IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO O?CEEE

Aeia?iaieuenueeee Aiae??e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 533.9.004.14

533.9.07

AAA?AOe??

A NEEUeIINO?OIIA?E IEACIIA?E E?IC?

O?ce/ia aeaeo?ii?ea 01.04.04

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Aii/a?ia Ieaen?e Aioiiiae/, ?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

Aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe, i?ioani?, Ee?e/aiei Aai?a?e Na?a?eiae/

IOe “?ssAe”, caa. a?aeae?eii o?ceee ieacie

Eaiaeeaeao o?c.-iao. iaoe, aeioeaio, *a?iye Aaea??e sseiae/

E??anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee Oi?aa?neoao

?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, aeioeaio eaoaae?e

o?ce/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

IIOe “Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” ?inoeooo ieaciiai?
aeaeo?ii?ee oa iiaeo iaoiae?a i?enei?aiiy, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” 02 2000 ?. i 14:30 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.159.01 i?e ?inoeooo? o?ceee IAI
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 03650 INI, 03039, Ee?a-22, i?iniaeo Iaoee, 46.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ceee IAI
Oe?a?ie, 03650 INI, 03039, Ee?a-22, i?iniaeo Iaoee, 46.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 24.01.2000.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?uoe A.A.

a/aii? ?aaee Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??

Inoaii?i /anii ?nio? no?eeee ?ioa?an aei i?iaeaie iaea?aeaiiy oa
ea?oaaiiy ?ioaineaieie io/eaie ?ii?a ??cieo aeaiaio?a. Oae? io/ee, ?
ia?o ca ana io/ee aaaeeeo ?ii?a, ye can?a aeinoaaee ia cia/i? a?aenoai?
aia?a??, ?iioeueno oa iane ?a/iaeie, noathoue aeiyoeiai aaaeeeaei
ia’?eoii ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa, iaeii/anii,
iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith no/anieo aenieeo oaoiieia?e, ye oi: aenieiaeicia
?iiia ?iieaioaoe?y oa ?iiia ia?iaea iaoa??ae?a (i/euaiiy, iie??oaaiiy,
iaianaiiy iie?eoue oa iiaeeo?eaoe?y aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi?). Aiie
ciaoiaeyoue canoinoaaiiy a i?ia?aiao ii aeine?aeaeaiith ea?iaaiiai
oa?iiyaea?iiai neioaco, a aeine?aeaeaiiyo eieaeoeaieo iaoiae?a
i?enei?aiiy, ian-naia?aoe?? ?cioii?a, i?enei?thaa/ao ca?yaeaeaieo /anoie
oa ?i. A oie aea /an, oae? io/ee, ui iathoue cia/iee ?aae?aeueiee
ia?aiaae iioaioe?aeo (b ((b=Ib/Vb, aea Ib- no?oi ?iiiiai io/ea, a Vb-
eiai oaeaee?noue), aeey naiiai naiai ?nioaaiiy aeiaaathoue noai?aiiy
aeinoaoiuei u?eueiiai, eiiiainoth/iai ?o ia’?iiee ca?yae ieaciiaiai
na?aaeiaeua. Oea na?aaeiaeua (?iiii-io/eiaa ieacia) ae?aio? iiey
o?aaeeoe?eieo aeaeo?inoaoe/ieo aaeooiieo e?ic, ui ?iaeoue ?o
canoinoaaiiy aeoaea iaaoaeoeaiei. Iaeii/anii, cia/ia aia?ai?ii?noue oa
ciaioaiiy iioe/ii? neee iaai?oieo aaeooiieo e?ic c ca?eueoaiiyi iane
/anoie ia aeicaiey? i???iooaaoeny ia ieo ye ia cai?io aeaeo?inoaoe/iei.

Oaeei /eiii iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui naia iiyaa ieaciiiioe/ieo
i?eno?i?a aoea aeeeeeaia o?oaeiiuaie, c yeeie cono??eeny aeine?aeieee
i?e ni?ia? aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo i?eno?i?a aaeooiii? ei?ioneoey?ii?
iioeee aeey ea?oaaiiy ?ioaineaieie io/eaie ca?yaeaeaieo /anoie. Oi/a
ni?iae aeei?enoaiiy aeey oeeo oe?eae ia’?iiiai ca?yaeo ?iaeeeny ua ia a
ia?o?e iieiaei? noie?ooy, eeoa i?ney iiyae ?aea? aeei?enoaiiy iaai?oii?
?cieyoe?? aeaeo?ii?a oa aea?iioaioe?ae?caoe?? iaai?oieo neeiaeo e?i?e
(I.?. Ii?icia, AeAI N?N?, 1965, 163, n. 1363) aeey aaaaeaiiy ia’?iieo
aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo iie?a a ieaciiaa na?aaeiaeua eiiiainiaaiiai
?iiiiai io/ea, ii/eia?oueny ?icaeoie ieaciiiioeee ye naiino?eiiai
iai?yieo o o?ce/i?e aeaeo?ii?oe? oa o?ceoe? ieacie. I?eno?i?, ui aoee
iiaoaeiaai? c ?? aeei?enoaiiyi, aeyaeeenue aeoaea aoaeoeaieie. Ia
nueiaiaei? aiie i?aaenoaaeai? aaeeeith ?iaeeiith ?aae?ciaaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?eno?i?a, ui ana /ano?oa ciaoiaeyoue i?aeoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy, ? aiia i?iaeiaaeo? iiiiaithaaoeny. Aeania ieaciiaa e?ica
(IE) ae??ciy?oueny na?aae ieo nai?th a?aeiiniith i?inoioith, i?aeoe/iith
cia/ei?noth oa iiaeeea?noth iaeii/aniiai aea/aiiy aeanoeainoae, ui
aecia/athoue ieaciiiioe/i? i?eno?i? a oe?eiio. Inoaii? iiaeeeai oiio, ui
a IE iaea?eueo iiaii oa iine?aeiaii ?aae?co?oueny aieiaia ieaciiiioe/ia
?aeay.

Ae?oaei nooo?aei iiiaioii ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaoeiao oa oaoiieia?/io
i?aeoeeo io/e?a aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o. A?aeiii, ui eeane/ia
ei?ioneoey?ia iioeea iia?o? c ia?aen?aeueieie io/eaie, ui a?ae/oaathoue
ae?th i?eeaaei? aei a?n? /anoeie oieonoth/iai iiey. *a?ac oea,
aeei?enoaiiy ?o c io/eaie aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o, iaa?oue ca oiiae
i?iieeiaiiy ea?oth/iai iiey a ia’?i io/ea, iia’ycaii c cia/iei aieeaii
ia ?acoeueoaoe oieonoaaiiy oa ea?oaaiiy i?eoaiaiieo ?i iaonoaieo
noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e. Ae?oaee i?aeo?ae — noai?aiiy i?eno?i?a aeoaea
aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o, iia’ycaiee c iai?eionoeiei ??aiai aia?aicao?ao.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae anueiai caaaeaiiai aeua, ieaciiaa e?ica aeicaiey?
ea?oaaoe neeueiino?oiiaeie ?iiieie io/eaie aac ii?ooaiiy ?o
eaac?iaeo?aeueiino?. E??i oiai, iiaeeeai iiaoaeoaaoe oaeo e?ico aac
noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e ? aoaeoeaii ea?oaaoe oe?ieeie io/eaie. Aiaeii/an
oieonoaaiiy ?ioaineaieo io/e?a aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o ieaciiaeie e?icaie
aein? aoei iaeaea ia aeine?aeaeaii.

Oaeei /eiii, iiyaa a inoaii? aeanyoe??//y aeia?a noi?iiaaieo ?iiieo
io/e?a aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o c aiia?ieie no?oiaie, aeani?
iaai?oi? iiey yeeo ua nooo?ai iaioa ciai?oi?o, iinoaaeei i?iaeaio
?ic?iaee oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaciiiioe/ieo i?eno?i?a iiaiai iieie?iiy, ui
caeaoi? ea?oaaoe oaeeie io/eaie. Iaeii/anii, ia?ao?ae ia
eaac?noaoe?iia?i? ?iioeuenii-ia??iaee/i? ?iii? io/ee c aaeeeei
?aae?aeueiei ia?aiaaeii iioaioe?aeo, iaoiiaea aaoiiaoe/iee aeo?ae a
eaai?aoi?iiio aenia?eiaio? ia eaac?iaeo?aeueiee ?aaeei ?iaioe ieaciiai?
e?ice c iiaiei aeio?eiaiiyi oiia, ui caaeiaieueiythoue oai?aoe/iei
i?eioeeiai noaoe/ii? ieaciiiioeee. A?aoiaoth/e oaeiae, ui
aeaeo?inoaoe/i? ieaciia? e?ice ia i?ioyc? aaaaoueio ?ie?a
aeaiiino?othoue ia?aeiieea? ia?aaaae o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eieie
?iiii-iioe/ieie i?eno?iyie aaeooiii? iioeee oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy ana
/ano?oa ia?aoiaeeoue c aaeoc? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ieiueio
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy, aeooaeueiei noa? aeaoaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
?iaioe e?ice a oeeo oiiaao.

Aea/aiith iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy naia neeueiino?oiiai? ieaciiai?
e?ice (NIE), oiaoi e?ice, aeey yei? ?aae?aeueiee ia?aiaae iioaioe?aeo
io/ea, ui e??cue ia? i?ioiaeeoue, ia?aaeuo? iaeneiaeueiee ciai?oi?e
iioaioe?ae, ui i?eeeaaeaiee aei aeaeo?iae?a e?ice, a oiiaao ea?oaaiiy
io/eii aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o i?enay/aii oeth aeena?oaoe?th.
Aieiaia oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue aea/aiith aieeao i?eoaiaiieo NIE aaa?aoe?e
(noa?e/ieo, iiiaioieo oa aeeiai?/ieo) ia ?? oieonoth/? aeanoeaino?. I?e
oeueiio o?aaa a?aecia/eoe, ui aeeoe ia ?aaeei neeueiino?oiiai? IE a
aenia?eiaioao iiaeeeai ye ca ?aooiie aeinyaiaiiy aaeeeeo no?oi?a (aei 2
A) i?e na?aaei?o (aei 30 eaA) aia?a?yo io/ea, oae ? ca ?aooiie
ciaiueoaiiy aia?a?? io/ea (100-500 aA) i?e iaeeo no?oiao (aei 50 iA). A
?iaio? aoei aeei?enoaii iaeaea? iiaeeeaino?. Ca aeiiiiiaith aeaea?aea
aaciaeo ?ii?a aac iaai?oiiai iiey c aaaaoiaia?oo?iith ?iiii-iioe/iith
nenoaiith io?eiaii io/ie ?ii?a aiaeith c no?oiii aei 2 A ? aia?a??th aei
20 eaA, a ca aeiiiiiaith aaeooiii-aeoaiaiai aeaea?aea c iaoaeaaeie
eaoiaeaie iaea?aeaii io/ee aaaeeeo ?ii?a(Cu, Mo, Zn, C) no?oiii aei 50
iA oa aia?a??th 100-500 aA.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o aecia/aii? iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy
neeueiino?oiiai? ieaciiai? e?ice, ui ea?o? io/eii aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai
ae?aiao?o, oa aeine?aeeoe aieea i?eoaiaiieo ?e noaoe/ieo oa aeeiai?/ieo
aaa?aoe?e ia oieonoaaiiy oa ea?oaaiiy ?ioaineaiei ?iioeuenii
ia??iaee/iei io/eii ?ii?a ??cieo aeaiaio?a na?aaei?o oa iecueeeo
aia?a?e.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aenia?eiaioe, ui aoee aeeiiai? i?e ae??oaii? aeena?oaoe?eieo caaaeaiue,
noaee i?e?iaei?i i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ?ia?o, ui aeeiioaaeeny o a?aeae?e?
Aaciai? aeaeo?ii?ee ?inoeoooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie aei ii/aoeo 90o ?ie?a.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ca a?aee?eoeie ieaiaie ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo ? i?aaenoaaeai?, cie?aia, a ca?oao ca oaiaie
“Aea/aiiy o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui aecia/athoue iiaeeea?noue iioei?caoe??
?iiieo aeaea?ae oa ?iiieo io/e?a, ui i?ecia/ai? aeey i?eeaae?a EON oa
oaoiieia?/ieo oe?eae” (1991-1995 ?.?., aea?aeaaiee ?aa. ?01910008605),
“Aea/aiiy iae?i?eieo i?ioean?a a io/eiai-ieaciiaeo nenoaiao oa ?o aieea
ia o?ainii?ooaaiiy io/e?a” (1996-1998 a.a. oeo? oaiu 1.4.1. 13/26) oa
?ioeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

Aenia?eiaioaeueii ?aae?ciaaii oa aeine?aeaeaii neeueiino?oiiao ieaciiao
e?ico c oe?ieiaia?oo?iei ?iioeuenii-ia??iaee/iei io/eii ?ii?a ??cieo
aeaiaio?a oa aia?a?e.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui noaoe/i? oa aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaei? ieaciiai?
e?ice aecia/athoueny oaeiae ? no?oiii ?iiiiai io/ea, ui i?ioiaeeoue.

Iieacaii, ui i?eeiianooaai? oo?aoeaioi? ooie, ui niinoa??aathoueny ca
a?aenooiino? noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e, caeaaeaoue a?ae no?oio io/ea, ui
i?ioiaeeoue, oa iia’ycai? c i?eioeeiiai iaonoaiei a?aae??ioii iaai?oiiai
iiey e?ice.

Aia?oa oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaii, ui ca a?aenooiino?
noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e, ia oieonoth/? aeanoeaino? NIE ii/eiathoue aieeaaoe
iiiaioi? aaa?aoe??, ui iia’ycai? c aceiooaeueiith cae?ooeith ?ii?a io/ea
a iaai?oiiio iie? e?ice.

I?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui ca aeiiiiiaith noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e iiaeeeai
ea?oaaoe ?aae?aeueiei i?io?eai io/ea ia i?oai?.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy io/e?a ?ii?a
iaoae?a aia?a??th iaioa 500 aA oa no?oiii aei 50 iA oa ea?oaaiiy ieie ca
aeiiiiiaith NIE.

Iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio,
ui:

?acoeueoaoe, ui io?eiai?, iiaeeaeththoue ?icoi?iiy o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a,
ui aecia/athoue i?ioeane ooieoe?iioaaiiy NIE, a oaeiae ea?oaaiiy oa
oieonoaaiiy ?ioaineaieo ?iiieo io/e?a ??cieo aeaiaio?a oa aia?a?e
aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o.

I?iaeaiiino?iaaii aieea noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e oa iiaeeea?noue ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeey ea?oaaiiy ?aae?aeueiei i?io?eai aonoeie no?oio io/ea
ia i?oai?.

Aia?oa i?iaeaiiino?iaaii aieea iiiaioieo aaa?aoe?e ia ?aae?aeueiee
i?io?eue aonoeie no?oio io/ea a i?inoi?? ae?aeoo ca e?icith a oiiaao
a?aenooiino? noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e.

Aeine?aeaeaii iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy ?ioaineaieie ?iiieie io/eaie
aaaeeeo aeaiaio?a iecueeeo aia?a?e ca aeiiiiiaith NIE.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aanue aenia?eiaioaeuei?e oa oai?aoe/iee iaoa??ae aoei iaea?aeaii a
?inoeooo? o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aeieoi?a o?c.-iao. iaoe
Aii/a?iaa I.A. oa i?e i?aeoe/i?e aeiiiiic? eaiaeeaeaoa o?c.-iao. iaoe
I?ioeaiei ?.I., yeee oaeiae a?ae?a?aaaa eeth/iao ?ieue o ?ic?iaoe? oa
iaeaaiaeaeoaaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo i?eno?i?a oa iaoiaeee aei??thaaiue.
Ca oeeo oiia iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a ?:

Aaoi? a?aa aeoeaio o/anoue a iinoaiiaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo caaaeaiue,
aeeiioaaa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aei??thaaiiy oa ia?iaeo io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a. A?aa o/anoue a oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oa aeeiioaaa
?ic?aooiee ia AII. A?aa o/anoue o iaienaii? iaoeiaeo noaoae oa
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, eiino?othaaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
i?eno?i?a oa noai?aii? iaiao?aeieo aei??thaaeueieo aoce?a,
a?aei?aoethaaii? iaoiaeee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iaoa??aee, ui aeei?enoai? a aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ia XV oa XVII
I?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao c ?ic?yae?a oa aeaeo?e/i?e ?cieyoe?? o aaeooi?
(Aea?iooaaeo, 1992, O?I oa Aa?ee?, 1996, NOA), V oa VI I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo c aeaea?ae ?ii?a (Iae?i, 1993, Eeoae oa A?noea?, 1995,
Eaiaaea), IV Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c Ea?iaaiiai oa?iiyaea?iiai
neioaco oa o?ceoe? ieacie (Oa?e?a, 1995, Oe?a?ia), iaiaeii?aciai
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia Caaaeueiinithcieo nai?ia?ao c o?ceee oa oaoi?ee
?ioaineaieo aeaea?ae ?ii?a oa ?iiieo io/e?a (Ee?a), a oaeiae aoee
iioae?eiaai? a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao (IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science,
Review of Scientific Instruments, «Oeceea ieaciu», «AEOO»). E??i oiai,
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iaiaeii?aciai iaaiai?thaaeeny ia nai?ia?ao a
?inoeooo? o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie oa a ?IOe “Eo?/aoianueeee ?inoeooo”.
?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo iaoiaeee o?ceee ieacie
oa noaiaea?oieo i?iieneiaeo aei??thaaeueieo i?eeaae?a. Aiie iino?eii
a?aeoai?ththoueny a aenia??iaio? oa ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie
iaea?aeaieie ?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue 152 noi??iee, na?aae ieo 57 ?enoie?a,
nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c 52 iaeiaioaaiue oa nienie
ioae?eaoe?e aaoi?a ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? c 14 iaeiaioaaiue, c yeeo 7 a
?aoa?iaaieo aeo?iaeao. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo, o?ueio
?icae?e?a oa caeeth/aiiy.

O anooi? noenei aeeeaaeaii aeooaeuei?noue ?icaeyiooiai ieoaiiy a
no/anieo oiiaao oa caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea an??? ?iaioe ? ?? ci?no.

A iaeyae? noenei aeeeaaeaii aieiai? iieiaeaiiy ieaciiiioeee a ?o
?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo, iaaaaeaii ?noi??th oa no/aniee noai aeine?aeaeaiue
ieaciiaeo e?ic.

Cacia/aii, ui ia e?iaoeue 80o ?ie?a aoei aeine?aeaeaii aieiai? o?ce/i?
iaoai?cie, ui aecia/athoue ?iaioo IE c io/eaie na?aaei?o aia?a?e
(aeanyoee eaA) oa no?oiii aei 100 iA. Aecia/aii, ui a oeeo ?aaeeiao
ieaciiaa e?ica i?aoeth? ye e?ica Aaai?a c ia’?iiei ca?yaeii ca cia/ii?
ia?aeiiiainaoe?? ia’?iiiai ca?yaeo io/ea. Ca oeeo oiia ? cie?aia, eiee
?aae?aeueiee ia?aiaae iioaioe?aeo io/ea iaioa ciai?oiueiai ea?oth/iai
iioaioe?aeo, noaoe/i? oa aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ieaciiaeo e?ic
i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth aecia/athoueny caeiiaie iiaaae?iee aeaeo?iiii? oia?e
a iaai?oiaeaeo?inoaoe/i?e ianooe? c? caa?aaeaiiyi i?eioeeio
aea?iioaioe?ae?caoe?? iaai?oieo neeiaeo e?i?e. Ia ii/aoie 90o ?ie?a aoei
aeaoaeueii aeine?aeaeaii noaoe/i? oa aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe IE
a oeeo oiiaao oa aecia/ai? ?aaeeie ?iaioe c iaeneiaeueiei i?eaeooaiiyi
eieaeoeaieo i?ioean?a a aeaeo?iii?e oia??. Iiyaa oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia
ii/aoeo 90o a i?aeoeeo aeia?a noi?iiaaieo io/e?a aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai
ae?aiao?o c cia/iei ?aae?aeueiei ia?aiaaeii iioaioe?aeo aeicaieeea aeeoe
ia eaac?iaeo?aeueiee ?aaeei ?iaioe IE oa ia?aeoe ia ?iaioo a ?aaeei?
neeueiino?oiiai? ieaciiai? e?ice. Aaea ia?o? aenia?eiaioe c NIE aeacaee
ia oa, ui naia a oeeo oiiaao /?oei aeeiiothoueny oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
noaoe/ii? ieaciiiioeee. Oe? ae aenia?eiaioe i?iaeaiiino?oaaee, ui a
iiaeo oiiaao aeeiiothoueny aieiai? iieiaeaiiy ieaciiiioeee ?, aiaeii/an,
ca?eueoothoueny iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ieaciiaeo e?ic. Iai?eeeaae, ca
?aooiie ?aae?caoe?? ?icn?thaaeueii? e?ice.

Ana oea ?iaeoue aeooaeueiei aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ea?oaaiiy
io/eaie ??cieo aeaiaio?a oa aia?a?e ca aeiiiiiaith neeueiino?oiiai?
ieaciiai? e?ice.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii aeaoaeuei?e iien onoaoeoaaiiy, ia yeiio
aeeiioaaeanue aeena?oaoe?y. Iiaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee oa iiyniaii aea??
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?iiieo io/e?a. Aeeeaaeaii iniaeeaino? iaea?aeaiiy
iecueeiaia?aaoe/ieo io/e?a aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o aaaeeeo
aeaiaio?a. Iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee oa eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino?
aeine?aeaeoaaii? ieaciiai? e?ice.

Iaae?ei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi ai?iaiaaieo
iaoiaeee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iai?eeeaae,
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eaiaith??anuee? oa ?ii?ni? ciiaee, iiyne ?iaianueeiai,
iaai?oi? no??eee, iaai?oi? ciiaee aeey aei??thaaiiy iaai?oiiai iiey
?acii c? noaiaea?oieie aaaa?iao?aie oa i?iieneiaeie aei??thaa/aie
iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? oeio O1-8 oa ?ioeo noaiaea?oieo iaoiaeee
?iioeuenii? oaoi?ee oa o?ceee ieacie. I?i oea ae na?ae/eoue aa?ia
a?aeoai?thaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a a?ae aeine?aeo aei aeine?aeo oa
ocaiaeaeai?noue c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ioeo aaoi??a.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oieonoth/eo
aeanoeainoae neeueiino?oiiai? ieaciiai? e?ice oa aieeao ia ieo noa?e/ii?
oa iiiaioii? aaa?aoe?e. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui NIE iathoue aaaaoi
nooiai?a naiaiaee, ui aeicaiey? ci?ithaaoe ?aae?aeueiee i?io?eue
aeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo a oe?ieeo iaaeao, oei naiei ci?ithth/e aaee/eio
noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e aei ?? iiaiiai onoiaiiy. Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
aea/aiiy aieeao oiiia?ao?? neeiaeo e?i?e iaai?oiiai iiey ia oi?ioaaiiy
?iai/iai na?aaeiaeua e?ice c caaeaieie ia?aiao?aie, a oaeiae aieeao
??cieo ia?aiao??a ia oi?ioaaiiy i?io?eth aeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo a
ia’?i? NIE. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii iayai?noue iioeiaeueii? oiiia?ao??
iaai?oiiai iiey, yea caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae e?ice aac
noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? oa iane?aeee ia aeio?eiaiiy oaei? eiio?ao?aoe??.
Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy ?aae?aeueiei ?iciiae?eii iioaioe?aeo a
ia’?i? e?ice oeyoii ci?ie ?iciiae?eo ciai?oiueiai iioaioe?aeo ii
o?enoth/eo aeaeo?iaeao e?ice, ci?ie ?o oi?ie oa e?eueeino? ca oiia
iioeiaeueiiai iaai?oiiai iiey oa o?eniaai?e nee? no?oio io/ea. Io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeathoue i?aenoaae c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iiaeeea?noue
anoaiiaeaiiy ia?aaie?/iiai ?iciiae?eo iioaioe?aeo aeey o?eniaaieo
ia?aiao??a ?iiiiai io/ea oeyoii aeiai?o ?iciiae?eo ciai?oiueiai
ea?oth/iai iioaioe?aeo ii aeaeo?iaeao.

E??i oiai, iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
nooo?aee aieea neee no?oio io/ea, ui i?ioiaeeoue e?ico, ia ?? noaoe/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aieea neee no?oio ia ?aae?aeueiee oa ia’?iiee ?iciiae?e
iioaioe?aeo a e?ic? iaaeaicia/ii aiai?eoue i?i iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaoe iei
neeith no?oio io/ea.

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiai?youe ia o?eueee i?i iiaeeea?noue onoiaiiy
noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe??, aea e i?i iiaeeea?noue ?? aeei?enoaiiy aeey
iaea?aeaiiy iio??aieo i?io?e?a aonoeie no?oio io/ea ia i?oai?. sse
iii?oii c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, iayai?noue noa?e/ieo aaa?aoe?e iii?oii
“?icieaa?” oieon, a ioaea, nooo?aee ?o aieea ia ye?noue oieonoaaiiy
io/e?a aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o ? iniaeea?noth ?iaioe NIE c oaeeie
io/eaie.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e aeeoa?aioe?eia ??aiyiiy io?eiaia aia?oa a ?iaio?
Aii/a?iaa I.A. oa ni?aaaoi??a (Goncharov A.A., Zatuagan A.V., Protsenko
I.M. Focusing and Control of Multiaperture Ion Beams by Plasma lens//
IEEE Trans. on Plasma Sc.-1993.-21.-N5-p. 578-581), ui iia’yco? i?io?eue
io/ea ia aoiae? a oiieo e?ico c ?aae?aeueiei ?iciiae?eii iioaioe?aeo a
e?ic? oa iaeii??aeiei ?aae?aeueiei ?iciiae?eii aonoeie no?oio ia
caaeai?e a?aenoai? z a?ae e?ic? ca iath, oai?aoe/ii iieacaii, ui
iiaeeeai io?eioaaoe iaeii??aei? i?io?e? aonoeie no?oio io/ea a iaia?aae
aecia/aiiio ia?a??c? a?n? Z. Oea aea? ciiao aiae?oe/ieie iaoiaeaie
aecia/aoe iaiao?aei? ?aae?aeuei? ?iciiae?ee iioaioe?aeo a e?ic?.

Ae?oaa /anoeia ?icae?eo i?enay/aia ?acoeueoaoai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
iiiaioii? aaa?aoe?? NIE ia io/ee, ui oieonothoueny. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii,
ui i?ney i?ioiaeaeaiiy oieonoth/iai iiey NIE, ui ia ia? noa?e/ii?
aaa?aoe??, io/ee aaaeeeo ?ii?a iaaoaathoue oa?aeoa?iee no?ae/anoee
?aae?aeueiee i?io?eue. Iaea?aeai? aeai? aeicaieythoue iaeiicia/ii
ni?anoaaeoe no?ae/ano?noue i?io?eth io/ea c eiai ca?yaeiaei neeaaeii.
A?aenooi?noue noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? aeaiiino?o? a?aenooi?noue ci?i
i?io?eth aonoeie no?oio io/ea iaeiica?yaeieo ?ii?a aoaeaoeth.
?ic?aoiaaii ae?ac aeey i?i?iaeueii iiaeeeaeo ?aae?on?a ?iiiiai io/ea a
caeaaeiino? a?ae e?aoiino? ca?yaeo ?ii?a. Iieacaii, ui iaeiii?oi?oa
iiiaioia aaa?aoe?y aieeaa? ia ?aae?aeueiee ?iciiae?e aonoeie no?oio
io/ea aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o a oieaeuei?e ieiuei? e?ice. Oey iniaeea?noue
?iaioe NIE c io/eaie aea? ciiao aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? aeey aiae?co
ca?yaeiaiai neeaaeo io/ea aai iaa?oue ?icae?eaiiy io/ea ia ca?yaeia?
neeaaeia?.

Oaeei /eiii, an? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
NIE ? aoaeoeaiei i?eno?i?i ea?oaaiiy ?ioaineaieie ?iiieie iioieaie
aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie
io?eiaieie ?ai?oa oa ?iciianthaeaeothoue iiia?aaei? oyaeaiiy ia aeiaaeie
neeueiino?oiiaeo aeia?a noi?iiaaieo io/e?a aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o.
Aaeaeaaoia ?aaaoaaiiy iioaioe?aeo a ia’?i? e?ice ia ?iciiae?e
ciai?oiueiai iioaioe?aeo ii aeaeo?iaeao e?ice oa ?o aaiiao??th
ia?aeiieeai na?ae/eoue i?i aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeeio aea?iioaioe?ae?caoe?? a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo oiiaao. A oie aea /an, nooo?aith iniaeea?noth ?
/ooeea?noue noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?ice aei neee no?oio io/ea, ui
i?ioiaeeoue, oa iaiao?aei?noue ?aoaeueiiai aeio?eiaiiy iaaii? oiiia?ao??
iaai?oiiai iiey. Aaaeeeaith ? iaiao?aei?noue a?aoiaoaaoe aieea iiiaioii?
aaa?aoe?? oa iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy noaoe/ieo aaa?aoe?e aeey
ea?oaaiiy ?aae?aeueiei i?io?eai io/ea ia i?oai?.

Aei o?aoueiai ?icae?eo aoei c?a?aii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiai?/ieo aaa?aoe?e NIE. Iieacaii, ui ca a?aenooiino? noa?e/ii?
aaa?aoe?? a ia’?i? NIE i?enooi? i?eeiianooaai? eieeaaiiy ia?aaoey?iiai
oa?aeoa?o aeniei? /anoioe. Iaaaaeai? e?ea? ?ethno?othoue iiaaae?ieo oeeo
eieeaaiue a caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aiao??a e?ice, oa?aeoa? ?o eieae?caoe??
a ia’?i? e?ice oa ii?iaia? caeaaeiino? ?o aeieeiaiiy.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeaiiino?othoue aei?noeee ca’ycie niinoa??aa?ieo
eieeaaiue c neeith no?oio io/ea, ui i?ioiaeeoue, a oaeiae aa?io
a?aeiia?aei?noue aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a c
oai?aoe/ieie aeniiaeaie c cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoai?cio ?o aeieeiaiiy. Ooie
iiaeooue aooe iiyniai? caoaeaeaiiyi ae??aiioaeeueiaeo aeaeo?iiieo
eieeaaiue /a?ac i?eoaiaiiee aeneaeuei?e eiiiiiaio? I-iiey e?ice
i?eioeeiiai iaonoaiee ?aae?aeueiee a?aae??io a iai?yieo oieonoaaiiy
io/ea.

C a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ?icaeyaeo no?eeino? e?i?eieo eieeaaiue ieaciiaiai
na?aaeiaeua, ui iaoiiaeai? i?inoi?iaith iaiaeii??aei?noth I-iiey,
iaea?aeaii aeenia?n?eia ??aiyiiy iaeeo eieeaaiue oaei? nenoaie oa
aeeiiaii /enaeueiee aiae?c eiai ?ica’yce?a.

Ioaea, iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui oe?
eieeaaiiy ia aieeaathoue ia ye?noue ?iiiiai io/ea. Aiie cao?ththoue
ieaciiaa na?aaeiaeua e?ice ? oei ?iaeyoue aianie a aee?eaeaiiy
iioaioe?aeueiiai ?aeue?oo a ?? ia’?i? oa ca?eueoothoue aeaeo?iii? ao?aoe
ia aeaeo?iaee e?ice. Iaea?aeai? ?ioaa?aeuei? caeaaeiino? iiaaae?iee
aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue a?ae ia?aiao??a e?ice aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c
aeniiaeaie cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoai?cio ?o aeieeiaiiy.

A aeniiaeao aeeeaaeaii aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oieonoth/eo
aeanoeainoae neeueiino?oiiai? ieaciiai? e?ice oa aieeao ia ieo aaa?aoe?e
ca oiia ea?oaaiiy ?ioaineaieie ?iiieie io/eaie ??cieo aeaiaio?a iaei? oa
na?aaeiuei? aia?a?? aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o.

Oaeei /eiii, i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee io?eiai?
ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii ?aae?ciaaia oa aeine?aeaeaia neeueiino?oiiaa ieaciiaa
e?ica, ui ea?o? io/eii ?ii?a ??cieo aeaiaio?a iecueei? oa na?aaeiuei?
aia?a?? aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui aiia ?
aoaeoeaiei ?ino?oiaioii ea?oaaiiy oaeeie ?ioaineaieie io/eaie ? ia?
aeaye? iniaeeaino? ii??aiyii c ?aaeeiaie aea/aieie ?ai?oa. Oae,
oieonoth/? aeanoeaino? NIE aecia/athoueny oaeiae ? no?oiii oieono?iiai
io/ea.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii oa oai?aoe/ii ?icaeyiooi aieea ia oieonoaaiiy io/ea
i?eoaiaiieo e?icai aaa?aoe?e. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae
NIE aac noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? ? iieacaia iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy
?aae?aeueiei i?io?eai io/ea ia i?oai? oeyoii aianaiiy ea?iaaii?
noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe??. Iaaaaeaii aiae?oe/io oi?ioeo, ui aeicaiey?
?ic?aooaaoe i?io?eue iioaioe?aeo a oiie?e NIE iaiao?aeiee aeey io?eiaiiy
iaeii??aeiiai i?io?eth aonoeie no?oio io/ea ia i?oai? a caaeaiiio
ia?a??c? a?n? Z.

Aeey iicaaaeaii? noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? e?ice, aenia?eiaioaeueii oa
oai?aoe/ii ?icaeyiooi aieea ia ye?noue oieonoaaiiy io/ea iiiaioii?
aaa?aoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaia oi?ioea ?ic?aooieo i?i?iaeueiiai ?aae?ono
oieono?iiai io/ea c a?aooaaiiyi iiiaioieo aaa?aoe?e oa cai?iiiiiaaii
aa??aio ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii oa oai?aoe/ii ?icaeyiooi i?enooi? a NIE ca
a?aenooiino? noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? ae??aiiianooaai? oo?aoeaioi? ooie.
Iieacaii, ui ao?aoe aeaeo?iiiiai no?oio ia aeaeo?iaee e?ice iaiaaeothoue
iaaeo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, ui iiaea aooe anoaiiaeaii, oa iia’ycai? c
i?eioeeiiai iaonoaiei a?aae??ioii iaai?oiiai iiey. Eieeaaiiy iathoue
aeecueeo aei ii?iaiai? caeaaei?noue ?o aeieeiaiiy a?ae no?oio io/ea oa
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey
a e?ic?. Aiie ia iathoue iii?oiiai aieeao ia caaaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
io/ea a eeoa ciaioothoue aoaeoeai?noue ae?? NIE.

Ana aeua caaaeaia aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy
neeueiino?oiiaeo ieaciiaeo e?ic aeey oieonoaaiiy oa ea?oaaiiy
?ioaineaieie ?iiieie io/eaie ??cieo aeaiaio?a iecueeeo oa na?aaei?o
aia?a?e aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o.

Ia caoeno aeianaii ianooii? iieiaeaiiy:

Noa?e/i? aaa?aoe?? NIE iathoue cia/iee aieea ia ?aae?aeueiee i?io?eue
oe?ieiaia?oo?ieo aeia?a noi?iiaaieo ?ioaineaieo ?iiieo io/e?a. Ci?iith
eiio?ao?aoe?? neeiaeo e?i?e iaai?oiiai iiey, e?eueeino? o?enoth/eo
aeaeo?iae?a oa ?iciiae?eo ia ieo ciai?oiueiai iioaioe?aeo, iiaeia
ea?oaaoe ?aae?aeueiei i?io?eai aeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo a ia’?i? e?ice
oa ?iaeoe eiai iicaaaeaiei noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe??.

Noa?e/io aaa?aoe?th iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ea?oaaiiy i?io?eai
aonoeie no?oio oieono?iiai io/ea ia i?oai? aac ao?ao /anoeie eiai
iieiiai no?oio. Ci?ithth/e oa?aeoa? aaa?aoe?e iiaeeeai io?eioaaoe
iio??aiee i?io?eue aonoeie no?oio io/ea ia i?oai? a caaeaiiio ia?aoei?
ca e?icith oa, cie?aia, ?iaeoe eiai iaeii??aeiei.

Noaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee neeueiino?oiiai? ieaciiai? e?ice aecia/athoueny
e neeith no?oio ?iiiiai io/ea, ui oieono?oueny.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth NIE ? aieea ia ?? oieonoth/? aeanoeaino?
aaa?aoe?e a?eueo aenieiai nooiaiy, cie?aia, iiiaioieo. Aiie
i?iyaeythoueny iaea?eueo /?oei ca a?aenooiino? noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? oa
iiaeooue, cie?aia, i?ecaiaeeoe aei ia?a?iciiae?eo ca?yae?a o io/eo.

Iiyaa aeeiai?/ieo aaa?aoe?e a NIE ca a?aenooiino? noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe??
aecia/a?oueny no?oiii io/ea, ui i?ioiaeeoue, oa i?ecaiaeeoue aei
cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oieonoaaiiy ia aieeaath/e iii?oii ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee naiiai io/ea a oieon?.

*NIENIE IAO*IUO IOAEEEAOeEE II OAIA AeENNA?OAOeEE

Goncharov A.A., Dobrovolsky A.N., Zatuagan A.V., Protsenko I.M.
High-current plasma lens // IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science-1993-21,
?5-pp. 573-577.

Goncharov A.A., Dobrovolsky A.N., Kotsarenko A.N. and Protsenko I.M.
High-current plasma lens and focusing of intense ion beams // Rev. Sci.
Instrum.-1994-65,?4-pp.1-3.

Aii/a?ia A.A., Aeia?iaieueneee A.I., Kooea?aiei A.I., Ii?icia A.E.,
I?ioeaiei E.I. Noaoe/aneea e aeeiaie/aneea naienoaa neeueiioi/iie
ieaciaiiie eeicu // Oeceea ieaciu-1994-20, ?5, N. 499-505

A.A.Goncharov, A.N.Dobrovolsky, I.V.Litovko, I.M.Protsenko and
V.F.Zadorodzny «High-current plasma lens: new results and
applications»//Rev.Sci. Inst. vol.67, no3, March, 1996, pp. 1155-1157.

A.A.Goncharov, I.M.Protsenko and A.N.Dobrovolsky «Characteristics of
low-energy intense ion beam formation and transport» Rev. Sci. Inst.
vol.67, no3 March, 1996, pp. 1073-1075

Aii/a?ia A.A., Aeia?iaieueneee A.I., Caaei?iaeiue A.O. I o?ainoi?iaoeee
?aaeeaeueiiai i?ioeey eioaineaiiai eiiiiai io/ea ieaciaiiie
eeicie//AEOO, 67, ?8, 1997, no?. 97-99.

A.N.Dobrovolsky,. A.A.Goncharov, I.V.Litovko, I.M.Protsenko ,
V.F.Zadorodzny Role of aberrations in High-current plasma lenses// IEEE
Trans. on Plasma Science-1997 -25, ?4-pp. 709-713.

Goncharov A.A., Dobrovolsky A.N., Zatuagan A.V., Protsenko I.M.
High-current plasma lens // XVth Intern. Sumposium on Disharges and
Electrical Insulation in Vacuum (ISDEIV). Darmstadt, Germany-1992,
September-pp. 698-702.

Aii/a?ia A.A., Aeia?iaieueneee A.I., Caoyaai A.A., Ii?icia A.E.,
I?ioeaiei E.I. Enneaaeiaaiea neeueiioi/iie ieaciaiiie eeicu // I?ai?eio
EO AI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa-1992, ?2- 25 no?.

Goncharov A.A., Dobrovolsky A.N., Kotsarenko A.N., Protsenko I.M.
High-current plasma lens and focusing of intense ion beams // 5th
Intern. Confer. on Ion Sources. Beijing, China-31.08-4.08, 1993-p.83.

A.A.Goncharov, I.M.Protsenko, A.N.Dobrovolsky «The peculiarities of
low-energy intense ion beams formation and transport»// ICIS’95, Book of
abstracts, Whistler, Canada-1995, September 10-16, p. 104.

A.A.Goncharov, A.N.Dobrovolsky, I.V.Litovko, I.M.Protsenko,
V.F.Zadorodzny «High-current plasma lens: new results and
applications»// ICIS’95, Book of abstracts, Whistler, Canada-1995,
September 10-16, p. 127.

Aii/a?ia A.A., Aeia?iaieueneee A.I., Caoyaai A.A., I?ioeaiei E.I.
Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeannia a neeueiioi/iie ieaciaiiie eeica // IX
Neiiiceoi ii neeueiioi/iie yeaeo?iieea. ?inney-Oac. aeiee.-21-30.07.,
1992-N. 97-98.

A.N.Dobrovolsky,. A.A.Goncharov, I.V.Litovko, I.M.Protsenko ,
V.F.Zadorodzny High-current plasma lens: role of aberrations.
Proceedings the XVII-th ISDEIV, Berkeley, California, July 21-26, 1996,
p. 570-573.

Aiioaoe?y

Aeia?iaieuenueeee A.I. “Aaa?aoe?? a neeueiino?oiia?e ieaciia?e e?ic?” –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.04 – o?ce/ia
aeaeo?ii?ea. – ?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy ?iiieie
io/eaie ??cieo aeaiaio?a aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o iecueei? oa
na?aaeiuei? aia?a?e ca aeiiiiiaith neeueiino?oiiai? ieaciiai? e?ice oa
aieeao ia ye?noue oieonoaaiiy io/ea i?eoaiaiieo oae?e e?ic? aaa?aoe?e. A
?iaio? iieacaii a?ae yeeo ia?aiao??a oa ye caeaaeeoue oieonoth/a ae?y
oaei? e?ice. I?iaeaiiino?iaaii caeaaei?noue noaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
e?ice a?ae eiio?ao?aoe?? neeiaeo e?i?e iaai?oiiai iiey, ?iciiae?eo
ciai?oiueiai iioaioe?aeo ii aeaeo?iaeao oa ?o e?eueeino? e neee no?oio
io/ea, ui oieono?oueny. Iieacaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy noa?e/ii?
aaa?aoe?? aeey oi?aae?iiy i?io?eai aonoeie no?oio io/ea ia i?oai? a
caaeaiiio ia?a??c? a?n? Z. Cai?iiiiiaaia oi?ioea ?ic?aooieo
?aae?aeueiiai i?io?eth iioaioe?aeo a oiie?e ieaciia?e e?ic? iaiao?aeiiai
aeey iaea?aeaiiy iaeii??aeiiai ia i?oai? i?io?eth aonoeie no?oio io/ea.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaia iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae ieaciiai? e?ice
iicaaaeaii? noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? oa aeine?aeaeaia ae?y iiiaioii?
aaa?aoe??. Iieacaii aieea iiiaioii? aaa?aoe?? ia oieonoaaiiy io/ea
aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o ca a?aenooiino? noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? oa
iiaeeeaee niin?a ?? aeei?enoaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaia oi?ioea ?ic?aooieo
i?i?iaeueiiai ?aae?on? io/ea c o?aooaaiiyi ae?? iiiaioii? aaa?aoe??.
Aeine?aeaeaii aeieeath/? a iicaaaeai?e noa?e/ii? aaa?aoe?? e?ic?
ae??aiiianooaai? eieeaaiiy ia?aaoey?iiai oa?aeoa?o. Aea/aii ?ioaa?aeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oaei? aeeiai?/ii? aaa?aoe?? oa iieacaii, ui aiie aeia?a
ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeniiaeaie c cai?iiiiiaaii? oai??? ?o aeieeiaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neeueiino?oiiaa ieaciiaa e?ica, io/ee ?ii?a ??cieo
aeaiaio?a, io/ie iecueei? aia?a??, io/ie na?aaeiuei? aia?a??, io/ie
aaeeeiai ii/aoeiaiai ae?aiao?o, noa?e/ia aaa?aoe?y, iiiaioia aaa?aoe?y,
aeeiai?/ia aaa?aoe?y.

Aeia?iaieueneee A.I. «Aaa??aoeee a neeueiioi/iie ieaciaiiie eeica» –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.04 – oece/aneay
yeaeo?iieea. – Einoeooo oeceee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey
oe?ieiaia?oo?iui io/eaie eiiia ?aciuo yeaiaioia ieceeo e n?aaeieo
yia?aee n iiiiuueth neeueiioi/iie ieaciaiiie eeicu e aeeyiey ia ea/anoai
oieone?iaee io/ea i?enoueo oaeie eeica aaa??aoeee. A ?aaioa
yenia?eiaioaeueii ?aaeeciaaia e enneaaeiaaia neeueiioi/iay ieaciaiiay
eeica n oe?ieiaia?oo?iui eiioeuenii-ia?eiaee/aneei io/eii eiiia ?aciuo
yeaiaioia e yia?aee. Yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe
oi?ie?iaaiey io/eia eiiia iaoaeea n yia?aeyie iaiueoa 500 yA e oieaie
aei 50 iA e oi?aaeaiey eie n iiiiuueth neeueiioi/iie ieaciaiiie eeicu. A
?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi noaoe/aneea e aeeiaie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeie ieaciaiiie eeicu a nouanoaaiiie noaiaie caaenyo io
oiea i?ioiaeyuaai eiiiiai io/ea. I?iaeaiiino?e?iaaia caaeneiinoue
noaoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee eeicu io eiioeao?aoeee neeiauo eeiee
iaaieoiiai iiey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey aiaoiaai iioaioeeaea ii yeaeo?iaeai e
eo eiee/anoaa, a oaeaea neeu oiea i?ioiaeyuaai io/ea. Iieacaia
aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey noa?e/aneie aaa??aoeee aeey oi?aaeaiey
i?ioeeai ieioiinoe oiea io/ea ia ieoaie a caaeaiiii na/aiee ine Z.
I?aaeeiaeaia oi?ioea ?an/aoa ?aaeeaeueiiai i?ioeey iioaioeeaea a oiieie
ieaciaiiie eeica iaiaoiaeeiiai aeey iieo/aiey iaeii?iaeiiai ia ieoaie
i?ioeey ieioiinoe oiea io/ea. Yenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue
nicaeaiey ieaciaiiie eeicu aac noa?e/aneie aaa??aoeee e enneaaeiaaii
aeeyiea iiiaioiie aaa??aoeee naycaiiie n aceiooaeueiie cae?ooeie eiiia
io/ea a iaaieoiii iiea eeicu. Iieacaii eae aeeyao ia oieone?iaeo
oe?ieiaia?oo?iiai eiiiiai io/ea a ionoonoaee noa?e/aneie aaa??aoeee
iiiaioiay aaa??aoeey e i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaia aiciiaeiinoue aa
eniieueciaaiey. I?aaeeiaeaia oi?ioea ?an/aoa ieieiaeueiiai ?aaeeona
io/ea n o/aoii iiiaioiie aaa??aoeee. Eco/aiu iiyaeythueany a ionoonoaee
noa?e/aneie aaa??aoeee iaeeiianooaaiua eieaaaiey ia?aaoey?iiai
oa?aeoa?a. Enneaaeiaaiu eioaa?aeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee yoie aeeiaie/aneie
aaa??aoeee, e iieacaii, /oi yenia?eiaioaeueiua ?acoeueoaou oi?ioi
niaeanothony n auaiaeaie auoaeathueie ec i?aaeeiaeaiiiai iaoaiecia eo
?anea/ee.

Oaeei ia?acii, ?acoeueoaou, iieo/aiiua a enneaaeiaaieyo, oaeoaeytho
iiieiaiea oece/aneeo iaoaieciia, ii?aaeaeythueo i?ioeannu
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey NIE, a oae aea oi?aaeaiey e oieone?iaee eioaineaiuo
oe?ieiaia?oo?iuo eiiiuo io/eia ?aciuo yeaiaioia e yia?aee,
aeaiiino?e?otho aeeyiea noa?e/aneeo aaa??aoeee e aiciiaeiinoe eo
eniieueciaaiey aeey oi?aaeaiey ?aaeeaeueiui i?ioeeai ieioiinoe oiea
io/ea ia ieoaie e aiciiaeiinoue oi?aaeyoue ieaciaiiie eeicie
eioaineaiuie io/eaie oyaeaeuo yeaiaioia ieceeo yia?aee. A ?iaioa aia?aua
i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaii aeeyiea iiiaioiuo aaa??aoeee ia ?aaeeaeueiue
i?ioeeue ieioiinoe oiea io/ea a i?ino?ainoaa ae?aeoa ca eeicie a
oneiaeyo ionoonoaey noa?e/aneeo aaa??aoeee.

Ia caueoo auianaiu neaaeothuea iieiaeaiey:

1. Noa?e/aneea aaa??aoeee NIE ieacuaatho cia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea ia
?aaeeaeueiue i?ioeeue oieone?oaiuo oe?ieiaia?oo?iuo neaai?anoiaeyueony
eioaineaiuo eiiiuo io/eia. Iaiyy eiioeao?aoeeth neeiauo eeiee iaaieoiiai
iiey, eiee/anoai oeene?othueo yeaeo?iaeia e ?ani?aaeaeaiea ia ieo
aiaoiaai iioaioeeaea, iiaeii oi?aaeyoue ?aaeeaeueiui i?ioeeai
yeaeo?e/aneiai iioaioeeaea a iauaia eeicu e, a /anoiinoe, aeaeaoue aai
ia?aaiee/aneei, eeoaiiui noa?e/aneie aaa??aoeee.

2. Noa?e/aneea aaa??aoeee iiaeii eniieueciaaoue aeey oi?aaeaiey i?ioeeai
ieioiinoe oiea oieone?oaiiai io/ea ia ieoaie aac iioa?e /anoe aai
iieiiai oiea, iaiyy oa?aeoa? aaa??aoeee aiciiaeii iieo/aoue iaiaoiaeeiue
i?ioeeue io/ea a caaeaiiii na/aiee ca eeicie e, a /anoiinoe, aeaeaoue
aai iaeii?iaeiui ia ieoaie.

3. Noaoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee neeueiioi/iie ieaciaiiie eeicu a
cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie ii?aaeaeythony neeie oiea i?ioiaeyuaai eiiiiai
io/ea.

4. Oa?aeoa?iie iniaaiiinoueth NIE yaeyaony aeeyiea ia aa oieone?othuea
oa?aeoa?enoeee aaa??aoeee aieaa aunieiai ii?yaeea, a /anoiinoe,
iiiaioiuo aaa??aoeee. Iie i?iyaeythony iniaaiii /aoei a ionoonoaea
noa?e/aneie aaa??aoeee e, a /anoiinoe, iiaoo i?eaiaeeoue e ?acaeaeaieth
ca?yaeia a io/ea.

5. Iiyaeaiea aeeiaie/aneeo aaa??aoeee a NIE a ionoonoaea noa?e/aneeo
aaa??aoeee ii?aaeaeyaony oieii i?ioiaeyuaai io/ea e i?eaiaeeo e
nieaeaieth yooaeoeaiinoe oieone?iaee ia ieacuaay caiaoiiai aicaeaenoaey
ia oa?aeoa?enoeee naiiai io/ea a oieona.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neeueiioi/iay ieaciaiiay eeica, io/ee eiiia ?aciuo
yeaiaioia, io/ie ieceie yia?aee, io/ie n?aaeiae yia?aee,
oe?ieiaia?oo?iue io/ie, noa?e/aneay aaa??aoeey, iiiaioiay aaa??aoeey,
aeeiaie/aneay aaa??aoeey.

Summary

Dobrovol’s’kii A.M. The Aberrations in the High-Current Plasma Lens.-
Manuscript.

Thesis is for the candidate of physico-mathematical sciences degree by
speciality 01.04.04 – physical electronics.- The Institute of physics of
the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to investigation of efficiency manipulating
of wide aperture intense ion beam of different elements of low and
middle energy by high current plasma lens and effect of lens’s
aberrations on focus quality. In the thesis is shown what from
parameters and as the focusing ability of such lens depends. It is
shown, dependence of the lens static characteristics on a configuration
of a magnetic field power lines, allocation of an external potential on
electrodes and their amount, and also force of a passing ion beam
current. The possibility of using of a spherical aberration for handle
of the profile of a ion current density on the target in a specific
place of an axes Z is shown. The formula of account of the radial
profile of a potential in a thin plasma lens necessary for obtaining the
homogeneous current density profile of ion beam on the target is
offered. Possibility of a construction of a plasma lens without a
spherical aberration experimentally is shown and the influence of a
momentum aberration is investigated. Is shown as the momentum aberration
effect on a wide aperture beam focusing in without the spherical
aberration plasma lens and one uses possibility. The formula of account
of a beam minimum radius with allowance for momentum aberration is
offered. The small-scale oscillations that appearing in absence the
spherical aberrations, of an irregular character, the integrated
characteristics such dynamical aberration are investigated, and is
shown, that the experimental results will be well agreed the outputs of
the offered theory of their origin.

Key words: high current plasma lens, ion beam of different elements,
wide aperture ion beam, low energy ion beam, middle energy ion beam,
intense ion beam, spherical aberration, momentum aberration, dynamical
aberration.

Похожие записи