономаренко, Нац

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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.I.AIAIIIEUeOess

Iiiiia?aiei Aeaaeeneaa ?aaiiae/

OAeE 616.127.-005.8-036.8/838-085.838

Ae?iaioa?ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y

oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea,

a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao

14.02.01- A?a??ia, iaaee/i? iaoee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: Aaioaiai Aieiaeeie? Aieueyiiae/, i?ioani?,
aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e a?a??ie ? aeieia?? c eo?nii
a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Oeei??yi A?eoi? Iaaiiae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo
iaoe, i?ioa-ni?, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy
Iaoe?iiaeue-iiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. I. Aiaiiieueoey

Eicy?ei ?aai Iao?iae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie

Ea?iaiei Iao?i Ieaenaiae?iae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Aieiaiee ae??oieia IIC Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee ee?i?ee ?inoeoooo aeia?a??ie ?
oieneeieia?? ?i. E.?.Iaaeaaaey

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ” 20 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 13.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.003.01 “A?a??ia” a
Ia-oe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252057, Ee?a – 57, i?. Ia?aiiae, 34, a?a??i?/iee
ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y ? 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca aae?anith: 252057, Ee?a
– 57, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 3

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ac?neaii “ 19 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.I.ssai?ianueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?nioaaiiy iiiaae 20 ?ie?a nenoaie aoaiiiai
e?eoaaiiy ?I na?ae/eoue i?i cia/io nioe?aeueio, iaaee/io ? aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aiiueiai naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai e?eoaaiiy
(Aia?ia A. A. ? ni?aaao., 1995, Iaaiia ?. I., Aiaeaeiaa A. A., 1996,
Aaioaiai A. A. ? ni?aaao., 1998). Eiai aaaeeeaei neeaaeiaei aeaiaioii ?
aaeaeaaoia aei?oioa?aiiy, yea ia o?eueee aaciina?aaeiuei iioaioe?th?
aiiainoaoe/iee iioaioe?ae icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a, aea ? iioeiico?
ni?eyoeeaee aieea ia i?aai?ci niaoeeo?/ieo eo?i?oieo /eiiee?a (Aa?aiia
A. A. ? ni?aaao., 1997, Ai?aei?iei A. N., 1997). Aac i?aai?caoe??
oa?/oaaiiy, yea a ni?eyei ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaieo ooieoe?e, i?aai?/ii
aeiiiaithaaei eiiieaen e?eoaaeueieo aieea?a, aoaeoeai?noue iaaee/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? aoaea cia/ii ieae/a i/?eoaaiii? (Aaioaiai A. A. ?
ni?aaao., 1997, Ia?aaea??e A.A., 1998, Rudel L.L. et al., 1995, Thompson
G. R., 1995). Aea/aiiyi iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ioo??oe?ieiai? c
ieoaiue ii?aoethaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueii? noaie oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo ia ?I
onoaiiaeaia iayai?noue cia/ii? e?eueeino? ??ciiieaiiaeo ?ia?o, ui
noinothoueny no/anieo i?aeoiae?a aei iiaoaeiae aioeaoa?ineea?ioe/ii?
ae??oe (A?iiia Ae. I. ? ni?aaao., 1996, Iiaiaeaaa A. A. ? ni?aaao.,
1994, Nainiiia I.A. ? ni?aaao., 1997, Bolton-Smith C., 1996, Cameron J.
A., 1995 oa ?i.). Eiie?aoia eiiiooaaiiy o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ieo aeiia, ui
i?aae’yaeythoueny aei ia?, ia?aaeaa/aii, a iniiaiiio, aeey i?aai?caoe??
noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaeueiiai aai aeiiaoiueiai ae??oe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy
(Aoaa I. ?., Niieyinueeee A. E., 1988, Aoaa?a?eoeue A. ss., Eiiaanueeee
TH. A., 1989, Niieyinueeee A. E., Aa?aiiaa AE. ?., 1993, Noieiaeiaa A.
I. ? ni?aaao., 1991 oa ?i.). Aaciina?aaeiy aeno?aiieyoe?y ?o ?aaeaiaio?a
ia naiaoi?i? aeiiaioa?i? i?ia?aie, ye ? ?aae?caoe?y aano?aeoieo, ?iiae?
iaaei??ii iaa??aath/eo noai i?ecia/aiiy oa?/oaaiiy, c o?aooaaiiyi
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ii? niaoeeo?ee in?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oio
?aaa?e?oaoe?th, ia aeioe?euei? (Ea?iaiei I.A., 1996, Eieaniee A. I. oa
ni?aaao., 1997). I?e iaa?oiooaaii? aeiia aei aei?oioa?aiii iaiao?aeii a
eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo /?oei aecia/eoe iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, ui
iaoiiaeththoue ?? aeinyaiaiiy ? i?aaenoaaeythoueny ia?oi?yaeieie
(Eiieoaa A. A., Aaneeaanueea E. N., 1992).

Aiae?c iioae?eiaaieo ii?iaoeaii-?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ui
noinothoueny naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo, iieacaa,
ui a iniiaiiio aiie, aai aeei?enoiaothoue aeai? a?eueo i?ae 14-??/ii?
aeaaiino? (o ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao, a ca’yceo c oaeineiiaeaiiyi
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ii? aace, ?aa?c?y i?iaiaeeoueny eiaei? 5 ?ie?a) ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, ia aaeaioiaai? a iiaiiio ianyc? aei iniaeeainoae no/aniiai
naiaoi?iiai aoaio ?aaa?e?oaoe??, aai iinyoue o ?yae? aeiaaee?a
caaaeueiee aeaeea?aoeaiee oa?aeoa? (ia i?noyoue eiio?ieueieo ii?iaoea?a
ii anueiio niaeo?o ii?ioth/eo “Ii?iaie o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa…” (1991
a.) oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei aaeaeaaoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?i oeyoe iioeiaeueiiai
i?aeoe/iiai caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa oai?eo ia ?I a i?e?iioo?i?ioao c
o?aooaaiiyi ye aiiainoaco i?aai?cio, oae ? o?iainiai-oaoi?/ieo
iiaeeeainoae oa?/iaeie?a icaei?iaieoeue ? o. i.), ui ia ?iaeoue
iiaeeeaei aaeaeaaoia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy anueiai niaeo?a iaoeiaeo iniia
ioo??oe?ieiaii, iiaiioe?iia ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy aeiiaioa?ieo i?ia?ai (Aaaia
E. Ae. ? ni?aaao., 1996, Neiaecaanueea I. E. oa niiaaao., 1997, Iiainaae
A. I. ? ni?aaao., 1984, Oiiacthe ?. I. ? ni?aaao., 1997 oa ?i.).
A?aee?eoeie caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy, ui iia’ycai? c iaoiaeieia?/ieie
ia?aaeoiiaaie aei neeaaeaiiy aeai?eoio aei?oioa?aiii o a?aeae?eaiiyo
?aaa?e?oaoe?? (a?ieia?/i? aniaeoe ?? i?ecia/aiiy, oiiiaee oa?/iaee
noaoon in?a, ui iaaeoiaeyoue, oaeoe/iee noai aoi?eiii? aeiiaioa?ii?
i?io?eaeoeee); ?aeeiith aaceniith oiio?eiaaiith ae??oith, aeeth/ath/e ??
e?ioeaao eaieo – na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?iaeoeoiaee iaa?? ? i???ioiaia
naieaeaiia iaith; canoinoaaiiyi niaoe?aeueieo oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a aai
aiieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie. A?aenooi? ?iaioe, aeeiiai? a ?aaeei?
iaoo?iiai aenia?eiaioo, ye? noinothoueny aea/aiiy iio?aa a aia?a?? ?
oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao oai?eo ia ?I ia aoai? naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, a
oaeiae /?oei a?aeaeeoa?aioe?eiaai? ca ??cieie ??aiyie (i?aaiiciaiiei,
nenoaiiei, i?aaii-oeaieiiei, ee?oeiii-noaee?oeiiei,
iieaeoey?ii-aaiaoe/iei) iiaeae? oa?/oaaiiy, ye? i?iiiiothoueny ??cieie
aaoi?aie, ui aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i a?aenooi?noue ai?iaiaaieo ca
iiaeeeaoi?ieie ia?ea?aie a?a??i?/ieo i?eioeei?a oa?/oaaiiy in?a a?oie
niinoa?aaeaiiy. Iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue, o ca’yceo c aeieia?/iith
neooaoe??th a Oe?a?i?, iaaoaa? ii?aoethaaiiy aaciaeo aeiiaioa?ieo
aieea?a, ye? /eiyoue ia o?eueee e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/io, aea e
aeaoieneeoth/o ae?th (Aeoiaaiaoeue O. A., *a?aieia A. I., 1997,
O?aooaiaa?a ?. I., 1997).

Ia oii? a?aenooiino? iaeaaeii? iaoeiai? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii?
iniiae, ui caaacia/o? anaa?/ia ii?ioaaiiy naiaoi?ii? aei?oioa?aii?
i?neyiioa?eoieo oai?eo, aeyaey?oueny ua iaeei iaaeie?e, ui i?eoaiaiiee
oa?/oaaiith i?aeoe/ii an?o i?aai?ciaaieo eieaeoea?a (Ea?iaiei I.I.,
1996, Eiiiiiaa I. I., 1996), – i???ioaoe?y aeiaiaiai iaith ia ia
o?c?ieia?/i? iio?aae, a ia o?iainia? aeo?aoe. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
/anoeo iaaaaeaieo ci?i o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?aoe?ii?a ? ciaioaiiy
ani?oeiaioo iaai?o i?iaeoeo?a, iia’ycaieo c aeeiai?eith oe?i.

A?aoiaoth/e aeuacacia/aia, i?iaeaia, ui ae??oo?oueny oe??th ?iaioith,
ia? iniaeeao aaaeeea?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue ye o oai?aoe/iiio, oae ?
i?eeeaaeiiio ieaiao, caaacia/oth/e iaea?aeaiiy iiaeo, iaa?oioiaaieo a
?aaeueieo oiiaao, iaoeiaeo aeaieo ?, ia ?o aac?, noai?aiiy nenoaie
aoi?eiii? aeiiaioa?ii? i?io?eaeoeee “ai?aeai?? OO noie?ooy” – ?I ia
eeth/iaiio aoai? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii
ca?aeii c ??oaiiyie I?aae?iiy CAO “Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey” ? I4-7 a?ae
14.11.95?., ? I2-5 a?ae 05.08.1998 ?., i?ia?aiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
?iaioe Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ca oaiith
“?ic?iaeoe eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy a no/anieo
oiiaao a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo” (iiia?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196O004673), ieaiaie Oe?a?inueei? i?iaeaiii? eii?n??
“A?a??ia oa?/oaaiiy” oa i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? “A?a??ia oa?/oaaiiy, ee?i?/ia
ae??oieia?y ? aano?iaioa?ieia?y” ii iaa?oiooaaiith o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ieo
aeiia aei oa?/oaaiiy ? ae?iaioa?ii? i?io?eaeoeee (ia?aeiii? oa
aoi?eiii?) ia?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue o ??cieo a?inioe?aeueieo
iiioeyoe?yo ianaeaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – a?a??i?/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiia aei ae?iaioa?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo, ui ia?aianee
?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, a no/anieo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) ?ac?iaeoe iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae eiioeaioe??
i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea, a
no/anieo naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao, aeaoe e?euee?nio ? ye?nio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo a?ieia?/iei oaeoi?ai, ui aieeaathoue ia oa?/ia? iio?aae
eiioeiaaioo niinoa?aaeaiiy; 2) aea/eoe oiiiaee (i?e
iaaeoiaeaeaii? ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th) oa?/iaee noaoon oai?eo oa noai
oaeoe/iiai naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea; 3)
iaa?oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aaeaeaaoii-i?io?eaeoe/i? ??ai? niiaeeaaiiy
aia?a?? oa ioo???io?a eiio?ieueii? a?inioe?aeueii? iiioeyoe??; 4)
?ic?iaeoe aaeaioiaai? aei o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa in?a, ui
icaei?iaeththoueny, aeiaiaee i?iaeoeoiaee iaa?? oa oi?aa?naeueia
i???ioiaia naieaeaiia iaith; aecia/eoe aeiiae aei ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy o
a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a; 5)
iaa?oiooaaoe iaoeia? i?aeoiaee aei canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
aeiaaaie aei naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo oa
i?iaanoe iaoo?ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aae?aie ioo??oeaaoe/ii? oa
ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae??oioa?ai?? in?a a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy; 6) aea/eoe iaaee/io
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo a?a??i?/ieo aeiia aei oaiaoe/ieo ae?iaioa?ieo
i?ia?ai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui: a) aeinyaiooi iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia eiioeaioe?? oa?/oaaiiy oai?eo ia ?I o no/anieo
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao; a) aia?oa i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy oa aeaia
eiiieaenia a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea iaoeiaei ia?aaeoiiaai ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy
ae??oioa?ai?? eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo (a?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, oa?/iaiai
noaoono ? noaio oaeoe/iiai naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy); a) aia?oa, a oiae?
iie?aniaeoieo iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaa?oioiaaii
aaeaeaaoii-i?io?eaeoe/i? ??ai? iio?aae a aia?a?? ? oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao,
ui ?aeiiaiaeiaai? i?ney?ioa?eoiei oai?ei ia aoai? naiaoi?ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe??; a) c a?aooaaiiyi o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa a ioo???ioao in?a,
ui icaei?iaeththoueny, oaeineiiaeaii ae?th/ee aeiaiaee i?iaeoeoiaee
iaa??, io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iniiai? aeaiaioe naiaoi?ii?
ae?iaioa?ii? i?ia?aie: aeiiae aei ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, no?oeoo?e aeiaiaeo
?aoe?ii?a, ui eiinie?aeiaai? o ?ic?iaeaiiio oi?aa?naeueiiio i???ioiaiiio
naieaeaiiiio iaith aeey a?aeae?eaiue ?aaa?e?oaoe??; ae) aia?oa
?ic?iaeaii iaoeia? iniiae canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie aei
naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, a oiio /ene? in?a,
ye? caciaee oe?aeeeai? ae?? aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a; iaa?oioiaaii
ia?aae?aio ioo??oeaaoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?
ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/iiai iioaioe?thaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae??oioa?ai?? in?a a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy.

I?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy ? i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai uiaei iioei?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy ianaeaiiy, iathoue
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, yea iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? i?eioeeiiai iiai? ia?aae?aie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae??oieia?/ieo i?ae?icae?e?a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo
ea?ae?ieia?/ieo caeeaae?a (a?aeae?eaiue), i?io?eueieo a?aeae?eaiue
nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo noaioe?e, Oeaio??a Caei?iay ii: a)
?aaeaiaiooaaiith ?iai/i? i?ia?aie naiaoi?ieo ?aeaeaiue; a)
cae?eniaiith eiio?ieth ca aeio?eiaiiyi a?a??i?/ieo aeiia aei
ae??oioa?ai?? (oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a, ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy
AAAe) i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ia aoai? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??;
a) i?iaaaeaiith nai?oa?ii-i?ina?oieoeueei? ?iaioe, i?iiaaaiaee iniia
aaeaeaaoii? aoi?eiii? ae?iaioa?ii? i?io?eaeoeee ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? a iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo “Nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? aeiiae oa eiio?ieue ca
i?aai?caoe??th oa?/oaaiiy i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo a no/anieo
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaaeao” (caoaa?aeaeai? CAO
“Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”, iaeac ? 25 a?ae 30.01.97 ?.), ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio
eeno? “O?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/i? aeiiae aei o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ae??oioa?ai??
i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo a oiiaao eiiieaenii? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii?
?aaa?e?oaoe??” (caoaa?aeaeai? CAO “Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”, iaeac ? 25
a?ae 30.01.97 ?), iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo “Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeiiae
aei canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie aei naiaoi?ieo oa?/iaeo
?aoe?ii?a i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo” (caoaa?aeaeai? CAO
“Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”, iaeac ? 07-12/201 a?ae 09.06.98?.). ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe?? icaei?iaieoeue Oe?a?ie
caaacia/eei 20-a?aenioeiaa i?aeaeuaiiy iaeaeeae/i? iaaee/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? naiaoi?iiai aoaio ?aaa?e?oaoe?? eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo
(aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy CAO “Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey” a?ae 04.08.98 ?.).

Iaoeia? aeai?, ui iaea?aeai? a oiae? ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
aeine?aeaeaiue, ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ii ioo??oe?ieia?? o
AIC iaaee/iiai i?io?eth (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy: ii Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e
aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? a?ae 12.05.98 ?, Aeiiaoeueeiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai a?ae 20.05.98 ?.,
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey a?ae
25.09.98 ?.).

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoi? o/ano? aeena?oaioa a ii?aoethaaii? iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiue, ui aeianai? ia caoeno. Aaoi? iniaenoi i?ia?a
aenia?eiaioaeueio oa iaoo?io /anoeio aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?eniea aiae?c
io?eiaieo aeaieo, noi?ioethaaa aeniiaee oa iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy,
ui aeianai? ia caoeno, a oaeiae i?aeaiooaaa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
(a?a??i?/i? aeiiae aei ae??oieia?/ieo i?ia?ai,aeeth/ath/e canoinoaaiiy
AAAe) ii aoi?eii?e ae?iaioa?i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea ia
aoai? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe iaoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeiiai? a ?aieao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, i?ieoee
anaa?/io ai?iaaoe?th ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy eo?i?oieia??” (?aiaoi??y, 1996?.), 3-?e oa 5-?e I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo “O?aioe?y ? Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o
eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996?.,
1998?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie” (Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.), 2-e Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth ii ia?iaei?e oa
iao?aaeeoe?ei?e iaaeeoeei? (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996 ?.), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?e?iaei? e?eoaaeuei? ?ano?ne, no/ania
oai??y ? i?aeoeea aaeueiaie?eoaaiiy, i?aaia? aniaeoe ioi?iie ?
aenieoaoaoe?? ?iaeiaeu i?ia?aeueieo aiae ? e?eoaaeueieo a?ycae (Naee,
1996 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “A?a??i?/i? i?iaeaie ioi?iie
caei?iay ianaeaiiy” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997 ?.), Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “Iao?aaeeoe?ei?
iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee ? e?eoaaiiy a eo?i?oi?e i?aeoeoe?” (Ee?a, 1997 ?.),
I?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??” (Iaeana, 1997 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th c aeiy canioaaiiy nai?oa?ieo i?aai?a
Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998 ?.), ?aa?iiaeuei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aaciaea
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy: i?iaeaie oa oeyoe ?o ??oaiiy”
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.), i?aeia?iaeiiio aeineiiic?oi? “I?ia?aia
aeaeeaaiiy a oiiaao oaoiiaaiiiai i?aneiao” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.).

Oe?eueiao ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe i?iaaaeaii ia eiioa?aioe?? i?io?eueieo
niaoe?ae?no?a eaoaae?e a?a??ie ? aeieia?? c eo?nii a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy ?
eaoaae?e caei?iay Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 2 iiiia?ao??:
“Naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiay aeeaoioa?aiey aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo
ieiea?aea”. – Caii?iaeuea: Aeaeaaaoeue, 1997. – 144 n. (6 aeaa, a o./. 3
naiino?ei?) ? “Aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aeiaaaee a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiie
aeeaoioa?aiee aieueiuo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea”. – Eeaa: Oaiaae,
1998. – 160 n. (7 aeaa, a o./. 5 naiino?eieo); 16 iaoeiaeo noaoae, a
o./. 7 naiino?eieo, 13 oac a ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (iaoa??ae?a)
eiioa?aioe?e ? neiiic?oi?a ??ciiai ??aiy.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 306 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, a o./. 61 noi??ioe?, ui i?noyoue 40 oaaeeoeue, 5
iaethie?a ? noai, ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iniiaii? /anoeie, ui
aeeth/a? 10 ?icae?e?a (iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, caaaeuei? aeai?, i?ia?aia,
ia’?eoe, iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, 8 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a), aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e – 710 aeaea?ae
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeeo?eaoe?y ae?th/eo ae??oieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a, ui
aaco?oueny ia ooieoe?iiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/i?e eiioeaioe?? c o?aooaaiiyi
ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/iiai ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy oa?iaeiaeeiai?/ii? a?ieia?/ii?
ae?? ?ae? ia i?aai?ci, aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe iaaee/io aoaeoeai?noue
naiaoi?iiai aoaio ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?I, noi?ioaaoe o ieo
aaeaeaaoiee aaeaioaoe?eiee neiae?ii.

2. A?aooaaiiy iioiaaiaoe/ieo ? noaoaaeo iniaeeainoae iaoaaie?cio,
aio?iiiiao?e/iiai noaoono, oiiiai? caaacia/aiino? ioo???ioaie oai?eo ia
?I, a oaeiae caeiiii??iinoae, ui neeaeeny o oaeoe/iiio naiaoi?iiio
oa?/oaaii? – aaaeeeaa ia?aaeoiiaa iaea?eueo iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa e?eoaaeueieo aeanoeainoae oaiaoe/ieo ae?iaioa?ieo
i?ia?ai.

3. Ii?ioaaiiy oa ioe?ithaaiiy aia?aaoe/ii? iioeiaeueiino? ae??oioa?ai??
eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo iiaeii? aacoaaoeny ia i?eoaiaiiiio
na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e aaaeeino? ?o o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino? EOA, ui aei??aith?
1,4. I?e aiae?c? oaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy, ieaioaaii? niiaeeaaiiy oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a iaiao?aeii i???iooaaoeny ia aaeaeaaoii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
eiao?oe??ioe ?ic?aooieo ??ai?a aeciaaiiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ioo???io?a,
ye? ?aeiiaiaeiaai?, oa neeaaeathoue ca na?aaeiueicaaaeaiei ai?noii ia
1000 eeae a?ee?a, o o. /. oaa?eiieo, aee??a, o o. /. IIAEE -6, IIAEE
-3, IAEE, aoaeaaiae?a, o o./. iiii-, aeenaoa?eae?a, oa?/iaeo aieieii,
a?aeiia?aeii (a): 38,5; 19,2; 30,8; 9,2; 1,5; 7,7; 142,3; 25,0 oa 11,5;
a?oai?i?a A, ?, N, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io, A6 , i?aoeeio, A12, oieaoo
(ia): 0,38; 7,69; 38,46; 0,77; 0,85; 1,23; 9,61; 0,001 oa 0,077;
i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei (ia): eaeueoe?th, oinoi?o, iaai?th, cae?ca, oeeieo,
eiaeo (ia): 384,61; 461,54; 230,27; 5,77; 7,69 oa 0,077.

4.Aeey i?eaaaeaiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?aoe?ii?a o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei
iio?aae o oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, iioei?caoe??
?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai aoaeoo oeeo ?a/iaei iieacaia aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo aeiaaaie: ioo?eoeaaoee?a – ii?iae?coaaiiy noaoono IIAEE -6,
a?oai?io N, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io, i?aoeeio, eae?th, eaeueoe?th oa
iaai?th; ia?aoa?iaoeaaoee?a – aeaoieneeaoe?? i?aai?cio oa i?aeneeaiiy
aiiainoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ?ae? noiniaii “e?eoe/ieo” aeey ?ON oa ?I
i?aai?a oa nenoai.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

I?ia?aia, caniae ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeoiaey/e c iaoe ? caaaeaiue
?iaioe, aeai?eoi ?? i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??, ui aaco?oueny ia iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiiyo i?i ooieoe?? ?ae? ? ?? a?ieia?/io ae?th ia i?aai?ci,
aeeth/aa a naaa oae? iine?aeiai? ??ai?: 1) ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo ia?aaeoiia i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy, a o./.
canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaie aei ?ae? (AAAe), eiio?ieueiiai
eiioeiaaioo; 2) aea/aiiy e?euee?nii? ? ye?nii? no?oeoo?e oaeoe/iiai
naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy, a oaeiae noaio oa?/iaiai noaoono oai?eo ia ?I;
3) iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai ??aiy niiaeeaaiiy aia?a?? ?
oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei iniaaie, ui i?ioiaeyoue ?aaa?e?oaoe?th a oaiaoe/ieo
naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo; 4) ii?aoethaaiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
ae??oioa?ai?? (aeiia aei oa?/iaiai ?aoe?iio ? ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy)
eiioeiaaioo niinoa?aaeaiiy; 5) iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aae?aie ioo??oeaaoe/ii?
? ia?aoa?iaoeaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? aiiainoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo naiaoi?ieo
ae?iaioa?ieo i?ia?ai i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo; 6) iaoo?io ia?aa??eo
o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ii? aaeaeaaoiino? ? iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? oa?/oaaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe??
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oieo caeeaae?a.

I?e ?aaeaiaiooaaii? iaoeiaeo iniia ae??oioa?ai?? oai?eo ia ?I a ?aieao
oai??? ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai, iaie aeei?enoaiee eiiieaen a?a??i?/ieo,
o?c?ieia?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo, ?ioiieia?/ieo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ?
iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a (? cania?a) aeine?aeaeaiiy, ianya ? iiiaieeaoo?a
yeeo neeaee: 1) aenia?e-iaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia a?eeo ?ia?aaeieo
uo?ao-naioeyo: a) aecia/aiiy ai?noo o e?ia? caaaeueiiai oieanoa?eio
(ON), oieanoa?eio e?iii?ioa?ae?a iecueei?, aeoaea iecueei? ? aeniei?
u?eueiino? (ON EIIU, ON EIAeIU ? ON EIAU), o?eae?oea?eae?a (OA)
oiieioa?iaith o?iiaoia?ao??th, ia?ieneaeiiai aaiie?co a?eo?ioeeo?a (IAA)
ca iicaa?eo?ioeeoa?iei aaiiaeia?iii, ui iaaeoiaeeoue aei na?aaeiaeua, –
252 aiae?ce; a) aecia/aiiy a oeaiei? na?oey aioeieenethaaeueiiai
iioaioe?aeo ca iaoiaeii Eeaaaiiaa A.?. ? ni?aaao., iaeiiiaiai
ae?aeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA) ? ae??iiaeo eiiuethaao?a (AeE) oioiiao?e/ii – 126
aiae?c?a (Aaa?eeia A.A., Iaoei?oaeia I.?., 1983, Eeaaaiia A.?. ?
ni?aaao., 1988, No?i?a ?.A., Iaea?iaa A.A., 1986, Oa?ooiiaa I. ?
ni?aaao., 1980); 2) iaoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy o a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe??
naiaoi???a “Aaeeeee Eoa” ? “Aa?aeyinuee” I?eacianueeiai a?aeae?eaiiy CAO
”Oe?i?ioicaei?iaieoey”: a) aea/aiiy oaeoe/ii? ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii?
naiaoi?ii? ae??oioa?ai?? ca iaith-?iceeaaeeaie (Iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ieoaiue aea/aiiy oaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy…, 1984) ?
iaoiaeii o?i?/iiai aecia/aiiy ia?ea?ieo oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei (A?euenueeee
I.E., 1983; Iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee c a?a??i?/iiai eiio?ieth…, 1986;
Iaoiaee ioe?iee caaacia/aiino? ianaeaiiy a?oai?iaie, 1987; I?ineo?yeiaa
A.A., ??ueii?i TH.I., 1982; Neo?eo?i ?.I. ? ni?aaao., 1987) – 310
aeiaiaeo ?aoe?ii?a, 613 aiae?c?a; a) aea/aiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo
iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo (Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee oa?/iaiai noaoono
ethaeeie…, 1995) – 3976 aecia/aiue; a) aea/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
noaio i?aai?cio: aiae?c aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o oe??e (AIO) ? oaeaeeino?
ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? (OI?) eiiieaenii i?eno?i?a “Ae?aaiic”-504
aecia/aiiy; ianyao no?eeino? oaaae ca aeiiiiiaith ei?aeoo?ii? i?iae –
504 aecia/aiiy; oaea?iiai ? oaeeeiiiai ianya?a e?ia?(OI ? OI), o?aeoe??
aeeeaeo (OA) aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ii ia aia?ao? “Aloka SSD-680” – 240
aecia/aiue; AEA, a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo (AO), /anoioe na?oeaaeo
nei?i/oaaiue (*NN), /enea iaoaaie?/ieo iaeeieoeue ? oiea?aioiino? aei
o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a oiae? iinoaiiaee i?iae PWC c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?aoa AE ? E-01, ?oooiiai no?aiiiaiiiao?a, aaeia?aiiao?a
Aa-02-252 i?iae PWS – 1260 aecia/aiue; i’yciai? neee ? noaoe/ii?
aeo?eaaeino? ca iaoiaeii aeeiaiiiao??? – 504 aecia/aiiy; ineoieia?/iiai
noaoooo ca iaoiaeeeith iai?ano?oeoo?iaaiiai ?ioa?a’th Konig ? Denolin
(1976) – 126 iieoaieo, 4-o ??aiaaa ?a?no?aoe?y – 6 ineoiiaoieia?/ieo
neiae?ii?a; noa’?eoeaieo neiioii?a ?ON ? ?I (naiiii/oooy) – 120 in?a, ui
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, ca 7 iieacieeaie; aooiaiae?c oyaeeino? iaaaioaaeaiiy,
ui aeeiio?oueny ca iaoiaeeeith Ai?aa – 252 aeine?aeaeaiiy (Aeiia?aaeiaa
O.N. ? ni?aaao., 1986, Io?aoei A.A., No?ooeinueeee A.A., 1987; I?eia
A.I., 1984); a) aecia/aiiy caaaeueieo aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a:
aaiiaeia?io oioiaeaeo?ieiei?eiao?e/ii, eaeeioeeo?a a eaia?? Ath?ea?a c
n?oeith Ai?y?aa ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?ineiia IA-10, o?iiaioeeo?a ?
?aoeeoeioeeo?a iaoiaeii ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?iaieo aeaiaio?a
? oi?o?eiaaiei iaoiaeii c aeei?enoaiiyi aco?a ?, i?io?iia?iiai?
aeoeaiino? iiaeeo?eiaaiei iaoiaeii Eaiaia, o?a?eiiaaia ii Eaeeaio – 616
aiae?c?a (Aaeoaea A.I. ? ni?aaao., 1962, Aa?aaoeue A.A., 1983, Iaioeeia
A.A. ? ni?aaao., 1987); ae) aea/aiiy ?ioiieia?/iiai ? ai?iiiaeueiiai
noaoon?a: aecia/aiiy a e?ia? O-e?ioioeeo?a a ?aaeoe?? niiioaiiiai
?icaoeiooai?aiiy c a?eo?ioeeoaie aa?aia (?-?IE), A-e?ioioeeo?a iaoiaeii
niiioaiiai ?icaoeiooai?aiiy c a?eo?ioeeoaie aa?aia a nenoai?
a?eo?ioeeoe-aioeo?ea-eiiieaiaio (?AN-?IE), ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?
e?ioioeeo?a a ?aaeoe?? aeanoo?ainoi?iaoe?? (?AOE) c ianiaoeeo?/iei
i?oiaaiii-o?oiaaiaaethoei?iii, ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a A, I, G ?aae?aeueiith
?ioiiaeeooc??th, e?cioeeia niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ii – 1620 aiae?c?a;
iia’ycaiiai c a?eeaie eiaeo (IAE) i?o?eoii-?iaeai?aeiei iaoiaeii ?
ia?aoai?iiia ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ii – 132 aiae?ce (??ueii?i TH.I. ?
ni?aaao., 1976; Ianoa? ?.O. ? ni?aaao., 1989, Iaioeeia A.A. ? ni?aaao.,
1987, *a?iooaiei ?.O., Eiainiaa E.N., 1978, Manchini G. et al., 1965);
?) aea/aiiy a?eeiaiai, e?i?aeiiai, a?oai?iiiai ? i?ia?aeueiiai
iaoaaie?cio: aecia/aiiy aene?aeoe?? caaaeueiiai acioo, na/iaeie ?
e?aaoei?io, a?aeiia?aeii, iai?ai?e?iiaoiaeii E’?eueaeaey, ca
eieuei?iaith ?aaeoe??th c ae?aoeaoeeiiiiieneiii ? eieuei?iaith
?aaeoe??th ssooa-150 aiae?c?a; a e?ia? caaaeueiiai a?eea ii a?o?aoia?e
?aaeoe??, aeueaoi?i?a (A) ? aeiaoe?i?a (A) aeaeo?ioi?aoe/iei ?iciiae?eii
ia ie?aeao c aoeaoaoo oeaetheice, na/iaeie eieuei?iaith ?aaeoe??th c
ae?aoeaoeeiiiiieneiii, e?aaoei?io iaoiaeii Iiiia?a-525 aiae?c?a;
eiioeaio?aoe?? a e?ia? ON, ON EIAU, ON EIAeIU, OA, oinoie?i?ae?a (OE),
o?aeoe?eiiai neeaaeo (OE), oinoaoeae?ena?eio (ON), oinoaoeae?e?iic?oo
(O?), no?iaii??e?io (NI) ? (OO) oinoaoeae?eoie?io iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeo?a
(IA) oiieioa?iaith o?iiaoia?ao??th c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaineoiiao?a FRJ 65
m, a oaeiae o?aeoe?eiiai aee?iieeneioiiai neeaaeo IA ? iaia?ai
o?iiaioeeo?a (IO) ca 13 iieacieeaie o?iiaoia?ao?/iei iaoiaeii – 4350
aiae?c?a; ?ioaineaiino? ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IAeA, IE, IAA)
cacia/aieie a ioieo? 1 iaoiaeaie – 676 aecia/aiue; noa’?eoeaieo
iaoieia?/ieo neiioii?a ? ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a a?oai?iii? iaaeinoaoiino? –
126 in?a, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, a?aeiia?aeii, ca 7 ? 18 ioe?ii/ieie
e?eoa??yie; a e?ia? a?oai?io A, ea?ioeii?ae?a, oieioa?ie?a, anei?a?iiai?
eeneioe, a?oai?io A12, oie??ai? eeneioe, ?eaioeaa?io,
i??eaeienaeueoinoaoo, OAeO-aoaeoo ? a na/? N1 – IIA ca ocaaaeueiaieie
iaoiaeeeaie ?inoeoooo oa?/oaaiiy ?AII – 1440 aiae?c?a; a e?ia? cae?ca,
caaaeueii? cae?cica’ycoth/i? ni?iiiaeiino? ne?iaaoee e?ia? (CCNN) ?
i?ioeaioa iane/aiiy o?ainoa?eio cae?cii (IAENN) ca aeiiiiiaith iaai?o
?aaeoea?a o??ie “Eaoaia” (*ao?y), oinoi?o ii a?aeaoaeia?
oinoi?iiiie?aaeaiiai? eeneioe, eaeueoe?th, eae?th, iaai?th, oeeieo,
naeioeth, eaaei?th ? ?ooo? aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiei niaeo?ioioiiao?ii, a
na/? eiaeo i?o?eoii-?iaeai?aeiei iaoiaeii- 1182 aiae?ce (Eiycueeia A.?.,
Eiaaoe?i I.I., 1984, Eiea A.A., Eaieoieeia A.N., 1982, Iaioeeia A.A. ?
ni?aaao., 1987, Iaoiaee ioe?iee caaacia/aiino? ianaeaiiy a?oai?iaie,
1987, No?i?a ?.A., Iaea?iaa A.A., 1986); ae) aea/aiiy aia?aio?ao ?
aia?aaoe/ii? aaeaeaaoiino? oa?/oaaiiy: aecia/aiiy aeo?ao aia?a?? i?e
ie?aieo aeaeao ae?yeueiino? iai?yiith eaei?eiao???th – 1596 aiae?c?a
eaaaiaaiai aaciiai?io; eiio?ieue ca niiaeeaaiiyi ?ae? ? aeeiai?eith iane
o?ea a i?ioean? ae?iaioa?ii? aia?aiiao??? – 560 ethaeeii-i?eeii?a ?ae?,
112 aecia/aiue (Aociee ?.I., 1978, A?ooa I.E., Iao?oiue I.I., 1955,
?c?aaeuenii C.?., Eaieoi C.N., 1983; Iio?aae a aia?a?? ? a?eeo, 1987).

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe. Eiioeaioe?y naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii?
ae??oioa?ai?? oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea. I?e oi?ioethaaii? ia?aae?aie
oa?/oaaiiy i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo canoiniaaiee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae, ui
aaco?oueny ia oai??? ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai. sse iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaa?oiooaaiiy e?euee?nii-ye?nieo ia?aiao??a
ae??oioa?ai?? cai?iiiiiaaia ooieoe?iiaeueii-aiiainoaoe/ia eiioeaioe?y,
ui aaeaioiaaia aei niaoeeo?ee naiaoi?ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. ?? aeo?aeieie
neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie ? caaaeuei? caeiie i?iaaaeaiiy ae?iaioa?ieo
caoiae?a, a oaeiae iinooeaoe oai??? caaeainiaaiiai ? aaeaeaaoiiai
oa?/oaaiiy. Iieacaii, ui a ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/iiio aniaeo? iiaeia
aeae?eeoe o?e eaiee a?ieia?/ii? ae?? ?ae? ia i?aai?ci in?a, ui
icaei?iaeththoueny a naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo ?aaa?e?oaoe??:
niaoeeo?/io, ui caiia?aa? ae?iaioa?iei caoai?thaaiiyi, ianiaoeeo?/io, ui
ia?aoeiaeaea? ?icaeoeo ? i?ia?anoaaiith ia?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue ?
oa?iaei-aeeiai?/io, ui a?aeaoaeiao? ii?ooai? oai?iaith aiiainoac ?
ae?yeuei?noue o?c?ieia?/ieo nenoai i?aai?cio.

A?ieia?/iee aoaeo ae?iaioa?ieo i?ia?ai caaacia/o?oueny a i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy ?aeath i?eoaiaiieo ?e ooieoe?e. ?o ?aae?caoe?y aeinyaa?oueny
oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo naiaoi???a o?c?ieiai-a?a??i?/ieo aeiia
aei oa?/iaiai ?aoe?iio ? ?aaeeio oa?/oaaiiy, i?e ?ic?iaoe? yeeo
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe eiiieaen a?ieia?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo
/eiiee?a, ui iiaeeo?eothoue oa?/ia? iio?aae.

A?ieia?/i? aniaeoe i?aai?caoe?? naiaoi?iiai oa?/oaaiiy i?ney?i-oa?eoieo
oai?eo. I?e i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe noaoue, a?e,
aio?iiiiao?e/iee noaoon in?a, ui i?aeeyaathoue ?aaa?e?oaoe??.
A?aeiia?aeii aei “Ii?i o?c?ieia?/ieo iio?aa…” (1991) iio?aaa a ?ae? o
/ieia?e?a, a na?aaeiueiio, ia 12% aeua, i?ae o ae?iie. O ea?ae?ieia?/ieo
naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo icaei?iaeththoueny caeaa?eueoiai /ieia?ee,
ieoiia aaaa yeeo neeaaea? 95,8%. C a?eii iaoaaie?ci ioo???io?a cacia?
caeiiii??ii? ci?ie. Ca eiai iioiaaiaoe/ieie ci?iaie ana ianaeaiiy oiiaii
iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia 3 a?eia? a?oie: 18-29 ?ie?a, 30-39 ?ie?a oa iniae
40 ?ie?a ? noa?o?. Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaiiai iieiaeaiiy, a?eiaee neeaae
eiio?ieueiiai eiioeiaaioo ia? nai? iniaeeaino?. Aei naiaoi???a
iai?aaeythoueny, caeaa?eueoiai, iniae noa?oiai a?eo (i?ney 40 ?ie?a).
Eaioa 1-i? ? 2-i? a?eiaeo a?oi neeaaea? 0,2% ? 6,0% a?aeiia?aeii.

I?e iaa?oiooaaii? ii?iaoea?a oa?/oaaiiy, a?aeai?? aieiioa??a aeey
iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ca?aeii aeiia iaoiaea noaiaea?o?a ? oeae
?aa?an?? i???iooaaeenue ia, oae caai?, noaiaea?oi? iieacieee o?ce/iiai
?icaeoeo i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo: c??no 170,60,3 ni ( =2,8 ni), aaaa o?ea
– 73,60,5 ea (=4,7 ea), ia?aaaaeiee oei eiinoeoooe?? – ii?iinoai?/iee.
Cacia/ai? na?aaeiueicaaaeai? aaai-c?inoia? cia/aiiy iiaeia aaaaeaoe
oeiiaeie aeey noeoiiino?, ui aea/aeanue, ine?eueee a iaaeao I1
ciaoiaeeeinue iaeaea 70% ie?aieo aaee/ei.

Oiiiaa (i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? a naiaoi??e) caaacia/ai?noue ?aaeaiaioiaaieie
ioo???ioaie oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea. A oiae? iaoo?iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui noaaeei nai?th iaoith aea/eoe oiiia? iieacieee
oa?/iaiai noaoono in?a, ui iaaeoiaeyoue ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th, onoaiiaeaiee
iecueeee ??aaiue aeueaoi?i?a (38,01,5 a/e), ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ia?aeaeueiiai i?aaethaaiiy aei 1,160,06 eiao?oe??ioa AA. I?e/iio o 3,2 –
7,4% in?a, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, cacia/ai? iieacieee aoee ieae/? a?ae
i?i?iaeueii? o?c?ieia?/ii? eiinoaioe, ui a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo, c
o?aooaaiiyi aiiainoaoe/iiai aieeao ?aaoethth/eo iaoaaie?ci ioo???io?a
nenoai, iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye ?aii?e ae?aaiinoe/iee neiioii ii?ooaiiy
neioaco ? ieanoe/ii? ooieoe?? a?ee?a. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeaieie
aene?aoe?? i?iaeoeo?a acioenoiai iai?io: ciaioaiiyi ai?noo acioo
na/iaeie a aeiaia?e na/? aei 5,3a ? IAE aei 741ia. I?e aiae?c?
aeaeo?ioi?aa?ai aeyaeai? ci?ie o aeiaoe?iiaeo o?aeoe?yo: ii?yae c?
cieaeaiiyi ai?noo -aeiaoe?i?a ciaioeeeny ?, iniaeeai, -aeiaoe?ie.

Iaeiei ?c iacaeaaeieo /eiiee?a ?eceeo ?I ? aeene?i?aeai??. O aieiioa??a
eiio?ieueii? a?oie ae?aaiinoiaaia iii??ia a?ia?oieanoa?eiai?y: ai?no ON
neeaa, a na?aaeiueiio, 5,80,3 iiieue/e, ia?aaeuoth/e ia 11,5%
iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy. Cao?eniaaia eiioeaio?aoe?y OA a e?ia? 3,90,1
iiieue/e, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iai?oaeaiee noai ?o iaoaaie?cio. O
ia?nii?o?eiaaiiio ?ic??c? e?i?aeiee noaoon oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ??cei
ae?aaeaiei aeenaaeainii (eiioeaio?aoe?y ON >6,2 iiieue/e, OA>11,0
iiieue/e) o 20-25% in?a. Oiiiaee ai?no ON EIAU a e?ia? (0,810,04
iiieue/e) iaaeeaeaany aei ieaeiuei? iaae? ii?ie. Ii?yae c oeei,
na?aaeiueia?oiiaa cia/aiiy ON EIIU (3,20,2 iiieue/e) ia 23,1% ia?aaeueei
aiiainoaoe/iee ??aaiue, coiiaeaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ON EIAU aei ON EIIU 1
aei 4. O eiioaeno? iaaaaeaieo aeaieo iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui
eiioeaio?aoe?y OA, ui ia?aaeuo? 2,3 iiieue/e, ia oii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ON
EIIU aei ON EIAU>5, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aenieei ?eceeii ?icaeoeo
iaoaoaeueiiai ?ioa?eoa, a oaeiae nia?oth a?ae ?ON. Iaaaaeaia iieiaeaiiy
?iciianthaeaeo?oueny iaeaea ia 50% i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, ui
iaaeoiaeyoue aei naiaoi???a. A oe?eiio na?aae eiioeiaaioo, ui
iai?aaey?oueny aei a?aeae?eaiue ?aaa?e?oaoe??, a?ey 100% in?a iathoue
??ciiai nooiaith ae?aaeaiino? a?ia?e?iii?ioa?iai?th, caeaa?eueoiai ??a ?
IV oei?a.

Cia/io ?ieue a ao?iiaoiaaiac? ?I a?ae?a?a? iaaeinoaoi? niiaeeaaiiy
a?oai?i?a oa i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei. Ciaioaiiy ??aiy anei?a?iiai? eeneioe
a e?ia? aei 4,10,3 ia/e aeaco? ia iaaaeaeaaoia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
cacia/aiiai ioo???ioa a i?aai?ci, ui ?a?no?o?oueny o 94,6%
aeine?aeaeoaaieo in?a. Eaioa in?a c iaaeinoaoi?noth a?oai?io N (??aaiue
a e?ia? iaio 4 ia/e) neeaea 63,8%, a o./. c aeeaieei aeao?oeeoii (iaioa
2 ia/e) 5,1%. Aiaeia?/ia caeiiii??i?noue aeyaeaia i?e aiae?c? aeaieo i?i
iaoaaie?ci a?oai?i?a a?oie A. Ca na?aaei?ie aaee/eiaie iieacieee
caaacia/aiino? o?ai?iii, ?eaioeaa?iii ? i??eaeieneiii, a?aeiia?aeii, ia
10,4%, 1,7% ? 24,4% aoee ieae/eie a?ae anoaiiaeaieo ii?iaoea?a (/anoioa
?a?no?aoe?? aeao?oeeoo 57,7-69,3%). Na?aaeiueicaaaeaia aaee/eia
aene?aoe?? c na/ath N1-IIA, a oaeiae ai?no a e?ia? a?oai?io A12 ?
oie??ai? eeneioe a?aeiia?aeaee ae?aiaciio eieeaaiue ii?ie, i?ioa o
cia/ii? /anoeie in?a, yeeo ianoaaeaii (16,1-51,4%), ?o ??aaiue aeinyaaa
80-90% i?i?iaeueiiai o?c?ieia?/iiai cia/aiiy. Iaaaeaeaaoia oa?/oaaiiy
in?a, ui ianoaaeoaaeeny, o ia?aaenaiaoi?iee ia??iae iaee nooo?aee
iaaaoeaiee aieea ia caaacia/ai?noue ?o aee?i?ic/eiieie a?oai?iaie,
iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? oi?ie yeiai ?a?no?oaaeeny o a?aeiioaii?
ea?ioeii?ae?a (ai?no a e?ia? 0,950,11 ia/e c ?a?no?aoe??th a?io?i?/ieo
i?iya?a aeao?oeeoo o 42,1% in?a) ? a?oai?io A ( 9,50,4 ia/e, 16,4%).

Iieacaii, ui a oe?eiio o eiai?oe, ui ianoaaeoaaeanue, ai?no eaeueoe?th ?
iaai?th a e?ia? ciaoiaeeany ia ??ai? aai o?ioe ieae/a i?i?iaeueii? iaae?
ii?ie (a?aeiia?aeii 2,160,05 iiieue/e ? 0,820,01 iiieue/e). ?acii c oei,
caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao iayai?noue a?io?i?/ieo i?iya?a iaaeinoaoiino?
ia?oiai c cacia/aieo iae?iaeaiaio?a a 22,3% oai?eo ia ?I. ?acoeueoaoe
aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a e?ia? cae?ca (14,81,2 iiieue/e), aeiiiaiai?
aeaieie i?i IAENN ? IAENN (60,53,4 ieiieue/e ? 31,52,2%), na?ae/aoue
i?i aenieo, a oe?eiio aeey oai?eo, iioaioe?eio iiaeeea?noue i?eoiaaii?
oi?ie aeao?oeeoo i?e?iaeaiaioa, ui ?a?no?o?oueny ia iiiaio i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoo?iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o 12,3 – 16,5% aieiioa??a. Ia?aoe?iiaeuei?noue
noaoe?iia?iiai oa?/oaaiiy coiiaeea 27,4% /anoioo ?a?no?aoe?? aeao?oeeoo
oeeieo ? 8,2% – a?iioe?ai?aeiiai noaio. I?e/iio, caeaaei?noue, ui
anoaiiaeaia i?ae e?euee?noth eiaeo a na/? ? eiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi c
oa?/iaeie ?aoe?iiaie (0,74:1 – 0,78:1), aeicaieeea aeeeth/eoe o aeaeyae?
i?e/eiiiai oaeoi?a iaoieia?th o ooieoe?iioaaii? ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

Oae? iniiai? oa?aeoa?i? ?ene oiiiai? caaacia/aiino? ioo???ioaie oai?eo,
ye? iaaeoiaeyoue ia naiaoi?io ?aaa?e?oaoe?th i?ney ?ioa?eoa i?iea?aea,
ui aecia/athoue iai?aaeai?noue ae?iaioa?ieo ei?eaoth/eo caoiae?a.

Caeiiii??iino?, ui neeaeeny o oaeoe/iiio oa?/oaaii? a naiaoi?ieo
ea?ae?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo. Ia oii? neeaaeaii? no?oeoo?e ?aoe?ii?a,
?o aia?aioe?ii?noue, a na?aaeiueiio, ca ??e noaiiaeoue 4023 eeae,
ia?aaeuoth/e ?aeiiaiaeiaai? cia/aiiy a 1,6 ?ace. A?ia?eaei??ei?noue
oa?/oaaiiy iia’ycaia c iaaeeeoeiaei niiaeeaaiiyi a?ee?a – a 1,5 ?ace,
aee??a a 2,3 ?ace ? aoaeaaiae?a – a 1,2 ?ace aeua ii?ie. A oe?eiio
naiaoi?ia ae??oioa?ai?y ia? a?eeiai-aee?iao i???ioaoe?th c aia?aaoe/iith
eaioith A:AE:A a na?aaeiueiio ca ??e 15,3:40,5:44,2. ?? niaoeeo?/iith
iniaeea?noth ? ai?no a?ee?a oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, ui ia?aaeuo?
o?c?ieia?/i? ??ai? (+78%), ii?aeiaiee c aeao?oeeoii IIAEE -3 ? -6 (a
na?aaeiueiio 72%), oa?/iaeo aieieii (20% a ceiiai-aaniyiee ia??iae ?ieo)
i?e iaaeeeoeiaino? (a 5,8 – 8,6 ?ac?a) iiii-, aeenaoa?eae?a ?
oieanoa?eio (ia 60%).

Oa?/ia? ?aoe?iie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny nooo?aith (14-80%) iaaeinoaoi?noth
i?aeoe/ii an?o a?oai?i?a (aeiyoie neeaaeathoue a?oai?ie ? ? A6), a
oaeiae eiaeo ? oeeieo (ia 20% ? 71,5% ieae/a cia/aiue, ui
?aaeaiaioothoueny). Oaeei /eiii, o?i?/iee neeaae oaeoe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy
i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ia aoai? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ia
o?eueee ia a?aeiia?aea? ?o o?c?ieia?/iei iio?aaai, aea ? ? ?noioiei
?ecee-/eiieeii i?ia?anoaaiiy ?ON.

O?c?ieia?/ia iio?aaa a aia?a?? i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo ia aoai?
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. O niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naiaoi??yo oai??
i?ioiaeyoue ?aaa?e?oaoe?th ia oii? iinooiiai c?inoath/eo ca ??aiai
neeaaeiino? iaa??aath/iai oa iaa??aath/ao?aioth/iai ?aaeei?a ?ooiai?
aeoeaiino?. Iaea?eueo aia?ai?ieeie, c o?aooaaiiyi aeiaiaiai athaeaeaoo
/ano, ? e?eoaaeueia a?iianoeea (eiao?oe??io o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino? (EOA) o
/ieia?e?a 2,314 – 3,157 ? ae?iie 2,361 – 3,183), oa?aieo? (EOA,
a?aeiia?aeii, 2,742 – 3,257 ? 2,910 – 3,474), eaaea ? iii??ia
aeoeai?noue a oiae? ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a a?aeii/eieo (EOA 2,713 – 3,228
? 2,354 – 3,151; 4,405 – 4,497 ? 4,400 – 4,575). Onoaiiaeaii, ui noia?ia
aia?aaoe/ia iio?aaa /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie ia I, II, III ? IV ??ai? ?ooiaiai
?aaeeio ? a na?aaeiueiio ca ia??iae icaei?iaeaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii,
neeaaea? (eeae/aeia): 2388 ? 2006, 2511 ? 2107, 2737 ? 2287, 2841 ?
2418, 2612 ? 2205, i?e EOA 1,282 ? 1,302, 1,351 ? 1,367, 1,473 ? 1,484,
1,529 ? 1,569, 1,402 ? 1,431.

Caaaeath/e ia ?nioth/o i?aai?caoe?th oa?/oaaiiy a naiaoi??yo (niaoeeo?ea
o?iainoaaiiy ae?iaioa?ii? i?ia?aie, ?aeeiee e?i?oiaaiee i?iaeoeoiaee
iaa??, i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy oa?/iaeo ?aoe?ii?a oa ?ioa) ? a?io?i?/i?
iieacieee i?ney?ioa?eoieo oai?eo, i?e ii?ioaaii? eaei??eiino? io?oe?eii?
ae??oe ?10 ? (3-e ?aoe?ii) aeioe?eueia i???ioaoe?y ia ?aeeio
na?aaeiueicaaaeaio aaee/eio. A?aoiaoth/e, ui eaioa ae?iie ciaoiaeeoueny
ia ??ai? a?ey 5%, naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oi? ?aoe?iie iiaeii? aacoaaoeny ia
na?aaeiueiaeiaia?e o?c?ieia?/i?e iio?aa? a aia?a?? /ieia?e?a, yea
aei??aith? 2600 eeae. I?e cacia/ai?e aaceni?e aaee/ei? ?ecee
iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao caniiaaieo ia i?e ?aoe?ii?a ia aiiainoac
i?aai?cio, o ie?aieo in?a aoaea ae?ae iecueeei, aiane?aeie ia o?eueee
aaeaioaoe?eieo caeiiii??iinoae iiaaae?iee, aea ? iayaiino?
o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui ?aaoeththoue aia?aaoe/iee aaeain.

?aeiiaiaeiaai? ??ai? niiaeeaaiiy ioo???io?a i?ney?ioa?eoieie oai?eie, ui
?aeiiaiaeothoueny a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naiaoi?ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo.
?aaeaiaiooaaiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ae??oioa?ai?? cae?eniaii a 2 aoaie. Ia
ia?oiio aoai? oaeoi??aeueiei iaoiaeii (niiniaii), ui aaco?oueny ia
niaoeeo?oe? iaoaaie?cio ioo???io?a ye o caaaeueiia?io?i?/iiio aniaeo?,
oae ? a i?ea’ycoe? aei iaoieia??, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, ?ic?aoiaai?
eaei?e/i? eiao?oe??ioe ii eiaei?e oa?/ia?e ?a/iaei?. O iiaeaeueoiio a
iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ca?aeii c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie oi?o?eiaaieie
iaoiaeeeaie IAe? oa?/oaaiiy ?AII ? IIC Oe?a?ie (Aiiaea??a A.?. ?
ni?aaao. 1986, Aenioeueeee A.A. ? ni?aaao., 1991, Niiey? A.?., 1989) ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie aenia?o?a OAI/AIC (1966, 1987) c aeei?enoaiiyi
?cieaei??eieo ?aoe?ii?a, iine?aeiaii aca?iiiia’ycaieo ? aa??eiaaieo ca
o?i?/iei neeaaeii a iai?yieo a?eeeaee?e, aoaeaaiaeea?oai?iei?ia?aeuei?
?a/iaeie ii noai? 0,751,01,25 (i?e iaiao?aeiino? c? ciaioaiiyi “e?ieo”
ci?i aei 10% a iaaeao 1,25) c a?aooaaiiyi ?ic?aooieiaeo
ii?iaoea?a, iaa?oioiaai? aaeaeaaoii-i?aaaioeai? ii?ie niiaeeaaiiy
ioo???io?a oai?eo ia ?I. Iaaaeaei??y, ui i?aaenoaaey? ?o, caaeainiaaia
ii iniiaieo oa?/iaeo ?a/iaeiao, ia? oae? cia/aiiy: a?eee, a o./.
oaa?eii?; aee?e, a o./. IIAEE -6, IIAEE -3; aoaeaaiaee, a o./. iiii-,
aeenaoa?eaee, oa?/ia? aieieia (a/1000 eeae), a?aeiia?aeii, 38,46; 19,23;
30,77; 9,23; 1,54; 7,69; 142,31; 25,0; 11,5; a?oai?ie (ia/1000 eeae):
a?oai?i A (?ao?iie aea?aaeaio), a?oai?i ? (oieioa?ie aea?aaeaio),
a?oai?i N, o?ai?i, ?eaioeaa?i, a?oai?i A6, i?aoeei (i?aoeei aea?aaeaio),
a?oai?i A12, oieao, a?aeiia?aeii, 0,38, 7,69, 38,46, 0,77, 0,85, 1,23,
9,61, 0,001, 0,077; i?ia?aeuei? ?a/iaeie (ia/1000 eeae): eaeueoe?e,
oinoi?, iaai?e, cae?ci, oeeie, eiae, eae?e ? iao??e, a?aeiia?aeii,
384,61; 461,54; 230,77; 5,77; 7,69; 0,077; ia iaioa 1920 ? ia a?eueoa
1540. A oiae? aiae?co a?io?i?/ieo c?ooaiue a a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeuao
aieiioa??a anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue ae??oieia?/ieo i?ia?ai, yea
aeinyaiooa ia aac? iaaaaeaieo aeaieo, ia? iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy:
ii?iae?coaaeenue eiao?oe??io aeueaoi?ie/aeiaoe?ie, eiioeaio?aoe?y a
e?ia? ON EIAU, anei?a?iiai? eeneioe, o?ai?io, ?eaioeaa?io ?
i??eaeienaeueoinoaoo; aeinya “ciie iioeiaeueiino?” o?c?ieia?/ieo iaae
eieeaaiue ??aaiue a?oai?io A, ea?ioeii?ae?a, a?oai?io ?, ?eaioeaa?io,
a?oai?io A12, cae?ca, oeeieo ? IAE, ?a?no?oaaeanue noaoenoe/ii
aeinoia??ia oaiaeaioe?y aei iioei?caoe?? ON, OA ? ON EIIU. Ca?eueoaiiy
aai cieaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai ??aiy niiaeeaaiiy ioo???io?a, ia o?eueee
ia noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny aeiaeaoeiaith iiceoeaiith iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iith
aoaeoeai?noth, aea ? ii ?yaeo aniaeo?a aeyaeyei iaaaoeaio ae?th. Oae, c?
ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo acioo a ?aoe?iiao, aene?aoe?y acioo na/iaeie ?
e?aaoei?io ca?eueoeeany, a?aeiia?aeii, c 167,1 iiieue/aeia ? 5,7
iiieue/aeia (niiaeeaaiiy acioo 12 a/aeia) aei 204,6 iiieue/aeia ? 6,0
iiieue/aeia (13,9 a/aeia), aeinyaioaoe, a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo 244,0
iiieue/aeia ? 6,5 iiieue/aeia (16,0 a/aeia), ui iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye
?aae?caoe?y iie?aiio ?iciiae?eo o?c?ieia?/ieo a?io?i?/ieo eiinoaio.
Aecia/aiiy IAE aeyaeei ianooiio caeaaei?noue: i?e aeciaaiiiio
iaaeoiaeaeaii? a?eea 75 a/aeia ? 87 a/aeia IAE ciaoiaeeany ieae/a
iioeiaeueiiai ? noaaaeaeaaoiiai cia/aiue, i?e niiaeeaaii? 1002 a/aeia
a?i aeinyaaa iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy (78,9%), iiai?noth eiiiainoth/iai
iio?aae a aeaiaio? (e?aaoei?iiaee eiao?oe??io neeaa 27,8).

Ia oii? aeine?aeieo ?aoe?ii?a, ui i?noyoue a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie a
iaaeao 0,75% ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aaee/ei, /anoioa ?a?no?aoe?? a?io?i?/iiai
aeao?oeeoo a?oai?i?a ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei neeaea, a?aeiia?aeii 14,3 –
71,4% ? 14,3 – 28,6%. I?ae aieeaii aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eeiio ioo???io?a
(+0,25N) aaeaeiny ii?iae?coaaoe ?o noaoon, iiaeaeueoa iioei?caoe?y yeiai
i?e ca?eueoaii? ei?eaoth/i? aeice +0,5N ia a?aecia/aeany.

I?aeo?eiea aiiainoaco i?aai?cio, iiaeeea?noue eiai aaeaeaaoii? ?aaeoe??
ia ?ecee-/eiieee aaeeeith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio ia?aeeniiai
ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE). Aea/aiiy niaeo?a OE IA ia oii? oa?/oaaiiy, ui
aa??th? ca aee?iaei ? a?oai?iiei neeaaeii, a iai?yieo 0,75NN iieacaei
aeinoia??ia (p0,05), cieaeaiiy IAA aei 1,7% (p

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