Фактичний шлюб

I??ath? c ??a Ae??? ??? ???y ?i`? ? ?th? ?????ue i?ae th?????th Oe??e.
????a ??? ???? ??a ?th?.

Ae??????y ????i ??????a a ???? ???ny a ??o I????a II. 19 ???y 1874 ?? ??
??? I???, ? y?? ?? ????i ?????? ?th? a ???e??o ???oeyo.

I?? ??? a ???? ????i ??a ??i ???iy ????e?e ??? ??e ?th?, ? ???y 20 ??iy
1917 ??. [1]

I?oy?i ????o ??a ??a ???ith ????y ? ?????y ??a, y? ? ????th? a ???????io
?th?, ?a ???ath? ????.

N????? ????i ????ue ? ??i c ?????yi ? ??a ??? ? ??? y??, ?i ??, ?? ???i
? ?? a ????? eth??a. O???? ?th?? ????e eth?e, y? ? ??e ???? a ???? ????
?tha (??a ???y??i ? ??), ???e ??o ?????o. E??y ?i ???a ????oy ???? ? ??e
c ???i ???? ?i’th, a ? ??????e ????? ?’y?e, y?e ??? ??????y c ??a A???
(?yae ???o ???a, ??y???o ? ????iy ????o ???? ?i’?, ???????y ??eth??a,
???? c ?? ??e). E????o ????i ? ?a ?y?o ???? ?????a. Ae??, ????? a
??????, ? ???? ??? e ???o ??i ???, ? ?? ?a? ? ???i?, ? ??e ??e ?????y?
??y ?? ???, ? ????? ???o ?th?? ??e, ? ?o ? ???th?e?ue ?????a ??a. AE??a
a ??o ??i??o ? ??ey? ?????? ????a ? ?????i n?? ??i ????ai ???? ? ?i.

I????ae ???i ???? ??o ? ?, ? ?iy?y ???aey??? ?th?, y? ??? ??? ????i???ny
?? a ??????, ? ? ????i ?????i ?th?”, ???? ????y ??a??? ?iy?y ye
????????? ?th? ?i???. I?y?y ???aey??? ?tha”, ???e, ???? ?tha, ????? a
???o ????? ??e, ??a ?c ??? ???. Oey ??????ue ??a?? ?????. Ia ???? ????
20 eth?? 1919 ?? Ae??? ?? ???o O??? ???? ?? ?????y ?tha, ????e a ???o
????? a??, a ?tha, ? ?e??ny ? ????? ??y?i, ??? ? ???th?a ???? ?????a. Ca
???? ????i ???a ???????e ?tha ????y ???aey??? ?th?. I???i, ????ath?
oeth ??o ?????ith ??th, ??ae ?? a ????e ?i ????i? ?th?. I?a, ???y???
?tha ? ??ae ???e c ????i.

C?? ?iy?y ????o ?th?? ???? ????ny ? ? ??e? ?th?, y? ? ???? ? ??? ???ith,
a e ???ith. I??ny ? ??? ?, ? ????iy ????? ???y a ???? e ??e – ? ??? ???
?? ? ?y? ? ??i??iy ????i ?th?. Aeey ????y ????? ? ????i ??i??e ?yae ??,
?????y ??????i ?a????i ??y?o ? ????? ???? ?????th ?th?.

I?a, ? ???? a????e ?ae ????i ? ae??ith ??a ???e ????i ?th?i, ?? ?-??a,
i?a ???? ? ??e ?????, ?-??a, ?? ???? ?????? ?, ?-???, ? ????? ?? ????e a
???o ????? ??e. [2]

I???o ???ith ?????ath ???y th???? ?? ???i? ?th?i ? ???a ????a ????eoey
I. O????, y? ???, ? ??????? ???i ?th??i ??a ?i ???iy ?? ???????? ?th?
??i ?? ????e ?ae ???a [3, n. 65].

O???? ?tha ? ????? ???th?? ?th?a, ? ?????oth?ny ??e? ????. ?o ???c ????
I. O????e ???eth?? ?iy?y «????e ?tha». A?a ???? ?? ye ?thc ???? ? ??e, ?
???????ny ????, ??a?i ????i ????iyi, ???yi ????? ??i???a, ??????th
????y, a ? ?y??? ??e — ?????ith ???ith ?i ?o, ??i ????ith ???? ????.

O ????? ????? ??ae ??a ?/? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?th?. O?, A. N???a ???, ?
????i ?th?i ???th?ny ????e ?ae ???e, y? a ?o ????th?, ? y? ?????th? ??i
???i ? ??? ????y ?th?, ?a ? ??????? o ??????o ???i ??y?o [4, n. 269].

A???th? c ???? ?????? th????i ???iy ????? ?th?, I. Oa??? ????, ?, ??aey?
?c ???i-?a??? ????? ? ????? ?th? ? ??ath? ???e ??o ???? ?a’??a? ?a????
???o, ????e ????? ???aey ??a ??????? ye ???? ?i ?????? c ??th ????y ?
????e ??e?? ??????, ???y ????? ??????, ????iy ??e ? ???e ?i ?o ??. O ??o
????? ??????ny a???y c ????i ?i ???? ?y???ue, ???y ???, ????e ??yae,
????? ?????iy ?e?i, ???? ??yae ? ????y. Oea ?c?ey? n??? ???y ?????? ?
???, ?ae ????y ????e ?e ????? ????? ?th? ??? ???a ????? ???aey o ?ae?a
??i, ???th ?aoeth [5, n. 67]. I?? ??ae ???e ???y ?i ??a??, ?????? ?th??o
????, a ?? ??a??a ????? ???aey a? ??????? ????.

I???e, ? ?o ???iy? ???? ?th?, ??o?? ???, ?a ?? ??i ???e ?’??? ????e?o
???? ?????ue. I??? ??iy?e 10 ?/iy 2002 ?. N???? ??? O??? (?? — NEO) ?
ae? ????? ?????e ? ???? ???y, ????? ?y???th ??????? o ?e ??? ????. I?? o
????? E??? c’y??y i?? ??c — «??a e ???e, y? ? ????th? o ?th? ?ae ??th».
Aei ?? ae ?. 74 NEO ?/ ? ? ??ith ??th, ?a ?a ae ?? ?????ny ????y? ????e
?tha ? ????????. A???n ???y ?i ?????ue ?????i ?????y o ????? ?th? c
???th ??ith ? ???????? ? ?????o oeth? c ??ith ????ny ? ????i. I?a??a?e
?. 25 NEO ???????e ???i ?th?i-???? ???? — ???th???ue — ??? ??i ?????ny.
I???? ????e, a o?? ?????ue ??? ???e ????i ?a?th??y ???? ????? ?th?
?????i ??th?? ???e ???ae ???o ???a ? ????y ?a’y??o c ?i ???a.

O?? ??i, ???oth?? ? ????e ?tha, ?i?aey? ?i ??i ???ath? ??o ???????ue
????o ???? o th????o ?????, ???? ?o ??? ???ey? ???? ??a ? ??’y?e. I???
ae ????th? i?ae ???? ??? ?? a ???????? ?th? (i. 2 ?. 21 NEO), ???o ???
???o ?? ? ???eyth?ny ??? ??, e?e ???a e ???e c ???? ??? (???iy, ???,
????y, ??????ue ??y? ? ????, ??? ??) ? ???athoue ????.

sse ???i, ????e a ????????? ?th? ??th?ny ??th?i ? ???yo ? ??? ????.
O???a ???? ????iy ? ????ny ?th?i, a ?????ue ??e?? ?th?? ???? ? ????
????o ?’y??a ?ae ?o ????? (?? a?e ????? ? ?????e) ? ?th? ??i?? ???iy.

E?i ??, a ?c? ???e ??e ? ???ue ?????e ????e ?tha ????y? ????a ?i ???
????th ?y?th c ?e ??? «????? ? «??e?th». A ?? ????? ??? ? ?th? ?e??? ??,
a ?y? ?i ?????iy ??o ?????y o ?e??? ?th?? ????? ???? ??ey? ? ??y?th?.
U???a, ??oth? ?iy?e. I?? ?? ??? c????ny ??a i?? ??nyi ? ??nyi ?i ???i
??ae?i. O?, ?????i ? i. 11 ???i? ?a??? A????i N?o O??? «I? ??? ???? a
???o ?i ?????iy ???a, ? ?th? th???a ???iy» ?ae 31 ???y 1995 ?. ? 5,
?????iy ??i ??o ?????y o ????o ?th?? ???e?o ? ???? i. 5 ?. 273 OeIE ?aea
?? ??a, y?i ?? ????e ???e ? 8 ??y 1944 ?. ? ???e ? ??? (???? ?c ??e ?
??o?) ??? c ???aey, ????e ?? ?tha ? ?a ?? ???????e.

ss?i ??? ? ??eyth?ny ???e ???iy ??i ?e??? ?th?? ????, ? ???e ??y c?????
??, ?, ye ???i, ??c ??n????ue ???? ????. Aei ?? ae ?e ???e ??? ?a? ???e,
?????ue ? ?? ??? ??????.

ss?o ? th???? ???ue??? ??ae ?????y? ? y? ????e ???eyth?ny i???? ??eth??y
? ?????? ????? ?????? ?th??

Ui ? ????o ????? ??, ? ??????e ?ae ???????i ? ????????i ?th?i ????. ? a
???o, ? a ???o ???o ???? e ??? ?????? ??? ??a ? ????o? ?????i ? ???? ??
? ??? eth??. C???, ?? ??? o ??? ?iy?, ?????, ??y ????iy, ?th? ?a? ? ???o
??e, ???? ? ????. ? i? ????? ?th?, ? ?e ???????? ??a e ???e ???? ?a?i
?????oe i?ae ??th ???? ??’y?e ? ??i ????? ???y ??y ?i’? (????ae, ????y,
????y ? ???iy ????o ???????o ??e). O???e ??e?o ???? ??a’y?? ?????y ?i
???’y, ?c??e ? ?????a ?????iy ??o ae??e. I??? ???e a??????? ?? ??ae ??th
? ??ae ???e ???e ?i’? ? ?ith ????o. ? ???e, ? ??a ?th? ??i ? i???o ???o,
???? ? ???? ????, ? ??? ? ??? ????????? ? ? ??? ? ??-y?? ???, ?
???ith??ny a ??a??o ?i’?.

I?? ??i ??? c ????a ???eo ???? ???? ?? ????a ? ????a ???i ???? ???? ?? o
?’y?o c ??????th ?th?.

Aeay? ???? c’y?yth?ny ?e ????? ??ae??y ???, ??? y?? ? ????th? ?ae ??th a
???????? ?th?. E??ny ?i ????th, ? y?? ??? ??? ? ??? ???e ?? ?????i. O
???????? ?th? ? ???y ?????ny ???? ????, ???? ?o ??? ?? ???i: y?i ???
????ny o ??o?y, ? ???a ?????ny ???’th, a ???e — ???i ??? (?/ ?i ?? e ?
?? ?????? ???i). O ???o ????? ?th? ??a ? ?????? ???y ??? ??? ?c?? ?????i
??a’y?? ???? ?? ????iy ??c ?ae. ss?i ae a?????i ???a, oi ???? ?? ?? ??
??a, y? i???a ??? o ?th?.

A?????ue ????????i ?th? ?? ? ??? ????? ?????th ????i ???aeyi ???? ? ???
ae ??? (/. 4 ?. 211 NEO). O?, ????e ?? ? ? ae ??? ??oue ??ee ??e, y?
???ath? ???th ?i’?th. O? ???ny ?i ??????ue ???a??y ??????? ?????y, y? ??
a ?a???a ??????o. Oe??? ?????, ? ??ith ??th ?ny?e ??e ????i ????y ??a ??
a ?i’?, y? ?????ny ? ?th?, ? ????e ???i ?a???th?ny ? ????th ?????? o
??i? ?a??o ????e. Ui ae ? ?????? ??????? ?ae ???e, y? ? ???aath? o ?th?
?ae ??th, ? ???th ??e?ith ???th, ? ??????i ?y? ? ?a’y?? ??e??y ??o
?????i?i c ??? ????? ????iy.

I??i ??ae ????e, ? ???????e ?tha ?????ny, ?e ? ???, «????/?i ????». Oea
?????ny a ??, ? ?e ????? ????i ?th?, ?????i ? ?. 30 NEO ??e, y? ??? ?y?
?i ?????th ?th?, ?th? ????? ?? ?? ?i ?? ??i ???’y. O?, ???a, ???ith??ny
?????y ?th?i, y? ?????? ???? c ???? ?????? y??? ???? e ??e, ??i ?o, ?
???th? ????? ???? ???e?i ? ???thth? ???o c??a’th ???i c ???aey ?i ?o
?u??i. ss?i ??y ????y ?th? ?y??ny, ? ?? c ???aey ???? oy?o ?i ?????
???o, ?o?e ?? ??? i?? ? ?? ?i ???iy ?th? ????i.

Ui ? ???? ????, oi ? ??o ???? ??ae ????ny ???.

Ca ????? ????e, ?? ??a ??a, y? ??????? ??e ?tha, a?????e ???? ??i, ??
y?? ?ey?? a ?c???? ??a. I??, ? ?? ?ae?a ????i ? ???ith ? ?n ?th?, ?
???th ????th ???ith ????th. Aei ??? ??a ??iny? ?? ?? ???a, ???? ? ???e
?o ???a ???a e ???? ? ??-y? ??a ??? ???aeyi ? ?n ?th? ??i, ???o ????i
?ae ??, ? ?? ?i`y ?? ?? i???a ?i ?i ?c ???aey ?? ?a?? ???? ??e.

Ui ae ? ????? ?th?, ? ?o ??ae ? ?c ?a?? ?. 74 NEO, y? ????th?, ? y?i ??a
e ???e ???ath? ???th ?i’?th, ?a ? ????th? o ?th? ?ae ??th, ??i, ?a?a ??
? ?n ????? ????iy, ???? ?i ? ?a? ????? ???? ?????, y?i ??a ? ?????i
????i ????i ?ae ??. C???? ???th ?????y ?ae? ?????, ???? ????a ?????iy
??i ?ae?? ?y ??-y?o ????o ?th?? ????e ?? ????e ? ? ???????o ???? ?????a.
C???, ???? ??? ????e o ???o ???? ?c?? ?????i e ???????? ??e??i ?th?. Aei
?? ae, ??c ?????ue ?????e ????iy ???o, c y??, ???, ???? ????e ?tha, ?e
?????? ????i ????y ??? ???e ????? ???y. O?? ????ny ?????i ???????i ???
?. 74 NEO ?? ?????, ??, ye ?a ?c???ny, ????i ??oth? ??? ?th? — ? ????, ?
????e. O?, o ???e ???? ??? ??i ??eyth?ny ???? ?i? ? ??e, ? ???ath? ?c
?????y, ?? ?? c ?a???a ????o ?th?? ???? (?c th??/?? ????iy ???????? ?th?
?i ? ????th? a ???????? ?th? ????) ??y?i ????i ?? ???? c ??ith ??ith ?i
c ??e? ???e ?n???i ? ??? ????i.

E?i ??, ??? y?i ??e ???? ?????th? ?tha, ? ??i ?????ny ?e ????? ?????
???, ??i, y? ?? ??? ?? ? ?n ????? ????iy, ?a ? ?????? ?th?, ? ? ????i
??? ???aey (i. 1 /. 1 ?. 57 NEO).

??? ????? ???? ????? ae???? ???i??? ?y ???? ????o ?th?a, ???? ?e??a
???aey, y? ???i ??i ? ?? ?ny?e ??a, ?? ??? ????ue ????? ??a ? ? ????
????o ????a ? ???o ?e??? ???aey. O? ? ??a ???y, y?e oetha ???e ??a?i,
?????ny ??????. Aeay? ????, ???th?? ? /. 3 ?. 76 NEO, ???ath? ???i ?????
????iy o ?ny? ??a, ??e ???? ??e c ?i? ???o ???.

A???th? ????a, a ??ae ??aey? c ???? ???? ????, ??ae ??????, ? ?? ????
??a ????a ???th?? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???e ????? ?a?, ???a, ?i ????
/???o ????ue.

O ???o, ?? ???e ?thc ? ????a ?????, ? ??? ?y?a ??? i?? ? ????, ????
????o ?th?? ???? ????i ????? ?ae ????? o ??, ? ? ??i ? ????i. Aeey ??i
????i ???e ? ?i ?? ?????y o ????o ?th?? ?????, a ?? ????y ??? ?????i ??a
? e?? ?i ????e ??i?? ??o? ?? ????o ???? ? ???e. I?e?? ????, ? ???e ? ?
??? ???.

I?????i, ?a ia ??? ???i ???? ??? ? ????y ????a. O?, ?????e ??? ????e
????? ?i ?, ? ?? c ????a ????o ?th?? ???? ? ??? ????? ????iy ? ?a ????o
???a ?y ????y ?i ???a?y ??a ?c ????y ???a ???i. A?e?o ???? ?? ?th?
????e, y? ?ae?ue ?????e ?y???ue ????o ? ???i ???, ????y ???o a ??o ia
?i’y ??? ?i ?? ????a ????? ?th?, ???? ?i ???, ????y ???, ?i ????e, ?
?????th? ae??e ? ???? ??i.

A ? ??? ?e??? ???o c ????a ????? ?th? ??a ?????ny ? ??? ?????i, ye ???i,
????i ??? a ????y ??? ? ??? ?? ?i ???? a?ae ???y ??? ??e a ?? ?????.

A ??o ????? ???? ???????ai ?th? ????, ???? ?? ? ????? ????? ???????
?ae????a. Ca ????i ???? ????ny, ? ???? ???e ? ???a ????th ??th ?ath? ?i
?????a ?????iy ?i’?, a ?? ???? ???? ?i, y? ???y?ny a ?i’th ?ae?i ?c
???aey, ? ?? ?e ??? ??a ???i ?a??y. E?i oi?, ??th ???e c ???y ???ue?i
?????? ? ????y ??e ?????? ????th? ? ??? ???? a ?????? ??a???. Ca ??
???i?i ?th? oey ??y ? ?? ?? ??i??, ? ??i ????? ? ?????, ?ee ?? ???a
(?e/??? ??a) ?e ????? ???? ??????i ???? ??o ???o ??a. Ia ?? ??o, ??
????y ???? ? ???i ????a c ??e ?? ye ????i, ?e ? ????i? ?? ??????iy.

Ae??ue ????th ??ae ? ?? ???? ????y, ?? ??i, ???? ????i ???aeyi ? ????
??e, ???th??ny ? ??? ??? c ?o. ss?i ?e ???????? ?th? ? ? ?? th????i
?a?iiy, ? ? ?? ????o ?th?? ??i?i ??, ? ??? ???. O?, ??i, ????a ? ??? c
??i??a ???o ????, ? ??th?i ?? ???. Ae?? ???a ??a ? ?? ??i ? ??, ?? ?
???, ? ?? ? ????i.

sse ? ???? ??? ????a? I?a ???y ???, ?a ??ae ??? ???e. ???i ?a ??i, ?
??????ny ??e?? ??o?yi ? ???? ?o?, ??ieth?? «? ??» o ???? ???? ??i??ue.
O?, ????ae, o ???? ????-???o ??ae ????e ??? ?? ????a, ?? ???o c ?o ?????
?????a ??? ??a. ss?i ???? ?n?e o ???? ? ????ny, ? ? ???? i. 1 ?. 357
OeEO ?? ??ath?ny ???e. O?? ??i, ??i ??? ???e ? ??? ???? ???? ??a
????th????ny a ????? (????o, ?????o ?i ??i ????? ??). O ???o ??o ??o??
??? ??? ? ?????o?y.

A??? ??, ????? ???a ??y???iy ???? ?ae ????i ???aeyi ? ? ? ???i ???? ???o
?? ? ?????a ?? ????a. O?, ????e ???e ? ???a ??? ???? ?ae ??th ??o ?i ??e
??a, y? ?????y a ???e ????e ?????, a o?? ??e ?i ??y?e ????y, ?????iy,
???y??iy ??i ??? ? ?i ??e ???a ? ???a ?ae ?????iy ???ii? ??a.

C???, a ???? ?? ?? ????a ??i ??? c o????a ????o ?th?? ???? ??n???ny ???
???i ?c ??? ????a?o ??e; ?????y ??a ??? ????ai ???? ?i ?o?? o ???? ? ???
????i ?????y ?y ????? ?i???y; ?????y ??’y?e ???? ??e??i ???aey, y?e
?c??? ??e?? ?th?? ????e, ????ny c ??? ?????y ? ??’y?e ???i ????? ???i
?ae ??? c ??? ??a. A ???? ??a ?????e ???? ???? ????ue ? ????y ?ae ?n
????? ??e??y ????a ????? ??eo ? ??y?e ?o ??? a ?? ????iy ????? ?th?.

I?? ?? ??e ?th? ?????? ????i ????yi ????? ??????a ?i ??e ????? ??. A?e ?
?th? ?n?? ????, ? ????thth? ??a ? i?a’y?e, y? ????? ??? a???? ?? ?c
????i ?th?. O?, ????ae, ???? ???aey ? ?? ??a ???? ?th?? ????.
A?eth?th?ny ????y ?a??o, ? ???th? ??? ????y?o ? ??e ???. C???, ?????ith
? ??a ?i ????iy ?i ????iy iae??o ?? ? ??’y??a ???i ?ae ????? ???e ??y
????o ???ea e ???e. Ia ??a ????th?? ??i? ????????ue ? ???o ?ae ?i???iy
????? ????iy, ????th?? ??’y?e ?????? ??o ?i ????e ???e? a ?? ???????i
????iy ????? ?th?, ???? ????e ???o ??a ?i ???e (????ae, ?????e ??i ??? c
????a ????? ?th? ???ith?? ??e ?ae ??? ???i ?c ??????) ??.

A??????ue ???????? ?th? ?ae ????? o ??? ????y ????a ?ey?? a ??, ? ????,
????e ??i c ????a ????o ?th?? ???? a ????? ?i’? c ???th ??ith, ? ???th?
??’y??a ?y ???i o???a (y?i a ??? ???? ? ???a ??a), ??? ye? ??i, ???? ?
?i ????i, ?????a a ????? ?i’?.

E?i ??, a ?? ????y ??i ?c ????? ???aey ???? ????? ?e? ????, y?e ??a??
????iy o ????a ?i ??y?? ????e ??????, ??a ???i ? ?????ny. I? ????????
?th? ?? c?? ? ??? ?????ny, a e ?? ?? ???? ??i ????a (?????i ???ae???ny).

I??i ???ny a ????e, ? ???? ??? ????e o?? ?e ????? ???a, o ??o y?o ???e
????o oeth?? ???? ?? ??i?eny ? ?? c ???th ?i ??? ??i ??a ?i ??a??. Ii
??, ???y ?i ?????ue ???i ????iy ??o (??) ????iy ????o ?th?? ????, ui, a
?ith ??o, ???? ????? ??in? ????e ?/e??iy ???a i???? ????.

I???????e ?tha ????y??ny ?ae c??????? ??ae o ???yo ?????y. O?, ????
???aey ?? ?i?? ? ???? ??e, ????th? ??i (????, ?????, ???, ???? ?ey?e,
???, ???ao ????), ??y?i ??? ????i ?no o ???o ???????? ? ???. Iae?e o ??
??? ??? c ?o, ? ?i’y y?? ???a? ? ??i, ??? ?? ?????ny ? ????e ???? ?a??e,
??? y?i ? ?? ???ue ?a ????e ???o ?i y?i ?i ????ny ? ????? ????i. Ae??ue
????th ? ????y, ?? ??a, y? ???a o ????? ?th? ? ?? ?ny?e ??a, ???-?? ????
???? ??a ? ???? ??? ??i ?i ae ? ???? ?o ???i. sse ???i, ??a ?y ??ue?
????i ????? ? ?? ????? ???a.

C ??iy?yi ??? Oe????? ??e? O??? ????a ??o ??a ?? ????ny, ???? ? ??i ??
???? ? ?? ??? ?? ? ??i ??y ??? ????? ???? ? ???e. C???, c ?y?th ?. 1264
OeEO ??a, y? ????e ? ?????? ???th ?i’?th ? ?? ?ae i’y? ??a ? /?o ????y
????, ????i ? ????? ??e ?????y ? ???i. I??, ?i???, ? ??? ? ??? ??e ???
????? ???? ?i ???e ao? ??? ??ith, ?ae ?, y? ?i ?i ?? ??e a ???? a
?????a??o ?th?.

A ? ????iy ?????o ???? ?? ? ????y ? ???? ?ae ??, a y?? ?th? ??e ????th?.
*?? ??????i ????? ?ae???ue ????y ?????a ? o ???o ????iiy a ???????? ?th?
(?. 75 NEO), ? o ??ae? ????o ?th?? ???? (??? 76. 91 NEO).

I??, ??aey? c ???? ???? ???, ??a ??????, ? ???? ???e ? ???a ?th?
ia??????????? ?? i??i ????i ?ae ??-y?o ????. O ?? ae ??e??i ?th? ??????i
????, ?-??a, u? ????e ?ae ??ith ? ????i ?? ???? ????, a ?-?o?, ???? ???
??e, ? y?o ?? ????e ?a? ? ????y. O?, ? ???ioe ?? ??i ?e c ????a ????o
?th?? ????, ?i ?? ??????? ?ae ?n ????? ????iy ?i y?i c ?th (?i) ???? ??y
???

A ?ue ?? ????iy ???????o ??e o ??-y?? a??? ??iiy ?? ?? ?????.

Ia ???a?y ???ny a ????e, ? ???a???ue ???e o ?????? ?th? ?????ny a ??
????? ???? ? ?th?? ????e a ??? ??y?, y?e ???? ? ???ae?e ?y ?????? ? ????
eth??. C???, ?? ?????ue ? ???? ????aiiy ?o ???????, ???e ?? ? ?????a
???aey ? ???o ??e.

I?a, ????y ???? ?? ? ??’y??a ???aey ???ith? ??? ?????a ????a (?i ????o
????a) ?i’?. A ??o ?iy?y??ny ??????ue, ?????ue ? ??????ue o ?th?? ?????.
I???a ??????????ue ??ae ?i’?th ? ??????i ? ??i ???, ye ?iy?i ????i
????o.

A???n ? ?ae? ? ????ny c ?i, ? ???????i? ?th? ? ??ae ????th ????e, ????
???? ? ?o ??? ?i’y ????????ny ?? ae ??? ????, ? e ?i’y, n???a ? ???
???????? ?th?: ??, ???a, ???? ?a???? ???? (???????y, ????y ??e, ????
?????? ????e ? ?????). Ua ?. I????? ?????: ???? a? ?th?? ?th?, ????
?????, ???? ?? ????? ????oy – ? ?? ?? ? ???? ???ith ???o ????i ??y a
???o ??????. TH???a ??????y ?o ?????a ? ?? ??i?e ????i ????a ??a;
????th? ???e ?thae, ? ???? ?????y, ? ?, ? ??oth?, ? ?, ? ???? ??oth?, ?
??, ? ??? ?? o???ith ?eth??th.

I?? ?????th ????????? ?th? ?ae ? ??a ????e, ???? ???y ????? ???aeth ??o
??o ??, ye ? ??????i?o, ???? a ??????th ?th?, ???ey? a ?i? ???? ??
????iy. E?i ??, ???iiy ????i ??eth??y, ?????? ????o ???aeth, ia ????e
?ae ????i ???aeyi ????i?i ???? ? ??? th???? ?e???a ?y ??????y ?th?a, ?
?????th? ???i ???e, ? ?o, ? ???th? ?? ????i ???o ?c ??????. O?? ??i,
???ey??ny ??o ?????iy ?i???o ???iy ?th? ????i. E?i ??, ??????ith ??a
?????y ???? ?????? ?th?. N??a ????, ???? ? ?a ?????ny ?c ???? ?????
th????? ? ???? ????o ?e ????? ???a, ?a’y??o c ?????e ????o ?th?a.

I?a, ??? ?ny??iy ????? ???i? ???? ???? ????i ??etha?iy ????? ?th?
???oth? ???? ? ?????

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