I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

IE?EIEE IEUeAA IEAEN??AIA

OAeE – 808.3 – 0561.1: 800.853

AANO?AEOII-AAOI?NUeE? ?A*AIIss A OOAeIAEIUeIIO IIAEAII?

10.02.01 — Oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?cia?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Eaaoiueei Ieoya?eia Einei?aia, eaiaeeaeao
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

?cia?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e

oe?a?inueei? oa ?in?enueei? iia aeey iaoe?iiaeueieo a?oi

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aoeaaithe I?ia Aanee?aia, aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ,

i?ioani?, *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Naiaiaiei Ea?ena Aiaoie??aia, eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,
Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 29″ aa?aniy 1999 ?.

i 1330 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

E 41.051.02 Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

(272000 i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoe., 2426).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiia oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

(272000 i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoe., 2426).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 26 » na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
*a?ii?aaiaiei ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo?? i?eae?eyeinue /eiaei
oaaae neioaene/iei eiino?oeoe?yi ?c aaia?ae?ciaaiith naiaioeeith.
?icaeyaeaeenue oae? eiino?oeoe?? c ??cieo aie?a: c oi/ee ci?o o?einio??
oa ineoieia?? (I.I.Iioaaiy, I.I.Eieueoeiaa), eia?ee (A.A.Aae,
A.O.Aaneeue?aa), a?aiaoeee (I.I.I?oeianueeee, I.I.Oaoiaoia,
N.Ae.Eaoeiaeuenii, I.?nia?nai, ?.E.A?eiae?ae, Ae.?.?oaeaiei,
I.?.Aiiaea?). *ano?oa anueiai caa?oaeanue oaaaa ia
oi?aa?naeueii-ocaaaeueithth/a cia/aiiy aaia?ae?ciaaieo eiino?oeoe?e.
*anoi oey i?iaeaia aena?oethaaeany aai iia?/ii, aai iia?aeii. Aoee
ni?iae noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aano?aeoi? ?a/aiiy eeoa o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio
aniaeo? (?.?.Aaeueia??i, N.I.Oeaeoe?i, E.E.Eociaoeiaa, I.E.Ooa?ia,
?.A.Ia?oueyiiaa). I?ioa aac o?aooaaiiy oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ieo oa
naiaioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeyaeaiiy neioaene/iiai noaoono
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue ? iaiiaeeeaei. Eeoa nenoaiii-a?aiaoe/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeacaieo no?oeoo? aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe ?o iniaeeaee
noaoon.

Aiae?c aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo iai?yie?a aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nuee? ?a/aiiy iathoue iaaio e?iaa?noe/io aaco, yea
?ice?eaa? ?o naiaioe/iee iioaioe?ae. I?ioa ia nueiaiaei?oi?e iiiaio o
neioaene/i?e oai??? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae ii noo? iaia? ?ia?o, ye?
iienoaaee a yaeua naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? aaia?ae?caoe?? i?aaeeeaoeaieo
iaeeieoeue, ? oiio iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe oaeo iaaea/aiino? ?o
no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/ii? niaoeeo?ee, nooiai?a aano?aeoe?? a oiiaao ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy.Ana oea iaoiiaeei aeooaeuei?noue oaie ? aecia/eei aea??
?? aeey aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. E??i oiai, oaia iioeaiaaia
?yaeii ?ioeo /eiiee?a. Ii-ia?oa, ia/?oea ?ic??ciaiiy eaoaai??e
ocaaaeueiaiiy e aano?aeoiino? a e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo??; ii-ae?oaa,
iien oe?ieiai ??ciiiai?ooy oi?aa?naeueieo aeneiaeaiue ? iaaeae?eaiiy
na?aae ieo aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue ye iniaeeaeo no?oeoo?;
ii-o?ao?, ia?ic??ciaiiy noiaeeo neioaene/ieo no?oeoo? o e?iaa?noeoe?
oaenoo ye iniaeeaeo oaenoioai?/eo iaeeieoeue; ii-/aoaa?oa, a?aenooi?noue
nenoaiiiai iieno aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy neioaene/iiai noaoono
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue o nenoai? i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue,
aea/aiiy oa iien aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue, ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy a
ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii?; aiae?c ?yaeo ?noioieo iciae oaeeo ?a/aiue o
c?noaaeaii?, c iaeiiai aieo, c iniaeeainoyie ocoaeueieo (cae/aeieo)
ocaaaeueiaii-iniaiaeo ?a/aiue, c ?ioiai, — c iniaeeainoyie
ia?ai?ieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy ?yaeo
aca?iiiia’ycaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo caaaeaiue:

1) noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe eaoaai??aeueii-a?aiaoe/i? iniaeeaino?
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue;

2) aeyaeoe naiaioe/io niaoeeo?eo no?oeoo?, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny;

3) i?iaiae?coaaoe ?o aeaiioaoeaiee oa neai?o?eaoeaiee aniaeoe;

4) iienaoe ii?oieia?/i?, eaene/i? ? neioaene/i? caniae ?aae?caoe??
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue;

5) iieacaoe caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? eaene/iiai iaiiaiaiiy
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue;

6) i?iaanoe eiie?aoi? niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae ooieoe?iioaaiiyi aeaiiai oeio
?a/aiue o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?;

7) aecia/eoe eiioaenooaeueio ni?euei?noue eiino?oeoe?e c ocaaaeueiaiith
naiaioeeith.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ie?aneaii aeaea?aeueio aaco,
iaoiaeieia?th e iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iieniaee,
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iee ? e?euee?niee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny
eiiieaeniei eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iei ? ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iei i?aeoiaeii
aei aea/aiiy aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue, aeyaeaiiyi ?o i?noey a
neioaene/i?e nenoai? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae. E??i oiai, ae?iaeaii
e?eoa??? naiaioe/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue o
nenoai? oaenoiaeo eaoaai??e.

Iniiaia a?iioaca aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o oiio, ui aano?aeoii-aaoi?nuee?
?a/aiiy noaiiaeyoue iniaeeaee oei i?aaeeeaoeaieo iiaoaeia a ???a?o?/i?e
nenoai? neioaene/ieo no?oeoo? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, cie?aia ??
ooaeiaeiueiai iiaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aecia/aiiy neioaene/iiai
noaoono aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue ye ie?aiiai oeio i?aaeeeaoeaieo
no?oeoo? aeanoue ciiao aeiiiaieoe neioaene/io oai??th i?aaeeeaoeaieo
iiaoaeia ooaeiaeiueiai iiaeaiiy. O aeena?oaoe?? aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a
cia/iee ca ianyaii ? aaaii?noth iiaee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e /eoaii? eo?n?a
no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, cie?aia neioaeneno oaenoo,
eo?n?a e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo ? noee?noeee
oe?a?inueei? iiae, a oaeiae niaoeeo?n?a oa niaoenai?ia??a o aoc?.

Aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeea
oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, aeeo/aiee ?c oai??a oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a,
oai?/?noue yeeo a?aecia/a?oueny o?einionueeei aniaeoii
na?oia?aeoai?aiiy, ii/eiath/e c? niaaeueie O.A.Oaa/aiea, E.Ae?aiaa ?
caaa?ooth/e oai?/?noth no/anieo i?ica?e?a oa iiao?a. I?iaiae?ciaaii 1500
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue oa ?ioeo iaeeieoeue ?c aaia?ae?ciaaiith
naiaioeeith (ia?ai??, ocaaaeueiaii-iniaia? ?a/aiiy).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo (1998: Ee?a,
Ae?iaiae/), a oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? oa ?in?enueei?
iia aeey iaoe?iiaeueieo a?oi ?cia?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo (/a?aaiue, 1998) oa eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa (a?oaeaiue, 1998;
o?aaaiue, 1999). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 7
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a (?icae?e ? – “Aano?aeoii-aaoi?nuee? ?a/aiiy a nenoai?
i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue”; ?icae?e ?? – “Oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue”; ?icae?e ??? –
“Naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?ea aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue”), aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (179 iaeiaioaaiue) oa nieneo aeaea?ae
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo (20 iaeiaioaaiue). Iniiaiee oaeno aeena?oaoe?? –
165 noi??iie, caaaeueiee ianya – 180 noi??iie eiii’thoa?iiai iaai?o.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
noa?aeoa?eciaaii noai ?? aea/aiiy, aecia/aii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe,
iaoiaee ? i?eeiie aiae?co, ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi
iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, a?aeia?aaeaii
ai?iaaoe?th, noi?ioeueiaaii iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e?, “Aano?aeoii-aaoi?nuee? ?a/aiiy a nenoai?
i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue”, ocaaaeueiththoueny o? o?aeooaaiiy
eiino?oeoe?e c ocaaaeueiaiith naiaioeeith, ye? ? iayaieie a
e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo??. Aeyaeythoueny oaeoe ianenoaiiiai,
o?aaiaioa?iiai aea/aiiy iienoaaieo no?oeoo?; aeine?aeaeo?oueny
aeeoa?aioe?thth/ee iioaioe?ae aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue.

Aaeeaaiei o no/ani?e e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ? oa?i?i “aano?aeoia
?a/aiiy”, cae??ieaiee “Neiaieeii e?iaa?noe/ieo oa?i?i?a” I.N.Aoiaiiai?
(1966, 30). Aa?o/e oeae oa?i?i ca ?iai/ee, ie aeeaaea?ii a iueiai aeaui
?ioa cia/aiiy: iaceaa?ii iei ia aoaeue-yea ?a/aiiy c aano?aeoiith
naiaioeeith (Ethaeeia nia?oia, Iia?o?y i?ici?a oiui), a ?a/aiiy c
aaia?ae?ciaaiith naiaioeeith /ano, /enea e iniae, ui ae?aaeathoue
aeoieo, ioe?ieo iiae?e, yaeu, o?einionueeo iiceoe?th iaaiiai aaoi?a.
Oiio oae? eiino?oeoe?? ie iaceaa?ii aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeie ?a/aiiyie
(AA?), cina?aaeaeoth/e oaaao ia aea/aii? iaoa??ae?a ooaeiaei?o oai??a
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeiaiaey/e ca’ycie naiaioeee neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e c aeaiioaoii,
iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui AA?, ye ? neiaa, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iayai?noth
aeaiioaoeaiiai ? neai?o?eaoeaiiai aniaeo?a cia/aiiy, i?e/iio
aeaiioaoeaiee aniaeo oa?aeoa?eco? ciae (iiaiee – i?aaeeeaoeaiee,
/anoeiaee – neiai) ca a?aeiioaiiyi aei eiai i?aaeiaoii? ni?yiiaaiino?,
neai?o?eaoeaiee aniaeo – aei eiai iiiyoo?ai? ni?yiiaaiino?.
Aeaiioaoeaiee aniaeo ocaaaeueiaiiai ?a/aiiy yaey? niaith ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?iiiceoe?? c eeanii a?aeiioaiue i?ae i?aaeiaoaie, ia a?aei?io a?ae
cae/aeiiai ?a/aiiy, a yeiio i?iyaey?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c iaeeie/iith
eiie?aoiith neooaoe??th. Ioaea, AA? iathoue ocaaaeueiaia aeaiioaoeaia
a?aeiioaiiy.

Ine?eueee ?a/aiiy ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi oaeo?a ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?,
caeiiii??ii iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i ?aoa?aioi?noue ?a/aiiy ye e?iaa?noe/io
i?iaeaio ? ?aoa?aioi?noue AA? cie?aia. Aecia/ath/e uiaei oeueiai aeaa
iai?yiee — eia?/iee ? e?iaa?noe/iee, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui AA? ?
?aoa?aioieie, ine?eueee aiie iienothoue ?aaeueio neooaoe?th ? iiaeooue
aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaaieie, oiaoi ni?aa?aeianaieie c iicaiiaiei na?oii.

Eaoaai??? aano?aeoiino? e ocaaaeueiaiiy aenooiathoue ye i?iaeaii? a
eia?oe?, o?einio?? oa e?iaa?noeoe?. C iiceoe?e eia?ee ieoaiiy
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ocaaaeueiaiiy e aano?aaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeea A.O.Aaneeue?aa.
O o?einio?? oa ineoieia?? oe? eaoaai??? ?icaeyaeathoueny ye aeaa
naiino?eieo ?icoiiaeo i?ioeane, i?e/iio aano?aaoaaiiy aaaaea?oueny
ia?aeiiei, a ocaaaeueiaiiy aoi?eiiei. O e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo??
eaoaai??? ocaaaeueiaiiy e aano?aeoe?? oaeiae iiaeai? a ??cieo aniaeoao.
O oaenoiaeo iiaoaeiaao ocaaaeueiaiiy aenooia? ye iaaiee nooi?iue aei
aano?aeoe??, iioya aei aano?aaoaaiiy a?ae eiie?aoieo aeanoeainoae,
a?aeiioaiue. Aano?aeoiei no?oeoo?ai i?eoaiaii? aiae?oeci,
oi?aa?naeuei?noue, caaaeuei?noue ? iaeaeuee nooi?iue ?o
eia?ei-a?aiaoe/iiai aano?aaoaaiiy. Ona oea aecia/a? /?oeo a?aaeaoe?th
nooiai?a aano?aeoe??, yea aiioeaiao? aeeoa?aioe?thth/ee iioaioe?ae AA?.
?c i?ioeanii aano?aaoaaiiy o?nii iia’ycaia iiiyooy “eeano”. O ca’yceo c
oeei o e?iaa?noeoe? ?icaeyaeathoueny i?aaeeeao eeano ? noa’?eo eeano,
iaoai?ci ocaaaeueiaiiy yeeo aeyaey? noiae?noue. Naia aiie oai?youe
naiaioe/io no?oeoo?o AA?.

Iiiyooy aano?aeoe?? o?nii iia’yco?oueny c iiiyooyi oi?aa?naeueiino?.
No/aniee ia??iae ?icaeoeo iiaiciaanoaa acaaae? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
i?aeaeuaiei ?ioa?anii aei i?iaeaie oi?aa?nae?e (A.I.Na?aa?aiieeia,
I.I.Aooiai). Aecia/eeany oaiaeaioe?y ?iciaaeoaaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo yaeu ?
e?iaa?noe/ieo oi?aa?nae?e. O 80-o? ?iee oaaaa aeine?aeiee?a
i?eaa?oa?oueny aei oi?aa?nae?e oaenoo ? ii?yaeeo eiiiiiaio?a o
neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?yo. Oaaaa iiaiciaaoe?a aei oi?aa?nae?e, cie?aia
e?iaa?noe/ieo, aecia/eea a aeayeeo ?c ieo a?aeiioaiiy aei an?o
eiino?oeoe?e c ocaaaeueiaiith naiaioeeith ye aei oi?aa?naeueieo
aeneiaeaiue (OA). OA aea/aee A.A.Naaeiaa, ?.I.Aaa?eeiaa, ?i i?enayoeea
nai? aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy A.?.Oia??ia (1975). Ioaea, iiiyooy
e?iaa?noe/ieo oi?aa?nae?e aaaaoi /ei coiiaeei ?icoi?iiy OA ye caaaeueieo
?noei ? oe?eeii iiaea noaoe iaoeiaith iniiaith aeey ?ioa?i?aooaaiiy AA?
ye oi?aa?naeueii-aiae?oe/ieo eiino?oeoe?e.

A?aoiaoth/e oai?aoe/i? iiaeyaee a e?iaa?noeoe? ia neioaene/i? iaeeieoe?
? neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe??, ie aecia/a?ii iniaeeaa i?noea a nenoai?
neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e aeey AA?, ye? ii?yae c ?ioaa?aeueieie iciaeaie
i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue iathoue niaoeeo?/io ia?eiaai?noue nai??
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe??. Ooo ia?o ca ana iaiao?aeii iacaaoe
eaoaai??? /ano, /enea e iniae c aaia?ae?ciaaiei cia/aiiyi. A ???a?o?/i?e
nenoai? i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae oe?iei
i?aaenoaaeai? neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe?? c ocaaaeueiaiith naiaioeeith, yea
aeyaey?oueny a aaia?ae?ciaaiino? a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e /ano, iniae ?
/enea. O ??ciee /an o/ai?-e?iaa?noe ii-??ciiio ?ioa?i?aooaaee oae?
eiino?oeoe??. ?icoi?eenue oe? oaenoia? no?oeoo?e ye c iiceoe?e
a?aiaoeee, oae ? c iiceoe?e eia?ee oa o?einio??. O o?einionueeiio
aniaeo? ?icaeyioa eaoaai??? ocaaaeueiaiiy e aano?aeoe?? I.I.Iioaaiy.
Naia a?i iaeiei ?c ia?oeo o a?o/eciyi?e e?iaa?noeoe? ii?ooea ieoaiiy i?i
?ic??ciaiiy eiie?aoieo ? aano?aeoieo aeneiaeaiue (1977, 90-91). Iii?oea
oea ?ic??ciaiiy e I.I.I?oeianueeee, yeee aeyaeya aano?aeoi?
eiino?oeoe??, aea oa?i?iieia?/ii ?o ia iicia/aa. A?i caa?ioa oaaao ia
iaeio ?c nooo?aeo iciae oaeeo eiino?oeoe?e – aaia?ae?ciaaio oi?io /ano,
“oaia??oi?e iica/aniaee” (I.I.I?oeianueeee 1956, 204). Aeanoea?noue
ae??neiaa a oaia??oiueiio /an? ae?aaeaoe iica/ania? a?aeiioaiiy oaeiae
aoea iii?/aia I.I.Oaoiaoiaei (1941, 487). O/aiee iniaeeao oaaao
i?eae?ey? ?iaiiei ?a/aiiyi ?c ioeueiaith ae??ne?aiith ca’yceith, a yeeo
noaa?aeaeo?oueny “iino?eiee, iica oiia /ano, ca’ycie noa’?eoa c
i?aaeeeaoii” (1941, 486). Noiae? neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe?? c
aaia?ae?ciaaiith naiaioeeith /ano ? /enea aoee iii?/ai?
N.Ae.Eaoeiaeueniiii ye iniaeea? neioaene/i? iiaoaeiae (1972, 31). *ania?
a?aeo?iee o oi?iao oaia??oiueiai /ano a?aecia/a? A.I.Cieioiaa (1973).
“Ocaaaeueiaiee /an” ? “ocaaaeueiaia /enei” ?icaeyaea? I.?nia?nai ye
neioaene/i? ? eia?/i? iiiyooy (“Oeeinioey a?aiiaoeee” 1958). Naiaioeeo
“ocaaaeueiaii? iaeieie” aeine?aeea Ae.?.?oaeaiei, yeee aea?a cia/aiiy
“?iaeiai? iaeieie”, ui i?yii ni?aa?aeiineoueny c aeine?aeaeoaaieie iaie
eiino?oeoe?yie.

?niothoue iaai? eaeneei-a?aiaoe/i? caniae, ye? aa?ooue o/anoue o
ae?aaeaii? ia’?io cia/aiiy ?a/aiiy (caaaeueiiai /e eiie?aoiiai). Oea oae
caai? eaaioeo?eaoi?e, aai eaaioi?i? neiaa, ye? neoaeaoue aeey ooi/iaiiy
e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia’?eo?a ? ae?e. O ?a/aiiyo ie?aiiai /e
iaeeie/iiai cia/aiiy aaeeaathoueny eaaioi?e ?nioaaiiy (“oi/a a iaeei”,
“aeaeio??”). Aeey ooai?aiiy caaaeueieo aeneiaeaiue neoaothoue eaaioi?e
caaaeueiino? (“on?”, “onyeee”). O e?iaa?noeoe? iienaee ?a/aiiy c
eaaioi?aie caaaeueiino? TH.N.Noaiaiia (1981), A.A.Aae (1986).

?yae no/anieo aeine?aeiee?a, aea/ath/e oaiii?aeuei? a?aeiioaiiy a
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e iia?, caa?ioee oaaao ia eaoaai??th
/aniai? eieae?ciaaiino?/iaeieae?ciaaiino? (A.I.?onai?anueeee,
I.?.Aiiaea?). Ae?oai?yaei? a?aeo?iee oaia??oiueiai /ano c aeae?eaiiyi
“oaia??oiueiai iica/aniaiai” noa?aeoa?eciaai? o aoc?anueeeo i?ae?o/ieeao
?c no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae (ca ?aaeaeoe?yie
?.E.A?eiae?aea 1972; A.I.Iaaeooaanueeiai 1975; I.Ae.Iiiiia??aa 1991).

A aano?aeoieo eiino?oeoe?yo ocaaaeueithaaoeny oaeiae iiaea ua iaeia
neioaene/ia eaoaai??y – eaoaai??y iniae. Ocaaaeueiaii-iniaiaee niin?a
i?aaenoaaeaiiy noa’?eoa o aeu?e i??? aeanoeaee aeneiaeaiiyi
ocaaaeueiaiiai oa?aeoa?o (naioaioe?yi, aoi?eciai, i?ene?a’yi, a oaeiae
AA?). A.A.Aae eaae?o?eo? noiae? eiino?oeoe?? ?a/aiiyie caaaeueiiai
(oi?aa?naeueiiai) cia/aiiy (1986, 156).

Ioaea, ?icaeyae ?nioth/eo o iaooe? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e neioaene/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e c ocaaaeueiaiei cia/aiiyi eaoaai??e /ano, /enea e iniae
ia?aeiio? ian o oiio, ui ia’?eoii aea/aiiy aoee ocoaeuei?
ocaaaeueiaii-iniaia? ?a/aiiy ? ia?ai?ieia?/i? iaeeieoe?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
nooiaiy aano?aeoiino? i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue aeicaiey? aeae?eyoe
na?aae no?oeoo? ?c aaia?ae?ciaaiith naiaioeeith AA?, a yeeo cia/aiiy
ocaaaeueiaiino? i?aeo?eio?oueny iica/aniaeie oi?iaie oaia??oiueiai /ano
ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea aai aea?aaeaioieie /aniaeie oi?iaie, ocaaaeueiaiei
cia/aiiyi eaoaai??e /enea e iniae, ye oaenoia? no?oeoo?e – eaoaai???th
iiaeaeueiino?. AA? nie?athoueny ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeo
iaeaaei?noue, ca oiia ciyooy yei? aiie ao?a/athoue naith niaoeeo?eo ?
noathoue aoi?enoe/ieie aeneiaeaiiyie, iiiiaithth/e oiiae ia?ai?ieia?/ieo
iaeeieoeue. C iaoith aeyaeaiiy nooiaiy eia?ei-a?aiaoe/ii? aano?aeoe?? a
?iaio? aeine?aeaeo?ii aeeoa?aioe?thth/ee iioaioe?ae AA?. Iniiaiee
aeeoa?aioe?thth/ee iioaioe?ae AA? aeyaey?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi iaaieo
eaoaai??aeueieo eii?aeeiao aaia?ae?ciaaieo no?oeoo?: nooi?iue
cae??ieaiino? eaene/iiai neeaaeo, nooi?iue aaia?ae?caoe?? a?aiaoe/ieo
eaoaai??e, ia?aciee iioaioe?ae, nooi?iue a?aeoai?thaaiino?, oaenoioai?/?
iioaioe??, nooi?iue aaoiiiiiino?, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueea
iaeaaei?noue.

AA? iathoue nooo?a? iciaee neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue, ooai?thth/e
iniaeeaee oei i?aaeeeaoeaieo iiaoaeia a ???a?o?/i?e nenoai? neioaene/ieo
no?oeoo? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, cie?aia ?? ooaeiaeiueiai iiaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe??, “Oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue”, i?noeoue aeine?aeaeaiiy
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiai aieo AA? ? aeeth/a? ?icaeyae ?o ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo
? neioaaiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae.

Eaoaai??y aano?aeoiino? a oe?a?inuee?e iia? ia ? aeania a?aiaoe/iith
eaoaai???th, ine?eueee ia ia? /?oei? nenoaie a?aiaoe/ieo oi?i aeey
ae?aaeaiiy aano?aeoiiai cia/aiiy. I?ioa oey ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ia
eaoaai??y o?nii iia’ycaia c oe?eei ?yaeii a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e –
eaoaai??yie aeaei-/aniai? nenoaie oe?a?inueeiai ae??neiaa, eaoaai???th
/enea ?iaiiee?a, eaoaai???th iniae ae??neiaa, a oaeiae ?c neioaene/iith
eaoaai???th iiaeaeueiino?, yea a?ae?a?a? iaeaaaeeea?oo ?ieue a
i?aai?caoe?? aano?aeoieo eiino?oeoe?e ye aaoi?nueeeo iiaoaeia.

A?aeiii, ui ?a/aiiy i?noeoue oo /e ?ioo iiaeaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo
iia?aeiiethaaiiai. Eaoaai??y iiaeaeueiino? oe?eaaeoue iiaiciaaoe?a ye
oaenoioai?/a eaoaai??y e oaea, ui aoiaeeoue aei /enea e?iaa?noe/ieo
oi?aa?nae?e (i?aoe? A.A.Aeiia?aaeiaa, ?.?.Neeiueea, I.A.Aoeaaithe,
A.ss.Nieaaieea, ?.?.Aaeueia??ia oa ?ioeo). ?icaeyaeaeenue caeaa?eueoiai
iiai? caniae ?? ae?aaeaiiy. Ia ??ai? ae oaenoo, ye aeui? iaeeieoe?
iiaeaiiy, caa?oaeanue oaaaa ia oaenoioai?/? caniae ?aae?caoe??
iiaeaeueiino?, ine?eueee naia a oaeno? aiia aenooia? i?ia?aeiith
oaenoioai?/ith eaoaai???th. O oeueiio aniaeo? eaoaai??y iiaeaeueiino?
aea/aeany ?.?.Aaeueia??iei, A.ss.Nieaaieeii, O.A.Na?aoi?iith,
E.I.Ein?aith, A.O.Eaeaoieeiaith oa ?ioeie.

Aeciaiiy a iiaiciaanoa? inoaii?i aeanyoe??//yi aio?iiioeaio?e/iino? iiae
? iiaeaiiy ni?e/eieei ia?aaaaeiee ?icaeyae cania?a ae?aaeaiiy
noa’?eoeaii? iiaeaeueiino? ii a?aeiioaiith aei ia’?eoeaii?. I??i?eoaoia
ooieoe?y noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeueiiai cia/aiiy na?aae ?ioeo iiaeaeueieo
cia/aiue noaiiaeoue aaaeeeaee aoai o ?icoe?aii? iaae a?aiaoe/iiai
aiae?co ?a/aiiy ? nai???aeiee ia?ao?ae a?ae ?a/aiiy aei aeneiaeaiiy e
aei oaenoo. Caaaeueiiaeciaiei ? iiaeyae ia noa’?eoeaii-ioe?iio
iiaeaeuei?noue, yea oi?io?oueny iiaoaiii ? ciaoiaeeoue nai? ae?aaeaiiy
inoaoi/ii a iaaeao oe?eiai oaenoo.

A AA?, a yeeo ocaaaeueiaia oyaeaiiy i?i na?o ia?aaea?oueny /a?ac
aaoi?nueea a?aeiioaiiy aei na?oo, oiaoi noa’?eoeaia ia/aei ? iniiaiei,
eaoaai??y iiaeaeueiino? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeayeith nai???aei?noth. AA?
– oea ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-oai?/ee aeo, oiio ?ieue aaoi?a noa?
aecia/aeueiith ? oaeith, ui oi?io? oaeno o oe?eiio. Ona oea a
?acoeueoao? ?iie?oeeoii ia?aaea? ii/oooy naiiai aaoi?a. Aea aeoaea /anoi
AA?, ie??i ?iie?oeeoiiai ae?aaeaiiy noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeueiiai cia/aiiy,
iathoue aenie?oeeoia ae?aaeaiiy iiaeaeueiino?. ?aei?noue ?iie?oeeoiiai e
aenie?oeeoiiai ? neeaaea? nooue noa’?eoeaii? iiaeaeueiino? a AA?.

Ona ??ciiiai?ooy ae?aaeaiiy noa’?eoeaii-ioe?iii? iiaeaeueiino? iiaeia
caanoe aei a?aiaoe/ieo, eaene/ieo e ?ioiiaoe?eieo cania?a. A AA?
noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeuei? cia/aiiy ae?aaeathoueny iacaaieie iiaieie
caniaaie, aea ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaea aooe ??ciei. Oea ia?aaaaeii
a?aiaoe/i? e eaene/i? caniae, ?ieue ?ioiiaoe?eiiai caniao noa?
aeiiii?aeiith, oiaoi ?ioiiaoe?y aai i?aeneeth? noa’?eoeaia cia/aiiy, aai
aeiiiaith? eiai ??cieie a?aeo?ieaie. ?iiae? noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeueia
cia/aiiy ae?aaea?oueny eiia?iaoe??th an?o o?ueio oei?a cacia/aieo
cania?a. Iaea?eueo ae?acieie a oeueiio a?aeiioaii? ? eaene/i? caniae:
noa’?eoeaia iiaeaeuei?noue a AA? iiaea ae?aaeaoeny iiaeaeueieie
/anoeaie, i?ene?aieeaie, caeiaiieeaie, ocaiaeaeaieie neiaaie, ui
aeeiiothoue ooieoe?? iiaeaeueieo /anoie, oa ?ioeie neiaaie, ye? nai?ie
eaene/ieie cia/aiiyie ia?aaeathoue aaoi?nueea noaaeaiiy aei
aeneiaethaaiiai. *anoee iathoue iaea?eueo aaaao? iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy
??cieo iiaeonieo cia/aiue. Aei a?aiaoe/ieo cania?a ae?aaeaiiy
noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeueieo cia/aiue a?aeiinyoueny ia?o ca ana neioaene/i?
iiaoaeiae c? anoaaieie neiaaie, anoaaieie niieo/aiiyie ne?a aai
anoaaieie ?a/aiiyie oa aeayeeie a?oiaie ae??ne?a. Eiei
noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeueieo cia/aiue a AA?, ui noai?th?oueny oeeie caniaaie,
? aeineoue oe?ieei ? a ye?enue i??? aeecueeei aei eiea cia/aiue, ui
iioeao?oueny iiaeaeueieie /anoeaie. Iiaeaeuei? neiaa, aoaeo/e iaeiei ?c
cania?a ae?aaeaiiy e?iaa?noe/ii? eaoaai??? iiaeaeueiino?, o no?oeoo??
AA? ii?aeiothoue o nia? ooieoe?th ia?ea??a eia?ei-naiaioe/ieo
a?aeiioaiue i?ae AA? (ye aeooae?coth/ith /anoeiith oaenoo) ? oaenoiaei
ioi/aiiyi (ye iii?iith /anoeiith oaenoo) ?c ooieoe??th
eia?ei-a?aiaoe/ieo i?aaeeeao?a, ye? aenie?eothoue aaoi?nueea “y”,
aeoea?cothoue i?aeeeth/aiiy aaoi?a aei iiaeaii?aiai aeoo.
Noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeuei? cia/aiiy iiaeooue ae?aaeaoeny neiaaie ??cii?
ii?oieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ui iathoue iiaeaeueia cia/aiiy (“iiaeia”,
“ia iiaeia”, “o?aaa”, “iio??aii”, “iaiao?aeii”, “iiaeiai”,
“ciaia’ycaiee”, “iiaoe”, “oio?oe”, “aaaeaoe” oiui).

Aeaye? noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeuei? cia/aiiy a AA? ae?aaeathoueny caniaaie
neiaiii?yaeeo e iiaoi?o, a oaeiae niaoe?aeueieie neioaene/ieie
eiino?oeoe?yie. Naiaioeea aaia?ae?ciaaiino? iaiiaieea aeaye? neioaene/i?
eiino?oeoe??, iiaoaeiaai? ca iaaiith noaiith. Oea oae? neioaene/i?
iiaoaeiae, no?oeoo?a yeeo ? o?acaieia?ciaaiith (I.TH.Oaaaeiaa,
A.A.A?eioaieiaa). Iiae?ai? neioaene/i? “o?acaieia?cie” aano?aeoii?
naiaioeee noai?ththoue noa’?eoeaia cia/aiiy i?aee?aneaiiy, aeoeaiooaaiiy
aai aeae?eaiiy yeiainue iiiaioo o aeneiaeaii?: “*ei a?eueoa neooa?o, oei
a?eueoa oi/aoueny /ooe. *ei a?eueoa eiaeo, oei o?oaei?oa ceiaeoe”
(Eioethaeinueeee). Ioaea, AA?, iath/e iciaee aaia?ae?ciaaiino? e
aaoi?nueei? ianii?oecaoe??, aeyaeythoue ??ciiiai?oi?
noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeuei? cia/aiiy, ae?aaeath/e ?o ye ?iie?oeeoii, oae ?
aenie?oeeoii.

AA? yaeythoue niaith iaea?eueo aano?aaiaaio nenoaio ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oaeo?a ?c /aniaith eieae?ciaai?noth, ?ioeie neiaaie, aiie acaaae? ia
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c ieioeei-oaia??oi?i-iaeaooi?i, ine?eueee iathoue
i?noea a aoaeue-yeiio a?ae??ceo /ano. Aiie ? iica/aniaeie, aaniethoieie
? ae?aaeathoue oaeoe caaaeueiicia/ou? aeey aoaeue-yeiai /ano, ia
ni?aa?aeiiny/enue i? c yeei iiiaioii ia /ania?e in?. Iica/ania?noue ?
iaeiei ?c ci?noiaeo oei?a /aniai? iaeieae?ciaaiino?. Iiiyooy i?i /aniao
iaeieae?ciaai?noue iia’yco?oueny c ?iaiaie A.Eioi?aea?a (1962),
I.A.Aiiaea?ea (1971), I.A.Eic?ioeaai? (1991), I.?.Aiiaea?y (1996).
Iica/aniaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue AA? o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?,
ae?aaeath/e noa’?eoeaia i?aaenoaaeaiiy oaiii?aeueii? iiaeae? na?oo.
Aaoi? iiaea? /eoa/aa? yeonue ?noeio, ia?aa??aio /anii ? iaooeeueii
iiaoi?thaaio ca iaaieo ianoaaei ia o?eueee a oaia??oiueiio ? ieioeiio,
aea e iiaeeeao a iaeaooiueiio. Iaaeiaaeeiai ?aaeueiei aai iioaioe?eiei
ia?ea?ii AA? aenooiathoue ianoaaeie /ano naiaioe/ieo oei?a: 1)
nii?aaee/iino? – “/anii”, “aoaa?”, “?iiae?”: “?iiae? ethaeei? oi/aoueny
caaooe na?e oao…” (Caa?aaaeueiee); 2) ocaaaeueiaiino? ca iiiaioaie
/ano – “ana aeeooy”, “ o an? /ane”, “eiaeii? oaeeeie”, i?e caia?a/aii? –
“i?eiee”, i?e noaa?aeaeaii? – “caaaeaee”: “? caaaeaee oae a aeeoo?: aei
niioey ianaiiny, Eeoaiue caoeoiooue aeanue eiai iaee? i?ni?”
(Oaeeueiaee); 3) ocaaaeueiaiino? ca eieaeuei?noth – “onthaee”,
“ne??cue”: “Oae a na?o? oeo?ay ethaeeia Onthaee a’?oueny, ye
Oiaeeia…”(Ae?aia). Cia/aiiy iica/aniaino? a AA? o aeeeth/i?e a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a iicia/a?oueny oi?iaie oaia??oiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo,
oiio ui oaia??oi?e /an nai ii nia? ? iaeiaaecia/ai?oei c on?o /an?a ?
iaea?eueo i?enoiniaaiei aeey a?aeoai?aiiy oe?ieiai niaeo?o aano?aeoieo
cia/aiue, aea ?iiae? ae?aaea?oueny oi?iaie ae??ne?a iaeaooiueiai /ano
aeieiiaiiai aeaeo oa ieioeiai /ano, ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ??cieo /aniaeo
ieai?a, ia’?aeiaieo caaaeueiei iica/aniaei cia/aiiyi, “ocaaaeueiaiei
/anii”. Iica/ania?noue i?aeo?eio?oueny eaoaai???th iiaeaeueiino?,
iaaiith aaoi?nueeith iiceoe??th, ui aeooae?co?oueny aaoi?ii o ca’yceo ?c
caaaeueiiethaenueeei aeina?aeii. Cia/aiiy iica/aniaino? noai?th?
naiaioeeo aano?aeoiino? ? o?nii c iath aca?iiae??.

A oiiaao aano?aeoiino?, eiee no?eaeiaa? aai ia?eoa??ei? eiiiiiaioe
aeneiaeaiiy i?aaenoaaeai? ?iaiieeaie, niinoa??aa?oueny nai???aeia yaeua
– iaeo?ae?caoe?y i?ioenoaaeaiiy ca /eneii. Oi?ie /enea iiaeooue
a?aeia?aaeaoe eean i?aaeiao?a o noeoiiino? eiai aeaiaio?a. Oaeo
ooieoe?th aiie aeeiiothoue a AA?, caaacia/oth/e cia/aiiy caaaeueiino?.
Aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeey
ooieoe?? “aeae?eaiiy ?iaeiaeo iiiyoue” a AA? ? oi?ia iaeieie. O oaeno?
oey oi?ia ? nai???aeiei singularia tantum, ui ae?aaea? cia/aiiy
iace?/aiino? (iaaeene?aoiino?). Ooieoe?y “aeae?eaiiy ?iaeiaeo iiiyoue” a
AA? i?aeo?eio?oueny eiai noa’?eoii, yeee i?enoiniao? aei naaa naiaioeeo
?ioeo /eai?a ?a/aiiy – ia’?eoa, i?aaeeeaoa – ca caeiiii naiaioe/iiai
ocaiaeaeaiiy. Naiaioeea aaia?ae?ciaaiino? aeoaea /anoi noai?th?oueny
neiaii “ethaeeia” aai “/ieia?e” o oi?i? “?iaeiai? iaeieie”, ine?eueee
naia oe? neiaa ? iaea?eueo i?noeeie c oi/ee ci?o iiiyooy eeano ye
ia/eaiiaaiiai oe?eiai e ?aeaaeueiiai eiai i?aaenoaaieea. E??i oiai,
“?iaeiaa iaeieia” coiiaeth?oueny eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iei ?ic?yaeii ?iaiieea
(aano?aeoiiai, ca??iiai). ?iaiieee c ?iaeiaei cia/aiiyi o no?oeoo?? AA?
aaeeaathoueny oaeiae ? a iiiaeei?, ine?eueee oi?ia iiiaeeie neoaeeoue
caniaii ae?aaeaiiy cia/aiue ocaaaeueiaiino? ? iiaoi?thaaiino?: “No?aoi?
neiaa, eiee aiie iia/aoue, eiee aiie ciaiaoeueea i?e/a?eenue, eiee ia
cia?o, c /iai ?o ii/aoue, ai an? neiaa aoee oaea /e?ienue” (Einoaiei).
Iaio iioe?aieie ii a?aeiioaiith aei oi?i iiiaeeie a ?iaeiaiio cia/aii? ?
eiioaenooaeueii ni?aa?aeiini? oi?ie ca /eneii, oiaoi a oiiaao
?icai?iooiai AA? aaeeaa?oueny ? oi?ia iaeieie, ? oi?ia iiiaeeie
?iaiiee?a, ooai?thth/e i?ae aaia?ae?ciaaia e?eueoea. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oaeeo oi?i eaoaai??? /enea i?ioa ia ? iieacieeii ia?eiaaiino? iaeieie ?
iiiaeeie ye /eai?a a?aiaoe/ii? iiiceoe?? ca /eneii. Iaeaea? oi?ie
neoaeaoue aeey ae?aaeaiiy aaia?ae?coth/i? naiaioeee, a oaeiae aeey ??
aeooae?caoe??. I?yia ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a eiioaeno? oae?acith?
iaeo?ae?caoe?th cia/aiue ca /eneii a AA?, na?ae/eoue i?i ae?aaeaiiy
?iaeiaeo iiiyoue.

Eaoaai??y iniae ii?yae ?c eaoaai??yie /ano ? iiaeaeueiino?, ye iaeei ?c
eiiiiiaio?a ?a/aiiy, oi?io? iiiyooy i?aaeeeaoeaiino?. Ioaea, ?? ?ieue a
AA? ? cia/iith, oi/ ? iaaeinoaoiuei aeoeaii aeyaeyth/ith naaa.
O?aaeeoe?eii eaoaai???th iniae a ?a/aii? noai?th?oueny ocaaaeueithth/a
cia/aiiy, cie?aia nooeoo?a iaeiineeaaeiiai /e aeaineeaaeiiai
ocaaaeueiaii-iniaiaiai ?a/aiiy. AA? c??aeea iathoue no?oeoo?o
ocaaaeueiaii-iniaiaiai ?a/aiiy. O oaeeo aeiaaeeao AA? ? iaea?eueo
ae?acieie i?eeeaaeaie iaeneiaeueiiai ocaaaeueiaiiy: “Aei’?o ia?ao –
no?aiaiaony, Aei’?o ae?oao – noaiaiaony, Aei’?o o?aoth – a i/ao ny?,
Aeoia aeoio iiaaiy?” (Oaa/aiei). Iniiaiee e?eoa??e aeey aeae?eaiiy oaeeo
AA? – naiaioe/iee: iaeaeuee nooi?iue aano?aeoiino? eiai eiiiiiaio?a. I?e
oeueiio ?ieue eaoaai??? iniae aenooia? iniiaiith. Iiaaoeue iioe?th?
naith ae?th ia aoaeue-yeo iniao; a?i ocaaaeueith? ia?aaeeoa, na?e
aeina?ae, ia?aiiny/e oea ia?aaeeoa ia an?o.

O ieai? neioaaiaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae AA? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ciai?oiueith
? aioo??oiueith niieo/oaai?noth c ?ioeie neioaene/ieie iaeeieoeyie
i?e?ieiioaenoo. Iniaeeaino? aioo??oiuei? niieo/oaaiino? AA? oi?iothoue
aeanoeaino? ia?aciino?, aeo/iino? ae?aco, eaeii?cio, eiiaeainaoe??
cia/ii? aeoiee, onoaeaiino?, a?aeoai?thaaiino?. Ciai?oiy niieo/oaai?noue
AA? o i?e?ieiioaeno? i?aai?co? iiiyooy eiioaenooaeueii? aaeaioaoe??, yea
?aae?co?oueny a ia?an?/aii? eiie?aoieo ? aano?aeoieo iiiyoue, ui
oai?youe oaeno. ssaeua eiioaenooaeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ni?e/eiy? ii?ooaiiy
ieoaiiy i?i aaoiiiii?noue AA? o oaeno?, ae??oaiiyi yeiai ? aeciaiiy
a?aeiinii? aaoiiiiiino? AA?. Aiie ? nai???aeieie i?e?ioaenoaie,
aeyaeyth/e o?niee ca’ycie ?c oaenoii a?eueoiai ?ici??o, iathoue oei
naiei iaeieae/ee nooi?iue iacaeaaeiino?. Aeaye? AA? aeyaeythoue
iaea?eueoee nooi?iue aaoinaiaio?? o aeiaaeeo iaaoooy noaoono
iaaeo?aciai? ?aeiino?, ui a?ao?/ii ioi?ieththoue aacaoe. Ci?no AA?, ui
caea?oueny iacaeaaeiei, aeyaey?oueny iiina?aaeeiaaii, iia’yco?oueny c?
ci?noii ianooiieo aai iiia?aaei?o a?ae??ce?a oaenoo.

O?ao?e ?icae?e, “Naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?ea aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue”,
i?enay/aii iioeaiaaiino? ci?noiaiai aieo aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiino?oeoe?e
oa aeyaeaiith ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii-noee?noe/ieo iiaeeeainoae.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeneiaeaiiy – eiie?aoiiai /e aano?aeoiiai —
oi?io?oueny caaaeyee no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiio iaiiaiaiith eiiiiiaio?a,
ui neeaaeathoue naiaioe/io no?oeoo?o aeneiaeaiiy.
Eiie?aoi?noue/aano?aeoi?noue no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai eiiiiiaioo
aaco?oueny ia iiaeeeaino? aaeeaaiiy ne?a o aeaio cia/aiiyo, iacaaieo
I.I.I?oeianueeei caaaeueiei ? /anoeiaei (1956, 372-373). O e?iaa?noeoe?
iae?aneth?oueny /?oea a?aaeaoe?y nooiai?a ocaaaeueiaiiy: a)
aano?aeoi? aeneiaeaiiy iaiiaiiai ocaaaeueiaiiy, ye? ? iienii cae/aeii?,
iiaoi?thaaii? neooaoe??; a) aano?aeoi? aeneiaeaiiy iiaiiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy, ye? iinyoue oa?aeoa? caaaeueieo ?noei, naioaioe?e ??ciiai
?iaeo (N.I.Oeaeoe?i, ?.A.Aoeeaa). Aeyaeoe nooi?iue ocaaaeueiaiiy
aeiiiiaaathoue oaenoia? ?aae?caoe?? aeneiaeaiiy , oiiae yeeo
aeicaieythoue a?eueo aaeaeaaoii a?aeoai?eoe oeaeo iaaeeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e
?a/aiiy aei a?aeia?aaeoaaii? neooaoe??. AA? yaeythoue niaith aeneiaeaiiy
iiaiiai ocaaaeueiaiiy ? caeiathoue iaeaeuee nooi?iue ia oeae?
ocaaaeueiaiiy. O oeueiio nain? aiie i?ioenoaaeythoueny eiie?aoiei
aeneiaeaiiyi ? aeneiaeaiiyi iaiiaiiai ocaaaeueiaiiy. Ia’?i cia/aiiy AA?
oi?iothoue ianooii? /eiieee: 1) eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ia i?e?iaea aieiaieo
eiiiiiaio?a no?oeoo?ii? noaie; 2) eaeneei-a?aiaoe/i? caniae –
eaaioeo?eaoi?e (eaaioi?e caaaeueiino?); 3) a?aiaoe/ia eaoaai??y /ano
ae??ne?a; 4) eaoaai??y /enea i?aeiaoa ? aeiaeaoea; 5) aca?iiae?y
a?aiaoe/ieo oi?i ?c eaeneeith ? a?aeia?aaeoaaiith neooaoe??th; 6)
aca?iiae?y i?aeiaoa, i?enoaeea, ianoaaei (/ano) ia oii? iienoaaieo
neooaoe?e.

Naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a AA? o cia/i?e i??? iaoiiaeth?oueny neioaene/iith
iiceoe??th ?? eiiiiiaio?a, ye? ? aeaiaioa?ieie iaeeieoeyie cia/aiiy
?a/aiiy. ssae?ii naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e AA? ? eiai i?iiiceoe?y –
neeaaeiee aeaiaio naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e, ui noaiiaeoue ?aei?noue
niieo/aiue noa’?eoa, i?aaeeeaoa, ianoaaei (/ano) ia oii? iienoaaii?
neooaoe??. Oiiae aeey aaia?ae?caoe?? noai?th?, ye i?aaeei, any
aeaiioaoeaia neooaoe?y a oe?eiio, yea aeyaey?oueny a aeooae?caoe?? naie
oeiiaino? noa’?eoii-i?aaeeeaoii-ia’?eoieo a?aeiioaiue. Iaeneiaeueiee
nooi?iue aaia?ae?caoe?? an?o naiaioe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a noai?th? iiae?aio
neooaoe?th, ae?aaeath/e i?e oeueiio caaaeueiee aca?iica’ycie yaeu,
aaniethoio caeiiii??i?noue: “O eiaeiiai Sc ethaeae, iaaia, Pr? naiy a?ea
ei?aeiaa Obja?eea, ?ai?o /eAdvi?ci?o, a Seiaeai Prciaoiaeeoue Obj??…”
(Aii/a?). Ioaea, aeia?? aeaiaio?a neooaoe?? a AA? i?yii iioeao? eiai
naiaioeeo. A oe?eiio ae oey naiaioeea aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee aeiai?ii
aeaiaio?a neooaoe??, aea ? niiniaii ?o iicia/aiiy, oeiii onoaiiaethaaieo
i?ae ieie a?aeiioaiue.

O e?iaa?noeoe? ?nio? iiiyooy “naioaioe?eii? oi?aa?naeueiino?”, ui
?ice?eaa? naiaioe/ia yaeua ocaaaeueiaiino? (A.?.Oia??ia 1975, 11).
Ca’ycie ?c eaoaai???th ocaaaeueiaiiy i?iyaey?oueny a oiio, ui aiia
aeyaey? nai? caeiiii??iino? ca aeiiiiiaith ??cii??aiaaeo cania?a iiaii?
?aae?caoe?? oe??? eaoaai???: eaene/ieo, ii?oieia?/ieo ? neioaene/ieo.
Uiaei AA?, oi aaniethoii eia?/iei aoei a noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i iayai?noue o
ieo niaoeeo?/iiai ?iie?oeeoiiai iiiyoo?aiai ooiaeaiaioo – aano?aeoii?
oi?aa?naeueiino?, ine?eueee nooo?aei iieacieeii ?o naiaioeee ?
aano?aeoia cia/aiiy. Aano?aeoia naiaioeea oaeiae aeyaey?oueny ia an?o
o?ueio ??aiyo iiae: eaene/iiio, ii?oieia?/iiio ? neioaene/iiio,
ciaoiaey/e nai? eiie?aoia ae?aaeaiiy ia eiaeiiio c ieo.

Eaene/iee ??aaiue noai?th?oueny ca ?aooiie oe?eiai ?yaeo ne?a, eaene/ia
cia/aiiy yeeo i?noeoue iaeneiaeueii ocaaaeueiaio naiaioeeo. Caniae
ae?aaeaiiy aano?aeoiino? eaene/iiai ??aiy iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia
oei?ciaai? e iaoei?ciaai?, i?yi? oa iai?yi?. Oei?ciaai? e iaoei?ciaai?
eaene/i? caniae ?ic??ciythoueny nooiaiai ae?aaeaiiy aano?aeoii?
naiaioeee; i?yi? oa iai?yi? ?ic??ciythoueny a?aeianai?noth aei
no?eaeiaaiai eiiiiiaioo, aei anueiai ?a/aiiy a oe?eiio aai aei
ia?eoa??eieo eiiiiiaio?a ?a/aiiy. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy o ae?aaeaii?
aano?aeoii? naiaioeee iaaoaathoue neiaa ?c iaeneiaeueiei nooiaiai
aaia?ae?caoe??, ui ?iaiothoueny “eaaioeo?eaoi?aie”, aai “eaaioi?aie
caaaeueiino?” (A.A.Aae, TH.N.Noaiaiia). Oea oae? neiaa, ye “eiaeiee”,
“onyeee”, “aoaeue-yeee”, “?ioee”, “on?”, “ana”.

Ia ii?oieia?/iiio ??ai? aano?aeoia naiaioeea noai?th?oueny a?aiaoe/ieie
eaoaai??yie /ano, iniae ae??ne?a, /enea ?iaiiee?a, ye? noaee ia’?eoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe. Iiai? ??ai? yaeythoue niaith
a?ai?, ui ia?aoeiathoueny, oiio ne?ae aiai?eoe i?i eaeneei-ii?oieia?/i?
caniae ae?aaeaiiy aano?aeoii? naiaioeee. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny
i?ene?aieeia? caeiaiieee “ne??cue”, “e?oaii”, “caaaeaee” a ?ie? i?yieo
/e iai?yieo iieaciee?a aano?aeoii? neooaoe??.

Ciia eaoaai??? aano?aeoiino? ia neioaene/iiio ??ai? aeeth/a? a naaa oae?
neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe??, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ianooiiei aeiiaai: a)
a?aenooi?noue i?inoi?iai-/aniai? ? eiie?aoii-neooaoeaii?
ni?aa?aeianaiino?, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aeneiaeaiiy ye ?noeiia ca an?o /an?a,
o an?o iiaeeeaeo neooaoe?yo; a) i?aaenoaaeaiiy ocaaaeueiaiiai noa’?eoa,
ui ia ni?aa?aeiineoueny c eiie?aoiei ae?y/ai; a) a?aeiinia
naiiaeinoaoi?noue, yea ?aae?co? nai? iiaeeeaino? a i?e?ieiioaeno?; a)
oaia-?aiaoe/ia i?ia?an?y; ae) aeooae?caoe?y neai?o?eaoeaii? iciaee i?e
ni?aa?aeiioaii? neai?o?eaoeaiiai, aeaiioaoeaiiai ? iaoaoi?e/iiai. Ia
iath/e no?oeoo?ii? noaa?e?caoe??, AA? i?ioa iathoue iaaio neioaene/io
ioi?ieai?noue (o?enaoe?th), yea aeyaey?oueny a ?o i?ee??ieaiino? aei
o??? /e ?ioi? neioaene/ii? no?oeoo?e. Iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiao?
i?ae?yaeiee aniaeo. ?nio? ?yae iiaeaeae neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue
(NI?), ye? aa?ooue o/anoue o ia?aaea/? aaia?ae?ciaaieo neooaoe?e; oea
NI? ia?ic/eaiiaaii? no?oeoo?e caeiaiieeiai-ni?aa?aeiini?, icia/aeuei?,
c’ynoaaeuei? ? NI? ?ic/eaiiaaii? no?oeoo?e oiiaii-/ania?, ii??aiyeuei?,
aeiionoia?. Ioaea, ia neioaene/iiio ??ai? aano?aeoia naiaioeea
ia?aaea?oueny oe?eueiii?aaeeeaoeaieie neioaene/ieie eiino?oeoe?yie, ui
aeyaeythoue oeth naiaioeeo caaaeyee eiiieaeno aaia?ae?coth/eo cania?a –
eaene/iiai ? ii?oieia?/iiai ??aiae. Neioaene/iee ??aaiue, iath/e naith
niaoeeo?eo, a?aeia?aaea? an? iiai? ??ai? oi?ioaaiiy aano?aeoiino?,
aeyaeyth/enue o an?e eiio?ao?aoe?? AA?. Ia oeueiio ??ai? a?aeaoaa?oueny
naiaioe/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y aaia?ae?coth/eo cania?a.

sse iiaeaethth/? iiaoaeiae, AA? o no?oeoo?? oaenoo iaaoaathoue
niaoeeo?/ii? naiaioeei-ooieoe?iiaeueii? ianii?oecaoe??, ine?eueee aiie
io?eiothoue na?e iniaeeaee noaoon o?eueee a ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?,
aoaeo/e ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeeie iiaoaeiaaie. ?o aaoi?nueea
nooi?noue aeyaey?oueny ia?o ca ana a oaenoioai?/?e ?ie?. Ca aeiiiiiaith
AA? noai?th?oueny iniaeeaa oaenoiaa ciia, yea a?aeaeaa?
eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/io ianoaiiao aaoi?a. Aenooiath/e a
i?e?ieiioaeno?, AA? ?icaeaathoue i?e?ioaie, ye? cae/aeii ei?aeththoue ?c
oaiith anueiai oaenoo. AA? aa?ooue iaeaeoeai?oo o/anoue a ?ioaa?aoe??
oaenoo. O/anoue AA? o no?oeoo?oaaii? oaenoo caeaaeeoue o?nii a?ae ?o
oaenoiai? i?enoiniaaiino?, ia?eiaaiino? iiceoe?? o oaeno?. Oa /e ?ioa
iiceoe?y iioeao? iaaio ooieoe?th. O aeine?aeaeaiiyo, i?enay/aieo
?icaeyaeo eiino?oeoe?e ?c aaia?ae?ciaaiith naiaioeeith, caa?iaii oaaao
ia “aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th ooieoe?e oeeo eiino?oeoe?e o iiaeaii?a?e no?oeoo??
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo, iioeaiaaio ?o i?noeaiieiaeaiiyi” (I.?.Eaaoiueei
1995,21). O i?e?ioaeno? AA? caeiathoue /ioe?e iniiai? iiceoe??:
i?aiiceoe?th, iinoiiceoe?th, ?ioa?iiceoe?th ? ?aieiao iiceoe?th. A
caeaaeiino? a?ae i?noeaiieiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii iiaeia aeae?eeoe /ioe?e
iniiai? ooieoe??: ca/eiii-oaiaoe/io, o?iaeueii-caaa?ooth/o,
a?aaeaoe?eii-aeoeaiooth/o ? e?eueoeaao. E??i iniiaieo ooieoe?e, AA?
aeeiiothoue ? /anoeia? ooieoe??, ye? ia iioeaiaai? ?oi?i
i?noeaiieiaeaiiyi: ooieoe?? ii??aiyiiy, ooi/iaiiy (iiyniaiiy), iaaaoe??.
I?noeaiieiaeaiiy AA?, ui aeeiiothoue oae? ooieoe??, noai?th? oiiae aeey
neie?aoecio.

O aeniiaeao i?aenoiiaothoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaa?oioiao?oueny naiino?ei?noue ?nioaaiiy AA? ye ie?aiiai oeio
neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e a ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii?, i?ea?iaeueieo nai?th
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iith, naiaioe/iith ? ooieoe?iiaeueii-noee?noe/iith
aoaeiaith.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo o e?iaa?noeoe? oi/ie ci?o ia i?e?iaeo
aaia?ae?ciaaieo eiino?oeoe?e iieacaa, ui AA? iaaoaathoue iniaeeaiai
noaoono a ???a?o?? i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue, aoaeo/e neioaene/iith
no?oeoo?ith iniaeeaiai ?iaeo a oe?a?inueeiio ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii?.

2. Eaoaai??y aano?aeoiino?, ia noaiiaey/e aeania a?aiaoe/ii? eaoaai???,
o?nii iia’ycaia c oe?eei ?yaeii a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e – eaoaai??yie
aeaei-/aniai? nenoaie oe?a?inueeiai ae??neiaa, eaoaai???th /enea
?iaiiee?a, eaoaai???th iniae ae??neiaa, ye? nooo?ai aecia/athoue
naiaioe/io niaoeeo?eo AA?.

3. AA?, iath/e iciaee aaia?ae?ciaaiino?, a?aecia/athoueny
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeith ianii?oecaoe??th, ae?aaeathoue aaoi?nueeo
iiceoe?th aei aeneiaethaaiiai oa ioe?ieo ??ciiiai?oieie
noa’?eoeaii-iiaeaeueieie cia/aiiyie, i?aaenoaaeaieie ??cieie iiaieie
caniaaie: eaene/ieie, ii?oieia?/ieie, ?ioiiaoe?eieie, caniaaie iiaoi?o,
neiaiii?yaeeo, iaaieie neioaene/ieie eiino?oeoe?yie.

4. I?enooi?noue AA? o ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii? o?nii iia’ycaia c oai?/ith
iaia?ith ienueiaiieea.

5. Aeaei-/aniaa nenoaia oe?a?inueeiai ae??neiaa aeicaiey? ae?aaeaoe
/aniao iaeieae?ciaai?noue ae?? o aeaeyae? AA? ye iaeiiai c ?? ci?noiaeo
oei?a. Iniiaia /aniaa cia/aiiy AA? – cia/aiiy iica/aniaino?, yea
ae?aaea?oueny ??cieie oi?iaie /ano ae??neiaa – oaia??oiueiai
ao?ii?noe/iiai, ieioeiai e iaeaooiueiai i?inoiai aeieiiaiiai aeaeo.
Cia/aiiy iica/aniaino? noai?th? naiaioeeo aano?aeoiino? ia a?aiaoe/iiio
??ai? ? o?nii c iath aca?iiae??.

6. Cia/aiiy caaaeueiino? a AA? noai?th? a?aiaoe/ia eaoaai??y /enea
?iaiieea, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oi?i yei? na?ae/eoue i?i iaeo?ae?caoe?th
cia/aiue ca /eneii, i?i ae?aaeaiiy ?iaeiaiai cia/aiiy.

7. O ieai? neioaaiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae AA? aeyaeythoue aeanoeaino?
eiiaeainaoe??, eiioaenooaeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ? o?acaieia?ciaaiino?.
Oa?aeoa?ecoth/enue a?aeiiniith aaoinaiaio??th, AA? aenooiathoue ye
oaenoioai?/? iaeeieoe?, iathoue naith i?e?ioaio, oi?ioth/e a?aeiinii
iiceoe?? a oaeno? ?yae oaenoioai?/eo ooieoe?e: ca/eiii-oaiaoe/io,
a?aaeaoe?eii-aeoeaiooth/o, o?iaeueii-caaa?ooth/o, e?eueoeaao.

8. AA? c o?aooaaiiyi ?yaeo eaoaai??aeueieo eii?aeeiao iathoue
aeeoa?aioe?thth/ee iioaioe?ae. Ca nooiaiai eia?ei-a?aiaoe/iiai
aano?aaoaaiiy aiie c?noaaeythoueny, c iaeiiai aieo, ?c ia?ai?yie, c
?ioiai, — c ocoaeueieie (cae/aeieie) ?a/aiiyie.

9. Aano?aeoia naiaioeea aecia/a?oueny aeiai?ii aeaiaio?a neooaoe??,
niiniaii ?o iicia/aiiy ? oeiii onoaiiaethaaieo i?ae ieie a?aeiioaiue.
Naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?ea AA? aeyaey?oueny oi?aa?naeueii, ia ??cieo ??aiyo
iiae: eaene/iiio, ii?oieia?/iiio ? neioaene/iiio. Ia eiaeiiio c ??ai?a
aeyaeaii nai? niaoeeo?/i? ia?ea?e aano?aeoii? naiaioeee.

10. AA? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeaiioaoeaiei ? neai?o?eaoeaiei aniaeoaie,
ye? aacothoueny ia iaoaoi?e/ieo aeanoeainoyo. ?o ?aei?noue noai?th?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/io ia?niaeoeao AA?.

11. Ciaoiaey/enue o nenoai? i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue, AA? iaaiei /eiii
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c ieie, aeyaeyth/e noiae? oa a?aei?ii? ?ene. Oea aea?
i?aai noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui AA? ? iniaeeaeie neioaene/ieie no?oeoo?aie a
oe?a?inueeiio ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Aei ieoaiiy i?i aano?aeoi? ?a/aiiy a ?in?enuee?e oa oe?a?inuee?e
iiaao// Iaoeiaee a?niee ?cia?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo. – ?cia?e, 1997. – Aei.?. – N.55-62.

2. Neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe?? c ocaaaeueiaiith naiaioeeith o
ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aniaeo?// Ooieoe?iiaeueiee aniaeo naiaioeee iiaieo
iaeeieoeue: Oace aeiiia?aeae I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. –
Oa?e?a, 1997. – *.2. – N.128-130.

3. Oi?aa?naeueii-aiae?oe/i? eiino?oeoe?? a iiac?? I.Oea?oa?ai?//
Oai?/?noue Ia?eie Oea?oa?ai? a eiioaeno? eoeueoo?e n??aiiai a?eo:
Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
105-e?ooth a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy Ia?eie Oea?oa?ai?. – Ae?iaiae/, 1998.
– *.2. – N.68-71.

4. ?a/aiiy c ocaaaeueiaiith naiaioeeith a ?iiai? I.Aii/a?a “Niai?”//
Oe?a?inueea iiaa: c ieioeiai a iaeaooi?: 200-??//th aeoiaeo a na?o
“Aia?aee” ?aaia Eioey?aanueeiai i?enay/o?oueny. – Ee?a: ?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, 1998. – N.70-71.

5. Aano?aeoi? ?a/aiiy a nenoai? i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue oe?a?inueei?
oa ?in?enueei? iia// Iaoeia? caienee: Nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?i?
aeenoeeie?ie. – Aeione “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie eoeueoo?ieia??”. – Ee?a,
1998. – N.39-43 (ISBN 966 – 7436 – 81 – 0).

6. Naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?ea aano?aeoieo ?a/aiue// Iaoeia? caienee:
Nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?i? aeenoeeie?ie. – Aeione “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
eoeueoo?ieia??”. – Ee?a, 1998. – N.21-25 (ISBN 966 – 7535 – 09 – 6).

7. Neioaaiaoe/iee aniaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aano?aeoieo ?a/aiue// Iaoeiaee
a?niee ?cia?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.– ?cia?e,
1999. – Aei.6. – N.82-89.

Aiioaoe?y. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeyaeaiith neioaene/iiai noaoono
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue a ???a?o?/i?e nenoai? i?aaeeeaoeaieo
iaeeieoeue oe?a?inueeiai ooaeiaeiueiai iiaeaiiy. Cae?eniaii nenoaiiee
aiae?c aano?aeoii-aaoi?nueeeo ?a/aiue a ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii? c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ieo, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii-noee?noe/ieo ia?aiao??a. I?iaiae?ciaaii ?yae nooo?aeo
iciae oaeeo ?a/aiue o c?noaaeaii?, c iaeiiai aieo, c iniaeeainoyie
ocoaeueieo (cae/aeieo) ?a/aiue, c ?ioiai, — c iniaeeainoyie
ia?ai?ieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue. C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
aano?aeoii-aaoi?nuee? ?a/aiiy noaiiaeyoue iniaeea? neioaene/i? no?oeoo?e
a oe?a?inueeiio ooaeiaeiueiio iiaeaii?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aano?aeoii-aaoi?nuee? ?a/aiiy, naiaioeea,
aaia?ae?ciaai?noue, iica/ania?noue, aaoi?nueea ianii?oecaoe?y,
caaaeuei?noue.

Aiiioaoeey. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia auyaeaieth neioaene/aneiai noaoona
aano?aeoii-aaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee a ea?a?oe/aneie nenoaia
i?aaeeeaoeaiuo aaeeieoe oe?aeineie ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?a/e, eco/aieth e
iienaieth aano?aeoii-aaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee, eo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey a
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?a/e. Aiaeece?oaony ?yae nouanoaaiiuo naienoa oaeeo
i?aaeeiaeaiee a niiinoaaeaiee, n iaeiie noi?iiu, n iniaaiiinoyie
ocoaeueiuo (iau/iuo) iaiauaiii-ee/iuo i?aaeeiaeaiee, n ae?oaie, – ni
naienoaaie ia?aieieiae/aneeo aaeeieoe. Inouanoaeyaony nenoaiiue aiaeec
aano?aeoii-aaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?a/e n o/aoii eo
oi?iaeueii-a?aiiaoe/aneeo, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneeo e
ooieoeeiiaeueii-noeeenoe/aneeo ia?aiao?ia.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee iaiauathony o?aeoiaee eiino?oeoeee n
aaia?aeeciaaiiie naiaioeeie, eioi?ua niaea?aeaony a eeiaaenoe/aneie
eeoa?aoo?a; auyaeythony oaeou ianenoaiiiai, o?aaiaioa?iiai eco/aiey
iienuaaaiuo no?oeoo?; enneaaeoaony aeeooa?aioee?othuee iioaioeeae
aano?aeoii-aaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee. Aiaeec eco/aaiiai iaoa?eaea
i?eaiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi aano?aeoii-aaoi?neea i?aaeeiaeaiey eiatho
nouanoaaiiua i?eciaee neioaene/aneeo aaeeieoe eae iniaiai oeia
i?aaeeeaoeaiuo iino?iaiee a ea?a?oe/aneie nenoaia neioaene/aneeo
no?oeoo? nia?aiaiiiai oe?aeineiai ycuea, a /anoiinoe aai
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?a/e.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea oi?iaeueii-a?aiiaoe/aneie noi?iiu aano?aeoii-aaoi?neeo
i?aaeeiaeaiee aeeth/aao ?anniio?aiea eo ia?aaeeaiaoe/aneeo e
neioaaiaoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae. Aeaeaaony auaiae, /oi eaoaai?ey
aano?aeoiinoe, ia yaeyynue nianoaaiii a?aiiaoe/aneie eaoaai?eae, oanii
naycaia n oeaeui ?yaeii a?aiiaoe/aneeo eaoaai?ee – eaoaai?eyie
aeaei-a?aiaiiie nenoaiu oe?aeineiai aeaaiea, eaoaai?eae /enea
nouanoaeoaeueiuo, eaoaai?eae eeoea aeaaiea, a oaeaea n neioaene/aneie
eaoaai?eae iiaeaeueiinoe, eioi?ay ea?aao aaaeiaeooth ?ieue a
i?aaiecaoeee aano?aeoiuo eiino?oeoeee eae aaoi?neeo iino?iaiee. A
neioaaiaoe/aneii aniaeoa aano?aeoii-aaoi?neea i?aaeeiaeaiey
oa?aeoa?ecothony naienoaaie eiiaeainaoeee, eiioaenooaeueiie aaeaioaoeee
e o?acaieiaece?iaaiiinoe.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony iioeae?iaaiiinoe niaea?aeaoaeueiie noi?iiu
enneaaeoaiuo eiino?oeoeee e auyaeaieth eo ooieoeeiiaeueii-noeeenoe/aneeo
aiciiaeiinoae. Aeieacuaaaony, /oi aano?aeoiay naiaioeea ii?aaeaeyaony
yeaiaioaie neooaoeee, eo niaieoiiinoueth, niiniaii ia?ee?iaaiiinoe e
oeiii onoaiaaeeaaaiuo iaaeaeo ieie ioiioaiee. Naiaioe/aneay niaoeeoeea
aano?aeoii-aaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee iienuaaaony ia ?aciuo o?iaiyo ycuea:
eaene/aneii, ii?oieiae/aneii e neioaene/aneii. Ia eaaeaeii ec o?iaiae
auyaeythony naie niaoeeoe/aneea ia?ea?u aaia?aeeciaaiiie naiaioeee.
Enneaaeiaaiea ooieoeeiiaeueii-noeeenoe/aneeo aiciiaeiinoae
aano?aeoii-aaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee oaaaeaeaao a oii, /oi eco/aaiua
eiino?oeoeee oa?aeoa?ecothony ioiineoaeueiie aaoinaiaioeae, aunooiatho
oaenoiia?acothueie aaeeieoeaie, eiatho naith iee?ioaio, oi?ie?oy
ioiineoaeueii iiceoeee a oaenoa ?yae oaenoiia?acothueo ooieoeee.

Iauei auaiaeii aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey i?aaenoaao iieiaeaiea i
oii, /oi aano?aeoii-aaoi?neea i?aaeeiaeaiey – yoi iniaua neioaene/aneea
no?oeoo?u a oe?aeineie ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?a/e, iaeaaeathuea aaoi?neie
ianii?oecaoeeae i?e naiaioeea anaiauiinoe, anaioaaoiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aano?aeoii-aaoi?neea i?aaeeiaeaiey, naiaioeea,
aaia?aeeciaaiiinoue, aiaa?aiaiiinoue, aaoi?neay ianii?oecaoeey,
anaiauiinoue.

Summary. The theme of the dissertation is exposing synthetic status of
abstract-author’s sentences in hierarchical system of predicative units
in Ukrainian artistic speech.

The systematic analysis of abstract-author’s sentences in artistic
speech taking into account formal-grammatical, structural-semantic as
well as communicative-functional parameters has been carried out.

There has been analysed a number of essential characteristics of such
sentences confronting, on the one hand, with the pecularities of
ordinary sentences and, on the other hand, with characteristics of
paremiological units. The conclusion has been made that
abstract-author’s sentences are special synthetic structures in
Ukrainian artistic speech.

Key words: abstract-author’s sentences, semantics, generalization,
timelessness, author’s certification, overcommunity.

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