Письменники української діаспори (Василь Барка) (реферат)

?aoa?ao

ia oaio:

Ienueiaiieee oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e (Aaneeue Aa?ea)

?i’y Aaneey Aa?ee — aeaeaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai ienueiaiieea, ui i?iaeeaa?
aeaeaei ca iaaeaie ??aeii? caie? (NOA), i?i oai?e yeiai a ae?anii??
iaienaii aaaaoi e?eoe/ieo oa e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeey
ian, oe?a?ioe?a ia Oe?a?i?, uieii a?aee?eaa?oueny.Iai ia aeiaiaeeeinue
/eoaoe i? eiai i?iciaeo ?a/ae, i? iiaoe/ieo oai??a, i?, oei ia/a,
o?einionueeeo i?aoeue ?ae?a?eii? oaiaoeee. Aea iei?oi? iiaeeeaino?
e?ea?aeaoe?? «a?eeo ieyi» o iao?e ?noi???, eoeueoo??, e?oa?aoo??
anaeythoue iaae?? ? ia aea/aiiy aeooiaieo iaaooe?a oe?a?inueei?
ae?anii?e. Aein? ie iaaeoi eaaeiaaaeii a?aeiiaeyeeny iaa?oue a?ae oaeeo
caeiaooe?a, oai?aieo ae?y/aie oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e ca iaaeaie ??aeii?
caie?, ye? iiaeooue aooe ai?ae?noth aoaeue-yei? ?c na?oiaeo eoeueoo?.
Ie, ia aeaeue, ia o?eueee ?o ia iii?/aee, ia i?inoi a?ae ieo
a?aeiaaeiaoaaeenue, a e iaeaa?oi ?aii?oaaee oa oeo?aeeny ?o, ye oai??a
iie?oe/ii-ai?iaeeo…

sseui ie a iaeiaiaaeai?oeo ii?oe?yo ciaee i?i oaeiai ienueiaiieea,
TH??e Eina/, oi, ca?nia ??/, i?i Aaneey Aa?eo ia/a a ? nai Aia aae?a
cian?i ia ciaoe, aaeaea Aa?ea ai?a?oaaa ca ei?aeii i?ae /an a?eie. A?ae
1943 ii 1950 ??e aeea o I?ia//ei?, a iio?i ia?a?oaa o Iueth-Ei?e, aea
i?iaeeaa? e aein?. Acaaae? eiai a?ia?ao?y neeaaeia, aaaaoa
iai?aeeia?ieie aeeoo?aeie eie?c?yie, /anoi aeineoue ae?aiaoe/ieie.

A?i c oiai iieie?iiy,yeiio aeiaiaeeeiny ?icii/eiaoe iiai?
nioe?ae?noe/ii? aeiae, a ioaea, yeiio a ao?aiiiio ae?? e?ioey 20-o e?o
i?inoi iaiiaeeeai aoei cano?aooaaoeny a?ae oeo /e ?ioeo iiieeie. A yeui
oaeeo e ni?aaae? ia aoei, oi ?o onaiaeii “ciaoiaeeee”, aaeaea
?ai?aneaii-aeieuoaaeueia iaoeia iaae?aea aeaaeae? ?ioaineai?oeo iaa?o?a.
Noae?inueei-aa???anueea niee?a aaea aoeyea-aeoeiaea i?ae ei??iue oa, ui
iaceaaeinue oe?a?inueeei.

I oe?e ii??-1930-ai-1932-ai ?ie?a-Aaneeue Aa?ea a Oa?eia? aeaea?
aea? ca??ee a??o?a: “Oeyoe” oa “Oeaoe”.

Aaaeath,ui iaa?oue o naieo iacaao eieaeie aeaui caa?aaeiny c
oiai/anii? iiaoe/ii? aoiinoa?e. Aea i?i oea caiaeii, a ca?ac o?ioe
a?ia?ao?/ieo oaeo?a. A?i ia?iaeeany ia Iieoaauei? 1909?. I?ney
cae?i/aiiy o/eoaeuenueeiai oaoi?eoio i?aoethaaa ca oaoii ia Aeiiaan?,
a caiaeii ia I?ai?/iiio Eaaeac?, aea aiaeii/an caeiaoaaa aeuo ina?oo. A
1940 ?ioe? Aa?ea o Iinea? oni?oii caoeua? eaiaeeaeaonueeo aeena?oaoe?th
i?i noeeue “Aiaeanoaaiii? eiiaae??” Aeaioa. I?ney oiai a?i /eoa? eo?n
?noi??? cao?aeii-??iiaenueei? e?oa?aoo?e Na?aaeiueia?//y ia
o?eieia?/iiio oaeoeueoao? ?inoianueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Caea?oueny, oae
iiaeia caaaeueii ie?aneeoe ia?oee ia??iae eiai aeeooy. Ae?oaee, ia yeee
i?eiaaea? aeo?ae eiai iiaoe/ieo ca??ie “Aiinoiee”(1946) oa “A?eee
Na?o”(1947),-oea ia??iae, i?iaeeoee o I?ia//ei?. ?
o?ao?e-aia?eeainueeee, ui ? oai?/i iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiei, icia/aiee
aeoiaeii eieaeie a??o?a “Inaeii aieoaeiiai iiey”(1958), «Ieaai»(1959),
«E??iee»(1968), i?ice-«?ae»(1953), “AEiaoee eiycue”(1963),
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue oa anna “Oe?ai?ianueeee I?oae aai
eey?iaoeci”(1961), “I?aaaea Eiaca?y”(1961), “AEaeai?iieia?
aeaea?aea”(1956), “Aa?oiee iaaa”(1965).

Oeae ia?ae?e, cae/aeii, iiai?noth ia ioiieth? on?o eieaeie Aaneey
Aa?ee. Oea nei??oa a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iii?i? oeaio?e a caaaeueiiio aei?iaeo
ienueiaiieea. A aei?iaie eiai i?inoi a?aaea?. A.Aa?ea-aaoi? aeecueei
aeaaaeoeyoe iiaoe/ieo ca??ie. Aei ?a/?, eiai ?iiai o a??oao “Na?aeie
aeey niioey oanoee?eeeo”(1986) ia?eia? /ioe?e aaeeeeo oiie, ui
neeaaeathoue aea? oeny/? noi??iie oaenoo. Oeny/ie?ooth o?enoeyinoaa ia
Oe?a?i? a?i i?enayoea aaeeeo iiaio “Noaeiee noai”. Aei ?a/?, oai?e
A.Aa?ee aeoiaeyoue aiae?enueeith oa o?aioeocueeith iiaaie.

Aea iaa?oue i?e iia?aeieo ?iciiaao i?i oai?/?noue Aaneey Aa?ee
ne?ae a?aoe aei oaaae eiai ia?o? eieaeee “Oeyoe” ? “Oeaoe” c ?o
iieiaea/?noth ia?oeo iiaoiaeo ni?ia. ?ioaineai?noue oa?e?anueeiai
e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy aoaeeea oai?/ee ianiie?e ? a oeo, ooi aaea aeinya
iaaiiai aaoi?eoaoo, ? a oeo, ooi o?eueee ii/eiaany. Aaneeue Aa?ea eeoa
aeoiaeeoue ia aei?iao, iiaea, e ia aei e?ioey ona?aeiiethth/e, ui,
neaae?ii, Ieeiea Aaaeai, Aai Oeo?oi?e, A?eoeueei Eieyaea, Ieaena
Aeecueei, THe?ai Oiie, TH??e ssiianueeee, Eanue Eo?aan, Ieeiea Oa?auaiei
oa ?io?-oea iai?yiie oe?a?inueeiai oooo?ecio, yeee aeoaea aiaaiaii ?
iaooiaiii i/ieth? Ieoaeue Naiaiei.

Neiaie?ci, icia/aiee ?iaiaie Ieeiee O?eyinueeiai, Ieaene
Ne?na?aiea, Aaeeie AEo?ae, Iaaea Oe/eie, Aaneey Aeeaia oa ?ioeo oaae iaa
nai? ie?aia ni?yioaaiiy.

A ua iai?yie ?io?, neaae?ii, iaieeaneoeeci, aeia?ci… Ui
iaea?eueoa iiaei ?iiiioaaoe iieiaeiio Aa?oe?? Oooo?enoe/i? ooeaiiy c
?ioaineai?noth a??oiai? ?eoi?ee oa eaene/ieie iiaioai?aie aoee,cae/aeii,

aeey Aa?ee aeecueeeie, aea ae o?eueee oaeith ooaeiaeithth anoaoeeith ia
aaeiaieueieony. Aa?ea iine?aeiaii eoia aei iiac?? neiaie?noe/ii?, ? oey
e?i?y ae?acii iii?/a?oueny a on?e eiai oai?/ino? (ia?oueny ia oaac?
oai?/?noue iiaoe/io).

Aa?oi cacia/eoe, ui Aa?ea ia o?eueee neiaie?no-i?aeoee, a e aei
iaaii? i??e oai?aoee. Cie?aia, a?i iaiaeii?aciai aeaaaa aeeaiea iaoeiaa
o?aeooaaiiy ia?acai-neiaieai Oe/eie, i?a a?ae/ooe a ieo ia aeey on?o
aeiaeia cia/aiiy, o /iio e oa?oueny ?o iaeaieiai?oa ienoaoeueea
oe?ii?noue.

Oa, ui i?a aeaoe iieiaeiio Aa?oe? aeina?ae oe?a?inueeeo
iiao?a-neiaie?no?a-oea, oae ae iiaeoe, iaeei ieai, aea ? e ?ioee-a?i
canaithaaa aeina?ae i?iaoeueeiai oa o?aioeocueeiai neiaie?cio, oi/a oeae
aeina?ae iioe?thaaany

ia an?o, ooi a 20-o? ?iee acaaae? neiaie?ciii oe?eaaeany. Caiaeii, eiee
aaea Aa?ea ienaoeia naith, iaaooue, iaeiniiai?oo iiaoe/io ca??eo
“Ieaai”, aeey yei? iiaoeea neiaie?cio aeoaea oa?aeoa?ia, a?i
ei?enooaaoeiaoueny ? aeina?aeii neiaie?cio aiaeiiiaiiai, cie?aia
A?eueyia Aaoea?a Aeona oa Aieana No?aaina.

Aei ?a/?, oe?a?inueea iiac?y o ae?anii??, neaae?ii, oai?/?noue
Ieoaeea I?anoa, Ieaaa Co?anueeiai, Aiie Aiae???anueei?, ui oaeiae
?icaeaaeany o neiaie?noe/iiio eeth/?, oai?eea naith a?aeiia?aeio
aoiinoa?o. Aieeaaea aiia ia Aa?eo /e i?-oea ieoaiiy, yea ua iio?aao?
ie?aiiai aea/aiiy. Aea i?i oa, ui yeeinue /eiii aiia noeioethaaea eiai
ienoaoeuee? iiooee, cie?aia a oea?ei? neiaie?cio, noii?a?a aooe ia
iiaea.

Iiaoe/ia iae?o?a A.Aa?ee ye?ac ia cana?ae/o? yei?nue ae?acii?
oi?iaeueii? aaoiiii??. Iaaiaee-o i?e no?auo?oueny ?icia?ooy noeeueiaeo
oe?e oa iai?yi?a. O i?e iaia “/enoiai” aa?e?anueeiai neiaie?cio /e
/iainue oai ?ioiai. Ooo iiaeia aa/eoe ye?ac ae?aci? aieeae iieiaeiai
Oe/eie, neiaie?noe/ii? oa oooo?enoe/ii? ?in?enueei? iiac??. Oaeee
”nieaa” noee?a cia/iith i??ith ? iiynith? aaaee?noue ni?eeiyooy
aa?e?anueeiai a??oa. Aa?eo /eoaoe aaaeei, o iueiai o?aaa “aaooenue”,
/anii ia aac o?oaeiiu?a inaithaaoe o?aco, inyaaoe ?? anioe?aoeai?noue.

“Na?aeie aeey niioey oanoee?eeeo”-??/ iniaeeai neeaaeia.
Iiioiaioae?ci oai?o, cae/aeii, eaaoa iiaeia aoei a iiaeieaoe, yeae ooo
aoea ae?acii ie?aneaia nthaeaoia e?i?y. Aea oaei? iaia. Iaoii?noue ?
nai???aeia ?ii?an?ii?noe/i?noue, aea ia?ac, o?aca, iaa?oue ie?aia neiai
iathoue naith ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ooaeiaeith iiao: iaoye, i?aeoaeno oiui.
Neeaaei?noue ni?eeiyooy “Na?aeea…” ia o?eueee iiynith?oueny eiai
ae?aciith iiaea?i?noe/i?noth, a e naiith oaiith oai?o. ?ae?a?eia
eie?c?y, a ua a oae?e aeeaie?e o?iiieia??, ye ooo ?, oaea naia niaith
ii?iaeaeo? o ian iacae/i?noue, a iiaea, e iaaioiai?noue ?? ni?eeiyooy.

?aea?th oai?o caaieii iiaeia iacaaoe noia?a/i?noue, noi’yooy,
neeaaei?noue aioo??oiuei? ai?ioueae ethaeeie e?ioey OO noie?ooy i?ae
a??ith oa noii?aii. “O?eueee oey ai?ioueaa,- ye aeo/ii aeneiaeany aaoi?
ia?aaeiiae A?oae?e Eaen,-ia ?icaeai?iiy Aeinoi?anueeiai, ai?
a?ae/oaeaiiy Eaii. Cae/aeii, oae? aiaeia?? iiaeia i?iaanoe eeoa eiooii
ni?aaaeiueiai oai?o. Aaeaea aa?ie A.Aa?ee, oae ye aa?ie Aeaioa, ia?
aeeao? cai??e: ia aa?iii?th i?ae aioo??oi?i “y” oa Einiinii, a aa?iii?th
i?ae ethaeeiith oa Oai?oeai”.

?ae?a?ei?noue iioea?a aeey Aa?ee cia/eoue aaaaoi. Caaaeaeii oi/a a
iiiia?ao?th “I?aaaea Eiaca?y”. ”Oaa/aieiaa a??a a aiaiaeai?noue
i?aaaee,-ieoa a?i,-aeneiaeaia /a?ac aanue “Eiaca?”, iaoaoi?ith “niioey
i?aaaee” (c iiaie “??aoee” oa ?ioeo oai??a). Oea-ae?ac /oaeaniino?
iioiaeaeaiiy ? ae?? naii? i?aaaee ye aeaea?aey aeooiaiiai nyeaa,
aeaea?aea, ooaa?aeaeaiiai Aeuith Neeith.

E?oa iaeaeueo ii?aeueieo iiiyoue, i?eioeei?a, oyaeaiue aoaeo?oueny
o “Eiaca??” iaaeiei naiai ?aeeiiai oeaio?o-Aiaeiai i?iaeae?iiy, neee
anaoai?/i? ? anaaecia/aeueii?…”

O oe?e oeeoao? ae?aaeaiee ia o?eueee iiaeyae Aaneey Aa?ee ia
Oaa/aieiao iiac?th, a e aeneiaeai? eiai aeani? oai?/? iinooeaoe ye
iiaoa.

Aea?? oi?ie o A.Aa?ee caaaeaee na?aeiiee, eiai iiaoe/iee a?oenoeci
iine?aeiaii i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee /eoa/aa?. Aei oiai ae, a?i iiao aaaiaa?aeo
? ona?aeiieth?, yea caaaeaiiy ia?aae niaith noaaeoue. Neaae?ii,
iaoaoi?e/ii? ?yniioe a??oa “??ea” ia iiaei a c’yaeoenue, eiee a ia iiao
ia?ac?a-neiaie?a, ia?ac?a-aeaai??e a?i ia iieeaaeaa oaeeo aaaeeeaeo
ooaeiaei?o ooieoe?e:

A?e?? aiein, aeuee a?ae ieaiao.

-? y ni?oo, ??ea,

i? ?aeaeoaa ia ia??ea-

/a?ac a?ico a?aeo,

ia?aioea?o i?iiai?a, a?iio iaaeo.

I? n??aiee iae ia ia??ea:

e??cue nia?oue-??ea.

A?e?? aiein, aeoae/ee a?ae nei?aio…

-ioaoe a a?ei? aanaeie

i?ni? c iai?a i?yaeooue…

sseae a iiae?aieo oai?ao aeiooeoaaoenue aoeaae?noe/iiai ci?noo-oea
icia/aei a i?inoi oeeo oai??a ia ni?eeiaoe, ai iiaa oyaeaiue,
anioe?aoe?e, iaoye?a, oo?eo?a ia iiaea aooe aeine?aiith, aiia a eiaeiiai
naiy.

Aa?ea-iaenoa? eiio?ano?a. Naia c ?o aeiiiiiaith a?i aeinyaa?
iniaeeaiai ooaeiaeiueiai aoaeoo: ci?iai? a?ae/ooo?aino? iienoaaiiai oa
eiai /anii aae a?aaeath/iai ae?aiaoecio. Aa?ea /anoi i?ioenoaaey?
anioe?aoeaia a?iiiea iaeiiai ia?aco oaeiio ae a?iiieth ?ioiai,aea oea,
oae ae iiaeoe, iaeei aa??aio eiai ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy. ?ioee
neeaaei?oee ? cia/ii aoaeoeai?oee,-eiee aaea i?ioenoaaey?oueny ia ia?ac
ia?acia?, a yeanue ie?aia neooaoe?y-?aeee?/ia o?aa?/iiio, ye,
iai?eeeaae, o a??o? “?ae”:

Iieyoueny niiyoieee.

A??i ia oia?? A?ae?th /eoa?…

oiiiey iioaiee: no?aoiee yeee

oa?e iea/, ?na??!

Iieyoueny niiyoieee.

Aieiaeia iaoe iaiiaey aaeaa?…

oiiiey cae?e/aea: ii yeee

i?e ?ae, ?na??!

Aei ?a/?, oaia aieiaeo, oiai ?aaeueiiai aieiaeo ia Oe?a?i?
1932-1933 ?ie?a,-oea iaeaieth/?oa niia?aeue A.Aa?ee,ye?e a?i, e??i
iiaoe/ieo oai??a,

i?enayoea aaeee? ai?/i? iieioia-?iiaie “AEiaoee eiycue” oa “?ae”.

Ianoaia /an ? oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai aea/aoeia oai?/?noue
A. Aa?ee a on?o ?? ia?aiao?ao, o oiio /ene? e aa?neo?eaoe?eiiio, ?,
iaaia ??/, aiai?eoeia, ui eiai aeaioa?ia?ia no?ioa o?nii a’yaeaoueny c
oa?ia?iith no?ioith Iaaea Oe/eie, ye ? aiai?eoeia i?i aaaaonoai
iiaaoi?nueeeo noeeueaeo i?eeiao eiai a??oa.

Aaneeue Aa?ea, aacia?a/ii, iaeei ?c iaea?eueoeo iiao?a ae?anii?e.
Ia aeaeue, o ian eiai oai?e aein? ia ae?oeoaaeeny. Aea o?aa oea ia?oee
aeiaaeie, ui oe?a?ioe? o na?o? aeeaoaaee na?o aaee/i?noth nai?o
oai??iue?! ?, aei ?a/?, aenieeo ? iaeaeueo aa?oei nyaaee ia o?eueee
ieooe?, a e o?, ui aa?oeee na?e o?oae o aoaeue-yeeo ?ioeo noa?ao:
iaooe?, iie?oeoe?, a?cian?, nii?o?. Aaeiia, ia ?o Aaouee?auei?, i?i ieo
ciaoe ia aiaeeeiny. Ia aiaeeeiny, ai aiie aeeee ii oie a?e ieaaio, ai
aiie… Aeoaea aaaaoi aoei oeeo ??cieo i?ae?yaeieo “ai”. Ia oi/aoueny
i?i ieo caaaeoaaoe. Ia oi/aoueny,oi/, aacia?a/ii, o?aaa. O?aaa
“ia?anooiaoe” /a?ac ioee naiai noie?iiy ? ea?aoeny ca naith iaiaa/i?noue
? aaci?eioeeiia?noue. sseui ie ai?ee a?aeiiaeoeny iaa?oue a?ae ieooey
anana?oiuei? neaae Ieaenaiae?a A?oeiaiea, oi iei? ioneii ai?oe ?iaeoe
i?ioeeaaeia:iiaa?oaoe Oe?a?i? neaao ?? nei?a. Ioneii ai?oe iiaa?iooe ia
??aeio caieth aaeeeo, ?icia?oo ? aeeaiaeaeio oai?/?noue Aaneey Aa?ee.

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