Peter Gabriel (реферат)

Peter Gabriel

Peter Gabriel, as photographed by HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bob_Gruen&action=edit» \o
«Bob Gruen» Bob Gruen

Background information

Born HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_13» \o «February
13» February 13 , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1950» \o
«1950» 1950

Origin HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chobham» \o «Chobham»
Chobham , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrey» \o «Surrey»
Surrey , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England» \o «England»
England

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_genre» \o «Music genre»
Genre(s) HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_music» \o
«World music» world music , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pop_music» \o «Pop music» pop ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_rock» \o «Art rock» art
rock , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_rock» \o
«Progressive rock» progressive rock

Occupation(s) HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musician» \o
«Musician» musician , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Record_producer» \o «Record producer»
record producer

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musical_instrument» \o
«Musical instrument» Instrument(s) HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singing» \o «Singing» singing ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guitar» \o «Guitar» guitar ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano» \o «Piano» piano ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flute» \o «Flute» flute ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drums» \o «Drums» drums

Years active HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1967» \o «1967»
1967 – HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Present_%28time%29» \o
«Present (time)» Present

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Record_label» \o «Record
label» Label(s) HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geffen_Records» \o «Geffen Records»
Geffen

Website HYPERLINK «http://www.petergabriel.com» \o
«http://www.petergabriel.com» petergabriel.com

Peter Brian Gabriel (born HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_13» \o «February 13» February 13
, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1950» \o «1950» 1950 , in
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chobham» \o «Chobham» Chobham ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrey» \o «Surrey» Surrey ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England» \o «England» England
) is an HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England» \o «England»
English HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musician» \o
«Musician» musician . He first came to fame as the lead vocalist,
flautist, and percussionist of the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_rock» \o «Progressive rock»
progressive rock group HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis (band)»
Genesis , went on to a successful solo career, and more recently has
focused on producing and promoting HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_music» \o «World music» world music
and pioneering digital distribution methods for music. In addition he
has been involved in various humanitarian efforts.

Contents

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «Genesis» 1 Genesis

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «Solo_career» 2 Solo
career

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «The_.22untitled_era.22»
2.1 The «untitled era»

HYPERLINK «» \l «The_hit_years:_So.2C_Passion.2C_Us.2C_and_Up» 2.2
The hit years: So, Passion, Us, and Up

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l
«Musicians_and_collaborators» 2.3 Musicians and collaborators

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l
«WOMAD_and_other_projects» 3 WOMAD and other projects

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «Recent_work» 4 Recent
work

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «Discography» 5
Discography

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «Albums» 5.1 Albums

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «See_also» 6 See also

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «External_links» 7
External links

Genesis

Gabriel founded HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis (band)»
Genesis in HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1967» \o «1967»
1967 while a pupil at HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charterhouse_School» \o «Charterhouse
School» Charterhouse School with bandmates HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Banks_%28musician%29» \o «Tony Banks
(musician)» Tony Banks , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Phillips» \o «Anthony Phillips»
Anthony Phillips , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mike_Rutherford» \o «Mike Rutherford»
Mike Rutherford , and drummer HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Stewart» \o «Chris Stewart» Chris
Stewart . The name of the band was suggested by fellow Charterhouse
School alumnus, the pop music impresario HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_King» \o «Jonathan King»
Jonathan King who produced their first album ‘From Genesis to
Revelation’.

A lover of HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soul_music» \o
«Soul music» soul music , Gabriel was influenced by many different
sources in his way of singing, mainly HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nina_Simone» \o «Nina Simone» Nina Simone
, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Brooker» \o «Gary
Brooker» Gary Brooker of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procol_Harum» \o «Procol Harum» Procol
Harum and HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_Stevens» \o
«Cat Stevens» Cat Stevens . He also played the flute on Stevens’ Mona
Bone Jakon album in HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970» \o
«1970» 1970 .

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o
«Genesis (band)» Genesis quickly became one of the most talked-about
bands in the UK and eventually Italy, Belgium, Germany and other
European countries, largely due to Gabriel’s flamboyant stage presence,
which involved numerous bizarre costume changes and comical, dreamlike
stories told as the introduction to each song. The concerts made
extensive use of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultraviolet_light» \o «Ultraviolet light»
black light with the normal stage lighting subdued or off. A backdrop
of fluorescing white sheets and a comparatively sparse stage made the
band into a set of silhouettes, with Gabriel’s fluorescent costume and
makeup the only other sources of light.

Among Gabriel’s many famous costumes (which he developed partly as way
of overcoming his stage fright) were «The Flower» (worn for «Supper’s
Ready», from Foxtrot), «Magog» (also worn for «Supper’s Ready», from
Foxtrot), «Britannia» (worn for «Dancing With The Moonlit Knight,» from
Selling England by the Pound), «The Old Man» (worn for «The Musical
Box», from Nursery Cryme), «Rael» (worn throughout most of the
performance of the album The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway), and «The
Slipperman» (worn during «The Colony of Slippermen,» also from The Lamb
Lies Down on Broadway).

During «The Knife,» a popular live song from the Trespass album, Gabriel
would perform a stunt that, two decades later, became a fixture of
hard-rock and heavy-metal concerts: HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stage_diving» \o «Stage diving» stage
diving . On one occasion, he broke a leg leaping into the crowd — but
managed to climb back up onto the stage and finish the performance.
Gabriel occasionally would fall backwards into crowds during his solo
shows (notably shown in his HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concert_film» \o «Concert film» concert
film PoV during the song «Lay Your Hands On Me») and allow the crowd to
pass him around, but stopped crowd surfing as he became older.

Backing vocals in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis (band)»
Genesis during Gabriel’s tenure in the band were usually handled by
bassist/guitarist HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mike_Rutherford» \o «Mike Rutherford»
Mike Rutherford , keyboardist/guitarist HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Banks_%28musician%29» \o «Tony Banks
(musician)» Tony Banks , and (most prominently) drummer HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Collins» \o «Phil Collins» Phil
Collins , who (after a long search for a replacement) eventually became
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis
(band)» Genesis ‘s lead singer after Gabriel left the band in
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1975» \o «1975» 1975 .

Gabriel’s departure from HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis (band)»
Genesis (which stunned fans of the group and left many commentators
wondering if they could survive) was the result of a number of factors.
His stature as the lead singer of the band, and the added attention
garnered by his flamboyant stage personae, led to tensions within the
band. Genesis had always operated more or less as a collective, and
Gabriel’s burgeoning public profile led to fears within the group that
he was being unfairly singled out as the creative hub of the group.
Tensions were heightened by the ambitious album and tour of the concept
work HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lamb_Lies_Down_on_Broadway» \o «The
Lamb Lies Down on Broadway» The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway , a
Gabriel-created concept piece which saw him taking on the lion’s share
of the lyric writing. During the writing and recording of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lamb_Lies_Down_on_Broadway» \o «The
Lamb Lies Down on Broadway» The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway , Gabriel
was approached by director HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Friedkin» \o «William Friedkin»
William Friedkin , allegedly because Friedkin had found Gabriel’s short
story in the liner notes to Genesis Live interesting. Gabriel’s interest
in a film project with Friedkin was another contributing factor in his
decision to leave Genesis. The decision to quit the band was made before
the tour supporting HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lamb_Lies_Down_On_Broadway» \o «The
Lamb Lies Down On Broadway» The Lamb Lies Down On Broadway , but
Gabriel stayed with the band until the conclusion of that tour.

The breaking point came with the difficult pregnancy and birth of
Gabriel’s first child, Anna. When he opted to stay with his sick
daughter and wife rather than go record and tour, the resentment from
the rest of the band led Gabriel to conclude that he had to leave, a
decision he recorded in the song » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solsbury_Hill_%28song%29» \o «Solsbury
Hill (song)» Solsbury Hill «.

Solo career

Gabriel famously refused to title any of his first four solo albums
(they were all labeled peter gabriel using the same typeface, but
different cover art), since he wanted them to be considered like issues
of a magazine instead of individual works; they are usually
differentiated by number in order of release, or sleeve design, I, II
and III being referred to as HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28I%29» \o «Peter Gabriel
(I)» Car , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28II%29» \o «Peter Gabriel
(II)» Scratch and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28III%29» \o «Peter Gabriel
(III)» Melt respectively, in reference to their cover artwork. (His
fourth solo album, still called Peter Gabriel in the UK, was titled
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28IV_Security%29»
\o «Peter Gabriel (IV Security)» Security in the U.S., at the behest
of Geffen Records.) Even after acquiescing to distinctive titles, he
cheekily used words as short as possible: So, Us, and Up. Even his most
recent compilation has been called, simply, Hit.

Solsbury Hill single

The «untitled era»

Gabriel recorded his first solo album in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976» \o «1976» 1976 and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977» \o «1977» 1977 with producer
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Ezrin» \o «Bob Ezrin» Bob
Ezrin , simply titled Peter Gabriel. His first solo success came with
the single » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solsbury_Hill_%28song%29» \o «Solsbury
Hill (song)» Solsbury Hill «, an autobiographical piece expressing his
thoughts on leaving HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis (band)»
Genesis . In it, he sings, «My friends would think I was a nut…»,
alluding to his decision to begin a period of self-exploration and
reflection, while he grew cabbages, played the piano for long hours,
practised HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoga» \o «Yoga»
yoga and HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biofeedback» \o
«Biofeedback» biofeedback , and spent time with his family. Although
mainly happy with the album, Peter Gabriel felt that the track «Here
Comes the Flood» was over-produced. A far simpler rendition can be found
on HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Fripp» \o «Robert
Fripp» Robert Fripp ‘s album, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exposure_%28Robert_Fripp_album%29» \o
«Exposure (Robert Fripp album)» Exposure , in his first compilation,
and in his 2003 concert DVD. His recent live performances of this track
are even more raw with just piano and vocals. The stripped-down version
is on Gabriel’s greatest hits albums HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaking_the_Tree» \o «Shaking the Tree»
Shaking the Tree (1990) and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hit_%28album%29» \o «Hit (album)» Hit
(2002).

Gabriel worked with guitarist HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Fripp» \o «Robert Fripp» Robert
Fripp (of HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Crimson» \o
«King Crimson» King Crimson fame) as producer of his second solo LP,
in 1978. That album was darker and more experimental, and yielded some
fine recordings, but no major hits. (Fellow HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Crimson» \o «King Crimson» King
Crimson member, drummer, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Bruford» \o «Bill Bruford» Bill
Bruford , had previously served as HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis (band)»
Genesis ‘ live drummer while drummer HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Collins» \o «Phil Collins» Phil
Collins attended to lead vocal duties in 1976 and 1977 including on the
tour recorded as HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seconds_Out»
\o «Seconds Out» Seconds Out ). Gabriel’s third, in 1980, arose as a
collaboration with HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Lillywhite» \o «Steve Lillywhite»
Steve Lillywhite , who also produced early albums by HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U2» \o «U2» U2 . It was notable for the
hit singles «Games Without Frontiers» and » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biko» \o «Biko» Biko ,» for Gabriel’s new
interest in world music (especially for percussion), and for its bold
production, which made extensive use of recording tricks and sound
effects. Gabriel’s third album is generally credited as the first LP to
use the now-famous «gated drum» sound, invented by engineer HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Padgham» \o «Hugh Padgham» Hugh
Padgham and Gabriel’s old HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genesis_%28band%29» \o «Genesis (band)»
Genesis band-mate HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Collins» \o «Phil Collins» Phil
Collins . Collins played drums on several tracks, including the opener,
«Intruder,» which featured the reverse-gated, cymbal-less drum kit sound
which Collins would make famous on his single » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_the_Air_Tonight» \o «In the Air
Tonight» In the Air Tonight » and through the rest of the 1980s. The
massive, distinctive hollow sound arose through some experiments by
Collins and Padgham. Gabriel had requested that his drummers use no
cymbals in the album’s sessions, and when he heard the result from
Collins and Padgham, he asked Collins to play a simple pattern for
several minutes, then built «Intruder» on it.

Arduous and occasionally damp recording sessions at his rural English
estate in HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1981» \o «1981»
1981 and HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982» \o «1982»
1982 , with co-producer/engineer David Lord, resulted in Gabriel’s
fourth LP release (the aforementioned Security), on which Gabriel took
more production responsibility. It was one of the first commercial
albums recorded entirely to digital tape (using a Sony mobile truck),
and featured the early, extremely expensive HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairlight_CMI» \o «Fairlight CMI»
Fairlight CMI sampling computer. Gabriel combined a variety of sampled
and deconstructed sounds with world-beat percussion and other unusual
instrumentation to create a radically new, emotionally charged
soundscape. Furthermore, the sleeve art consisted of inscrutable,
video-based imagery. Despite the album’s peculiar sound, odd appearance,
and often disturbing themes, it sold well and had a hit single in »
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shock_the_Monkey» \o «Shock the
Monkey» Shock the Monkey «, which also became a groundbreaking
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_video» \o «Music video»
music video .

Gabriel toured extensively for each of his albums, continuing the
dramatic shows he began with Genesis, often involving elaborate stage
props and acrobatics which had him suspended from gantries, distorting
his face with HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fresnel_lens» \o
«Fresnel lens» Fresnel lenses and mirrors, and wearing unusual makeup.
For one tour, his entire band shaved their heads. His 1982-83 tour
included a section opening for HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Bowie» \o «David Bowie» David Bowie
, where many audience members and critics thought that Gabriel as opener
(especially with his elaborate makeup) overshadowed Bowie at the height
of his popularity. The stage was set for Gabriel’s true breakout with
his next studio release.

The hit years: So, Passion, Us, and Up

Cover art from the album HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/So_%28album%29» \o «So (album)» So ,
Gabriel’s biggest commercial success

Although early on he achieved critical success and some commercial
success (e.g. «Games Without Frontiers» from his third album and «Shock
the Monkey» from his fourth), Gabriel achieved his greatest popularity
with songs from the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986» \o
«1986» 1986 HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/So_%28album%29»
\o «So (album)» So album, highlights being the 60’s-tinged pop and
suggestiveness of » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sledgehammer_%28song%29» \o «Sledgehammer
(song)» Sledgehammer » (a #1 smash in the US, ironically knocked off
the top by Gabriel’s old band Genesis’s » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invisible_Touch» \o «Invisible Touch»
Invisible Touch «), » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Time_%28song%29» \o «Big Time (song)»
«Big Time» , the tear-jerking ballad » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don%27t_Give_Up_%28Peter_Gabriel_and_Kate_
Bush_song%29» \o «Don’t Give Up (Peter Gabriel and Kate Bush song)»
Don’t Give Up » with Kate Bush about the devastation of unemployment and
love song » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_Your_Eyes_%28Peter_Gabriel_song%29» \o
«In Your Eyes (Peter Gabriel song)» In Your Eyes .» («In Your Eyes» had
a conspicuous inclusion in the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989» \o «1989» 1989 film HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Say_Anything» \o «Say Anything» Say
Anything… ; consequently, it was as popular that year as it was
initially in 1986.) Gabriel co-produced So with Canadian HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Lanois» \o «Daniel Lanois» Daniel
Lanois , also known for his work with HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U2» \o «U2″ U2 . Gabriel’s song »
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sledgehammer_%28song%29» \o
«Sledgehammer (song)» Sledgehammer » was accompanied by a visually
stunning HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_video» \o
«Music video» music video , which was a collaboration with director
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stephen_R._Johnson&action=edi
t» \o «Stephen R. Johnson» Stephen R. Johnson , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardman_Animations» \o «Aardman
Animations» Aardman Animations , and the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brothers_Quay» \o «Brothers Quay»
Brothers Quay . The video won numerous awards at the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987» \o «1987» 1987 HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MTV_VMA» \o «MTV VMA» MTV Music Video
Awards , and set a new standard for art in the music video industry. A
follow-up video for the song » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Time_%28song%29» \o «Big Time (song)»
Big Time » also broke new ground in music video animation and special
effects.

Gabriel played a prominent role in supporting HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amnesty_International» \o «Amnesty
International» Amnesty International at this time, appearing on the
1986 U.S. HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Conspiracy_of_Hope_Tour» \o «A
Conspiracy of Hope Tour» A Conspiracy of Hope Tour (where «Shock the
Monkey»‘s percussive echoing around stadiums was a highlight) and on the
1988 worldwide HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Rights_Now%21_Tour» \o «Human Rights
Now! Tour» Human Rights Now! Tour .

In 1989, Gabriel released HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passion:_Music_for_The_Last_Temptation_of_
Christ» \o «Passion: Music for The Last Temptation of Christ» Passion ,
the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soundtrack» \o
«Soundtrack» soundtrack for HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Scorsese» \o «Martin Scorsese»
Martin Scorsese ‘s movie HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_Temptation_of_Christ» \o «The
Last Temptation of Christ» The Last Temptation of Christ . Many
consider the album to be the climax of his work in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_music» \o «World music» world music
. Following this, Gabriel recorded HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Us_%28Peter_Gabriel_album%29» \o «Us
(Peter Gabriel album)» Us in 1992 (also co-produced with Daniel
Lanois), an album in which he deals with the pain of his life problems
of the previous years, his failed first marriage, and the distance with
his first daughter.

Gabriel’s introspection within the context of the album continues in
«Digging in the Dirt», an extended metaphor which Gabriel uses to
describe his process of trying to unearth the things inside of him that
cause him trouble. Accompanied by a graphic and disturbing video
featuring footage of Gabriel covered in worms, this song also made
reference to the way media coverage seems to wallow in the foibles and
mistakes of high visibility artists. Gabriel describes his struggle to
get through to his daughter in «Come Talk To Me» which featured backing
vocals by HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sin%C3%A9ad_O%27Connor» \o «Sinead
O’Connor» Sinead O’Connor . The result was one of his most personal
albums, though one with limited popular success. He followed the release
of the album with a world tour. One prominent feature was a set-up that
consisted of two stages: a round one and a square one, united by a
bridge that he crossed riding a boat.

In 2000, Gabriel followed Us with the music to HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OVO» \o «OVO» OVO , a soundtrack for the
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennium_Dome_Show» \o
«Millennium Dome Show» Millennium Dome Show in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London , and
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Long_Walk_Home&action=edit»
\o «Long Walk Home» Long Walk Home , the music from the Australian
movie HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabbit-Proof_Fence_%28movie%29» \o
«Rabbit-Proof Fence (movie)» Rabbit-Proof Fence , early in 2002. In
September 2002, he released HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Up_%28Peter_Gabriel_album%29» \o «Up
(Peter Gabriel album)» Up , his most recent full-length album, which
was entirely self-produced, and returned to some of the less commercial,
darker themes of his work in the late ’70s and early ’80s. The album
also shows Gabriel’s continued freedom from the typical requirements for
airplay of songs: aside from the ending piano ballad «The Drop,» no song
on Up is shorter than six minutes, and many go through several distinct
movements, with great dynamics in sound and theme.

Musicians and collaborators

While the gaps between his studio album releases have become longer and
longer (six years between So and Us, ten between Us and Up), Gabriel has
continued to work with a relatively stable crew of musicians and
recording engineers. HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bass_guitar» \o «Bass guitar» Bass and
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chapman_Stick» \o «Chapman
Stick» Stick player HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Levin» \o «Tony Levin» Tony Levin ,
for example, has appeared on every Peter Gabriel studio album and tour
since 1976 and HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guitar» \o
«Guitar» guitar player HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Rhodes» \o «David Rhodes» David
Rhodes has been Gabriel’s guitarist of choice since 1979, both in the
studio and on the road. Gabriel is known for choosing top-flight
collaborators, from co-producers such as Ezrin, Fripp, Lillywhite, and
Lanois to musicians such as HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._Shankar» \o «L. Shankar» L. Shankar ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Youssou_N%27Dour» \o «Youssou
N’Dour» Youssou N’Dour , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Fast» \o «Larry Fast» Larry Fast ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nusrat_Fateh_Ali_Khan» \o
«Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan» Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sin%C3%A9ad_O%27Connor» \o «Sinead
O’Connor» Sinead O’Connor , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kate_Bush» \o «Kate Bush» Kate Bush ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paula_Cole» \o «Paula Cole»
Paula Cole , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manu_Katch%C3%A9»
\o «Manu Katche» Manu Katche , and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stewart_Copeland» \o «Stewart Copeland»
Stewart Copeland .

Over the years, Gabriel has collaborated with singer HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kate_Bush» \o «Kate Bush» Kate Bush
several times; Bush provided backing vocals for Gabriel’s «Games Without
Frontiers» and «No Self Control» in 1980, and female lead vocal for
«Don’t Give Up» (a Top 10 hit in the UK) in 1986, and Gabriel appeared
on her television special. Their duet of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Harper» \o «Roy Harper» Roy Harper ‘s
«Another Day» was discussed for release as a single, but never appeared.

He also collaborated with HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurie_Anderson» \o «Laurie Anderson»
Laurie Anderson on two versions of her composition «Excellent Birds» —
one for her album, Mister Heartbreak, and a slightly different version
called This is the Picture which appeared on HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_cassette» \o «Audio cassette»
cassette and CD versions of So. In 1987, when presenting Gabriel with
an award for his music videos, Anderson related an occasion in which a
recording session had gone late into the night and Gabriel’s voice began
to sound somewhat strange, almost dreamlike. It was discovered that he
had fallen asleep in front of the microphone, but had continued to sing.

Unusually, in HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1998» \o «1998»
1998 Gabriel appeared on the soundtrack of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babe:_Pig_in_the_City» \o «Babe: Pig in
the City» Babe: Pig in the City , not as a composer, but as the singer
of the song «That’ll Do», written by HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randy_Newman» \o «Randy Newman» Randy
Newman . The song was nominated for an HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Awards» \o «Academy Awards»
Academy Award , and Gabriel and Newman performed it at the following
year’s Oscar telecast. Many who saw him on that broadcast didn’t
recognize him, since his hair had greyed and thinned since his most
recent tour several years earlier.

Gabriel has also appeared on HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robbie_Robertson» \o «Robbie Robertson»
Robbie Robertson ‘s self-titled album, and co-wrote two HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Robinson» \o «Tom Robinson» Tom
Robinson singles.

WOMAD and other projects

Gabriel has been interested in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_music» \o «World music» world music
for many years, with the first musical evidence appearing on his third
album. This influence has increased over time, and he is the driving
force behind the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Womad» \o
«Womad» WOMAD (World of Music, Arts and Dance) movement. He created
the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_World_Studios» \o
«Real World Studios» Real World Studios and record label to facilitate
the creation and distribution of such music by various artists, and he
has worked to educate Western culture about the work of such musicians
as HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yungchen_Lhamo» \o
«Yungchen Lhamo» Yungchen Lhamo , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nusrat_Fateh_Ali_Khan» \o «Nusrat Fateh
Ali Khan» Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Youssou_N%27dour» \o «Youssou N’dour»
Youssou N’dour . He has also recently been interested in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multimedia» \o «Multimedia» multimedia
projects, creating the Xplora and Eve CD-ROMs. He has a long-standing
interest in HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights» \o
«Human rights» human rights , and launched HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Witness» \o «Witness» Witness
HYPERLINK «http://www.witness.org» \o «http://www.witness.org» [1] , a
nonprofit which supplies video cameras to human rights activists to
expose abuses.

Gabriel’s song «We Do What We’re Told (Milgram’s 37)» from So refers to
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milgram%27s_experiment» \o
«Milgram’s experiment» Milgram’s experiment , and in particular the 37
out of 40 subjects who showed complete obedience in one particular
experiment.

He was one of the founders of On Demand Distribution (OD2), one of the
first online music download services. Its technology is used by
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MSN» \o «MSN» MSN Music UK and
others, and has become the dominant music download technology platform
for stores in Europe. OD2 was bought by US company Loudeye in June of
2004.

Additionally, Gabriel is also co-founder (with HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Eno» \o «Brian Eno» Brian Eno ) of
a musicians union called Mudda, short for «magnificent union of
digitally downloading artists.»

In June 2005, Gabriel and broadcast industry entrepreneur David Engelke
purchased HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solid_State_Logic»
\o «Solid State Logic» Solid State Logic , a leading manufacturer of
mixing consoles and digital audio workstations.

Recent work

Recently, Peter Gabriel has been working with video game companies
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyan_Worlds» \o «Cyan Worlds»
Cyan Worlds and HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubisoft» \o
«Ubisoft» Ubisoft to aid in the sound production of their latest video
games. The HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003» \o «2003»
2003 videogame HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uru:_Ages_Beyond_Myst» \o «Uru: Ages
Beyond Myst» Uru: Ages Beyond Myst featured the song «Burn You Up,
Burn You Down» in several portions of the game. The song, in a different
mix, features HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Blind_Boys_of_Alabama» \o «The Blind
Boys of Alabama» the Blind Boys of Alabama (who also collaborated with
Gabriel on the song «Sky Blue») and was on a press release copy of Up,
but deleted before the album’s actual release.

Gabriel played on stage with HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_Stevens» \o «Cat Stevens» Cat Stevens
33 years after having played on Stevens’ Mona Bone Jakon album. The
event happened in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannesburg» \o «Johannesburg»
Johannesburg during HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela» \o «Nelson Mandela»
Nelson Mandela ‘s HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/46664» \o
«46664» 46664 concert. The two British artists performed Stevens’ old
hit «Wild World».

The HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004» \o «2004» 2004
release of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myst_IV:_Revelation» \o «Myst IV:
Revelation» Myst IV: Revelation (developed by HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubisoft» \o «Ubisoft» Ubisoft Montreal)
featured a song called «Curtains», originally a B-side from the single
to «Big Time» from So. The song, slightly remixed from its original
version, is also often called ‘Portal to HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ages_of_Myst_IV:_Revelation» \l «Serenia»
\o «Ages of Myst IV: Revelation» Serenia ‘ or ‘Portal to Dreamworld’.
Gabriel also performs a large voice acting part in the game.

Also in 2004, Gabriel performed a cover version of «The Book of Love,» a
song by HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Magnetic_Fields»
\o «The Magnetic Fields» The Magnetic Fields , on the soundtrack to the
film HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shall_We_Dance_%282004_film%29» \o «Shall
We Dance (2004 film)» Shall We Dance? . He compered and performed at
the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Live_8_concert%2C_Eden_Project» \o «Live 8
concert, Eden Project» Eden Project Live 8 concert in July 2005. A
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD» \o «DVD» DVD of this show
has already been released.

With his most recent release being 2003’s Hit compilation, fans await
Gabriel’s next project, rumoured to be titled HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I/O_%28Peter_Gabriel%29» \o «I/O (Peter
Gabriel)» I/O . It currently has no release date.

Peter Gabriel has two daughters from his first marriage to wife Jill:
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melanie_Gabriel» \o «Melanie
Gabriel» Melanie and Anna. Melanie was a backing vocalist during
Gabriel’s HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002» \o «2002»
2002 Growing Up tour, and Anna filmed a documentary of that same tour,
called Growing Up On Tour: A Family Portrait, currently available on
DVD. Gabriel and his second wife, Maebh, had a son, Isaac, in 2002.

A new double DVD set, Peter Gabriel Live & Unwrapped, was released on
October 24th, 2005.

The next DVD release will be the concert film POV (Point Of View) —
previously available on VHS. It is getting the full 5.1 remix treatment
at the moment in his Realworld studios.

FIFA, the international football governing body, asked Peter Gabriel and
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Eno» \o «Brian Eno»
Brian Eno to organize an opening ceremony for the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_FIFA_World_Cup» \o «2006 FIFA World
Cup» 2006 FIFA World Cup finals in Germany, planned to take place a
couple of days before the actual start of the tournament’s matches. The
man who only recently became a fan of the game and European champions
Liverpool was working on songs for the show in Berlin’s Olympic Stadium,
although the show was cancelled in January 2006 by FIFA due to going
overbudget and supposed lack of interest, though the official
explanation was potential damage to the pitch.

Rumours of a possible reunion of the classic Genesis line-up have also
been circulating, since Phil Collins stated in an interview that he is
open to the idea of sitting back behind the drums and «let Peter be the
singer.» The classic line-up has only reformed for a live performance
once before, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_of_the_best»
\o «Six of the best» in 1982 . However, the group did work together to
create a new version of an old Genesis song The Carpet Crawlers 1999
which was released on the Genesis Hits record. Supposedly the new
version was very hard to put together. On December 1, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005» \o «2005» 2005 , Genesis issued a
statement saying the band has no plans to perform and that for at least
the next year the issue will not be revisited.

Gabriel’s song » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Time_%28song%29» \o «Big Time (song)»
Big Time » is the official theme song of World Wrestling Entertainment’s
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WrestleMania_22» \o
«WrestleMania 22» WrestleMania 22 .

Gabriel performed HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lennon»
\o «John Lennon» John Lennon’s «Imagine» at the Opening Ceremonies of
the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_Winter_Olympics» \o
«2006 Winter Olympics» Winter Olympics in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turin» \o «Turin» Torino , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy» \o «Italy» Italy on February 10,
2006.

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cingular_Wireless» \o
«Cingular Wireless» Cingular Wireless has aired commercials featuring
Gabriel’s » HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solsbury_Hill» \o
«Solsbury Hill» Solsbury Hill .»

Discography

Main article: HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_discography» \o «Peter
Gabriel discography» Peter Gabriel discography

Albums

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977» \o «1977» 1977
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28I%29» \o «Peter
Gabriel (I)» Peter Gabriel (I or Car, wet car cover)

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978» \o «1978» 1978
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28II%29» \o
«Peter Gabriel (II)» Peter Gabriel (II or Scratch, scratch cover)

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980» \o «1980» 1980
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28III%29» \o
«Peter Gabriel (III)» Peter Gabriel (III or Melt, melting face cover)

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980» \o «1980» 1980
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ein_deutsches_album» \o «Ein
deutsches album» Ein Deutsches Album (German language version of III)

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982» \o «1982» 1982
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Gabriel_%28IV_Security%29»
\o «Peter Gabriel (IV Security)» Peter Gabriel (IV, known as Security
in the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA» \o «USA» USA )

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982» \o «1982» 1982
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deutsches_album» \o «Deutsches
album» Deutsches Album (German language version of IV; some remixes)

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983» \o «1983» 1983
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plays_Live_%28album%29» \o
«Plays Live (album)» Plays Live

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985» \o «1985» 1985
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birdy_%28album%29» \o «Birdy
(album)» Birdy : soundtrack from the film » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birdy_%28movie%29» \o «Birdy (movie)»
Birdy »

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986» \o «1986» 1986
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/So_%28album%29» \o «So (album)»
So

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989» \o «1989» 1989
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passion_%28album%29» \o «Passion
(album)» Passion: Music for The Last Temptation of Christ

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1990» \o «1990» 1990
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaking_the_Tree» \o «Shaking
the Tree» Shaking the Tree (compilation)

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992» \o «1992» 1992
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Us_%28Peter_Gabriel_album%29» \o
«Us (Peter Gabriel album)» Us

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992» \o «1992» 1992
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_Gabriel_Revisited&actio
n=edit» \o «Peter Gabriel Revisited» Revisited (compilation)

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994» \o «1994» 1994
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secret_World_Live» \o «Secret
World Live» Secret World Live

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000» \o «2000» 2000
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OVO» \o «OVO» OVO

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002» \o «2002» 2002
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Walk_Home:_Music_from_the_Rabbit-Proo
f_Fence» \o «Long Walk Home: Music from the Rabbit-Proof Fence» Long
Walk Home: Music from the Rabbit-Proof Fence

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002» \o «2002» 2002
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Up_%28Peter_Gabriel_album%29» \o
«Up (Peter Gabriel album)» Up

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003» \o «2003» 2003
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hit_%28album%29» \o «Hit
(album)» Hit (compilation)

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