Визначення орбіт ШСЗ для вирішення задач геодинаміки та моніторингу геостаціонарної зони за результатами спостережень: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-мат.

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

AIEIAIA ANO?IIII?*IA IANA?AAOI??ss

?OAeAIEI NA?A?E IAO?IAE*

OAeE 521.31:521.93

AECIA*AIIss I?A?O ONC AeEss AE??OAIIss CAAeA* AAIAeEIAI?EE OA
III?OI?EIAO AAINOAOe?IIA?II? CIIE CA ?ACOEUeOAOAIE NIINOA?AAEAIUe

01.03.01 ( Ano?iiao??y ? iaaania iaoai?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a ( 2000

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aieiai?e ano?iiii?/i?e iana?aaoi???

Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Oa?aae?e Aieiaeeie? Ee?eeiae/, I?aeia?iaeiee oeaio? ano?iiii?/ieo oa
iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeoia Aeieo?i Iaaeiae/,
Aieiaia ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee;

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ia?/aiei Ieaenaiae?
Ieeieaeiae/, Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», i.
Euea?a, i?ioani?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “14” ea?oiy 2000 ?. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?
a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.208.01 i?e Aieiai?e ano?iiii?/i?e iana?aaoi??? IAI
Oe?a?ie (AAI IAI Oe?a?ie, Aiein??a, Ee?a-127, INI, 03680). Ii/aoie
can?aeaiue i 10 aiaeei?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieiaii?
ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi??? IAI Oe?a?ie (AAI IAI Oe?a?ie, Aiein??a,
Ee?a-127, INI, 03680).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “6” aa?aciy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe I.A.
Aon?aa

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A iao /an noiooieeia? iaoiaee eini?/ii? aaiaeac??,
oae? ye eaca?ia eieaoe?y ONC (EEN), ?aae?ioaoi?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy
noiooiee?a aeiaaeueii? iaa?aaoe?eii? nenoaie GPS, iaoiae
aeiiiea??anueeiai aecia/aiiy i?a?o DORIS, a oaeiae iaoiae
?aae?i?ioa?oa?iiao??? ?c iaaeaeiaaith aacith (?IAeA), oni?oii
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ae??oaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo caaea/ aaiaeeiai?ee
oa aaiaeac??. Aei /enea oaeeo caaea/ iaeaaeaoue aea/aiiy ia??aiii??iino?
iaa?oaiiy Caie? oa ?ooo ?? iiethna, aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?? caiii?
iiaa?oi?, iiaoaeiaa oa i?aeo?eiaiiy ?aae?caoe?? caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo
(CNA), ui caaaea?oueny eii?aeeiaoaie oa oaeaeeinoyie ci?ie eii?aeeiao
ioieo?a, ? ?yae ?ioeo. Aeinyaiooa noiooieeiaeie iaoiaeaie no/ania
oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy eii?aeeiao iiethna Caie? neeaaea? 0,3 in aeoae,
anana?oiueiai /ano (iaaeeeoeo o?eaaeino? aeiae) ( 0,04 in, eii?aeeiao
ioieo?a ( 1(2 ni, ci?i eii?aeeiao ioieo?a ( 3 ii/??e [3].

Ca?eueoaiiy a ii??aiyii? c eeane/ieie iaoiaeaie o 50(100 ?ac?a oi/iino?
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie? (eii?aeeiao iiethna oa
anana?oiueiai /ano) oa ?ioeo aaiaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a aoei aeinyaiooi,
c iaeiiai aieo, caaaeyee i?ia?ano aei??thaaeueieo oaoiieia?e, a c ?ioiai
( aiane?aeie oaeineiiaeaiiy aeai?eoi?a aiae?co niinoa?aaeaiue,
aaeaeaaoieo ca oi/i?noth ?acoeueoaoai aei??thaaiue.

Iaee?aueie eini?/ieie ia’?eoaie aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy
Caie? (IIC) oa noai?aiiy ?aae?caoe?? caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo iaoiaeii
EEN ? aenieii?a?oaeuei? aaiaeeiai?/i? noiooieee “Lageos-1” oa
“Lageos-2”, niaoe?aeueii caiouai? c oe??th iaoith o 1976 oa 1992 ??.
Nenoaiaoe/ia eieaoe?y oeeo noiooiee?a, ui aaaeaoueny na?oiaith ia?aaeath
noaioe?e, aeicaieeea iaeiie/eoe aaeee? ianeae niinoa?aaeaiue.

I?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue, noai?aiiy iiaeo, a?eueo
oi/ieo iiaeaeae, ui iienothoue ?oo ONC, ooi/iaiiy cia/aiue /enaeueieo
ia?aiao??a, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy ianeao eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC
“Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”, c?iaeee aeooaeueiei oaeineiiaeaiiy aeai?eoi?a
oa i?ia?ai aiae?co eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue.

A Aieiai?e ano?iiii?/i?e iana?aaoi??? (AAI) IAI Oe?a?ie aoee ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie aiae?co eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC aeey
aecia/aiiy aaiaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a, eii?aeeiao eaca?ieo noaioe?e ?
oaeaeeinoae ci?i eii?aeeiao noaioe?e oa ?ioeo ia?aiao??a. Oea i?ia?aiia
caaania/aiiy ia? iacao “Ee?a-Aaiaeeiai?ea” [1, 2, 5]. Aiae?c eaca?ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue ONC “Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”, io?eiaieo na?oiaith
ia?aaeath noaioe?e o 1983(1998 ??., aeicaieea ia a?eueo aenieiio ??ai?
aecia/eoe IIC oa noai?eoe iiao ?aae?caoe?th caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo.

ONC aeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoueny ye o ooiaeaiaioaeueieo, oae ? o
i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Aiie canoiniaothoueny aeey cae?eniaiiy
noiooieeiaiai ca’yceo oa oaeaeiioi?eaoe?e, iii?oi?eiao caiii? iiaa?oi?
oa aoiinoa?e, eini?/ii? iaa?aaoe??, aeine?aeaeaiiy eini?/iiai i?inoi?o
oa i?e ?ica’ycaii? ?ioeo caaea/.

E??i oiai, e?euee?noue ooo/ieo iaaanieo o?e a aainoaoe?iia?i?e cii?
iino?eii c?inoa? (a na?aaeiueiio 35 ia’?eo?a ca ??e), ui aeooae?co?
oaeiae ? caaea/o iii?oi?eiao ia’?eo?a ia aainoaoe?iia?ieo i?a?oao c
iaoith ?o ioioiaeiaiiy oa eaoaeia?caoe??, aea/aiiy ?oiuei? aeeiai?ee oa
caiia?aaiiy iiaeeeaeo c?oeiaiue.

I?e aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a oioia?ao?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue aainoaoe?iia?ieo
noiooiee?a, ui aeeiiothoueny a AAI IAI Oe?a?ie c 1983 ?ieo, aeieeea
iio?aaa o ?ic?iaoe? aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai aecia/aiiy i?a?o oa
ioioiaeiaiiy ia’?eo?a. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo aaoi?ii aeai?eoi?a oa
i?ia?ai aeicaieeei aeeiiaoe i?a?oaeueiee aiae?c oioia?ao?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC (AONC), io?eiaieo a AAI IAI Oe?a?ie
? Eaai?aoi??? eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo 1996 ?., oa niinoa?aaeaiue AONC, aeeiiaieo a
iana?aaoi??? I?aeia?iaeiiai oeaio?o ano?iiii?/ieo oa iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue (IOe AIAAe) ia i?eo Oa?neie o 1997(1998 ??. c
aeei?enoaiiyi ano?iiii?/iiai eiiieaeno, iniauaiiai i?eeia/ai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?c ca?yaeiaei ca’yceii (ICC).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaaaaeai? a
aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeeny ca ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o a?aeae?eo eini?/ii? aaiaeeiai?ee AAI IAI Oe?a?ie oa a ?aieao
i?aeia?iaeieo i?iaeo?a.

Aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie aecia/aiiy i?a?o aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC ca
iiceoe?eieie niinoa?aaeaiiyie aoee ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii ca o/anoth a IAe?
“Aia?aoo?ii-i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy oeaio?o cai?o oa aaoiiaoeciaaii?
ia?iaee aeaieo niinoa?aaeaiue o ia?aae? noaioe?e AAINN(?AA” (1988(1990),
“?ic?iaea ? canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a aiae?co niinoa?aaeaiue
aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC” (1991(1993) oa “Ania?eiaioaeuei? ?aae?ioaoi?/i?
? na?oeieieaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeaiiy iaaanieo o?e oa ?oiy ia?iaea”
(1992(1995). Aecia/aiiy i?a?o oa ioioiaeiaiiy aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC
i?iaiaeeeiny oaeiae ca o/anoth a iaoeia?e i?ia?ai? COGEOS (International
Campaign of Optical Observations of Geosynchronous Satellites for
Geodynamics).

Oaeineiiaeaiiy aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai aiae?co eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue
aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC ? ia?iaea eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC
“Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2” aoee aeeiiai? aaoi?ii ca o/anoth a IAe?
“Noai?aiiy oa ?icaeoie nenoaie aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie? oa
oeaee anana?oiueiai /ano” (1995(1999) ? “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?i i???ioaoe??
Caie? a eini?/iiio i?inoi?? oa ?ioeo aaiaeeiai?/ieo yaeu ca aeaieie
EEN-, ?IAeA- oa GPS-niinoa?aaeaiue” (1996(1999).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith oe??? ?iaioe ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy i?a?o, aaiaeeiai?/ieo
ia?aiao??a oa noai?aiiy iiai? ?aae?caoe?? caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo ia
iniia? aiae?co niinoa?aaeaiue aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC. Caaea/aie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

Aaeineiiaeaiiy aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?ai aiae?co eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue
aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie? oa
noai?aiiy ?aae?caoe?? caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo.

Aiae?c eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC “Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”, io?eiaieo
na?oiaith ia?aaeath noaioe?e o 1983(1998 ??., c iaoith aecia/aiiy
ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie?, eii?aeeiao oa oaeaeeinoae ci?i eii?aeeiao
noaioe?e.

?ic?iaea aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai aecia/aiiy i?a?o aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC
ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a oioia?ao?/ieo oa ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue.

Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai aecia/aiiy i?a?o
aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC aeey aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a oioia?ao?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue AONC, io?eiaieo a AAI IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a) ? Eaai?aoi???
eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo 1996 ?., oa
ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue AONC, aeeiiaieo a ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi??? IOe
AIAAe ia i?eo Oa?neie o 1997(1998 ??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Iaea?aeaii iiao ?aae?caoe?th caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo, ui caaaea?oueny
eii?aeeiaoaie 108 noaioe?e eaca?ii? eieaoe?? oa oaeaeeinoyie 64
noaioe?e. Na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/i? iioeaee aecia/aiiy eii?aeeiao noaioe?e
noaiiaeyoue 0,1(2 ni, a oaeaeeinoae ( 0,1(2 ii/??e aeey a?eueoino? c
ieo.

Io?eiaii iaeii??aeiee ?yae ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie? ia ?ioa?aae? /ano
c 6 aa?aniy 1983 ?. ii 13 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. c e?ieii 3 aeiae ?c na?aaei?ie
eaaae?aoe/ieie iioeaeaie eii?aeeiao iiethna, ??aieie 0,18 in aeoae,
? anana?oiueiai /ano, ??aieie 0,015 in.

C aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aeey aecia/aiiy i?a?o
aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC ia iniia? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue
AONC “Eoiii” oa “A?aanao 1N”, aeeiiaieo ia aeaiiao?iaiio oaeaneii? ia
i?eo Oa?neie, anoaiiaeaii i’youe caeeaeaiue noiooiee?a ia a?aenoaiyo
1,3(4,2 ei o ethoiio(aa?aci? 1998 ?. Aecia/aiiy i?a?o AONC “Eoiii” oa
“A?aanao 1N” ia iniia? ?o ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue i?iaiaeeeiny /a?ac
12(24 aiaeeie i?ney iiiaio?a niinoa?aaeaiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
iaa?oaiiy Caie?, eii?aeeiao oa oaeaeeinoae noaioe?e eaca?ii? eieaoe??
aoee ia?aaeai? aei Oeaio?aeueiiai ath?i I?aeia?iaeii? neoaeae iaa?oaiiy
Caie? (INIC, Ia?eae) o 1996(1999 ??. Cia/aiiy IIC io?eiaiiai aaoi?ii
??oaiiy EOP(GAOUA)99L01 aoei aeei?enoaii o Oeaio?aeueiiio ath?i INIC
1999 ?. i?e noai?aii? ia’?aeiaieo ?yae?a EOP(IERS)C01,02,03,04. Cia/aiiy
eii?aeeiao oa oaeaeeinoae noaioe?e eaca?ii? eieaoe?? ??oaiiy
SSC(GAOUA)99L01 iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?e noai?aii? ?aae?caoe?e
I?aeia?iaeii? caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo. Cia/aiiy oaeaeeinoae noaioe?e, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??cieo oaeoii?/ieo ieeoao, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey aa?eo?eaoe?? no/anieo aaio?ce/ieo iiaeaeae ?ooo oaeoii?/ieo ieeo.

?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie aecia/aiiy i?a?o
aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC ia iniia? iiceoe?eieo niinoa?aaeaiue aoee oni?oii
canoiniaai? i?e iia?aoeaiiio aiae?c? niinoa?aaeaiue ONC “Eoiii”,
aeeiiaieo a ano?iiii?/i?e iana?aaoi??? ia i?eo Oa?neie o 1997(1998 ??.
Aeaiaioe i?a?oe ia?aaeaaaeeny aei OeOI ONC “Eoiii” (IAI ?i. Eaai/e?ia,
Iineaa) ia i?ci?oa, i?ae /a?ac 16 aiaeei i?ney iiiaioo inoaiiueiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy naaina. ?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
aecia/aiiy i?a?o AONC iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey aiae?co iiceoe?eieo
niinoa?aaeaiue AONC, iia?aoeaiiai aecia/aiiy i?a?o, iii?oi?eiao aea?aieo
ae?eyiie aainoaoe?iia?ii? ciie, ia?aaeia/eneaiiy iaaacia/ieo caeeaeaiue
ia’?eo?a ia aainoaoe?iia?ieo i?a?oao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeaaiaaeoeyoue ?ia?o aeeiiai? aaoi?ii
naiino?eii, o?e ( o ni?aaaoi?noa?. A ?iaio? [5] c? nieneo ioae?eaoe?e ca
oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aaoi? a?aa o/anoue o aei??thaaiiyo oa iaaiai?aii?
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O noaoo? [6] aaoi? a?aa o/anoue o iinoaiiaoe?
caaea/?, aecia/aii? i?a?o oa ioioiaeiaii? ia’?eo?a, aiae?c? iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a. A ?iaio? [7] aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue iinoaiiaea caaea/?,
?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy i?a?o AONC, a oaeiae aiae?c iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Caianai? aei aeena?oaoe??
?acoeueoaoe aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia Ananithci?e ia?aae? “Aeai?eoi?/ia oa
i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy oai??e ?ooo ONC” (1990, Eai?ia?aae),
i?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? c i?iaeai ano?iiao??? oa aaiaeeiai?ee
(1990, Ee?a), VI Ananithci?e ia?aae? “Iaoeia? oa i?eeeaaei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aacothoueny ia iioe/ieo niinoa?aaeaiiyo
aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC” (1990, Oaeai?iae), IV ?iai/?e ia?aae?
COGEOS (1991, I?ca), VII Ananithci?e ia?aae? “Iaoeia? oa
i?eeeaaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aacothoueny ia iioe/ieo niinoa?aaeaiiyo
aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC” (1991, Naa?aeeianuee), i?aeia?iaei?e ia?aae?
“No/ani? iaoiaee o?ce/ii? aaiaeac??, noiooieeiai? aaiaeeiai?ee oa
ano?iiaa?aaoe??” (1992, Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a), nai?ia?? eaoaae?e iaaanii?
iaoai?ee Naieo-Iaoa?ao?cueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1992, Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a),
iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? c noiooieeiai? aaiaeac?? (1993, Ai?iaaoeue),
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeeiai?ea oa ano?iiao??y i?e?iaeieo oa
ooo/ieo iaaanieo o?e” (1993, Iiciaiue), ?iai/?e ia?aae? IERS oa IGS
(1994, Ia?eae), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? Journees-1994
“I?inoi?iai-/ania? nenoaie a?aee?eo” (1994, Ia?eae), VI ?iai/?e
ia?aae? COGEOS (1994, Aieoa?aeaiae), nai?ia?? c noiooieeiai? aaiaeac??
(1995, A?eaia), eieiea?oi? 165 IAN “Aeeiai?ea oa ano?iiao??y i?e?iaeieo
oa ooo/ieo iaaanieo o?e” (1996, Iiciaiue), eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani?
i?iaeaie oa iaoiaee ano?iiao??? oa aaiaeeiai?ee” (1996,
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? Journees-1997
“I?inoi?iai-/ania? nenoaie a?aee?eo” (1997, I?aaa), IV c’?cae?
Oe?a?inueei? Ano?iiii?/ii? Anioe?aoe?? (1997, Ee?a), nai?ia?? “Iacaii?
aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aaoiiaoe/ieie ONC” (1998,
Eae?i?ia?aae), i?aeia?iaei?e ?iai/?e ia?aae? c aaiaeace/ieo aei??thaaiue
ca aeiiiiiaith eieieaoe?? eini?/ieo iaoiae?a ia Caie? (1999, Oie?i) oa
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao AAI IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai?
o 15 ?iaioao: oanoe noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, iaei?e noaoo? o
ca??ieeia? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i’yoe noaooyo o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e oa
o?ueio oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui i?noeoue 96
iaeiaioaaiue ia 11 noi??ieao. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 160
noi??iie, o oiio /ene? 27 ?ethno?aoe?e oa 30 oaaeeoe.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oa aecia/aii iaoo ?iaioe,
a?aei?/aii ?? iaoeiao iiaecio, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a oa iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iniiai? neee, ui aieeaathoue
ia ?oo aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC, a oaeiae i?i aaee/eie i?enei?aiue
noiooiee?a “Lageos-1”, “Lageos-2” oa aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC i?ae ae??th
oeeo nee. I?iaiaeeoueny aiae?c no/aniiai noaio aeine?aeaeaiue c
iiaeaethaaiiy oa aecia/aiiy i?a?o aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC.

Iieacaii aeooaeuei?noue aecia/aiiy i?a?o aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC o ca’yceo
c iino?eii c?inoath/ei /eneii ia’?eo?a o aainoaoe?iia?i?e cii?.
Ine?eueee no/ania iioeaea aecia/aiiy noa?e/ieo eii?aeeiao AONC ia iniia?
?acoeueoao?a iiceoe?eieo niinoa?aaeaiue noaiiaeoue 0,4(1(, ui
a?aeiia?aea? 70(175 i ia aainoaoe?iia?i?e i?a?o?, a oaeiae a?aoiaoth/e
a?aeaeaeai?noue AONC a?ae Caie? a ii??aiyii? c noiooieeaie “Lageos-1” oa
“Lageos-2”, c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa, ui i?e iiaeaethaaii? e aecia/aii?
i?a?o AONC iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny i?ino?oa oai??y ?ooo, i?ae aeey
noiooiee?a “Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”. I?iaaaeaii ei?ioeee iaeyae a?aeiieo
aaoi?ia? aiae?oe/ieo oai??e ?ooo AONC. Ia?aaaaith aiae?oe/ieo oai??e
?ooo AONC ? oa, ui ?oi? aeei?enoaiiy iio?aao? cia/ii iaioiai /ano aeey
ia/eneaiiy i?a?o ia aaeeeeo ?ioa?aaeao /ano. Iaeiae /enaeuei? oai???
?ooo, caniiaai? ia iaoiaeao /enaeueiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue ?ooo,
aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe i?a?oe AONC ca aoaeue-yeeo cia/aiue iaoeeo oa
aenoeaio?eneoaoo i?a?oe. A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny /enaeuei?
aeai?eoie ?ooo aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iienaii nenoaie a?aee?eo, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny, a
oaeiae iaaaaeaii aeai?eoie ia/eneaiiy i?enei?aiiy ONC i?ae ae??th
cao?thth/eo nee. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy naioeiao?iaiai ??aiy oi/iino? i?e
aecia/aii? i?a?o aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC “Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”
aeei?enoiaoaaeany iiaeaeue ae?th/eo ia ONC i?enei?aiue, yea aeeth/a?
i?enei?aiiy, ni?e/eiai? a?aa?oaoe?eiei oyae?iiyi noiooieea Caieath
(c o?aooaaiiyi aa?iii?e aaiiioaioe?aeo aei 20-ai noaiaiy ? ii?yaeeo),
I?nyoeai (i?yiee oa iai?yiee aoaeoe o?ao?e Caie?), Niioeai, Aaia?ith,
Ia?nii, THi?oa?ii oa Naoo?iii, aa??aoe?yie a?aa?oaoe?eiiai iiey Caie?
aiane?aeie i?eieea?a oaa?aei? caie? oa ieaai?/ieo i?eieea?a, aieeaii
i?yiiai niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, a?aeaeoiai a?ae iiaa?oi? Caie?
niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ?io?a/a?aiiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy Caie?,
aii??e/iiai i?enei?aiiy noiooiee?a, a oaeiae i?enei?aiue, ni?e/eiaieo
?aeyoea?nonueeeie aoaeoaie (?aeyoea?nonueea ci?uaiiy ia?eaath i?a?oe
noiooieea, aaiaeace/ia i?aoean?y oa i?aoean?y Eaica-O????iaa) [4].

??aiyiiy ?ooo ONC caienai? a iaaani?e nenoai? a?aee?eo. Aiie
?ioaa?othoueny i?ia?aiith /enaeueiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy VASOMI, yea ?aae?co?
iaoiae Aaeaina ci?iiiai e?ieo oa ci?iiiai ii?yaeeo. C iaoith aeinyaiaiiy
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aie VASOMI i?iaaaeaii ?? oanooaaiiy ia
i?a?oaeueieo aeoaao aei aeaio ?ie?a aeey aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC
“Lageos-1”, “Etalon-1” oa aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC. Ciaeaeaii iioeiaeuei?
cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a i?ia?aie VASOMI, ui aeicaieythoue aeinyaoe
iaea?eueoi? oi/iino? ?ioaa?oaaiiy ca iaeiaioeo aeo?ao /ano.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii iniaeeainoyi aeai?eoi?a iiaeaethaaiiy oa
aecia/aiiy i?a?o aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC ia iniia? iiceoe?eieo
niinoa?aaeaiue. Aiie aacothoueny ia aeai?eoiao oa i?ia?aiao aecia/aiiy
i?a?o aaiaeeiai?/ieo ONC “Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2” ? iathoue oae?
iniaeeaino?.

A ?icaeyiooiio aeiaaeeo niinoa?aaeoaaieie aaee/eiaie ? noa?e/i?
eii?aeeiaoe, oiio ??aiyiiy iaa’ycie aeaaaeaia aeey oiiioeaio?e/ieo
i?yiiai noiaeaeaiiy oa noeeaiiy AONC.

Aeecuee?noue aei ioey cia/aiue aenoeaio?eneoaoo oa iaoeeo ieiueie
i?a?oe aei ieiueie caiiiai aeaaoi?a aeey AONC cioneea a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae
aeei?enoaiiy eaiea??anueeeo aeaiaio?a i?a?oe ye ii/aoeiaeo oiia
??aiyiue ?ooo, ine?eueee a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaaiaaiaii aecia/athoueny
aeiaaioa aeno?aeiiai aocea oa a?aoiaio ia?eaath. Ca ii/aoeia? oiiae
ia?aii aaioeaio?e/i? i?yiieooi? eii?aeeiaoe oa neeaaeia? aaeoi?a
oaeaeeino? noiooieea.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iniiaieo cao?thth/eo nee ia ?oo AONC.
Iieacaii, ui aeey ia/eneaiiy iieiaeaiue AONC c oi/i?noth 0,5( ia
30-aeiaia?e i?a?oaeuei?e aeoc? iiaeaeue nee, ui aieeaathoue ia noiooiee,
ia? aeeth/aoe aaiiioaioe?ae c aa?iii?eaie aei n=m=6, a?aa?oaoe?eia
oyae?iiy noiooieea I?nyoeai oa Niioeai, niiy/iee na?oeiaee oene, a
oaeiae aeoeai? neee aeey ea?iaaieo AONC.

aei /enea ia?aiao??a, ui ooi/iththoueny, aeicaiey? ciaioeoe cia/aiiy
na?aaei?o eaaae?aoe/ieo iaa’ycie ca i?yiei noiaeaeaiiyi oa noeeaiiyi o
1,3(1,5 ?ace a ii??aiyii? c aeiaaeeii, eiee na?oeiaee oene ia
a?aoiao?oueny ? eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy ia ooi/ith?oueny.

?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue i?enei?aiiy AONC i?ae ae??th aeoeaieo nee, ui
aeieeathoue aiane?aeie aeeth/aiiy aeaeaoi?a noiooieea a ia??iae
ei?aeoe?? eiai i?a?oe c iaoith oo?eiaiiy a caaeaiiio ?ioa?aae? ca
aeiaaioith e oe?ioith. Iiaeaeue ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac caaaeaiiy cia/aiue
iiaeoe?a ? eoo?a aaeoi?a oyae eiaeiiai aeaeaoia a i?a?oaeuei?e nenoai?
eii?aeeiao, a oaeiae iiiaio?a aeeth/aiiy e aeeeth/aiiy eiaeiiai
aeaeaoia. Ia i?eeeaae? AONC “Eoiii” (97070A) iieacaii, ui iaa?aooaaiiy
aeoeaieo nee, ui aeieeathoue a?ae aeeth/aiiy /ioe?ueio aeaeaoi?a iaei?
oyae (aaee/eia oyae 0,004 ea) i?ioyaii 80 oa. aea?/? ia aeiao ia
?ioa?aae? 5 ae?a, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iioeaie ia/eneaiiy eii?aeeiao
noiooieea, ui nyaathoue 33( ii aeiaaio? e 44( ii oe?io?. Aeei?enoaiiy
?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? i?enei?aiiy noiooieea “Eoiii” aiane?aeie ae??
aeoeaieo nee aeicaiey? aecia/aoe eiai i?a?oo c na?aaei?ie eaaae?aoe/ieie
cia/aiiyie iaa’ycie ca ( ? (, ye? ia ia?aaeuothoue 1( ia i?a?oaeueieo
aeoaao aei 5 ae?a.

I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeicaiey? o iaeaoiiio ?aaeei? aecia/aoe ?
ooi/ithaaoe ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiceoe?eieo niinoa?aaeaiue i?a?oe aaeeei?
e?eueeino? aenieii?a?oaeueieo ONC c aoaeue-yeeie cia/aiiyie iaoeeo oa
aenoeaio?eneoaoo i?a?oe, a oaeiae ia?aoiaoaaoe aoaia?eaee noiooiee?a o
aaioeaio?e/i?e oa oiiioeaio?e/i?e nenoaiao eii?aeeiao ia aoaeue-yeiio
?ioa?aae? /ano.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy eii?aeeiao oa
oaeaeeinoae ci?ie eii?aeeiao noaioe?e eaca?ii? eieaoe??, a oaeiae
ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie? c aiae?co eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC
“Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”, io?eiaieo o 1983–1998 ??.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co 939134 niinoa?aaeaiue (ii?iaeueieo oi/ie)
noiooieea “Lageos-1”, io?eiaieo 108 noaioe?yie eaca?ii? eieaoe??
c 1 aa?aniy 1983 ?. ii 13 a?oaeiy 1998 ?., oa 370861 niinoa?aaeaiiy
(ii?iaeueieo oi/ie) noiooieea “Lageos-2”, aeeiiaiiai 72 noaioe?yie c
24 aeiaoiy 1992 ?. ii 15 a?oaeiy 1998 ?., iaea?aeaii iiao ?aae?caoe?th
caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo oa ?yae ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie?. ?aae?caoe?y
caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo i?aaenoaaeaia i?yiieooieie aaioeaio?e/ieie
eii?aeeiaoaie 108 noaioe?e ia iiiaio 1 n?/iy 1997 ?. oa oaeaeeinoyie
64 noaioe?e, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia 42 aaiaeeiai?/ieo iaeaeai/eeao.
Na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/i? iioeaee eii?aeeiao noaiiaeyoue 0,1–2 ni,
oaeaeeinoae – 0,1–2 ii/??e aeey a?eueoino? noaioe?e. Ia/eneaii
ia?aiao?e ia?aoai?aiiy eii?aeeiao a?ae ?aae?caoe?e I?aeia?iaeii? caiii?
nenoaie a?aee?eo (ITRF97, ITRF96 oa ITRF94) aei io?eiaii? aaoi?ii
?aae?caoe?? SSC(GAOUA)99L01.

-eii?aeeiaoe iiethna, 0,059 in ( aeey UT1 ia anueiio 15-e?oiueiio
?ioa?aae? /ano.

?aae?caoe?? caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo oa ?yaee ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie?
ui??/ii c 1996 ?. ii 1999 ?. ia?aaeaaaeeny aei Oeaio?aeueiiai ath?i INIC
aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e noai?aii? ia’?aeiaieo ?ica’yce?a.

I’yoee ?icae?e i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co ??cieo ?yae?a oioia?ao?/ieo
oa ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy aeey aecia/aiiy i?a?o AONC.

Ia/eneaii ineoethth/? eaiea??anuee? aeaiaioe i?a?oe 32
aainoaoe?iia?ieo ia’?eo?a ia iniia? aiae?co 746 oioia?ao?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue, io?eiaieo a AAI IAI Oe?a?ie 1996 ?. ca aeiiiiiaith
iiaea?eiiai oe?ieieooiiai ano?ia?aoa.

Aecia/aii ineoethth/? eaiea??anuee? aeaiaioe i?a?oe 94
aainoaoe?iia?ieo ia’?eo?a ia iniia? aiae?co 1220 oioia?ao?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue, aeeiiaieo o Eaai?aoi??? eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo 1996 ?. ca aeiiiiiaith eaia?e NAA.

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy na?aaei?o eaaae?aoe/ieo cia/aiue iaa’ycie ca ( ? (
noaiiaeee a?ey 0,6( aeey ee?anueeeo oa 1,5( aeey oaeai?iaenueeeo
niinoa?aaeaiue ia 1(6 aeiaiaeo i?a?oaeueieo aeoaao, eio?? ia i?noeee
ei?aeoe?e i?a?oe.

Anoaiiaeaii oaeoe /eneaiieo ei?aeoe?e i?a?oe aeey ea?iaaieo AONC.

Ia iniia? i?a?oaeueiiai aiae?co 362 ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue ONC “Eoiii”,
aeeiiaieo ni?a?ia?oieeaie IOe AIAAe ca aeiiiiiaith aeaiiao?iaiai
oaeaneiia ia i?eo Oa?neie c 12 eenoiiaaea 1997 ?. ii 3 o?aaiy 1998 ?.,
ia/eneaii aeaiaioe eiai i?a?oe ia aoai? aeaaaeaiiy ia aainoaoe?iia?io
i?a?oo, ia?aaaaeaiiy noiooieea a oi/eo noiyiiy ia aeiaaio? 55(, aoai?
oo?eiaiiy a oi/oe? noiyiiy, a oaeiae o ianeaiiio iieueio? i?ney a?aeiiae
ai?oiaeo nenoai noiooieea. Na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/i? iioeaee aecia/aiiy
eii?aeeiao ONC “Eoiii” neeaaeathoue 50(200 i ia a?eueoino? i?a?oaeueieo
aeoa.

I?e aecia/aii? i?a?oe ONC “Eoiii” ia aoai? eiai oo?eiaiiy a oi/oe?
noiyiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeany ?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii iiaeaeue i?enei?aiiy ONC
i?ae ae??th aeoeaieo nee, yea aeicaieeea ia/enethaaoe i?a?oo noiooieea c
na?aaei?ie eaaae?aoe/ieie cia/aiiyie iaa’ycie ca i?yiei noiaeaeaiiyi oa
noeeaiiyi, ui ia ia?aaeuothoue 1(2( ia aeoaao aei 5 ae?a.

Ia iniia? aecia/aiiy i?a?o AONC “Eoiii” oa noiooieea “A?aanao 1N”
(92010B), ia?aaaaeaiiai 18 n?/iy 1998 ?. a ieieeoeth oi/ee noiyiiy
noiooieea “Eoiii”, aeine?aeaeaii ?oi?e aca?iiee ?oo oa anoaiiaeaii
i’youe o?nieo caeeaeaiue noiooiee?a ia a?aenoaiue iaioa 5 ei. Aiie
iaee i?noea 3 ethoiai 1998 ?. i 16 aiae. 13 oa. anana?oiueiai
eii?aeeiiaaiiai /ano (UTC) ia a?aenoai? 4,2 ei, 3 aa?aciy 1998
?. i 15 aiae. 12 oa. ia a?aenoai? 1,3 ei, 4 aa?aciy 1998 ?. i 15 aiae.
10 oa. ia a?aenoai? 2,3 ei, 5 aa?aciy 1998 ?. i 15 aiae. 00 oa. ia
a?aenoai? 3,1 ei oa 6 aa?aciy 1998 ?. i 14 aiae. 50 oa. ia a?aenoai? 4,2
ei. Iioeaee ia?aaeia/eneaiiy i?i?iaeueii? a?aenoai? noaiiaeyoue 0,3(1
ei.

Aeei?enoaiiy ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue noiooiee?a “Eoiii” oa “A?aanao 1N”
oiiaeeeaeei iia?aoeaia aecia/aiiy ?oi?o i?a?o ia i?ci?oa 12 aiaeei i?ney
iiiaioo inoaiiueiai niinoa?aaeaiiy. Iia?aoeai?noue niinoa?aaeaiue oa
aecia/aiiy i?a?o aeicaieeee ia?aaeia/eneeoe aeae?eueea caeeaeaiue iaio
aainoaoe?iia?ieo noiooiee?a ia a?aenoaiue iaioa 5 ei ? caa/anii
ii?ioi?ioaaoe i?i oea OeOI ONC “Eoiii”.

O aeniiaeao iaaaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ye?
caiaeyoueny aei ianooiiiai.

1. I?iaaaeaii aaeineiiaeaiiy aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai aiae?co eaca?ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue ONC aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie? oa
?aae?caoe?? caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo.

2. C aiae?co eaca?ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ONC “Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”,
io?eiaieo na?oiaith ia?aaeath noaioe?e o 1983–1998 ??., aoee aecia/ai?
ia?aiao?e iaa?oaiiy Caie? (eii?aeeiaoe iiethna oa anana?oi?e /an) ia
?ioa?aae? c 6 aa?aniy 1983 ?ieo ii 13 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo c e?ieii 3
aeiae. Na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/i? iioeaee eii?aeeiao iiethna noaiiaeyoue 0,18
in aeoae, anana?oiueiai /ano ( 0,015 in.

3. Io?eiaii iiao ?aae?caoe?th caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo, ui i?aaenoaaeaia
i?yiieooieie aaioeaio?e/ieie eii?aeeiaoaie 108 noaioe?e eaca?ii?
eieaoe?? ia iiiaio 1 n?/iy 1997 ?. oa oaeaeeinoyie ci?ie eii?aeeiao 64
noaioe?e. Na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/i? iioeaee eii?aeeiao noaiiaeyoue 0,1–2 ni,
oaeaeeinoae ( 0,1–2 ii/??e aeey a?eueoino? noaioe?e.

4. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie aecia/aiiy i?a?o aainoaoe?iia?ieo
ONC ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a oioia?ao?/ieo oa ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue, ui
aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe i?a?oe AONC ?c na?aaei?ie eaaae?aoe/ieie
cia/aiiyie iaa’ycie ca i?yiei noiaeaeaiiyi oa noeeaiiyi ia ??ai? 0,5–1(.

5. C aeei?enoaiiyi aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai aecia/aiiy i?a?o
aainoaoe?iia?ieo ONC aoei aeeiiaii i?a?oaeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
oioia?ao?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue AONC, io?eiaieo o Ee?a? oa Oaeai?iae? 1996
?., oa ICC-niinoa?aaeaiue AONC, aeeiiaieo ia i?eo Oa?neie o 1997–1998
??.

Ia?ae?e oeeoiaaieo aeaea?ae

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iaaethaeaiee ENC ii i?iaeoo IA?EO: Aeen… eaiae. oec.-iao. iaoe:
01.03.01. ( E., 1988. ( 178 n.

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iaaethaeaiee Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie neoaeau a?auaiey Caiee. ( E.: 1990. ( 21
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Rudenko S.P., Ivashchenko Yu.N., Epishev V.P., Motrunich I.I. Some
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geosynchronous satellites // Proceedings of the Workshop “Accurate orbit
determination and observations of high Earth satellites for
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Alipe and P. Paquet. ( 1995. ( P. 63(70.

Rudenko S.P. Earth rotation parameters and terrestrial reference frame
derived from Lageos-1 and Lageos-2 1983(1995 SLR data analysis // O?oaeu
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Aiioaoe?y

?oaeaiei N.I. Aecia/aiiy i?a?o ONC aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ aaiaeeiai?ee
oa iii?oi?eiao aainoaoe?iia?ii? ciie ca ?acoeueoaoaie niinoa?aaeaiue. (
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.03.01 ( ano?iiao??y ?
iaaania iaoai?ea. ( Aieiaia ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
2000.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aaeineiiaeaiith ?nioth/eo oa ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo
aeai?eoi?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aecia/aii? i?a?o
aenieii?a?oaeueieo noiooiee?a Caie?, a naia aaiaeeiai?/ieo noiooiee?a
“Lageos-1” oa “Lageos-2”, a oaeiae aainoaoe?iia?ieo noiooiee?a. Io?eiaii
iiao ?aae?caoe?th caiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo, ui i?noeoue aaioeaio?e/i?
eii?aeeiaoe 108 noaioe?e oa oaeaeeino? 64 noaioe?e. Ia/eneaii oaeiae
?yae ia?aiao??a iaa?oaiiy Caie? c e?ieii 3 aeiae ia ?ioa?aae? c 6
aa?aniy 1983 ?. ii 13 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. Ia/eneaii i?a?oe 126
aainoaoe?iia?ieo ia’?eo?a ia iniia? aiae?co 1966 oioia?ao?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue, io?eiaieo o Ee?a? oa Oaeai?iae? 1996 ?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aecia/aiiy i?a?o, ooo/i? noiooieee Caie?, ia?aiao?e
iaa?oaiiy Caie?, nenoaia a?aee?eo.

Abstract

Rudenko S.P. Determination of orbits of Earth artificial satellites for
solving problems of geodynamics and monitoring the geostationary ring
using observational data. ( Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 01.03.01 ( astrometry and
celestial mechanics. ( Main Astronomical Observatory of the National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 2000.

The dissertation is devoted to elaboration of the existing algorithms
and development of new ones used in the determination of orbits of the
high Earth’s satellites, namely, geodynamic “Lageos-1” and “Lageos-2”
satellites and geostationary satellites. A new realization of the
Terrestrial Reference Frame containing geocentric coordinates of 108
stations and velocities of 64 stations has been
derived. The Earth rotation parameter series has been also obtained
at 3-day intervals since September 6, 1983 till December 13,
1998. The orbits of 126 geostationary objects were also derived by
processing 1966 photographic observations obtained in Kyiv and Uzhhorod
in 1996.

Key words: orbit determination, Earth’s artificial satellites, Earth
rotation parameters, Reference Frame.

Aiiioaoeey

?oaeaiei N.I. Ii?aaeaeaiea i?aeo ENC aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ aaiaeeiaieee e
iiieoi?eiaa aainoaoeeiia?iie ciiu ii ?acoeueoaoai iaaethaeaiee. (
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.03.01 ( ano?iiao?ey e
iaaaniay iaoaieea. ( Aeaaiay ano?iiiie/aneay iana?aaoi?ey IAI Oe?aeiu,
Eeaa, 2000.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia niaa?oainoaiaaieth nouanoaothueo e ?ac?aaioea
iiauo aeai?eoiia, eniieuecoaiuo i?e ii?aaeaeaiee i?aeo
aunieii?aeoaeueiuo niooieeia Caiee, a eiaiii, aaiaeeiaie/aneeo niooieeia
“Lageos-1” e “Lageos-2”, a oaeaea aainoaoeeiia?iuo niooieeia, e
eniieueciaaieth yoeo aeai?eoiia e i?ia?aii i?e aiaeeca iaaethaeaiee.

I?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey i?ia?aiiu
/eneaiiiai eioaa?e?iaaiey VASOMI aeey au/eneaiey i?aeo
aunieii?aeoaeueiuo ENC ia i?aeoaeueiuo aeoaao aeeeiie aei aeaoo eao.
Iaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua cia/aiey ia?aiao?ia i?ia?aiiu eioaa?e?iaaiey.

Ia iniiaa aiaeeca eaca?iuo iaaethaeaiee ENC “Lageos-1” e “Lageos-2”,
iieo/aiiuo ie?iaie naoueth noaioeee a 1983(1998 aa., auee ii?aaeaeaiu
ia?aiao?u a?auaiey Caiee (eii?aeeiaou iiethna e anaie?iia a?aiy) ia
eioa?aaea n 6 naioya?y 1983 aiaea ii 13 aeaeaa?y 1998 aiaea n oaaii 3
nooie. N?aaeiea eaaae?aoe/iua ioeaee eii?aeeiao iiethna ninoaaeee
0,18 in aeoae, anaie?iiai a?aiaie ( 0,015 in.

Iieo/aia oaeaea iiaay ?aaeecaoeey caiiie nenoaiu ion/aoa
SSC(GAOUA)99L01, i?aaenoaaeaiiay i?yiioaieueiuie aaioeaio?e-/aneeie
eii?aeeiaoaie 108 noaioeee eaca?iie eieaoeee ia iiiaio 1
yiaa?y 1997 a. e nei?inoyie eciaiaiey eii?aeeiao 64 noaioeee. N?aaeiea
eaaae?aoe/iua ioeaee eii?aeeiao ninoaaeytho 0,1–2 ni, nei?inoae (
0,1–2 ii/aiae aeey aieueoeinoaa noaioeee.

Au/eneaiu ia?aiao?u i?aia?aciaaiey cia/aiey eii?aeeiao noaioeee,
aeaaaaiuo ?aaeecaoeeyie Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie caiiie nenoaiu ion/aoa ITRF94,
ITRF96 e ITRF97 e iieo/aiiie a aeenna?oaoeee ?aaeecaoeee
SSC(GAOUA)99L01.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu aeai?eoiu e i?ia?aiiu ii?aaeaeaiey i?aeo
aainoaoeeiia?iuo ENC ia iniiaa ?acoeueoaoia oioia?aoe/aneeo e
ICN-iaaethaeaiee, iicaieythuea ii?aaeaeyoue i?aeou AENC ni n?aaeieie
eaaae?aoe/iuie cia/aieyie iaaycie ii i?yiiio ainoiaeaeaieth e neeiiaieth
ia o?iaia 0,5–1(.

N eniieueciaaieai aeai?eoiia e i?ia?aii ii?aaeaeaiey i?aeo
aainoaoeeiia?iuo ENC aue auiieiai i?aeoaeueiue aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia
oioia?aoe/aneeo iaaethaeaiee AENC, iieo/aiiuo a AAI IAI Oe?aeiu a Eeaaa
e Oaeai?iaeneii oieaa?neoaoa a 1996 a., e ICN-iaaethaeaiee AENC,
auiieiaiiuo ia ieea Oa?neie a 1997–1998 a. Onoaiiaeaiu oaeou
iiiai/eneaiiuo ei??aeoeee i?aeo aeey oi?aaeyaiuo AENC.

Ia iniiaa i?aeoaeueiiai aiaeeca 362 ICN-iaaethaeaiee ENC “Eoiii”
(97070A), auiieiaiiuo nio?oaeieeaie IOe AIYE n iiiiuueth aeaooiao?iaiai
oaeaneiia ia ieea Oa?neie n 12 iiya?y 1997 a. ii 3 iay 1998 a.,
au/eneaiu yeaiaiou aai i?aeou ia yoaia auaaaeaiey ia aainoaoeeiia?ioth
i?aeoo, ia?aaiaea niooieea a oi/eo noiyiey ia aeieaioa 55(, yoaia
oaea?aeaiey a oi/ea noiyiey, a oaeaea a ianneaiii iieaoa iinea ioeaca
ai?oiauo nenoai niooieea. N?aaeiea eaaae?aoe/iua ioeaee ii?aaeaeaiey
eii?aeeiao ENC “Eoiii” ninoaaeytho 50(200 i ia aieueoeinoaa i?aeoaeueiuo
aeoa.

Ia iniiaa ii?aaeaeaiey i?aeo AENC “Eoiii” e niooieea “A?aanao 1N”
(92010B), ia?aaaaeaiiiai 16 yiaa?y 1998 a. a ie?anoiinoue oi/ee noiyiey
niooieea “Eoiii”, enneaaeiaaii eo acaeiiia aeaeaeaiea e onoaiiaeaiu
iyoue oaniuo naeeaeaiee niooieeia ia ?annoiyiea 1,3–4,2 ei a
oaa?aea–ia?oa 1998 a.

Naeaeai auaiae i oii, /oi ?ac?aaioaiiia aaoi?ii i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea
ii?aaeaeaiey i?aeo AENC iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny aeey aiaeeca
iiceoeeiiiuo iaaethaeaiee AENC, iia?aoeaiiai ii?aaeaeaiey i?aeo,
iiieoi?eiaa eca?aiiuo o/anoeia aainoaoeeiia?iie ciiu, i?aaeau/eneaiey
iianiuo naeeaeaiee iauaeoia ia aainoaoeeiia?iuo i?aeoao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ii?aaeaeaiea i?aeo, eneonnoaaiiua niooieee Caiee,
ia?aiao?u a?auaiey Caiee, nenoaia ion/aoa.

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