1

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAI- AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO

AeA?IAOIEIA?? OA AAIA?IEIA??

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

EIAAOIA NA?A?E AAI??OIAE*

OAeE: 616.5-056.3:613.63/65.001.6-084

AEA?A?*I? AeA?IAOICE O ?IAI*EO IAOEIIAOAe?AIIAI AE?IAIEOeOAA

(EE?I?EI- AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIA AeINE?AeAEAIIss)

14.01.20. — oe??i? oa aaia?e/i? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a— 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eiaaiianueeee Ae?a ?aaiiae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, IIC Oe?a?ie,

caa. eaoaae?ith oe??ieo oa aaia?e/ieo caoai?thaaiue

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith oa?ai?? c eo?nii aea?iaoiaaia?ieia?? Noinueeiai Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo Ai/a?ia Aaneeue Aiae??eiae/

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe??ieo oa aaia?e/ieo oai?ia
Caii??cueeiai Aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo E?ni?oeueeee Aiaoie?e
?aaiiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC
Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_23__”__06__________1999 ?ieo i 10.00__aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.64.603.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai- aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? aea?iaoieia?? oa aaia?ieia?? ca
aae?anith: 310057, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai 7/9 .

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai- aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo aea?iaoieia?? oa aaia?ieia?? (i. Oa?e?a,
aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai 7/9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_21___”___05_____1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.N.Oaoeueea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ca oiia iaoeiai- oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano c?inoa? /enei
o?i?/ieo aaaio?a— aea?aai?a, ye? caeaoi? aeeeeeaoe ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie
aea?a?/ieo o?aaeaiue, a oiio /ene? aea?aiaea?iaoice. A i?aeoeeo
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ai?iaaaeaeothoueny iia? o?i?/i? ?a/iaeie, ye?
iathoue ia?aeiiiiiae?acithth/? oa nainea?e?coth/? aeanoeaino?
(A.N.A?oeiia e niaao., 1977; A.A.Aioiiueaa e niaao., 1985; TH.I.Oaieia,
A.A.Eethaa, 1986; I?ioi?aieia e niaao., 1993; A.I.Aieeineaaneay, 1996;
N.I.Oaaei?ia e niaao., 1996; H.Schubert, E.Zachunka, 1989; G.B.Winton,
C.W.Lewis, 1992; S.Seidenari at al., 1994).

Oea ? iaei??th c i?e/ei oaeaeeiai ca?eueoaiiy /enea aea?a?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue, iniaeeai aea?iaoic?a o?i?/iiai aaiaco (Y.A.Aaoeaaa,
1975), ia?o ca ana a ?iaeono??aeueii ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao (A.Ae.Aaei,
1978; A.E.Neieoeui e niaao., 1988; Oaaei?ia N.I. e niaao., 1996;
R.Wolfin, J.Danis, 1984; J.Jidoi at al., 1995).

?iaioa i?enay/aia aeooaeuei?e i?iaeai?— aea/aiith aea?a?/ieo
aea?iaoic?a (AAe) o ?iai/eo iaoeiiaoae?aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa (IAA), eiei
ieoaiue aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? ia? aea?aeaaia oa nioe?aeueia
cia/aiiy (A.A.Aaiieeia e niaao., 1981; A.Ae.Naeenneee e niaao., 1987;
Aaeeyiiaa TH.A. e niaao., 1998; e ae?.).

Ca?aeii c aeaieie A.A.Aioiiue?aa oa ni?aaao. (1979- 1991), i?iooai?iae
oe??e caeiathoue ia?oa i?noea na?aae i?ioan?eii? iaoieia??, ia ieo
i?eoiaeeoueny 1/2 an?o aeiaaee?a oei/aniai? ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

Aeai? i?i no?oeoo?o aea?aiaea?iaoieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? (AAeC) a
iaoeiiaoae?aiiio ae?iaieoeoa?, iioeiaeueieo noaiao e?eoaaiiy oa
i?io?eaeoeeo ? iaaeinoaoi?ie oa noia?a/eeaeie (A.A.Oaethaeaiei, 1972;
A.A.Niiia, A.E.Aeieaia, 1976; I.Ae.Aaaiiaa, 1984; A.E.Neieoeui e niaao.,
1988; A.A. Aioiiueaa e niaao., 1991; L.Hubasova at al.,1994; A.Alomar et
al., I995; P.J.Coenraads at al., 1995). Iaei??th c iniaeeainoae oe???
aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? canoinoaaiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino?
??ciiiai?oieo iiaeo eaei-oa?aiaeo iaoa??ae?a (EOI), ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny ia aaaaoueio oaoiieia?/ieo eaieao. EOI i?noyoue iaei
aeine?aeaeai? o?i?/i? ?a/iaeie, ye? iio?aaothoue aeaoaeueii? ioe?iee ?o
aieeao ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie (O.O.Oa?/aiei,1984; Oee?oeueieeia A.I. e
niaao., 1988; Oaaei?ia N.I. e niaao., 1996; V.Pirila, 1992).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
/anoeiith eiiieaenii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe IIC Oe?a?ie, yea
aeeiio?oueny ia eaoaae?? oe??ieo oa aaia?e/ieo caoai?thaaiue IAeIO (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U001834).

Iaoith ae?enii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueieo oa
i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a ii cieaeaiith AAeC, aeeeeeaieo aieeaii EOI a
iaoeiiaoae?aiiio ae?iaieoeoa?.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aoee iinoaaeai? oa aeine?aeaeai? ianooii?
caaea/?:

I. Aea/eoe ca 5 ?ie?a (1992- 1997 ?.?.) no?oeoo?o oa aeeiai?eo
aea?iaoic?a o ?iai/eo Iaeanueeeo caaiae?a “AII”, “Aoaea?ae?aae?ea” oa
caaiaeo “E?ayi”.

2. Aea/eoe o?aaeai?noue ?iai/eo caaiae?a aea?aiaea?iaoicaie c
anoaiiaeaiiyi nooiaiy ae?aciino? aea?a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e (A?).

3. I?aeoaa?aeeoe a aenia?eiaio? iiaeeea?noue aeieeiaiiy A? o
a?aeiia?aeue ia aieea neaaeeo aea?aai?a.

4. ?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaaaeeoe eiiieaen ae?aaiinoe/ieo, e?eoaaeueii-
i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a aeey ?aiiueiai aecia/aiiy oai?eo, aoaeoeaiiai ?o
e?eoaaiiy oa iiia?aaeaeaiiy caoai?thaaiino?.

5. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo e?eoaaeueii- i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa iiaeeaeaii aea/aia
no?oeoo?a oa aeeiai?ea AAe ia i?eeeaae? aaeeeeo IAA, aecia/ai?
i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia? ca’ycee, aecia/ai? iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie. C /enea
iaea?eueo /anoi aeei?enooaaieo EOI a IAA aecia/aii 6 ia?ie a?oio?a ?
aiaeae, ye? aeeeeeaee ??eoaoeai? oa oiene/ii-aea?a?/i? ?aaeoe?? o
?iai/eo iaoeiiaoae?aieoeoaa. Aia?oa i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii
a?aeoai?aiith A? a?ae ia?aaeaa/oaaieo aea?aai?a — EOI. Oiiae
aenia?eiaioo aeicaieeee o?ainoi?ioaaoe iaoiaeeeo nainea?e?caoe?? aeey
neeueieo aea?aai?a (?aoei?ii. ?1270). Aeey neaaeeo aea?aai?a aoea
aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea A.?.Eiaaiianueeiai oa E.?.Cae?inueei? (a.n.
?1195978). Niaoeeo?ea io?eiaieo caiaeueieo ?aaeoe?e ia oe??? ii?nueeeo
naeiie, yeeo aoei nainea?e?ciaaii aeine?aeaeoaaieie EOI, aecia/eea
?ic?iaeo iiaiai niiniao ioe?iee ?aaeoe?e oe??e a aeine?ae?
«o?eieao-oano» (?aoei?ii. ?1331).

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aia?oa i?e AAe o i?aoe?aiee?a
IAA a oe?ieiio ia’?i? oa eiiieaenii aea/ai? iieacieee oa?ii?aoeaioe?? ?
oaiia?aoo?ieo ?aaeoe?e, ?I oe??e, no?eeino? eai?ey??a oe??e (NEO),
aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o oe??e (AIO), aeai? ii?oieia?/iiai noaio ia?eoa?e/ii?
e?ia?, ai?noo anei?a?iiai? eeneioe (AE) a e?ia? oa aene?aoe?? ?? ?c
na/ath, ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai O- ? A- e?ioioeeo?a, O- ? A- ?iaeoeiaaieo
oaeia??a oa noi?ani??a a caeaaeiino? a?ae oi?ie aea?aiaea?iaoico oa
noaaeo ?iaioe ia ae?iaieoeoa?.

Aeey iiaeeeaino? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao e?eoaaiiy
?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th aecia/aiiy NEO (aaeocaaa ?aoei?ii. ?622) ca
aeiiiiiaith i?eno?ith «aacaoiiao?a» (?aoei?ii. ?1242). Ai?iaaaeaeaia
iaeeieoey aacioanooaaiiy A/ni2 (e?euee?noue aeno?aaacao?a ia ieiu? a 1
ni2).

Aeey e?eoaaiiy AAe o ?ia?oiee?a IAA cai?iiiiiaai? ianooii? noaie
eiiieaenii? oa?ai??:

1. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy aea?aiaea?iaoic?a o?i?/iiai aaiaco (a.n. ?1526689),
yeee iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia oii? iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai?? i?iaiaeyoue
e?eoaaiiy oeyoii aieeao aeiciaaiei aaeooiii. I?ney ooai?aiiy aaiaoiie
cae?eniththoue aeaeo?ioi?ac 1% ?ic/eiii anei?a?iiai? eeneioe.

2. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy aecaie (aaeocaaa ?aoei?ii.?1107), yeee aeeth/a?
iaaeeeaiaioicio (caaaeueiioe??iethth/o, naaeaoeaio, aeanainea?e?coth/o,
ciai?oith) oa?ai?th ? aieea aeiciaaiiai aaeooia c aeaeo?ioi?acii 1%
?ic/eio aaeanei?a?io.

Aia?oa, c iaoith iiia?aaeaeaiiy aoi?eiiiai ?io?eoaaiiy oa naiaoe??
i?e?io?aai, cai?iiiiiaaia ie?aea “Eica-1” — ?aoe.i?ii.?1607;
a?ae?ioiaia aaeoa?eoeeaeia ie?aea “Eica-2” — ?aoe.i?ii. ?1606;
a?ae?io?eueia ie?aea “Eica-3” — aaeocaaa ?aoei?ii.? 968.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii noaiaea?oe oa e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaeueii-
i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a aeey i?aoe?aiee?a IAA. Aeey caaacia/aiiy
aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia e?euee?nii? ioe?iee
noaio caei?ia’y, i?eioeei?a iii?oi?oaaiiy noaio oai?iai ia AAeC.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? ?ic?iaee
ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe iie?ee?i?ee caaiaeo ?i. “E?ayi”,
cae?aaieoeue caaiae?a “No?iea?ae?aaeeea” ? “NII”, a?aeae?ee oaoi?ee
aaciaee aeuaia?a?aoiaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, eaoaae?e oe??aaioai?ia
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Iaeanueeiai IAe?
a??onieia??, Oe?a?inueeiai ?anioae?eainueeiai eai?ici??th, Iaeanueeiai
IOAAe ? AOAAe, oe??aaieaa?iao?a Oe?E A?oeecueeiai, A?ey?anueeiai,
E?e?enueeiai oa ?ioeo ?aeii?a Iaeanueei? iaeano?, Ia’?aeiaii?
cae?cie/ii? e?ea?i? ?1 i.Iaeane, Iaeanueei? aeeoy/i? i?eieia?/ii?
e?ea?i?, *a?iiii?nueei? aanaeiiai? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ia aiaeiiio
o?ainii?o?, i?nueeeo oe??aaiaeeniaina??a i. Aeaaeeainoiea oa i.
Na?aoiaa. Oea aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ae?aaiinoeee,
e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeee AAe.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. Aeena?oaio naiino?eii cae?enithaaa
ieaioaaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiy an?o aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? ee?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ocaaaeueiaiiy, noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo oa aiae?c io?eiaieo
aeaieo, noi?ioethaaa aeniiaee ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iaaiai?ai? ia can?aeaiiyo
c’?cae?a, i?aeia?iaeieo, ?anioae?eainueeeo, iaeanieo, oi?aa?neoaonueeeo
iaoeiaeo oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ?anioae?eainuee?e
cono??/?, ia’?aeiai?e A/ai?e ?aae? IAeIO, Iaeanueeiio iaeaniiio
iaoeiaiio oiaa?enoa? aea?iaoiaaia?ieia?a, ia noi?niiio can?aeaii?
eaoaae? ? OIE «Oa?aiaaoe/i? niaoe?aeueiino?» IAeIO (02.11.98.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii 2 aeiaoiaee, 5
aaeocaaeo ?aoei?iiiceoe?e, 10 ?aoei?iiiceoe?e, 1 iaoiaee/ia
?aeiiaiaeaoe?y, 2 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoe, 10 ioae?eaoe?e, c yeeo 2 —
aeo?iaeuei? noaoo?.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. .?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 201 noi??ioe?
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c aaaaeaiiy, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e oa
aiae?co iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a
?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, yeee neeaaea?oueny c 382 aeaea?ae, c yeeo 261
aeeeaaeaii ee?eeeoeath. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 17 iaethieaie oa 35
oaaeeoeyie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a ia Iaeanueeeo caaiaeao “NII”,
“Aoaea?ae?aae?ea” ? “E?ayi”, ie i?iaaee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aeeiai?ee
caaaeueii? aea?iaoieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? (CAeC) oa AAeC. Caaaeueiee
ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiue, yeee aeeth/aa ? ai?iaaoe?th ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy ia 504 oai?eo ia AAeC neeaa c 1992 ii 1997 ?.?.

I?io?eaeoe/i? iaeyaee cae?eniaii o 2350 in?a, c yeeo 1336 ?iai/eo
aaciaeo i?ioan?e, neeaee iniiaio a?oio, a 1014 ?ia?oiee?a caaiae?a, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei ia eiioaeooaaee c aea?aaiaie — eiio?ieueio A?oio
ii??aiyiiy neeaee 206 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a — i?aoe?aieee
iie?ee?i?ee oa nooaeaioe.

Ia iiiaio ai?iaaoe?? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeee
i?iaeiaaeoaaei i?aoethaaoe a?eueo?noue in?a, ye? aoee aeine?aeaeai? ia
aoai? i?io?eaeoe/iiai iaeyaeo- a?aeiia?aeii 822 — iniiaiay a?oiia, 768
— eiio?ieueia oa 168 in?a aoei a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy. Ianoaaeaiiy
ia?aaeaa/aei ee?i?/iee iaeyae, i?iaaaeaiiy oe??ieo i?ia (a oe?eiio 12942
i?iae) oa ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue— aecia/aiiy ?AOE, Aa-?IE,
Ao-?IE, ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? O- ? A- e?ioioeeo?a, O- ? A-
?iaeoeiaaii? oaeia?ii? oa noi?ani?ii? aeoeaiino?— (anueiai 4314
?ioiioano?a).

Aenia?eiaioaeueia a?aeoai?aiiy AOAe oa oeo?oaaiiy aea?aai?a ae?iaie/iai
na?aaeiaeua i?iaaaeaii ia 117 ii?nueeeo naeieao. Oaa?eiai eiio?ieueii?
a?oie i?iaiaeeee aie?eaoe?? eneeieo, aacae?iiai? ie??, o?c?ic/eio
(I.I.Caeeai, A.A.Eaaeaaa, 1965; A.A. Eaaeaaa, 1974). An?i oaa?eiai
i?iaiaeeee caaaeuei? aiae?ce e?ia? oa na/?, ?NAE, OAI (I.A.Aeaenaaaa,
E.A.Aeoaaa, 1978; E.A.Aeoaaa e niaao., I980) (anueiai i?iaaaeaii 243
eiaeiiai aeaeo aeine?aeaeaiue). A e?ioe? aeine?aeo /anoeio ii?nueeeo
naeiie aeaeai?ooaaee c ianooiiei a?noieia?/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi oe??e oa
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie (A.I.Oeaaoeiaa,
E.N.Ia?neia, 1979; A.I. Oeaaoeiaa e niaao., 1981; A.I.Oeaaoeiaa,
A.I.Ii?aeiaoeaa, 1986).

I?ae iaoei niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeinue 336 oai?eo ia aea?a?/iee
eiioaeoiee aea?iaoeo — AEAe, oa 168 — ia aecaio. A?eueo?noue oai?eo
neeaaeaee ae?iee —342(67,9%), /ieia?ee— 162(32,1%). 318 in?a(63,1%)
aoee iaea?eueo i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo 21-45 ?ie?a. O?eaae?noue
caoai?thaaiiy o 67,9% ia ia?aaeuoaaea 10 ?ie?a ? ua o 10,3% neeaaeaea —
21-25 ?ie?a. Iiia?aaeith oa?ai?th io?eioaaei 414(82,1%), ?c ieo—
98(19,1%) e?eoaaeenue noaoe?iia?ii. Cai?iiiiiaaio iaie oa?ai?th, yea
ia?aaeaa/aea aeei?enoaiiy aeiciaaiiai aaeooio(AeIA) oa aeaeo?ioi?aco
anei?a?iiai? eeneioe (AOAE) —AeIA/AOAE, io?eioaaei 292(57,9%). A oe?e
a?oi? (a iiaeaeueoiio- “aeine?aeia” a?oia) o 96(19%) aecia/aeanue
aecaia, o 192(38,9%) — AEAe. “Eiio?ieueio” a?oio neeaaeaee 212 (42,1%)
oai?eo, c yeeo 72(14,3%) no?aaeaeaee ia aecaio ? 140(27,8%) — ia AEAe. A
oe?e a?oi? i?iaiaeeeanue o?aaeeoe?eia oa?ai?y.

O in?a, yeeo niinoa??aaee i?iaiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueiiai aiae?co
e?ia? (1012 ianoaaeaiue) (I.A.Aaca?iiaa, 1981). Aecia/aiiy ai?noo AE a
e?ia? oa na/? cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith aiia?ioeo?iiao?e/iiai iaoiaeo
O?eueiaina (692 aeine?aeaeaiue) (TH.I.Ino?ianeee, 1979; E.A.Aaca?iiaa,
1986). Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai e?ioioeeoa?ii? nenoaie aecia/aee ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iieacieeaie ?AOE (i?e?iiiaeeo?eaoe?y), Aa?IE, Ao?IE,
a oaeiae iieacieeaie O-O-; O-A- ?iaeoeiaaii? oaeia?ii? oa noi?ani?ii?
aeoeaiino? (322 aeine?aeaeaiue), ui aeicaiey? aeaoe iaea?eueo ae/a?iio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae ie?aieie oi?iaie e?ioioeeo?a
(Aaaaeaeaiyi I.A., 1987; Aeaaoiaa I.A., 1992; Clark A., 1994). Iieacieee
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio oe??e— ?I (844 aeine?aeaeaiue ?I— ia ?I- iao??
EIO-0,1) (Aieueaeooaei A.I., A.A.Oea/, 1987), oaiia?aoo?o oe??e
(iaaee/iee aeaeo?ioa?iiiao? OIAI-1), aeaeo?ioe??iee ii??, ii?iae
oa?ii?aoeaioe?? oa aieueiai? /ooeeaino? (aia?ao Aeinu/aaa A.A. EAeO-1)
(796 cai???a) aecia/aee ye aaciina?aaeiuei a cii? a?aaeaiiy, oae ?
ia?eoieaeueii oa ia neiao?e/ieo ae?eyieao a aeeiai?oe? ia?aa?ao
caoai?thaaiiy. No?ee?noue eai?ey??a oe??e aei??thaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
aacaoiiao?a aeanii? eiino?oeoe??. Niaoeeo?/io /ooeea?noue oe??e
aecia/aee iaoiaeii e?aiaeueieo i?ia ca Aaae?iaei I.N.

?ic?iaeaia iaie noaia eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? AAe aaco?oueny ia ii?aeiaii?
ae?i?iaoe?eii?, caaaeueiioe??iethth/i?, aeanainea?e?coth/i?,
naaeaoeaii?, aeac?ioieneeaoe?eii?, ae??oe/ii?, iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa?ai??
noi?iii?o caoai?thaaiue, ?iaeoeaoth/iai, aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/iiai oa
ciai?oiueiai e?eoaaiiy. Cacia/ai? eiiiiiaioe i?ecia/aeenue c o?aooaaiiyi
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao AAe.

I?iaaaeaiiy iniiaieo i?ioeaaeo? e?eoaaiiy (a.n.?1526689) ca iaoiaeeeith
AeIA/AOAE ia?aaeaa/aei aecia/aiiy no?eeino? eai?ey??a oe??e (NEO) ca
aeiiiiiaith 3- oaeeeiiiai aaeooiiiai aieeao (98,7 eIa) ia aioo??oith
iiaa?oith na?aaeiuei? o?aoeie ia?aaeie?//y ia ae?eyioe? ae?aiao?ii 20ii.
A?aeiia?aeii aei nooiaiy ae?aciino? NEO a iiaeaeueoiio aeei?enoiaothoue
aaeooii? ethaaoe c aiiioiaaiei aeoeaiei aeaeo?iaeii ieiuath a?ae 2 aei
10 ni2. Ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoa AEI-02 aeicothoue aaeooiiee aieea a
caeaaeiino? a?ae NEO c iaoith a?aeoai?aiiy aaiaoii. I?ney i?eieiaiiy
aaeooiiiai aieeao i?iaiaeyoue aeaeo?ioi?ac 1% ?ic/eio anei?a?iiai?
eeneioe ia i?ioyc? 10- 15 oa.ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoa “Iioie-1”.
U?euei?noue aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio i?ae aeoeaiei aeaeo?iaeii neeaaea? 0,05
iA/ni2. Aeaeo?ioi?aoe/i? naaine i?iaiaeyoue uiaeiaiai 5 ?ac?a ia
oeaeaeaiue.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi
aa??aoe?eii- noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a aiae?co, ca e?eoa??yie ia?aiao?e/iiai
iaoiaeo ioe?iee aeinoia??iino? a?aei?iiinoae ?acoeueoao?a (Ae.Naiaoeeaa,
1968; A.E.Eociaoeia, 1978).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. I?e aea/aii? AAeC oa CAeC
ia iaeanneeo caaiaeao “E?ayi”, “Aoaea?ae?aae?ea” oa “AII” ca 1992- 1997
?.?. c’yniaaii iayai?noue ia i?ioyc? 1992 ?ieo noaa?eueii? ieoiii? aaae
AAeC (7,4%)

Iae. 1. Aeeiai?ea caoai?thaaiino? oe??e ca 1992-1997 ?.?. o ?ia?oiee?a
caaiae?a a?oie eiio?ieth c o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie e?eoaaiiy.

Ii in? aanoeen: ?iee, noiaa/eee ia ia?aaeiueiio ieai?— AAeC, ia
caaeiueiio — CAeC. Ii in? i?aeeiao: /enei aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue.

ia oii? a?aeiinii iecueei? CAeC (12,3%), ui ? iaioei a?ae aiaeia?/ieo
iieaciee?a a ?ioeo aaeocyo IAA(14,6 -21,4%) (A.N.?aaai, A.A. Aioiiueaa,
1975). I?e/iio, iaaea?a?/i? aea?iaoice aeyaeythoueny o oi?i? i?inoeo
eiioaeoieo aea?iaoeo?a, aea?aiaea?iaoice— o aeaeyae? aecaie,
e?iiea’yiee oa oieneaea?i??. Ii/eiath/e c e?ioey 1992 ?. iii?oii
c?inoathoue iieacieee CAeC ? a 1997 ?. caoai?thaai?noue o ii??aiyii? c
1992 ?. ? a 1,7 ?ace aeuith, a /enei aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino?- a?eueoei
a 1,4 ?ace, ieoiia aaaa na?aae an?o caoai?thaaiue — a 1,4 ?ace
a?eueoith. C?inoaiiy AAeC eaea a?eueo aenieeie oaiiaie ? a 1997 ?. a
ii??aiyii? c 1992 ?. caoai?thaai?noue ? a?eueoith a 7,9 ?ace, /enei
aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino?— a 5,9 ?ace, a ieoiia aaaa AAeC— a 4,7 ?ace.
A 1997 ?. o /ieia?e?a AAe niinoa??aaeenue a 5,8 ?ace /ano?oa, a o
ae?iie- a 9,6 ?ace. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy caoai?thaaiino? o /ieia?e?a oa
ae?iie neeaei i?e CAeC (1: 1) oa AAeC (1: 2). Iaea?eueoa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy AAe iathoue o a?eia?e a?oi? aei 30 ?ie?a (49,3%), oa
i?e noaae? ?iaioe aei 10 ?ie?a (69,9%).

Aecaie oa aea?iaoeoe neeaaeathoue 88,5% a?ae on?o oi?i AAe ?
a?aeiia?aeathoue ca 94,6% an??? iai?aoeacaeaoiino?. Ni?a?aeiioaiiy i?ae
aecaiith oa aea?iaoeoaie a 1993 ?. aoei 1:4,8, a a 1997 ?. — 1:1,53.

Iaea?eueoa ieoiia aaaa AAeC i?eoiaeeoueny ia 8 iniiaieo oeao?a
caaiae?a(67,5%) ? /ano?oa ca ?ioeo oai??? 9 i?ioan?eieo a?oi (67,5%) —
?iai/eo, ye? ca nai?ie iaia’yceaie iathoue aenieee eiioaeo c EOI. A 3/4
aeiaaee?a oai?? eiioaeooaaee c aiaeeth AO-92-AN, AO-92-ON, IO-133c,
IO-133nn, a?oioaie AO-0119, OE-03-E.

Iiceoeaaoe?y oe??ieo ?aaeoe?e niinoa??aaeanue o 48,4% in?a iniiaii?
a?oie, c iaeiei aea?aaiii — o 27,4%, c aeaiia — 21%, c o?ueiia — 6,1%.
Aeei?enoai? a ?iaio? aea?aaie (OA, AE, OOA) ? a a?eueoino? eiiiiiaioaie
EOI. I?e iiaoi?iiio oanooaaii? i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo caoiae?a
iiceoeaaoe?y a iniiai?e a?oi? cieceeanue aei 40,1% (P<0,05). Aeine?aeaeaiiy iae?aaoieo oa oieneei- aea?a?/ieo aeanoeainoae EOI a aenia?eiaio? ia ii?nueeeo naeiie iieacaei, ui a iaea?eueo?e i??? oe? aeanoeaino? niinoa??aathoueny o aiaeae AO-92-AN ? AO-92-ON, na?aaei?e nooi?iue ae?aciino? aeyaey?oueny o a?oio? AO-0119 ? aiae? IO-133c. Neaae? aeanoeaino? iathoue aiaeue IO-133nn oa a?oio OE-03-E. Oea aeyaeyeinue ye ca iieacieeaie aeeiai?ee iae?ineii?/ieo eieaeueieo i?iya?a, oae ? ca iieacieeaie ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue-- oano?a ?NAE oa OAI, a oaeiae aecia/aeinue o aeaeyae? niaoeeo?/ieo a?noieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue ia ??ai? ia?aio?iaoicieo i?aai?a (ia/?iea) oa oe??e. C iaoith ia’?eoea?caoe?? aieea?a cacia/aieo eiiiiiaio?a EOI cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee ye iineaaeaiiy ae?acieo aea?aaiieo aieea?a aiaeae AO-92-AN, AO-92-ON, IO-133c, a?oioo AO-0119 (iiaeeo?eaoe?y iaoiaeeee OeOA?), oae ? iaoiae iineeaiiy aea?aaiieo aeanoeainoae o eiiiiiaio?a, o yeeo oey ae?y ? neaaeith (aiaeue IO-133nn oa a?oio OE-03-E). Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi AeIA/AOAE, ui aoea i?iaaaeaia ca eiiieaenii ee?i?/ii- eaai?aoi?ieo ia?aiao??a, iieacaea ?? ia?aaaae o ii??aiyii? aei o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy. Oae, a aeine?aei?e a?oi? ee?i?/ia iaeoaeaiiy oa cia/ia iie?auaiiy niinoa??aaeiny o 84,3% oai?eo, a oie /an ye a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iiae?aiee aoaeo niinoa??aaany anueiai o 74,5%, oiaoi ia 10% iaioa. A aeine?aei?e a?oi? e?eoaaiiy aeinyaei aoaeoo anueiai o 0,7% oai?eo, a a eiio?ieuei?e - o 4,7%, oiaoi a 6,7 ?ace /ano?oa. No?iee e?eoaaiiy oai?eo aeine?aeii? a?oie aoee ia 4,2 aei?a ei?iooeie. E??i oiai, a aeine?aei?e a?oi? ?aoeeaeeae niinoa??aaeenue o 2% oai?eo, a oie /an ye a eiio?ieuei?e -- o 8,5%, oiaoi a 4,3 ?ace /ano?oa. O /ieia?e?a ?I oe??e i?e iaoieia?? a ae?eyioe? aeenoaeueieo a?aeae?e?a aa?oi?o e?ioe?aie aeinyaa? 7,0 iae. ?I, o oai?eo ae?iie oe? aeai? ? ieae/eie. I?ney e?eoaaiiy o /ieia?e?a ii?iae?co?oueny ?I oe??e ia eenoyo, ia?aaeie?//yo, a oie /an ye o ae?iie iiae?aia aeeiai?ea ? a?eueo iia?eueiith, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue oeeo iieaciee?a ?ioeie aaoi?aie (I.Ae.Aaaiiaa, 1984; Oaaei?ia N.I. e niaao., 1996; I.L.Levague, 1993). Iieacieee ii?ia?a aieueiai?, oaiia?aoo?ii? /ooeeaino?, ye? aoee ii?ooai? o ca’yceo c ?icaeoeii AAe (a?aeiia?aeii 39,1 N oa 48,2 N) ii?iae?coaaeenue i?ae aieeaii aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ? ia a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae eiio?ieth. Oaeiae a?aeaoaaeinue cieaeaiiy e?eoeino? eai?ey??a c 22,4 aei 5,2 A/ni2 (P<0,01), ciaioaiiy aaeaioaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo o??aiiaaaeaiiy oaiia?aoo? c 53,4 aei 36,1 oaeeei (P<0,05). O 51,5% oai?eo ia AAe niinoa??aaany aenieee ai?no aacio?e?a, o 50,3% -- aiceiio?e?a, o 37,9% -- e?ioioeeo?a, o 42%-- iiiioeeo?a. Cieaeaiiy iaee/eiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a iaei i?noea o 37,3% oai?eo, naaiaioiyaea?ieo-- o 33,1%. I?ney e?eoaaiiy ii?iae?caoe?y /enea aacio?e?a aeyaeaia o 70,4% in?a (c ieo a aeine?aei?e a?oi?-- o 42%), aiceiio?e?a o 66,9% (c ieo a aeine?aei?e a?oi? -- o 39,1%), e?ioioeeo?a -- o 88,8% (c ieo a aeine?aei?e a?oi?-- 53,3%), iiiioeeo?a-- o 81,1% (a aeine?aei?e a?oi? -- 58%), naaiaioiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a -- o 65,7% (a aeine?aei?e a?oi?-- o 49,7%). A i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy niinoa??aaee aeoeaio oaiaeaioe?th aei ii?iae?caoe?? an?o iieaciee?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? a aeine?aei?e a?oi?, a oie /an ye a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oeae i?ioean a?aeaoaaany cia/ii iia?euei?oa. Oae, i?e ii??aiyii? iieaciee?a c aieo ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? o oai?eo ia AAe a aeine?aei?e oa eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao i?ney e?eoaaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui ca a?eueo?noth iieaae/ee?a aiie aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyeenue iaeei a?ae iaeiiai. Oea noino?oueny oaeaeeino? cn?aeaiiy a?eo?ioeeo?a (P<0,01), ai?noo eaeeioeeo?a (P<0,001), aiceiio?e?a (P<0,05), naaiaioiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a (P<0,001), e?ioioeeo?a (P<0,001). Ae?acia cieaeaiiy ai?noo AE a e?ia? (0,59 ia%) oa na/? (6,64 ia/24 a) oai?eo ia AAe a?aeiiaethaaeinue i?ae aieeaii ?ic?iaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy ye a e?ia? (1,14 ia%), oae ? a na/? (24,35 ia/24 a). A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oe? iieacieee a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy ia aeinyaaee cia/aiue ii?ie. Aeai? ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i aeeaie? c?ooaiiy c aieo nenoaie ee?oeiieo eaiie ?ioi?oaoo o oai?eo ia aecaio oa AAe. O oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo aecia/ai? ci?ie ca iieacieeaie Aa?IE, Ao-?IE, oano?a ?AOE (c OAA oa EIN), O- ? A- ?iaeoeiaaii? oaeia?ii? oa noi?ani?ii? aeoeaiino?. Aecia/a?oueny oaiaeaioe?y a?eueo aeeaieeo ?ioiieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue ca oiia o?eaaeiai eiioaeoo ?ia?oiee?a c iani?eyoeeaeie ae?iaie/eie oaeoi?aie. I?e/iio, yeui a?ia?nainea?e?caoe?y o oai?eo ia? i?noea ? i?iyaey?oueny o i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy e?ioioeeo?a e?ia?, oi c aieo ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ie?aieo oei?a e?ioioeeo?a niinoa??aathoueny ??ciiiai?oi? ii?ooaiiy. ?iiae? oe? aoaeoe i?iyaeythoueny ia o?eueee aenieith aeoeai?noth nenoaie A- e?ioioeeo?a, aea e a?eueo ae?aciith aeoeai?noth noi?ani?ieo e?ioioeeo?a. Oe? oaeoe ocaiaeaeothoueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue inoaiiueiai /ano, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee oa?aeoa? ii?ooaiue c aieo e?ioi?aeii? nenoaie, ui eaaeeoue a iniia? oaeeueiiiae?aiiai ia?aa?ao AAe, c iaeiiai aieo, oa iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaia i?yieie oiene/ieie aoaeoaie aea?aai?a-- c ae?oaiai aieo (I?ioi?aieia A.E. e niaao., 1993). I?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaiiy ca o?aaeeoe?eiei oa cai?iiiiiaaiei iaoiaeii aeeeeea? nii/aoeo aeayea iiaeeaeaiiy ii?ooaiue noaio e?ioi?aeii? nenoaie. C?inoaiiy iiceoeaieo c?ooaiue c aieo aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a ca oiia aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy ? a?eueo ae?aciei o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiei e?eoaaiiyi ? o a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iae? (/a?ac aeaa oeaei? i?ney inoaiiueiai e?eoaaeueiiai aieeao) ca oiia aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo oaeiae niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueo ni?eyoeeaee oa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiei e?eoaaiiyi ye i?ioan?eiiai aea?a?/iiai aea?iaoeoo, oae ? aecaie (P<0,01). Aeeeeea? cia/iee ?ioa?an anoaiiaeaiee oaeo ii??aiyeueii a?eueoi? no?eeino? oai?eo c aaeeeei noaaeai ?iaioe, ui iiaea iiynithaaoenue ?icaeoeii Iae. 2. Aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo caoiae?a ca?aeii c iieacieeaie IAeC oa AAeC ca 1997 ??e. Ii in? aanoeen: 1-- /enei aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue; 2-- /enei aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino? ia 1000 ?ia?oiee?a, 3-- na?aaeiueii?ny/ia /enei aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino?; 4-- o?eaae?noue iaeiiai aeiaaeeo caoai?thaaiiy. Noiai/eee ia ia?aaeiueiio ieai?-- AAeC, ia caaeiueiio-- CAeC. Ii in? i?aeeiao: a?aeiia?aei? iieacieee a iniiai?e a?oi? a %(100%-- iieacieee a a?oi? eiio?ieth). #-- P<0,05; ##--P<0,01; ###--P<0,001. o aeaii? eaoaai??? oai?eo ia ??ai? ?ioiieiiiaoaioii? nenoaie nai???aeii? aaeaioaoe?? aei ae?? iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a niinoa??aaeanue iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea a no?oeoo?? CAeC oa AAeC. Oae, ii CAeC a 1992-1997 ?ieao o ii??aiyii? aei 1987-1991 ?ie?a cieceeanue aaniethoia e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue ia 16%, e?euee?noue aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino? ia 25,5%, e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a ia 1000 ?iai/eo -- ia 1/6, e?euee?noue aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino? ia 1000 ?iai/eo --25,5%, na?aaeiueii?ny/ia e?euee?noue aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino? --ia 26,2%, na?aaeiueii?ny/ia /enei aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiino? -- ia 1/6. O?eaae?noue iaeiiai aeiaaeeo caoai?thaaiiy ciaiooaaeanue ia 1,5 aei?a (Iae. 2.) Ii AAeC niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy a aeine?aei?e a?oi? aaniethoiiai /enea aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiino? ia 1/4, e?eueeino? aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino? ia 46,3%, na?aaeiueii?ny/iiai /enea aeiaaee?a-- ia 1/4, na?aaeiueii?ny/ii? e?eueeino? aei?a iai?aoeacaeaoiino? -- ia 1/2. O?eaae?noue iaeiiai aeiaaeeo caoai?thaaiiy ciaioeeanue ia 3,8 aei?a (Iae. 2.). E?euee?noue a?aea?aeoaaiue oai?eo ia CAeC ciaioeeanue ia 27,1%, a AAeC -- 53,4%. Iaiieiaeio ciaioeeinue /enei oai?eo ia CAeC, ye? i?aeeyaaee noaoe?iia?iiio e?eoaaiith, a c AAeC -- ia 1/3. Nei?ioeeenue oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy a noaoe?iia?? oai?eo ia CAeC ia 48,1%, a c AAeC -- ia 46,5%. Iie?auaeinue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy /enea oai?eo ia yecaio oa aea?iaoeoe (a 1992 ?ioe? aiii neeaei 1: 3,6, a 1993 ?ioe? -- 1:4,8, a 1994 ?ioe? -- 1:4,5, a 1995 ?ioe? -- 1:5). Aeuaiaaaaeai? iaoa??aee aiai?youe ia ei?enoue oiai, ui a i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a iaie aeinyaiooa nooo?aa aeiiii?/ia, iaaee/ia oa nioe?aeueia aoaeoeai?noue. A E N I I A E E 1. Aeieeiaiith oa ?icaeoeia? aea?aiaea?iaoic?a (o aeaeyae? aecaie oa aea?iaoeo?a) a iaoeiiaoae?ai?e aaeoc? o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ni?ey? iiia?aaei?e eiioaeo c ?yaeii iiaeo eaei- oa?aiaeo iaoa??ae?a, cie?aia aiaeyie AO-92-AN, AO-92-ON, IO-133c, IO-133nn, a?oioaie AO-0119, OE-03-E. 2. Iao? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee caeaaei?noue aeieeiaiiy AAe a?ae eaei- oa?aiaeo iaoa??ae?a oeyoii a?aeoai?aiiy iae?aaoieo oa aea?a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e a?ae aiaeae AO-92-AN:, AO-92-ON, IO-133c, IO-133nn oa a?oio?a AO-0119, OE-03-E. 3. Aecia/ai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?iceaaee c aieo aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, oeoieiai- eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, oe??iiai aiae?caoi?a (ci?ie oaiia?aoo?ieo ?aaeoe?e oa oa?ii?aoeaioe??, iii?o oe??e aeaeo?e/iiio no?oiia?), ciaioaiiy no?eeino? eai?ey??a, ci?ie aeoeaii? ?aaeoe?? oe??e, ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?, ?acaeoie N-a?iia?oai?iico, ci?ie c aieo iieaciee?a ee?oeiii? eaiee ?ioi?oaoo iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny a yeino? aeaiaio?a iaoiaaiaco AAe. 4. Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia AAe c aeei?enoaiiyi a yeino? iniiaiiai eiiiiiaioo AeIA/AO c anei?a?iiaith eeneioith, ia? ?yae nooo?aeo ia?aaaa ? a?ae??ciy?oueny aenieith aoaeoeai?noth, a?aenooi?noth noi?iii?o yaeu, iiaeeea?noth cae?eniaiiy ca aiaoeaoi?ieo oiia. 5. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi aeuaia?a?aoiaaieo eiiiiiaio?a niinoa??aa?oueny ii?iae?caoe?y iieacieea ?I oe??e, oaiia?aoo?ieo ?aaeoe?e oa oa?ii?aoeaioe??, aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o oe??e no?oiia?, no?eeino? eai?ey??a oe??e, eaai?aoi?ieo, a?io?i?/ieo oa ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a. 6. Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, yea aeeth/a? iioei?caoe?th i?ioa?aeai??a i?e ca?aooaaii? ia ?iaioo, iie?auaiiy yeino? i?io?eaeoe/ieo iaeyae?a, iineeaiiy iaaeyaeo ca aeio?eiaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo, nai?oa?ii-oaoi?/ieo, nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo, e?eoaaeueii- i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, iioei?caoe?y aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo cania?a caoenoo oe??e a?aeiia?aeii aei oiia ae?iaieoeoaa, caoeno a?ae i?ieieiai? ?ioaeoe?? oa naiaoe?y i?e?io?aaioaaiiy caaacia/eee ae?acio iaaeeei- nioe?aeueio oa aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? I. Iieacieee ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo e?ia?, a?io?i?/i? eiinoaioe ai?noo anei?a?iiai? eeneioe a e?ia? oa a na/?, aeai? i?i noai ee?oeiii? eaiee ?ioi?oaoo, aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a aacioanooaaiiy, oa?ii?aoeaioe??, ?I oe??e, aeaeo?e/iiai iii?o ai?aea?i?no aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiiieaenii, ?acii c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie a i?aeoeoe? aea?iaoieia?? aeaeaie aeine?aeaeaiue a yeino? aeiaeaoeiaeo e?eoa???a c iaoith ee?i?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aeae?a AAe, eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oa i?iaiico. 2. A aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?iaioao ii a?aeoai?aiith aea?a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e a?ae neeueieo aea?aai?a a?eueo c?o/iei ? aeei?enoaiiy aeaeici?iaii? iaoiaeeee OeOA? (?aoei?ii. ?1270), o aeiaaeeo ai?eooaiii? nainea?e?caoe?? neaaeeie aea?aaiaie ia?aaaao ne?ae a?aeaeaoe aeaeici?iai?e iaoiaeeoe? OeOA?-2 (a. n. ?1195978), 3. I?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia AAe aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?iaeoeaaoe?eio oa?ai?th o aeaeyae? AeIA/AOAE (a.n. ?1526689). 4. C iaoith i?io?eaeoeee AAe a oiiaao iaoeiiaoae?aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeioe?eueiei ? canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo caoenieo cania?a “Nee?a?i” ? "Oeeo?ic?o", oiio ui aiie caaacia/othoue ia o?eueei i?io?eaeoe/iee, aea e oa?aiaaoe/iee, naiaoe?eiee aoaeo (?aoei?ii. ?1127 e ?1124). 5. Aeey iioei?caoe?? ai?ioueae c i?ieieiaith ?ioaeoe??th a oiiaao iaoeiiaoae?aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa nii??aeiaieo aaeocae i?iieneiaino? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aaeoa?eoeeaei? ie?aeiooai?thth/? caniae, ye? ? aaeaeaaoieie aei oiia ae?iaieoeoaa (?aoei?ii ??1126, 1606, 1607, 1332). IA?AE?E ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Eiaaoia N.A. Aiaeec caaieaaaaiinoe aeea?aiaea?iaoicaie o ?aai/eo iaoeiino?ieoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee//AEo?iae aea?iaoieiaee e aaia?ieiaee.- 1999.--?2.-- N. 55-58. 2. Eiaaoia N.A., Ooieeianeee A.A., Ei?aoaeee E.E. Eiioiiiiaeoee?othuea yooaeou aeice?iaaiiiai aaeooiyeaeo?ioi?aca i?e i?ioanneiiaeueiii aeea?ae/aneii aea?iaoeoa e yecaia// AEo?iae aea?iaoieiaee e aaia?ieiaee.-- 1999.--?2.-- N. 49-53. 3. Eiaaoia N.A., Aiaeeaanueea I.A., I?eiea?aa I.A., I?ieiiiaa E.A., Oaiae?a I.A., A?o?anothe N.E., Nieieianueeee A.N. I?eno??e aeey aecia/aiiy aeanoe/ieo aeanoeainoae iie?eaieo oeaiei: Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae ?95042025 (30.06.97 a.). Athe. ?3. 4. Eiaaoia N.A., Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Ieeeoei N.A. Niinia ea/aiey aeea?aiaea?iaoicia oeie/aneiai aaiaca: A. n. ? 1526689 (8.08. 1989 a.). 5. Lobashov S.G. A new approach ti the treatment of chemical allergic dermatosis//Proceedings of 5th International Medical Sciences Congress. Istanbul, Turkey.--1989.-- P.63. 6. Eiaaoia N.A. Aaaaoio?iiiay oa?aiey i?e aeea?aiaea?iaoicao//Iaoiaaiac e oa?aiey aeea?aiaea?iaoicia (iao/ii- i?aeoe/aneee nai?iee noaoae).--Eueaia, 1990.-- N. 58- 59. 7. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A., *ieieia I.A., Aioeoeye I.E. Aea?iaoicu io eaeie?ani/iuo iaoa?eaeia o ii?yeia/Iaoa?eaeu ieaioia i?iaeaiiie eiiennee, iinayuaiiiai i?iaeaia ?aaaeeeoaoeee e ?ae?aaoeee ieaaninoaaa.- Aeaaeeainoie, 1991.-- N.66-- 67. 8. Eiaaoia N.A. Ii?aaeaiea ia?aiie nenoaiu o ?aai/eo, eiioaeoe?othueo n eaeie?ani/iuie iaoa?eaeaie//Iao/ii- i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey, iinayuaiiay i?aaiecaoeee e ea/aieth aieueiuo.-- Iaeanna, 1988.-- N.54. 9. Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A. Oeceieiae/aneea iaoaieciu aaeaioaoeee o iaey?ia e oneiaeyi i?iecaiaenoaa a caaeneiinoe io noaaea//Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu oeceieiaee o?oaea e i?ioeeaeoe/aneie y?aiiiieee. Oacenu aeiee. 9-e Anan. eiio.--Iineaa, 1990.-- N. 36- 37. 10. Eiaaoia N.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia eco/aiea aeaenoaey iaeioi?uo eaeie?ani/iuo iaoa?eaeia//A ca.: Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy aea?iaoiaaia?ieia??. Iaoeiai- i?aeoe/iee ca??iee noaoae. I?ae ?aae. i?io. A.I.Oaaeioiaa.- Aei?i?iiao?ianuee:, "E?ie-I", 1999-- N.216-- 218. 11. Eiaaoia N.A. Aea?iaoicu io aicaeaenoaey eaeie?ani/iuo iaoa?eaeia o ?aaioieeia iaoeiino?ieoaeueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe a.Iaeannu//Oai aea. --N.218- 220. 12. Eiaaoia N.A. E aii?ino i ea/aiee aeea?aiaea?iaoicia oeie/aneiai aaiaca//Oai aea.-- N.220- 221. 13. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A. Iaoiaeeea eniieueciaaiey anei?aeiiaie eeneio? i?e iaeioi?uo aea?iaoicao n N- aeoaieiiui aeaoeoeeoii//Eioi?iaoeeiiiia ienueii.-- Eeaa, 1988. 14. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A., Oaiae?a A.A., Aiaeeaaneee E.N., Eaaaaethe I.I., Eaaeueiee Ae.I., Ieeeoei N.A. Niinia aini?iecaaaeaiey aeea?ae/aneeo ?aaeoeee ia aeaenoaea neaauo aeea?aaiia//Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie.-- Iaeanna, 1989. 15. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A., Aioeoeye I.E. Naieoa?ii- i?inaaoeoaeueiay ?aaioa ii i?iaeaia i?iecaiaenoaaiii- caaeneiuo aeea?ae/aneeo oaiiaea?iaoicia//Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie.-- Iaeanna, 1989. 16. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A. I?aaeeiaeaiey ii ea/aieth aieueiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuie aeea?ae/aneeie aea?iaoicaie//Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.-- Iaeanna, 1988. 17. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A. Niaaou a?a/o ii ieacaieth iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue i?e aiaeiiaa?ioe/aneii ioaea//Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.-- Iaeanna, 1988. 18. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A. ?aeiiaiaeaoeey ii ieacaieth iaioeiaeiie iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue i?e aiaoeeaeoe/aneii oiea Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.-- Iaeanna, 1988. 19. Eiaaiianeee A.E., Caeeineay E.E., Eiaaoia N.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue naieoa?iie i?iiaaaiaeu ii i?iaeaia caaieaaaaiinoe i?ioanneiiaeueiuie aea?iaoicaie oeie/aneiai aaiaca a oneiaeyo yeaeo?iiaoi?iecaiaenoaa Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.-- Iaeanna, 1988. AIIOAOe?? Eiaaoia N.A. Aea?a?/i? aea?iaoice o ?iai/eo iaoeiiaoae?aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa(Ee?i?ei- aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy). ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.20-- oe??i? oa aaia?e/i? caoai?thaaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith caoai?thaaiino? ia aea?a?/i? a?aaeaiiy oe??e i?aoe?aiee?a iaoeiiaoae?aieo caaiae?a oa ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a ?o e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeee. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o caaaeueii? aea?iaoieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino?, caoai?thaaiino? ia aea?a?/i? aea?iaoice (aecaia oa aea?a?/iee aea?iaoeo), aecia/ai? iniiai? o?i?/i? aea?aaie ae?iaieoeoaa, aeine?aeaeaii a aenia?eiaio? ae?aci?noue ?o oiene/ieo oa aea?aaiieo aeanoeainoae. Iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue a a?oi? i?aoe?aiee?a, ye? io?eioaaee o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae a iniiai?e a?oi?, aea aeei?enoiaoaaee ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaeniee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy, a iniia? yeiai ciaoiaeeoueny caeaaeiee a?ae noaio no?eeino? eai?ey??a oei?e aeiciaaiee aieea aaeooiii c ianooiiei aeaeo?ioi?aoe/iei aaaaeaiiyi anei?a?iiai? eeneioe. Ca iieacieeaie caoai?thaaiino?, o?eaaeino? ia??iaeo iai?aoeacaeaoiino?, o?eaaeino? iaeiiai aeiaaeeo caoai?thaaiiy, ?acoeueoaoaie ee?i?/ii- eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noaio ?ioiieia?/ii? nenoaie i?aai?cio ?iai/eo, ooieoe?iiaeueieo iieaciee?a oe??e (?I, ii?? aeaeo?e/iiio no?oiia?, ii?iae oaiia?aoo?ii? oa aieueiai? /ooeeaino?) aeiaaaeaia aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai eiiieaeniiai iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy aea?a?/ieo aea?iaoic?a. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?a?/iee aea?iaoeo, aecaia, iaoeiiaoae?aia ae?iaieoeoai, o?i?/i? aea?aaie, ?ioiieia?/ia nenoaia, i?io?eaeoeea caoai?thaaiue oe??e, aaeooi- aeaeo?ioi?ac. Eiaaoia N.A. Aeea?ae/aneeo aea?iaoeoua o ?aai/eo iaoeiino?ieoaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa(Eeeieei yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea). ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.20-- eiaeiua e aaia?e/aneea caaieaaaiey. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth caaieaaaaiinoe aeea?ae/aneeie ii?aaeaieyie eiaee o ?aaioieeia iaoeiino?ieoaeueiuo caaiaeia e ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia eo ea/aiey e i?ioeeaeoeee. A oneiaeyo yenia?eiaioa ia ii?neeo naeieao i?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea aeea?aaiiuo naienoa eaeie?ani/iuo iaoa?eaeia, i?eiaiyaiuo ia caaiaeao oyaeaeiai iaoeiino?iaiey "E?ayi", "NII" e "No?ieaeae?aaeeea" e ii?aaeaeaiu 6 ia?ie a?oioia e yiaeae, eioi?ua iaeaaeatho aeea?aaiiuie naienoaaie. N?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea aeea?aaiiuo naienoa iicaieeea eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue "neeueiua" e "neaaua" aeea?aaiu. I?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiey oa?aeoa?a iauae aea?iaoieiae/aneie caaieaaaaiinoe aeea?ae/aneeie aea?iaoicaie (yecaia e aeea?ae/aneee aea?iaoeo). Onoaiiaeaiu iniaaiiinoe aeeiaieee caaieaaaaiinoe a caaeneiinoe io noaaea, iiea e aic?anoa ?aai/eo, a oaeaea iniaaiiinoae i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee aeeiaieee caaieaaaaiinoe aeea?aiaea?iaoicaie a iaoeiino?ieoaeueiie io?anee. Aeey ea/aiey aeea?aiaea?iaoicia ?ac?aaioai iaoiae, eioi?ue ninoieo a i?aaeaa?eoaeueiii ii?aaeaeaiee noieeinoe eaieeey?ia eiaee (NEE), aeey /aai aicaeaenoaotho aaeooiii (98,7 eIa) ia aioo?aiithth iiaa?oiinoue n?aaeiae o?aoe i?aaeiea/uey ia o/anoie aeeaiao?ii 20 ii a oa/aiea 3 iei. A niioaaonoaee ni noaiaiueth au?aaeaiiinoe NEE eniieuecotho aaeooiyeaeo?ioi?aoe/aneia aicaeaenoaea iin?aaenoaii ethaao n aiiioe?iaaiiui yeaeo?iaeii ieiuaaeueth io 2 aei 10 ni2. N iiiiuueth aiia?aoa AEI-02 aeice?otho aaeooiiia aicaeaenoaea a caaeneiinoe io NEE, n oeaeueth ia?aciaaiey aaiaoii, iinea /aai i?iaiaeyo yeaeo?ioi?ac 1% ?anoai?a anei?aeiiaie eeneiou ia i?ioyaeaiee 10- 15 iei n iiiiuueth aiia?aoa "Iioie-1". Ieioiinoue yeaeo?e/aneiai oiea iiae aeoeaiui yeaeo?iaeii ninoaaeyao 0,05 iA/ni2. Aaeooiyeaeo?ioi?aoe/aneea naainu i?iaiaeyo aaeaaeiaaii 5 ?ac a iaaeaeth. Aeey i?ioeeaeoeee aoi?e/iiai eioeoee?iaaiey e naiaoeee iee?ioaai i?aaeeiaeaia caueoiay ieaiea "Eica-1", aeae?ioiaiay aaeoa?eoeeaeiay ieaiea "Eica-2" e aeae?ioeeueiay ieaiea "Eica-3". ?c?aaioaiu noaiaea?ou e e?eoa?ee yooaeoeaiinoe ea/aaii- i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee aeey ?aaioieeia iaoeiino?ieoaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. I?eaiaeyony ?acoeueoaou eiiieaeniuo enneaaeiaaiee a a?oiia ?aai/eo, eioi?ua iieo/aee o?aaeeoeeiiiia ea/aiea, a oaeaea a iniiaiie a?oiia, a eioi?ie eniieueciaaeny ?ac?aaioaiiue eiiieaeniue iaoiae ea/aiey. A niioaaonoaee n iieacaoaeyie caaieaaaaiinoe, aeeeoaeueiinoe ia?eiaea iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe, aeeeoaeueiinoe iaeiiai neo/ay caaieaaaiey, ?acoeueoaoaie eeeieei- eaai?aoi?iuo enneaaeiaaiee ninoiyiey eiioiieiae/aneie nenoaiu ?aai/eo, ooieoeeiiaeueiuo iieacaoaeae ninoiyiey eiaee (?I, yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiea, ii?iae oaiia?aoo?iie e aieaaie /oanoaeoaeueiinoe) aeieacaia aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue ?ac?aaioaiiiai eiiieaeniiai iaoiaea ea/aiey aeea?ae/aneeo aea?iaoicii. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeea?ae/aneee aea?iaoeo, yecaia, iaoeiino?ieoaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai, oeie/aneea aeea?aaiu, eiioiieiae/aneay nenoaia, i?ioeeaeoeea caaieaaaiee eiaee, aaeooi- yeaeo?ioi?ac. Lobashov S.G. Clinical and experimental investigations of allergic dermatosis in workers engaged at machine- building enterprises.- Manuscript. Thesis for scientific degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences by speciality of 14.01.20- skin and veneral diseases.- Thesis is dovoted to the investigation of allergic skin diseases spreading among workers engaged in machine- building- manufacturing and working out of the methods of treatment and prophylaxy. The investigation of general skin diseases spreading was made and spreading of allergic dermatosis (exema and allergic dermatitis) was undertook as well. The main chemical allergens which were actual at those enterprises were determined and under experimental conditions their toxic and allergic activities were investigated. The data on complex investigations of those workers who were treated traditionally and in those who were treated in accordance to proposed method are presented. The main part of method which was worked out is confined to the usage of vacuum influence on skin of patients the intensity of which is depended upon the level of skin capillars permeability with the consequent electrophoresis with askorbate. With regard to the indices of spreading of disease, the longitude of the period of the loosing of work - ability, the longitude of the one case of disease and ?in accordance to the data of clinician and laboratory investigations of the immunological state of workers, functional data of skin state (?I, electrical resistance, thresholds to temperature and pain irritants) the great efficacy of proposed complex method of allergic dermatitis treatment is approved. Key words: allergic dermatitis, exema, machine- building manufacture, chemical allergens, immunological system, the prohylaxy of skin diseases, vacuum- electrophoresis.

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