Вплив електричних полів на вологообмінні процеси в металонаповнених гнучколанцюгових полімерах: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-мат. наук / І.М. Панченко,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo

Iai/aiei

?ai? Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE
541.64:537.212:852.82

Aieea aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a ia aieiaiiai?ii? i?ioeane a

iaoaeiiaiiaiaieo aio/eieaioethaiaeo iie?ia?ao

01.04.19 — o?ceea iie?ia??a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

??aia — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a iaoeia?e eaai?aoi??? o?ceee aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe
eaoaae?e o?ceee

??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Eieoia?a Ai?en Na?a?eiae/,

?aeoi? ??aiainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio

AII Oe?a?ie Ooo Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueii?
o?ceee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ;

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Ianoa?ia Aiaoie?e ?aoeoiae/,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee ?OAN IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?i?? iiaa?oi? IAI Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e o?i?/ii? o?ceee iiaa?o i? aeenia?nieo nenoai, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 47.053.01 a ??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 266
000, i. ??aia, aoe. Inoaoiaa, 31, oaen (0362) 22-12-31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ??aiainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ca aae?anith: 266 000, i. ??aia,
aoe. Inoaoiaa, 31.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee eaiaeeaeao o?c.-iao. iaoe

aeioeaio
Ai?aethe I. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaoaeiiaiiaiai? iie?ia?i? eiiiiceoe?? (IIE) ye
no?oeoo?ii-iaiaeii??aei? eiiaeainiaai? nenoaie oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny a ??cieo aaeocyo iaoee ? oaoi?ee o aeaeyae?
??ciiiai?oieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? i?e aenieoaoaoe?? ? caa??aaii?
i?aeaeathoueny aieeao aieiae, oaiia?aoo?ieo oa neeiaeo iie?a. I?e
oeueiio aieiaiiai?i IIE c ioi/oth/ei na?aaeiaeuai nooo?ai ci?ith? ?oi?
aeo?aei? o?ceei-o?i?/i?, iaoai?/i? , oaieia? , aeaeo?e/i? ? iaai?oi?
aeanoeaino?. ??aiyiiy oaieiianiiai?io, ye? eaaeaoue a iniia?
i?iaeooaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa, aenieoaoaoe?? oa caa??aaiiy iie?ia?ieo
ae?ia?a, ia a?aoiaothoue aieeao aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a (AI) ia eiao?oe??ioe
aieiaiiai?io IIE.Oiio iaiao?aeii aeyaeoe iaoai?cie ? caeiiii??iino?
aieiaiiai?io IIE c ia?iiia?o?yiei na?aaeiaeuai a oiiaao ae?? AI c iaoith
/?oeiai e?euee?niiai i?iaiicoaaiiy /ano ?o aeei?enoaiiy, cie?aia, a
?aae?iaeaeo?iii?e ? aeaeo?ioaoi?/i?e aia?aoo??. Oea aeicaieeoue oaeiae
iai?yieaii ?aaoethaaoe ni?aoe?eii — aeeooc?ei? aeanoeaino? ie?aie IIE
ai?noii iaiiaithaa/a oa aeaeo?e/iei iieai.

Oiio aeooaeueieie caeeoathoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? iia’ycai? c
noai?aiiyi oa aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeanoeainoae iiaeo aaoa?iaaiieo nenoai ia
iniia? iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeo?aeieo iie?ia??a noi?niith ae??th iaoaeaaiai
iaiiaithaa/a, aieiae, oaiia?aoo?e ? AI.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a ?aieao eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiai? eaai?aoi??? o?ceee
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe oa eaoaae?e o?ceee ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ca?aeii oai “Aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a iai?yieaii?
iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeanoeainoae aaoa?iaaiieo iie?ia?ieo ? aeenia?nieo nenoai”
? “Oeyoe iai?yieaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?aeaenaoe?eieo ? oa?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aaoa?iaaiieo iie?ia?ieo nenoai ia iniia? aio/eieaioethaiaeo
iie?ia??a”, oa ca?aeii aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “Iia?
?a/iaeie oa iaoa??aee o?i?/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa” ? aea?aeathaeaeaoii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie “Iai?yieaia
?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo oa oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae aaoa?iaaiieo
iie?ia?ieo nenoai i?ae ae??th aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo iie?a” (01.01.
1994 — 01.02. 1998).

?iaioa eii?aeeioaaeanue Iaoeiaith ?aaeith IAI Oe?a?ie “Iie?ia?i?
eiiiiceoe?ei? iaoa??aee” ? ? /anoeiith eiiieaenii? oaie “Oeyoe
iai?yieaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?aeaenaoe?eieo ? oa?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
aaoa?iaaiieo iie?ia?ieo nenoai ia iniia? aio/eieaioethaiaeo iie?ia??a”
(iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 05.86.0000210).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

— ia iniia? iie?a?i?eoei?eaeo (IAO) c aeei?enoaiiyi aenieiaeenia?niiai
iaoaeaaiai iaiiaithaa/a (AAeII) anoaiiaeoe iaoai?ci ? caeiiii??iino?
aieeao AI ia ni?aoe?eii – aeeooc?ei? ? aieiaii?iieei? aeanoeaino? ie?aie
IIE ??cieo oiauei i?e ?o aieiaiiai?i? c iia?o?yiei na?aaeiaeuai ??cii?
aieiaino? o oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?, yeee ioiieth? neeiiiae?aiee ?
aenieiaeanoe/iee noaie;

— iaea?aeaoe caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??io?a ni?aoe??, aeeooc?? ?
aieiaii?iieeiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?ace?a a?ae aaee/eie iai?oaeaiino?
ciai?oiueiai AI ? eiioeaio?aoe?? AAeII ca aeua aecia/aieo oiia;

— aeei?enoiaoth/e iiaeaeue iaiiaiaiiai iie?ia?a c o?aooaaiiyi iaaeiaeo
oa??a, anoaiiaeoe iaoai?cie aca?iiae?? eiiiiiaio ia iaae? iiae?eo oac
iie?ia?-iaiiaithaa/-aiaea oa oa?aeoa? ci?ie ii?enoi? no?oeoo?e
iie?ia?ii? iao?eoe? IIE i?ae aieeaii AAeII aac iie?a ? a oiiaao ae??
AI;

— ia iniia? ae??eiai? iiaeae? iie?ia?a aeyaeoe iiaeeeaino?
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ni?aoe?? ? aeeooc?? aieiae c aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo
aeae?a aeaeo?e/ieo ?ic?yae?a oa iiaeeea? iaoai?cie o?ce/ieo ? o?i?/ieo
i?ioean?a a ie?aeao iaoaeiiaiiaiaieo IAO -eiiiiceoe?e;

— ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey iai?yieaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aieiaiiai?iieo
aeanoeainoae IIE ia iniia? IAO ai?noii AAeII oa AI.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— aeine?aeaeai? iiaeeeaino? iiaeeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo?e ? ci?ie
aieiaiiai?iieo aeanoeainoae IAO ? eiai iaoaeiiaiiaiaieo eiiiiceoe?e i?e
ae?? AI a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? cia/aiue iai?oaeaiinoae ca?aeii aecia/aieo
aeua oiia;

— anoaiiaeaiee aieea AI ia aca?iiae?th oac iie?ia? — iaoaeaaee
iaiiaithaa/ — ni?aiaaia aiaea;

— aeyaeaiee aieea AI ia aieiaiiai?ii? i?ioeane ye a iaiaiiaiaieo,
oae ? iaoaeiiaiiaiaieo ie?aeao IAO;

— c’yniaaiee oa?aeoa? aieeao aeaeo?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue
ia iiaa?oi? /anoeiie iaoaeo oa a ia’?i? iie?ia?o ia i?ioeane ni?aoe?? ?
aeeooc?? aieiae a ie?aeao IAO – eiiiiceoe?e;

— aeyaeaia ?ieue ?aeaenaoe?eiiai noaio IAO, iai?iieo ?ii?a, aeaeo?i-,
aiaei- ? iaoaeiiiaeeo?eaoe?? iie?ia?ii? iao?eoe? a iai?yieai?e ci?i?
ni?aoe?eii-aeeooc?eieo aeanoeainoae IIE;

— aecia/aia ?ieue /anoeiie iaoaeo o iie?ia??, ye aeaea?ae
iaiaeii??aeieo AI, ? iaaeiaeo oa??a o oi?ioaaii? ii?enoi? no?oeoo?e IIE
oa a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aieiaiiai?iieo i?ioean?a o ciai?oi?o AI;

— iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??io?a aieiaiiai?io iaiaiiaiaieo ?
iaiiaiaieo ie?aie IAO ??cieo oiauei a?ae iai?oaeaiino? AI,
eiioeaio?aoe?e AAeII , aieiainoae ? oaiia?aoo?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai?
aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a aieiaiiai?io ie?aie
aeo?aeiiai IAO ? IIE a aei?ic?yaeieo ? ?ic?yaeieo AI.

Noai?aia iiaeaeue i?ioean?a, anoaiiaeai? e?eoe/i? a?aeiini? aieiaino?,
oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y ? iai?oaeaiino? AI, ye? iaoiiaeththoue
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee ?iciiae?e ca aoaeoaie aeiaeaoeiai? aaeni?aoe?? /e
aeani?aoe?? aieiae c IIE o ciai?oiueiio AI.

Iieacaii, ui iiaeeo?eaoe?th aeanoeainoae IIE iiaeia cae?enieoe noi?niith
ae??th AI, aieiaiai?noo, iaoaeiai?noo oa oaiia?aoo?e.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe oa?i?ie aieiaicaoenoo,
a ioaea, aoaeoeaii? ? iaae?eii? ?iaioe ?aae?iaeaeo?iiii? ?
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aia?aoo?e.

Aeaeo?i-, aiaei- ? iaoaeiiiaeeo?eiaai? ie?aee IAO iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe
ye aoaeoeai? ? aeaoaa? aaeni?aaioe oa o?eueo?oth/? iaia?aie.

Aieea AI a i?ioean? ni?aoe?? aieiae ia oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e IIE ?
i?aeoacio aca?iiae?th iiaea aooe canoiniaaiee aeey ci?ie aaee/eie
aaeaac?? i?ae iie?ia?iith iao?eoeath ? iaiiaithaa/ai i?e i?iaeooaaii?
iiaeo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
noai?aiiy iie?ia?ieo nenoai c i?iaiiciaaiei eiiieaenii oa?aeoa?enoee a
?aieao aea?aeathaeaeaoii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie “Iai?yieaia ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo oa oaieio?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae aaoa?iaaiieo iie?ia?ieo nenoai i?ae ae??th aeaeo?e/ieo oa
iaai?oieo iie?a” (01. 01.1994 – 01.02.1998).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oai?/?e oa aaciina?aaei?e o/ano?
o i?iaaaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c?
oa ioi?ieaii? ?acoeueoao?a o aeaeyae? ioae?eaoe?e ? aeiiia?aeae;
ocaaaeueiaii? ye ie?aieo aoai?a aeine?aeaeaiue, oae ? iaoa??ae?a
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a oe?eiio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia: ??? I?inueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?oi?
“Oaieiianniiaiai — IIO-96” (1996, a. Ieine); ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aia?aiiai?ii? i?ioeane a aaoa?iaaiieo iie?ia?ieo ?
aeenia?nieo nenoaiao (aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy o?ceei — o?i?? aaoa?iaaiieo
iie?ia?ieo ? aeenia?nieo nenoai)” (1997, i. ??aia); ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo, ani??aio?a ? nooaeaio?a “Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy o?ceei-o?i?? aaoa?iaaiieo nenoai” (1998, i.??aia); ia SYMBOL 73
\f «Symbol» \s 11 I SYMBOL 73 \f «Symbol» \s 11 I SYMBOL 73 \f
«Symbol» \s 11 I Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ooiaeaiaioaeueia ?
i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea oao?aoe?a c o?ceee” (1998, i. Ee?a); ia ?
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “?aeaenaoe?ei? yaeua eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio
?a/iaeie” (1998, i. Iieoaaa), ia ui??/ieo ca?oieo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ??aiainueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo (1994-1998??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 17 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeyo a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa iaoa??aeao
aeiiia?aeae eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Iiaiee
ia’?i ?iaioe neeaaea? 195 noi??iie ? ai?uo?: 126 noi??iie oaenoiaiai
iaoeiiae?oeo, 27 ?enoie?a, 3 oaaeeoe? oa 184 aeaea?aea aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? cae?eniaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii
?? iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio oa
i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, a yeeo
?icaeyaea?oueny aieiaiiai?i IIE i?ae ae??th AI, a oaeiae iiaeeo?eaoe?y
aeanoeainoae iie?ia??a AAeII ? iiaeaeue iaoaeiiaiiaiaii? iie?ia?ii?
nenoaie. ?icaeyiooee aieea AAeII ia aeaeo?e/i? aeanoeaino? iie?ia?ieo
nenoai, iiaeeo?eaoe?y aaoa?iaaiieo iie?ia?ieo nenoai AI oa
aieiaiai?noii. Ia iniia? ae??eiai? iiaeae?

aeeooc?? cae?eniaia i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaaae?iee aieiaiiai?iieo aeanoeainoae
iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e i?ae aieeaii AI. I?ioa caeeoathoueny ia
c’yniaaieie iniiai? iaoai?cie ? caeiiii??iino? i?ioean?a, ye? ae?thoue
a nenoai? IIE- aieiaa iia?o?y — AI; a?aenooi?e ?o e?euee?niee iien oa ia
aeyaeai? iiaeeeaino? aeaeo?e/iiai ?ic?yaeo ye aoaeoeaiiai caniao
oi?aae?iiy aieiaiiai?iieie i?ioeanaie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaiee aea?? ia’?eo?a oa iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iienaia iaoiaeeea iaea?aeaiiy ie?aie IIE .

Iniiaiei ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aoa aea?aiee e?i?eiee
aio/eieaioethaiaee iie?ia? IAO noniaic?eii? iie?ia?ecaoe?? ia?ee N-65 c
II 1,4( SYMBOL 183 \f «Courier New» \s 11 · 105, yeee iiia?aaeiuei
i/euaee ia?ainaaeaeiaiiyi c ?ic/eio. Iaiiaithaa/ai neoaeea
i?iieneiaee aenieiaeenia?niee ii?ioie i?ae? (Cu) c na?aaei?i ?ici??ii
/anoeiie 7 iei.

Ie?aee iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e oiaueiith 10 ( 100 iei aiooaaee iaoiaeii
iaoai?/iiai ci?ooaaiiy IAO c Cu c ianooiiei oi?ioaaiiyi a O-? ?aaeei?
i?e oaiia?aoo?? 403 E ? oeneo 10 IIa. Oaeaee?noue ioieiaeaeaiiy c?ace?a
aei 293 E noaiiaeea 3 E/oa. sse?noue c?ace?a eiio?iethaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoaeia?ao?/iiai i?e?ineiia IEI-8I oa oeueo?acaoeiaiai
aeaoaeoineiia. Oiaueio ie?aie d aecia/aee ia aei??thaaeueiiio noaiae? ia
iniia? eaca?iiai ?ioa?oa?iiao?a Iaeeaeueniia c oi/i?noth ( SYMBOL 108
\f «Symbol» \s 11 l /15, aea ( SYMBOL 108 \f «Symbol» \s 11 l = 0,63
iei.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeinyaaeanue ca aeiiiiiaith eeane/iiai iaoiaeo
aaeooiieo ni?aoe?eieo oa?ac?a Iae-Aaia(Aae?a c iie?aaeaiiaeie
i?oaeeiaie. Oe? oa?ace aoee oaeineiiaeai? ? iaeaaeiai? i?eno?iyie, ye?
aeicaieyee noai?thaaoe AI ??cii? iai?oaeaiino? A a ie?aoe? IIE. Ie?aea
?ici?uoaaeanue a ieineiio eiiaeainaoi?? c ia?oi?iaaieie aeaeo?iaeaie
?iaianueeiai, ye? i?aea?ooaaaaeenue aei e?ioey iie?aaeaiiai? i?oaeeie. A
aeine?aeao aaee/eia A ciai?oiueiai iino?eiiai /e ci?iiiai (50 Aoe)
iaeii??aeiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey (IAI) iaae?aea cia/aiue a?ae ioey ? aei
aaee/eie i?iaith ie?aee Ai?. Iioeaea aei??thaaiiy a AI c 0( A ( SYMBOL
163 \f «Symbol» \s 11 F 1( SYMBOL 215 \f «Symbol» \s 11 * 105 A/i
noaiiaeea 1 ( 3%. I?e A ( SYMBOL 187 \f «Symbol» \s 11 ” Ai? iioeaea ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 15 % . Aeey 1(1 SYMBOL 215 \f «Symbol» \s 11 * 05 A/i < A < A i? iioeaea aei??thaaiue iaea i?ii?aeia cia/aiiy. Aeei?enoaia onoaiiaea caaacia/eea eiiieaeni?noue aeine?aeaeaiue aieiaiiai?iieo ia?aiao??a i?e ae?? AI ia IIE a ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth ??cieoe? oene?a c iaio noi??i ie?aee, ui aeeeth/aei ?? aeaoi?iaoe?th.Oaiia?aoo?iee ?ioa?aae aenia?eiaio?a neeaaeaa 293 ( SYMBOL 184 \f "Symbol" \s 11 ? 373 E. A?aeiinia aieia?noue SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j ci?ithaaeanue a iaaeao 0 < ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j <1. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ? aiae?cothoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iino?eieo ? ci?iieo IAI ia a?a?ioa?i?/io ??aiiaaao oa e?iaoeeo ni?aoe?? aieiae IAO ? IAO - eiiiiceoe?yie. ?en.1. ?cioa?ie ni?aoe?? N(() ie?aee IAO+Cu –eiiiiceoe?? oiaueiith 88 iei i?e o?eniaaiiio cia/aii? oaiia?aoo?e O iia?o?y oa ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo iaiiaithaa/a ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j i ? aaee/eiao iai?oaeaiino? A iino?eiiai iaeii??aeiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey: 1- 0-1(104; 2-1(105; 3-1(106; 4-1(107; 5-1(108; 6-1,6(108; 7-1,8(108. Ia iniia? no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? iie?ia?ieo nenoai cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aieeao aei?ic?yaeieo iino?eieo IAI ia aaee/eio ? oaeaee?noue ni?aoe?? aiaeyii? ia?e. Ca?aeii ia?, o aieiaiio iia?o?? ia iiaa?oiyo ie?aee caaaeaee ?nio? oa? aeaeo?ie?oo, ca?aeee ca ?aooiie neee fe = zeE a?ae?aoiaai? ?iie i?iieeathoue o a?eueiee ia’?i iie?ia?a. O ci?iiiio iie? aeaeo?iaeeooc?y oaeiae ?nio? aiane?aeie iii?oii? oi?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino? IAO. O aa?’??iiio ?ic?yae? ? ia ii/aoeo ?icaeoeo /anoeiaeo ?ic?yae?a e?euee?noue ?iieaioiaaieo a iiaa?oiaa? oa?e ? ia’?i iie?ia?ii? ie?aee a?ae?aoiaaieo ?ii?a cia/ii c?inoa?, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei iiaeaeueoiai c?inoaiiy aieiaiai?noo IAO. Oeueiio ni?eythoue oaeiae i?ioeane o?ce/ii? ? o?i?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? iie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeo, ye? i?eaiaeyoue aei ??ceiai ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aeaoaeo?a no?oeoo?e ? ianiaiai ooai?aiiy ia iiaa?oi? ? a ia’?i? a?ae?io?eueieo ?iiii-iieaeoey?ieo eiiieaen?a. A?aeiini? ci?ie oei a?eueo?, /ei oiioa iie?ia?ia ie?aea, a oea cia/ii ci?ith? oiiae iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ? ia?aiino ca?yae?a o ii??aiyii? c aei/iei iaoa??aeii. Aieea aeaeo?e/ieo ?ic?yae?a ia nenoaio aieiaa iia?o?y - iie?ia?ia ie?aea aeeeeea? nooo?aa ci?uaiiy aaeni?aoe?eii? ??aiiaaae. I?ioa ia a?aei?io a?ae aei?ic?yaeiiai IAI a iaeano? neeueieo AI ?niothoue aaeni?aoe?ei? ? aeani?aoe?ei? aoaeoe, ye? ?iciaaeiaothoueny e?eoe/ieie cia/aiiyie oaeeo ia?aiao??a, ye ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j e?, Oe?, Ae?. ?nio? oaeiae a?aie/ia oiaueia de?, ii/eiath/e c yei? noeioethth/ee ni?aoe?th aieea AI i?aeoe/ii ia i?iyaey?onuey a ca’yceo c iae?noth a?aeiinii? oiaueie aeaeo?iiiaeeo?eiaaiiai oa?o iie?ia?a. C’yniaai? iaoai?cie i?ioean?a aeani?aoe?? iieaeoe aiaee ? “a?ae’?iii?” ni?aoe?? iie?ia?a. Aiie coiiaeai? ye ?iiii-aeaeo?iiiei aiiaa?aeoaaiiyi iiaa?oi? iie?ia?ii? ie?aee, oae ? oaieiaith ae??th *? a ia’?i? iie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeo oa aeaeo?io?i?/iei noa??iiyi ? aeia?iaoaaiiyi i?iaeoeo?a ?oeioaaiiy iae?iiieaeoe IAO. Oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue aaee/eie ni?aoe?? N(O) IAO iii?oia i?e A > SYMBOL 215 \f
«Symbol» \s 11 * 103 A/i. Aiia i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac i?i?ioi a iaeano?
?icneeoaaiiy iie?ia?a, a iio?i a iaeano? aenieiaeanoe/iiai noaio
c?inoa?. Iaea?eueoa caeaaei?noue N(O) oa?aeoa?ia aeey (e? ? Ae?, a
iaeiaioa — aeey iaeeo ( << (e? ? A << Ae?. Oea aeaco? ia ieanoeo?eoth/o ae?th aieiae ? ?ic?yaeieo AI. Aieea ci?iiiai AI, ye ia nai? aaee/eie, oae ? ia ?o oaiia?aoo?io caeaaei?noue, iaioee i?ae o aeiaaeeo iino?eiiai AI. I?ney i?eieiaiiy ae?? AI a IAO i?iyaey?oueny aoaeo i?neyae??, yeee iieyaa? a cia/iiio ia?aaeuaii? aieiaiai?noo aeaeo?i- ? aieiaiiiaeeo?eiaaiiai c?acea o ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiei IAO i?e o?eni- aaieo SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j ( ? O oa o aaeeeiio /an? ?aeaenaoe?? aieiaiai?noo. AAeII ia?aoai?th? IAO a eiei?aeia eai?ey?ii-ii?enoa o?ei c oei a?eueoith ii?eno?noth, /ei a?eueoa eiioeaio?aoe?y ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j i eiei?aeieo /anoeiie iaoaeo. Aiie o?ainoi?iothoue ciai?oi? IAI o iiooaei? aioo??oi? eieaeuei? iaiaeii??aei? aeaeo?e/i? iiey (IAI), ye? i?e ca?eueoaii? ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j i ioiieththoue ia o?eueee iaaeia? oa?e, a e iaeano? ii?enoiai ia’?io iie?ia?iiai ca’ycoth/iai. Ia iniia? iiaeaeueieo oyaeaiue (noa?e/i? /anoeie a aaoa?iaaii?e iie?ia?i?e nenoai? neiao?e/ii ?ici?uai? o aa?oeiao eoa?a c aaee/eiith ?aa?a, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j i, ye ? a?aae??io ( SYMBOL 209 \f "Symbol" \s 11 N A IAI) ?ic?iaeaiee o?ce/iee iaoai?ci aieeao aei?ic?yaeiiai IAI ia aaee/eio ni?aoe??. Aiia, ii??aiyii c IAI, nooo?ai ca?eueoo?oueny ca ?aooiie aeiaeaoeiai? neee f = pe(A, yea aoyao? iaeo?aeuei? iieaeoee aiaee c aeeiieueiei iiiaioii pe o iie?ia? aei /anoeiie AAeII. A ?ic?yaeieo AI iaeeaaeaiiy ua ?yaeo i?ioean?a (aeaeo?io?i?/ia noa??iiy iie?ia?iiai iaoa??aeo, ?ic/eiaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy /anoeiie AAeII, ooai?aiiy ia?eieyoe?eieo no?oeoo? c ieo ?, ye iane?aeie, c?inoath/a oaieiaa ae?y no?oio, a ioaea, ? oa?iiaeano?oeoe?y iie?ia?iiai ca’ycoth/iai oa ?io?) i?eaiaeyoue aei aeieeiaiiy iecee eiieo?oth/eo iaoai?ci?a, ye? iiaeooue ye ca?eueooaaoe, oae ? ciaiooaaoe aaee/eio N o ii??aiyii? c iaiaiiaiaiei IAO. *ei a?eueoa aaee/eia ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j i, oei aeey iaioeo (, A, SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j ? O ianoa? ?oeioaaiiy iie?ia?ii? iao?eoe?, aeani?aoe?y i?iaeoeo?a ?oeioaaiiy ? i?ia?e IAO-eiiiiceoe??. Caeaaeiino? N(d) ? N(O) aeey IAO - eiiiiceoe?e ye?nii ? e?euee?nii a?aei?ii? o ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiei IAO. Oea aeaco? ia ae??oaeueio ?ieue, na?aae ?ioeo oaeoi??a, aieeao SYMBOL 209 \f "Symbol" \s 11 N (A aioo??oi?o IAI, ye? ia 1( SYMBOL 184 \f "Symbol" \s 11 ? 6 ii?yaee?a ia?aaa?oothoue iaeneiaeueii aeinyaei? (A o iia?o??. Aaee/eie oaiia?aoo? neeoaaiiy On IIE caeaaeaoue ye a?ae ieanoeo?eoth/i? ae?? aieiae ? aeaoaeoiooai?thth/i? ?ie? ?ic?yaeieo AI, oae ? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? /anoeiie Cu, ca?aeii ae?aco On = (353(1+(i SYMBOL 215 \f "Symbol" \s 11 * 10-3) - n( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j 2- SYMBOL 97 \f "Symbol" \s 11 a (A) E, aea ( SYMBOL 97 \f "Symbol" \s 11 a = 9( SYMBOL 215 \f "Symbol" \s 11 * 10-8 i/A, n = 9,87 – na?aaei? a?ae?aoaoe?eia /enei ?ii?a. ?cioa?ie ni?aoe?? - aeani?aoe?? IAO - eiiiiceoe?e, io?eiai? i?ney ae?? ?ic?yaeieo iino?eieo ? ci?iieo AI iieacothoue, ui aieiaiai?noe aeaeo?i-, aieiai- ? iaoaeiiiaeeo?eiaaieo c?ace?a IAO ia?aaa?oothoue aieiaiai?noe iaiaiiaiaieo ie?aie, ye? ia i?aeaeaaaeenue ae?? iiey, a?ae aeae?eueeio ?ac?a aei 1(2 ii?yaee?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j , ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j i ? O. C iiaeeo?eiaaiiai ??aiyiiy Ia?inoa-Ieaiea aeey iioieo a?ae?aoiaaieo ?ii?a /a?ac iie?ia?io ie?aeo iaea?aeaee, ui eiao?oe??io aee?oc?? aieiae caeaaeeoue a?ae iai?oaeaiino? IAI. aea DA.AI ? DA - eiao?oe??ioe aee?oc?? aieiae, a (AI ? ( -aeiaaeeie a?eueieo i?ia?a?a a?ae?aoiaaieo ?ii?a a AI ? aacue iueiai. Aiae?c e?eaeo e?iaoeee ni?aoe?? iieacaa, ui aei?ic?yaei? AI ? ?ic?yaei? IAI i?enei?ththoue aioo??oi?e aieiaiiai?i a IAO – eiiiiceoe?yo aeey 0 ( (i ( SYMBOL 163 \f "Symbol" \s 11 F 15 ia.%, nooo?ai (a?ae aeae?eueeio aiaeei aei aeanyoe?a naeoiae), nei?i/oth/e /an anoaiiaeaiiy aaeni?aoe?eii? ??aiiaaae ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ?ioaineo?eoth/a ae?y iie?a i?iyaey?oueny aeey an?o a?a?ineii?/ieo noai?a IIE ? c?inoa? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aaee/ei ( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j ,( SYMBOL 106 \f "Symbol" \s 11 j i,O ? A. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a ia eiao?oe??ioe aieiaiiai?io a iaoaeiiaiiaiaiiio IAO. Aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? i?ioean?a ni?aoe??, aeeooc?? ? aieiaii?iieeiino? iieacaee, ui iiaaae?iea ye aeo?aeieo, oae ? iaoaeiiaiiaiaieo ie?aie IAO oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiao?oe??ioaie ni?aoe?? h, aeeooc?? aieiae D oa aieiaii?iieeiino? I. Aieea ciai?oiueiai IAI ia aaee/eio h aeo?aeiiai IAO i?iyaey?oueny eeoa i?e A > SYMBOL 62 \f «Symbol» \s 11 > 103 A/ SYMBOL 47 \f «Symbol» \s
11 / i. A iaea?eueo?e i??? eiao?oe??io ni?aoe?? c?inoa? i?e SYMBOL 106
\f «Symbol» \s 11 j ( = 0,1, a a iaeiaio?e — i?e SYMBOL 106 \f
«Symbol» \s 11 j ( = 0,99. Aeey ?aooe cia/aiue e?ea? h(lgE)
?ici?uothoueny iaeaea neiaaoii.

Oe? e?ea? iioiaeyoue /a?ac aeaa iine?aeiaieo iaeneioie, aaee- /eie
? iieiaeaiiy yeeo caeaaeaoue a?ae cia/aiue ( ? A. Ia?oee iaeneioi
coiiaeaiee eiieo?oth/ith aca?iiae??th aaeni?aoe?eiiai ? aeani?aoe?eiiai
aoaeo?a, aeeeeeaieo ?ic?yaeiei AI. C?inoaiiy ae?oaiai iaeneioio
caaacia/o?oueny ianiaei ia?inoaiiyi ii?enoino? iie?ia?ii? ie?aee ?
iiaeo aaeni?aoe?eieo oeaio??a ca ?aooiie iiyae a?ae?io?eueieo i?iaeoeo?a
?oeioaaiiy iae?iiieaeoe IAO i?ae aieeaii ?ioaineaieo /anoeiaeo
?ic?yae?a. Aeaeo?e/iee i?ia?e IAO coiiaeth? i?aeoe/ii ieoo?aa
ia?aoai?aiiy eiai ?c i?e?iii?enoiai a iae?iii?enoee a?ae?ioiaiee
iie?ia?.

Aeey cia/aiue A ( SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 11 F 103 A/i aaee/eia h
neaaei caeaaeeoue a?ae O ; aeey A > SYMBOL 179 \f «Symbol» \s 11 ? 103
A/i c ?inoii O oi?ia ? ii?yaeie ?ici?uaiiy e?eaeo h (lg E) nooo?ai ia
ci?ith?oueny. I?ioa aei On aaee/eie h i?e noaeeo ( SYMBOL 106 \f
«Symbol» \s 11 j ? A ciaioothoueny , ye ? aenioe iaeneioi?a; i?ney On
niinoa??aathoueny i?ioeeaaei? ci?ie h, ui aeaco? ia cia/io
/ooeea?noue eiao?oe??ioa ni?aoe?? aei ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?
o?ce/ii? no?oeoo?e iie?ia??a i?e ae?? ia ieo ?ic?yaeieo AI.

O ci?iiiio AI niinoa??aathoueny aiaeia?/i? caeaaeiino? h(lgE), aea
aaee/eie h aeaui ciaioothoueny i?e A = const, a AI? cieaeo?oueny
iaeaea ia ii?yaeie.

I?e A ( 103 A/i SYMBOL 47 \f «Symbol» \s 11 / ci?ia oiaueie (10 (100
iei) iie?ia?ii? ie?aee ia aieeaa? ia aaee/eio h. Aeey A > SYMBOL 62
\f «Symbol» \s 11 > 103 A/ SYMBOL 47 \f «Symbol» \s 11 / i aaee/eie h a
iniiaiiio ca?eueoothoueny ?c ciaioaiiyi d aei 10 iei; i?e d = 100 iei
cia/aiiy h ( h0 (aeey aeo?aeiiai IAO i?e A=0).

Oaaeeoey 1.

Caeaaei?noue a?aeiiniiai eiao?oe??ioa ni?aoe?? h / h0 a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? iaiiaithaa/a ? iai?oaeaiino? iino?eiiai iaeii??aeiiai
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey i?e O=293 E ? ( = 0,7.

lgA

(i ia.% 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

0 1 1 1 1,01 1,45 2,84 2,29 1,37 1,17

1 0,09 0,09 0,09 0,09 1,07 3,24 11,2 17,8 75,5

2 1,06 1,06 1,06 1,06 1,06 2,34 11,4 27,8 165

3 1,81 1,81 1,81 1,82 1,82 1,92 10,4 31,8 204

5 2,56 2,56 2,56 2,56 2,56 3,20 8,46 31,8 170

7 1,52 1,51 1,51 1,52 1,52 1,68 7,02 28,3 —

10 0,62 0,62 0,62 0,62 1,00 1,20 5,57 21,9 —

15 0,06 0,06 0,06 0,06 1,00 1,07 3,50 — —

A?eueo no??iea c?inoaiiy aaee/eie h aeey ie?aie IIE coiiaeaia cia/iith
iaiaeii??aei?noth aioo??oi?o AI ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ( SYMBOL 106 \f «Symbol»
\s 11 j i iaiiaithaa/a aaee/eie h ca?eueoothoueny aiane?aeie ?iciooaiiy
iie?ia?ii? iao?eoe? i?e ooai?aii? iaaeiaiai oa?o. I?ioa i?e ( > (
SYMBOL 106 \f «Symbol» \s 11 j e? cieea? ia?aeiiee iaeneioi, ui
coiiaeaii c?inoaiiyi oaieiaeae?eaiiy aiane?aeie ca?eueoaiiy
i?ia?aeiino? IIE, a oea aeeeeea? oa?iiaeani?aoe?th iieaeoe aiaee ?
oa?iiaeano?oeoe?th iie?ia?iiai ca’ycoth/iai.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaia oai?aoe/ia iieiaeaiiy, yea aaco?oueny
ia ae??eia?e iiaeae? aeeooc??, i?i cia/ia c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa
aeeooc?? aiaee ye /a?ac aeo?aeiee, oae ? iaoaeiiaiiaiaiee IAO a neeueieo
IAI. Ia iniia? oaei? iiaeae? ? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a oa
i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o iie?ia?iiio ca’ycoth/iio ? iaaeiaeo
oa?ao, ?ic?iaeaiee iiaeaeueiee i?aeo?ae aeey ?ic?aooieo aaee/eie
eiao?oe??ioa D aieiae a ie?aeao IIE ??cii? oiaueie aeey ??cieo
o?eniaaieo cia/aiue ia?aiao??a (, ( SYMBOL 106 \f «Symbol» \s 11 j i, A
? O.

A iaeano? neaaeeo (A < SYMBOL 60 \f "Symbol" \s 11 < 1(105 A/i) ? na?aaei?o (1( SYMBOL 215 \f "Symbol" \s 11 * 105 103 A/i ciaioothoueny, i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac
i?i?ioi a iaeano? ?icneeoaaiiy iie?ia?a, a iio?i a iaeano?
aenieiaeanoe/iiai noaio c?inoathoue. Aieea ci?iiiai AI iaioee i?ae o
aeiaaeeo iino?eiiai iiey.

8. AAeII coiiaeth? iiyao aeiaeaoeiaeo oaeoi??a aieeao AI ia
aieiaiiai?ii? ia?aiao?e ca ?aooiie ia?aoai?aiiy IAO — eiiiiceoe?? a
eiei?aeia eai?ey?ii-ii?enoa o?ei c oei a?eueoith ii?eno?noth, /ei
a?eueoa eiioeaio?aoe?y iaiiaithaa/a. I?e oeueiio eiei?aei? /anoeiee
iaoaeo ia?aoai?ththoue ciai?oi? IAI o iiooaei? aioo??oi? eieaeuei? IAI,
ye? ioiieththoue iaaeia? oa?e ? ii?enoee ia’?i ca’ycoth/iai, ui cia/ii
ca?eueoo? aieiaiiai?i IIE.

9. Caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??io?a aieiaiiai?io a IAI a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ?
oiaueie ie?aee IIE ye?nii ? e?euee?nii a?aei?ii? o ii??aiyii? c
iaiaiiaiaiei IAO. Oea aeaco? ia ae??oaeueio ?ieue na?aae ?ioeo
iaoai?ci?a aieeao a?aae??io?a aioo??oi?o IAI, ia?eieyoe?eieo no?oeoo? ?
a?eueoiai oaieiaeae?eaiiy i?e o?eniaaieo A ?ic?yaeiiai IAI.

10. O aeo?aeiiio ? iaoaeiiaiiaiaiiio IAO ?nio? aoaeo i?neyae?? iiey,
yeee i?iyaey?oueny o cia/iiio ia?aaeuaii? ii?enoino? ? aieiaiai?noo
aeaeo?i-, aieiai- ? iaoaeiiiaeeo?eiaaiiai c?acea o ii??aiyii? c
iaiaiiaiaiei IAO i?e o?eniaaieo a?aeiinieo aieiainoyo ? oaiia?aoo?ao
iia?o?y oa o aaeeeiio /an? ?aeaenaoe?? aieiaiai?noo. Oea a?aee?eaa?
iiaeeea?noue iai?yieaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aieiaiiai?iieo aeanoeainoae
ie?aie IAO oa aeei?enoaiiy oaeei /eiii iiaeeo?eiaaieo ie?aie iie?ia?a ye
aeaoaaeo ni?aaio?a ? o?eueo?oth/eo iaia?ai.

11. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue eiao?oe??io?a aieiaiiai?io
IAO-eiiiiceoe?e aeyaeee aieea AI (a?ae aeae?eueeio a?aenioe?a aei
aeae?eueeio ii?yaee?a) ia c?inoaiiy aaee/ei oeeo eiao?oe??io?a ?
ciaioaiiy iai?oaeaiino? i?iaith ie?aee a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe??
iaiiaithaa/a , aieiaino? ? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y oa oiaueie ie?aee. Oea
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe a aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiiyo aieiaiiai?io IIE
oa a aeia?aeieeia?e e?oa?aoo?? c aeanoeainoae iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a ?
ae?ia?a ia ?o iniia?. A?aenooi?noue oeeo aeaieo i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/ieo
iaoi/iinoae i?e ?ic?aooieao /ano aoaeoeaiiai aieiaicaoenoo, cie?aia,
?aae?iaeaeo?iiii? oa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? aia?aoo?e.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1.Iai/aiei I. N., Iaianthe A. E., Iiceaae/ A. N., Iai/aiei E. I.

Iaiaeii?iaeiia yeaeo?e/aneia iiea eae oaeoi? eioaineoeeaoeee
aaciaeeiaie/aneiai ?aaeeia a inooeoaeueiuo aaeni?aa?ao ia?eiaee/aneiai
aeaenoaey // Yeaeo?iiiay ia?aaioea iaoa?eaeia.-1992.- ? 3. — N. 57-
60.

2. Iai/aiei I.N., Iaianthe A. E., Iiceaae/ A. N., Iai/aiei E. I.

Eioaineoeeaoeey oa?ii?aaeeaoeeiiiie nooee yeaeo?e/aneei iieai ei?iiiiai
?ac?yaea // Yeaeo?iiiay ia?aaioea iaoa?eaeia.-1994. — ? 1. – N. 42-46.

3. Iai/aiei I.N., Iaianthe A. E., Iic??ae/ I. N., Iai/aiei ?. I.

Aieea iaiaeii??aeiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia ?oo ??aeei a eai?ey?ao
//O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo. Oii 1. — ??aia: ?AeI?. — 1993. — N. 131-140.

4. Iai/aiei I.N., Iai/aiei E. I., Iaianthe A. E., Iineaae/ A. N.,
Ea?iiae/ E.I.

Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou aaeni?aa?ia iooai i?iaeeaiey n?iea
yenieoaoaoeee aaeni?aaioia a yeaeo?e/aneii iiea//Yeaeo?iiiay ia?aaioea
iaoa?eaeia.-1995.-?1.-N.39-43.

5. Iai/aiei ?. I., Iaianthe A. E., Iin??ae/ I. N., Iai/aiei I. N.

Aieea iaiaeii??aeiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia ?oo ??aeeie a
iie?iieaeoey?ieo ie?aeao oeee?iae?e/ieo eai?ey??a // O?ceea
eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo. Aeione 2.- ??aia:?AeI?.-1997.- N.59-62.

6. Iai/aiei ?. I., Iaianthe A. E., Iin??ae/ I. N., Iai/aiei I. N.

Aei oa?iiaeeiai?ee aieiae, ui oo?eio?oueny iiaeaeueieie
eai?ey?ii-ii?enoeie o?eaie i?e ae?? ia ieo aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaai?oieo
iie?a // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia?
caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo. Aeione 2. — ??aia: ?AeI?. — 1997. —
N. 63-66.

7. Iai/aiei ?. I.

Aieiaii?iieei?noue iie?ia?ieo ie?aie a aeaeo?e/iiio iie? // O?ceea
eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo. Aeione 2.- ??aia: ?AeI?. — 1997. — N. 51-53.

8. Iaianthe A. E., Iai/aiei ?. I., Iai/aiei I. N.

Iaoai?ci aieeao iaiaeii??aeiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia e?iaoeeo
ia?aianaiiy aieiae o eai?ey?? a ?cioa?i?/ieo oiiaao // O?ceea
eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo. Aeione 2.- ??aia: ?AeI?.-1997.-N.92-95.

9. Iaianthe A. E., Iai/aiei I. N., Iin??ae/ I. N., Iai/aiei ?. I.

Eiao?oe??ioe aeaeo?i- oa iaai?oiaeeooc?? i?e aeia?iaoaaii? iiey?ii?
??aeeie c ie?aieo oeee?iae?e/ieo eai?ey??a ye iiaeae? aeaiaioa ia’?io
ii?iaiai i?inoi?o eai?ey?ii-ii?enoeo o?e//O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai
iaae?inoeoooo.Aeione3.-??aia:?AeI?.-1997.-N.163-166.

10. Iai/aiei ?. I., Iai/aiei I. N, Eieoia?a A. N., Iaianthe A.E.,
Iin??ae/ I.N.

Ni?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? ie?aeiaiai IAO a ciai?oiueiio aeaeo?e/iiio iie?
// O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee
??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo. Aeione 3. — ??aia: ?AeI?. — 1997. — N.
37-40.

11. Iai/aiei ?.I., Iai/aiei I.N., Eieoia?a A.N., Iaianthe A. E.,
Iin??ae/ I.N.

Aaee/eia ni?aoe?? aieiae iaoaeiiaiiaiaieie ie?aeaie IAO a aeaeo?e/ieo
iieyo // O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia?
caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo. Aeione 3. – ??aia: ?AeI?. -1997. —
N. 33-36.

12.Iai/aiei E. I., Eieoiaaa A.N.

Enneaaeiaaiea aeaaiiaiaia /a?ac iieeia?iua ieaiee iiae aeaenoaeai
yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey // Eiaeaia?ii-oece/aneee aeo?iae. – 1998. — O. 71, ?
2. — N. 286-292.

13.I.M. Panchenko, B. S. Kolupaev.

Directed electric field-assisted control of head and mass transfer
processes in polimeric materials // Abstracts of papers and
comunications submitted to the 3 Minsk international head and
masstransfer forum. – Minsk, 20-24 may 1996. — P. 12.

14.Iai/aiei ?.I., Iai/aiei I.N., Eieoia?a A.N., Iaianthe A.N., Iin??ae/
I.N.

Aieea aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia aaee/eio eiao?oe??ioa aeeooc?? aieiae a IAO
// O?ceei-o?i?y eiiaeainiaaieo no?oeoo?ii-iaiaeii??aeieo nenoai.
Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae ??? Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
“Ooiaeaiaioaeueia ? i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea oao?aoe?a c o?ceee”.- *.2. —
Ee?a, IIO ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 27-28 o?aaiy 1998 ?.- N. 55 — 59.

15.Iai/aiei E.I.

Aeeoocey aeaae a iieeia?iuo ecieyoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeao i?e aicaeaenoaee
iaeii?iaeiiai yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey // Yeaeo?iiiay ia?aaioea iaoa?eaeia.
-1996 .- ? 2-3. -N. 31-36.

16.Iai/aiei ?.I.,Eieoia?a A.N.

Aei oai??? aieiaii?iieeiaiiy iie?ia?ieo ie?aie a aeaeo?e/iiio ?
oaiia?aoo?iiio iieyo //O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai.
Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo. Aeione 6. – ??aia:
?AeI?.-1998. — N.26-28.

17.Iai/aiei ?.I.,Iaianthe A.E.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieiaii?iieeiino? ie?aeiaiai IAO a
aeaeo?e/iiio ? oaiia?aoo?iiio iieyo //O?ceea eiiaeainiaaieo
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo nenoai. Iaoeia? caienee ??aiainueeiai iaae?inoeoooo.
Aeione 6. – ??aia: ?AeI?. -1998. — N.28-30.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iai/aiei.?.I. Aieea aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a ia aieiaiiai?ii? i?ioeane a
iaoaeiiaiiaiaieo aio/eieaioethaiaeo iie?ia?ao. -?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.19 — o?ceea
iie?ia??a. — ??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo.
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie. ??aia, 1998 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aieeao iino?eieo ? ci?iieo (50 Aoe),
iaeii??aeieo ? iaiaeii??aeieo aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a ia i?ioeane noaoeee ?
e?iaoeee ni?aoe??, aeeooc?? oa i?iieeiaiiy aieiae /a?ac iaiaiiaiai? ?
iaiiaiai? aenieiaeenia?niei ii?ioeii i?ae? ie?aee iie?a?i?eoei?eaeo
??cii? oiaueie. Aeine?aeaeaii, ui i?enooi?noue iaoaeaaiai iaiiaithaa/a a
iie?ia?? ci?ith? oa?aeoa? i?io?eaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a ye aac iiey, oae ?
a iieyo. Anoaiiaeaia iayai?noue e?eoe/ieo ia?aiao??a — a?aeiinii?
aieiaino? iia?o?y, oaiia?aoo?e, iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, ca yeeo
aaeni?aoth/a ae?y ?ic?yaeo ia?aoiaeeoue a aeani?aoth/o. ?nio? oaeiae
a?aie/ia oiaueia ie?aie IAO, ii/eiath/e c yei? noeioethth/a ni?aoe?th
ae?y aeaeo?e/iiai iiey i?aeoe/ii cieea?. Ia iniia? no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae?
iaiiaiaiiai iie?ia?a ? ae??eiai? iiaeae? ni?aoe?? oa aeeooc?? iieaeoe
aiaee ? a?ae?aoiaaieo ?ii?a c o?aooaaiiyi o?ceei-o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a,
c’yniaai? iaoai?cie ? caeiiii??iino? aieeao aei?ic?yaeieo ? ?ic?yaeieo
aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a ia eiao?oe??ioe ni?aoe?? , aeeooc?? oa
aieiaii?iieeiino? IAO ? eiai eiiiiceoe?e.

Eeth/aa? neiaa : aeaeo?e/ia iiea, a?aeiinia aieia?noue, a?ae?aoiaaiee
?ii, ni?aoe?y , aeeooc?y, aieiaii?iieei?noue , iaoaeaaee iaiiaithaa/,
iaaeiaee oa?, oaiia?aoo?a neeoaaiiy, iiaeeo?eaoe?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iai/aiei E. I. Aeeyiea yeaeo?e/aneeo iieae ia aeaaiiaiaiiua i?ioeannu
a iaoaeeiiaiieiaiiuo aeaeioeaiiuo iieeia?ao. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.19 — oeceea
iieeia?ia. — ?eaiaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee einoeooo.
Ieienoa?noai i?inaauaiey Oe?aeiu. ?eaia, 1998 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai aeeyiey iinoiyiiuo e ia?aiaiiuo (50
Aoe), iaeii?iaeiuo e iaiaeii?iaeiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo iieae ia i?ioeannu
noaoeee e eeiaoeee ni?aoeee, aeeooocee e i?iieeaiey aeaae /a?ac
iaiaiieiaiiua e iaiieiaiiua aunieiaeenia?niui ii?ioeii iaaee ieaiee
iieeaeieeoei?eaea ?aciie oieueiu. Enneaaeiaaii, /oi i?enoonoaea
iaoaeee/aneiai iaiieieoaey a iieeia?a eciaiyao oa?aeoa? i?ioaeaiey yoeo
i?ioeannia eae aac iiey, oae e a iieyo. Onoaiiaeaii iaee/ea e?eoe/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia — ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe aicaeooa, eiioeaio?aoeee
iaiieieoaey e iai?yaeaiiinoe yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey, i?e eioi?uo
aaeni?ae?othuaa aeaenoaea ?ac?yaea ia?aoiaeeo a aeani?ae?othuaa.
Nouanoaoao oaeaea i?aaeaeueiay oieueia ieaiie IAO, ia/eiay n eioi?ie
noaaeeece?othuaa ni?aoeeth aicaeaenoaea yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey i?aeoe/anee
en/acaao. Ia iniiaa no?oeoo?iie iiaeaee iaiieiaiiiai iieeia?a e
aeu?i/iie iiaeaee ni?aoeee e aeeooocee iieaeoe aiaeu e aeae?aoe?iaaiiuo
eiiia, n o/aoii oeceei-oeie/aneeo i?ioeannia, auyniaiu iaoaieciu
aeeyiey aei?ic?yaeiuo e ?ac?yaeiuo yeaeo?e/aneeo iieae ia eiyooeoeeaiou
ni?aoeee, aeeooocee e aeaaii?iieoeaaiinoe IAO, a oaeaea aai eiiiiceoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeaeo?e/aneia iiea, ioiineoaeueiay aeaaeiinoue,
aeae?aoe?iaaiiue eii, ni?aoeey, aeeooocey, aeaaii?iieoeaaiinoue,
iaoaeee/aneee iaiieieoaeue, a?aie/iue neie, oaiia?aoo?a noaeeiaaiey.

THE SUMMARY

Panchenko I.M.

Influence of electric fields to moisture exchanging processes in metal
filled flexible-chain polymers. – Manuscript.

The thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
physic-mathematical sciences on a speciality 01.04.19 – physics
polymers. – Rivne state pedagogical institute. Ministry of education of
Ukraine. Rivne, 1998.

Thesis is devoted to problems of the influence of constant and variable
(50 Hz) uniform and non-uniform electric fields on static and ninetics
sorption processes, diffusion and moisture penetration through
non-filled and filled of highly dispersed copper powder films of PVC of
different thickness.

In a thesis there was investigated that the presence of metallic filler
in polymer considerably changes the character of proceeding of these
processes without field and in the field too.

The availability of critical parameters is established – relative air
moisture, electric field temperature with which an adsorption action of
discharge transforms into desorption action. Limited thickness of PVC
films also exists from which stimulating influence of electric field to
sorption process disappears practically. Mechanism and appropriateness
of pre-discharge and discharge electric field influence on sorption
coefficients, diffusion and moisture penetration PVC and its
compositions were established. They are based on structure model of
filled polymer and holed model of sorption and diffusion of water
molecules and hydrated ions taking into account physic-chemical
processes.

Key words: electric field, relative moisture, hydrated ion, sorption,
diffusion, moisture penetration, metallic filler, border layer, glassing
temperature, modification.

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