Універбація в українській мові: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / І.М. Думчак, Прикарпат. ун-т ім. В.Стефаника. — Івано-Франківськ, 1998. — 16 с. —

I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 808.3-54

AeOI*AE ?AAI IEOAEEIAE*

OI?AA?AAOe?ss A OE?A?INUeE?E IIA?

10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae

I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Y?auoe Aaneeue
Aaneeueiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Cae?aanueea
ss?ineaaa Aanee?aia, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo oe?a?inueei? iiae ?inoeoooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i.?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie

– eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Oea?oe Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
oe?a?inueei? iiae

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 29 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 09.03.02 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e
I?eea?iaonueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea (284001,
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe.Oaa/aiea, 57).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 28 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
I.ss.Oeoe?anueea

?icaeoie eaene/iiai neeaaeo iiae iieyaa? ia eeoa a iiya? iiaeo
iaeiaioaaiue ia iicia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ia’?eo?a ae?eniino?, aea ? a
oaeineiiaeaii? e ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? iaeeieoeue iii?iaoe??, iaeiei ?c
aeya?a /iai ? i?ioeane oi?aa?aaoe??, nea?iaai? ia ia?aoai?aiiy
caeaa?eueoiai aeaieiiiiiaioii? no?eei? iacae a iaeiine?aia iaeiaioaaiiy
– neiai-oi?aa?a. Oaiaeaioe?y aei oi?aa?aaoe?? – oea ?aae?caoe?y iaeiiai
?c caaaeueieo caeii?a ?icaeoeo eaeneee, ui iieyaa? a iiaeieaii?
aioo??oiuei? noia?a/iino? i?ae ?aei?noth cia/aiiy ? ?ic/eaiiaai?noth
eiai oi?ie. Oi?aa?aaoe?ei? i?ioeane ni?yiiaai? ia aa?eo?eaoe?th oaea
iayaieo iii?iaoe?e.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieeaa? ?c aaaeeeaino? yaeu
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eiii?an?? ?ic/eaiiaaieo iii?iaoeaieo iaeeieoeue a
iaeiine?ai? iaeiaioaaiiy aeey c’ynoaaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo e
ooieoe?iioaaiiy eaene/iiai neeaaeo iiae. Aeooaeuei?noue oaie coiiaeaia
iaiao?aei?noth eiiieaeniiai iiiia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?aa?aaoe??,
yea a no/ani?e e?iaa?noeoe? ua ia ciaeoei iaeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy ?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaiaeiicia/i?noth iaoeiai-e?iaa?noe/ieo
?ioa?i?aoaoe?e.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aeyaeaii? e iien? oi?aa?aaoe?? a
oe?a?inuee?e iia?, o anoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ia?aoiaeo no?eeeo
iaeiaioaaiue a iaeiine?ai? aea?eaaoe-oi?aa?ae.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo caaaeaiue:

– iie?ath/enue ia ?nioth/? o e?iaa?noeoe? iiaeyaee ia oi?aa?aaoe?ei?
i?ioeane, ia??oiooaaoe eaeneei-neiaioa??io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th oi?aa?aaoe??
ye i?ioeano noai?aiiy oe?e?niiioi?ieaieo iaeiaioaaiue ?c ?ic/eaiiaaieo
iii?iaoe?e;

– aeyaeoe e iienaoe caeiiii??iino? oi?aa?aaoe?? ye i?ioeanoaeueiiai
yaeua;

– aeine?aeeoe niiniae oi?ioaaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai ? aeeoa?aioe?eiiai
eiiiiiaio?a oi?aa?aa;

– aecia/eoe oeie neiainiieo/aiue, ye? iioaioe?eii caciathoue
oi?aa?aaoe??;

– anoaiiaeoe iniiai? niiniae o?ainoi?iaoe?? neeaaeaieo iaeiaioaaiue o
iaeiine?ai? iii?iaoe??-oi?aa?ae;

– aeyaeoe iicaiiai? oa iiai? i?e/eie oi?aa?aaoe??, aeine?aeeoe
i?aaiaoe/io oe?ii?noue iiaeo iii?iaoe?e-eiiaeainao?a o no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycaia c iaoeiaith i?iaeaiaoeeith eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A. Noaoaieea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa?
a oiio, ui a i?e oia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? eiiieaenii
aeine?aeaeaii yaeua oi?aa?aaoe??, cie?aia ocaaaeueiaii oai?aoe/i?
canaaee c’ynoaaiiy i?e?iaee oi?aa?aaoe??, aecia/aii oeie no?eeeo
iioeaoth/eo neiainiieo/aiue, ia iniia? yeeo a?aeaoaathoueny
oi?aa?aaoe?ei? ia?aoai?aiiy; anoaiiaeaii neiaioai?/? iaoai?cie, ui
i?ecaiaeyoue aei ooai?aiiy eiiaeainao?a-oi?aa?a?a; aeyaeaii naiaioe/i?,
neiaioa??i? oa noee?noe/i? iniaeeaino? oi?aa?a?a.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeea oeeaaeaia ea?oioaea oi?aa?a?a,
cao?eniaaieo a iaeeiaaeoeyoeoiiiiio Neiaieeo oe?a?inueei? iiae,
oanoeoiiiiio Oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeiio neiaieeo, o?eoiiiiio
?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeiio neiaieeo, ae?aeaeoieo neiaieeao, ooaeiaei?o
oai?ao oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, ioae?oeenoeoe? oa a oniiio iiaeaii?.
Iaoa??aeii aeey aiae?co noaee oaeiae iaeiine?ai? eiiaeainaoe,
cao?eniaai? o ?iciiaiiio iiaeaii?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ??
aeniiaee e ocaaaeueiaiiy caaaa/othoue iiiian?ieia?th oe?a?inueei? iiae,
cie?aia ni?eythoue iiaeeaeaith ciaiue i?i eiioi?eaoeaii-ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iaoai?cie aoi?eiieo (oi?aa?a?ciaaieo) iii?iaoe?e, niiniae ? caniae
oai?aiiy eiiaeainao?a, ?ieue i?aaiaoe/iiai /eiieea a iiya? oaeeo iaca.
Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy iathoue oe?ii?noue aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie
eaeneeia?ao?/ii? o?enaoe?? iiaeaii?aeo ooai?aiue c? noaoonii oi?aa?aa ?
iie?ioaiiy neiaieeiaeo aeao?i?oe?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee
oai?aoe/ieo i?aoeue ?c ooieoe?iiaeueii? aea?eaaoieia??, iiiian?ieia??,
eaeneeieia??, eaeneeia?ao??, noee?noeee. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ciaeaeooue canoinoaaiiy o aoc?anueeeo eo?nao ?c eaeneee ?
neiaioai?o oa o a?aeiia?aeieo i?ae?o/ieeao ? iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaee eiiieaeniee oa?aeoa?. Aeei?enoaiee iaie
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iee aiae?c caaacia/o? a?aooaaiiy ?ie? iioeaoth/i?
iniiae ? neiaioai?/eo oi?iaio?a i?e oai?aii? oi?aa?a?a. Aeey aeyniaiiy
aeaiaio?a, ui aa?ooue o/anoue a ooai?aii? oi?aa?aa, aeei?enoiaoaaeanue
iaoiaeeea eiiiiiaioiiai aiae?co. ?aaeuei?noue ni?a?nioaaiiy aeo?aeii? ?
?acoeueoaoeaii? iaeeieoeue oi?aa?aaoe??, ?o ?aoa?aioia ?aeaioe/i?noue ?
ia?aaeoaaiiy iieniai? iii?iaoeaii? iaeeieoe? oi?aa?ao anoaiiaethaaeany
ia iniia? oaenoiaiai aiae?co. O iaaeao c?a?aiiai iaoa??aeo
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue noaoenoe/i? i?ae?aooiee aeey aecia/aiiy a?aeiinii?
/anoioiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo yaeu.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao oa ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1995-1998). C oaiaoeee aeena?oaoe??
aeaieioaii aeiiia?ae? ia V I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
„Naiaioeea iiae ? oaenoo” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996), ia iaoeiaeo
?aa?iiaeueieo /eoaiiyo „Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy oe?a?inueeiai iiaiciaanoaa”,
i?enay/aieo 90-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a ?aaia Eiaaeeea
(Euea?a, 1997), ia XVII ae?aeaeoieia?/i?e ia?aae? „Iai’yo? i?ioani?a
Ieaene Ai?aa/a” (Ee?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. I?iaeaiaoeeo aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeaii o 5
ioae?eaoe?yo caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,2 ae?. a?e.

NO?OEOO?A ? CI?NO ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? ? aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
aecia/a?oueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaco?oueny ia
i?aeoe/ia oa oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, ?? iaoeiao iiaecio.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – „Oi?aa?aaoe?y, oi?aa?a: i?iaeaia ?ioa?i?aoaoe??” –
c’yniaothoueny oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie oi?aa?aaoe?? oa ?? ca’ycie c ?ioeie
iiaieie yaeuaie o i?ioeanao iaeiaioaaiiy, cae?eniaii e?eoe/iee aiae?c
??cieo iiaeyae?a ia oi?aa?aaoe?ei? i?ioeane.

O neia’yinueea iiaicianoai oa?i?i „oi?aa?aaoe?y” aa?a I.A. ?na/aiei,
aeei?enoiaoth/e ia?aeaeueii oa?i?i-neiii?i „naiaioe/ia eiiaeainaoe?y”.
?icaeyaeath/e i?ioe??//y i?ae ?ic/eaiiaai?noth oi?ie iaeiaioaaiiy ?
?aei?noth iicia/oaaiiai i?aaeiaoa aeoiee, a/aiee-e?iaa?no iaiaaa?oueny
iieacaoe, ui „ao?aoa oi?iaeueii? ? naiaioe/ii? ?ic/eaiiaaiino?
iaeiaioaaiiy ? iaeiei ?c iniiaieo caeii?a ?icaeoeo eaeneee acaaae?”.
I?ioeane, iia’ycai? c? ao?aoith naiaioe/ii? ?ic/eaiiaaiino? iii?iaoe?e,
a?i iaceaa? ”naiaioe/iith eiiaeainaoe??th”.

C /ano iiyae i?aoe? I.A.?na/aiea aeeoei /eiaei aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?enay/aieo ?icaeyaeo i?ioean?a oi?aa?aaoe??. ??ciiiai?oi?noue
i?aeoiae?a uiaei oeoia/aiiy oi?aa?aaoe?eieo i?ioean?a iiaeia caanoe aei
oaeeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e. O oe?ieiio cia/aii? oi?aa?aaoe?y ?icoi??oueny
acaaae? ye iniiaa ?icoe?aiiy neiaieeiaiai neeaaeo iiae, ye aeaea?aei
oai?aiiy aea?eaao?a iii?iaoeaiiai neiaioai?o. Iiyao aoaeue-yeiai
iio?aeiiai ?icaeyaeathoue ye o?ainoi?iaoe?th ?icai?iooi? neioaene/ii?
eiino?oeoe?? (ia?eo?ace aea?eaaoa) a iaeiine?aia iaeiaioaaiiy –
neiai-oi?aa?a. Oeae i?aeo?ae ?ai?acaioothoue e?iaa?noe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
I.N. Eoa?yeiai?, E.A. Naoa?iiai, A.A. Ia?oeiiaa, E.I. Io?c?ia oa ?i.
Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue oeeo o/aieo aenooia? neioaene/iee
(aeao?i?oe?eiee) neiaioa??, ca yeiai iiaa iaeeieoey iioeao?oueny ia
iiiyooyi (neiaii /e neiainiieo/aiiyi), a noaeaeaiiyi, aeneiaethaaiiyi,
ui i?noyoue aeao?i?oe?th a?aeiia?aeiiai i?aaeiaoa o aeaeyae?
i?aaeeeaoeaii? eiino?oeoe?? – ?a/aiiy. Iaoiaeeea oaeiai iiiyoo?aiai
aiae?co ??oioo?oueny ia ?nioaaii? ae?acii? aiaeia?? i?ae no?oeoo?ith
aea?eaaoa ? no?oeoo?ith iioeaoth/i? neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe??.
„Neioaenenoe” aeine?aeaeothoue neiai-eiiaeainao ia ??cieo ??aiyo,
ine?eueee ?icaeyaeathoue i?ioean ooai?aiiy neiaa ye ?oo a?ae neioaene/ii
ioi?ieaiiai niieo/aiiy ne?a aei iiaiai neiaa c aeiiiiiaith c?iuaiiy
eiiiiiaio?a aeo?aeiiai neiainiieo/aiiy aai o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?a/aiiy. Oaeee
i?ioean ? nai???aeiei iaoai?ciii ia?aeiaeoaaiiy iaeeieoeue iaeiiai ??aiy
a iaeeieoe? ?ioiai ??aiy: ?icai?iooa neioaene/ia eiino?oeoe?y (a?eueia
neiainiieo/aiiy, ?a/aiiy) ye iaeeieoey neioaene/iiai ??aiy
ia?aoai?th?oueny a neiai – iaeeieoeth eaene/iiai ??aiy.

?ioa o?aeooaaiiy oi?aa?aaoe??, caii/aoeiaaia /anueeith ? iieuenueeith
e?iaa?noe/ieie oeieaie, i?eoaiaiia a/aiei-iiaiciaaoeyi, eio??
aecia/aeueiith ?enith oi?aa?aaoe?? aaaaeathoue oaeo ?nioaaiiy a iia?
aaaaoine?aiiai no?eeiai iaeiaioaaiiy, yea ia?aaoaa? a iioeaaoe?eiiio e
neiii?i?/iiio a?aeiioaiiyo c oi?aa?aii. „I?iaeoeoii oi?aa?aaoe??
(oi?aa?aaoii), – ye noaa?aeaeo? A.A.Eiiao?i, – iiaeia aaaaeaoe o?eueee
oaea iioeaiaaia neiai, ii?yae c yeei ?nio? neiii?i?/ia neiainiieo/aiiy
(c iioeaoth/ei neiaii o eiai neeaae?), ui iineoue oa?aeoa? no?eei?
iiaii? iii?iaoe??”. Caeaa?eueoiai a/ai? oeueiai iai?yieo oi?aa?aaoe?th
?icaeyaeathoue ye noee?noe/ia yaeua (aeea. i?aoe? I.Aeieoe?ea,
A.?aee?/ee, E.A?aa/aea, Ae.Aooea?, A.Eiiao?ia, I.ssiei-O?eieoeueei?).

O aeena?oaoe?? oi?aa?aaoe?y ?icaeyaea?oueny ye yaeua aoi?eiii?
iii?iaoe??, ui iia’ycaia c ia?aoai?aiiyi aeaine?aiiai no?eeiai
iaeiaioaaiiy a neiii?i?/ia, caeaa?eueoiai noee?noe/ii ia?eiaaia, neiai-
oi?aa?a. Ooai?aia iio?aeia iioeao?oueny iiaiith iacaith, ? oioiaeiei ?e
ca cia/aiiyi (aai a?ae??ciy?oueny eeoa noee?noe/iei caaa?aeaiiyi), aea
a?aei?iia ca oi?iith. Iioeaoth/a neiii?i?/ia iacaa ? ?? aea?eaaoe?eiee
ei?aeyo – iaeiine?aiee aea?eaao – ia?aeaeueii ooieoe?iiothoue ia iaaiiio
neio?iiiiio c??c?. Oaea ?icoi?iiy oi?aa?aaoe?? aei?aaaeiao? nain
aeae?eaiiy ?? c noeoiiino? neiaioai?/eo i?ioean?a, ye? caaaeaee aaaeooue
aei ia?aoai?aiiy a iaeia neiai oi? /e ?ioi? neioaene/ii? iaeeieoe?.

Aaaeeeaei ieoaiiyi aeey yaeua oi?aa?aaoe?? ? oa?aeoa? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iioeaoth/iai neiainiieo/aiiy.

O iia? iino?eii cae?enith?oueny iii?iaoe?y i?aaeiao?a ia iniia? ?o iieno
c aeiiiiiaith no?eeeo neeaaeaieo iaeiaioaaiue. Ca?aeii c oai???th
ss.?icaaaeianueeiai  aoaeue-yea iaeiaioaaiiy aeieea? ye iioeaiaaia,
i?e/iio aeai/eaiia, ine?eueee neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaio eiiiiiaio?a:
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai ? aeeoa?aioe?eiiai, oiaoi a aeo? iaeiaioaaiiy
a?aoiao?oueny ye ?iaeiaa iaeaaei?noue, oae ? aeaeiaa a?aei?ii?noue.
No?ee? neiainiieo/aiiy, iaceaath/e i?aaeiao, iienothoue eiai o aeaeyae?
noenei? aeao?i?oe??, a ye?e ?iaeiaee noanoaioeaiaaiee eiiiiiaio
a?ae?a?a? ?ieue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai /eaia, a aeaeiaee ao?eaooeaiee –
aeeoa?aioe?eiiai. Aeoeai?noue oai?aiiy ?ic/eaiiaaieo eiiieaenieo
iaeiaioaaiue iia’ycaia ?c „i?ici?ith” yniith iioeaaoe??th iicia/aiiy,
ii?. iai?.: cae?eiaa eieaeea, aa?oieaoiaa n?eue, aeainoaieueia ?ooieoey,
o?eieia?/iee oaeoeueoao, oaeaeeee ii?cae oiui.

No?ee? neiainiieo/aiiy noathoue iaaeaaiiyi eaeneeiio iiae eeoa i?ney
i?ioeano eaeneeae?caoe??, ?acoeueoaoii yei? ? „ia?aoai?aiiy
neiainiieo/aiiy a no?eeee aeaiaio iiae, ui ooieoe?iio? ye aea?aaeaio
ie?aiiai neiaa”. E??i ?ciooieoe?iiaeueiino? neiao, iii?iaoeaiei
neiainiieo/aiiyi i?eoaiaii? naiaioe/ia oe?e?ni?noue, no?ee?noue
no?oeoo?e, aecia/aiee iaaiee ii?yaeie eiiiiiaio?a, a?aeoai?thaai?noue o
iiaeaii?. Oaeei /eiii, no?ee? iii?iaoeai? neiainiieo/aiiy – oea oae?
?ic/eaiiaai? eiiieaeni? iacae, naiaioeea yeeo ia?ainieneth?oueny
aiane?aeie ao?aoe caeaaeiei eiiiiiaioii iniiaiiai iii?iaoeaiiai
cia/aiiy, aiie /anoi cono??/athoueny o aecia/ai?e iine?aeiaiino? o
iiai?e i?aeoeoe? noni?euenoaa ? ? iano?eueee aeoeaieie, ui i?i ieo
iiaeia aiai?eoe ye i?i a?aeoai?thaai?, a ia eiaeiiai ?aco noai?thaai? o
iiaeaii?aiio iioioe?.

Aaaeeeai c’ynoaaoe aca?iia?aeiioaiiy i?ae cae/aeieie aea?eaaoaie ?
oi?aa?a?ciaaieie neiaaie. C iiiian?ieia?/iiai iiaeyaeo i?ioeane
aea?eaaoe?? a ?o cae/aeiiio ?icoi?ii? ni?yiiaai? ia noai?aiiy iicia/aiue
aeey iiiyoue, aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa o iiaeo iii?iaoe?yo; i?ioeane
oi?aa?aaoe?? caiaeyoueny eeoa aei o?ainoi?iaoe??, aei aa?eo?eaoe?? oaea
iayaieo iaeiaioaaiue oiai /e ?ioiai iiiyooy. Ca?aene aeioe?eueii
?ic??ciyoe aeoe ia?aeiii? iii?iaoe?? – i?enai?iiy ?iai? i?aaeiaoo, yeee
ia ia? ua naiai iiaiiai iicia/aiiy, ? aeoe aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe?? –
iaeiaioaaiiy iiaei ?iaiai oaea iacaaiiai i?aaeiaoa. ??ciith ? ?
iioeaaoe?eia aaca eiiaeainao?a oa ia?aeiieo iio?aeieo. Iioeaaoe?eiith
aacith oi?aa?a?a ? eaeneeae?ciaai? no?ee? neiainiieo/aiiy (iai?.,
naoae?oa?ia aioaia – naoae?oa?ea (naoae?oea), iia?eueiee oaeaoii –
iia?eueiee), a a iniia? iioeaaoe?? iii?iaoeaieo aea?eaao?a eaaeaoue
a?euei? neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe?? caeaa?eueoiai i?aaeeeaoeaiiai oeio
(iai?., a?ciee – oie, ooi eiainue aiceoue, eina? – oie, ooi uinue
eineoue ? o.ae.).

?c iaaaaeaieo i??eoaaiue aeieeaa?, ui i?ioeane oi?aa?aaoe?? o ii??aiyii?
c aeania neiaioa??ieie i?ioeanaie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueoei
aaoiiaoeciii, aiie ia aeiaaathoue oeo aeaiaio?a eiai?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeeie, ye? coiiaeththoue aeieeiaiiy ia?aeiieo iaca aoaeue-yeiai oeio.
Iai?eeeaae, i?e noo?enaeuei?e oi?aa?aaoe?? iaia? iaiao?aeiino? aeai?o
iioeaaoe?eii? iciaee aeey iiaoi?iiai iaeiaioaaiiy i?aaeiaoa, ine?eueee
oey iciaea aoea ciaeaeaia aaea a i?ioean? eiino?othaaiiy neeaaeaiiai
iaeiaioaaiiy ? io?eiaea o?enaoe?th o aeaeyae? ao?eaooeaiiai eiiiiiaioa
aeaiiai iaeiaioaaiiy (ii?. aeoiaaa iaeeaea – aeoi?aea, aeeoiy nieiia –
aeeoiyiea, iaiia eaoa – iaiea, aaeioiaa ca?iy – aaeio?aea).

ssaeua oi?aa?aaoe?? a iia? coiiaeth?oueny ye aioo??oiueiiiaieie, oae ?
iicaiiaieie /eiieeaie. Aei iicaiiaieo oaeoi??a iaeaaeaoue: i?aaiaiiy aei
aeiiii?? iiaieo coneeue, iaiaaeai?noue iia?aoeaii? iai’yo? ethaeeie,
i?aaiaiiy aei aeni?aneaiino? iaeiaioaaiiy.

Aeiiii?th iiaieo coneeue aa?oi ?icaeyaeaoe iaeii/anii ?c i?yii
i?ioeeaaeiith oaiaeaioe??th a iia? – iaaeeeoeii iiaieo cania?a.
Naiaioe/ia eiiaeainaoe?y, ?acoeueoaoii yei? ? ooai?aiiy neiii?i?/ii?
aiae?oe/i?e oi?i? iaeiine?aii? neioaoe/ii? iacae, aenooia? iaeiei ?c
cania?a aeiiii?? iiaieo coneeue. C ?ioiai aieo, o ?acoeueoao?
eiiaeainaoe?? aeieeathoue aeoaeaoi? (iaaeeeoeia?) iaeiaioaaiiy, ui
ooai?ththoue ?c aeo?aeieie iaeeieoeyie neiii?i?/i? ?yaee
„neiainiieo/aiiy – neiai”.

O iiaao i??a iaaeeeoeiaino?, a ca?aene ? e?euee?noue cania?a aeiiii??,
iaiaeiaeiaa ? coiiaeth?oueny aoaeiaith o??? /e ?ioi? iiae. Oey i??a
iaiaeiaeiaa ? a iaaeao iaei??? iiae, ai caeaaeeoue a?ae
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy neiaaniiai neeaaeo, a?ae noeeth iiaeaiiy.
Oae, e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa ? caaaeueiiia?iaeiith iiaith, ? oiio aiia aeey
ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? iaiaaa?oueny caa?aaoe i?ici?o iioeaaoe?th ?
aioo??oith oi?io iaeiaioaaiue. Oea aeinyaa?oueny /anoi i?e aaeeaaiiyo
eiiieaenieo ?ic/eaiiaaieo iaeiaioaaiue. Ia i?ioeaaao eiaeeo?eiaai?e
iia?, yea aeei?enoiao? ?ic/eaiiaai? iaeiaioaaiiy, ?iciiaia iiaeaiiy
oyae?? aei eiii?an?? oaeeo iii?iaoe?e a iaeiine?ai? iacae. ?iciiaia
iiaeaiiy ? ? iaeni?eyoeea?oei ??oioii aeey ooai?aiiy oi?aa?a?a.

Oi?aa?aaoe?y ye can?a aeiiiiii? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeiiiiaaa? ??
oaeaeoiio ni?eeiaiith ? caiai’yoiaoaaiith. Ia aeoieo a/aieo, ??aaiue
ni?eeiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a?oioo?oueny ia caeii? iaiaaeaiiy „aeeaeie
o?ace” . Ia iaae? naie aeaiaio?a aeieeathoue o?oaeiiu? uiaei canai?iiy
?ioi?iaoe??: ieae/a oeueiai ??aiy aeey ia?a?iaee ? caiai’yoiaoaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? aeinoaoiuei iaeiiai ?aco i?i/eoaiiy, a aeua – iio??aii aaea
aeae?eueeio ni?ia, e?euee?noue yeeo c?inoa? c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino?
aeaiaio?a. Oiio neioaene/ia ?aei?noue iaaiiai aeneiaethaaiiy ia iiaeiia
ia?aaeuoaaoe aeayeiai iaeneioio, coiiaeaiiai iia?aoeaiith iai’yooth
ethaeeie. O ca’yceo c oeei oi?aa?aaoe?y aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe oi?io
iia?aeiieaiiy ca ?aooiie no?oeoo?iiai ia?aioi?ieaiiy aeaieiiiiiaioii?
no?oeoo?e a iaeiieiiiiiaioio, caa??aath/e i?e oeueiio iaeneioi
eiioi?eaoeaii aaaeeeai? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Iiaia aeiiii?y caeaa?eueoiai ia oeiaeeoue ia?aciino? iiae, a iaaiaee,
ni?ey? yne?aaiio aeyao ?? aeni?aneaieo ?ano?n?a. Oae, i?eioeei iiaii?
aeiiii?? i?e ii?aeiaii? c aeni?aneaieie yeinoyie ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy
iiaea noeioethaaoe oi?ioaaiiy ia?eiaaieo oi?aa?a?ciaaieo ne?a, ye?
ia?aaoaathoue o i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae eiioaenoo ? eiineooaoe??.
Aaaeeeaeie oaeoi?aie noai?aiiy oi?aa?a?a iiaeooue noaoe niiioaii?noue
iiaeaii?aiai aeoo, i?aaiaiiy aei aeni?aneaiino? aeneiaethaaiiy c
aeei?enoaiiyi noee?noe/ii caaa?aeaieo neiaioai?/eo ao?en?a. Oi?aa?ae
caeaa?eueoiai ? iaeiaioaaiiyie iaio?oe?eieie, oiae? ye iioeaoth/? ?o
neiainiieo/aiiy – io?oe?eieie iacaaie a?aeiia?aeieo iiiyoue.

Ii?yae c aeno?ae?i?aaeueieie oaeoi?aie, ui coiiaeththoue oi?aa?aaoe?th,
?niothoue aioo??oi? i?e/eie oeueiai i?ioeano, iaeaeoeai?oith c yeeo ?
i?ioe??//y i?ae oi?iith ? cia/aiiyi iiaieo iaeeieoeue. Oae, oai?aiiy
no?eeeo neiainiieo/aiue iia’ycaia, c iaeiiai aieo, c? c?o/iei i?ici?ei
oa?aeoa?ii iioeaiaaiino? (aioo??oiy oi?ia /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny). Oea
ni?ey? a?eueo aeeaieiio ?o ?icoi?iith ? ni?eeiaiith iiaiai, ia
ca?eueooth/e i?e oeueiio caaaeueii? e?eueeino? eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue. C
?ioiai aieo, oae? ?icae?eueiiioi?ieai? iii?iaoe?? noia?a/aoue i?eioeeio:
„iaeia iiiyooy – iaeia iicia/aiiy”. Naia oiio aeieea? i?ioe??//y i?ae
?ic/eaiiaai?noth oi?ie iaeiaioaaiiy ? ?aei?noth, oe?e?ni?noth eiai
cia/aiiy. *a?ac a?aenooi?noue ooo/ii no?eioth/eo oaeoi??a oea i?ioe??//y
i?aaeth?oueny aiane?aeie oi?aa?aaoe?? oaeeo ?icae?eueiiioi?ieaieo
iii?iaoe?e a iaeiine?ai? iaeiaioaaiiy-eiiaeainaoe.

Oeyoe cai?oaiiy ?ic/eaiiaaieo iii?iaoe?e o neiii?i?/i? oi?aa?a?ciaai?
eaenaie ??ci?. Aeae?eythoueny oae?: 1) noo?enaeueia (ioeuenoo?enaeueia)
aea?eaaoe?y: ieaoaia noiea – ieao?iea, nieueiee eiioea?o – nieueiee,
aeenoaioe?eia oi?aae?iiy – aeenoaioe?eea, eiei?aaenueeee aeoe – eiei?aae
(ae?ae.); 2) ae?ioe/ia noanoaioeaaoe?y: aaee/aeueia i?niy – aaee/aeueia,
iaeeiaaeoeyoeiao?iaee oaea? – iaeeiaaeoeyoeiao?iaee; 3) eiiiiceoe?y:
i?iaeo caeiio – caeiiii?iaeo, a?aeiiaeaiiy e?no – e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy; 4)
c?iuaiiy: a?/ii caeaiee – a?/iicaeaiee, aeua cacia/aiee –
aeuacacia/aiee; 5) aa?aa?aoe?y: ae?aiao?oie – ae?aiaoe/iee ao?oie, IOI –
I?aai?caoe?y oe?a?inueeeo iaoe?iiae?no?a.

Iane?aeeii oi?aa?aaoe?? ? ??ci? ca niiniaii oai?aiiy eiiaeainaoe:
naiaioe/i? ? eaene/i?. Naiaioe/i? eiiaeainaoe (noo?enaeuei? oi?aa?ae oa
ae?ioe/i? noanoaioeae) – oea caeaa?eueoiai i?ino? neiaa, ui
neeaaeathoueny c iniiae eeoa iaeiiai c? neeaaeiaeo iiaiiai iaeiaioaaiiy
ne?a ? iathoue aeeth/aia (?iie?oeeoii i?eoiaaia) cia/aiiy i?iiouaiiai
/eaia eiiieaenii? iacae. Eaene/i? eiiaeainaoe (iniiaineeaaeaiiy,
c?iuaiiy, aa?aa?aoe?y) ooai?ai? c iniia aeaio (/e a?eueoa) ne?a aai
o?eueee ?o /anoei ? aenie?oeeoii a?aeia?aaeathoue cia/aiiy eiaeiiai
/eaia iioeaoth/i? eiino?oeoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – „Neiaioa??i? oa eaeneei-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino?
noo?enaeueii? oa ae?ioe/ii? oi?aa?aaoe??” – ?icaeyaeathoueny niaoeeo?/i?
?ene cacia/aieo oi?aa?aaoe?eieo yaeu.

Noo?enaeueia oi?aa?aaoe?y – iaeiioe?ai?oee can?a noyaiaiiy
aeaieiiiiiaioiiai iaeiaioaaiiy a iaeiine?aio iacao c aeiiiiiaith
neiaioai?/eo ii?o?a. Oeiiaeie ?ic/eaiiaaieie iacaaie, ye? neoaeaoue
iioeaaoe?eiith aacith noo?enaeueieo oi?aa?a?a, ? no?ee? ao?eaooeai?
neiainiieo/aiiy, icia/oaaiee /eai yeeo ae?aaeaiee ?iaiieeii, a
icia/oth/ee – i?eeiaoieeii, /ene?aieeii aai oi?iaie iai?yieo a?aei?ie?a
?iaiieea. Aiane?aeie oi?aa?aaoe?? oaeeo neeaaeaieo iaca ooai?ththoueny
iaeiine?ai? eiiaeainaoe, no?oeoo?ii iioeaiaai? oa??iith iniiaith
icia/oth/iai /eaia, naiaioe/ii aiie aea?aaeaioi? anueiio
neiainiieo/aiith. Iioeaoth/a iniiaa o oaeeo ia?aoai?aiiyo ?icoe?th?
naiaioeeo ca ?aooiie cia/aiiy icia/oaaiiai iath ?iaiieea, ca?aene
icia/oaaia o oaeeo aea?eaaoao ? i?eoiaaiith naiith.

Na?aae noo?enaeueieo oi?aa?a?a aeae?eythoueny neiaa c eiie?aoieie e
aano?aeoieie cia/aiiyie, iacae ?noio oa ia?noio, aeani? ? caaaeuei?
?iaia. C?a?aiee iaie iaoa??ae aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe oi?aa?a?ciaai?
?iaiieee ae?ii/iai ?iaeo c noo?enaie -e(a), -eoe(y), -ei(a), -uei(a),
-/ei(a); /ieia?/iai ?iaeo c noo?enaie -iee, (-ee, -uee, -/ee), -ae,
(-ye), -a?, (-y?); na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo c noo?enaie -eu(a),
-ee(i); iiiaeeii? c noo?enaie -e(e), -oe(?), -ei; ca??i? c noo?enaie
-ee(a), -ae (-ye), -iee.

Oi?aa?a?ciaai? noo?enaeuei? ?iaiieee aoiaeyoue aei oaeeo
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo a?oi (ENA):

1. Iacae i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy, iaii?a: e?ia’yiea – e?ia’yia eiaaana,
ea?oiieyiea (?ici.) – ea?oiieyia thoea, aeeoiye (?ici.) – aeeoi?e oe?a,
neea’yiea – neeaiaa iaeeaea, iaeaiea (ae?ae.) – iaeaia ai??eea,
yaeo/iee – yaeo/ia aeii, aeoiye (?ici.) – aeoiaaa iaeeaea, oaeyoeia –
oaey/a i’yni.

2. Iacae cia?yaeue ae??: iaoiaee – iaoiaa eieani, ia?iaee (?ici.) –
ia?iaee aeaeaoi, oee?eoey?ea (?ici.) – oee?eoey?ia ieea, aanieoey
(aan?aieoey) – aaniaa eaiia, ea?a?aiee (ae?ae.) – ea?aiaaiee i?aiiee,
aoaiee (ae?ae.) – aoaia iiiaaea, oeeaaiea (?ici.) – oeeaainueea aieea,
ooa?aea (?ici.) – ooaoaaeueiee aa?noao, a?o?ye – a?o?yiee ieei.

3. Eieaoeai? ?iaia: eoa?aea (?ici.) – eoaiaa ??/ea, aenioea (?ici.) –
aenioiee aoaeeiie, naiaiea (?ici.) – oaoa c naiaio, eoeo?ociee (ae?ae.)
– eoeo?oaecyia iiea, iioieoey – iioia a?ae?ioaea, iieeye (ae?ae.) –
iie?ee ??oio, ineo?ao?e/ea (?ici.) – ineo?ao?e/ia e?ea?iy.

4. Iacae ?ineei oa i?iaeoeo?a ?o ia?a?iaee: noaeaiea – noaeainueea
no?aaa, ?aeea (ae?ae.) – ?aenueea yaeoiy, ii/ieoey (ae?ae.) – i?/ia
o?aeea, oiaeiaeoey (ae?ae.) – oiaeiaa o?aaa, ai?uiaee (ae?ae.) –
ai?uiaee ao?ye, y/i?iea (?ici.) – y/i?iia nieiia.

5. Iacae iinoaeei, ai?noeeeu aeey /iai-iaaoaeue: i?aeaiue – i?aeiee
eacai, eei?aea (?ici.) – ae?aeea c eeiiaiai aea?aaa, neeyieoey (ae?ae.)
– neeyia oeyaa, a?eeciy?ea (?ici.) – yuee aeey a?eecie, aa?a?aea
(ae?ae.) – aa?aiaee iinoae, cae?ciye (ae?ae.) – cae?ciee ai?uee.

6. Iacae o?ainii?oieo cania?a: ia?o?ooea (?ici.) – ia?o?ooia
oaen?,aeaeo?e/ea (?ici.) – aeaeo?e/iee ii?cae, iioi?ea (?ici.) –
iioi?iee /iaai, a?iiueiaee – a?iiueiaaiee aaoiiia?eue, noi?iaeiaee
(?ici.) – noi?iaeiaee ei?aaaeue, ae?aaeiye (ae?ae.) – ae?aaei/anoee a?c,
aea?eea (?ici.) – aaoiaon ae?oaiai ia?o?ooo.

7. Iacae iaeyao: oe??yiea (?ici.) – oe??yia eo?oea (iaeueoi), aaoyiea
(?ici.) – aaoyia eo?oea, eoiaeueiee – eoiaeueiee einothi, aeiuiaee –
aeiuiaee ieau, iieioiyiee (ae?ae.) – iieioiyi? oaii/ee, iiniaee – iiniaa
oonoeiea.

8. Iacae ?a/iaei: n??/aiea (?ici.) – n??/aia eeneioa, eanoi?ea (?ici.) –
eanoi?iaa ie?y, aeiu?aea (?ici.) – aeiuiaa aiaea, a?eeei – a?ea oa?aa.

9. Iacae i?iieneiaeo ia’?eo?a: iaea?iiea (?ici.) – iaea?iiia oaa?eea,
aoiiea (?ici.) – aoiiia aeaeo?inoaioe?y, othothiea (?ici.) – othothiiaa
oaa?eea, oeoe?iaa?iy – oeoe?iaa?iee caaiae.

10. Iacae ca?i?: oeaio?aeea (?ici.) – ?ooieoey oeaio?aeueiiai aith,
iaaaceiea (?ici.) – ?ooieoey c iaaaceiii.

11. Iacae eiea, aacao, aeo?iae?a: caaea/iee (?ici.) – ca??iee caaea/,
oeaeiaaee – uioeaeiaaa aacaoa, ?aeiiea (?ici.) – ?aeiiia aacaoa,
no?ii?aea – no?iia aacaoa, i?ny/iee – uii?ny/iee aeo?iae.

12. Iacae aei??a: anoaeueo?aea (?ici.) – anoaeueoiaa aei?iaa, a?oioiaea
(ae?ae.) – ??oioiaa aei?iaa, cae?cieoey – cae?cia aei?iaa.

13. Iacae aeieoiaio?a: cae?eiaea (?ici.) – cae?eiaa eieaeea, no?ao?aea
(?ici.) – no?aoiaa na?aeioeoai, a?ceoea – a?ceoia ea?oea.

14. Iacae a?ioae: n??aiye – n??aiee ea?aiaaiaoeue, i?aeiye (ae?ae.) –
i?aeia iiiaoa, o?iye – o?e eii?eee, i’yoea (?ici.) – i’youe a?eaaiue.

E??i iaca ia?noio, noo?enaeuei? oi?aa?ae iicia/athoue in?a:

– ca ?o aioo??oi?ie yeinoyie: aacoaeaiiee – aacoaeaiia ethaeeia,
ia?iio?aoieoey – ia?iio?aoia ae?iea, a??iyiee (ae?ae.) – a??iee eioaiee,
naaa?eueiee – naaa?eueia ethaeeia;

– ca ciai?oi?ie iciaeaie: niaaeyaea (?ici.) – niaaeyaa ae?a/eia
(ae?iea), a?eyaea – a?eyaa ae?a/eia, aaia?ee (?ici.) – aaia?e/iee
oai?ee, caei?ia’ye – caei?iaa ethaeeia;

– ca ?iaeii ae?yeueiino?, i?ioan??th, caiyooyi: naciiiee – naciiiee
i?aoe?aiee, eie?niee – eie?niee iaenoa?, o?aiceoiee (?ici.) – o?aiceoiee
ianaaee?;

– ca nioe?aeueiei noaoonii: ea?iee (?ici.) – ea?iee cei/eiaoeue,
iacaiiaeiee – iacaiiaeiee naeyiei, aaci?eooeueiee – aaci?eooeueia
aeeoeia;

– ca a?eiaeie iciaeaie: n?iiaaeoeyoea (?ici.) – n?iiaaeoeyoe??/ia
ae?a/eia, iieiaeaeea (ae?ae.) – iieiaea iaa?noea.

Aei ie?aii? ENA ?c caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi “iacae aeiiaoi?o oaa?ei ?
ioao?a” iaeaaeaoue oi?aa?ae: ye?aea (?ici.) – yeiaa ei?iaa, neiaioaeea –
ei?iaa neiaioaeuenueei? ii?iaee, oaaaeea (?ici.) – e?iue oaaaenueei?
ii?iaee, ei??iiee – ei??iiee e?iue, noeoaiea (?ici.) – noeoainueea
eo?ea, /oaaiy (ae?ae.) – /oaaoa eo?ea, necye (?ici.) – necee aieoa.

Aeecuee? aei noo?enaeueieo oi?aa?a?a eiiaeainaoe, ooai?ai? on?/aiiyi
iniiae i?eeiaoieea, yeee aeeiio? ?ieue icia/aiiy a no?ee?e neeaaeai?e
iaca?. Iai?.: aaoiai (?ici.) – aaoiainueeee iai??, ia?iaiaeeeoey? –
ia?iaiaeeeoey?ia e?i?y, i?enaaeeaa (ae?ae.) – i?enaaeeaia ae?eyiea,
ei?iia? – ei?iia?i? noaeeie, noaoe?iia? – noaoe?iia?ia a?aeae?eaiiy,
aoean (?ici.) – aoeania oeaieia, Acia – Acianueea ii?a.

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?ioe/ieo noanoaioea?a ? eaene/ieo
noanoaioea?a cana?ae/eea, ui eaene/ia noanoaioeaaoe?y – oea cae?i/aiee
i?ioean, aiane?aeie yeiai i?eeiaoiee iiai?noth ia?aoai?eany a ?iaiiee, a
oie ?iaiiee, ui aoa aeo?niaiee i?eeiaoieeii ?c ao?eaooeaiiai
neiainiieo/aiiy, aai ciee ?c iiae acaaae?, aai caa??any a iai?ai?ici?eo
a?aeiioaiiyo c icia/oth/ei. Iai?.: no?aiaiia, iiaeaiia, i?io?aeia,
??aeiee, iiaei?iaei?e, ia?oaee oa ?i. Ae?ioe/ia noanoaioeaaoe?y – oea
oi?aa?aaoe?eiee i?ioean, i?e yeiio ca’ycie i?ae noanoaioeaiaaiei neiaii
? eiiieaeniei aeaine?aiei iaeiaioaaiiyi iano?eueee neeueiee, ui eiaeiiai
?aco, eiee ie aaeeaa?ii noanoaioea, o iao?e na?aeiiino? a?aeoai?th?oueny
i?eeiaoieeiai-?iaiieeiaa neiainiieo/aiiy. Iai?., eiio?ieueia –
eiio?ieueia ?iaioa, nooaeaionueeee – nooaeaionueeee eaeoie oa ?i.
Ae?ioe/i? noanoaioeae no?oeoo?ii iioeaothoueny ?iaeiaith ia?aaeeaiith
i?eeiaoieea a?aeiia?aeii aei ?iaeo ae?ioeciaaiiai o neiainiieo/aii?
?iaiieea. Naiaioe/ii oae? aea?eaaoe iioeaothoueny cia/aiiyi onueiai
a?aeiia?aeiiai aeaine?aiiai iaeiaioaaiiy.

Caeaaeii a?ae neiaioa??ii? iioeaaoe?? ?ic??ciy?ii ae?ioe/i? noanoaioeae
/ieia?/iai, ae?ii/iai, na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo oa iiiaeeie, ii?.: noanoaioeae
/ieia?/iai ?iaeo: oaeaeeee, ianaaee?nueeee – oaeaeeee, ianaaee?nueeee
ii?cae, o?aeoi?iee, aaoiaoniee – o?aeoi?iee, aaoiaoniee caaiae,
o?eieia?/iee, ?noi?e/iee – o?eieia?/iee, ?noi?e/iee oaeoeueoao, oo?aoiee
– oo?aoiee oaea?, aeo?aeiee – aeo?aeiee aeaiue, iaceaiee, ?iaeiaee … –
iaceaiee, ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie; noanoaioeae ae?ii/iai ?iaeo:
eaiaeeaeaonueea, aeeieiiia – eaiaeeaeaonueea, aeeieiiia ?iaioa, oaeaeea
– oaeaeea aeiiiiiaa, ei??ieiaa (ae?ae.) – ei??ieiaa ai??eea,
aiae?enueea, i?iaoeueea…– aiae?enueea, i?iaoeueea iiaa; noanoaioeae
na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo: nooa, ia?i/ia – nooa, ia?i/ia aeii, oa??ia, iio?aeia
– oa??ia, iio?aeia neiai, o??o?a?/ia, oa?aiaaoe/ia – o??o?a?/ia,
oa?aiaaoe/ia a?aeae?eaiiy; iiiaeeii? oi?aa?ae: aeionei?, aea?aeaai? –
aeionei?, aea?aeaai? aecaiaie, ??caeayi?, aaeeeiaei? – ??caeayi?,
aaeeeiaei? nayoa, a?euey?aei? – a?euey?aei? noiee.

Noo?enaeuei? oi?aa?ae ? noanoaioeae iathoue caeaa?eueoiai noee?noe/ii
ia?eiaaiee oa?aeoa?. Ia a?aei?io a?ae aeoaeaoieo neiii?i?/ieo iiaieo
iaeiaioaaiue, ye? a?aecia/athoueny noee?noe/ii iaeo?aeueiei oa?aeoa?ii ?
aaeeaathoueny ia?aaaaeii a io?oe?eiiio iiaeaii?, oi?aa?ae
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ia?aaea/? aiioe?eii caaa?aeaieo aeneiaethaaiue ?
aeei?enoiaothoueny o aeni?aneaieo noeeyo oe?a?inueei? iiae.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? –“Oi?aa?aaoe?eiee aniaeo neeaaeieo ne?a ?
aa?aa?aoo?” – oa?aeoa?ecothoueny eaene/i? eiiaeainaoe, ooai?ai?
iniiaineeaaeaiiyi, c?iuaiiyi oa aa?aa?aoe??th. Eaene/ia eiiaeainaoe?y
a?aecia/a?oueny iiaiei aai /anoeiaei caa?aaeaiiyi ieaio ae?aaeaiiy
aeo?aeieo iaeeieoeue. Neeaaeia? /anoeie oaeeo eiiaeainao?a caeaa?eueoiai
ia?aaeathoue cia/aiiy eiaeiiai /eaia iioeaoth/i? neeaaeaii? iacae.

Ca no?oeoo?ii-oi?iaeueieie iciaeaie na?aae eaene/ieo oi?aa?a?a
aeae?eythoueny: 1) neeaaei? neiaa, ooai?ai? neeaaeaiiyi /enoeo iniia
(oe?aicae?aiiy – cae?aiiy oe?aa, noaeii?aiiio – ?aiiio noaeai); 2)
neeaaei? neiaa, ooai?ai? neeaaeaiiyi iniia ca o/anoth noo?enaoe??
(ae?oaieo?niee – nooaeaio ae?oaiai eo?no, o?aoueieeaniee – o/aiue
o?aoueiai eeano); neeaaei? neiaa, ooai?ai? ceeooyi, c?iuaiiyi
eiiiiiaio?a (aenieinaeni?/iee – aeniei naeni?/iee, iaeiaeoeaiee – iaei
aeoeaiee).

Oi?aa?a?ciaai? neeaaei? neiaa e aa?aa?aoo?e caeaa?eueoiai ia aeyaeythoue
niaoeeo?ee. Ooo aeae?eythoueny ENA, ye? anoaiiaeai? aeey noo?enaeueieo
oi?aa?a?a, iai?., eieaoeai? iacae: ca?iinoiaeua – noiaeua aeey ca?ia,
oi?oi?iaeiaeua – ?iaeiaeua oi?oo, e?ninioaa – e?niaa nioaa,
aeeoiaeaeai/ee – aeeoy/ee iaeaeai/ee, nii?ocae – nii?oeaiee cae; iacae
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa: o?icaaiae – o?i?/iee caaiae, EAC –
Euea?anueeee aaoiaoniee caaiae, caaioeiioi?a – caaio?aaeueia eiioi?a;
iacae iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a: iaae?inoeooo – iaaee/iee ?inoeooo,
iaaeo/eeeua – iaaeaaia?/ia o/eeeua; iacae in?a: noaeiiaeaniee – aeaniee
noaeia, caeiiiii?ooiee – ii?ooiee caeiio, iie?oa’ycaiue – iie?oe/iee
a’ycaiue, aeanei? – aeaniee ei?aniiiaeaio. Iaeiae aeaye? neeaaei? neiaa
aoiaeyoue aei ENA, ui ia oa?aeoa?i? aeey noo?enaeueieo oi?aa?a?a,
iai?eeeaae, iacae i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy (n?eue?aaea –
n?euenueea ?aaea), a?iiaaenueeeo, ienoaoeueeeo ia’?aeiaiue (i?ioni?eea –
i?ioan?eia ni?eea, iaae?aaea – iaaeaaia?/ia ?aaea, e?oao?oie –
e?oa?aoo?iee ao?oie).

Ua iaeiei neiaioa??iei i?eeiiii, ni?yiiaaiei ia onoiaiiy noia?a/iino?
i?ae ?aei?noth cia/aiiy ? ?ic/eaiiaai?noth oi?ie eaene/ii? iaeeieoe?,
aenooia? c?iuaiiy. O iiaiciaa/?e e?oa?aoo?? c?iuaiiy caeaa?eueoiai
?icaeyaeathoue o “/enoiio aeaeyae?” ? aecia/athoue ye ?acoeueoao
eaeneeae?caoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo neiainiieo/aiue c iii?iei i?eeiaoieeiaei
aai ae??i?eeiaoieeiaei /eaiii. Oe? niaoeeo?/i? neeaaei? neiaa oai?youeny
cae/aeiei (aac no?oeoo?ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e) ceeooyi /anoei ?ic/eaiiaaii?
iacae, iai?.: iecueei i?iaeoeoeaiee – iecueeii?iaeoeoeaiee, iaei
aeooaeueiee – iaeiaeooaeueiee, aonoi ianaeaiee – aonoiianaeaiee, aeniei
ina?/aiee – aenieiina?/aiee.

Oi?aa?aaoe?y niinoa??aa?oueny ? o i?ioean? oai?aiiy aa?aa?aoo?. Iaeiae
ia an? aa?aa?aoo?e iiaeia aeciaoe oi?aa?aaie. I?iaeoeoii naiaioe/ii?
eiiaeainaoe?? ? eeoa o? ooai?aiiy, ye? eaeneeae?coaaeeny (iathoue
ia?aaeeaio a?aei?ithaaiiy ?iaiieea, iaaoaathoue aea?eaaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo, ooieoe?iiothoue iacaeaaeii a?ae neeaaeaii? iiaii? iacae).

O no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? aeae?eythoueny oae? iiaeae? oi?aa?a?ciaaieo
aa?aa?aoo?: 1) neeaaeiinei?i/ai? neiaa, ooai?ai? c ii/aoeiai? /anoeie
neiaa ? oe?eiai neiaa. Oae? aea?eaaoe iioeaothoueny ia?aaaaeii
aeaine?aiei ao?eaooeaiei neiainiieo/aiiyi, no?oeoo?ii a oe?e aa?aa?aoo??
a on?/aiiio aeaeyae? iayaiee icia/oth/ee /eai, a icia/oaaiee – ia
ci?ith? nai?? oi?ie, iai?.: aeeoaoaeeiie – aeeoy/ee aoaeeiie, eaa?oieaoa
– eaa?oe?ia ieaoa, iaaei?aeoeea – iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeoeea, nii?oiaeaeai/ee
– nii?oeaiee iaeaeai/ee, oaeaaeo?iae?no – oaeaa?c?eiee aeo?iae?no,
i?ioni?eea – i?ioan?eia ni?eea; 2) neeaaeiinei?i/ai? neiaa, ooai?ai? c
ii/aoeiaeo /anoei eiiiiiaio?a iioeaoth/i? neeaaeaii? iacae: e?naini –
e?niaa ainiiaea?noai, iocaeaeaa – ioce/ia aeaeaaieoeoai, niaoeei? –
niaoe?aeueiee ei?aniiiaeaio; 3) ?i?oe?aeuei? aa?aa?aoo?e: caan – caien
aeo?a a?iiaaeyinueeiai noaio, IIE (IIE) – I?aeia?iaeiee (Iaoe?iiaeueiee)
ie?ii?enueeee eii?oao, AAE – Aeua aoanoaoe?eia eii?n?y, CAC –
Caii??cueeee aaoiiia?eueiee caaiae; 4) ci?oaiee oei oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ii?aeiaiiyi neiaa aai /anoeie neiaa c ii/aoeiaeie e?oa?aie ?ioeo ne?a,
iai?.: ?OIA??a – ??aeia oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia a??a; 5) iiiaeeiieeie
? aa?aa?aoo?e-eiiaeainaoe, ooai?ai? c ii/aoeiai? /anoeie neiaa ? ii/aoeo
oa e?ioey ianooiiiai aai o?eueee e?ioey ianooiiiai: a?enueeeiiao –
a?enueeiaee eii?na??ao, ie?ii?ii (?ici.) – ie?ii?enueeee /aii?ii.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Cacia/a?oueny, ui a iniia? oi?aa?aaoe?? eaaeeoue ?aaeueiee i?ioean
ia?aoai?aiiy no?eei? ?ic/eaiiaaii? iacae a neiii?i?/ia iaeiaioaaiiy –
iaeiine?aiee eiiaeainao. I?ioeane eiiaeainaoe?? cae?eniththoueny
iacaeaaeii a?ae niiniao o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaei??? iaeeieoe? a ?ioo
(noo?enaoe?y, eiiiiceoe?y, aa?aa?aoe?y oa ?i.) o iaaeao iaeiiai ??aiy:
aeo?aeia ? ?acoeueoaoeaia iaeeieoe? (no?eea neiainiieo/aiiy ?
eiiaeainao) iaeaaeaoue aei iaeiiai ? oiai ae ooieoe?iiaeueiiai eeano
iiaieo iaeeieoeue – iaeeieoeue iii?iaoeaii? nenoaie iiae. Aiae?ciaai?
oi?aa?ae oioiaei? ca cia/aiiyi iioeaoth/ei neiii?i?/iei aiae?oe/iei
iii?iaoe?yi, ooai?ai? aoi?eii? eiiaeainaoe ia aeo?niythoue ?ic/eaiiaaieo
iiaieo iaca. Iaeaeaa oeie a iia? ni?a?niothoue, ?ic??ciyth/enue
caeaa?eueoiai eeoa noee?noe/ii.

Oi?aa?aaoe?y ? iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo /eiiee?a ?icaeoeo eaeneeiio no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae. Niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae oi?aa?aaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie
cana?ae/othoue ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noue, iniaeeai a ?iciiaiiio oa
ioae?oeenoe/iiio noeeyo. Iae/ano?oa noyaiaiiy caciathoue o? neeaaeai?
iaeiaioaaiiy, ui iaea?eueoa aeei?enoiaothoueny o iianyeaeaiiiio aaeeoeo:
a iiaoo?, iaa/aii?, ia ae?iaieoeoa? oiui. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?
iayaieie i?eeeaaeaie oi?aa?a?a, iaeiiai?oa ieie i?aaenoaaeai? ENA “iacae
i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy”, “?iaia cia?yaeue ae??”, “eieaoeai? ?iaia”,
“iacae ?ineei oa i?iaeoeo?a ?o ia?a?iaee”, “iacae iinoaeei, ai?noeeeu
aeey /iai-iaaoaeue”, “iacae o?ainii?oieo cania?a” oiui.

No?ee? neiainiieo/aiiy ? iaea?eueo aeoeaiei caniaii iiiiaiaiiy
iii?iaoeaii? nenoaie no/anii? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, iniaeeai oea
noino?oueny noa?e oa?i?iieia??. Iia? aiae?oe/i? iacae, oae?, iai?eeeaae,
ye naoae?oa?ia aioaia, aoiiia aeaeo?inoaioe?y, iaaei?eoa?iee ie?oa oa
?i. noai?ththoueny niaoe?ae?noaie a ??cieo aaeocyo iaoee. I?ae /an
canai?iiy oeeo oa?i?iieia?/ieo neiainiieo/aiue o iianyeaeaiiiio aaeeoeo
a?aeaoaa?oueny naiaioe/ia eiiaeainaoe?y iaeii/anii c oi?iaeueiei
ia?aioi?ieaiiyi aeaine?aiiai iaeiaioaaiiy a iaeiine?aia, ii?.: naoae?oea
(naoae?oa?ea), aoiiea, iaaei?eoa?ea oa ?i. I?iaeoeoeai?noue oi?aa?aaoe??
coiiaeth?oueny nooiaiai iioe?aiiy ?ic/eaiiaaieo no?eeeo iaeiaioaaiue o
?iciiaiiio iiaeaii?.

I?ioeane naiaioe/ii? eiiaeainaoe?? cae?eniththoueny o eiaei?e iia?
ii-??ciiio caeaaeii a?ae ?? a?aiaoe/ii? aoaeiae, iayaiino? oi?iaeueieo
cania?a oi?aa?aaoe?? oiui. O i?ioeanao oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/iiai noyaiaiiy
?ic/eaiiaaieo iii?iaoe?e o iaeiine?ai? aeyaeythoueny iaoe?iiaeuei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iiai? iniaeeaino?, oiio iiaeaeueo? ia?niaeoeai?
iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?aa?aaoe?? iia’ycai? oaeiae ?c ii??aiyeueieie
e c?noaaieie nooae?yie oi?aa?aaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ye o nii??aeiaieo, oae
? a ianii??aeiaieo iiaao.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Neiaioa??i? caniae noo?enaeueii? oi?aa?aaoe?? o ?iciiaiiio iiaeaii?
// A?niee I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. O?eieia?y. – Aei.2. –
?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Ieae, 1997. – N.156-163.

2. Ae?ioe/ia noanoaioeaaoe?y // Ia???. – 1998. – ?2. – N.42-46.

3. Oi?aa?aaoe?y o eaie?anueeiio aiai?? // Oe?a?inueeee ae?aeaeoieia?/iee
ca??iee. Eieaa 4. – E.: Aeia??a, 1998. – N.101-105.

4.Oi?aa?aaoe?eiee aniaeo neeaaeieo ne?a ? aa?aa?aoo? o no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia? // Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y i?ioan?eii? ina?oe. –
Aei.4. Iiaeaii?aa eoeueoo?a. – Euea?a, 1998. – N.205-214.

5. Aeno?ae?iaaaeuei? oa aioo??oiueiiiai? i?e/eie oi?aa?aaoe??
//Iaoa??aee V I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “Naiaioeea iiae ?
oaenoo”. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Ieae, 1996. – N.68-69.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeoi/ae ?.I. Oi?aa?aaoe?y a oe?a?inuee?e iia?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa, I?eea?iaonueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.A.Noaoaieea, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny oi?aa?aaoe?ei? ia?aoai?aiiy no?eeeo
neiainiieo/aiue a iaeiine?ai? iio?aei? ia iaoa??ae? no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oi?aa?aaoe?y ? aaaeeeaei /eiieeii
?icaeoeo eaene/iiai neeaaeo iiae, aecia/aii oeie no?eeeo
neiainiieo/aiue, ye? ? iioeaaoe?eiith iniiaith aea?eaao?a-eiiaeainao?a,
i?iaiae?ciaaii neiaioai?/? iaoai?cie, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei ooai?aiiy
aoi?eiieo iio?aeieo, aeyaeaii naiaioe/i? oa noee?noe/i? iniaeeaino?
oi?aa?a?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi?aa?aaoe?y, oi?aa?a, naiaioe/ia eiiaeainaoe?y, no?eea
neiainiieo/aiiy, eaeneei-naiaioe/ia a?oia.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeoi/ae E.I. Oieaa?aaoeey a oe?aeineii ycuea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue, I?eea?iaoneee
oieaa?neoao ei.A.Noaoaieea, Eaaii-O?aieiane,1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony oieaa?aaoeeiiiua i?aia?aciaaiey onoie/eauo
neiaini/aoaiee a iaeiineiaiua i?iecaiaeiua ia iaoa?eaea nia?aiaiiiai
oe?aeineiai ycuea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oieaa?aaoeey aunooiaao aaaeiui
oaeoi?ii ?acaeoey eaene/aneiai ninoaaa ycuea, ii?aaeaeaiu oeiu
onoie/eauo neiaini/aoaiee, eioi?ua aunooiatho iioeae?othuae iniiaie
aea?eaaoia-eiiaeainaoia, aiaeece?othony neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiua iaoaieciu,
i?eaiaeyuea e ia?aciaaieth aoi?e/iuo i?iecaiaeiuo, ?ane?uou
naiaioe/aneea e noeeenoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe oieaa?aia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oieaa?aaoeey, oieaa?a, naiaioe/aneay eiiaeainaoeey,
onoie/eaia neiaini/aoaiea, eaeneei-naiaioe/aneay a?oiia.

ANNOTATION

Dumchak I.M. Univerbation in Ukranian. – Manuscript.

A thesis for acquiring master’s degree in the Ukrainian language,
Precarpathian University named after V.Stefanyk, Ivano-Frankivsk, 1998.

The univerbational transformations of the stabel wordcombinations into
one word on the basis of Ukranian are investigated in the post-graduate
paper.

It has been investigated that univerbation is an important reason of
developing vocabulary. Types of stabel word-combinations which are the
conceptual basis of derivative-condensators have been defined.

The word-building reasons that cause the formation of the second
derivative have been analized. The specific semantic and stylistic
features of univerbs have been proved.

Key words: univerbation, univerb, semantik condensation, stabel
word-combination, lexikal-semantic group.

Ena/aiei A.A. E aii?ino i no?oeoo?iie oeiieiaee neiaa?iiai ninoaaa
neaayineeo ycueia // Slavia. – Roe. 27. – Se?. 3. – S. 340.

Eiiaoei A.A. Noooeenaeueiay oieaa?aaoeey e niaaeiua yaeaiey a noa?a
ia?aciaaiey iiauo neia // Iiaua neiaa e neiaa?e iiauo neia. – E.: Iaoea,
1978. – N.73.

Oeae oa?i?i ia? ua ?yae neiii?i?a: no?ee? neiainiieo/aiiy, ?ic/eaiiaai?
eiiieaeni? iaeiaioaaiiy, aiae?oe/i? iaeiaioaaiiy, neeaaei? eaenaie.

Rozwadowski J. O dwucz?onowosci wyrazow // Jezyk polski. – 1921. – N5.
– S.133, ii?. oaeiae Dokulil M. Tvoreni slov v ee?tine: Teorie
odvozovani slov. – Praha: ESAV 1962. – S.196.

Aoiaiiaa I.N. Neiaa?ue eeiaaenoe/aneeo oa?ieiia. – I.: Nia.
Yioeeeeiiaaeey, 1969. – N.215.

Aeea.: Eiaaa A. Aeiioaca aeoaeiu // Iiaia a eeiaaenoeea. – Aui. 4. –
I.: I?ia?ann, 1965. – N.45; Ieeea? Aeae. Iaae/aneia /enei naiue, iethn
eee ieion aeaa. I iaeioi?uo i?aaeaeao iaoae niiniaiinoe ia?a?aaaouaaoue
eioi?iaoeeth // Eiaeaia?iay ineoieiaey. – I.: I?ia?ann, 1964. –
N.192-225.

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