Виховання культури праці молодших школярів у процесі навчальної трудової діяльності: Автореф. дис… канд. пед. наук / Н.В. Дупак, Ін-т педагогіки АПН

16

?INOEOOO IAAeAAIA?EE AII OE?A?IE

AeOIAE Iaae?y Aanee?aia

OAeE 37.031.4:372.862

Aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?

iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean?

iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?

13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaaec?aii Aaneeue Ieeieaeiae/,

ae?eniee /eai AII Oe?a?ie, a?oea-i?aceaeaio Aeaaeai?? iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaae?anueeee Ieoaeei Aaneeueiae/,

AEeoiie?nueeee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee

— eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Oeiaiei Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee eaai?aoi??? iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: — Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, i.Oa?iii?eue.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.452.03 a ?inoeooo? iaaeaaia?ee AII
Oe?a?ie (252054, i.Ee?a, aoe.A?oaia, 52a).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e /anoei? ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.I.EaaeeeCaaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaoaeiaa naiino?eii? Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae, ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei c iiaith neeith iinoaaeee
ieoaiiy i?i ci?ie a aaeoc? ia?iaeii? ina?oe oa aenoioee ye?nii iia?
aeiiae aei o?oaeiai? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee.
Iaei??th c i?ia?aeieo oe?eae oeiee a iia?e nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e
neooaoe?? ? ea?aeeiaeuei? ci?ie o o?oaeiaiio iaa/aii? oa aeoiaaii?
i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy ii/eiath/e c ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

Nenoaia o?oaeiai? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a ? ooiaeaiaioii aeey oi?ioaaiiy
na?aeiiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aeoe/iiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ciaiue, oi?iue oa
iaae/ie ia i?aeoeoe?, ona?aeiieaiiai aeai?o iaeaooiuei? i?ioan??,
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?. Aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? a ii/aoeia?e
oeie? ? iaei??th c aieiaieo oiia noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino? iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a ? iiaeiii ?icaeyaeaoeny ye iane?aeie ?icoiiaiai, ii?aeueiiai,
o?oaeiaiai, anoaoe/iiai, o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, ye iaeei ?c ?acoeueoao?a
eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy.

A/eoaeue — oeaio?aeueia o?ao?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. A?ae eiai
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? caeaaeeoue oni?o o aeoiaaii? ? iaa/aii? iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a. Aaaeeeaei ? oa, uia canai?i? o/iyie ciaiiy ye aeaiaioe
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? ia?aoiaeeee a a aio/e? oi?iiy, ?aoe?iiaeuei? niiniae,
uia iaa/aeueiee ?acoeueoao o?ieo i?aoe? ii?aeioaaany c ?icaeoeii
i?ciaaaeueieo cae?aiinoae, oai?/i? ?i?oe?aoeae oa naiino?eiino?.

Caaaeueiiina?oiy oeiea iaeiie/eea cia/iee aeina?ae ?iaioe c o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy, a/aieie iaaeaaiaaie aecia/ai? iniiai? iiiyooy oa aaaeo/?
iai?yiee aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, i?iaaaeai? /eneaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy
c iaoiaeeee aeoiaaiiy ie?aieo aeaiaio?a eoeueoo?e i?aoe?.

Ia aaaeeea?noue aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? oeiey??a caa?oaee oaaao
I.I.Aeiinueeee, I.E.E?oinueea, A.A.Eoia/a?nueeee, A.N.Iaea?aiei,
A.I.Nooiieeinueeee, O.N.Oaoeueeee.

Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy iie?oaoi?/iiai o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? aeine?aeaeothoueny a ?iaioao I.?.Aoooiaa,
N.ss.Aaoeoaaa, TH.E.Aaneeue?aa, A.I.Iaaec?aiia, ss.A.?iaei?aa,
Ae.I.Ooi?aeaanueeiai, I.I.Oeiaiea, ?.I.O?aeoaa oa ?i.

Iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe aeoiaaiiy aeaiaio?a eoeueoo?e i?aoe?
?icaeyaeathoueny a aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.A.Aaeane?ia, A.?.Aiae??yoeia,
Ae.I.Caiaeoeueeiai, N.A.AEo?aaey, A.I.No?oiainueeiai oa ?i.

Aeine?aeaeaiith ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aeoiaaiiy
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi i?enay/ai? ?iaioe
A.A.I?ea?yia, A.A.Oa?aiiiiai?, A.A.*aaeoaai?.

Caaaeai? aeine?aeieee c?iaeee aaaiiee aianie o aea/aiiy eiie?aoieo
ieoaiue, ui noinothoueny oe??? i?iaeaie. I?ioa i?aoe?, yea a
ia?aaeaa/aea aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee a
i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? iaia?.

Ia noai? ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie iicia/eeeny oae? ianoaaeie:

ii-ia?oa, a?aenooiy oaea iaoiaeeea, yea a aeiiiiaaaea aeoiaoaaoe
eoeueoo?o i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee ia o?ieao o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy c
caaacia/aiiyi ianooiiino? a i?ioean? canai?iiy ciaiue, i?aeoe/ieo oi?iue
? iaae/ie, ye? neeaaeathoue aeaiaioa?io aaco eoeueoo?e i?aoe?;

ii-ae?oaa, a/eoae? ii/aoeiai? oeiee ia iathoue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ui i?noyoue a?aeiiino? i?i ianooii?noue
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, ia ui aiie iiaee a nia?oeny o nai?e ?iaio?
i?e i?iaaaeaii? o?ie?a o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

A e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo oaea noaiiaeua cia/iith i??ith cieaeo? ye?noue
o?oaeiai? i?aeaioiaee iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, a a?aeoae aoaeoeai?noue
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? ia ia?oiio nooiai? iaa/aiiy a
caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie?.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ?? aeeeth/ii aaaeeeaa nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia
cia/aiiy, iaaeinoaoi?noue iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie, ni?yiiaaieo ia ??
?ica’ycaiiy, aeaee i?aenoaae aeey ia?aiiy oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aecia/eee eiai iai?yiie.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy o/i?a
ii/aoeiaeo eean?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — ci?no ? caniae aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?
o/i?a 1-4 eean?a o i?ioean? o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe oa i?aeoe/ii ia?aa??eoe
ci?no, caniae, iaoiaee aoaeoeaiiai aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a o i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?.

Aea/aiiy aeina?aeo ?iaioe ii/aoeiai? oeiee, iia’ycaiiai c i?iaeaiith
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, oa i?iaaaeai? iiia?aaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe a?iioaco, ca?aeii c yeith ??aaiue eoeueoo?e
i?aoe? iaaaaaoi oni?oi?oa aoaea cae?enithaaoeny ca oiia:

— iaieiae?iiy o/iyie ii/aoeiai? oeiee a?aeiia?aeiith iiaeeaeaiith
a?ao?/iith i?aeaioiaeith;

— nenoaiaoe/ia caeo/aiiy aei aiae?co i?iaeoeoo i?aoe?, /eoaiiy ane?c?a,
neeaaeaiiy e?aneaiue ieiueiieo oa ia’?iieo o?ao?;

— aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno oai?/eo eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ? oaoiieia?/ieo
caaaeaiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia canoinoaaiiy o iaciaeiieo neooaoe?yo;

— caaacia/aiiy ianooiiino? a i?ioean? canai?iiy ciaiue, i?aeoe/ieo
oi?iue ? iaae/ie;

— aeei?enoaiiy aeoeaieo iaoiae?a o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

I?aaeiao, iaoa ? a?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeee eiai iniiai?
caaaeaiiy:

— aea/eoe noai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o
o?einionuee?e, nioe?ieia?/i?e oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??,
iaoiaeeoe? o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy ? i?aeoeoe? ii/aoeiai? oeiee;

— aecia/eoe i?aeoiaee o a?aeai?? ci?noo oa cania?a aoaeoeaiiai aeoiaaiiy
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a 1-4 eean?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaoaaoe ci?no, oi?ie ? iaoiaee iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a;

— ocaaaeueieoe ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue:

oai??y iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy nenoaiiiai ?
ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiae?a o iaaeaaia?oe? ? ineoieia??, i?eioeei ?aeiino?
oai??? ? i?aeoeee, aoiai?caoe?? oa aeaiie?aoecaoe?? ina?oe.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie i???iooaaeeny ia iaaeaaia?/io
iaoiaeieia?th, a?aeia?aaeaio a i?aoeyo I.?.Aoooiaa, TH.E.Aaaainueeiai,
I.E.E?oinueei?, ?.ss.Ea?ia?a, A.N.Iaea?aiea, I.?.Iaoiooiaa,
I.I.Neaoe?ia, A.I.Nooiieeinueeiai, E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue canoiniaoaaany eiiieaen
aca?iiiia’ycaieo iaoiae?a, cie?aia, oai?aoe/ieo:

— aea/aiiy i?aoeue iaaeaaia?a, ineoieia?a, nioe?ieia?a, io?oe?eii?
aeieoiaioaoe??, i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a ? iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a;

— aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, i?ia?ai 1-4 eean?a c
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy;

aii??e/ieo:

— niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, aan?aea, ?ioa?a’thaaiiy;

— aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy caiyoue c
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy o 1-4 eeanao;

— noaoenoe/i? ? iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeei?enoaii oaeiae aeina?ae ?iaioe aeena?oaioa ye a/eoaey o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy o 1-4 eeanao.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee NO ?? 15, 5, 13 i.??aia
? ??aiainueei? iaeano? (i.Einoii?eue NO ?? 1, 2, i.Caeieaoi?a NO ? 4).

Aoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy

? aoai — 1992-1993 ??. — aea/aany noai i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaiaeeany eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, i?aeae?aany neeaae
a/eoae?a-aenia?eiaioaoi??a, i?iaiaeeeany oai?aoe/ia ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ii?
nenoaie aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

?? aoai — 1994-1995 ??. — i?iaeiaaeoaaeiny oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaiaeeeeny aenia?eiaioe ii ia?aa??oe? iiaeae? iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie,
aeyaeaiith aoaeoeaieo oi?i i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueii-o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino? c o?aooaaiiyi io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?
aenia?oieo ioe?iie, cae?enithaaeiny ei?aeooaaiiy iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie,
ooi/ithaaeany iiaeaeue ?aaoethaaiiy neeaaeiino? iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo.

??? aoai — 1996-1997 ??. — i?iaiaeeany iniiaiee iaa/ath/ee aenia?eiaio,
yeee aeicaieea c?iaeoe ocaaaeueiaiiy ? aeniiaee uiaei aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy a oe?euei?e i?aeoeoe? iaoiaeeee aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?,
i?iaeiaaeoaaeiny ei?aeooaaiiy aeayeeo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a iaoiaee/ii?
nenoaie, aea?? ie?aieo aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a c o?aooaaiiyi ??cieo
oaeoi??a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ooi/iaii? noeoiiino? ciaiue ?
i?aeoe/ieo oi?iue, ye? ? aeaiaioaie eoeueoo?e i?aoe?; a ?ic?iaoe?
e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a; a ?ic?iaoe? ci?noo ? iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a, ye?
caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a 1-4 eean?a o
i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?ic?iaeai?
oai?aoe/i? iniiae ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e
i?aoe? o/i?a 1-4 eean?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o a?eiaeo oa ineoieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae; iaa?oioiaaii oi?ie ? iaoiaeeeo i?aai?caoe?? ci?noo
o?oaeiai? i?aeaioiaee iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, ye? caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny ?ic?iaeith ci?noo
oai?/eo eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ? oaoiieia?/ieo caaaeaiue, niaoe?aeueieo ai?aa
c aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee ? iaoiaeeee ?o
i?iaaaeaiiy a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?; io?eiai? a
oiae? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ?acoeueoaoe, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? ii/aoeiai? oeiee ia o?ieao
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeeeaaea/aie ? nooaeaioaie iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a o i?aeoe/iiio
cae?eniaii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee oa a nenoai?
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe a/eoae?a o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a noaoo? “Iaaeaaia?/i? caniae oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a o iaa/aeueii-o?oaeia?e ae?yeueiino?”
aecia/a?oueny ?ic?iaeaiiyi oa oai?aoe/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi iiaeae?
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?anueei? iieiae?.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue oa a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny:

— aeaieie o?eaaei? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee;

— aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiae?a, ?ic?iaeaieo iaaeaaia?/iith iaoeith ?
aaeaeaaoieo iao?, caaaeaiiyi, a?iioac?;

— aeei?enoaiiyi aeinoia??ieo aeaieo oa ?o iaoaiaoe/iith ia?iaeith;

— iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth ao?aeieo ? aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue,
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaaeany o i?ioean?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ii aeoiaaiith eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a
ii/aoeiaeo eean?a oe?e i.??aia — NO ?? 15, 5, 13, a oaeiae oe?e
??aiainueei? iaeano? (i.Einoii?eue NO ?? 1, 2, i.Caeieaoi?a NO ? 4).

O?ae ? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iaeai o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy,
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey (??aia, 1994-1996), I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ie?ioai?/a ae?yeuei?noue oeiee ? aoco»
(??aia, 1997), iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio nai?ia?? eaoaae?e caaaeueiioaoi?/ieo
aeenoeeie?i ? iaoiaeeee o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy ??aiainueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo (1997), o aeiiia?aeyo ia can?aeaiiyo i?nueeeo iaoiaee/ieo
ia’?aeiaiiyo c i?iaeai o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy oa
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo nai?ia?ao o/eoae?a o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy oe?e
??aiainueei? iaeano? (1995-1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o noaooyo a aeo?iae?
“I?aa iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea (1998?., ?1, 1998 ?., ?4, 1999 ?., ?1) aeaio
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ??aiainueeiai Aeiiii?ei-Aoiai?oa?iiai
?inoeoooo (1997 ?.), o noaoo? a aeo?iae? “Neiai iieiaeei aeine?aeieeai”
(1998 ?.) ??aiainueeiai ?inoeoooo eoeueoo?e, iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo
(1996, 1997 ?.?.), iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo (1998 ?.),
iaoa??aeao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e o i.??aia (1994, 1996, 1997
?.?.).

No?oeoo?a ? iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ?c 162 iaeiaioaaiue ? 4 aeiaeaoe?a ianyaii 28
noi??iee. Iiaiee ianya ?iaioe noaiiaeoue 193 noi??iee, ?iaioa ai?uo? 6
oaaeeoeue, 15 ?enoie?a.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao,
iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iaoiaee oa aoaie ?iaioe, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio,
oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeeeaaeaii
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «I?iaeaia aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a
ii/aoeiai? oeiee» — ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
ia?aaeoiiae aaeineiiaeaiiy ci?noo ? cania?a aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a; aiae?cothoueny ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a o aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo; aiae?co?oueny noai i?iaeaie o i?aeoeoe? ii/aoeiai?
oeiee.

I?iaeaia nooiino? «eoeueoo?a i?aoe?» ae??ooaaeany a ia?oo /a?ao o
o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo??.

Eoeueoo?a i?aoe? ?icaeyaeaeany ye no?eea nenoaia i?aai?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? ? ae?aaeaeany ia o?eueee a oiio, ui ?iaeoueny, aea ? a oiio
ye ?iaeoueny; a ye?e i??? a oeo /e ?ioeo oaeoi?ao i?aoe? aeyaey?oueny
oai?/a nooi?noue ethaeeie; eiee ia?aaeathoueny ia ie?ai? noi?iie aai
aeanoeaino? ethaeeie, a ?? ?ioaa?aeuei?, ia’?aeiai? a ?aeeia oe?ea
yeino? (Eaeea A.AE., Eiaaeuecii I.ss., Ua?aae O.I., Ieca?iai A.?.).
Ca?aeii c oaeeie iiaeyaeaie ethaeeia i?aaenoaaeaia a eoeueoo?? ye
naii?icaeaath/a ?noioa, ye noa’?eo ? iaeii/anii ye ?acoeueoao iniaenoi?
ae?yeueiino?, yea ? aeoeaiei oai?/ei i?ioeanii.

O a?o/eciyi?e iaaeaaia?oe? oa ineoieia?? aeine?aeieeaie i?iaeaie
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? anoaiiaeaii, ui iio?aaa o iaa/aeuei?e
ae?yeueiino? niiioea? o/i?a aei canai?iiy oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue ye
aeaiaio?a eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, iioea?a iaa/aeueieo ae?e — aei iaieiae?iiy
niiniaaie ?o iiaoaeiae, ni?yiiaaieie ia ?ica’ycaiiy iaa/aeueieo
o?oaeiaeo caaaeaiue (I.I.Aeiinueeee, E.N.Aeaionueeee, I.I.Eaiioue?a,
E.N.?oa?iooaei).

?yaeii aeine?aeiee?a cae?eniaii oni?oio ni?iao o aea/aii? i?iaeaie
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a (I.?.Aoooia, A.I.Ai?eiaa,
A.Ae.Aa?iaeiaa, N.A.AEo?aaaeue, Ae.I.Caiaeoeueeee, O.A.Eoae?yaoeaa,
N.A.Iaoooe?i, A.A.Ieea?yi, O.N.Ieoaeue/ee, ?.A.Iaei?iaa, ss.A.?iaei?a,
A.I. No?oiainueeee, A.A.Oa?aiiiiaa, ?.I.O?aeoaa, A.A.*aaeoaaa).

Iaei? aaoi?e ?icaeyaeathoue eoeueoo?o i?aoe? c iiceoe?? oi?iue iaoeiai?
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano
(A.Ae.Aa?iaeiaa), ieaioaaiiy nai?? ?iaioe, oi?ii? eiio?iethaaoe ??
ye?noue, i?aoethaaoe a eieaeoea?, oai?/i a?aeiineoeny aei i?aoe?
(A.I.No?oiainueeee, Ae.I.Caiaeoeueeee, A.A.Oa?aiiiiaa, A.A.Ieea?yi),
?aaoethaaii? ? onoiaii? iiieeie (A.A.*aaeoaaa). ?io? aa/aoue eoeueoo?o
i?aoe? ye noeoii?noue niaoe?aeueieo oi?iue ? iaae/ie, a yeino? iniiae
aeae?eythoue oi/i?noue ciaiue ? ae?e (N.A.Iaoooe?i).

Ia?aeiieeaith aeaea?oueny aeoiea aeine?aeiee?a (I.?.Aoooia,
ss.A.?iaei?a, ?.I.O?aeoaa, ?.A.Iaei?iaa) i?i oa, ui caaaeueiiina?oiy
oeiea, ii/eiath/e c ia?oiai ?ieo iaa/aiiy iiaeiia aeaoe o/iyi
iie?oaoi?/io i?aeaioiaeo, iciaeiieoe c i?aaeiaoii i?aoe?, cia?yaeaeyie
i?aoe?, ae?yeuei?noth ethaeeie a i?aoe? ? i?iaeoeoaie i?aoe?.

Aaaiieie o iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ? aeniiaee uiaei iaiao?aeiino?
aaaaeaiiy ia o?ieao o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy aeaiaio?a a?e, ca aeiiiiiaith
yeeo iieiaeo? oeiey?? aoaeoeaii canaiththoue oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy, oi?iiy ?
iaae/ee ye aeaiaioe eoeueoo?e i?aoe? (A.A.Oa?aiiiiaa).

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c i?aoeue iaaeaaia?a, ineoieia?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
iayai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue canai?iiy o/iyie o?oaeiaeo ciaiue,
i?aeoe/ieo oi?iue ? iaae/ie, aea ianooii?noue o aeoiaaii? aeaiaio?a
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? ia ia?oiio nooiai? iaa/aiiy ia io?eiaea iaeaaeiiai
aena?oeaiiy.

Aiae?c eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
a?aenooi?noue iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey a/eoae?a c aeoiaaiiy
eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, iayai?noue iaaeie?e?a i?e i?iaaaeaii? o?ie?a
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy aeiaaa? aaeineiiaeaiiy ci?noo ? cania?a, ye?
ni?eythoue ?ica’ycaiith i?iaeaie a i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a oaeeo ?iaioao ye
neeaaeaiiy ieaio oaoiieia?/ii? iine?aeiaiino? aeaioiaeaiiy ae?iao ia
a?aee o/ano? 66 % o/i?a, i?e iiaoaeia? e?aneaiiy ae?iao — 62 %, a o
aiae?c? ? ioe?ithaaii? ?acoeueoao?a i?aoe? — 54 %. O/i? ia caeo/athoueny
aei aeoeaii? o/ano? ia o?ieao o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy. Ii noo? o ieo ia
aeoiaothoueny aaaeeea? aeaiaioe eoeueoo?e i?aoe?.

I?aeoiaee aei ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a 1-4
eean?a iaie aoee aecia/ai? i?e aiae?c? aeina?aeo a?o/eciyii? oa
ca?oa?aeii? iaaeaaia?ee ia no/aniiio aoai?, yeee na?ae/eoue i?ioa, ui
ii/aoeiaa oeiea iiaeiia ica?ithaaoe o/i?a aeeaieeie ? i?oeieie ciaiiyie,
?icaeaaoe cae?ai?noue aei oai?/iai ieneaiiy, caoaeaeoaaoe iiceoeaia
noaaeaiiy aei ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?, oi?ioaaoe nenoaio oe?iiinoae,
noai?thaaoe iiaeaeue aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, aeaaaoe caaaeueiiina?oith oa
iie?oaoi?/io i?aeaioiaeo. I?e oeueiio aaeeea oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
iineeaiith iie?oaoi?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? i?aaeiao?a o?oaeiaiai oeeeeo oa
?aae?caoe?? i?eioeeio i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca’yce?a.

O?eueee a oaeiio aeiaaeeo aeoiao?oueny naiino?ei?noue, ?i?oe?aoeaa,
oai?/a aeoeai?noue oeiey??a, ?icaeaa?oueny iio?aaa i?ciaoe iiaa,
oi?iothoueny oi?iiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaaoo? ciaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? — oiaoi
ana oa, ui neeaaea? eoeueoo?o i?aoe?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ci?noo ? cania?a aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a
ii/aoeiai? oeiee ia o?ieao o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy» ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino? ci?noo ?
iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a c aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o
i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa
i?iaiaeeeany a oiiaao i?e?iaeiueiai iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano ia o?ieao
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy. Aeey ia?aa??ee cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee iaie aoea
?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ioe?ithaaiiy nooiai?a ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, yea
neeaaea?oueny c o?enaoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo ??ai?a (iaeaeuiai, aenieiai,
na?aaeiueiai, iecueeiai) ? e?eoa???a ?o noi?iiaaiino?, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue oi?iiy naiino?eii neeaaeaoe ieai iaeaooiuei? ?iaioe c
o?aooaaiiyi iaiao?aeieo cania?a ? iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae aeio?eioaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? iine?aeiaiino?; caeaoiino? iiaiaeaeoaaoe naith
ae?yeuei?noue ?c oiaa?eoaie ii i?aoe?; oiaa?enueea aca?iiaeiiiiiaa;
oai?/a ? anoaoe/ia noaaeaiiy aei i?aoe?, iiooee ?aoe?iiaeueieo i?eeii?a,
niinia?a, iaoiae?a ?ica’ycoaaiiy i?iaeaie; oi?iiy eiio?iethaaoe ?
naiino?eii i?aeaiaeeoe i?aenoiie aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

Oiiaith ? iieacieeii aoaeoeaiino? iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao ia aeoiaaiiy
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ? ?icaeoie ?o oai?/eo ?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo cae?aiinoae, eieaeoea?cio ? i?aoeueiaeoino?.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aecia/eeenue oiiae, ye?
caaacia/othoue aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a:

— nenoaiaoe/ia caeo/aiiy o/i?a aei aiae?co i?iaeoeoo i?aoe?, /eoaiiy
ane?c?a, neeaaeaiiy e?aneaiue ieiueiieo oa ia’?iieo o?ao?, ieaioaaiiy
iine?aeiaiino? aeaioiaeaiiy ae?iao;

— aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno oai?/eo eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ? oaoiieia?/ieo
caaaeaiue ?c aeaiaioaie anoaoeee, i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e;

— noai?aiiy oiia eieaeoeaii? ?iaioe a neeaae? a?eaaae ? eaiie;

— aeei?enoaiiy aeoeaieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy;

— caaacia/aiiy oai?/i? oa anoaoe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ane?c?a
oa anoaoe/iiio ioi?ieaii? iaeaooi?o ae?ia?a.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy aeoiaaiino? eoeueoo?e i?aoe? a i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy
oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo iaie aecia/ai? iniiai? aeaiaioe oeueiai
i?ioeano:

— oi?iiy ieaioaaoe o?oaeiaa caaaeaiiy oa iine?aeiai?noue aeaioiaeaiiy
ae?iao;

— oai?/a oa anoaoe/ia noaaeaiiy aei ?iaioe;

— oi?iiy i?aoethaaoe a eieaeoea?.

Iiaeai? aeaiaioe ioiieththoue iniiai? iiiaioe o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano.

Aeoiaoth/e ? ?icaeaath/e aeua iacaai? aeaiaioe eoeueoo?e i?aoe? a o/i?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi, ie i?eae?eyee cia/io oaaao ae?iaeaiith oi?iue
eiio?iethaaoe ye?noue aeeiiaii? ?iaioe, aiae?coaaoe io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
? ?iaeoe aeniiaee.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
ia?aaeaa/aeinue, ui ii?yae c iaieiae?iiyi caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieie,
caaaeueiioaoi?/ieie, iie?oaoi?/ieie ciaiiyie, i?aeoe/ieie oi?iiyie oa
iaae/eaie o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iaa/aeueii? i?ia?aie c iaoith
cae??ieaiiy aaiaeeany eiiieaen oai?/eo eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ? oaoiieia?/ieo
caaaeaiue ?c aeaiaioaie anoaoeee, i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e, aeei?enoaiiyi
aeoeaieo iaoiae?a o?oaeiai? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee.

A aeena?oaoe?? iienaia iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee
ieaioaaoe iaa/aeueia o?oaeiaa caaaeaiiy a i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy o?ie?a
o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy. O/i? iiaoaiii aeeiioaaee niaoe?aeuei? caaaeaiiy,
ai?aae, ye? ni?eyee oi?ioaaiith oi?iue ?icae?aoeny a a?ao?/ieo
cia?aaeaiiyo, /eoaoe ane?ce, neeaaeaoe iaei?ino?o? e?aneaiiy, naiino?eii
?ic?iaeyoe iine?aeiai?noue aeaioiaeaiiy ae?iao. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo
iieacaee, ui nenoaiaoe/i? ai?aae ii ?ici?ciaaaiith aaiiao?e/ieo oi?i
aeicaieythoue e?aua c?icoi?oe eiino?oeoe?th ae?iao, nieaioaaoe
iine?aeiai?noue o?oaeiaeo ae?e ii aeaioiaeaiith i?iaeoeoo i?aoe?.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa ii aeoiaaiith a
o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee eoeueoo?e i?aoe? a oiae? ?aae?caoe?? oai?/eo
iaa/aeueieo o?oaeiaeo caaaeaiue. O nai?io aeine?aeaeaii? ie aeoiaeeee c
oiai, ui iaia’yceiaeie yeinoyie oai?/i? iniaenoino? ?: oi?iiy ia?aiineoe
ciaiiy ? ai?iiy a iiao neooaoe?th, aio/e?noue ieneaiiy, ?icaeiaia oyaa,
oi?iiy noai?thaaoe iia? ia?ace, aa/eoe iia? ooieoe?? ia’?eo?a, eaaei
ca?eueiyoeny a?ae noa?aioei?a, ciaoiaeeoe aaaaoiaa??aioi?noue
?ica’ycaiiy iaa/aeueieo caaaeaiue. On? oe? yeino? iaiao?aeii aeyaeyoe,
?icaeaaoe ? cae??iethaaoe, ii/eiath/e c ia?oeo ?ie?a iaa/aiiy a i?ioean?
naiino?eii? iiooeiai? ae?yeueiino?, ia o?ieao o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

Ae?oaee iai?yiie iia’ycaiee ?c aeoiaaiiyi a o/i?a ciaiue, oi?iue oa
iaae/ie, iaiao?aeieo aeey oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?. ? ia?aoo?, o?ao?e
iai?yiie — noeioethaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? o/i?a oeyoii ?icaeoeo o ieo
?ioa?ano aei oai?/i? i?aoe?.

O ca’yceo c oeei i?e ieaioaaii? iio?i/ii? ae?yeueiino? aeey o/i?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi ie iiae?eeee iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae ia aea?
/anoeie — ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-oai?/o.

A ?ai?iaeoeoeai?e /anoei? ia?aaeaa/eee o? ciaiiy ? iaae/ee, ye?
a?aeiia?aeii aei i?ia?aiieo aeiia i?ecia/ai? aeey iaia’yceiaiai
canai?iiy o/iyie.

?ai?iaeoeoeaiee ??aaiue o iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ia?aaeaa/aa: aeeiiaiiy
o?oaeiaeo ae?e ca c?aceaie i?eeii?a, ye? aeeiio? a/eoaeue; aeei?enoaiiy
iaaooeo o?oaeiaeo i?eeii?a, ae?e i?e aiaeia?/iiio aeaioiaeaii? ae?iao.

A ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-oai?/?e /anoei? neeaee oai?/? caaaeaiiy, i?iaeaii?
ieoaiiy, ye? ni?eythoue naiino?eiino? oa ?i?oe?aoea?, noeioeththoue
?icoiiao, i?ciaaaeueio ? oai?/o aeoeai?noue o/i?a.

Ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-oai?/iio ??ai? iaie aoei ia?aaeaa/aii: aeeiiaiiy
o/iyie o?oaeiaeo i?eeii?a, ?ai?oa canai?ieo ? iaea?eueo aeioe?eueieo
aeey aeei?enoaiiy a aiaeia?/ieo ? iaciaeiieo neooaoe?yo; naiino?eia
aeeiiaiiy o?oaeiaeo i?eeii?a a oiiaao iiaiai aeaeo o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino?.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo iieacaee, ui o/i? aenia?eiaioaeueieo eean?a
i?iyaeee cae?aiino? naiino?eii ?ica’ycoaaoe caaaeaiiy, o ieo a?eueoa
?icaeiooa oyaa i?i eiino?oeoe?th ae?iao, i?e iayaiino? ane?ca aai
e?aneaiiy aiie ai?thoue iienaoe eiai oi?io, ?ici??e, oi?thoue noai?eoe
eiino?oeoe?th iiaeo aeaoaeae, aianoe aeaiaioe anoaoeee i?e icaeiaeaii?
ae?iao. Noai?ai? niaoe?aeuei? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae a aenia?eiaioaeueieo
eeanao noeioeththoue oai?/o aeoeai?noue iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, ?icaeaathoue
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? eiino?oeoi?nuee? cae?aiino?, oi?iothoue iio?aao aei
naiiaiae?co, aeoiaothoue eoeueoo?o i?aoe?. O ieo aoaeoeaii aeoiaaeeny
oae? aeaiaioe eoeueoo?e i?aoe? ye ciaiiy, oi?iiy i?aai?ciaoaaoe ?iai/a
i?noea, ieaioaaoe oaoiieia?/io iine?aeiai?noue aeaioiaeaiiy ae?iao,
eiio?iethaaoe i?ioean i?aoe?, aiae?coaaoe ? ioe?ithaaoe naith ?iaioo ?
?iaioo nai?o oiaa?eo?a.

E?euee?noue o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo eean?a, ye? aeeiiaee icaeiaeaiiy
ae?ia?a c ioe?ieith «a?aei?iii» neeaaea?: ??? ee — 76,8%; IV ee — 89,5%.
O/i? eiio?ieueieo eean?a aeyaeee neaaeee nooi?iue caeaoiinoae aei
aeeiiaiiy naiino?eieo oai?/eo caaaeaiue, ia?aianaiiy ciaiue ? oi?iue o
ianoaiaea?oi? neooaoe??. E?euee?noue o/i?a eiio?ieueieo eean?a, ye?
aeeiiaee icaeiaeaiiy ae?iao c ioe?ieith «a?aei?iii» neeaaea?: ??? ee —
38,3%; IV ee — 43,8%.

?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo i?aeoaa?aeeee iaoa i?eiouaiiy i?i
oa, ui noai?ai? a/eoaeai neooaoe?? ?icaeoeo oai?/eo cae?aiinoae ?
eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ??oaiue ni?eythoue i?iyao i?ciaaaeueii? aeoeaiino?
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, noeioeththoue ?o i?aaiaiiy aei naiino?eii? ?iaioe,
aoaeoeaii aeoiaothoue eoeueoo?o i?aoe?.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny aieea eieaeoeaii? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino? ia aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee. I?e
oeueiio aeoiaaiiy a o/i?a oi?iue i?aoethaaoe a eieaeoea? ia?aaeaa/aei
iiaoaeiao oaei? nenoaie ca’yce?a ? a?aeiioaiue o/iy c eieaeoeaii, o
oiae? yei? canaithaaany a i?eioeei eieaeoeaii? aca?iiaeiiiiiae,
i?aaiaiiy aei aca?iicai?ie ? ii/oooy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca aeeiiaiiy nai?o ooieoe?e.

A iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? aoei aeyaeaii, ui aeeiiaiiy ia?ae?/aieo yeinoae
iiaeiii cae?enithaaoenue iiaoaiii ? i?ioiaeeoe noaae?? oi?ioaaiiy,
cae??ieaiiy, ?icaeoeo. Aaeeea cia/aiiy i?e oeueiio a?ae?a?a?
caaacia/aiiy ?aaeueii? o/ano? an?o o/i?a a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii?
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, yea nai?i ineoieia?/iei ci?noii aaeaeaaoia
ae?eni?e i?aoe?. ?acii c oei iaiao?aeii, uia aeeth/aiiy iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a a oiae? iaa/aiiy a ae?yeuei?noue cae?enithaaeanue c o?aooaaiiyi
oiai, ui aiie ciiaeooue:

— ona?aeiiethaaoe cia/aiiy caaaeaiue, ye? ae??oothoueny;

— i???iooaaoeny a oaoiieia?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo i?eioeeiao
ae?iaieoeoaa;

— a?aoe o/anoue a ae?eiaeo a?aeiineiao, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue a?aeiineiai
o/aniee?a ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano.

Iaoa??ae iaa/aeueieo o?oaeiaeo caaaeaiue i?aeae?aany oaeei /eiii, uia
ia?aae o/iyie iine?aeiaii ?ice?eaaeanue i???ioiaia iniiaa
i?ioan?eii-o?oaeiaeo ae?e.

sse iieacaei iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeth/aiiy o/i?a o a?o ? aeinooiio
aeey ieo o?oaeiao ae?yeuei?noue ni?eyei aeoiaaiith o ieo iaae/ie
eieaeoeaii? i?aoe?, oiaa?enueei? aca?iiaeiiiiiae, aeniei? aeenoeeie?ie,
i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

?acoeueoaoe ye?nii-e?euee?niiai aiae?co oa?aeoa?ecoaaee ci?ie
iaa/aiino? ? ?icaeoeo iaaieo yeinoae o/iy.

Nooi?noue e?eoa???a, nenoaia ?a?no?aoe?? iieaciee?a i?e ioe?ioe? ?o
aeeiiaiiy iaaeaee ciiao ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo:

— aecia/eoe aieea ?ieueiaeo ?ai? ia oai?/ee oa?aeoa? ae?yeueiino? o/iy;

— aecia/eoe aieea iaoiaeeee a?e ia ?icaeoie a o/iy caaaeueiio?oaeiaeo
ciaiue, oi?iue ? iaae/ie, ye aeaiaio?a eoeueoo?e i?aoe?;

— aecia/eoe aieea o/ano? o/i?a o iaa/aeueii-?a?ia?e ae?yeueiino? ia
oa?aeoa? a?aeiinei o eieaeoea?.

I?e aiae?c? i?aenoie?a aenia?eiaioo aoei i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyiiy
?acoeueoao?a ii o?aaeeoe?ei?e ? iia?e iaoiaeeeao:

a) a ?aieao o?aaeeoe?eieo iaa/aeueieo caiyoue a oiiaao ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?;

a) i?e oi?ioaaii? aeina?aeo i?ioan?eii-?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee ?
iiaiaeaeaiiai aeeiiaiiy i?aeoe/ieo eiioi?eaoeaieo ae?e.

Iine?aeiaia ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aiiy iieacaei, ui:

— o/i? aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi e?aua ?ica’ycoaaee caaaeaiiy c aeac?aeith
i?aeoe/ieo ae?iaie/eo oiia, i?e oeueiio ai?ei aeei?enoiaoaaee ciaiiy,
oi?iiy ? iaae/ee, io?eiai? ia o?ieao o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy;

— a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? a o/i?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi eieaeoea?ci, oiaa?enueea aca?iiaeiiiiiaa,
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca aei?o/aio ni?aao ?icaeaaeeny ?ioaineai?oa, i?ae
a o/i?a eiio?ieueieo a?oi;

— a o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino? /ano?oa c’yaeyeeny aeaiaioe oai?/eo ? anoaoe/ieo i?aeoiae?a
aei ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo ia?aae ieie caaaeaiue.

Aeeeaae ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aeiaiaeeoue
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaieo iaie iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia ?
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ci?i ??ai?a aeoiaaiino? eoeueoo?e i?aoe? a o/i?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi. E?euee?noue o/i?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi c aenieei ? iaeaeuei ??aiai aeoiaaiino?
eoeueoo?e i?aoe? neeaaea? a ??? eeanao — 44%, a IV eeanao — 74,2%, a a
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao a?aeiia?aeii — 21,2% ? 34,5% (aeea. ?en. 1).

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oie Eiio?ieuei? a?oie

??? eean

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00001d000b0008000000000000005d005e000000000000000000

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy:

— iaeaeuee — na?aaei?e

— aenieee — iecueeee

Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy c?iaeaii oae? aeniiaee:

1. Aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a — oea oaea iii?a, yea
aeicaieeoue iaaeae? aeyaeyoe ? ?icaeaaoe oai?/? ? anoaoe/i? cae?aiino?
o/i?a, caaaa/oaaoe ?o caaaeueiioai?aoe/i?, caaaeueiioaoi?/i?,
iie?oaoi?/i? ciaiiy, oi?iiy ? iaae/ee, a?aee?eaaoe oeyo aei oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? ia ianooiiiio nooiai? iaa/aiiy o caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie?.

2. I?ioean aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a 1-4 eean?a cae?enith?oueny
oeyoii oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aeeth/aiiy ?o a oai?/o o?oaeiao ae?yeuei?noue a
neeaae? a?eaaae ? eaiie c aeei?enoaiiyi eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ieo
caaaeaiue, niaoe?aeueieo ai?aa, ye? caaacia/othoue ?icaeoie ciaiue,
i?aeoe/ieo oi?iue ? iaae/ie, ye aeaiaio?a eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, i?eoaiaiieo
?ia?oieeo no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

3. Aecia/aeueieie aeaiaioaie eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ?
iaeii/anii e?eoa??yie ??ai?a ?o aeoiaaiino? ? oi?iiy ieaioaaoe iaeaooith
?iaioo, i?aoethaaoe a eieaeoea?, oai?/i, c aeaiaioaie anoaoeee
i?aeoiaeeoe aei aeeiiaiiy o?oaeiaiai caaaeaiiy, c o?aooaaiiyi oi?iue
eiio?iethaaoe ye?noue ?iaioe ? aiae?coaaoe io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe.

4. ?ic?iaeaiee iaie ci?no caiyoue c o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy o/i?a 1-4 eean?a
ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a, ye iino?eia
caeo/aiiy o/i?a aei aiae?co i?iaeoeoo i?aoe?, /eoaiiy ane?c?a,
neeaaeaiiy e?aneaiue ieiueiieo oa ia’?iieo o?ao?; aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno
oai?/eo eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ? oaoiieia?/ieo caaaeaiue ni?yiiaaieo ia
canoinoaaiiy o iaciaeiieo neooaoe?yo; noai?aiiy i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e;
ieaioaaiiy ?ia?o ii aeaioiaeaiith ae?iao c aeaiaioaie anoaoeee; oi?iue
i?aoethaaoe a eieaeoea? oai?/i o neeaae? a?eaaae ? eaiie, ui a
e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo ni?ey? aoaeoeaiiio aeoiaaiith eoeueoo?e i?aoe?.

5. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, a oaeiae
noaoenoe/iiai iaoa??aeo aeathoue i?aenoaae aeey aeniiaeo uiaei
canoinoaaiiy ? oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao aeyaeaieo oa
iaa?oioiaaieo iaie iaaeaaia?/ieo iai?yie?a (niinia?a, oi?i, i?eeii?a)
aeoiaaiiy a o/i?a 1-4 eean?a eoeueoo?e i?aoe?.

6. ?aae?caoe?y iniiaieo iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe?? ni?yiiaaia
ia oaeineiiaeaiiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee a
oiiaao aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? oa aoiai?caoe?? ina?oe.

7. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? iiaeeeaeo aniaeo?a icia/aii?
i?iaeaie, a a?aee?eaa? ia?niaeoeae aeey ae??oaiiy oaeeo iai?yie?a ye
aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee o iicaiaa/aeuei?e
ae?yeueiino?, i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o iaaeaaia?a aei aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e
i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aeoiae I.A. Ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a / Iiaa
iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea. — 1998. — ?1. — N.20-23.

2. Aeoiae I.A. Iaaeaaia?/i? caniae oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a o
iaa/aeueii-o?oaeia?e ae?yeueiino?./ Iiaa iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea. -1998. ?4.
N.30-32. (ni?aaao. E?niaa N.A.).

3. Aeoiae I.A. Aeoiaaiiy a o/i?a eoeueoo?e i?aoe? a oiae? aeeiiaiiy
oai?/eo o?oaeiaeo caaaeaiue. / Iiaa iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea. -1999. ?1.
N.42-45.

4. Aeoiae I.A. Aeaye? aniaeoe i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a aeui? oeiee / Neiai iieiaeei aeine?aeieeai. — 1998. — ?1. —
N.179-185.

5. Aeoiae I.A. Aeoiaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? ia o?ieao o?oaeiaiai
iaa/aiiy a ii/aoeia?e oeie? / Ie?ioai?/a ae?yeuei?noue oeiee ? aoco.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — ??aia: Oao?n, 1997. N.139-141.

6. Aeoiae I.A. Iaoiaeieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe?
o/i?anueei? iieiae? / Ie?ioai?/a ae?yeuei?noue oeiee ? aoco. Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — ??aia: Oao?n, 1997. N.69-71

7. Aeoiae I.A. Iaoiaee o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy a
ii/aoeia?e oeie? / Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. — ??aia: ?AA?, 1996. —
24n.

8. Aeoiae I.A. ?aae?caoe?y i?eioeei?a o?oaeiaiai iaa/aiiy a ii/aoeiaeo
eeanao / Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. — ??aia: ??N ENO, 1996. — 29n.

9. Aeoiae I.A. Aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee /
Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee. — ??aia: ??N ENO, 1998. — 31n.

AIIOAOe??

Aeoiae I.A. Aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a o i?ioean?
iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. —
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeooaeuei?e i?iaeai? aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e
i?aoe? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?.
A ?iaio? iaa?oioiaai? aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae, ?ic?iaeai? ci?no ? nenoaia
iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a, ui caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e
i?aoe? o/i?a ii/aoeiai? oeiee. ?ic?iaea ? iiaeaethaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo
oi?i ci?noo ? cania?a aeoiaaiiy eoeueoo?e i?aoe? iaa?oioiaaia oai?aoe/ii
? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoeeith.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eoeueoo?a i?aoe?, aeaiaioe eoeueoo?e i?aoe?, aeoeai?
iaoiaee iaa/aiiy, i?iaeaii? neooaoe??.

Aeoiae I.A. Ainieoaiea eoeueoo?u o?oaea ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a
i?ioeanna o/aaiie o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. —
Einoeooo iaaeaaiaeee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aeooaeueiie i?iaeaia ainieoaiey eoeueoo?u
o?oaea ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia a i?ioeanna o/aaiie o?oaeiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe. A ?aaioa iainiiaaiu aeeaeaeoe/aneea oneiaey, ?ac?aaioaii
niaea?aeaiea e nenoaia iaaeaaiae/aneeo i?eaiia, eioi?ua iaania/eaatho
yooaeoeaiia ainieoaiea eoeueoo?u o?oaea o/aueony ia/aeueiie oeieu.
?ac?aaioea e iiaeaee?iaaiea i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i niaea?aeaiey e i?eaiia
ainieoaiey o/aueony iainiiaaia oai?aoe/anee e iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoeeie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eoeueoo?a o?oaea, yeaiaiou eoeueoo?u o?oaea, aeoeaiua
iaoiaeu iao/aiey, i?iaeaiiua neooaoeee.

N.V.Dupak. Education of work culture of junior pupils in the process of
school work activity. — Manuscript.

The thesis for competition of the academic degree of a candidate of
pedagogical sciences in speciality 13.00.01 — theory and history of
pedagogics. — The Institute of Pedagogics APS of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis is dedicated to the actual problem of development of work
culture of junior pupils in the process of school work activity. In the
given work are based didactic conditions, worked out contents and system
of pedagogical methods which ensure effective development of work
culture of pupils of a primary school. Working out and modelling of
organizational forms of contents and methods of education pupils are
based theoretically and confirmed in practice.

Key words: work culture, elements of work culture, active methods of
culture, problematic situations.

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