1

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IEAeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO “EUeA?ANUeEA
IIE?OAOI?EA”

EINA? IAOAE?ss NOAIAI?AIA

OAeE 338.4:621.31

AAeAIOAOe?ss AIA?AIIINOA*AEUeIEO EIIIAI?E

AeI ?EIEIAEO OIIA OOIEOe?IIOAAIIss

IA CANAAeAO IA?EAOEIAO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.06.02 — i?aei?e?iieoeoai,

iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

EUeA?A -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee aia?aaoe/ieo ? o?i?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa oa ia?eaoeiao Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea” I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

E?EEAANUeEEE ?AAAI AANEEUeIAE*, Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea”, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee aia?aaoe/ieo ? o?i?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa oa ia?eaoeiao.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:- aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IA?A?AA IAO?I A?EAI?IAE*,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii, aeaeai aeiiii?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo;

— eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

NEEA?INUeEEE NOAI?NEAA AIEIAeEIE?IAE*, Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia
aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ia?eaoeiao ? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee, o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo
a?aeiinei oa ia?eaoeiao.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 8 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 35.052.03 a Aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” ca aae?anith: 290646,
i.Euea?a-13, aoe. N.Aaiaea?e, 12, IV ei?ion, aoae. 406.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” ca aae?anith: 290646,
i.Euea?a-13, aoe. I?ioani?nueea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 4 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Iauaiei ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. E?ecia? yaeua a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie oneeaaeieee aeey
aia?aaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
iiieoo ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th. Aiaeii/an noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aia?ai?eie?a Oe?a?ie aeooae?co? iaiao?aei?noue ? nai?/ani?noue
a?aeiia?aeii? aaeaioaoe?? aia?aaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa aei ?eieiaeo oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie oa iiaeeeaino?
oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th caeaaeaoue a?ae ae?yeueiino?
oa?eoi??aeueieo ?icae??aieo ?eie?a aeaeo?iaia?a??, aea oi?io?oueny iiieo
ia ia? ? a?aeaoaa?oueny iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ioae ca niiaeeoo
aeaeo?iaia?a?th. A oiiaao iino?eieo ci?i o i?e?i- oa iae?ina?aaeiaeu?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e i?aai?caoe?y ?o ae?yeueiino? ia canaaeao
ia?eaoeiao ni?ey? ae??oaiith i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa
ianaeaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??th ca i?eeiyoiith oe?iith, a?aeiia?aeii? yeino?
? c iaiao?aeiei ??aiai iaae?eiino?.

Iniiai? ieoaiiy oai??? ? i?aeoeee ia?eaoeiao i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
a?aeia?aaeai? a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo,
cie?aia Aeueoei?ia E., Ainiooa ?., Aa?iaia A., Aa?anei/oea A.A.,
Ae?ooey A., Aeie?oiueiai I.?., Caa’yeiaa I.N., Aaaina Aeae.,
Ei?ieueeiaa ?.?., Eioea?a O., E?eeaanueeiai ?.A., Eocuei?ia I.?.,
Eaiaaia AE.-AE., Iaaeaiea A.O., Ia?a?ae I.A., ?iiaoa A., Naaaeue?aa
?.A., Neea?inueeiai N.A., Noa?ino?ii? A.I., Oa?oaaia O. oa ?ioeo.
Iaeiae i?iaeaie ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? aia?aaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa
ii??aiyii iaei aeine?aeaeai? o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??, aaoi?e ia?aaaaeii
iaiaaeothoueny aiae?cii ie?aieo ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c oe?iiooai?aiiyi,
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiyi, ae??aithaaiiyi a?ao?e?a iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aeayeeie
aniaeoaie caooiai? ae?yeueiino?, ye? a?aeie?aieaii ?icaeyaeathoueny o
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo Ai?ae??aa A.?., Caioeei A.?., Eiaaia TH.I.,
E?eeaanueeiai ?.A., Ii?ic E.A., Iaoiaeeiaa A.O., Iaae?ia ?.A.,
I?aoiaieea A.A. Ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? aia?aii?aei?e?inoa, ?icaeoeo oiaa?iiai
ani?oeiaioo aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e, ?o eiioi?eaoe?eii? iie?oeee,
i?iaaaeaiiy caoiae?a aeaia?eaoeiao c o?aooaaiiyi ?aioaaaeueiino? iineoa
c iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? niiaeeaa/ai ??cieo naaiaio?a aia?ai?eieo ia
aena?oeai? o e?oa?aoo??, ui ia ni?ey? aoaeoeai?e ?iaio? c oi?aae?iiy
aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiyi ? ae??oaiith i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy aia?aaoe/ii?
aaciaee eiaeiiai ?aa?iio ? e?a?ie caaaeii.

Iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aaeaioaoe??
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei
?eieiaeo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia canaaeao ia?eaoeiao, ?? iaaeinoaoiy
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia ?ic?iaea coiiaeee aeooaeuei?noue oa aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aoaeoeai?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao caeaaeeoue
a?ae oai?aoe/ii? ?ic?iaee iaoai?cio ?o aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia aia?ai?eieo.
?iaioa cae?eniaia o eiioaeno? aeeiiaiiy ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a uiaei
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, iiaiaeaeaia c Iaoe?iiaeueiith
aia?aaoe/iith i?ia?aiith, Caeiiaie Oe?a?ie «I?i aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy» oa
«I?i aeaeo?iaia?aaoeeo». Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith
iaoeiaiai ieaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee aia?aaoe/ieo ? o?i?/ieo i?aei?e?inoa
oa ia?eaoeiao Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, yeee
aeeiio?oueny ca iai?yiaie: “I?iaeaie ?ano?ni- oa aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy a
aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie ” oa “I?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie”, caoaa?aeaeaieie Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith ?aaeith
AeO“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (i?ioieie ?11 a?ae 17.11.95 ?.) ?
a?aeiia?aea? iaoeiaiio iai?yio eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio ?68 “Aeiiii?/i?
i?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie: aaaeae? oa noeioee ?icaeoeo
ainiiaea?/eo nenoai”, caoaa?aeaeaiiai iaeacii I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie a?ae 13
ethoiai 1997 ?. ?37.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aaeoiia oa iniiaieo iai?yi?a aaeaioaoe??
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?ai?eie?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?eioeei?a ia?eaoeiao. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe o
?iaio? ?ica’ycoaaeeny oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aecia/aiiy nooiino? oa ci?i iniiaieo oaeoi??a iae?ina?aaeiaeua
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e;

— anoaiiaeaiiy i??i?eoaoieo iai?yi?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiai?
eiioeaioe?? a ae?yeuei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy oai??? neio?iia?eaoeiao oa
aeaia?eaoeiao ye iioeiaeueieo aeae?a oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia
aeaeo?iaia?a?th;

— aiae?c ia?eaoeiaiaiai na?aaeiaeua oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a?? o eiioaeno? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeeno?eaooe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e;

— ioe?iea ia?aiao??a naaiaioaoe?? ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??;

— ?ic?iaea i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
ia?eaoeiaiai? aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei oiia
aia?ai?eie?a;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo i??i?eoaoieo iai?yi?a oa oi?ioaaiiy
iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e a aniaeo?
neeaaeiaeo eiiieaeno ia?eaoeiao a nenoai? no?aoaa?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioeane oa iaoai?cie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ia?eaoeiaiai? eiioeaioe?? o ae?yeuei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e a
oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy aia?ai?eie?a Oe?a?ie. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?ai?
o/anieee oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??
(aia?aiiinoa/aeuei? eiiiai??, niiaeeaa/?, iacaeaaei? iinoa/aeueieee
aeaeo?iaia?a??).

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiue noaee ooiaeaiaioaeuei?
iieiaeaiiy no/aniiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, ia?eaoeiao, ?ioi?iaoeee, ii?iaoeai?
iaoa??aee ? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a, Aa?oiaii? ?aaee
Oe?a?ie oa Iaoe?iiaeueii? eii?n?? ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee,
iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee oa iaoeia? i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo ? a?o/eciyieo
aaoi??a, ui aena?oeththoue aniaeoe ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? a
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?. ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee iaoa??aee
noaoenoe/ii?, aooaaeoa?nueei? oa iia?aoeaii? ca?oiino?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e oa iioae?eiaai? o i?an? aeai? i?i
ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a aia?ai?eie?a. O ?iaio? aeei?enoai? no/ani?
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, cie?aia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy,
iaoiaee aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co, oaeoi?iiai, aenia?oiiai, AAN
aiae?co oiui.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoai?cio i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei ci?iieo oiia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?ai?eie?a a Oe?a?i? oa ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e
oe??? aaeaioaoe??. Iia? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, cai?iiiiiaai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi, iieyaathoue o
oaeiio:

— ?ice?eoi nooi?noue eaoaai??? oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??, ui ia’?aeio? aia?aiiinoa/aeueiee?a oa e?ioeaaeo
ciiaeeaa/?a o iaaeao iaaii? oa?eoi??? c iaoith caaacia/aiiy iio?aae oeeo
niiaeeaa/?a o iaae?eiiio oa ye?niiio aeaeo?iiinoa/aii?; anoaiiaeaii
oa?aeoa?i? iciaee oeueiai ?eieo (o?niee ca’ycie c i?iaeaiaie
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy; ia??aiii??i?noue iiieoo ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th,
aeei?enoaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiyi;
?nioaaiiy aeiooaiiai e?aaeeooaaiiy niiaeeaa/?a aiane?aeie ca?ao a /an?
i?ioean?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??, iayai?noue
eiia?oe?eieo ao?ao aeaeo?iaia?a??); aeyaeaii oa ioe?iaii niaoeeo?/i?
ia?aiao?e naaiaioaoe?? oeueiai ?eieo;

— iiaeeaeaii oai?aoe/i? canaaee ia?eaoeiao caaaeyee aecia/aiith
naaiaio?a ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ia yeeo aeioe?eueii cina?aaeeoe aieiai?
coneeey o ?aieao aeaia?eaoeiao oa neio?iia?eaoeiao, anoaiiaeaiith
iniaeeainoae eiiieaeno ia?eaoeiao aia?aaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa;

— ?icaeiooi oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? iniiae i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e
uiaei ia?eaoeiaiai? aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?ai?eie?a
(?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o neoaeae ia?eaoeiao; noi?iiaaii
noaio iioie?a ia?eaoeiaiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, aecia/aii iniiai? aeaee oa
iaoiaee/i? canaaee i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?icae??aiiai
?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??);

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?o oiaa?iiai ani?oeiaioo aia?aiiinoa/aeueii?
eiiiai?? ia oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?icae??aiiio ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, a yeo
aoiaeyoue iineoae c ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aaea/? oa iinoa/aiiy
aeaeo?iaia?a??, caaacia/aiiy iiooaeiino? o aiaeeie iaeneioio Ia’?aeiaii?
aia?ainenoaie (IAIN) Oe?a?ie, aeaye? eiia?oe?ei? oa na?a?ni? iineoae;
?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iaaeaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueiith eiiiai??th
iineoa c aeaeo?iaoaeeoo; aecia/aii iineoae, ye? iaaeaaaoeiooueny ia
iaeiia?oe?eieo canaaeao;

— ?icaeiooi ? iiaeeaeaii oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy
naaiaioici???ioiaaii? oe?iiai? oa aeeno?eaooe?eii? iie?oeee — aaaeeeaeo
neeaaeiaeo ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo
eiiiai?e aei oiia aia?ai?eieo (?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei aecia/aiiy ?icae??aieo oa?eo?a ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th ca o?ueiia
eeanaie iai?oae c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao niiaeeaa/?a a?aeiia?aeiiai eeano ia
oi?ioaaiiy iaeneioio iaaaioaaeaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??; iiaeaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei a?aoiaioiaaiiai aecia/aiiy aeiaia??ieo aaee/ei
cayaeaii? iiooaeiino? oa aeaeo?iaia?a?? i?iieneiaeo niiaeeaa/?a ye aace
aeey a?aei?ie ?o e?i?ooaaiiy; aaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooie?a ca
aeaeo?iaia?a?th aeey iiaooiaeo aaiiaio?a /a?ac nenoaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue
niiaeeoi? oa iiea/aii? aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa iiaeeo?eaoe?th ?ic?aooieiaeo
iia?aeiieaiue noiniaii iieaoe aeaeo?iaia?a??, niiaeeoi? iiaooiaeie
aaiiaioaie);

— aia?oa aecia/aii iniaeeaino? eiioi?eaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e ia ?icae??aiiio ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??
(?ic?iaeaii noaio ia?eaoeiaiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e, aecia/aii iniaeeaino?
ieaioaaiiy ie?aieo caoiae?a eiioi?eaoe??, anoaiiaeaii iaiao?aei?noue
ia’?aeiaiiy coneeue c aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
caoiae?a c aeaia?eaoeiao oa neio?iia?eaoeiao), ui aeanoue ciiao
?aoe?iiae?coaaoe aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy, i?aeaeueoe
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoai?cio aaeaioaoe??
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei oiia aia?ai?eie?a /a?ac noai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oa
ia?niaeoeaio ?aae?caoe?th ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e. I?aeoe/io
cia/ei?noue iineeththoue iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeaia?eaoeiao
oa neio?iia?eaoeiao, i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
oa?eoi??aeueieo ?icae??aieo ?eie?a aeaeo?iaia?a??, ye? aeathoue ciiao
?noioii ?icoe?eoe ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e, aeoiaey/e
?c iaiao?aeiino? caaeainoaaiiy iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?? ia oeeo ?eieao.
?ic?iaeaii iniiai? neeaaeia? ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e aaeaioaoe??
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? aei ?eieiaeo oiia, ye? aeeth/athoue
?icaeoie ?? oiaa?iiai ani?oeiaioo, naaiaioici???ioiaaio oe?iiao,
aeeno?eaooe?eio iie?oeeo oa ia?eaoeiaia? eiioi?eaoe??, ui aeicaieyoue
caa?aaoe a?aeiia?aeio /anoeo ?eieo iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??, i?aeaeueoe
?i?aeae aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? ia ?icae??aiiio ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??, iiiiaieoe ?? ia?aiaeie eiooaie oa cae?enieoe aoaeoeaia
oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th aeey iaae?eiiai oa ye?niiai
aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy ?aa?iio.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai?
i?e neeaaeaii? i?ia?aie nai?ia?o i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? oao?aoe?a
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e (aeia?aeea ?25 a?ae 17.06.99), o
iaa/aeueiiio eo?n? «I?iieneiaee ia?eaoeia» i?e i?aeaioiaoe? oao?aoe?a ca
iai?yiii «Aeiiii?ea ? i?aei?e?iieoeoai», o eo?nao “Ia?eaoeia o
ae?iaie/?e noa??” oa “Ia?eaoeiaiaee iaiaaeaeiaio” i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
oao?aoe?a ca iai?yiii “Iaiaaeaeiaio” oaeoeueoaoo aeiiii?ee oa
iaiaaeaeiaioo Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea»
(aeia?aeea ?40 a?ae 04.03.99), a oaeiae o eo?n? “Ia?eaoeia o
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?” i?e i?aeaioiaoe? oao?aoe?a ca niaoe?aeuei?noth
“Aia?aaoe/iee eiio?ieue oa ia?eaoeia o aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?” a ?inoeooo?
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy oa aia?aiiaiaaeaeiaioo IOOO “EI?”. Noi?ioeueiaai? o
aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aeaia?eaoeiao oa neio?iia?eaoeiao,
i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ia?eaoeiaiai?
ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae ia?niaeoeaii? ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?ii?,
aeeno?eaooe?eii? oa eiioi?eaoe?eii? iie?oeee ai?iaaaeaeai? o
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e eii?n?? ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee (aeia?aeea
?05-39-08/990 a?ae 01.07.99), Iaoe?iiaeuei?e aia?aaoe/i?e eiiiai??
«Oe?aia?ai», I?i?noa?noa? aia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie, AAO «Euea?aiaeaia?ai»,
AeAAE “??aiaiaeaia?ai”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? caaa?oaiei iaoeiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueieie eiiiai?yie iiaeo
niinia?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ye? a?oioothoueny ia canaaeao ia?eaoeiao c
iaoith aaeaioaoe?? ?o ae?yeueiino? aei oiia aia?ai?eie?a. Iniaenoee
aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o aecia/aii? nooiino? eaoaai???
oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, eiai oa?aeoa?ieo
iciae, a?aoiaiooaaii? iaiao?aeiino? ia?eaoeiaiai? aaeaioaoe??
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? aei ?eieiaeo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy,
?ice?eoo? iniaeeainoae ? nooiino? i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy aaeaioaoe??, ?ic?iaeaii? ?? ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e a
aniaeo? neeaaeiaeo eiiieaeno ia?eaoeiao, cie?aia noi?ioeueiaaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oiaa?iiai ani?oeiaioo aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??
ia oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?icae??aiiio ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??; anoaiiaeaii
naaiaioe ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, aea aeioe?eueii cina?aaeeoe aieiai?
coneeey o ?aieao neio?i- oa aeaia?eaoeiao; aecia/aii iniaeeaino?
oe?iiai?, aeeno?eaooe?eii? oa eiioi?eaoe?eii? iie?oeee
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??.

C iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, a aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoai? eeoa o? iieiaeaiiy, ye? ? ?acoeueoaoii iniaenoi? ?iaioe
caeiaoaa/a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao “Ia?eaoeia a yia?aaoeea e aai
iaania/aiea” o i. Ee?a? (1993 ?.), “?aaeiiaeueiua ?ano?nu iaania/aiey
yia?aaoe/aneie aaciianiinoe” a i. Eo?aoiai (1998), “Eiieo?aioeey a
yia?aaoeea: aiciiaeiinoe e i?iaeaiu” o n. Neaanueei (1998), ia IV
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oi?aae?iiy
i?aai?caoe??th: ae?aaiinoeea, no?aoaa?y, aoaeoeai?noue» o i. O?oneaaoe?
(1997), ia II I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?eaoeia
oa eia?noeea a nenoai? iaiaaeaeiaioo” o i. Eueaia? (1998), a oaeiae aoee
?ai?acaioiaai? eii?aeeiaoe?eii-i?iaeaii?e ?aae? c i?iiaaaiaee
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, eiie?aoii? aeiiii?ee ? ia?aaeiaiai
ae?iaie/iai aeina?aeo i?e i?aae?ii? oiaa?enoaa “Ciaiiy” Oe?a?ie (naeoe?y
aia?aaoeee ? aeaeo?eo?eaoe??) aeeiiaiiyi ? ioae?eaoe??th ?iaioe
“?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie ?aa?iiaeueieo aia?ai?eie?a”.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii
11 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (iaoeia? noaoo?, oace aeiiia?aeae) caaaeueiei
ianyaii 6,5 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a, c ieo iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue 4,1
ae?oe. a?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa i?iiiceoe?e. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 185
noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, e??i oiai, iaaaaeai? nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae c 215 iaca ? aeiaeaoee. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 26 oaaeeoeue ? 35
?enoie?a (noai).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? ia? oaeee aeaeyae:

ANOOI

?ICAe?E 1. Ia?eaoeia o iaoai?ci? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo
eiiiai?e.

1.1. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie oa i?iaiici? ioe?iee ?icaeoeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee
Oe?a?ie.

1.2. Oi?ioaaiiy aia?ai?eie?a Oe?a?ie ? ia?niaeoeae ia?eaoeiaiai?
i???ioaoe?? ?o noa’?eo?a.

1.3. I??i?eoaoi? iai?yie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiai? eiioeaioe?? a
ae?yeuei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e.

1.4. Neio?iia?eaoeia oa aeaia?eaoeia ye iioeiaeuei? aeaee ia?eaoeiao
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e.

Aeniiaee aei ?icae?eo 1.

?ICAe?E 2. Ia?eaoeiaiaa na?aaeiaeua o ?aoi?ioaaii? aeeno?eaooe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e ia oa?eoi??aeueieo ?icae??aieo
?eieao aeaeo?iaia?a??.

2.1. Oa?aeoa?enoeea i?e?ina?aaeiaeua oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??: no?oeoo?a, oaiaeaioe??.

2.2. Ia?eaoeiaiaa i???ioaoe?y noinoie?a i?ae noa’?eoaie oa?eoi??aeueiiai
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??.

2.3. Niaoeeo?/i? oiiae naaiaioaoe?? oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??.

Aeniiaee aei ?icae?eo 2.

?ICAe?E 3. Caaacia/aiiy ia?eaoeiaiai? aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo
eiiiai?e aei ?eieiaeo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

3.1. I?aai?caoe?eia caaacia/aiiy aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo
eiiiai?e.

3.2. ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy aaeaioaoe?? ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e.

Aeniiaee aei ?icae?eo 3.

?ICAe?E 4. Ia?eaoeiaia? oaoiieia?? aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo
eiiiai?e aei oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??.

4.1. ?icaeoie oiaa?iiai ani?oeiaioo.

4.2. Naaiaioici???ioiaaia oe?iiaa iie?oeea.

4.3.Aaeineiiaeaiiy aeeno?eaooe?eii? iie?oeee aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo
eiiiai?e.

4.4. Ia?eaoeiaia? eiioi?eaoe?? ia oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?icae??aiiio ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??.

Aeniiaee aei ?icae?eo 4.

AENIIAEE.

NIENIE AEEI?ENOAIEO AeAEA?AE.

AeIAeAOEE.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Ia?eaoeia o iaoai?ci? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e» aecia/aii iniaeeaino? iae?ina?aaeiaeua
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e, yea ia? cia/iee aieea ia ?o ae?yeuei?noue
oiane?aeie ca?ao o /an? i?ioean?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aaea/? oa iinoa/aiiy
aeaeo?iaia?a??; ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy aia?ai?eie?a Oe?a?ie ?
ia?niaeoeae ia?eaoeiaiai? i???ioaoe?? ?o noa’?eo?a; aecia/aii iai?yie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiai? eiioeaioe?? a ae?yeuei?noue
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e.

Aeao?oeeo iaiaa?iaeo iiooaeiinoae, o?oaeiiu? o ?ici?uaii? aia?aaoe/ieo
ia’?eo?a, ?o iaaaoeaiee aieea ia aeiae?eey, iaaeinoaoiy caaacia/ai?noue
Oe?a?ie aeanieie iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieie ?ano?naie, iaiaaeai?noue
o?iainiaeo eioo?a aeey ?icaeoeo aia?aaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa, cia/ia /anoea
ciioaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy o no?oeoo?? aaia?oth/eo iiooaeiinoae, iaieaoaae?
ca niiaeeoo aeaeo?iaia?a?th noai?ththoue aaaee? oiiae aeey
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa. Aaeeeee aieea ia
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e ia?
no?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee. O oeeo oiiaao aia?aaoe/i?
i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeii? aeei?enoiaoaaoe nenoaie no/aniiai iaiaaeaeiaioo,
ye? aacothoueny ia?aaeon?i ia canaaeao ia?eaoeiao. I?iaiae?ciaaii
niaoeeo?/i? /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?,
ye? aecia/athoue iniaeeaino? ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? aia?aaoe/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa.

Ia canaaeao eiioeaioe?? nioe?aeueii-aoe/iiai ia?eaoeiao aecia/aia
nooi?noue ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e, yea
iieyaa? o aeinyaiaii? ?o oe?eae ca ?aooiie aea/aiiy oa caaeiaieaiiy
iio?aa niiaeeaa/?a e?aua, ai?ae eiieo?aioe, c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee oa noni?euenoaa caaaeii. O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iaa?oioiaai? oae? i??i?eoaoi? iai?yie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiai? eiioeaioe?? o ae?yeuei?noue
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e: cae?aiiy oa aiae?c ia?eaoeiaiai?
?ioi?iaoe??; naaiaiooaaiiy ?eie?a aia?aaoe/ieo oiaa??a (iineoa);
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo ia oiaa?e (iineoae) oa oi?aae?iiy iei; eiio?ieue
yeino? aia?a??, iaae?eiino? aia?aiiinoa/aiiy; aiae?c ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueieo oe?i ia oiaa?e (iineoae); i?aai?caoe?y nenoaie
ia?eaoeiaiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e; iiooe iiaeo iai?yi?a eiia?oe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?; aaeineiiaeaiiy aeeno?eaooe?eii? ae?yeueiino? eiiiai??;
?ic?iaeaiiy no?aoaa?? ia?eaoeiao, eiai ieaioaaiiy oa eiio?ieue.
Aiane?aeie niaoeeo?ee aia?aaoe/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa cia/i? ia?eaoeiaia?
coneeey aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aeioe?eueii ni?yioaaoe ia
oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oeae iai?yi
ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ia?aaeaa/a? noeioethaaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeaieo aeaeo?ioaoiieia?e, aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy oa
ae??aithaaiiy iiieoo ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th. C oe??th iaoith nueiaiaei?
aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe neio?iia?eaoeia (aeey ae??aithaaiiy
ia??aiii??iiai iiieoo) oa aeaia?eaoeia (ni?yiiaaiee ia cieaeaiiy
iiieoo). Ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo ?icaeyiooi
caaacia/aiiy ai?iaaaeaeaiiy neio?iia?eaoeiao oa aeaia?eaoeiao o
ae?yeuei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e, ui aeicaieeoue io?eiaoe
aaaiiee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao (?en.1).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Ia?eaoeiaiaa na?aaeiaeua o ?aoi?ioaaii?
aeeno?eaooe?eii? ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e ia
oa?eoi??aeueieo ?icae??aieo ?eieao aeaeo?iaia?a??” i?iaiae?ciaaii
i?e?ina?aaeiaeua oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??:
eiai no?oeoo?a, oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo, oiiae naaiaioaoe??, aeiaia??i?
noinoiee i?ae noa’?eoaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui oa?eoi??aeueiee ?icae??aiee ?eiie
aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? — oea ?eiie aeaeo?iaia?a??, yeee ia’?aeio? e?ioeaaeo
niiaeeaa/?a oa iinoa/aeueiee?a aeaeo?iaia?a?? /e iaaaeeeeo
ae?iaiee?a, ui ia ? noa’?eoaie iioiaiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? ?
iinoa/athoue ?? e?ioeaaei niiaeeaa/ai (ie?ai? aeie-noaioe?? oa OAOe) o
iaaeao iaeano? /e iaaieo oa?eoi??e, ?

oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaiei oa?eoii ia ia?aaea/o aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa ??
iinoa-

Oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th ?acoeueoao aeey
noni?euenoaa?acoeueoao aeey IAIN Oe?a?ie?acoeueoao aeey niiaeeaa/a

Ciaioaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eeyCiaioaiiy iio?aae o iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo
?ano?naoIie?auaiiy aeei?enoaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy aeaeo?inoaioe?e ?
aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae Ciaioaiiy iio?aae o iaeea?Ciaioaiiy iio?aae o
aeiaeaoeiaeo ?iaanoeoe?yoCiaioaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ?aca?ao
iiooaeiino?C?inoaiiy yeino? aeaeo?iaia?a??, ui iinoa/a?ouenyI?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? aeaeo?iiinoa-/aiiyCiaioaiiy e?eueeino? caiaeue, ye? caeiyo?
i?ae aoae?aieoeoai aia?aaoe/ieo ia’?eo?aCa?eueoaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae
aaia?oth/iai iaeaaeiaiiyCiaioaiiy ao?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? i?e ia?aaea/? ?
?iciiae?e?Ciaioaiiy nia?aa?oino? ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia?aaea/?
aeaeo?iaia?a??Ciaioaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??, ?ia?o,
iineoaI?aeaeuaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy oe?eueiaiai niiaeeaa/a ca ?aooiie
?icoe?aiiy niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? o iiaoo?

?en. 1. No?oeoo?ecaoe?y nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?acoeueoaoo
aeaia?eaoeiao oa neio?iia?eaoeiao a nenoai? ”Noni?euenoai-IAIN
Oe?a?ie-niiaeeaa/”

/aiiy. Iniaeea?noth oeueiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? o?niee aca?iica’ycie
c i?iaeaiaie aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, iaiao?aei?noue aeio?eiaiiy iaaieo
nioe?aeueieo ?ioa?an?a, a?aooaaiiy oaeoi??a iaae?eiino? oa yeino?
aia?aiiinoa/aiiy. Oi?ioaaiiy ?icae??aieo ?eie?a aeaeo?iaia?a??,
aeieeiaiiy eiieo?aioe?? o noa?? aia?aiiinoa/aiiy ciooo? “i?e?iaeieo
iiiiiie?no?a” — aia?aiiinoa/aeuei? eiiiai?? ii-iiaiio ioe?ieoe naith
ae?yeuei?noue oa ae?yeuei?noue aaciina?aaei?o eiieo?aio?a. Inoaii?ie ia
?icae??aieo ?eieao aeaeo?iaia?a?? o noa?? iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??
aenooiathoue ae??ai? eieaeuei? aeie-noaioe?? oa OAOe ?ioeo i?i?noa?noa ?
a?aeiinoa, a oaeiae iacaeaaei? iinoa/aeueieee aeaeo?iaia?a??, ye?,
aeeoiaoe ia ?icae??ai? ?eiee aeaeo?iaia?a?? o 1995 ?., nueiaiaei?
cae?eniththoue aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy aaeeei? a?oie niiaeeaa/?a (oaae.1).

sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?nio? ?yae iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a, ui
oneeaaeiththoue ae?yeuei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e:
ia??aiii??i?noue ?o aeiaiaeo a?ao?e?a aeaeo?e/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?ee
yeeo ca?aathoueny ?c aiaeeiaie iaeneiaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue IAIN Oe?a?ie;
iayai?noue aeiooaiiai e?aaeeooaaiiy niiaeeaa/?a aiane?aeie ca?ao a /an?
i?ioean?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aaea/? ? niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa
iaieaoaae?a ca niiaeeoo aeaeo?iaia?a?th. O 1998 ?. /anoeia aaciieaoii
iinoaaeaii? aeaeo?iaia?a?? a Oe?a?i? noaiiaeea 23 %. Cae?aiiy eioo?a ca
aeaeo?iaia?a?th aia?aiiinoa/aeueieie eiiiai?yie oo?oaeiaia /a?ac cia/i?
eiia?oe?ei? ao?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? (aiane?aeie ?? e?aae?aeie).
I?iaiae?ciaaii aieea no?oeoo?e aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy ia o?iainiaee noai
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e oa

iiaeeeaino? oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea no?oeoo?e aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy ?aa?iio

*anoea,

ae.i. Aeeiai?ea /anoie aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e o ei?eniiio
a?aeioneo aeaeo?iaia?a?? niiaeeaa/ai ia ?icae??aieo ?eieao
aeaeo?iaia?a??

Ia??iaeEuea?anueea iaeanoue??aiainueea iaeanoueAieeinueea
iaeanoue?aaii-O?aie?anueea iaeanoueCaea?iaonueea iaeanoueAnueiai ii oeeo
iaeanoyo2 ea. 1995 ?.1,0001,0001,0001,0001,0001,0003 ea. 1995
?.0,9720,7751,0000,9541,0000,9384 ea. 1995
?.0,7340,7880,9660,7590,9420,8731 ea. 1996
?.0,8390,7171,0000,8460,9740,8512 ea. 1996
?.0,9500,7981,0000,8110,9390,8953 ea. 1996
?.0,8100,6360,9900,7720,9780,8094 ea. 1996
?.0,7680,6270,8780,6570,9990,7551 ea. 1997
?.0,9050,7030,9470,6710,9990,8342 ea. 1997
?.0,9790,6910,9670,7911,0000,8803 ea. 1997
?.0,9020,6660,8970,6551,0000,8064 ea. 1997
?.0,8940,7020,9320,5510,9960,7931 ea. 1998
?.0,8930,8780,8830,5530,9880,8272 ea. 1998
?.0,8110,8240,8580,7060,9740,8153 ea. 1998
?.0,7910,6980,7450,7000,9590,7584 ea. 1998
?0,8770,7410,9430,9070,9660,856

Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith i?e?ina?aaeiaeua aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e ?
niiaeeaa/?, aca?iia?aeiineie c yeeie nueiaiaei? iathoue ?yae iaaeie?e?a.
Cie?aia, aia?aiiinoa/aeuei? eiiiai?? ia a?aeiia?aeathoue ca iaae?ei?noue
aia?aiiinoa/aiiy. Aeey caiia?aaiiy c?eao ?iaioe IAIN Oe?a?ie aiie
?aaoey?ii aeei?enoiaothoue i?eioniaa nei?i/aiiy niiaeeaaiiy /a?ac
/anoeiaa a?aeeeth/aiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoa ? ianaeaiiy, ?ieiee
niiaeeaa/?a aeieeathoue aaoiiaoe/ii, aac caa/aniiai iiia?aaeaeaiiy, ui
aeeeeea? cia/i? iac?o/iino? e aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe. Ia iaa?oioiaothoueny i?
niiaeeaa/ai, i? aia?aiiinoa/aeueiith eiiiai??th aeiaia??i? aaee/eie
aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy ? iiooaeiino? niiaeeaa/a o aiaeeie iaeneioio IAIN
Oe?a?ie, a o ?ac? ia?aaeuaiiy oeeo aaee/ei niiaeeaa/ iiea/o? oo?aoe, ye?
i?aeaeuothoue nia?aa?o?noue i?iieneiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui c iaoith cieaeaiiy ? ae??aithaaiiy iaeneioio iaaaioaaeaiiy
aia?aiiinoa/aeueia eiiiai?y iiaeiia caaacia/eoe ??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e
ia?iai/eo aei?a i?aei?e?inoa-niiaeeaa/?a i?ioyaii oeaeiy ? i?nyoey i?ae
??cieie niiaeeaa/aie, ui ia? ciaeoe a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aeiaiai?? ia
a?aeione aeaeo?iaia?a??.

Iio?aao? nenoaiaoe/iiai eiio?ieth aeeno?eaooe?eia ae?yeuei?noue ia
naaiaioao ?eieo iiaooiaeo aaiiaio?a, ye? /anoi naiino?eii iae?eiaothoue
niiaeeoo aeaeo?iaia?a?th ? i?ae?aoiaothoue noio aei iieaoe. Cae?eniaii
aiae?c niaoeeo?/ieo oiia naaiaioaoe?? oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai
?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa ?icaeyiooi oe?iiao iie?oeeo aia?aiiinoa/aeueii?
eiiiai??, yea aaco?oueny ia ii?aeiaii? aaeocaaiai i?eioeeio naaiaioaoe??
oa naaiaioaoe?? ca aeaiia eeanaie iai?oae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui c iaoith
caiiaiaiiy aeiaiaiai a?ao?ea iaaaioaaeaiiy IAIN Oe?a?ie
aia?aiiinoa/aeueiei eiiiai?yi iaeaaeeoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe oa?eoe,
aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? ca ciiaie aeiae. Ia i?eeeaae? aia?ai?iiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa (AAO “Ieeiea?aoeaiaio”) iieacaii, ui i?ee iaaaioaaeaiiy
niiaeeaa/?a, ye? iiea/othoue aeaeo?iaia?a?th ca aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiei
oa?eoii i?eiaaeathoue ia aiaeeie i?/iiai i?iaaeo, a i?i?iaeueia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ca?aa?oueny ?c aiaeeiaie iaeneiaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue IAIN
Oe?a?ie (?en.2).

wmetafile8? ???? ?%???????? ???????yyy????????????
e???

????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????uoy??????1/4???I???»Arial
Cyr?I???-?????uoy???????en. 2. Aeiaia? a?ao?ee iaaaioaaeaiiy
aia?ai?iiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aaeeii? aei?, % aei aeiaiaiai iaeneioio
(ia i?eeeaae? AAO “Ieeiea?aoeaiaio”)

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Caaacia/aiiy ia?eaoeiaiai? aaeaioaoe??
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei ?eieiaeo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy»
?icaeyaeathoueny aeaa aniaeoe caaacia/aiiy aaeaioaoe??: i?aai?caoe?eiee
oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiee.

Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy aeina?aeo a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo i?aei?e?inoa,
aiae?co caooiai? ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? anoaiiaeaia
aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueii? neoaeae ia?eaoeiao ia iniia?
?icoe?aiiy ? ?ai?aai?caoe?? i?ae?icae?e?a, ui caeiyo? caooii
aeaeo?iaia?a??, aeei?enoiaoth/e ooieoe?iiaeueii-oa?eoi??aeueii-oiaa?iee
i?eioeei i?aai?caoe?? neoaeae ia?eaoeiao. On??th ae?yeuei?noth,
iia’ycaiith ?c ia?eaoeiaii, iiaeiai ea?oaaoe canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c
ia?eaoeiao, o ?icii?yaeaeaii? yeiai iathoue ciaoiaeeoeny: a?aeae?e
ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue; a?aeae?e caooo, aei neeaaeo yeiai
aoiaeeoeiooue naeoi? ieaioaaiiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy oa iineoa, naeoi?
?aae?caoe?? aia?a?? oa iineoa, naeoi? oi?aae?iiy iiieoii, naeoi?
oe?iiooai?aiiy; a?aeae?e ?aeeaie ? ca’yce?a c a?iiaaenuee?noth; ea??aiee
c oiaa?ii? iiiaieeaoo?e. O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui
aeioe?eueiei ? ?nioaaiiy i?ae?icae?e?a a?aeae?eo caooo ia ??ai?
i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aae, cie?aia naeoi?a ieaioaaiiy
aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy oa iineoa, naeoi?a ?aae?caoe?? aia?a?? oa iineoa,
naeoi?a oi?aae?iiy iiieoii. Noai?aiiy neoaeae ia?eaoeiao aeicaieeoue
iie?auaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo
eiiiai?e aei ?eieiaeo oiia. ?ic?iaeaii noaio ia?eaoeiaiaeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??, ye? aeaaeooue ciiao
io?eiaoe aeinoia??io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?? i?e?i- oa iae?ina?aaeiaeua ?
cae?enithaaoe cai?ioiee ca’ycie. Iniiaiei ?ino?oiaioii oi?ioaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e o ?eieiaeo oiiaao
iiaeii? noaoe ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai
?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ye? ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee
??cieo naaiaio?a. Anoaiiaeaii iniiai? aeaee ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei
?o i?iaaaeaiiy, aecia/aii iniaeeaino? cae?aiiy ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe??.
I?e oi?ioaaii? aea??ee, yeui iiaa eaea i?i niiaeea/ee ?eiie
aeaeo?iaia?a?? c a?aeiinii aaeeeith e?euee?noth niiaeeaa/?a, aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ao?eaooeaia aea??eiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe ? noaoenoe/ii iaae?eieie o iaaeao aeiionoeieo iioeaie. Ia
?eieo i?aei?e?inoa, aea e?euee?noue niiaeeaa/?a iaiaaeaia, iaeaaeeoue
aeei?enoaoe noaoenoe/i? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy ianyao aaciiaoi?ii?
aea??ee. I?e oeueiio ioiieai? niiaeeaa/? iathoue i?aaenoaaeyoe ??ci?
aaeoc? i?iieneiaino? (i?iii?oe?eii aei ?aaeeio aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy
niiaeeaa/aie ??cieo aaeocae).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? «Ia?eaoeiaia? oaoiieia?? aaeaioaoe??
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueiiai
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??» cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e a aniaeo? neeaaeiaeo eiiieaeno ia?eaoeiao.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia ?icae??aiiio ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueia eiiiai?y iiaeiia i?eae?eyoe aaeeeo
oaaao oi?ioaaiith oiaa?iiai ani?oeiaioo (?en.3), aecia/eaoe iineoae, ui
iaaeathoueny niiaeeaa/ai ia eiia?oe?eieo ? iaeiia?oe?eieo canaaeao.

Ani?oeiaio iniiaieo oiaa??a oa iineoa ia oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?icae??aiiio
?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??Ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iaia?a??Ia?aaea/a
aeaeo?iaia?a??Iinoa/aiiy

aeaeo?iaia?a??Caaacia/aiiy iiooaeiino? o aiaeeie iaeneioio IAIN
Oe?a?ieEiia?oe?ei? iineoae, iia’ycai? c iinoa/aiiyi aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa ??
aeei?enoaiiyi Iaeiia?oe?ei? iineoae, iia’ycai? c

iinoa/aiiyi aeaeo?iaia?a?? ?en. 3. Oiaa?iee ani?oeiaio
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? o noa?? aeaeo?iiinoa/aiiy

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ani?oeiaio eiia?oe?eieo iineoa
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? iiaeiai aeeth/aoe, e??i aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa
iiooaeiino?, ieceo aei??thaaeueieo, aenieoaoaoe?eieo, ianeoaiaoth/eo,
?aiiioieo oa i?iaeoieo iineoa. Iiaith noa?ith eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
aia?aaoe/ii? eiiiai?? iiaea aooe iaaeaiiy iineoa c aeaeo?iaoaeeoo,
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei yeeo ?ic?iaeaii o aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio?. Aieiaiith oe?eeth iaaeaiiy iineoa c aeaeo?iaoaeeoo ia? noaoe
i?iaaaeaiiy iie?oeee oi?aae?iiy aeei?enoaiiyi aeaeo?iaia?a??, ca
aeiiiiiaith yei? iiaeia aoei a ?aaeueii i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae ae?iaieoeoaa oa ia?aaea/?
aeaeo?iaia?a??. Anoaiiaeaii ieceo iineoa (eiio?ieueieo,
aenieoaoaoe?eii-ianeoaiaoth/eo, ?ioi?iaoe?eieo, eiinaeoeiaiaeo,
?ic?aooieiaeo), ye? aia?aiiinoa/aeueia eiiiai?y iiaeiia iaaeaaaoe ia
iaeiia?oe?eieo canaaeao.

O iaaeao noi?iiaaiiai oiaa?iiai ani?oeiaioo aia?aiiinoa/aeueia eiiiai?y
iiaeiia aecia/aoe iai?yie oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia oiaa?e (iineoae).
Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aeey aecia/aiiy naaiaio?a oa?eoi??aeueiiai
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ia yeeo ne?ae cina?aaeeoe aieiai?
coneeey o ?aieao i?iaaaeaiiy iie?oeee c aeaia?eaoeiao, iaeaaeeoue
aeei?enoaoe eiioeaio?aoe?eiee aiae?c, aa??aioii yeiai ? iiaeeo?eiaaiee
AAN-aiae?c. Ca?aeii c oeei iaoiaeii niiaeeaa/?a ??cieo naaiaio?a
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? iiae?eythoue ia o?e eeane ca aea?aieie
e?eoa??yie (i?eaooie, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae anoaiiaeaieo oa?eo?a ?
nia?aa?oino? iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??, oa ianya ?aae?caoe??). O a?oio A
aoiaeyoue niiaeeaa/? naaiaio?a ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ui
aeei?enoiaothoue a?aeiinii iaaaeeeo /anoeo aeaeo?iaia?a??, aea ye?
?iaeyoue cia/iee aianie o caaaeueiee i?eaooie aia?aiiinoa/aeueii?
eiiiai?? a?ae iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? niiaeeaa/ai. A?oia A aeeth/aoeia
niiaeeaa/?a oeo naaiaio?a ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ye?
niiaeeaathoue cia/io e?euee?noue aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? ?iaeyoue iii??iee
aianie o i?eaooie a?ae iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??. Aei a?oie N
iaeaaeaoeiooue niiaeeaa/? an?o ?ioeo naaiaio?a ?icae??aiiai ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??, iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? yeei ? iaeiaio i?eaooeiaei
(caeoeiaei), aea ye? niiaeeaathoue a?aeiinii aaeeeo /anoeo
aeaeo?iaia?a??.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?iciiae?e naaiaio?a ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? ca
a?oiaie A,A,N cae?enith?oueny ca?aeii c iieacieeii, yeee a?aoiao?
a?aeiinio a?aenioeiao i?eaooeia?noue iineoa c iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??
niiaeeaa/ai j-i? a?oie o ?ic?aooieo ia a?aenioie ei?eniiai a?aeioneo:

wmetafile8? ??2???????????
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A@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy???n?? ???&? ?MathType??A
???u?????????»????-?????O???Oae???u@th??????aea j —
eeaneo?eaoi? a?oie (A,A,N), j=wmetafile8? ??Oe????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy???.?? ???&? ?MathType??@?
???u?????????»????-?????Z?@????Z?e???u@th??????
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyya??~?? ???&? ?MathType??wmetafile8?
??$??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy? ??~?? ???&?
?MathType?????u@th??????Aeyaeaii, ui aieiai? coneeey o ?aieao
i?iaaaeaiiy iie?oeee c aeaia?eaoeiao aia?aiiinoa/aeueiei eiiiai?yi ne?ae
cina?aaeeoe ia naaiaioao ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ui iaeaaeaoue aei a?oie
N. Aiae?c oeeo naaiaio?a iieaco?, ui iaea?eueoa aeaeo?iaia?a??
niiaeeaa?oueny ianaeaiiyi ? ae?yeuei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??
ia oeueiio naaiaio? ? iaea?eueo caeoeiaith.

Ine?eueee aaaiia i?noea o oiaa?i?e iie?oeoe? aia?aiiinoa/aeueii?
eiiiai?? iin?aea? ia?aaea/a oa iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??, oi aeaoaeueii
?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? oe?iiooai?aiiy ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th ia
oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?icae??aiiio ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen
ia?oi/a?aiaeo caoiae?a uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy naaiaioici???ioiaaii? oe?iiai?
iie?oeee ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th (?en. 4) oa iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
aecia/aiiy ?icae??aieo oa?eo?a ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th ca o?ueiia eeanaie
iai?oae c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao niiaeeaa/?a a?aeiia?aeiiai eeano ia
oi?ioaaiiy iaeneioio iaaaioaaeaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??.

Ia?oi/a?aia? caoiaee ?c aaeineiiaeaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
aeaeo?iaia?a?th?icoe?aiiy i?eioeei?a naaiaioaoe?? niiaeeaa/?a
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? (ca o?ueiia eeanaie iai?oa, ia??iaeaie
?ieo, ?aaeeiaie aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??)Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee
?iciiae?eo cao?ao i?ae ia?aaea/ath oa iinoa/aiiyi
aeaeo?iaia?a??Iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo aaee/ei oa?eoieo noaaieAea??
?aoe?iiaeueii? oi?ie oa?eoo aeey niiaeeaa/?a a?aeiia?aeiiai naaiaioa
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? /e ?iaeea?aeoaeueii aeey
niiaeeaa/a?en. 4. Ia?oi/a?aia? caoiaee i?iaaaeaiiy naaiaioici???ioiaaii?
oe?iiai? iie?oeee ia oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?icae??aiiio ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??

O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co oaeoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a aeyaeaii, ui aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
ae??aithaaiiy a?ao?ea iaaaioaaeaiiy IAIN Oe?a?ie ? cieaeaiiy
?icae??aiiai oa?eoo ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th aia?aiiinoa/aeueia eiiiai?y
iiaeiia cae?enieoe aiae?c ??cieo naaiaio?a oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai
?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??, aeei?enoiaoth/e iieaciee wmetafile8?
??±???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy???

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???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aA
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy? ??†?? ???&? ?MathType??A
???u?????????»????-?????oI???ou ???u@th??????aea
wmetafile8? ??±????????????
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`A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy???

?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??o????????????
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A????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy@??~?? ???&?
?MathType??wmetafile8? ??y????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??~?? ???&?
?MathType?????u@th??????Caoiaee ?c neio?iia?eaoeiao iaeaaeeoue
cae?enithaaoe ia naaiaioao ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? c
iaea?eueoei eiao?oe??ioii wmetafile8? ??±????????????
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?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th??????Ii?yae ?c oe?iiaith iie?oeeith
oni?o ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? caeaaeeoue
a?ae aaeineiiaeaiiy aeeno?eaooe?eii? iie?oeee. Aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yie
oaeiai aaeineiiaeaiiy, ye? uiaei i?iieneiaeo niiaeeaa/?a iieyaathoue o
a?aeiia? a?ae i?aeoeee ?o e?i?ooaaiiy ca aeaeo?iaia?a??th ?
iiooaei?noth, aea caa?aaeaii? iaiao?aeiino? iaa?oiooaaiiy oeeo aaee/ei
niiaeeaa/aie aeaeo?iaia?a??, iai?eeeaae, ?ic?aooiie niiaeeaa/ai
cayaeaiiai iaeneioio iaaaioaaeaiiy o aeaeyae? ciie aeiionoeieo cia/aiue
ia iniia? noaoenoe/iiai ia?iaeaiiy a?ao?e?a iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa
ca ?iai/? aei? a?aeiia?aeiiai i?nyoey ieioeiai ?ieo c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i,
ui a?aeaoeeny ia i?aei?e?inoa?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy aca?iia?aeiinei ?c
iiaooiaeie aaiiaioaie ia?aaeaa/a? nenoaiaoe/ia ciyooy iieaciee?a ?o
e?/eeueiee?a (oea aeicaieeoue aia?aiiinoa/aeueiei eiiiai?yi i?aeaeueoe
i?eaooeia?noue iaaeaiiy iineoa c iinoa/aiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??, iai?eeeaae,
i?e oaeoe/i?e a?ae’?ii?e ?aioaaaeueiino? oeeo iineoa — 3,75% a iaeiiio
?c aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a aeeiiaiiy inoaiiuei? oiiae ni?eyei a
caaacia/aiith ?aioaaaeueiino? o ?ici??? 11,3% ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy
eiia?oe?eieo ao?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa ci?iieo aeo?ao ia iaeeieoeth
iinoaaeaii? aeaeo?iaia?a??); caien o ?ic?aooieiaiio iia?aeiieaii?
aaee/ei aeaeo?iaia?a??, niiaeeoi? ca oie naiee i?nyoeue ieioeiai ?ieo ?
i?nyoeue, ui ia?aaeo? ?ic?aooieiaiio, a oaeiae ci?ie aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy
ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?ie ia??iaeaie, ui aeicaieeoue iiaooiaei aaiiaioai
anoaiiaeoe aeeiai?eo niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? ?aoe?iiae?coaaoe eiai.

Iaeiei ?c iai?yi?a ia?eaoeiaiaeo oaoiieia?e aaeaioaoe??
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? aei ?eieiaeo oiia ? eiioi?eaoe?eia
iie?oeea. ?ic?iaeaii noaio ia?eaoeiaiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? (iniiai? noa’?eoe, caniae aieeao ia ieo oa
aaaeaia cai?ioia ?aaeoe?y). Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui, ia a?aei?io
a?ae ?eie?a ?ioeo oiaa??a, ia ?icae??aiiio ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??
iaiao?aeii oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia?niiaeueio ?iaioo ?c niiaeeaa/aie,
yeo iiaeooue i?iaiaeeoe i?aoe?aieee a?aeae?e?a caooo i?aei?e?inoa
aeaeo?iia?aae i?ney ?o niaoe?aeueii? ia?ai?aeaioiaee. Aecia/aii
iniaeeaino? ieaioaaiiy on?o cania?a eiioi?eaoe?? oa ?o iniiai? oi?ie.

?icaeyaeath/e cao?aoe ia ?aeeaio ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
aeaeo?iaia?a??, ne?ae a?aooaaoe, ui ?? iiaeia aaaaeaoe nioe?aeueiith
?aeeaiiith ?ioi?iaoe??th, ?iciianthaeaeoaa/? yei?, ui iiai?noth aai
/anoeiai o?iainothoueny ca ?aooiie aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, ca?aeii
Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i ?aeeaio” ?ici?uothoue oaeo ?ioi?iaoe?th aea?aeaaieo
i?aai?a (i/aaeaeii, ui ooo aia?aiiinoa/aeueia eiiiai?y ia? ia’?aeiaoe
nai? coneeey c aea?aeaaieie eii?oaoaie c aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy oa
aia?aiiinoa/aiiy) aaceiooiaii a ianyc? ia iaioiio, i?ae 5% ao??iiai
/ano (ae?oeiaaii? ieiu?), a?aeaaaeaiiai aeey ?aeeaie.

AENIIAEE

1. Aaaeea noaiiaeua, a yeiio iieieeany IAIN Oe?a?ie, ia?aoe?iiaeueia
aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy a aeiiii?oe? oa o iiaoo? aeeeeeathoue iaiao?aei?noue
caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo ?icae??aieo
?eie?a aeaeo?iaia?a??. Oea ia?aaeaa/a? cae?eniaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueieie
eiiiai?yie iie?oeee ?aaoethaaiiy iiieoo — aeaia?eaoeiao oa
neio?iia?eaoeiao, c aecia/aiiyi a?aeiia?aeii aei cai?iiiiiaaii? o
aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeee naaiaio?a ?eieo, ia yeeo aeioe?eueii cina?aaeeoe
aieiai? coneeey.

2. Iiyaa iacaeaaeieo iinoa/aeueiee?a aeaeo?iaia?a?? coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueieie eiiiai?yie ?ioeo
no/anieo iai?yi?a ia?eaoeiaiai? eiioeaioe??. Aeey ?o ?aae?caoe??
aeioe?eueiei ? noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo neoaea ia?eaoeiao, i?aai?caoe?eia
no?oeoo?a yeeo ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia o aeena?oaoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi
ooieoe?iiaeueii-oa?eoi??aeueii-oiaa?iiai i?eioeeio.

3. C iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy eiieo?aio?a, aecia/aiiy iiieoo ia
aeaeo?iaia?a?th, anoaiiaeaiiy aeiia niiaeeaa/?a aei yeino? oa
iaae?eiino? aia?aiiinoa/aiiy oiui neoaea? ia?eaoeiao aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoaoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?o niaoeeo?ee ia
i?ae?eieao i?aai?caoe?e-niiaeeaa/?a oa e?ioeaaeo niiaeeaa/?a, ui
aeicaieeoue aia?aiiinoa/aeuei?e eiiiai?? i?eeiaoe iaa?oioiaai? ??oaiiy a
oiiaao ci?iiiai ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua.

4. Aeey oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aieiaai
?o i?aae?iue ni?eueii ?c neoaeaaie ia?eaoeiao iaeaaeeoue noi?ioaaoe
ani?oeiaio oiaa??a oa iineoa, iiiiaithaaoe eiai ca ?aooiie iaaeaiiy
iiaeo eiia?oe?eieo iineoa, iai?eeeaae, iineoa c aeaeo?iaoaeeoo,
i?iaiaeeoe naaiaioici???ioiaaio oe?iiao iie?oeeo. Cie?aia, naeoi?o
oe?iiooai?aiiy i?e anoaiiaeaii? oe?ie ia ia?aaea/o oa iinoa/aiiy
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe aeo?aoe ia ?icaeoie ia?aae
a?aeiia?aeieo eean?a iai?oae aeey niiaeeaa/?a iaaiiai naaiaioa ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a??, ui ni?eyoeia caaacia/aiith i?eaooeiaino?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? ia ??cieo naaiaioao ?icae??aiiai ?eieo
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeei?a neio?i- oa aeaia?eaoeiao.

5. Iio?aao? aaeineiiaeaiiy aeeno?eaooe?eia iie?oeea aia?aiiinoa/aeueii?
eiiiai?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?? niaoeeo?ee ia ??cieo naaiaioao ?icae??aiiai
?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??. A?aeae?e caooo iiaeiai caaacia/eoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
aca?iia?aeiinei aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? c? niiaeeaa/aie
aeaeo?iaia?a?? /a?ac nenoaiaoe/ia ciyooy iieaciee?a e?/eeueiee?a
iiaooiaeo aaiiaio?a, aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy
aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy iaiiaooiaeo niiaeeaa/?a oiui, ui aeicaieeoue cieceoe
?icae??ai? oa?eoe ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th, i?aeaeueoe
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??.

6. Canoinoaaiiy o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??
eiioeaioe?? ia?eaoeiao aeiaaa? a?ae ?? ea??aieoeoaa ? neoaeae ia?eaoeiao
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy nenoaie ia?eaoeiaiaeo eiioi?eaoe?e c o?aooaaiiyi
niaoeeo?ee aia?ai?eieo c iaoith ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy,
i?aeaeuaiiy ?i?aeaeo aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai??.

Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe oae?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??:

— aieiaai i?aae?iue aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e oaeineiiaeeoe
i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy ca ?aooiie ?? ?ai?aai?caoe??
oa noai?aiiy neoaea ia?eaoeiao, aei eiiiaoaioe?? yeeo aoiaeeei a eiei
ieoaiue ?eieiai? i???ioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa ? aeeiiaiiy iniiaieo
ia?eaoeiaiaeo ooieoe?e, ?ic?iaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??;

— Iaoe?iiaeuei?e eii?n?? ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee i?e ?aaoethaaii?
oa?eo?a ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th aeiaaaoe a?ae aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e
iiaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a uiaei i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe c neio?i- oa aeaia?eaoeiao,
iaeiia?oe?eieo iineoa, ye? iaaeathoueny niiaeeaa/ai ca ?aooiie oa?eoo ia
aeaeo?iaia?a?th, aeicaieeoe aia?aiiinoa/aeueiei eiiiai?yi
aeei?enoiaoaaoe cieaeee c oa?eo?a aeey niiaeeaa/?a, ye? aa?ooue o/anoue
o ?aaoethaaii? iaeneioio iaaaioaaeaiiy IAIN Oe?a?ie, iiiiaeoe
aeei?enoaiiy o ?ic?aooieao ca niiaeeoo aeaeo?iaia?a?th oa?eo?a c
iieaoith cayaeaiiai iaeneioio ? niiaeeoi? aeaeo?iaia?a??, noeioethaaoe
aia?aiiinoa/aeuei? eiiiai?? aei aeei?enoaiiy o ?ic?aooieao ?c
niiaeeaa/aie oa?eo?a, aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo ca ciiaie aeiae;

— iaeaniei eii?oaoai c aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy oa no?oeoo?iei i?ae?icae?eai c
aia?aiiinoa/aiiy iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?e c iaoith ?aoe?iiae?caoe??
aeaeo?iaeei?enoaiiy ia’?aeiaoe nai? coneeey c aia?aiiinoa/aeueieie
eiiiai?yie o noa?ao “iaae?e ??eaeoic”, noeioethaaiiy caooo, i?aai?caoe??
?aeeaiieo eaiiai?e, ?icaeyaeath/e ?o ye nioe?aeueii iaiao?aeio
?ioi?iaoe?th; o i??i?eoaoiiio ii?yaeeo ni?yiiaoaaoe ?iaanoeoe?? o noa?o
oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Eina? I.N. Oi?ioaaiiy oiaa?iiai ani?oeiaioo aia?aiiinoa/aeueii?
eiiiai?? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?icae??aiiio ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a?? // I?iaeaie
aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Euea?a: AeO «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea». — 1998. — ? 353. — N. 56-60.

2. Eina? I.N. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e ?c niiaeeaa/aie aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? //
I?iaeaie aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Euea?a: AeO
«Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». — 1998. — ?345. — N. 53-59.

3. Eina? I.N. Aeaeo?iaia?aaoeea Oe?a?ie: ?eiie ? ia?eaoeiaiaa
eiioeaioe?y // I?iieneiai-o?iainia? a?oie a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie noai?aiiy,
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Euea?a: AeO «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea». — 1998. — ? 328. — N. 115-117.

4. Eina? I.N. I?aai?caoe?eiee aniaeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?eaoeiao a
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe? // I?iaeaie aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy: Ca. iaoe. i?. —
Euea?a: AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea». — 1995. — ? 293. — N. 75-77.

5. Eina? I.N. Aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee oa oeyoe ?aae?caoe?? aia?aiiuaaeiino?
// I?iaeaie aeiiii?? aia?a??: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Euea?a: AeO «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea». — 1999. — ? 2. — N. 272-275.

6. Eina? I.N., Oa?ainueeee ?.I. ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie ?aa?iiaeueieo
aia?ai?eie?a. — Ee?a: Oiaa?enoai «Ciaiiy» Oe?a?ie, 1998. — 64 n.
[Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: ?ic?iaeaii noaio iioie?a ia?eaoeiaiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? oa iaoiaeeeo ia?eaoeiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icae??aiiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??,
aecia/aii ?o iniiai? aeaee].

7. Eina? I.N., Noa?ieiaeaa I.A., ??caiei N.A. Aaeineiiaeaiiy
aca?iia?aeiinei aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e ?c niiaeeaa/aie
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia ia?eaoeiaia?e iniia? // A?niee Oe?a?inueeiai Aoaeeieo
aeiiii?/ieo oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ciaiue. — Ee?a: Oiaa?enoai «Ciaiiy»
Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — ?5. — N. 58-60. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aaee/eie iaeneiaeueii?
iiooaeiino? niiaeeaa/a o aiaeeie i?ioiaeaeaiiy iaeneioio Ia’?aeiaii?
aia?ainenoaie Oe?a?ie].

8. E?eeaaneee A.A., I?eoeye I.N., Noa?ieiaeaa I.A., Oa?aineee E.I.
Ia?eaoeia eae oaeoi? iaania/aiey ?aaeiiaeueiie yia?aaoe/aneie
aaciianiinoe // A?niee Oe?a?inueeiai Aoaeeieo aeiiii?/ieo oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ciaiue — Ee?a: Oiaa?enoai «Ciaiiy» Oe?a?ie. — 1998. —
?3. — N. 18-22. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yie
caaacia/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? aia?aaoe/ii? aaciaee o ?aieao ia?eaoeiaiai?
ae?yeueiino? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e].

9. E?eeaanueeee ?.A., Eina? I.N., Oa?ainueeee ?.I. Eia?noe/i?
eiioeaioe?? a nenoai? no?aoaa?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo // Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oi?aae?iiy
i?aai?caoe??th: ae?aaiinoeea, no?aoaa?y, aoaeoeai?noue». — Ee?a. — 1999.
— N.114-121. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue
eiio?ieth aeo?ao ? aenieiai ??aiy ianeoaiaoaaiiy niiaeeaa/?a].

10. Ii?ic E.A., Eina? I.N. Nouiinoue e iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe a yia?aaoeea // Yia?aaoeea e
yeaeo?eoeeaoeey. — 1994. — ?4. — N. 45-48. [Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:
?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eia oa ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy ia?eaoeiaiai?
ae?yeueiino?].

11. Ii?ic E.A., Oea/aiei O.E., I?eoeye I.N. Oa?eou ia yeaeo?iyia?aeth
eae ninoaaiay /anoue eiiieaena ia?eaoeiaa a yia?aaoeea // Oacenu
aeieeaaea naieia?a «Ia?eaoeia a yia?aaoeea e aai iaania/aiea». — Eeaa:
Iauanoai «Ciaiea» Oe?aeiu. — 1993. — N. 8-9 [Iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a: iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue iaaeaiiy niiaeeaa/ai
iiaeeeaino? aeai?o oi?ie oa?eoo].

AIIOAOe?ss

Eina? I.N. Aaeaioaoe?y aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei ?eieiaeo oiia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia canaaeao ia?eaoeiao. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — i?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia. — Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, Euea?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e a oiiaao aia?ai?eieo. Anoaiiaeaii
iaiao?aei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiioeaioe?? ia?eaoeiao c
iaoith aaeaioaoe?? oe??? ae?yeueiino? aei ?eieiaeo oiia c o?aooaaiiyi
aieeao ia ia? oaeoi??a iae?i- oa i?e?ina?aaeiaeua. Aecia/aii
ia?aaeoiiae aaeaioaoe?? aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aei oiia
oa?eoi??aeueieo ?icae??aieo ?eie?a aeaeo?iaia?a??, ye? iieyaathoue a
i?aai?caoe?eiiio oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio caaacia/aii? oe??? aaeaioaoe??,
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aae?caoe?? ia?eaoeiaiaeo
oaoiieia?e a aniaeo? neeaaeiaeo eiiieaeno ia?eaoeiao (i?iaaaeaiiy
naaiaioici???ioiaaieo oiaa?ii?, oe?iiai?, aeeno?eaooe?eii? oa
eiioi?eaoe?eii? iie?oeee) c o?aooaaiiyi iaiao?aeiino? cae?eniaiiy
iie?oeee oi?aae?iiy iiieoii ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th — aeaia?eaoeiao oa
neio?iia?eaoeiao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaia?eaoeia, neio?iia?eaoeia, oa?eoi??aeueiee
?icae??aiee ?eiie aeaeo?iaia?a??, i?aai?caoe?eia caaacia/aiiy,
?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy, ia?eaoeiaia? oaoiieia??, eiiieaen
ia?eaoeiao.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eina? I.N. Aaeaioaoeey yia?ainiaaaeathueo eiiiaiee e ?uii/iui oneiaeyi
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ia ia/aeao ia?eaoeiaa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02. — i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia. — Ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”,
Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe yia?ainiaaaeathueo eiiiaiee a oneiaeyo yia?ai?uiea.
Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey
eiioeaioeee ia?eaoeiaa n oeaeueth aaeaioaoeee yoie aeayoaeueiinoe e
?uii/iui oneiaeyi n o/aoii aeeyiey ia iaa oaeoi?ia iae?i- e iee?in?aaeu.
Ii?aaeaeaiu i?aaeiinueee aaeaioaoeee yia?ainiaaaeathueo eiiiaiee e
oneiaeyi oa??eoi?eaeueiuo ?icie/iuo ?uieia yeaeo?iyia?aee,
caeeth/athueany a i?aaiecaoeeiiiii e eioi?iaoeeiiiii iaania/aiee yoeo
i?ioeannia, ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii ?aaeecaoeee
ia?eaoeiaiauo oaoiieiaee n eniieueciaaieai eiiieaena ia?eaoeiaa
(?aaeecaoeey naaiaioii?eaioe?iaaiiuo oiaa?iie, oeaiiaie,
aeeno?eaooeeiiiie e eiiioieeaoeeiiiie iieeoeee) n o/aoii iaiaoiaeeiinoe
inouanoaeaiey iieeoeee oi?aaeaiey ni?inii ia yeaeo?iyia?aeth —
aeaia?eaoeiaa e neio?iia?eaoeiaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaia?eaoeia, neio?iia?eaoeia, oa??eoi?eaeueiue
?icie/iue ?uiie yeaeo?e/aneie yia?aee, i?aaiecaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea,
eioi?iaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea, ia?eaoeiaiaua oaoiieiaee, eiiieaen
ia?eaoeiaa.

ANNOTATION

Kosar N.S. The adaptation of energy supplying companies to market
activity conditions on the basis of marketing. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 08.06.02 —
anterpreneurship, management and marketing. — Lviv Polytechnic State
University, Lviv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the questions of production and economic
activities of energy supplying companies under the conditions of
electrical energy market. The necessity of using the marketing concept
on the basis of analysis of environment forces of energy supplying
companies was determined. The research has shown that, owing to the
specifics of power production, irrational use of electrical energy by
consumers, considerable marketing efforts of energy supplying companies
are to be directed to electrical energy demand regulation. Today it is
necessary to use synchromarketing (irregular demand alignment) and
demarketing (reduction of demand), that simultaneously will contribute
to the maintenance of power safety in Ukraine in the sphere of
electrical energy supply.

The realization of the marketing concept is provided by the reforming of
distributive activity of energy supplying companies in the territorial
retail market of electrical energy. It requires study of the separate
elements of their microenvironment, competitors and consumers in the
first place. The main competitors of energy supplying companies are
independent suppliers of electrical energy, small-sized local power
stations. The research has shown that there are a number of negative
factors, which considerably complicate the activities of energy
supplying companies: unevenness of their daily schedules of electrical
loading, absence of payment for the consumed electrical energy, theft of
electrical energy. The influence of power consumption structure on the
financial condition of energy supplying companies and the possibility of
electrical energy demand regulation have been analysed, the specific
conditions of segmentation of territorial retail market of electrical
energy have been considered, the features of mutual relations of energy
supplying companies with the consumers of various segments (their strong
and weak points) have been determined.

The efficiency of energy supplying company adaptation to the electrical
energy marketing conditions depends on its organization and information
security, the design solutions of which are represented in the work. The
organization maintenance consists in creating a special service of
marketing based on extension and reorganization of subdivisions, dealing
with sales of electrical energy, using the combination of functional,
territorial and product-based principle of organization of the
marketing service. The research has shown that the existence of sales
department subdivisions at the level of electrical transmission
networks enterprises is appropriate. The structure of the marketing
service and functions of its subdivisions were developed.

Marketing researches to be carried out taking into account the specifics
of various segments should become the main tool of information basis
shaping of energy supplying companies under market conditions. In the
work the main kinds of marketing researches of the retail market of
electrical energy have been determined, the methodological approach to
their realization has been developed, the peculiarities of primary
information collecting have been determined.

The adaptation of energy supplying companies to the market conditions is
provided by the use of marketing technologies through marketing mix in
consideration of the supply and the demand noordination necessities in
the territorial retail market of electrical energy. The recommendations
concerning a product line of energy supplying companies have been
developed; it will include a number of commercial and noncommercial
services. The methodological approach to the installation of segments of
the electrical energy retail market to concentrate the main efforts of
synchromarketing and demarketing on has been developed. The provision of
the price and distribution policy realization, orientated on segments
(determination of retail tariffs on the electrical energy by three
classes of voltage in consideration of the consumers influences on the
maximum load shaping of energy supplying companies; the cancellation of
any limitations on the electrical energy and its power for the
consumers, but reasonable determination of these magnitudes by the
consumer; the systematic monitoring of the consumed and paid electrical
energy etc.) have been considered.

The application of the marketing concept in the practical activity of
energy supplying companies requires the marketing communications system
adjustment. The features of their communication activities in the retail
market of electrical energy (scheme of the main marketing
communications, the features of planning of separate measures of
communication influence, joint efforts of energy supplying companies and
the state bodies for the realization of demarketing and synchromarketing
measures) have been determined.

The priority directions of adaptation provision of energy supplying
companies to the conditions of electrical energy market developed and
justified in the thesis, developed methodological maintenance of
marketing technologies will help to raise the efficiency of energy
supplying companies in accordance with the requirements of consumers,
improve their image and raise their competitiveness in the territorial
retail market of electrical energy.

Key words: demarketing, synchromarketing, territorial retail market of
electrical energy, organization security, information security,
marketing technologies, marketing mix.

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