Відеокомунікація в структурі сучасної культури: еволюція впливу на людину: Автореф. дис… канд. іст. наук / О.О. Сібірякова, Київ. держ. ун-т культур

6

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

OAeE 008

N?A??ssEIAA IEAIA IEAENAIAe??AIA

A?AeAIEIIOI?EAOe?ss A NO?OEOO?? NO*ANII? EOEUeOO?E: AAIETHOe?ss AIEEAO
IA ETHAeEIO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 17.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa, I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? EA?IIAA Ethaeieea
Ieaenaiae??aia, caa. eaoaae?ith oai??? oa ?noi??? eoeueoo?e Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1.Aaceeoaaiei Na?a?e Aeaieeiae/, aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii e?iiciaanoaa ?inoeoooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,
oieueeei?enoeee oa aoiieia?? ?i. I. ?eeuenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

2. Eooa?iei Aieiaeeie? Nai?eeiae/, eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e anoaoeee EAeOE?I, i.Ee?a.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y —

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, eaoaae?a
noni?eueieo ? aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 10 n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiae. Ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.807.02. Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ( 252133, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ui?na,36)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa (252133, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Ui?na,36)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 7 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A. I.
Caaaaea?/oe

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Ae?oaa iieiaeia OO noie?ooy iciaiaioaaeany aeieeiaiiyi iiaeo
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ye? cae?eniththoue iano?eueee
aaaaoiieaiiaee aieea ia noni?eueia aoooy ? noni?eueio na?aeii?noue
ethaeae, ui oea aea? ciiao aaaaoueii cao?aeiei aeine?aeieeai
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiiai aieeao ?icaeyaeaoe ?noi??th ethaenueei?
oeea?e?caoe?? ye iane?aeie ?icaeoeo cania?a ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??.

I?iaeaie, ui iia”ycai? ?c ?icaeoeii oaoi?/ii? aace ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??,
e aein? caeeoathoueny iaaeaeooaeueieie aeey oai??? oa ?noi???
eoeueoo?e, a , iacaaaeath/e ia ??ci? ioe?iee ?ie? oa i?noey cania?a
ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? a nioe?oi?, a?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a noiaeyoueny a
iaeiiio — c iiyaith e?ii, ?aae?i oa oaeaaa/aiiy c”yaey?oueny ?aeeia
nenoaia ia?ac?a oa ?icaaa, ui aecia/a? iiaaae?ieo o??? /e ?ioi? a?oie
ethaeae /e oe?eiai ia?iaeo.

Na?oiaeyae ianaeaiiy e?a?i, ui iauiaeaaii io?eiaee iacaeaaei?noue,
cacia? ana a?eueoeo ci?i i?ae aieeaii i?ia?ano a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii?
nenoaie oa ?ioaa?aoe?? ?? a na?oiao nenoaio a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, ye?
iino?eii aaiethoe?iiothoue ? iaiaaathoueny aooe a?aeiia?aeieie no/aniiio
noeeth aeeooy ethaeeie a eoeueoo??. A?eueo oiai, oaeaaa/aiiy, a?aeai oa
?io? caniae ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? i?aaiooue noai?thaaoe iia? oi?ie
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, aeey yeeo ae?ai ia ? aaciaei caniaii ?nioaaiiy, a
eeoa ieaoeaea?iii, c yeiai ii/eia?oueny ?o aeoeaia ao?o/aiiy a
iianyeaeaiio ?aaeuei?noue aeeooy oa eoeueoo?e no/anii? ethaeeie, ??
aeooiaiee na?o.

A inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?y ia?aoai?eeany a iaiao?aeiee
eiiiiiaio noni?eueiiai aoooy, a aeaea?aei iino?eii? ?ioi?iaoe?? o oi?i?
a?aeaiiia?aeiieaiue, ye? aeiiiaiththoue ? caaaa/othoue aaciina?aaeiuei
aeina?ae ethaeeie, oi?iothoue ?? oe?iiino? ? ii?ie ?aeaieia?/ii
aieeaath/e ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?? iniaenoino?. Oea ia?aoai?eei aeaio
noa?o ae?yeueiino? o iiea ai?ioueae ca na?aeii?noue i?eueeii?a ethaeae,
ui iicia/eeiny ia ia?aa?a noni?eueieo iiae?e o na?o?.

Aea, ye na?ae/eoue aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, ooieoe?iioaaiiy cania?a
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a iiaeo oiiaao, ?o aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy na?aeiiino?
ethaeeie, i?aeoe/ii iaaeine?aeaeai? a Oe?a?i?.

Aaeeeo aeiiiiiao o aeyaeaii? aieeao cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia
na?oiaeyae ethaeeie iiaeooue iaaeaoe ?iaioe cao?aeieo a/aieo. Aaeaea oo
nooi?iue “oaoi?caoe??” noni?eueiiai aoooy, aei yei? iai ua iaeaaeeoue
iaaeeceoeny, cao?aei? e?a?ie i?ieoee e?eueea aeanyoe?a ?ie?a oiio, oai
iaa?iiaaeaeaii aaeeeee caian oaeo?a.

I?iaeaie ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? oa ?? aieeao ia
ethaeeio aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oaeeie ca?oa?aeieie a/aieie, ye I.
Iaeethai, A. Aaaeue, A. Ii?ai, C. E?aeaoa?., N . Oieaoa, A. Iieue, oa
?io. Iaaiith i??ith oi?eathoueny aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie iao?
ni?aa?o/ecieee — Aaceeoaaiei N., Ao?aae/ I., Ca?iaoeueea I., Ia/ae I.
Aiae?c i?aoeue oeeo a/aieo-?noi?ee?a, o?einio?a, ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a —
aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iayai?noue oe?ieiai eiea iaoeiaeo
?ica?aeie ia aeeeth/a? oiai oaeoo, ui aea?aia aaoi?ii oaia iaoeiaiai
iiooeo ua ia noaea i?aaeiaoii ie?aiiai naiino?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioeo
a/aieo.

Ca»ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia»ycaia c aea?aeaaiith
eiiieaeniith i?ia?aiith I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie
«Eiioeaiooaeuei? iai?yiee uiaei ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e” — Iinoaiiaa Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a a?ae 26.06.1997 ?.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio iaeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ice?eoo? aaiethoe??
aieeao a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii? nenoaie ia na?oiaeyae ethaeeie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe, o aeine?aeaeaii? iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) aecia/eoe ?noi?e/ia cia/aiiy a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? o no?oeoo??
no/anii? eoeueoo?e;

2) aeyaeoe ? iaa?oiooaaoe nooi?nio i?e?iaeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiio i?ioean?;

3) aeae?eeoe iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a nenoai?
no/anii? eoeueoo?e;

4) ?ice?eoe ?noi?e/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?ieo ii?i oa
oe?iiinoae caniaaie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??;

5) i?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? oi?ie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiiai
aieeao ia na?oiaeyae ethaeeie.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A iniiao iaoiaeieia?? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeaii
i?eioeeie aiae?co o eiioaeno? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eieo
cania?a, ocaaaeueiaiiy iayaieo ioae?eaoe?e noiniaii i?iaeaie,
ii?aoeueiaaiee iaoeiaee aia?ao oai??? oa ?noi??? eoeueoo?e, ia i?aenoaa?
yeeo iaeaaeeoue ae??ooaaoe iinoaaeaia caaaeaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy ye
caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo iaoiae?a (eia?/iiai, ?noi?e/iiai, eeaneo?eaoe?eiiai)
oae ? niaoe?aeueii ?noi?e/ieo (o?iiieia?/ii-?ao?iniaeoeaiiai)
aoaeoaaeiny ia iaoiaeieia?/iiio ieth?ae?ci?.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieth? ae?oao iieiaeio OO noie?ooy — ia??iae iiyae
oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeaaa/aiiy oa a?aeai, aaeaea aei iiyae iiaeo
cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?aeaieia?/iee /eiiee iaa, aacia?a/ii,
i?noea o noni?euenoa?, aea eiai ia iiaeia aoei aaaaeaoe ca i?iaeaio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia.

Iieyaa? ye o aeine?aeaeaii? iaoeiai? i?iaeaie a oe?eiio, oae ? a
eiiieaeniiio ae??oaii? cacia/aieo caaaeaiue. A aeaea?aeiciaa/iio ieai?
iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o caeo/aii? cia/ii? e?eueeino? oaeoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo, ii/a?iiooiai c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, ye ca?oa?aeii?, oae ?
a?o/eciyii?.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny aaiethoe?y aieeao a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? ia
na?aeii?noue ethaeeie oa ?? na?oiaeyae; aaoi? anoaiiaeth? ?noi?e/i?
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo aieeao a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? ia oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?ieo
ii?i oa oe?iiinoae ethaeeie; oeyoii ?noi?e/iiai aiae?co aeyaey? oi?ie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiiai aieeao ia na?oiaeyae
ethaeeie; iieaco? ?noi?e/io oaiaeaioe?th aei iie?oecaoe??
eiioi?eaoe?eii? a?aeainenoaie oa iineeaiiy ?? na?oiaeyaeii? ooieoe?? a
no?oeoo?? no/anii? eoeueoo?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae iniaeeai aino?i
a?ae/oaa?oueny iio?aaa a nenoai? iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/ieo oe?iiinoae oa
ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo i???ioe??a, caeaoieo iia?e?coaaoe noni?euenoai ia
?ica»caiiy iioi/ieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo i?iaeai ?? ?icaoaeiae.
I?inoaaeoth/e aaiethoe?th aieeao a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a no?oeoo??
no/anii? eoeueoo?e ia na?oiaeyae ethaeeie, aaoi? oei/aniai aecia/a? ?
iaa?oioiao? ia»?aeioth/o ?aeath, ?aae?caoe?y yei? iiaea a noaoe
iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeii? nenoaie oe?ii?nieo i??i?eoao?a oa
i???ioe??a.

C?a?aiee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, eiai ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?c, iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? o i?aeaioiaoe? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aoeue c oai??? oa ?noi???
eoeueoo?e, oaeaaeo?iae?noeee. Aiae?c iinoaaeaii? a ?iaio? i?iaeaie aea?
iiaeeea?noue iiaeaeueoiai oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeoe/ieo
aeniiae?a o ?ica»ycaii? aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo aeey iaoiai noni?euenoaa
ieoaiue ; c»ynoaaiiy oiia oa oaeoi??a no/aniiai ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e
iniaenoino?, iiooe?a iiaeo oi?i oa iaoiae?a ?iaioe a aaeoc? iaa/aiiy,
aeoiaaiiy, ina?oe c i???ioaoe??th ia ?icaeoie aeniei? eoeueoo?e ia
iayai?e iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i?e aac? noni?euenoaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Iaoa??aee ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? cai?iaaaeaeaii aaoi?ii o i?aeoeeo
noai?aiiy oai?/i? eaai?aoi??? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa c iaieiae?iiy iaenoa?i?noth o?aineyoe?? «i?yiiai
ao??o» oa aaaeaiiy ?aii?oaae?a ia aac? eaoaae?e oaeaaa/aiiy, aeey
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei nai?ia??a oa ?nieo?a c eo?n?a «Oai??y
eoeueoo?e», «?noi??y ca?oa?aeii? eoeueoo?e» ii eaoaae?? oai??? oa
?noi??? eoeueoo?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?aii o oiae?
aenooio aaoi?a c iaoeiaeie iia?aeiieaiiyie ia anaoe?a?inueeeo oa
aoc?anueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo 1995-1998: “ Eoeueoo?a a
no/anieo oiiaao” (Ee?a-95); “Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie : noai, i?iaeaie,
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo” (Ee?a-1997); “Iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie aeeeaaeaiiy
eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i” (Ee?a -1998), ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
oai??? oa ?noi??? eoeueoo?e Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o
nai?ia?ao i?aoe?aiee?a nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? noa?e. A oaeiae o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ye
niaoeeo?ne “Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueiith eoeueoo?ith”,
“?aoi?ioaaiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? noa?e a iiaeo iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo
oiiaao”.

Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 4 ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (170 iaeiaioaaiue).

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «A?aeaieiioi?eaoe?y ye ?noi?e/ii-ia»?eoeaia
neeaaeiaa no/aniiai eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo” i?inoaaeo?oueny ?noi?e/iee
?icaeoie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, ii/eiath/e c /an?a, eiee a?coaeueia
eiioi?eaoe?y aeeiioaaea aaeueie aaaeeeao ?ieue — nioe?ae?caoe?? oa
?icaaae ethaeeie. Caiaeii ci?ithaaeeny ?? oi?ie ( a?ae ianiaiai
aeaeiaeua aei e?iaiaoia?aoo ), i?ioa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia ?aaiethoe?y, ye
ia»?eoeaiee ?acoeueoao eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo, ni?e/eieea
iiyao i?eioeeiiai iiai? ca ye?noth nenoaie eiioi?eaoe??. O ca»yceo c
oeei, o ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeothoueny i?e/eie eiioi?eaoeaii?
?aaiethoe?? ia ii/aoeo OO noi??//y; ?icaeoie cia?aaeaiiy a nenoai?
no/anii? eoeueoo?e; iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a no/ani?e
eoeueoo??.

Aeine?aeaeoaaoe oeth i?iaeaio aeena?oaioea ii/eia? c aiae?co ?ie?
oaoi?/iiai oaeoi?a a aaiethoe?? a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, ia?aoiaeeoue aei
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo /eiiee?a, ye? aecia/athoue ii/aoie iei?oiueiai
noie?ooy, ?ice?eaa? iniiai? ci?ie, ui iaee i?noea o oeae ia??iae /ano.
Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe aacia? /eiieee eiioi?eaoeaii?
?aaiethoe?? – oea oaoi?caoe?y oa cianiae?iiy.

Oe? aea? i?ia?aei? oaiaeaioe?? /ano i?iyaeeeny o iioyao oe?ieiai caaaeo
ianaeaiiy aei ciaiue, i?a?aoe?? aei i?no, o?aai?caoe?? oa
?iaeono??ae?caoe?? i?no, o ci?i? iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? ia?aaeeai.

O ?icae?e? ?iaeoueny aaeeeee iaeyae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue aeaeaoieo
?noi?ee?a oiai /ano,ye ca?oa?aeieo, oae ? a?o/eciyieo, ye? iaiaaaeeny
ae??ooaaoe i?iaeaie noni?eueii? na?aeiiino?, aiae?coth/e
ea?aeeiaeuei? ci?ie o eoeueoo?i?e neooaoe?? ?oaaaeo a?e?a a ca»yceo c
oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii. Aiae?c aea/aiiai iaoa??eo aea? i?aenoaae
aecia/eoe iniiai? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoeai? iio?aae ethaeeie oiai
/ano: iio?aaa o ?icaaaao; iio?aaa o ci?iaeo ia?acao: iio?aaa o
caaaeueiic?icoi?eeo oa caaaeueiiaeinooiieo iia?aeiieaiiyo. Oe? iio?aae
noi?ioaaee iiieo o ye?nii iia?e nenoai? eiioi?eaoe??, eio??
caaeiaieueieea ianiaa eoeueoo?a, a iaaeao yei? ie ia?ii ?icaeyaeaoe
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?th ye nenoaio i?eeii?a, iaoiae?a oa cania?a ia?aaea/?
iia?aeiieaiue.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa o ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eae?ey?oueny aaiethoe?? cia?aaeaiiy
o ia??iae ?icaeoeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? — a?ae
ia?oeo ?ethno?aoe?e a ae?oeiaaieo caniaao, eii?en?a, oioia?ao?e, a?aath?
aei ae?aiiiai cia?aaeaiiy. Iiyaa e?iaiaoia?aoo aoea aecia/iei aoaiii o
?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii? nenoaie, aaeaea iiaee aeae ienoaoeoaa
cai?iiiioaaa ye?nii iiao oi?io ni?eeiyooy oa oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
aeyaea/aie ? i?noea o nia? oe?eee ?yae niaoeeo?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ye?
aoee i?eoaiaii? nenoai? a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a oe?eiio.Na?aae ieo ie
aeae?ey?ii ianiao i???ioaoe?th e?iaiaoia?aoo, eiai oaoi?/io i?e?iaeo,
iie?oe/io (?aeaieia?/io) caeaaei?noue a?ae aea?aeaaii? nenoaie.

Aeena?oaioea aeaoaeueii coieiy?oueny ia inoaii?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
e?iaiaoia?aoa ye iaeiiai c eaiae?a ia?aaea/? iia?aeiieaiue oiio, ui
aniaeo ia?aaea/? na?oiaeyaeieo onoaiiaie oa oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeo
/a?ac no/ani? caniae ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? noa? iaaeaeooaeueiei ia
no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e. Ia ?aeaieia?caoe?th ae?aiieo oi?i
eiioi?eaoe?? eacaee, naiai /ano caa?oaee oaaao Aaea Aaeao, Aaeaa? Ii?ai,
Na?a?e Aecaiooaei oa ?io?. Naia Na?a?e Aecaiooaei aai?aeueii i?i?ieoaaa
noai?aiiy nenoaie oioaeueii? ia?iaee ianiai? na?aeiiino? — oaeaaa/aiiy.

Iaeyae aeoiie uiaei ?ie? oaeaaa/aiiy a no/ani?e eoeueoo?? aeicaieea iai
aeae?eeoe oe?eee ?yae iniaeeainoae, i?eoaiaiieo aeaeo?iiiei oi?iai
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, aeieeiaiiy yeeo ciaiaioaaei ii noo? iiaee aoai
?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii? nenoaie, ui aecia/athoue:

1. oaeaee?noue oa iiiaioaeuei?noue ia?aaea/? a?aeaiiineeaiiy;

2. aacia?a?ai?noue (o?eaae?noue) i?ioeano a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??;

3. ii?? ia ooaeiaei? oi?ioee oa noa?aioei o eiioaeo? ?c aeyaea/ai;

4. iiiaeeii?noue eaiae?a oa aeae?a a?aeaiiineeaiue.

Oae? aeniiaee aeicaieythoue iai iiaa/eoe iaaio caeiiii??i?noue: ?c
c?inoaiiyi oaoi?/iiai oaeoi?o a eoeueoo?? a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?y ii/eia?
ni?aaeyoe ana a?eueoee aieea ia ethaeeio, i?aeoe/ii ia?aeiath/e
ooieoe?th oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aieea a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii? nenoaie ia oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?ieo ii?i oa oe?iiinoae» aiae?cothoueny a?aei?ii? iniaeeaino?
nenoaie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??: aa?aneai?noue, aoae?i-a?coaeueia i?e?iaea
no/anieo aeaeiaeu, ?o iania?noue oa iaeiiiiiaioi?noue ni?eeiyooy ,
oyae?iiy aei aiioe?eiiai eiioaeoo c aeyaea/aie. Aiie aecia/athoue aenieo
aoaeoeaio aieeaia?noue a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii? nenoaie ia ethaeeio a
no/aniee ia??iae ?? ?icaeoeo.

?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? ie?aneea iaai? ia??iaee aieeao ia
iniaeno?noue i?ae /an caeo/aiiy aeyaea/?a o «aeaeiaeuio ae?th», aiae?c
yeeo iieaco? , ui nenoaia a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? nueiaiaei? cai?ith?
aeyaea/aa? ?aaeueieo aaouee?a. Aiia a?aeaa?oi ni?yiiaaia ia aeoiaaiiy
neooiyiiai «aei?ineiai» c aeei?enoaiiyi niieiia?/ii i?eoaiaiieo
«aeeoei?» yeinoae oa iniaeeainoae ni?eeiyooy iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo. I?e
oeueiio aeei?enoiao?oueny a?aeiia?aeiee iaa?? iaaeaaia?/ieo i?eeii?a
oa iaoiae?a, ui aieeaathoue ia aeyaea/a, eiai na?aeii?noue, eiai
na?oiaeyae. Oiio aeine?aeaeoaaoe iaaeae? aieea a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? ia
neeaaeaiiy eoeueoo?ieo ii?i oa oe?iiinoae iiaeeeai ? o?aaa, aeoiaey/e c
i?eioeei?a ? iaoiaeee iaaeaaia?ee oa caaaeueii? ineoieia??.

Aaea a i?ioean? i?inoiai iaoeneaiiy eiiiee oaea-a?aeaiaia?aoo?e /e
eiii»thoa?a aeieea? iiiaio aaoiiaoe/iiai aa?ieiaiiy ethaeeie o i?ioean
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, eiee ?icnoaeeeaee «aei?ineee» ii/eia? ?aaaoaaoe ia
aieea ii?iaie iiaaae?iee «aeeoeie». Ianooiiei aoaiii noa? i?ioean
no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa aeoiaaiiy na?oiaeyaeo. A?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiee aieea
ia na?aeii?noue ethaeeie i?ioiaeeoue aeae?eueea aoai?a , ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue ?icaeoeo iniaenoi? na?aeiiino? ethaeeie. Ia eiaeiiio
aoai? aeii?io? iaaiee aecia/aeueiee ( i?ia?aeiee) oei ae?yeueiino?
(AOAe), o a?aeiia?aeiino? c yeei ? aeaoaeiaothoueny iaoiaee iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?: «Ia??iae Iaiiaeyoe» ( AOAe — ?ioeiii-iniaenoa
ni?eeoaaiiy); Ia??iae «I?aaeiaoii? Iai?ioeyoe??» ( AOAe — Aea/aiiy
aca?iiae??, iai?ioeyoe??); «?a?iaee ia??iae»

( AOAe — ?ieueia? oa i?aaeiaoi? ?a?e); «Iieiaeoee oeiey?» ( AOAe —
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean); «I?aee?oie» (AOAe — noni?eueii-ei?enia
ae?yeuei?noue a i?ioean? ?ioeiii-iniaenoiai ni?eeoaaiiy); «THiaoeoai» (
AOAe — i?ioan?eia i???ioaoe?y, cae?i/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy naiina?aeiiino?).

Aeena?oaioea ?icaeyaea? a ?noi?e/iiio aniaeo? ineoieia?/io noa?o aieeao
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? ia na?oiaeyae oa na?oini?eeiyooy ethaeeie, aeae?ey?
i?eeiie oa iaoiaee, yeeie ei?enoo?oueny a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eia nenoaia,
ie?aii coieiyth/enue ia ianeaieo ? aeoeaieo iaoiaeao.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e oeae i?ioean, aaoi? aeaiaeeoue iaai? ?acoeueoaoe
oi?ioaaiiy iniainoeno? caniaaie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a iaaeao ie?aieo
e?a?i. Cacia/ath/e, ui a?aeaii?iaeoeoe?y a Oe?a?i? ? ia?aaaaeii
ca?oa?aeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, i?noeoue a nia? aeaiaioe cao?aeii?, iniaeeai
aia?eeainueei?, ?aeaieia??, aaoi? aaaaea?, ui ca?ac i?i «a?aeai» a
Oe?a?i? iiaeia aiai?eoe ye i?i oi?io ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaoa noni?euenoai
aaiaoe/ii aeaeaeeo ? /oaeeo iai eoeueoo?ieo ii?i aeeooy oa oe?iinoae. C
?ioiai aieo, i???ioaoe?y no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai aeyaea/a ia ?in?enueeo,
aia?eeainueeo oa cao?aeio i?iaeoeoe?th oe?eeii c?icoi?ea: oeei
eiiiainothoueny iaaeie?ee a?ae/eciyieo a?aeaii?iaeoeo?a, ye? ca an?ia
ia?aiao?aie ? iaeiieo?aioicaeaoieie, ai ia aena?oeththoue iaeaaeiei
/eiii ia iaiao?aeiiio ooaeiaeiueiio ??ai? aeeooy Oe?a?ie, ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue caieoai ? iio?aaai aeyaea/a.

Ii??aithth/e ?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie cania?a ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? a iao?e
e?a?i?, ?in?? oa ?icaeoie cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? a NOA,
aeena?oaioea cacia/a?, ui naia Niieo/ai? Ooaoe Aia?eee aoiaeyoue o
na?oiao ?noi??th, ye ii?iaeaeoaa/? oa noeioeyoi?e i?ioean?a ianiai?
eoeueoo?e , ye ?iia??y oi?ie ? noaiaea?oo, c ?ioaineaiei ?icaeoeii, a
ia?oo /a?ao, a?coaeueii? oaoi?ee (eiii»thoa??a, a?aeai?ai?) oa ?ioeo
oi?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? — e?ii, oaeaaa/aiiy, ?aeeaie,
oio. ?? aieea aecia/a?oueny iaaieie ?enaie, a?aei?iieie a?ae aieeao
oe?a?inueei? a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii? nenoaie. Ia?oith ?enith ? nie?aiiy
ia i?eoiaai? ?aeaei? i???ioe?e. Ae?oaith — cina?aaeaeai?noue ia
a?coaeueiino?, aeaeiaeuiino? acaaae?, yeei i?ioenoi?oue «neiaani?noue» ?
a?eueo «eiaiaa» i?iiaaaiaea eieeoiueiai ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco. Ca?aene,
c?icoi?eith ? ? caaaeueia neea (aa?aneai?noue) a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eii?
nenoaie NOA, ?? i???ioaoe?y ia «aenii?ooaaiiy» oaea- a?aeai
i?iaeoeo?a, ?aeeaiiiai oiaa?o, oiaoi, ?? aeniaineaiee oa?aeoa?.

Aeii?ioth/a ?ieue cia?aaeaiiy, c?icoi?eiai an?i aa?noaai ianaeaiiy
??cieo aea?aeaa ? e?a?i, caaacia/o? iai?ee?ioe? OO noi??//y
aia?eeainuee?e nenoai? a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? e?aea?noai o oi?ioaaii?
aia?eeainueeeo eoeueoo?ieo ii?i oa oe?iiinoae o anueiio na?o?, a oiio
/ene? ? a iao?e e?a?i?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Iniiai? oi?ie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiiai aieeao ia na?oiaeyae ethaeeie» aecia/athoueny oa
aeine?aeaeothoueny no/ani? oi?ie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, ui neeaeeny a
i?ioean? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo. Ia no/aniiio aoai? nenoaia aieeao
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eieo cania?a aenooia? o ?ie? cai?iieea onueiai niaeo?o
iio?aa — a?ae oaeoeeueieo (iia? a?ae/oooy) aei nioe?aeueieo. Neeaaei?
i?ioeane ni?eeiyooy, ?icoi?iiy, oaaae oa ?aoeaen??, aeeth/ai? a a?oiiao
oa eieaeoeaio i?aai?caoe?th, o aaeee?e i??? aca?iiae?thoue c i?ioeanaie
oi?ioaaiiy iaaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?. Oiio aeena?oaioea
aaaaea?, ui nueiaiaei? neeaany niaoeeo?/iee “na?o a?aeai”, aai «a?aeai
na?o». Oeae na?o a?aeaeaa?oueny a nenoai? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, a naia a i?ioean? noai?aiiy, oe?aaeoaaiiy oa
o?aineyoe?? a?aeaiiineeaiue oa aenooia? ye iniaeeaa eoeueoo?-oaoi?ea a
nenoai? no/anii? eoeueoo?e. A?aeaiae?ai noa? aeaaeae? aaaii?oei caniaii
o?aineyoe?? oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaiiai niiniao aeeooy, iaaieo noai
i?aai?caoe?? iiaaae?iee ethaeae, oiaoi – iai/iei na?aeioeoaii
aaiethoe?? a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a nenoai? no/anii? eoeueoo?e.
Aeuaiacaaiee i?ioean ae?aaea?oueny a nenoai? ae?e, iia»ycaieo ?c
oaiiiaiii eieaeoeaiiai ni?eeiyooy oa i?ioeanaie eieaeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino?, ? iiaea aooe inieneaiei, ye iaaia ?noi?e/ia
caeiiii??i?noue.

sse na?ae/eoue oai??y ? i?aeoeea inoaii?o aeanyoee?oue, iniaeeai
ae?eiaei, aoaeoeaiei ooo ? ia i?yiee, ia yaiee, a i?eoiaaiee,
iinooiiaee, nenoaiaoe/iee aieea ia ineo?eo ethaeae, ianaiia?aae, ia
aiioe?ei? oa iicana?aeii? noa?e, oiio aaoi? aaaaea?, iniiaiei eaiaeii
i?inoaaiiy na?oiaeyaeieo onoaiia oa eoeueoo?ieo ii?i noa? ia no/aniiio
aoai? ia i?inoi nenoaia ae?aiieo aeaeiaeu, a aeaeiaeu ooaeiaei?o ?
?icaaaeaeueieo, a ia?oo /a?ao, caa?iooeo aei aiioe?eii-ii/ooo?ai? noa?e
aeyaea/a, aaciina?aaeiuei aei eiai i?aena?aeiiino?.

Aiae?coth/e iniiai? oi?ie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiiai aieeao ia ethaeeio
naia c oe??? oi/ee ci?o aaoi? ii?o/ c i?ia?aeieie oi?iaiaie ia?aaea/?
(o?aineyoe??) a?aeaiiineeaiue, yeeie ? ae?aii? caniae (e?iaiaoia?ao,
oaeaaa/aiiy, a?aeai) i?eae?ey? oaaao aeaui ?ioei oi?iai c iaoith
aecia/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a nenoai?
no/anii? eoeueoo?e.

Ie?aii ?icaeyaeathoueny oio ye ?noi?e/iee aiaeia ianiaeo aeaeiaeu. Ca
nai?th i?e?iaeith oa no?oeoo?ith oio iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aea? oei
iniaeeainoyi, ye? ua ia ii/aoeo noie?ooy aaaaeaeeny iaia”yceiaeie aeey
aoaeue-yeiai aeaeiaeua. Iniiai? iniaeeaino? ano?aaeiiai aeaeiaeua, yea
ie ca?ac iaceaa?ii “oio”, aoee noi?ioeueiaai? o 20-o? ?iee.

?aeeaia, ia a?aei?io a?ae oio, ?ic?aoiaaia ia i?yiee i?iiaaaiaeenonueeee
aoaeo, ui ? oe?eeii c?icoi?eei, yeui aeoiaeeoe c iiceoe??
eiia?oe?ae?caoe?? no/aniiai noni?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua oa ?ie?
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a oeueiio i?ioean?. OO noie?ooy — “a?e einiino”, ”a?e
aoiio”, ”e?aa?iaoeee” — aeaaii aaea caeiaoei iacao e » a?e ?aeeaie».
Iaoeiai — oaoi?/ia ?aaiethoe?y oa ?icaeoie ae?iaieoeoaa a Niieo/aieo
Ooaoao oa Cao?aei?e ?a?ii?, a?aeaoaaany a i?ioean? ci?ie o?ueio
ia?aaeeai — aiioe ianiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa (1990 -1930?. ?.), aiioe
ianiaiai caooo (1930-1950 ?.?.), oa iino?iaeono??aeueii? aiioe
(ii/eiath/e c na?aaeeie 50-o ?ie?a ? ii iao /an). A?aeiia?aeii oeueiio
ci?ithaaeeny i?ioeane oiaa?iae?iaieoeoaa. Oae, eiioeaioe?y
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, ui iaea i?noea a aiioo ianiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ci?ieeany c /anii ia eiioeaioe?th oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?iaeoeo?a, i?ci?oa — ia eiioeaioe?th oaeineiiaeaiiy eiia?oe?eieo
coneeue, ui a?aeaeeiny ia niiniaao eiioi?eaoe?? — a i?inoaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oiaa?e oa noai?aiiy ia?ac?a (?i?aeae?a), o oi?iao
?aeeaie.

?R ( «iaae?e ?eeaeoaic») oe?iei ei?enoo?oueny iiaeeeainoyie
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, noai?thth/e ie?ai? aeaee i?iaeoeo?a , i?ecia/ai?
aeey a?aeaiiieaco iania?e aoaeeoi??? — oea nioe?aeueia ?aeeaia,
a?aeaio?eueie, noiooieeia? iaae?a-oo?e ( aiie yaeythoue niaith na??th
?ioa?a»th, caienaieo c ethaeueie ia ??cieo oaeanoaioe?yo, ui
o?aineththoueny o i?yiiio ao???), a?aeaieiioa?aioe??. Nenoaia “iaae?e
?eeaeoaic” oai?eoue ?i?aeae o??ie, ?i?aeae oe?ei? iaoe?? c ?? niiniaii
aeeooy oa ieneaiiyi, oe?ei? aea?aeaae c ?? aeiiii?/iei eaaeii oa
nioe?aeueieie oiiaaie. ? aeey oe??? iaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny aeaeiaeui?
caniae.

No/ani? oaoiieia?? «iaae?e ?eeaeoaic» aeeth/athoue a naaa aeei?enoaiiy
eiii»thoa?ieo oa ioeueoeiaae?eieo oaoiieia?e. Iaeei c aeae?a
ioeueoeiaae?eieo cania?a a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? — iioe/i? aeenee, ui
aeicaieythoue ia o?eueee caa??aaoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th, a
oiio /ene? ? a?coaeueio, aea e a?eueii iia?oaaoe c a?ao?/iei
cia?aaeaiiyi.

Iaea?eueo i?ia?aneaia nenoaia ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? nueiaiaei? —
?ioa?iao — yaey? niaith ia?aaeo eiii»thoa??a (ae?ai?a), ui
?ici?uothoueny ii anueiio na?oia? ? aeicaieythoue ei?enooaa/ai (?
aeyaea/ai, aiaeii/an) cae?enithaaoe eiioi?eaoe?th, ? oei naiei
noai?thaaoe ni?eueiee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?ino?? a iaaeao na?oiaiai
i?inoi?o, ui cia/ii ?icoe?th? iaae? aieeao ia ethaeeio.

Iia?oi? oi?ie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, ia?iaeaeai? eiii»thoa?ii, neeaee
i?eioeeiiai iiao nenoaio eiioi?eaoe??, ui nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
icia/aieo aeua oi?i iiaeeeainoyie ia o?eueee ao?o/aiiy ei?enooaa/?a a
i?ioean eiioi?eaoe?? c ?ioeie ethaeueie, a e oai?aiiy eiai ieie. I?ioa
aeey oe?a?inueeiai eiioi?eaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o aeii?ioth/eie ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue caeeoathoueny oae? oi?ie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, ye
oaeai?ia?aie /e a?aeaio?euei.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaaaeai? i?aenoiee iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai?
eiie?aoi? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1.Oiiae no/aniiai aeeooy , eiie?aoiee ?noi?e/iee iiiaio, ii?o/ c
eia?eith ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e oa noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio, caaeaaeaee iiyae
iiaeo oaoi?/ieo oi?i eiioi?eaoe??. Iia? oaoi?/i? oi?ie ea?aeeiaeueii
ci?ieee oei eiioi?eaoe?eii? nenoaie, aieeioee ia an? eiiiiiaioe
eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?ioeano, caaacia/eaoe a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?ei?e nenoai?
i?ia?aeia i?noea a no?oeoo?? no/anii? eoeueoo?e.

2. Iaeia c aecia/aiue eoeueoo?e o?aeoo? eoeueoo?o ye noeoii?noue
cania?a ni?eeoaaiiy, ui oi?iothoue ethaeae, ?o na?aeii?noue. Ci?ia
?noi?e/ieo aiio aecia/a?oueny, ia aeoieo aaaaoueio cao?aeieo a/aieo,
oaoi?/iith oa eoeueoo?iith ?aaiethoe??th, a naia — i?ia?anii o caniaao
ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Ia ia?oee ieai a aeeoo? noni?euenoa aeoiaeeoue
iiaee can?a eiioi?eaoe??, ui aenooia? “oaoiieia?/iei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi”
ethaeeie ? cae?enith? ia ia? anaa?/iee cai?ioiee aieea, aeeeeeath/e
iaai? c?ooaiiy a no?oeoo?? no/anii? eoeueoo?e /a?ac ci?ie a no?oeoo??
ieneaiiy ethaeeie.

3.A?aeaieiioi?eaoe?y ? i?iaeoeoii eoeueoo?e. Iaei??th c ?? neeaaeiaeo
? na?oiaeyaeia ooieoe?y, iniiao yei? neeaaea? caaaeueia ea?oeia na?oo.
Oey ea?oeia na?oo aeieea? a iania?e na?aeiiino? aiane?aeie aieeao
a?coaeueieo ia?ac?a /a?ac ae?aiia cia?aaeaiiy — e?iaiaoia?ao,
oaeaaa/aiiy, a?aeai, aeenieae eiii»thoa?a.

4.I?ioean ?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? ii/eia?oueny caaeiaai aei iaoeo
aei?a i?iieeiaiiyi a?coaeueieo aeaiaio?a ia «oa?eoi??th», yea aei oiai
aoea iai?aeaeaaeiith noa?ith neiaaniino?. C ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy
o?aaeeoe?ei? a?aath?e e iaethiee ia noi??ieao i?ane ci?iththoueny
oioia?ao?yie. Ia ii/aoie 20-o ?ie?a oioia?ao?y aeo?nieea a?aath?o,
?aeeaii? i?iniaeoe. A oie aea /an aeieea? e?iaiaoia?ao.Iiyaa
aeaeo?iiieo cania?a ca»yceo ciaiaioaaea ye?nii iiaee aoai ?icaeoeo
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??. Oi?eaeuei? oaoi?/i? iiaeeeaino? oaeaaa/aiiy
ii?iaeaeothoue oe?eee ?yae iiaeo aoaeo?a, ye? a?aeoiae? aenieoaoothoueny
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??th, cie?aia, «aoaeo i?enooiino?», aoaeo aacia?a?aiino?
iiaeaiiy oa ?io.

5.Ca inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy ao?oeeaee ?icaeoie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??
ia?aoai?th? ?? o iaiao?aeiee eiiiiiaio noni?eueiiai aoooy ethaeeie, o
aeaea?aei iino?eii? ?ioi?iaoe?? o aeaeyae? ?aeae, oyaeaiue ? ia?ac?a,
ye? aeiaeathoue ? caaaa/othoue aeina?ae ethaeeie, oi?iothoue ??
oe?iiino? oa ii?ie.

6.Nenoaia aieeao, yeith ei?enoo?oueny a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?y, a?oioo?oueny
ia ae?aiiiio cia?aaeaii?, yea niiioea? aeyaea/a aei ia?aci-/ooo?aiai,
neie?aoe/iiai oa iaoaoi?e/iiai ieneaiiy ? a?eueoith i??ith, i?ae
aoaeue-yea ?ioa, a?aeiia?aea? iiieoo ? aaaeaiiyi no/anii? ethaeeie, ??
ia?aco aeeooy oa ieneaiiy. A ianiaiio ii?yaeeo aiia ia iio?aao? a?ae
ethaeeie aeiaeaoeiaeo coneeue caaeey canai?iiy cia?aaeaeueiiai iioieo.
Iia? caniae a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a?ae??ciythoueny iania?noth ae??
(caaacia/othoue ia?aaea/o eiiieaenii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c iaei??? oi/ee
ia?aae? eiioi?eaoe?? ia aaaaoii?eueeiiio aoaeeoi??th), aa?aneai?noth
ae?? oa iiiaeeii?noth oi?i.

7.I?e?iaea a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno? —
ciooo? ian aiai?eoe i?i iaeneiaeueia caeo/aiiy no/aniiai aeyaea/a, i?i
iaeneiaeueio nooi?iue ?aeaieia?caoe?? no/aniiai eoeueoo?iiai na?aaeiaeua
oaoi?/ieie a?aeaicaniaaie.

Oaoi?/ia cia?aaeaiiy noa? aeaaeae? a?eueoei caniaii o?aineyoe?? oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaiiai ia?aco aeeooy, iaaieo noai i?aai?caoe??
iiaaae?iee ethaeae, oiaoi – iai/iei na?aeioeoaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a ethaenueeiio noni?euenoa?. Oeae neioac
ae?aaea?oueny a nenoai? ooieoe?e, iia”ycaieo ?c oaiiiaiii eieaeoeaiiai
ni?eeiyooy oa i?ioeanaie eieaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino?.

8.Iino?eii ci?ithth/enue o i?ioean? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo, caniae
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a?aeoai?ththoue o nai?e ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e i?iaeoeoe??
aeaiaioe ni?eueii? a?oiiai? ?aeaieia??, aeei?enoiaoth/e aeey oe??? iaoe
??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie a?aeaiaieeao: ?aeeaia,nenoaia iaae?e ?eeaeoaic,
oaeaia?aaea/? oa o?eueie, iia? eiii»thoa?i? oaoiieia??, oiui.

9.A?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? iai?ee?ioe? OO noie?ooy
yaey? niaith oi?eaeueio noa?o aeey iioe?aiiy eoeueoo?e, ?icai?oaiiy
onueiai eiiieaeno aoiai?oa?ieo ciaiue. Oea, a ia?oo /a?ao, noino?oueny
aeaio iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e: ?icaeoeo oaoi?/iiai ciaiiy — aea/aiiy
a?aeaioaoiieia?e , c iaeiiai aieo, oa anaa?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo (nioe?aeueieo, aeiiii?/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo oiui) iane?aee?a
?o aieeao, — c ae?oaiai.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii o
oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. A?aeaieoeueoo?a ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo: i?ino??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy//Eoeueoo?a ? ienoaoeoai a no/aniiio na?o?: iaoeia?
caienee. Aei.1. Ee?a: Aeae. EAeOE?I, 1998. -N.161-164.

2. Auai?u 1998 eae oaeoi? oi?ie?iaaiey oe?aeineiai
eieaeaeiaeea?noaa//Oe?aeineee iaaeeaatheethoaiue. Aui.1. -E., 1998.
-N.18-20.

3. NIE ia neoaeaa iieeoe/aneiai eieaeaea//Oe?aeineee iaaeeaatheethoaiue.
Aui. 3-4.-E., 1998. -N.56-60.

4. Ana nin/eoaee: iaii?aia eeaaneeo aaainoa ii enneaaeiaaieth
ianniaaeea//N?aaea:?inneeneee aeo?iae i iaaeea. Aui.1., -I., 1998. —
N.41-42.

N?a??yeiaa I.I.

A?aeaieiioi?eaoe?y a no?oeoo?? no/anii? eoeueoo?e: aaiethoe?y aieeao ia
ethaeeio. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
c oaoo 17.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e.

Ia iniia? ?noi?eei- eoeueoo?iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeth?oueny ?ieue
oa ?noi?e/ia cia/aiiy a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a no?oeoo?? no/anii?
eoeueoo?e. Aecia/a?oueny ? iaa?oioiao?oueny nooi?noia i?e?iaea
a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiio i?ioean?. Aeieeaaeii
i?inoaaeothoueny iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?? a nenoai?
no/anii? eoeueoo?e. Aaiaey/e a iaoeiaee ia?a aaeeeee oaeoia?ao?/iee
iaoa??ae, aeena?oaioea ?ice?eaa? ?noi?e/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?ieo ii?i oa oe?iiinoae caniaaie a?aeaieiioi?eaoe??, aiae?co?
iniiai? oi?ie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiiai aieeao ia ethaeeio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?y, a?aeaieiioi?eaoe?eiee aieea,
?noi?e/iee i?ia?an,eoeueoo?a, ethaeeia, na?oiaeyae, aeaeo?iiia
cia?aaeaiiy, caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Neae?yeiaa A.A.

Aeaeaieiiioieeaoeey a no?oeoo?a nia?aiaiiie eoeueoo?u : yaiethoeey
aeeyiey ia /aeiaaea. -?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.01 enoi?ey e oai?ey eoeueoo?u.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia cia/aieth aeaeaieiiioieeaoeee a no?oeoo?a
nia?aiaiiie eoeueoo?u. A ?aaioa ?ane?uaaaony nouiinoiay i?e?iaea
aeaeaieiiioieeaoeee a eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneii eiioaenoa, iiae?iaii
i?ineaaeeaathony iniiaiua yoaiu ?acaeoey aeaeaieiiioieeaoeee a nenoaia
nia?aiaiiie eoeueoo?u. Aeena?oaioea ?ane?uaaao enoi?e/aneea iniaaiiinoe
oi?ie?iaaiey eoeueoo?iuo ii?i e oeaiiinoae iniiaiuie n?aaenoaaie
aeaeaieiiioieeaoeee, aiaeece?oao iniiaiua oi?iu i?iaeaeaeaiey
aeaeaieiiioieeaoeeiiiiai aeeyiey ia /aeiaaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaeaieiiioieeaoeey, aeaeaieiiioieeaoeeiiiia aeeyiea,
enoi?e/aneee i?ia?ann, eoeueoo?a, /aeiaae, ie?iaicc?aiea, yeaeo?iiiia
ecia?aaeaiea, n?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee.

Sibiryakova Helena

Videocommunication in the structure of modem culture: Evolution of
impact on an individuals. -Thesis.

Thesis of academic degree of bachelor of historical science,
specialization 17.00.01 “The theory and history of culture”. State
University of Culture and Art, Kiev, 1998.

This thesis cosiders the meaning of videocommunication in the structure
of modern culture.

The main issues disclosed are as follows:

Nature of videocommunication meaning in the cultural and historical
context;

Detalied analysis of maine periods of videocommunication development in
the modern cultural system;

Historical paculiarities of developing cultural norms and values by main
means of videocommunication;

Analysis of main forms of videocommunication impact on an individuel.

Key word: videocommunication, impact of videocommunication, historical
progress, culture, electronic image, the mass media of communication.

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