OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

AeA?AEAAIEE I?E?ONUeEEE AIOAI?*IEE NAAe

EI?AEAIAANUeEA THE?ss AEAAeENEAA?AIA

OAeE 581.9:502.7(477.75)

AEOIOEssOe?EII-AeAIOAeAOe?EI?

I?IOeANE ssE OAEOI? OeAIICIOOAI?THAAIIss

(ia i?eeeaae? aeayeeo ?ineeiieo

oa?oiiaaiue E?eio)

03.00.05 — aioai?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

sseoa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a N?ioa?iiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

EIOIA NA?A?E OAAeI?IAE*

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aioai?ee

N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AIEEI IEOAEEI OAAeIN?EIAE*,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aioai?ee

Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,

AIA AIAe??E AANEEUeIAE*,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aioai?ee,
o?c?ieia?? ?ineei

oa i?e?ia?ieia?? E?einueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai

IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_16__”_ aa?aniy______ 1999 a. i __1000__ aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 53.369.01 ?c caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
i?e Aea?aeaaiiio I?e?onueeiio aioai?/iiio naae? ca aae?anith: 334267,
Oe?a?ia, E?ei, i. sseoa, Aea?aeaaiee I?e?onueeee aioai?/iee naae.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? AeIAN

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_10__”__na?iiy__ 1999 a.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Naaeiao?nueeee N.TH.

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?e?iaea Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei a?ae??ciy?oueny
aenieei a?ieia?/iei ??ciiiai?ooyi (2775 aeae?a ?ineei, ui ia’?aeiai? 37
o?oinioe?ieia?/ieie eeanaie). Aeueoa-??ciiiai?ooy (aeaeiaa aiaaonoai)
oa?oiiaaiue ci?ith?oueny a oe?ieeo iaaeao ? aeinyaa? a niniiaeo e?nao
60, a a oiiaao aa?ioe/ii ii?ooaieo i?noeac?inoaiue (ineie, aaaeeaiaee) —
10 aeae?a ia 100 i2 (Ei?aeaiaanueea, 1997,1998). Caaacia/eoe eiai
caa?aaeaiiy iiaeia o?eueee i?e ciaii? aeieia?/ieo oiia, ui oi?iothoue
??ci? oa?oiiaaiiy ? coiiaeththoue ?o no?ee?noue. ?ineeii? oa?oiiaaiiy ?
iane?aeeii ?ioaa?aoe?? aa?ioe/ieo oaeoi??a ? a?ioe/ii? aca?iiae??. Aeey
?ineeiiino? IE (I?aaeaiiiai E?eio) aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue
niaoeeo?/i? aa?ioe/i? oaeoi?e, ii?iaeaeai? no/anieie i?ioeanaie
?aeue?oiooai?aiiy — aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieie oaeoi?aie na?aaeiaeua
(AAeON), aianie yeeo o oi?ioaaiiy o?oioeaiic?a ??ciee, eiai o?aooaaiiy
aeicaiey? ia o?eueee iiynieoe ?o i?e?iaeo ? noi?ioethaaoe oyao i?i
iioeiaeueiee ?aaeei ioi?iie ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, aea
e a?aee?eaa? iiaeeea?noue a?eueo oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy ?o ye
?iaeeeaoi??a ?ioaineaiino? i?ioean?a no/aniiai ?aeue?oiooai?aiiy, ui ?
aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii caaaeueiiai aeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao IE.

?ineeii?noue IE aeinoaoiuei aeia?a aea/aia o neioaeniiii?/iiio
a?aeiioaii?, i?ioa ni?iaa noai?i? e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aianeo AAeON a
oi?ioaaiiy o?oioeaiic?a ??ciiai oeio aeey ?ineeiiino? E?eio ia
cae?enithaaeany.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiioaaeenue a ?aieao oaiaoe/iiai ieaio eaoaae?e aioai?ee
N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo c i?iaeaie “Aeinenoaie
A??nueeiai E?eio, ?o ioi?iia oa iioei?caoe?y” (aea?ae?a?no?aoe?eiee ?
0197 U 001952) ? ieaio ani??aionueei? i?aeaioiaee.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeaii? ?iaioe: e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe
aianie AAeON a i?aai?caoe?? ??cieo, aeieia?/ii eiio?anoieo oa?oiiaaiue
? ia oe?e iniia?, ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe nai???aei?noue ?ineeiiino? IE, ye
oa?eoi??? c ae?aaeaieie i?ioeanaie ?aeue?oiooai?aiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe aianie AAeON a oi?ioaaiiy aaoa-??ciiiai?ooy
?ineeiiino? IE;

2. Aeeiiaoe e?euee?niee aiae?c aieeao ??cieo oeaiiciooai?thaaeueieo
aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a (aenioa iaae ??aiai ii?y, aeniiceoe?y noeeo,
e?oo?noue ? uaaaithaao?noue iiaa?oi?, iie?eooy, iiooaei?noue ? ia’?i
i?aenoeeee), ia iieacieee ?ineeiieo oa?oioaaiue — c?ieioo?noue e?ii
aea?aa (aeey e?n?a), i?iaeoeaia iie?eooy (aeey o?aa’yienoeo
o?oioeaiic?a) ? ye ocaaaeueithth/ee, /eneaii?noue aeae?a (aeey an?o
oa?oioaaiue);

3. I?iaiae?coaaoe aeieia?/io ? o?oioeaiioe/io iaiaeii??aei?noue
aeine?aeaeoaaieo noeoiiinoae ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue, caeiiii??iino?
a?aeiioaiiy iniiaieo oeaiiciooai?thaaeueieo aeae?a c aeioii?/ieie
oaeoi?aie na?aaeiaeua oa ?o ca’ycie c neioaoe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
o?oioeaiic?a;

4. Ia iniia? aiae?co aeeaaeo a oa?oiiaaiiy ??cieo iiaeaeae i?aai?caoe??
noi?ioethaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ?o ioi?iie ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aea/aia ?i-

neeii?noue a?aeiia?aea? o?ueii i?eioeeiiaei iiaeaeyi i?aai?caoe??
?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue (C-S-iiaeaeue, aa?ioe/ia G-B-iiaeaeue,
aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eiee aa??aio aa?ioe/ii? S-iiaeae?), aeaa
inoaii? aa??aioa iiaeaeae ? iiaeie.

I?iaiae?ciaaia aeieia?y iniiaieo oeaiiciooai?thaaeueieo aeae?a ?
aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo (o?oinioe?ieia?/iee
niaeo?, niaeo? aeeoo?aeo oi?i, i?iaeoeaia iie?eooy, /enaeuei?noue
aeae?a) acaeiaae a?aae??io?a aieiaieo aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a.

Noi?ioeueiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iioei?caoe?? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ??ciiai aeeaaeo AAeON o oi?ioaaiiy
?ineeiiiai iie?eao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeeeeeathoue ?noioiee ?ioa?an aeey iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? ?ic?iaee
caoiae?a c iioei?caoe?? i?e?iaeii-eaiaeoaooieo iaeeieoeue c iaoith
noai?aiiy no?eeiai ? o?eaaei ooieoe?iioth/iai i?e?iaeii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai
eiiieaeno E?eio.

Ia eaoaae?? “Aeieia??” sseoeinueeiai ?inoeoooo iaiaaeaeiaioo iaoeia? ?
iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee i?aaenoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ai?iaaaeaeai?
o aeeeaaeaiiy eo?n?a “Eaiaeoaooia aeieia?y”, “A?i?iaeeeaoe?y” oa
“A?iiao??y”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?iaioa ? naiino?eiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi
caeiaoaa/a, aeeiiaiei ia iniia? aeecueei oeny/? iiaieo aaiaioai?/ieo
iien?a, c a?aooaaiiyi oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua oa neioaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
o?oioeaiic?a. Ca /an aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c 1995 ?. ii 1998
?. iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaia ? aeeiiaia iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueea
i?ia?aia, ii?aoeueiaai? oa i?iaiae?ciaai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai?,
noai?ai? aace aeaieo ?iciiae?eo on?o caaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
aeae?a ?ineei ca a?aae??ioaie oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua ? neioaoe/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie o?oioeaiic?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
aioai?ee N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1996-1998 ??.).
Ia eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo (sseoa, 1995; 1997), a oaeiae ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? (aeieia?/ia naeoe?y,
N?ioa?iiieue, 1995).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o
oiio ae /ene?: /ioe?e — o ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o?e — a iaoa??aeao
oa oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (332 iaeiaioaaiiy, c ieo 100-
?iicaiieo), 8 aeiaeaoe?a ? aeeeaaeaia ia 298 noi??ieao (iniiaiiai oaenoo
174 noi??iee); aeeth/ath/e 19 ?enoie?a, 76 oaaeeoeue.

?IEUe AECIAAIIEO OAEOI??A O OI?IOAAII? ?INEEIIINO?

O o?oioeaiieia?? noi?ioaaeenue aeaa iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei iiiyooy
o?oioeaiic (eiioeioaeueiee — i?aaiaoe/iee ? aeene?aoiee). ?icaeaath/e
i?aaiaoe/i? ?aea? ?icoi?iiy o?oioeaiico A.I. I??e?i (Mirkin, 1994,
I??e?i, Iaoiiaa, 1997) noi?ioethaaa iie?iiaeaeueio eiioeaioe?th i?e?iaee
oa?oiiaaiue. I?e oaeiio ?icoi?ii? oa?oioaaiiy noa? ?iaeiaei iiiyooyi c
?iciiae?eii ia aeaee c ??cieie iiaeaeyie i?aai?caoe??. O eiaei?e iiaeae?
— na?e oei i?aai?caoe??, neeaaeiaeie yeiai ? aeioii, eiai a?ioe/ia
o?ainoi?iaoe?y, aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ?ineei, aieea oaa?ei, ii?ooaiiy, a
oaeiae aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y aeieia?/ieo i?o.

Oey eiioeaioe?y aoea aeei?enoaia i?e aeeiiaii? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
oiio ui a oiiaao a??nueeiai eaiaeoaooo niieo/aiiy aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a
oi?iothoue o?oioeaiice, ye? i?aaenoaaeythoue ??ci? iiaeae? i?aai?caoe??.
Aieiaia cia/aiiy a ?o noaiiaeaii? iaeaaeeoue AAeON, ioe?iea ?ie? yeeo
aoea caaaeaiiyi iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? iniiai? aeaioaeaoe?ei? oa aeoioeyoe?ei? i?ioeane
(a?aa?oaoe?ei?, iaaaeuei?, ineii?, cnoai?, aeaetha?aeuei?, oetha?aeuei?,
ea?noia?), ui noai?ththoue oi?eaeuei? ? ??ciiiai?oi? eaiaeoaooe IE.

I?E?IAeI? OIIAE ?AEIIO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ca iaoa??aeaie iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e iaaiai?ai? iniaeeaino? ee?iaoo
(Iiaeai?iaeaoeeee, 1988; Oaoiiae/ e ae?., 1966; Aaaeia, 1977),
aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae (Io?aoia, 1973; Neaaei, 1985), a?oio?a (Ei/eei,
1967; Iieaaie ii?aaeaeeoaeue…, 1976) ? ?ineeiiino? E?eio
(Ei?aeaiaaneee, 1982; 1986; 1990a, a; Aeeaeoo, 1983; 1985a, a, n;
Ei?aeaiaaneee, Oaeya-Niniiei, 1983; Aeeaeoo, Aaea?aiei, 1984; Aieoaaa,
Ei?aeaiaaneee, 1984; Ei?aeaiaaneee, Eetheei, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990;
Ei?aeaiaaneee e ae?., 1987; Aaa?eeiaa, Ei?aeaiaaneee, 1996 oa ?i.).
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui IE oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaecae/aeii aenieei
??ciiiai?ooyi aeioii?a, ui neoaeeoue iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy aenieiai
a?ieia?/iiai ??ciiiai?ooy.

IA’?EOE ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee aeieia?/iiai ??ciiiai?ooy ?ineeiiino? eeane aoee
ca?oiiaai? o a?n?i aeea?c?ii?a: oe?ieieenoyi? e?ne, oaiei?
noana?aaecaiiiii?nuee? e?ne, ceaeiaeee (?ineeii?noue eoa?a, noai?a ?
ionoeu), ?ineeii?noue a?ic?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieo aeioii?a, ianeaeueia
?ineeii?noue, i?eii?nueea ?ineeii?noue ? ?ineeii?noue nieii/aeoaaoeo
eiiieaen?a, ?ineeii?noue i??niiaiaeieo aaoeaiae?a, neiaio?iiia
?ineeii?noue.

Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao AAeON ia neeaae ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue c /enea
ia?oeo i’yoe aeea?c?ii?a aoei aea?aii o?noue eean?a:

Querco-Fagetea (Q-F) — aoeia? e?ne ia aaiiyeao ? aaa?i-ae?i?eoao (Q-F1 ?
Q-F2 a?aeiia?aeii); Erico-Pinetea (E-P) — e?einueeininiia? e?ne;
Thero-Brachypodietea (T-B) — na?aaecaiiiii?nuee? a??nuee? noaie; Onosmo
polyphyllae-Ptilostemonetea (O-P) — oa?oiiaaiiy aeaioaeaoe?eieo noee?a;
Thlaspietea rotundifolii (T r) — o?oioeaiice inei?a ?
Festuco-Puccinellietea (F-P) — oa?oiiaaiiy ia?a?nii canaeaieo
noano?ao?a.

Aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae neeaa 973 iiaieo aaiaioai?/ieo iien?a c a?aooaaiiyi
oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua ? neioaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee o?oioeaiic?a, ye?
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeey aiae?co oaeoi??a i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiieo
oa?oiiaaiue. O?aoeia iien?a (283) aeeiiaii aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii,
?aooa iien?a i?aaenoaaeyee a?o?a o?oioeaiioaee a?aeae?eo oei?e oa
?ineeiiino? AeIAN, ye? ?ai?oa aeey iinoaaeaii? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
iaoe ia aeei?enoiaoaaeenue.

Ae?aiaciie cia/aiue i?iaiae?ciaaieo oaeoi??a i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiieo
oa?oiiaaiue ? ?o neioaoe/ieo iieaciee?a i?aaenoaaeai? o oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaieo oaeoi??a i?aai?caoe?? oei?a ?ineeiieo
oa?oiiaaiue oa ?o neioaoe/ieo iieaciee?a

Iaeeie-Noeoii?noue oa?oiiaaiueOaeoi?eoey aei??thaaiiyQ-F1Q-F2E-PT-BO-PT
rF-PAenioa iaae ??aiai ii?y
i490-1350525-1200400-180090-50020-4501-4501-250Aeniiceoe?y100-3600-3600-
3600-3600-3600-3600-360E?ooecia103-473,353-482-3030-806-407-80Uaaaithaao
?noue iiaa?oi?aae1-41-41-4—-Oiaueia
i?aenoeeeeni1,5-101-160,5-12—-Iiooaei?noue
i?aenoeeee%20-1000-951-95—-Ia’?i
i?aenoeeeeni20,2-8,20,1-9,60,1-11—-I?iaeoeaia iie?eooy
%0-970-651-9510-1000,5-451-600,5-35*enei
aeae?aoo.1-541-265-5213-554-363-281-20C?ieioo?noue e?ii
%35-9730-9510-90—-

I?e aiae?c? ?ineeiiino? aoee aeei?enoai? oae? i?aeoiaee:

1. Neioaeniiii?/iee aiae?c;

2. Aea/aiiy neeaaeo aeeoo?aeo oi?i;

3. Aea/aiiy o?oinioe?ieia?/ieo niaeo??a oeaiioei?;

Aeey ia?iaee oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeaa iaoiaee
aiae?co e?euee?nieo aeaieo:

Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ca’yceo iniiaieo aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a ?
oa?aeoa?enoee o?oioeaiic?a (aenioa iaae ??aiai ii?y, uaaaithaao?noue
iiaa?oi? oa ?i., ui iina?aaeiuei a?aeia?aaea? ?ioaineai?noue
aeaioaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a; c?ieioo?noue e?ii a e?nieo oa?oiiaaiiyo, ye
iieaciee aaeeo?eaoi?iino?).

Iaeiioaeoi?iee a?aae??ioiee aiae?c (Ie?eei, ?icaiaa?a, 1978), yeee
i?iaaaeaiee aeey aeae?a, ui cono??/aeenue a aea??eao aea/aieo
oa?oiiaaiue ia iaioa 5 %.

?acoeueoaoe a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co aoee i?aaenoaaeai? o oi?i? oaaeeoeue,
a yeeo on? aeaee ?icae?eai? ia /ioe?e a?oie: e??ci? aeaee (A), ui
oyae?thoue aei i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue (A), niieo/ai? c na?aaei?ie
cia/aiiyie (A) ? i?aaiooue aei iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiue a?aae??ioa (A).
Aeey oeeo a?oi aiae?coaaeenue o?oinioe?ieia?/i? niaeo?e ia ??ai? eean?a.

IOe?IEA AEEAAeO AEOIOEssOe?EII-AeAIOAeAOe?EI?O OAEOI??A A I?AAI?CAOe?TH
OA?OIIAAIUe ??CIEO EEAN?A

Aeey eiaeiiai oeio oa?oiiaaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ie?aii ca
oaeith noaiith:

1. Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea oa?oiiaaiue. A?aecia/athoueny iniiai? caei-

iii??iino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? nooiaiue aea/aiiy aeaiiai oeio
?ineeiiino? ye

a E?eio, oae ? a ?ioeo ?aeiiao a?aaeo.

2. Neioaeniiii?y ? oei?enoe/iee neeaae aea/aieo oa?oiiaaiue.
Iaaiaeeoueny neioaeniiii?/ia no?oeoo?a noeoiiinoae oa?oiiaaiue ca
nenoaiith A?aoi-Aeaiea. A oi?i? oaaeeoe? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oei?enoe/iee
neeaae c aeac?aeith i?aaenoaaeaiiino? aeaeo, aeeoo?aeo oi?i,
o?oinioe?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e neeaaeo oeaiioei?. Ocaaaeueiaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeeoo?aeo oi?i i?eaaaeaia a oaae. 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iniiaieo aeeoo?aeo oi?i a ?icaeyiooeo oa?oiiaaiiyo

AEeoo?a? Noeoii?noue oa?oiiaaiueoi?ieQ-F1Q-F2E-PT-BO-PT rF-PAea?aai
9,611,46,73,82,62,32,7*aaa?iee 9,25,711,96,48,56,24,1*aaa?ie/ie
1,42,41,50,9—Iai?a/aaa?iee 0,5-0,30,4-0,81,4Iai?a/aaa?ie/ie
1,81,65,84,79,211,614,9Iie?ea?i?/ia
o?aaa66,969,166,145,345,855,044,6Aeai- oa iaeii??/iee iiiiea?iee
3,73,32,86,47,210,910,8Iceiee
iaeii??/iee5,55,73,726,518,310,114,9ss?iaee
iaeii??/iee1,40,81,25,68,53,16,8

O on?o aeiaaeeao aaniethoiei aeii?ioaaiiyi oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeeoo?aa
oi?ia iie?ea?i?/ieo o?aa. C?inoaiiy ?o ?ie? i?ioiaeeoue ia?aeaeueii c
?inoii o?ioiino? a?oioo oa caieiaeaiino? aeioii?a ? aeinyaa?
iaeneiaeueiiai ae?aaeaiiy a e?niaeo oa?oiiaaiiyo.

Ocaaaeueiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeeaaeo iniiaieo o?oinioe?ieia?/ieo eean?a
?ineeiiino? o oi?ioaaiiy ?icaeyiooeo oa?oiiaaiue i?eaaaeaia a oaae. 3.

3. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ca’yceo aeioii?/ieo iieaciee?a i?noeac?inoaiue ?
neioaoe/ieo ioe?iie ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue. Oeae i?aeo?ae aeicaieea
aeyaeoe iaea?eueo o?ni? caeaaeiino? i?ae i?eciaeaie i?noeac?inoaiue ?
oa?oioaaiiyie.

A oaae. 4 iaaaaeaiee i?eeeaae ?acoeueoaoo ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co
caeaaeiinoae i?ae aea/aieie aeioii?/ieie oaeoi?aie ? neioaoe/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie a??nueei-noaiiaeo oa?oiiaaiue (O-A).

Caeaaei?noue iioe?aiiy neioaenii?a eeano Thero-Brachypodietea a?ae AAeON
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca’yceii i?iaeoeaiiai iie?eooy c aenieeie
iiceoeaieie iieacieeaie i?aenoeeee (0,572; 0,703; 0,617) ? iaaaoeaieie
cia/aiiyie e?ooino? noee?a (-0,579).

4. A?aae??ioiee aiae?c ca’yceo oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo c oaeoi?aie
i?aai?caoe?? oa?oiiaaiue ? ?o neioaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a. A oaae. 5 iaaaaeai
i?eeeaae oa?aeoa?enoeee ci?ie aeaeiaiai neeaaeo ?ineeiiino? aaaeeaiae?a
acaeiaae a?aae??ioa oaeoi?a e?ooino? noeeo, ei?aethth/iai c AAeON oa
c’?aeiaiiai cai?ioi?i ca’yceii c aeaeiaei ??ciiiai?ooyi.

Oaaeeoey 3.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeeaaeo o?oinioe?ieia?/ieo eean?a o

oi?ioaaiiy ?icaeyiooeo oa?oiiaaiue

O?oinioe?ieia?/i? eeane Noeoii?noue oa?oiiaaiueQ-F1Q-F2E-PT-BO-PT
rF-PQuerco-Fagetea40,345,222,64,55,65,8-Quercetea
pubescentis-petraeae11,16,512,77,05,05,85,3Urtico-Sambucetea1,92,41,81,2
0,60,7-Erico-Pinetea10,711,39,24,12,51,41,3Festuco-Brometea7,48,115,619,
814,411,618,7Thero-Brachypodietea2,34,06,920,317,510,912,0Juniperetea
sabinae-depressae1,41,64,30,40,6—Trifolio-Geranietea
sanguinei8,36,56,94,13,14,31,3Epilobietea
angustifolii—0,60,40,6—Molinio-Arrhenatheretea3,73,24,92,51,92,21,3Sed
o-Scleranthetea—0,34,11,31,4-Cisto-Micromeretea—0,40,60,7-Onosmo
polyphyllae-Ptilostemetea0,91,64,37,815,018,110,7Thlaspietea
rotundifolii2,30,82,02,53,810,12,7Asplenietea
rupestris1,94,01,50,80,6-1,3Juncetea maritimi
——1,3Festuco-Puccinellietea
—0,81,31,420,0Crithmo-Limonietea—0,40,60,7-Phragmitetea—-0,60,71,3
Plantaginetea majoris—0,4-1,4-Bidentetea
tripartitae—0,3—0,7-Agropyretea
repentis0,9-1,53,76,36,58,0Artemisietea
vulgaris3,22,42,03,75,64,31,3Robinietea0,5—0,4—Secalietea0,9-0,34,94,
42,21,3Chenopodietea2,32,42,35,88,18,712,0

Aeey ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co aoee iiaoaeiaai?
o?oinioe?ieia?/i? niaeo?e a?oi aeae?a, ui aeae?eai? (oaae. 6).

Aeniea oaeaee?noue aeaioaeaoe?? aaaeeaiae?a, ui iia’ycaia c iayai?noth
i?aeaeaoeeaeo a??nueeeo ii??ae, e?ooeo noee?a, ye? ianaiia?aae
coiiaeththoue iiyao ?ic??aeaeaiiai ?ineeiiiai iie?iao o iniiae
aaaeeaiae?a, aai ia aeieuao a?eueo ae??aieo a?ic?eieo a??c?a, yee
?icae?eythoue iiaa?oith aaaeeaiae?a. Oea iaoiiaeth? i?eo?i/ai?noue
oaenii?a eieaeueieo o?oioeaiic?a aei a?oi i?i?iaeueieo oa na?aaei?o
cia/aiue, i?e/iio ae?aaiinoe/i? aeaee eeano Festuco-Puccinellietea
aeinyaathoue iaeneiaeueiiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ia noeeao e?ooeciith iaioa
310.

?acoeueoaoe a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co aeicaieeee aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino?
aieeao AAeON ia aeaeiaee neeaae ?icaeyiooeo oa?oiiaaiue ia oii? aieeao
ae?oaeo aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a ? a ca’yceo c? ci?iith neioaoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa?oiiaaiue.

Oaaeeoey 4

Ei?aeyoe?eia iao?eoey iniiaieo aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a ? oa?aeoa?enoee
o?oioeaiic?a a??nueei-noaiiaeo oa?oiiaaiue

AANDAFGHA-0,085*-0,2280,2340,3110,2790,051*-0,042*B-0,212-0,111*0,079*-0
,101*0,2410,094*C-0,373-0,453-0,293-0,579-0,352D0,7580,8560,6170,403E0,8
890,7030,332F0,5720,271G0,641H* — ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino?, ui ia
iieacaee a??ia?aeiiai ca’yceo. A — aenioa iaae ??aiai ii?y; B —
aeniiceoe?y; C — e?ooecia noeeo; D — oiaueia; E — iiooaei?noue; F —
ia’?i i?aeno?eee; G — i?iaeoeaia iie?eooy o?aa’yiiai y?ono; H — /enei
aeae?a.

Oaaeeoey 5.

?acoeueoaoe i?yiiai a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co ?iciiae?eo aeae?a oa?oiiaaiue
aaaeeaiae?a ca oaeoi?ii e?ooino? iiaa?oi? (o?aaiaio)

AeaeeEeane2oEeane a?aae??ioo (0)<2020-4040-60>60A: Aeaee ??aiii??ii
?iciiae?eai? acaeiaae a?aae??ioaBromopsis
cappadocicaOnosmo-Ptilostemetea0,01*38,730,200,230,200,13Capparis
herbaceaFestuco-Puccinellietea0*40,001,001,001,001,00Agropyron
pectinatumFestuco-Brometea0,02*40,130,300,100,050,33A: Aeaee, ui
i?aaiooue aei i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiueAgropyron
ponticumFestuco-Puccinellietea0,1220,510,500,230,09-Elytrigia
elongataFestuco-Puccinellietea0,1530,000,400,550,180,07Salsola
sodaFestuco-Puccinellietea0,04*26,670,200,190,08-A: Aeaee, ui i?aaiooue
aei na?aaei?o cia/aiuePetrosimonia
brachiataFestuco-Puccinellietea0,0735,110,100,260,060,07Glaucium
flavumChenopodietea0,1341,14-0,520,230,13Artemisia
scopariaChenopodietea0,0847,39-0,030,18-Poa
sterilisThero-Brachypodietea0,04*42,38-0,230,120,07A: Aeaee, ui
i?aaiooue aei iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiueArtemisia tauricaAgropyretea
repentis0,0752,67-0,030,200,07Atriplex
sagittataFestuco-Puccinellietea0,0854,67-0,190,080,33Elytrigia
repensAgropyretea repentis0,0962,00—0,180,27*enei ieiuaaeie13316515

Ia ?en. 1; 2 iaaaaeaii ?ici?aae?eaiiy aeayeeo aeae?a acaeiaae a?aae??ioo
e?ooecie noeeo, nei?aeueiaaiiiai c ae??th AAeON.

?icaeyiaii aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ii aea/aiei
noeoiiinoyi ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue.

Oaaeeoey 6.

O?oinioe?ieia?/iee niaeo? a?oi aeae?a, aeae?eaieo aiane?aeie
a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co ca oaeoi?ii e?ooecie iiaa?oi?

Aeieia?/i? a?oie
aeae?aEeaneAANAeFestuco-Puccinellietea0,500,580,200,50Onosmo
polyphyllae-Ptilostemonetea0,50Festuco-Brometea0,140,100,25Chenopodietea
0,140,20Thero-Brachypodietea0,200,25Agropyretea repentis0,10Caaaeueia
/enei aeae?a27104

?en. 1. Aeieeei ?iciiae?eaiiy aeayeeo aeae?a e?niai? ?ineeiiino? ia
a?aae??io? e?ooecia noeea.

A- Aoeia? e?na ia aaiiyeao;

A — Aoeia? e?na ia aaa?i-ae?i?eoao;

A — Niniia? e?na.

1 — Quercus petraea

2 — Carpinus betulus

3 — Mercurialis perennis

4 — Platanthera chlorantha

5 — Poa nemoralis.

?en. 2. Aeieeei ?iciiae?eaiiy aeayeeo aeae?a ?ineeiiino? ia a?aae??io?
e?ooecia noeea.

A- A??nueei-noaiia? oa?oiiaaiiy

A — ?ineeii? oa?oiiaaiiy aeaioaeaoe?eieo noee?a

A — ?ineeii?noue inei?a

A — ?ineeii?noue aaaeeaiae?a

1 — Bromopsis cappadocica

2 — Centaurea sterilis

3 — Cichorium intybus

4 — Asperula caespitans

5 — Poa sterilis

6 — Salvia verticillata

7 — Erysimum cuspidatum

8 — Elytrigia elongata

9 — Atriplex sagittata

10 — Elytrigia repens

17

Aoeia? e?ne ?iciianthaeaeai? o aa?oiueiio e?niaiio iiyn? Aieiaiiai iania
E?einueeeo a?? ia noeeao, neeaaeaieo aaiiyeaie aai aaa?i-ae?i?eoaie. Ia
aaiiyeao a?aeiioaiiy aeae?a aei aa?ioe/ieo oaeoi??a caeaa?eueoiai
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?aenooi?noth aeinoia??iiai ca’yceo c oaeoi?aie ui
?icaeyaeathoueny. Oea iiynith?oueny iayai?noth a oa?oiiaaiiyo aeae?a,
ye? iathoue oe?ieo aiie?ooaeo oiea?aioiino? aei oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua.
Iai?/a?oueny oaiaeaioe?y ci?uaiiy iiaeaeueieo cia/aiue e?eaeo ?iciiae?eo
aeae?a ca a?aae??ioii “ia’?i i?aeno?eee”, nei?aeueiaaiiai c oaeoi?ii
aeaioaeaoe?? aei i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue. Ia aaa?i-ae?i?eoao ia oeueiio
a?aae??io? a?eueo?noue aeae?a iathoue iiaeo a eeanao na?aaei?o cia/aiue.

Ia a?aae??io? c?ieioo?noue e?ii a?eueo?noue iiae aeae?a neiioeaio?iaaii
i?ae oi/eith iio?ioia ? i?i?iaeueieie cia/aiiyie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
iaaeinoaoueia ina?oeaiiy o?aa’yiiai y?ono i?ae aonoei iieiaii e?no. Oea
aeanoeai oa?aeoa?ii aeey iaio aea/aieo noeoiiinoae a??nueeeo ii??ae.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ?ieue AAeON
aeey aoeiaeo ean?a iacia/ia (iniaeeai ia aaa?i-ae?i?eoao). A?aei?ii?noue
aa?ioe/ieo oaeoi??a i?aaeueiaaia neeueiei aieeaii a?ieaioa.

Niniia? e?ne c Pinus pallasiana ? iaei??th c iaea?eueo aaoa?iaaiieo
noeoiiinoae, a iaaeao yei? aeaeiaee neeaae eiioeioaeueii ci?ith?oueny a
noa?? aaeeeiai a?ia?i?inoi?o oaeoi??a. Aeyaeaiee nooo?aee aieea ia oeth
noeoii?noue an?o aea/aieo oaeoi??a ? ca’ycie ?iciiae?eaiiy aeae?a c
neioaoe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oa?oiiaaiue.

Ia oi?ioaaiiy neeaaeo niniiaeo e?n?a c Pinus pallasiana nooo?aee aieea
/eiyoue aa?ioe/i? oaeoi?e (aeniiceoe?y ? e?ooecia noeeo). Iacia/ia
iiooaei?noue ? nooi?iue iie?eooy a?oioo i?aeno?eeith aai iiaia ??
aeiaaeaiiy iia’ycai? c ae?th/eie ia e?ooeo noeeao i?ioeanaie
iiaa?oiaaiai cieao ? ciino. Oea iaoiiaeth? iacia/iee ca’ycie ?iciiae?eo
aeae?a c oeeie oaeoi?aie.

Aeaee, ui oyae?thoue aei eeano i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue a?aae??ioa
c?ieiooino? e?ii i?eo?i/ai? aei i?noeue, aea y?on aea?aa ii?ooaiee
aio?iiiaaiiei aieeaii, aai ae iani?eyoeeaei aieeaii ee?iaoe/ieo
oaeoi??a. Noeeio?oe oa?aeoa?i? aeey ci?oaieo niniiai-aoeiaeo e?n?a.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia a?aecia/eoe, ui e?einueeininiia? e?ne
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieei aeueoa-??ciiiai?ooyi ? aaiethoe?thaaee aiie a
caeaaeiino? e iai?aaeaiino? AAeON.

A??nueei-noaiia? oa?oiiaaiiy iathoue oeaiioei?o na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai
oeio ? ?ici?uai? ia oe?oiaiio iecueeia??’? i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai E?eio,
aea aieiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?oiiaaiue ciaoiaeyoueny a ca’yceo c?
oaeaeeinoyie noeeiaeo i?ioean?a. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoue ca?aeiaiiy aeaeiaiai
neeaaeo a i?noeyo aea iacia/ia nooi?iue iie?eooy a?oioo i?aenoeeeith,
aai aiia a?aenooiy iiai?noth. Oea iia’ycaii c aeaioaeaoe?eieie
i?ioeanaie (iiaa?oiaaee ciea), yeee iineeth?oueny c i?aeaeuaiiyi
e?ooecie iiaa?oi?.

Oaeoi?ii aeaa?aaeaoe?? ? ?oeioaaiiy a??nueei-noaiiaeo oa?oiiaaiue
aenooiathoue AAeON, ye? aeoea?cothoueny i?e cieaeaii? i?iaeoeaiiai
iie?eooy o?aa’yiiai y?ono ? ciaioai? ?ie? i?aenoeeee. Iai?oaeai?noue
i?ioean?a, ui ei?aeththoue c ??ce?noth ci?ie oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo,
i?aeaeuo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?ooecie iiaa?oi? ? aaaea aei ci?ie
oe?eiai ?yaeo ?ioeo ii?oiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeioiio oa niaeo??a
aeeoo?aeo oi?i.

Aenioa i.?.i. oa aeniiceoe?y noeeo nooo?aiai aieeao ia ?iciiae?e aeae?a
a??nueei-noaiiai? ?ineeiiino? ia /eieoue.

?ineeii? oa?oiiaaiiy aeaioaeaoe?eieo noee?a i?aaenoaaeai? a eaiaeoaoo?
oe?oaaiai iecueeia??’y i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai E?eio, aea iniiaieie
?aeue?oiooai?thth/eie oaeoi?aie ? i?ioeane ianiaiai ?ooo /ioea
oeaieiaiai iaoa??aeo (ieiueiiee ciea).

Oe?iea aiie?ooaea oiea?aioiino? aeae?a aei noai?eo oiia aeioii?a
iaoiiaeth? aenieee a?aenioie aeae?a, ia aeinoia??ii iia’ycaieo c
aa?ioe/ieie oaeoi?aie na?aaeiaeua (Alyssum umbellatum, Teucrium
chamaedrys, Malus praecox ? ?i.).

A oie aea /an i?ine?aeeiao?oueny /?oea caeaaei?noue cieaeaiiy
i?iaeoeaiiai iie?eooy ? aeaeiaiai ??ciiiai?ooy a?ae e?ooecie iiaa?oi?
(?en. 3; A). Ia iaio e?ooeo noeeao noai?ththoueny oiiae, ni?eyoeea?
aeey ?icaeoeo aaaaoueio aeae?a, i?e oeueiio i?ia?aneaii ca?eueoo?oueny
i?iaeoeaia iie?eooy. A oiiaao iaea?eueoeo oaeaeeinoae cieaeaiiy iiaa?oi?
caeaoieo ?inoe aeoaea iaei aeae?a, ye iai?eeeaae, Melica transsilvanica,
c oiiia?ao?/iei oeaio?ii e?ooecie, ui aei??aith? 49,530.

?en. 3. Caeaaei?noue /enea aeae?a a oa?oiiaaiiyo ii?ooaiieo
i?noeac?inoaiue a?ae noeeo iiaa?oi?

A — ?ineeii? oa?oiiaaiiy aeaioaeaoe?eieo noee?a

A — ?ineeii?noue inei?a

A — ?ineeii?noue aaaeeaiae?a

Ia e?ooeo noeeao cia/io ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? i?e?iee?iaoo a?ae?a?athoue
aeniiceoe?ei? a?aei?iiino?, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ca’ycie, yeee
i?ine?aeeiao?oueny i?ae ?ineeiaie oa oeei oaeoi?ii.

Oaeoi?e AAeON aeey oeeo oa?oiiaaiue ? i?ia?aeieie ? ci?ie a eaiaeoaoo?
i?eaaaeooue aei nooo?aeo ci?i a no?oeoo?? ?ineeiiino?.

?ineeii?noue inei?a iienoaaeanue a i?aaeaiii-no?aei?e /anoei?
E?einueeiai iai?aino?iaa i?ae i?noaie Aeoooa oa Noaeae. Oey iecueeia??ia
oa?eoi??y IE aeoaea ?iciiae?eaia aaeeaie oa y?aie, ye? neeaaeai?
i?aeaeaoeeaeie a??nueeeie ii?iaeaie. A caeaaeiino? a?ae
i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy inei?a aiie iiaeooue aooe oaeeie, ui /anoi
?icieaathoueny (a?e ia a?eueo 10-20 ?ie?a), ??aeei ?icieaathoueny (aei
100 ?ie?a) ? i?aeoe/ii ia ?icieaathoueny (a?eueo 100 ?ie?a)
(Ei?aeaiaaneee, Eetheei, 1984).

Anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue i?ae e?ooeciith noee?a ? ?iciiae?eii ?ineei ia
iiaa?oi? inei?a (?en. 3; A). I?i oea na?ae/eoue aenieee a?aenioie
aeae?a, ye? ii?aeiai? c oeei oaeoi?ii (76,7 %). A oiiaao ?ooiieo
noano?ao?a c?inoathoue aeaee, ye? iathoue niaoe?aeuei? ii?oieia?/i?
i?enoinoaaiiy (ei?aiaaa nenoaia ye??iiai oeio oa ?i.).

Oaeiae, o?aaa a?aecia/eoe aenieee a?aenioie aeae?a, ye? iathoue
a??ia?aeiee ca’ycie c ae?oaeie aa?ioe/ieie oaeoi?aie na?aaeiaeua, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i aei?noe?noue oiia i?noeac?inoaiue ia iiaa?oi? inei?a.

Aaaiiee aianie a i?aai?caoe?th oa?oiiaaiue inei?a aiinyoue aeaee an.
Melissito-Ziziphorietum, ye? caaaeaee caeiathoue a?iniiao?e/iee ??aaiue,
ca?aeee nei/anoi-oeaieiaee iaoa??ae iaaeoiaeeoue ia iiaa?oith ineio c?
noee?a e?oo?noth iiiaae 39i.

Oaeei /eiii, AAeON ia? cia/iee e?i?ooth/ee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy
?ineeiiino? inei?a.

?ineeii?noue aaaeeaiae?a. ?aeue?o oeio aaaeeaiae iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iee
aeey i?aaeaiii-no?aeii? /anoeie E?einueeeo a??, aea iathoue i?noea
ni?eyoeea? aeey ?icaeoeo a?ic?? oaeoi?e.

E?ae aeniea aei?noe?noue oiia i?noeac?inoaiue ia oii? noeneeo
aeieia?/ieo i?o coiiaeth? e??ciee ?iciiae?e a?eueoino? aeae?a (Capparis
herbacea, Eryngium campestre).

Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao aeii?ioaaiiy aeae?a i?enoiniaaieo aei c?inoaiiy ia
canieaieo noano?aoao. Oea iia’ycaii, a ia?oo /a?ao, c ia?aeiiith
canieai?noth noano?aoo (th?nuee? aeeie ii?nueeiai aaiaceno), a oaeiae, c
aaciina?aaeiueith aeecuee?noth aaaeeaiae?a aei ii?y oa aieeaii ia
o?oioeaiice ii?nueeeo aa?icie?a.

Oaeei /eiii, ?ineeii?noue aaaeeaiae?a ?iaeeeo? aeioiie aeoaea
aeeiai?/iiai ?aeue?oo oa noano?aoo, iiaa?oiy yeiai cieaeo?oueny
aiane?aeie ae?? aeaetha?aeueiiai i?ioeano (?en. 3; A). O oeeo neeaaeieo
aeieia?/ieo oiiaao iiaeooue c?inoaoe, aieiaiei /eiii, aaaaoi??/i?
ena?io?oe c aeeaieeie ? oaeaeei ?inoo/ei ei??iiyi, yea i?enoiniaaia aei
i?aia?oaaiiy o aa?oi?e /anoei?.

I?I IIAeAE? I?AAI?CAOe?? ?INEEIIINO? E?EIO

Oa?aeoa? aieeao aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neioaoe/ieo
iieaciee?a oa?oiiaaiue iai/ii aeaiiino?o? oaae. 7, a ye?e aeacaiee
a?aenioie aeae?a, a??ia?aeii iia’ycaieo c oaeoi?aie.

E?nia? oa?oiiaaiiy, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei aeaio aeea?c?ii?a
(oe?ieieenoyi? oa oaiei? noana?aaecaiiiii?nuee? e?na), i?aaenoaaeai?
eeanaie ?ineeiiino? – Querco-Fagetea ? Erico-Pinetea – iiaeooue aooe
a?aeianai? aei C-S-iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue.

Aeia?a iii?oii, ui ca aeeaaeii ai?eciioaeueieo a?aeiioaiue, a?ioe/ii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeioiio ? nooiaiy aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeieia?/ieo i?o oey
iiaeaeue ciaoiaeeoueny ia naiiio aenieiio ??ai? i?aai?caoe??. Ae?y
oeaiioe/ieo oaeoi??a ii nooiaith aieeao ia oa?oiiaaiiy iaaeeaea?oueny
aei aa?ioe/ieo oiia na?aaeiaeua. Aea?aaa-aeii?iaioe /eiyoue iaaaoeaio
na?aaeiaeuaooai?thaaeueio ae?th ia aeaee o?aa’yiiai y?ono.

Oaaeeoey 7

Ioe?iea aieeao aieiaieo oeaiiciooai?thaaeueieo oaeoi??a ? neioaoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ?ineeiiino? ia aeaeiaee neeaae ??cieo oa?oiiaaiue.

Oaeoi?eNeioaeniie ?ineeiiino?Q-F1Q-F2E-PT-BO-PT rF-PAenioa
i.?.i.+++++++++++++++++++Aeniiceoe?y noeeo++++++++++++++++++++++E?ooecia
noeeo++++++++++++++++++++++Uaaaithaao?noue

iiaa?oi?+++++++—-Iiooaei?noue i?aenoeeee++++++—-Iie?eooy
i?aenoeeee+++++++—Ia’?i i?aenoeeee++++++++—-II o?aa’yiiai
y?ono++++++++++++++++++C?ieioo?noue e?ii ++++++++++—-+ — aei 30%
aeae?a a??ia?aeii iia’ycaieo c oaeoi?ii; ++ — a?ae 31 aei 50 %; +++ —
a?ae 51 aei 70 %; ++++ — iiiaae 71 %.

A??nuee? noaie na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai oeio (eean Thero-Brachypodietea)
ne?ae aoei a?aeianoe aei G-B-iiaeae? (?ineeii? oa?oiiaaiiy aeinenoai
noai?a ? naaai). Noaa?euei?noue a?aee?eoeo oa?oiiaaiue ooo
i?aeo?eiothoue AAeON, ye? noiae? ii nai?io aieeao ia o?oioeaiic c
aaeeeeie o?oioaaaie ia ?ioaineaii aeoiei/oaaieo ianiaeuao. Ia oaeeo
ianiaeuao a?ae/oaeaiiy o?oiiane aeeeeeaei oi?ioaaiiy iniaeeai? a?oie
aeae?a, no?eeeo aei aeiano. A iaoiio aeiaaeeo aeciaaii? i?ioeane
?aeue?oiooai?aiiy oi?iaeueii oaeiae iaaaaeothoue aeian, o.y. cieuo?oueny
/anoeia ?ineei aai oe?e? ?ineeie ? caa??aathoueny eeoa o?, ye? caeaoi?
i?ioenoiyoe oeei i?ioeanai (ye ia ianiaeuao ?icaoeia? ?ineeie c
i?eoeniooeie eenoyie, ye? ia iiaeia c’?noe) aai aeaee c aenieith
aeoeai?noth, caeaoi? oaeaeei a?aeiiaethaaoeny i?ney ii?ooaiiy.

Oea aea? i?aenoaao aeey a?aeianaiiy a??nueei-noaiiaeo oa?oiiaaiue aei
iiaiai aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eiiai aa??aioo G-B-iiaeae?.

Oa?oiiaaiiy ?ioaineaii ?oei?aieo iiaa?oiinoae (eeane Onosmo
polyphyllae-Ptilostemetea, Thlaspietea rotundifoliae ?
Festuco-Puccinellietea) ia iiaeooue aoo? o iiaiiio ianyc? ca?aoiaai? aei
aeiaeii? c iiaeaeae i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiiino?, cai?iiiiiaaieo A.I.
I??e?iei a iie?iiaeaeuei?e eiioeaioe?? (Mirkin, 1994).

Ia aaaeeaiaeao oa ineiao o i?eoaeueaaaeieo /anoeiao noee?a
?ioaineai?noue ii?ooaiue iia’ycaia c ia??iaee/i?noth iiaae?a oa
iaaiaee?a (ceeaieo ? aeeeeeaieo ni?aioaiaiiyi), a oie /an ye aeey
oa?oiiaaiue eeano Onosmo polyphyllae-Ptilostemetea aeaioaeaoe?y ia?
?ioee oa?aeoa? – a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eia, o?ii?/ia ineiaiiy, iaoiiaeaia
aaaaoi/enaeueieie ? neeaaeii aca?iiae?th/eie aeciaaiieie oaeoi?aie:
eiio?anoi?noue ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e, aieia?noue oa ?i. (Ei?aeaiaanueea,
1997).

Iacaaaeath/e ia a?aei?iiino? neioaenii?a, o an?o aeiaaeeao ie ia?ii
iaeei i?eioeeiiaee oei i?aai?caoe?? oa?oiiaaiue ye? i?aaenoaaeythoue
iniaeeaee aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eiee aa??aio aa?ioe/ii? S- iiaeae?.

Ia?oei ? aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi, yea ae??oo?oueny aiane?aeie iiaoaeiae
iiaeaeae i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ci?i noaio
?ineeiiino? ? na?aaeiaeua a oe?eiio i?e ??cieo aieeaao ye eiiiiiaio?a
oe??? nenoaie, oae ? ciai?oi?o, ye? noaa?e?cothoue ? aeeeeeathoue
iaiiai?ioi? ci?ie.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aeey an?o iiaeaeae i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiieo
oa?oiiaaiue caa?ica iaiiai?ioiiai ii?ooaiiy iieyaa? a ci?i? no?oeoo?e oa
i?aai?caoe?? eaiaeoaoo?a, aeieeiaii? aeanoaa?e?coth/eo i?ioean?a ?
ia?aoai?aii? aeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua. Ia ??ai? aeanoaa?e?coth/eo
i?ioean?a iaiiai?ioi? ci?ie o?oioeaiic?a a?aeaoaathoueny aiane?aeie
c?inoaiiy oaii?a aeciaaiieo i?ioean?a ?aeue?oiooai?aiiy, ia?o ca ana
AAeON, ui /eieoue iaeneiaeueiee aieea ia o?oioeaiice, ia’?aeiai? G-B- ?
S-iiaeaeyie i?aai?caoe??.

Nenoaia ioi?iie ? iii?oi?eiao ca noaiii aeinenoai E?eio iiaeiia
a?aoiaoaaoe ?ieue ? aianie iniiaieo, ii?oooth/eo oe?euei?noue
eaiaeoaoo?a ? o?oioeaiic?a oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Oae,
aeey o?oioeaiic?a C-S-iiaeae? iaiao?aeia iaiaaeaia oa ?aaeaiaioiaaia
aeei?enoaiiy, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a iiaia eiina?aaoe?y, ui aoaea caa??aaoe
iiioeyoe?? aeii?iaio?a, caeaoieo noaa?e?coaaoe aieea aa?ioe/ieo oaeoi??a
na?aaeiaeua, cie?aia a?ic?eieo ? aeaioaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

A a??nueei-noaiiaeo oa?oiiaaiiyo na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai oeio
(aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eia G-B-iiaeaeue) iiaeiai aooe iiai?noth
i?eieiaiee aeian a i?ioeeaaeiiio aeiaaeeo a?aeo?e o?oiiane aeinyaia
e?aei?o aaee/ei, ui i?ecaaaea aei cieuaiiy oa?oiiaaiue ye? aaea
caciathoue e?eoe/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue i?ae aieeaii
aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieo oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua. ?o caa?aaeaiith
iiaea ni?eyoe o?oiiae?i?aoe?y, ui yaey? niaith nenoaio caoiae?a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia iie?ioaiiy neeaaeo ? no?oeoo?e ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue.

An? oa?oiiaaiiy aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eii? S-iiaeae? (?ineeii?noue
aeaioaeaoe?eieo noee?a, inei?a ? aaaeeaiae?a), ui iathoue iaaeoi iecueeo
a?ieia?/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ciaoiaeyoueny ia iaae? iiaeeeaino?
?nioaaiiy ?ineei, iiaeii? aooe oe?eeii caoeuai? a?ae aoaeue-yeeo
aeiaeaoeiaeo ciai?oi?o aieea?a, oiaoi i?aeeyaathoue iiai?e eiina?aaoe??.

AENIIAEE

1. ?ieue AAeON ??cia a ??cieo oeiao ?ineeiiino? IE. Aiia iecueea a e?nao
iaii?aeueiiai oeio (eean Querco-Fagetea) ? iii??ia a niniiaeo e?nao
(eean Erico-Pinetea), a a??nueeeo noaiao na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai oeio
(eean Thero-Brachypodietea) aenooia? a ?ie? iaeiiai ?c aieiaieo oaeoi??a
noaa?eueiino? o?oioeaiic?a, a a a?aee?eoeo, aeioii?/ii i?aai?ciaaieo
oa?oiiaaiiyo aaaeeaiae?a (eean Festuco-Puccinellietea), ? aieiaiei
oaeoi?ii ?o ni?a?nioaaiiy.

2. Aeey e?niaeo oa?oiiaaiue IE oa?aeoa?ii ii?aeiaiiy aaaaoueio aaaeo/eo
oaeoi??a i?aai?caoe??: ee?iaoe/ieo, iaoiiaeaieo aenoith iaae ??aiai ii?y
? aeniiceoe??th oa aieeaii aeii?iaio?a, ye? aeeeeeathoue i?ioeane
a?ioe/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeioiia, a ia?oo /a?ao – oi?ioaaiiy e?nii?
i?aenoeeee. Aieea aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia
oei?enoe/iee neeaae a?eueo /?oei i?iyaey?oueny a aoeiaeo e?nao,
?ici?uaieo ia aaiiyeiaeo a??nueeeo ii?iaeao ? iaea?eueo neaaei a
niniiaeo e?nao, aea aaeeo?eaoi?iee aoaeo aeii?iaioa iineaaeaiee.

3. Aieiaieie oaeoi?aie i?aai?caoe?? a??nueeeo noai?a ? ena?ioa?iiee
ee?iao ? aieea aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, ui aeeeeeathoue
aenieo uaaieno?noue oa a?ae/oaeaiiy o?oiiane, yea a oeiiaeo noaiao
aeiiaith?oueny oaa?eiaie o?oioaaaie. A oiiaao oeeo oa?oiiaaiue onoiaiiy
iiaaeo a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae aieeaii ieiueiiiai cieao oa noieo. Oae?
niaoeeo?/i? aeioii?/i? oiiae oi?iothoue oa?oiiaaiiy c iecueeei
i?iaeoeaiei iie?eooyi ? iineaaeaiith aaeeo?eaoi?iith ooieoe??th
aeii?iaio?a. O oei?enoe/iiio neeaae? ii?aeiothoueny no?an-oiea?aioi?
aeaee ? aeniea?aioe (iaii-oa?io?oe).

4. O?oioeaiice aaaeeaiae?a noi?iiaai? aieeaii, a ia?oo /a?ao,
aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieo oaeoi??a. Iao??ioe, ui oi?iothoue oe?
oa?oiiaaiiy, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieei ??aiai aaeaioiaaiino? aei ??cieo
aa??aio?a aeno?aiaeueieo oiia. Aeey aeaioaeaoe?eieo noee?a oa?aeoa?i?
aeaee c ei?aiaaith nenoaiith ye??iiai oeio, aeey inei?a — aeaee c
?icaeiooith nenoaiith i?aeo?eioaaiiy no?eeino? oa c ?icaeiooith
nenoaiith aaaaoaoeaiiai ?iciiiaeaiiy, aeey aaaeeaiae?a — nieano?ee? ?
canooino?ee? aaaaoi??/i? aeaee c aeeaieith ei?aiaaith nenoaiith, a
oaeiae y?ia? iaeii??/ieee.

5. Aeyaeai? oa ioa?aeoa?eciaai? o?e iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiieo
oa?oiiaaiue IE: C-S-iiaeaeue (e?ne eean?a Querco-Fagetea,
Erico-Pinetea); aia?oa iienai? iia? aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?ei?
aa??aioe G-B-iiaeae? (a??nuee? noaie eeano Thero-Brachypodietea) ?
aa?ioe/ia S-iiaeaeue (?ineeii?noue eean?a Onosmo
polyphyllae-Ptilostemetea; Thlaspietea rotundifoliae ?
Festuco-Puccinellietea).

6. Nenoaia ioi?iie ? iii?oi?eiao ca noaiii aeinenoai IE iiaeiia
a?aoiaoaaoe ?ieue aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, ae?y yeeo
iineeth?oueny aio?iiiaaiiei i?anii. Oae, aeey o?oioeaiic?a C-S-iiaeae?
iaiao?aeia iaiaaeaia e ?aaeaiaioiaaia aeei?enoaiiy, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a
? iiaia eiina?aaoe?y. Aeey o?oioeaiic?a aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eiiai
aa??aioo G-B-iiaeae? iiaeiai aooe iiai?noth i?eieiaiee aeian, a
caa?aaeaiith oe?einoiino? oeeo o?oioeaiic?a iiaeiia ni?eyoe
o?oiiae?i?aoe?y. An? oa?oiiaaiiy aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eiiai aa??aioa
aa?ioe/ii? S-iiaeae? iiaeii? aooe oe?eeii caoeuai? a?ae aoaeue-yeeo
aeiaeaoeiaeo ciai?oi?o aieea?a, oiaoi aiie i?aeeyaathoue iiai?e
eiina?aaoe??.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. ?aciiia?acea oeoioeaiicia ia iiaeaeueiii i?ioeea ainoi/iuo yee E?uia
// Athe. Ieeeo. aioai. naaea. — 1997. -Aui. 78. — N. 5-7.

2. Eeann Crypsidetea aculetea a E?uio // niaao. Ei?aeaiaaneee A.A.,
Eetheei A.A. // Athe. Ieeeo. aioai. naaea. — 1997. — Aui. 78. — 7-10.

3. ?aciiia?acea ?anoeoaeueiinoe ia neeiiao oeeoaaiai ieceiai?uey E?uia
// Athe. Ieeeo. aioai. naaea. -1998. — Aui. 80. — N. 17-21.

4. I iiaeaee i?aaiecaoeee ?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa eioaineaii
aeaioaee?othueo ianoiiaeoaiee // Yeieiaey. — 1999. — ? 3. — N. 190-193.

5. ?aciiia?acea oeoioeaiicia ainoi/iuo yee E?uia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia
Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “I?iaeaiu aeaiae?ieiaee, naaeiaiaenoaa e
oeaaoiaiaenoaa” (sseoa, 25-27 naioya?y 1995). — sseoa. — 1995. — N. 133.

6. Aeueoa-?aciiia?acea niiauanoa a ai?ao thai-ainoi/iiai E?uia // Oacenu
Iaaeaeoi.-i?aeo. eiio. “E?uineee iieoino?ia a aaiiieeoe/aneeo ieaiao
ainoaea?noa n aioe/iuo a?aiai e aei iaoeo aeiae” (Neioa?iiieue, iiya?ue
1995). — Neioa?iiieue. — 1995. — N. 14-15.

7. Ia aaeioe/aneie S-iiaeaee i?aaiecaoeee ?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa //
Iaoa?eaeu V Iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “I?iaeaiu aeaiae?ieiaee, naaeiaiaenoaa e
oeaaoiaiaenoaa” (sseoa, 6-10 ieoya?y 1997). — sseoa. — 1997. — N. 95-97.

Ei?aeaiaanueea TH.A. Aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?ei? i?ioeane ye oaeoi?
oe?iiciooai?aiiy (ia i?eeeaae? aeayeeo ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue E?eio) —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.05 — aioai?ea. — Aea?aeaaiee I?e?onueeee
aioai?/iee naae OAAI, sseoa, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith aeeaaeo
aeeoioeyoe?eii-aeaio-aeaoe?eieo oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua o oi?ioaaiiy
??ciiiai?ooy ?ineeiiino? E?eio. Aeyaeaii oa ioa?aeoa?eciaaii o?e iiaeae?
i?aai?caoe?? ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue I?aaeaiiiai E?eio: C-S iiaeaeue (e?ne
eean?a Querco-Fagetea ? Erico-Pinetea), oa
aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieei? aa??aioe G-B iiaeae? (a??nuee? noaie
na?aaeiueicaiiiii?nueeiai oeio, eean Thero-Brachypodietea) ? aa?ioe/ii?
S-iiaeae? (eeane Onosmo polyphyllae-Ptilostemonetea, Thlaspietea
rotundifoli ? Festuco-Puccinellietea), aea? inoaii? iiaeae? ? iiaeie.

I?iaiae?ciaaia aeieia?y iniiaieo oeaiiciooai?thth/eo aeae?a ca
iaoiaeaie a?aae??ioiiai aiae?co ? aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie
oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo (o?oinioe?ieia?/iee niaeo?, niaeo? aeeoo?aeo oi?i,
i?iaeoeaia iie?eooy o?aa’yiiai y?ono oa e?euee?noue aeae?a) aaeiaae
aaaeo/eo a?aae??io?a aeioii?/ieo oaeoi??a (aenioa iaae ??aiai ii?y,
aeniic?oeey noeeo, e?ooecia noeeo, uaaieno?noue iiaa?oi?).

?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy c
a?aooaaiiai ??ciiai aeeaaeo aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?eieo oaeoi??a
na?aaeiaeua a oi?ioaaiiy ?ineeiiiai neeaaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeoioeyoe?eii-aeaioaeaoe?ei? oaeoi?e na?aaeiaeua,
aeioii, ?ineeii?noue, aeeoo?a? oi?ie, o?oinioeeieia?/i? eeane
?ineeiiino?, a?aae??ioiee aiae?c, aeieia?/i? oaeoi?e.

Aeeoioeyoeeiiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu eae oaeoi?
oeaiiciia?aciaaiey (ia i?eia?a iaeioi?uo ?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa E?uia)
— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.05 — aioaieea. — Ainoaea?noaaiiue Ieeeoneee
aioaie/aneee naae OAAI, sseoa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth aeeaaea a oi?ie?iaaiea ?aciiia?acey
?anoeoaeueiinoe aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia n?aaeu,
ea?athueo a oneiaeyo E?uia iaiaeiauaeioth ?ieue.

Auyaeaiu e ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu o?e iiaeaee i?aaiecaoeee ?anoeoaeueiuo
niiauanoa THaeiiai E?uia: C-S-iiaeaeue (eana eeannia Querco-Fagetea e
Erico-Pinetea), aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiue aa?eaiou G-B-iiaeaee
(ai?iua noaie n?aaeecaiiiii?neiai oeia, eeann Thero-Brachypodietea) e
aaeioe/aneie S-iiaeaee (eeannu Onosmo polyphyllae-Ptilostemonetea,
Thlas-pietea rotundifoli e Festuco-Puccinellietea), aeaa iineaaeieo
aa?eaioa yaeythony iiauie.

I?iaiaeece?iaaia yeieiaey iniiaiuo oeaiicia?acothueo aeaeia iaoiaeaie
a?aaeeaioiiai aiaeeca, e auyaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe eciaiaiey
oei?enoe/aneiai ninoaaa (oeoinioeeieiae/aneee niaeo? e niaeo? aeeciaiiuo
oi?i) aaeieue aaaeoueo a?aaeeaioia yeioiie/aneeo oaeoi?ia (aunioa iaae
o?iaiai ii?y, yeniiceoeey neeiia, e?ooecia neeiia, uaaienoinoue
iiaa?oiinoe) e neioaoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee ?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa
(i?iaeoeaiia iie?uoea o?aayiiai y?ona, niieiooinoue e?ii, oieueia, iauai
e iie?uoea iiaenoeeee).

Aeey niiauanoa N-S–iiaeaee a oneiaeyo E?uia oa?aeoa?ii ni/aoaiea
aaaeoueo oaeoi?ia i?aaiecaoeee: eeeiaoe/aneeo, iaoneiaeaiiuo aunioie
iaae o?iaiai ii?y e yeniiceoeeae e aeeyieai aeiieiaioia, aucuaathueo
i?ioeannu aeioe/aneie o?ainoi?iaoeee yeioiia, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue —
oi?ie?iaaiea eaniie iiaenoeeee. Aeeyiea aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiuo
i?ioeannia aieaa /aoei i?iyaeyaony a aoeiauo eanao, ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo ia
ecaanoiyeiauo ai?iuo ii?iaeao, e iaeaieaa neaai — a niniiauo eanao, aaea
yaeeoeeaoi?iue yooaeo aeiieiaioa ineaaeai. Aaaeoueie oaeoi?aie
i?aaiecaoeee ai?iuo noaiae yaeythony eeeiao, oi?ie?othuee ena?ioa?iiue
oei ?anoeoaeueiinoe, e aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu,
aucuaathuea aunieoth uaaienoinoue e io/oaeaeaiea oeoiiannu, eioi?ia a
oeie/iuo noaiyo auiieiyaony aeeaioiuie oeoioaaaie (G-B iiaeaeue).
Oeoioeaiicu aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiiai aa?eaioa aaeioe/aneie
S-iiaeaee (niiauanoaa aeaioaeaoeeiiiuo neeiiia, inuiae, aaaeeaiaeia)
noi?ie?iaaiu aeeyieai aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia.

Noi?ioee?iaaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ?aoeeiiaeueiiio i?e?iaeiiieueciaaieth n
o/aoii ?aciiai aeeaaea aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia n?aaeu
a oi?ie?iaaiea ?anoeoaeueiiai ninoaaa.Oae aeey oeoioeaiicia C-S iiaeaee
iaiaoiaeeii ia?aie/aiiia e ?aaeaiaioe?iaaiiia eniieueciaaiea, a a ?yaea
neo/aaa e iieiay eiina?aaoeey. Aeey oeoioeaiicia
aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiiai aa?eaioa G-B iiaeaee aeieaeai auoue
iieiinoueth i?ae?auai auian, a nio?aiaieoue oeaeinoiinoue oeoioeaiica
iiaeii a ?acoeueoaoa oeoiiaeei?aoeee. Ana niiauanoaa aaeioe/aneie
S-iiaeaee (?anoeoaeueiinoue aeaioaeaoeeiiiuo neeiiia, inuiae e
aaaeeaiaeia) iiaeeaaeao iieiie eiina?aaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeoioeyoeeiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u n?aaeu,
yeioii, ?anoeoaeueiinoue, aeeciaiiua oi?iu, oeoinioeeieiae/aneea eeannu
?anoeoaeueiinoe, a?aaeeaioiue aiaeec, yeieiae/aneea oaeoi?u.

Korzhenevskay J.V. Accumulational-denudational processes as the factor
of coenosis formation (on an example of some vegetative communities of
the Crimea).- Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of candidate of biological sciences on the
speciality 03.00.05 — botany. — The State Nikitsky Botanical Garden,
Yalta, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the studying of the contribution of
accumulational-denudational factors of environment in formation of
vegetation varieties of the Crimea. Three models of organization of
vegetative communities of Southern Crimea are revealed and
characterized: C-S model (wood of classes Querco-Fagetea and
Erico-Pinetea), accumulational-denudational variants G-B model (mountain
steppes of the Mediterranean type, class Thero-Brachy-podietea) and
abiotical S-model (classes Onosmo polyphyllae-Ptilostemo-netea,
Thlaspietea rotundifoli and Festuco-Puccinellietea), two last variants
are the new ones.

The ecology of main coenosis formational species of gradient analysis is
analyzed and the laws of changing of floral structure (phytosociological
spectrum of the vital forms) conducting gradient of ecotopical factors
(height above a sea level, exposition slope, steepness of slope,
skeleton of a surface) and synthetic characteristics of vegetative
communities (a covering of grassy, circleclose crowns, thickness, volume
and capacity of litter) are revealed.

The recommendations of rational nature using are formulated in view of
the different contribution of accumulational-denudational factors of
environ-

ment in formation of vegetativ structure.

Key words: accumulational-denudational factors of environment, ecotop,
vegetation, vital forms, phytosociological classes vegetation,
gradiental analysis, ecological factors.

Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo 10.06.99 a. Oi?iao 210o297

One. ae?oe. i. 0,1 Oe?aae 120 yec. Caeac ? 300

Ioia/aoaii ia ??cia?ao?

o II “O?eeooiee”

aoe. Ii?nueea, 1.

Похожие записи