Kherson Region (реферат)

The oblast is located in the south of Ukraine in Prichernomorskaya low
valley, in a steppe zone, in the low current of Dnieper. Is washed by
the Black and Azov seas, and also by Sivash (Rotten sea) and Kakhovka
reservoir. In the territory of the oblast there are 19 rivers. The
greatest rivers are the Dnieper river of 178 km in length, Ingulets
river having 180 km in length.

Khersonshchina borders in the east with Zaporozhye, in the northwest –
with Nikolaev, in the north – with the Dnepropetrovsk oblasts, in the
south along Sivash and Perekopsky isthmus – with Autonomous Republic of
Crimea. Along the territory of the oblast there is a state border by of
458 km long, including 350 km in the Black and 108 km in the Azov seas.
On the border there are 4 passways items: the airport, river port,
seaports of Kherson and Skadovsk.

The area is 28,5 thousand square kilometres, it contains 4,7% from
territory of Ukraine. Distance from Kherson to Kiev is

— 664 km by Railway;

— 584 km by Highways.

Climate is moderate – continental, droughty. Annual temperature is more
than +22,4°N on summer, -2,1°N on winter. Maximal annual temperature is
+40°N on summer, -31,5°N on winter. Duration of the warm period is per
average 179 days in one year. The annual quantity (amount) of deposits
from 300 up to 420 g. The vegetation period lasts 200 days. In the north
of Khersonshchina most of all take place in southern black soils with
forest subsoil. In the south they pass in the dark – chestnut and
chestnut ground, which located sometimes together with salt-marshes. For
the coast of the Black and Azov seas salt-marsh are featured.

Administrative – territorial units

Quantity of administrative regions is 18: Belozerski, Berislavski,
Velikolepetiski, Velikooleksandrivsksi, Verhnyorogachitski,
Visokopilski, Genicheski, Gornostayevski, Ivanovski, Kalanchatski,
Kahovski, Nignyosirogoski, Novovorontsovski, Novotroitski, Skadovski,
Tsurupinski, Chaplinski.

There are 3 cities of regional importance: Kherson – 349,6 thousand
people, Novaya Kakhovka – 55,6 thousand people, Kakhovka – 41,5 thousand
people.

Structure:

Urban – 742,1 thousand men., or 61,4% of the population of oblast.

Natural reduction for 5 months – 2,4 thousand men.

Village – 465,8 thousand men., or 38,6% of the population of the oblast.

Natural reduction – 1,5 thousand men.

Male – 565,3 thousand men., 46,8% the population of oblast.

Female – 642,6 thousand men., 53,2% the population of oblast.

Quantity of the pensioners – 317,4 thousand men, 26% to the population
of the oblast.

From them:

Due to age – 230,1 thousand people.

Due to physical inability – 45,3 thousand people.

Density of the population per 1 sq. km – 43,0 men

Birth rate (per 1000 inhabitants) – 8,0 men.

Death rate (per 1000 inhabitants) – 15,6 men.

Natural reduction of the population (per 1000 inhabitants) – 7,6 men.

Employment of the population (Data given on 01.01.2001)

Quantity of the population engaged in all spheres of economic activity
is 505,6 thousand people.

Among them:

In the field of economy – 396,3 thousand men

Including:

In the industry – 60,1 thousand people.

In the agriculture – 138,9 thousand people.

In construction – 14,5 thousand people.

Industrial complex (on 01.07.2001)

The quantity of the enterprises (without the enterprises of small
business), which is taken into account by statistics is 219 units.

Volume of industrial manufacture in present prices of 2001 – in total –
615,2 mln. grn (0,8% from the volume of industrial manufacture of
Ukraine).

Specialization of the oblast (in% to volume of manufacture of the
corresponding oblast of Ukraine):

— food-processing industry – 2,0;

— machinery – 1,5;

— oil refining industry – 1,3.

Structure of industrial manufacture (In% to volume of manufacture of the
oblast for January-June, 2001)

— food-processing industry – 39,3;

— machinery – 22,3;

— electric power industry – 13,5;

— oil refining industry – 5,6;

— glass and porcelain-faience industry – 4,7;

— manufacture of grains and flour – 2,5;

— light industry – 2,7;

— industry of building materials – 1,4;

— pulp-paper and polygraphic industry – 1,5;

— chemical industry – 1,8.

Manufacture of the consumer goods (Without the enterprises of small
business) In wholesale prices in force on 01.07.2001.

Total – 264,3 mln.hrv.

Including:

— articles of food – 175,4 mln. hrv.;

— alcohol drinks – 52,3 mln. hrv.;

— non-food goods – 36,6 mln. hrv.;

— from them the goods of light industry – 16,2 mln. hrv.

Agriculture (Condition on 01.07.2001)

— quantity of the agricultural enterprises – 431;

— farms (01.04.2001) – 3062.

The area of agricultural land (minding all the manufacturers, including
subsidiary farms) constitutes 1968,4 thousand ha, or 4,7% of land of
Ukraine, (on 01.01.2001)

From them:

— fields 1772,5 thousand ha – 5,4% field of Ukraine;

— irrigating land 464,7 thousand ha, or 23,6% from the general area of
land;

— pastures 158,5 thousand ha.

Volume of agricultural manufacture of all categories of facilities (in
the comparable prices of 1996 year) – 887,5 mln. hrv (3,7% from volume
of agricultural manufacture of Ukraine).

Structure of agricultural manufacture:

Plant-breeding – 6,7% (592,1 mln. hrv.)

Animal breeding – 33,3% (295,4 mln. hrv.)

The basic directions of manufacture in the oblast of plant-breeding:

— cultivation of grain;

— cultivation of sunflowers;

— cultivation of vegetables.

The basic directions of manufacture in the field of animal industries:

— cattle breeding;

— pig-breeding;

— lamb-breeding.

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