Виготовлення прес-форм з використанням плазмового напилення сплаву Cu — Al — Fe на неметалеві матеріали: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / І.С. М’яко

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?inoeooo aeaeo?icaa?thaaiiy ?i. ?.I.Iaoiia

I ’ ss E I O A

? a i ? N a i a i i a e /

OAeE. 621. 793. 7

AEAIOIAEAIIss I?AN-OI?I C AEEI?ENOAIIss I

IEACIIAIAI IAIEEAIIss NIEAAO Cu — Al — Fe IA IAIAOAEAA?

IAOA??AEE

05.03.06 —

Caa?thaaiiy oa nii??aeiai? oaoiieia??

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EE?A 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?eanueeiio ?iaeaia?ii — oaoiieia?/iiio ?inoeooo?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi?
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IIEssEIA NAssOINEAA IAO?IAE*

*a?eanueeee ?iaeaia?ii -oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

EssOAIEI AI?EN A?OAIIAE*

?inoeooo i?iaeai i?oeiino? IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EI?AEEE AIEIAeEIE? IEEIEAEIAE*

cano. caa?aeoaa/a a?aeae?eo

?AC ?i. ?.I. Iaoiia IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie

“EI?”, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “29” aa?aniy 1999? i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.182. 01 i?e ?inoeooo?
aeaeo?icaa?thaaiiy ?i. ?.I. Iaoiia IAI Oe?a?ie, 252650, Ee?a, aoe.
Aiaeaiea, 11.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
?inoeoooo ca aae?anith: Ee?a, aoe. Aiaeaiea, 11

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “27” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe _____________________ E.N.
Ee?a?a

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy
neeaaeiii?io?eueieo i?an-oi?i aeey ia?iaee ieanoian c aeei?enoaiiyi
iiaiai i?ioeano ei?eiaiai ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a ia
iiaeae? c iaoa??ae?a i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Oaoiieia?y caaacia/o?
?aioaaaeuei?noue aeaioiaeaiiy i?an-oi?i a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai
ae??aiina??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a i?aoea-,
iaoa??aeiaeo?ao oa nei?i/aiiy no?ie?a i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa aei
aeioneo iiaeo oiaa??a.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei ?c i?eioeeiiai iiaeo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue ii
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa oaoiieia?/iiai iniauaiiy ? aeaioiaeaiiy
oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a i?an-oi?i iaoiaeaie aacioa?i?/ii? ia?iaee
(oaoiieia?y ei?eiaiai iaieeaiiy). Ei?eiaa iaieeaiiy — oaoiieia?/iee
i?ioean, i?e yeiio ooai?aiiy iiiie?oiiai ae?iao cae?enith?oueny oeyoii
oi?ioaaiiy iie?eooy oiaueiith 2…10 ii ia a?aeiia?aeiiio iac?eo? —
iiaeae?, yea ? eii??th ae?iao, ui oe?aaeo?oueny, ?c ianooiiei ?o
a?aeie?aieaiiyi.

Noiniaii oe?ieiai niaeo?o i?iaeoeoe??, a naia — neeaaeiii?io?eueieo
ae?ia?a c ieanoiane, aoie, neea, ia?ao?io, ui ae?iaeythoueny na?aaei?ie
aai iaeeie ia?o?yie, oeae iaoiae ca nai?ie oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieie
iieacieeaie nooo?ai ia?aaa?oo? a?aeii? aeueoa?iaoeai? iaoiaee
aeaioiaeaiiy i?an-oi?i — iaoaeiia?iaeith, oieiaeiei aeaeaaethaaiiyi,
aeaeo?ia?ic?eiith ia?iaeith, aaeueaaiiieanoeeith, ii?ioeiaith
iaoaeo?a??th. Oaeoi?aie, ui no?eiothoue oe?iea ae?iaie/a canoinoaaiiy
a?aeiieo oaoiieia?e ei?eiaiai iaieeaiiy a oe?e aaeoc?, ?:

— iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueieo ?ia?o o ?ac?
aeaioiaeaiiy iiaeaeae ?c noaeae;

— iaeee no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? iiaeaeae c naiioaa?aeio/eo ea?ai?e;

— a?aenooi?noue i?aeoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ii canoinoaaiith o aeaiiio
iai?yieo ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo i?ioean?a iia?o?yii — aeoaiaiai
ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy;

— a?aenooi?noue a?aei?aoeueiaaii? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao eiiieaenii?
oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy i?an-oi?i c ei?eiaeie oi?iioai?ieie aeaiaioaie,
yea a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? ?o aenieoaoaoe?? ia aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo
a?o/eciyieo oa ?iii?oieo oa?iiieanoaaoiiaoao;

— ii??aiyii iiaa iinoaiiaea i?iaeaie uiaei iaiao?aeiino? aeioneo
i?iaeoeoe?? iaeeie na??yie c iaeneiaeueii oaeaeeei iiiaeaiiyi ??
iiiaieeaoo?e. Iaoa ?iaioe:
?ic?iaea aenieiaoaeoeaii? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?an-oi?i aeey
ia?iaee ieanoian c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy ia
iiaeae? c i?aai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a o ?ia?oieo oa aeoeaieo na?aaeiaeuao.

I?eioeeiiaeie iniaeeainoyie oaeiai i?ioeano ?:

1. iaiaaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e iiaeae? o cii? ieyie iaieeaiiy cia/aiiyie
oaieino?eeino? ieanoianiaeo iaoa??ae?a (ia a?eueo i?ae 70°N);

2. ?aeaenaoe?y iai?oaeaiiai noaio o iaoaeaaiio ei?eiaiio iie?eoo?
iaiaiaaeaii? oiaueie, ui oi?io?oueny, aaciina?aaeiuei i?ae /an
iaieeaiiy;

3. iaaeaiiy ieaciiiaieeaiei no?oeoo?ai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae,
ui a?aeiia?aeathoue aenieoaoaoe?eiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ia oi?iioai?i?
aeaiaioe i?an-oi?i aeey ia?iaee aoaeue-yeeo ieanoian.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iacaa oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano — «oieiaeia
ei?eiooai?aiiy».

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ?icacycothoueny oae? caaea/?:

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeo ea?oaaiiy no?oeoo?iei noaiii iaieeaiiai oa?o, yeee
caaacia/o? ciaioaiiy ??aiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o iaoaeaaiio iie?eoo?
iaiaiaaeaii? oiaueie, i?e iaiaaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e iniiae iieacieeii 70°N;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
i?ioeano iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaeo ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a, ui caaacia/othoue
iaaeaiiy iaee?aueo o?ceei — iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae io?eiaiei
no?oeoo?ai, c a?aooaaiiyi aeanoeainoae aeo?aeieo ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae aaciaeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a iia?o?yiiai
ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy a?ae aaiiao??? aeoaiaiai eaiaeo ieaciio?iia, ia
i?aenoaa? /iai, c a?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae oaoiieia??,
cae?enith?oueny iiaeeo?eaoe?y eiino?oeoe?? ieaciio?ii?a;

— aecia/aiiy neeaaeo iaoa??ae?a ei?eiaiai iie?eooy, aioeaaeaac?eiiai
?iciiae?ethaaeueiiai oa?o, iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, ?ic?iaea
iaoaeiiie?ia?ii? eiiiiceoe?? aeey oi?ioaaiiy eiino?oeoe?eiiai oa?o;

— ?ic?iaea eiiieaenii? oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy aaciaeieieo i?an-oi?i ?c
ieaciiiaieeaieie ei?eiaeie oi?iioai?ieie aeaiaioaie c? neeaaeiith
ieiueiith ?iceiio, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ? onoaoeoaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1.Aia?oa iieacaii, ui ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o aacioa?i?/ieo
iie?eooyo c? nieaa?a nenoaie Cu-Al-Fe iiaea caaacia/oaaoeny ca ?aooiie
?aeaenaoe?? iai?oaeaiiai noaio ye ?acoeueoao no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue
ia?oaineoiiai oeio c ooai?aiiyi ieanoe/ii? iaoanoaa?eueii? a+bc — oace,
ye? a?aeaoaathoueny i?e ?ioaineo?eiaaiiio (105…106 °N/n) ioieiaeaeaii?
iaieeaieo /anoeiie.

2.Anoaiiaeaii iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy no?oeoo?iei noaiii iaieeaiiai oa?o
ca ?aooiie eii?aeeiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? ? ia?aiao??a aaciaeo no?oiai?a,
iaeei c yeeo a?aen?ea? oa?i?/iee aieea ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy ia iie?eooy,
ui oi?io?oueny, a ae?oaee ioieiaeaeo? ciio ieyie iaieeaiiy. Iieacaii, ui
i?e iaieeaii? nieaa?a nenoaie Cu-Al -Fe a?aiii-aiaeiaaei ieaciiaei
no?oiaiai iaee?au? aeanoeaino? iie?eoo?a (sA=75…105 IIa, sI F 2,5
IIa, IA=120…180, d=6…12%, EAI ?70%) caaacia/othoueny i?e
anoaiiaeaieo cia/aiiyo ia?aiao??a eooa aoaee (a=45°), oaeaeeino? (Vcae
= 5,3 i/n) ? oeneo (?1=0,12 IIa) no?oiaiy nenoaie caeoaaiiy, a oaeiae
?ici???a ieyie ioieiaeaeaiiy (SIOE ?7,5*10-3 i/n), ci?uaiiy oeaio??a
ieyi ioieiaeaeaiiy ? iaieeaiiy (S=0,01…0,04 i), aeo?ao oieiaeiaaaioa
(G3= 4*10-3…8*10-3 ea/n) nenoaie ?icieeaiiy.

3.Anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ieaciiaiai
no?oiaiy i?e iaieeaii? ei?eiaeo iaoaeaaeo iie?eoo?a c iaoa??ae?a
aonoeiith 7,5…9,5 *103 ea/i3 ? oaiia?aoo?ith ieaaeaiiy 850°N…1100°N
ia iniiao i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ici???a eiai
aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? ciie (OA ? 5000°E) — h ? ciie oaeaeeeo (V1/VMAX =
1,0…0,9) /anoeiie — I. Aecia/aii, ui i?e cia/aii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy h/H
F 0,6 cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia ioieiaeaeaiiy caaacia/o? noaa?e?caoe?th
oaiia?aoo?e iiaeae? o cia/aiiyo ? 20°N i?e ciaioaii? EAI ia 3…8%.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th, ui caaacia/o? ae?iaieoeoai
neeaaeiii?ioeeueieo aaciaeieieo aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo i?an-oi?i c?
neeaaeiith ieiueiith ?iciyooy, ye? iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe ia a?o/eciyieo
oa ?iii?oieo oa?iiieanoaaoiiaoao iaeii/anii c i?an-oi?iaie,
aeaioiaeaieie o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie. Iiaiee oeeee aeaioiaeaiiy
i?an-oi?ie noaiiaeoue 3…7 ae?a, aeeeth/aii iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee
oeiiai? eiino?oeoi?nueei? aeieoiaioaoe??, caeo/aiiy aei ae?iaieoeoaa
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui aecia/a? iiaeeea?noue i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?? i?aei?e?inoaaie, ui ia iathoue ?ino?oiaioaeueii?
aace, iaeeie i?aei?e?inoaaie.

2. Aecia/aii neeaae eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, c caeo/aiiyi
?ic?iaeaieo iiaeeo?eiaaieo ieaciio?ii?a a?aiii-aiaeiaaiai oa iia?o?yiiai
ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy, iaeaaeiaiiy ? oaoiieia?/iiai iniauaiiy
ianoaiaea?oiiai aeaioiaeaiiy.

3. Aecia/aii ia?eo ? neeaae iniiaieo oa aeiiii?aeieo oaoiieia?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a, a naia — ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo aeey iaieeaiiy oi?iioai?ieo
aeaiaio?a, iaoaeiiie?ia?ii? eiiiiceoe?? aeey ooai?aiiy eiino?oeoe?eiiai
oa?o, aioeaaeaac?eiiai oa?o, iiaa?oiaai — aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, aeei?enoaiiy
yeeo caaacia/o? aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae
i?an-oi?i.

4. ?aae?caoe?th ?iaioe cae?eniaii ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii?
oaoiieia??, canoinoaaiiyi aeaioiaeaieo i?an-oi?i ia ?yae? i?aei?e?inoa
?in?? oa Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? i?aenoieii ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo aaoi?ii iniaenoi. Ca
aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth aaoi?a ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy
aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a oa oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a i?ioeano ?o ooai?aiiy, ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe?th
niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, iniauaiiy ? iiaeeo?eiaaieo ieaciio?ii?a,
aecia/aii neeaae oa iaoiaeeeo canoinoaaiiy iaoa??aeo eiino?oeoe?eiiai
oa?o i?an-oi?i, oaoiieia?/io iine?aeiai?noue aeaioiaeaiiy aaciaeieieo
i?an-oi?i c? neeaaeiith ieiueiith ?iciyooy. Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeeiny aaoi?ii ye iniaenoi, oae ? ca
o/anoth ?ioeo ni?aaaoi??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? ii?eethaeiaii ia iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “Aenieiaia?aaoe/ia
ia?iaea iaoa??ae?a” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1995), V?-?e I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? eiino?oeoe?ei? noae? ? nieaae oa
iaoiaee ?o ia?iaee aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino?
ae?ia?a” (Caii??aeaey, 1995), eiioa?aioe?? “Aenieiaoaeoeai? oaoiieia?? o
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?” (Aeoooa, 1996), I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? “No/ani?
iaoa??aee, oaoiieia??, iaeaaeiaiiy ? ?ino?oiaio o iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?”
(Ee?a, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? iioae?eiaaii 4 ?iaioe, iaea?aeaii 2 iaoaioe N?N?,
2 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie, 1 iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ii cayaoe? ia iaoaio Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
5 ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, ci?no yeeo aeeeaaeaii ia 160
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 56 ?enoie?a, 19 oaaeeoeue,
nienie e?oa?aoo?e c 153 iaeiaioaaiue, 3 aeiaeaoea.

INIIAIA *ANOEIA

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?iaioe ?
oaoi?/i? caaaeaiiy, ??oaiiy yeeo ? ?? neeaaeiaeie /anoeiaie, iieacaii
iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aecia/aii
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeianaii ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e iineoue iaeyaeiai-aiae?oe/iee oa?aeoa?. I?iaiae?ciaaii
ia?aaaae ? iaaeie?ee ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a aeaioiaeaiiy i?an-oi?i aeey
ia?a?iaee ieanoian, o oiio /ene? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ioean?a
aacioa?i?/iiai iaieeaiiy. Ie?aii ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy, iiacycai? c
canoinoaaiiyi ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy i?e ae?iaieoeoa? oi?iioai?ieo
aeaiaio?a i?an-oi?i, a naia — aeaioiaeaiiy ? i?aeaioiaea iiaeaeae aei
iaieeaiiy, oaoiieia?/i? iaoa??aee, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ooai?aiiy
?iai/eo oa eiino?oeoe?eieo aeaiaio?a iao?eoeue i?an-oi?i, iaoiaee
onoiaiiy i?iya?a caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue, aeiiae aei neeaaeo ?
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae iaeaaeiaiiy, i?ecia/aiiai aeey
aeaioiaeaiiy oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a i?an-oi?i a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai
aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiai ae??aiina??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa c aeei?enoaiiyi ye
a?aiii-aiaeiaaiai, oae ? iia?o?yiiai ieaciiaeo no?oiai?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeueio iaoo ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe.
O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaii ? aecia/aii iaoiaeeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeanoeainoae ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a ? oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a i?ioeano ?o iaieeaiiy ? iieaciee?a eiino?oeoe?eiiai oa?o
i?an-oi?ie c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo, a?aeiieo ? niaoe?aeueii
?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a.

Oaciaee ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iee aiae?c c?ace?a i?iaiaeeany ia
aeeo?aeoiiao?? Ae?II-3I, aiae?c o?i?/iiai neeaaeo — c caeo/aiiyi
aia?ai-ian-aiae?caoi?a AIAE-2, ceiiea i?e?ino?oeoo? cae?enithaaeeny ia
iaoaeia?ao?/ieo i?e?ineiiao “Iaioio”, “I?eii” ? ?ano?iaiio aeaeo?iiiiio
i?e?ineii? ?AI-100O. I?e?ioaa?ae?noue no?oeoo?ieo neeaaeiaeo (IV)
aei??thaaeany i?e?ioaa?aeii??ii IIO-3 c iaaaioaaeaiiyi ia ?iaeaioi?
0,196 I, oaa?ae?noue (IA) — ioe?ithaaeany ca A?thiaeeai (AINO
9012-59). Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue (sI) i?iaiaeeeiny o ?o
ii??aiyeueieo ? e?euee?nieo iieacieeao ca iaoiaeeeaie ?ic??cieo
e?eaoeue. E?euee?ni? iieacieee ae-

cia/aeeny ia i?aenoaa? aei??thaaiiy iinooiiai? aeaoi?iaoe?? c?ace?a
(aaee/eie caci?o) i?e iioa?iaiio aeaeo?io?i?/iiio iie??oaaii? iie?eooy.
Aei??thaaiiy i?oeiino? iie?eooy (sE) i?iaiaeeeiny ia ?icc?iieo o?oaeao,
ye? aei iaieeaiiy cc?aeiothoueny oi?oeyie, a i?ney iaieeaiiy oa?o
iie?eooy o?eniaaii? oiaueie (2 ii) a?aeie?aieththoueny ca aeiiiiiaith
?ic?eaii? iaoeie oeio 1958-10-1. Ii?oaao?noue c?ace?a (r) aecia/aee
iaoiaeaie i?yiiai ? a?ae?inoaoe/iiai caaaeoaaiiy (AINO 188893-79),
aonoeio iaieeaiiai iaoa??aeo — i?eiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (AINO 2211-65).
Aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a ieanoe/iino? — a?aieoeue i?oeiino? ia ?icoya
(sA), caei (sC) ? a?aeiinia iiaeiaaeaiiy (d) i?iaiaeeeiny ca
noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie. Aeine?aei? c?acee, ye? ae?iaeyee c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai iniauaiiy, yaeyee niaith ia?aeaeai?iaaee c
iiia?a/iei ia?a??cii 8?8 ii ? aeiaaeeiith 90 ii, ui aeicaieyei a?aeianoe
?o aei c?ace?a i?iii?oe?eiiai ei?ioeiai oeio — 5,65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(AINO 1497-73). Ciinino?ee?noue c?ace?a (h) aeine?aeaeoaaeany ia
niaoe?aeueiiio noaiae? a oiiaao nooiai oa?oy iie?eooy.

Ioe?iea oaiia?aoo? aeine?aeieo cii ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy i?iaiaeeeany c
aeei?enoaiiyi eaac?iiiio?iiaoe/iiai a?coaeueiiai i??iiao?a iiaeae?
IIIE?-09 ? i?e?ii??iiao?a AEII-015I, eiaen?aeueiiai aioaeuei?eiiai
aeao/eea. Aei??thaaiiy oaeaeeino? ?ooo /anoeiie (V*) cae?enithaaeiny ca
aeiiiiiaith i?eeaaeo ?NNI-1. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oaieiia?aiino (q0)
aeaioaciei ieaciiaei no?oiaiai ? aecia/aii? oaiia?aoo?e iiaeae? (OI)
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oa?iiaeaeo?e/i? ia?aoai?thaa/? ia?ie OOE-0515,
OOA-1489 ? oa?iiii??e ia?ee NO-19.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino?, aaeaac?eii? i?oeiino? c/aieaiiy
ei?eiaiai iie?eooy c eiino?oeoe?eiei oa?ii ? oaoiieia?/iino? ia?iaee
??caiiyi cae?enithaaeiny ia ca??ieo c?aceao, ye? neeaaeathoueny c
o?aaiaioa ei?eiaiai iie?eooy ? aeaiaioa eiino?oeoe?eiiai oa?o.
Oaieii?ia?aei?noue aecia/aeany o ii??aiyeueieo iieacieeao c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai iniauaiiy. E?euee?ni? iieacieee
oaieii?ia?aeiino? (Ao/i*E) aecia/aeeny ca noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith
(AINO 8.140-82). E?euee?ni? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny c ianooiiei
iaoaiaoe/iei aiae?cii ?acoeueoao?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aecia/a?oueny neeaae oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui
caaacia/o? aoaeoeaio ?aae?caoe?th a?aiii-aiaeiaaeo ? iia?o?yieo
ieaciiaeo no?oiai?a o i?ioean? oieiaeiiai ei?eiooai?aiiy, a oaeiae
aacia? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e o aeaeyae? ?aoe?iiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue
iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae
ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? aecia/aieo i??i?eoaoieo oaeoi??a ii??aiyiiy, a naia —
e?iaoe/ii? aia?a?? /anoeiie aonoeiith 7,5…9,5 *103 ea/i3,
ca?ieno?noth 40…60 iei ia aeenoaioe?? iaieeaiiy (I1=0,2 i),
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ici???a aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? ciie (OA ?5000°E)
ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy (h) ? ciie “oaeaeeeo” (V*/VMAX=1,0…0,9) /anoeiie
(I) (?en.1), oa?i?/iiai EEAe (ht), eiao?oe??ioa aeei?enoaiiy ii?ioeo
(EAI), ?ano?no ?iaioe aiiaea (tA) ?c oanoe aeine?aeaeaieo iiaeaeae
ieaciio?ii?a ia?aii II-1I (aiaeia — F4-HB, “Plasma- technik AG”).
(Iac?eoe ii??aiyiiy — ieaciio?iie na??eiiai onoaoeoaaiiy OIO-3Ae,
OIO-8I, aenia?eiaioaeuei? iiaeae? ?ic?iaee IAI “I?aaeaiueiao”, IAe?OI,
?EE “Aia?a?y”).

?en.1 Oaiia?aoo?i? ? aaciaeeiai?/i? ciie ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy:

1-eaoiae, 2-aiiae, 3- ae?eyiea aaaaeaiiy ii?ioeo, 4-ieyia iaieeaiiy, h-
ciia aoaeoeaiiai iaa??ao, I — ciia “oaeaeeeo” /anoeiie, O- oaiia?aoo?a
no?oiaiy, V — oaeaee?noue /anoeiie

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae iiooaeiino? (N), ht, ?
aioaeuei?? (X) II-1I a?ae no?oio aeoae (?), aeo?ao (G) ? neeaaeo
ieaciioai?iiai aaco ia?aii? iiaeae? ieaciio?iia aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe
?aoe?iiaeuei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy niiaeeaaieo aia?aaoe/ieo neeaaeiaeo (ii
iieacieeao nia?aa?oino? i?ioeano) i?e cia/aiiyo EAI?70%. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
? iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a a?aiii-aiaeiaaiai no?oiaiy ii iieacieeao V*,
O, i?oeiino? (sE), caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue (sI), ii?oaaoino? (r)
iaieeaieo no?oeoo? ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaieeaiiy (?) aeicaieeee io?eiaoe
aacia? ia?aiao?e aeine?aeaeaiiai i?ioeano (?en. 2). Oae, i?e
canoinoaaii? ii?ioeo IA-19I01 ca?ieno?noth 50iei, N=24,5eAo,
G=5,8*104i3/n, c? ci?noii aiaeith-20,4% io?eiaii: r=8%, sE=55 IIa,
sI=43,2 IIa, ?=1,35*10-3 ea/n, EAI=71%, V*=220 i/n, h/H =0,6.

Anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? sE (Y1) ? sI (Y2) a?ae no?oio aeoae (X1),
aeo?ao ieaciioai?iiai aaco(X2), ci?noo aiaeith (X3) iienothoueny
??aiyiiyie:

Y1=134,21+25,3X1+1,36X2+9,87X3 -6,71X12 -3,87X2 2 -22,3X3 2 -0,65X1X2
-5,34X1X3 -3,5X2X3 ;

Y2= — 105,4+82,5X1 — 27X2 +48,3X3 + 58X12 + 22,75X22 +11,2X32

Aenia?eiaioaeueii — oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy
iia?o?yii-aeoaiaiai ieaciio?iia iiaeae? II-2 (aiaeia — IIA-24,
“Iie?ieacia”) ca aecia/aieie e?eoa??yie (N,U, hK, O, V*, tA, VA ?
oaiia?aoo?e (OA) ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy) aeicaieeee io?eiaoe caeaaeiino?
eiai aia?aaoe/ieo ? aaciaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?ae aaiiao???
aeoaiaiai eaiaeo — aeiaaeeie (LAeE) ? ae?aiao?a (d) (?en.3).
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A???$?¬ A? A¦ E???-????%?Y 1/4¬ A¦ E? AY 1/4???-????$?? A¦ E™ E???$?¦ E™ E  ????-????%?? A¦ E  ?™ E? A???-????$?™ E  ?“ O???$?  ?“ O? O???-????%?™ E  ?? O“ O™ E???-????$?“ O? O ?en. 2. Caeaaeiino? aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a a?ae iieaciee?a ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy ?en. 3 Noaia aeoaiaiai eaiaeo ieaciio?iia II-2 (IIA-24): 1-eaoiae; 2-ao?aeia niiei; 3-naeoe?y IAA; 4-aiiae; lao ;ln;li;la;LAeE;LA; - aeiaaeeie, a?aeiia?aeii ao?aeiiai niiea, naeoe?? IAA, on?o IAA, /anoeie aiiaea (aei aiiaeii? ieyie), aeoaiaiai eaiaeo (aei aiiaeii? ieyie), aiiaea, d-ae?aiao? aeoaiaiai eaiaeo. Anoaiiaeaia aea??eia?noue aieeao nooiaiy oo?aoeaioiino? no?oiaiy (ye iio?aeii? a?ae cia/aiue LAeE ? d) ia cia/aiiy V* ? VA, ui aeicaiey? oeyoii ei?aaoaaiiy iieacieea h/H ?aaoethaaoe ia?aiin oaiea no?oiaiy aei iiaa?oi? iaieeaiiy (q0) ? OI. Aiane?aeie ??cii? ?ia?oiino? aaciai? ? oaa?aeioacii? neeaaeiaeo aeaioaciiai ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy ciaioaiiy d a?eueo ?ioaineaii aieeaa? ia aaee/eio I i?ae h ?, iaaiaee, aaee/eia LAeE a?eueo aoaeoeaii ei?aao? cia/aiiy h, i?ae I. Oea aecia/eei iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy iia?o?yii-aeoaiaiai iaieeaiiy a oaoiieia?? oieiaeiiai ei?eiooai?aiiy i?e ci?i? iieaciee?a V* c 90 aei 130 i/n ? h/H - c 1,5 aei 0,9 (oiaoi, i?e ciaioaii? oa?i?/iiai aieeao ia iiaa?oith iiaeae? o 1,4...2,5 ?ace) ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy aeoaiaiai eaiaeo iioeiaeueii? aaiiao??? - LAeE=0,055 i, d=0,008. Aenieoaoaoe?ei? iieacieee ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a (r=12%, sE=50IIa, sI=45IIa, ?=1,2*10-3ea/n, EAI=65%, i?e N=35,5eAo, ?=190A, G=7,5*10-4ea/n) iinooiathoueny aiaeia?/iei oa?aeoa?enoeeai, ye? io?eiai? i?e aeei?enoaii? a?aiii-aiaeiaaiai no?oiaiy, ui iaoiiaeth? aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iia?o?yiiai ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy i?e ooai?aii? iaio a?aeiia?aeaeueieo (ci?oeithth/eo) oa??a oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a. Aecia/aii ?aoe?iiaeueiee neeaae eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey i?iieneiai? ?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?? ia aac? onoaoeoaaiiy OIO-8I, III-11, ?iai/i? eaia?e ?o/iiai iaieeaiiy ianoaiaea?oiiai aeaioiaeaiiy, ui aeicaiey? iia?aoeaii ii?aoeueiaoaaoe iia? ae?iae o ?aaeei? iaeaaiaeaeaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaieo ieaciio?ii?a iiaeaeae I?-1? ? II-2I . O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeiaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? noiniaii aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a i?ioeano ooai?aiiy iaoaeaaeo ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a aeia?eueii? oiaueie i?e iaiaaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e iiaeae? (OI) iieacieeii 70°N. ss e aoaeoeaiee oaoiieia?/iee can?a aieeao ia oaiia?aoo?i? iieacieee i?ioeano ? no?oeoo?o ei?eiaiai iie?eooy aecia/aii aeei?enoaiiy eiia?iiaaii? nenoaie ?ioaineaiiai ioieiaeaeaiiy (n.?.i.), ui neeaaea?oueny c aeaio aca?iiiiaiaeaeaieo neeaaeiaeo nenoai: caeoao (a?aen?/aiiy) ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy ? ?icieeaiiy oieiaeiaaaioa (?en.4). Iac?eo ae?? iaio nenoai - aeaioaciee ieaciiaee no?oi?iue, aea i?noey ?o eieaeueiiai aieeao ni?yiiaai? ia ??ci? eiai ooieoe?iiaeuei? ciie - a?aeiia?aeii ciio o?ainii?ooaaiiy /anoeiie a iaaeao aeenoaioe?? iaieeaiiy ? ciio ieyie iaieeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea ye e?eoa??e iioei?caoe?? aoei i?eeiyoi cia/aiiy iaeneiaeueiiai ciaioaiiy ia?aiino oaiea aei iiaa?oi? iaieeaiiy (q1/q0) ieaciiaei no?oiaiai aac iia??oaiiy aeinyaiooeo cia/aiue V* ? EAI, aeicaieeee aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ae?aiaciie aca?iii? i???ioaoe?? (eoo aoaee -a), eii?aeeiao eiioaeoo, iieaciee?a oeneo (?1), aeo?ao (G!), oaeaeeino? (VCAe), oi?ie ? oaiia?aoo?e (OCAe) no?oiaiy caeoao (oaae.1). Aecia/aii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?aiao??a, i?e yeeo aeey a?aiii-aiaeiaaiai ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy q1/q0=0,41, aeey iia?o?yiiai - q1/q0=0,56, ui iaoiiaeth? iieaciee OI ca oiiae ia?ooiiiai ieaciio?iia ia aeenoaioe?? I1=0,2 i, a?aeiia?aeii, 140°N...170°N, ? 180°N...190°N°, i?e iia??oaii? EAI ia 3...5%. wmetafile8? ??@7[7???$?J7[7K7???$?5657-9???$?J5J7 7???$? 7J5 5???$?-556-9???$?52-556???$?.252-5???$?5/.252???$ ?..5/.2???$?6+..5/???$?0+6+..???$?0*0+6+???$?7(0*6 +???$?T(W,U,???$?1'7(0*???$?9%1'7(???$?S%T(W,???$ ?3$9%1'???$?:#3$9%???$?5!:#3$???$?77???$?9@

7???$?RL

O???$?ROQ!???$?RQ!Q»???$?RQ»S%???$?RS%W,???$
?W,RR???$?IRL

???$?C9@

???$?F IR???$?F C9???$?T RW,???$?P F F
???$?P F R???$?P P F ???$?< P F ???$?< F 9???$?L< P ???$?>L< ???$?J>L???$?AJ>???$?HAJ???$?DHA???$?
TT
W,???$?W,TU???$?EDH???$??,?.?,???$??.?,?.???$
??,?.?,???$??.?,?1???$??,?1?,???$??1?,?1???$??,?1
‡.???$??1‡. ?en.4 Noaia nenoaie
ioieiaeaeaiiy:

1 — ?icieethaa/ oieiaeiaaaioa, 2 — ieaciio?ii, 3 — ieaciiaee no?oi?iue,
4 — niiei caeoao, 5 — ciia ioieiaeaeaiiy, 6 — ciia iaieeaiiy, 7 —
iiaeaeue, V1, G1, G2, G3, P1, P2, P3, S — oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aoaeoeai? ia?aiao?e nenoaie ?ioaineaiiai ioieiaeaeaiiy

(IA-19 I01, ca?ieno?noue -50 iei, OCAe -150°N)

Ieacii-

o?iiN,

eAoP1,

IIaVCAe,

i/na,°P2,

IIaG2,

ea/nP3,

IIaG3,

ea/nD EAI,

%Ar-H2

I?-1?

24,5

0,12

5,3

45

0,12

5,1*10-4

0,06

2,2*10-4

-3Iia?o?y-iee II-2

35,5

0,075

4,2

60

0,15

8,6*10-4

0,06

3,5*10-4

-5

Iiaeaeueoa ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a OI aei 70°N c iaeii/aniei onoiaiiyi
i?iya?a caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o noi?iiaaieo no?oeoo?ao caaacia/aii
canoinoaaiiyi nenoaie ?icieeaiiy oieiaeiaaaioa (iai?eeeaae,
aeenoeeueiaaii? aiaee). ?ioaineai?noue ?? aieeao ia i?ioean
aecia/a?oueny iieacieeaie aeo?ao (G3) ? oeneo (P3) oieiaeiaaaioa, oeneo
(P2) ? aeo?ao (G2) iia?o?y, ui ?icieeth? oieiaeiaaaio. Aecia/aii, ui
aaciaei ia?aiao?ii ?iaioe n.?.i. ? aca?iia ?icoaooaaiiy ieyi
ioieiaeaeaiiy ? iaieeaiiy. O aeiaaeeo ca?aaiiy ?o oeaio??a (S=0)
o?eno?oueny ??cea iaae?iiy iieaciee?a EAI (F30%), i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
nooo?ai iia??oothoueny o?ceei — iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? iie?eooy
(ciaioaiiy sE c 45…50 aei 10…15IIa).

Iaeneiaeueiee aoaeo canoinoaaiiy nenoaie o?eno?oueny, eiee ciia
ioieiaeaeaiiy iaeeaaea?oueny ia ieyio iaieeaiiy o?eueee ia?eoa??eiith
/anoeiith (S/Dt =0,5…0,8V, aea V -oaeaee?noue ia?ai?uaiiy ieaciio?iia,
Dt- ?ioa?aae /ano ci?uaiiy cii). Ae?oaei aaaeeeaei oaoiieia?/iei
ia?aiao?ii ? aeo?aoe oieiaeiaaaioa (G3), cia/aiiy yeiai iiaeii? aooe
i?i?iaeueieie, aea aeinoaoi?ie aeey aoaeoeaiiai oa?i?/iiai aieeao ia
/anoeiee. Ae?aiaciie aoaeoeaieo cia/aiue G3 ? ?ici???a ciie
ioieiaeaeaiiy (DIO) ?aeiiaiaeiaaii iae?aoe ia i?aenoaa? ??aiyiiy
caeaaeiinoae, ui aecia/aii c aiae?oe/iiai aiae?co oaieiaeo i?ioean?a
nenoaie “iaoaeaaa /anoeiea — n.?.i.- iiaeaeue i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy”:

DIO=wmetafile8? ??3???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy ??‡?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-??????Z???????? H????i~?
???u??
???????»????-????o~????I????-?????O????a?9???a?9
???a? ???u`th??????aea n — ieoiia oaiei?ii?noue iaieeaiiai
iaoa??aeo;

Dt — ae?aiacii oaiia?aoo? ioieiaeaeaiiy /anoeiie (OIE — OI);

DO — a?aae??io oaiia?aoo? ii oiauei? noi?iiaaiiai ca iaeei
i?io?ae iie?eooy h;

l — oaieii?ia?aei?noue iaoa??aeo iie?eooy;

nA, rA, DtA — a?aeiia?aeii ieoiia oaiei?ii?noue, oaieioa aeia?thaaiiy,
ae?aiacii iaa??ao aiaee ioieiaeaeaiiy.

I?e n=0,41*103 Aeae/ea*°N, Dt=103°N, l=83 Ao/i*°N, caeaaei?noue DIO a?ae
DO ia? aeaeyae:

DIO = 3,4*10-2 DOwmetafile8? ??N????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????ayyy»yyy‚??»?? ???&? ?MathType?? ?
???u?????????»????-?????L*????LQ???u y??????Cia/aiiy
aeo?ao oieiaeiaaaioa G3, ui caaacia/o? noaa?e?caoe?th oaiia?aoo?e
iiaeae? i?e iaiao?aeiiio cia/aii? OI (OI= OIE — Dt), aecia/a?oueny c?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy: G3 =2*10-7Dt.

I?eeiyoi? i?i?iaeuei? cia/aiiy DO (F0,1 °N) aecia/athoue ?ici??e ieyie
ioieiaeaeaiiy:

DIO ?0,1 i, SIO ? 7,5* 10-3 i2.

Aeei?enoaiiy n.?.i. caaacia/o? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia ca?eueoaiiy
oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy iaoaeaaeo /anoeiie ca?ieno?noth 40…63 iei ?
ieoiiith aonoeiith 7,5…9,0 ?103 ea/i 3 c 103
…105 °N/n aei 105 …106 °N/n.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aecia/aiith iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo
aeey ae?iaieoeoaa ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a iaoiaeii oieiaeiiai ei?eiooai?aiiy
c caeo/aiiyi iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? i?eaeth, aethi?i?th, cae?ca ? i?ae?
aeiaaee, ui aeinyaiaiiy aeia?eueieo oiauei iaieeaieo no?oeoo? (II ? 5
ii) caaacia/o?oueny i?e canoinoaaii? iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? i?ae?.
Iaee?aua ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee, c a?aooaaiiyi
aeiia aei oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a i?an-oi?i, aeinyaa?oueny o
i?aeueaethiicae?ciiai nieaao A?AAE-9-4 (oaae.2). Aiaeiaii oeueiai
iaoa??aeo o aeaeyae? ii?ioeo aeey aacioa?i?/iiai iaieeaiiy ? IA-19I 01
c o?i?/iei neeaaeii Al-9…11%, Fe-3…4%, Cu — iniiaa (Oi?acueeee
caaiae IONI).

Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue aethiicae?cii? a?iice
c i?aeoe/iith ia?aa??eith io?eiaieo aeniiae?a aeicaieeee aecia/eoe, ui
ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue i?e aeei?enoaii? n.?.i. aeinyaa?oueny
ca ?aooiie ?aae?caoe?? iaoai?cio oa?iiia?iaee aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo, ui
aiaeia?/ia i?ioeano caaa?oiaoaaiiy. No?oeoo?i? ia?aoai?aiiy
ia?oaineoiiai oeio nenoaie Cu-Al iaoiiaeththoue o?enaoe?th
iaoanoaa?eueii? ieanoe/ii? a+bc- oace. Iaaeaia iiaeeea?noue i?e?iia‘?iai
iaoa??aeo ci?ithaaoe e?i?ei? ?ici??e i?ae /an ? i?ney ooai?aiiy
eiaac?eieo ca‘yce?a o iaaeao ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? iaoa??aeo ?
oaeoi?ii ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue.

Oaaeeoey 2

O?ceei — iaoai?/i? iieacieee ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a c a?iic

(Ar- H2 ieaciio?ii I?-1, N — 24,5 eAo, canoinoaaiiy n.?.i., I1= 0,2 i,
iaoa??ae iiaeae? — aea?aaeia, oiaueia ei?eiaiai iie?eooy ? 5 ii)

Iaieeaiee

iaoa??aeCiinino?ee?noue,h

ea/i2* nIi?oaao?noue,

r, %I?oei?noue,

sE , IIaI?e?ioaa?ae?noue, (max) IV,
IIaA?IO-109,2*10-612…152575…95A?IOeN-4-4-2,51,1*10-513…1835110…1
70A?A75,3*10-68…1255950…1400A?AAE-9-46,8*10-77…11551200…1800

Nieaa ci?noo Cu+9%Al i?ney ii??aiyii iia?eueiiai ioieiaeaeaiiy ia?
no?oeoo?o, i?aaenoaaeaio ia?aeiieie e?enoaeaie a — oace (Cu7Al) ?
aaoaeoi?aeii a+g2 oace. a — oaca aecia/a?oueny aenieeie iieacieeaie
ieanoe/iino? i?e ii??aiyii iaeeo cia/aiiyo i?oeiino?, g2 — oaca
(Cu32Al19) ia? aenieo oaa?ae?noue ?, iaeii/anii, aeoaea iaeo
ieanoe/i?noue. Oiio, i?e ?noioi?e ?? e?eueeino? o ci?no? iieaciee
a?aeiiniiai iiaeiaaeaiiy iaoa??aeo cieaeo?oueny aei ioey. Oaea no?oeoo?a
oa?aeoa?ia aeey aeo?aeieo ii?ioe?a aethi?i??aeo a?iic, ui aeaioiaeai?
ye iaoiaeii iaoai?/iiai iiae??aiaiiy, oae ? aeenia?aoaaiiy ?icieaa?a.
Ieaciiiaieeaia no?oeoo?a, io?eiaia c aeei?enoaiiyi n.?.i., ia?
no?oeoo?o a+bc oace, aea bc- oaca (Cu3Al) — i?iaeoeo ia?oaineoiiai
ia?aoai?aiiy aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? b — oace. Iayai?noue a — oace
iaoiiaeth? ieanoe/i?noue iaoa??aeo, bc — i?aeaeuaio i?oei?noue.

Aecia/aii caeaaei?noue oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio ioieiaeaeaiiy /anoeiie
nieaa?a nenoaie Cu-Al ieae/a oaiia?aoo?e nie?aeon ia eiiieaen
aeanoeainoae iaieeaieo no?oeoo?. *anoeiaa aai iiaia onoiaiiy
aaoaeoi?aeiiai ia?aoai?aiiy caaacia/o?oueny aieeaii oieiaeiaaaioa ia
iaieeaiee iaoa??ae o ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo? 900°N -OI.

Icia/ai? ia?oaineoi? ia?aoai?aiiy ?aae?cothoueny o aeineoue aocueeiio
ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo? ieae/a 400°N (380°N…300°N), ui ca?eueoo?
aoaeoeai?noue nenoaie ioieiaeaeaiiy aieeaii ia oeth noaae?th
ioieiaeaeaiiy /anoeiie. sseui i?e iaieeaii? aac ioieiaeaeaiiy t1” 100t0
(aea t0 -/an e?enoae?caoe??, t1 — /an ioieiaeaeaiiy o ae?aiacii? OIE
-OI), oi canoinoaaiiy n.?.i. ci?ith? cia/aiiy t1 aei iieaciee?a t1”
t0. O eiiieaen? oea iaaea? iaieeaiiio iaoa??aeo iiaee ??aaiue
aeanoeainoae: i?e a?aenooiino? i?iya?a caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue (sI =
0,5…2,5 IIa) iaeii/anii i?aeaeuothoueny iieacieee oaa?aeino?,
i?e?ioaa?aeino? ? ieanoe/iino? (a?aeiia?aeii, IA=120…180, HV MAX
=1200… 1800, sA=70…105 IIa, d =6…12%).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy aei neeaaeo aethi?i??ai? a?iice cae?ca o
ianyc? 3…4 ian.%, oiaoi canoinoaaiiy iaoa??aeo IA-19I 01 i?e
aeio?eiaii? aecia/aiiai oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio /anoeiie ni?ey?
aeiaeaoeiaiio iie?ioaiith aeanoeainoae iie?eooy ca ?aooiie o?enaoe??
ae??aiica?ienoi? ieanoe/ii? no?oeoo?e a+bc+Fe ? a?aeie?aieaii? oaa?aei?
cae?ciai?nii? oace Fe3Al. Oea caaacia/o? iaee?aua ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
iieaciee?a ciinino?eeino?, i?oeiino? ? ieanoe/iino? ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a
(oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Aeanoeaino? ei?eiaeo ieaciiaeo iie?eoo?a c IA — 19I 01

Iaoiae oi?ioaaiiysI,

(IIa)sa,

IIasc ,

IIa IV, max IIa

IAh,

ea/i2?nd,

%Ar-H2 ieaciiaee no?oi?iue aac n.?.i.

43,5

45…55

900

3,6?10-7

-Ar-H2 ieaciiaee no?oi?iue c n.?.i.

< 1 70...105 40...55 1800 110...180 6,8?10-7 6...12Iia?o?yiee ieaciiaee no?oi?iue c n.?.i. 2,4 60...90 35...50 1700 125...190 7,2?10-7 5...10 Oei ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy (aeoeaia aai ?ia?oia na?aaeiaeua) iaoiiaeth? iaca?aei?noue cia/aiue i?e?ioaa?aeino?, oaa?aeino? ? ciinino?eeino? aeaieo oei?a c?ace?a. Oea iiynith?oueny ??cieoeyie no?oeoo?iiai noaio ooai?aieo oac, nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe?? /anoeiie, cia/aiue ii?oaaoino?, iane/aiino? ia?eoa??eieo cii ?ioa?iaoae?aeaie neeaaeo FeCu2Al6, FeCu2Al7, FeCu10Al12, FeCu10Al18 ? ieneaeaie, ye? ca?eueoothoue iieacieee i?e?ioaa?aeino? ? iaeii/anii iineaaeththoue caaaeueio i?oei?noue ? oaa?ae?noue ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy e?eoeino?. Oaaeeoey 4 Oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy i?e oieiaeiiio ei?eiooai?aii? Oei ieacii- o?iiaN, eAo?, AG, ea/nIeacii-oai?iee aacV1, i/nh/H?, ea/nEAI, %Ar-H2 I?-124,84206*10-4Ar +20,4% I2 2200,51,27*10-367Iia?o?yiee II-2 35,5 185 2*10-3noeniaia iia?o?y 130 0,9 1,2*10-3 63Aeiaaaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy iieaciee?a ieanoe/iino? aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo o 1,8...2,2 ?ace caaacia/o? ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue aei cia/aiue 0,5...2,5 IIa. Oea aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe "ei?ee" c aethi?i??ai? a?iice aoaeue-yei? oiaueie aac i?iya?a ei?iaeaiiy ca oiia a?aenooiino? aaeaac?? ? oaieino?eeino? iaoa??aeo iiaeae? o iaaeao aei 70°N. Icyoee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? ? i?aeoe/iiio ii?aoeueiaoaaiith eiiieaenii? oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy ia?icc?iieo ? ?icc?iieo aaciaeieieo i?an-oi?i aeey ia?a?iaee ieanoian ia aac? i?ioeano oieiaeiiai ei?eiooai?aiiy. C o?aooaaiiyi aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeiia aei i?an-oi?i ii ia?a?iaoe? ieanoianiaeo iaoa??ae?a ia a?o/eciyieo oa ?iii?oieo oa?iiieanoaaoiiaoao ?ic?iaeaii neeaae ? oaoiieia?th canoinoaaiiy iaoaeiiie?ia?ii? eiiiiceoe?? ia iniia? oo?aii-aiieneaeiiai cacycoth/iai OAAAe-8 aeey aeaioiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?eiiai oa?o - iaiiaithaa/a iao?eoeue. I?e oaieino?eeino? 250°N, oaiia?aoo?? iie?ia?ecaoe?? 80°N, i?i?iaeueiiio iac?iiiio ca?aaii? i?e ioaa?ae?ii? (F1%) ? i?aeaeuai?e aaeaac?? aei iaieeaiiai iie?eooy (60...80 IIa) ?? oaieii?ia?aei?noue ii??aith?oueny c iieacieeaie iaoae?a (12...28 Ao/i*a?aae). Oea aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?an-oi?ie, aeaioiaeai? ca oaoiieia??th oieiaeiiai ei?eiooai?aiiy ia aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo oa?iiieanoaaoiiaoao, iaeii/anii c o?aaeeoe?eieie oeiaie i?an-oi?i ca ?aeeiei ?aaeeiii ?o ioieiaeaeaiiy. Iaaaaeaii ?ic?iaeaio noaio aeaioiaeaiiy i?an-oi?i c ?icaeiooith ieiueiith ?iceiio, i?e ye?e caaacia/o?oueny a?aenooi?noue iaeith o io?eiaieo ae?iaao caaaeyee oaoiieia?/i?e iine?aeiaiino? i?ioeano. Aeei?enoaiiy ieiueie ?iceiio ia?oi? iao?eoe? ye aaciai? iiaa?oi? aeey oi?ioaaiiy niieo/aii? ieiueie ?iceiio ae?oai? iao?eoe? aeiiiiaaa? oieeiooe o?oaeii?noeeo iia?aoe?e ii ?o aeiaaaeaiith (aca?ii?e i?aeaiioe?). ?aeiiaiaeiaaii neeaae ? iaoiaeeeo canoinoaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey i?aeaioiaee iiaeaeae c ??cieo iaoa??ae?a aei iaieeaiiy (iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaoth/? ?a/iaeie, iaoa??aee ?ic‘?aeioth/iai oa?o), a oaeiae, aa??aioe oethn?a aeey iaeee ieaciiiaieeaieo no?oeoo? c aethi?i??ai? a?iice. Aecia/aii oaoiieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ooai?aiiy ei?eiaiai iie?eooy ia iiaeaeyo c ?icaeiooei ?aeue?oii iiaa?oi?, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aeio?eiaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiue oiauei iine?aeiaii iaieeaieo i?ioa?e?a c a?aooaaiiyi iayaiino? cii - eiioeaio?aoi??a iai?oaeaiue. Aecia/aii iiiaieeaoo?o i?iaeoeoe??, aeaioiaeaiiy yei? ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia - ae??aiina??eia ae?iaieoeoai iaeiioeiieo ae?ia?a c ?icaeiooith aaiiao???th iiaa?oi?: aeeoy/? ?a?aoee, i?aeioae acoooy, iaaee/i? i?ioace e?ioe?aie, oo?i?oo?a aeey iaae?a, aaoiiia?e?a, iaeyao, ooaeiaei? ae?iae, noaai??e. ?aae?caoe?th ?iaioe cae?eniaii ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia??, canoinoaaiiyi aeaioiaeaieo i?an-oi?i ia ?yae? i?aei?e?inoa ?in?? oa Oe?a?ie: AAO “Eiiieaen” i. *a?eane, III “Aia?a?y” ?i. N.I. Ei?ieueiaa i. Iineaa, II “Aoeeai” i. Ee?a, II “I?nai -NA” i. Oiaiue, IAO “IOOA” i. Ee?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?? ia ae?iaieoeoa? ia i?eeeaae? i?iieneiaiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia ?EE “Aia?a?y” ?i. N.I. Ei?ieueiaa iieacaee, ui aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e aeaioiaeaii? iaei??? i?an-oi?ie iaaee/iiai i?ioaco noiie noaiiaeoue 850 o.i. AENIIAEE 1.Iaei??th c i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e, ui caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue aenieiaoaeoeaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?an-oi?i aeey ia?iaee ieanoian, ? iaoiae c aeei?enoaiiyi ei?eiaeo aacioa?i?/ieo iie?eoo?a ye oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a. Aiae?c ?nioth/iai noaio aeia?a, ui iioe?aiiy i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy iai?yieo iiaeeeai caaacia/eoe ?ic?iaeith ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiai? oaoiieia?? ieaciiaiai ei?eiaiai iaieeaiiy, aea ye iiaeae? ia?aaeaa/aii canoiniaoaaoe ae?iae c iaoa??ae?a i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy, oaieino?ee?noue yeeo iaiaaeaia cia/aiiyi 70°N. Cai?iiiiiaaia iacaa oaoiieia?? - “oieiaeia ei?eiooai?aiiy”. 2.Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o aacioa?i?/ieo iie?eooyo c? nieaa?a nenoaie Cu-Al-Fe iiaea caaacia/oaaoeny aaciina?aaeiuei i?ae /an iaieeaiiy, ca ?aooiie ?aae?caoe?? no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia?oaineoiiai oeio, c ooai?aiiyi ieanoe/ii? iaoanoaa?eueii? a+bc - oace. Anoaiiaeaiee aoaeo aeinyaa?oueny i?e oaeaeeino? e?enoae?caoe?? iaoa??aeo - 105...106 °N/n. 3. Anoaiiaeaii iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy no?oeoo?iei noaiii iaieeaiiai oa?o ca ?aooiie eii?aeeiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? ? ia?aiao??a aaciaeo no?oiai?a, iaeei c yeeo a?aen?ea? oa?i?/iee aieea ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy ia iie?eooy, ui oi?io?oueny, a ae?oaee ioieiaeaeo? ciio ieyie iaieeaiiy. Iieacaii, ui i?e iaieeaii? nieaa?a nenoaie Cu-Al -Fe a?aiii-aiaeiaaei ieaciiaei no?oiaiai iaee?au? aeanoeaino? iie?eoo?a (sA=75...105 IIa, sI F 2,5 IIa, IA=120...180, d=6...12%, EAI ?70%) caaacia/othoueny i?e anoaiiaeaieo cia/aiiyo ia?aiao??a eooa aoaee (a=45°), oaeaeeino? (Vcae = 5,3 i/n) ? oeneo (?1=0,12 IIa) no?oiaiy nenoaie caeoao, a oaeiae ?ici???a ieyie ioieiaeaeaiiy (Sioie ?7,5*10-3 i/n), ci?uaiiy oeaio??a ieyi ioieiaeaeaiiy ? iaieeaiiy (S=0,01...0,04 i), aeo?ao oieiaeiaaaioa (G3= 4*10-3 ...8*10-3 ea/n) nenoaie ?icieeaiiy. 4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ieaciiaiai no?oiaiy i?e iaieeaii? ei?eiaeo iie?eoo?a c iaoa??ae?a ieoiiith aonoeiith 7,5...9,5 *103 ea/i3 ? oaiia?aoo?ith ieaaeaiiy 850°N...1100°N ia iniiao c oaieino?ee?noth 70°N ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ici???a eiai aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? ciie (OA ? 5000°E) - h ? ciie oaeaeeeo (V1/VMAX = 1,0...0,9) /anoeiie - I. Aecia/aii, ui i?e cia/aii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy h/H F 0,6 cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia ioieiaeaeaiiy caaacia/o? noaa?e?caoe?th oaiia?aoo?e iiaeae? o cia/aiiyo ? 20°N i?e ciaioaii? EAI ia 3...8%. 5. A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co oaieiaiai noaio nenoaie “ei?eiaa iie?eooy-iiaeaeue-nenoaia ioieiaeaeaiiy” ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano iaieeaiiy nieaa?a nenoaie Cu-Al-Fe ca ?aeiiaiaeiaaieie aiae?oe/ieie caeaaeiinoyie, ye? a?aoiaothoue oaieio?ce/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo ? aecia/athoue iiaeeea?noue aeinyaiaiiy iaee?aueo o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae io?eiaieo no?oeoo? i?e iieacieeao EAI ?70%. 6. Anoaiiaeaii caeaaeiino? iieaciee?a oaeaeeino? ?ooo iaieeaieo /anoeiie ? ia?aiino oaiea iia?o?yiei ieaciiaei no?oiaiai aei iiaa?oi?, ui iaieeth?oueny a?ae aaiiao??? aeoaiaiai eaiaeo. Oea aeicaieeei iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaeeeo ei?aaoaaiiy aaciaeeiai?/ieo ? aia?aaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iia?o?yii-aeoaiaeo ieaciio?ii?a, yea ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy oaiia?aoo?iiai aieeao ia iiaa?oith iiaeae? o 1,4...2,5 ?ace i?e iaeii/aniiio ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? /anoeiie o 1,3...1,5 ?ace caaacia/eea iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy iia?o?yiiai ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy a oaoiieia?? oieiaeiiai ei?eiooai?aiiy. 7. Aecia/aii neeaae oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia aac? onoaiiaie III-11, OIO-8, onoaoeoaaiiy ianoaiaea?oiiai aeaioiaeaiiy ? iiaeeo?eiaaieo ieaciio?ii?a, ui caaacia/o? ?aae?caoe?th ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai aaaaoiiiiaieeaoo?iiai ae??aiina??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa c aeei?enoaiiyi a?aiii-aiaeiaaiai ? iia?o?yieo ieaciiaeo no?oiai?a. 8.?ic?iaeaii neeaae iaoaeiiie?ia?ii? eiiiiceoe?? ia iniia? oo?aii-aiieneaeiiai cacycoth/iai OAAAe-8, ui a?aeiia?aea? aenieoaoaoe?eiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi aei eiino?oeoe?eieo oa??a i?an-oi?i, aeaioiaeaieo ca oaoiieia??th oieiaeiiai ei?eiooai?aiiy. I?e oaieino?eeino? 250°N, oaiia?aoo?? iie?ia?ecaoe?? 80°N, i?i?iaeueiiio iac?iiiio ca?aaii? i?e ioaa?ae?ii? (F1%) ? i?aeaeuai?e aaeaac?? aei iaieeaiiai iie?eooy (60...80 IIa) ?? oaieii?ia?aei?noue ii??aith?oueny aei iieaciee?a iaoae?a (12 ...28 Ao/i*a?aae). 9. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii eiiieaenio oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa i?an-oi?i aeey ia?iaee ieanoian ia aac? iiaiai iaoiaeo iaieeaiiy ia iiaeae? i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi a?aiii-aiaeiaaeo oa iia?o?yieo ieaciiaeo no?oiai?a. A?ae a?aeiieo aiaeia?a iaoiae a?ae??ciy?oueny noeoii?noth iieaciee?a: - iaiaaeaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e iiaeae? a cii? ieyie iaieeaiiy cia/aiiyie oaieino?eeino? ieanoianiaeo iaoa??ae?a (o iaaeao aei 70°N); - ?aeaenaoe??th caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o noi?iiaaiiio iaoaeaaiio iie?eoo? iaiaiaaeaii? oiaueie aaciina?aaeiuei i?ae /an iaieeaiiy ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy iieaciee?a ieanoe/iino? iaoa??aeo, ca oiiae a?aenooiino? c/aieaiiy c iiaa?oiath iiaeae?; - iaaeaiiyi ieaciiiaieeaiei no?oeoo?ai aeanoeainoae, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue aenieoaoaoe?eiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ia oi?iioai?i? aeaiaioe i?an-oi?i aeey ia?iaee anueiai niaeo?a ieanoianiaeo iaoa??ae?a. 10. Iieacaii aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a nia?aa?oino? ae?iaieoeoaa i?an-oi?i o 2..8 ?ac?a, no?ie?a i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa o 5...10 ?ac?a. Aecia/aii iiiaieeaoo?o i?iaeoeoe??, aeaioiaeaiiy yei? ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii - ae??aiina??eia ae?iaieoeoai iaeiioeiieo ae?ia?a c ?icaeiooith aaiiao???th iiaa?oi?: aeeoy/? ?a?aoee, i?aeioae acoooy, iaaee/i? i?ioace e?ioe?aie, oo?i?oo?a aeey iaae?a oa iaeyao, ooaeiaei? ae?iae, noaai??e. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??: 1. Iao. 1809991 NNN?, IEE N 23 N 4/00. Niinia ecaioiaeaiey ecaeaeee, i?aeiouanoaaiii oi?iiia?acothueo yeaiaioia i?ann-oi?i /Ae.E.Aiaoaiei, E.N.Iyeioa, A.A. Eocueiaiei (NNN?). - ?4821022/26; Cayaeaii 03.05. 90. 2. Iao. 1790502 NNN?, IEE A 29N 33/00. Ono?ienoai aeey ecaioiaeaiey i?ann-oi?i /E.N.Iyeioa, A.E.Aaae/ (NNN?). - ? 4880864/26; Cayaeaii 24.09.90; Iioae. 23.01.93. Athe.?3. 3. Iao. 24507 Oe?a?ia, IIE N23N 4/00. Niin?a ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy iie?eoo?a/ /?.N.I‘yeioa (Oe?a?ia). - ?97052305; Cayaeaii 19.05.97. Iioae. 21.07.98. 4. ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae Oe?a?ie ii cayaoe? ? 96083199/3739 a?ae 09.08.96, IIE a29N 33/40, 33/40, N23N 4/00. Niin?a aeaioiaeaiiy iao?eoeue i?an-oi?i / ?.N I‘yeioa., A.A. Ae?en??a. Aeaoa i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy 05.08. 98. 5. Iao. 25745 A (Oe?a?ia) IIE 5 N25A 11/00. Niin?a aeaioiaeaiiy aiiaea / TH.?. Oeie?ao., ?.N.I‘yeioa. (Oe?a?ia) ?96083198 . Cyae. 08.09.96; Iioae. 25.12.98. 6. Aeeia A.?., Icyeioa ?.N., Ooiue I.?., Iiiiia?aii A.I. Caoenia iie?eooy o?oa ia?iia?aa??aa/?a // Oac. aeii. iaoe.-oaoi. eiioa?aioe. “Aenieiaoaeoeai? oaoiieia?? o iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?” - Aeoooa, 1996, n. 77-78 7. Icyeioa ?.N., Ooiue I.?., Iiiiia?aiei A.I. Aeaeo?io?i?/ia ia?iaea aiaee c aeei?enoaiiyi ia?ic/eiieo aeaeo?iae?a // Oai aea, n.47-49 . 8. Aueia A.E., Iyeioa E.N. Iaianaiea oa?iieciininoieeeo iie?uoee // Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i. naieia? “Aunieiyia?aaoe/aneay ia?aaioea iaoa?eaeia” - Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1995, n.65-68. 9. Iyeioa E.N. Iniaaiiinoe no?oeoo?u e naienoa ieaciaiiuo ei?eiauo ecaeaeee ec aethieieaauo a?iic // Aanoiee *EOE. - 1998.- ?3.- n. 133-138. 10. I‘yeioa ?.N., Ae?en??a A.A. Ooai?aiiy eiino?oeoe?eiiai oa?o iao?eoeue i?an-oi?i, aeaioiaeaieo aacioa?i?/iei iaieeaiiyi // A?niee *?O?. - 1998. - ?3. - n.56...62. 11. Icyeioa ?.N., Iieyeia N.I. Ieaciiaa iaieeaiiy oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a iao?eoeue i?an-oi?i aeey ia?a?iaee ieanoian c? nieaa?a Cu-Al-Fe // A?niee *?O?. - 1999. - ?1. - n. 32-37. 12. Iyeioa E.N., Iieyeia N.I. Iaoaieci ?aeaenaoeee inoaoi/iuo iai?yaeaiee a ei?eiauo ecaeaeeyo ec aethieieaaie a?iicu // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?. naieia?-aunoaaee “Nia?aiaiiua iaoa?eaeu, oaoiieiaee, iai?oaeiaaiea e eino?oiaio a iaoeiino?iaiee”. - Eeaa. - 1999. 13.Iyeioa E.N. I?eiaiaiea iaoaeeiiieeia?iuo eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa oo?aii-yiieneaeiuo niie i?e ecaioiaeaiee i?ann-oi?i // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?. naieia?-aunoaaee “Nia?aiaiiua iaoa?eaeu, oaoiieiaee, iai?oaeiaaiea e eino?oiaio a iaoeiino?iaiee”. - Eeaa. - 1999. 14. Iyeioa E.N., Iieyeia N.I., Ai?enia TH.N. Ecaioiaeaiea ei?eiauo ecaeaeee ec nieaaia Cu-Al-Fe iaoiaeii ieaciaiiiai iaiueaiey // Aaoiiaoe/aneay naa?ea.-1999.-?7. -n. 16-24 AIIOAOe?ss Icyeioa ?.N. Aeaioiaeaiiy i?an-oi?i c aeei?enoaiiyi ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy nieaao Cu-Al-Fe ia iaiaoaeaa? iaoa??ae?. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.06 - “Caa?thaaiiy oa nii??aeiai? oaoiieia??” . - *a?eanueeee ?iaeaia?ii - oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo, *a?eane, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee oa aeaioiaeaiiy neeaaeiii?io?eueiiai oaoiieia?/iiai iniauaiiy (ia i?eeeaae? i?an-oi?i aeey ia?iaee ieanoian). A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iiaee iai?yiie a oaoiieia?? ei?eiaiai ieaciiaiai iaieeaiiy, ui a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? iiaeaeae c iaoa??ae?a i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e canoinoaaii? niaoe?aeueii? oa?iiia?iaee aei i?aeueaethiicae?cieo nieaa?a aaciina?aaeiuei o i?ioean? iaieeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny iiaeeea?noue aeaioiaeaiiy oi?iioai?ieo aeaiaio?a i?an-oi?i iaiaiaaeaii? oiaueie c aenie?i ??aiai aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiino?oeoeai? ? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaeaaeiaiiy ? i?ioean?a, aeniea aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy yeeo iaa?oioiaaia oai?aoe/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/ii. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? ciaeoee i?iieneiaa canoinoaaiiy o oi?i? ae?iaie/eo ai?iaaaeaeaiue oaoiieia?? ? iaeaaeiaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ieaciiaa iaieeaiiy, ei?eiaa iie?eooy, i?an-oi?ia, caeeoeia? iai?oaeaiiy, aethi?i??a? a?iice ABSTRACT Myakota I. S. Manufacturing of day moulds with the use of plasma spraying alloys of Cu-Al-Fe on non-metal materials. - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate of science degree. Specialty 05.03.06 - Welding and Relating Technology. - The Cherkassy engineering and technological institute, Cherkassy, 1999. It is devoted to design and manufacturing complex-profile technological day-moulds (by means of an example of moulds for plastic - material). A new direction of plasma-shell spraying is elaborated which is based on the use of organic models. It is established that a special heat treatment direct by plasma-shell spraying process is provided to manufacture endless thick Cu-Al-Fe- alloys shells with high-quality operating characteristics. The constructive and technological parameters of equipment and processes are proposed, the high effectiveness of them is stated by using of theoretical investigations and reinforced by illustrative examples. The results of the work have found an industrial utility in introducing of these types of equipment and technology. Key words: plasma spraying, plasma coating, shell, inner tensions, alloys of Cu-Al-Fe. AIIIOAOeEss Iyeioa E.N. Ecaioiaeaiea i?ann-oi?i n i?eiaiaieai ieaciaiiiai iaiueaiey nieaaa Cu-Al-Fe ia iaiaoaeee/aneea iaoa?eaeu. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.06 - “Naa?ee e ?iaenoaaiiua oaoiieiaee”. - *a?eanneee eiaeaia?ii - oaoiieiae/aneee einoeooo, *a?eannu, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee e ecaioiaeaiey neiaeiii?ioeeueiie oaoiieiae/aneie inianoee (ia i?eia?a i?ann-oi?i aeey ia?a?aaioee ieanoiann). A ?aaioa ?acaeaaaony iiaia iai?aaeaiea a oaoiieiaee ei?eiaiai aacioa?ie/aneiai iaiueaiey, iniiaaiiia ia i?eiaiaiee iiaeaeae ec iaoa?eaeia i?aaie/aneiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey, a?aiii-aiaei?iaeiuo e aicaeooiuo ieaciaiiuo no?oe. Niaoeeoeea oaoiieiaee iaania/eaaao ?aioaaaeueiinoue ecaioiaeaiey i?ann-oi?i a oneiaeyo i?iiuoeaiiiai iaeeina?eeiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ecaeaeee ca n/ao oiaiueoaiey iieacaoaeae o?oaei- e iaoa?eaeicao?ao a 2...8 ?ac e nie?auaiey n?ieia iiaeaioiaee i?iecaiaenoaa auionea iiauo oiaa?ia a 5...10 ?ac. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e niaoeeaeueiie oa?iiia?aaioea iaaeueaethiiaeaeaciuo nieaaia iaiin?aaenoaaiii a i?ioeanna ieaciaiiiai iaiueaiey, a eiaiii - eioaineoeeaoeee ioeaaeaeaiey iaiueyaiuo /anoeoe iaania/eaaaony aiciiaeiinoue ecaioiaeaiey oi?iiia?acothueo yeaiaioia i?ann-oi?i iaia?aie/aiiie oieueiu n aunieei o?iaiai yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo naienoa. Yoi aeinoeaaaony aneaaenoaea no?oeoo?iuo i?aa?auaiee ia?oaineoiiai oeia n ia?aciaaieai iaoanoaaeeueiie ieanoe/iie a+b‘ - oacu.. I?e yoii enoiaeiue iaoa?eae i?eia?aoaao ea/anoaaiii iiaue eiiieaen oeceei-iaoaie/aneeo naienoa: i?e ieieiaeueiuo cia/aieyo inoaoi/iuo iai?yaeaiee (sI F 1IIa) nouanoaaiii oaaee/eaathony iieacaoaee oaa?aeinoe, eciininoieeinoe, i?i/iinoe e ieanoe/iinoe (niioaaonoaaiii, IA ” 180, HV MAX ” 1800 IIa, sA=70...105 IIa, d ” 6...12%). Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiu e i?aeoe/anee io?aaioaiu eiino?oeoeaiua e oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u iai?oaeiaaiey, a oii /enea iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ieaciio?iiia n naiionoaiaaeeaathuaeny e oeene?iaaiiie aeeeiaie aeoa, onoaiiaee e oaoiieiae/aneie inianoee ianoaiaea?oiiai ecaioiaeaiey. ?ac?aaioaia eiiieaeniay oaoiieiaey ecaioiaeaiey aaciaeieiuo i?ann-oi?i n ?acaeoie ieineinoueth ?acuaia, n o/aoii iniaaiiinoae eo yenieoaoaoeee ia iiiaiiiceoeeiiiuo oa?iiieanoaaoiiaoao ii aaeeiiio ?aaeeio ioeaaeaeaiey. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?iiuoeaiiia i?eiaiaiea a oi?ia aiaae?aiey oaoiieiaee e iai?oaeiaaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieaciaiiia iaiueaiea, ei?eiaia iie?uoea, i?ann-oi?ia, inoaoi/ iua iai?yaeaiey, aethieieaaua a?iicu.

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