OIAINUeEA N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEA AEAAeAI?ss

EA?IAIEI A?EOI? IAO?IAE*

OAeE 633.16:632.954:633.32

AA?IAEIEIA?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss CANOINOAAIIss

??CIEO AeIC AA?A?OeEAe?A A *ENOEO IIN?AAO ss?IAI ss*IAITH

OA C I?AeN?AIITH EIITHOEIITH

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 06.01.01- caaaeueia caiea?ianoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oiaiue – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oiainuee?e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?e aeaaeai??

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani?, Caneoaeaiee ae?y/
iaoee ?

oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

A?eoea?iei C?ia?aea
Ia?oei?aia,

Oiainueea
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?e?ia?ieia??, a?io?i?? ?

o?c?ieia??
?ineei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ai?iia Aieiaeeie?
Iaioaeaeiiiiae/,

A?iieoeueeee ?inoeooo ei?i?a
OAAI,

noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee;

eaiaeeaeao
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Iaenei/oe ?aai
Iaioaeaeiiiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai
caiea?ianoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee

?inoeooo, eaoaae?a
caaaeueiiai caiea?ianoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 24 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 12-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?-ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 74.844.01 a Oiainuee?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?e aeaaeai??.

258900, i.Oiaiue, *a?eanueea iaeanoue, i/a Nio??aea.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oiainueei?
n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueei? aeaaeai??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Einoia?ec I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao iaeiei ?c
i??i?e-oaoieo iai?yie?a caiea?ianoaa ? oaeineiiaeaiiy caoiae?a ai?ioueae
c ao?”y-iaie ? iia”ycaia c oeei i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo?, a oiio /ene? y?iai y/iaith, ye oe?iii? ei?iiai? ?
i?iaeiaieue/i? eoeueoo?e.

No/ania o?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue i?iiiio? aeey ai?ioueae c ao?”yiaie a
iin?aao y?iai y/iaith cia/io e?euee?noue aa?a?oeeae?a, iaeiae ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai ia caaaeaee caaacia/o? aenieo aeiiii?/io
ieoii?noue, a ?ieiee i?eiineoue oeiaeo, iniaeeai i?e canoinoaaii? ?o a
iin?aao aac a?aooaaiiy a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia, iniaeeainoae
aa?ioaoi?ee eoeueoo?e oa ae?? ia a?i-eia?/i? i?ioeane a ?ineeiao ?
a?oio?, ui a oe?eiio aecia/a? aoaeoeai?noue aeei-?enoaiiy o?i?/ieo
i?aia?ao?a.

O ca”yceo c iiyaith iiaeo aa?a?oeeae?a ?iii?oiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iaei
aea/aieie caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy iaoai?cio ?o ae?? ia ?ineeie ? a?ioeaiic
a?oi-oo, a ca?aene – ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue eoeueoo?e, iiaeeaiee ?aaeei ?
?iaeth/?noue a?oi-oo. A iaaeinoaoi?e i??? aea/ai? oaeiae ieoaiiy aieeao
aa?a?oeeae?a ia ye?noue ca?-ia y?iai y/iaith oa aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue
ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?e a eiie-?aoieo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? ?ic?iaea ieoaiiy i?i?iae?caoe?? aieeao
aa?a?oee-ae?a ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua ca ?aooiie ii?aeiaiiy ?o
aeei?enoaiiy c aa?i-oaoi?/ieie caoiaeaie, ui aeaei a ciiao ?ic?iaeoe
aeieia?/ii aacia/i? oa aia?aicaa??aath/? caoiaee ai?ioueae c ao?”yiaie a
iin?aao y?iai y/iaith.

Ana oea iaoiiaeei aea?? oaie aeenea?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aecia/eei
iniia-i? iai?yiee iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca”ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo ae-eiiaii
a ?aieao aea?aeaaii? oaiaoeee “?ic?iaea eiiieaenieo aeieia?/ii
aac-ia/ieo ? aia?aicaa??aath/eo i?iaeo?a ai?ioueae c ao?”yiaie a
ei?ioeinoaiieo n?aici?iao”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197 U 013586.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Aieiaiith iaoith ?iaioe aoei
anoaiiaeoe, ye aieeaathoue ??ci? aeaee aa?a?oeeae?a a?oie eiia?iiaaieo
i?aia?ao?a ? a?eeien?aeeaiea?aiiiaeo eeneio ia oi?ioaaiiy aeaiaio?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino? iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith, a?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a ?ineeiao ?
a?oio? caeaaeii a?ae aeic i?aia?ao?a ? ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?e c i?aen?aii
? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie oa ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai iaa?oioi-aai?, aeieia?/ii aacia/i? caoiaee
ai?ioueae c ao?”yiaie a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith a oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeii?
/anoeie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/aeinue ae??oeoe ianooii? caa-

— 2 –

aeaiiy: aecia/eoe aeaeiaee neeaae ao?”yi?a, iniaeeaino? caao?”yiaiiy
iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith caeaaeii a?ae ae?iuoaaiiy eiai c i?aen?aii ? aac
i?aen?ao eiithoe-

ie oa canoinoaaiiy ??cieo aeae?a ? aeic aa?a?oeeae?a; aeine?aeeoe ae?th
aa?a?oeeae?a ia a?ieia?/io aeoeai?noue a?oioo ? eiai iiaeeaiee ?aaeei;
aea/eoe aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia a?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a ?ineeiao y?iai
y/iaith (aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a ieenii-a?aeiiaii? ae??, aiaoii?/io
aoaeiao eenoe?a, aeeiai?eo ia?inoaiiy a?iiane ? ieiu? eenoeiai?
iiaa?oi?, ai?no a eenoeao oei?io?eo ? aeeiai?eo iaeiie/aiiy nooeo
?a/iaei, oioineioaoe/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue iin?a?a); anoaiiaeoe aieea
aa?a?oeeae?a ia ?inoia? i?ioeane y?iai y/iaith ? eiithoeie; aecia/eoe
ae?th aa?a?oeeae?a ia oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e iin?a?a, o?iaeaei?noue ?
ye?noue ca?ia; aeaoe aa?iaeiiii?/io ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy
??cieo aeae?a aa?a?oeeae?a o iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii ? aac
i?aen?ao eiithoeie oa iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe eiiieaeni?, aeieia?/ii
aacia/i? caoiaee ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe
ii-eyaa? a oiio, ui a oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie aia?oa:

— i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeni?, anaa?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?? ??cieo aeae?a ?
aeic aa?a?oeeae?a a?oie eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ?
a?eeien?aeeaiea?aiiiaeo eeneio ia i?ioiaeaeaiiy a?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a
?ineeiao ? a?oio?, i?iaeoeoeai?noue iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith oa
anoaiiaeaia ??cieoey a ?o ae?? caeaaeii a?ae ae?i-uoaaiiy eoeueoo?e c
i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie;

— aea/aii a?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a ?ineeiao: aeoeai?noue
oa?iaio?a ieen-ii-a?aeiiaii? ae??, aiaoii?/ia aoaeiaa ?ineei, aeeiai?ea
iaeiie/aiiy a?iiane ? ia?inoaiiy ieiu? eenoeiai? iiaa?oi?, neioac
oei?io?eo ? i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei, /enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco;

— aea/aii a?ieia?/io aeoeai?noue a?oioo, ??no ie?aieo aeieiai-o?io?/ieo
a?oi i?e?ii?aai?ci?a i?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith ??c-ieo
aeae?a aa?a?oeeae?a;

— aea/aii iiaeeaiee ?aaeei a?oioo caeaaeii a?ae canoinoaaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a ? aeic aa?a?oeeae?a o iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii ? aac
i?aen?ao eiithoe-ie;

— aea/aii aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iin?a?a,
o?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue a?iaeath ;

— aeaia ii??aiyeueia aa?iaeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo aeae?a
? aeic aa?a?oeeae?a a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao
eiithoeie;

— ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui
i?aen?a aiaiaeo o?aa i?ae y?ee y/i?iue i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeneeaiiy
aa?a?oeeaeii? ae?? ia ao?”yie, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaoe aeice
aianaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a a a?e ciaioaiiy ianoeoeeaeiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua.

— 3 –

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anoaiiaeai? iioeiaeuei?
aeice aeei?enoaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith a oiiaao
i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
ae?iaieoeoao, ye? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe o?iaeaei?noue ca?ia y?iai
y/iaith oa ca?eueoeoe ianyae eiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao. Aiie i?ieoee ae?iaie/o
ia?aa??eo a ainiiaea?noaao *a?eanueei? iaeano? c aenieei aeiiii?/iei
aoaeoii.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaio iniaenoi a?aa o/anoue a
ieaio-aaii? ? caeeaaeaii? iieueiaeo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?ae?a,
aeeiiaii? aiae?c?a, a

ia?iaoe? iaoa??ae?a oa i?aeaioiaoe? ?o aei ae?oeo. Aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeai?, ye? iaaa-aeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iaea?aeai? caeiaoaa/ai
naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? ui?ieo
iaai-ai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e i?e?ia?ieia??, a?io?i?? ?
o?c?ieia?? ?ineei oa i?iaeaiii? eaai?aoi??? I?iaa?ii?iio Oe?a?ie c
aea/aiiy aa?a?oeeae?a a Oiainuee?e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?e aeaaeai??.
Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue aoee caneooai? ia
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a ? ani??aio?a “I?aenoiee iaoeiai?
?iaioe ca 1991-1995 ?iee” (Oiaiue, 1996 ?.), ia i?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? “Aa?iaeieia?/i? ? aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie o?i?caoe?? AIE Oe?a?ie
(Oiaiue, 1997 ?.), ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie
?ineeiieoeoaa ? ei?iiae?iaieoeoaa” (Oiaiue, 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae: aea?
– a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? o?e- a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e (280 aeaea?ae) ? aeiaeaoe?a (15 oaaeeoeue ? 18 oioia?ao?e).
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 150 noi??iie iaoeii-ieniiai oaenoo,
aeeth/a? 40 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

I?e?iaei? oiiae, noaia aeine?aeo ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy c aea/aiiy aieeao aa?a?oeeae?a ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith i?iaiaeeeenue i?ioyaii 1995-1997 ??. ia
aeine?aeiiio iie? Oiainueei? NAA, yea ?icoaoiaaia a cao?aei?e /anoei?
*a?eanueei? iaeano? ? ca?aeii ?aeiioaaiiy a?aeiineoueny aei
Iaiuee?anueeiai i?e?iaeii-n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeiai ?aeiio
Na?aaeiuei-Aei?i?ianueei-Aoanueeiai ie?oao E?ninoaiiai? I?aaiaa?aaeii?
i?ia?ioe?? Oe?a?ie.

Iiaiaei? oiiae a ?iee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeineoue ??cieie,
ui ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey aeaiiai ?aa?iio. E?euee?noue iiaae?a ca ?iee
i?iaaaeaiiy aein-

— 4 –

e?aeaeaiue eieeaaeenue a?ae 534,8 ii a 1995 ?. aei 746,9 ii a 1997 ?.
i?e na?aaeiuei-io aaaaoi??/iiio iieacieeia? 618 ii. Iaeiae, iaeiaioa ?o
e?euee?noue ca ia??iae aaaaoaoe?? y?iai y/iaith aeiaea a 1996 ?., ui
iaaaoeaii aieeioei ia o?iaeae-

i?noue eoeueoo?e. Cia/ieo a?aeoeeaiue na?aaeiuei??/ii? oaiia?aoo?e
iia?o?y a?ae ii?ie a ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue ia niinoa???aaeinue, oi/a a
ie?ai? i?nyoe? aiie iaee i?noea. Iaea?eueoa i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
iia?o?y o aaniyii-e?oi?e ia??iae niinoa??aaeinue o ea?oi?-o?aai? 1996
?ieo oa a /a?ai?-eeii? 1995 ?ieo, a iae-a?eueoa cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
aoei a?aei?/aii a ceiia? i?nyoe? 1996 ?ieo (a n?/i? oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y
aoea ieae/ith a?ae ii?ie ia 4 N, a a ethoiio – ia 2,4 N).

Noaia aeine?aeo aeeth/aea oae? aa??aioe: eiio?ieue (aac aa?a?oeeae?a ?
?o/ieo i?iiieie), eiio?ieue (aac aa?a?oeeae?a + ?o/ia i?iiieea),
eiio?ieue (aac aa?a?oeeae?a c i?aen?aii eiithoeie), eiia?iiaai?
aa?a?oeeaee eiaaie, 40 % a.?. (oei?noeueoo?ii + aeeeaiaa) o aeicao 125;
150; 175; 190 ie/aa, nao?n, 18 % c.i. (o?eanoeueoo?ii +
oeoi?iae?eioaiaoee) o aeicao 100; 125; 150; 180 a/aa oa aa?a?-oeeaee
a?oie a?eeien?aeeaiea?aiiiaeo eeneio – 2,4-AeA, 40 % a.e. o aeicao 1,5;
2,0; 2,5; 3,0 e/aa ? N?n 67 IA o aeicao 2,0; 2,5; 3,0; 4,0 ea/aa ia
i?aaeiao aea/aiiy iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ?o a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c
i?aen?aii eiithoeie.

Iieueia? aeine?aee caeeaaeaee iaoiaeii ?aiaeii?ciaaieo iiaoi?aiue.
Iia-oi?i?noue aeine?aeo – o?ee?aoia. Ieiua aeine?aeieo ae?eyiie
noaiiaeea 100 i2, ia-e?eiaeo – 40-60 i2. Iai?eneoaaiiy ?ineei
aa?a?oeeaeaie i?iaiaeeee o oac? iia-

iiai eou?iiy y?iai y/iaith oa ia?oiai o??e/anoiai eenoea o eiithoeie.
Oao-iieia?y ae?iuoaaiiy y?iai y/iaith caaaeueiii?eeiyoa aeey E?ninoaio
Oe-?a?ie. A aeine?ae? aen?aaee y?ee y/i?iue ni?oo “?inue”, yeee
a?aeiineoueny aei na-?aaeiuei?aiiuei? a?oie noeaeino?.Ii?ia aen?ao –4,0
iei. noiaeeo ian?iei ia 1 aa.

A aeine?aeao aecia/aee: caao?”yiai?noue iin?a?a ii e?eueeino? ? ian? ia
1 i2 a 9-e?aoi?e iiaoi?iino? ia aa??aio?, ?icaeoie ??cieo aeae?a
i?e?ii?ai?ci?a a ?ecinoa?? y?iai y/iaith – ca Oaaei?iaei, ai?no
ai?a/iiai acioo a a?oio? – ca Iannea?ii, ai?no a a?oio? oinoi?o ? eae?th
— ca *e??eiaei, aeoeai?noue ieenii-a?aeiiaieo oa?iaio?a (eaoaeace,
ia?ieneaeace, iie?oaiieieneaeace)- ca Ii/eieii, aiaoii?/io no?oeoo?o
ai?aea?i?no eenoe?a –ca A?eoea?iei, ieiuo eenoeiai? iiaa?oi? ?ineei –
iaoiaeii aen?/ie, iano ne?eo eenoe?a ? noaaae – caaaeoaaiiyi, ai?no
oei?io?eo a eenoeao – ca A?eoi?iaei, ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei a eenoeao ?
noaaeao – ca Aae??/eeii, /enoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco –ca
Ie/eii?iae/ai, aenioo ?ineei – oeyoii aei??o 100 ?ineei a eiaeiiio
aa-??aio? aeine?aeo, e?euee?noue aoce?a, aeiaaeeio i?aeaoceue – oeyoii
ii?oieia?/iiai ?icai?o i?iaieo niii?a, iae?e aonoioe noiyiiy y/iaith ?
eiithoeie, eoueno?noue, e?euee?noue i?iaeoeoeaieo ? ia i?iaeoeoeaieo
noaaae – ia 1 i2 a 9 – e?aoi?e iiaoi?iino?.

— 5 –

Iae?e a?iaeath cae?enithaaee oeyoii cae?aiiy eiai nooe?eueiei niini-aii
eiiaaeiii “Ieaa” ? caaaeoaaiiyi. I?e ioe?ioe? yeino? ca?ia aecia/aee:
iaoo?o – ca AINO 10840-64, iano 1000 ca?ai – ca AINO 10842-89,
ie?a/ao?noue ca?ia – ca Iia?iaei, ai?no a?eea ? aeoeai?noue ai?eac a
ca?i? – ca Eiiae?aoue?-aei, aia?a?th i?i?inoaiiy ? noiae?noue ca?ia – ia
3-e ? 5-e aeaiue i?ney n?aae a ea-ai?aoi?ieo oiiaao ii 50 oo. ca?ai o
6-oe e?aoi?e iiaoi?iino? c aa??aioo.

Caeeoeia? e?eueeino? aa?a?oeeae?a o a?oio? aecia/aee a?ieia?/iei
iaoi-aeii, aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a – ca
caaaeueiii?eeiy-oeie iaoiaeeeaie ia iniia? ae?th/eo ii?iaoea?a.

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee ca Aeini?oiaei.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Caao?”yiai?noue iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith i?e canoinoaaii? aa?a?oeeae?a ?
ae?i-uoaaii? eiai c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue iiea-caee, ui aa?a?oeeaee eiaaie ? nao?n ?noioii
ciaiooaaee caao?”yiai?noue a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith. Iaeiaioa e?euee?noue
ao?”yi?a /a?ac 25 aei?a i?ney aianaiiy oeeo i?aia?ao?a ia?aoiaoaaeanue o
aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c canoinoaaiiyi 175 ? 190 ie/aa eiaaith oa 150 ?
180 a/aa nao?no, ui a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeei 18,1 ? 8,0 oa 14,5 ? 11,5
oo./i2 i?e 54,3 oo./i2 ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie
(oaae.1). Caao?”yiai?noue iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aiith
eiith-oeiith ia an?o aa??aioao aeine?aeo aoea iaioith, iaeiae caeaaeaea
a?ae aeic aia-naieo aa?a?oeeae?a. Oae, /a?ac 25 aei?a i?ney aianaiiy
aa?a?oeeaeo N?n 67 IA a aeic? 2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA — 1,5 e/aa
e?euee?noue ao?”yi?a a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?ae-n?ao eiithoeie
neeaaeaea a?aeiia?aeii 28,6 ? 33,6 oo./i2, a ia oeeo aea aa??aioao c
i?aen?aii eiithoeie – 23,4 ? 29,4 oo./i2 i?e 54,3 oo./i2 ia eiio?ie?
aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie. I/aaeaeii, caao?”yiai?noue a iin?aao
y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie ciaioo?oueny ua e ca ?aooiie aonoioe
i?aen?aii? eiithoeie. I?e ca?eueoaii? aeic aa?a?oeeae?a 2,4-AeA aei 3,0
e/aa ? N?n 67 IA aei 4,0 ea/aa e?euee?noue ao?”yi?a i?iaeiaaeoaaea
cia/ii ciaiooaaoenue, aea i?e oeueiio ciaiooaaeanue ? aonoioa i?aen?aii?
eiithoeie.

A?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue a?oioo a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ae?? aa?a?oeeae?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae ae??th aeine?aeaeoaaieo
aa?a?oeeae?a i?e?ia?i-oeaiic ?ecinoa?e y?iai y/iaith caciaaaa cia/ieo
ci?i. Oae, /a?ac 10 aei?a i?ney canoinoaaiiy o?i?/ieo i?aia?ao?a
iaea?eueo aeoeaii ?icaeaaeanue i?e?ioei?a ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi 175 ie/aa eiaaith ? 150 a/aa nao?no, ui neeaaeaei
a?aeiia?aeii 131,6 oa 137,4 % aei eiio?ieth aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo
i?iiieie. Iaio aeoeaii, aea e?aua i?ae ia eiio?ie?, ?icaeaaeenue
i?e?ii?aai?cie ia ?ioeo aa??aioao aeine?aeo. *a?ac 25 aei?a i?ney
canoinoaaiiy

— 7 –

aa?a?oeeae?a caaaeueia e?euee?noue i?e?ii?aaic?i?a ia aa??aioao
aeine?aeo oaeiae ia?aaeuoaaea eiio?ieue.

Na?aae ie?aieo a?oi i?e?ii?aai?ci?a iaea?eueo /ooeeaeie aei ae??
o?-i?/ieo i?aia?ao?a a ia?o? aei? i?ney aianaiiy aoee i?o?eo?eaoi?e ?
acioo?e-noth/? aaeoa??? ?iaeo Azotobacter. Iaei/ooeeaeie aei
aa?a?oeeae?a, iacaeaaeii a?ae aeic i?aia?ao?a, aeyaeeenue ai?iio?eaoi?e
? oeaetheici?oei?ai? aaeoa???. Iaa?oue i?e aianaii? eiaaith 190 ie/aa ?
nao?no 180 a/aa e?euee?noue oeeo aaeoa??e aoea ae-uith, i?ae ia
eiio?ie?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo no?ee?noue nii?iaeo oi?i
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a aei ae?? o?i?/ieo aaaio?a (oaae.2). *a?ac 25 aei?a i?ney
aianaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a e?euee?noue /ooeeaeo i?e?ii?aaic?i?a a a?oio?
a?aeiiaethaaeanue ? iaa?oue ia?aaeuoaaea eiio?ieue.

Iiaeeaiee ?aaeei a?oioo a /enoeo iin?aao y?iai y/iaith ? c i?aen?aiith
eiithoeiith i?e canoinoaaii? aa?a?oeeae?a. Ia an?o aa??aioao aeine?aeo
?c canoino-aaiiyi aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith, nao?no, N?n 67 IA ? 2,4-AeA
a?aeaoaaeinue iie?a-uaiiy oiia i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy. Iaeiae, a /enoeo
iin?aao y?iai y/iaith iaee?au? oiiae caaacia/aiiy ?ineei aeinooiieie
oi?iaie iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei neeaaeaeeny ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c
canoinoaaiiyi 175 ie/aa eiaaith ? 150 a/aa nao?no, ui, iiaeeeai,
iia”ycaii ?c ciaioaiiyi aeiino aeaiaio?a aeea-

eaiiy c a?oioo ao?”yiaie. A iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aiith
eiithoeiith iaee?au? oiiae caaacia/aiiy ?ineei iiaeeaieie ?a/iaeiaie
neeaaeaeeny i?e canoinoaaii? 2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA.
Oae, a na?aaeiueiio ca o?e ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue ai?no oinoi?ii? eeneioe a
a?oio? i?ae iin?aaie y?iai y/iaith c eiithoeiith ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo
?c canoinoaaiiyi 2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA aoa a?aeiia?aeii
ia 30,8 oa 19,4 % aeuei, i?ae ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo
i?iiieie oa ia 4,1 ? 8,1 % aeuei ii??aiyii ?c canoino-aaiiyi oeeo aeic
i?aia?ao?a a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie.

A?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a ?ineeiao y?iai y/iaith i?e eiai ae?iuoaaii? c
i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie oa canoinoaaii? aa?a?oeeae?a.

Aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia aeoeai?noue ieenii-a?aeiiaieo oa?iaio?a a ?ineeiao
y?iai y/iaith. I?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aa?a?oeeaeo
eiaaie o aeicao 125-175 ie/aa oa nao?no a aeicao 100-150 a/aa
aeoeai?noue eaoaeace ? ia?ieneaeace a oaco aeoiaeo ?ineei a o?oaeo
c?inoaea. I?e aeic? aianaiiy eiaaith 190 ie/aa ? nao?no 180 a/aa
aeoeai?noue eaoaeace ? ia?ieneaeace a ii??aiyii? c iiia?aaei?ie aeicaie
aeaui cieaeoaaeanue, a oie /an, ye aeoeai?noue iie?oaiieieneaeace
caeeoaeanue aeineoue aenieith. I?e aianaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith
2,4-AeA o aeicao 1,5-3,0 e/aa niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy a ?ineeiao
aeoeaiino? eaoaeace ?, iniaeeai, oea a?aei?/aeinue ia aa??aioao c
i?aen?aiith eiithoeiith. Iaeiae, aeoeai?noue ia?ieneaeace i?e
canoinoaaii? 2,4-AeA c?inoaea ? aoea iaeaeuith ia aa??aioao ?c aianaiiyi
3,0 e/aa i?aia?aoo. Ia

— 9 –

a?aei?io a?ae 2,4-AeA, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeic N?n 67 IA aei 4,0 ea/aa
aeoeai?noue eaoaeace c?inoaea ? noaiiaeea a iin?aao y/iaith c i?aen?aii
eiithoeie 839,0, a aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie- 847,9 ie Iieue ?iceeaaeaiiai
I2I2. Aeoeai?noue ia?ieneaeace i?e ca?eueoaii? aeice N?n 67 IA c 2,0 aei
3,0 ea/aa i?aeaeuoaaeanue. Aea i?e aeiaaaeaii? aeice N?n 67 IA aei 4,0
ea/aa aeoeai?noue ia?ieneaeace cieaeoaaeanue, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue
i?eai?/aiiyi ?inoiaeo i?ioean?a y/iaith.

Aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia aiaoii?/io aoaeiao ai?aea?i?no eenoe?a y?iai
y/ia-ith. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aa?a?oeeaee eiaaie ? nao?n aeoeaii aieeaaee ia
no?oeoo?o ai?aea?i?no eenoe?a y?iai y/iaith, ui ae?aaeaeinue a ci?i?
e?eueeino? ee?oei ? i?iaeeo?a ia iaeeieoe? iiaa?oi? eenoea oa ?o
?ici???a (oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aieea aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith ? nao?no ia no?oeoo?o ai?aea?i?no eenoe?a
y?iai y/iaith ni?oo “?inue”

Aa??aioe aeine?aeoE?euee?noue

ee?oei,

oo./ii2Aeiaaeeia

ee?oeie,

ieiOe?eia

ee?oeie,

ieiIeiua

e?eeoeie a iie? ci?o i?e?ineiia,

iei2E?euee?noue

i?iaeeo?a

oo./ii2Eiio?ieue(aac aa?a?oee-ae?a ? ?o/ieo
i?iiieie)297,1112,220,52300,176,2Eiaaie 125
ie/aa280,4114,821,52468,280,1Eiaaie 150
ie/aa236,7135,222,53042,080,9Eiaaie 175
ie/aa214,5146,321,03072,381,5Eiaaie 190
ie/aa249,0122,917,72175,967,1Nao?n 100 a/aa275,9116,322,22581,984,2Nao?n
125 a/aa225,8132,722,83025,680,1Nao?n 150
a/aa282,5124,522,02789,082,6Nao?n 180
a/aa311,0105,817,91899,877,0IIP0,9526,48,32,1416,23,9

Oae, i?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aa?a?oeeaeo eiaaie a
aeicao 125-175 ie/aa e?euee?noue ee?oei ai?aea?i?no ia 1 ii2 eenoea
ciaiooaaeanue a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo
i?iiieie a?aeiia?aeii a 1,06 –1,39 ?ace. ?acii c oeei a?aei?/aii, ui
ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ee?oei ai?aea?i?no eenoea y?iai y/iaith
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue iii?oiei ca?eueoaiiyi ?ici???a

ee?oei (aeiaaeeie, oe?eie) ? a?aeiia?aeii ?o ieiu?. Oaea ae caeaaei?noue
niinoa??-aaeanue i?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aa?a?oeeaeo
nao?n o aeicao 100- 150 a/aa. I?ae aieeaii aa?a?oeeaeo nao?n o aeic? 180
a/aa /enei ee?oei ia 1 ii2 ii-aa?oi? eenoea ??cei ca?eueooaaeinue ?
noaiiaeei 311 oo., aea i?e oeueiio ciai-

— 10 –

ooaaeenue ?ici??e ee?oei. Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue i?iaeeo?a ia iaeeieoe?
iiaa?oi? eenoea aoea a?aei?/aia i?e aianaii? 100-150 a/aa nao?no, ui,
iiaeeeai, ni?eyei iie?ioaiith oiia aaci- ? aiaeiiai?io oa coiiaethaaei
c?inoaiiy i?iaeoe-oeaiino? oioineioaco ia oeeo aa??aioao aeine?aeo.

Aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia aeeiai?eo ia?inoaiiy a?iiane ? ieiu? eenoeiai?
iiaa?oi? y?iai y/iaith. Iaea?eueo aeoeaii ia?inoaiiy a?iiane ? ieiu?
eeno-eiai? iiaa?oi? y?iai y/iaith a?aeaoaaeinue a iin?aao c i?aen?aiith
eiithoeiith i?e canoinoaaii? N?n 67 IA a aeicao 2,0-2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA
a aeicao 1,5 e/aa, aea neeaaea-eenue iaee?au? oiiae i?ia?aeueiiai
aeeaeaiiy ?ineei. A /enoeo iin?aao y?iai y/iaith iaea?eueo aeoeaii
ia?inoaiiy ieiu? eenoeiai? iiaa?oi? ?ineei i?i-oiaeeei i?e aianaii?
eiaaith o aeic? 175 ie/aa ? nao?no — 125 a/aa. Cie?aia, o oaco iiei/ii?
noeaeino? ca?ia y/iaith ia oii? aianaiiy aa?a?oeeaeo eiaaie o aeic? 175
ie/aa iaaecaiia iana ?ineei neeaaeaea 115,3 %, a ia oii? nao?no a aeicao
125 ? 150 a/aa – a?aeiia?aeii 121,5 oa 121,2 % aei eiio?ieth aac
aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie.

Aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia ai?no oei?io?eo ? aeeiai?eo iaeiie/aiiy nooeo
?a-/iaei a ?ineeiao y?iai y/iaith. Iaeaeuee ai?no oei?io?eo a ?ineeiao
y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?aii? eiithoeie aoei a?aei?/aii a oaco
aeeieiooaaiiy i?e aianaii? eiaaith a aeic? 175 ie/aa, nao?no – 125 a/aa,
N?n 67 IA – 3,0 ea/aa, 2,4-AeA – 1,5 e/aa (a?aeiia?aeii 1,334; 1,375;
1,263; 1,312 % i?e 1,128 % ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo
i?iiieie). A iin?aao c i?aen?aiith eiithoeiith iaeae-u? iieacieee ai?noo
oei?io?eo aoei a?aei?/aii a oaco aeeieiooaaiiy ?ineei i?e ae?? 2,5 ea/aa
N?n 67 IA ? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA (a?aeiia?aeii 1,292; 1,289 %). Ia oeeo aea
aa??aioao aeine?aeo i?ioyaii an?o oac ?icaeoeo ?ineei iaea?eueo aeoeaii
i?ioiaeeei iaeiie/aiiy nooeo ?a/iaei.

Aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia oioineioaoe/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue iin?a?a y?iai
y/-iaith i?e ae?iuoaaii? eiai c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie.
Iaeiei ?c aaae-eeaeo o?c?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ? /enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue
oioineioaco. ?acoeue-oaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui a /enoeo iin?aao
y?iai y/iaith ? c i?aen?aiith eiithoeiith oeae iieaciee ca?eueooaaany.
Oae, i?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?i-ai y/iaith aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith ?
nao?no iaeaeu? iieacieee /enoi? i?i-aeoeoeaiino? oioineioaco
oi?ioaaeenue ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c aianaiiyi 175 ie/aa eiaaith ?
125 a/aa nao?no, ui noaiiaeei a 1997 ?. a?aeiia?aeii 8,3 ? 8,0 a/i2 ca
aeiao i?e 7,3 a/i2 ca aeiao ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo
i?iiieie.

I?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie
aa?a?oeeaeo N?n 67 IA a aeicao 2,0; 2,5; 3,0; 4,0 ea/aa /enoa
i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco ?ineei neeaaeaea a?aeiia?aeii 8,0; 8,6;
9,0; 8,0 a/i2 ca aeiao, a ia oeeo aea aa??aioao aeine?aeo c i?aen?aii
eiithoeie – a?aeiia?aeii 8,4; 9,5; 8,5; 8,0 a/i2 ca aeiao i?e 7,3 a/i2
ca aeiao ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie.

— 11 –

I?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aa?a?oeeaeo 2,4-AeA iaeaeu?
iieacieee /enoi? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oioineioaco oi?ioaaeenue ia oaeeo
aa??ai-

oao aeine?aeo: ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie- i?e
aianaii? 1,5 e/aa i?aia?aoo ( 8,5 a/i2 ca aeiao), ia iin?aao y?iai
y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie –2,0 e/aa i?aia?aoo (9,0 a/i2 ca aeiao).

Aieea aa?a?oeeae?a ia ?inoia? i?ioeane i?aen?aii? eiithoeie. Iaea?eueo
aeoeaii ?inoia? i?ioeane i?aeiie?eaii? eiithoeie i?ioiaeeee i?e
canoinoaai-i? a iin?aao y/iaith 2,0-2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 1,5 e/aa
2,4-AeA. I?e ca?eueoaii? aeic N?n 67 IA aei 4,0 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA aei 3,0
e/aa niinoa??aaeinue i?eai?/aiiy ?inoiaeo i?ioean?a eiithoeie. Iniaeeai
neeueii i?eai?/oaaea ??no eiithoeie 2,4-AeA a aeic? 3,0 e/aa. I?e
oeueiio ciaiooaaany oo?ai? eenoy, cae?o/oaaeenue eenoeia? ieanoeiee ?
/a?aoee, ?ic?inoaeenue noaaea. Iaea?eueoa iana nooeo ?a/iaei 100 ?ineei
aoea a?aei?/aia ia aa??aioao ?c aianaiiyi 2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 1,5 e/aa
2,4-AeA, ui ia 24,7 ? 12,3 % aoei a?eueoei, i?ae ia eiio?ie?. Ia oeeo
aea aa??aioao aeine?aeo aoa iaea?eueoei i?e??no aenioe ?ineei.

O?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue ca?ia y?iai y/iaith i?e canoinoaaii? ??cieo
aeae?a ? aeic aa?a?oeeae?a. Aieea aeine?aeaeoaaieo aa?a?oeeae?a ia
a?iaeaei?noue y?iai y/iaith aecia/aany ye iiaiaeieie oiiaaie, oae ?
oiiii ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?e (oaae.4). Oae, canoinoaaiiy ia iin?aao y?iai
y/iaith c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie iaeieo ? oeo aea aeic
aa?a?oeeae?a N?n 67 IA ? 2,4-AeA caaacia/oaaei iaea?aeaiiy ??cieo
i?eaaaie a?iaeath: ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie
iaeaeu? i?eaaaee a?iaeath aoei iaea?aeaii i?e aianaii? 3,0 ea/aa N?n 67
IA (5,8 oe/aa) ? 2,0 e/aa 2,4-AeA (5,9 oe/aa), a oie /an, ye ia iin?aao
y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie – i?e aianaii? 2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA
(7,5 oe/aa) ? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA (6,4 oe/aa) i?e HIP0,95 a?ae 1,3 aei 2,0
oe/aa.

Ia aa??aioao c eiaai?i ? nao?nii iaeaeua o?iaeaei?noue aoea iaea?aeaia
i?e canoinoaaii? a?aeiia?aeii 175 ie/aa ? 125 a/aa oeeo i?aia?ao?a, yea
neeaea 36,5 oa 36,4 oe/aa ca?ia, a i?e??no ca?ia aei eiio?ieth aac
aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie neeaaeaa a?aeiia?aeii 6,7 ? 7,2 oe/aa.

Ia an?o aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c aeei?enoaiiyi aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith ?
nao?no ca?eueooaaeanue iana 1000 ca?ai ? iaoo?a ca?ia. Iaeiae,
iaea?eueoa iana 1000 ca?ai a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao
eiithoeie oi?ioaaeanue ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c aianaiiyi 175 ie/aa
eiaaith ? 125 a/aa nao?no. I?e ca?eueoaii? aeice aianaiiy eiaaith aei
190 ie/aa ? nao?no aei 180 a/aa iana 1000 ca?ai y?iai y/iaith a
ii??aiyii? c iiia?aaei?ie aeicaie ciaiooaaeanue, ui, i/aaeaeii,
iia”ycaii c iiyaith a?eueoi? e?eueeino? ae??aiiai ca?ia.

Ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo c i?aen?aii eiithoeie iana 1000 ca?ai aoea aeaui
iaioith, i?ae ia a?aeiia?aeieo aa??aioao aac i?aen?ao, iaeiae ciaioaiiy
iane 1000 ca?ai iiceoeaii aieeioei ia iaoo?o ca?ia, yea ia an?o
aa??aioao aeine?aeo

— 12 —

Oaaeeoey 4

Aieea ??cieo aeic aa?a?oeeae?a a?oie eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ?
a?eeien?ae-eaiea?aiiiaeo eeneio ia o?iaeaei?noue y?iai y/iaith ni?oo
“?inue” c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie, oe/aa

Aa??aioe aeine?aeo o)1995 ?.1996 ?.1997 ?.Na?aaei?

ca 3 ?iee% aei

eiio?iethEiio?ieue (aac aa?a?oee-

ae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie)30,418,4

39,229,3100Eiio?ieue (aac aa?a?oee-

ae?a + ?o/ia i?iiieea)33,520,741,832,0109,2Eiio?ieue (aac aa?a?oeeae?a c
i?aen?aii eiithoeie)31,620,140,430,7104,8Eiaaie 125
ie/aa34,020,042,232,1109,6Eiaaie 150 ie/aa36,822,344,334,5117,7Eiaaie
175 ie/aa38,124,345,636,0122,9Eiaaie 190 ie/aa37,222,743,834,6118,1Nao?n
100 a/aa36,322,343,334,0116,0Nao?n 125 a/aa38,825,445,236,5124,6Nao?n
150 a/aa38,925,045,436,4124,2Nao?n 180 a/aa37,322,143,734,4117,4N?n 67
IA 2,0 ea/aa32,3

34,920,7

22,941,6

43,831,5

33,9107,5

115,7N?n 67 IA 2,5 ea/aa35,1

38,922,0

26,343,0

45,333,4

36,8114,0

125,6N?n 67 IA 3,0 ea/aa37,8

38,023,6

23,843,8

44,335,1

35,4119,8

120,8N?n 67 IA 4,0 ea/aa33,2

33,322,1

22,342,0

42,232,4

32,6110,6

111,32,4-AeA 1,5 e/aa34,9

36,721,4

23,943,3

46,633,2

35,7113,3

121,82,4-AeA 2,0 e/aa37,0

36,423,7

23,244,8

44,535,2

84,7120,1

118,42,4-AeA 2,5 e/aa33,1

33,320,4

20,341,9

42,031,8

31,9108,5

108,92,4-AeA 3,0 e/aa31,2

31,218,9

18,540,1

40,030,1

29,9102,7

102,0HIP0,952,01,61,3

o) /enaeueiee – /eno? iin?ae y?iai y/iaith,

ciaiaiiee – c i?aen?aii eiithoeie.

— 13 —

c i?aen?aii eiithoeie c?inoaea. Iaeaeuee ai?no a?eea a ca?i? y/iaith aoa
ia aa??aioao ?c aianaiiyi 2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA a
iin?aao y?iai y/-iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie, ui a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeaei
11,37 ? 11,53 % i?e 9,88 % ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo
i?iiieie. Ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie iaeaeuee ai?no
a?eea aoa i?e aianaii? 175 ie/aa eiaaith ? 125 a/aa nao?no
(a?aeiia?aeii 11,65 ? 11,40 %).

Aa?iaeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??cieo aeic
aa?a?oeeae?a a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao
eiithoeie oa iaa?oiooaaiiy aeieia?/ii aacia/ieo i?eeii?a ?o
aeei?enoaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeathoue
i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie, aeoiaey/e c i?e?inoo
a?iaeath ca?ia, ? oae? aeice aianaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a: ia iin?aao y?iai
y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie- 2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA, a
ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie- 175 ie/aa eiaaith, 125
a/aa nao?no, 3,0 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 2,0 e/aa 2,4-AeA. Oi?ioaaiiy ia oeeo
aa??aioao aeine?aeo iaeaeueo i?eaaaie ca?ia ni?eyei iaea?aeaiith
iaeaeuiai i?eaooeo c 1 aa ieiu? iin?a?a. Oae, a na?aaeiueiio ca
1995-1997 ??. i?eaooie ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie
neeaaeaa 297 a?i./aa, a i?e canoinoaaii? ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c
i?aen?aii eiithoeie aa?a?oeeaeo N?n 67 IA a aeic? 2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA-
1,5 e/aa – a?aeiia?aeii 381 oa 370 a?i./aa. I?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao
y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie aa?a?oeeae?a N?n 67 IA a aeic? 3,0
ea/aa, 2,0 e/aa 2,4-AeA, 175 ie/aa eiaaith ? 125 a/aa nao?no i?eaooie
noaiiaea a?aeiia?aeii 363; 368; 373; 387 a?i./aa.

I?e ii??aiyii? aeaio oii?a ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?e (y/i?iue c i?aen?aii ?
aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie) anoaiiaeaii, ui aeua o?iaeaei?noue ? aeiiii?/i?
iieac-ieee iaee i?noea i?e canoinoaaii? a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c
i?aen?aii eiith-oeie iaioeo aeic aa?a?oeeae?a . Ciaioaiiy aeic
aeei?enoaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a i?e ae?iuoaaii? y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aiith
eiithoeiith aeicaiey? caeiiiieoe 17-25 % i?aia?ao?a N?n 67 IA ? 2,4-AeA,
ye? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe ia aeiaeaoeiaeo ieiuao.

Iaie ia aeyaeaii caeeoe?a aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith, nao?no, N?n 67 IA ?
2,4-AeA a a?oio? i?ney ae?iuoaaiiy y?iai y/iaith. Oea aea? i?aenoaae
aaaaeaoe, ui aeei?enoaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo iaie aeic aa?a?oeeae?a aeey
ai?ioueae c ao?”yiaie a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith ? aacia/iei aeey ethaeeie
? iaaeieeoiueiai na?a-aeiaeua.

AENIIAEE

1. Aa?a?oeeaee, eiaaie ? nao?n a?oie eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a a
caeaae-iino? a?ae aeic aeei?enoaiiy ii –??ciiio aieeaathoue ia cieuaiiy
ao?”yi?a a

— 14 –

iin?aao y?iai y/iaith. Iaea?eueoa cieuo?oueny ao?”yi?a i?e aianaii?
eiaaith a aeicao 175-190 ie/aa (66,7-85,3 %) ? nao?no – a aeicao 150-180
a/aa (73,3-78,8 %). A iin?aao y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie iaee?aua
cieuothoueny ao?”yie ? ia iioeiaeaeo?oueny eoeueoo?a eiithoeie i?e
aianaii? N?n 67 IA a aeic? 2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA a aeic? 1,5 e/aa.

2. Aa?a?oeeaee eiaaie ? nao?n iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue i?e?ioei?e a?oioo ? a?ea?a. Iaea?eueo aeoeaii
?icaeaa?oueny i?e?ioei?a ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c canoinoaaiiyi 175
ie/aa eiaaith ? 125-150 a/aa nao?no. ??no ? ?icaeoie ie?aieo a?oi
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a a ?ecinoa?? y?iai y/iaith caeaaeeoue a?ae aeic aianaieo
aa?a?oeeae?a. Iaea?eueo /ooeeaeie aei o?i?/ieo i?aia?ao?a aeyaeeenue
i?o?eo?eaoi?e ? acioiaaeoa?, iaei/ooeeaeie- ai?iio?eaoi?e ?
oeaetheici?oei?ai? aaeoa???.

3. Oi?ioaaiiy ei?aiaai-?ecia?aeueiiai aia?aoo eiithoeie caeaaeeoue a?ae
aeae?a ? aeic canoiniaaieo aa?a?oeeae?a. Iaea?eueo aeoeaii ia?inoaiiy
aoeue-ai/ie ia ei?aiaa?e nenoai? eiithoeie a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e aianaii? a
iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aa?a?oeeaeo N?n 67 IA a aeic? 2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA
– 1,5 e/aa.

4. Eiaaie (175 ie/aa), nao?n (125-150 a/aa), 2,4-AeA (1,5-2,0 e/aa) ?
N?n 67 IA (2,5-3,0 ea/aa) ia aieeaathoue iaaaoeaii ia iiaeeaiee ?aaeei
a?oioo. A iioeiaeueieo aeicao aiie ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith ai?noo a
a?oio? ai?a/iiai acioo, ?ooiiiai oinoi?o ? eae?th. Iaee?au? oiiae
acioiiai aeeaeaiiy neea-aeathoueny ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii
eiithoeie, aea i?e aeei?enoaii? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA oa 2,5 ea/aa N?n 67 IA
caaacia/o?oueny iaeaeua aeoeai?noue ei?aiaai-?ecia?eueiiai aia?aoo
eiithoeie.

5. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ??ci? aeaee ? aeice aa?a?oeeae?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ae?i-uoaaiiy y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie
ii-??ciiio aieeaathoue ia i?ioiaeaeaiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a
?ineeiao. I?ae aieeaii aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith ? nao?no aeoeai?noue
oa?iaio?a eaoaeace, ia?ieneaeace ? iie?-oaiieieneaeace a oac? aeoiaeo
?ineei y?iai y/iaith a o?oaeo cia/ii c?inoa?. Iaeiae, iaea?eueoa
aeoeai?noue a?aei?/a?oueny o iie?oaiieieneaeace, ui iiaeeeai,
iaoiiaeth?oueny caoeniith ?aaeoe??th ?ineei ia i?aeaeuaiee ai?no
oaiieueieo niieoe. I?ae ae??th aa?a?oeeae?a N?n 67 IA (2,5-3,0 ea/aa) ?
2,4-AeA (1,5-2,0 e/aa), aianaieo a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii ?
aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie, ieenii-a?aeiiai? i?ioeane iineeththoueny. Eeoa
aianaiiy aa?a?oeeaeo N?n 67 IA o i?aeaeuai?e (4,0 ea/aa) aeic?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei oei/aniaiai cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aeayeeo oa?iaio?a
ieenii-a?aeiiaiiai oa?aeoa?o ae??.

6. Nooi?iue ? oa?aeoa? aiaoii?/ieo ci?i a no?oeoo?? ai?aea?i?no eenoe?a
y?iai y/iaith caeaaeeoue a cia/i?e i??? a?ae aeae?a ? aeic aianaieo
i?aia?ao?a. I?ae ae??th aa?a?oeeaeo eiaaie a aeicao 125- 175 ie/aa ?
nao?no a aeicao 100-150 a/aa a aiaoii?/i?e aoaeia? eenoe?a y?iai y/iaith
i?iyaeythoueny iciaee iaciii?oiin-

— 15 –

o?,ui ae?aaea?oueny a ca?eueoaii? ieiu? ai?aea?iaeueieo ee?oei ,
e?eueeino? i?i-aeeo?a ia iaeeieoe? iiaa?oi? eenoea ? ieiu? eenoeiai?
iiaa?oi? ?ineei. I?e aianaii? eiaaith a aeic? 190 ie/aa ?, iniaeeai,
nao?no a aeic? 180 a/aa e?euee?noue ee?oei ai?aea?i?no ia iaeeieoe?
iiaa?oi? eenoea ca?eueoo?oueny, aea i?e oeueiio ciaioothoueny ?o ?ici??e
? ieiua eenoe?a.

7. Aa?a?oeeaee eiaaie, nao?n, N?n 67 IA ? 2,4-AeA cia/ii aieeaathoue ia
oi?ioaaiiy ?ineeiaie a?iiane ? ieiu? eenoeiai? iiaa?oi?. A iin?aao y?iai
y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie iaea?eueoa aeoea?caoe?y ?inoiaeo
i?ioean?a a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e canoinoaaii? aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith a aeic?
175 ie/aa, nao?no – 125-150 a/aa, N?n 67 IA — 3,0 ea/aa, 2,4-AeA – 2,0
e/aa. A iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie iaea?eueoa a?iiana
? ieiua eenoeiaiai aia?aoo y?iai y/iaith oi?io?oueny i?e aianaii? N?n 67
IA a aeic? 2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA a aeic? 1,5 e/aa.

8. Aa?a?oeeaee eiaaie (175 ie/aa) ? nao?n (125-150 a/aa) coiiaeththoue
iice-oeaiee aieea ia anei?eyoe?th oei?io?eo ? iaeiie/aiiy nooeo ?a/iaei
a ?inee-iao y/iaith. A iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie
iaeaeua aeoea?-caoe?y iaeiie/aiiy caeaieo i?aiaio?a, ui
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny, a naith /a?ao, iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiei iaeiie/aiiyi
i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie, a?aeaoaa?oueny ca oiiae aianaiiy a iin?aao
aa?a?oeeae?a N?n 67 IA a aeic? 2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA-1,5 e/aa.

9. A iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie iaeaeu? iieacieee
/enoi? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oioineioaco oi?iothoueny i?e canoinoaaii? 175
ie/aa eiaaith, 125-150 a/aa nao?no, 3,0 ea/aa N?n 67 IA ? 2,0 e/aa
2,4-AeA. A iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c eiithoeiith aa?a?oeeaeia ae?y
i?aia?ao?a i?aeneeth?oueny, ui ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iin?a?a y/iaith ca iaioeo aeic aeei?en-oaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a (N?n 67 IA-
2,5 ea/aa, 2,4-AeA – 1,5 e/aa).

10. Ia ?inoia? i?ioeane i?aeiie?eaii? eoeueoo?e eiithoeie iaee?aua
aieeaa? aianaiiy 2,4-AeA a aeic? 1,5 e/aa ? N?n 67 IA a aeicao 2,5 ? 3,0
ea/aa. I?ae-aeuaiiy aeic 2,4-AeA aei 2,5-3,0 e/aa i?ecaiaeeoue aei
i?eai?/aiiy ?inoo eiith-oeie ? ciaioaiiy aonoioe ?ineei.

11. Iaeaeu? iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaii? eouenoino? ? iaea?eueoee i?e??no
o?iaeath ca?ia y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie oi?io?oueny i?e
canoinoaaii? a iin?aao 175 ie/aa eiaaith (6,7 oe/aa) ? 125 a/aa nao?no
(7,2 oe/aa), a ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie –i?e
aianaii? N?n 67 IA a aeic? 2,5 ea/aa (7,5 oe/aa) ? 2,4-AeA – 1,5 e/aa
(6,4 oe/aa).

12. I?e canoinoaaii? aa?a?oeeae?a a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith iie?auo?oueny
ye?noue ca?ia. sseui ia eiio?ie? aac aa?a?oeeae?a ? ?o/ieo i?iiieie
ai?no a?eea noaiiaea 9,88 %, oi ia aa??aioao ?c canoinoaaiiyi eiaaith o
aeicao 175 ie/aa ? nao?no — 125 a/aa ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac
i?aen?ao eiithoeie – a?aeiia?aeii

— 16 –

11,65 ? 11,40 %. Ia iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie iaeaeuee
ai?no a?eea aoa ia aa??aioao aeine?aeo ?c canoinoaaiiyi 2,5 ea/ea N?n 67
IA ? 1,5 e/aa 2,4-AeA, ui neeaaeaei a?aeiia?aeii 11,37 ? 11,53 %. Ia
oeeo aa??aioao oaeiae c?inoaea iaoo?a ca?ia ? iana 1000 ca?ai.

13. Canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith a aeic? 175 ie/aa ? nao?no –125
a/aa a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie caaacia/o?
iaea?aeaiiy aeiaeao-eiaiai i?eaooeo a ?ici??? a?aeiia?aeii 77,1 ? 90,2
a?i./aa. Aeniea aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ai?ioueae c ao?”yiaie a iin?aao
y?iai y/iaith anoaiiaeaia oaeiae i?e aeei?enoaii? aa?a?oeeae?a N?n 67 IA
o aeic? 2,5 ea/aa ? 2,4-AeA –1,5 e/aa, ye? caaacia/oaaee iaea?aeaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eaooeo a ?ici??? a?aeiia?aeii 96,8 ? 86,0 a?i./aa.

14. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiai
iaa?oioi-aai? aeieia?/ii aacia/i? aeice aa?a?oeeae?a a iin?aao y?iai
y/iaith, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue cieceoe aeo?aoe i?aia?ao?a a?oie
a?eeien?aeeaiea?aiiiaeo eeneio (N?n 67 IA ? 2,4-AeA) i?e ae?iuoaaii?
eiai c i?aen?aii eiithoeie ia 17-25 %, iaeiae, ieoaiiy canoinoaaiiy oeeo
aa?a?oeeae?a a iin?aao c aiaiaeie o?aaaie iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy
ia i?aaeiao iiaeeeaino? ai?iaaae-aeaiiy ?o o ae?iaieoeoai.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy o?iaeaeiino? y?iai y/iaith ? ciaioaiiy ianoeoeeae-iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua a oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?-

ninoaio Oe?a?ie aeey ai?ioueae c ao?”yiaie a eiai iin?aao eiaaie
iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe a aeic? 175 ie/aa, a nao?n — a aeic? 125
a/aa.

IIOAE?EIAAI? ?IAIOE II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ea?iaiei A.I. Caao?”yiai?noue y?iai y/iaith ca canoinoaaiiy
aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaie oa nao?n // Caoeno ?ineei. – 1998.- ? 2.- N.6-7.

2. A?eoea?iei C.I., Ea?iaiei A.I. ss/i?iue c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao.
O?-c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue iin?a?a i?e ae?? ??cieo aeae?a
aa?a?oeeae?a // Caoeno ?ineei.- 1998.- ? 5. – N.11. (Aaoi?ii
aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy).

3. A?eoea?iei C.I., Ea?iaiei A.I. Iniaeeaino? canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oee-ae?a
a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue Oiainueei? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeaaeai?? “No/ani?
i?iaeaie ?ineeiieoeoaa ?

— 17 —

ei?iiae?iaieoeoaa” (/anoeia 1).-Oiaiue, 1998.-N.51-54. (Aaoi?ii aeeiiai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy).

4. A?eoea?iei C.I., Ea?iaiei A.I. Caeaaei?noue a?ieia?/ii? aeoeaiino?
a?oioo a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith a?ae ae?? eiia?iiaaieo aa?a?oeeae?a //
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Oiainueei? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
aeaaeai??.-E.: Ii?a-i??io, 1997.-N.190-192. (Aaoi?ii aeeiiai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy).

5. Ea?iaiei A.I. Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aieeao eiaaith ? nao?no ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
Oiainueei? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeaaeai??.-E.: Ii?a-i??io,
1997.-N.229-231.

AIIOAOe??

Ea?iaiei A.I. Aa?iaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy ??cieo aeic
aa?a?oeeae?a a /enoeo iin?aao y?iai y/iaith oa c i?aen?aiith
eiithoeiith.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.01 – caaaeueia
caiea?ianoai. – Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y, Oiaiue,
1998.

I?iaaaeaii eiiieaeni?, anaa?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?? ??cieo aeae?a ? aeic
aa?-a?oeeae?a ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iin?a?a y?iai y/iaith, a?ieia?/i?
i?ioeane a ?inee-

iao ? a?oio? oa anoaiiaeaia ??cieoey a ?o ae?? caeaaeii a?ae ae?iuoaaiiy
eoeueoo?e c i?aen?aii ? aac i?aen?ao eiithoeie.

?ic?iaeai? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai?, aeieia?/ii aacia/i? aeice aa?a?oeeae?a
a /enoeo iin?aao y?iai y/iaith ?c canoinoaaiiyi aa?a?oeeae?a eiaaith a
aeic? 175 ie/aa ? nao?no – a aeic? 125 a/aa.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ae?iuoaaii? y?iai y/iaith c i?aen?aii eiithoeie
aeice aa?a?oeeae?a iiaeooue aooe ciaioai? ia 17-25 % i?ioe aeic
aa?a?oeeae?a, canoiniaaieo a /enoeo iin?aao y?iai y/iaith, ui cieaeo?
ianoeoeeaeia iaaai-oaaeaiiy ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aa?a?oeeae, ao?”yie, y/i?iue, eiithoeia.

Ea?iaiei A.I. Aa?iyeieiae/aneia iainiiaaiea eniieueciaaiey ?aciuo aeic
aa?aeoeeaeia a /enouo iinaaao y?iaiai y/iaiy e n iiaenaaii eeaaa?a. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyeno-aaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.01 – iauaa
caieaaeaeea. – Oiaineay naeue-neioicyenoaaiiay aeaaeaiey, Oiaiue, 1998.

— 18 –

I?iaaaeaiu eiiieaeniua, ananoi?iiiea enneaaeiaaiey aeaenoaey ?aciuo
aeaeia e aeic aa?aeoeeaeia ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue iinaaia y?iaiai y/iaiy,
aeieiae-/aneea i?ioeannu a ?anoaieyo e ii/aa e onoaiiaeaia ?acieoea a eo
aeaenoaee a caaeneiinoe io au?aueaaiey eoeueoo?u n iiaenaaii e aac
iiaenaaa eeaaa?a.

?ac?aaioaiu iao/ii iainiiaaiiua, yeieiae/anee aaciianiua aeicu
aa?aeoeeaeia a /enouo iinaaao y?iaiai y/iaiy n eniieueciaaieai
aa?aeoeeaeia eiaaie a aeica 175 ie/aa e naoen – a aeica 125 a/aa.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e au?aueaaiee y?iaiai y/iaiy n iiaenaaii eea-aa?a
aeicu aa?aeoeeaeia iiaoo auoue oiaiueoaiu ia 17-25 % i?ioea aeic
aa?aeoeeaeia, eniieuecoaiuo a /enouo iinaaao y?iaiai y/iaiy, /oi
nieaeaao ianoeoeeaeioth iaa?oceo ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aa?aeoeeae, ni?iyee, y/iaiue, eeaaa?.

Karpenko V.P. Agroecological substantation of the usage of different
doses of herbicides in pure spring barley crops with subordinate
alfalfa.-Manuscript.

The thesis is submitted for the scientific degree of Candidate of
Agricultural Sciences Speciality 06.06.01 – general agriculture. – Uman
Agricultural Academy, Uman, 1998.

The complex allround investigations of the influence of different kinds
and doses of herbicides on the productivity of spring barley crops and
the biological processes in plants and soil were carried out. The
difference of their influence on the productivity of growing spring
barley with and without subordinate alfalfa crops is determined.

Scientifically based ecologically safe doses of herbicides in growing
pure spring barley crops with the application of cowboy herbicides at
175 ml/ha and satis herbicides at 125 g/ha are defined.

When growing spring barley with subordinate alfalfa the doses of
herbicides may be reduced to 17-25 % as compared to the doses of
herbicides applied for pure spring barley crops. This practice decreases
the influence of pesticides on environment.

Key words: herbicide, weeds, darley, alfalfa.

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