EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Aaiaean TH??e Iao?iae/

OAeE 534.6

AEONOE*IA NIAEO?INEII?ss ?ssAeO IE?AIIA?IEO AE?EIE?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.04.14

Oaieio?ceea oa iieaeoey?ia o?ceea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?ceee Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?iai? A.A. Ei?ieaiea oa eaoaae?? iieaeoey?ii?
o?ceee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?oaeaiei Ieaenaiae? Iaioaeaeiiiiae/

Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo

?iai? A.A. Ei?ieaiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith o?ceee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Eo/a?ia ?aai sseiae/

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o?ceee

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Aaneeueeaae/ Ieaenaiae? Aioiiiae/

?inoeooo yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a,

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: O?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?

?iai? A.?. A??e?ia IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «22» /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14.30 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.001.08 ii
caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252022, Ee?a — 22, i?iniaeo aeaae. Aeooeiaa,
6, o?ce/iee oaeoeueoao, aoae. ? 500.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «21» o?aaiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ______________ Iiia?aiei E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Iniiaia caaaeaiiy iieaeoey?ii? oai??? ??aeeie
iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? ca`yceo i?ae aeanoeainoyie ??aeeeo nenoai oa ?o
aoaeiaith, aeyaeaii? iieaeoey?ieo iaoai?ci?a oa ia??aiiaaaeieo
i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue o ?acoeueoao? oaieiaiai ?ooo.

? oi/a a iao /an iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie io?eiaee noaoenoe/ia oai??y,
oa?iiaeeiai?ea ia??aiiaaaeieo i?ioean?a, iiaeaeuei? oai???,
iaaecae/aeii oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueia
oaoi?ea, i?ioa ia ?nio? ?aeeii? ye?nii? o?ce/ii? oai???, yea aeicaieeea
a ia?aaeaa/eoe ??aiiaaaei? ? iniaeeai ia??aiiaaaei? aeanoeaino? oaeeo
neeaaeieo nenoai, ye ??aeeie.

O ca`yceo c oeei ia nueiaiaei? i?ia?aeia ?ieue o aea/aii? i?ioean?a, ye?
i?io?eathoue o ??aeeiao, iaeaaeeoue aenia?eiaioaeueiei iaoiaeai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Na?aae ieo /?eueia i?noea, caaaeyee iaae?eiino?,
i?inoio?, aenie?e oi/iino? oa ?ioi?iaoeaiino?, caeia? aeonoe/ia
niaeo?ineii?y.

Aeonoe/i? aeanoeaino? iecueeiiieaeoey?ieo ??aeei aeaaii ? iine?aeiaii
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, aea aeey iie?ia??a o ??aeeiio noai? a?aeiia?aeieo
aeaieo iaaeinoaoiuei.

Iaeiei c iaeoe?eaa?oeo eean?a oaeeo ??aeei ? ie?aiao??ae?eie? (??aeeie
ia iniia? aio/eieaioethaiaeo iae?iiieaeoe c iieaeoey?ieie ianaie
ii?yaeeo 102-104), iieaeoey?i? eaioethae yeeo i?noyoue iaoeeuei? a?oie.
Oeiiaeie ? i?aaenoaaieee oeueiai ?yaeo c iie?aoeeaiieneaeieie (IAA) oa
iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeieie (IOIA) eaioethaaie.

Aeuacacia/ai? niieoee ? iniiaith aeey noai?aiiy a?eueo ?icaaeoaeaieo
nenoai iie?ia??a, oaeeo ye iie?ao??e, iie?o?aoaie, ??ci? oaeaoaeaa?
(OOI) oa aaeaoioaeaoaeaa? (AOOI) iie?ia?e. Aei OOI iaeaaeaoue
aenieiiieaeoey?i? niieoee c e?ioeaaeie ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?oiaie: OH
(ie?aiao??ae?eie?), COOH (ie?aiao??eeneioe), oiui, a AOOI — oaeaoaeaa?
nenoaie c e?ioeaaeie nieaaeie a?oiaie, iai?eeeaae COOLi, COONa. OOI ?
AOOI ? aeoaea ia?niaeoeaieie aeey no/anieo oaoiieia?e , ye iia?
iiaa?oiaai — aeoeai? ?a/iaeie ? iaoa??aee aeey oaa?aeeo iie?ia?ieo
aeaeo?ie?o?a, caeaoieo ?aae?coaaoe iaeiieiiiee (eao?iiiee) iaoai?ci
i?ia?aeiino?. Inoaii? nenoaie yaeythoue niaith iaei?ino?o? ? aeoaea
c?o/i? ia`?eoe aeey iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a eiiii? aa?aaaoe?? a oe?ieiio
? aeoaea aaaeeeaiio a i?aeoe/iiio a?aeiioaii? eeano eiiiia??a.

Oiio i?ioyaii inoaii?o o?ueio aeanyoe??/ i?iaiaeyoueny ?ioaineai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia neioac ? aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e oa
aeanoeainoae ??cieo ie?aiia?ieo ae?eie?a. Aea aeonoe/i? aeanoeaino?
oaeiai ?iaeo nenoai i?aeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeai?.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? a aeine?aeaeaii? aeeiai?ee iie?ao??ieo
(iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeieo oa iie?aoeeaiieneaeieo) eaioetha?a c ??cieie
e?ioeaaeie (OH, CH3, COOH, COONa) a?oiaie iaoiaeaie aeonoe/ii?
niaeo?ineii?? oa ?aieia??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa io?eiaii ?cioa?ie aeonoe/ieo niaeo??a
iiaeaeueieo ei?ioei eaioethaiaeo iie?ao???a a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?e?iaee
e?ioeaaeo (OH, CH3, COOH, COONa) ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?oi o oe?ieiio
?ioa?aae? /anoio ? oaiia?aoo?. Iaea?aeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeeo?eoth/iai
aieeao aeiaaeeie eaioethaa ? i?e?iaee e?ioeaaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?oi ia
ia?aiao?e ?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. A eaiaeeaeaonuee?e aeena?oaoe?? io?eiaii iia?
?acoeueoaoe c ??aiiaaaeieo ? e?iaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ??aeeeo ie?aiia?ieo
nenoai o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ia?aiao??a noaio, ye? iathoue aaeeea
cia/aiiy aeey ?ica`ycaiiy ?yaeo caaaeaiue c iieaeoey?ii? o?ceee ?
oaieio?ceee, o?ce/ii? ? eiei?aeii? o?i??, a?io?ceee oa ?i. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?? ei?eni? aeey aeeaoiai ?icoi?iiy o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny i?e oaieiaiio ?on? a ie?aiia?ao ? aeathoue iaoa??ae aeey
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iieaeoey?ii? oai??? eiiaeainiaaieo na?aaeiaeu, a
oaeiae ei?eni? i?e i?iaaaeaii? aiaeia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? c aonoeie, eiao?oe??ioa cnoaii? a`yceino?,
oaeaeeino? oa iiaeeiaiiy caoeo a aeine?aeaeaieo ??aeeeo ie?aiia?ao
iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aea?aeaai?e neoaea? aeia?aeeiaeo aeaieo.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy:

— iiaeae? iaoai?ci?a iiai?ioii-?ciia?ii? ?aeaenaoe?? c o?ee?aoiei
iioaioe?aeii iaa?oaiiy oa no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaenaoe?? aeeaeiueiai ioi/aiiy
iieaeoey?ieo naaiaio?a aeonoe/ii niinoa?aaeoaaieo ?aeaenaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a o aeine?aeaeaieo ie?aiia?ao;

— caeiiii??iino? iiai?ioii-?ciia?ii? oa no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaenaoe?? o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo iie?ao??ieo (iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeieo oa
iie?aoeeaiieneaeieo) eaioetha?a c ??cieie e?ioeaaeie (OH, CH3, COOH,
COONa) a?oiaie;

— aaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii oaeaeeino? ? iiaeeiaiith
oeueo?acaoeiaeo oaeeue, aonoei? ? a’yceino? ?yaeo iie?ao??ieo
(iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeieo oa iie?aoeeaiieneaeieo) eaioetha?a c ??cieie
e?ioeaaeie (OH, CH3, COOH, COONa) a?oiaie.

A iniiao aeena?oaoe?? iieeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeeiiaieo ia eaoaae?? o?ceee Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?i. A.A.Ei?ieaiea ? eaoaae?? iieaeoey?ii? o?ceee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ca
oaiith I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie «Aea/aiiy iieaeoey?ieo iaoai?ci?a
?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a aiiiaaiieo ? aaoa?iaaiieo nenoaiao iaoiaeii
?aieia?? oa aeonoe/ii? niaeo?ineii??», ? aea?ae. ?a?no?.
0197U000067.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? i?ieoee
ai?iaaoe?th ia 6 iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe??
ani??aio?a ? nooaeaio?a «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy o?ceei-o?i?? aaoa?iaaiieo
nenoai» (??aia, 1998 ?.), Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aia?aiiai?ii?
i?ioeane a aaoa?iaaiieo iie?ia?ieo ? aeenia?nieo nenoaiao oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean» (??aia, 1997 ?.), VI nannee
?inneeneiai aeonoe/aneiai iauanoaa (Iineaa, 1997 a.), VI ?anioaeeeaineie
eiioa?aioeee nooaeaioia e anie?aioia ii oeceea eiiaeaine?iaaiiuo n?aae
(A?iaeii, 1998 a.), III Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
«Ooiaeaiaioaeueia ? i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea oao?aoe?a c o?ceee» (Ee?a,
1998 ?.), I I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «?aeaenaoe?ei? yaeua
eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio ?a/iaeie» (Iieoaaa, 1998 ?.).

Ia`?i ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 104 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 19 ?enoie?a ? 36 oaaeeoeue, aeeth/ath/e
14 oaaeeoeue aeiaeaoeo. A?ae?ia?ao?y iae?/o? 175 aeaea?ae .

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio , 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a, ye? i?noyoue oaaeeoe? c ia?aeiieie
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo aaey/i?noue aeieoi?o o?i?/ieo iaoe Oeeiao A.A.
oa aeieoi?o o?ceei — iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe Nia?ea/o A.N. ca aeiiiiiao o
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

EI?IOEEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie oa iaoeiao iiaecio,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?iaioe ? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
iieacaii i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iaeyae oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ??aiiaaaeieo ? e?iaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ie?aiia??a o
??aeeiio noai?. Iieacaii ca’ycie ?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a c aeonoe/ieie
aeanoeainoyie ??aeeiieo nenoai, aeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? oai??? ?aeaenaoe?eieo niaeo??a oa eaac?o?i?/ieo
iiaeaeae oaieiaiai ?ooo iieaeoe, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aiae?c? e
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

) — i?eiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii. A??ia?aei?noue ?iaioe onoaiiaie
ia?aa??yeany ii??aiyiiyi iaea?aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c
e?oa?aoo?ieie aeey aeia?a aea/aieo ??aeei.

Iaaaaeaii aeieeaaeiee aiae?c iioeaie aei??thaaiue. Noia?i? a?aeiini?
iioeaee aei??thaaiue aaee/ei iiaeeiaiiy, oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy caoeo,
eiao?oe??ioa cnoaii? a’yceino? ? aonoeie a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia
aenia?eiaioo aei??aiththoue:

) = 0,5 %.

On? iaiao?aei? ?ic?aooiee aeeiiai? ca aeiiiiiaith IAII.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy
aonoeie, eiao?oe??ioa cnoaii? a’yceino?, iiaeeiaiiy ? oaeaeeino?
iioe?aiiy caoeo o iie?(aoeeai ieneae) ae?eieyo (IAA) (1) oa
iie?(oao?aiaoeeai ieneae) ae?eieyo (IOIA) (2). No?oeoo?i? oi?ioee
iathoue aeaeyae

HO(CH2CH2O)nH (1),

HO(CH2CH2CH2CH2O)nH (2),

aea n — e?euee?noue iiiiia?ieo a?oi o a?aeiia?aeieo eaioethaao.

A oaeiae o aoeeeueiaaieo iie?(aoeeai ieneae) ae?eieyo (3) oa
iie?(oao?aiaoeeai ieneae) ae?eieyo (4), no?oeoo?i? oi?ioee yeeo iathoue
aeaeyae

H3C(OC)O(CH2CH2O)n(CO)CH3 (3),

H3C(OC)O(CH2CH2CH2CH2O)n(CO)CH3 (4),

aea n — e?euee?noue iiiiia?ieo a?oi o a?aeiia?aeieo eaioethaao.

Oa noai?aieo ia iniia? iie?ieneoao?aiaoeeaiae?eieth oaeaoaeaaeo (5)
SYMBOL 105 \f «Times New Roman» \s 11 i aaeaoioaeaoaeaaeo (6)
iie?ia??a.

(5)

(6)

A aenia?eiaioao aeei?enoiaoaaee: IAA iieaeoey?ieie ianaie 300 ? 1527,
IOIA iieaeoey?ieie ianaie 1048 ? 2000, aoeeeueiaai? IAA oa IOIA
a?aeiia?aeieo ian, a oaeiae OOI ? AOOI neioaciaai? ia iniia? IOIA-2000.
C?acee IAA ? IOIA ae?iaieoeoaa o??ie «Merck» (O?I) ia?ee «O*» (aeey
niaeo?ineii??) nooiaiai iie?ia??caoe?? 1.05 (iiiiaeenia?ni?).

) a iie?(aoeeai ieneae) ae?eieyo c iieaeoey?ieie ianaie 300 SYMBOL
105 \f «Times New Roman» \s 11 i 1527 (aeae? IAA-300 ? IAA-1500
a?aeiia?aeii), iie?(oao?aiaoeeai ieneae) ae?eieyo c iieaeoey?ieie ianaie
1048 ? 2000 (aeae? IOIA-1000, IOIA-2000, a?aeiia?aeii), IAA-300,
IAA-1500, IOIA-1000 ? IOIA-2000 c cai?uaieie aeaiia e?ioeaaeie a?oiaie
OH ia a?oie CH3 (aoeeeueiaai? IAA-300, IAA-1500, IOIA-1000 ? IOIA-2000
a?aeiia?aeii), a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? a?ae 278E aei 363E.

, a iaaeao iioeaee ?o aecia/aiiy, aeey an?o aeine?aeaeaieo ia`?eo?a
iineoue e?i?eiee oa?aeoa?.

. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?i ciaioo?oueny c ?inoii iieaeoey?ii? iane ? e?i?eii
caeaaeeoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e.

aeoeaaoe?? a’ycei? oa/??.

A’yceo oa/?th a ie?aiia?ieo ae?eieyo iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iiiaeeio
aeaiaioa?ieo iiae?e ?aaeoe?e ?ic?eao i?aeiieaeoey?ieo ca’yce?a, ui
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ia?ai?uaiiyi iieaeoe.

I?e iaaenieeo oaiia?aoo?ao iieaeoee ae?eie?a iiaeooue ooai?thaaoe
?icaaeoaeai? i?inoi?ia? iie?ia?i? no?oeoo?e, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
cae/aeieo iie?ia?ieo no?oeoo? oei, ui aia?a?y ca’yceo i?ae ?o eaieaie
ia 1-2 ii?yaeee iaioa aia?a?? o?i?/ieo ca’yce?a. Oaeei /eiii,
aoaeue-yeee iae?ineii?/iee ia’?i ??aeeiai iie?(aoeeai ieneae) ae?eieth
/e iie?(oao?aiaoeeai ieneae) ae?eieth ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeeiai?/ia
o?ueio aei??ia eieaeoeaia nenoaia (eaaceiieaeoea), ie?ai? o?aaiaioe
yei? (iieaeoee, anioe?aoeae) c’?aeiai? i?ae niaith ei?ioei aeeao/eie
neaaeeie i?aeiieaeoey?ieie ca’yceaie oeio O — I…I ? C — I…I.

sseui iieaeoee ie?aiia?ieo ae?eie?a c’?aeiai? ca’yceaie oaeeo oei?a, oi
ia?ai?uaiiy ?o iieaeoe i?e oaieiaiio ?on? iiaeiii, ye i?aaeei,
noi?iaiaeaeoaaoeny i?ioeanaie ?ic?eao oeeo ca’yce?a.

a?ae /anoioe iienothoueny ??aiyiiyi

, (7)

, n0 — iecueei/anoioia cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? caoeo ( SYMBOL 119 \f
«Symbol» \s 11 w SYMBOL 116 \f «Symbol» \s 11 t SYMBOL 171 \f «Arial»
\s 11 « 1).

?icoeo?iaeo aeonoe/ieo niaeo??a i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii ?oa?aoe?eieo
iaaeeaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith aii??e/iiai ??aiyiiy, ui a?aoiao? aeaa /ane
?aeaenaoe??

, (8)

( SYMBOL 119 \f «Symbol» \s 14 w SYMBOL 116 \f «Symbol» \s 14 t
SYMBOL 171 \f «Courier New» \s 14 « 1). Iioeaea aecia/aiiy
?aeaenaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a ia ia?aaeuoaaea 10%.

?ic?aooiee ?aeaenaoe?eieo nee (b?) oa eeane/iiai iiaeeiaiiy caoeo, yea
iaoiiaeaia eiao?oe??ioii cnoaii? a’yceino? ( SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 14
a nlf-2), i?iaaaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith ni?aa?aeiioaiue:

, (9)

. (10)

. Oea icia/a?, ui a ieo aeniei/anoioia iaeanoue aeenia?n?? iaoiiaeaia
?aeaenaoe??th ia`?iii? ? cnoaii? a`yceino?, a iecueei/anoioia o?eueee
ia`?iii?.

Oea aeaco? ia ?nioaaiiy ua iaeiiai (/e aeae?eueeio) ia??aiiaaaeieo
i?ioean?a, e??i aeaio iaeanoae aeenia?n??, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei
niinoa??aaeenue iaie. Oe? ia??aiiaaaei? i?ioeane aeeeeeathoue
?aeaenaoe?th a a?eueo aenieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio.

. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iniiaiee aeeaae a aeenia?n?th oaeaeeino?
caoeo aeey eiaeiiai c ia`?eo?a aiineoue ae?oaa iaeanoue ?aeaenaoe??.

Iao?ea?aeueia iiaaae?iea f2 niinoa??aa?oueny i?e iaa??aaii? IOIA c
e?ioeaaeie COOH a?oiaie. A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo c ?inoii oaiia?aoo?e f2
cieaeo?oueny. Oeae oe?eaaee iiiaio ia ciaoiaeeoue iaeiicia/ii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe??. Iiaeeeai inoaii? iia’ycaia c aieeaii ?aeaenaoe??,
iaoiiaeaiith i?ioie?oe/iith ?aaeoe??th, ye?e a?aeiia?aea? iaaia aeica
iiaeeiaiiy ? aieeaa? ia oeth caeiiii??i?noue.

Ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie iie?aoeeaiieneaeiiai ? iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeiiai
eaioetha?a c ae?eieaaeie (OH) ? ?iaeaoa?aioieie (CH3) e?ioeaaeie a?oiaie
i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy /an?a ?aeaenaoe?? oa?aeoa?ieo iaeanoae
aeenia?n??, a oaeiae aei c?inoaiiy aeoeaaoe?eiiai ia?aiao?a no?oeoo?ii?
?aeaenaoe??.

I?e iieaeoey?ieo ianao ii?yaeeo 102 cai?ia o ei?ioei eaioethaiaeo
iie?ao??ao e?ioeaai? OH a?oie, a?oiith CH3 i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy,
a i?e iieaeoey?ieo ianao ii?yaeeo 103 aei ciaioaiiy /an?a ?aeaenaoe??.
Iaeaeaa /ane ?aeaenaoe?? iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeiiai iie?ao??a
ciaioothoueny i?e cai?i? e?ioeaaeo OH a?oi ia CH3 ? ca?eueoothoueny aei
iaeiaeiaiai cia/aiiy i?e cai?i? OH a?oi ia eeneioi? COOH oa nieaa?
COONa.

Ia?aiao?e A1 ? b1, A2 ? b2 a aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia`?eoao iiiioiiii
ciaioothoueny i?e i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey ??aeei, a
yeeo aeonoe/ia aeenia?n?y iaoiiaeaia eiioi?iaoe?eieie ia?aoai?aiiyie
iieaeoe /e i?ioeanaie ia?aaoaeiae no?oeoo?e.

Aeey c`ynoaaiiy ?iia??ieo iieaeoey?ieo iaoai?ci?a, a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca
iaeano? aeenia?n??, iaie i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeonoe/ieo niaeo??a
?ic/ei?a: aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia`?eo — oieoie. ?acoeueoaoe aei???a
iieacaee, ui /anoioa iecueei/anoioii? iaeano? ?aeaenaoe?? (f1) ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? oieoieo aeey iaio ?ic/ei?a. A cia/aiiy
aaee/eie iaeneiaeueiiai iiaeeiaiiy ia aeiaaeeio oaee? ( SYMBOL 109 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 m max), ye? ?ic?aoiaaii ca aeiiiiiaith ni?aa?aeiioaiiy

, (11)

ciaioothoueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? oieoieo e?i?eii.

Oaea caeaaei?noue f1 ? SYMBOL 109 \f «Symbol» \s 14 m max a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? oa?aeoa?ia o?eueee aeey iiai?ioii-?ciia?ii? ?aeaenaoe??.
Oeth caeiiii??i?noue, ia i?eeeaae? IOIA-2000, i?aaenoaaeaii ia ?en. 1.
*anoioa aeniei/anoioii? iaeano? aeonoe/ii? ?aeaenaoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? oieoieo. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? oieoieo aiia
ci?uo?oueny a iaeanoue a?eueo aenieeo /anoio, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey
i?ioean?a, iaoiiaeaieo no?oeoo?ieie ia?aaoaeiaaie (no?oeoo?ia
?aeaenaoe?y).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoai?cie aeonoe/ii? ?aeaenaoe?? a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ??aeeiao.

Iiai?ioii-?ciia?ia ?aeaenaoe?y a ie?aiia?ao iia`ycaia c aioo??oi?i
iaa?oaiiyi a iae?iiieaeoeao, oiaoi eiioi?iaoe?eieie ia?aoiaeaie. I?ae
eiioi?iaoe?yie iathoue ia oaac? ia?aeaioe/i? ?icoaooaaiiy aoii?a o
iieaeoe?, iaea?aeai? i?e iaa?oaii? iaaeiei iaeiiai /e aeae?eueeio
i?inoeo ca`yce?a aac ?ic?eao inoaii?o. Iieaeoee a ??cieo eiioi?iaoe?yo
a?ae??ciythoueny iaeia a?ae iaeii? eeoa i?inoi?iaei ?icoaooaaiiyi
aoii?a, a ia ?o e?euee?noth /e ii?yaeeii ?icoaooaaiiy.

?en. 1. Caeaaei?noue iiaeeiaiiy ia aeiaaeeio oaee? a?ae /anoioe

1. IOIA-2000 + 10 i.ae. N7I8, 2. IOIA-2000 + 25 i.ae. N7I8,

).

Ia ?en. 2 noaiaoe/ii cia?aaeaii ??aiiaaaei? noaie aioo??oiueiai
iaa?oaiiy o?aaiaio?a iieaeoe, ye ooieoe?y eooa iiai?ioo iaaeiei i?inoeo
ca’yce?a. Iioaioe?ae aioo??oiueiai iaa?oaiiy aeey aoaeue-yeiai
ca’yceo neeaaea?oueny c o?ee?aoiiai iioaioe?aeo ? iaeeaaeaiiy aoaeo?a
aca?iiae??, coiiaeaieo aca?iiae??th aoii?a C ? O, ui ooai?ththoue
ca’ycee C-C ? C-O c aoiiaie I a?oi NI2 ? aoiiii O.

Eiioi?iaoe?ei? ia?aoiaee iieaeoe aiane?aeie iiai?ioii? ?ciia???
a?aeiinii ca’yce?a c o?ee?aoiei iioaioe?aeii iaa?oaiiy iienothoueny
noaiith:

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. eiioi?ia??a. Oea aeaei ciiao ciaeoe eiinoaioe oaeaeeinoae oeeo
ia?aoai?aiue ? eiioeaio?aoe?? eiioi?ia??a.

— eiioi?ia??a.

Iaeiei ?c iiaeeeaeo iaoai?ci?a aeoeaaoe?? aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?ieo
eieeaaiue ? ooai?aiiy i?aeiieaeoey?ieo aiaeiaaeo ca’yce?a oeio
O-I…I ? N-I…N. Ooai?aiiy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi
iioaioe?aeueii? aia?a?? aca?iiae?th/eo iieaeoe oa i?aeaeuaiiyi
e?iaoe/ii? aia?a??.

Aenia?eiaio iieacaa, ui a aeine?aeaeaieo ia`?eoao no?oeoo?ia ?aeaenaoe?y
iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi c iaeiei /anii ?aeaenaoe?? ? iaoiiaeaia
ia?aaoaeiaaie aeecueeiai ioi/aiiy iieaeoey?ieo naaiaio?a.

, iecueei/anoioiiai ? aeniei/anoioiiai iiaeoe?a i?oaeiino? oa
aeniei/anoioiiai iiaeoey cnoao io?eiaia caeaaei?noue oaeaeeino? caoeo
a?ae /anoioe. ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? caoeo ni?aiaaeathoue c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie.

A ie?aiia?ieo ae?eieyo i?io?ea? oe?eee ?yae ?aaeoe?e aeaeo

, (13)

.

aeey IAA-300 ? IAA-1500, IOIA-1000 ? IOIA-2000, aoeeeueiaaieo IAA-300
? IAA-1500, aoeeeueiaaieo IOIA-1000 ? IOIA-2000 ia?aoeiathoueny, oiaoi
niinoa??aa?oueny ?cie?iaoe/iee aoaeo. Oea aeaei ciiao aecia/eoe
aioaeuei?th aeoeaaoe?? oa ?cie?iaoe/io oaiia?aoo?o. ?c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeieeaa?, ui aioaeuei?y ? aio?ii?y aeoeaaoe?? ?aaeoe?e
?ic?eao IAC iinooiiai c?inoathoue ?c ca?eueoaiiyi iieaeoey?ii? iane.

eieeaaeueii? aia?a?? caoaeaeaiiy, aeinoaoiuei? aeey oiai, uia
?ic??aaoe aeaa ca`ycee O-I…I a yae?? aeoeaiiai eiiieaena. C
i?aeaeuaiiyi iieaeoey?ii? iane ae?eie?a ca?eueoo?oueny /enei aoii?a N, I
i O o aoaeaoeaaiio ?aaeeeae? i c?inoa? e?euee?noue ca`yceia oeio N-I…N
i N-I…I i?ae ?aaeeeaeii R(IH)2.

Ca`ycee c ioi/oth/eie iieaeoeaie aeiiiiaaathoue eieeaaeuei?e
aeacaeoeaaoe?? caoaeaeaiiy anioe?ao?a. E??i oiai, i?e aaeee?e e?eueeino?
ca`yce?a aia?a?y caoaeaeaiiy ?iciiae?ey?oueny i?ae a?eueoith e?euee?noth
eieeaaeueieo nooiai?a a?eueiino?.

, ia aeaiiio ??ai? iio??aii ?ic??aaoe a?eueoo e?euee?noue ca`yce?a c
ioi/aiiyi, yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny c?inoaiiyi aioaeuei?? ? aio?ii??
aeoeaaoe?? nenoai.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE

Aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiai? ?cioa?ie oaeaeeino? oa eiao?oe??ioa
iiaeeiaiiy oeueo?acaoeo iiaeaeueieo iie?ao??ieo
(iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeieo oa iie?aoeeaiieneaeieo) eaioetha?a c ??cieie
e?ioeaaeie (OH, CH3, COOH, COONa) a?oiaie a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio
(5 — 3000 IAoe) ? ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? (i?eaeecii 300 — 360 E). A
oeueiio ae oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? i?iaaaeai? aei??thaaiiy aonoeie oa
eiao?oe??ioa cnoaii? a`yceino?.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?ic?aoiaai? /anoioe
?aeaenaoe??, ?aeaenaoe?ei? neee oa aeoeaaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e aeaio iaeanoae
aeonoe/ii? ?aeaenaoe??, aeyaeaieo a aeine?aeaeaiiio ae?aiacii? /anoio oa
?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?.

Aeey an?o aeine?aeaeaieo ia`?eo?a ?ic?aoiaai? eiinoaioe oaeaeeinoae
?aaeoe?e oa eiioeaio?aoe?? eiioi?ia??a a iiaeae? iiai?ioii-?ciia?ii?
?aeaenaoe?? c o?ee?aoiei iioaioe?aeii iaa?oaiiy, a oaeiae aioaeuei?y oa
aio?ii?y aeoeaaoe?? no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaenaoe??.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiai? cia/aiiy oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoeo, aonoeie oa cnoaii? a`yceino?, ?ic?aoiaai? iecueei/anoioiee
? aeniei/anoioiee iiaeoe? i?oaeiino?, aeniei/anoioiee iiaeoeue cnoao,
aioaeuei?y oa aio?ii?y aeoeaaoe?? a`ycei? oa/?? ?yaeo ie?aiia??a.

AENIIAEE

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a IAA-300, IAA-1500, IOIA-1000, IOIA-2000, aoeeeueiaaieo
IAA-300, IAA-1500, IOIA-1000, IOIA-2000 oa, neioaciaaieo ia iniia?
IOIA-2000, OOI ? AOOI iecueei/anoioia iaeanoue aeonoe/ii? ?aeaenaoe??
iaoiiaeaia iiai?ioii-?ciia?iith ?aeaenaoe??th, a aeniei/anoioia —
no?oeoo?ieie ia?aaoaeiaaie aeeaeiueiai ioi/aiiy iieaeoey?ieo naaiaio?a.

Ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie iie?aoeeaiieneaeiiai ? iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeiiai
eaioetha?a c e?ioeaaeie OH ? CH3 a?oiaie i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy
/an?a iiai?ioii-?ciia?ii? oa no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaenaoe??.

.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie iie?aoeeaiieneaeiiai ?
iie?oao?aiaoeeaiieneaeiiai eaioetha?a c e?ioeaaeie OH ? CH3 a?oiaie
i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aioaeuei?? oa aio?ii?? aeoeaaoe??
no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaenaoe??.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? IIOAE?EIAAII A OAEEO ?IAIOAO:

Aaiaean TH.I., Oeeia A.A., Oaa/aiei A.A., ?oaeaiei I.I. Aea/aiiy
i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae iie?ieneaoeeaiae?eie?a // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo.
Aei. 5 — ??aia. — 1998, — N. 46-48.

Aaiaean TH.I., Oeeia A.A., Oaa/aiei A.A., ?oaeaiei I.I. Iaoai?ci a`ycei?
oa/ SYMBOL 105 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 i ?
iie?ieneoao?aiaoeeaiae?eieth // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo
nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo. Aei. 6 — ??aia. —
1998, — N. 54-58.

Aaiaean TH.I., Oeeia A.A., Oaa/aiei A.A., ?oaeaiei I.I.
No?oeoo?ii-aeeiai?/i? aeanoeaino? iie?ieneoao?aiaoeeaiae?eieth a
??aeeiio noai? // Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae.- 1998.- A. 43, ? 8. —
N. 928-931.

Nia?ea/ A.N., Oeeia A.A., Oaa/aiei A.A., Eeeiaiei I.N., Neeaa I.?.,
Aaiaean TH.I. Aeonoe/i? oa oaieia? aeanoeaino? oaeaoaaeo ?
aaeaoioaeaoaaeo iie?ia??a ia iniia? iie?oao?aiaoeeaiae?eieth // O?ceea
eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo. Aei. 3 — ??aia. — 1997, — N. 106-110.

Aaiaean TH.I., Nia?ea/ ss.A. No?oeoo?ii — aeeiaie/aneea naienoaa
iieeeneoao?aiaoeeaiaeeieae // Oacenu aeieeaaeia VI ?anioaeeeaineie
iao/iie eiioa?aioeee nooaeaioia e anie?aioia. — A?iaeii — 1998, — N. 15.

Aaiaean TH.I., Nia?ea/ ss.A. Aeonoe/aneay niaeo?ineiiey
iieeyoeeaiaeeeieae e eeiaoeea i?ioeannia ia?ano?ieee eo no?oeoo?u //
Nai?iee o?oaeia VI nannee ?inneeneiai aeonoe/aneiai iauanoaa. — Iineaa.
— 1997, — N. 75-78.

Aaiaean TH.I., ?oaeaiei I.I., Nia?ea/ ss.A. No?oeoo?ii-aeeiai?/i?
aeanoeaino? iie?aoeeaiae?eieth // O?ceei — o?i?y eiiaeainiaaieo
no?oeoo?ii — iaiaeii??aeieo nenoai. — *. 1. — Ee?a. — 1998, — N.
126-129.

Aaiaean TH.I. Aeonoe/ia niaeo?ineii?y iie?ieneoao?aiaoeeaiae?eieth a
??aeeiio noai? // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai.
Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo. Aei. 4 — ??aia. — 1998, —
N. 46-48.

Aaiaean TH.I., Oeeia A.A., Oaa/aiei A.A., Eeeiaiei I.N., ?oaeaiei I.I.
Aeonoe/ia niaeo?ineii?y iie?ieneaoeeaiae?eie?a // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo.
Aei. 5 — ??aia. — 1998, — N. 67-70.

Aaiaean TH.I., Oeeia A.A., Oaa/aiei A.A., ?oaeaiei I.I. Aeonoe/ia
niaeo?ineii?y iie?ieneoao?aiaoeeaiae?eieth. Iiai?ioii-?ciia?ia
?aeaenaoe?y // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia?
caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo. Aei. 6 — ??aia. — 1998, — N. 61-64.

Aaiaean TH.I. Aeonoe/ia niaeo?ineii?y ?yaeo ie?aiia?ieo ae?eieae. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei –
iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01. 04. 14. — oaieio?ceea oa
iieaeoey?ia o?ceea. — Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo
?i. A.A. Ei?ieaiea, Iieoaaa, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny 10 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, a yeeo i?aaenoaaeaii nenoaiaoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeonoe/ieo niaeo??a ? a`yceii?oaeieo aeanoeainoae
iie?(aoeeai ieneae) ae?eieae, iie?(oao?aiaoeeai ieneae) ae?eieae oa
neioaciaaieo ia ?o iniia? oaeaoaeaaeo ? aaeaoioaeaoaeaaeo iie?ia??a, a
oaeiae aeeeaaeaii iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
a`ycei? oa/?? ? ia?aiao??a aeonoe/ieo niaeo??a o aeine?aeaeaieo
??aeeiao. Iaea?aeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeeo?eoth/iai aieeao aeiaaeeie
ie?aiia?iiai eaioethaa ? i?e?iaee e?ioeaaeo (OH, CH3, COOH, COONa)
ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?oi ia ia?aiao?e aeonoe/ieo i?ioean?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
ca ?aeaenaoe?ei? i?ioeane a aeine?aeaeaieo ie?aiia?ao a?aeiia?aeathoue
iieaeoey?i? iaoai?cie iiai?ioii-?ciia?ii? oa no?oeoo?ii? ?aeaenaoe??,
i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee ?o e?iaoe/ieo oa oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeonoe/iee niaeo?, a`yceii?oaei? aeanoeaino?, iie?ao??e,
ie?aiia?i? ae?eie?.

Bendes Yu. P. The acoustic spectroscopy of series oligomeric glicols. —
Manuscript.

The thesis applied for the scientific degree of Candidate of science in
Physics and Mathematics on speciality 01.04.14 — thermophysics and
molecular physics, Poltava State Pedagogical Institute, Poltava, 1999.

Ten scientific works are defended, in which the acoustic spectra and
elastoviscous properties of polyethyleneglicols,
polythetramethyleneglicols, and telechelic and halatotelechelic
polymers, formedon their basis are systematically investigated, as well
as the calculation methods of thermodynamic characteristics of viscous
flow and acoustic spectra in oligomers glicols. The characteristics of
modifiable influence of the length and the nature of end functional
groups on the parameters of acoustic processes have been come out. The
fact has established that molecular mechanisms rotational isomeric and
structural relaxation processes. The calculations of their kinetic and
thermodynamic parameters have been come out.

Key words: acoustic spectra, elastoviscous properties, polyefyrs,
oligomers glicols.

Aaiaean TH.I. Aeonoe/aneay niaeo?ineiiey ?yaea ieeaiia?iuo aeeeieae. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01. 04. 14. — oaieioeceea
e iieaeoey?iay oeceea. — Iieoaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue einoeooo ei. A.A.
Ei?ieaiei, Iieoaaa, 1999.

Caueuaaony 10 iao/iuo ?aaio, a eioi?uo i?iaaaeaiu nenoaiaoe/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey aeeiaieee iieeyoe?iuo (iieeyoeeaiieneaeiuo e
iieeoao?aiaoeeaiieneaeiuo) oeaiae n ?acee/iuie eiia/iuie (OH, CH3, COOH,
COONa) a?oiiaie iaoiaeaie aeonoe/aneie niaeo?ineiiee e ?aieiaee.

?acoeueoaou eaiaeeaeaoneie aeenna?oaoeee i?ioee ai?iaaoeeth ia 6 iao/iuo
eiioa?aioeeyo.

A ?aaioa aia?aua iieo/aiu ecioa?iu aeonoe/aneeo niaeo?ia iiaeaeueiuo
ei?ioeioeaii/iuo iieeyoe?ia a caaeneiinoe io i?e?iaeu eiia/iuo a?oii a
oe?ieii eioa?aaea /anoio e oaiia?aoo?. Iieo/aiu oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeyiey
aeeeiiu iieeia?iie (iieeyoeeaiieneaeiie e iieeoao?aiaoeeaiieneaeiie)
oeaie e i?e?iaeu eiia/iuo (OH, CH3, COOH, COONa) a?oii ia ia?aiao?u
?aeaenaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia.

Aeenna?oaoeey ninoieo ec anooieaiey, 4 ?acaeaeia, nienea eniieueciaaiuo
enoi/ieeia e i?eeiaeaiee, a eioi?uo i?eaiaeyony oaaeeoeu n ia?ae/iuie
yenia?eiaioaeueiuie ?acoeueoaoaie.

Ai anooieaiee aeai aiaeec aeooaeueiinoe oaiu, noi?ioee?iaaia oeaeue
?aaiou e iieiaeaiey, eioi?ua auiinyony ia caueoo, iieacaiu iao/iay
iiaecia e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea ?aaiou.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea i?eaiaeeony iaic?aiea oai?aoe/aneeo e
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee ?aaiiaaniuo e eeiaoe/aneeo naienoa
ieeaiia?ia a aeeaeeii ninoiyiee. Iieacaia naycue ?aeaenaoeeiiiuo
i?ioeannia n aeonoe/aneeie naienoaaie aeeaeeeo nenoai, aeaia iauay
oa?aeoa?enoeea oa?iiaeeiaie/aneie oai?ee ?aeaenaoeeiiiuo niaeo?ia e
eaaceoeie/aneeo iiaeaeae oaieiaiai aeaeaeaiey iieaeoe.

Aoi?ie ?acaeae iinayuai yenia?eiaioaeueiui iaoiaeai enneaaeiaaiee,
aiaeeco iia?aoiinoae e noaoenoe/aneie ia?aaioea ?acoeueoaoia.

?acoeueoaou ecia?aiee ieioiinoe, ayceinoe, nei?inoe ?ani?ino?aiaiey e
eiyoeoeeaioa iiaeiuaiey caoea a enneaaeoaiuo aeeaeeeo ieeaiia?ao
i?eaiaeyony a o?aoueai ?acaeaea. Oai aea eceiaeaiu iaoiaeu ?an/aoa
oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee ayceiai oa/aiey e ia?aiao?ia
aeonoe/aneeo niaeo?ia a ?yaea ieeaiia?iuo aeeeieae e neioace?iaaiiuo ia
eo iniiaa oaeaoaeaauo e aaeaoioaeaoaeaauo iieeia?ia. ?ann/eoaiu
iecei/anoioiue iiaeoeue oi?oainoe, yioaeueiey e yio?iiey aeoeaaoeee
ayceiai oa/aiey, /anoiou ?aeaenaoeee, ?aeaenaoeeiiiua neeu,
aeoeaaoeeiiiua ia?aiao?u yenia?eiaioaeueii iaia?oaeaiiuo a enneaaeoaiii
aeeaiaciia /anoio e oaiia?aoo? aeaoo iaeanoae aeonoe/aneie ?aeaenaoeee.

Auyniaii, /oi ai anao enneaaeoaiuo aeeaeeinoyo iecei/anoioiay iaeanoue
aeenia?nee iaoneiaeaia iiai?ioii-eciia?iie ?aeaenaoeeae, a
auniei/anoioiay — no?oeoo?iuie ia?ano?ieeaie aeeaeiaai ie?oaeaiey
iieaeoey?iuo naaiaioia. Oaaee/aiea aeeeiiu iieeyoeeaiieneaeiuo e
iieeoao?aiaoeeaiieneaeiuo oeaiae n eiia/iuie OH e CH3 i?eaiaeeo e
oaaee/aieth a?aiai iiai?ioii-eciia?iie e no?oeoo?iie ?aeaenaoeee. Caiaia
a ei?ioeioeaii/iuo iieeyoe?ao iieaeoey?iie iannu ii?yaeea 102 eiia/iie
a?oiiu OH a?oiiie CH3 i?eaiaeeo e oaaee/aieth, a i?e iieaeoey?iuo iannao
ii?yaeea 103 e oiaiueoaieth a?aiai ?aeaenaoeee.

*aoaa?oue ?acaeae iinayuai eceiaeaieth iieaeoey?iuo iaoaieciia iiai?ioii
— eciia?iie e no?oeoo?iie ?aeaenaoeee.

I?e ?anniio?aiee iiai?ioii-eciia?iie ?aeaenaoeee eniieueciaaeanue
iiaeaeue n o?aoe?aoiui iioaioeeaeii a?auaiey. ?ann/eoaiu ?aciinoue a
aaee/eiao yioaeueiee eiioi?ia?ia, eiinoaiou nei?inoae i?yiie e ia?aoiie
?aaeoeee, eiioeaio?aoeee eiioi?ia?ia. ?acoeueoaou ?ann/aoia iieacaee,
/oi iaeaieaa oa?iiaeeiaie/anee noaaeeueiuie yaeythony o?ain — o?ain e
o?ain — aio eiioi?ia?u. Eiioeaio?aoeey o?ain — o?ain eiioi?ia?ia
oiaiueoaaony n oaaee/aieai oaiia?aoo?u. Yoio ?acoeueoao niaeanoaony n
aeaiiuie ?aioaaiia?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee.

aic?anoatho n oaaee/aieai iieaeoey?iie iannu ieeaiia?iuo aeeeieae.
Aeey iaueyniaiey yoie caeiiiia?iinoe iiaeii i?aaeeiaeeoue neaaeothuoth
aeiioaco: yioaeueiey aeoeaaoeee iaiaoiaeeia aeaaiui ia?acii aeey
ia?aciaaiey a aeoeaiie iieaeoea eieaaaoaeueiie aia?aee aicaoaeaeaiey,
aeinoaoi/iie aeey ?ac?uaa aeaoo naycae O-H…O a yae?a aeoeaiiai
eiiieaena. N oaaee/aiei iieaeoey?iie iannu aeeeieae oaaee/eaaaony /enei
aoiiia C, H e O a oaea?iaeiii ?aaeeeaea e aic?anoaao eieee/anoai naycae
oeia C-H…C e C-H…O iaaeaeo ?aaeeeaeii R(OH)2. E?iia oiai i?e aieueoai
eieee/anoaa naycae yia?aey aicaoaeaeaiey ?ani?aaeaeyaony iaaeaeo
aieueoei eieee/anoaii eieaaaoaeueiuo noaiaiae naiaiaeu. Oae eae
oaaee/aiea ?aaeeeaea nii?iaiaeaeaaony onei?aieai iooiea yia?aee
eieaaaoaeueiiai aicaoaeaeaiey a aeoeaiii eiiieaena, oi ia aeaiiii o?iaia
iaiaoiaeeii ?aci?aaoue aieueoaa eieee/anoai naycae n ie?oaeaieai, /oi e
nii?iaiaeaeaaony oaaee/aieai yioaeueiee e yio?iiee aeoeaaoeee nenoaiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeonoe/aneee niaeo?, ayceioi?oaea naienoaa, iieeyoe?u,
ieeaiia?iua aeeeiee.

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?en. 2. ??aiiaaaei? noaie aioo??oiueiai iaa?oaiiy o?aaiaio?a iieaeoe.

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