Розвиток європейської прози на межі 19-20 століть (реферат)

?icaeoie ?a?iiaenueei? i?ice ia iaae? 19-20 noie?oue

Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e ?a?iiaenueeo e?oa?aoo?o oa eoeueoo?o ae?oai? iieiaeie
19 noie?ooy, iaiao?aeii i?iaiae?coaaoe oae? iai?yiee ye iaoo?ae?ci oa
neiaie?ci.

Iaoo?ae?ci a e?oa?aoo?? neeaany a inoaii?e o?aoei? O?O noie?ooy. A?i
i?aaioa aei ia’?eoeaiiai, oi/iiai ? aaciina?aaeiueiai cia?aaeaiiy
?aaeueiino?. Iaoo?ae?ci ca?iaeeany ? i?ia?aiii ioi?ieany ia?aaeon?i o
O?aioe??. Aaeeeo ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? iaoo?ae?cio a?ae?a?aee aeinyaiaiiy
i?e?iaeie/eo iaoe, cie?aia o?c?ieia??. O o?einionueei-anoaoe/iiio
a?aeiioaii? iaoo?ae?ci ??oioo?oueny ia iiceoea?ci? I.Eiioa oa anoaoeoe?
o?aioeocueeiai o?einioa ienoaoeoaiciaaoey ?.Oaia, yeee aa?a a anoaoeeo
i?eioeei “i?e?iaeiiai aeaoa?i?i?cio”. Naia ae oai??y iaoo?ae?cio aoea
?ic?iaeaia o?aioeocueeei ienueiaiieeii A.Ciey a i?aoeyo
“Aenia?eiaioaeueiee ?iiai”, “?iiai?noe-iaoo?ae?noe” oa ?io?. A na?aaeei?
70-o ?ie?a iaaeiei iueiai neeaeany oe?ea iaoo?ae?noe/ia oeiea (A? aea
Iiianai, A.Aiieo?, A Aeiaea), yea i?i?nioaaea aei e?ioey 80-o ?ie?a.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?aae?cio, i?iieeiooiai aeooii nioe?aeueiino?,
iaoo?ae?ci caiaeea ethaenueeo nooi?noue ? nain ?nioaaiiy eeoa aei
a?ieia?/ieo iioea?a, iiynithaaa oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?o ? aeie?
aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaii iiaooiaiai ioi/aiiy ethaeeie. Iaoo?ae?noe/ia
anoaoeea ia i?aei?iaeany aeua “i?aaaee oaeoo”, cina?aaeaeoth/enue ia
iaeeie/iiio, /anoeiaiio, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio, a?aeiiaeyth/enue a?ae
oei?caoe?? /e yei?nue ?ioi? oi?ie ooaeiaeiueiai ocaaaeueiaiiy,
caaeia?eueiyth/enue cia?aaeaiiyi yaeua ye oaeiai.

Cia/iith iiae??th a ?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueei? i?ice aoei aeieeiaiiy a
ae?oa?e iieiaei? O?O no. anoaoeee neiaie?cio. sse e?oa?aoo?ia oa/?y
neiaie?ci ca?iaeaeo?oueny o O?aioe?? 60-70-o ?ie?a o oai?/ino? oaeeo
a?aeiieo iiao?a ye O.Aiaeea?, I.Aa?eai, A.?aiai, N.Iaeea?ia. I?ci?oa
neiaie?ci i?iieea? a oaao?aeueia ienoaoeoai, aeeaiien, ioceeo.
Neiaie?ciii caoiiethaaeenue aaeuea?enueeee ae?aiaoo?a ? iiao
I.Iaoa?e?ie, i?iaoeueeee ienueiaiiee A.Aaoioiai, aiae?enueeee I.Oaeeueae
oa ?io?.

?aae?cio ? iaoo?ae?cio a ienoaoeoa?, iiceoea?cio ? iaoa??ae?cio a
o?einio?? aiie i?ioenoaaeee naith iiaoeeo oa anoaoeeo, a yeeo
aeoeaiooaaeanue ?aeay oa?iie/ino? na?oo, eiioe?eoo i?ae ?aaeueiei oa
?aeaaeueiei. Neiaie?noe caa?oaeenue aei aeooiaiiai, ?ae?a?eiiai na?oo
ethaeeie, aaaaeaee aieiaiei o ooaeiaei?e oai?/ino? ?ioo?oeaia,
aacna?aeiia. Iae/ano?oa aiie caa?oaeenue aei ?aeae ?iiaioee?a ?
i?noee?a, aei o?einionueeeo a/aiue Ieaoiia, Eaioa, Oiiaiaaoa?a, I?oeoa,
E’??eaai?a. Aeoiaey/e c ?aea?, ui aoaeue yea ienoaoeoai neiaie?/ia,
iniiaiith i?iaeaiith ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? aiie aaaaeaee i?iaeaio
neiaieo, yeee, ca ?o aeoieith, ii?aeio? caiia, aii??e/ia, oei/aniaa, c
aeeaeiaie aeooo ? aeoo?, c a?/iei oa aaniethoiei.

E?oa?aoo?a OO no. – iaeia c iaeneeaaei?oeo yaeu a ?noi??? na?oiai?
eoeueoo?e. Ii-ia?oa, oea iiynith?oueny aaeeeith e?euee?noth nioe?aeueieo
iio?yn?iue, no?aoieo na?oiaeo a?ei, ?aaiethoe?e, ye? aeoenioee aeooiai?
oe?iiino? ia ia?eoa??th ethaenueei? na?aeiiino? ? aeaee iiooiao ?icaeoeo
i?ei?oeaieo iaoe?iiae-oia?i?nonueeeo ?aeae, iineeaiiy eoeueoo
oioaeueiiai ?oeioaaiiy noa?iai. Ii ae?oaa, a?aeaoaathoueny nooo?a? ci?ie
a aaeoc? aeiiii?ee oa cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa. Iiaeeaeth?oueny
?iaeono??ae?caoe?y, ?oeio?oueny o?aaeeoe?eiee n?euenueeee ono??e aeeooy.
Iane ethaeae a?ae/oaeothoueny a?ae cae/iiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua,
ia?a?aeaeaeathoue aei i?no, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei o?aai?caoe?? eoeueoo?e.
Ii-o?ao?, iinooiiaa ia?aoai?aiiy noni?euenoaa ia eiiieaen ??cieo
ia’?aeiaiue oa oa?oioaaiue aaaea aei i?ioeano caaaeueii?
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??, ?acoeueoaoii yei? ? iicaaaeaiiy ethaeeie aeaniiai
“y”, ao?aoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?.

A i?ic? OO no. ae?acii aeyaeeeny aea? oaiaeaioe??. C iaeiiai aieo,
iii?oiith ? e?eca aeooiaiino?, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaeon?i
a?ae/oaeaiiyi ian a?ae eoeueoo?ieo iaaeaaiue iaoe?? oa ethaenoaa,
aeo?niaiiyi aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae ia ia?eoa??th ethaenueei? na?aeiiino?,
iaioaaiiyi noa?aioei?a ianiai? inaaaeieoeueoo?e. C ?ioiai aieo,
iineeth?oueny i?ioeeaaeiee i?ioean, iia’ycaiee ?c i?aaiaiiyi /anoeie
noni?euenoaa iiaa?iooeny aei eiia eoeueoo?e, c?iaeoe nai? aoooy ae?enii
aeooiaiei. A ieaai? ia?ieneci?a aaceoeueoo?’y iaoiai noie?ooy —
e?iaii?ieeoieo na?oiaeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo a?ei, yaea?ii? caa?ice,
iaoe?iiaeueii-aoi?/ieo oa ?ae?a?eieo eiioe?eo?a, iie?oe/iiai
oioae?oa?ecio, ?oeioaaiiy oa cieuaiiy i?e?iaee, c?inoath/i? aai?caoe??
?iaeea?ae?a — aaaaoi ooi ii/eia? ni?eeiaoe eoeueoo?o ye caieth
ia?oiaaio, ye iaiaoeath, ?aeeio ?yo?aio neeo, ni?iiiaeio ?ica’ycaoe
i?iaeaie no/aniiai ethaenoaa.

Uiaei ia?oi? oaiaeaioe?? iiaeia cacia/eoe, ui aeooiaia e?eca ??cei
caaino?eeany i?ney ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie. A aeooiaiiio a?aeiioaii?
iane?aeee oe??? a?eie aoee, iaaooue, a?eueo ?oei?aieie, i?ae a
iaoa??aeueiiio. O?enoeyinuee? oe?iiino?, ye? i?ioyaii oeny/ie?ooy aoee
aeooiaiith i?aeaaeeiith ?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e, caciaee na?eiciiai
oeneo c aieo i?ei?oeaieo iaoe?iiae-oia?i?noe/ieo ?aeae oa aiioe?e.
?oei?aieeaie aeooiaieo canaae eoeueoo?e aoee e ?aaiethoe??, cie?aia a
?in?enuee?e ?iia???. C iaeiiai aieo, ?aaiethoe?? ia?aai?thaaee caiaiae?
oi?ie aeeooy, c ?ioiai — aiie aoee iia’ycai? c i?iaoaeaeaiiyi e
iineeaiiyi eoeueoo oioaeueiiai ?oeioaaiiy noa?iai.

Eoeuei?iaoe?y “caee/aa?iiy” ethaenoaa — oea ae?oaa na?oiaa a?eia,
aeiaeaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy yaea?ii? ca?i? oa ?ioeo cania?a ianiaiai
cieuaiiy ethaeae, i?aeaoi?/i? a?eie e?ioey OO no. Aioeeoeueoo?i?
iane?aeee ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie oa yaea?iiai i?ioenoiyiiy aaeeeeo
aea?aeaa aoee iineeai? iiaith neooaoe??th a aaeoc? aeiiii?ee oa cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa. A iiai?iio aeiao iiaeeaeth?oueny ?iaeono??ae?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa, oaeaeeeie oaiiaie ?oeio?oueny o?aaeeoe?eiee n?euenueeee
ono??e aeeooy. Iane ethaeae a?ae/oaeaeothoueny a?ae cae/iiai i?e?iaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua, ia?ai?uothoueny a i?noi, ui i?ecaaei aei c?inoaiiy
ia?a?iaeueieo e?e ianaeaiiy oa iioe?aiiy o?aai?ciaaii? einiiiie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

Aeine?aeieee cacia/athoue, ui ethaeeia ao?a/a? naith
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, a ?acii c iath ? iio?aao a aeooiaiiio
naiiaaeineiiaeaii? ca aeiiiiiaith eoeueoo?e. Aiane?aeie aeineiiaei?
nenoaie ?iciiae?eo i?aoe?, eiee a?aeoi/o?oueny eeoa yeanue iaeia
ae?iaie/i-i?ioan?eia ooieoe?y, ?iaeea?ae noa? aeaoaeeth iaoeie, a
eoeueoo?a — ?iaeono???th ?icaaa.

?iaeono??ae?caoe?y eoeueoo?e noaea iaei??th c caeiiii??iinoae iaoiai
noie?ooy. Iane?aeee oeueiai i?ioeano ? noia?a/eeaeie a aeooiaiiio
a?aeiioaii?: c iaeiiai aieo, ?icaeiooa oaoi?ea ?ai?iaeoeoaaiiy oa
oe?aaeoaaiiy ?iaeoue ienoaoeoai aeinooiiei aeey oe?iei? aoaeeoi???, c
?ioiai — caaaeueiiaeinooii?noue oai??a ienoaoeoaa ia?aoai?th? ?o ia
i?aaeiao iiaooo, ciaoe?ith?. Iieaaoai?noue oa ni?iuai?noue ni?eeiyooy
?iaeoue iaiio??aiith aioo??oith i?aeaioiaeo aei ni?eeoaaiiy c
ienoaoeoaii, a oea ??cei cieaeo? eiai iiceoeaiee aieea ia ?icaeoie
iniaenoino?.

Oea eeoa aeaye? iaaaoeai? i?ioeane, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai eoeueoo?e
OO no. Aea ia oe? e?eciaeo yaeu aaea aeiaeueiao?oueny ?ioa oaiaeaioe?y,
yea, ia aeoieo aaaaoueio o?einio?a oa eoeueoo?ieia?a, iiaeiia noaoe
i?ia?aeiith a OO? no., — oea iiaa?iaiiy ethaenoaa aei “eiia” eoeueoo?e,
eiai aeooiaia icaei?iaeaiiy. Ona?aeiieaiiy oiai, ui ethaenoai iiaea
a?yooaaoeny a?ae naiicieuaiiy eeoa oeyoii caa?iaiiy aei eoeueoo?e, ??
oeny/ie?oiuei? ioae?ino? oa e?ane, ioiieth? aaea oe?ie? eiea
a?iiaaenueeino?.

Iaei??th c oa?aeoa?ieo ?en e?oa?aoo?iiai aeeooy XX no. ? aeieeiaiiy oa
iioe?aiiy iiaea?i?cio. A?i aeieea? ye nai???aeia na?oiaeyaeia oa
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ia ?aaeoe?y ia iiaeeaeaiiy/aeooiaii? e?ece
noni?euenoaa. I?e oeueiio iiaea?i?ci caia?a/o? iiaeeeaino? iiia?aaeiuei?
eoeueoo?e i?ioenoiyoe ?oei?aiei neeai. Ca?aene ??ceee, a ?iiae? e
aieiaie/ee aioeo?aaeeoe?iiae?ci< iiaea?i?cio, ui ?iiae? iaaoaa? aoio?aieo oa aeno?aaaaaioieo oi?i aeyaeaiiy o aeaeyae? aaaiaa?aeecio. Iiaea?i?ci (a?ae o?. - iia?oi?e, no/aniee) - caaaeueia iicia/aiiy iai?yi?a ienoaoeoaa oa e?oa?aoo?e e?ioey XIX-XX no. (eoa?ci, oooo?eci, aeni?an?ii?ci, nth??aae?ci oiui), ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ?ic?eaii c o?aaeeoe?yie ?aae?cio. I?e/eie aeieeiaiiy iiaea?i?cio: 1) sse ?aaeoe?y ia noni?euei? i?iaeaie. Ia ?oaaae? O?O-OO no. iniaeeai i?ney ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie caaino?eeanue aeooiaia e?eca. Na?e aianie a ?oeioaaiiy aeooiaieo canaae eoeueoo?e aianee e ?aaiethoe??. Ii/aeany ?ioaineaia aoa?caoe?y na?aeiiino? cia/ii? /anoeie ethaenoaa. Ooai?eany aeooiaiee aaeooi, yeee iio?aaoaaa naiai caiiaiaiiy. 2) I?e/eia e?e?oueny o nooi ooaeiaei?o noanoaioe?yo. ?aae?ci aeaui “i?e?any” /eoa/aa?. Io ienueiaiieee-iiaea?i?noe ? ooeaee iiaeo, ia iaa?eaeeeo ioae?oe? ci?noo ? oi?i ooaeiaei?o oai??a. 3) Iniaeno?ni?. Caaaeaeii e?oa?aoo?ieo aaeaoi?a-?aae?no?a XIX no.:Coaiaeaeue, Aaeuecae, Ae?eeain, Oeiaa?, Ciey, Aeinoi?anueeee, Oienoie. Aeineoue oyaeei ia aeeoiaoe ca iaae? ?aae?cio noai?eoe uinue “eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeia”, aiaeii/an c ieie /e i?ney ieo. Iieiae? e?oa?aoi?e noaee oi?oaaoe nai?, iia? "iiaea?i?" oeyoe a e?oa?aoo??. Ioaea, iiyaa iiaea?i?cio coiiaeaia ye nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieie, oae ? nooi ooaeiaei?ie (? iaa?oue iniaeno?nieie) i?e/eiaie. O?einionueei-na?oiaeyaeieie i?aeaaeeiaie iiaea?i?cio aoee ?aea? A?oo?a Oiiaiaaoa?a, O??ae??oa I?oeoa, Ai?? Aa?aniia, Ce?ioiaea O?aeaea, Ea?ea Aonoaaa THiaa ? o.ae. ?o ?icaeoie i?i o?aaaae?th oa e?ao o?aaeeoe?eiiai aoiai?cio, ?noi?e/iee ooiee, o yeiio iieieeiny ethaenoai, neeaaeiee oa noia?a/eeaee oa?aeoa? ni?eeoaaiiy ethaeeie c iaaeieeoi?i na?oii, ?? a?ae/oaeai?noue a?ae na?oo i?eioneee ethaenoai aaaaoi a /iio ia?aaeyiooe nai? iiaeyaee ia na?o ? i?noea ethaeeie a oeueiio na?o?. Iniiai? i?aaenoaaieee iiaea?i?cio a e?oa?aoo?? – O.Eaoea, Aeaeien, Eaith, a oaao?? ?iianei, Na?o?, Aaeeao. Aaaeeeaei iai?yieii ?a?iiaenueei? i?ice OO noie?ooy caeia? nth??aae?ci (o?aioe. - iaae?aae?ci) - oa/?y, ui iin?aea? iaeia c iaeiii?oi?oeo i?noeue o neeaaei?e eoeueoo?i?e iae?o?? XX no. Ia?oa yae?i nth??aae?no?a ooai?thaaee iieiae? ia?ecuee? ienueiaiieee - Aiae?a A?aoii, Eo? A?aaii, Iieue Aetha?, AEae I?aaa?, oa ?i., ye? a?oioaaeenue iaaeiei aeo?iaeo "E?oa?aoo?a", ui ii/aa aeoiaeeoe c 1919 ?. Oai?/a oa. oai?aoe/ia ieaooi?ia nth??aae?cio aia?oa aoea aecia/aia o 1924 ?. sse aeieeaaei c? ci?noo ia?oiai oa ianooiieo iai?oano?a oa aeaeea?aoe?e iiai? oa/??, ?? i?aaenoaaieee ae??oeee cai?ieoe ?aaeueiee, iai/iee na?o i?noe/iei na?oii i?aena?aeiiiai. Niiaeae?iiy, aaethoeeiaoe?? oa aiaeaa?eey aeciaaaeenue ?aeeiei aeaea?aeii iaooiaiiy.

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