Sevastopol City (реферат)

The history of Sevastopol had begun many ages ago. In 4-5 BC, a little
village had been settled in ancient Tavrida, and gradually it turned
into the prosperous and rich town “Khersones”. In 988 Kievan Prince
Vladimir with his army seized Khersones, and it was here, according to
the legend, that he became Christian.

The founders of Slavic alphabet “Cyrilitsa” Ciril and Mephody had been
here.

In 15 century AD, Khersones ceased its existence after it was ruined by
wars.

3 June 1783, 4 first stone buildings established the city of Sevastopol
(Greek origin – honorable, worthy of worship).

In July 1873 the State Duma had discharged the city with additional
territory, together with Khersones peninsula and Severnaya bay WW as
separate entity. In July 1890 the city was proclaimed to be the military
base and chief base of Black Sea fleet.

Since 1 December 1995, Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukraine had canceled
the controlled traverse in Sevastopol. The city became unrestricted for
tourism and commerce.

GENERAL DATA OF THE CITY

Square

1100 km2, which consists 0,143% of Ukraine’s territory:

— 864 km – land:

— 12% – are inhabited;

— 38% – agricultural zone;

— 50% – timber and mountains;

— 236 km2 – aquaterritory;

— 57 km2 – are occupied by military units of both fleets.

Distance from Sevastopol to Kiev:

— railway – 948 km;

— macadamized road – 1100 km.

Geographical data

The city is situated on the south-western cost of Crimean Peninsula;
average temperature +12°C; the record of maximum temperatures: in summer
+38°C, in winter -22°C. Annual rain for the period of 2001 – 473,9
mm/year.

Frontiers

Sevastopol borders on Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the frontier goes
through the city territory. It is 152 km long (marine line).

Administrative-territorial units

The number of districts – 4: Leninskiy, Nachimovskiy, Balaklavskiy,
Gagarinskiy.

The number of cities under district subordination – 1: Inkerman.

The number of villages – 29.

Local State administrations

City State administration –1;

District State administrations – 4.

Local Councils

General quantity of Councils – 11, quantity of deputies – 366 persons:

— City Council – 1(75 persons);

— City Councils under district subordination – 1 (25 deputies);

— District Councils in the city – 4 (156 deputies);

Village Councils – 1 (25 deputies);

Countries Councils – 4 (85 deputies).

Population – 379500 persons

— urban population – 358100 persons (94%);

— village population – 21400 persons (6%);

— male – 46,0%;

— female – 54%.

Pensioners (of the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Domestic
Affaires, the Security Service of the Ukraine and the National Guards) –
111200 persons (29%):

— because of age – 69000 (17%);

— disabled – 11000 (2%).

Density of the population per 1 km2 – 439 persons

— birth-rate (per 1000 persons)(01.01.2003) – 2,8 persons;

— death-rate (per 1000 persons)(01.01.2003) – 4,1 persons.

Employment

Labour resources – 250000 persons (66%);

Engaged population of working age – 231600 persons;

Engaged in all economic activities – 175400 persons;

In basic spheres of economy – 120600 persons;

In business sector – 54000 persons.

Industrial complex

The quantity of enterprises – 88

The volume of industrial manufacture in real costs – 533,8 mln. grv.

Consumer goods food goods – 123,1 mln. grv.

— food goods – 62,3 mln. grv.;

— alcoholic drinks – 47,8 mln. grv.;

— WWW goods – 13,0 mln. grv.;

— with in goods of light industry – 7,2 mln. grv.

Manufacturing of basic kinds of industrial goods

— electronic power – 18,0 mln. kWt. per hour;

— heating power – 745,4 th. Hkal.;

— wall materials – 10,8 mln. pieces;

— building materials –1785,7 th. m3;

— facing issue of natural stone – 6,7 th. m2;

— lime flour – 9,1 th. ton.;

— pre-fabricated reinforced concrete – 12,3 th. m3;

— building brick – 5,0.

Structure of industrial manufacture (in % to the volume of city
manufacture)

— extractive industry – 6,2;

— manufacturing industry – 69,5;

— food industry and conversation of agricultural goods – 28,3;

— light industry – 1,6;

— production of wood and products of wood – 0,1;

— pulp and paper industry – 0,6;

— chemical and oilchemical industry – 0,1;

— production of other mineral goods – 1,4;

— metallurgy and manufacturing of metal – 3,9;

— mechanical engineering and repair service – 32,3;

— production and distribution of electric power, gas, water and heat –
24,3.

Agriculture

The quantity of agricultural enterprises – 9;

Square of agricultural lands (all commodity production, including home
farm) – 24,7 th. ha.;

Volume of agricultural production – 22,0 mln. grv;

The structure of agricultural production:

— plant-growing – 98,0%;

— stack-breeding – 2,0%.

Main trends of production in plant-growing: vine-growing; fruit growing.

Construction

— basic funds – 187,4 mln. grv.;

— investments in basic capital – 261,8 mln. grv.;

— apartments built – 61,7 th. m2;

— number of constructional companies – 48;

— construction-repair service – 1695,5 mln. grv.

Transport and communication

Public transport:

Exploited length:

— railways – 0,2 th.km;

— trolleys’ connections – 0,134 th. km;

— state, republic, local roads – 0,759 th.km;

Specific gravity – 78%

bridges of automobiles – 8

Connection of general use telephones – 34.

Trade and service

Retail trade turnover:

— Total – 465,5 mln. grv.;

— Per one person – 1226,6 grv.

Service paid by people:

— Total – 332,0 mln. grv.;

— Per one person – 874,8 grv.

Service of life conditions:

— Total – 32,0 mln. grv.

— Per one person – 84,3 grv.

Scientific-technical activities

There are more than 18 various scientific, research, project and design
buros, research stations, independent scientific department and
branches.

Education

— Higher educational institutions – 28;

— Departments (branches, consultation centers) – 25;

— Professional schools – 14;

— Nursery schools – 75.

Social-culture sphere

— Medical institutions – 49;

— Including Hospitals – 13;

— Theatre – 4;

— Cinemas – 45;

— Historical and cultural monuments – 2066;

— Museums – 4.

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