Журнал ‘Червоний шлях’ та літературний процес 20-30-х рр. в Україні: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / Н.В. Лощинська, НАН України. Ін-т л-ри ім. Т.

1

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?inoeooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea

EIUEINUeEA IAOAE?ss AANEE?AIA

883/091/’’19’’

AEO?IAE “*A?AIIEE OEssO” OA E?OA?AOO?IEE I?IOeAN 20 -30-o ??. A OE?A?I?

10.01.01- oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy
?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee- aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e IAI
Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e IAI Oe?a?ie ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea

AEoeeinueeee Ieeiea A?eai?iae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?, /eai Ni?eee ienueiaiiee?a Oe?a?ie

E?eaeai?anueeee Noaiai Aiae??eiae/

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea

Aaiaeo?a TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 29 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.178.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie / 252601, Ee?a -1, aoe.
I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4/.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e
?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 9 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.I.Noeeia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

I?iaeaia ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue a a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio ?
eoeueoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiio aeeoo? ia?iaeo — yaeua neeaaeia e
aaaaoianiaeoia. Aeey a?eaie iicaaaeaieo aea?aeaaiino? oe?a?ioe?a, ui
caa??aaee naith iaoe?iiaeueio naiiaooi?noue o noa?? eoeueoo?e, oey
i?iaeaia iaaoaa? aeiaeaoeiai? aaae.

Ia eiaeiiio c aoai?a ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano O?O- OO no.
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea i?ana ia eeoa i?iiaaoaaea, a e aeeiioaaea
ooieoe?th iiioey?ecaoi?a a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ii? aeoiee, iiaeo
o?einionueeeo ?aeae, ienoaoeueeeo ?oo?a. A a 20-30 ??.OO no. cia/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? ia??iaeeee a aeooiaiiio naiiooaa?aeaeaii? ia?iaeo ?
iniaeeai aaaiiei . AEo?iae?noeea caaaeaee aoea ? ? noiooieeii
e?oa?aoo?e. A. ?. I?aoi?aaei? neooii iaaieioo?, ui naia “ oe?a?inueea
e?oa?aoo?a ia?oiai iiaeiaoiaaiai i’yoe??//y … aoea yeiaeo?ni?oa
ca’ycaia c e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeith ia??iaeeeith.”1

Iaeiei c iaeiiioey?i?oeo aeaeaiue oiai /ano aoa /aniien “ *a?aiiee
oeyo”, i?i yeee aeine?aeiee neacaa: “ C aeieeiaiiyi “ *a?aiiiai oeyoo” a
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ii/eia?oueny iiaee, aeuee aoai.” 2

Ooo i?aaenoaaeaia aaaiia /anoeia e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano 20-30 ??. Aea
cia/aiiy /aniieno ia iaiaaeo?oueny iaoai?/iei iaeiie/aiiyi c?ace?a
ooaeiaei?o oai??a: c iaeiiai aieo “*a?aiiee oeyo” ia’?eoeaii a?aeaeaaa
oa?aeoa?i? ?aeaeii-ienoaoeuee? iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei?
i?ae?aaeyinueei? e?oa?aoo?e, a c ae?oaiai — nai aeoeaii aieeaaa ia
e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean. Ia an? eieae /aniieno iathoue iaeiaeiao
e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeith aa?o?noue. “*a?aiiee oeyo” ii?aeiaa o nia?
ni?eeaa aenia?eiaioaoi?noai ? eiina?aaoeci, i?ia?aneai? ? ?aaeoe?ei?
e?oa?aoo?i? yaeua. Aea oea ia noia?a/eoue caaaeueiiio aeniiaeo uiaei
eiai ?ie? ? cia/aiiy a eiioaeno? oaeeo iaiaeiicia/ieo 20-30 ?ie?a,
ii?iaeaeaiiyi yeeo a?i aoa. Aiae?c oa?ienoiai oeyoo /aniieno ua ?ac
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue ?yaeo caeiiii??iinoae e?oa?aoo?iiai ?ooo oiai
/ano.

““”

““”

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iiaiie?iaia e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea
aeeooy 20-o ?ie?a noeioethaaei iiyao aace?/? aeo?iae?a oa aeueiaiao?a —
“A?iii”, “Ienoaoeoai”, “Oeyoe ienoaoeoaa”, “ Iocaaao”,“ Eieaa?”,“
Aeiaon”, “AEeooy e ?aaiethoe?y”. Aiie noa?aiii aeyaeyee iieiae?
oaeaiiaeo? neee, i?aeo?eioaaee ?o, aeaiaeeee o “aaeeeo” e?oa?aoo?o.
Cia/ia ?iaioa a oeueiio iai?yi? cae?eniaia e aeo?iaeii “*a?aiiee oeyo” /
1923-1936/, yeee aac ia?aa?eueoaiiy noaa aecia/iei yaeuai a ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e. Ca ia?a?niei caaeoiii ea??aieo no?oeoo? a?i iaa
aooe a?aeeoiiyi iineianueei? “ E?aniie Iiae” o i?ia?ioe?eiiio ianooaa?
Oa?e?anueei? aoaa?i??. Aea caaaeyee coneeeyi ?aaeaeoi??a oa
aaoi?nueeiai eieaeoeao aeo?iae ae?iaea aeaniee iaiiaoi?iee aiein, noaa
a?aeiei ?ai?acaioaioii oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienoaoeueeiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. *aniien ioiiethaaa iaeaea an? noa?e oiai/aniiai
noni?eueiiai aeeooy o iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo eiai aeyaao. ?noi?e/ia ieioea
e no/ania oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, iie?oe/ia aeeooy, ooaeiaei? ia?aeeaaee,
ca?oa?aeia e?oa?aoo?a, iaoeia? iiaeiee, ienoaoeuee? iaeyaee,
a?ae?ia?ao?y — inue aniaeoe, aena?oeaiiy yeeo ooaa?aeaeoaaei “*a?aiiee
oeyo” ye aeoeaiee oaeoi? o noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio e e?oa?aoo?iiio aeeoo?
Oe?a?ie.

Nueiaiaei?, eiee oi?io?oueny iiaa eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, eiee caaaeaiiyi e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a ? “caiiai i?i/eoaoe,
eiiieaenii i?iaiae?coaaoe oaeno, eiioaeno ? i?aeoaeno ienueiainoaa 20-30
?ie?a”,1 aea/aiiy ae?yeueiino? “*a?aiiiai oeyoo ”noaiiaeoue aacia?a/iee
iaoeiaee ?ioa?an.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o aecia/aii? ?ie? aeo?iaeo “*a?aiiee oeyo” o
a?aeia?aaeaii? aieiaieo oaiaeaioe?e oe?a?inueeiai e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano
20-30 ??. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

— c’ynoaaoe ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?i? oa noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? ia?aaeoiiae
aeieeiaiiy /aniieno;

— iieacaoe ?ieue “ E?aniie Iiae” o oi?ioaaii? i?ia?aiieo iieiaeaiue
aeaeaiiy;

— i?inoaaeeoe ca’ycee “*a?aiiiai oeyoo” c ia??iaee/ieie i?aaiaie-
iiia?aaeieeaie ? aca?iiae?th c aeaeaiiyie-no/anieeaie;

-aeieeaaeii aena?oeeoe i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?aaeaeoe?eiiai yae?a oa
aaoi?nueeiai eieaeoeao;

— ?ice?eoe nooue iieai?/ieo aenooi?a ? aeeneon?e iaaeiei yaeu aeiae, ui
aaeenue ia oiaeueoao aeo?iaeo;

— aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?ia?aeieo iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e oiai /ano oa ?o ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th a “*a?aiiiio oeyoo” (

iaiaei?iieie neeaaeiaeie inoaiiueiai ioieoo ? : aiae?c iniiaieo
oaiaoe/ieo ? noee?noe/ieo a?oi i?ice, iiac??, ae?aiaoo?a?? aeo?iaeo;
iia?aeiee iaeyae i?iaeaiaoeee e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue; aiae?c
oai??a i?ia?aeieo aeiienoaa/?a aeo?iaeo, ui i?aaenoaaeyee iiaaoi?nuee?
iiooee oe?a?inueeiai e?oa?aoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy / I. ?eeuenueeiai, I.
Oaeeueiaiai, ?.Ieoaeieea, A. Aioiiaiea- Aeaaeaeiae/a, A.
I?aeiiaeeueiiai, A. Ninth?e oa ?i./. Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?oa?oueny ia o?
iiiaioe a ?iaio? /aniieno, ye? aein? ia aoee aena?oeai? / aai aena?oeai?
niioai?aii / c i?e/eie ?aeaieia?/ieo caai?ii, /e ioe?ithaaeenue
oia?aaeaeaii iaaaoeaii / e?oa?aoo?ia aeeneon?y 1925-1928 ??., ?ieue I.
Oaeeueiaiai e I. sseiaiai ye ni?a?ia?oiee?a aeo?iaeo e i?aai?caoi??a
AAIE?OA, aeoeaia ni?ai?aoey ?aaeeieaa?? c iaieeaneeaie oiui);

— ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe e?oa?aoo?i? caeiaooee “ *a?aiiiai oeyoo ”, ia
caiia/oth/e eiai oai?/eo iaaaea/.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai ?aaeyinueeiai /ano ? no/ania
aeieeaei /eiaei coneeue aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy cia/aiiy
e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueei? ia??iaeeee a ?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e.
Iiaeeaeai? iaoeia? iiooee a oeueiio iai?yi? aaee I.Ae.Aa?iooaei,
I.?.Aeae, I.I.Oaae/aiei, ?.?.Aei?ioaiei, A.?.I?aoi?aaei?, I.E.Aaaeoe?i,
ye? iaeaaeaoue aei a/aieo iieie?iiy 50-70 ??. O 80-90 — ? ni?aao
i?iaeiaaeeee iieiae? iaoeiaoe?: I.A.Eo/einueeee, A.A.Ei?ae/, I.A.Aa?oei,
A.I.O?iiei. No/ania iaoea, ui ca?eueieeany a?ae iaa’ycoaaiiy
?aeaieia?/ieo i?eien?a, iaiaaa?oueny oa?a?aoe e?au? caeiaooee
?aaeyinueei? oa ae?anii?ii? oe?e. ? oi/a aaaeei ciaeoe aeine?aeieea
oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e 20-o ?ie?a, yeee ae ia noeeaany c aeo?iaeii “
*a?aiiee oeyo”, /aniien oa eiai i?noea a ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e aei nueiaiaei? niaoe?aeueii ia aea/aeenue. Iayai? eeoa
i?eiaa?aei? eiai ioe?iee, ui /anoi iathoue iaia’?eoeaiee oa ai?ciaee/iee
oa?aeoa?.

I?aaenoaaeaia ?iaioa — oea ia?oa ni?iaa ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?iiai oa
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai aiae?co aeo?iaeo “*a?aiiee oeyo”, ui aeeth/a?
oa?aeoa?enoeeo eiai ae?yeueiino? ye noa’?eoa ? ye ia’?eoa e?oa?aoo?iiai
i?ioeano 20-30-o ??., aena?oeaiiy ye i?ia?aneaieo, oae ? eiina?aaoeaieo
?? iiiaio?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aacothoueny
ianaiia?aae ia oaaaeiiio aea/aii? iaoa??ae?a 13-??/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeo?iaeo, a oaeiae ia oaeoao, c iei iia’ycaieo. Aeinoia??i?noue inoaii?o
i?aeoaa?aeaeaia oiiaeaie ?oeiieniiai a?aeae?eo ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i.
O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, Oeai?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao aeueo
i?aai?a aeaaee oa oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie, ?inoeoooo ?oeiien?a IAI Oe?a?ie.

O ?iaio? cae?eniaii aiae?c cia/iiai ca ianyaii e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo, aena?oeaii oeyoe ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? anoaoe/ii? aeoiee,
a?aeia?aaeaii ?o noia?a/eea? ia?ao?auaiiy. sse ? aoaeue-yea ia?oa ni?iaa
aea/aiiy iaeiaeine?aeaeaiiai ia’?eoo, aeaia aeena?oaoe?y ia iiaea
ioiieoe an? aniaeoe iaaecae/aeii oe?iei? ae?yeueiino? /aniieno. Aeaye?
ieoaiiy a i?e o?eueee ii?ooai?, ?io? / ?noi?e/i?, iiaiciaa/?,
aaia?ao?/i?, e?a?ciaa/? oa ?i. iaoeia? e iie?oe/i? iaoa??aee/
caaaeothoueny eeoa iia?aeii, o cayceo c aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi
-oa?aeoa?enoeeith e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai a?aeae?eo aeo?iaeo.

Oai?aoeei-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. C? nai?o
i?ia?aiieo iiceoe?e “*a?aiiee oeyo” c?iaea ni?iao ie?aneeoe eiei i?iaeai
o aaeoc? ?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?e naiai /ano. Aeeaieee ? anaa?/iee aiae?c
oaeo?a aea? ciiao iiai?oa c’ynoaaoe ae?yeuei?noue ia??iaee/iiai i?aaio e
caaaeyee oeueiio aaanoe aei e?oa?aoo?iiai aaeeoeo iiaee oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae. Inoaii?e aeiiiiiaea /?oei aecia/eoe ?ieue aeo?iaeo cie?aia e
ia??iaeeee acaaae? a iinooi? iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo, aaaeeeaith o?iiieia?/iith eaieith yei? ? ia??iae 20-30 ??. OO
no.

No/ania e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai caeiiii??ii caa?oa?oueny aei i?iaaeei ia
nai?io oeyoo. Aenoaath/e iia? aeiiae e e?eoa??? a ioe?ioe? e?oa?aoo?ieo
yaeu, o iai’yoeao ieioeeo ?ie?a o/ai? ciaoiaeyoue ia eeoa aeai? i?i
eiie?aoiee noai e?oa?aoo?e a iaaiee iiiaio ?? ?nioaaiiy. Ia iaio
aaaeeeai anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?e. Caa?iaiiy
aei i?ieaeaieo aoai?a ia? cia/aiiy ia eeoa caaaeyee i?ciaaaeuei?e
oe?iiino?, a e ? iiaeeea?noth caaaa/aiiy no/aniee?a ?noi?e/iei
aeina?aeii.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a i?ioean?
aeeeaaeaiiy aoc?anueeeo eo?n?a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e,
aeo?iae?noeee, e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee; i?ae /an /eoaiiy niaoeeo?n?a ?
niaoenai?ia??a; i?e iaienaii? aeeieiiieo ?ia?o, noai?aii? i?ae?o/iee?a,
iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey nooaeaio?a o?eieia?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae,
a/eoae?a, o/i?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa iaaiai?thaaeanue ? aoea noaaeaia ia
can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy ?inoeoooo
e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie. Aeaye? ?? iieiaeaiiy
aeeeaaeai? o aenooi? aaoi?ee ia ui??/i?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
o/aieo ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea a 1998 ?ioe?. Ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 noaoae, nienie yeeo iiaea?oueny iai?ee?ioe?
aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. ?? ianya — 162
noi??iee.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue iaoeiai? i?iaeaie oa noai ??
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? oaie,
oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? caaaeaiiy, iaoiiaeai? iaoith iaoeiai? i?aoe?.
Aaoi?ea aeeeaaea? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?? ? aeiaiaeeoue ?o iaoeiao iiaecio. Iaaieioo?oueny
ni?iaa aia?oa cae?enieoe oe?eani?yiiaaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?e/ii
aaaiiiai 13-??/iiai aeaeaiiy, yeei ? aeo?iae “*a?aiiee oeyo”.

?icae?e ?. “?noi??y noai?aiiy oa iniiai? aoaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeo?iaeo
“*a?aiiee oeyo”.

Ia ii/aoeo ?icae?eo ?ice?eaa?oueny ?ieue e?oa?aoo?ii-a?iiaaenueei? i?ane
a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ia?oeo ii?aaiethoe?eieo
aeanyoee?oue. Oea aoa oie ia??iae a ?noi??? e?oa?aoo?e, eiee ia??iaeeea
aoea iaeaea ?aeeiei aeaea?aeii ?? c?inoaiiy. Caaaeyee nai?e iia?eueiino?
aiia caeaoia iaeae?aci?oa aeyaeoe no/aniee noai e?oa?aoo?e. O 20-? ?iee
ia aoei iaeaea aeiaeiiai ienueiaiieea, yeee ae ia ?icii/eiaa na?e oeyo c
aacaoe /e aeo?iaeo. AEo?iaeueia e?oa?aoo?a ia aeayeee /an noaea
iniiaiith oi?iith ii?eethaeiaiiy c?ace?a i?ice, iiac??, e?eoeee a
e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean? ? iieiaeie 20-o ?ie?a.

Ia oaee? ao?oeeaiai ?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e e e?oa?aoo?ii
-ienoaoeueei? ia??iaeeee c’yaey?oueny aeo?iae “*a?aiiee
oeyo”/1923-1936/.

Aeey iiaiioe ea?oeie aaoi?ea i?inoaaeo? ae?yeuei?noue
aeo?iae?a-iiia?aaeiee?a, ye? aiooaaee aeey iueiai a?oio ? aoee iia’ycai?
aaaaoueia ni?eueieie ?enaie. Ia?oei oe?a?inueeei ?aaeyinueeei
e?oa?aoo?iei aeo?iaeii aoei “Ienoaoeoai”/1919-1920/. A?i aeineoue
yne?aai a?aeia?acea ?iiaioe/io ie?eeai?noue ? iaaii?yaeeiaai?noue
ienoaoeoaa, ?icao?oaiiai ?aaiethoe??th. I?i?nioaaaoe o?ioe a?eueoa ?ieo,
aeo?iae cae?eany /a?ac iaoa??aeuei? o?oaeiiu?. Eiai ianooiieeii noaa
aeo?iae “Oeyoe ienoaoeoaa”/1921-1923/. O i?ia?aiia?e noaoo?
i?aee?anethaaeinue, “ui ?aeeiei e?eoa???i aeey ?aaeaeoe?? aoaea
ooaeiaei?noue oai?o, aac aeiaeii? aocueei? o?aeoe?eiino?.” Aea
aeio?eioaaoenue oeueiai iieiaeaiiy ?aaeeieaa?? aaeaaaeinue aeaeaei ia
caaaeaee. ?icia?oa ooaeiaei? iieioii aeo?iaeo a?aeia?aaeaei e?oa?aoo?iee
i?ioean aeaui oaioe/ii. Aea aiii noaei eaiaith aeey aeaeaiiy
oe?ieiianooaaiiai e a?eueo oii?yaeeiaaiiai. Oaa?aeaeaiiy I.Aeieaiaa ye
aaciina?aaeiueiai o/anieea e?oa?aoo?ieo iiae?e 20-30 ?ie?a, iiaoaeiaaia
ia i?inoi ia a?? iaca, a ia? ia’?eoeaia i?aea?oioy: “Nii/aoeo aoei
i?inoi “Ienoaoeoai”; iio?i o i?ioean? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeieeee “Oeyoe
ienoaoeoaa”; ? iai?ee?ioe? c ??cieo oeyo?a ienoaoeoaa eeoeany iaeei
“*a?aiiee oeyo”. 1

O ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny ia eeoa eoeueoo?ii-ienoaoeueea, a e
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia oei iiyae /aniieno. Ii/aoie 20-o ??. oa?aeoa?iee
cia/iei anoaoe/iei ieth?ae?ciii ? ii??aiyiith naiaiaeith. ??e aeoiaeo
aeo?iaeo a na?o aoa ia?oei ?ieii ia??iaeo aeoeaii? oe?a?i?caoe??.
Aieiaia ?ieue o ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?? oe?a?i?caoe?? iaeaaeaea I.ss.
Ooinueeiio — /eaio i?aath?i OeE EI/a/O e iaeiiio c aieiaieo ?aaeaeoi??a
“*a?aiiiai oeyoo”. Iai?yi aeine?aeaeoaaiiai i?aaio aoa aeaoaeueii
i?iaeoiaiee aeueie ia?o?eieie eieaie. Ia?oee a?aeiia?aeaeueiee nae?aoa?
aeo?iaeo TH.Ica?nueeee ienaa o eeno? aei I.Aeina?oiueiai: “AEo?iae ia?
oa?aeoa? e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai i?ny/ieea, ui nai?i ?ici??ii
iaaeeaeaany ae “ E?aniie iiae”. Oea ? cae?eniaiiy oiai caaaeaiiy, ui
aaea aeaaii iinoaaeee nia? a?aeiia?aei? iie?oe/i? eiea.” 1

“E?aniay iiaue”, ca oeiii yei? oi?ioaaany “*a?aiiee oeyo”, aeieeea ye
iiaee ??ciiaeae “oianoiai” aeo?iaeo, ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueea aeaeaiiy c
?aaiethoe?eiei ci?noii ? aeaniei /eoa/ai — iiainoai?aiith
?ia?oie/i-naeyinueeith ?ioae?aaioe??th. I?aai?caoe?y oaeeo aeo?iae?a
iaea ia iao? ia’?aeiaiiy ieooe?a ??cieo oi?iaoe?e : iiaeo, aeoiaaieo ia
?aaiethoe?eieo aaneao, ? noa?eo, na?oiaeyae yeeo neeaaeaany ia iniia?
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ?aeaae?a. Ia?o?eiith ?aciethoe??th a?ae 8 na?iiy
1922 ?ieo i?iaieiooaaeinue: “Iniiaiei noni?eueii-iie?oe/iei ?
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iei ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueeei aeo?iaeii ? “E?aniay iiaue.”
Ooo aea aoa caeeee aei noai?aiiy a iaea?eueoeo i?noao e?a?ie —
Iao?ia?aae?, Oa?eia?, Oeoe?n? oa ?i. “ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueeeo aeo?iae?a,
ui iaaeeaeathoueny ca oeiii aei “E?aniie iiae.”2 Ae?oaei caaaeaiiyi, ui
iieeaaeaeinue ia aeo?iaee oaeiai oeio, aoei caaaeaiiy i?ioeae?? i?aaiai
iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeiii? ai?a?aoe??. Aieiaiei iiiiaioii “*a?aiiiai oeyoo”
c ia?oeo aea aei?a ?nioaaiiy noaea “ Iiaa Oe?a?ia”, ui aeaeaaaeany o
I?ac? A.Aeiie/aieii ? I. Oaiiaaeii. Noai?aiiyi /aniieno
ia?ane?aeoaaeanue iiaea?eia iaoa : aanoe ?aeaieia?/io ai?ioueao ia eeoa
caniaii neiaanieo aaoae?e, a e /a?ac eiioeaio?aoe?th a iueiio e?aueo
e?oa?aoo?ieo nee oiai /ano. Ciaaaiiy ca ienueiaiieoeuee? oaeaioe
nii/aoeo iaei aeaeyae caei?iai? eiieo?aioe?? ia aeaiie?aoe/ieo
canaaeao. Aea c /anii, eiee ia?o?ei? i?aaie noaee “iaio noeeuei? aei
aieeiai e?aa?ae?cio”, e?euee?noue caei?aeiiieo ioae?eaoe?e ?aaeyinueeeo
aaoi??a aoea caaaeaia aei i?i?ioio.

O 20-? ?iee “*a?aiiee oeyo” aoa a?aeiiee ia eeoa ia Oe?a?i?, a e
aeaeaei ca ?? iaaeaie. Caaaeyee oe?a?ii-aia?eeainueeiio aeaeaaie/iio
oiaa?enoao “Einiin” a?i noa? aoaeoeaiith niieo/iith eaieith i?ae
oe?a?inueeei ? ?a?iiaenueeei e?oa?aoo?iei i?ioeanii. Caneoaa
ni?a?ia?oiee?a “Einiino” ia eeoa a ?iciianthaeaeaii? e noai?aii? ?aeeaie
“*a?aiiiai oeyoo”. Aiie aeieeaee an?o coneeue, uia caaacia/eoe
ioae?eaoe?? ia eiai noi??ieao e?aueo ?iicaiieo ienueiaiiee?a. Na?aae ieo
oai?e Aai?aa Aaeia, ??oa?aea Aeaiaey, ?aeia?a Ia??? ??eueea, O?e?ia
Noii, A?oo?a Eanoea?a, Ai?ey Aa?oa?ia, Aioiia N?ieea?a, Ia?o?ia
Aiaea?naia-Iaena oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo.

Iaei??th ?c caeiiii??iinoae o ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ?aaeyinueei?
ia??iaeeee e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai ni?yioaaiiy aoea iiyaa aeo?iae?a,
ye? caaaaeaii iaceaaoe iicaa?oiiaeie. Ia ?oi?o noi??ieao ie?ii
ni?a?nioaaee “iaieeaneee” c oooo?enoaie, i?oiaeienaeuei? aonii?aoe? c
ieoaeaiaie, eiino?oeoea?noe c i?aaenoaaieeaie
ia?iaeieoeueei-?aae?noe/iiai iai?yio. Naia aei eaoaai??? iicaa?oiiaeo ?
iaeaaeaa “*a?aiiee oeyo.” Oeae oaeo aaciina?aaeiuei ni?eya oiio, ui
aeo?iaeo aeineoue oaeaeei aaeaeiny noaoe oeaio?ii oi?ioaaiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo niae?a: cao?ooaaoe iaaeiei naaa ienueiaiiee?a aeina?ae/aieo
? ii/aoe?aoe?a, i?aaenoaaiee?a ai?a?aoe?? oa cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo
caiaeue. Anueiai “ ca 2 ?iee naiai ?nioaaiiy “*a?aiiee oeyo” ia o?eueee
ci?a eiioeaio?oaaoe ia nai?o noi??ieao oai?/?noue aeaeaoieo
oe?a?inueeeo e?oa?aoi??a, aea e noeioethaaa oeth oai?/?noue, o cia/i?e
i??? aeeeeeaa ?? aei aeeooy.”1

Caaaeyee /aniieno /eoa/ iaa ciiao iiciaeiieoenue ?c oai?/?noth ieoaeai
/N.Ieeeiaiei, A.Iai?a, ?.Nai/aiei, A.Aieiaei/, aa?oyi /I.Oe/eia,
I.Eiaainai, ?.Eoeee/, eaie?aoe?a /A.Eineiea, A.I?aeiiaeeueiee,
A.Aioiiaiei-Aeaaeaeiae//, “iaieeanee?a” /I.?eeuenueeee, I.Ca?ia,
I.Oeeeiiae/, I.Ae?ae-Oia?a/. Noa?oa ienueiaiieoeueea iieie?iiy
/N.Aaneeue/aiei, I.*a?iyanueeee, A.Oioeaae/, O.Ae/aanueea/ a?aei o/anoue
o oi?ioaaii? “iaee//y” aeo?iaeo ?acii c ii/aoe?aoeyie
/N.E?eaeai?anueeee, I.Onaiei, I.Aeecueei/. Oaea oe?ioa ?ioa?an?a aeaea
i?aenoaae aeey caeioaa/aiiy aeo?iaeo o a?aenooiino? /?oei? i?ia?aiiai?
e?i??. I.Oaae/aiei ienaa, ui “a?i ii noo? iaaaaeoaaa ?ioa?iao, aea
iacaeiiii oaeeaaeenue iae??ciiiai?oi?o? oa/?? oa ?aeaieia??.”2 Oi/
oaeee noai ?a/ae ? caaaaeaa noai?aiith i?aai?caoe?eii? aecia/aiino?, ye
o a?oiiaeo aeaeaiiyo “Aniaiooo”, “Iocaaao”, “Aaaiaa?ae” ? o. ae., aea e
ia?aoeiaeaeaa cai?iaaaeaeaiith iaeiioeiiino?, oi?o?eiaaiino?,
aocueeinoeeueiai? i???ioaoe??.

Iaeiei c iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a ia oeyoo ie?aeii? ae?yeueiino? /aniieno
aoee iino?eie ci?ie na?aae ?aaeaeoe?eiiai neeaaeo. Oae? iaiaa?oioiaai?
neoaeaia? ia?ai?uaiiy ia aeicaieyee cina?aaeeoenue ia ?iaio?, iicaaaeyee
aiaaiaiino? a caao?aoiueiio aei?. O?eueee ia iinaae? aieiaiiai
?aaeaeoi?a ci?ieeinue 6 in?a: A.A?eiueei, I.Ooinueeee, A.Caoiinueeee,
I.Eaethaeiee, I.sseiaee, ?.Ee?eeaiei. O ??ci? ?iee a ?aaeeieaa??
i?aoethaaei iiiaae 20 /ieia?e, na?aae yeeo aoee ienueiaiieee ??cieo
noeeueiaeo iai?yie?a oa a?iiaaenueeeo iiceoe?e:I.Oe/eia e ?.Eoeee,
I.Iai/ ? I.Ne?na?aiei, I.Oaeeueiaee ? N.Ieeeiaiei, A.Aeaeeoiee ?
I.Aeoiy, I.sseiaee ? I.Eiieeaiei. C ??cieo i?e/ei EI/a/O iai?ioethaaea
ethaeueie, ui i?aoethaaee a “*a?aiiiio oeyoo”, nai?ie iace?/aiieie
iinoaiiaaie ca?eueiyth/e iaeieo ? i?ecia/ath/e ?ioeo. sse i?aaeei,
ia?aaaaeaea iaeia i?e/eia, iia’ycaia “c iaoith ?aeaieia?/iiai
i?aeneeaiiy ?aaeaeoe??.” Naia oiio na?aae ooaoiiai ?iceeaaeo aeo?iaeo,
oeiiieaeoiaaiiai ia?aaaaeii ae?y/aie e?oa?aoo?e, caaaeaee aoei e?eueea
?iai aea?aeaaii-ia?o?eieo eaae??a, ui ae?yee ye “ea??aia ? ni?yiiaoth/a
neea” aai, i?ino?oa eaaeo/e, aoee a ?ie? iaaeyaea/?a / A.Oaeey,
I.Eaethaeiee, A.Caoiinueeee oa ?i./. Iiiaae ona aiie aiyeeny i?iya?a
iacaeaaeiiai ieneaiiy ? ieeueii noaaeeee ca oei, uia i?ooi ia cai/ea c
“/a?aiiiai oeyoo oe?a?inueeiai eoeueoo?iiai aoae?aieoeoaa.”1 I?iya
noiiia?aeiiiai “ao?aeoaciiai iaoe?iiae?cio” aaaaeaany iaeiei ?c naie
nia?oieo a??o?a oe?a?inueeiai ?ioae?aaioa, ca yeee ea?aeinue
iaenoai??oa. Aaea o?eueee oie oaeo, ui o?i? aieiaieo ?aaeaeoi??a
aeo?iaeo a ieioeiio iaeaaeaee aei ia?o?? OIN? /ai?ioueaeno?a/-
A.A?eiueei, I.Ooinueeee, I.Eaethaeiee — aeaaaa oe?ieee i?ino?? aeey
i?aaeniiae?a. Iaaaeyea cia/aiiy aeey aeo?iaeo iaa oie oaeo, ui e?eueea
eiai ?aaeaeoi??a caeiaee a ??ci? /ane iinaaee ia?eiia ina?oe
/A.A?eiueei, I.Ooinueeee, A.Caoiinueeee/. Aaeaea a 20-? ?iee ia?eiiin
ea?oaaa ia o?eueee ina?oith, a e aoa iaeaaaeeea?oei aaaeaeai
oi?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee. sse ieoa ?noi?ee
ss.Aeaoeaae/, “oi/ iie?oeeith oe?a?i?caoe?? oi?iaeueii e oaeoe/ii
iiaeiii aoei ea?oaaoe iie?oath?i oe?a?inueeiai OeE, i?aeoe/ii iath
caeiaany Ia?eiiao ina?oe.”2 Naia caaaeyee aoi?eoaoiiio aieeao ia?eiia
I.Ooinueeiai c eenoiiaaea 1924 ?ieo aeo?iae aoei ca?eueiaii a?ae
iiia?aaeiuei?

oeaico?e.

?icaeyioaoe ?noi??th noai?aiiy, iniiai? iai?yie ?iaioe, aaoo?o e
?aaeeieaa?th aeo?iaeo, aeena?oaioea i?eeoea aei aeniiaeo i?i
aeioe?euei?noue ia??iaeecaoe?? eiai ?iaioe. Eaeo/e ca o?iiieia?/iei
i?eioeeiii, /an ooieoe?iioaaiiy “*a?aiiiai oeyoo” iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia 2
ia??iaee : ? — 1923-1929 ??. ?? — 1930-1936 ??.

“”

“”

I?ieeaaeaiiy iaae? i?ae 20-ie e 30-ie ?ieaie a aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? ca?aa?oueny c iiae?eii ia ia??iaee oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e OO no. a oe?eiio. Oaea o?iiieia?/ia ?iciaaeoaaiiy i?aeo?eiaia
aaaaoueia no/anieie oe?a?inueeeie e?oa?aoo?iciaaoeyie: A.Iaeueieeii,
A.Aeii/eeii, A.ss?aiaieii, I.O?iieii, I.Ia?ieii. Cae?eniaia
ia??iaeecaoe?y, iaaia ??/, ia i?aoaiaeo? ia oeeo?iao oi/i?noue. Iiae?e
ia aoaie ae?yeueiino? aeo?iaeo oaae aaeeeith i??ith oiiaiee. Iaeiae aeey
iueiai ? an? i?aenoaae. A ?iee iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy “*a?aiiee
oeyo”?ai?acaioo? uaae?a ?icia?ooy noee?a, iai?yi?a, ?iai. Oai?e oeueiai
/ano ? i?eeeaaeaie ineoieia?caoe?? e?oa?aoo?e /A.I?aeiiaeeueiee,
A.Iie?uoe, ?.Ieoaeiee/, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? /A.Aieiaei, TH.ssiianueeee,
I.?a/aiei/, aeei?enoaiiy noee?noeee aeecueeeo ienoaoeoa —
ia?acioai?/iai, ioce/iiai, e?iaiaoia?ao?/iiai. E?oa?aoo?a i?aaioea aei
neioaco a ??ciiiai?oieo oi?iao: a?ae neie?aoecio e?oa?aoo?ieo ?iae?a oa
aeai??a aei neie?aoecio ienoaoeoa. sse noaa?aeaeo? I.Iaa?eee, “o?aaa
??oo/a eiinoaooaaoe, ui oaeeo aeeneo/eo iiooe?a ? oaeiai ni?eeaiai
aenia?eiaioaoi?noaa o an?o aaeocyo ienoaoeoaa i?eiee ai? ia?aae oei, ai?
i?ci?oa ia Oe?a?i? ia niinoa??aaeinue.”1

Aaea c ??-i? iieiaeie 20-o ?ie?a aeo?iae ii/eia? caciaaaoe ia??iaee/ieo
?aeaieia?/ieo oaea??a, ui a iiaeaeueoiio iicia/eeenue ? ia eiai
ooaeiaeiueiio ??ai?. Ia?oee i?eiaaea? ia 1926 ??e, eiee aeaaeieie
ia?o?eieie i?aaiaie aoei onoiooi c iinaaee aieiaiiai ?aaeaeoi?a
I.Ooinueeiai oa /eai?a ?aaeeieaa?? I.Oaeeueiaiai oa I.sseiaiai. Iiea?ith
ca iaiineoo oa a?eueiiaeoinoai aoea iinoaiiaa iie?oath?i OeE EI/a/O a?ae
19 eeiiy 1929 ?ieo. Aiia i?eeiyea ??oaiiy i?i eiio?neaoe?th ua ia
i?iaeaieo i?ei??iee?a “*a?aiiiai oeyoo”, aea aoei iioae?eiaaii
“e?aiieueia” “ Iiia?aeaiiy i?i ai?aeo eiaeeo” I.Aai/aiea. 1930 ??e aoei
aeei?enoaii aeey iaai?oaiiy ianoaiiaee iaaeiei aeo?iaeo, a naia — aeey
“anoaiiaeaiiy cayceo” i?ae NAO e “ooinuee?ciii”. O 1932 ?ioe? ca aeoeaio
ni?ai?aoeth ?aaeeieaa?? c “iaieeaneeaie” /aniien caeioaa/aii o “i?iya?
aieeiai e?aa?ae?cio aei ai?iaei? eiio?aaaiaee”.2 sse iane?aeie, o 30-?
?iee aeo?iaeuei? noi??iee caoiieei ii?a iecueeiooaeiaei?o oai??a —
“eeneiiei? aaeaeaieie” ? “aeyoaiiai iaoino”/A.Oeaa?aoeue/. Ooo
ae?oeo?oueny iai?ioan?eia iiac?y oaea?iee?a, e?oa?aoo?ieo ?ai?niee?a,
iiao?a-iaeiiaeaiie. *e ia iaea?eueoei ceii e?oa?aoo?e 30-o ?ie?a aoei
yaeua, iacaaia I.Eioethaeinueeith “ei?ic??th oaeaioo”. “*a?aiiee oeyo”
noaa na?aeeii iaae?iiy Oe/eieinueeiai aai?y, yeiai ia?aoai?eee ia
Noaoaiiaa a e?oa?aoo??. A?eueoiaeoeueeee iaoin caeoiaa ? o oai?ao
I.?eeuenueeiai, A.Ninth?e, I.Aaaeaia.

Ocyaoe ca iniiao noeeueiaee e?eoa??e aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ooaeiaeiueiai
iaoa??aeo, aeena?oaioea aea? oae? iacae aoaiai ae?yeueiino? aeo?iaeo:

? — iie?noeeueiaee;

?? — iiiinioe?aae?noe/iee.

?icae?e 2. “Aieiai? oaiaeaioe?? oe?a?inueeiai e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano
20-30 ??. a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeo?iaeo.” O ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii e
caaaeaii a iicia/aio aeayeeie caeiiii??iinoyie nenoaio cia/iee ca
ianyaii, e?euee?noth iaca, ooaeiaei?i ??aiai e?oa?aoo?iee oa
iaeaaaeeea?oee e?eoe/iee iaoa??ae. Caaaeyee oeueiio aaeaeiny cae?enieoe
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/a ocaaaeueiaiiy: aena?oeeoe o? iai?yie, a ??/eu? yeeo
?icaeaaeanue ooaeiaeiy e?oa?aoo?a oiai /ano, anoaiiaeoe iniiai?
oaiaeaioe?? e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano ia i?ae?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i? a 20-30
?iee.

Aeaiaioaie ?iaioe iaae ae?oaei ?icae?eii noaee: aiae?c aecia/aeueieo
oaiaoe/ieo ? noee?noe/ieo a?oi iiac??, i?ice, ae?aiaoo?a?? aeo?iaeo;
iia?aeiee iaeyae i?iaeaiaoeee e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue; ?icaeyae
ie?aieo oai??a i?ia?aeieo aeiienoaa/?a “*a?aiiiai oeyoo”, ye? aoee
ae??oaeueiei aeaiaioii o oi?ioaaii? oai?/iai iaee//y aeo?iaeo.
/I.?eeuenueeiai, I.Oe/eie, I.Oaeeueiaiai, A.Ninth?e, ?.Ieoaeieea,
A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, A.Aioiiaiea-Aeaaeaeiae/a/. Ianaiia?aae aeena?oaioea
caa?oa?oueny aei oeo ai?ciae?a o ae?yeueiino? /aniieno, ye? aein? ia
aena?oethaaeenue.

2.1. “I?ica: a?ae ?ii?an?ii?cio — aei ?aae?cio, a?ae eieaeoeao — aei
iniae, a?ae iiaaee — aei ?iiaio.” Iniaeeaino? ai?/ii? oai?/ino?
aeiaaathoue inieneaiiy iiae?e c iaaii? /aniai? a?aeaeae?. I?ica?ee 20-o,
a?eueo?noue c yeeo aoee na?aeeaie aai o/anieeaie ao?oeeaeo
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo c?ooaiue oiai /ano, i?aaioee a?aeoai?eoe iiaa/aia
yeiaeoaeaeoa, ua ca na?aeeie a?aaeaiiyie. I/aaeaeii oiio ?o ao?eaiiy
aeeoei oaioe/iei, noiao?iei, oaeaeoa e?oiieniei, i?ae ooaeiaei?i. ? oi/
aiin oai?eany e oiae?, oea aoa caeaa?eueoiai e??e/iee aiin, c
oa?aeoa?iith aeey iueiai ia?aaaaith aiioe?eiiai ni?eeiyooy aeeoo?aeo
yaeu. Noa’?eoeaia aa/aiiy ae?eniino? a?aei ai?o iaae ia’?eoeaiei ??
inieneaiiyi — oaeo i?eiineany a aea?oao aeieneo. E.Iiae/aiei iacaaa
1923-1926 ??. ia??iaeii iaeaea anaaeaaeiiai iaioaaiiy e??e/ii? iiaaee.1

Ia noi??ieao “*a?aiiiai oeyoo” a?i ciaeoia nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
aeaeyae? /eneaiieo ioae?eaoe?e iaei? i?ice e??eei-?ii?an?ii?noe/iiai
oa?aeoa?o oaeeo aaoi??a, ye I.Oaeeueiaee, Ae.Oanue, I.?a/aiei,
A.Eineiea, I.Eiieeaiei, A.Ai?onueeee, I.Iai/, A.Etha/aiei, I.Aei?i?iae/
oa ?ioeo. A aeai?iaiio aecia/aii? noaee iaioth/eie oe?oe, ia?acie,
aothae, iiaaea, iiaaeaoea. An? oe? oai?e ia’?aeioaaa oeiiaee iaa??
ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae: aoeia neiaie?ea, e??e/i? a?aenooie, ceeaa o?ao?
oiia/aiiy, “?oaaia o?aca”, naiiaeinoaoi?noue ia?aco, iineaaeaia oaaoea,
iaaeiiiaeai?noue, iano?i?a?noue, ?eoi?/i?noue. Oeaio?ii, iaaeiei yeiai
iaa?oaeinue aeeooy aeo?iaeo, c?aceii iaenoa?iino? aeey iieiaeeo, iaeiei
?c ca/eiaoae?a iaioth/iai e??e/iiai noeeth aoa I.Oaeeueiaee. Ia??iae
1923-1926 ??. iiaeia aecia/eoe ia i?inoi ye aeiao ?ii?an?ii?cio, a aeiao
nai???aeiiai ?ii?an?ii?cio I.Oaeeueiaiai ? eiai iane?aeoaa/?a.

Ii/eiath/e c 1927 ?ieo, o i?ic? aeo?iaeo “*a?aiiee oeyo”
aeiaeueiao?oueny iiaa oaiaeaioe?y: ei?ioea e??eciaaia iiia?aeaiiy,
?ii?an?ii?noe/ia iiaaea iinooia?oueny i?noeai iiaae? ?c caaino?aiith
oaaoeith. Oeyo aei ooaeiaeiueiai neioaco eaaeaa /a?ac nthaeao. Aeae?eeoe
caaoaeaio a ian? ethaeeio iiaeia aoei oei aea caniaii. Oe? i?iaeaie
aino?i iinoaee o na?e /an ia?aae on??th oe?a?inueeith /? ia eeoa
oe?a?inueeith/ e?oa?aoo?ith. Ia?oo ai?icio a iai?yi? ?o ae??oaiiy
i?ieeaee oai?e I.Ne?na?aiea. Ia oe? oiai/anii? ao?oeeai?
e??eei-?ii?an?ii?noe/ii? aeo?iaeueii? noeo?? iiaaee I.Ne?na?aiea aoee
ni?aaaei?i aeaooii aeeiai?/iiai aiino. Oyaa aei ai?/iino? aoea
iane?aeeii ye “ia?aae?iaieoeoaa a iiac??” /A.Oeaa?aoeue/, oae ? iiaei
niiniaii inieneaiiy ae?eniino?.

Ianooiiei aoaiii ia oeyoo aei iiaioaaiiy nae?ao?a i?ice noaei inai?iiy
“i?aaeoa/?” aaeeeiai aeai?o — iia?no?. A?eueo?noue aeo?iaeueieo oai??a
oeueiai aeai?o — “A?enueeiaee e?ooi”, “O?aoy ?aaiethoe?y”
A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, “Iiaeo”, “*a?aiiee ?iiai”, “Caeai? na?oeai”, “Ianeiee
noaio” A. Aieiaea, “Naiaoi??eia ciia”, “Iia?noue i?i Noaiaia
O?ioeiiae/a” I.Oaeeueiaiai, “Aoeiee oi?eue” I.Eiieeaiea oa ?i. — ianooue
a?aeaii?i oeo /an?a. “Naia iia?noue noaea nai???aeiei iie?aiiii aeey
aei?iaoaaiiy iiaeo eiiiiceoe?eieo ? noeeueiaeo iiooe?a oe?a?inueei?
i?ice. ?icea?o aeai?o i?eiaaea? ia ia??iaee ao?oeeaeo ci?i o aeeoo?
noni?euenoaa, ine?eueee aiii /ooeeaa aei iiaaoe?e, caeaoia
aaciina?aaeiuei a?aeaoeoaaoenue ia iaeaaaeeea?o? i?iaeaie.”1 Ia?o?
i?noey a iia?noy?noa? iin?ee /ca eeaneo?eaoe??th I.Aeieaiaa/: naeyiei
Aieiaei, i?ieaoa? Oaeeueiaee, ?ioae?aaio I?aeiiaeeueiee.

Ii/eiath/e c 1925 ?ieo, oaeaeeeie, a oi/i?oa oaea?ieie, oaiiaie eaea
?icaeoie ?iiaio. A 30-? ?eioea ni?aaaeiy ?iiaiia oaeey, yeo ooai?eee
i?icia? iieioia E.Ai?ae??iea, I.Aeina?oiueiai, A.Eioethae,
TH.Oiaeiieyna, TH.Niiee/a, I.I?iueea. Iaeiae ia an? c ieo a?aeiia?aeaee
nai?io aeai?iaiio aecia/aiith. Oae? aeai?ia? ??ciiaeaee, ye ?iiai c
aeeooy eieainiiiai naea, ae?iaie/ee ?iiai oeaothoue ia iiaooia?ci,
iienia?noue, cana?ae/othoue iani?iiiaei?noue ienueiaiiee?a iiaioaaoe
iaoa??ae, iieacaoe “ethaeeio a iiae?yo” ? “iiae?? a ethaeei?”/I.Eaeoan/.
Ca iacia/ieie aeiyoeaie /o?eaee c ?iiaio “Aa?oieee” TH.ssiianueeiai/,
?iiai ia noaa iiae??th a aeo?iae?.

2.2. “Iiac?y: a?ae e??ecio aei noaiaoecio.”Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth
ia?oeo iiai?iieo ?ie?a aoei cia/ia iineeaiiy ?ioa?ano aei iiac??.
Aenooie iiao?a cae?aee aaeeeo aoaeeoi??th. O na?e /an iaaecae/aeii
iiioey?ieie aoee iiaoe/i? aa/??ee “Aa?oo” ? “Ieoao.”I?i ia?aaaao ia
ii/aoeo 20-o ?ie?a iiac?? iaae i?icith ? ae?aiaoo?a??th aaaaoi ienaeinue
a oe?a?inuee?e e?eoeoe?. Nthaee iaeaaeaoue noaoo? I.Aeieaiaa,
A.sseoanueeiai, A.Oeaa?oey, I.Noaiiyea, N.E?eaeai?anueeiai, E.Iiae/aiea,
A.Eaeoana.

?aaeaeoe?eiee a?aeae?e “*a?aiiiai oeyoo” aoei caeeaeaii iiaoe/ieie
i?iaaie ii/aoe?aoe?a. I.Oe/eia, ye a?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca iiaoe/io
noi??ieo aeo?iaeo, cae?eniea aaee/aciee ianya ?iaioe ii aeyaeaiith
iieiaeeo oaeaio?a na?aae ieo. “O?ueiia eeoaie”, ia yeeo aacoaaany
?icia?oee iiaoe/iee eiioeiaio “*a?aiiiai oeyoo”, iiaeia iacaaoe
i?ia?aeieo eiai iiao?a — A.Ninth?o, I.?eeuenueeiai, I.Oe/eio. ?oiy
oai?/?noue aoea aoaeiiii aeey iieiaeeo. Iaeiae ii?o/ ?c oeeie
iacaia?a/ieie aaoi?eoaoaie ciaoiaeeii ua oe?eee ?yae aeaeaoieo ?iai
oe?a?inueeiai iiaoe/iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, a?aeiei ?ai?acaioaioii yeiai
noaa “*a?aiiee oeyo”. Aieai ca ethaenueeo aeieth, ?? no/ania e iaeaooi?
ia?aeiyoa aoiai?noe/ia iiac?y ?.Ieoaeieea. Iica/aniaa nai?th
o?einio?/i?noth ? ia?a?niith caaeeaeai?noth a na?o i?e?iaee – oai?/?noue
I. O?ieyinueeiai. Eioaiiy ? nia?oue — aeaa iiethne, a cii? oyae?iiy yeeo
ia?aaoaa? ioca A.Iie?uoea, i?iyaeyth/enue oi a iaeaa?oeo a?ioe/ieo, oi a
o?einionueee caaoaeueiaaieo a??oao. O?eieia?/ia aeiaa?oai?noue iiac?e I.
Ca?iaa i?eaaaeth? ia iaioa, ye aeoeaia neiaania aenia?eiaioaoi?noai I.
Aeieaiaa. ?iiaioe/ia ooaa ca “aaeeeei ? iaciaiei”, i?aaiaiiy neeueieo
a?aaeaiue ? iaaoaeaiieo ii/ooo?a I.Aeecueea ia?aaoeo?oueny c ?iiaioeciii
a?aei?iiiai ieaio — nioe?aeueiei, oaeeo iiao?a, ye A. Aeeai, TH.
ssiianueeee.

Iacaaooi? a?aaeaiiy ia /eoa/a ni?aaey? ia eeoa iaiiaoi?i?noue
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo noee?a, a e ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c ieie aaaaoa ieaoeai
noee?a e?oa?aoo?ieo.

Caaaeueiee iiaeyae ia iiac?th aeo?iaeo aeicaiey? aeyaeoe oaeo
oaiaeaioe?th: e??e/i?noue, aioo??oiy caaeeaeai?noue, ?icieo?noue
eiioo??a ?aaeueiino? iiaoe/ieo oai??a ia?oeo iiai?iieo ?ie?a
ci?iththoueny ia eia?/io aii?yaeeiaai?noue, ae?eiaeo?noue ? oaiaoe/io
caoi?ai?noue a ?? iieiaei? 20-o ?ie?a, a iniaeeai a 30-?. E??eea, ye
iaei?ino?oa oi?ia iiaoe/ii? oai?/ino?, aoea aeo?niaia iae??e/iei
oaiaoeciii, iaaei??iith ia?aci?noth, aaaaoiiiai?noth. Noaei aaaeeeaei ia
ye, a i?i ui ieoa iiao. Aaeaneea? iiaaoi?nuee? aanea oooo?eno?a,
eiino?oeoea?no?a caeeeeaee iicaaaeyoenue e??e/iino?, ye aeaiaioo
i?ia?ioe?eiino?, ieae/aaa?o?nii? iciaee “aieioeiaeo iiao?a”, ia?aaeeoeo
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e e ciaoiaeeee nia? iine?aeiaiee?a. Aei e?ioey
a??iei nia? caeeoeany eeoa A.Ninth?a.

Aea/ath/e aaoo?o aeo?iaeo, aeena?oaioea aaaaea? ca iio??aia caaaeaoe
yeiiiaa a?eueoa ?iai: a?aeiieo ? iaeia?aeiieo, aecia/ieo ?
ae?oai?yaeieo, iiao?a ??cieo ye ca ??aiai ooaeiaeiino?, oae ? ca
a?iiaaenueeith iiceoe??th. sse neooii noaa?aeaeoaaea A.E.Ei?noinueea,
aeine?aeiee?a iiaeii? oe?eaaeoe “ia o?eueee aeeaie? iiaiiaiaei? ??ee
iiac??, a e iaaaeee? ?oi? i?eoiee, no?oiee, ui ooai?ththoue na?e
i?e?iee?iao ? na?e ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee iaecaae.”1

Caoiieaiiy ? a?eue — no?eaeiaaa oiiaeuei?noue iiac?e oeo ?ie?a. *an aoa
iaiaeiicia/iei, oae naii iaiaeiicia/ieie aoee aie? e ?aaeiu? — a
eiaeiiai nai?. Aino?iineoieia?/iiio naiiae?aaeaiith a ?.Ieoaeieea,
I.Oe/eie, O.Inueia/ee, ?.Aaa?yiiai i?ioenoiyei ae?aaeaiiy eieaeoeaii?
na?aeiiino? a ?.Eoeeea, I.Eiaeooiiai, O.Ianaiea, A.Aeaeeoiiai. Oaea
i?ioenoiyiiy aoei coiiaeaia naiith ae?eni?noth ? noaaeaiiyi aei ia?
iiao?a. Aea ia ne?ae caaoaaoe, ui ?oi? a??o? — ii?iaeaeaiiy iaeiiai e
oiai ae /ano: ca an??? a?aei?iiino? eiioeaioe?e o oai?/eo iiooeao
iiiceoe?eieo oa?oiiaaiue ? ? aeaui ni?eueia.

E?eoe/iee a?aeae?e “*a?aiiiai oeyoo” iaa aeineoue iaaii?yaeeiaaiee
oa?aeoa?. Aaaaoi ioe?iie ? aeiaaeeiaeie, aeia?? ?aoeaic?e – oaioe/iee.
Aeeaie? o?eieia?/i? eiioeaioe?? ooo iaaeothoue c aaeaneeaeie
iai?oanoaie, o/i?anoai i?ioenoaaey?oueny i?ioan?iiae?cio ?
aeina?/aiino?; can?a “y?eeei–iaa?ooaaiiy” iio?niy? onoaeai?
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/? e?eoa??? ioe?iee oai??a. ?oo e?eoe/ii? aeoiee
i?aaenoaaeaii ooo oaeeie ??cieie c oi/ee ci?o anoaoe/ieo iiceoe?e ?
??aiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino? ?iaiaie ye Ae.Caaoe ? I.A?eaoeueeee,
I.Ca?ia ? ss.Naa/aiei, I.Aei?ioeaae/ oa ?.Eaeeca.

Iaeii/ani?oa i?noea a /aniien? iin?aeathoue noaoo? I.A?eaoeueeiai, ye? e
aein? ? c?aceii oi/iino? o?eieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue.

2.3. “Ae?aiaoo?a?y: eiioe?eo eeaniaee cai?noue eiioe?eoo ae?aiaoe/iiai.”
A “*a?aiiiio oeyoo” ae?aiaoo?a?y i?aaenoaaeaia a?eueo i?ae ne?iiii: ooo
ca 13 ?ie?a aoei iaae?oeiaaii anueiai 13 i’?n. Oaea neooaoe?y coiiaeaia
?yaeii i?e/ei. Ii-ia?oa, aeo?iae oi/ii a?aeia?acea noai ?icaeoeo
ae?aiaoo?a?? ia anaoe?a?inueeiio ??ai?:yeui eeoa nai ia?ae?e i??caeu
aaee/acii? a?i?? iiao?a aeiaaa? ie?aii? noaoo?, oi ca iaeiaioeo aeo?ao
/ano e i?noey iiaeia iacaaoe ?iaia oiai/anieo ae?aiaoo?a?a. ?aia?ooa?ia
e?eca noaea oaiith aeiy ? aeioeoeyea ye aaeeeei oaao?ai, oae ? ae??aiei
n?euenueeei ao?oeai. Ii-ae?oaa, ae?aiaoe/i? oai?e ca nai?th
niaoeeo?eith ??aeei i?ecia/aeenue aeey ioae?eaoe?e a ia??iaee/ieo
aeaeaiiyo, iniaeeai oaeiai oe?ieiai a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiai
ni?yioaaiiy, ye “*a?aiiee oeyo”.

Iii?oiith oaiaeaioe??th ae?aiaoo?a?? 20-o ??. ? ii?aeiaiiy o?aa?/iiai /e
aa?i?/iiai c eii?/iei aai iaeiae?aiaoe/iei. O aeo?iae? ?? aeaiino?othoue
i’?ne ss.Iaiiioiaa. Oea aoei iaaeiaaeeiaei, aaeaea ae?aiaoo?a ae?iaea
aeanio oai??th aeai?o, ui a?aeiia?aeaa ae ?nioth/ei ?noi?e/iei oiiaai.
“O?aa?eiiaae?y — iaeaaaeeea?oee ? iaena?eici?oee aeai? iaoiai /ano ?
naia ?e iaeaaeeoue oaao?aeueia aoaeo/eia”,1- neacaa a?i.

A?eueo?noue iioae?eiaaieo i’?n oyae?thoue aei ciai?oiuei? iieniaino?,
aei o?ii?eaeueiino? cia?aaeaieo iiae?e. ?oi? aaoi?e aaaaeaee, ui
eiioe?eo nioe?aeueiee nai ii nia? aeeee/a aeoeaiee ?ioa?an /eoa/a, oiio
iaia iio?aae ia?a?iaeyoe eiai ia eiioe?eo ae?aiaoe/iee. O i’?nao “Caiey
ai?eoue” A.Etha/aiea /1932, 11-12, 39-51/, “Aanoee?y aiaei? iaoa??”
?.Ieeeoaiea /1934, 6, 5-56/, “Ieaoeaea?i” I.??/aia /1932, 4, 34-50/ oa
?i. oi/ ? iayaia ae?y ? aacae?yeuei?noue, ethaia ? iaiaaenoue, oa iaia
?iineacaiiy, aeaai???, i?eoaiaiieo aoaeue-yeiio ooaeiaeiueiio oai?o. Ooo
iaia ooaeiaei?o anioe?aoe?e, aeooiaiiai inieneaiiy iiae?e. O ieo
a?aenooiy ioceea, i?niy, ?aia?ee, ni?aa?aeianai?noue ?c ii?aie ?ieo. Oea
aoea e?oa?aoo?a ni?iuaia, na?aeiii iicaaaeaia anoaoe/iiai. Aea
iaeno?aoi?oa oa, ui a aeayeeo oai?ao caeeaaeaii aioeii?aeueio iniiao
?aiiuei? noeai?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e. Oiae? a ieo ae?oe i?ioenoiyoue aaoueeai
/A.*eae?ei “Niioea”/1934, 4, 81-126/, I.Acianueeee “Caiey” /1927, 3,
7-32/, E.THoa?ae ”Nai nia? ai?ia”/1936, 2, 5-40/, ae?oaeeia -/ieia?eia?
/ ss.Iaiiioia “Eiai aeani?noue” /1930, 5-6, 12-51/.

O ia??iae nooe?eueii? ?aeaieia?caoe?? aeeooy noni?euenoaa, eiee
ienoaoeoao a?aeiiaeyeinue a anoaoe/iiio e?eoa???, eiee a?aeaoaaeany
i?aei?ia caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae eeaniaeie, aoee iaae?oeiaai? a
aeo?iae? ae?aie Ae.Aaaeceea, E.THoa?aea, ?.Ieeeoaiea, A.Etha/aiea. Aiie
iiaeooue aooe i?eeeaaeii iaeiioe?ai?oeo oeiiaeo iaaeie?e?a oe?a?inueei?
ae?aie 30-o ?ie?a, na?aae yeeo: ceiaaeeaaiiy ?aaiethoe?eiith
o?acaieia??th, aaaaoiiiai?noue, aeo?niaiiy aioo??oiuei? ae?aiaoe/ii?
ae??, iiae?e ia?niiaae?a ca nioe?aeueieie iciaeaie, ?icieo?noue ?io?eae.
A?ae inoaii?o aea?aeii a?ae??ciyeenue i’?ne c oaaoeueei cae?o/aiith
?io?eaith, ye, iai?eeeaae, “Niioea” A.*eae?eia. Aea ?oi? iaiaaaiiy
i?eaaaeoe oaao?aeueio e /eoaoeueeo aoaeeoi??th ae?yei ia aoaeoeai?oa,
i?ae aeaoaaee aeene oieueae.

O aaeoc? ae?aiaoe/iiai ienueiainoaa “*a?aiiee oeyo” iaeiie/ea iaaeoi
iaeo e?euee?noue iaoa??aeo aeey aaaiieo aeniiae?a ? ia?aeaeae c
e?oa?aoo?iei i?ioeanii. E?au? c oiai/anieo ae?aiaoo?a?a — I.Eoe?o,
?.Ei/a?aa, A.Aeiie/aiei — ooo ia i?aaenoaaeai?. Oiio iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i
a?aeia?aaeaiiy caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e ae?aiaoo?a?? ia
noi??ieao aeo?iaeo eeoa /anoeiai.

Aeniiaee. Oe?a?inueea i?ae?aaeyinueea e?oa?aoo?a 20-30 ??. OO no. o
nai?e iniiai?e ian? i?ieoea /a?ac e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei? aeo?iaee oa
e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei? a?aeae?ee /eneaiieo aaeocaaeo aeaioeaeiaaee?a.
Cae?eniaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui a eiioaeno? naiai
/ano e e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano “*a?aiiee oeyo” aoa iaeiei c
iaeaeaiie?aoe/i?oeo aeaeaiue ? iaeaieeaia?oei i?aai?caoi?ii
e?oa?aoo?iiai ?ooo. Na?aae oai??a, iaae?oeiaaieo o iueiio, aoei /eiaei
ne?iaeie, “aeeie”, yea ia oio?ea ia?aoai?thaaoenue o ii?oeaeyio. Aea
aoee e ni?aaaei? ooaeiaei? oe?iiino?, ui c aeo?iaeo ia?aeoee o aaeeeo
oe?a?inueeo e?oa?aoo?o.

Caeiaooeii ?iaioe “*a?aiiiai oeyoo” ne?ae aaaaeaoe ia eeoa ie?ai?
oaeaiiaeo? oai?e, ui cana?ae/eee ii?aeiaiiy iiaaoi?noaa e o?aaeeoe?e o
iiooeao iiaeo oeyo?a e?oa?aoo?e, a e aeoeaio o/anoue o noai?aii?
ie?aiiai oeio oai?/i? ethaeeie aeiae ?aianaino, i?i yeo ?.Eioae?aaoeue
ienaa: “Oea ethaeeia, yea oa?eoea a eiioe?eo c oioae?oa?iei ?aaeeiii,
oi/ i?ioe iueiai ia aenooiaea, a iaaiaee, noa?aeanue noiyoe inoi?iiue
iie?oeee. Oe?e ethaeei? … aoa aeanoeaee ?iaeea?aeoae?ci,
iacaeaaei?noue aeoiaiiy. *oaea ?e aoea ia?o?eia aeiaia, ui aeiaaaea
iineooo e iiei?e.”1

Aieiaia ?noi?e/ia caneoaa /aniieno a oiio,ui a?i ci?a noaoe
i?aai?caoi?ii ? o?eaoiith ia?aaeiai? oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe??:
ienueiaiiee?a, ?noi?ee?a, a?iiaaenueei-eoeueoo?ieo ae?y/?a;a?aenoithaaa
i?aaa ia?iaeo ia aeanio iiao, e?oa?aoo?o. “*a?aiiee oeyo” iaeaaeeoue aei
oeo ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue, ye? ni?eyee ?icaeoeia? iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e ? c?iaeee a?aeiee aianie o e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean aiioe, yeith
noaee 20-? ?iee oe?a?inueeiai ?aianaino.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. “*a?aiiee oeyo”? e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean 20-30 ??.// Anana?o. —
1998-N11.-c.137-140 (0,25 ae?. a?eooa).

2. *a?aiiee oeyo oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e //Oe?a?inueea iiaa oa
e?oa?aoo?a. — 1997.-N33.-N.1-2 (0,3 ae?. a?eooa).

3. Aeeneon?y 20-30 ??. i?i oi?io ? ci?no ca iaoa??aeaie aeo?iaeo
“*a?aiiee oeyo” //Neiai ? /an.-1999.-?3.-N. (0,2 a?eooa).

4. “*a?aiiee oeyo”: i?iaeaie i?noa e naea //Neiai e
/an.-1998.-N11.-N.95-99 (0,3 ae?. a?eooa).

5. ?noi??y noai?aiiy oa i?noea /aniieno “*a?aiiee oeyo” a eiioaeno?
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy 20-30 ?ie?a OO noie?ooy a Oe?a?i?
//Iaoeia? /eoaiiy-1998. Ui??/ia eiioa?aioe?y iieiaeeo o/aieo
Oe?a?ie.-E., 1999.-N.144-151 (0,5 ae?. a?eooa).

6. ?c caaooeo ?iai 20-o: iiao Ieeiea
Naeei//A?o/ecia.-1998-N11.-N.131-136 (0,5 ae?. a?eooa).

Aiioaoe?y

Eiueinueea I.A. AEo?iae “*a?aiiee oeyo” oa e?oa?aoo?iee i?ioean 20-30
??. a Oe?a?i?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.01 — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a. — ?inoeooo
e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aieiaiei i?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy i?noey
e ?ie? aeo?iaeo “*a?aiiee oeyo” o e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean? 20-30 ??. OO
no. a Oe?a?i?. O ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?i? oa
noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeieeiaiiy /aniieno; iieacaii ca’ycee
“*a?aiiiai oeyoo” c ia??iaee/ieie i?aaiaie — iiia?aaeieeaie e
no/anieeaie. Aeena?oaioea i?iaiae?coaaea ? caaea a iicia/aio aeayeeie
caeiiii??iinoyie nenoaio cia/iee ca ianyaii ? e?euee?noth iaca
e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/iee iaoa??ae. Caaaeyee oeueiio noaei iiaeeeaei
aena?oeeoe o? iai?yie, a ??/eu? yeeo ?icaeaaeanue oe?a?inueea anoaoe/ia
aeoiea oiai /ano, anoaiiaeoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? oe?a?inueeiai
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano 20-30 ??., iieacaoe ?o cia/aiiy aeey anueiai
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?e OO no.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea ia??iaeeea, e?oa?aoo?iee
i?ioean, noeeueia? iai?yie, aaoo?a, aeo?iaeueia e?oa?aoo?a.

Aiiioaoeey

Eiueineay I.A. AEo?iae : “*a?aiiue oeyo” e eeoa?aoo?iue i?ioeann 20-30
aa. a Oe?aeia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01. — Oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. — Einoeooo
eeoa?aoo?u. O.A.Oaa/aiei IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Iauaeoeaiia eco/aiea enoi?ee aicieeiiaaiey, oi?ie?iaaiey e
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey naiuo aaaeiuo oe?aeineeo ia?eiaee/aneeo
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo e eeoa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/aneeo aeo?iaeia ia?eiaea ia?auo
iinea?aaiethoeeiiiuo aeanyoeeaoee – iaeia ec aaaeiuo iao/iuo i?iaeai
aeo?iaeenoeee e eeoa?aoo?iaaaeaiey iaoaai a?aiaie. Aaaeue oe?aeineay
niaaoneay eeoa?aoo?a a iniiaiie ianna i?ioea /a?ac iiiai/eneaiiua
ia?eiaee/aneea i?aaiu. Iaeiei ec iaeaieaa ecaanoiuo ecaeaiee oiai
a?aiaie aue aeo?iae “*a?aiiue oeyo”.

Aeaaiui i?aaeiaoii aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony
ii?aaeaeaiea ianoa e ?iee aeo?iaea “*a?aiiue oeyo” a eeoa?aoo?iii
i?ioeanna 20-30 aa. a Oe?aeia. A ?aaioa ?anniio?aii enoi?eei-eoeueoo?iua
e iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea i?aaeiinueee aicieeiiaaiey aeo?iaea;
iieacaii aai nayce n ia?eiaee/aneeie i?aaiaie — i?aaeoanoaaiieeaie e
nia?aiaiieeaie. Aeenna?oaioea i?iaiaeece?iaaea e naaea a ioee/athuothny
iaeioi?uie caeiiiia?iinoyie nenoaio cia/eoaeueiue ii eiee/anoao iacaaiee
eeoa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/aneee iaoa?eae. Aeaaiaea?y yoiio noaei aiciiaeii
ii?aaeaeeoue iai?aaeaiey, a ?onea eioi?uo ?acaeaaeanue oe?aeineay
ynoaoe/aneay iuneue oiai a?aiaie; iieacaoue eo cia/aiea aeey anaai
iineaaeothuaai ?acaeoey oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u OO aaea.

Enneaaeiaaiea iaaeyaeii i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaei, /oi a eiioaenoa naiaai
a?aiaie e eeoa?aoo?iiai aeaeaeaiey iaaeaiaiiiai ia?eiaea “*a?aiiue oeyo”
aue iaeiei ec iaeaieaa aeaiie?aoe/aneeo ecaeaiee oaeiai oeia. AEo?iae
aue aeoeaiui oaeoi?ii oi?ie?iaaiey eeoa?aoo?iuo aeonia e eeoa?aoo?iie
iiaeu. N?aaee i?iecaaaeaiee, iaia/aoaiiuo a iai, auei iaiaei oaeeo, /oi
i?eiaaeeaaeao oieueei naiaio a?aiaie e nae/an ea?atho ?ieue
enoi?e/aneiai oaeoa. Ii auee e iiaeeeiiua ooaeiaeanoaaiiua oeaiiinoe,
eioi?ua ec aeo?iaea ia?aoee a aieueooth eeoa?aoo?o.

Eeoa?aoo?ioth “aiaoiinoue” aeo?iaea ii?aaeaeeee ?aciua ii
aeai?iai-noeeenoe/aneei, oaiaoe/aneei iai?aaeaieyi eo/oea iiyoe/aneea e
i?iciaua i?iecaaaeaiey A.Ieaeiiaeeueiiai, I.Oaueaaiai, I.?ueueneiai,
I.Ou/eiu, A.Ninth?u, A.Aioiiaiea-Aeaauaeiae/a, O.Inueia/ee e iiiaeo
ae?oaeo aaoi?ia.

Aeey anao ieo, ca iaaieueoei eneeth/aieai, oa?aeoa?ia iaoeeiiaeueiay
i?iaeaiaoeea, ecia?aaeaiea aeeciaiii aaaeiuo iauanoaaiiuo i?ioeai?a/ee
oiai a?aiaie, aunieia iaoeeiiaeueiia iai?yaeaiea a ia?aaea/a
iaiiaoi?eiiai aaoi?neiai ii/a?ea.

Inaauaiea iaecaanoiuo iiiaioia ec enoi?ee aeo?iaea “*a?aiiue oeyo”,
?ane?uoea aai i?ia?aiiiuo iieiaeaiee, oaiaeaioeee oi?ie?iaaiey
?aaeaeoeeiiiiai eiieoaoa e aaoo?u, iniuneaiea eo acaeyaeia ia caaeaiea
ia?eiaee/aneeo i?aaiia aeatho iniiaaiey ooaa?aeaeaoue: “*a?aiiue oeyo”
ia?a?in ?aaeaiaoe?iaaiiua ia?ae/iui caiuneii oceea ?aiee auoue
i?aaenoaaeoaeai oao, “eoi oi/ao e niiniaai eaeoe ii e?aniiio iooe
niaaoneiai eoeueoo?iiai no?ieoaeuenoaa” (ec ?aaeaeoeeiiiie noaouee
ia?aiai iiia?a). Ii ooaa?aeeeny ia iiceoeeyo iauaoe?aeineiai ecaeaiey
aa?iiaeneiai oeia, noae aeaoaoaai iiaaeoeo anoaoe/aneeo eiioeaioeee,
au?aceoaeai oe?ieiai niaeo?a acaeyaeia ia eeoa?aoo?o.

Iai?aaeaiea aeo?iaea ii?aaeaeyaony ia oieueei iaueie
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeie i?aaeiinueeaie, ii e iai?aaeaieai
aeayoaeueiinoe, ii?aaeaeaiiui ?aaeaeoi?aie e nio?oaeieeaie, ia oieueei
aiaoiae enoi?eae, a e aioo?aiiei niaea?aeaieai, oa?aeoa?ii aeo?iaea.

Aeaaiay enoi?e/aneay caneoaa aai ninoieo a oii, /oi ii niia noaoue
i?aaiecaoi?ii ia?aaeiauo oe?aeineeo ienaoaeae, enoi?eeia,
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo aeayoaeae.

“*a?aiiue oeyo” i?eiaaeeaaeeo e oai ia?eiaee/aneei ecaeaieyi, eioi?ua
niinianoaiaaee ?acaeoeth oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u e aianee nouanoaaiiue
aeeaae a eeoa?aoo?iue i?ioeann yiioe, eioi?ie noaee aiaeu oe?aeineiai
aic?iaeaeaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiay ia?eiaeeea, eeoa?aoo?iue
i?ioeann, noeeaaua iai?aaeaiey, aaoo?a, aeo?iaeueiay eeoa?aoo?a.

Annotation

Loschynska N.V. Journal “Chervonyi Shliakh” and the Literary Process of
the 20-30 th years in Ukraine. Thesis for a candidate degree in
phililigy by speciality 10.01.01. — Ukrainian Literature. The Institute
of Literature named after T.G.Shevchenko of the National Academy of
Ukraine.

The main task of the investigation is the defining of the place and role
of the journal “ Chervonyi Shliakh” in the Ukrainian literary context of
the 20-30th years of the turntieth century.

The historico-cultural and social- political prereguisites of the
emergence of the periodical havt been examined in the thesis; the ties
of the journal “ chervonyi Shliakh”with its predecessrs and
contempaparies have ben exposed in it. The candidate has analysed the
considerable by its size and number of names literary-critical material
and systematised it marking the certain regularities. Thanks to this it
has become possible to reach the high level of generalization,
namely,to expose the ways of development of the then Ukrainian
aesthetic thought, to establish the main tendencies of the Ukrainian
literary process of the 20-30th years and to show their significance for
the furtherdevelopment of the literature of the 20-th century.

Key words: literary-artistic periodical, literary process, “ avtura”,
context, journal literature.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *