» Перша друкована газета Росії — «»Ведомости»»»

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe ? iaoee Oe?a?ie

Oa?e?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? A.I.Ea?ac?ia

EIIO?IEUeIA ?IAIOA

C ?NOI??? CA?OA?AEII? AEO?IAE?NOEEE II OAI?:

,,IA?OA Ae?OEIAAIA AACAOA ,,A?AeIIINO?” A ?IN??”

Aeeiiaea: nooaeaioea 2 eo?no

o?eieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo

Ueiaiiaa THe?y A’y/aneaa?aia

Oa?e?a 2010 ?.

Ieai

Anooi

,,Anaaeaethua iei”. Ca?aeee i?eeoea aacaoa

Ia?o? ?in?enuee? aacaoe niia?uathoue iiaeie

Aaeeea a?aee?eooy

Ia?oa ae?oeiaaia aacaoa a ?in?? ,,A?aeiiino?”

Aeei?enoaia e?oa?aoo?a

Anooi

Aaaeei ia?aioe?ieoe oo aaee/acio ?ieue, yeo a?ae?a?a? a iaoo aeiao
ia??iaee/ia i?ana – aacaoe e aeo?iaee. A eiaeio aeii?aeo i?eiinyoue aiie
iia?aeiieaiiy i?i iaeaaaeeea?o? iiae??, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a na?o?…

Anaaeaeyua iei

,,Aaaaoi ooi, iaaooue, iai’yoa? eaceo i?i anaaeaethua iei. Caaaeyee eiio
iiaeia aoei aa/eoe ana, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny a iaeaeoo?oeo eooi/eao caie?.
Caoi/a aeaniee /oaeaniiai anaaeaeyuiai iea iiaeyiooe, ye aeeaooue o
non?aeiueiio i?no?, — ? aiii iae?aco ae iieaaea a?eieai’yi? aoaeeiee,
oe?ie? iaeaeaie, iaeueiaie/o aaaaiue c ai?aie oiaa??a ia aa?ac? oa
aeanyoeaie no?oieeo a?o?eeueieo noaeai ia aiae?…

Aeaaiei – aeaaii neeaaeaii oeth eaceo i?i anaaeaethua iei… ” – ienaa o
nai?e eiec? ,,Oa?e ae?oa – aacaoa” aeina?ae/aiee aeo?iae?no A. ?yaieey/.

Oae, aea a i?e a?aeaeo? iioa?ii? i?aaiaiiy e i??? ethaeae – yeiiiaa
a?eueoa ciaoe, aa/eoe, aooe a eo?n? an?o iaeaaaeeea?oeo iiae?e, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny ia caie?. Ia i?inoa oe?eaa?noue niiioeaea ethaeae aei
?icoe?thaaoe nai? ciaiiy i?i iaaeieeoi?e na?o. A oeueiio aoea aino?a
i?aeoe/ia iaiao?aei?noue.

Ni?aaae?, o?aa iiaeia aoei aanoe oni?oii oi?a?aeth c ?ioeie e?a?iaie, ia
ciath/e, eoaee e ye? oiaa?e e?aua caaiceoe?

A?enueeiaiia/aeueieee oio?ee iaoe a?aeiiino? i?i neeaae oa ?ici??e a?i?e
a ?ioeo e?a?iao, i?i iai??e e ieaie nai?o noi?ioeaiee?a. Aeeieiiaoe
iiaeii? aoee oaaaeii noaaeeoe ca iiae?yie a non?aei?o aea?aeaaao – aiie
caaaeaee ia /aoao, uia caoenoeoe ?ioa?ane nai?? e?a?ie. A/ai?
oe?eaaeeenue ?iaioaie ca?oa?aeieo eieaa.

Oa ia aoei, ia aeaeue, o o? /ane oaeiai caniao, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai
iiaeia aoei a iaea?aeaoe iio??ai? a?aeiiino?.

Ooo noaea ? a i?eaiae? aacaoa.

Ia?oa aacaoa c’yaeeanue o ?ei? a ia?oiio noie?oo? aei iaoi? a?e. Aiia
iaei /ei iaaaaeoaaea no/anio aacaoo. Noa?i?einueea aea?aeaaa ia?aaoaaea
oiae? a ?icea?o? nee ? aaea ia?aiiaei? a?eie c nai?ie non?aeaie. A ?ei?
aeaeaaaeeny caeiie, iaia’yceia? aeey anueiai ianaeaiiy, — i?i iia?
iiaeaoee, i?aeaioiaeo aei ai?iieo iioiae?a oiui.

Aea ae ye c?iaeoe, uia i?i oe? caeiie iae?aco ae?ciaaaeeny an? ?eieyie?
sse iiia?aaeeoe eiaeiiai, uia i?n o aea?aeaaio eacio a?io?, eiooiaiino?
i?e ca?eueoaii? iiaeaoe?a? A i?i iaaeeaeaiiy ai?iaa aei ei?aeii?a
?einueei? aea?aeaae?

Aeo?ae ciaeoia aecia/iee ae?y/ THe?e Oeaca?. A?i iaeacaa iinoaaeoe a
oeaio?? i?noa ia iaeaeai? aaeee? a?inia? ieeoe. Ia ieo ui?aieo
caienoaaee ?icii?yaeaeaiiy ?einueei? aeaaee, a oaeiae iia?aeiieaiiy i?i
??ci? iiae??, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a i?no? iaia?aaeiaei?. Oe?
iia?aeiieaiiy aoee ei?ioe?, eaeii?/i?: aaeaea ieeoe ia iiaee ai?noeoe
aaaaoi oaenoo. ? ana ae aiie aeaaaee ciiao uiaeaiii aooe a eo?n? iiae?e.

Iiethaeyee aaoi?e oeeo cai?oie ?iciia?aeaoe e i?i iiae?? yaii aeaaaeai?.
Oae, a?aeiiee ?einueeee ienueiaiiee ? a/aiee Aae Naeoiae Ie?i?e Noa?oee,
yeee /anoi iiia?aeaa i?i i?aeia?iaei? iiaeie, yeinue iaienaa i?i oa, ui
a ?ei? i?aeoi aeiaa aeiu c ?icia/aieo oeaaeei.

Oe?eaa?noue ?eieyi aei iia?aeiieaiue a?iniaeo ieeo iaaieiii c?inoaea.
Oiae? aoei ae??oaii ?iciiiaeoaaoe oaenoe. Ie?ai? iiaeie aeienoaaee ia
iaeaiuee? aeeiyi? oaaee/ee e i?iaeaaaee oe? oaaee/ee ianaeaiith.

A?inia? ieeoe iaee niaoe?aeuei? iacae. Aiie, cae/aeii, ia aoee noiae? ia
ni?aaaeith aacaoo. ? ana ae oea aoee aacaoe, ai aiie aeeiioaaee iaeio c
iniiaieo ooieoe?e, i?eoaiaiieo on?i aacaoai, — iia?aeiieyee iiaeie.

Ieeoe noiyee aeoaea aeiaai. Aiie i?eieieee nai? ?nioaaiiy eeoa ia
ii/aoeo IV noie?ooy iaoi? a?e.

Ia?o? ?in?enuee? aacaoe niia?uathoue iiaeie

Aaee/acia iai?aoaiia caea…Ia i?aeaeuaii? noi?oue oea?nueeee o?ii,
icaeiaeaiee cieioii… Ia o?ii? – oea? Ieoaeei Oaaei?iae/. I/? eiai
caiethuai?. Aieiao a caaeoi? noeeea ia eoeae.

— *eoae, — iaeaco? a?i aeyeia?. – Aieini?oa /eoae!

Aoaiyaei aieinii aeye Iinieuenueeee i?eeaco /eoa?, ia/a aeni?ao? ia
e?eean?:

,,? ua c Iaeeaioa (I?eaia) na?iiy 2006 /enea ?ieo 1643 iia?aeiieythoue:
aei i?noa O??ii o?aioeocuee? ethaee aea?/? i?enooiaee, o?eueee c
aaeeeeie ao?aoaie iacaae a?ae?eoee ? no??eyee aiie c /ioe?ueio ?iceao?a
(oiaoi aaoa?ae) ? aeaaaeoeyoe /ioe?ueio aa?iao; a i?ae i?noii
Iiioanoo?ii ua ii nth noi?iio (oiaoi ii?o) aei?noieiai i?enooio ia aoei…

Oea? neooa?, ia ?iciethuoth/e i/ae. Iaaeiei oeoa. O?eueee /ooe, ye ca
aeaa?eia iieaoeththoue aiy?e – ?o i?ae /an /eoaiiy aei caee ia
ioneathoue. Aeye i?aeaeuo? aiein ? ua ieae/a noeey?oueny iaae aaeeeeie,
o e?eueea iao??a caaaeiaaeee, a?eooaie iaia?o. A?i ?aaoey?ii ciaeiieoue
oea?y c ?oeiieniith aacaoith ,,Eo?aioe”.

,,Eo?aioe” – ia?oa ?in?enueea aacaoa. ?? ienaee a?ae ?oee caa?oo aeiieco
aacia?a?aii, oiaoi ,,noiaiii ”.Ca?aene e ae?oaa iacaa aacaoe —
,,Noiaaoe?”. *anii ?? iaceaaee i?inoi ,,A?no?”, aai ,,A?no?ai? eenoe”.

Aeoiaeeea aacaoa a iaeiiio i?ei??ieeo. Oa ?iaeoa ia iiaei e aooe – oaeo
aeiaao iaia?iao no??/eo aaaeei ia?aienaoe e?eueea ?ac?a.

,,Eo?aioe” ai?uoaaee iia?aeiieaiiy, ui iaaeoiaeeee aei Iinieuenueeiai
i?eeaco c ?ioeo e?a?i. Iinieuenueeee i?eeac a?aeaa ?iicaiieie ni?aaaie
Iineianueei? aea?aeaae ? iaa nai?o i?aaenoaaiee?a o noieeoeyo aaaaoueio
e?a?i. Oe? i?aaenoaaieee iaaeneeaee iia?aeiieaiiy aeey ?oeiienii?
aacaoe, a oaeiae a?aei?aaeyee aei Iineae ca?oa?aei? aeaeaiiy, ia?aaaaeii
i?iaoeuee? ? /anii aieeaiaenuee?. Oaeei /eiii, o Iineao iaaeoiaeeei aei
aeaaaeoeyoe aacao. Iaeoe?eaa?o? iia?aeiieaiiy c oeeo aacao o
Iinieuenueeiio i?eeac? ia?aeeaaeaee ia ?in?enueeo iiao. Aiie
aeiiiaithaaee ?ioi?iaoe?th ?in?enueeeo i?aaenoaaiee?a ca ei?aeiiii.

Oe? i?aaenoaaieee, ye /eiiaieee Iinieuenueeiai i?eeaco, ui aeioneaee
,,Eo?aioe”, aoee ia?oeie aeo?iae?noaie ?in??. I?aaaea, ua e aei oiai
?onuee? oea?? o?eiaee ca ei?aeiiii nai?o ?ioi?iaoi??a. I?ioa ?oi?
iia?aeiieaiiy ia?aaeaaaeeny oea?aa? onii.

Oeth aacaoo caiiaithaaee ??ciiiai?oiith ?ioi?iaoe??th. Aoee ooo a?no?
i?i a?enueeia? aeoae, oi?aiaaeuei? ni?aae, a oaeiae iiaeie na?onueeiai
oa?aeoa?o: i?i aeeooy ei?ie?a oa ?oi?o i?eaeai?ieo, ??ci? ni?oi?
?noi???.

I?ooi oiae? ia oo?aoaaany i?i a??ia?aei?noue iia?aeiieaiue, i?ooi ia
ia?aa??ya ?o. sseui ?ioi?iaoe?y aoea yaii iai?aaaeeaith, ia ia? ia
caa?oaee na?eicii? oaaae. Aaeaea ae on? aeaaaeai? i?eaiaee
?iciia?aeaeeny aeeeth/ii aeey ?icaaae oea?y e aeecueeeo aei iueiai in?a.

Ia?oa ?in?enueea aacaoa ?nioaaea iiiaae a?n?iaeanyo ?ie?a.

Aiia aeoaea a?ae??ciyeany a?ae ca?oa?aeieo aeaeaiue – aeaaaea ia
eiia?oe?eio ?ioi?iaoe?th, a ia?aaaaeii iie?oe/io. ? ?ic?aoiaaia aoea
eeoa ia oea?y oa aeecueeeo aei iueiai ethaeae. Oaeo aacaoo ni?aaaaeeeai
iiaeia iacaaoe o?yaeiaei aeaeaiiyi.

Aaeeea a?aee?eooy

Ia?o? aacaoe, ye oaea noaei a?aeiii, aoee iaienai? a?ae ?oee. ?o /eoaei
ii??aiyii aocueea eiei ethaeae. C?icoi?ei, ui ca oaeeo oiia aacaoe ia
iiaee a?ae?a?aaaoe aaeeei? ?ie? a aeeoo? ia?iae?a.

O?eueee a na?aaeei? OV noie?ooy a ?a?ii? ii/aee ae?oeoaaoe aacaoe ia
niaoe?aeueieo aa?noaoao. Aea iiaa?iaiiny o?ioe iacaae.

Ia?o? ae?oeiaai? a?eoo? c’yaeeeny a Eeoa? ua iiiaae aea? oeny/? ?ie?a
oiio ca aeeooy aaeeeiai o?einioa Eii Oo –aeca. O iueiai aoei a?n?iaeanyo
aeaa o/i? ? a?ey o?ueio oeny/ iine?aeiaiee?a – iaeiiaeoioe?a. Aiie
iaienaee /eiaei oai??a, ye? aoei aen?/aii ia aaeeeeo eai’yieo ieeoao. C
on?o e?ioe?a e?a?ie noiaeeeeny ethaee, uia iiaeyiooe ia eai’yia aeeai e
ia?a/eoaoe iaiene nai?o io?eo caieye?a.

Ioi/eo aei o?einionueeeo o?aeo?a noaaaei ana a?eueoa, aea aiie ia
caaaeaee iaee ciiao ii?oaoe ca nioi? e?eiiao??a, uia a?aea?aeaoe
aeeaiaeaeio a?ae?ioaeo. Ia?aaiceoe ae aaeee? eai’yi? ieeoe c i?noey ia
i?noea aoei aeoaea aaaeei. Inue oiae? e ca?iaeeeany aeoiea: a /e ia
iiaeia yeinue ?iciiiaeoaaoe oaenoe?

Aeyaeeiny, ui iiaeia. Ia eai’yio ieeoo iaeeaaeaee a?eoo? iie?iai iaia?o.
Aea?aa’yiei iieioi/eii iaa?aaeii iinooeoaaee ii iueiio. A?ae ???iae?o?a
ia iaia?? ooai?eeeny caaeeaeie. Oaia? iio??aii aoei i?ieoeny ii a?eooo
aaeeeii, cii/aiei o oa?ao, — aanue iai?? iaaoa /i?iiai caaa?aeaiiy, a
caaeeaeie eeoaeeny na?oeeie. Ia iaia?? /?oei aeae?eyeiny cia?aaeaiiy
???iae?o?a.

A XI noie?oo? eeoaeoe? oaeineiiaeeee na?e aeiao?ae. ???iae?oe ii/aee
aeaioiaeyoe c aeeie, eiaeai ie?aii. Oaia? ciaee iiaeia aoei ?icnoaaeyoe
a iio??ai?e iine?aeiaiino? ? ae?oeoaaoe ne?eueee caaaiaeii oaeno?a.

Oeae i?eioeei aoei iieeaaeaii a iniiao ae?oea?nueei? ni?aae. Oa ieioei
aaaaoi ?ie?a, ia?o i?ae aoei noai?aii c?o/iee ae?oea?nueeee aa?noao.

A ??cieo i?noao ?a?iie iiaeia iiaa/eoe iai’yoieee, nii?oaeaeai? ia?oeie
eieaiae?oea?yi.

Aieeaiaeoe? aoaiiaothoue iai’youe Ei?aioei Einoa?a, yeee o XV noie?oo?
iaae?oeoaaa c aioiaeo oi?i eieao ,,Aeca?eaei Ethaenueeiai ii?yooieo».
Eiio nii?oaeaeaii iiioiaio o i?no? Aa?eai?. ?oae?eoe? aaaaeathoue ia?oei
?a?iiaenueeei eieaiae?oea?ai naiai ni?aa?o/ecieea Iaio?e?y Eanoaeueae?.
Iai’yoiee Eanoaeueae? aeni/eoue o iaeaiueeiio ?oae?enueeiio i?noa/eo
Oaeueo??. Aeyaeaii ae?oea?ith e o o?aioeocueeiio i?no? Aa?iueii?. Ooo a
na?aaeei? XV noie?ooy ni?iaoaaee iaae?oeoaaoe eieae e aacaoe c cae?cieo
e?oa?.

I?ioa, oea aoee o?eueee ni?iae. Ia?oo ae ni?aaaeith ae?oea?nueeo iaoeio
noai?ea i?iaoeueeee aeiao?aeiee Eiaaii Aooa?aa?a.

Nii/aoeo Aooaiaa?a i?aoethaaa o No?anao?c?. Aeaa?? eiai iaenoa?i?
caaaeaee aoee ca/eiai?. A caaaaeeiaiio iai?aii?ioe? aaaeei ne?ei?ea,
c?ooaea iaoeia. Oea aoa ae?oea?nueeee aa?noao. Ia iueiio Aooaiaa?a
iaae?oeoaaa a?aiaoeeo eaoeinueei? iiae. Iio?i a?i ia?a?oaa aei i?noa
Iaeioe ? oai i?iaeiaaeea ?iaioo.

Aooaiaa?a ae??oea iaae?oeoaaoe ,,A?ae?th», aaee/acio ia o? /ane eieao,
aeaa oiie yei? iaee 1282 noi??iee. Aaeaiue ? aii/? i?aoethaaa
aeiao?aeiee, ia aeoiath/e i?i a?aeii/eiie, ia oeiaeoth/e nee. A?i
iaae?oeoaaa iiiaae noi i’yoaeanyo i?ei??iee?a ,,A?ae??». A ia?o?e
iieiaei? XV noie?ooy oey oeeo?a caeaaaeany i?inoi iaeiia??iith.

sse aea aaeaeiny Aooaiaa?ao c?iaeoe /oaei – aeiaeoe eieaiae?oeoaaiiy, —
yea Ea?e Ia?en iinoaaea ii?yae c aaeeeei a?aee?eooyie — eiiianii,
ii?ioii ? aaoiiaoe/iei aiaeeiieeii?

Aaaaoi ?ie?a a?aeaeaa Aooaiaa?a oethaeai?e ni?aa?. Aea eiio ana iaeii ia
iiuanoeei aeiaanoe aei e?ioey nai? caaeoie. Oa ye iiaei aooe ?iaeoa!
Aaeaea aaeeeiio aeiao?aeieeo i?ooi ia aeiiiiaaaa o aaaee?e e?ii?oe?e
?iaio?, i?ooi ia eiya a??e o eiai a?aee?eooy. AEeooy Aooaiaa?aa ieiaei a
ceeaeiyo ? iiiaa??yiiyo.

Aooaiaa?aa aanue /an ioi/oaaee i?aee?, cacae??ni? ethaee, ye? iaiaaaeeny
i?eaeanieoe eiai i?aoeth. ? oea ?i iaei ia aaeaeiny. Eeoa aeiaaeeiai
aciaee iauaaeee ?i’y aaoi?a aeiaoiaeo, ?ice?eee i?aaaeo i?i neaaaoia
a?aee?eooy. A oeueiio aeiiii?a ?i iaien, c?iaeaiee 1505 ?ieo ia iaei?e
?c eiea: ,,1450 ?ieo a Iaeioe? aeiaeaeaii oaeaiiaeoei Aooaiaa?aii
aeeaiaeaeia ae?oea?nueea ienoaoeoai».

A ?in?? ia?o? eieae e eeno?aee aeae?oeoaaa o na?aaeei? XVI noie?ooy ?aai
Oaaei?ia. Nii/aoeo a?i a?aee?ea ae?oea?ith a Iinea?. Aea oaeaiiaeoiio
,,ae?oea?aa? eiea, aei oiai iaaa/aieo», iaaeiaai aeiaaeiny aeeoe a
noieeoe?. Ai?iae Oaaei?iaa — oea?eiaieee – caeioaaoeee eiai ??an?
cai?iiiioaaee eeiooe ae?oea?ith oa acyoeny ca oe?ai?ianoai.

,,Ia aeiaei iai?, — ienaa Oaaei?ia o a?aeiia?aeue oea?eiaieeai, — a
i?aii? oa n?yii? aeeooy nai? ei?ioaoe; aaeaea cai?noue ?aea a iaia
?aianei ooaeiaei?, cai?noue ca?ia aeeoiueiai – aeooiai? ca?ia iaeaaeeoue
iai? ii na?oo ?icn?aaoe».

I?ioa ?aai Oaaei?ia ciooaiee aoa caeeoeoe Iineao e ia?a?oaoe aei
Eueaiaa. Ooo 25 ethoiai 1574 ?ieo a?i aeaeaa ia?oo ia Oe?a?i? ae?oeiaaio
eieao ,,Aiinoie». Iio?i Oaaei?ia canioaaa ae?oea?ith o aieeinueeiio
i?no? Ino?ic?. A?ey ia? caiaeii ae?inei ua e?eueea ae?oea?aiue. C
oeueiai e ii/aea ?icaeaaoeny ae?oea?nueea ni?aaa ia Oe?a?i?.

O Iinea? ae ia i?noe? ia?oi? ae?oea?i? Oaaei?iaa aeiee ,,Ia/aoiue
aeai?», aea ae?oeoaaee eieae.

Oaeaeei ?inee ae?oea?i? e ii ?ioeo i?noao. A ?acii c ieie noai?thaaeenue
iania? ae?oeiaai? aacaoe, aeo?iaee.

Ia?oa ae?oeiaaia aacaoa a ?in?? ,,A?aeiiino?»

O XVIII noie?oo? ?in?y ?icii/aea oyaeeo e aeniaaeeeao a?eio ?c
Oaaoe??th. O?eaaea aiia iiiaae aeaaaeoeyoue ?ie?a. Uia caaacia/eoe nai?e
aea?aeaa? aeo?ae aei Aaeo?enueeiai ii?y, ?in?enuee? a?enueea, i/iethaai?
Iao?ii ?, a?aeaieiaoaaee o ai?iaa caie?, ye? ni?aaea?eo iaeaaeaee ?in??.

1709 ?ieo oaaaenueeee ei?ieue Ea?e XII ae??oea caaaeaoe ?in?yiai oaea?o
a nai?n?iueea na?oea e ?ooea ia Iineao. A?enueea Iao?a ? cono??ee ai?iaa
a?ey Iieoaae. Iai’yoa?oa, ye ?iciia?aea? i?i oea I.N.Iooe?i o iiai?
,,Iieoaaa»:

? a?yioa a?e, Iieoaanueeee a?e!

A iai?, i?ae a?aaeii ?iciao?eei,

AEeaa no?ia eaea e?ieii ni?eei,

Iaae caeoei no?i?i na?aeee no??e

ooeee cieea?. I?ae oo/a,

E?iiioa aei/aeanue eaoth/a

?, iiaia oaeo, caa?y/a

N?/a, ?oaa? c-ca iea/a.

Iaaeooue ia ia?oaeo ia?oa? ethaee,

*aaoii? yae?a ca?aeonthaee

Neaeathoue, i?aeoi aeea?,

Cae?eiathoue iee, oeieyoue a e?ia?.

(Ia?aeeaae c ?in?enueei? A.Iaeeoea oa I.?eeuenueeiai)

I.N.Iooe?i iiaeaa oaeethth/o ea?oeio aaeeei? aeoae. A ca?aeee iiao
/a?iaa a?aeiiino? aeey naiai oai?o? Cae/aeii, c io?oe?eieo aeieoiaio?a,
niiaaae?a no/aniee?a, a oaeiae, ne?ae aaaeaoe, ? c iaoa??ae?a aacaoe
,,A?aeiiino?».

,,Aaaeiiinoe» — ia?oa ?in?enueea ae?oeiaaia aacaoa. Noai?aia aiia 1702
?ieo. Aaaaoi iaoa??ae?a aeey ia? ?aaeaaoaaa nai Iao?i ?. A?i aea iaienaa
aeey aacaoe ei?aniiiaeaioe?th i?i ?noi?e/io ia?aiiao ?in?enueeeo a?enuee
iaae oaaaeaie.

A ?in?? ,,Aaaeiiinoe»- ?iaeiia/aeueieoey ia??iaee/ii? i?ane. A oeac? i?i
ae?oeoaaiiy aacaoe, a o?aaeeoe?? naiai /ano, aiia ?iaioaaeany aeieeaaeii
? iaoaoe/ii: ,,A?aeiiino? i?i a?enueeia? oa ?io? ni?aae, a?aei? ciaiiy ?
iai’yo?…»

sse na?aeie iiae?e, Iao?i ? aeaa ae?eiaee, oi/iee iien ,,aeoaea
i?aaaeeei? ? iane?i/aiii? a?eoi???». Iao?i ? aeacoaaa, ui ia?aiiao aoei
caaieiaaii caaaeyee iaaecae/aei?e oi?ia?ino? ?in?enueeeo nieaeao?a, ye?
iieiieee oaaaenueeeo oaeueaeia?oae?a ? aaia?ae?a, ,,e?eueea oeny/
io?oea??a ? ?yaeiaeo…», a ,,ca ?aooith ?icaeoeo i?ioeaiee?a»
i?aai?coaaee iiaiith.

Iao?i ? ethaea ? oe?ioaaa ,,Aaaeiiinoe». A aacao? a?i oaa/aa iiaooi?e
can?a, ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeia aieeaaoe ia /eoa/?a. A Oeac? i?i aeione
aacaoe aoei neacaii: ,,Eo?aiou», ii-iaoiio ,,Aaaeiiinoe», ia Ia/aoi?i
aeai?? ae?oeoaaoe o? ae?oeiaai? ,,Aaaeiiinoe»… i?iaeaaaoe a na?o ii
iaeaaei?e oe?i?”.

Oe?ia e ni?aaae? aoea ,,iaeaaeiith” – a?ae aeaio aei ainueie a?io?a
(i?aeia iiiaoa) ca iiia?. Oea aoei aeoaea aei?iai ia o? /ane, oiio
aacaoa aeyaeeanue iaeiaeinooiiith aeey aaaaoueio /eoa/?a. ? ana ae oaee
aiia a?ae?a?aea aaeeeo ?ieue o a?iiaaenueeiio aeeoo?.

Iaaaee/e? a?eoo?, iaio? ca noi??iee, i?noeee aaaaoi oe?eaaeo ? aaaeeeaeo
iia?aeiieaiue: i?i a?enueeia? aaoae??, aeeeaaiiy aa?iao, aeaioiaeaiiy
ii?ioo, ?icaeoie iaoe, iiaeie c non?aei?o aea?aeaa…Iao?i ? aeiaiaeea, ui
/a?ac aacaoo iio??aii anaeyoe a /eoa/?a oiaaiai?noue o c?inoaii?
iiaooiino? ?in??, a ?? ia?aiic? iaae ai?iaaie.

,,Aaaeiiinoe” ae?oeoaaeeny nii/aoeo a Iinea?, a iio?i o Iaoa?ao?c?.
Aacaoa iaea a?ae aeaio aei aeaaiaaeoeyoe noi??iie, ie?ai? iiia?e ??
aeoiaeeee oe?aaeai aei /ioe?ueio oeny/ i?ei??iee?a. ?aaeaeoe?? ia oie
/an ia aoei, a aeioneaa aacaoo aiooc?ano iiai? ni?aae Ai?en Aieeia.
Caiaeii ia aeiiiiiao eiio aeaee ua iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea – sseiaa
Neiya?ia.

Aaciina?aaeiuei o/anoue o aeioneo ,,Aaaeiiinoae” a?aa Iao?i ?. A?i nai
ia?aaeyaeaa aieeaiaenuee? aacaoe e a?aeae?aa iaoa??aee, ye? aa?oi aoei
ia?aeeaaeaoe ia ?in?enueeo iiao. A?i aea aecia/ea, i?i ye? iiae?? a
nai?e e?a?i? iio??aii ?iciia?noe /eoa/ai.

Ai?en Aieeia i?eeoaaany i?i oa, uia o aacaoo iaaeoiaeeee na?ae? iiaeie.
*anoi aacaoa no?aaeaeaea /a?ac iaiia?aoeai?noue ae?oea?i?, ? oiae?
Aieeia ienaa ai?ai? eenoe. Cai?ci?e? aacaoe, aeacoaaa a?i, ,,ia
ni?eeiooue ca iiaeie, a ca yeee – iaaoaeue iaii??e aeey ?noi?ee?a”.

C aeioneii aacaoe ,,Aaaeiiinoe” a ?in?? ii/eia?oueny aiioa ae?oeiaaieo
aacao.

Aeei?enoaia e?oa?aoo?a

1. ,,Oa?e ae?oa – aacaoa”, i. Ee?a, 1961 ?. A.E.?yaieey/, E.A.Aeaoiaiei,
I.?.Ia?oueiaoeue, A.O.Aeoiye, ?.I.Ca?aiaianueea, A.E.I?eieaiei 6-25 no.

2. ,,Oi?aa?naeueia aioeeeeiiaae?y”, i. Ee?a, 2003 ?. I.Eiaaeue,
I.Iiiiae/, ?.Aecthaa.

3. ,,Iniiae aeo?iae?noeee”, ?.E. Ieoaeeei

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