.

Адсорбція ПАР та динамічний стан молекул води в системі вода – ПАР – твердий сорбент: Автореф. дис… д-ра хім. наук / Т.В. Кармазіна, НАН України. Ін

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 1765
Скачать документ

30

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO EIEI?AeII? O?I?? OA O?I?? AIAeE

?i. A.A. Aeoiainueeiai

OAeE 539.1; 541.183.5

EA?IAC?IA Oaia?a Aanee?aia

Aaeni?aoe?y IA? oa aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o nenoai? aiaea – IA?
– oaa?aeee ni?aaio

02.00.11 – eiei?aeia o?i?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?i?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa o?i?? aiaee ?i. A.A.
Aeoiainueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?oeiaa-Eeeiaiei
I.A.,

?inoeooo eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa
o?i?? aiaee IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/

a?aeae?eo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A.A. ??aiaiei,
Ee?anueeee

iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?ce/ii? o?i?? o?i?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo;

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I.O. Ea?oaeue, ?inoeooo
ni?aoe?? oa

i?iaeai aiaeiaeieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie
canooiiee aee?aeoi?a;

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
A.A. Iaie, Oe?a?inueeee

aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

o?ce/ii? ? eiei?aeii? o?i??

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: ?inoeooo o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e

iiaeeo?eaoe?? iie?ia??a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ”9”/a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 10_____ aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.183.01 ?inoeoooo eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa
o?i?? aiaee IAI Oe?a?ie, 252680, Ee?a,

i?. Aa?iaaenueeiai, 42.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo eiei?aeii?
o?i?? oa o?i?? aiaee IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, i?. Aa?iaaenueeiai, 42.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 30 “ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
A.TH. O?aoeiiee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Oi?eaeuei? aoaeoe, ye? iia’ycai? c
aeanoeainoyie i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (IA?),
aeeeeeathoue cia/iee ?ioa?an o ??cieo aaeocyo iaoee o oai?aoe/iiio ? a
i?aeoe/iiio a?aeiioaiiyo. Oea coiiaeaii caeaoi?noth IA? ni?aoaaoenue
i?aeoe/ii ia aoaeue-ye?e iiaa?oi? ?icae?eo oac; i?e aeinyaiaii?
e?eoe/ii? eiioeaio?aoe?? – ooai?thaaoe i?oeaee, a i?e iiaeaeueoiio
c?inoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? – aei ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoiae?a.
Anoaiiaeaiiy i?e/ei ooai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aaeni?aoe?eieo no?oeoo? a
nenoai? aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio iaiao?aeia aeey ?icaeoeo
ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaoee oa aeey ?ica’yceo aaaaoueio oaoiieia?/ieo
i?iaeai: a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy iaooia?aeaea/? ieano?a, aeaeiaooeo iaoae?a
aei aiaeii?aeaioiaee. Oai??? aaeni?aoe?? cae/aeieo aeeo?eueieo
i?aai?/ieo iieaeoe ia?aaaaeii ia iiaeooue aooe aaeaeaaoii canoiniaai?
uiaei i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? aiane?aeie niaoeeo?/iiai aieeao
eaoa?aeueieo aca?iiae?e o iaoai?ciao ooai?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a.

O?aaeeoe?eii aaeni?aoe?th IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao
aeine?aeaeoaaee, canoiniaoth/e iaoiaee, ye? aeyaeythoue iae?ineii?/i?
aeanoeaino?. Oea ia aea? iiaeeeaino? a ?aieao ?nioth/eo oai??e oa
iiaeaeae iiynieoe ?yae aaeni?aoe?eieo yaeu, oaeeo ye: ??cia aoaeiaa
aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a i?e ??aieo aaee/eiao aaeni?aoe??, aieea niiniao
eiioaeoo oaa?aei? oa ??aeei? oac ia aoaeiao oeeo oa??a oiui. A?aeiii,
ui aaeni?aoe?y oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy IA? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao ? iane?aeeii
i?iyao i?aeiieaeoey?ieo aca?iiae?e oa ci?ie noaio iieaeoe aiaee, oiaoi
nooiaith ?? no?oeoo?iaaiiino?. Iniiaiiieiaeiee a?o/eciyii? oeiee
eiei?aeiee?a A.A. Aeoiainueeee oa eiai iine?aeiaieee caa?oaee iniaeeao
oaaao ia noai iieaeoe aiaee a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy IA? ?ioaineaii i?iaiaeyoueny, e??i
Oe?a?ie o Aaeeeia?eoai??, NOA, ?in??, O?aioe??, ssiii??, I?ia//ei?,
?oae??, Aieaa???.

Aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iniia eiei?aeii? o?i??
i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA?, aeooaeueiith ? i?iaeaia iiooeo, iaa?oiooaaiiy
oa ?icaeoeo i?eioeeiiai iiaeo iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
eiei?aeii-o?i?/ieo yaeu o aiaeieo nenoaiao, ui i?noyoue IA?. Iaiao?aeia
a?eueo ?ioaineaia canoinoaaiiy no/anieo iaoiae?a o?ce/iiai oa
o?ceei-o?i?/iiai aiae?co c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy iiai? aeaoaeueii?
?ioi?iaoe?? noiniaii ci?ie noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii IA? oa
eiioaeoo ?ic/eio IA? ?c ni?aaioii. Na?aae a?aeiieo, aea ua iaei
canoiniaoaaieo aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo nenoai, ? iaoiaee
iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??, ye? aeathoue ciiao iaea?aeaoe oi?eaeueio
?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei iane?aee?a aca?iiae?? oaa?aei? ? ??aeei? oac aac
ii?ooaiiy ?o aeeiai?/iiai, no?oeoo?iiai oa aia?aaoe/iiai noaio.

Iaeei ?c oeyo?a aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee iieaeoe aiaee oa ia?aa?ao
i?ioean?a a i?e ia i?e?i??ai? iieyaa? o aeine?aeaeaii? aeeiai?/iiai
noaio, a naia: caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo aeeooc??, aianeo a iueiai
eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a iieaeoe, /ano ?nioaaiiy iieaeoe o
noai? eieeaaiiy iaaeiei oeaio?o ??aiiaaae. ?icaeyae iae?ineii?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aaeni?aoe?eieo nenoai ia i?e?i??ai? oa anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo
i?ae ieie ni?eyoeia iiaeeaeaiith ciaiue noiniaii aaeni?aoe?eieo yaeu o
oe?eiio ia iiaiio iao?aaeeoe?eiiio ??ai?, ui coiiaeoue iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaoee.

Aeooaeuei?noue oa ia?niaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aianaiiyi ??
aei ieai?a a?aeii/eo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo oaiaoee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie . (oeo? i?iaeaie 2.27.12, ?? aea?ae?a?no?.
01910013540, 0195U011323, 1985-1997??.); i?ia?aie ni?eueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiaeo onoaiia Oe?a?ie oa Ia’?aeiaiiai ?inoeoooo
yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (Eaai?aoi??y iaeo?iiii? o?ceee ?i. ?.I. O?aiea,
i. Aeoaia, ?in?y, 1993-1995??); i?ia?aie AeEIO N?N? ii iai?yieo 11,
“Aeieia?/ii /eno? IAA”( iinoaiiaa AeEIO N?N? a?ae 02.04.91 ? 455,1991?);
Aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue AeEIO Oe?a?ie
(i?iaeo 0.02.02.120, ? aea?ae?a?no?. 01910039091, 1991-1993??; i?iaeo
?3/337, ? aea?ae?a?no?. 0194U019879,1994–1995 ??.); aaaaoiaaeocaai?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “Iia? o?i?/i? ?a/iaeie ? iaoa??aee
iaeioiiiaaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeey cai?ie ?iii?oiaaieo” (iai?yiie 5, ?
aea?ae?a?no?. 0194U019880 1993-1996??); Ia’?aeiaiiai oiiaeo O?yaeo
Oe?a?ie oa I?aeia?iaeiiai iaoeiaiai oiiaeo aeey i?aeo?eiee
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aio E2J100, i?iaeo “Effect of
dynamic state of water – surfactant – solid components system on
adsorption phenomena”, 1995–1996 ??.

Iniiaia iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa – ?icaeoie oyaeaiue
i?i oiie? aca?iiae?? a i?ioeanao aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeeiooai?aiiy ia
iniia? cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu ?c
o?aooaaiiyi ci?i iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae
aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a nenoai aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio ?c
canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?:

1. Aeyaeoe aieea i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe
aiaee ca iaoiaeii eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a.

2. Cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaeeeo ? aeine?aeeoe aieea oaa?aeeo ni?aaio?a ia
aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – IA?.

3. Ioe?ieoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aiaeieo i?oeaey?ieo ?ic/ei?a IA? ca iaoiaeii
iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a.

4. Aaeaiooaaoe iaoiae iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii?? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao.

5. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? aaeni?aoe?? IA? ia ni?aaioao ??cii? i?e?iaee
? cynoaaoe i?e/eie, ye? coiiaeththoue ??ciiiai?oi?noue aoaeiae
aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao.

6. Anoaiiaeoe caycie i?ae ci?iith iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee
i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a nenoai aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio ?
ia?aa?aii aaeni?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

7. Ocaaaeueieoe oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia aoaeiao aaeni?aoe?eieo
oa??a i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao.

Iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noi?ioeueiaai? ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiai?
e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith oa aeanieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, o oiio /ene?
ia i?aenoaa? cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu.
Oeae i?aeo?ae iieyaa? a aiae?c? ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee
i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a eiei?aeieo nenoai ia iniia? aeaieo
eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a. O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy
?iaioe canoiniaai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: aaeni?aoe?ei?; iaeieooiaa,
iai?oaeia, eaac?i?oaeia ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a; ssI?- oa
AI?-niaeo?ineii?y; iaeieooiaa ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a oiui.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaiee
iao?aaeeoe?eiee i?aeo?ae aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu, yeee aea? ciiao
o?aeooaaoe aca?iiae?? a ?ic/eiao IA? oa aaeni?aoe?ei? i?ioeane ia iniia?
aiae?co ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a
nenoai aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio.

Aeine?aeaeaiee aieea oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe
aiaee a eiei?aeieo nenoaiao. Aia?oa aeyaeaii, ui aiane?aeie eiioaeoo
nenoai aiaea – ia?iiia IA? c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii a?aeaoaa?oueny
ia?a?iciiae?e iaoai?ci?a naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee o ?ic/eiao ia?iiii?
IA?, a naia: ciaioo?oueny ?ieue iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc?? oa
i?aeaeuo?oueny ?ieue iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia
yaeua ??ceiai ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o aiaeiiio i?oeaey?iiio
?ic/ei? IA? i?ae aieeaii oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo.

Aia?oa aeei?enoaiee iaoiae iai?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia aoaeaoeaaiio ni?aaio?
oa nee?eaaae?. Oea aeaei ciiao aeiaanoe, ui ca oiia ??aii? aaee/eie
aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiii? IA? ia noai iieaeoe a aaeni?aoe?eiiio oa??, e??i
a?aeiieo oaeoi??a, aieeaa? niin?a eiioaeoo ??aeei? oa oaa?aei? oace,
oiaoi oa?aeoa? oi?ioaaiiy oa?o a ??aiiaaaeieo oa ia??aiiaaaeieo oiiaao.

Aia?oa ca iaoiaeii eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a
iaea?aeai? e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee aieeao i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia
aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA? iaioeo i?ae
e?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy (EEI), oa ioe?iaia ci?ia
iaoai?ci?a o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii ia?iiii? oa
eao?iiii? IA?.

Aia?oa a oa?i?iao cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? iiyniaia ??cieoey a cia/aiiyo
e?eoe/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e i?oeaeiooai?aiiy i?ae ia?iiieie oa ?iiieie IA?.

Aeacaii ia iiaee aniaeo no?eeino? aeenia?nieo nenoai, a naia: nooo?aa
ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o aeeiai?/iee noai nenoai i?ae
aieeaii oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo.

Ca iaoiaeii iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aeine?aeaeai?
aeenia?n?? naae? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao IA? ? aeiaaaeaii, ui i?enooi?noue
naae? ni?ey? ciaioaiith e?eoe/ii? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy.

Iaea?aeaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy uiaei iiaeeeaino? ooai?aiiy
oa??a i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao o aeaeyae?
??aeeie?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui
i?e iiaeeiaii? ia?iiieo IA? ?c aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo ?ic/ei?a ia
a?ae?io?eueiiio ni?aaio? iiaa?oiaaee oa? oi?io?oueny o aeaeyae?
??aeeie?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e eaiaey?iiai oa aaenaaiiaeueiiai oei?a;
cieaeaiiy iieaeoey?ii? ?ooeeaino? a iacioa?? ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith
iiaeeiaiiy IA? aiane?aeie aeaeuei?o aca?iiae?e i?ae oa?aie; iayai?noue
aoaeaoeaaeo ae?eyiie ia iiaa?oi? nee?eaaaeth i?eaiaeeoue aei
i???iooth/i? ae?? ia aeeaei? oa?e IA? oa ?aiaeii?caoe??
(?icoii?yaeeoaaiith) aeaeuei?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea
iaea?aeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio
eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea – IA? i?ney ?o eiioaeoo c oaa?aeith oacith ia
iniia? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? niaeo??a eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo
iaeo?ii?a ca?aeii iiaeae? Aoeaa?ia-Ineionueeiai.

E?euee?nii ioe?iaiee aianie no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a iieaeoe
eao?iiieo iieaeoe IA? (a?ii?ae?a i-aee?ei??eaeei?th) o aeeiai?/iee noai
iieaeoe aiaee.

Noi?ioethaai? caaaeuei? aeiiae aei aaeni?aaio?a aeey aeeo/aiiy
i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii?
eiioeaio?aoe??. Iieacaii, ui aeey oeueiai aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe
ni?aaioe, ye? iathoue ia iiaa?oi? /?oei ae?aaeai? ae?eyiee a?ae?ioiaii?
oa a?ae?io?eueii? i?e?iaee.

Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaii? iioaioe?aeueii?
oai??? Iieyi? aeey ii??aiyiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeiiieo IA?
ia ii?enoeo aoaeaoeaaeo ni?aaioao.

Aeyaeaiee aoaeo ia?a?iciiae?eo aiane?a o iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iee noai
aiaee i?ae aieeaii IA? oa ni?aaio?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey
?aaoethaaiiy ai?noo a?eueii? oa ca’caii? aiaee a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao oa
ni?eyoe iiaeaethaaiith ai?noo eiiiiiaio?a aeey iaea?aeaiiy no?eeeo
aeenia?n?e.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aeenia?n?e aiaea – IA? – a?ao?oiaaia naaea.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? a iaoa??aeao
aeia?aeieea (Iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa / Iiae ?aae. A.A. Aa?aiciia.
N.-Iaoa?ao?a: ecae-ai N.-Iaoa?ao?aneiai oi-oa. – 1993 – 270n. ), a
iiiia?ao?yo (Aaeni?aoeey i?aaie/aneeo aauanoa / A.I. Eiaaiianeee, I.A.
Eeeiaiei, O.I. Eaa/aiei e ae?. – E.: Oeiey. – 1990. – 280n. Aaeni?aoeey
iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo aauanoa e iieeia?ia ia oaa?aeuo ni?aaioao /
A.A.Aa?ai, I.A. Eeeiaiei, N.O. Aaiaaa, O.A. Ea?iaceia e ae?. – Aooa?a.
-1998 – 600n.), a iaoa??aeao eaeoe?e aeey nooaeaio?a o?ce/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth iieaeoey?ia o?ceea. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o eo?nao eaeoe?e aeey nooaeaio?a o?i?/ieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae ? oao?aoeyie, ye? i?aoeththoue o aaeocyo eiei?aeii? oa
o?ce/ii? o?i??, o?i?? oa o?ceee aiaee, aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae IA?,
aeei?enoaiiy IA? o i?iieneiaino?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioe, ui aeeiiai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iieyaa? o
i?iiiceoe??, oi?ioethaaii? oa ?icaeoeo iiaiai iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
caaaeuei?e ?aea? oa iinoaiiaoe? caaea/, a aeoeai?e o/ano? a on?o aoaiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeth/ath/e i?iaaaeaiiy /anoeie aenia?eiaio?a, aiae?co
oa iiyniaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?iaioe ssI?- oa
AI?-niaeo?ineii?? aeeiiai? oa i?iaiae?ciaai? ni?eueii c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie
?inoeoooo iniaeeai /enoeo a?ii?aia?ao?a, i. N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y;
aeine?aeaeaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi iai?oaeiiai oa eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy
iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a i?iaaaeai? oa i?iaiae?ciaai?, aeeth/ath/e
iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo, ni?eueii c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie ?inoeoooo yaea?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie; aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith iaeieooiaiai
?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aeeiiai? ni?eueii c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie
Ia’?aeiaiiai ?inoeoooo yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i. Aeoaia, ?in?y, ui
a?aeia?aaeaii o ni?eueieo ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?ai? ia ?aaeao c
eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa o?ceei-o?i?/ii? iaoai?ee AI N?N? ? ?AI (Io?iainuee,
1990; N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y, 1995), ia Ananithcieo oa i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, ia?aaeao, nai?ia?ao, o oiio /ene? ia VIII
eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa e nu?uea aeey eo
i?iecaiaenoaa” (Oaaaeeii, ?in?y, 1992), I Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe??
“No?oeoo?a ? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iaaii?yaeeiaaieo nenoai” (Euea?a,
1993), Ananithcieo ia?aaeao “Yeieiaey i?iiuoeaiiuo i?iecaiaenoa”
(N?aa?iaeiiaoeuee, 1990), ”Neioac, iiaeeoeoee?iaaiea e i?eiaiaiea
iai?aaie/aneeo aaeni?aaioia” (I?inuee, 1989), I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo ”No?oeoo?ii-aeeiaie/aneea i?ioeannu a iai?a?uaiuo n?aaeao”
(Naia?eaiae, 1992), 1th Hungarian-Ukrainian Conference in Carpathian
Euroregion Ecology (Ushorod, 1994), “Ecological Aspects in Chemical
Indusry” (Severodonetsk, 1994), Ana?in?enuee?e ia?aae?
“Oeceei-oeie/aneea iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?u e aeeiaieee
iieaeoey?iuo nenoai” (Eacaiue, 1994), caaaeueiii?nueeiio iaoeiaiio
nai?ia?? “A?ieia?/i? aniaeoe no?oeoo?e ? aeeiai?ee aiaeieo nenoai”
(Ee?a, 1994), iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ?EOOA AI O?N? oa ?ssAe IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? o 51
iaoeia?e ?iaio?, o oiio /ene? – 25 noaoae o i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo, c ieo 4 iaienaii iaeiiin?aii.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
naie ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (461 iaeiaioaaiiy).
Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 328 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue
27 oaaeeoeue oa 63 ?enoiea.

Iniiaiee ci?no

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii iaeyae oa e?eoe/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c
ieoaiue: no/ani? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a
i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA?; aaeni?aoe?? IA? oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo
oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao; iiaeae? aeeooc?? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao
IA?; aecia/ai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaaaeai? iniiai? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioo; ?ice?eo? iaoiaee ?ic?aooie?a
?c aeaieo iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??; iaa?oioiaaii aea?? ia’?eo?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?eaaaeaia ?o oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Iniiai? ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiue: aiaea o ?ic/eiao IA? i?ney eiioaeoo ?c
ni?aaioii, i?oeaee IA? o aiae?, IA? ia iiaa?oi? oaa?aeeo ni?aaio?a,
aiaea o ?ic/eiao IA?. Aea?? IA? oa ni?aaio?a coiiaeaiee iiaeeea?noth ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aaaaoueio oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai,
iioe?ai?noth oa ia?niaeoeai?noth.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a oa aeniiae?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
ocaiaeaeaiiyi aeaieo, ye? io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oeo, ui iaea?aeai? ia iniia? aiae?co niaeo??a
?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a – ia aeei?enoaii? oai??? ?icn?yiiy, a?aeoai?aii?
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a i?e aaeeeiio /an? niinoa?aaeaiiy (50-150
aiaeei); iiaoi?i?noth oa?aeoa?ieo caeaaeiinoae niaeo??a a?ae eooa
?icn?yiiy. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ei?aeththoue c a?aeiieie
iae?ineii?/ieie aeanoeainoyie aeine?aeaeaieo nenoai.

Aieea IA? ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee

Aeanoeaino? eiei?aeieo nenoai caeaaeaoue a?ae noaio eiiiiiaio?a oa ci?i,
ye? a?aeaoaathoueny c ieie i?e aianaii? ?ioeo eiiiiiaio?a. Iniaeeai?
oaaae caneoaiaothoue aiaei? nenoaie aiane?aeie aeeeth/ii? ?ie? aiaee o
aeeoo?. Iaeaaaeeea?oa ooieoe?y aiaee – o?ainii?oia. Aeey iiaeeaeaiiy
?icoi?iiy iaoai?ci?a i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o aiaeieo nenoaiao,
o oiio /ene? aaeni?aoe?eieo, iaiao?aeii iaea?aeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei
aeaoaeueieo ci?i o no?oeoo?? aiaee i?ae aieeaii ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a. C
?ioiai aieo, anoaiiaeaiiy i?e/ei oi?ioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ni?aoe?eieo
no?oeoo?, ooai?aiieo aiane?aeie eiioaeoo nenoaie aiaea – IA? c oaa?aeei
eiiiiiaioii, ni?ey? iiooeia? iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoai?ci?a aaeni?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu, cie?aia
aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy, iieyaa? a aiae?c? aieeao eiiiiiaio?a
nenoaie aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe
aiaee. Aeey ?icaeoeo oeueiai iai?yieo iaiao?aeia canoinoaaiiy oaeeo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a, ye? aeathoue ciiao
aeine?aeeoe iiaaae?ieo nenoaie ia i?e?i??ai?. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei ia
nueiaiaei? ? iaoiae eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a
(E?II). Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai iaoiaeo iiaeia iaea?aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoai, a naia: caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc??,
aianee a iueiai a?ae eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, /an aeeooy
iieaeoe o noai? eieeaaiiy iaaeiei oeaio?o ??aiiaaae. Oe?ii?noue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo iieyaa? o oiio, ui ia?a?aoiaai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
? oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaoai?ci?a o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a.

Caeii ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a o ??aeeiao iieno?oueny e?eaith c ?icoe?aiiyi
aia?aaoe/iiai i?eo A, iaoiiaeaiiai aeeooc?eieie i?ioeanaie:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
  ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??_?????&??MathType??0
???u?????????”????-??????3????u
????8????I????&????‡[email protected]??????aea: k –
ia?aaeaiee iaeo?iiii ?iioeuen i?e ?icn?yi?; h – noaea Ieaiea; e2w
–oaeoi? Aeaaay-Aaeea?a; o – /an aeeooy iieaeoe o noai? eieeaaiiy
iaaeiei iieiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae; Dl ? Df – aianee eieaeoeaieo
(eaa?aiaeaaeo) oa iaeii/anoeiaeo (o?aieae?anueeeo) ?oo?a iieaeoe o
caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aeeooc??: D = Dl + Df. Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea oa
o?aeoiaea niaeo??a E?II ca?aeii c iiaeaeeth Aoeaa?ia-Ineionueeiai aea?
ciiao iaea?aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoai, ye?
?icn?ththoue iaeo?iie.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y iieaeoe aiaee o ?ic/eiao IA?, ui aeine?aeaeai?, ia 3-5
ii?yaee?a aeua, i?ae eiioeaio?aoe?y IA?. Oiio oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeeiai?/iiai noaio iaea?aeai? ia iniia? ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a,
oa?aeoa?ecothoue noia?iee aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee. Ocaaaeueiaiiy
iiaeae? Aoeaa?ia – Ineionueeiai oa iiaeae? aeeooc?eieo i?ioean?a o
?ic/eiao IA?, yeo cai?iiiioaaee E?iaeiai ? I?euenii ?c ni?a?., aea?
ciiao eiie?aoecoaaoe: eiao?oe??io Dl – a?aeoai?th? aianie ca’ycaieo
i?ae niaith oa c iieaeoeaie (aai i?oeaeaie) IA? iieaeoe aiaee ?
a?aeiia?aea? iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc??, D f – a?aeoai?th?
aianie a?eueieo iieaeoe aiaee o aeeiai?/iee noai aiaee ? a?aeiia?aea?
iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii.

Aenia?eiaioe ii iaeo?iiiiio ?icn?yiith i?iaaaeai? ia niaeo?iiao?? ii
/ano i?ieueioo, yeee anoaiiaeaii ia ai?eciioaeueiiio eaiae? aoiiiiai
?aaeoi?o AA?-I a ?ssAe IAI Oe?a?ie.

Niaeo?e E?II ?ic/eiaie IA? iaea?aeai? i?ae ??cieie eooaie. Aiie iathoue
?aeaioe/iee aeae. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? caaeia?eueii ocaiaeaeothoueny
c oai?aoe/ieie e?eaeie Ei?aioey. Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee
o ?ic/eiao ia?iiii? IA? ? aeania IA? (o?eoiio O-100) iaaaaeai? o oaae.
1. O?eoii O-100 (OO-100) – oea ieneaoeeueiaaiee i-1,1,3,3 –
oao?aiaoeeaooeeoaiie, ui i?noeoue 9-10 ieneaoeeueieo a?oi.
Eiioeaio?aoe?y iaaaaeaia oiiaii a /anoeao a?ae e?eoe/ii? eiioeaio?aoe??
i?oeaeiooai?aiiy (EEI), yea noaiiaeoue aeey o?eoiio O-100 0.24 iI.

Oaaeeoey 1- Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a
i?enooiino? ia?iiii? IA?

N, EEID 109,

i2n-1Dl 109,

i2n-1Df 109,

i2n-1o 1012,

c02.230.170.460.031.770.132.800.210.052.200.170.520.041.680.132.200.170.
221.800.140.680.051.120.082.000.150.251.800.140.680.051.120.082.000.150.
631.970.150.680.051.290.11.960.150.952.000.150.690.051.310.11.950.151.00
2.030.150.690.051.340.11.900.141.182.050.150.700.051.350.11.860.141.952.
140.150.500.041.640.121.800.142.482.200.170.340.031.860.121.800.144.002.
300.170.040.0032.260.171.800.145.002.380.170.080.0062.300.171.780.146.00
2.400.170.090.0062.310.171.780.148.002.440.180.110.0072.330.171.760.1411
.502.510.180.160.0072.350.171.750.1415.002.520.180.170.0082.350.171.730.
1418.002.540.180.180.0082.360.171.720.14OO-1000.150.010.150.01–Aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a iaeo?iiieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue, ui o?aineyoe?ei?
?ooe o /enoiio OO-100 i?aeeyaathoue caeiiai eeane/ii? aacia?a?aii?
naiiaeeooc??. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe
aiaee o ?ic/eiao ia?iiii? IA? neeaaeia. Iniiai? ?aceueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue oae?. Iacia/iee ai?no OO-100 o aiae? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ciaioaiiy caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiiy aianeo a?ae iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a. Oea ciaioaiiy iiynith?oueny
a?ae?aoaoe?th ao??ieo ieneaoeeueieo eaiie iiey?ii? /anoeie iieaeoe IA?.
A iaeano? eiioeaio?aoe?e IA? (0.220.25) EEI niinoa??aa?oueny i?i?iaeueia
cia/aiiy aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a o aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee
aai iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee no?eaeii o caaaeueiee iaoai?ci
o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee. A oeueiio ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e
noai?ththoueny ia?aaeoiiae aeey i?iyao a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e o
?ic/ei?. C iiaeaeueoei c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? OO-100 Dl ci?ith?oueny
iaei, a cia/aiiy Df c?inoa?, oiaoi niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei
a?aeiiaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai noaio aeania aiaee. E?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y
i?oeaeiooai?aiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiiyi aianeo
eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a. I?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo OO-100, ye? ia?aaeuothoue 4 EEI,
?ieue aacia?a?aiiai iaoai?cio iacia/ia, aeeiai?/iee noai
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny, a iniiaiiio ?ooaie a?eueieo iieaeoe aiaee. Ia iaoo
aeoieo, oea iia’ycaia c aeieeiaiiyi oii?yaeeiaaii? no?oeoo?e a nenoai?.

A onueiio ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue,
aiane?aeie ?ic/eiaiiy IA? /an aeeooy iieaeoe aiaee o noai? eieeaaiiy i
ciaioeany ii??aiyii c aeania aiaeith. Iaea?eueo nooo?aa ci?ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee i a?aeaoaa?oueny a ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e (00.25) EEI.
I?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo aeueo, i?ae EEI oa?aeoa?enoeea i ia ci?ith?oueny a
iaaeao iioeaee. I?e/eia ci?ie aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?e
iayaiino? IA? ? ?acoeueoaoii ?oeioaaiiy aiaeiaaeo ca’yce?a i?ae
iieaeoeaie aiaee, a oaeiae ia?aoeiae aeey o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a c?
noi?iie a?ae?ioiaieo /anoei iieaeoe IA?.

Aeey iieno caeaaeiino? aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe o aiaeiiio
?ic/ei? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? o?eoiio O-100 iaie cai?iiiiiaaia aii??e/ia
??aiyiiy:

wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyya???A?????&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy??????????C???#???–?wmetafile8?
??d??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
?????????!???&[email protected]!??-?????&??MathType????
???u?????????”????-?????Ob ???O5
???u?????????”????-????p???p°???-?????u/???u©
???u?y??????

aea: Dlw ? Dls – aianee eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe /enoi? aiaee oa
aeania IA? a?aeiia?aeii; N – eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? o ?ic/ei?, ian.%, E1 ?
E2 – e?eoe/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy. Aeey o?eoiio O-100
=1.47, = -53.9. Ocaiaeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaii? e?eai? oa
iaea?aeaii? ca?aeii c aenia?eiaioii e?eaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeo? cai?iiiiiaaio
caeaaei?noue.

Eiioeaio?aoe?ei? caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe
aiaee o i?enooiino? eao?iiieo IA? iaaaaeai? ia ?en. 1. sse IA?
aeine?aeaeaii a?ii?aee aei- oa aaenaaeaoeeeie??aeei?th (a?aeiia?aeii
AeAeIA ? AAeIA). Aeey /enoeo AeAeIA oa AAeIA, ye? ? ii?ioeaie,
oa?aeoa?iee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? ?o iieaeoe no?eaeii (aeoeaaoe?eiee).

sse ? o aeiaaeeo ia?iiieo IA?, aaaaeaiiy iacia/ii? e?eueeino? AeAeIA o
aiaeo ciaioo? cia/aiiy caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe
aiaee ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, i?e/iio ?c
c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? -NI2- eaiie o iieaeoeao IA? oeae aoaeo nooo?a?oee.
Ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo eao?iiieo IA? o nenoai? aei EEI i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy /enea “eaa?aiaeaaeo” /anoeiie ii??aiyii c /enoith aiaeith,
iio?i ?ieue iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc?? o o?aineyoe?eieo ?ooao
iieaeoe aiaee ciaioo?oueny. Oea iaoiiaeaia ooai?aiiyi i?oeae oa ci?iith
nooiaith oii?yaeeiaaiino? iieaeoe aiaee.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ia?iiii? IA?, e?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy
aeey iaio eao?iiieo IA? a?aeiia?aea? i?i?iaeueiiio aianeo o eiao?oe??io
naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee a?ae iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, oiaoi iaoai?cio
naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii ? iaeneiaeueiiio – a?ae eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a, oiaoi
aacia?a?aiiio iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? o iaaeao eiioeaio?aoe?e, ye?
aeine?aeaeai?. Ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy D c? c?inoaiiyi aeiaaeeie
aoaeaaiaeiaaiai ?aaeeeaeo a?aeaoaa?oueny aieiaiei /eiii aiane?aeie
ciaioaiiy ?ie? iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii. C?inoaiiy aeiaaeeie
a?ae?ioiaii? /anoeie iieaeoe IA? i?eaiaeeoue aei a?eueoiai a?aeoeeaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoaie aiaea – IA? ii??aiyii c aeania
aiaeith. Oaiaeaioe?y aei a?aeiiaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee
niinoa??aa?oueny eeoa i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ye? a?eueo?, i?ae EEI.

wmetafile8? ?????-??????????????? JS???ue???????????-?????u?????????????-?????-???/?????? ?????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??yy????y?y?y??y y?yyy????4????5????u???????Aiae?c eiioeaio?aoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio ?ic/ei?a eao?iiieo IA? na?ae/eoue i?i ?o iiae?ai?noue aeey aiiieia?a. Iii?oia ciaioaiiy D o aeiaaeeo AAeIA ii??aiyii c AeAeIA coiiaeaia ciaioaiiyi Df, oiaoi aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo aai “o?aieae?anueeeo” ?oo?a o nenoai? aiaea – IA?. I?e oeueiio cia/aiiy Dl (aianie eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a) a?ae??ciythoueny iaei. I/aaeaeii, oea coiiaeaia c?inoaiiyi no?oeoo?oth/i? ?ie? a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e o nenoai? aiaea-IA? c? c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? -NI2-a?oi o iaiiey?i?e /anoei? iieaeoe IA?. I?e iaaenieeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo AeAeIA (aei 0.25 EEI) oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee o ?ic/ei? AeAeIA iaei a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee aeania aiaee, ca aeiyoeii oa?aeoa?enoee /ano aeeooy iieaeoe o noai? eieeaaiiy. Iaeiae i?e oaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo AAeIA iii?oii ciaioeany caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee oa aianie o iueiai a?ae iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, ui oaeiae na?ae/eoue i?i c?inoaiiy ?ie? a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e o nenoai?. Ioaea, ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie aee?eueiiai ?aaeeeaeo o iieaeoeao eao?iiieo IA? ni?ey? a?eueoiio a?aeoeeaiith oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o nenoai? aiaea – IA? a?ae a?aeiia?aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeania aiaee. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a aeey ?ic/ei?a eao?iiieo IA? iieno?oueny aiaeia?/ii aei ??aiyiiy (7), aea = 0.131 ? = 0.148, oa E1 = 0.299 ? 0.019 a?aeiia?aeii aeey AeAeIA ? AAeIA, a Dls = 0. Oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaia e?eaa ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iaea?aeaiith ca?aeii c aenia?eiaioii. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee ciiao e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe ?ieue no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a eao?iiieo IA? o iaoai?cie o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue ?ie? iaei??? -NI2-a?oie (f) o oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe i?eaaaeaia ia ?en. 2. Oaea ioe?iea oiiaia, aea aea? ciiao ?ic?aooaaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a oaeeo nenoai, ye aiaea – a?ii?ae i-aee?ei??eaeei?th aac i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo. Ia a?aei?io a?ae eao?iiieo, i?e ?ic/eiaii? ia?iiieo IA? iae? eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc??. O aeiaaeeo eao?iiieo IA? aei eiioeaio?aoe?e (0.40.5) EEI aianie eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a ci?ith?oueny iaei ii??aiyii c /enoith aiaeith, ? eeoa i?e iiaeaeueoiio c?inoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? cia/aiiy Dl iii?oii ciaioo?oueny. wmetafile8? ??¤???-??????????????? JS???ue???????????-?????u?????????????-?????-???/?????? ?????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??yy????y?y?y??y y?yyy????4????5????u??????? ?en.2. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue aieeao -NI2- a?oie ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee. Nooo?a?oa ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo Df aeey AAeIA ii??aiyii c AeAeIA na?ae/eoue, ui c?inoaiiy aeiaaeeie aee?eueiiai ?aaeeeaeo aeey aiiieia?a ni?ey? i?iyao anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e. Oea a?aeia?aaea?oueny o iae?iaeanoe-ainoyo ?ic/ei?a eao?iiieo IA?. A?aeiii, ui ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? -NI2- a?oi o a?ae?ioiai?e /anoei? iieaeoe IA? ni?ey? ciaioaiith EEI o ?ic/ei?.Oae aeey AeAeIA ? AAeIA e?eoe/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy neeaaeathoue a?ae-iia?aeii 11.2 iI ? 0.6 iI. Aeyaeaii, ui ??cia ci?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iaeii/anoei-aeie oa eieaeoeaieie ?ooaie iieaeoe aiaee i?ae ae??th ia?iiii? oa eao?iiieo IA? oaeiae aieeaa? ia iae?iaeanoeaino? ?ic/ei?a. sse a?aeiii, cia/aiiy EEI ia?iiieo IA? ia ii?yaeie iaio?, i?ae ?iiieo IA?. Ii??aiyiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee o i?enooiino? IA? ??cieo oei?a aea? ciiao iiynieoe oeth ??cieoeth. Aeey ia?iiieo IA? ii oeae? eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ai?oa noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey i?iyao anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e, ui ? coiiaeth? iaioa cia/aiiy EEI. Ioaea, cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei e?euee?niee aiae?c iniaeeainoae o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee a i?enooiino? IA? ? aeine?aeeoe aieea IA? ia iieaeoee aiaee ia i?e?i??ai?. Aieea oaa?aeeo eiiiiiaio?a ia aeeiai?/iee noai aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – IA? Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a iiaeiii ni?eyoe iiaeeaeaiith oyaeaiue noiniaii i?e?iaee eiei?aeii-o?i?/ieo yaeu oaeeo ye aaeni?aoe?y, no?ee?noue aeenia?nieo nenoai, a?ioi?anueeee ?oo oiui. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei aaeni?aoe?? i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao iaea?aeaia ia iniia? ?cioa?i aaeni?aoe??, oiio cai?iiiiiaaia iaie iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – IA? o iaeneiaeuei?e i??? a?aeoai?th? an? aoaie iaea?aeaiiy ?cioa?i aaeni?aoe??. Iniaeeao oaaao iaiao?aeii caa?iooe ia ci?io eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? o ??aee?e oac? aiane?aeie iiaeeiaiiy /anoeie IA? oaa?aeith oacith. O oaae. 2 iaaaaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea – ia?iiia IA? (OO-100) aei oa aiane?aeie eiioaeoo c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii a?ae?ioiaii? i?e?iaee (a?ao?oiaaii? naae?), a o oaae. 3 – eiioeaio?aoe?ei? caeaaeiino? oaeeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeey nenoaie aiaea – ia?iiia IA? aei oa aiane?aeie eiioaeoo c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii a?ae?io?eueii? i?e?iaee (nee?eaaaeue), iaea?aeai? ia iniia? niaeo??a EI?I. C iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eiioaeoo iieaeoe aiaee c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii niaoe?aeueiith na???th aeine?ae?a aoei c’yniaaii, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a oiiaao i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo a?aeiiaeththoueny i?eiaei? /a?ac 24 aiaeeie i?ney a?aeie?aieaiiy ye naae?, oae ? nee?eaaaeth a?ae ?ic/eio. Aeey ooi/iaiiy aca?iiaieeao eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio aecia/ai? oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o nenoai? aiaea – IA? a oeo aea oiiaao, aea ?ic/eie aiooaaee i?ney eiioaeoo aiaee c nee?eaaaeai. Oaaeeoey 2 - Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o neenoai? aiaea – ia?iiia IA? aei oa i?ney (*) eiioaeoo c a?ao?oiaaiith naaeath N, EEID 109, i2n -1Dl 109, i2n-1Df 109, i2n -1i 1012, n0.251.80.140.680.051.120.082.00.150.25*1.80.140.210.021.590.111.60.121. 002.30.170.690.051.340.101.90.141.00*2.50.180.080.0061.970.152.10.16 Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaa?aeeo eiiiiiaio?a ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoaie aiaea – IA? na?ae/eoue, ui i?ae aieeaii ye a?ae?ioiaiiai, oae ? a?ae?io?eueiiai ni?aaio?a ci?i o cia/aiiyo caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo naiiaeeooc?? ia aeyaeaii. Iaeiae, aiane?aeie eiioaeoo aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IAA c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii a?aeaoany ia?a?iciiae?e aiane?a eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee o caaaeueiee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc??, oiaoi ciaioeany aianie iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? aeeooc?? ? ca?eueoeany – aeoeaaoe?eiiai. I?e/iio o aeiaaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e IA?, ye? aei??aiththoue EEI, aianie eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o caaaeueiee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? ??cei ciaioo?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, niinoa??aa?oueny nooo?aee aieea oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioa ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o i?enooiino? IA?. Oaa?aeee ni?aaio ae?? ia iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iee noai aiaee oae, ye i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?. I?ae aieeaii IA? a?aeaoaa?oueny aeenia?aoaaiiy naae? o ?ic/ei?. Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae /anoeiie noaeiei?aeieo ?ici???a, ye? a?ae?io?euei? aiane?aeie noaa?e?caoe?? iieaeoeaie IA?. Oae? /anoeiee neeaaeathoueny c aaeni?aiaaieo ia naae? iieaeoe aai anioe?ao?a IA? oa a?ae?aoiaaii? aiaee ? caeiathoue i?noey iiaeeeai? o?aineyoe?? eeanoa??a aiaee, ?icoaoiaoth/enue o ?? ionoioao. Noai nenoaie iaaoaa? iciae eaac?ia??iaee/iino?. Ia iaoo aeoieo, yaeua cia/iiai ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a a o?aineyoe?ei? iaoai?cie a nenoai? ? iaei??th ?c i?e/ei i?iyao no?eeino? aeenia?nieo nenoai. A?aeiii, ui a ?acoeueoao? aaeni?aoe?eii? aca?iiae?? a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie ia eeoa c iieaeoeaie aaeni?aaoa, aea e c iiaa?oiaaei oa?ii aaeni?aaioo. I?e oai?aoe/iiio ?icaeyae? i?ioeano aaeni?aoe?? iiaeeeaa a?aooaaiiy oeueiai yaeua, aea iaiao?aei? aeey oeueiai aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ua ia iaea?aeai?. I?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue ciiao ioe?ieoe ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny c aaeni?aaioii ia iniia? oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o ?ic/ei? i?ney eiioaeoo c ni?aaioii. Ia?a?iciiae?e aiane?a eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aeeooc?? aea? ciiao aiai?eoe i?i iaioecaoe?th aaeni?aaioo i?ae aieeaii IA?. O aeiaaeeo naae? iaioecaoe?y, eiia??ii, a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?aeii c nietha?e?caoe?eiei iaoai?ciii, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy /enea anioe?eiaaieo aa?aaao?a. Aeey iieno iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a uiaei eiioeaio?aoe?eii? caeaaeiino? aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aeeooc?? a ?ic/eiao i?ney eiioaeoo c aaeni?aaioii, a?aoiaoth/e, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny a?aeiinii iaaenie? eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?, iiaeia cai?iiiioaaoe ae?ac: wmetafile8? ??d??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1????????????? ?A!???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy?!??;?????&??MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????I– ???I? ???u?????????"????-????p]???pe???-?????/f???/o ???u?y?????? aea D1w, D1s – aianee o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? a?ae eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a, aecia/ai? aenia?eiaioaeueii a?aeiia?aeii aeey aiaee oa IA?; K1, K2 – e?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy oa aa?aaoaaiiy IA?, ian. %; C – eiioeaio?aoe?y IA?, ian.%. NSR – e?euee?nia ioe?iea aieeao ni?aaioo ia EEI. Cia/aiiy /ano aeeooy iieaeoe aiaee o noai? eieeaaiiy iaaeiei oeaio?o ??aiiaaae a nenoai? aiaea – IA? i?ney a?aeie?aieaiiy a?ae naae? iaio?, i?ae aeey nenoaie aei eiioaeoo c naaeath. Oea oaeiae aeaco? ia oa, ui i?ney eiioaeoo nenoaie aiaea – IA? c oaa?aeith oacith i?oeae a nenoai? noaei a?eueoa, oiaoi naaea, yea ? oeaio?ii ooai?aiiy i?oeae, ni?ey? onoiaiith a?ae?ioiaii? /anoeie ?c aiaeiiai ioi/aiiy, ui ? ? iane?aeeii iineaaeaiiy ?ie? iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc??. Ciaioaiiy Dl o nenoai? i?ney eiioaeoo c naaeath aeeeeeaia aoaeoii ia?aoeiae c aieo i?oeae, yeeo a?eueoa, i?ae o nenoai?, yea ia aoea o eiioaeo? c ni?aaioii. Ni?aaio ae?? ia noai aiaee, ye i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? o ?ic/ei?. Oaaeeoey 3 - Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a nenoaiao aiaea - o?eoii O-100 aei oa i?ney () eiioaeoo c nee?eaaaeai Ni, EEIN?, EEID 109, i2n -1Dl 109, i2n -1Df 109, i2n -10 1012, n0-2.230.170.460.031.770.132.800.210.25-1.800.140.680.051.120.082.000.15 0.250.251.800.140.310.021.490.101.850.140.25-1.800.140.310.021.490.102.0 00.150.950.632.000.150.690.051.310.091.950.150.950.631.970.150.300.021.6 70.121.820.141.00-2.030.150.690.051.340.101.900.151.000.791.990.150.680. 051.300.101.950.151.000.791.990.150.240.021.750.131.730.132.481.002.200. 160.340.021.860.141.800.142.481.002.030.150.100.0071.930.151.720.13** ?ic/eie IA? i?eaioiaeai? i?ney eiioaeoo aiaee ?c ni?aaioii (N? ? Ni – ??aiiaaaeia ? ii/aoeiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? a?aeiia?aeii) Aii??e/ia caeaaei?noue aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee a caaaeueiee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? aiaee a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? ?ic?aoiaaia aeey iaeano? iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e IA? aeey nenoai aiaea – IA? i?ney ?o eiioaeoo ?c nee?eaaaeai (

? ??[??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1????????????? [email protected]!???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy?!??7?????&??MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????Iy ???I ???u?????????"????-????pZ???pn???-?????Id???Iv ???u?y?????? Nee?eaaaeue ii ??ciiio aieeaa? ia aeeiai?/iee noai aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – IA? i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo a?eueoeo oa iaioeo, i?ae EEI. I?e iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA? o ?ic/eiao nee?eaaaeue, ye ? a?ao?oiaaia naaea, ni?ey? i?ioeano i?oeaeiooai?aiiy (ciaioo? E1). I?ioa, ia a?aei?io a?ae naae?, iaioecaoe?y iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o nee?eaaaeth a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei a?ae?ie?oe/iiai iaoai?cio. I?e/iio iieaeoee IA? ni?eythoue ?oeioaaiith iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, aea c? c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??, ia a?aei?io a?ae /anoeiie naae?, ia nietha?e?cothoueny aa?aaaoaie IA?, a a?ae?aoothoueny iieaeoeaie aiaee aai aca?iiae?thoue oeyoii ooai?aiiyi aiaeiaaeo ca’yce?a c iieaeoeaie aai i?oeaeaie ia?iiieo IA?. Oaeei /eiii, iaioeciaai? /anoeiee nee?eaaaeth aei iaaii? i??e a?ae?a?athoue ?ieue aeniethth/iai aaaioa, ui i?iyaey?oueny o ni?eyii? i?ioeanai i?oeaeiooai?aiiy o nenoaiao c iecueeith eiioeaio?aoe??th IA?. O aeiaaeeo, eiee eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? ia?aaeuothoue EEI, /anoeiee nee?eaaaeth, ye? aca?iiae?thoue c ieneaoeeueieie eaioethaaie iieaeoe o i?oeaey?iiio noai?, ni?eythoue i?enei?aiith i?ioeano aa?aaaoe??, coiiaethth/e ciaioaiiy /ano aeeooy iieaeoe aiaee o noai? eieeaaiiy ii??aiyii c nenoaiith aiaea – IA?. Ci?ie o ia?a?iciiae?e? aiane?a eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe, ye? niinoa??aathoueny aeey nenoai aiaea – ia?iiia IA?, eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? a yeeo ia?aaeuothoue 0.2 EEI, aieeaathoue ia i?ioeane aaeni?aoe??. Naia o oe?e iaeano? eiioeaio?aoe?e ii/eia?oueny aaeni?aoe?y o?eoiio O-100 ia nee?eaaae?. Eiieo?oth/ee aieea a?ae?aoaoe?? iieaeoe IA? o ia’?i? ?ic/eio i?aeoe/ii ia aea? ciiao iaanioe?eiaaiei iieaeoeai IA? o?enoaaoenue o iiaa?oiaaiio oa??. C? c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? ieneaoeeueieo a?oi o a?ae?io?eueieo /anoeiao iieaeoe IA? eiioeaio?aoe??, i?e yeeo ii/eia?oueny aaeni?aoe?y ia?iiieo IA?, ca?eueoothoueny. Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui eiioaeo aiaea – IA? c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae iaoanoaa?eueieo noai?a o nenoai?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – eao?iiia IA? i?ney a?aeie?aieaiiy a?ae a?ao?oiaaii? naae? ia aeyaeei aieeao eiioaeoo nenoaie c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii ia oa?aeoa?enoeee ?? aeeiai?/iiai noaio. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iaoiaeii IE?I oa aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? i?aeoaa?aeeee cai?iiiiiaaio iiaeaeue aeenia?n?e naae? o aiae?, /anoeiee yei? noaa?e?ciaai? iieaeoeaie IA?: ae?ini?aee iaa?oaiiy aeey i?oeae IAA oa o?aeoaeueia no?oeoo?a, ui neeaaea?oueny c iie?aeenia?nieo aeaiooa?iaeo eoeue, a naia: a?ao?oiaaii? naae? oa aaeni?aiaaii? IA?. No?oeoo?iee oaeoi? aeey o?aeoaeueii? no?oeoo?e aoa aea?aiee o aeaeyae?: S(q)=1+d(d–1)sin[d–1]tg-1(q)]/[qR)2(1+(q)2](D-1)2, (5) aea: – iaeneiaeueiee ?ici?? o?aeoaeueii? iiaaae?iee, yeee i?eaeecii a?aeiia?aea? iaeneiaeueiiio ?ici??o aa?aaaoo, R – ?aae?on aeaiaioa?ii? oa?o noa?e, d – o?aeoaeueia ?ici??i?noue. Ia iniia? ia?aii? iiaeae? anoaiiaeaii, ui /anoeiee AN, noaa?e?ciaai? OO-100, i?aaenoaaeythoue o?aeoaeiiiae?aio no?oeoo?o c aioo??oi?ie iaiaeii??aeiinoyie. Ioe?iai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?yaeo aeenia?n?e a?ao?oiaaii? naae? o ?ic/ei? ia?iiii? IA?: na?aaei? ?aae?one /anoeiie naae?, noaa?e?ciaaieo IA?, ye? oi?iothoue o?aeoaeueio no?oeoo?o, aeenia?n?? ?iciiae?eo ca ?aae?onaie, oiaueie oa??a OO-100 ia /anoeieao naae?, ?ici?? i?oeae IA? a aeenia?n?yo, iaeneiaeuei? ?ici??e o?aeoaeueieo aa?aaao?a, o?aeoaeueio ?ici??i?noue. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeenia?n?e a?ao?oiaaii? naae? o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? aiaea – o?eoii O-100 ca iaoiaeii iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a i?aeoaa?aeea iayai?noue i?oeae o aeenia?n?yo i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA?, ye? ? iaio?, i?ae EEI. Oaeei /eiii, aeyaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo Df ? ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo Dl ? ?acoeueoaoii eiioaeoo ?ic/ei?a ia?iiii? IA? ?c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii. Oea na?ae/eoue, ui eiioaeo aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a ia?iiieo IA? ?c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii ni?ey? iineeaiith oaiaeaioe?? aei i?iyao anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e. Iaea?aeai? aeai? iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oiia no?eeino? aeenia?nieo nenoai, oeenio?ii??, ooi/iaiiy iaoai?ci?a a?ioi?anueeiai ?ooo. ?ai?oa aoei a?aeiii, ui i?enooi?noue no?oeoo?oth/eo aeiaaaie o ?ic/ei? IA? i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie EEI. Cai?iiiiiaai? o ?icae?e? ??aiyiiy aeathoue ciiao e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe oae? ci?ie. Oea iiaea aooe ei?eniei aeey ciaioaiiy aeo?ao IA? o oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao, ye? aacothoueny ia aeei?enoaii? i?oeaeiooai?thth/i? caeaoiino? aeaoa?aaio?a. ??aiyiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iiaeaethaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo eiiiiiaio?a c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy no?eeeo aeenia?n?e, a oaeiae aeathoue ciiao ia?aaeaa/aoe oa ?aaoethaaoe ai?no a?eueii? oa ca'ycaii? aiaee a nenoaiao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeieo i?oeaey?ieo ?ic/ei?a IA? ca iaoiaeii iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a Ocaaaeueiaiiy cia/iiai oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo niiioea? aei ia?aaeyaeo oa ooi/iaiiy aaaaoueio ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oyaeaiue noiniaii noaio aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IA?. Oea noeioeth? iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo iiaeo /ooeeaeo iaoiae?a aiae?co oa iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia nueiaiaei? iniaeeai aeooaeueiei ? anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo iae?ineii?/ieo aeanoeainoae nenoai, ui i?noyoue IA?, c i?e?ineii?/ieie. Aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie iaiao?aeia canoinoaaiiy iaeiiai c aenieioi/ieo yaea?ii-o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a – ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a. Iaoiae iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a ?ioaineaii aeei?enoiao?oueny a iao /an aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic/ei?a IA?. Ie canoinoaaee oeae iaoiae c iaoith ooi/iaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IA?, ui aeei?enoai? a ?iaio?. Aeey aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a iaeo?iiiiai ?icn?yiiy i?e iaaaeeeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo o?eoiio O-100 aeei?enoaii iaaeeaeaiiy A?iue? a ?ioa?aae? iaeeo aaeoi??a ?icn?yiiy q: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1????????????? `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??ss?????&??MathType?? ???u?????????"????-?????aea d(0)/d – aeeoa?aioe?eiee ia?aoei ?icn?yiiy a “ioeueiaee eoo”, R – ?aae?on ?ia?oe?? /anoeiee caeaoii? aei ?icn?yiiy. ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaee io?eiaieo aeaieo na?ae/aoue, ui i?oeaee OO o ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e a?ae 0.24 iI (EEI) aei 96 iI ia ca?eueoothoueny, iath/e a noa?e/iiio iaaeeaeaii? ?aae?on (3.70.3) ii. Oey aaee/eia ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iaea?aeaiith ?ai?oa ca iaoiaeii ?icn?yiiy na?oea. d(0)/d/N wmetafile8? ??«??????????? ???????yyy???????????? |??? ????'yy?????????? ????yyy???? ???????uay??????1/4???????Times New Roman?????-?????u??????1/4???I"System?I???-????'yy??? ????-?????yyy???? ???????|???????ue??yyy??????-? ???u?????yyy?"????-???? yyy????????????w?? ???u??????????"????-????-????-????'yy??? ????-?????-????-????yyy???? yyy????|???????-? ???u?????????"????-????????? ???????????????$?‘?(?X(?X‹‘?‹‘?(? ???u?????????"????-?????????(?‘????????(?X???‹X ???‹‘????(?‘????(?‘????‹‘????‹‘????‹—????P‘??? ?P—????‘????—????U?‘????U?—??????‘??????—???? c?‘????c?—????(?‘????(?—????‹?????‹?????????? ???????????????????(??????(??????‰‘????‰X???‰‘ ?????‘????‰???????‰~????~???‰o????o ???‰k????k???‰a????a???‰X????X???’‘??? ??‘????’~????~???’k????k???’X????X???- ????-????-????'yy??? ????-?????-????-????yyy???? ???????x?????-????-????-????'yy??? ????-?????-????-????yyy???? ??????? C, iiieue/e ?en. 3. Caeaaei?noue ii?iiaaiiai ?icn?yiiy a ioeueiaee eoo a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? o?eoiio O-100. Na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ia iioeaea ia ia?aaeuo? 5%. Aia?a?th aca?iiae?? i?oeae ieneaoeeueiaaieo IA? iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe ye noio noa?e/iiai a?aeooiaooaaiiy ca caeiiii oaa?aeeo eoeue, a?ae?aoaoe?eiiai a?aeooiaooaaiiy oa aai-aea?-aaaeuen?anueeiai i?eoyaaiiy. O?ae e?eai? ?icn?yiiy aea? ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui c? c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? OO-100 o aiae? ci?ith?oueny oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? i?ae i?oeaeaie, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ci?ia ae?oaiai a???aeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo (?en. 3). Oiaoi a?ae?aoaoe?eia oa noa?e/ia a?aeooiaooaaiiy ii caeiio oaa?aeeo noa? ii/eia? ia?aaaaeaoe iaae aai-aea?-aaaeuenianueeei i?eoyaaiiyi i?ney aeinyaiaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? OO o ?ic/ei?, ui ia?aaeuo? 4iI. Oeae aeniiaie ei?aeth? c aeaieie eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a (oaae. 1). Naia i?e aeinyaiaii? ni?a?ici??ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ia? i?noea nooo?aa c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioo Df, ui aeaco? ia ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo a?eueieo iieaeoe aiaee a nenoai?. Oea ? i?e/eiith c?inoaiiy a?aenoai? i?ae i?oeaeaie. Oaeei /eiii, aeyaeaii, ui i?ney aeinyaiaiiy iaaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? ia?iiii? IA? ci?ith?oueny oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? i?ae i?oeaeaie. Ca iaoiaeii aa??aoe?? eiio?anoo aeey ?ic/ei?a, ui i?noyoue 2.3iI oa 2.8iI OO-100, iaea?aeai? ?icn?th/? aonoeie i?oeae, a?aeiia?aeii (1.81)1013 i-2 oa (20 1)1013 i-2. ??cieoey i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie oa ?ic?aoiaaiieie, c o?aooaaiiyi iieaeoey?ieo ia’?i?a, aea? ciiao ioe?ieoe /enei a?ae?aoaoe?? iaei??? ieneaoeeueii? a?oie: 1.8. Oe? aeai? ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie Aaae?ii? c ni?a?. A?aeiii, ui /enei a?ae?aoaoe?? iaei??? iene?oeeueii? a?oie iieaeoe o?eoiio O-100 noaiiaeoue 4 - 6. Ioaea, a i?oeaey?iiio noai? iieaeoee o?eoiio O-100 iaio a?ae?aoiaai?, i?ae o iieaeoey?iiio. Oeae aeniiaie oaeiae ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a (oaae.1), oae ye i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo a?eueoeo, i?ae EEI ca?eueoo?oueny ai?no a?eueieo ? ciaioo?oueny ai?no ca'ycaieo iieaeoe aiaee o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao IA?. sseui ?icaeyaeaoe i?oeaeo ye inaaaei- aai aaoa?iaaiio oaco, oi ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaeo?iiieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ae?aiacii? aaeeeeo aaeoi??a ?icn?yiiy oa iiaeaethaaiiy ia?aoeio ?icn?yiiy ye: A/q + B, aea A – eiao?oe??io Ii?iaea, A –caeeoeiaee eiaa?aioiee oii, iia’ycaiee ?c noia?iith ieiuath iiaa?oi? /anoeiie (S) o ?ic/ei?: A=2S, iiaeia ioe?ieoe iiaa?oith i?oeaey?ii? oace. O oaae. 4 iaaaaeai? aaee/eie iiaa?oi? i?oeaey?ii? oace, yea i?eiaaea? ia iaeio iieaeoeo OO i?e ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo. O iaaeao eiioeaio?aoe?e, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, c?inoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ieoiii? iiaa?oi?, ca aeiyoeii eiioeaio?aoe?? 2.8 iI, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaeiiiaeoio aoaeiao i?oeae i?e oe?e eiioeaio?aoe??. A e?oa?aoo?? iathoue i?noea noia?a/i? aeniiaee noiniaii u?eueiino? yaea? i?oeae o?eoiio O-100. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iaoiaeii iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a i?aeoaa?aeeee c?iaeai? iaie ?ai?oa i?eiouaiiy ia iniia? oa?aeoa?enoee oa?iiaeeiai?ee aaeni?aoe?? a?aeiinii u?eueiino? oiaeiaee iieaeoe OO-100 o i?oeaeao. Ca?aeii c oeeie i?eiouaiiyie, yae?i i?oeae o?eoiio O-100 iau?eueia aiane?aeie iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?ii? aoaeiae a?ae?ioiaii? /anoeie iieaeoe oeueiai IA?. ?c iiaeaeueoei i?aeaeuaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ii?iiaaia ieiua ciaioo?oueny aiane?aeie oe?oiiaiiy i?oeae a oe?e iaeano?. Iiaeaethaaiiy aeiiai?a, ooai?aieo iieaeoeaie OO o iaaei?oeaey?ieo ?ic/eiao o?ueiooaciith nenoaiith (/enoee aoaeaaiaeaiue, aoeeaiieneae, aiaea), oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iaoiaeii IE?I aeaei ciiao anoaiiaeoe aieea nie? (a?ii?aeo iao??th) ia ci?io o no?oeoo?? nenoaie aiaea – IA? oa aca?iiae?th anioe?ao?a IA? o aeiaaeeo ?icaaaeaieo oa eiioeaio?iaaieo ?ic/ei?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith oi?iae?cio Ii?iaea oa aaee/eie na?aaeiueicaaaeaii? oi?aee o i?oeae? iaea?aeai? cia/aiiy na?aaeiueiai ?aae?ono i?oeae R, ?aae?on a?aeiioaiiy i?ae ia’?iii oa ieiuath i?oeae R? i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? OO-100 0.16 iI (oaae. 5). Oe? aaee/eie aeacothoue ia aeayeo ianoa?e/i?noue i?oeae OO o i?enooiino? aeaeo?ie?oo. Oaaeeoey 4 - Cia/aiiy i?oeaey?ii? iiaa?oi?, yea i?eiaaea? ia iieaeoeo OO N, iI2.32.84865S, ii20.560.030.700.03 0.310.02 0.260.01 sse aeaeii c oaae. 5, na?aaei?e ?aae?on i?oeae ia?iiieo IA? ciaioo?oueny i?e c?inoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaeo?ie?oo, a ianoa?e/i?noue i?oeae neaaei ca?eueoo?oueny. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ?ai?oa o aeine?aeao ii ?icn?yiith na?oea aoei anoaiiaeaii ciaioaiiy ?ici???a i?oeae c i?aeaeuaiiyi ?iiii? neee ?ic/eio, yeui e?euee?noue ieneaoeeueieo a?oi (IA) o iieaeoeao ia?iiieo IA? ia?aaeuo? 15. Oaaeeoey 5 - Caeaaei?noue oa?aeoa?enoee i?oeae o?eoiio O-100 a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ii?aeo iao??th o 0.16I ?ic/ei? OO N, iIR, iiRp, iiR/Rp 03.60.12.60.11.3722.43.50.12.50.11.4153.03.40.12.30.11.43Caaaeueiee aeaeyae e?eaeo aeeoa?aioe?eiiai ia?aoeio ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a aeey nenoaie aiaea – a?ii?ae o?eaeaoeeei??eae?i?th (OAeIA) aeaco? ia cia/io i?aeiieaeoey?io aca?iiae?th o nenoai? (?en. 4). Ae?enii, i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo aeecueeeo aei EEI (5.0 iI) o nenoai? aiaea – OAeIA niinoa??aathoueny ?ioa?oa?aioe?ei? iaeneioie a iaeano? iaeeo aaeoi??a ?icn?yiiy. I?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?uaiiy iaeneioi?a a iaeanoue aaeeeeo aaeoi??a, a ?o aaee/eia c?inoa?. Ci?uaiiy iaeneioi?a iiaeia ?ioa?i?aooaaoe ye ciaioaiiy i?aei?oeaey?ii? aca?iiae?? o nenoai? c? c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? OAeIA o ?ic/ei?. wmetafile8? ??1/4?? ?-??????????????? ?0???ue???????????-?????u?????????????-?????-???/?????? ?????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??yy????y?y?y??y y?yyy????4????5????u2??????? ?en. 4. E?ea? iaeo?iiiiai ?icn?yiiy ?ic/eiaie OAeIA o Ae2I. Na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ia iioeaea ia ia?aaeuo? 5%. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaiia?aoo?e ia noai nenoaie aiaea – eao?iiia IA? ca iaoiaeii IE?I na?ae/eoue i?i ciaioaiiy ?ici???a i?oeae oa na?aaeiuei? a?aenoai? i?ae ieie i?e c?inoaii? oaiia?aoo?e. Aiae?c e?eaeo aeeoa?aioe?eiiai ia?aoeio ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a ?ic/eio,ui i?noeoue 146iI OAeIA i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e a?ae 18 aei 500N, iieaco? ia ci?io aa?aaaoe?eieo /enae i?oeae ? nooiaith aeenioe?aoe?? iieaeoe IA?, a oaeiae ae?aioth/i? neee ?ic/eio. Iiaeaethaaiiy nenoaie, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeanue, i?iaaaeaii aeaiooa?iaeie noa?e/ieie /anoeieaie c ae?aiiaaiei eoeii?anueeei iioaioe?aeii. Aa?aaaoe?ei? /enea a aeaiiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? i?aeoe/ii e?i?eii ciaioothoueny c oaiia?aoo?ith, ui ocaiaeaeo?oue-ny c eaac?o?i?/iith iiaeaeeth i?oeaeooai?aiiy. Nooi?iue aeenioe?aoe?? iieaeoe OAeIA ca?eueoo?oueny c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e ?ic/eio, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c e?iaoe/iith iiaeaeeth aaeni?aoe?? i?ioe?ii?a. Iaea?aeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oeaey?ii? no?oeoo?e aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?aooieo iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao ia iiaa?oi? i?oeae. Ca?aeii c ?oeaiooaeiii ci?ia a?eueii? aia?a?? A?aana G i?e i?oeaeiooai?aii? ? iane?aeeii o?ueio /eiiee?a: ooai?aiiy iiai? iiaa?oi? oa oi?ioaaiiy iiaea?eiiai aeaeo?e/iiai oa?o, aca?iiae?? i?oeae, oa aio?ii?eiiai aianeo. sseui noia?ia G iino?eia aeey noa?e/ieo i?oeae i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e, oi iaoya ia iiaa?oi? i?oeaee iiaeia ae?aceoe ye: wmetafile8? ??1/4??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????????????  @???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy???K?????&? ?MathType??`[email protected]?????? aea wmetafile8? ??*???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1????????????? `A???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy????????&? ?MathType??`????u?y?????? Oaaeeoey 6 - Aianee a oaiia?aoo?io caeaaei?noue ci?ie a?eueii? aia?a?? A?aana aeey i?oeaey?ii? nenoaie OAeIA: G1 – aia?a?y oi?ioaaiiy iiaea?eiiai aeaeo?e/iiai oa?o; G2 – aianie, iia’ycaiee ?c aca?iiae??th i?oeae; G3 – aio?ii?eiee aianie; S – ieiua iaei??? iieaeoee IA? a i?oeae?; - iiaa?oiaaee iaoya i?oeaee. O, EG1, 10-22 AeaeG2, 10-22 AeaeG3, 10-22 AeaeG, 10-22 AeaeS, ii2, iI/i291- 5.500.020- 4.24- 9.71.05301- 6.350.025- 4.88- 11.21.094 1315- 6.500.035- 5.55- 12.01.123 1322- 7.050.039- 5.96- 12.91.146 2 sse aa/eii, ia?aaaaeiee aianie o ci?io a?eueii? aia?a?? A?aana aiinyoue aeaa aeiaeaiee: aia?a?y oi?ioaaiiy iiaea?eiiai aeaeo?e/iiai oa?o oa aio?ii?eiee. Aaee/eie iaoyao ia iiaa?oi? i?oeae ei?aaothoue ?c oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?aooieaie, ca?aeii c yeeie iiaa?oiaaee iaoya i?oeae iiaeiai aooe iaioei, i?ae 10 iI/i2. Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IA? ca iaoiaeaie eaac?i?oaeiiai oa iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a na?ae/eoue i?i ocaiaeaeai?noue aeaieo, ui iaea?aeai? ia i?e?i??ai? c iae?ineii?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ?ic/ei?a. Aaeni?aoe?ei? oa anioe?aoeai? yaeua o nenoaiao aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/iee ?ioa?an aei aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ?c ?ic/ei?a ia oaa?aeeo iiaa?oiyo, aaaaoi aniaeo?a oeueiai yaeua ia c’yniaai?. O iao /an a?aenooiy ?aeeia eiioeaioe?y aieeao eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio ia ooai?aiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a. O ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii ?icaeoie oyaeaiue oeiee I.A. Eeeiaiei oa I.I.Eiaaiianueeiai i?i aieea anioe?aoeaieo oa aaeni?aoe?eieo aca?iiae?e, aeiaaeeie a?ae?io?eueii? /anoeie iieaeoe IA? ? oaiia?aoo?e ia aoaeiao oa?o, yeee ooai?eany aiane?aeie eiioaeoo aiaeiiai ?ic/eio IA? ?c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii. O?aaeeoe?eii oyaeaiiy uiaei no?oeoo?e aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a aacothoueny ia aaeni?aoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, c o?aooaaiiyi ieiu?, yea i?eiaaea? ia iieaeoeo IA? i?e iaai?e aaee/ei? aaeni?aoe??. Ia iniia? aaeni?aoe?eieo aeaieo, ui ? a e?oa?aoo??, iaie ?ic?aoiaai? ieiu?, ui i?eiaaeathoue ia iieaeoeo ai?iiieo IA? ia iiaa?oi? aoaeaoeaaiai iaii?enoiai ni?aaioo ? a?aeiia?aeathoue ??aiiaaaeiei eiioeaio?aoe?yi IA?, ye? aei??aiththoue EEI (we); ieiu? i?iaeoe?e iieaeoe, ye? i???ioiaai? ia?aeaeueii aei iiaa?oi? (w?); na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/i? oiaueie oa??a IAA ia iiaa?oi? (t), ye? ?ic?aoiaai? ia iniia? aaeni?aoe?eieo aeaieo; noaiaea?oia ciaioaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eii? a?eueii? iieueii? aia?a?? aaeni?aoe?? A?aana -G0a ?yaeo ai?iiieo oa ia?iiieo IA? ia iaeiiio ? oiio ni?aaio? ca oiia iaeiaeiaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaa?aei? oa ??aeei? oace. Aiae?c oeeo aeaieo i?eaiaeeoue aei oaeeo aeniiae?a. C?inoaiiy aaee/eie noaiaea?oiiai ciaioaiiy a?eueii? iieueii? aia?a?? aaeni?aoe?? o ?yaeo ??cieo aaeni?aao?a i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie no?oeoo?e aaeni?aoe?eiiai oa?o a?ae iiiiiieaeoey?ii? (ieoee-, aeaoeeenoeueoao, aeaoeeenoeueoiiao iao??th) aei anioe?aoeaii? (aeiaeaoeeenoeueoao, oao?aaeaoeeenoeueoiiao iao??th). Oe? i??eoaaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiyi aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA?. O oaae. 7 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe a?aeiia?aeieo ?ic?aooie?a aeey ia?iiieo IA? (OO-45, 100, 305 – o?eoiie, ye? i?noyoue a?aeiia?aeii 5, 10 oa 30 ieneaoeeueieo a?oi) ia aoeaoeeaiia?e (AN) ? a?ao?oiaai?e naaeao (AN). A?ao?oiaaia naaea ca oiiaaie iaea?aeaiiy a?eueo a?ae?ioiaia, i?ae aoeaoeeaiiaa. Oiio a?eueia aia?a?y aaeni?aoe?? ia i?e a?eueoa, i?ae ia aoeaoeeaiia?e (AN). Oea ae?aaea?oueny oaeiae o aaee/eiao ieiu, ye? i?eiaaeathoue ia iieaeoeo IA? o aaeni?aoe?eiiio oa??. Cia/aiiy wa cia/ii iaioa, i?ae ieiua, yeo caeia? iieaeoea IA?, yeae aiia ?ici?uoaaeanue ai?eciioaeueii ia iiaa?oi? ni?aaioo (w?) ? a?eueoa, yeae ?ici?uoaaeenue aa?oeeaeueii (0.32 ii2). Ia??ai?noue aaee/ei wa ? w? iiaeia iiynieoe aai i?iyaii anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e a aaeni?aoe?eiiio oa?? aai a?aeoeeaiiyi ieneaoeeueiiai eaioethaa ia eoo a?ae ai?eciioaeueiiai iieiaeaiiy. sseui ae?enia inoaii? i?eiouaiiy, oi na?aaeiy oiaueia aaeni?aoe?eiiai oa?o, ?ic?aoiaaia ca?aeii c iiaeaeeth Notha?oa-A??aeaaa (t1) c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeoeeaiiy ieneaoeeueiiai eaioethaa, iiaeiia aei??aithaaoe na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/i?e oiauei? oa?o (t2), aecia/ai?e aenia?eiaioaeueii. Ciaioaiiy t 2 o iaaeao oeueiai ?yaeo IA? aeaco? ia iineaaeaiiy aca?iiae?e ?c ca?eueoaiiy /enea ieneaoeeueieo a?oi o iiey?i?e /anoei? iieaeoe. O aeiaaeeo o?eoiio O-45 aaee/eia t2 cia/ii a?eueoa cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? oiueie oa?o t1, oiaoi iieaeoee oe??? IA? a?eueoith i??ith anioe?eiaai?. Iiaeeeai anioe?aoeai? aca?iiae?? aeyaeythoueny e o aeiaaeeo aaeni?aoe?? o?eoiio O-100 ia AN, oiio ui t2 aeaui ia?aaeuo? t1. Ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy t o iaaeao aeaiiai ?yaeo IA? aeaco? ia iineaaeaiiy anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e o oa?? c? ca?eueoaiiyi nooiaith ieneaoeethaaiiy IA?. I/aaeaeii, anioe?aoe?? ia?aoeiaeaea? iayai?noue a?ae?aoiaaieo ieneaoeeueieo a?oi (IA), i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo yeeo a iieaeoe? o?eoiia O-305 ia ni?ey? i?iyao anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e ia iiaa?oi?, i?ecaiaey/e aei iiiiiieaeoey?ii? aoaeiae oa?o. Aiaeia?/i? i??eoaaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeai? oaeiae aeaieie i?i aaeni?aoe?th ieneaoeethaaieo nie?o?a ia aoeaoeeaiia?e naae?. Ioaea, i?e aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? ?c ?ic/ei?a, ??aiiaaaeia eiioeaio?aoe?y yeeo aei??aith? EEI ia iaii?enoiio aoaeaoeaaiio ni?aaio?, a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie aca?iiae?? aaeni?aao – aaeni?aaio oa nooiaith a?ae?io?eueiino? iieaeoe IA?, aaeni?aoe?eiee oa? iiaea aooe iiiiiieaeoey?iei aai ooai?aiei ?c anioe?ao?a a?eueoi? oiaueie, i?ae iiiioa?. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?acoeueoaoaie iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a oa aeaeo?ii?a. Ia iao /an a?aenooiy iaeiicia/ia oyaa uiaei aieeao oaiia?aoo?e ia aaeni?aoe?th ia?iiieo IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao ia aoaeaoeaaeo ni?aaioao cana?ae/othoue, ui caeaaei?noue aaee/eie aaeni?aoe?? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa e?eueeino? ieneaoeeueieo eaiie o iiey?i?e /anoei? iieaeoe ? neeaaeiith. Aaee/eia aea??eiai? aaeni?aoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia?iiieo IA? ia iaii?enoiio aoaeaoeaaiio ni?aaio? i?e aaeni?aoe?? ?c ?ic/ei?a c iaaaeeeith ?o eiioeaio?aoe??th ciaioo?oueny c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e, a c? c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? – ca?eueoo?oueny. ?ioa?aae ia?aoiaeo aei i?ioeeaaeii? oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? ca?eueoo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? IA eaiie o iiey?i?e /anoei? iieaeoe IA?. I?e iecueeeo ??aiiaaaeieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy aaee/eie aaeni?aoe?? OO-305 c ?inoii oaiia?aoo?e. I?e i?aeaeuaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? c?inoa? ?ieue a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e i?ae iieaeoeaie aaeni?aaoo. Oea aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ? ia iniia? aeaieo i?i aieea IA? ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee. I?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e iaoiiaeth? ciaioaiiy a?ae?aoaoe?? IA eaiie ? nii??aeiai?noue aei a?ae?ioiaii? iiaa?oi? c?inoa?. I?e aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? ia AN ci?ia aeeoa?aioe?eii? aio?ii?? aaeni?aoe?? ia?aaeuo? ci?io aeeoa?aioe?eii? aio?ii?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy a ia'?i? ?ic/eio. C?iaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui oea ? iane?aeeii ao?aoe aaeni?aoe?eiei oa?ii a?ae?aoii? aiaee. Ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? ia ii?enoiio aoaeaoeaaiio ni?aaio? oaiia?aoo?a iaei aieeaa? ia aaee/eio aea??eiai? aaeni?aoe?? OO-45 ? OO-100. I?e ??aiiaaaeieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ui ia?aaeuothoue EEI, caeaaei?noue aea??eiai? aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e aeineoue neeaaeia. ?icaeyiooa iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy oai??? Iieyi?, iiaeeo?eiaaii? Aaa, aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? ii?enoei ni?aaioii. Ca?aeii c oai???th aaeni?aoe?th IA? ia aeoeaiaaiiio aoa?ee? iiaeia iienaoe caeaaei?noth: wmetafile8? ??$??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyya??‰?????&? ?MathType??? ???u?????????"[email protected]??????aea: W – ia’?i aaeni?aoe?eiiai i?inoi?o; V – iiey?iee ia’?i a?ae?ioiaii? /anoeie iieaeoe; – aaeni?aoe?eiee iioaioe?ae. Oai??y ia?aaeaa/a?, ui ii?e aeoeaiaaiiai aoa?eey caeiyo? aee?eueieie a?oiaie iieaeoe IA?, a a?ae?io?euei? a?oie ?icoaoiaothoueny o “oei/aniaiio” iieiaeaii? i?e aee?euei?e /anoei?. Ia’?i aaeni?aoe?eiiai i?inoi?o aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi W=aV, aea a – /enei iie?a aaeni?aiaaii? ?a/iaeie. Ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui iieaeoea IA? a aaeni?aoe?ei?e oac? aia?aaoe/ii ?aeaioe/ia iieaeoe? o i?oeaey?i?e oac?. Oiio aaeni?aoe?eiee iioaioe?ae caaea?oueny oi?ioeith: wmetafile8? ??¤??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????`A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy????????&??MathType?? ???u?????????"????-?????°????°aea: R – aaciaa noaea; N? – ??aiiaaaeia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy; NEEI – e?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy. Ca?aeii c iioaioe?aeueiith oai???th, aaeni?aoe?th IA? ia aoa?ee? iiaeia iienaoe ??aiyiiyi: wmetafile8? ??Iaea?aeai? aeai? i?i aaeni?aoe?th ia?iiieo IA? ia aeoeaiaaiiio aoa?ee? AA-3 nei?aaiaai? ca?aeii c caeaaei?noth (8). Oa?aeoa?enoe/i? e?ea? aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? ia aeoeaiaaiiio aoa?ee? AA-3 ci?uai? iaeia a?aeiinii ae?oai?, oiae?, ye ca?aeii c oai???th an? ?cioa?ie aaeni?aoe??, iiaoaeiaai? ye lnW = f(E/V), iienothoueny iaei??th oa?aeoa?enoe/iith e?eaith, cie?aia, o aeiaaeeo aaeni?aoe?? ai?iiieo IA? ia aeoeaiaaiiio aoa?ee?. I?e ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? IA eaiie o iiey?i?e /anoei? iieaeoe aaeni?aoe?eiee iioaioe?ae c?inoa?, a e?i?oiaaiee ia’?i aaeni?aoe?eiiai i?inoi?o ciaioo?oueny. Aeaa?ae?aoaoe?y iiey?ii? /anoeie a ?acoeueoao? i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e a ae?aiacii? 18 – 55iN i?eaiaeeoue aei iacia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy aaeni?aoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo aeey OO-45 ? OO-100, oiae? ye aeey OO-305 eiai aaee/eia aeaui ciaioo?oueny. A?aeiii, ui aeiaaee ieneaoeeueiee eaioetha, ye o OO-305, cai?iaiee a eeoaie. Oiio /anoeia iaoeeaiiaeo a?oi, ye? ? neeaaeiaeie a?ae?io?eueiiai eaioethaa, aiane?aeie iaaeinooiiino? aeey aaeni?aoe?eieo aca?iiae?e, ia iiaea aaeni?aoaaoenue a?ae?ioiaieie ni?aaioaie. Ioaea, aiae?c aieeao oaiia?aoo?e ia aaeni?aoe?th ia?iiieo IA? iiaea aooe i?iaaaeaiee ca?aeii c iioaioe?aeueiith oai???th Iieyi?, iiaeeo?eiaaiith Aaa. Ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy i?i aoaeiao aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao Iaei??th ?c oeaio?aeueieo i?iaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?? IA? ia oaa?aeeo iiaa?oiyo ? anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeiae oa??a, ye? ooai?eeenue aiane?aeie eiioaeoo nenoaie aiaea – IA? c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii?? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia?niaeoeaia c ?yaeo i?e/ei: ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a ia ii?ooo? aeeiai?/iiai, aia?aaoe/iiai oa no?oeoo?iiai noaio oaeeo nenoai; aia?a?y iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a ni?a?ici??ia c aia?a??th caaaeueiiaaieo ?oo?a oa aeeooc??th iieaeoe. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo iiaa?oiyo ?ai?oa aoee aeei?enoai? iaoiaeeee a?aeaeooy iaeo?ii?a oa iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a (E?, A?aaeeae, ?aii?, Iaioaeueae, Iae Aea?iioo). Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oa??a i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA?, ui ooai?eeenue ia oaa?aeeo iiaa?oiyo a?ae?ioiaii? (a?ao?oiaaia naaea) oa a?ae?io?eueii? (nee?eaaaeue) i?e?iaee, iaie aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaia oa canoiniaaia iai?oaeia ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a (I?II). Iaoiae I?II, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo iaoiae?a iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??, aea? ciiao aeine?aeeoe eieeaaeuei? oa iaa?oia? ?ooe aaeni?aiaaieo iieaeoe, i???ioaoe?th iieaeoe IA? o iiaa?oiaaiio oa??. I?iaiae?ciaai? niaeo?e I?II c?aceaie nee?eaaaeth, yeee ni?aoaaa ia?iiio IA?. Oe? c?acee iaea?aeai? ca ??cieo oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy oa?o IA?. C?acie 1 iaea?aeaii a noaoe/ieo oiiaao eiioaeoo oaa?aei? oace c iaiaaeaiei ia’?iii ??aeei? oace, a c?acie 2 – a oiiaao aacia?a?aiiai i?aeaaaeaiiy ia’?io ??aeei? oace aei oaa?aei?. Aaee/eie aaeni?aoe?? IA? (o?eoii O-100) ia iaio c?aceao iaeeiaeia?. I?iaiae?ciaai? niaeo?e I?II, ye? iaea?aeai? i?ae ??cieie eooaie. Aiie iathoue aiaeia?/iee aeaeyae. Ine?eueee ia?aoei ?icn?yiiy ia aoii? aiaeith ia ii?yaeie aeuee, i?ae ia eeni? oa aoaeaoeaa?, niaeo?e I?II cana?ae/othoue aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?i? ?ooe ie?aieo aoii?a aiaeith oa aeayeeo o?aaiaio?a iieaeoe, ye? i?noyoue oe? aoiie. Aiae?c niaeo??a i?iaaaeaii ia iniia? oai??? Eaiaeao. A iaeano? aia?a?e caoaeaeaiiy, a?eueoeo, i?ae 4 iaA, niaeo?e c?ace?a 1 oa 2 aeaeyaeathoue i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai. ?acii c oei, a iaeano? aia?a?e, iaioeo 4 iaA, iii?oia ??cieoey o iiaaae?ioe? niaeo??a: o niaeo?? 1 niinoa??aa?oueny i?e, ui a?aeiia?aea? aia?a?? 1=2.56 iaA, yeee a?aenooi?e a niaeo?? 2, aea a inoaiiueiio ? i?e, ui a?aeiia?aea? aia?a?? 2=1.42 iaA. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y i?e?a ca?aeii c oai???th i?eaiaeeoue aei aeniiae?a: i?e, yeee a?aeiia?aea? aia?a?? 2.56 iaA, cana?ae/o? eieeaaiiy a?ae?ioiaii?, a i?e, yeee a?aeiia?aea? aia?a?? 1.42 iaA - eieeaaiiy a?ae?io?eueii? /anoeie iieaeoe ia?iiii? IA? o?eoiio O-100. Oeae aeniiaie i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee ocaaaeueiaieie niaeo?aie I?II c?ace?a, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaee. ??cia i???ioaoe?y iieaeoe a aaeni?aoe?eieo oa?ao IA? a caeaaeiino? a?ae niiniao eiioaeoo ??aeei? oa oaa?aei? oac coiiaeaia i?iyaii ??cieo oei?a aca?iiae?e. Ocaaaeueiaiiy a?aeiiinoae aea? ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui o noaoe/ieo oiiaao , oiaoi o aeiaaeeo eiioaeoo oaa?aei? oace c iaiaaeaiei ia’?iii ??aeei? oace nenoai aiaea - IA?, ia?aaaaeathoue neee aaeni?aoe?eiiai ca’ycoaaiiy i?oeae, ye ie?aieo e?iaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue, aiane?aeie ?aae?caoe?? aiaeiaaeo ca’yce?a i?ae a?ae?io?eueieie a?oiaie iiaa?oi? oa ieneaoeeueiaaieie a?ae?aoiaaieie eaioethaaie, ye? ae?aiothoue i?oeaeo c on?o aie?a. Ca oiia i?iioneaiiy ?ic/eio IA? /a?ac ia?ooiio oaa?aeo oaco iaea?eueo eiia??iei ? i?iya aaoieaoae?oe/iiai i?ioeano a?ae?ioiaii? eiaaoeyoe??. Aeecuee? aca?iiae?? cae?enith?oueny caaaeyee a?ae?ioiaiei ae?eyieai iieaeoe oa iaa?ae?aoiaaiei ae?eyieai iiaa?oi? ni?aaioo. ?ai?oa aoei iieacaii, ui oa?aeoa? eiioaeoo ?ic/eio IA? ?c oaa?aeith oacith aieeaa? ia aoaeiao aaeni?aoe?eiiai oa?o IA? ca aeiiiiiaith " iai?yiiai" iaoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy ( E?aoiaa I.A., Noii A.Ae., Aeieaeeeiaa A.Ae.). Ca iaoiaeii iaeo?iiii? aeiaaaeaii, ui ia i???ioaoe?th iieaeoe IA? a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ia oaa?aeiio ni?aaio? aieeaathoue oiiae eiai oi?ioaaiiy. Aia?oa canoiniaaia iaeo?iiia niaeo?ineii?y aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oa??a IA?, ye? ooai?eeenue aiane?aeie eiioaeoo a?ao?oiaaii? naae? (AN) c aiaeiei ?ic/eiii IA?. C?acie 1 iaea?aeaiee oaeei /eiii, uia aaeni?aoe?eiee oa? ooai?eany i?e ??aiiaaaei?e eiioeaio?aoe?? 0.25 EEI. C?acee 2 oa 3 iaea?aeai? i?ney eiioaeoo c ?ic/eiii, yeee caaacia/o? ??aiiaaaeio eiioeaio?aoe?th, ui aei??aith? EEI. Aaee/eie aaeni?aoe?? ia iaio c?aceao iaeiaeia?. A?aeae?eaiiy ?ic/ei?a a?ae oaa?aei? oace aeey c?aceo 2 i?iaaaeaii oaeaeei, a aeey c?aceo 3 – iia?eueii. C?acie 4 – AN, yea aoea a eiioaeo? c aiaeith, a iio?i – aenooaia. C?acie 5 – AN. Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo niaeo??a ca?aeii c oai???th aeaa ciiao c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee. Niaeo?e c?ace?a 1 ? 3 iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei i?aeiyooy neiaaoii niaeo?o cae/aeii? aiaee. I?e i?e 19 iaA a niaeo?? 1 a?aeiia?aea? caaaeueiiaaiei o?aineyoe?eiei ?ooai a?eueii? aiaee, ui aeaco? ia iayai?noue a?eueii? aiaee o nenoai?. A?aeiii, ui i?ee a iaeano? 50-80 iaA iia’ycai? ?c caaaeueiiaaieie eieeaaiiyie iieaeoe aiaee a?aeiinii aeecueeiai ioi/aiiy. Iayai?noue i?e?a o oe?e iaeano? a niaeo?? c?aceo 1 aeaiiino?o? ?nioaaiiy ca’ycaii? aiaee a iueiio. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y i?e?a i?e 1.42 oa 2.56 iaA aeaea ciiao aeiaanoe, ui i?e eiioaeo? c ?ic/eiii ia?iiii? IA?, eiioeaio?aoe?y yeiai iaioa, i?ae EEI, iiaa?oiaaee oa? ia naae? i?aaenoaaey? niaith iieaeoee IA?, iaiiey?ia /anoeia yeeo o?eniaaia, a iiey?ia eieeaa?oueny iaaeiei oeaio?o ??aiiaaae. Oa? i?noeoue iieaeoee a?eueii? aiaee. Aeaeyae niaeo?o c?acea 2 na?ae/eoue, ui ia iiaa?oi? c?acea 2 ii?yae ?c eieeaaiiyi a?ae?io?eueieo /anoei niinoa??aa?oueny oaeiae eieeaaiiy a?ae?ioiaieo /anoei iieaeoe IA?. Oea ia aeeeth/a? iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy anioe?ao?a IA? ia iiaa?oi? ni?aaioo. Niaeo? 3 na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aaaaei? eieeaaiiy a?ae?io?eueieo /anoei iieaeoe IA?. Anioe?aoe?y OO-100 ia iiaa?oi? oeueiai c?aceo, yea aoea a aiaeia?/iith anioe?aoe?? o ?ic/ei?, iaa?yae /e ia? i?noea. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oaeiae ? niaeo?e i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a. C?acie 3 i?noeoue a?eueoa ca’ycaii? aiaee, i?ae c?acie 2, ui, coiiaeaii a?eueoith a?ae?aoaoe??th ieneaoeeueieo a?oi a?eueieo iieaeoe IA? ii??aiyii c anioe?eiaaieie. Ia iaoo aeoieo, ??ciee noai iieaeoe IA? i?e iaeeiaeiaeo aaee/eiao aaeni?aoe?? ia iiaa?oi? iiynith?oueny /ooeea?noth anioe?aoeaieo ooai?aiue, coiiaeaieo a?ae?ioiaieie aca?iiae?yie, aei a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oaeoi?o. Aeiaeaoeiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y noiniaii noaio iieaeoe aiaee o iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? aoea iaea?aeaia c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaieo i?i i?oaeia ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a (I?II). Niaeo?e cana?ae/othoue, ui c?acee 1 oa 3 i?noyoue cia/ii a?eueoa ca’ycaii? aiaee, i?ae c?acie 2. Iayai?noue ca’ycaii? aiaee o c?aceao 1–3 coiiaeaia a?ae?aoaoe??th iiey?ieo /anoei iieaeoe IA?. Niaeo?e c?ace?a 4 oa 5 i?aeoe/ii ?aeaioe/i?. Oea aeaco? ia oa, ui iiaa?oiy AN o a?aenooiino? IA? ia cii/o?oueny, ca aeiyoeii iacia/ii? e?eueeino? ca’ycaii? aiaee. Iayai?noue ca’ycaii? aiaee o c?aceao 1–3 coiiaeaia a?ae?aoaoe??th iiey?ieo /anoei iieaeoe IA?. Oe?eaai, ui caieiaeaiee oa aenooaiee c?acie naae? 4 iaeaea ia i?noeoue a?eueii? aiaee. A ?acoeueoao? ae eiioaeoo naae? c aiaeiei ?ic/eiii, eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? a yeiio iecueea, ia iiaa?oi? naae? iii?oia iayai?noue a?eueii? aiaee, i?i ui na?ae/eoue i?e c aia?a??th 19 iaA o niaeo?? c?aceo 1. C?inoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeoe/iiai onoiaiiy a?eueii? aiaee c iiaa?oi? naae?. Naia iayai?noue IA? o nenoai? coiiaeth? aea??eiao aaeni?aoe?th iieaeoe aiaee ia iiaa?oi? naae?. Ca iaoiaeii iai?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aeiaaaeaii, ui iieaeoee ia?iiii? IA? a aaeni?aiaaiiio noai? iaio a?ae?aoiaai?, i?ae o iieaeoey?iiio. Oeei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii i?eiouaiiy, c?iaeaia ia iniia? oa?aeoa?enoee oa?iiaeeiai?ee aaeni?aoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith II?I oa I?II c?aceaie AN i?ney eiioaeoo c nenoaiith aiaea – IA? iieacaee, ui i?e aaeni?aoe?? IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a, eiioeaio?aoe?y yeeo iaioa EEI, iiaa?oiaaee oa? i?noeoue iieaeoee IA?, cao?eniaai? ia iiaa?oi? a?ae?ioiaiith /anoeiith, a?eueio aiaeo oa a?ae?io?euei? /anoeie iieaeoe, ye? eieeaathoueny ?acii c? ca’ycaiith aiaeith. I?e aaeni?aoe?? ?c ?ic/ei?a, eiioeaio?aoe?y eio?eo ia?aaeuo? EEI, iiaeeeaa iayai?noue anioe?ao?a IA?, noai yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae niiniao a?aeae?eaiiy ??aiiaaaeiiai ?ic/eio a?ae c?acea. Iiia?aaei? iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeacaee ia aenieo aaeni?aoe?eio caeaoi?noue a?ae?io?eueieo ni?aaio?a oeio nee?eaaaeae uiaei aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? ?c ?o aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo ?ic/ei?a. Iaie aeine?aeaeai? oa?e, ooai?ai? i?ney eiioaeoo nenoaie aiaea – ia?iiia IA?(OO) c nee?eaaaeai ia?ee ENE iaoiaeii 2I-ssI?-niaeo?ineii??. ssae?a 2I neoaeeee ciiaeii anoaiiaeaiiy oii?yaeeoaaiiy iieaeoe aiaee. Aeae niaeo??a 2I-ssI? ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo oac OO na?ae/eoue i?i /ooeea?noue iaoiaeo aei ai?cio?iiii? i???ioaoe?? iieaeoe aiaee, yea i?iyaey?oueny o ?icuaieaii? e?i?? ?aciiaino o aeaeyae? iaee?anueeiai aeoaeaoo. A ?cio?iii?e oac? ?noeiieo aai i?oeaey?ieo ?ic/ei?a OO e?i?y ?aciiaino ia? aaonn?anueeo oi?io iaeeii/ii? neiaeaoii? e?i??, yea coiiaeaia ona?aaeiaiiyi eaaae?oiieueieo aca?iiae?e yae?a 2I a ?acoeueoao? oaeaeeiai ia?ai???ioaoe?eiiai ?ooo. Aiae?c niaeo??a ssI? nee?eaaaeth, nenoai aiaea - ia?iiia IA? aei oa i?ney eiioaeoo ?c nee?eaaaeai, aea? ciiao c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee. I?e iiaeeiaii? ia?iiii? IA? ?c i?oeaey?ieo ?cio?iiieo ?ic/ei?a a noaoe/ieo oiiaao ia iiaa?oi? nee?eaaaeth a?aeaoaa?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y iieaeoe IA? a ai?cio?iii? ooai?aiiy ??aeeie?enoae?/ii? i?e?iaee. Iiaa?oiaaee oa?, yeee ooai?eany ia nee?eaaae? a ?acoeueoao? eiioaeoo ?c nenoaiith aiaea – ia?iiia IA? ( eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? ia 3 ii?yaeee ia?aaeuo? EEI) i?aaenoaaey? niaith ??aeeie?enoae?/io no?oeoo?o aaenaaiiaeueiiai oa eaiaey?iiai oei?a. Ciaioaiiy iieaeoey?ii? ?ooeeaino? o iacioa?? ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith ni?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? aiane?aeie aeaeuei?o aca?iiae?e i?ae oa?aie. ??aeeie?enoae?/ia no?oeoo?a ia?iiieo IA? ia nee?eaaae? a?ae??ciy?oueny u?euei?noth oiaeiaee aeiiai?a, coiiaeaii? ca’yceii c /anoeiith a?ae?aoii? aiaee. Oea aea? i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe, ui ni?aoe?y ia?iiieo IA? ia a?ae?io?eueiiio ni?aaio? ia iaiaaeo?oueny iiiioa?ii, a aiane?aeie ooai?aiiy ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo? aeinyaa? aaeeeeo cia/aiue. Iaie aoei iieacaii, ui a?ae?ioiai? aoaeaoeaa? ni?aaioe iathoue a?eueoo aaeni?aoe?eio caeaoi?noue uiaei ia?iiieo IA? ?c ?ic/ei?a, eiioeaio?aoe?y yeeo ia ia?aaeuo? EEI ii??aiyii c a?ae?io?eueieie ni?aaioaie oeio nee?eaaaeth. I?ioa a?ae?io?euei? ni?aaioe i?iyaeythoue a?eueo aenieo aaeni?aoe?eio caeaoi?noue uiaei aeeo/aiiy ia?iiieo IA? ?c ?ic/ei?a, eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? a yeeo ia?aaeuo? EEI, aiane?aeie ooai?aiiy ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo?. Ni?aaio, yeee iaa ae aenieo aaeni?aoe?eio caeaoi?noue uiaei IA? o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e iiaeiai iaoe “iica?/io” no?oeoo?o, oiaoi ia eiai iiaa?oi? iiaeii? aooe /?oei ae?aaeai? a?ae?ioiai? oa a?ae?io?euei? ae?eyiee. Ia?o? caaacia/oaaee a aenieo ni?aoe?eio caeaoi?noue ia ii/aoeiaeo ae?eyieao ?cioa?i aaeni?aoe?? aiane?aeie aeenia?n?eieo aca?iiae?e, a ae?oa? – ooai?aiiy ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo?. Oaeei oiiaai iiaeii? caaeiaieueiyoe aoaeaoeaaiai?ni? ni?aaioe ia iniia? nee?eaaaeth (AAN), ?ic?iaeai? o IAe?O?ioaoiieia?? i. N?aa?iaeiiaoeueea. Aiie yaeythoue niaith nee?eaaaeue ?c iaianaiei oa?ii i??iaoaeaoeth. Ia?aaaae oeeo ni?aaio?a ii??aiyii c aoa?eueieie iieyaathoue oaeiae o oiio, ui aiie, caaaeyee nee?eaaaeaa?e iao?eoe?, a?eueo i?oei?, i?ae aoaeaoeaa? ni?aaioe. Iiaeia ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui ci?ia o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee ni?aaioa iiaeiia iaoiiaeoe ci?io noaio iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a, ooai?aiieo aiane?aeie eiioaeoo AAN ?c nenoaiith – aiaea ia?iiia IA? (o?eoii O-100). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa??a, ye? ooai?eeenue i?e iiaeeiaii? ia?iiii? IA? ia AAN, iaoiaeii ssI?-niaeo?ineii?? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiyie ca aeiiiiiaith AI?-niaeo?neii??. sse ciiaee aeei?enoai? OAIII oa 3-aeieneeoieanoai. C?iaeai? oae? aeniiaee. Iiaa?oiaaee oa?, yeee ooai?eany i?e iiaeeiaii? IA? ?c aenieieiioeaio?iaaiiai ?ic/eio ia AAN ? oacith, yea iiae?aia aei aaenaaiiaeueii? oa ?cio?iiii?. Oea ia aeeeth/a? iiaeeeaino? ?nioaaiiy ia AAN i?oeaey?ieo aa?aaao?a. Ia a?aei?io a?ae noaio IA? ia nee?eaaae?, iiaa?oiaaee oa? ia?iiii? IA? ia AAN oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaeineiiaeith no?oeoo?ith. Ii?ooaiiy aeaeueiueiai ii?yaeeo o ?icoaooaaii? ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo aeiiai?a coiiaeaia iayai?noth a?ae?ioiaieo ae?eyiie ia iiaa?oi? AAN. A?ae?io?euei? ae?eyiee iiaa?oi? AAN ni?eythoue i???ioaoe?? aeeaei?o oa??a IA?. Aaoa?iaaii?noue iiaa?oi? AAN ca aaee/eiaie a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e c iieaeoeaie ni?aaoo na?ae/aoue i?i /a?aoaaiiy a?ae?ioiaieo oa a?ae?io?eueieo ae?eyiie, ui iaoiiaeth? i???iooth/o ae?th ia aeecuee? aaeni?aoe?ei? oa?e oa ?aiaeii?caoe?th aeaeuei?o iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a. Ioaea, iaea?aeaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy uiaei ooai?aiiy ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo? i?aai?/ieie iieaeoeaie ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao ia i?eeeaae? iiaeeiaiiy i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia?iiiiai oeio. Iieacaia ??ciiiai?oi?noue no?oeoo?, ooai?aieo a ?acoeueoao? eiioaeoo nenoai aiaea - IA? c oaa?aeeie ni?aaioaie. Ocaaaeueiaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue i?aenoaae noi?ioethaaoe aeiiae aei ni?aaio?a aeey aeeo/aiiy ia?iiieo IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e: yeui eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? o ?ic/ei? iaioa, i?ae EEI, ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe aoaeaoeaa? ni?aaioe; yeui eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? o ?ic/ei? aeecueea aei EEI oa aeua, iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?ae?io?euei? ni?aaioe oeio nee?eaaaeth oa ni?aaioe, ui iathoue ae?eyiee a?ae?io?eueii? oa a?ae?ioiaii? i?e?iaee; yeui ?ic/eie IA? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ci?iiith eiioeaio?aoe??th, ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe ni?aaioe "iica?/ii?" i?e?iaee, oiaoi o?, ye? iathoue ae?eyiee a?ae?io?eueii? oa a?ae?ioiaii? i?e?iaee oeio AAN. Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao IA? oa aieeao ia iueiai oaa?aeeo ni?aaio?a, a oaeiae aeai? c aaeni?aoe?? IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao aeathoue ciiao c?iaeoe i?eiouaiiy, ui ci?ie aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae ae??th eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea - IA? - oaa?aeee ni?aaio aieeaathoue ia ia?aa?a aaeni?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a. ?nio? ii?iaiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y, ieua yei? aaeni?aoe?y ia?iiieo IA? ia a?ae?io?eueieo ni?aaioao ia niinoa??aa?oueny. Eiie?aoii oaea eiioeaio?aoe?y noaiiaeoue 0.25 EEI i?e aaeni?aoe?? o?eoiio O-100 ia nee?eaaae? ENE. Naia i?e oe?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ii/eiathoue noai?thaaoenue oiiae aeey i?iyao a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? OO-100, ye aoei a?aei?/aii ?ai?oa c aeaieo eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith iai?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aaeni?aoe?? OO-100 ia nee?eaaae? a noaoe/ieo oiiaao iiey?ia /anoeia iieaeoe IA? o?eno?oueny ia iiaa?oi?, a a?ae?ioiaia a?aeoeeaia. Oaeei /eiii i?enooi?noue a?ae?io?eueiiai ni?aaioo o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? IA? i?iiioo? ii/aoie i?oeaeiooai?aiiy o iueiio. Ae?enii, ?iaioaie Ia?o?ea N. oa ?io. aeiaaaeaii, ui aaeni?aoe?y ia?iiieo IA? ia a?ae?io?eueieo ni?aaioao a?aeaoaa?oueny eeoa oeyoii aaeni?aoe?? anioe?ao?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith iai?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e aaeni?aoe?? OO-100 ia aoaeaoeaaiio ni?aaio? iieaeoea IA? o?eno?oueny ia iiaa?oi? a?ae?ioiaiith /anoeiith. Eiioaeo aiaeiiai ?ic/eio OO-100 ?c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii iineeth? oaiaeaioe?th aei i?iyao a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e, ye anoaiiaeaii ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee ca iaoiaeii eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a. Oaeei /eiii, aoaeaoeaaee ni?aaio o ?ic/ei? IA? nai ? oeaio?ii i?iyao a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e. Oiio ia ?nio? ii?iaiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? aeey aaeni?aoe?? IA? ia aoaeaoeaaeo ni?aaioao ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a. ?ai?oa aoee a?aeii? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia aoaeiao aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a i?e aaeni?aoe?? IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao: i?e?iaea IA? ? ni?aaioo, ?o eiioeaio?aoe?y, ui ae?aaeaeinue o ni?aa?aeiioaii? i?ae noaiaea?oiei ciaioaiiyi a?eueii? aia?a?? aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ia'?iii oaa?aei? oa ??aeei? oace. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee ciiao aeyaeoe ua oae? /eiieee: ci?ia aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie; oiiae oi?ioaaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o IA?, oiaoi eiioaeo oaa?aei? oace c ?ic/eiii IA? a oiiaao o?eueo?oaaiiy ?ic/eio /a?ac ia?ooiiee oa? ni?aaioo aai eiioaeo oaa?aei? oa ??aeei? oac o noaoe/ieo oiiaao. ?acoeueoaoii aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ? noi?ioeueiaaiee iaoeiaee iai?yiie - ?icaeoie oyaeaiue noiniaii eiei?aeieo yaeu o nenoaiao ia iniia? aiae?co ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a eiei?aeieo nenoai. AENIIAEE 1. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu a aaeni?aoe?eieo nenoaiao aiaea - IA? - oaa?aeee ni?aaio ia iniia? aiae?co ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae ae??th eiiiiiaio?a eiei?aeieo nenoai. Oeae i?aeo?ae oa canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiae?a aiae?co aeaei ciiao ?icaeoe oyaeaiiy noiniaii noaio oa iane?aee?a aca?iiae?? ??aeei? oa oaa?aei? oac nenoai aiaea - IA? - oaa?aeee ni?aaio. Ia i?aenoaa? iiaeo oyaeaiue ia iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iiio ??ai? ?ioa?i?aoiaai? yaeua aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy. 2. Aeyaeaii, ui iane?aeeii eiioaeoo aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a ia?iiii? IA? ?c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii ? nooo?aee ia?a?iciiae?e aiane?a a aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee, a naia: ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ? ca?eueoaiiy aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee. Anoaiiaeaia yaeua aea? ciiao ia?aaeaa/aoe oa ?aaoethaaoe ai?no a?eueii? oa ca’ycaii? aiaee a eiei?aeieo nenoaiao. 3. E?euee?nii ioe?iaiee aieea ia?iiieo oa eao?iiieo IA? ia iaoai?cie o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee ca iaoiaeii eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a. Iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee o ?ic/eiao IA? a?aeiia?aea? iiaeae? Ineionueeiai-?aaiiaa. E?euee?nii ioe?iaia ?ieue no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a iieaeoe eao?iiieo IA? a ci?i? iaoai?ci?a o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee. 4. Cai?iiiiiaai?: -aii??e/i? ??aiyiiy, ye? aaeaeaaoii iienothoue aenia?eiaioaeuei? eiioeaio?aoe?ei? caeaaeiino? aieeao aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a a aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao ia?iiieo oa eao?iiieo IA?; -aii??e/i? ??aiyiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe aieea oaa?aeeo ni?aaio?a ia aianie aacia?a?aiiai iaoai?cio a caaaeueiee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee o i?enooiino? IA? ? ia ci?io e?eoe/ii? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy. Oe? ??aiyiiy aeathoue ciiao ciaioeoe aeo?aoe IA? a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao, ui aacothoueny ia aeei?enoaii? i?oeaeiooai?thth/i? caeaoiino? aeaoa?aaio?a, a oaeiae aoaeooue ei?eni? i?e iioei?caoe?? neeaaeo eiiiiiaio?a aeey iaea?aeaiiy no?eeeo aeenia?n?e. 5. Aaeaiooaaiiy iaoiaeo iai?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao aeaei ciiao anoaiiaeoe niaoeeo?eo aoaeiae oeeo oa??a: aeiaaaeaii, ui oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? oaa?aei? oa ??aeei? oac aaeni?aoe?eieo nenoai a ??aiiaaaeieo oa ia??aiiaaaeieo oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy oa?o coiiaeth? ??cio i???ioaoe?th iieaeoe IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao a?ae?io?eueii? i?e?iaee i?e ??aieo aaee/eiao aaeni?aoe?? IA?. 6. ?icaeiai? oyaeaiiy uiaei ooai?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia oaa?ae?e iiaa?oi? o aeaeyae? ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo?. Iieacaii, ui aiane?aeie iiaeeiaiiy ia?iiii? IA? ?c aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo ?ic/ei?a ia oaa?aeiio ni?aaio? a?ae?io?eueii? i?e?iaee iiaa?oiaaee oa? oi?io?oueny o aeaeyae? oaeeo no?oeoo? eaiaey?iiai oa aaenaaiiaeueiiai oei?a. Iayai?noue aoaeaoeaaeo ae?eyiie ia iiaa?oi? nee?eaaaeth i?eaiaeeoue aei i???iooth/i? ae?? ia aeecuee? oa?e oa ?aiaeii?caoe?? (?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy) aeaeuei?o. 7. Aeyaeaii aieea i?e?iaee ni?aaio?a ia aaeni?aoe?th IA?. Iayai?noue aoaeaoeaaeo ae?eyiie ? ae?eyiie a?ae?io?eueii? i?e?iaee ia iiaa?oi? ni?aaio?a ni?ey? aenie?e aea??eia?e caeaoiino? noiniaii aeeo/aiiy IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e. Noi?ioeueiaai? aeiiae aei ni?aaio?a aeey aeeo/aiiy IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a. 8. Ocaaaeueiai? oaeoi?e, ye? coiiaeththoue aoaeiao aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao. Aeyaeaii, ui aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii ? ci?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii ia?iiieo oa ?iiieo IA? a aaeni?aoe?eieo nenoaiao. 9. Ca iaoiaeii iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a ioe?iai? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oeaey?ieo ?ic/ei?a ia?iiieo oa eao?iiieo IA?; oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? i?ae i?oeaeaie, aieeao ia ieo eiioeaio?aoe??, aeaeo?ie?oo, oaiia?aoo?e; ioe?iaiee iiaa?oiaaee iaoya i?oeae eao?iiii? IA? o?eaeaoeeei??eae?i?e a?ii?aeo, yeee i?e oaiia?aoo?? a?ae 25 aei 600N neeaaea? (4-6) iI/i. Oe? cia/aiiy ocaiaeaeothoueny c oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaieie. I?enooi?noue naae? o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? IA? i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae i?oeae i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? iaio?e i?ae EEI. Iiaeaethaaiiy aeenia?n?e a?ao?oiaaii? naae? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao IA? aeaei ciiao ioe?ieoe ?ici??e eiiiiiaio?a aeenia?n?e naae?. 10. Cai?iiiiiaaia a?iioaca, yea iiynith? ??cieoeth a cia/aiiyo e?eoe/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e i?oeaeiooai?aiiy ia?iiieo oa ?iiieo IA? iaeaea ia ii?yaeie ia iniia? aea?aii? iiaeae? iaoai?ci?a o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a o ??aeeiao c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae eieaeoeaieie oa iaeii/anoeiaeie ?ooaie iieaeoe aiaee . Aaey/i?noue. Aaoi? ?iaioe aeneiaeth? aaey/i?noue /e.-ei?. IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?o o?ceei- iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?o Eaii?aeo Aiaoie?eiae/o Aoeaa?io ca eiinoeueoaoeaio aeiiiiiao i?e ?iaio? iaae aeena?oaoe??th. INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENNA?OAOe?? IAAe?OEIAAI? A ?IAIOAO: 1. Ea?iaceia O.A. Iaeo?iiiay niaeo?ineiiey aeey enneaaeiaaiey ieoeaeeiia?acothueo IAA, aaeni?ae?iaaiiuo ia oaa?aeuo iiaa?oiinoyo ec aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia (iaci?) // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. – 1997. – o. 19, ?4. – N.350-364. 2. Eeeiaiei I.A., Ea?iaceia O.A., ss?ioaiei I.A., Aa?oieoeeee A.A., A?yiiaa AE.I. Ioeaiea iiey?iuo iauaiia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo aauanoa ec ecia?aiee iiaa?oiinoiiai iaoyaeaiey eo ?anoai?ia / / Eieeieae. ae. – 1984.- o. 46, ?6. – N. 1112-1116. 3. Ii?a?o A.I., Ia/a?aiei O.Ae., Eiaeeeineay E.E., Ea?iaceia O.A. Aaeni?aoeey ieneyoeee?iaaiiuo iaeiiiuo IAA e aa aeeyiea ia noaaeeueiinoue aiaeiuo aeenia?nee a?aoeoa // Eieeieae. ae. – 1984. – o. 46, ?6. – N. 1148-1154. 4. Eeeiaiei I.A., Oeiioaiei I.I., Iai/aiei I.I., Io?aaueaa A.?., Ea?iaceia O.A. I/enoea noi/iuo aiae e?aneeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa o?eeioaaeiie oaa?eee / Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. – 1985. – o. 7, ?4. – N.61-63. 5. Eeeiaiei I.A., Ea?iaceia O.A. Ni?aoeey ieneyoeee?iaaiiuo ieoeeoaiieia ia neeeeaaaea ec aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia // Aeiee. AI ONN?, na?.A. – 1986. – ?2. – C.40-43. 6. Eeeiaiei I.A., Ea?iaceia O.A. Aeaoonoaaeeeiay ni?aoeeiiiay i/enoea i?iiuoeaiiuo noi/iuo aiae io iaeiiiuo IAA // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. – 1987. – o. 9, ?2. – N.137-139. 7. I?eiea?a A.I., Oeyeia I.I., Eeeiaiei I.A., Ea?iac?ia O.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iaoiaeii 2I-ssI?-niaeo?ineii?? noaio oa?o o?eoiia O-100, ni?aiaaiiai ?c aenieieiioeaio?iaaiiiai ?ic/eio ia nee?eaaae? // Aeii. AI O?N?, na?.A. – 1988. – ?11. – N.52-54. 8. Aeeeei I.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Aeaenaaaa I.I., Ea?iaceia O.A. No?oeoo?ii-ni?aoeeiiiua naienoaa eneonnoaaiiuo oaea?iaeniaea?aeaueo ni?aaioia // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. – 1990. – o. 12, ?10. – N.928-930. 9. Ea?iaceia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Neenaiei A.E., Eaaieoeeee I.A., Aaneeueeaae/ AA., E?ioaiei A.O., Iaeno?aiei A.I. I?eiaiaiea iaoi?oaiai ?annayiey iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia aeey enneaaeiaaiey neeeeaaaey iinea eiioaeoa n ?anoai?ii IAA // Eieeieae. ae. – 1991. – o.53, ?2. – N.356-360. 10. Ea?iaceia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Neenaiei A.E., Eaaieoeeee I.A., Aaneeueeaae/ A.A., E?ioaiei A.O., Iaeno?aiei A.I. Enneaaeiaaiea a?aoeoe?iaaiiie naaee iinea eiioaeoa n aiaeiui ?anoai?ii IAA iaoiaeii ?annayiey iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu . – 1991. – o. 13, ?8. – N.678-681. 11. Ea?iaceia O.A., Ieeieaaa A.I., Eeeiaiei I.A., Oi?iiia Ae.E. Ninoiyiea o?eoiia O-100 ia iiaa?oiinoe eneonnoaaiiiai oaea?iaeniaea?aeauaai ni?aaioa // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. – 1991. – o. 13, ?10. – N. 900-903. 12. Neenaiei A.E., Eaaieoeeee I.A., Ea?iaceia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., E?ioaiei A.O., Aaneeueeaae/ A.A., Iaeno?aiei A.I. Eaaceoi?oaia ?annayiea iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia ia o?eoiia O-100 e aai aiaeiuo ?anoai?ao // Oe?. oei. ae. – 1993. – o. 59, ?6. – 563-567.. 13. Eeeiaiei I.A., Ei/eiaeai I.Ae., Ea?iaceia O.A. Aeeyiea annioeeaoeee ia acaeiiaeaenoaea a aaeni?aoeeiiiii neia i?e aaeni?aoeee iaeiiiuo e aieiiiuo IAA ia iaii?enouo oaea?iaeiuo ni?aaioao // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. – 1994. – o. 16, ?57. – N.536-541. 14. Aoeaaei E.A., Aa?aion A.I., Ea?iaceia O.A., Ooaiueei N.I. Ieoeaeey?iua ?anoai?u o?eoiia O-100. Aeaiiua iaeioaeiaiai ?annayiey iaeo?iiia // Eieeieae. ae. – 1995. – o. 57, ?6. – N.902-905. 15. Aoeaaei E.A., Aa?aion A.I., Ea?iaceia O.A. Enneaaeiaaiea ieoeaeey?iuo ?anoai?ia iaeiiiuo IAA iaoiaeii iaeioaeiaiai ?annayiey iaeo?iiia // Oe?. oei. ae. – 1995. – o. 61, ? 11. – N.18-22. 16. Ea?iaceia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Neenaiei A.E. Ie?iithe A.A. Ninoiyiea nenoaiu aiaea - iaeiiiia IAA iinea aaeni?aoeee ia aeae?ioeeueiii ni?aaioa // Oe?. oei. ae. – 1995. – o. 61, ?4, – N.15-20. 17. Aoeaaei E.A., Ea?iaceia O.A., Neenaiei A.E.,Eeeiaiei I.A., Ie?iithe A.A. Eaaceoi?oaia ?annayiea iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia ?anoai?aie eaoeiiiuo IAA // Eieeieae. ae. - 1996. – o. 58, ?4. – N.449-453. 18. Ei/eiaeai I.Ae., Eeeiaiei I.A., Ea?iaceia O.A. Oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aaeni?aoeee iaeiiiuo iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo aauanoa ia aoeaoeeaiiaie naaea e aeoeaiii oaea // Eieeieae. ae. – 1996. – o. 58, ? 3. – N.347-352. 19. Ei/eiaeai I.Ae., Ea?iac?ia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A. Aeei?enoaiiy ooo/ieo aoaeaoeaaiai?nieo ni?aaio?a aeey aaeni?aoe?eii? aeii/enoee a?ieia?/ii i/euaiieo no?/ieo aiae // O?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie. – 1996. – ? 1. – N.59-60. 20. Ea?iaceia O.A. Naiiaeeooocey iieaeoe aiaeu a ?anoai?ao ieoeaeeiia?acothueo iiaa?oiinoii - aeoeaiuo aauanoa // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. – 1997. – o. 19, ? 1. – N.53-60. 21. Aoeaaei E.A., Aa?aion A.I., Ea?iaceia O.A., Aaaeaaa I.A. No?iaiea ieoeaeey?iuo aa?aaaoia iaeiiiuo iiaa?oiinoii - aeoeaiuo aauanoa a aiaeii-nieaauo ?anoai?ao ii aeaiiui iaeioaeiaiai ?annayiey iaeo?iiia // Eieeieae.ae.–1997.– o. 59, ?1. – N.18-23. 22. Ea?iaceia O.A. Aeeiaie/aneia ninoiyiea aiaeu e aaeni?aoeey IAA a nenoaiao aiaea – IAA – oaa?aeue ni?aaio // Oai?ao. e yenia?. oeiey. – 1998. – o. 34, ? 1. – N. 19-22. 23. Ea?iac?ia O.A. O?aineyoe?eia ?ooii?noue iieaeoe aiaee o i?enooiino? iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei oa oaa?aeeo ni?aaio?a // Aeii. IAI Oe?a?ie. – 1998. – ? 3. – N.91-96. 24. Aioiithe I.A., Ea?iaceia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Ei/eiaeai I.Ae., Oaeaeaiei I.A. Enneaaeiaaiea aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaiaiey iiaiai ni?aaioa a aiaeiiiaeaioiaea // Oeiey e oaoiieiaey aiaeu. - 1997. - o.19, ? 6. - N. 617 - 621. 25. Ea?iaceia O.A., Ei/eiaeai I.Ae., Salec M., Eeeiaiei I.A. Eniieueciaaiea iiaiai aeaea eneonnoaaiiuo oaea?iaeniaea?aeaueo ni?aaioia aeey ecaea/aiey i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee ec aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia / a ei.: Awarie i katastrofy. -Bialystok. - 1998.-N.179-187. 26. Neenaiei A.E., Eaaieoeeee I.A., Ea?iaceia O.A., Aaneeueeaae/ A.A., Iaeno?aiei A.I., Ie?iithe A.A. Eaaceoi?oaia ?annayiea iaeo?iiia a enneaaeiaaieyo aeeiaieee iieaeoe ?anoai?ia. E.: -1993. - 20 n.(I?ai?. AI Oe?aeiu EEssE 93-13) 27. Neenaiei A.E., Ea?iaceia O.A., Ie?iithe A.E. Niaeo?iiao?ey oaieiauo iaeo?iiia a enneaaeiaaiee aeeiaieee iieaeoe // Oeceei-oeie/aneea iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?u e aeeiaieee iieaeoey?iuo nenoai. Iaoa?eaeu A?an.niaauai., 27 ethiy-2ethey 1994, /.3.-Eioea?-Iea,1994-N.108-111. 28. Ea?iaceia O.A., Neenaiei A.E., Ie?iithe A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeiaieee iieaeoe a nenoaiao aiaea - IAA - oaa?aeua ni?aaiou n iiiiuueth eaaceoi?oaiai ?annayiey iaaeeaiiuo iiaeo?iiia - oai aea - N.128-131. 29. Ea?iaceia O.A. Eiyooeoeeaiou naiiaeeooocee iieaeoe a aiaeiuo ?anoai?ao eaoeiiiuo IAA //A ca. “Iaoa??aee ui??/ii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? IOe “?ssAe” - Ee?a.- 1996.-N.251-254. 30.Ea?iaceia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Neenaiei A.E., Eaaieoeeee I.A. ?acaeoea i?aaenoaaeaiee ia aaeneiyo, ia?aciaaiiuo i?e aaeni?aoeee IAA ec aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia ia oaa?aeuo ni?aaioao//A na. Oacenu VIII eiioa?aioeee “Iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa e nu?uea aeey eo i?iecaiaenoaa”. - Aaeai?iae: Aacaeeoea, - 1992.- N.53-54. 31. Ne?naiei A.?., Aoeaa?i E.A., Ea?iac?ia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., ?aaieoeueeee I.A., Ie?iithe A.A. Naiiaeeooc?y iieaeoe o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao o?eoiio O-100 i?ney eiioaeoo c a?ao?oiaaiith naaeath // A ca. Oace 1 Oe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe?? “no?oeoo?a ? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iaaii?yaeeiaaieo nenoai”, /.1.: Euea?a.- 1993.- N.162. 32. I?uaiei I.?., Ea?iac?ia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Aaia?a A.A., I?aiaiei I.I. Aecia/aiiy oiaueie aaeoa?o, ooai?aiiiai i?e iiaeeiaii? IA? ?c ?ic/ei?a c e?eoe/iith eiioeaio?aoe??th i?oeaeiooai?aiiy - oai aea -N.163. 33. Ea?iac?ia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Ne?naiei A.?., ?aaieoeueeee I.A., Ei?ae ?.I. Ie?iithe A.A. Aeeiai?ea iieaeoe aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a eao?iiii? IA?. -oai aea.- N.165. 34. Ea?iac?ia O.A., Aoeaa?i E.A., Ne?naiei A.?., ?aaieoeueeee I.A., Ie?iithe A.A., I?aiaiei I.I. Naiiaeeooc?y iieaeoe o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao o?eoiio O-100 i?ney eiioaeoo c nee?eaaaeai - oai aea -N.171. 35. Aoeaa?i E.A., ?aaieoeueeee I.A., Ne?naiei A.?., Ea?iac?ia O.A., Eeeiaiei I.A., Aaneeueeaae/ I.A. Naiiaeeooc?y iieaeoe aiaee o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao IA? i?ney eiioaeoo c ni?aaioii - oai aea - N.182. 36. Karmazina T.V., Yurchenko V.V., Kofanov V.I., Glikin M.A., Alekseeva N.P., Tkachuk T.M. Use of new type of artifical carbon sorbents on basis of silicagel for drinking water treatment // Proc. 1th Hungarian-Ukrainian Conf. on Carpathian Euroregion Ecology. – Uzhorod. - 1994. – P.87. 37. Karmazina T.V., Klimenko N.A., Slisenko V.I. Slow neutron scattering of adlayers formed after adsorption of surfactant from agueous solution //In Book: 35th Congerss IUPAC, Istambyl, 14-19 Aug., 1995:Sec. 1-3 - Istambyl. - 1995. - S.070. 38. Karmazina T.V. Effect of dynamic state of water - surfactant - solid systems on adsorption phenomena. // In Book of abstracts 9th International Conference on Surface and Colloid Chemistry. - Sofia. - 1997 - P.278-279. 39. Karmazina T.V., Slisenko V.I , Klimenko N.A. Effect of solid sorbents on dynamic state of water - surfactant systems // ibid. P.279. 40. Karmazina T.V., Klimenko N.A. Change in surface layer of sorbents in aqueous solutions of surfactants // Oace aeiiia?aeae 3-ai Oe?a?inueei-Iieuenueeiai neiiiceoio "Oai?aoe/ia ? aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy i?aeiiaa?oiaaeo yaeu oa ?o oaoiieia?/ia canoinoaaiiy" - Euea?a. - 1998. - N.30. Ea?iac?ia O.A. Aaeni?aoe?y IA? oa aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea - IA? - oaa?aeee ni?aaio. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?i?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 02.00.11 - eiei?aeia o?i?y. - ?inoeooo eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa o?i?? aiaee ?i. A.A. Aeoiainueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aeanoeainoae ??aeei? oa oaa?aei? oac aaeni?aoe?eieo nenoai aiaea – i?oeaeiooai?thth/a iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaia ?a/iaeia (IA?) – oaa?aeee ni?aaio ii aeaiei iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??. Cai?iiiiiaaiee oa iaa?oioiaaiee iiaee i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu o oeeo nenoaiao ia iniia? aiae?co ci?i iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee iiae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a nenoai. Aeyaeaii, ui eiioaeo aiaeiiai ?ic/eio ia?iiii? IA? ?c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii i?eaiaeeoue aei nooo?aiai ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo oa ca?eueoaiiy aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee a ?? aeeiai?/iee noai. E?euee?nii ioe?iaia ?ieue iaoai?ci?a o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee o aea/aieo nenoaiao. A oa?i?iao cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? iiyniai? yaeua aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy. Aeine?aeaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oeaey?ieo aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IA?; oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? i?ae i?oeaeaie; aieea aeaeo?ie?oo ia ieo, aeine?aeaeaii aeenia?n?? naae?, ioe?iaii iiaa?oiaaee iaoya i?oeae. Iaoiae iai?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aaeaioiaaiee aei aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia aoaeaoeaaeo ni?aaioao; aeiaaaeaii, ui aoaeiaa iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ia?iiii? IA? ia nee?eaaae? caeaaeeoue a?ae niiniao eiioaeoo ??aeei? oa oaa?aei? oac. Ocaaaeueiai? /eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia aoaeiao aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaa?oiaai-aeoeai? ?a/iaeie, aiaea, aeeiai?/iee noai, ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a, aaeni?aaio, aaeni?aoe?y. Ea?iaceia O.A. Aaeni?aoeey IAA e aeeiaie/aneia ninoiyiea iieaeoe aiaeu a nenoaiao aiaea – IAA – oaa?aeue ni?aaio. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.11 - eieeieaeiay oeiey. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?acaeoeth i?aaenoaaeaiee i ninoiyiee e iineaaenoaeyo acaeiiaeaenoaey aeeaeeie e oaa?aeie oac nenoai aiaea - IAA - oaa?aeue ni?aaio e i?ioaeathueo a ieo i?ioeannao aaeni?aoeee e ieoeaeeiia?aciaaiey. Iaoiaeieiae/aneie iniiaie ?aaiou yaeyaony i?aaeeiaeaiiue iiaeoiae e enneaaeiaaieth eieeieaeiuo yaeaiee ia iniiaa aiaeeca eciaiaiey aeeiaie/aneiai ninoiyiey iieaeoe aiaeu iiae aeeyieai IAA e oaa?aeuo ni?aaioia. Eniieueciaaiu iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey: iaoi?oaia, eaaceoi?oaia, iaeioaeiaia ?annayiea iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia; ssI?- e YI?-niaeo?ineiiey e ae?. Iaia?oaeaii yaeaiea nouanoaaiiiai ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey aeeaaeia a iieaeoey?ii-aeeiaie/aneia ninoiyiea aiaeu a ?anoai?ao iaeiiiiai IAA iiae aeeyieai oaa?aeuo ni?aaioia, a eiaiii: nouanoaaiiia oiaiueoaiea aeeaaea eieeaeoeaiuo e oaaee/aiea aeeaaea iaeii/anoe/ieo aeaeaeaiee. Onoaiiaeaiea yoiai yaeaiey i?aaenoaaeyao aiciiaeiinoue i?aaeaeaeaoue e ?aaoee?iaaoue niaea?aeaiea naycaiiie e naiaiaeiie aiaeu a eieeieaeiuo nenoaiao. I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi ?aceia oiaiueoaiea aeeaaea eieeaeoeaiuo aeaeaeaiee a nenoaiao yaeyaony iaeiei ec aniaeoia i?e/ei i?iyaeaiey onoie/eainoe aeenia?niuo nenoai. Ia iniiaa iaoiaea eaaceoi?oaiai ?annayiey iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia eiee/anoaaiii ioeaiaii aeeyiea iaeiiiuo e eaoeiiiuo IAA ia iaoaieciu o?aineyoeeiiiuo aeaeaeaiee iieaeoe aiaeu. Iaoaieci naiiaeeooocee iieaeoe aiaeu a ?anoai?ao IAA niioaaonooao iiaeaee Ineioneiai - Eaaiiaa. Eiee/anoaaiii ioeaiaii ?ieue no?oeoo?iuo yeaiaioia iieaeoe eaoeiiiuo IAA a eciaiaiea iaoaieciia o?aineyoeeiiiuo aeaeaeaiee iieaeoe aiaeu. I?aaeeiaeaiu: yiie?e/aneea o?aaiaiey, aaeaeaaoii iienuaathuea iieo/aiiua yenia?eiaioaeueii eiioeaio?aoeeiiiua caaeneiinoe aeeaaea io iaoaiecia iai?a?uaiie naiiaeeooocee iieaeoe aiaeu a iauee iaoaieci o?aineyoeeiiiuo aeaeaeaiee iieaeoe aiaeu a aiaeiuo ?anoai?ao iaeiiiuo e eaoeiiiuo IAA; yiie?e/aneea o?aaiaiey, iicaieythuea eiee/anoaaiii ioeaieoue aeeyiea oaa?aeuo ni?aaioia ia aeeaae iai?a?uaiiai iaoaiecia a iauee iaoaieci naiiaeeooocee iieaeoe aiaeu a i?enoonoaee IAA e ia eciaiaiea e?eoe/aneie eiioeaio?aoeee ieoeaeeiia?aciaaiey. Eniieueciaaiea yoeo o?aaiaiee iiaeao auoue iieaciui aeey nieaeaiey ?anoiaea IAA a oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannao, aace?othueony ia eniieueciaaiee ieoeaeeiia?acothuae niiniaiinoe aeaoa?aaioia, a oaeaea i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee iioeiaeueiiai ninoaaa eiiiiiaioia aeey iieo/aiey onoie/eauo aiaeiuo aeenia?nee ia iniiaa IAA e ni?aaioa. Aaeaioe?iaai iaoiae iaoi?oaiai ?annayiey iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia aeey enneaaeiaaiey aaeni?aoeeiiiuo neiaa ieoeaeeiia?acothueo IAA ia oaa?aeuo ni?aaioao. Yoi iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue niaoeeoeeo no?iaiey oaeeo neiaa e aeieacaoue, /oi ?acioth i?eaioaoeeth iieaeoe IAA ia oaa?aeuo ni?aaioao aeae?ioeeueiie i?e?iaeu iaoneaaeeaaao, e?iia ecaanoiuo ?aiaa oaeoi?ia, oaeaea oa?aeoa? acaeiiaeaenoaey oaa?aeie e aeeaeeie oac aaeni?aoeeiiiuo nenoai a ?aaiiaaniuo e ia?aaiiaaniuo oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey neiy i?e ?aaiuo aaee/eiao aaeni?aoeee IAA. Iaiauaiu oaeoi?u, iaoneaaeeaathuea no?iaiea aaeni?aoeeiiiuo neiaa IAA ia oaa?aeuo ni?aaioao ?acee/iie i?e?iaeu. Iaia?oaeaii, /oi iiieii ecaanoiuo ?aiaa, iaeiei ec oaeoi?ia yaeyaony niioiioaiea eieeaeoeaiuo e iaeii/anoe/iuo aeaeaeaiee iieaeoe aiaeu a nenoaia. Iieo/eee aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea i?aaenoaaeaiey i aiciiaeiinoe ia?aciaaiey iiaa?oiinoiuo neiaa i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee ia oaa?aeie iiaa?oiinoe a aeaea aeeaeeie?enoaeee/aneeo no?oeoo?. I?iaeaiiino?e?iaaii, /oi aneaaenoaea iiaeiuaiey iaeiiiiai IAA ec aunieieiioeaio?e?iaaiiuo ?anoai?ia ia oaa?aeii ni?aaioa aeae?ioeeueiie i?e?iaeu iiaa?oiinoiue neie oi?ie?oaony a aeaea oaeeo no?oeoo? eaiaeey?iiai e aaenaaiiaeueiiai oeiia. Iaee/ea oaea?iaeiuo o/anoeia ia iiaa?oiinoe neeeeaaaey niaeaenoaoao i?eaioe?othuaio aicaeaenoaeth ia aeeaeiea neie e ?aiaeiiecaoeee (?acoii?yaei/eaaieth) aeaeueieo. Noi?ioee?iaaiu o?aaiaaiey e ni?aaioai aeey ecaea/aiey iaeiiiuo IAA ec aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia a oe?ieii aeeaiaciia eiioeaio?aoeee. Iieacaii, /oi iaee/ea oaea?iaeiuo o/anoeia e o/anoeia aeae?ioeeueiie i?e?iaeu ia iiaa?oiinoe ni?aaioa niaeaenoaoao aunieie ecae?aoaeueiie niiniaiinoe aeey ecaea/aiey IAA ec aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia. N iiiiuueth iaoiaea iaeioaeiaiai ?annayiey iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia aeieacaii, /oi i?enoonoaea naaee a aiaeiii ?anoai?a IAA niinianoaoao iiyaeaieth ieoeaee i?e eiioeaio?aoeee IAA iaiueoa EEI. Iiaeaee?iaaiea aeenia?nee a?aoeoe?iaaiiie naaee a aiaeiuo ?anoai?ao IAA iicaieeei ioeaieoue ?acia?u eiiiiiaioia aeenia?nee naaee. Ii aeaiiui iaoiaea iaeioaeiaiai ?annayiey iaaeeaiiuo iaeo?iiia ii?aaeaeaiu oa?aeoa?enoeee ieoeaeey?iuo ?anoai?ia iaeiiiuo e eaoeiiiuo IAA; oa?aeoa? acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo ieoeaeeaie, aeeyiey ia ieo eiioeaio?aoeee, yeaeo?ieeoa, oaiia?aoo?u; ioeaiaii iiaa?oiinoiia iaoyaeaiea ieoeaee eaoeiiiiai IAA o?eaeaoeeeie?eaeeiee a?iieaea, eioi?ia i?e oaiia?aoo?a io 25 aei 600N ninoaaeyao (4-6) iI/i. Yoe cia/aiey ei??aee?otho n oai?aoe/anee ?ann/eoaiiuie. O?aeoiaea ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey eciaiaiey ninoiyiey iieaeoe aiaeu iiae aeeyieai IAA ia iniiaa aua?aiiie iiaeaee o?aineyoeeiiiuo aeaeaeaiee iicaieeea noi?ioee?iaaoue aeiioaco, niaeanii eioi?ie nouanoaaiiay ?acieoea a cia/aieyo e?eoe/aneeo eiioeaio?aoeee ieoeaeeiia?aciaaiey iaeiiiuo e eiiiuo IAA a aiaeiii ?anoai?a naycaia n eciaiaieai niioiioaiey aeeaaeia iaoaieciia o?aineyoeeeiiiuo aeaeaeaiee iieaeoe aiaeu. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa, aiaea, aeeiaie/aneia ninoiyiea, ?annayiea iaeo?iiia, aaeni?aaio, aaeni?aoeey. T.V. Karmazina Adsorption of surfactants and water molecules dynamic state in water - surfactant - solid system. Manuscript. Thesis for a doctor degree by speciality 02.00.11 - colloid chemistry. - A.V. Dumansky Institute of Colloid and Water Chemistry of National Ukrainian Academy of Science , Kiev, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the investigation of properties of liquid and solid phases of water – micellar surfactant – solid sorbent adsorption systems by neutron spectroscopy. A new approach to investigate the colloid phenomena based on analysis of changes in water molecular-dynamic state under system components has been proposed and grounded. A contact among aqueous surfactant solutions and solids leads to a sharp decrease in contribution of multi- and increase of single-particle motions of water molecules has been established. A role of the mechanisms of water transmission motions in the systems under study is estimated quantitatively. The characteristics of micellar surfactant solutions, character of interaction among micelles, electrolyte effect and carbon black dispersions has been investigated. The surface tension of micelles is evaluated. The inelastic neutron scattering method is adapted to investigate the surfactant adsorption layers on carbon adsorbent. The building of nonionic surfactant surface layers on silicagel depends on a contact manner among the liquid and solid phases has been proved. The factors rendering effect on the building of surfactant adsorption layers on solids have been generalized. Key words: surfactant, water, dynamic state, neutron scattering, adsorbent, adsorption.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020