Українська національна революція середини ХVІІ ст. Становлення української державності

?AOA?AO

IA OAIO:

«Oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia ?aaiethoe?y na?aaeeie OV?? no. Noaiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?»

Aeeiiaea:

Einoaiei E.I.

Ieai:

1. I?e/eie, oa?aeoa? e ?oo?ei? neee iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe??
1648-1676??.

2. ?icaeoie ai?ioueae ca aecaieaiiy Oe?a?ie. Cai??anueeee aeiaia??
1649?. Ii/aoie oi?ioaaiiy eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae. Ai?ii? oa iie?oe/i?
iiae?? 1650 – 1653 ??.

3. Ia?ayneaanueea ?aaea 1654?. “Aa?aciaa? noaoo?” oa ?o ioe?iea a
?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo??.

4. Iie?oe/ia noaiiaeua Oe?a?ie i?ney nia?o? A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai.
Aaoueiaioaaiiy ?.Aeaianueeiai

5. “?o?ia “. Aeueoa?iaoeae iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie

1. I?e/eie, oa?aeoa? e ?oo?ei? neee iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe?? 1648-1676
??.

O 1648 ?. oe?a?inueeee ia?iae ?aeeiith neeith aenooiea i?ioe
iieuenueei-eaoieeoeueeiai iiiaaieaiiy. Aeae? oa?i?oe ianoa?iiee ai?o,
iniaeeai i?ney naeyinueei-eicaoeueeeo iianoaiue 30-o ?ie?a XVII no.,
noaei iaiiaeeeaei. O aeayeeo ia?oeao naeyie a?ae?iaeyee iaiueio ii
5—6-aei?a ia oeaeaeaiue. Aenieoaoaoe?y c aieo iai?a, oeyooe,
?a?a?a-i?aiaeaoi??a ?iaeea iaiiaeeeaith ie?io i?aoeth ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.
? ana oea i?eai?/oaaeiny aeooiaiei ?aanoaii, a yeiio iieieany ia?iae
Oe?a?ie i?ney Aa?anoaenueei? oi?? 1596 ?. Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee o
?iciae? a?eie neaaea i?i ?? i?e/eie: «I?e/eiith, yea niiioeaea eicae?a
i?aeiyoeny a?eiith ia eyo?a, aoei ia oa, ui eyoe iani?aaaaeeeai
a?aeae?aee a ieo naea e aeiie, ia oa, ui iicaaaeyee ?o caiii?
aaouee?aueie, ia oa, ui iaoyaeoaaee ?o ?iaioaie, iiae?aii aei
iaieeinoeaeo oa?aii?a (ona oea ua iiaee a noa?i?oe eicaee), a oa, ui
eyoe, cioooth/e eicae?a a?aenooiaoe a?ae aeaai/anoeaeo aeiaiao?a oa
i?e?aeioaaoeny aei iaa??iiai a/aiiy, ceei th?iaenoaii ?oeioaaee naea e
aeiie iaoe?iieo aeoo».

Oe? oa ?io? i?e/eie coiiaeee iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiee oa?aeoa? a?eie,
?oo?eiith neeith yei? noaee oe?ie? ia?iaei? iane, ii/eiath/e a?ae
eicaoeoaa ? e?i/ath/e naeyiaie, i?uaiaie, i?aaineaaiei aeooiaainoaii.
I/ieea oeth a?eio Aiaaeai (Ceiia?e) Ieoaeeiae/. Oiaeueieoeueeee, yeee
ia?iaeeany aeecueei 1595 ?., eiia??ii, a *eae?ei?, o ?iaeei? ae??aiiai
oeyooe/a Ieoaeea. Iaea?aeaa a?i aeia?o ia oie /an ina?oo a oeie?
eaiaa?cueeeo ?co?o?a. A?eueii aieiae?a eaoeinueeith, iieuenueeith,
oo?aoeueeith ? oaoa?nueeith iiaaie, aeia?a ?icae?aeny a ?noi???,
aaia?ao??, i?aa?.

O 1620 ?. ?acii c aaoueeii acya o/anoue o iioiae? iieuenueeiai a?enueea
aei Iieaeiae i?ioe oo?e?a. O aeoa? i?ae Oeaoei?ith aaoueei caaeioa, a
Aiaaeai iio?aiea aei oo?aoeueeiai iieiio. Nai Aiaaeai iio?i ?iciia?aeaa,
ui a?i «ethoi? iaaie? aeaa ?iee caciaa», ia?aaoaath/e a Eiinoaioeiiiie?
ia iaei?e ?c aaea? oo?aoeueeiai oeioo.

Aoaeo/e aeeoieaiei caii?iaeoeyie ?c iieiio ? iiaa?ioaoenue a ??aei?
e?a?, a?i anooiea aei ?a?no?iaiai eicaoeueeiai a?enueea e aeinya iinaaee
iena?y.

Ca na?ae/aiiyi no/aniee?a, «a?i aoa iiniaieeii Oa?ana», aeoeaiei
o/anieeii Ia?ayneaanueei? aeoae 1630 .?., a ye?e iianoae? eicaee ?
naeyie ia /ie? c Oa?anii Oaaei?iae/ai (O?yneeii) ?icaeee oeyoaonuee?
a?enueea, ea?iaai? Eiiaoeiieuenueeei. Iaeio ?c i?ia?aeieo ?ieae
a?ae?a?aaaa Aiaaeai ? a iianoaiiyo 1637—1638 ??. A?i i?ieoia ni?aaaeith
oeieo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei o Caii?icueeiio a?enueeo, yea i?iaiaeeei
iacaeaaeio a?ae Iieueu? ciai?oith iie?oeeo. Iianoaiiy 16’37-1638′??.
aoei ?ica?iieaia, a Oiaeueieoeueeee aaea ye aaia?aeueiee iena? i?aeienaa
aeo i?i eai?ooeyoe?th i?ae Ai?iaeoeath 24 a?oaeiy 1637?.

Caii?icueea N?/, ui ia?aaoaaea oiae?, ye oaea caaaeoaaeinue, ia
Ieeeoeiiio ?ic? (iiaeeco i. I?eiiiey) , ia?aea eiai aaoueiaiii. Ca?aene
i?ae eiai i?iaiaeii, 22 ea?oiy 1648 ?. ae?ooeee eicaee, uia ia’?aeiaoeny
c iianoainueeei ?ooii ia Iaaeaei?i?yiuei? ? ?icii/aoe aaeeeo aecaieueio
a?eio oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

2. ?icaeoie ai?ioueae ca aecaieaiiy Oe?a?ie. Cai??anueeee aeiaia??
1649?. Ii/aoie oi?ioaaiiy eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae. Ai?ii? oa iie?oe/i?
iiae?? 1650 – 1653 ??.

Ia?oee ia??iae a?eie (1648— -1649 ??.) ciaiaioaaany ia?aiiaaie i?ae
AEiaoeie Aiaeaie ? Ei?noiai; aeoaaie i?ae Ieeyaoeyie, iaeiaith Eueaiaa ?
Cai??anueeei aeiaiai?ii. Ae?oaee ia??iae (1650—1663 ??.), iacaaaeath/e
ia e?iaii?ieeoio ai?ioueao iianoaeeo ? iieye?a, aeiaei?e ?c noi??i
oni?oo ia i?ei?n.

O?ao?e ia??iae (1654 — 1655 ??.) aecia/aany aeiiiiiaith ?in??, Oe?a?i? o
ai?iouea? c Iieueuath. *aoaa?oee ia??iae (1656 — 1657 ??.) — oea
oeeaaeaiiy nithco i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Naieai?iaenueeei eiyc?anoaii, a
oaeiae ni?euei? ae?? eicaoeoaa ? oaaaenueei? a?i?? i?ioe Iieueu?.

Aacia?a/ii, aeaeaoiith caneoaith Oiaeueieoeueeiai ? oa, ui a?i i?ioyaii
?ieo a?eie coi?a noai?eoe c ?ic??ciaieo naeyinueeeo ? eicaoeueeeo
caaii?a ia?iaeii-aecaieueio a?i?th. ?c Caii?icueei? N?/? a?i aeeoia ?c
caaiiii o o?e oeny/? /ieia?e, a i?ae Cai?iaii iaa 360 oeny/ iianoaioe?a.
No/anieeai iacaaaeaee caiai’yoaeeny ia?aiiae iianoaioe?a i?ae AEiaoeie
Aiaeaie ? Ei?noiai (16 ? 26 o?aaiy 1648 ?.). Oeueiio ia?aaeoaaee
aeeieiiaoe/i? ia?aiiae Oiaeueieoeueeiai, yeee oeeaa ie? c oaoa?aie.
Aeoaa i?ae Ei?noiai iiaea aooe; eeane/iei i?eeeaaeii a?enueeiaiai
ienoaoeoaa ia?iaeii? a?i??. Oiaeueieoeueeee, ea?oth/e 15-oeny/iei
caaiiii, i?eionea 20-oe-ny/io a?i?th ?a/? Iiniieeoi? iieeiooe aea?aei?
iiceoe?? ? i?eeiyoe a?e ia iaaea?aei?e aeey iieuenueei? eaaaea?e
ia?an?/ai?e i?noeaaino? — Ai?ioiaa Ae?a?iaa. Oanoeoeny/iee ?aca?a
E?eaiiina, aaea?eaoe ?c can?aeee, aeiaa?oea ?ica?ii iieye?a. Ei?iii?
aaoueiaie I. Iioioeueeee ? I. Eaeeiianueeee iio?aieee» a iieii. Oae? ae
i?eioeeie no?aoaa?? ? oaeoeee Oiaeueieoeueeee canoinoaaa ? a aeoa? i?ae
Ieeyaoeyie, ui a?aeaoeany 23 aa?aniy 1648 ?.

Oe? ia?aiiae noai?eee ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey ?icai?oaiiy ia?iaeii? a?eie
ii an?e Oe?a?i?. Ia?aiiaa a inoaii?e aeoa? a?aee?eea iianoaioeyi oeyo ia
Cao?aeio Oe?a?io. A aeiaoi? eicaoeueea a?enueei ae?eoei aei Eueaiaa e
ioi/eei eiai, i?ioa a?ae i?iaeiaieuenoaa, nia?oue a?ae /oie I.
E?eaiiina, aacaei??aeaey, ai?aeai?? cioneee Oiaeueieoeueeiai ciyoe
iaeiao, caaeiaieueieaoenue aeeoiii.

Ii/aaoe ia?aaiai?e c iineaioeyie iiaiia?aiiai ei?iey ssia Eaceie?a,
Oiaeueieoeueeee i?eieiea aieia? ae??, oi/a i?a ?oe aei Aa?oaae.

I. Noaoaeueiee aaaaea?, ui Oiaeueieoeueeee aeoiaa ua i?enoinoaaoe
iie?oe/io nenoaio ?a/? Iiniieeoi? aei iio?aa oe?a?inueeiai eicaoeoaa. I.
A?ooaanueeee noaa?aeaeoaaa, ui aaoueiai ia aoa aioiaee noai?eoe
Oe?a?inueeo aea?aeaao. Ia aeoieo ae ?. E?ei’yeaae/a, iaoa iioiaeo
Oiaeueieoeueeiai aoea o?eueee iie?oe/iith — aeiiiaoeny ie?o a Iieueuath.

Caaa?oo?oueny ia?oee ia??iae a?eie Cai??anueeei aeiaiai?ii 18 na?iiy
1649?., yeee noaa iane?aeeii aeoae i?ae Cai?iaii ia ii/aoeo na?iiy oiai
ae ?ieo, oi/a iieuenueea a?enueei a oe?e aeoa? aoei ?icaeoa, aea c?aaea
e?einueeiai oaia cioneea Oiaeueieoeueeiai i?oe ia ia?aaiai?e. Ca
Cai??anueeei aeiaiai?ii, Iieueua oaeoe/ii ao?a/aea nai? iai?aia
noaiiaeua ia I?aaiaa?aaei?e ? E?aiaa?aaei?e Oe?a?i?. Anoaiiaethaaany
eicaoeueeee ?a?no? o 40 oeny/ /ieia?e, aaoueiainueea aeaaea
iioe?thaaeany ia Ee?anueea, *a?i?a?anueea ? A?aoeeaanueea ai?aiaenoaa,
ia an? o?yaeia? iinaaee iiaee i?aoaiaeoaaoe iniae o?eueee i?aaineaaii?
a??e. Iaea aooe neaniaaiith oi?y. Oiaoi, ii/aeiny oi?ioaaiiy naiino?eii?
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?. I?aeaeaaeia aaoueiaiia? oa?eoi??y aoea
iiae?eaia ia iieee ? nioi?, a yeeo ae?yee /eiiaieee, ui a?aeaee
oi?aae?iiyi, .noaei/einoaii, ieoiith neoaeaith oiui. A oie aea /an
i?ioean aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ia aoei caaa?oaii. Oe?a?ia ia iaea
iino?eii? oa?eoi???, aia?ao oi?aae?iiy ia?aaoaaa o noaae?? oi?ioaaiiy,
ia an? aa?noae ianaeaiiy io?eiaee a?aeiia?aei? i?aaa.

Ae?oaee ia??iae a?eie (1650—1653??.) oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ia??iaee/ieie
nooe/eaie i?ae oe?a?inueeeie ? iieuenueeeie a?enueeaie. Ae??oaeueia
aeoaa ?icai?ioeany o /a?ai? 1651 ?. ia Aieei? i?ae Aa?anoa/eii, o i?e
acyee o/anoue 150 oen. iieye?a, iiiaae 100 oen. iianoaeeo ? 60 oen.
oaoa?. Ia?o? aeaa aei? aoee oni?oieie aeey ia?iaeii? a?i??. A iio?i
c?aaea oaoa? ? caoiieaiiy ieie a iieii naiiai Oiaeueieoeueeiai iinoaaeee
iianoaioe?a o aaaeea noaiiaeua. O oeeo neeaaeieo oiiaao eiiaiaeoaaiiy
acya ia naaa ?aai Aiaoi, yeee aea?a c ioi/aiiy iniiai? aieia? neee.

I?ney aeoae i?ae Aa?anoa/eii ? aaaeeiai a?eioea?e?anueeiai aeiaiai?o
noaiiaeua aaeaeiny aei?aaeoe o o?aai? 1652 ?., eiee a aith ia ??aiei?
Aao?a (iaae Aoaii) iieuenuee? a?enueea aoee ioi/ai? ? auaio ?ica?iieai?.
Caaeioa ? eiiaiaeoaa/ I.Eaeeiianueeee.

Iai?ee?ioe? aa?aniy 1653 ?. i?ae i. AEaaioeai eicaee ioi/eee iieuenueea
a?enueei ia /ie? c ei?ieai. A?ae ii?acee iieyee a?yooaaeeny caaaeyee
/a?aia?e c?aae? e?einueeiai oaia, yeee oeeaa c ieie naia?aoia ia?aie?’y.
15 a?oaeiy 1653 ?. aithth/? noi?iie aeiiiaeeeny i?i neanoaaiiy
A?eioea?e?anueeiai, aeiaiai?o 1651 ?. oa a?aeiiaeaiiy /eiiino?
Cai??anueei? oaiaee 1649 ?.

Ia?aae Oiaeueieoeueeei iinoaea i?iaeaia: aai eai?ooethaaoe ia?aae
Iieueuath, ine?eueee nee ia o?eaaeo ai?ioueao c iath aoei: iaiaeue, aai
ae ooeaoe ii?yooieo a nithc c ?in??th.

3. Ia?ayneaanueea ?aaea 1654?. “Aa?aciaa? noaoo?” oa ?o ioe?iea a
?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo??

I?ney iaaaeaei? aeey eicae?a Aa?anoaoeueei? aeoae oa oeeaaeaiiy
A?eioea?e?anueei? oaiaee ?e18 aa?aniy 1651?., eio?a cia/ia o??caea
iaa?oue oiiae Cai??anueei? oaiaee 1649?., aaoueiai aeoea?coaaa
a?aeiineie c Iineaith. Ia?oa ni?iaa ia?aaiai??a a?aeaoeany iai?ee?ioe?
1648 ?. /a?ac ??onaeeinueeiai iao??a?oa Ia?n?y, yeee ?oaa /a?ac Ee?a aei
Iineae. Oiaeueieoeueeee ?icoi?a, ui aac nithciee?a Oe?a?ia ia aenoi?oue.
Ui niaith yaeyee oae? nithcieee ye Oo?a//eia, E?einueea oainoai, — a?i
ia?aeiiaany a oiae? aieiaeo ae?e. Oiio oe?eeii i?e?iaeieie aoee ni?iae
anoaiiaeoe a?aeiineie c Iineaith, yea iaiaeii?aciai aaea a?eie c
Iieueuath.

Eiioaeoe c ?in?enueeei oea?ai i?aeo?eioaaeeny ? a 1649 ?. Cie?aia, o
aa?aci? 1649 ?. Iineaa iaae?neaea ia?oa io?oe?eia, iinieuenoai a
Oe?a?io. I?ney ia?aaiai??a aei Iineae ae?ooeei a ea?oi? ia?oa
oe?a?inueea iinieuenoai ia /ie? c /eae?einueeei iieeiaieeii O. Aeoiyeii,
? oi/a o?yae ?in?? caeiya ae/?eoaaeueio iiceoe?th i?ney iaaeaaiuei?
aaaeei? a?eie c Iieueuath ia?aaiai?e i?iaeiaaeoaaeenue.

22 ea?oiy 1653 ?. aei Iineae i?eaoei iiaa iinieuenoai a?ae
Oiaeueieoeueeiai — E?iae?ao Ao?eye ? Neeoyi Ioaeeeianueeee. Aiie ciiao
iiaoi?eee i?ioaiiy eicaoeueeiai aaoueiaia aenooieoe ia caoeno Oe?a?ie,
i?eeiyoe ?? «i?ae aenieo ?oeo» ? iineaoe ia aeiiiiiao a?enueeia? neee.

1 aeiaoiy 1653 ?. oea?nueeee o?yae neeeeaa Cainueeee niai? o/anieee
yeiai aeneiaeeeny ca ??oaiiy; «Aaoueiaia Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai ? ana
Aienei Caii?iaeneia c ai?iaeaie e caieyie i?eiyoue”. Ia i?aenoaa?
oeueiai oea? aeneaa a Oe?a?io iinieuenoai ia /ie? c aiy?eiii A.
Aooo?e?iei. 31 a?oaeiy 1653 ?. iaieineea a?eio Iieueu?.

8 n?/iy ?654 ?. a Ia?ayneaa? c?a?aee caaaeueio ?aaeo, ia aaoueiai ?
noa?oeia ae??oeee a?aeaeaoe Oe?a?io i?ae i?ioaeoi?ao ?in?enueei?
aea?aeaae. TH?eaee/iee noaoon Oe?a?ie a neeaae? ?in?? aoei cae??ieaii
Aa?aciaaeie noaooyie, ye? a?aeii? i?ae iacaith «Aeiaia?? Aiaaeaia
Oiaeueieoeueeiai». Ca?aeii c oe??th oaiaeith Oe?a?ia caa??aaea
a?enueeiai-aaei?i?no?aoeaio nenoaio ia /ie? c aaoueiaiii. E?aiaa?aaeia
Oe?a?ia io?eiaea i?aai |ciinei c ?iicaiieie aea?aeaaaie. Iaeiae
oea?nueeee o?yae, ui aenooiaa ca iie?oeeo aei?noei? oeaio?ae?caoe??
?in??, iae?aco ae ii/aa iaiaaeoaaoe aaoiiii?th Oe?a?ie, a?aei?iyoe i?aaa
?? ianaeaiiy, oi/a ca Aa?aciaaeie noaooyie ?in?enueeee o?yae o?aeooaaa
Oe?a?io ye ie?aio aea?aeaao.

4. Iie?oe/ia noaiiaeua Oe?a?ie i?ney nia?o? A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai.
Aaoueiaioaaiiy ?. Aeaianueeiai

A ?acoeueoao? Aecaieueii? a?eie 1648-1654 ??. Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaa
oa?eoea aei neeaaeo Iineianueei? ia i?aaao aaoiiii??. Iniiaith
aea?aeaaii? oa?eoi??? aoea Iaaeaei?i?yiueia a?ae Neo/a aei Aei?no?a ia
caoiae?, aei ei?aeii?a ?in?? ia noiae?, oiaoi Ee?anueea, A?aoeeaanueea,
*a?i?a?anueea ai?aiaenoaa, /anoeia Aieeinueeiai ? A?ei? ?on?. Aaee/eia
oa /anoeia Aieei? eeoaeeny o iieye?a. Ia i?aeeaaeeo eicaeai caieyo,
ieiuath aeecueei 150 oen. ea. ei, i?iaeeaaei 1,2—1,5 iei. ianaeaiiy.

Aoea anoaiiaeaia iiaa oi?ia i?aae?iiy. Oa?eoi??y aoea iiae?eaia ia 16
a?enueeiaeo ie?oa?a, aai iiee?a, ui a?aeiia?aeaee iieeai eicaoeueeiai
a?enueea, aea aaei?i?no?aoeaia aeaaea aoea o iieeiaiee?a. Oa?eoi??y
eiaeiiai iieeo ae?eeeany ia /nioi?, aea nioieee a?ae?a?aaaee aieiaio
?ieue. Ia /ie? aea?aeaae noiyee aaoueiai ? noa?oeinueea ?aaea (c
aaia?aeueii? noa?oeie ? iieeiaiee?a). A?enueeiaa aaia?aeueia ?aaea eeoa
naieoe?thaaea aeiaiai?e ? iae?aea aaoueiaia.

Oea?nueeee o?yae oi?aaeya Oe?a?iith /a?ac niaoe?aeueii noai?aio o
Iinieuenueeiio i?eeac? eaioeaey??th c iaei?in?enueeeo ni?aa, a c 1663
?.— /a?ac Iaei?in?enueeee i?eeac.

I?ai?/ia Aoeiaeia ia?aaoaaea o neeaae? caeaaeiiai a?ae Oo?a//eie
Iieaeianueeiai eiyc?anoaa. Oe?a?inueea Caea?iaooy i?ae aeaaeith
oai?nueeeo iai?a.

I?ney nia?o? A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai eicaoeueea noa?oeia ia?aea aaoueiaiii
aaia?aeueiiai iena?y Caii?icueeiai a?enueea ?aaia Aeaianueeiai
(1657—1659 ??.).

TH??e Oiaeueieoeueeee, ia?aiee aaoueiaiii ua ca aeeooy aaoueea, aoa
a?aei?aaeaiee aei Ee?aa caaa?oeoe iaa/aiiy a Aeaaeai??. ?aai Aeaianueeee
oeeaa nithc ?c Oaaoe??th oa E?eiii, ?icii/aa ia?aaiai?e c Iieueuath, ui
aeeeeeaei iaaaeiaieaiiy noa?oeie. Aeaianueeee ?ic??aaa nithc c Iineaith
? niia?noea th oea iai?oanoii ?a?iiaenuee? e?a?ie. I?ae Aaaey/ai o
aa?ani? 1659?. a?i oeeaa aeiaia?? ?c Iieueuath, ca yeei Ee?anuee?,
A?aoeeaanueea, *a?i?a?anueea ai?aiaenoaa aoiaeeee Aei neeaaeo ?a/?
Iiniieeoi? ye ie?aia aea?aeaaa i?ae iacaith Aaeeea Eiyc?anoai ?onueea c?
nai?i aaoueiaiii. Naei iaa aooe ni?eueiei aeey i?aaenoaaiee?a Iieueu?,
Eeoae ? Oe?a?ie. Neaniaoaaeany oi?y. 0aeiae Oe?a?ia iicaaaeyeany i?aaa
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei.

Ia?iae aeiaiai?o ia i?aeo?eiaa, iiaithth/enue iiaa?iaiiy iieuenueeeo
ii?yaee?a. Ia i?eeiyee eiai ? caii?icuee? eicaee ia /ie? c ?aaiii
N??eii. Ana oea i?ecaaei aei eiioe?eoo c ?in??th aaniith 1659 ?. a
?acoeueoao? yeiai ?in?enueea a?i?y ia /ie? c eiycai O?oaaoeueeei aoea
?ica?iieaia i?ae Eiiioiiii.

I?ioa i?ioe Aeaianueeiai aenooieee Aiaoi oa eioiaee N??ei ? ca
aeiiiiiaith ?in?enueeeo a?enuee ?icaeee eiai caaiie. Aaoueiaiii ciiao
ia?aee TH??y Oiaeueieoeueeiai (1659 — ?663 ??.). A?i i?aeienaa c
oea?nueeei o?yaeii iia? Ia?ayneaanuee? noaoo? 1659 ?., ui aeiiiaithaaee
e ?noioii iaiaaeoaaee Aa?aciaa? noaoo? 1654 ?. Noa?oei? caai?iiyeiny
iae?aoe aaoueiaia ia noa?oeinueeeo ?aaeao, aaoueiaio—i?aeo?eioaaoe
noinoiee c ?ioeie aea?aeaaaie. Iineianuee? ai?aiaee, e??i Ee?aa,
c’yaeeeny ? a aeayeeo ?ioeo i?noao.

O 1660 ?. TH. Oiaeueieoeueeee oeeaa c Iieueuath Neiaiaeeuainueeee
o?aeoao, ca yeei Oe?a?ia aeciaea aeaaeo Iieueu?, ui aeeeeeaei i?ioano c
aieo e?aiaa?aaeieo iiee?a ? cioneei TH. Oiaeueieoeueeiai c?aeoeny
aaoueiainoaa ia ii/aoeo 1664?.

5. “?o?ia “. Aeueoa?iaoeae iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie

Oaeoe/ii ae, ?ic??aaia ia ie?ai? oa?eoi??? nioe?aeuei? eiioe?eoaie,
Oe?a?ia ?icae?eeeany ia aea? ie?ai? /anoeie. Ia?iae iacaaa oeae /an
«?o?iith» (1663—1687 ??.).

Ia I?aaiaa?aaeae? Oe?a?ie aaoueiaiii noaa Iaaei Oaoa?y yeee ae?noaa
iaiiaaio ina?oo ? ia?eiaa ?yae aaaeeeaeo iinaae ua ca A.
Oiaeueieoeueeiai. Aea a iniiaiiio a?i i?iaiaeea i?iiieuenueeo iie?oeeo.

Ia E?aiaa?aaeae? a oe? /ane ss. Niiei aoa caeioaa/aiee oea?nueeei
o?yaeii o naia?aoeci? ? ca noaeiaei ae?ieii no?a/aiee o aa?ani? 1663 ?.
A a /a?ai? oiai ae ?ieo i?aaenoaaieee ?in?? aeiiiaeeny ia?aiiy
aaoueiaiii E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie eioiaiai Caii?icueei? N?/? ?aaia
A?thoiaaoeueeiai. A 166??. a?i i?aeienaa Iineianuee? noaoo?, ca yeeie c
Oe?a?i? cia/ii iaiaaeoaaeeny i?aaa oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, a eiai caie?
i?iaieiooaaeeny aieiae?iiyie ?in?enueeeo oea??a. Ana oea ni?e/eieei aei
oaee? iianoaiue, o oiae? yeeo ?. A?thoiaaoeueeiai aoei aaeoi.

O oeae aea /an ia I?aaiaa?aaei?e Oe?a?i? ?icii/aany aioeoaiaeaeueiee ?oo
ia /ie? c ?. Iiiiae/ai, yeee ? i?eca?a aei aaea caaaeaiiai e?aoo I.
Oaoa??. Oiae? ae aaoueiaiii aoei ia?aii /a?eanueeiai iieeiaieea Iao?a
Aei?ioaiea (1665—1676 ??.). Aaaeea niaaeueia eiio ae?noaeany. Oe?a?ia
iiae?eaia ia aea? /anoeie. Aaoueiaie A?thoiaaoeueeee ? Oaoa?y na?aeiii
a?aeaeaee ia?iae i?ae /oaea iaioaaiiy — iaeei i?ae oea?y, ?ioee —i?ae
oeyooo ? ei?iey.

I. Aei?ioaiei cae?eniea a?enueeiao ?aoi?io, iia?a ai?ioueao c Iieueuath
? aecaieea c-i?ae ai?oo I?aaiaa?aaeio Oe?a?io. A?i iaa ia iao?
ia’?aeiaoe an? oe?a?inuee? caie?, aeaiaaoe iieuenueeo oeyooo c
I?aaiaa?aaeaey ? anoaiiaeaoe ei?aeii ii ?. Ai?eiue. Uia neeiooe ai?o
Iieueu? ? Iineae, Aei?ioaiei i?eeiya i?ioaeoi?ao Oo?a//eie, yea o 1672
?. iaieineea a?eio Iieueu? ? ca Ao/aoeueeith oaiaeith caoiieea Iiae?eey,
i?ae aeaaeith Aei?ioaiea caeeoeeany Iaaeaei?i?yiueia. Eiai ni?iae
aeiiiaeoenue ?c Iineaith ca?aaee ia’?aeiaiiy ?ic??aaieo oe?a?inueeeo
caiaeue oaeoe/ii aoee ia?ae?aneai? ?in??th. 13 n?/iy 1667 ?. o nae?
Aiae?onia? iiaeeco Niieainueea aiia oeeaea c Iieueuath oaiaeo ia 13
?ie?a. ?in?? iiaa?oaeeny Niieainuee ? N?aa?nueea caiey, o ?? neeaae?
caeeoaeeny E?aiaa?aaeio Oe?a?ia ? Ee?a, a I?aaiaa?aaeaey ia?aoiaeeei aei
Iieueu?. Caii??aeaey ia?aaoaaei i?ae aeaaeith iaio aea?aeaa.

*a?ac aeaaaeoeyoue, ?ie?a, 6 o?aaiy 1886 ?. i?ae ?in??th ? Iieueuath aoa
i?aeienaiee «O?aeoao i?i a?/iee ie?», yeee i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaa i?aaa ?in??
ia E?aiaa?aaeio Oe?a?io, Ee?a ? Caii??aeaey. I?ai?/ia Ee?aueia, Aieeiue,
Aaee/eia caeeoeeeny i?ae aeaaeith Iieueu?.

Noiniaii Aiae?on?anueeiai ia?aie?’y, oi aiii oaeoe/ii ia?ae?anethaaei
oe?a?ii-?in?enueeee aeiaia?? 1654 ?., aieiaiith oiiaith yeiai aoa caoeno
Oe?a?ie a?ae ai?ia?a ? ciaia’ycaiiy oea?nueeiai o?yaeo i?eiee ia
a?aeaeaaaoe Oe?a?io Iieueu?.

Ana oea aeeeeeaei iao?aiiy ia?iaeieo ian Oe?a?ie. A 1668 ?. I.
Aei?ioaiei i?aai?coaaa iio?ae ia E?aiaa?aaeaey, 8 /a?aiy 1668 ?. (i?ney
aaeanoaa iianoaioeyie ?. A?thoiaaoeueeiai) eiai i?iaieineee aaoueiaiii
on??? Oe?a?ie.

Aeey iiaeaeueoi? ai?ioueae nee ia aenoa/aei, ? oey ianoaaeia iiynith?
oa, ui Aei?ioaiei oeeaa nithc c oo?aoeueeei noeoaiii, A /a?ac o?e ?iee
oo?aoeuee? a?enueea, caoiieaoe Iiae?eey ? iaeiaeeaoe Euea?a, cioneee
Iieueuo i?aeienaoe Ao/aoeueeee ie?, ca yeei A?aoeeaaueia ? i?aaeaiia
Ee?aueia ia?aoiaeeee i?ae eiio?ieue eicaoeoaa. Iiyaa oo?e?a a Oe?a?i?
inoaoi/ii a?aeaa?ioea ia?iae a?ae Aei?ioaiea, yeee c??eny a 1676 ?,
aoeaae ia ei?enoue e?aiaa?aaeiiai aaoueiaia ?aaia Naiieeiae/a (1672—
1687 ??.)

O 1681 ?, ?in?y ? Oo?a//eia oeeaee o Aao/ena?a? ie?iee aeiaia??, ca yeei
ciaia’ycaeeny ia canaeyoe caie? i?ae Aei?i?ii ? I?aaeaiiei Aoaii,

I?ioa ?in?y, ?ai?oa i?aeienaaoe „O?aeoao i?i a?/iee ie?” c Iieueuath,
oaeoe/ii ii?ooeea Aao/ena?aenueeee aeiaia??.

O ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVII no. ia?iae Oe?a?ie, ye ? ?ai?oa, i?ioe aa?an??
Oo?a//eie ? E?einueeiai oainoaa. Iniaeeai a?aecia/eeany a oeueiio
Caii?icueea (*i?oiieeoeueea) N?/, Aa?iyie oe??? ai?ioueae aoee eioiaee
ioaiai ?aai N??ei, oano?anueeee iieeiaiee Naiai Iae?e. O 1677—1678 ??.
oe?a?inuee? eicaee ia /ie? c ?, Naiieeiae/ai. A oe?eiio oe?a?inuee?
eicaee a?ae?a?aee aecia/io ?ieue o e?ea?aeaoe?? oaoa?nueei-oo?aoeueeiai
iaioaaiiy ia *i?iiio ii??.

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