Вдосконалення технології відновлення свердловин забурюванням додаткових стовбурів: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / М.В. Лігоцький, Івано-Франків. д

?AAII-O?AIE?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO IAOOE ? AACO

E?AIOeUeEEE IEEIEA AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 622.248.6+622.276.7

AAeINEIIAEAIIss OAOIIEIA?? A?AeIIAEAIIss NAA?AeEIAEI CAAO?THAAIIssI
AeIAeAOEIAEO NOIAAO??A

05.15.10 — Ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie

ss?ai?e/oe ?iiai Naiaiiae/,

?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

iaooe ? aaco,

.caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ii?nueeeo
iaooiaaciaeo nii?oae.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaa?ioeueeee Aiaaeai ?aaiiae/,

?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

iaooe ? aaco,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaooiai? ? aaciai?
a?ae?iiaoai?ee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

O?ec ?aai Ieoaeeiae/

EIAI “Ao?na?a?n” (i.
?aaii-O?aie?anuee),

i?ia?aeiee niaoe?ae?no.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?e?iaeieo
aac?a

i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “14“_ aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10 30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.20.052.02
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco
ca aae?anith: 284018, Oe?a?ia, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Ea?iaonueea,
15.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco
ca aae?anith: 284018, Oe?a?ia, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. aoe. Ea?iaonueea,
15.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “7“ aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
I.I. Aeoeueoei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaaeeeaa ?ieue a iie?auaii? iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai
aaeaino Oe?a?ie a?aeaiaeeoueny ?aoe?iiaeueiiio aeei?enoaiith oiiaeo
i?iao?aieo naa?aeeiaei. Aaeeea e?euee?noue aacae?th/eo, aaa??eieo oa
e?ea?aeiaaieo naa?aeeiaei ? aaaiiei ?aca?aii aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ianya?a
aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco. Cia/io ?o e?euee?noue iiaeia ? aeioe?eueii
a?aeiiaeoe oa iiaoi?ii aaanoe a i?iieneiao aenieoaoaoe?th.

Na?aae niinia?a a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei iniaeeaa i?noea caeia? iaoiae
caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e
(aenieoaoaoe?ei?e) eieii?. Oeae iaoiae aeicaiey? a?aeiiaeoe iaa?oue o?
naa?aeeiaeie, eio?? ?ioeie iaoiaeaie a?aeiiaeoe iaiiaeeeai aai oea ?
aeiiii?/ii iaaeioe?eueiei.

C?inoath/? ianyae ?ia?o c a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei iaoiaeii
caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a, a oaeiae aeina?ae ia?aaeiaeo
iaooiaaciaeo eiiiai?e na?oo na?ae/aoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue oeueiai
iai?yieo a Oe?a?i?.

I?ioa, iacaaaeath/e ia aeinyaioo? ?acoeueoaoe, ie?ai? aniaeoe aeaii?
i?iaeaie aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei ? iio?aaothoue aaeineiiaeaiiy. Oiio
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ia?o c
a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei oeyoii caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a ?
aeooaeueiith ? aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a iai?yieo AeIOI “?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy” ii ?icae?eo 5.3.1
«I?iaeaie iaooiaaciaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie ? iaoeia? i?eioeeie ?o
ae??oaiiy» ? ?aae?ciaaia a eiieo?niiio i?iaeo? «A?aeiiaeaiiy aaa??eieo,
iaeiaeaa?oieo, aacae?th/eo ? e?ea?aeiaaieo naa?aeeiaei ? aaaaeaiiy ?o a
iiaoi?io aenieoaoaoe?th c iaoith aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco“ ? aoiaeeoue a
oaiaoe/i? ieaie IAE «Iaooiaac Oe?a?ie», AAO «Oe?iaooa» oa AAO «Oe?IA?».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oa aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei
caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai
noiaao?a a naa?aeeiaei? /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?, aea/aiiy
iniiaieo caeiiii??iinoae oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa e?eoa???a ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino?.

2. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
“a?eia”, oaoiieia?? eiai ae??caiiy oa eiino?oeoe?e eeeiiaiai
a?aeoeethaa/a, ?aeaa?a ? eiiiiiiaee ieco ao?eeueii? eieiie (EIAE).

3. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee i?iaeooaaiiy i?io?e?a aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a oa
EIAE aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoiiai ii/aoeiaiai eooa caao?thaaiiy.

4. ?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ieo ? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ??oaiue oa
iioeiaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e naa?aeeiaei c aeiaeaoeiaei noiaao?ii.

5. I?iieneiaa ia?aa??ea aoaeoeaiino? aaeineiiaeaii? oaoiieia??
a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a o naa?aeeiaei? /a?ac “a?eii” a
ianaaei?e eieii?, cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi ?? ?aae?caoe?? ? aeiaaaeaii
ooieoe?iiaeueio caeaaei?noue i?ae ii/aoeiaei eooii caao?thaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a, aeiaaeeiith “a?eia” oa EIAE aeey ao??iiy.

2. Iaa?oioiaaii aaee/eie a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo eoo?a caao?thaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?oei?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?
oeii?ici???a ao?eeueieo, iaaaaeiaieo ? ianaaeieo o?oa, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao ao??iiy ? e??ieaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a.

3. Io?eiaii caeaaeiino? aeey iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?? ae??caiiy «a?eia»,
eiino?oeoe?e ?aeaa?a, eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a ? EIAE.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee i?iaeooaaiiy i?io?e?a oa iioeiaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e naa?aeeiaei c aeiaeaoeiaei noiaao?ii.

5. ?ic?iaeaii aeey iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a iia?
eiino?oeoe?? o?eieiueiiiai eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a, noa?e/iiai ?aeaa?a ?
?icoe?yth/iai aenoeaio?e/iiai eiiaoaaiai nooi?i/anoiai aeieioa oeio
AeAEN.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue
?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue aaco
aeey iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?e
a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a /a?ac
“a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeicaieythoue ca caaeaiei
i?iaeoiei ii/aoeiaei eooii caao?thaaiiy aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e
“a?eia” a ianaaei?e eieii?, eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a, EIAE aeey ae??caiiy
“a?eia” ? ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a oa ioe?ithaaoe i?io?aei?noue
/a?ac “ a?eii” ianaaeieo o?oa aeey e??ieaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? oaoi?/i? caniae (o?eieiueiiee eeeiiaee a?aeoeethaa/,
noa?e/iee ?aeaa?, aenoeaio?e/ia eiiaoaaa nooi?i/anoa aeieioi AeAEN) oa
iaoiaeeee i?iaeooaaiiy i?io?e?a ? eiino?oeoe?e aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a
aeathoue ciiao i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ?ia?o c a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei
c aenieoaoaoe?eieie eieiiaie ae?aiao?ii 168,3 ; 146 ; 139,7; 127; 114,3
ii. Iniaeeai oe?iiei ? oni?oia i?aeoe/ia ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie e??ieaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a “oainoiaeeii” ae?aiao?ii 114,3 ii a
aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? ae?aiao?ii 146 ii.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? i?e
a?aeiiaeaii? naa?aeeiaei ia ?iaeiaeuao AAO ”Oe?iaooa”, AI
”Oaaeaeeeiaooa”, AI “Aa?eiaai-iaooiaac” oa i?e ao??ii? naa?aeeiaei o AI
“I?eeani?eao?iaooa”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo oaoiieia?e ?
oaoi?/ieo cania?a c a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo
noiaao??a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano caao?thaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a /a?ac ”a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii? oa aea/aii
iniiai? caeiiii??iino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee
iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?? ae??caiiy «a?eia», eiino?oeoe?e ?aeaa??a,
eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a ? EIAE. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiino?oeoe?th noa?e/iiai
?aeaa?a, eeaneo?eaoe?th i?io?e?a oa iioeiaeuei? eiino?oeoe?? naa?aeeiaei
c aeiaeaoeiaei noiaao?ii. Aeeiiai? ?iaioe c aiae?co oa ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o ae?iaieoeoai.
I?iaaaeai? ?iaioe aeeiiai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi 1, 2, 9, 10.

O ni?ai?aoe? c ?ioeie iaoeiaeie aeine?aeieeaie: i?e ?ic?iaoe?
eiino?oeoe?? o?eieiueiiiai eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a 6 oa aenoeaio?e/iiai
eiiaoaaiai nooi?i/anoiai aeieioa AeAEN 7, 8 caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee aeai?o eiino?oeoeaieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ;
4, 5 — iniaenoi aeine?aeaeai? caeiiii??iino? i?e?iaeiiai aee?eaeaiiy
naa?aeeiaei oa iiaoaeiaai? aaeoi?i? ae?aa?aie; [3] — iniaenoi
iaa?oioiaai? e?eoa??? aeai?o i?io?e?a noiaao??a naa?aeeiaei c
a?aooaaiiyi niiniao aenieoaoaoe?? naa?aeeiaei; i?e ??aiii?aai?e o/ano?
?ic?iaeai? ?ino?oeoeai? aeieoiaioe [11, 12]. I?aeoe/i? ?iaioe c
a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a a
aenieoaoaoe?eieo eieiiao ia ?iaeiaeuao Oe?a?ie caii/aoeiaai? c
?i?oe?aoeae e.o.i. A.O. ??aiaiei oa ?iae. A.A. E?niaiai c o/anoth
caeiaoaa/a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia:
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao AAO ”Oe?iaooa”, AAO ”Oe?IA?” —
Oe?Ae?I?IIAe?iaooa (i. Ee?a, 1986-1999 ?.?.); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano AO ”Oe?iaooa” a
oiiaao ?eieo” (i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 27-29 aa?aniy 1995?.); 5-e
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? OIAA “Iaooa — Aac Oe?a?ie — 98” (i. Iieoaaa,
15-17 aa?aniy 1998?.); 2-e I?aeia?iaei?e oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? niaoe?ae?no?a iaooiai? oa aaciai? i?iieneiaino? (i. *a?ia,
Iieueua, 20-24 aeiaoiy 1998?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a
12 i?aoeyo, c ieo aea? caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ? iaeia
iaoaioii Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.
?iaioa i?noeoue 141 noi??ieo ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, 65 ?enoie?a, 14
oaaeeoeue, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 117 iaeiaioaaiue oa aeaa
aeiaeaoee.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo e.o.i. A.O. ??aiaieo ? eieaeoeao i/iethaaii?
iei eaai?aoi??? AAO “ Oe?IA?” ca aeiiiiiao o ai?iaaaeaeaii? iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaoeiaiio ea??aieeo ae.o.i. i?ioani?o ?.N. ss?ai?e/oeo
ca aeiiiiiao i?e ?iaio? iaae aeena?oaoe??th.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie ? oaie
aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aii iaoo oa iniiai? iai?yiee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
? iiaeaii ei?ioeo caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii iaeyaeo ? aiae?co iniiaieo ?ia?o a iaeano?
a?aeiia-eaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a.

Aia?oa a eieeoiueiio N?N? oeei iaoiaeii aoea a?ae?aiiioiaaia o 1936
?ioe? naa?aeeiaeia ? 332 o?anoo “A?oaiiaooa”. Iaea?eueo oe?ieiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a 50-o ?ieao iaoiae iaaoa ia ?iaeiaeuao E?aniiaea?nueeiai
e?ath ? Aca?aaeaeaeaio. I?e oeueiio cao?aoe ia a?aeiiaeaiiy iaei???
naa?aeeiaeie aoee a 4-5 ?ac?a iaioeie, i?ae aa?o?noue ao??iiy iiai?
naa?aeeiaeie. I?ioa, c 70-o ?ie?a, o ca`yceo ?c aaiaeii a aenieoaoaoe?th
aaeeeeo iaooiaaciaeo ?iaeiaeu Cao?aeiiai Nea??o ianyae oeeo ?ia?o
cieceeenue /a?ac ??cea nei?i/aiiy o?iainoaaiiy. A oe? ae ?iee ia?aaeia?
cao?aei? iaooiaacia? eiiiai?? ?icii/aee ia?iuoaaiiy ianya?a ?ia?o oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a.
A Oe?a?i? ieaiii??ii oeeie ?iaioaie ?icii/aee caeiaoenue c 1986 ?.
A?ae?aiiioiaaii ca oeae ia??iae o?eueee 11 naa?aeeiaei.

Ca ioe?ieaie niaoe?ae?no?a AAO “Oe?IA?” iaoiaeii caao?thaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a ia ?iaeiaeuao AAO ”Oe?iaooa” aeioe?eueii
a?aeiiaeoe a?ey 450 naa?aeeiaei, c yeeo iiaeeeai aeiaeaoeiai aeaeiaooe
a?ey 500 oen.o iaooe ia ??e i?e iaa?oue caieaeaiiio na?aaeiueiio aeaa?o?
naa?aeeiaei 3 o/ae.

A ianaaei?e eieii? naa?aeeiaeie aeiaeaoeiaee noiaao? iiaea
caao?thaaoenue ii iaei?e ?c i?eeiyoeo oaoiieia?e: /a?ac ?ioa?aae
nooe?eueii ae??caii? ae?eyiee ianaaeii? eieiie aai /a?ac ae??caia
“a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?. A?aoiaoth/e oaoiieia?/i? ia?aaaae,
iaea?eueoiai iioe?aiiy iaaoea oaoiieia?y caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
noiaa??a /a?ac ae??caia “ a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?.

O ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y eeeiiaeo a?aeoeethaa/?a oa ?aeaa??a
aeey ae??caiiy “a?eia” a ianaaei?e eieii?. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co
i?iieneiaeo aeaieo c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i a?aenooi?noue eiiieaenii?
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? iaoiaee/ii? iniiae i?iaeooaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e
?aeaa??a ? eeeiiaeo a?aeoeethaa/?a oa oaoiieia?? ae??caiiy “a?eia”
caaeaieo ?ici???a.

A?aeii? /eneaii? aeiaaeee aaa??e ? oneeaaeiaiue /a?ac iaye?nia
?ic?iaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae??caiiy “a?eia” (iaaeo?ae ?aeaa?a
ca ianaaeio eieiio, iaiiaeeea?noue a?aeoiaeo aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a a?ae
iniiaiiai, i?iaeaie i?e e??ieaii? oiui). Iniiaiith i?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy
aaa??eieo neooaoe?e ? iaiaa?oioiaai?noue ?ici???a “a?eia” ? oaoi?/ieo
cania?a aeey eiai ?aae?caoe??. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iieaco?, ui
i?iaeai? aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ?ici???a “a?eia” ? aaee/eie ii/aoeiaiai
eooa caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a oa eiiieaeniiio i?iaeooaaiith
oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey ?o ?aae?caoe?? i?eae?eaii iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae.
I?iaeaia, a iniiaiiio, ae??ooaaeanue aii??e/ii aai c a?aooaaiiyi
?aa?iiaeueiiai i?iieneiaiai aeina?aeo.

Aiae?c oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? ao??iiy oa e??ieaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a
iieaco?, ui aeaia ieoaiiy oaeiae iio?aao?. aeiaeaoeiaiai aea/aiiy, a
?nioth/? iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeai?o eiino?oeoe?e ? i?io?e?a aeiaeaoeiaeo
noiaao??a oa ii?iaei?oei?aiiai ?ino?oiaioo aeey ?aae?caoe?? iioeiaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a aeiaaathoue oaeineiiaeaiiy.

Iaaaaeaia aeua iaa?oioiao? iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue c
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeee i?iaeooaaiiy oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? ae??caiiy
“a?eia”, ao??iiy ? e??ieaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeothoueny e?eoa??? aeey i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei iaoiaeii caao?thaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co aaa??eiino?, i?iieneiaeo aeaieo i?i i?io?aei?noue
eieii o?oa /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?, oai??? aeaoi?iaoe?? o?oa
i?ae ae??th iicaeiaaeiuei-iiia?a/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue iaie c?iaeaii
aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy neeiai? aca?iiae?? eieiie o?oa c
ianaaeiith eieiiith o “a?ei?”. Oa?aeoa? oe??? aca?iiae?? cia?aaeaiee ia
?ic?aooieia?e noai? ?en. 2.1, aea AA — inueiaa e?i?y aeaiooi? /anoeie
eieiie o?oa ; U, P, Q — neee ?aaeoe?? ianaaeii? eieiie a?aeiia?aeii a o.
A, N, A; G — inueiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eieiio o?oa; L — aeiaaeeia
aeaiooi? /anoeie eieiie o?oa; a — aeiaaeeia “a?eia” a

ianaaei?e eieii?; a — cai?oiee eoo naa?aeeiaeie; — eoo iiai?ioo ieco
aeaiooi? /anoeie eieiie o?oa i?e aeoiae? c “a?eia” ; — aaaa iaeeieoe?
aeiaaeeie eieiie o?oa; , — a?aeiia?aeii i?iaei eieiie o?oa a ieaei?e ?
aa?oi?e /anoei? “a?eia”; — in? eii?aeeiao; — eii?aeeiaoe
aeia?eueii? o. Ae1, ?ici?uaii? i?ae o. A ? o. Ae.

??aiyiiy iiiaio?a aeey aeia?eueii? o. Ae1 caieoaoueny o aeaeyae? :
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(2.1)

aea E I — aei?noe?noue o?oa.

Aeey ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy (2.1) i?eeiyoi iaea?eueo c?o/iee iaoiae
iiaoi?thaaiue, yeee aea? caaeia?euei? ca oi/i?noth ?acoeueoaoe. A yeino?
ii/aoeiaeo ai?ieneioth/eo ooieoe?e i?eeiyo? ae?ace:
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 (2.2)

?ica`yceii oiiae (2.1) ? nenoaia c /ioe?ueio ??aiyiue, yea ?c
aeiaeaoeiaeie o?ueiia ??aiyiiyie (a?aie/ii aeiionoeiiai caeiath/iai
iiiaioo a iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaiiio ia?a??c? eieiie o?oa o aa?oi?e
/anoei? “a?eia” , a?aie/ii aeiionoeiiai ?icaaioaaeaiiy eieiie o?oa i?e
i?ioiaeaeaii? /a?ac “a?eii” ? a?aie/ii aeiionoeiiai iiiaioo O? ia
iiaeieaiiy nee iii?o iaa?oaiith eieiie o?oa o “a?ei?”) yaeythoue niaith
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a /a?ac
“a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?.

Aeey i?aeoe/ieo caaea/, a oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o caeaaeiinoae
?ic?aooieiaeo aaee/ei a?ae aeo?aeieo aeaieo iaie aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee ia
IAII aeey iaea?eueo ?iia??ieo a i?aeoeoe? caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
noiaao??a eiia?iaoe?e d i D. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iiaeai? o aeaeyae?
a?ao?e?a ooieoe?iiaeueieo caeaaeiinoae a = f(; L= f (; N= f (; ? = f
(; U = f (; = f (, i?eeeaae yeeo aeey D = 146 ii ci-a?aaeaiee ia ?en.
2.2 (aea N — noia?ia neea i?eoeniaiiy eieiie o?oa o “a?ei?”).

Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? ae??oai? oae? oaoiieia?/i? caaea/?:

1. Aecia/aiiy aeiaaeeie “a?eia” aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoiiai i?io?eth
aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a ?c ooieoe?iiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue:

a = f (a i?e a = f (A) , (2.3)

aea A — i?iaeoia ai?eciioaeueia a?aeoeeaiiy aeaith aeiaeaoeiaiai
noiaao?a a?ae oi/ee caao?thaaiiy; a — ii/aoeiaee eoo caao?thaaiiy, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? eooo iiai?ioo ieco aeaiooi? /anoeie EIAE iaae aeieioii.

2. Aecia/aiiy nee, ui ae?thoue ia ?aeaa? ? aeieioi a iiiaio aeoiaeo
c “a?eia” c ooieoe?iiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue :

U pmax = f (a, EI) ? U ae max = f (a, EI) ,
(2.4)

aea U p max , U ae max — a?aeiia?aeii iaeneiaeueia aieiaa
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?aeaa? ? aeieioi a iiiaio aeoiaeo ca ianaaeio eieiio c
“a?eia”.

3. Aecia/aiiy a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo cia/aiue eoo?a iiai?ioo [T
iaaaaeiaieo, ao?eeueieo ? ianaaeieo o?oa i?e aeoiae? c “a?eia” c
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy :

[ T = f ([ T ) . (2.5)

?ic?aoiaai? aaee/eie aeiionoeieo eoo?a iiai?ioo[T iaaaaeai? a oaae.
2.1.

Oaaeeoey 2.1

Aeiionoei? aaee/eie eoo?a [T

Ianaaei? (ao?eeuei?) o?oae IAO[T a?oia i?oeiino? ia?ea
noae?a?aae.AeEAEI?AeE(36A)40OI38OI6,27,27,58,28,810,16,26,88,28,8 4.
Aecia/aiiy oiia aacaaa??eiiai nioneo ianaaeii? eieiie o?oa
(“oainoiaeea”) /a?ac “a?eii” i?e e??ieaii? aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a ?c
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue:

T < [ o , < [ o , O < [O]. (2.6) 5. Aecia/aiiy aaee/ei a?aie/ieo ii/aoeiaeo eoo?a caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a [a ?c ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy : [a] < [ o . (2.7) 6.Aea?? ia?aiao??a EIAE aeey ae??caiiy “a?eia” a ianaaei?e eieii? c oiiae i?i?iaeueiino? aieiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?aeaa?: d, da = f (Upmin) , (2.8) aea d i dB — a?aeiia?aeii ciai?oi?e ? aioo??oi?e ae?aiao? EIAE iaae ?iai/ei ?ino?oiaioii. 7. Aea?? ia?aiao??a i?yii? EIAE aeey iaai?o i?iaeoiiai ii/aoeiaiai eooa a caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a c ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy : d , da = f ( a, a ) . (2.9) ??oaiiy iacaaieo caaea/ ? iniiaith iaoiaeee i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee i?ieoee oni?oio ai?iaaoe?th a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao. O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue, iai?aaeaieo ia aaeineiiaeaiy oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei iaoiaeii caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a. Ia i?aenoaa? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aca?iiae?? ?aeaa?a c eeeiiaei a?aeoeethaa/ai ? ianaaeiith eieiiith cai?iiiiiaai? e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? eoo?a iaoeeo aa?oiuei? ? ieaeiuei? /anoei eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a : ka a ; ei i ; ka ei ; ei ka , (3.1) aea ka , ei — eoo iaoeeo a?aeiia?aeii aa?oiuei? ? ieaeiuei? /anoei eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a ; a, i — eoo iiai?ioo (aeaoi?iaoe??) eieiie o?oa (EIAE) a?aeiia?aeii o aa?oi?e ? ieaei?e /anoeiao “a?eia”. C oiiae (3.1) aeaeii, ui iaeiiieiueiiee eeeiiaee a?aeoeethaa/ c iino?eiei eooii iaoeeo ia ? iioeiaeueiith eiino?oeoe??th aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoieo ia?aiao??a “a?eia” ? ia caaacia/o? oiia i?i?iaeueiino? o?aca?oaaiiy ?aeaa?ii iiaa?oi? eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a. Iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiith ? eiino?oeoe?y ?ic?iaeaiiai iaie o?eieiueiiiai eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a (?en. 3.1), yeee caaacia/o? ?aae?caoe?th i?aeoe/ii aoaeue-yei? aeiaaeeie “a?eia” ? i?i?iaeuei?noue o?aca?oaaiiy ?aeaa?ii ?iai/i? iiaa?oi? a?aeoeethaa/a. Io?eiaii caeaaei?noue aeey i?iaeooaaiiy iioeiaeueii? EIAE (ae?aiao?a o?oa d iaae ?aeaa?ii ) aeey ae??caiiy “a?eia” c a?aooaaiiyi oiiae (2.8) : d F 2Da - Dp - 2C . (3.2) C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy o?oa c i?i?iaeueiith aei?noe?noth, oiaoi ao?eeueieo o?oa. I?iaeoia aeiaaeeia “a?eia” aecia/a?oueny c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy: picscalex1000100090000036e02000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500 0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e01180000000500000031020100 0000050000000b0200000000050000000c02800440171200000026060f001a00ffffffff 000010000000c0ffffffa7ffffff00170000270400000b00000026060f000c004d617468 547970650000f00008000000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d01000005000000 14024002dc040500000013024002e10c05000000140240022c130500000013024002e216 1c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f 6d616e2043797200c067ef77de030a2c00000a00040000002d01010008000000320a2403 e51501000000ed0008000000320a3004c815010000006b0008000000320a00031d110100 0000ed0008000000320a0003be0e01000000630008000000320a2403b909010000006200 08000000320a3004a309010000006b001c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc 0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200c067ef7789040a5e00000a00 040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320ad0038e1302000000746708000000 320aa002b010010000006c6708000000320aa002550e010000006c6708000000320ad003 690702000000746708000000320a7f01aa0a01000000446708000000320a7f019c070100 0000446708000000320a7f01f00401000000636708000000320aa002a202010000006267 08000000320aa0023a000100000061671c000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000002 0402001053796d626f6c0000de030a2d2182ed772a82ed77c067ef77de030a2d00000a00 040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320ad003ba1401000000610408000000 320aaa01861501000000640408000000320aaa012e1301000000640408000000320ad003 95080100000061041c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200c067ef7789040a5f00000a00040000002d010200 04000000f001010008000000320a0a024e1601000000310308000000320adf01b40b0100 0000f00308000000320adf01a20801000000e2031c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001 000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200c067ef77de030a30 00000a00040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a7f014f0c010000002904 08000000320a7f0106070100000028041c000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002 0002001053796d626f6c000089040a602182ed772a82ed77c067ef7789040a6000000a00 040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aaa017814010000002b0308000000 320aa0020012010000002b0308000000320aa002960f010000002b0308000000320aa002 3b0d010000002b0308000000320a7f017e09010000002d0308000000320a7f01ec050100 00002d0308000000320aa002b003010000002b0308000000320aa0026e01010000003d03 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d00778704669f07008a0100000a000600000007008a01 00000a00040000002d01010004000000f001020003000000000000000000. (3.3) Ine?eueee i?ioean o?aca?oaaiiy “a?eia” ? ?acoeueoaoii neeiai? aca?iiae?? ?aeaa?a c ianaaeiith eieiiith ? eeeiiaei a?aeoeethaa/ai, oi ? eiino?oeoe?y ?aeaa?a iiaeia a?aeiia?aeaoe eiino?oeoe?? eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a. I?e oeueiio ca iniiao i?eeia?oueny e?eoa??e i?i?iaeueiino? neee i?eoeniaiiy ?aeaa?a aei ?iai/i? iiaa?oi? eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a (NKC). Aeiaaaeaii, ui NKC = 0 i?e p /2= 900. Oaeee ?aeaa? aoaea i?aoethaaoe ca i?eioeeiii oi?oeueiaiai o?aca?a. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeinyaa?oueny i?i?iaeuei?noue ieiu? eiioaeoo ?aeaa?a c ianaaeiith eieiiith. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiith ? noa?e/ia oi?ia iai?aaeyth/i? /anoeie ?aeaa?a c ?aae?onii D?/2. I?e oeueiio ciaioo?oueny ieoiia eiioaeoia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iioee? iiaa?oi? eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ?o o?aca?oaaiiy ? ciaioaiiy eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy ia ieo ae?iaie ? onooi?a. Aeine?aeaeaii ieoaiiy aeai?o eiino?oeoe?e naa?aeeiaei c aeiaeaoeiaei noiaao?ii. Iieacaii, ui aeey ii?iaeueii? aenieoaoaoe?? oaeeo naa?aeeiaei e?eoa??? aeai?o eiino?oeoe?e iathoue aooe oaeeie ae, ye ? aeey iiaeo naa?aeeiaei. Aea ae??oaeueieie noathoue oiiae a?eueiiai nioneo aenieoaoaoe?eii? eieiie-“oainoiaeea” /a?ac ?nioth/o ianaaeio eieiio ? “a?eii” a i?e oa iayai?noue a?aeiia?aeieo oeii?ici???a aeie?o aeey ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a. Cacia/ai? oaeoi?e iaiaaeothoue ianyae a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei c aenieoaoaoe?eieie eieiiaie ae?aiao?ii 146; 139,7; 127 ? 114,3 ii. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia iaiao?aeii iaoe noiaao?, ae?aiao? yeiai a?eueoee a?ae aioo??oiueiai ae?aiao?a ianaaeii? eieiie, a ye?e ae??caia “a?eii”. Oiae? ae??oaeueiith noa? oiiaa a?eueiiai nioneo “oainoiaeea” /a?ac ?nioth/o ia-naaeio eieiio ? “a?eii”. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, noi?ioeueiaaii oiiao aeai?o eiino?oeoe?? “oainoiaeea”: doa = Damin - 2oamin (3.4) aea Damin — i?i?iaeueiee aioo??oi?e ae?aiao? ?nioth/i? ianaaeii? eieiie a ?ioa?aae? a?ae ae?ea aei “a?eia”; oamin — i?i?iaeueii aeiionoeiee caci? i?ae “oainoiaeeii” oa ianaaeiith eieiiith c ae?aiao?ii Damin . C oiiae (3.4) aeieeaa?, ui iioeiaeueieie ? eiino?oeoe?? “oainoiaee?a” ?c canoinoaaiiyi aacioooiaeo o?oa ii?iaeueiiai ?yaeo oeii?ici???a. Iaie ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeai?o ae?aiao?a “oainoiaeea” (oaae.3.1). Oaaeeoey 3.1. ?aeiiaiaeiaai? ae?aiao?e aacioooiaiai “oainoiaeea” caeaaeii a?ae ae?aiao?a ianaaeii? eieiie naa?aeeiaeie IanaaeiaD , ii114,3127139,7146168,3177,8193,7219,1244,5eieiia naa?aeei- aeie, ii (ia a?eueoa ye) 8 8 8 11 9 11 12 12 12“oainoi- aee”oa , ii (ia a?eueoa ye) 88,9 101,6 114,3 114,3 146 146 146 177,8 193,7 Aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e noi?ioeueiaaia oiiaa aeey aeai?o oeii?ici??o aeieioa aeey ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a : Dae · K? = Dn = doa 2n , (3.5 ) aea Dae — iiia?a/iee ?ici?? (ae?aiao?) aeieioa ; K? — eiao?oe??io ?icoe?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a. A oaae. 3.2 iaaaaeai? /eneia? cia/aiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo ae?aiao??a. Oaaeeoey 3.2. ?aeiiaiaeiaai? ae?aiao?e aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a caeaaeii a?ae ae?aiao?a aacioooiaiai “ oainoiaeea “ “Oainoiaee”doa , ii88,9101,6114,3127139,7146168,3177,8193,7I?i?iaeueiee e?eueoeaaee caci? n , ii 10 10 10 10 15 15 20 20 20I?i?iaeueiee ae?aiao? aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a Dn ,ii 100,9 121,6 134,3 147 169,7 176 208,3 217,8 233,7 Aeey oi?ioaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a caaeaieo ae?aiao??a ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe?th ?icoe?yth/iai aenoeaio?e/iiai eiiaoaaiai nooi?i/anoiai aeieioa oeio AeAEN (A.n. ?1731931, iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 16843). Aeieioi (?en. 3.3) ? iiiie?oiith eiino?oeoe??th ? neeaaea?oueny c ei?iona, yeee aeeth/a? a naaa i?eioio ? ?icoe?yth/i-eae?a?oth/o /anoeie. I?eioia /anoeia aeieioa oi?io? iai?yiie ao??iiy, a ?icoe?yth/i-eae?a?oth/a eiiaoue ae?iaey? ?aae?aeueia ?icoe?aiiy o naa?aeeiaei?. I?e oeueiio oi?io?oueny noiaao?, ae?aiao? yeiai aecia/a?oueny ?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy : Dc = dn + 2ae ; Dc = 2 Dae - dn . ( 3.6 ) Aeey ??cieo oiia ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? aeie?o oeii?ici???a AeAEN-114/146 ; 116/150; 139/ 180; 161/195; 190/230; 210/255 (aea /enaeueiee — iiia?a/iee ?ici?? aeieioa Dae, ii; ciaiaiiee — iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee ae?aiao? noiaao?a, ui oi?io?oueny aeieioii Dn, ii). C aeiaoiaeii aeie?o oeio AeAEN cia/ii ?icoe?eeenue ia?niaeoeae a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei c ae?aiao?ii aenieoaoaoe?eieo eieii 146 ; 139,7; 127; 114,3 ii. O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? i?eae?eaii oaaao i?iaeooaaiith i?io?e?a aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? caeiiii??iinoae i?e?iaeiiai aee?eaeaiiy o?a?eoi???. C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i aeayeo a?aei?ii?noue e?eoa???a ? iaoiaeeee i?iaeooaaiiy o ii??aiyii? c i?io?eyie iioeei-ni?yiiaaieo naa?aeeiaei. Oey a?aei?ii?noue aaco?oueny ia oiio, ui oaoiieia?/ii i?io?e? aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a iiaeooue neeaaeaoenue eeoa c ae?eyiie: iaai?o e?eaecie, noaa?e?caoe?? e?eaecie ? ai?eciioaeueii? ae?eyiee. Ae?eyiee niaaeo e?eaecie ? aa?oeeaeueiiai aoiaeaeaiiy a i?iaeoeoeaiee ai?eciio ? iaaeioe?eueieie. A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai ?ic?iaeaii oeiiaee ?yae i?io?e?a aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a ? iaa?oioiaai? oiiae aeey ?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iieneiai? ia?aa??ee oa ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaieo iniiaieo iaoiaee/ieo ? oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue. Ia`?eoaie, ia yeeo i?iaiaeeeenue i?iieneia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aoee: a) naa?aeeiaeie, ui ciaoiaeeeenue a ao??ii?, ia yeeo cae?enithaaeenue aei?iaoaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e aeie?o oeio AeAEN (na.?? 22, 120, 119, 121-Oaia?c); a) aaa??ei?, e?ea?aeiaai? ? aacae?th/? naa?aeeiaeie, ia yeeo cae?enithaaeenue ?iaioe c ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a: — a ianaaei?e eieii? 244,5 ii (na. ? 34-Aoa?oaao?anueea, ? 2A-Iao?ai — Oaaeaeeeenoai); — a aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? 168,3 ii (na. ? 21-?aae/aie?anueea); — a aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? 146 ii ( na.? ? 70, 69, 42, 39-Ai?aeeioe?anueea, ?5137 eoua ? 237 I?ai?/iee Aa?eiaai, Cao?aeiee Nea??). Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeinoia??i?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ? ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaaeiino? a = f (a, Da ,d ,EI ). O na. ? 34-Aoa?oaao?anueea /a?ac “a?eii” a ?ioa?aae? 1225,38 - 1227,98 i ( a = 2,6 i) c aeiiiiiaith EIAE: III-215,9 NO-AA, IAO-178 — 70 i aoei aeinyaiooi oaeoe/ii? ii/aoeiai? e?eaecie: 1230 i - 6030; 1235i - 6015; 1240i - 6030 i?e ?ic?aooieiaiio a = 6030. O na. ? 2A Iao?ai /a?ac “a?eii” a = 4,5 i c aeei?enoaiiyi aiaeia?/ii? EIAE iaea?aeaee oaeoe/iee ii/aoeiaee eoo caao?thaaiiy a = 40 (2555 i) i?e ?ic?aooieiaiio 30 45 . O na. ? 42-Ai?aeeioe?anueea /a?ac “a?eii” a = 2,5 i c aeiiiiiaith EIAE: AeAEN 116/150, IAO- 89-83 i iaea?aeaee oaeoe/iee ii/aoeiaee eoo caao?thaaiiy = 30 (1710 i) i?e ?ic?aooieiaiio 30. A oeeo naa?aeeiaeiao aoee oni?oii niouai? ianaaei? eieiie a?aeiia?aeii: na. ? 34 — 168,3 ii; na. ? 2A — 193,7ii; na. ?42 — 114,3 ii. Aeiaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue eiino?oeoe?? o?eieiueiiiai eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c aeai?o EIAE aeey ae??caiiy “a?eia” a i?ii?aei?e eieii? 244,5ii (na. ? 34-Aoa?oaao?anueea, ? 2A-Iao?ai) ? aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? 146ii (na. ? 5137 eoua ? 237 I?ai?/iee Aa?eiaai, na. ?? 69, 70-Ai?aeeioe?anuee?). Ca oa?aeoa?ii iacia/iiai ni?aoethaaiiy oaa?aeinieaaieo ieanoei AE-8 oi?ie A-25 a ica?i?ii? iai?aaeyth/i? /anoeie ?aeaa?a 190ii i?ney 15 aiaeei i?iaeoeoeaii? ?iaioe ii o?aca?oaaiith 2,8 i “a?eia” a ianaaei?e eieii? 244,5ii (a?oia i?oeiino? ?-110 c oiaueiith no?iee = 11,05 ii) aeiaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue eiino?oeoe?? ?aeaa?a c noa?iiiae?aiith iai?aaeyth/ith /anoeiith (na. ? 2A-Iao?ai). Aeiaaaeaii (na.? 21 ?aae/aie?anueea, ? 5137 I?ai?/iee Aa?eiaai), ui aeei?enoaiiy a EIAE iaae ?aeaa?ii ao?eeueieo o?oa aac IAO nooo?ai cieaeo? eiia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy aaa??eieo neooaoe?e ? caaacia/o? oni?oi?noue aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe?? ii ae??caiith “a?eia”. C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeie?o oeio AeAEN aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?icoe?aiiai noiaao?a naa?aeeiaeie. Aeieioaie AeAEN-210/255 iaea?aeaii ae?aiao? noiaao?a 240-255ii (na.? ? 22, 120,119,121-Oaia?c ia aeeaei? 4230-4345 i), a aeieoaie AeAEN-116/150 — ae?aiao? 140-160ii (na. ?? 42, 39, 69, 70-Ai?aeeioe?anuee?). Ia oeeo naa?aeeiaeiao aoee oni?oii niouai? ? ye?nii caoeaiaioiaai? “oainoiaeee”: 193,7ii /a?ac i?ii?aeio eieiio 244,5 ii (Oaia?c) ? 114,3 ii /a?ac aenieoaoaoe?eio eieiio 146 ii (Ai?aeeioe?). Aeinyaioo? iieacieee ?iaioe aeie?o iaaeeaeathoueny aei iieaciee?a a?aeiia?aeieo oeii?ici???a o?eoa?ioeiaeo aeie?o (iaeaeu? iieacieee aeinyaioo? i?e ao??ii? a i`yeeo ? na?aaeiuei? oaa?aeino? ii?iaeao). Aeieioa oeio AeAEN ? aaa??eii aacia/iei ? aoaeoeaiei ii?iaei?oei?aiei ?ino?oiaioii aeey ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a a aenieoaoaoe?eieo eieiiao. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aeai?o EIAE aeey ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a ? caaacia/aiiy ii/aoeiaiai eooa caao?thaaiiy a i?e ?ioi?iiio niinia? ao??iiy ( na. ? 34-Aoa?oaao?anueea, na. ? 2A-Iao?ai , na. ? 42-Ai?aeeioe?anueea). EIAE: aeieioi AeAEN-116/150, IAO-93 caaacia/othoue noaa?e?caoe?th aai iaei?ioaineaiee iaa?? e?eaecie i?e ao??ii? aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a (na. ? 42-Ai?aeeioe?anueea). Ia na. ?? 70, 69, 42, 39-Ai?aeeioe?anuee? ? na.? 26-I?eeooeueea i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue e??ieaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a aacioooiaeie “oainoiaeeaie” 114,3ii a aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? 146ii. Cai?iiiiiaai? ?ic?iaee ?aeiiaiaeothoueny aeey oe?ieiai i?iieneiaiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. INIIAI? AENIIAEE O aeai?e ?iaio? aaeineiiaeaii a?aeii? oa ?ic?iaeaii iia? iaoiaeeee, oaoiieia?? ? oaoi?/i? caniae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaeaiiy aaa??eieo, e?ea?aeiaaieo ? aacae?th/eo naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a /a?ac "a?eii" a ianaaei?e eieii?. Iaea?eueo aaaeeea? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe??: 1. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei aaa??eiino? oa oneeaaeiaiue i?e caao?thaaii? aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a ? iaaeinoaoiy iaa?oioiaai?noue i?iaeoieo oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue. Cai?iiiiiaai? a aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaee noaiiaeyoue aaco aeey iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?. 2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a o naa?aeeiaei? /a?ac "a?eii" a ianaaei?e eieii?, yea aaco?oueny ia aecia/aii? neeiaeo oaeoi??a, ui ae?thoue ia eieiio o?oa i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? /a?ac "a?eii" c a?aooaaiiyi aaiiao?e/ieo ? i?oei?nieo ia?aiao??a o?oa, aeiaaeeie "a?eia" oa eooa iiai?ioo eieiie o?oa i?e aeoiae? c "a?eia". Io?eiaii ooieoe?iiaeuei? caeaaeiino? neeiaeo oaeoi??a, aeiaaeeie "a?eia", aeiaaeeie aeaiooi? /anoeie eieiie o?oa o "a?ei?" oa iai?oaeaiue caeio a o?e? o?oa a?ae aaee/eie eooa iiai?ioo eieiie o?oa i?e aeoiae? c "a?eia" aeey iniiaieo oeii?ici???a ianaaeieo eieii. Aeine?aeaeai? caeiiii??iino? oeeo caeaaeiinoae ? aeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ?o i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy. 3. Ia aac? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo, yea aeicaiey? ca caaeaiei ii/aoeiaei i?iaeoiei eooii caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a aecia/aoe iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e "a?eia" a ianaaei?e eieii? oa EIAE aeey ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a, a oaeiae ioe?ithaaoe oiiae i?io?aeiino? ianaaeieo o?oa /a?ac "a?eii" i?e e??ieaii? aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a. Aecia/aii a?aie/ii aeiionoei? ii/aoeia? eooe caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a o caeaaeiino? a?ae a?oie i?oeiino? iaoa??aeo o?oa EIAE aeey ao??iiy oa ianaaeieo o?oa aeey e??ieaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a (a?ae 6i — a?oia i?oeiino? Ae aei 10i — a?oia i?oeiino? ?) oa ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th oeiiaeo i?io?e?a aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a. 4. Io?eiaii aca?iii ca’ycai? caeaaeiino? aeey iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?? ae??caiiy “a?eia”, eiino?oeoe?e eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a, ?aeaa?a ? EIAE c a?aooaaiiyi aeiaaeeie “a?eia” oa neeiaeo oaeoi??a, ui aeieeathoue i?e aca?iiae?? ?aeaa?a c ianaaeiith eieiiith ? eeeiiaei a?aeoeethaa/ai. Aeey cieaeaiiy eiia??iino? aaa??eiino? oa ciaioaiiy aieiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue ia ?iai/? i?aaie ?aeaa?a i?e eiioaeo? c eeeiiaei a?aeoeethaa/ai ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny a EIAE iaae ?aeaa?ii canoiniaoaaoe o?oae c i?i?iaeueii iiaeeeaei ae?aiao?ii oa aei?noe?noth, ia?o ca ana — ao?eeuei? o?oae. 5. ?ic?iaeaii iiao (aeiao?ae) o?eieiueiio eiino?oeoe?th eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a c aa?oiueith ? ieaeiueith iioeeeie oa na?aaeiueith aa?oeeaeueiith ieiueiaie, yea caaacia/o? aeinyaiaiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae??caiiy "a?eia" a ianaaei?e eieii? oa iaoiaeeeo i?iaeooaaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a a?aeoeethaa/a, ?aeaa?a ? EIAE ca oiiae i?i?iaeueiino? o?aca?oaaiiy iiaa?oi? eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a oa ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoieo ia?aiao??a “a?eia”. Aeiaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue eiino?oeoe?? ?aeaa?a c noa?e/iith iai?aaeyth/ith /anoeiith. 6. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee (aeiao?ae) oei ii?iaei?oei?aiiai ?ino?oiaioo aeey ao??iiy ?icoe?aiiai noiaao?a naa?aeeiaeie — aenoeaio?e/ia eiiaoaaa nooi?i/anoa aeieioi (AeAEN) oa iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo eiai aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a. Eiino?oeoe?y aeieioa ? aaa??eii aacia/iith ? caaacia/o? aac aeiaeaoeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e oi?ioaaiiy noiaao?a c ae?aiao?ii. sseee ia?aaeuo? ae?aiao? naiiai aeieioa, ui cia/ii i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue oa ye?noue e??ieaiiy i?iao?aiiai noiaao?a. 7. Cai?iiiiiaaii iioeiaeueiee ?yae eiino?oeoe?e naa?aeeiaei c aeiaeaoeiaei noiaao?ii a eiiieaen? c aeieioaie AeAEN ? aacioooiaeie "oainoiaeeaie", ui cia/ii ?icoe?th? iiaeeea? ianyae oa ye?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei c aenieoaoaoe?eieie eieiiaie ae?aiao?ii 114,3; 127; 139,7; 146 ii. Ia i?aeoeoe? aeiaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue e??ieaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a aacioooiaeie "oainoiaeeaie" ae?aiao?ii 114,3 ii a aenieoaoaoe?eieo eieiiao ae?aiao?ii 146 ii. 8. A?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii? ? ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii i?aeaeuaiiy iaooiaaciaeaeiaooeo a Oe?a?i?. Ca noaiii ia 01.06.1999 ?. c 11 a?aeiiaeaieo naa?aeeiaei o AAO “Oe?iaooa” aeaeiaooi 13,8 oen.o iaooe ? 4,2 iei.i3 iaooiaiai aaco oa iaea?aeaii i?eaooie ca ?o ?aae?caoe?th o ?ici??? 3,5 iei. a?i. A na?aaeiueiio cao?aoe ia a?aeiiaeaiiy iaei??? naa?aeeiaeie noaiiaeyoue 127 ae?a ? ioe?iththoueny 348 oen.a?i. INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? II ?IAIO? 1. E?aioeueeee I.A. Oeyoe iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noaie?a a aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? //Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue. — 1997. — ? 3. — N. 17-18. 2 E?aioeueeee I.A. Aea?? e?eoa???a aeey i?iaeooaaiiy eiino?oeoe?? naa?aeeiaeie c aeiaeaoeiaei noaieii // Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue. -1997. -?5 . — N.18 -19. 3 E?aioeueeee I.A., Nooai A.N. Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? iioeei ni?yiiaaieo naa?aeeiaei //Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue. — 1999. —? 2. — N. 35 -37. 4 Eeaioeeee I.A., Ae?aiea? A.E., Niu/eianeay I.I., Aeiy?neee ?.A. ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ao?aieth iaeeiiii-iai?aaeaiiuo neaaaeei ia Noiaeieoeeie ieiuaaee //Na?ey No?ieoaeuenoai iaooyiuo e aaciauo neaaaeei ia nooa e ia ii?a. Yeni?ann-eioi?iaoeey. — Iineaa: AIEEIYIA, 1990. — Aui. 11.— N. 9 -16. 5 Aeiy?neee ?.A., Eeaioeeee I.A., Aaee/ei I.I., Ai?oiee I.ss. Auai? i?ioeeae iaeeiiii-iai?aaeaiiuo neaaaeei ia Noiaeieoeeie ieiuaaee //Aaieiaey, ao?aiea e ?ac?aaioea iaooyiuo ianoi?iaeaeaiee Oe?aeiu e Aaea?onnee. — Eeaa: Oe?aei?iieeiaooue .— 1985 .— N. 99 -105. 6 A.n. ? 1470925 NNN?, IEE A21A 7/ 08. Eeeiiaie ioeeiieoaeue /?.A. Ae-iy?neee, I.A.Eeaioeeee, E.A. Aoeaoia., A.O. A?aiaiei —? 4288333/23-03; Cayaeaii 22.07.87; Iioae. 07.04.89, Athe. ? 13 . — 3 n. 7 A.n. ? 1731931 NNN?, IEE A21A 10/24. Aeieioi aeey a?auaoaeueiiai ao?aiey /A.O. A?aiaiei, ss.A. Eoioeye, I.A. Eeaioeeee, I.E. Eaueineay. — ? 4699824/03; Cayaeaii 02.06.89; Iioae. 07.02.92, Athe. ? 17, — 4 n. 8 Iao. ? 16843 Oe?a?ia, A 21 A 10/24. Aeieioi aeey iaa?oiaiai ao??iiy /A.O. ??aiaiei, ss.A. Eoioeye, I.A. E?aioeueeee, IE. E?ueinueea .— ? 173191/31 (4699824/ SU); Cayaeaii 02.06.89; Iioae. 29.08.97, Athe. ? 4. 9 E?aioeueeee I.A. Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei iaoiaeii caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noaie?a //Iaooa ? aac Oe?a?ie. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (Iaoa??aee 5-? I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? “ Iaooa - Aac Oe?a?ie - 98”, Iieoaaa , 15-17 aa?aniy 1998?.). — Oii 2. — Iieoaaa: OIAA. — 1998. — N. 109-110. 10 E?aioeueeee I.A. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noaie?a a aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? //Iaooa ? aac Oe?a?ie, Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (Iaoa??aee 5-? I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iaooa - Aac Oe?a?ie - 98”, Iieoaaa , 15-17 aa?aniy 1998?.). - Oii 2.— Iieoaaa: OIAA. — 1998. — N. 110-111. 11.Oaoiieiae/aneee ?aaeaiaio ia ca?aceo ?ioi?iei niiniaii, i?iaiaeeo e e?aieaiea aoi?iai noaiea a neaaaeeiao n yenieoaoaoeeiiiie eieiiiie 146 ii n oeaeueth ane?uoey i?iaeoeoeaiiai ieanoa ia ?ac?aaaouaaaiii Aiaaeeioeaaneii iaooyiii ianoi?iaeaeaiee: Ooa. II “Oe?iaooue” 19.12.86: N?ie aeaenoaey onoaiiaeai n 01.01.87 /Nino. A.O. A?aiaiei, I.E. Eaueineay, I.E. Iaoueeoi, I.A. Eeaioeeee.— Eeaa: Oe?aei?iieeiaooue, 1986. — 42 n. 12. Eino?oeoeey ii ao?aieth iaeeiiii-iai?aaeaiiuo neaaaeei ii i?ino?ainoaaiiui i?ioeeyi n eniieueciaaieai caeiiiia?iinoae anoanoaaiiiai ene?eaeaiey ia ieiuaaeyo I?eea?iaouey: Ooa. II ”Oe?iaooue” 09.12.85: N?ie aeaenoaey onoaiiaeai n 01.01.86 /Nino. O.I. Aiaeia?oe, I.I. Aaee/ei, ?.A. Aeiy?neee, I.A. Eeaioeeee, TH.Ae. Eaieaiei, A.E. Ae?aiea?.— Eeaa: Oe?aei?iieeiaooue, 1986. — 35 n. AIIOAOe?ss E?aioeueeee I.A. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaei caao-?thaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.10 — Ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei. — ?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a /a?ac “a?eii” a ianaaei?e eieii?, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaia ?aae?caoe?y i?iaeoiiai ii/aoeiaiai eooa ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aeiaaeeie “a?eia” ? aeai?o iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a, ?aeaa??a, EIAE aeey ae??caiiy “a?eia” a ianaaei?e eieii? ? ao??iiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? eiino?oeoe?? o?eieiueiiiai eeeiiaiai a?aeoeethaa/a, noa?e/iiai ?aeaa?a ? ?icoe?yth/iai aenoeaio?e/iiai eiiaoaaiai nooi?i/anoiai aeieioa AeAEN, eeaneo?eaoe?y i?io?e?a aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeai?o eiino?oeoe?? naa?aeeiaei c aeiaeaoeiaei noiaao?ii, ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo ii/aoeiaeo eoo?a caao?thaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo noiaao??a. ?aae?ciaaia iiaeeea?noue ye?niiai e??ieaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai noiaao?a “oainoiaeeii” 114,3 ii a aenieoaoaoe?ei?e eieii? 146 ii. An? ?ic?iaee i?ieoee i?iieneiao ai?iaaoe?th. Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?aeiiaeaiiy naa?aeeiaeie, aeiaeaoeiaee noiaao?, ianaaeia eieiia, eeeiiaee a?aeoeethaa/, “a?eii”, ?aeaa?, eoo caao?thaaiiy, aeieioi, eiino?oeoe?y naa?aeeiaei, i?io?eue noiaao?a. AIIIOAOeEss Eeaioeeee I.A. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiaee ainnoaiiaeaiey neaaaeei caao?eaaieai aeiiieieoaeueiuo noaieia. — ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.10 — Ao?aiea neaaaeei, Eaaii-O?aieianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao iaooe e aaca, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1999. ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna caao?eaaiey aeiiieieoaeueiiai noaiea /a?ac “ieii” a ianaaeiie eieiiia, eioi?ay aace?oaony ia ii?aaeaeaiee neeiauo oaeoi?ia, eioi?ua aeaenoaotho ia eieiiio o?oa i?e i?ioiaeaeaiee /a?ac “ieii” n o/aoii aaiiao?e/aneeo e i?i/iinoiuo ia?aiao?ia o?oa, aeeeiu “ieia” e oaea iiai?ioa eieiiiu o?oa i?e auoiaea ec “ieia”. iieo/aiu ooieoeeiiaeueiua caaeneiinoe neeiauo oaeoi?ia, aeeeiu “ieia”, aeeeiu iciaiooie /anoe eieiiiu o?oa a “ieia” e iai?yaeaiee ecaeaa a oaea o?oa io aaee/eiu oaea iiai?ioa eieiiiu o?oa i?e auoiaea ec “ieia” aeey iniiaiuo oeii?acia?ia ianaaeiuo eieiii. Enneaaeiaaiu caeiiiia?iinoe yoeo caaeneiinoae. Ia aaca iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea, eioi?ay iicaieyao ca caaeaiiui ia/aeueiui i?iaeoiui oaeii caao?eaaiey aeiiieieoaeueiiai noaiea ii?aaeaeyoue iioeiaeueiua ia?aiao?u "“eia"”a ianaaeiie eieiiia e EIAE aeey ao?aiey aeiiieieoaeueiiai noaiea, a oaeaea ioeaieaaoue oneiaey i?ioiaeaeaiey ianaaeiuo o?oa /a?ac "ieii" i?e e?aieaiee aeiiieieoaeueiiai noaiea. Ii?aaeaeaiu i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua ia/aeueiua oaeu caao?eaaiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo noaieia a caaeneiinoe io a?oiiu i?i/iinoe iaoa?eaea o?oa EIAE aeey ao?aiey e ianaaeiuo o?oa aeey e?aieaiey aeiiieieoaeueiiai noaiea (io 6i — a?oiia i?i/iinoe Ae, aei 10i — a?oiia i?i/iinoe ?) Iieo/aiu acaeiii naycaiiua caaeniinoe aeey iioeiecaoeee oaoiieiaee au?acaiey “ieia”, eiino?oeoeey eeeiiaiai ioeeiieoaey, ?aeaa?a e EIAE n o/aoii aeeeiu “ieia” e neeiauo oaeoi?ia, eioi?ua aicieeatho i?e acaeiiaeaenoaee ?aeaa?a n ianaaeiie eieiiiie e eeeiiaui ioeeiieoaeai. ?ac?aaioaia iiaay (ecia?aoaiea) o?ueioieinoeinoiay eiino?oeoeey eeeiiaiai ioeeiieoaey n aa?oiae e ieaeiae iaeeiiiuie e n?aaeiae aa?oeeaeueiie ieineinoyie, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao aeinoeaeaiea iioeiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna au?acaiey “ieia”, a oaeaea iaoiaeeea i?iaeoe?iaaiey aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ioeeiieoaey, ?aeaa?a e EIAE ec oneiaee ieieiaeueiinoe o?aca?iaaiey ieineinoe eeeiiaiai ioeeiieoaey e ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoiuo ia?aiao?ia “ieia”. aeey oiaiueoaiey oaeaeueiuo eiioaeoiuo iaa?ocie ia iaeeiiiua ieineinoe ioeeiieoaey e iiauoaiey ?ooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeanna au?acaiey “ieia” ?ac?aaioaia iiaay eiino?oeoeey ?aeaa?a ni noa?e/aneei iai?aaeythuei o/anoeii. ?ac?aaioai iiaue (ecia?aoaiea) oei ii?iaei?ac?ooathuaai eino?oiaioa aeey ao?aiey ?anoe?aiiiai noaiea neaaaeeiu — yenoeaio?e/iia eiianoiia nooiai/anoia aeieioi AeYEN e iaoiaeeeo ?ann/aoa aai aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia. Eiino?oeoeey aeieioa iiiieeoiay, aaa?eeii aaciianoiay e iaania/eaaao aac aeiiieieoaeueiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee oi?ie?iaaiea noaiea n aeeaiao?ii, eioi?ue i?aauoaao aeeaiao? naiiai aeieioa. I?iiuoeaiiua eniuoaiey i?ioee aeieioa AeYEN-116/150 e 210/255. I?aaeeiaeai iioeiaeueiue ?yae eiino?oeoeee neaaaeei n aeiiieieoaeueiui noaieii a eiiieaena n aeieioaie AeYEN e aacioooiauie “oainoiaeeaie”, /oi cia/eoaeueii ?anoe?yao aiciiaeiua iauaiu e ea/anoai ainnoaiiaeaiey neaaaeei n yenieoaoaoeeiiiuie eieiiiaie 114,3; 127; 139,7; 146 ii. Ia i?aeoeea aeiaaaeaia yooaeoeaiinoue e?aieaiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo noaieia aacioooiauie “oainoiaeeaie” 114,3 ii a yenieoaoaoeeiiiie eieiiia 146 ii. ?ac?aaioaia eeanneoeeaoeey oeiiauo i?ioeeae aeiiieieoaeueiuo noaieia e aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eo auai?o a caaeneiinoe io eiie?aoiuo oneiaee. I?aaeeiaeaiiua oai?aoe/aneea, iaoiaee/aneea, oaoie/aneea e oaoiieiae/aneea ?ac?aaioee ai?iae?iaaiu ia iaooaaaciauo ianoi?iaeaeaieyo IAI “Oe?iaooue”, Eacaonoaia, Oaaeaeeeenoaia e Caiaaeiie Neae?e, aeaee iieiaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou e ?aeiiaiaeothony aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaio ii caao?eaaieth aeiiieieoaeueiuo noaieia. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainnoaiiaeaiea neaaaeeiu, aeiiieieoaeueiue noaie, ianaaeiay eieiiia, eeeiiaie ioeeiieoaeue, “ieii”, ?aeaa?, oaie caao?eaaiey, aeieioi, eiino?oeoeey neaaaeeiu, i?ioeeue noaiea. A B S T R A C T Ligotskiy N.V. The Improvement of Well Recovery Technique by Cased Hole Sidetracking. — Typescript. Thesis for a Candidate Degree in speciality 05.15.10. - Well Drilling, Ivano-Frankivsk State Technical University of Oil and Gas, 1999. There has been worked out the mathematical model of cased hole sidetracking technology through the casing “window” based on using the planned initial side hole drilling angle. There have been devised the methods of computation of “window” length and selection of optimal parameters of whipstock, reamer mill, BPDS for cutting the “window” in casing and sidetracking. There have been suggested the new designs of three-plane whipstock, spherical reamer mill and eccentric blade stage drill bit for underreaming, classification of side holes”pro-files, criteria and recommendations for selection of well designs with side hole.There have been computed the values of top admissible, initial sidetracking angles. There has been used the possibility of qualitative lining of sidehole by means of liner dia.114,3mm in flow string dia.146mm. All elaborations were commercially approved. Key words: well recovery, sidehole, casing (string), whipstock, ”window”, reamer (reaming) mill, sidetracking angle, drill bit, well design, borehole profile.

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