Вентильний реактивний тяговий двигун із живленням від джерела постійного струму: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / Г.В. Демченко, Донец. держ. техн.

AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aeai/aiei Aaiiaae?e Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 621.313.13

AAIOEEUeIEE ?AAEOEAIEE OssAIAEE AeAEAOI ?C

AEEAEAIIssI A?Ae AeAEA?AEA IINO?EIIAI NO?OIO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.09.01 — aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie ? aia?aoe

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
(AeiiAeOO) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeoaeiee Ieoaeei Caoa?iae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iiaeueyiaiei A?eoi? ?aaiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e eieiiioeaiaoaeoaaiiy, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Ea?ea Aaneeue
Aaneeueiae/, aieiaiee eiino?oeoi? i?iaeoo, Oe?a?inueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aeaooiaacia/iiai aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy
I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee, i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee ? oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo
aaaeeiai aeaeo?iiaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e aieiaiiai eiino?oeoi?a c oyaiaiai aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy,
i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «21» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i «1400 » aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E11.052.02 o Aeiiaoeueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

Oe?a?ia, 340000, i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, ei?ion 1, e. 201.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? AeiiAeOO ca
aae?anith:

Oe?a?ia, 340000, i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, ei?ion 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «17 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A. I. Ea??i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. A inoaii?e /an aeaeo?iiaoai?ea noaea ?icoe?thaaoe
nai? o?aaeeoe?ei? iaae? ca ?aooiie noai?aiiy iiaeo oei?a
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a aia?a?? caaaeyee ?icaeoeo neeiai?
aeaeo?ii?ee. Oea aeicaiey? ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe a ia?iaeia ainiiaea?noai
iiaee eean aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei, ui io?eiaee iacao aaioeeueieo, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny i?aai?/iei neioacii aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a
aia?a?? c iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeie ia?aoai?thaaeueieie i?eeaaeaie. A inoaii?
?iee aaeeea oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny aaioeeueiei aeaeaoiai aac caoaeaeaiiy c
aieo ?ioi?a (aaioeeueiei ?aaeoeaiei aeaeaoiai).

Iaea?eueo iaiao?aeiei, /a?ac iani?eyoeea? oiiae aenieoaoaoe??, ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa cai?ia ieie o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoei, cie?aia, eieaeoi?ieo
a a??ie/?e i?iieneiaino?. I/aaeaeii, ui i?e aeeaeaii? a?ae aeaea?aea
iino?eiiai no?oio aeioe?eueii cai?noue eieaeoi?iiai aeaeaoia oaooiiai
aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica canoinoaaoe aaioeeueiee ?aaeoeaiee aeaeaoi
(A?Ae), noai?aiee a aaaa?eoao aaciai? iaoeie.

I?aeaeuaiiy ?ioa?ano aei A?Ae a inoaii? ?iee aeeeeeaei noai?aiiy
niaoe?aeueieo o??i ii ?ic?iaoe? ? aeine?aeaeaiith oaeeo aeaeaoi?a, o
oiio /ene? «SRD Ltd» a Aiae??, «Maccon» a I?ia//ei? oa ?i. O??ia
«Ae?anna?» (Aaeeeia?eoai?y) ?ic?iaeea ? aeaioiaey? A?Ae aeey i?aecaiieo
?ia?o (iiooaei?noue 35 eAo, /anoioa iaa?oaiiy 1000 oa-1, iai?oaa 1100 A,
eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? 95%). Aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei noai?aiiy oyaiaeo
aaioeeueieo aeaeaoi?a c ?aaeoeaiei ?ioi?ii aaaeooueny a *aeya?inueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?, Iineianueeiio aia?aaoe/iiio
?inoeooo?, I?aaeaiii-?in?enueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
(Iiai/a?eanueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo).

O cacia/aiiio ca’yceo caaea/a ?ic?iaee aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai aeaeaoia
aeey ?oaeieeiaiai aeaeo?iaica ? aeooaeueiith.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c noaio ieoaiiy iieacaa, ui a iioae?eiaai?e oaoi?/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi?e ?aeeiee i?aeo?ae aei ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ?
oa?aeoa?enoee aaioeeueieo aeaeaoi?a cai?iiiiiaaii? eiino?oeoe??. ?acii
?c oei, aeinyaiaiiy aenieeo iieaciee?a oyaiaiai i?eaiaea ?oaeieeiaiai
aeaeo?iaica ia aac? aaioeeueieo ?aaeoeaieo aeaeaoi?a iaiiaeeeaa aac
aaaaoiieaiiaeo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoeaieo ? noaiieo ??oaiue A?Ae
noiniaii aei oiia oyaiaiai i?eaiaea oaooiiai aeaeo?iaica.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa
a?aeiia?aea? oaiaoeoe? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e «Aeaeo?e/i?
iaoeie» ? ? neeaaeiaith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ic?iaie, ui aeeiiothoueny
eaoaae?aie «Aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie» oa «A??ie/icaaiaenueeee o?ainii?o ?
eia?noeea» AeiiAeOO ca caaaeaiiyi I?iaoaeai?iio (aeiaia?? ? A 119510000
/ a.o. 92-99). ?? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e ? a
eo?niaiio i?iaeooaaii? nooaeaioaie-aeaeo?iiaoai?eaie.

Iaoa ?iaioe. I?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oyaiaiai aeaeo?ii?eaiaea oaooiiai
aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica oeyoii cai?ie eieaeoi?iiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia
aaioeeueiei ?aaeoeaiei aeaeo?iaeaeaoiii, noai?aiei a aaaa?eoao aaciai?
iaoeie.

?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? caaeaieo aaaa?eo?a
iaoeie aeey ia?aoiaeo aei ia?aoai?aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii? aia?a?? ia
iniia? i?eioeeio ia?aeeth/aiiy iaai?oiiai iii?o i?e aeeo/aii?
i?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ia yei?? ? aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai aei?yiey/a
aaciaiai aeaeaoia.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

1. Iaa?oiooaaiiy iniiaieo aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e A?Ae aeey oaooiiai
aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica.

2. ?ic?iaea oeeo?iai? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai
iiey A?Ae c o?aooaaiiyi aeainoi?iiiuei? coa/aoino? ? ci?ie iane/aiiy
iaai?oiiai eiea.

3. Aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a A?Ae, ui caaacia/othoue aeinyaiaiiy
caaeaieo aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

4. Anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie ?iaeoeoe?? iaai?oiiai iiey A?Ae
i?e iiai?io? ?ioi?a.

5. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee A?Ae.

6. I?iaaaeaiiy ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co iieaciee?a A?Ae ? oyaiaiai
eieaeoi?iiai aeaeaoia.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. I?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeaeae aeei?enoiaoaaeany
iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiue, ui iieyaa? a nenoaiiiio i?aeoiae? aei
aeai?o iniiaieo aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e A?Ae oa iae?eo oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia aeaeo?iiaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeaoia. I?e
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeei?enoiaoaaeiny iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai noaee iniiaith aeey aecia/aiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia ai?iaiaaieie
iaoiaeaie ca ci?iith iaai?oii? aia?a?? c ianooiiith aenia?eiaioaeueiith
ia?aa??eith ia iiaiiianooaaieo o?ce/ieo iiaeaeyo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo
ne?i/aieo aeaiaio?a anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie ?iaeoeoe??
iaai?oiiai iiey a caci?? iaoeie i?e ??cieo aca?iieo iieiaeaiiyo iiethn?a
?ioi?a a?aeiinii iiethn?a noaoi?a, ui aeicaieeei ooi/ieoe aaiiao?e/i?
?ici??e iaai?oii? nenoaie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia c o?aooaaiiyi
iane/aiiy.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy ?iaeoeoeaieo iii??a c
o?aooaaiiyi iane/aiiy ? aeainoi?iiiuei? coa/aoino? A?Ae ii iicaeiaaei?e
oa iiia?a/i?e inyo, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi iioieic/aieaiiy
noaoi?ii? iaiioee, yea aecia/a?oueny oeyoii ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai iiey
ia AII ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo ne?i/aieo aeaiaio?a, ui aeaei
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy cacia/aieo ia?aiao??a.

3. Ia iniia? ?ic?aooie?a ? iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a i?iaaaeai?
ii??aiyeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iaa?oaeueiiai iiiaioa A?Ae c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iceeaaeo a ?yae Oo?’? ? ca
ci?iith iaai?oii? aia?a??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aiiy iaa?oaeueiiai
iiiaioa ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe ca iaoiaeeeith, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaia ci?ia
iaai?oii? aia?a?? ca oeeee eiiooaoe?? eiaeii? oace iaiioee noaoi?a, oiio
ui oeae iaoiae ia aeiaaa? aei?noeeo oiia uiaei oi/iino? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
ii/aoeiaee eoo aeeth/aiiy.

4. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee A?Ae,
a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaia aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa ca ci?iith
iaai?oii? aia?a?? i?e iiai?io? ?ioi?a c o?aooaaiiyi anoaiiaeaieo a
i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeeo iieiaeaiue iiethn?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaio ?o iaai?oio aca?iiae?th.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a ?
iniiaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?iaioe caaacia/o?oueny oei, ui ao?aei? iineeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue aacothoueny ia ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iieiaeaiiyo
aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee, a oiae? aiae?co aeei?enoiao?oueny ei?aeoiee
iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao. Io?eiai? a ?iaio? aeniiaee i?aeoaa?aeaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeueiith ia?aa??eith, i?e oeueiio ia? i?noea caaeia?eueiee
ca?a ?ic?aooieiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a (?ica?aei?noue ia
ia?aaeuo? 14%).

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o ae??oaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo caaea/,
ui aeeth/athoue aecia/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie ?iaeoeoe?? iaai?oiiai
iiey ? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo ia?aiao??a A?Ae oa anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai
iaoiaeo ia/eneaiiy iaa?oaeueiiai iiiaioa, iaiao?aeieo aeey aecia/aiiy
eiai aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui ia? aaaeeeaa
ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy aiane?aeie i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino?
oyaiaiai aeaeo?ii?eaiaea ?oaeieeiaiai aeaeo?iaica.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
?ic?iaeaia oeeo?iaa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeey i?iaeooaaiiy A?Ae o
caaeaieo aaaa?eoao ? aecia/aiiy eiai aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Aia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e i?iieneia?e i?aeoeoe? io?eiaii aeina?ae
i?iaeooaaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy oyaiaiai A?Ae, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny
i?aeaeuaiith iaae?ei?noth, ? caeaoiiai cai?ieoe eieaeoi?iee aeaeaoi
oaooiiai aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica.

?aae?caoe?y aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
noaee iniiaith aeey noai?aiiy i?iaeoo ? aeaioiaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
ac??oe?a A?Ae (aeeiiaieo o aaaa?eoao oyaiaiai eieaeoi?iiai aeaeaoia oeio
Ae?O-13), aeine?aeaeaiiy yeeo i?iaaaeai? a eaai?aoi??? aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei
AeiiAeOO.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oai?/a niaaeueia
A.?. Aa?iaaenueeiai», naeoe?y: «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoi?ee, ?ioi?iaoeee oa aia?aaoeee» (Aeiiaoeuee, 1995 ?.); ia oaoi?/i?e
?aae? i?e Cano. I?i?no?a aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee,
1996 ?.); ia oaoi?/i?e ?aae? AAO «Eoaainueeee aia?aicaaiae» (Eoaainuee,
1996 ?.); ia Ana?in?enueeiio aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiio eiia?an? «Ia ?oaaae?
a?e?a: i?aenoiee ? ia?niaeoeae», i?aenaeoe?y «Aeaeo?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie
cae?cie/iiai ? i?iieneiaiai o?ainii?oo» (Iineaa, 1999 ?.); ia
?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e «Aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie» (Aeiiaoeuee, 1999
?.); aenia?eiaioaeueiee ac??aoeue A?Ae aeniiioaaany ia aenoaaoe?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo aeinyaiaiue, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th AeiiAeOO
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1996 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 70
iaeiaioaaiue ? o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a; aeeeaaeaia ia 130 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 48 ?enoie?a ? 24 oaaeeoe?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? ?? iaoa e
iniiaia ?aeay, noenei ioa?aeoa?eciaai? iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?th/eo oyaiaeo
i?eaiae?a ?oaeieeiaeo aeaeo?iaic?a. A?aecia/aii, ui ia an?o ?oaeieeiaeo
aeaeo?iaicao canoiniaothoueny eieaeoi?i? aeaeaoie iino?eiiai no?oio
iine?aeiaiiai caoaeaeaiiy. Ca ii?iaoeaaie no?ie neoaeae aeaeo?iaeaeaoia
aei eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo iiaeiai noaiiaeoe i’youe, a aei nienaiiy a?n?i
?ie?a. O ae?eniino? a?i cia/ii iaioee. Iecueeee no?ie neoaeae
aeaeo?iaeaeaoia coiiaeaiee aaaeeeie oiiaaie aenieoaoaoe??. Ia /anoeo
yei?y, eieaeoi?a ? u?oi/iiai aia?aoa i?eiaaea? 60% a?aeiiae aeaeaoi?a.

Cacia/aii, ui a oiiaao a?eueoino? oaoo Oe?a?ie, iaaacia/ieo ii aaco ?
ieeo, ia?aaaaa iaaea?oueny aeoioeyoi?iei aeaeo?iaicai, a iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeaiei ? ?oaeieeiaee aeoioeyoi?iee iaa?no?aeueiee aeaeo?iaic
AI8Ae, iniauaiee aeaiia eieaeoi?ieie aeaeo?iaeaeaoiaie Ae?O-13.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iniiaieo iai?yie?a oaeineiiaeaiiy oyaiaeo
aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a iieacaa, ui a inoaii? ?iee aaaeooueny ?iaioe ii
noai?aiith i?eaiae?a ?c aaceieaeoi?ieie iaoeiaie e iaeiei ?c aa??aio?a
aeey ?oaeieeiaiai aeaeo?iaica iiaea noaoe i?eaiae ia aac? aaioeeueieo
aeaeaoi?a ?aaeoeaiiai oeio.

O e?ioe? ?icae?eo ia iniia? aeeeaaeaiiai noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny no?oeoo?a oa iniiai? i?eioeeie
iiaoaeiae aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai oyaiaiai aeaeaoia ?c aeeaeaiiyi a?ae
aeaea?aea iino?eiiai no?oio. Aeaeaoi neaaea?oueny c aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a aia?a?? (AII), neeiaiai iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a (NII), a ea?oaaiiy NII cae?enith?oueny i?eno?i?i
ea?oaaiiy (IE) ca aeiiiiiaith aaceiioaeoiiai aeaaa/a iieiaeaiiy ?ioi?a
(AeI?). O aeiaaeeo canoinoaaiiy ia oaooiiio aeoioeyoi?iiio aeaeo?iaic?
aeeaeaiiy cae?enith?oueny a?ae aeoioeyoi?ii? aaoa?a? (AA) (?en.1).

?en.1. No?oeoo?ia noaia aaioeeueiiai aeaeaoia ?aaeoeaiiai oeio

Aeey ?oaeieeiaiai aeaeo?iaica ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny oaea eiino?oeoe?y A?Ae:
AII aeaeaoia aeeiio?oueny ?c noaoi?a c cina?aaeaeaieie iaiioeaie ia yaii
ae?aaeaieo iiethnao ? ?ioi?a aac iaiioee. C o?aooaaiiyi ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae? ? noae?, a oaeiae ciaioaiiy ioeuenaoe?e iiiaioa a
aeaeaoi? i?eeia?oueny /enei iiethn?a noaoi?a NN = 8 ? iiethn?a ?ioi?a N?
= 6. Iaai?oii?iaiaee noaoi?a ? ?ioi?a aeeiiothoueny oeooiaaieie ?c
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? noae?. C o?aooaaiiyi ni?iuaiiy aeaioiaeaiiy ?
c’?aeiaiiy c ?aaeoeoi?ii aeey noaieie A?Ae aeei?enoiao?oueny
aeaooiaacia/iee ei?ion aaciaiai eieaeoi?iiai aeaeaoia Ae?O-13. Eioooee
noaoi?ieo iaiioie i?ioeeaaeieo iiethn?a c’?aeiai? iine?aeiaii e
ooai?ththoue /ioe?e oace (?en.2).

?en.2. I?eioeeiiaa iiaoaeiaa aeoeaii? ciie aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai

ia?aoai?thaa/a A?Ae

Iine?aeiaia eiiooaoe?y oac ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiieo eeth/?a nenoaie
ea?oaaiiy ca neaiaeaie a?ae aeaaa/a iieiaeaiiy ?ioi?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeieeiaiiy iaai?oiiai i?eoyaaiiy i?ae a?aeiia?aeieie iiethnaie noaoi?a ?
?ioi?a, ui caaacia/o? noai?aiiy iaa?oaeueiiai iiiaioa, a ioaea, ?
aacia?a?aia iaa?oaiiy aaea aeaeaoia c iaiao?aeiith /anoioith. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui o oyaiaiio A?Ae iaea?eueo ni?eeiyoiei ?
canoinoaaiiy aeaaa/a iieiaeaiiy ?ioi?a ia iniia? iaai?oiea?iaaieo
i?e?inoai ?c aiiioiaaieie aeaiaioaie Oiea.

Aeey ye?niiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?eaiaea aeaeo?iaica ia aac? A?Ae o
oe?eiio iaiao?aeia iioeiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?aiao??a AII c
aoaeoeaiith nenoaiith ea?oaaiiy iei. Iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? ia?aoai?aiiy aia?a?? a aeaeaoi? oaeiae cia/ii caeaaeeoue ?
a?ae eiino?oeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy AII. Iioeiaeueia i?iaeooaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ii? nenoaie ? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiith caaea/ath. Aeey A?Ae
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue aeaeo?iiaai?oi? ?ic?aooiee: iayai?noue
iiaea?eii? coa/aoino? a iaai?oi?e nenoai? ?iaeoue iai?eeiyoiei
canoinoaaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo, a i?aaiaiiy aei aenieeo
ieoiieo iieaciee?a a aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/ao aia?a?? i?eionea?
iaeneiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeeainoae aeoeaieo iaoa??ae?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo neeaaeieo
ieoaiue i?iaeooaaiiy A?Ae ? ?ic?aooiie iaai?oii? nenoaie, c yeei
iia’ycaia aecia/aiiy ye aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa, oae ? iiooaeiino? ia
aaeo iaoeie. Iieacaii, ui aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa aeaeaoia a caaeaieo aaaa?eoao iaiao?aeii
aeae?aoe aeaeo?iiaai?oi? iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? caaacia/othoue iaaia
iane/aiiy coaoeiai? ciie aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a, ? iaei??th c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaea/ ? ?ic?aooiie aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee —
iaai?oiiai iioieo, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac oeth ciio oa neee aca?iiae??
i?ae iiethnaie noaoi?a ? ?ioi?a. Iaea?eueo oi/ii oaeo caaea/o iiaeia
ae??oeoe ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo ea?oeie iaai?oiiai iiey. O aeai?e ?iaio?
aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeei ?c iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo ? oi?aa?naeueieo
/eneiaeo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a — iaoiae ne?i/aieo
aeaiaio?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeey ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai
iiey a iiia?a/iiio ia?a??c? ?iai/i? ciie aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a A?Ae ia AII. Aeey ?yaeo iieiaeaiue ?ioi?a a?aeiinii
aeoea?ciaaieo iiethn?a noaoi?a (?en.3) ? i?e ??cieo eiia?iaoe?yo
aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a noaoi?a, ?ioi?a, aaee/eie iia?o?yiiai caci?a ?
ia?aiao??a iaiioee aeaeaoia aecia/ai? ?iciiae?e iaai?oiiai iiey, a
oaeiae aaee/eie cia/aiue ?iaeoeoe?? a coaoeia?e cii? AII, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ooi/iaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oieo ?ic?aooie?a ca
a?aeiieie iaoiaeeeaie i?iaeooaaiiy.

?en.3. O?aaiaioe iaeano? iiaeaethaaiiy coaoeiai? ciie aeaeaoia

O ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a onoaiiaeaia ?aoe?iiaeueia aaiiao??y iaai?oii?
nenoaie A?Ae. Aiae?c ?iciiae?eo iaai?oiiai iiey a aeaeaoi? i?e ??cieo
eooao iiai?ioo ?ioi?a aeaa iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe aca?iia iieiaeaiiy
iiethn?a ?ioi?a ? iiethn?a noaoi?a caoaeaeaii? oace, ui a?aeiia?aea?
iaee?auei oiiaai aeey noai?aiiy ii/aoeiaiai iiiaioa, oiaoi ii/aoeo
oeeeeo ?iaioe aeaii? oace (?? aeeth/aiiy). Oe? ?acoeueoaoe
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iiiaioa aeaeaoia.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo A?Ae. Ine?eueee a iioae?eiaaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?aeao, ui noinothoueny ieoaiue A?Ae, iaaiaeyoueny eeoa ie?ai?
i?aeoiaee uiaei aecia/aiiy aeayeeo ia?aiao??a aeaeaoi?a oeueiai oeio, oi
caaea/ath ?icae?eo ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo A?Ae aeey oaooiiai
aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica, a naia: aea?? ? ooi/iaiiy iaai?oieo ?
aeaeo?e/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ui aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe aeo?aei? aeai?
aeey noai?aiiy nenoaie ea?oaaiiy; aiae?c ?nioth/eo i?aeoiae?a aei
aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa e iaa?oiooaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii?
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo.

Aaaeeeaei ieoaiiyi o aeai?e ?iaio? ? aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iiiaioa ?, ye i?aenoiie, iiooaeiino? ia aaeo aeaeaoia, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny. O A?Ae ci?ia cia/aiiy iiiaioa ca eooii iiai?ioo
?ioi?a aeecueea aei neioni?aeii?. Oiio iaeiei ?c iiaeeeaeo i?aeoiae?a
aei aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa aeaeaoia ? aeei?enoaiiy
?iceeaaeo a ?yae Oo?’?. I?e oeueiio aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa
i?iaiaeeoueny ca iniiaiith aa?iii?eiith neeaaeiaith:
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, (1)

aea m — /enei oac iaiioee noaoi?a; U — iai?oaa aeeaeaiiy; 1 — eooiaa
oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy iiey noaoi?a; xd , xq — ?iaeoeoeai? iii?e ii
iicaeiaaei?e ? iiia?a/i?e inyo a?aeiia?aeii; R — aeoeaiee ii?? iaiioee
noaoi?a;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 — eoo iaiiaiaeaeaiiy i?ae iaai?oieie inyie
aeoea?ciaaieo iiethn?a noaoi?a ? iaeaeeae/eo iiethn?a ?ioi?a;
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.

Aac o?aooaaiiy aeoeaiiai iii?o iaiioee noaoi?a (yeee o iaoiio aeiaaeeo a
ii??aiyii? c xd, xq iaaaeeeee) ??aiyiiy aecia/aiiy iaa?oaeueiiai iiiaioa
i?eeia? aeaeyae:

picscalex100010009000003560200000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024005a0131200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffafffffff60130000ef0400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000100109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
9c027a030500000013029c0202070500000014029c029e080500000013029c02670a0500
000014029c02f00b0500000013029c02cb0d17000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00cc0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d010100
09000000320a20033400010000004d0080010a000000320a0a029a03020000006d552901
290109000000320a2804be08010000007800d30009000000320a2804100c010000007800
d30017000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d01020004000000f001010009000000320a8804
9909010000007100900009000000320a8804eb0c01000000640090000a000000320a8003
551202000000e5eb8100810010000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000000200020010
53796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020009000000320a200334020100
00003d00d30009000000320a2003480701000000d700600009000000320a2003c30a0100
00002d00d30009000000320ab401d90701000000e600900009000000320a7704d9070100
0000e800900009000000320adf02d90701000000e700900009000000320a9c03d9070100
0000e700900009000000320ab401d50d01000000f600900009000000320a7704d50d0100
0000f800900009000000320adf02d50d01000000f700900009000000320a9c03d50d0100
0000f700900017000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d01020004000000f001010009000000
320a5e012b06010000003200900009000000320a8804df05010000003100900017000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e20
43797200ccdc040000002d01010004000000f001020009000000320a2804f90301000000
3200c00009000000320a0a022809010000003100c00009000000320a0a02830c01000000
3100c00009000000320a2003b210010000003200c00010000000fb0280fe000000000000
9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f00101000900
0000320a2804bb04010000007700f00009000000320a20037411010000007100c9001700
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e2043797200ccdc040000002d01010004000000f00102000c000000320a2003c90e0300
000073696e0090006900c0000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000
fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d010200
04000000f00101000300000000000000000000000000 .
(2)

Iiooaei?noue ia aaeo aeaeaoia, ui a?aeiia?aea? oeueiio iiiaioo,
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 ,
(3)

aea 2 — eooiaa oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a.

Aieiaia i?iaeaia ?ic?aooieo iaa?oaeueiiai iiiaioa c aeei?enoaiiyi
?iceeaaeo a ?yae Oo?’? — oi/ia aecia/aiiy ?iaeoeoeaieo iii??a ii
iicaeiaaei?e oa iiia?a/i?e inyo xd, xq. Aecia/ai? ca a?aeiieie
iaoiaeeeaie xd, xq iathoue i?eaeeci? cia/aiiy ?, a?aeiia?aeii, cia/aiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa A?Ae aoaea i?eaeeciei. A?eueo oi/ia aecia/aiiy
xd, xq iiaeeeaa i?e aeei?enoaii? ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai
iiey, ui a?aoiao? anth aaiiao??th aeaeaoia. ?iaeoeoeai? iii?e o
a?aeiia?aeieo inyo ca’ycai? c iioieic/aieaiiyi iaiioee noaoi?a oaeei
/eiii:
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 ,
(4)
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 ,
(5)

aea f — /anoioa ci?ie iaai?oiiai iioieo; max — iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy
iioieic/aieaiiy iaiioee noaoi?a, ui a?aeiia?aea? iieiaeaiith «iiethn
noaoi?a i?ioe iiethna ?ioi?a» (ocaiaeaeaia iieiaeaiiy -OCA = 0); I —
neea no?oio aeaeaoia; min — i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy iioieic/aieaiiy iaiioee
noaoi?a i?e iaiiaiaeaeaiiio iieiaeaii? iiethn?a.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iioieic/aieaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai iiey iaoiaeii e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a, a naia:
cia/aiiy ?iaeoeoe?e B a ie?aieo aeaiaioao iia?o?yiiai caci?a coaoeiai?
ciie aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a. Iath/e aeuacacia/aiee iaa??
cia/aiue B , aecia/a?ii aaee/eio iaai?oiiai iioieo ? a?aeiia?aeia
iioieic/aieaiiy ia ia?o iiethn?a:
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 ,
(6)

picscalex1000100090000037a0100000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c028002800b1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffacffffff400b00002c0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000800010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000009000000320a80013700010000004600200117000000fb02e0fe0000
000000009001010000cc0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc
040000002d01010004000000f001000009000000320ae001da010100000069004f000900
0000320ae001ea05010000006300810009000000320ae001a10601000000700090000a00
0000320ae0019609020000006e639000810017000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00cc0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d010000
04000000f001010009000000320a80010c04010000004200030109000000320a80017608
010000005300e60017000000fb0200ff0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d01010004000000f00100000900
0000320a28021407010000006900460010000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002
0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320a8001
c602010000003d00d30009000000320a8001e20701000000d700600010000000fb02e0fe
0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000
f001000009000000320ae0010905010000006400880009000000320ae001a70a01000000
640088000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100
0300000000000000000000000000 ,
(7)

aea wK — e?euee?noue aeoe?a eioooee; B N? i — na?aaei? cia/aiiy
?iaeoeoe?? a iia?o?yiiio caci?? i?e a?aeiia?aeiiio eoo? , a?aeianaia
aei ieiu? ia?aoeio cae?ca (iiaeeco iia?o?yiiai caci?a) SIN iiethna
noaoi?a c eioooeith, c yeith c/aieaiee iaai?oiee iio?e Oi .

Aeey A?Ae oaeiae i?iaeoeoeaiei aeyaey?oueny aia?aaoe/iee i?aeo?ae, ui
a?aoiao? aaeain aia?a?? ca oeeee eiiooaoe?? ?iai/i? oace. I?e
caoaeaeaii? oace iino?eiei no?oiii I aeaeo?iiaai?oiee iiiaio aeaeaoia M
aei??aith? iio?aei?e iaai?oii? aia?a?? W uiaei eooa iiai?ioo ?ioi?a :
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 .
(8)

Ine?eueee aaciina?aaei? aeei?enoaiiy ae?aco (8) oo?oaeiaia, oi iaeiei ?c
aa??aio?a ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy ? i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa aeaeaoia c aeei?enoaiiyi iioieic/aieaiiy
?iai/i? oace iaoeie. Aeinyaiaiiy aeaii? iaoe iiaeeeaa ca aeiiiiiaith
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai iiey aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia.
Aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa /a?ac iioieic/aieaiiy ?iai/i? oace
aeaeaoia iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae?:
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 , (9)

aea N? — /enei iiethn?a ?ioi?a; max ? min — a?aeiia?aeii iaeneiaeueia oa
i?i?iaeueia iioieic/aieaiiy, ui aecia/athoueny ca?aeii c ae?acaie (6,7).

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeaeo?e/ieie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 oa iaoai?/ieie eooaie o aeaeaoi?,
ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ae?aaea?oueny ye:

picscalex1000100090000035e0100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02000400091200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa2ffffffc0080000a20300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000b00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
1c02f1030500000013021c02e50410000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002
001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010009000000320aa0023000010000007100c900
09000000320aa002fb07010000007100c90017000000fb02e0fe00000000000090010100
00cc0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d010200
04000000f00101000a000000320a0003110102000000e5eb8100810009000000320a0003
8006010000007000900017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc000200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d01010004000000f0010200
09000000320aa0022105010000004e00290110000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010009000000320a
a002ab02010000003d00d30009000000320aa0026b0701000000d700600017000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e204379
7200ccdc040000002d01010004000000f001020009000000320a8a011104010000003100
c00009000000320aa8031104010000003200c0000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100
0000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc
040000002d01020004000000f001010003000000000000ffffff00000000 .
(10)

Ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa c o?aooaaiiyi
iine?aeiaii? ?iaioe an?o oac aeaeaoia i?eeia? aeaeyae:
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 ,
(11)

aea z = 1, 2, 3, 4 — iiia? ?iai/i? oace.

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iiiaioa aeaeaoia, aeoiaey/e c ae?aco (11), iiaeia
aecia/eoe ianooiiei /eiii (?en.4 ? 5):
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 ,
(12)

aea kM — eiao?oe??io, yeee a?aoiao? a?aeiioaiiy cia/aiiy IN? aei
cia/aiiy Imax . Inoaii? aecia/a?oueny ae?acii:
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 .
(13)

Iiooaei?noue ia aaeo A?Ae:
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 /e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 . (14)

?en.4. Caeaaei?noue iiiaioa a?ae eooa iiai?ioo ?ioi?a

i?e neioni?aeiiio ?iciiae?e? iiey

?en.5. Caeaaei?noue iiiaioa a?ae eooa iiai?ioo ?ioi?a

i?e ae?eniiio ?iciiae?e? iiey

Aiae?c oa ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ii aecia/aiith aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa A?Ae (oaae.1)
iieacaee, ui ia/eneaiiy iiiaioa ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe ca iaoiaeeeith, a
iniiao yei? iieeaaeaia ci?ia iaai?oii? aia?a?? ca oeeee eiiooaoe??
eiaeii? oace iaiioee noaoi?a, oiio ui oeae iaoiae iaio /ooeeaee aei
oi/iino? aecia/aiiy ?iaeoeoeaiiai iii?o ii iiia?a/i?e in? xq ? ia
aeiaaa? iaaeoi oi/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ii/aoeiaee eoo aeeth/aiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii??aiyiiy iaeneiaeueieo cia/aiue aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa,
io?eiaieo ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ac??oey aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai aeaeaoia (A?Ae1)

Ii??aithaaia aaee/eia

Iicia/aiiy

Cia/aiiy

Iaeneiaeueia ?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa aeaeaoia c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?iceeaaeo a ?yae Oo?’?

picscalex100010009000003e40000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c028002a0051200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffacffffff600500002c0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000800017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d01000009000000320a8001340001000000
4d00800117000000fb0200ff0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d01010004000000f00100000a000000320a
2802d20302000000d0d4ac00cc0017000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001010000cc0002
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdc040000002d01000004000000
f00101000c000000320ae001cc01030000006d617800df0090009e000a00000026060f00
0a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222
53797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000000
0000

203 Ii

Iaeneiaeueia ?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa aeaeaoia ca
ci?iith iaai?oii? aia?a??
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180 Ii

Iaeneiaeueia aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiaia cia/aiiy noaoe/iiai iiiaioa
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia
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172 Ii?ic?aooieia? oaeaee?ni? ? ?iai/? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai aeaeaoia cia?aaeai? ia ?en.6.

?en.6. ?ic?aooieia? oaeaee?ni? (a) ? ?iai/? (a) oa?aeoa?enoeee A?Ae

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iien eaai?aoi?ieo noaiae?a, aeeeaaeai?
iaoiaeeea ? o?ae i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo aei?iaoaaiue, a oaeiae iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? noaoe/ieo iiiaio?a A?Ae ia noaiae?, ca aeiiiiiaith
i?oaeeiiiai aeeiaiiiao?a, aecia/aeany caeaaei?noue i?ae iiiaioii,
i?eeeaaeaiei aei aaea, ? a?aeoeeaiiyi ?ioi?a a?ae iieiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae
i?e caoaeaeaii? ii?iiaaiith neeith no?oio iaei??? c oac. I?e oeueiio aoa
aeei?enoaiee iaoiae i?yiiai aei??thaaiiy iiiaioa ia aaeo i?e ??cieo
eooao iaiiaiaeaeaiiy iaai?oieo inae iiethn?a noaoi?a ? ?ioi?a. Io?eiai?
cia/aiiy oeeo aenia?eiaio?a aeicaieeee c?iaeoe iiaoaeiao noaoe/ii?
iiiaioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia (?en.7), aecia/eoe
cia/aiiy eooa iiai?ioo ?ioi?a, i?e yeiio aeaeo?iiaai?oiee iiiaio
aeaeaoia aeey ?iai/i? oace ia? iaeneiaeueio aaee/eio. Aei??thaaiiy
iaeneiaeueieo noaoe/ieo iiiaio?a i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo neee no?oio a
?iai/?e oac? aeicaieeee iiaoaeoaaoe a?aeiia?aeio oa?aeoa?enoeeo
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ac??oey aeaeaoia A?Ae1 (?en.8). Ia oeueiio ae
?enoieo cia?aaeaia ? ?ic?aooieiaa iiiaioia oa?aeoa?enoeea A?Ae1. Ia
?en.9 cia?aaeaia ?ic?aooieiaa iiiaioia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?oaiai
eiino?oeoeaiiai aa??aioa aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia A?Ae2. Aiia
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?c iiiaioiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith
aaciaiai eieaeoi?iiai aeaeaoia iino?eiiai no?oio iine?aeiaiiai
caoaeaeaiiy Ae?O-13 ? i?aeoaa?aeeoe aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoeie ye oyaiai? aeey ?oaeieeiaiai aeaeo?iaica.

Aei??thaaiiy ?iaeoeoe?? a iia?o?yiiio caci?? aeaeaoia i?e ??cieo eooao
iiai?ioo ?ioi?a aeaee iiaeeea?noue c?noaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
cia/aiue B ? aiaeia?/ieo cia/aiue ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai iiey a coaoeia?e
cii? aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a A?Ae ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo
ne?i/aieo aeaiaio?a. Iaea?eueoa ?ica?aei?noue i?ae ?ic?aooieiaeie ?
aeine?aeieie aaee/eiaie B (i?e iaiiaiaeaeaiiio iieiaeaii? iiethn?a) o
a?aeiia?aeieo oi/eao ia ia?aaeuo? 14%. ?acoeueoaoe aei???a B aeey ??cii?
neee no?oio a ?iai/?e oac? i?e ocaiaeaeaiiio iieiaeaii? a?aeiia?aeieo
iiethn?a noaoi?a ? ?ioi?a ( = 0) aeaee iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeoaaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueio iaai?oio oa?aeoa?enoeeo iaoeie ? ii??aiyoe ?? c
?ic?aooieiaith, caaaeyee oeueiio ia?aa??eoe aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai eiea aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia (?en.10).
?ica?aei?noue i?ae oai?aoe/iith e aenia?eiaioaeueiith e?eaeie ia
ia?aaeuo? 6%.

?en.7. Aenia?eiaioaeueia noaoe/ia iiiaioia oa?aeoa?enoeea (A?Ae1)?en.8.
Caeaaei?noue iaeneiaeueiiai iiiaioa aeaeaoia a?ae neee no?oio

?en.9. Caeaaei?noue na?aaeiueiai

iiiaioa aeaeaoia a?ae neee no?oio

?en.10. Iaai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia (A?Ae1)Noaiae
?c iaaaioaaeoaaeueiith iaoeiith aeicaiey? aeeiiaoe a?aei?aoethaaiiy
ianooiieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe A?Ae: oieinoee o?ae, ?iaioo i?ae
iaaaioaaeaiiyi, ?aaoethaaiiy /anoioe iaa?oaiiy, aaeueioaaiiy oa ?aaa?n.

O oinoiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy A?Ae ye oyaiaeo aeaeaoi?a aeey oaooieo
aeoioeyoi?ieo aeaeo?iaic?a. Aiae?c ?oi?o ia?aaaa o ii??aiyii? c aaciaeie
eieaeoi?ieie aeaeaoiaie iino?eiiai no?oio Ae?O-13 iieacaa, ui aeey A?Ae
aeanoeaa ianooiia:

1. I?aeaeuo?oueny iaae?ei?noue /a?ac a?aenooi?noue eieaeoi?a ?
canoinoaaiiy aaciaiioeiaiai ?ioi?a.

2. Iaio? aeo?aoe i?ae? (aei 30 %).

3. A?eueo aeniea oaoiieia?/i?noue ? iaioa o?oaeii?noe?noue aeaioiaeaiiy
ca ?aooiie oiai, ui iaai?oii?iaiaee noaoi?a ? ?ioi?a i?inoi?
eiio?ao?aoe??, iathoue iaea /enei yaii ae?aaeaieo iiethn?a.
Aeei?enoiao?oueny eeoa iaeei oeii?ici?? eioooee iiethn?a noaoi?a (o
aeaeaoi? Ae?O o?e oeii?ici??e: naeoe?y iaiioee yei?y, eioooee aieiaieo ?
aeiaeaoeiaeo iiethn?a noaoi?a).

4. Iaioee iia?o?yiee caci? i?ae iiethnaie noaoi?a ? ?ioi?a A?Ae
ii??aiyii c oaeei o Ae?O-13 ? a?eueoa aeiaaeeia iiethn?a, ca ?aooiie
/iai aeinyaathoueny a?eueo? cia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa,
iiooaeiino? ? eiao?oe??ioa ei?enii? ae?? (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Ii??aiyiiy oaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a cai?iiiiiaaiiai A?Ae2

? aaciaiai eieaeoi?iiai aeaeaoia Ae?O-13

Iieaciee

Ae?O-13

A?Ae2Aeaeo?iiaai?oiee iiiaio I, Ii

202

234Iiooaei?noue ia aaeo

?2 , eAo

13

15

EEAe

0,82

0,85Iana aeaeaoia

mAeA , ea

380

425Ieoiiee iieaciee

mAeA / ?2 , ea / eAo

29,2

28,3

5. Aeua aaciaea ?ooo aeaeo?iaica. Aa?oi? cia/aiiy oaeaeeino?
iaiaaeo?oueny nenoaiith ea?oaaiiy ? coieiea iioyaa iiaeeeaa ia iaioiio
oeyoo aaeueioaaiiy. O aaciaeo eieaeoi?ieo aeaeaoiao iine?aeiaiiai
caoaeaeaiiy ?c ciaioaiiyi iii?o ?ooo (?oo aeaeo?iaica i?ae ooee) /anoioa
iaa?oaiiy c?inoa? ? coiiaeth? a?eueoee oeyo aaeueioaaiiy, a ?ieiee ?
?oeioaaiiy yei?y.

6. Aeeeth/a?oueny caa?oaeiaiiy aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie aeaeaoia
i?iaeoeoaie ciino u?oie oa eieaeoi?a, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai aeey
aeaeaoi?a aeaooiaacia/iiai aeeiiaiiy aac i?eioniai? aaioeeyoe??.

7. Iecueea nia?aa?o?noue iaoeie. A oaae.3 iaaaaeaia aa?o?noue
eiiieaeooth/eo ae?ia?a aeaio aa??aio?a i?eaiaea aeaeo?iaica AI8Ae ca
aeaieie Ae?oaeeianueeiai iaocaaiaeo oa Eoaainueeiai aia?aicaaiaeo. Oe?ia
eiio?iea?a, aeie?a ae?iae?a ? aeie?a ?acenoi??a aeey aeaeaoi?a Ae?O
aeecueea aei aa?oino? aeie?a nenoaie ea?oaaiiy A?Ae, a ciaioaiiy
caaaeueii? oe?ie aeaeo?ii?eaiaea aeaeo?iaica c cai?iiiiiaaieie
aeaeaoiaie aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie iaioi? aa?oino? aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a A?Ae. Iaaaaeai? a oaae.3 a?aeiiino? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui
aeo?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy eiiieaeooth/eo ae?ia?a aeaeo?iaica AI8Ae o
aeiaaeeo i?eaiaea c A?Ae ia 20% iaio?, i?ae ?c Ae?O-13.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aa?o?noue eiiieaeooth/eo ae?ia?a aeaio aa??aio?a i?eaiaea aeaeo?iaica

? I?eaiae c Ae?O-13I?eaiae c A?Aei/iIaeiaioaaiiy ae?ia?a

e?eue-e?noue,

oo.oe?ia,

a?i.noia,

a?i.e?eue-e?noue,

oo.oe?ia,

a?i.noia,

a?i.1.

Aeaeo?iaeaeaoi

(aeaeo?iiaoai?/iee ia?aoai?thaa/)

2

5100

10200

2

3000

60002.Eiio?iea? E?A-2115901590—3.Aeie ae?iae?a AAe-2224554910—4.

Aeie ?acenoi??a

A?A-1

2

358

716

-5.Aeie NII—2350070006.Aeie IE—1400400Anueiai1741613400

Aiae?c eaeueeoeyoe?? nia?aa?oino?, aeeiiaii? ia AAO «Eoaainueeee
aia?aicaaiae», iieaco?, ui i?e na??eiiio aeioneo aeo?aoe ia aeaioiaeaiiy
aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a A?Ae aoaeooue iaio?, i?ae aeo?aoe ia
eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio aaciaiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia Ae?O-13, ui cae?enith?oueny
ia oeueiio ae i?aei?e?inoa?, ia noio 1242 a?i. (o oe?iao ca noaiii ia
n?/aiue 1998 ?.).

Aiae?c aeeiiaiiai i?iaeoo a?cian-ieaio «Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a na??eiee aeione
AAO «Eoaainueeee aia?aicaaiae» aaioeeueieo ?aaeoeaieo aeaeaoi?a»
iieacaa, ui anoaiiaeaiiy ??/iiai aeioneo cai?iiiiiaaieo aeaeaoi?a o
na?aaeiueiio aei 1000 oooe ia ??e aeanoue iiaeeea?noue iiiaeoe ?nioth/ee
ia?e aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a Ae?O-13 ca 5 ?ie?a. I?e aeai?? aeaea?aeii
o?iainoaaiiy I?iaoaeai?iio, caoe?eaaeaiiai a ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeoo ii
aeaioiaeaiith A?Ae (aaci?ioeaioia iiceea), i?ney o?ueio ?ie?a o
i?aei?e?inoaa a?aeiaaea iaiao?aei?noue o e?aaeeoi?e iiceoe? ? aoaea
iiaeeea?noue i?iaeiaaeoaaoe ?o aeione. I?e iiaeaeueoiio aeioneo
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a A?Ae ca e?euee?noth 1000 oooe ca ??e
/enoee i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoao neeaaea 974 oen. a?i.

O aeiaeaoeao i?aaenoaaeai? i?ioieie eaai?aoi?ieo aei?iaoaaiue
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ac??oe?a A?Ae, ?acoeueoaoe iieaciee?a oi/iino?
aei???a i?e aenia?eiaoaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, aeia?aeea i?i
aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean?.

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ae??oaia aeooaeueia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia caaea/a
i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oyaiaiai aeaeo?ii?eaiaea ?oaeieeiaiai
aeaeo?iaica oeyoii cai?ie eieaeoi?iiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia aaioeeueiei
?aaeoeaiei aeaeaoiii, noai?aiei o aaaa?eoao aaciai? iaoeie ia iniia?
?acoeueoao?a iaoaiaoe/iiai ? o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
i?ioean?a ia?aoai?aiiy aia?a?? a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiio
ia?aoai?thaa/?. Iniiai? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? aeniiaee ?iaioe iieyaathoue
o ianooiiiio:

1. Iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e A?Ae aeey i?eaiaea oaooiiai
aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica, ui caaacia/othoue aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeii?
iiooaeiino? aeaeaoia a caaeaieo aaaa?eoao.

2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeey ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai iiey
aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ia AII i?e aeiiouaii?
ieineiia?aeaeueiiai iiey, c o?aooaaiiyi aeainoi?iiiuei? coa/aoino? ?
iane/aiiy iaai?oiiai eiea.

3. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo
ne?i/aieo aeaiaio?a anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie ?iaeoeoe??
iaai?oiiai iiey a caci?? iaoeie i?e ??cieo aca?iieo iieiaeaiiyo iiethn?a
?ioi?a a?aeiinii iiethn?a noaoi?a, ui aeicaieeei ooi/ieoe aaiiao?e/i?
?ici??e iaai?oii? nenoaie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeaeaoia c o?aooaaiiyi
iane/aiiy.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy ?iaeoeoeaieo iii??a c
o?aooaaiiyi iane/aiiy ? aeainoi?iiiuei? coa/aoino? A?Ae ii iicaeiaaei?e
oa iiia?a/i?e inyo, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi iioieic/aieaiiy
noaoi?ii? iaiioee, yea aecia/a?oueny oeyoii ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai iiey
ia AII ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo ne?i/aieo aeaiaio?a, ui aeaei
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy cacia/aieo ia?aiao??a.

5. Ia iniia? ?ic?aooie?a ? iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a i?iaaaeai?
ii??aiyeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iaa?oaeueiiai iiiaioa A?Ae ?c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iceeaaeo a ?yae Oo?’? ? ca
ci?iith iaai?oii? aia?a??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aiiy iaa?oaeueiiai
iiiaioa ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe ca iaoiaeeeith, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaia ci?ia
iaai?oii? aia?a?? ca oeeee eiiooaoe?? eiaeii? oace iaiioee noaoi?a, oiio
ui oeae iaoiae ia aeiaaa? aei?noeeo oiia uiaei oi/iino? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
ii/aoeiaee eoo aeeth/aiiy.

6. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee A?Ae,
a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaia aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa ca ci?iith
iaai?oii? aia?a?? i?e iiai?io? ?ioi?a c o?aooaaiiyi anoaiiaeaieo o
i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeeo iieiaeaiue iiethn?a, ye? caaacia/othoue
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaio ?o iaai?oio aca?iiae?th.

7. C?iaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a ?c
?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia iiaiiianooaaieo
o?ce/ieo iiaeaeyo iieacaa, ui iaea?eueoa ?ica?aei?noue i?ae ieie ia
ia?aaeuo? 14%.

8. Aeeiiaia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ii??aiyiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo ? aaciaeo iaoei
iieacaei, ui cao?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy eiiieaeooth/eo ae?ia?a oaooiiai
aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica AI8Ae o aeiaaeeo i?eaiaea c A?Ae ia 20%
iaio?, i?ae c Ae?O-13.

Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Aeoaeiee I.C., Aeai/aiei A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia aaioeeueiiai
?aaeoeaiiai oyaiaiai aeaeaaoaey // Aeaeo?e/iee aeo?iae. — 1999. — ?1 —
N. 11 -14.

2. Aeoaeiee I.C., Aeai/aiei A.A., Oaiae?eeia A.I. *eneaiiue iaoiae
?an/aoa iaaieoiiai iiey aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai oyaiaiai aeaeaaoaey //
Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia AeiiAOO. Na?ey: yeaeo?ioaoieea e yia?aaoeea. —
Auione 4. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. — 1999. — N. 95-99.

3. Aeoaeiee I.C., *aaaiaiei E.E., Aaneeueaa E.A., Aaeaaeo?ia A.A.,
Aeai/aiei A.A. Aaioeeueiue i?eaiae ?oaeie/iiai yeaeo?iaica // Nai?iee
iao/iuo o?oaeia AeiiAOO. Na?ey: yeaeo?ioaoieea e yia?aaoeea. — Auione
2.- Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. — 1998. — N. 144-148.

4. Aeai/aiei A.A. Enneaaeiaaiey noaoe/aneeo iiiaioia a oyaiaii
?aaeoeaiii aeaeaaoaea. // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia AeiiAOO. Na?ey:
yeaeo?ioaoieea e yia?aaoeea. — Auione 2. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. — 1998. —
N. 88-93.

5. Aeai/aiei A.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey aeao/eeia iieiaeaiey
?ioi?a aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai aeaeaaoaey // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia
AeiiAOO. Na?ey: yeaeo?ioaoieea e yia?aaoeea. — Auione 2. — Aeiiaoee:
AeiiAOO. — 1998. — N. 84-87.

6. Aeoaeiee I.C., Aaneeueaa E.A., Aeai/aiei A.A., Iioneei TH.A.
Oeeo?iaay nenoaia oi?aaeaiey ?aaeoeaiiai aaioeeueiiai aeaeaaoaey //
Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia AeiiAOO. Na?ey: yeaeo?ioaoieea e yia?aaoeea. —
Auione 2. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. — 1998. — N. 195-198.

7. Aeoaeiee I.C., *aaaiaiei E.E., Aaneeueaa E.A., Aeai/aiei A.A.
Aaioeeueiue aeaeaaoaeue aeey ?oaeie/iiai yeaeo?iaica // Nai?iee o?oaeia
ai?ii-yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa AeiiAOO. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. —
1996. — N. 119-122.

8. Aeoaeiee I.C., Aeai/aiei A.A., Iiiia Ae.A. ?ac?aaioea aaioeeueiiai
aeaeaaoaey aeey ?oaeie/iiai yeaeo?iaica // Aeieeaaeu ?aaeiiaeueiie
iao/iie eiioa?aioeee. Naeoeey: «Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu au/eneeoaeueiie
oaoieee, eioi?iaoeee e yia?aaoeee». — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. — 1995. —
N.61-62.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?iaioao. O
ioae?eaoe?yo, iaienaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue: a [1] —
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee A?Ae; a
[2] — ?ic?iaea oeeo?iai? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai
iiey A?Ae; a [3] — oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?aie ? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ? aiae?c ?oi?o ?acoeueoao?a; a [6] — aecia/aiiy aeo?aeieo
aeaieo aeey ?ic?iaee nenoaie ea?oaaiiy; a [7] — iaa?oiooaaiiy ?
aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e A?Ae oa ?? iniiaieo aeaiaio?a, a
oaeiae aecia/aiiy oeyo?a ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiiaioa aeaeaoia;
a [8] — aeeiiaiiy aiae?oe/iiai iaeyaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a iaeano? A?Ae.

A I I O A Oe I ss

Aeai/aiei A.A. Aaioeeueiee ?aaeoeaiee oyaiaee aeaeaoi ?c aeeaeaiiyi a?ae
aeaea?aea iino?eiiai no?oio. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.09.01 — Aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie ? aia?aoe. —
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao. Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? oa aeine?aeaeaiith aaioeeueiiai
?aaeoeaiiai aeaeaoia (A?Ae) aeey oaooiiai aeoioeyoi?iiai aeaeo?iaica.
Iieacai? oeyoe aecia/aiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ? aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ia?aoai?thaa/a aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai oyaiaiai
aeaeaoia, ui caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy caaeaieo aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee o aaaa?eoao aaciai? iaoeie. O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeai?
iiaeae? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue A?Ae. Aeey ?ic?aooieo iaai?oiiai
iiey aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae ne?i/aieo aeaiaio?a. ?acoeueoaoe
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeicaieeee ooi/ieoe ia?aiao?e A?Ae ? neeaee
iniiao aeey aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ai?iaiaaieie
iaoiaeaie c ianooiiith aenia?eiaioaeueiith ia?aa??eith ia
iiaiiianooaaieo o?ce/ieo iiaeaeyo. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e i?iaeooaaii? oyaiaiai aeaeo?ii?eaiaea
?oaeieeiaiai aeaeo?iaica.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaioeeueiee ?aaeoeaiee aeaeaoi, aeaeo?iiaoai?/iee
ia?aoai?thaa/, iaai?oia iiea, iaoiae ne?i/aieo aeaiaio?a, ia?aiao?e,
iioieic/aieaiiy, iaa?oaeueiee iiiaio, oyaiaee aeaeo?ii?eaiae.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Aeai/aiei A.A. Aaioeeueiue ?aaeoeaiue oyaiaue aeaeaaoaeue n ieoaieai io
enoi/ieea iinoiyiiiai oiea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.09.01 — Yeaeo?e/aneea iaoeiu e aiia?aou. —
Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao. Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea e enneaaeiaaieth aaioeeueiiai
?aaeoeaiiai aeaeaaoaey (A?Ae) aeey oaooiiai aeeoioeyoi?iiai yeaeo?iaica.

Aaioeeueiue aeaeaaoaeue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneee
i?aia?aciaaoaeue (YII), niaaaeaiiue yeaeo?iiiie nenoaiie oi?aaeaiey.
Eiino?oeoeey yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai i?aia?aciaaoaey e noaiiia ?aoaiea
nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey ioee/athony ?aciiia?aceai e i?eaycuaathony e
eiie?aoiui oneiaeyi yenieoaoaoeee. Aeey i?eaiaea ?oaeie/iiai yeaeo?iaica
?aoeeiiaeueiui yaeyaony aa?eaio yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai i?aia?aciaaoaey
?aaeoeaiiai oeia (aac iaiioee ia ?ioi?a). Yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneee
i?aia?aciaaoaeue aaioeeueiiai ?aaeoeaiiai aeaeaaoaey n oeaeueth
oieoeeaoeee i?aaeeiaeaii auiieieoue a ei?iona aaciaiai ac?uaicaueuaiiiai
eieeaeoi?iiai aeaeaaoaey. Iiyoiio i?e ?ac?aaioea oaeiai oyaiaiai
aeaeaaoaey aaaeiui yaeyaony iaeneiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea aeoeaiiai
iauaia iaoeiu. Ono?aiaiea eieeaeoi?a iicaieyao oaaee/eoue aeeeio ?ioi?a,
a auai? ?aoeeiiaeueiuo aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai
i?aia?aciaaoaey A?Ae aeano aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aiey caaeaiiuo
yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Eaeay ?aaiou caeeth/aaony a yooaeoeaiii eniieueciaaiee caaeaiiuo
aaaa?eoia iaoeiu aeey ia?aoiaea e i?aia?aciaaieth yeaeo?iiaaieoiie
yia?aee ia iniiaa i?eioeeia ia?aeeth/aiey iaaieoiiai nii?ioeaeaiey i?e
eneeth/aiee i?iaiaeieeiauo iaoa?eaeia ia yei?a e yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai
aui?yieoaey aaciaiai aeaeaaoaey.

Aeey ea/anoaaiiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?eaiaea yeaeo?iaica ia aaca A?Ae
i?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey n oeaeueth iieo/aiey aunieeo oaeaeueiuo
iieacaoaeae a yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneii i?aia?aciaaoaea yia?aee, iicaieythuea
iaeneiaeueii eniieueciaaoue aiciiaeiinoe aeoeaiuo iaoa?eaeia. Aeey
aeinoeaeaiey iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiey yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiiaioa
enneaaeoaiiai aeaeaaoaey a caaeaiiuo aaaa?eoao iaiaoiaeeii auae?aoue
yeaeo?iiaaieoiua iaa?ocee, iaania/eaathuea ii?aaeaeaiiia ianuuaiea
coaoeiaie ciiu yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai i?aia?aciaaoaey.

?aoaia iaeia ec aaaeiaeoeo caaea/ i?iaeoe?iaaiey A?Ae, a eiaiii, ?an/ao
yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo oa?aeoa?enoee coaoeiaie ciiu — iaaieoiiai iioiea,
i?ioiaeyuaai /a?ac yoo ciio, e neeu acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo iiethnaie
noaoi?a e ?ioi?a aeaeaaoaey ia iniiaa ?an/aoa ea?oeiu iaaieoiiai iiey. A
aeaiiie ?aaioa aeey ?aoaiey yoie caaea/e eniieuecoaony iaeei ec iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaiuo e oieaa?naeueiuo /eneaiiuo iaoiaeia ?an/aoa yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo
iieae — iaoiae eiia/iuo yeaiaioia. ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue
aeey ?an/aoa iaaieoiiai iiey a iiia?a/iii na/aiee ?aai/ae ciiu
yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneiai i?aia?aciaaoaey A?Ae ia YAI.

Ia iniiaaiee ?ac?aaioaiiie iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee n eniieueciaaieai
iaoiaea eiia/iuo yeaiaioia onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe eciaiaiey
eiaeoeoeee iaaieoiiai iiey a caci?a iaoeiu i?e ?acee/iuo acaeiiuo
iieiaeaieyo iiethnia ?ioi?a ioiineoaeueii iiethnia noaoi?a, /oi
iicaieeei ooi/ieoue aaiiao?e/aneea ?acia?u iaaieoiie nenoaiu
enneaaeoaiiai aeaeaaoaey n o/aoii ianuuaiey.

A ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeai iiaeoiae e ii?aaeaeaieth eiaeoeoeaiuo
nii?ioeaeaiee A?Ae ii i?iaeieueiie e iiia?a/iie inyi, ioee/athueeny
eniieueciaaieai iioieinoeaieaiey noaoi?iie iaiioee, ii?aaeaeyaiiai iooai
?an/aoa iaaieoiiai iiey ia YAI n i?eiaiaieai iaoiaea eiia/iuo yeaiaioia,
/oi aeaei aiciiaeiinoue iiauneoue oi/iinoue ii?aaeaeaiey oeacaiiuo
ia?aiao?ia.

Ia iniiaa ?an/aoia e iaoo?iuo yenia?eiaioia i?iaaaeaiu n?aaieoaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey ii ii?aaeaeaieth yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai a?auathuaai iiiaioa
A?Ae n eniieueciaaieai ?aceiaeaiey a ?yae Oo?uea e ii eciaiaieth
iaaieoiie yia?aee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ii?aaeaeaiea a?auathuaai iiiaioa
neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue ii iaoiaeeea, a iniiao eioi?ie iieiaeaii eciaiaiea
iaaieoiie yia?aee ca oeeee eiiiooaoeee eaaeaeie oacu iaiioee noaoi?a,
oae eae yoio iaoiae ia i?aaeuyaeyao aeanoeeo o?aaiaaiee ii oi/iinoe
eioi?iaoeee i ia/aeueiii oaea aeeth/aiey.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee A?Ae, a
iniiao eioi?ie iieiaeaii ii?aaeaeaiea yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiiaioa ii
eciaiaieth iaaieoiie yia?aee i?e iiai?ioa ?ioi?a n o/aoii onoaiiaeaiiuo
a i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiey oaeiauo iieiaeaiee iiethnia, iaania/eaathueo
iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiia eo iaaieoiia acaeiiaeaenoaea.

I?iecaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia ?an/aoia n ?acoeueoaoaie
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee ia iieiiianooaaiuo oece/aneeo iiaeaeyo.
I?e yoii eiaao ianoi oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiia niaiaaeaiea ?an/aoiuo e
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia (?anoiaeaeaiea ia i?aauoaao 14%).

Auiieiaiiia n?aaiaiea noieiinoiuo iieacaoaeae i?aaeeaaaaiuo e aaciauo
iaoei iieacaei, /oi cao?aou ia i?eia?aoaiea eiiieaeoothueo ecaeaeee
oaooiiai aeeoioeyoi?iiai yeaeo?iaica AI8Ae a neo/aa i?eaiaea n A?Ae ia
20% iaiueoa, /ai n Ae?O-13.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaioeeueiue ?aaeoeaiue aeaeaaoaeue,
yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneee i?aia?aciaaoaeue, iaaieoiia iiea, iaoiae eiia/iuo
yeaiaioia, ia?aiao?u, iioieinoeaieaiea, a?auathuee iiiaio, oyaiaue
yeaeo?ii?eaiae.

A N N O T A T I O N

Demchenko G.V. The rectifier reluctance traction motor with
constant-current power source. — Manuscript.

Dissertation is prepared to get a degree of candidate of technical
sciences in speciality 05.09.01 — electric machines and apparatuses. —
Donetsk State Technical University, Donetsk, 1999.

The dissertation is initiated to develop and investigate the rectifier
reluctance motor (RRM) for a mine storage-accumulator locomotive. The
work shows the ways of determining geometrical and electric parameters
of electromechanical converter of the rectifier reluctance traction
motor, which provide production of the specified electromechanical
characteristics in overall dimensions of the base machine. The methods
of electromagnetic RRM investigations were developed in the
dissertation. For the computer-aided calculations of magnetic field
considered magnetic circuit saturation the finite element method is
used. The stimulation results made it possible to make the RRM
parameters more accurate and were the basis for definition of
electromechanical characteristics of the engine under investigation with
the help of the tested methods with the on going experimental check made
on whole-scale physical models. The results could be used in designing
of traction drive of a mine electric locomotive.

Key-words: rectifier reluctance motor, electromechanical converter,
magnetic field, finite element method, flux links, torque, traction
drive.

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