30

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO EIEI?AeII? O?I?? OA O?I?? AIAeE

?i. A.A. Aeoiainueeiai

OAeE 539.1; 541.183.5

EA?IAC?IA Oaia?a Aanee?aia

Aaeni?aoe?y IA? oa aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o nenoai? aiaea – IA?
– oaa?aeee ni?aaio

02.00.11 – eiei?aeia o?i?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?i?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa o?i?? aiaee ?i. A.A.
Aeoiainueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?oeiaa-Eeeiaiei
I.A.,

?inoeooo eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa
o?i?? aiaee IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/

a?aeae?eo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A.A. ??aiaiei,
Ee?anueeee

iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?ce/ii? o?i?? o?i?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo;

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I.O. Ea?oaeue, ?inoeooo
ni?aoe?? oa

i?iaeai aiaeiaeieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie
canooiiee aee?aeoi?a;

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
A.A. Iaie, Oe?a?inueeee

aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

o?ce/ii? ? eiei?aeii? o?i??

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: ?inoeooo o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e

iiaeeo?eaoe?? iie?ia??a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ”9”/a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 10_____ aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.183.01 ?inoeoooo eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa
o?i?? aiaee IAI Oe?a?ie, 252680, Ee?a,

i?. Aa?iaaenueeiai, 42.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo eiei?aeii?
o?i?? oa o?i?? aiaee IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, i?. Aa?iaaenueeiai, 42.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 30 “ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
A.TH. O?aoeiiee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Oi?eaeuei? aoaeoe, ye? iia’ycai? c
aeanoeainoyie i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (IA?),
aeeeeeathoue cia/iee ?ioa?an o ??cieo aaeocyo iaoee o oai?aoe/iiio ? a
i?aeoe/iiio a?aeiioaiiyo. Oea coiiaeaii caeaoi?noth IA? ni?aoaaoenue
i?aeoe/ii ia aoaeue-ye?e iiaa?oi? ?icae?eo oac; i?e aeinyaiaii?
e?eoe/ii? eiioeaio?aoe?? – ooai?thaaoe i?oeaee, a i?e iiaeaeueoiio
c?inoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? – aei ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoiae?a.
Anoaiiaeaiiy i?e/ei ooai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aaeni?aoe?eieo no?oeoo? a
nenoai? aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio iaiao?aeia aeey ?icaeoeo
ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaoee oa aeey ?ica’yceo aaaaoueio oaoiieia?/ieo
i?iaeai: a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy iaooia?aeaea/? ieano?a, aeaeiaooeo iaoae?a
aei aiaeii?aeaioiaee. Oai??? aaeni?aoe?? cae/aeieo aeeo?eueieo
i?aai?/ieo iieaeoe ia?aaaaeii ia iiaeooue aooe aaeaeaaoii canoiniaai?
uiaei i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? aiane?aeie niaoeeo?/iiai aieeao
eaoa?aeueieo aca?iiae?e o iaoai?ciao ooai?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a.

O?aaeeoe?eii aaeni?aoe?th IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao
aeine?aeaeoaaee, canoiniaoth/e iaoiaee, ye? aeyaeythoue iae?ineii?/i?
aeanoeaino?. Oea ia aea? iiaeeeaino? a ?aieao ?nioth/eo oai??e oa
iiaeaeae iiynieoe ?yae aaeni?aoe?eieo yaeu, oaeeo ye: ??cia aoaeiaa
aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a i?e ??aieo aaee/eiao aaeni?aoe??, aieea niiniao
eiioaeoo oaa?aei? oa ??aeei? oac ia aoaeiao oeeo oa??a oiui. A?aeiii,
ui aaeni?aoe?y oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy IA? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao ? iane?aeeii
i?iyao i?aeiieaeoey?ieo aca?iiae?e oa ci?ie noaio iieaeoe aiaee, oiaoi
nooiaith ?? no?oeoo?iaaiiino?. Iniiaiiieiaeiee a?o/eciyii? oeiee
eiei?aeiee?a A.A. Aeoiainueeee oa eiai iine?aeiaieee caa?oaee iniaeeao
oaaao ia noai iieaeoe aiaee a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy IA? ?ioaineaii i?iaiaeyoueny, e??i
Oe?a?ie o Aaeeeia?eoai??, NOA, ?in??, O?aioe??, ssiii??, I?ia//ei?,
?oae??, Aieaa???.

Aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iniia eiei?aeii? o?i??
i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA?, aeooaeueiith ? i?iaeaia iiooeo, iaa?oiooaaiiy
oa ?icaeoeo i?eioeeiiai iiaeo iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
eiei?aeii-o?i?/ieo yaeu o aiaeieo nenoaiao, ui i?noyoue IA?. Iaiao?aeia
a?eueo ?ioaineaia canoinoaaiiy no/anieo iaoiae?a o?ce/iiai oa
o?ceei-o?i?/iiai aiae?co c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy iiai? aeaoaeueii?
?ioi?iaoe?? noiniaii ci?ie noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii IA? oa
eiioaeoo ?ic/eio IA? ?c ni?aaioii. Na?aae a?aeiieo, aea ua iaei
canoiniaoaaieo aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo nenoai, ? iaoiaee
iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??, ye? aeathoue ciiao iaea?aeaoe oi?eaeueio
?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei iane?aee?a aca?iiae?? oaa?aei? ? ??aeei? oac aac
ii?ooaiiy ?o aeeiai?/iiai, no?oeoo?iiai oa aia?aaoe/iiai noaio.

Iaeei ?c oeyo?a aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee iieaeoe aiaee oa ia?aa?ao
i?ioean?a a i?e ia i?e?i??ai? iieyaa? o aeine?aeaeaii? aeeiai?/iiai
noaio, a naia: caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo aeeooc??, aianeo a iueiai
eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a iieaeoe, /ano ?nioaaiiy iieaeoe o
noai? eieeaaiiy iaaeiei oeaio?o ??aiiaaae. ?icaeyae iae?ineii?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aaeni?aoe?eieo nenoai ia i?e?i??ai? oa anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo
i?ae ieie ni?eyoeia iiaeeaeaiith ciaiue noiniaii aaeni?aoe?eieo yaeu o
oe?eiio ia iiaiio iao?aaeeoe?eiiio ??ai?, ui coiiaeoue iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaoee.

Aeooaeuei?noue oa ia?niaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aianaiiyi ??
aei ieai?a a?aeii/eo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo oaiaoee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie . (oeo? i?iaeaie 2.27.12, ?? aea?ae?a?no?.
01910013540, 0195U011323, 1985-1997??.); i?ia?aie ni?eueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiaeo onoaiia Oe?a?ie oa Ia’?aeiaiiai ?inoeoooo
yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (Eaai?aoi??y iaeo?iiii? o?ceee ?i. ?.I. O?aiea,
i. Aeoaia, ?in?y, 1993-1995??); i?ia?aie AeEIO N?N? ii iai?yieo 11,
“Aeieia?/ii /eno? IAA”( iinoaiiaa AeEIO N?N? a?ae 02.04.91 ? 455,1991?);
Aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue AeEIO Oe?a?ie
(i?iaeo 0.02.02.120, ? aea?ae?a?no?. 01910039091, 1991-1993??; i?iaeo
?3/337, ? aea?ae?a?no?. 0194U019879,1994–1995 ??.); aaaaoiaaeocaai?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “Iia? o?i?/i? ?a/iaeie ? iaoa??aee
iaeioiiiaaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeey cai?ie ?iii?oiaaieo” (iai?yiie 5, ?
aea?ae?a?no?. 0194U019880 1993-1996??); Ia’?aeiaiiai oiiaeo O?yaeo
Oe?a?ie oa I?aeia?iaeiiai iaoeiaiai oiiaeo aeey i?aeo?eiee
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aio E2J100, i?iaeo “Effect of
dynamic state of water — surfactant — solid components system on
adsorption phenomena”, 1995–1996 ??.

Iniiaia iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa – ?icaeoie oyaeaiue
i?i oiie? aca?iiae?? a i?ioeanao aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeeiooai?aiiy ia
iniia? cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu ?c
o?aooaaiiyi ci?i iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae
aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a nenoai aiaea — IA? — oaa?aeee ni?aaio ?c
canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?:

1. Aeyaeoe aieea i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe
aiaee ca iaoiaeii eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a.

2. Cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaeeeo ? aeine?aeeoe aieea oaa?aeeo ni?aaio?a ia
aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – IA?.

3. Ioe?ieoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aiaeieo i?oeaey?ieo ?ic/ei?a IA? ca iaoiaeii
iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a.

4. Aaeaiooaaoe iaoiae iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii?? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao.

5. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? aaeni?aoe?? IA? ia ni?aaioao ??cii? i?e?iaee
? cynoaaoe i?e/eie, ye? coiiaeththoue ??ciiiai?oi?noue aoaeiae
aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao.

6. Anoaiiaeoe caycie i?ae ci?iith iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee
i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a nenoai aiaea — IA? — oaa?aeee ni?aaio ?
ia?aa?aii aaeni?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

7. Ocaaaeueieoe oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia aoaeiao aaeni?aoe?eieo
oa??a i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao.

Iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noi?ioeueiaai? ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiai?
e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith oa aeanieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, o oiio /ene?
ia i?aenoaa? cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu.
Oeae i?aeo?ae iieyaa? a aiae?c? ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee
i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a eiei?aeieo nenoai ia iniia? aeaieo
eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a. O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy
?iaioe canoiniaai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: aaeni?aoe?ei?; iaeieooiaa,
iai?oaeia, eaac?i?oaeia ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a; ssI?- oa
AI?-niaeo?ineii?y; iaeieooiaa ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a oiui.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaiee
iao?aaeeoe?eiee i?aeo?ae aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu, yeee aea? ciiao
o?aeooaaoe aca?iiae?? a ?ic/eiao IA? oa aaeni?aoe?ei? i?ioeane ia iniia?
aiae?co ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii eiiiiiaio?a
nenoai aiaea — IA? — oaa?aeee ni?aaio.

Aeine?aeaeaiee aieea oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe
aiaee a eiei?aeieo nenoaiao. Aia?oa aeyaeaii, ui aiane?aeie eiioaeoo
nenoai aiaea – ia?iiia IA? c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii a?aeaoaa?oueny
ia?a?iciiae?e iaoai?ci?a naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee o ?ic/eiao ia?iiii?
IA?, a naia: ciaioo?oueny ?ieue iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc?? oa
i?aeaeuo?oueny ?ieue iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia
yaeua ??ceiai ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o aiaeiiio i?oeaey?iiio
?ic/ei? IA? i?ae aieeaii oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo.

Aia?oa aeei?enoaiee iaoiae iai?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? ia aoaeaoeaaiio ni?aaio?
oa nee?eaaae?. Oea aeaei ciiao aeiaanoe, ui ca oiia ??aii? aaee/eie
aaeni?aoe?? ia?iiii? IA? ia noai iieaeoe a aaeni?aoe?eiiio oa??, e??i
a?aeiieo oaeoi??a, aieeaa? niin?a eiioaeoo ??aeei? oa oaa?aei? oace,
oiaoi oa?aeoa? oi?ioaaiiy oa?o a ??aiiaaaeieo oa ia??aiiaaaeieo oiiaao.

Aia?oa ca iaoiaeii eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a
iaea?aeai? e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee aieeao i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ia
aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA? iaioeo i?ae
e?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy (EEI), oa ioe?iaia ci?ia
iaoai?ci?a o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii ia?iiii? oa
eao?iiii? IA?.

Aia?oa a oa?i?iao cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? iiyniaia ??cieoey a cia/aiiyo
e?eoe/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e i?oeaeiooai?aiiy i?ae ia?iiieie oa ?iiieie IA?.

Aeacaii ia iiaee aniaeo no?eeino? aeenia?nieo nenoai, a naia: nooo?aa
ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o aeeiai?/iee noai nenoai i?ae
aieeaii oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo.

Ca iaoiaeii iaeieooiaiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aeine?aeaeai?
aeenia?n?? naae? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao IA? ? aeiaaaeaii, ui i?enooi?noue
naae? ni?ey? ciaioaiith e?eoe/ii? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy.

Iaea?aeaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy uiaei iiaeeeaino? ooai?aiiy
oa??a i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao o aeaeyae?
??aeeie?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui
i?e iiaeeiaii? ia?iiieo IA? ?c aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo ?ic/ei?a ia
a?ae?io?eueiiio ni?aaio? iiaa?oiaaee oa? oi?io?oueny o aeaeyae?
??aeeie?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e eaiaey?iiai oa aaenaaiiaeueiiai oei?a;
cieaeaiiy iieaeoey?ii? ?ooeeaino? a iacioa?? ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith
iiaeeiaiiy IA? aiane?aeie aeaeuei?o aca?iiae?e i?ae oa?aie; iayai?noue
aoaeaoeaaeo ae?eyiie ia iiaa?oi? nee?eaaaeth i?eaiaeeoue aei
i???iooth/i? ae?? ia aeeaei? oa?e IA? oa ?aiaeii?caoe??
(?icoii?yaeeoaaiith) aeaeuei?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea
iaea?aeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio
eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea – IA? i?ney ?o eiioaeoo c oaa?aeith oacith ia
iniia? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? niaeo??a eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo
iaeo?ii?a ca?aeii iiaeae? Aoeaa?ia-Ineionueeiai.

E?euee?nii ioe?iaiee aianie no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a iieaeoe
eao?iiieo iieaeoe IA? (a?ii?ae?a i-aee?ei??eaeei?th) o aeeiai?/iee noai
iieaeoe aiaee.

Noi?ioethaai? caaaeuei? aeiiae aei aaeni?aaio?a aeey aeeo/aiiy
i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA? ?c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii?
eiioeaio?aoe??. Iieacaii, ui aeey oeueiai aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe
ni?aaioe, ye? iathoue ia iiaa?oi? /?oei ae?aaeai? ae?eyiee a?ae?ioiaii?
oa a?ae?io?eueii? i?e?iaee.

Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaii? iioaioe?aeueii?
oai??? Iieyi? aeey ii??aiyiiy aaeni?aoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeiiieo IA?
ia ii?enoeo aoaeaoeaaeo ni?aaioao.

Aeyaeaiee aoaeo ia?a?iciiae?eo aiane?a o iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iee noai
aiaee i?ae aieeaii IA? oa ni?aaio?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey
?aaoethaaiiy ai?noo a?eueii? oa ca’caii? aiaee a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao oa
ni?eyoe iiaeaethaaiith ai?noo eiiiiiaio?a aeey iaea?aeaiiy no?eeeo
aeenia?n?e.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aeenia?n?e aiaea – IA? – a?ao?oiaaia naaea.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? a iaoa??aeao
aeia?aeieea (Iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa / Iiae ?aae. A.A. Aa?aiciia.
N.-Iaoa?ao?a: ecae-ai N.-Iaoa?ao?aneiai oi-oa. — 1993 — 270n. ), a
iiiia?ao?yo (Aaeni?aoeey i?aaie/aneeo aauanoa / A.I. Eiaaiianeee, I.A.
Eeeiaiei, O.I. Eaa/aiei e ae?. — E.: Oeiey. — 1990. — 280n. Aaeni?aoeey
iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo aauanoa e iieeia?ia ia oaa?aeuo ni?aaioao /
A.A.Aa?ai, I.A. Eeeiaiei, N.O. Aaiaaa, O.A. Ea?iaceia e ae?. — Aooa?a.
-1998 — 600n.), a iaoa??aeao eaeoe?e aeey nooaeaio?a o?ce/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth iieaeoey?ia o?ceea. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o eo?nao eaeoe?e aeey nooaeaio?a o?i?/ieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae ? oao?aoeyie, ye? i?aoeththoue o aaeocyo eiei?aeii? oa
o?ce/ii? o?i??, o?i?? oa o?ceee aiaee, aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae IA?,
aeei?enoaiiy IA? o i?iieneiaino?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioe, ui aeeiiai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iieyaa? o
i?iiiceoe??, oi?ioethaaii? oa ?icaeoeo iiaiai iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
caaaeuei?e ?aea? oa iinoaiiaoe? caaea/, a aeoeai?e o/ano? a on?o aoaiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeth/ath/e i?iaaaeaiiy /anoeie aenia?eiaio?a, aiae?co
oa iiyniaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?iaioe ssI?- oa
AI?-niaeo?ineii?? aeeiiai? oa i?iaiae?ciaai? ni?eueii c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie
?inoeoooo iniaeeai /enoeo a?ii?aia?ao?a, i. N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y;
aeine?aeaeaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi iai?oaeiiai oa eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy
iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a i?iaaaeai? oa i?iaiae?ciaai?, aeeth/ath/e
iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo, ni?eueii c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie ?inoeoooo yaea?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie; aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith iaeieooiaiai
?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a aeeiiai? ni?eueii c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie
Ia’?aeiaiiai ?inoeoooo yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i. Aeoaia, ?in?y, ui
a?aeia?aaeaii o ni?eueieo ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?ai? ia ?aaeao c
eiei?aeii? o?i?? oa o?ceei-o?i?/ii? iaoai?ee AI N?N? ? ?AI (Io?iainuee,
1990; N.-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y, 1995), ia Ananithcieo oa i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, ia?aaeao, nai?ia?ao, o oiio /ene? ia VIII
eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa e nu?uea aeey eo
i?iecaiaenoaa” (Oaaaeeii, ?in?y, 1992), I Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe??
“No?oeoo?a ? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iaaii?yaeeiaaieo nenoai” (Euea?a,
1993), Ananithcieo ia?aaeao “Yeieiaey i?iiuoeaiiuo i?iecaiaenoa”
(N?aa?iaeiiaoeuee, 1990), ”Neioac, iiaeeoeoee?iaaiea e i?eiaiaiea
iai?aaie/aneeo aaeni?aaioia” (I?inuee, 1989), I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo ”No?oeoo?ii-aeeiaie/aneea i?ioeannu a iai?a?uaiuo n?aaeao”
(Naia?eaiae, 1992), 1th Hungarian-Ukrainian Conference in Carpathian
Euroregion Ecology (Ushorod, 1994), “Ecological Aspects in Chemical
Indusry” (Severodonetsk, 1994), Ana?in?enuee?e ia?aae?
“Oeceei-oeie/aneea iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?u e aeeiaieee
iieaeoey?iuo nenoai” (Eacaiue, 1994), caaaeueiii?nueeiio iaoeiaiio
nai?ia?? “A?ieia?/i? aniaeoe no?oeoo?e ? aeeiai?ee aiaeieo nenoai”
(Ee?a, 1994), iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ?EOOA AI O?N? oa ?ssAe IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? o 51
iaoeia?e ?iaio?, o oiio /ene? — 25 noaoae o i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo, c ieo 4 iaienaii iaeiiin?aii.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
naie ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (461 iaeiaioaaiiy).
Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 328 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue
27 oaaeeoeue oa 63 ?enoiea.

Iniiaiee ci?no

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii iaeyae oa e?eoe/iee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c
ieoaiue: no/ani? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a
i?oeaeiooai?thth/eo IA?; aaeni?aoe?? IA? oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo
oa??a IA? ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao; iiaeae? aeeooc?? o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao
IA?; aecia/ai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaaaeai? iniiai? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioo; ?ice?eo? iaoiaee ?ic?aooie?a
?c aeaieo iaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??; iaa?oioiaaii aea?? ia’?eo?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?eaaaeaia ?o oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Iniiai? ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiue: aiaea o ?ic/eiao IA? i?ney eiioaeoo ?c
ni?aaioii, i?oeaee IA? o aiae?, IA? ia iiaa?oi? oaa?aeeo ni?aaio?a,
aiaea o ?ic/eiao IA?. Aea?? IA? oa ni?aaio?a coiiaeaiee iiaeeea?noth ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aaaaoueio oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai,
iioe?ai?noth oa ia?niaeoeai?noth.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a oa aeniiae?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
ocaiaeaeaiiyi aeaieo, ye? io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oeo, ui iaea?aeai? ia iniia? aiae?co niaeo??a
?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a — ia aeei?enoaii? oai??? ?icn?yiiy, a?aeoai?aii?
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a i?e aaeeeiio /an? niinoa?aaeaiiy (50-150
aiaeei); iiaoi?i?noth oa?aeoa?ieo caeaaeiinoae niaeo??a a?ae eooa
?icn?yiiy. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ei?aeththoue c a?aeiieie
iae?ineii?/ieie aeanoeainoyie aeine?aeaeaieo nenoai.

Aieea IA? ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee

Aeanoeaino? eiei?aeieo nenoai caeaaeaoue a?ae noaio eiiiiiaio?a oa ci?i,
ye? a?aeaoaathoueny c ieie i?e aianaii? ?ioeo eiiiiiaio?a. Iniaeeai?
oaaae caneoaiaothoue aiaei? nenoaie aiane?aeie aeeeth/ii? ?ie? aiaee o
aeeoo?. Iaeaaaeeea?oa ooieoe?y aiaee – o?ainii?oia. Aeey iiaeeaeaiiy
?icoi?iiy iaoai?ci?a i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o aiaeieo nenoaiao,
o oiio /ene? aaeni?aoe?eieo, iaiao?aeii iaea?aeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei
aeaoaeueieo ci?i o no?oeoo?? aiaee i?ae aieeaii ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a. C
?ioiai aieo, anoaiiaeaiiy i?e/ei oi?ioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ni?aoe?eieo
no?oeoo?, ooai?aiieo aiane?aeie eiioaeoo nenoaie aiaea – IA? c oaa?aeei
eiiiiiaioii, ni?ey? iiooeia? iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoai?ci?a aaeni?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy eiei?aeieo yaeu, cie?aia
aaeni?aoe?? oa i?oeaeiooai?aiiy, iieyaa? a aiae?c? aieeao eiiiiiaio?a
nenoaie aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe
aiaee. Aeey ?icaeoeo oeueiai iai?yieo iaiao?aeia canoinoaaiiy oaeeo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a, ye? aeathoue ciiao
aeine?aeeoe iiaaae?ieo nenoaie ia i?e?i??ai?. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei ia
nueiaiaei? ? iaoiae eaac?i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy iia?eueieo iaeo?ii?a
(E?II). Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai iaoiaeo iiaeia iaea?aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoai, a naia: caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc??,
aianee a iueiai a?ae eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, /an aeeooy
iieaeoe o noai? eieeaaiiy iaaeiei oeaio?o ??aiiaaae. Oe?ii?noue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo iieyaa? o oiio, ui ia?a?aoiaai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
? oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaoai?ci?a o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a.

Caeii ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a o ??aeeiao iieno?oueny e?eaith c ?icoe?aiiyi
aia?aaoe/iiai i?eo A, iaoiiaeaiiai aeeooc?eieie i?ioeanaie:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
  ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??_?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-??????3????u
????8????I????&????‡???u@th??????aea: k –
ia?aaeaiee iaeo?iiii ?iioeuen i?e ?icn?yi?; h – noaea Ieaiea; e2w
–oaeoi? Aeaaay-Aaeea?a; o – /an aeeooy iieaeoe o noai? eieeaaiiy
iaaeiei iieiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae; Dl ? Df – aianee eieaeoeaieo
(eaa?aiaeaaeo) oa iaeii/anoeiaeo (o?aieae?anueeeo) ?oo?a iieaeoe o
caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aeeooc??: D = Dl + Df. Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea oa
o?aeoiaea niaeo??a E?II ca?aeii c iiaeaeeth Aoeaa?ia-Ineionueeiai aea?
ciiao iaea?aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoai, ye?
?icn?ththoue iaeo?iie.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y iieaeoe aiaee o ?ic/eiao IA?, ui aeine?aeaeai?, ia 3-5
ii?yaee?a aeua, i?ae eiioeaio?aoe?y IA?. Oiio oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeeiai?/iiai noaio iaea?aeai? ia iniia? ?icn?yiiy iaeo?ii?a,
oa?aeoa?ecothoue noia?iee aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee. Ocaaaeueiaiiy
iiaeae? Aoeaa?ia — Ineionueeiai oa iiaeae? aeeooc?eieo i?ioean?a o
?ic/eiao IA?, yeo cai?iiiioaaee E?iaeiai ? I?euenii ?c ni?a?., aea?
ciiao eiie?aoecoaaoe: eiao?oe??io Dl — a?aeoai?th? aianie ca’ycaieo
i?ae niaith oa c iieaeoeaie (aai i?oeaeaie) IA? iieaeoe aiaee ?
a?aeiia?aea? iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc??, D f — a?aeoai?th?
aianie a?eueieo iieaeoe aiaee o aeeiai?/iee noai aiaee ? a?aeiia?aea?
iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii.

Aenia?eiaioe ii iaeo?iiiiio ?icn?yiith i?iaaaeai? ia niaeo?iiao?? ii
/ano i?ieueioo, yeee anoaiiaeaii ia ai?eciioaeueiiio eaiae? aoiiiiai
?aaeoi?o AA?-I a ?ssAe IAI Oe?a?ie.

Niaeo?e E?II ?ic/eiaie IA? iaea?aeai? i?ae ??cieie eooaie. Aiie iathoue
?aeaioe/iee aeae. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? caaeia?eueii ocaiaeaeothoueny
c oai?aoe/ieie e?eaeie Ei?aioey. Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee
o ?ic/eiao ia?iiii? IA? ? aeania IA? (o?eoiio O-100) iaaaaeai? o oaae.
1. O?eoii O-100 (OO-100) — oea ieneaoeeueiaaiee i-1,1,3,3 —
oao?aiaoeeaooeeoaiie, ui i?noeoue 9-10 ieneaoeeueieo a?oi.
Eiioeaio?aoe?y iaaaaeaia oiiaii a /anoeao a?ae e?eoe/ii? eiioeaio?aoe??
i?oeaeiooai?aiiy (EEI), yea noaiiaeoue aeey o?eoiio O-100 0.24 iI.

Oaaeeoey 1- Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a
i?enooiino? ia?iiii? IA?

N, EEID 109,

i2n-1Dl 109,

i2n-1Df 109,

i2n-1o 1012,

c02.230.170.460.031.770.132.800.210.052.200.170.520.041.680.132.200.170.
221.800.140.680.051.120.082.000.150.251.800.140.680.051.120.082.000.150.
631.970.150.680.051.290.11.960.150.952.000.150.690.051.310.11.950.151.00
2.030.150.690.051.340.11.900.141.182.050.150.700.051.350.11.860.141.952.
140.150.500.041.640.121.800.142.482.200.170.340.031.860.121.800.144.002.
300.170.040.0032.260.171.800.145.002.380.170.080.0062.300.171.780.146.00
2.400.170.090.0062.310.171.780.148.002.440.180.110.0072.330.171.760.1411
.502.510.180.160.0072.350.171.750.1415.002.520.180.170.0082.350.171.730.
1418.002.540.180.180.0082.360.171.720.14OO-1000.150.010.150.01—Aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a iaeo?iiieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue, ui o?aineyoe?ei?
?ooe o /enoiio OO-100 i?aeeyaathoue caeiiai eeane/ii? aacia?a?aii?
naiiaeeooc??. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe
aiaee o ?ic/eiao ia?iiii? IA? neeaaeia. Iniiai? ?aceueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue oae?. Iacia/iee ai?no OO-100 o aiae? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ciaioaiiy caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiiy aianeo a?ae iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a. Oea ciaioaiiy iiynith?oueny
a?ae?aoaoe?th ao??ieo ieneaoeeueieo eaiie iiey?ii? /anoeie iieaeoe IA?.
A iaeano? eiioeaio?aoe?e IA? (0.220.25) EEI niinoa??aa?oueny i?i?iaeueia
cia/aiiy aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a o aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee
aai iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee no?eaeii o caaaeueiee iaoai?ci
o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee. A oeueiio ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e
noai?ththoueny ia?aaeoiiae aeey i?iyao a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e o
?ic/ei?. C iiaeaeueoei c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? OO-100 Dl ci?ith?oueny
iaei, a cia/aiiy Df c?inoa?, oiaoi niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei
a?aeiiaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai noaio aeania aiaee. E?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y
i?oeaeiooai?aiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiiyi aianeo
eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a. I?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo OO-100, ye? ia?aaeuothoue 4 EEI,
?ieue aacia?a?aiiai iaoai?cio iacia/ia, aeeiai?/iee noai
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny, a iniiaiiio ?ooaie a?eueieo iieaeoe aiaee. Ia iaoo
aeoieo, oea iia’ycaia c aeieeiaiiyi oii?yaeeiaaii? no?oeoo?e a nenoai?.

A onueiio ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue,
aiane?aeie ?ic/eiaiiy IA? /an aeeooy iieaeoe aiaee o noai? eieeaaiiy i
ciaioeany ii??aiyii c aeania aiaeith. Iaea?eueo nooo?aa ci?ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee i a?aeaoaa?oueny a ae?aiacii? eiioeaio?aoe?e (00.25) EEI.
I?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo aeueo, i?ae EEI oa?aeoa?enoeea i ia ci?ith?oueny a
iaaeao iioeaee. I?e/eia ci?ie aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?e
iayaiino? IA? ? ?acoeueoaoii ?oeioaaiiy aiaeiaaeo ca’yce?a i?ae
iieaeoeaie aiaee, a oaeiae ia?aoeiae aeey o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a c?
noi?iie a?ae?ioiaieo /anoei iieaeoe IA?.

Aeey iieno caeaaeiino? aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe o aiaeiiio
?ic/ei? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? o?eoiio O-100 iaie cai?iiiiiaaia aii??e/ia
??aiyiiy:

wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyya???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy??????????C???#???– ?wmetafile8?
??d??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ??!???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy@!??-?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????Ob ???O5
???u?????????»????-????p???p°???-?????u/???u©
???u?y??????

aea: Dlw ? Dls – aianee eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe /enoi? aiaee oa
aeania IA? a?aeiia?aeii; N – eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? o ?ic/ei?, ian.%, E1 ?
E2 – e?eoe/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy. Aeey o?eoiio O-100
=1.47, = -53.9. Ocaiaeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaii? e?eai? oa
iaea?aeaii? ca?aeii c aenia?eiaioii e?eaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeo? cai?iiiiiaaio
caeaaei?noue.

Eiioeaio?aoe?ei? caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe
aiaee o i?enooiino? eao?iiieo IA? iaaaaeai? ia ?en. 1. sse IA?
aeine?aeaeaii a?ii?aee aei- oa aaenaaeaoeeeie??aeei?th (a?aeiia?aeii
AeAeIA ? AAeIA). Aeey /enoeo AeAeIA oa AAeIA, ye? ? ii?ioeaie,
oa?aeoa?iee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? ?o iieaeoe no?eaeii (aeoeaaoe?eiee).

sse ? o aeiaaeeo ia?iiieo IA?, aaaaeaiiy iacia/ii? e?eueeino? AeAeIA o
aiaeo ciaioo? cia/aiiy caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe
aiaee ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, i?e/iio ?c
c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? -NI2- eaiie o iieaeoeao IA? oeae aoaeo nooo?a?oee.
Ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo eao?iiieo IA? o nenoai? aei EEI i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy /enea “eaa?aiaeaaeo” /anoeiie ii??aiyii c /enoith aiaeith,
iio?i ?ieue iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc?? o o?aineyoe?eieo ?ooao
iieaeoe aiaee ciaioo?oueny. Oea iaoiiaeaia ooai?aiiyi i?oeae oa ci?iith
nooiaith oii?yaeeiaaiino? iieaeoe aiaee.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ia?iiii? IA?, e?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy
aeey iaio eao?iiieo IA? a?aeiia?aea? i?i?iaeueiiio aianeo o eiao?oe??io
naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee a?ae iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, oiaoi iaoai?cio
naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii ? iaeneiaeueiiio – a?ae eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a, oiaoi
aacia?a?aiiio iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? o iaaeao eiioeaio?aoe?e, ye?
aeine?aeaeai?. Ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy D c? c?inoaiiyi aeiaaeeie
aoaeaaiaeiaaiai ?aaeeeaeo a?aeaoaa?oueny aieiaiei /eiii aiane?aeie
ciaioaiiy ?ie? iaoai?cio naiiaeeooc?? no?eaeii. C?inoaiiy aeiaaeeie
a?ae?ioiaii? /anoeie iieaeoe IA? i?eaiaeeoue aei a?eueoiai a?aeoeeaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoaie aiaea – IA? ii??aiyii c aeania
aiaeith. Oaiaeaioe?y aei a?aeiiaeaiiy aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee
niinoa??aa?oueny eeoa i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ye? a?eueo?, i?ae EEI.

wmetafile8? ??<???-???????? ??????? JS???ue???????????-?????u?????????????-?????-???/?????? ?????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??yy????y?y?y??y y?yyy????4????5????u???????Aiae?c eiioeaio?aoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio ?ic/ei?a eao?iiieo IA? na?ae/eoue i?i ?o iiae?ai?noue aeey aiiieia?a. Iii?oia ciaioaiiy D o aeiaaeeo AAeIA ii??aiyii c AeAeIA coiiaeaia ciaioaiiyi Df, oiaoi aianeo iaeii/anoeiaeo aai “o?aieae?anueeeo” ?oo?a o nenoai? aiaea – IA?. I?e oeueiio cia/aiiy Dl (aianie eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a) a?ae??ciythoueny iaei. I/aaeaeii, oea coiiaeaia c?inoaiiyi no?oeoo?oth/i? ?ie? a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e o nenoai? aiaea-IA? c? c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? -NI2-a?oi o iaiiey?i?e /anoei? iieaeoe IA?. I?e iaaenieeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo AeAeIA (aei 0.25 EEI) oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee o ?ic/ei? AeAeIA iaei a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee aeania aiaee, ca aeiyoeii oa?aeoa?enoee /ano aeeooy iieaeoe o noai? eieeaaiiy. Iaeiae i?e oaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo AAeIA iii?oii ciaioeany caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? iieaeoe aiaee oa aianie o iueiai a?ae iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a, ui oaeiae na?ae/eoue i?i c?inoaiiy ?ie? a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e o nenoai?. Ioaea, ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie aee?eueiiai ?aaeeeaeo o iieaeoeao eao?iiieo IA? ni?ey? a?eueoiio a?aeoeeaiith oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o nenoai? aiaea – IA? a?ae a?aeiia?aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeania aiaee. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a aeey ?ic/ei?a eao?iiieo IA? iieno?oueny aiaeia?/ii aei ??aiyiiy (7), aea = 0.131 ? = 0.148, oa E1 = 0.299 ? 0.019 a?aeiia?aeii aeey AeAeIA ? AAeIA, a Dls = 0. Oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaia e?eaa ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iaea?aeaiith ca?aeii c aenia?eiaioii. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee ciiao e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe ?ieue no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a eao?iiieo IA? o iaoai?cie o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue ?ie? iaei??? -NI2-a?oie (f) o oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe i?eaaaeaia ia ?en. 2. Oaea ioe?iea oiiaia, aea aea? ciiao ?ic?aooaaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a oaeeo nenoai, ye aiaea – a?ii?ae i-aee?ei??eaeei?th aac i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo. Ia a?aei?io a?ae eao?iiieo, i?e ?ic/eiaii? ia?iiieo IA? iae? eiioeaio?aoe?? ia?iiieo IA? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc??. O aeiaaeeo eao?iiieo IA? aei eiioeaio?aoe?e (0.40.5) EEI aianie eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a ci?ith?oueny iaei ii??aiyii c /enoith aiaeith, ? eeoa i?e iiaeaeueoiio c?inoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? cia/aiiy Dl iii?oii ciaioo?oueny. wmetafile8? ??¤???-???????? ??????? JS???ue???????????-?????u?????????????-?????-???/?????? ?????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??yy????y?y?y??y y?yyy????4????5????u??????? ?en.2. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaei?noue aieeao -NI2- a?oie ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee. Nooo?a?oa ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo Df aeey AAeIA ii??aiyii c AeAeIA na?ae/eoue, ui c?inoaiiy aeiaaeeie aee?eueiiai ?aaeeeaeo aeey aiiieia?a ni?ey? i?iyao anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e. Oea a?aeia?aaea?oueny o iae?iaeanoe-ainoyo ?ic/ei?a eao?iiieo IA?. A?aeiii, ui ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? -NI2- a?oi o a?ae?ioiai?e /anoei? iieaeoe IA? ni?ey? ciaioaiith EEI o ?ic/ei?.Oae aeey AeAeIA ? AAeIA e?eoe/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oeaeiooai?aiiy neeaaeathoue a?ae-iia?aeii 11.2 iI ? 0.6 iI. Aeyaeaii, ui ??cia ci?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iaeii/anoei-aeie oa eieaeoeaieie ?ooaie iieaeoe aiaee i?ae ae??th ia?iiii? oa eao?iiieo IA? oaeiae aieeaa? ia iae?iaeanoeaino? ?ic/ei?a. sse a?aeiii, cia/aiiy EEI ia?iiieo IA? ia ii?yaeie iaio?, i?ae ?iiieo IA?. Ii??aiyiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio aiaee o i?enooiino? IA? ??cieo oei?a aea? ciiao iiynieoe oeth ??cieoeth. Aeey ia?iiieo IA? ii oeae? eiioeaio?aoe?e ?ai?oa noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey i?iyao anioe?aoeaieo aca?iiae?e, ui ? coiiaeth? iaioa cia/aiiy EEI. Ioaea, cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei e?euee?niee aiae?c iniaeeainoae o?aineyoe?eieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee a i?enooiino? IA? ? aeine?aeeoe aieea IA? ia iieaeoee aiaee ia i?e?i??ai?. Aieea oaa?aeeo eiiiiiaio?a ia aeeiai?/iee noai aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – IA? Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee i?ae aieeaii ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a iiaeiii ni?eyoe iiaeeaeaiith oyaeaiue noiniaii i?e?iaee eiei?aeii-o?i?/ieo yaeu oaeeo ye aaeni?aoe?y, no?ee?noue aeenia?nieo nenoai, a?ioi?anueeee ?oo oiui. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei aaeni?aoe?? i?aai?/ieo niieoe ia oaa?aeeo ni?aaioao iaea?aeaia ia iniia? ?cioa?i aaeni?aoe??, oiio cai?iiiiiaaia iaie iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioo ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o nenoaiao aiaea – IA? o iaeneiaeuei?e i??? a?aeoai?th? an? aoaie iaea?aeaiiy ?cioa?i aaeni?aoe??. Iniaeeao oaaao iaiao?aeii caa?iooe ia ci?io eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? o ??aee?e oac? aiane?aeie iiaeeiaiiy /anoeie IA? oaa?aeith oacith. O oaae. 2 iaaaaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea – ia?iiia IA? (OO-100) aei oa aiane?aeie eiioaeoo c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii a?ae?ioiaii? i?e?iaee (a?ao?oiaaii? naae?), a o oaae. 3 – eiioeaio?aoe?ei? caeaaeiino? oaeeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeey nenoaie aiaea – ia?iiia IA? aei oa aiane?aeie eiioaeoo c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii a?ae?io?eueii? i?e?iaee (nee?eaaaeue), iaea?aeai? ia iniia? niaeo??a EI?I. C iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eiioaeoo iieaeoe aiaee c oaa?aeei eiiiiiaioii niaoe?aeueiith na???th aeine?ae?a aoei c’yniaaii, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a oiiaao i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo a?aeiiaeththoueny i?eiaei? /a?ac 24 aiaeeie i?ney a?aeie?aieaiiy ye naae?, oae ? nee?eaaaeth a?ae ?ic/eio. Aeey ooi/iaiiy aca?iiaieeao eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aiaea – IA? – oaa?aeee ni?aaio aecia/ai? oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o nenoai? aiaea – IA? a oeo aea oiiaao, aea ?ic/eie aiooaaee i?ney eiioaeoo aiaee c nee?eaaaeai. Oaaeeoey 2 - Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o neenoai? aiaea – ia?iiia IA? aei oa i?ney (*) eiioaeoo c a?ao?oiaaiith naaeath N, EEID 109, i2n -1Dl 109, i2n-1Df 109, i2n -1i 1012, n0.251.80.140.680.051.120.082.00.150.25*1.80.140.210.021.590.111.60.121. 002.30.170.690.051.340.101.90.141.00*2.50.180.080.0061.970.152.10.16 Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaa?aeeo eiiiiiaio?a ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio nenoaie aiaea – IA? na?ae/eoue, ui i?ae aieeaii ye a?ae?ioiaiiai, oae ? a?ae?io?eueiiai ni?aaio?a ci?i o cia/aiiyo caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo naiiaeeooc?? ia aeyaeaii. Iaeiae, aiane?aeie eiioaeoo aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IAA c oaa?aeei ni?aaioii a?aeaoany ia?a?iciiae?e aiane?a eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee o caaaeueiee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc??, oiaoi ciaioeany aianie iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? aeeooc?? ? ca?eueoeany – aeoeaaoe?eiiai. I?e/iio o aeiaaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e IA?, ye? aei??aiththoue EEI, aianie eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a o caaaeueiee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? ??cei ciaioo?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, niinoa??aa?oueny nooo?aee aieea oaa?aeiai eiiiiiaioa ia aeeiai?/iee noai iieaeoe aiaee o i?enooiino? IA?. Oaa?aeee ni?aaio ae?? ia iieaeoey?ii-aeeiai?/iee noai aiaee oae, ye i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?. I?ae aieeaii IA? a?aeaoaa?oueny aeenia?aoaaiiy naae? o ?ic/ei?. Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae /anoeiie noaeiei?aeieo ?ici???a, ye? a?ae?io?euei? aiane?aeie noaa?e?caoe?? iieaeoeaie IA?. Oae? /anoeiee neeaaeathoueny c aaeni?aiaaieo ia naae? iieaeoe aai anioe?ao?a IA? oa a?ae?aoiaaii? aiaee ? caeiathoue i?noey iiaeeeai? o?aineyoe?? eeanoa??a aiaee, ?icoaoiaoth/enue o ?? ionoioao. Noai nenoaie iaaoaa? iciae eaac?ia??iaee/iino?. Ia iaoo aeoieo, yaeua cia/iiai ciaioaiiy aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a a o?aineyoe?ei? iaoai?cie a nenoai? ? iaei??th ?c i?e/ei i?iyao no?eeino? aeenia?nieo nenoai. A?aeiii, ui a ?acoeueoao? aaeni?aoe?eii? aca?iiae?? a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie ia eeoa c iieaeoeaie aaeni?aaoa, aea e c iiaa?oiaaei oa?ii aaeni?aaioo. I?e oai?aoe/iiio ?icaeyae? i?ioeano aaeni?aoe?? iiaeeeaa a?aooaaiiy oeueiai yaeua, aea iaiao?aei? aeey oeueiai aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ua ia iaea?aeai?. I?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue ciiao ioe?ieoe ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny c aaeni?aaioii ia iniia? oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee o ?ic/ei? i?ney eiioaeoo c ni?aaioii. Ia?a?iciiae?e aiane?a eieaeoeaieo oa iaeii/anoeiaeo ?oo?a o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aeeooc?? aea? ciiao aiai?eoe i?i iaioecaoe?th aaeni?aaioo i?ae aieeaii IA?. O aeiaaeeo naae? iaioecaoe?y, eiia??ii, a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?aeii c nietha?e?caoe?eiei iaoai?ciii, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy /enea anioe?eiaaieo aa?aaao?a. Aeey iieno iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a uiaei eiioeaio?aoe?eii? caeaaeiino? aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aeeooc?? a ?ic/eiao i?ney eiioaeoo c aaeni?aaioii, a?aoiaoth/e, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny a?aeiinii iaaenie? eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?, iiaeia cai?iiiioaaoe ae?ac: wmetafile8? ??d??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A!???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy?!??;?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????I– ???I? ???u?????????"????-????p]???pe???-?????/f???/o ???u?y?????? aea D1w, D1s – aianee o caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? a?ae eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a, aecia/ai? aenia?eiaioaeueii a?aeiia?aeii aeey aiaee oa IA?; K1, K2 – e?eoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oeaeiooai?aiiy oa aa?aaoaaiiy IA?, ian. %; C – eiioeaio?aoe?y IA?, ian.%. NSR – e?euee?nia ioe?iea aieeao ni?aaioo ia EEI. Cia/aiiy /ano aeeooy iieaeoe aiaee o noai? eieeaaiiy iaaeiei oeaio?o ??aiiaaae a nenoai? aiaea – IA? i?ney a?aeie?aieaiiy a?ae naae? iaio?, i?ae aeey nenoaie aei eiioaeoo c naaeath. Oea oaeiae aeaco? ia oa, ui i?ney eiioaeoo nenoaie aiaea – IA? c oaa?aeith oacith i?oeae a nenoai? noaei a?eueoa, oiaoi naaea, yea ? oeaio?ii ooai?aiiy i?oeae, ni?ey? onoiaiith a?ae?ioiaii? /anoeie ?c aiaeiiai ioi/aiiy, ui ? ? iane?aeeii iineaaeaiiy ?ie? iaoai?cio aacia?a?aii? naiiaeeooc??. Ciaioaiiy Dl o nenoai? i?ney eiioaeoo c naaeath aeeeeeaia aoaeoii ia?aoeiae c aieo i?oeae, yeeo a?eueoa, i?ae o nenoai?, yea ia aoea o eiioaeo? c ni?aaioii. Ni?aaio ae?? ia noai aiaee, ye i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? o ?ic/ei?. Oaaeeoey 3 - Oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiai?/iiai noaio iieaeoe aiaee a nenoaiao aiaea - o?eoii O-100 aei oa i?ney () eiioaeoo c nee?eaaaeai Ni, EEIN?, EEID 109, i2n -1Dl 109, i2n -1Df 109, i2n -10 1012, n0-2.230.170.460.031.770.132.800.210.25-1.800.140.680.051.120.082.000.15 0.250.251.800.140.310.021.490.101.850.140.25-1.800.140.310.021.490.102.0 00.150.950.632.000.150.690.051.310.091.950.150.950.631.970.150.300.021.6 70.121.820.141.00-2.030.150.690.051.340.101.900.151.000.791.990.150.680. 051.300.101.950.151.000.791.990.150.240.021.750.131.730.132.481.002.200. 160.340.021.860.141.800.142.481.002.030.150.100.0071.930.151.720.13** ?ic/eie IA? i?eaioiaeai? i?ney eiioaeoo aiaee ?c ni?aaioii (N? ? Ni – ??aiiaaaeia ? ii/aoeiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y IA? a?aeiia?aeii) Aii??e/ia caeaaei?noue aianeo eieaeoeaieo ?oo?a iieaeoe aiaee a caaaeueiee iaoai?ci naiiaeeooc?? aiaee a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? ?ic?aoiaaia aeey iaeano? iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e IA? aeey nenoai aiaea – IA? i?ney ?o eiioaeoo ?c nee?eaaaeai (

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