Удосконалення технології післязбиральної обробки насіннєвої кукурудзи: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / А.В. Борта, Одес. держ. акад. харч. технолог

I(i(noa?noai ina(oe Oe?a(ie

IAeANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI(ss OA?*IAEO OAOIIEIA(E

Ai?oa Aeea Aanee(aia

OAeE 664.723:664.784

OAeINEIIAEAIIss OAOIIEIA(( I(NEssCAE?AEUeII( IA?IAEE IAN(II(AI(
EOEO?OAeCE

Niaoe(aeuei(noue: 05.18.03 — ia?aeiia ia?iaea ( caa?(aaiiy i?iaeoeoe((

?ineeiieoeoaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o ae e n a ? o a oe ( (

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi(/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1998

Aeena?oaoeiy ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeie aea?aeaaiie aeaaeaii? oa?/iaeo oaoiieiaie
I(i(noa?noaa ina(oe Oe?a(ie

Iaoeiaee ea?(aiee — aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Noaieaae/ Aai?a(e Ieeieaeiae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy oa?/iaeo
oaoiieiaie caa(aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaoiieia(( aeaaaoi?ii( i?iieneiaino(.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe — aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oaiiaaeaiei Ieaa (aaiiae/, eieaeoeaia i?aiaeia i(aei?e(inoai “Ee(aieei”,
canooiiee aee?aeoi?a;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi(/ieo iaoe,

Oaoe(i A?eaae(e Ai?eniae/, Iaeanueea iaeania aei/(?ia i(aei?e(inoai AeAE
“Oe(a Oe?a(ie”, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa — Iaeanueeee n(euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
(inoeooo,

I(iina(oe Oe?a(ie,
eaoaae?a iaoai(caoe(( oa

aaoiiaoecaoe((
n(eueneiainiiaea?nueeiai

ae?iaieoeoaa,i. Iaeana.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “24” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 13 aiae.

ia caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.088.02 i?e Iaeanueeie
aea?aeaaiie aeaaeaii? oa?/iaeo oaoiieiaie ca aae?anith:

270039, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeaii? oa?/iaeo oaoiieiaie ca aae?anith:

270039, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaii “23” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.A.A(ii(eiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aieiaiei ?aca?aii iiaeaeuaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia
ii?yae c aa?ioaoii/ieie caoiaeaie ( iiaeaioiaea aenieiyeiniiai
ian(ii(aiai ca?ia. Aaaeeeaa ?ieue o aeeiiaii( oeueiai caaaeaiiy
iaeaaeeoue oe(aii?eeiaeueiei i ca?iiia?iaiei iiaei?e(inoaai. Aiie
iiaeii( caaacia/eoe (o aacia?aa(eia i?eeiaiiy, i?aaeeueia, noai?i
ia’(eoeaia aecia/aiiy yeinoi, ia aeiioneath/e ciainiaeaiiy
aenieiyeiniiai ca?ia i?e ?iciiuaiii. Oei iiaei?e(inoaa iiaeiii oaeiae
caaacia/eoe nai(/anio ia?iaeo anueiai ca?ia i ianiiiy, ui
caaioiaeythoueny, oa ia aeiionoeoe (o ao?ao i iia(?oaiiy yeinoi i?e
caa?(aaii(.

Ian(ii(aa eoeo?oaeca iaaeoiaeeoue ia ia?iaeo a ea/aiao i?e aeineoue
aenieie aieiainoi, cae/aeii iiiaae 30%, ( oiio ( aeniei/ooeeaith aei
oiia o?ainii?ooaaiiy, aaioaaeii-?icaaioaaeoaaeueieo iia?aoe(e oa
?aaeeiia nooiiiy. Iaaaoeaiee aieea ia i?ioean nooiiiy ea/ai(a ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece ni?e/eiy( iayaiinoue naiiia?ooaiiiai ca?ia. Eieueeinoue eiai
i?e iaaeoiaeaeaiii eoeo?oaece ia oe(aii?eeiaeuei( iiaei?e(inoaa aeinyaa(
3%, a i?e ?icaaioaaeaiii aaoiiiaieia i iiaeaeueoiio o?ainii?ooaaiii aiia
caieueoo(oueny aei 5…6%. I?e iiiaaeaii oaeiai ca?ia a nooeeuei? eaia?e
ii(? oa?o eoeo?oaece o ea/aiao caieueoo(oueny a 3,0…3,5 ?ace. Oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei nooo(aiai ca(eueoaiiy aeniiceoe(( nooiiiy, iia(?oaiiy
yeinoi ca?ia, cia/ieo ia?aaeo?ao iaeeaa i aeaeo?iaia?ai(, cieaeaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino( nooa?iiai oeaoo (a ?ic?aooieo ia aeaaiaaeoeyoeeaia?io
nooa?eo i?eaeecii ia 30…50 o/aeiao). Oiio iaiaoiaeii aeiiaaaoeny
iaeneiaeueiiai aiaeai?o naiiia?ooaiiiai ca?ia oa i?aai(caoe(( eiai
ie?aii( ia?iaee.

Naiiia?ooaia ca?iiaa iana yaey( niaith noeoiiinoue ca?ai iniiaii(
eoeueoo?e ?icii( e?oiiinoi i aeiiaiaiinoi, ?iciiiaiioieo aeii(oie
iiia?aeueiiai i i?aaii/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy, i(e?ii?aaiici(a, iiaio?y
i(aeca?iiaiai i?inoi?o, iieiee oeiaeieeia ca?iiaeo ian. I?enooiinoue a
ca?iia(e iani ianoieueee ?iciiiaiioieo eiiiiiaioia iaaea( (e
niaoeeoi/ieo aeanoeainoae, ui iaiaoiaeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e aecia/aii(
?aaeei(a (( ia?iaee oa caa?(aaiiy.

Iaiaeii?(aei(noue yeinoi ie?aieo ea/ai(a cieaeo( no(ee(noue eoeo?oaece
i?e caa?(aaii(. Aei inoioieo iniaeeainoae, ui aieeaathoue ia no(ee(noue
ea/ai(a eoeo?oaece i?e caa?(aaii( a(aeiinyoueny: niiaaiaeiioaiiy iane
ca?ia i no?eaeiy, ca?iaeea i iioeo /anoei ca?ieie, aia?ineiii/ii
aeanoeainoi no?eaeiy, iaai?oie, ieoie, ea(oeiaeo iaieiiie oa ca?ia, a
oaeiae oia?oaao(noue i oaieii?ia(aei(noue ianei(a eoeo?oaece.

Iaoa ( caaea/( aeine(aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii( ?iaioe ( oaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieiai( i(neycae?aeueii( ia?iaee ian(iiy eoeo?oaece, ui caaacia/eoue
i(aeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo ian(iiy oa cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao ia eiai noo(iiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oei(( iaoe aoee noi?ioeueiaai( ianooiii caaaeaiiy:

— aeineiaeeoe oaieioice/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa ooi/ieoe aeayei
oiceei-oaoiieiai/ii aeanoeainoi naiiia?ooo i ianiiiy eoeo?oaece;

— aea/eoe caeiiii(?iinoue eiiaoeee nooiiiy i iaa?(aaiiy ianiiiy
eoeo?oaece a uieueiiio oa?(;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue nooiiiy ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece o oa?(
iiaeaeuaii( oiaueie i?e ?iciiiaiioieo aa?iaioao eiai i?iaeoaaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeoe ?aaeeie nooiiiy naiiia?ooo eoeo?oaece aeey ?icieo i?eno?i(a
i oiia nooiiiy;

— aeine(aeeoe aoaeoeai(noue ?iaioe iniiaiiai oaoiieiai/iiai oa
o?ainii?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy eoeo?oaeci-eaeia?oaaeueieo caaiaeia;

— oaeineiiaeeoe oaoiieiai/io noaio eiii( ia?iaee naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece oa oaoiieiaith (( iineycae?aeueii( ia?iaee;

— ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoei( i?iieneiaino(.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao(a iieyaa? o:

— anoaiiaeaii( oaieioice/ieo oa ooi/iaii( aeayeeo oiceei-oaoiieiai/ieo
aeanoeainoae naiiia?ooo i ianiiiy eoeo?oaece;

— ?icaeoeo iiaeaeueieo oyaeaiue i?i eiiaoeeo nooiiiy ian(ii(aiai ca?ia
eoeo?oaece a ?icieo oiiaao nooiiiy oa anoaiiaeaiii (( caeiiii(?iinoae;

— ?ic?iaoe( iaoaiaoe/ii( iiaeae( i?ioeano nooiiiy ian(ii(aiai ca?ia
eoeo?oaece a oiiaao u(eueiiai oa?o eaia?ieo nooa?ie c( ci(iiei iai?yieii
i?iaeoaaiiy oa a aoiea?ao aeoeaiiai aaioeethaaiiy c ?aaeiaeueiei
i?iaeoaaiiyi;

— ?ic?iaoe( ?aaeei(a nooiiiy naiiia?ooo eoeo?oaece a ?icieo i?eno?iyo i
oiiaao nooiiiy;

— aecia/aii( aoaeoeaiino( ?iaioe iniiaiiai oaoiieiai/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy
eoeo?oaeci-eaeia?oaaeueieo caaiaeia;

— iaia?oiooaaii( oaoiieiai/ii( noaie ia?iaee ian(ii(aiai ca?ia
eoeo?oaece.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao(a. Ia iniiai i?iaaaeaieo
aeineiaeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii ?aaeeie noo(iiy naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece a ?(ciiiai(oieo oiiaao noo(iiy.

Iaea?aeaia eieueeinia oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaeoeaiinoi ?iaioe oaoiieiai/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy ia ?icieo aoaiao oaoiieiai/ii( noaie ia?iaee ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece oa ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe(( ii (( aaeineiiaeaiith.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/aa( iaeaaeaoue a aeena?oaoeieiie
?iaioi aeineiaeia /anoeia (iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy, iinoaiiaea i
i?iaaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue), a oaeiae aiaeic oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao(a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine(aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe(y ?acoeueoao(a aeena?oaoe((. Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue
aoee iaaiai?ai( oa ae(noaee iiceoeaio ioe(ieo ia 56–58-(e iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe(yo IAeAOO (i. Iaeana, 1996–1998) ( Ae?oa(e iaoeiiiaeuei(e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i(e eiioa?aioei( “Oeiaii?iaeoeoe-97” (i. Iaeana, 1997).

Ioae(eaoe((. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe(eii( ?iaioe iioaeieiaaii 5
noaoae a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo IAeAOO.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, i’yoe
aeaa, caaaeueieo aeniiaeia i ?aeiiaiaeaoeie, nienea aeei?enoaii?
eioa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoeia. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 192 noi?iieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, (c ieo 179 noi?(iie caeiathoue ci(no, 15 ?enoie(a,
38 oaaeeoe(, nienie eioa?aoo?e c 144 iaeiaioaaiue, a oiio /enei 10
iiicaiieo oa 3 aeiaeaoe(a.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooi( iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue iinoaaeaiiai caaaeaiiy
aeineiaeaeaiue a naioei i?iaeai, ui noinothoueny oaoiieia(( ia?aeiii(
ia?iaee oa caa?(aaiiy ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny oa?aeoa?enoee,
aeanoeainoae, ?aaeei(a oa cania(a nooiiiy i caa?(aaiiy ian(i(ai(
eoeo?oaece. Iaaaaeaii aiaeic no/anii( oaoiieiai( ia?iaee ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece.

Aecia/aii oa iaa?oioiaaii iaoo ( caaea/( aeine(aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei “I?aaiicaoeiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue”
iaaaaeaii ei?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoeeo ia’(eoia aeineiaeaeaiue, iieacaii noaio
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue, iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaen
aeine(aeaeoaaieo iieacieeia oa aeeeaaeaii iaoiaee ( iaoiaeeee (o
aecia/aiiy. Iine?aeiai(noue i?iaaaeaiiy iniiaieo aoaiia aeineiaeaeaiue
a(aeia?aaeaii ia ?en. 1.

?en. 1. Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine(aeaeaiue

Iiaeaeueo( aenia?eiaioaeuei( aeine(aeaeaiiy aoee iia’ycai( c ?ic?iaeith
?aaeei(a noo(iiy naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece aeey ia?aiaeaaeiaieo
eaia? eaia?ieo nooa?ie oa aoiea?(a aeoeaiiai aaioeethaaiiy. Aoee
io?eiai( e?ea( noo(iiy, oaiia?aoo?i( e?ea( oa neeaaeaii iaoaiaoe/iee
iien e(iaoeee noo(iiy ( iaa?(aaiiy naiiia?ooo. Ia?iaeo io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao(a i?iaiaeeee ia AII c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai iaeaoo
i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai noaoenoe/iiai oa ?aa?an(eiiai aiae(co. O i?inooaiiio
naiiia?ooo aecia/aee ian(ii(a( yeino(: neeo ?inoo oa noiae(noue.

Ia caeeth/iiio aoai( aeine(aeaeaiue aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae(c aoaeoeaiino(
?iaioe iniiaiiai oaoiieia(/iiai oa o?ainii?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy
eoeo?oaecieae(a?oaaeueieo caaiae(a. Aoee aeai( ?aeiiaiaeaoe(( ii
oaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia(/ii( noaie e(i(( ia?iaee naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece oa oaoiieia(/ii( noaie i(neycae?aeueii( ia?iaee ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei “?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine(aeaeaiue”
aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue oiceei-oaoiieiai/ieo aeanoeainoae
i oaieioice/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee naiiia?ooo ian(i(ai( eoeo?oaece.

Na?aae iniiaieo iieacieeia, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeanoeainoi ca?iiai(
iane, aaaeeeao ?ieue a?athoue oiceei-oaoiieiai/ii aeanoeainoi (OOA).
Aiie aecia/athoue iniaeeainoi i?ioeania i/euaiiy, nooiiiy oa caa?(aaiiy
ca?ia. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue oiceei-oaoiieiai/ieo aeanoeainoae
ian(iiy aia?eaeii( eoeo?oaece oa (( naiiia?ooo iaaaaeaii o oaae. 1. (c
oaaeeoei aeaeii, ui OOA ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece caeaaeaoue aiae aieiainoi
i cani(/aiino(. Aoei anoaiiaeaii iaaei eieeaaiiy iniiaieo iieacieeia,
ye( oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaoiieiai/ii aeanoeainoi ?icieo aia?eaeia
eoeo?oaece a oe?ieiio aeiaiaciii ciiie aieiainoi ca?ia (aiae 14% aei
34%).

Aeey neeaaeiaiiy iaoa?(aeueieo oa oaieiaeo aaeain(a i?e aecia/aii(
?aaeei(a noo(iiy ( caa?(aaiiy ian(iiy eoeo?oaece iiaeiia aooe a(aeiiith
caeaaei(noue ia’(iii( iane naiiia?ooo a(ae aieiaino( oa oaiia?aoo?e. Ia
iniia( i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine(aeaeaiue io?eiaii ?(aiyiiy,
ui aeicaiey( ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia’(iio iano naiiia?ooa eoeo?oaece a
caeaaeiino( a(ae eiai aieiaino( W oa oaiia?aoo?e (

( = 565,925 + 1,745 W + 1,549 ( – 0,165 W(, ea/i3

Ia iniia( ?acoeueoao(a neoiaiai aiae(co iiaoaeiaaii aeeoa?aioe(ei(
e?ea(, ye( aeicaieeee aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo nooiai( cani(/aiino(
naiiia?ooo eoeo?oaece oa iaa?oiooaaoe ?aaeeie eiai i/euaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1

O(ceei-oaoiieia(/i( iieacieee ca?ia ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece

(i(ney iaiieioo)

Eiao(oe((ioe ciai(oiueiai oa?oy

Iacaa a(a?eaeo W,

% Iaoo?a, ea/i3 Eoo i?e?iaeiueiai a(aeeino, Eiao(oe.

aioo?(oiueiai oa?oy,

niieith ii

?ooo Oia?oaao(noue, %

a?aae. a?aae. noae( aoi( ieanoian( 30( 35(

Eo/ 330 14 648 40 0,83 0,27 0,27 0,23 0,73 0,53 39

Iaeanueea 10 14 702 37 0,75 0,21 0,29 0,19 0,57 0,23 39

Ei?na? 15 718 40 0,83 0,23 0,27 0,18 0,49 0,73 40

Aei(i?ianueeee 310 16 658 42 0,90 0,27 0,25 0,21 0,66 0,76 42

Iaeanueea 10 31 590 48 1,11 0,38 0,47 0,49 0,49 0,71 45

Aei(i?ianueeee 310 32 597 49 1,15 0,42 0,47 0,47 0,47 0,96 45

Ei?na? 34 630 50 1,19 0,53 0,47 0,45 0,63 0,67 47

Aei(i?ianueeee 310 (naiiia?oo) 18 617 44 0,97 0,36 0,40 0,36 0,47 0,95
42

Eo/ 330 (naiiia?oo) 23 556 47 1,08 0,32 0,32 0,29 0,73 0,53 44

Caa?(aaiiy ca?ia o aeaaaoi?ao i neeaaeao /anoi noi?iaiaeaeo(oueny
iaaaaeaiei i?ioeanii naiic(a?(aaiiy, yeee iiaeia i?iaiicoaaoe ca
iaoaiaoe/ieie iiaeaeyie ?icaeoeo oaieiaeo i?ioean(a o ca?iiaeo ianao.
Aeey ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo ?aaeeiia oaieiiai(iieo i?ioeania, ui
aiaeaoaathoueny i?e noo(ii( i caa?(aai( ca?ia eoeo?oaece, oaeiae
iaiaoiaeii ciaoe eiai oaieii?ia(aei( oa oaieiiia?oe(ei( aeanoeaino(, ui
aecia/athoueny oaeeie oaieioice/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (OOO) ye ieoiia
oaiei(ii(noue n, eiaoioei(ioe oaiia?aoo?ii?ia(aeiinoi a,
oaieii?ia(aeiinoi ( oa oaieiai( aeoeaiino( (. Ia oaieioice/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee eiei(aeieo eaiiey?ii-ii?enoeo iaoa?iaeia, aei yeeo
iaeaaeeoue ( ca?ii eoeo?oaece, aieeaathoue aaaaoi oaeoi?(a, iniiaieie c
yeeo ( oaiia?aoo?a iaoa?iaeo i eiai aieiainoue.

Iaoith ianooiiiai aoaio aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue aoei
aecia/aiiy oaieioice/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece
i caeiiii(?iino( (o ciiie aiae aieiainoi i oaiia?aoo?e.

Iiney i?iaaaeaiiy aeine(aeaeaiue a aeiaiaciii ciiie aieiainoi W = 13…
…28 % i oaiia?aoo?e ( = 5…30 0C oa aecia/aiiy cia/aiue c, a, ( oa (
aoa i?iaaaeaiee iiiaeeiiee ?aa?annieiee aiaeic, noaoenoe/ia ioeiiea
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, a oaeiae iaea?aeaii aiii?e/i? caeaaeiinoi OOO
naiiia?ooo ianiii(ai( eoeo?oaece aiae oaeoi?(a W i (:

n = 60,7135 + 54,3107w – 6,5823( – 0,51715w(, Aeae/(ea·E);

a = (560,1397 – 16,5586w + 0,001741( + 0,2672w()10–9, i/n;

(=0,04856 + 0,01006w – 0,0001274( – 0,0001313w2 +

+ 0,00001136(2 + 0,00001396w(, Ao/(i·E);

(=15,4720 + 123,3225w – 2,6452( – 0,3397w2+

+ 0,06388(2 + 0,08083 w(, Aeae/(i·E·n0,5)

Eiao(oe((ioe ?aa?an(( aecia/eee ia AII iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao(a.
Io?eiai( ?(aiyiiy c 95 % iaae(ei(noth aaeaeaaoii a(aeia?aaeathoue
aenia?eiaioaeuei( aeai(.

C a?ao(/ii( (io?ai?aoaoe(( io?eiaieo ?(aiyiue (?en. 2) aeaeii, ui
oaieio(ce/i( eiao(oe((ioe nooo(ai caeaaeaoue a(ae aieiaino( naiiia?ooo,
a ieoiia oaiei(ii(noue — iacia/ii a(ae oaiia?aoo?e. C i(aeaeuaiiyi
aieiaino( ( oaiia?aoo?e ieoiia oaiei(ii(noue, eiao(oe((ioe
oaieii?ia(aeiino( oa oaieiai( aeoeaiino( ca(eueoothoueny. Eiao(oe((io
oaiia?aoo?ii?ia(aeiino( i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue a(ae oaiia?aoo?e, a i?e
ca(eueoaii( aieiaino( — ciaioo(oueny.

Io?eiai( aeaii iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo
?aaeeiia caa?(aaiiy.

?en. 2. (cie(i(( caeaaeiino( OOO a(ae aieiaino( W oa oaiia?aoo?e (
naiiia?ooa

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei “Aeineiaeaeaiiy caeiiii(?iinoae nooiiiy ian(iiy
eoeo?oaece” aoee iaea?aeai( eieueeini( oa?aeoa?enoeee aieeao oaiia?aoo?e
( oaeaeeinoi aaaioa nooiiiy, a oaeiae ii/aoeiai( aieiainoi naiiia?ooo
ian(i(ai( eoeo?oaece ia eiiaoeeo eiai nooiiiy, iaa??aaiiy oa ia ci(io
i?e oeueiio eiai ian(ii(aeo aeinoi(inoa.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy e(euee(niiai oa?aeoa?o ni(eueiiai aieeao aieiainoi
naiiia?ooo oa ia?aiao?(a iiaio?y (oaiia?aoo?e i oaeaeeinoi) ia i?ioean
nooiiiy ca?ia eoeo?oaece aoei i?iaaaeaii a(aeiia(aei( aeine(aeaeaiiy ca
iae(i(eiei aaaaoioaeoi?iei ieaiii aenia?eiaio(a oeio B3. Noo(iiy
i?iaiaeeee ia aenia?eiaioaeuei(e onoaiiaoe( a eaai?aoi?i( eaoaae?e
oaoiieiai( aeaaaoi?ii( i?iieneiainoi.

I(ney ?aae(caoe(( aeine(ae(a aoea i?iaaaeaia (o ia?aeiia ia?iaea (
io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe o aeaeyae( oaaee/ieo caeaaeiinoae W a(ae t. Ia
ae?oaiio aoai( ia?iaee a eiaeiiio aeine(ae( ?ic?aoiaoaaee ia AII ca
?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith e(iaoe/i( aaee/eie N, A, b oa We?.

Aeey iaoaiaoe/iiai iieno eiiaoeee nooiiiy aeei?enoaee iaoiae caaaeaii(
oaeaeeino( noo(iiy (?(aiyiiy A. I. Oieiiaiei)

y = – (( (() = (((((((( ,

ui aeiaaa( aecia/aiiy ia iiaenoaai aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo oaeaeeino(
nooiiiy a ia?oiio ia?iiaei N, e?eoe/iiai We? i ?(aiiaaaeiiai W?
aieiaiai(noo, ianiiai(iieo eiaoioei(ioia A i (,a oaeiae iieacieea
noaiaiy m.

I(ney ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aoee io?eiai( ?aa?an(ei(
caeaaeiino( ia?aiao?(a N, A, ( oa We?, a(ae ?aaeei(a noo(iiy:

N = 8,659188 – 31,5383 v + 52,8287v2 + 0,0005798 W0t + 0,1259tv;

A= 43,6683 – 0,1720 W0 + 0,004408W0t;

(= –0,009153W0 – 0,02108 t + 0,0002217 W0t;

Wkp= 25,6299 + 0,2034W0 – 36,66875v + 65,76625v2

Noaoenoe/ia ioe(iea iieacaea, ui io?eiai( ?(aiyiiy c iaae(ei(noth 95 %
aaeaeaaoii iienothoue aenia?eiaioaeuei( aeai( oa iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai( aeey ?ic?aooieo o?eaaeino( noo(iiy naiiia?ooo t i?e ?(cieo
?aaeeiao noo(iiy.

Aiae(c io?eiaieo ?(aiyiue iieacaa, ui oaeaee(noue noo(iiy naiiia?ooo N
nooo(ai caeaaeeoue a(ae on(o ?icaeyiooeo oaeoi?ia W0, t oa v. I?e/iio
caeaaei(noue N a(ae v iineoue nooo(ai iae(i(eiee oa?aeoa?. Cia/ouei (
oaeiae eiao(oe((io ia?ii( aca(iiae(( b12, ui aiai?eoue i?i nooo(a(noue
noi(niiai aieeao ia oaeaee(noue noo(iiy ii/aoeiai( aieiaino( ca?ia (
oaiia?aoo?e nooeeueiiai aaaioa. Oeae noi(niee aieea a(ae/oaa(oueny (
aeey e(iaoe/ieo eiao(oe((io(a A oa (, ui i(aeoaa?aeaeo(oueny cia/ou(noth
eiao(oe((ioa ?aa?an(( b12 o ?(aiyiiyo aeey A oa (. Cia/aiiy e?eoe/ii(
aieiaino( caeaaeeoue ia?aaaaeii a(ae ii/aoeiai( aieiaino( naiiia?ooo oa
oaeaeeino( nooeeueiiai aaaioa.

E?(i e(iaoeee noo(iiy o oeeo aea aeine(aeao aea/aee caeiiii(?i(noue
iaa?(aaiiy naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece o i?ioean( noo(iiy o
u(eueiiio oa?(, yeee ( oa?aeoa?iei aeey ia?aiaeaaeiaieo eaia? eaia?ieo
nooa?ie oa aoiea?(a aeoeaiiai aaioeethaaiiy.

Aeey caeaaeoaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii iaa?iaaiith ca?ia oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy caeiiiii?iinoae eiiaoeee iaa?(aaiiy i?iaaee ai?ieneiaoeith
e?eaeo iaa?iaaiiy ii iiaeeoieiaaiiio iaie ?iaiyiith I.O.Aeieo/a?aa oa
I.N.Nie?iiaa:

( = (0 + t/(A + Bt)

I?eeiyoa oi?ia ?iaiyiiy eiiaoeee iaa?iaaiiy aeaea caaeiaieueio
caiaeiinoue c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie. ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy eiiaoeee
iaa?iaaiiy aoei ocaaaeueiaii oa io?eiaii ?iaiyiiy ?aa?ani? aeey
caeaaeiinoae eiaoioei?ioia A oa A aiae aieiaino( W0 oa oaiia?aoo?e t
aeaeyaeo

A, A = b0 + b1W0 + b2t +b3v+ b12W0t + b13W0v + b23tv

Oae ye oaiia?aoo?a iaa?(aaiiy naiiia?ooa i?e noo(ii( o u(eueiiio
ia?ooiiiio oa?( ( ?(ciith ii aenio( oa?o, oi aeey iieno e(iaoeee
iaa?(aaiiy iaie io?eiaia nenoaia ?(aiyiue, yea ( iaoaiaoe/iei iienii
e(iaoeee i?ioeano noo(iiy ( iaa?(aaiiy naiiia?ooo eoeo?oaece i?e ci(iieo
oiiaao noo(iiy oa aeicaiey( ?ic?aooaaoe ?aaeeie noo(iiy i?e caaeaieo
cia/aiiyo aieiaino( naiiia?ooa, oaeaeeino( aaaioa noo(iiy oa a?aie/ii
i?eionoeii( oaiia?aoo?e iaa?(aaiiy ca?ia.

Aiaeic aenia?eiaioaeueieo e?eaeo nooiiiy oa oaiia?aoo?ieo e?eaeo
iieacaa, ui i?ioean nooiiiy a aeaiaioa?iiio oa?( aei aeinyaiaiiy
a?aie/ii i?eionoeii( oaiia?aoo?e iaoa?iaeo i?io(ea( i?e iinoieiie
oaeaeeinoi aieiaia(aeaea/i. Oaiia?aoo?a ca?ia i?e oeueiio iioaineaii
c?inoa(. Iino(ei(noue oaeaeeinoi nooiiiy i/aaeaeii iaoiiaeth(oueny
aeia?iaoaaiiyi a iniiaiiio iiaa?oiaai( aieiae, a oaeiae
iioaineo(eaoe((th aioo?ioiuei( aeeooci( aieiae aianeiaeie ?iceiai
c?inoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ca?ia. Oaeaeeinoue nooiiiy ca?ia c iiaeaeuaiiyi
oaiia?aoo?e nooeeueiiai aaaioa c?inoa( ii eii(eiiio caeiio.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?aaeei(a noo(iiy naiiia?ooaiiai ca?ia eoeo?oaece a
i?iieneiaeo nooa?eao neeaaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano noo(iiy,
yea aaco(oueny ia aea/aieo iaie e(iaoe/ieo caeiiii(?iinoyo oa a?aoiao(
eiino?oeoeai( iniaeeaino( nooa?ie.

?(aiyiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae noo(iiy aoee neeaaeai( aeey aoiea?(a
aeoeaiiai aaioeethaaiiy c ?aae(aeueiei i?iaeoaaiiyi oa?o naiiia?ooo oa
aeey u(eueiiai oa?o i(aeaeuaii( oiaueie i?e noo(ii( a ia?aiaeaaeiaieo
eaia?ao eaia?ieo nooa?eao.

Aeiiiaieaoe ?(aiyiiy e(iaoeee noo(iiy ( iaa?(aaiiy naiiia?ooo
aaeainiaeie ?(aiyiiyie ii oaieio( oa aieic( aeey aeaiaioa?iiai oa?o
aoei neeaaeaii i?ioeaaeo?o nooiaiaaiai ?ic?aooieo ?aaeei(a noo(iiy, yeee
iieyaa( o iine(aeiaiiio (ca /anii oa i?inoi?ii) ?ic?aooieo oaiei- (
ianiia?aiino a oiieiio oa?(, ii aenio( yeiai ci(ia aieiaino( (
oaiia?aoo?e iacia/ia. I?e oeueiio aoei ?ic?aoiaaii ?iciiae(eaiiy
ia?aiao?(a ca?ia oa nooeeueiiai aaaioa ii aenio( oa?o oa aecia/aia
o?eaae(noue noo(iiy a oiiaao ci(ie iai?yieo i?iaeoaaiiy oa ia?(iaee/iiai
ia?ai(ooaaiiy naiiia?ooo.

Io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeicaieeea oaeiae ?ic?aoiaoaaoe i?ioean
noo(iiy naiiia?ooo c aeei?enoaiiyi a(aei?aoeueiaaiiiai nooeeueiiai
aaaioa. Aiane(aeie oeueiai iaie aoee ooi/iai( oiaueia oa?o, a oaeiae /an
ci(ie iai?yieo i?iaeoaaiiy, ui aeicaiey( cieceoe ia?(aiii(?i(noue
noo(iiy ca?ia oa caiia(aoe caieiaeaiith ca?ia i?e ia?aiane/aii( aieiaith
a(aei?aoeueiaaiiiai nooeeueiiai aaaioa.

Aiae(c noo(iiy naiiia?ooo eoeo?oaece i?e ?(cieo ?aaeeiao aeiaaaa
aea/aiiy aieeao ia?aiao?(a noo(iiy ia eiai a(ieia(/i( iieacieee, ui
aecia/athoue ian(ii(a( yeino(. C aeacaiith iaoith aea/aii ye(noue
naiiia?ooo a(a?eaeiiai ian(iiy eoeo?oaece aieia(oth 17…41 %. Noo(iiy
naiiia?ooo i?iaiaeeee ia eaai?aoi?i(e onoaiiaoe( o u(eueiiio oa?( i?e
oaeaeeino( nooeeueiiai aaaioa a nooeeuei(e eaia?( 0,1…0,5 i/n oa eiai
oaiia?aoo?( 35…55(N. A aeine(aeao aea/aee aia?a(th i?i?iuoaaiiy,
noiae(noue oa neeo ?inoo. Inoaiiy c aenieith nooi(iith ei?aeth( c
iieueiaith noiae(noth. Aoei anoaiiaeaii oiiae noo(iiy, ui caa?(aathoue
ian(ii(ao ye(noue i?inooaiiai naiiia?ooo.

O i’yoii ?icaeiei “Iaa?oiooaaiiy oaoiieiai/ii( noaie iineycae?aeueii(
ia?iaee ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece” aoei i?iaaaeaiaii aiaeic oaoii/iiai ?iaiy
oaoiieiai/iiai i o?ainii?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy eoeo?oaecieaeia?oaaeueieo
caaiaeia (EEC) i?iaeoeoeai(noth 5 oen. oiii c iaoith aecia/aiiy
iaeaieueo oa?aeoa?ieo aocueeeo iinoeue ia inioth/eo EEC (aeaye(
?acoeueoaoe aiae(co iaaaaeai( a oaae. 2 oa 3).

Oaoii/ia ia?aica?i(iiy EEC aeicaiey( caaacia/eoe iiaeaeuaiiy oaoii/iiai
?iaiy iaoei i iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ia?iaee ianiiiy eoeo?oaece c oei, uia
caieueoeoe caaaeueiee aeoiae ianiiiy ia 3…5 %, a oiio /enei aeoiae
ianiiiy ( eeano ia 15…20 %. I?iaeoeoeai(noue oaoiieiai/ieo eiiie
caaiaeo iiney oaoii/iiai ia?aica?i(iiy iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe iioi/io
ia?iaeo ea/ai(a eoeo?oaece, i?e oeueiio o?aaioaaiiy ianiiiy i?e ia?iaoei
iiaeiia

Oaaeeoey 2

Oa?aeoa?enoeea o?aeoe(eiiai neeaaeo a(a?eaeiiai ian(iiy eoeo?oaece

EEC Iacaa

a(a?eaeo O?aeoe(( Caaaeueia /enei o?aeoe(e Caaaeueiee aeo(ae, %

Eoaainueeee ?INN 20 AIA 1, 2 2 56

Ie?ii(anueeee Iaeanueea aenia?eiaio. 1, 2, 3, 4 4 53

Iiaee(a-Iiae(euenueeee Eieaeoeaiee 21 IAOA 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3 3
3 54

Iiaieaoianueeee Iieaeaanueeee 41/1

Iaaeaei(no?ianueeee 50 1?

Ai?enoai 1i

IAe-10-I

IAe-10-1?

AeI-20 3 1 1, 2, 3

1, 2, 3, 4

1, 2, 3, 4

1, 2, 3

1, 2, 3, 4

2, 3

4

61

Oaaeeoey 3

O?aaioaaiiy ian(iiy eoeo?oaece ia ?(cieo ae(eyieao EEC (%)

Eoeo?oaecieae(a?oaaeuei( caaiaee

I(noea a(aeai?o c?ace(a Eoaai-nueeee Ie?i-i(anueeee Iiaee(a-
Iiae(euenueeee Iiai-eaoia-nueeee A(eai?iae-Aei(no?ia-nueeee *oaianueeee

i(ney IEIO – 2 – – 11,25 8,5

i(ney ?8-OOeN-1 18 – – – – –

aei ENE-1 17 1,5 5 6 – –

i(ney ENE-1 20 1,5 5 – – –

i(ney ENE-1 ( 1 – – – 3 – –

i(ney ENE-1 ( 2 – – – 4 – –

i(ney ENE-1 ( 3 – – – 6 – –

aei AIN-1 – 1 – – 12 6,5

i(ney AIN-1 – 1,5 – – 9 8

aei O1-AIN – – 4 – – –

i(ney O1-AIN – – 7 – – –

aei ii?(( – – 5 – 10 3,8

i(ney ii?(( – – 6,5 – 7,5 5,5

i(ney “Petkus” – – – 3 – –

iinea AeAE-25 17 – – – – –

cieceoenue ia iaioa i(ae a 2 ?ace, ieoiia niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?ai( i
iaeeaa nei?ioeoeny ia 10…15 %.

Noeneee aiaeic iieacaa, ui ia aaaaoueio aeith/eo EEC Oe?a(ie iaiao(aeia
ciiia iecueeii?iaeoeoeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia aenieii?iaeoeoeaia, aai
iiaea?iicaoeiy aeith/iai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino( eiai
?iaioe oa caaacia/aiiy iaiao(aeii( yeino( ia?iaee ianiiiy.

A noa?eo oaoiieiai/ieo noaiao ia aeayeeo caaiaeao ia ia?aaeaa/aany
aiaeai? naiiia?ooo, ui iia(?ooaaei i?ioean nooiiiy ea/ai(a i cieaeoaaei
aeoiae ni?oiaiai ianiiiy. Ia aoea ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieiaiy ia?iaee
i(eeica?ii( eoeo?oaece, oiio c a(aeoiae(a, iaea?aeaieo a oaoiieiai/iiio
i?ioeani, aiia ia aeaeieyeanue, ui oaeiae cieaeoaaei aeoiae ni?oiaiai
ianiiiy ia 2…3 %. I?e ?aeiino?oeoei( /e iiaea?iicaoei( oaoiieiai/iiai
i?ioeano EEC a oeieiio aai ie?aieo eiai oaoiieiai/ieo eiiie oei ieoaiiy
iaiaoiaeii ae?ioeoe.

Oaeei /eiii, aeaeii, ui aeey :

1) iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi ?iaioe eoeo?oaeciiieioa?ie iaiaoiaeii
i?iaanoe iaeaaeeo i a(ae?aaoethaaoe ?aaeeie ?iaioe;

2) iieiioaiiy yeinoi eaeia?oaaiiy, iaiaoiaeii i?iaanoe i?aaeeueiee
iiaeai? neo caeaaeii aiae aia?eaeia, ui ia?iaeythoueny;

3) cieaeaiiy o?aaioaaiiy ianiiiy, ?aeiiaiaeo(oueny onoaiiaeaiiy aoiiaeo
i?ieeaaeie a iinoeyo ciiie iai?yieo ?ooo ian(iiy i ?aaoethaaiiy ?iai/eo
i?aaiia iaoei;

4) iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi nooiiiy ea/ai(a a eaia?ieo nooa?eao
ia?aaeaa/eoe aiaeai? i ie?aio ia?iaeo naiiia?ooa a iiaea?i(ciaaieo
aoiea?ao aeoeaiiai aaioeethaaiiy aai ia?aiaeaaeiaieo eaia?ao eaia?ieo
nooa?ie .

AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeaii e(euee(ni( caeiiii(?iino( ci(ie oaieio(ce/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee naiiia?ooo eoeo?oaece a(ae eiai aieiaino( oa oaiia?aoo?e.
Ooi/iaii o(ceei-oaoiieia(/i( aeanoeaino( naiiia?ooo ( ian(iiy
eoeo?oaece.

2. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii(?iino( eiiaoeee nooiiiy i iaa?(aaiiy ianiiiy
eoeo?oaece a uieueiiio oa?( oa neeaaeaii (o iaoaiaoe/iee iien yeee
aeicaiey( aecia/eoe o?eaae(noue noo(iiy naiiia?ooaiiai ian(iiy
eoeo?oaece a ?(cieo oiiaao eiai ia?iaee.

3. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue nooiiiy ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece o oa?(
iiaeaeuaii( oiaueie i?e ?iciiiaiioieo aa?iaioao eiai i?iaeoaaiiy, yea
aeicaieeea anoaiiaeoe iioeiaeuei( ?aaeeie noo(iiy naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece aeey aoiea?(a aeoeaiiai aaioeethaaiiy oa ia?aiaeaaeiaieo
eaia? eaia?ii( nooa?ee.

4. Ia iniia( aeine(aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino( ?iaioe iniiaiiai oaoiieiai/iiai
oa o?ainii?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy eoeo?oaeci-eaeia?oaaeueieo caaiaeia
oaeineiiaeaia noaia oaoiieia(/iiai i?ioeano ia?iaee naiiia?ooo
eoeo?oaece.

5. ?ic?iaeaii caniae ciaioaiiy o?aaioaaiiy ian(iiy eoeo?oaece ia ?(cieo
aoaiao eiai ia?iaee oa o?ainii?ooaaiiy, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii iaai(
eooe iaoeeo naiiieea(a ( ae(aiao?e neo aeey i(aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino(
i/euaiiy naiiia?ooo.

6. ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe(( ii iie(ioaiith aoaeoeaiino( ?iaioe
oaoiieia(/iiai oa o?ainii?oiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia EEC.

7. I?iaaaeaia i?iieneiaa ai?iaaoe(y ?ic?iaeaieo ?aaeei(a noo(iiy o
ia?aiaeaaeiaieo eaia?ao eaia?ieo nooa?ie.

8. Aeiiii(/iee aoaeo a(ae oi?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaii( oaoiieia((
ia?iaee ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece neeaaea( 65916 a?i. c( no?ieii ieoiiino(
i?ioyaii i’yoe ?ie(a.

NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOeI(

1. Aoaethe E.O., Noaieaae/ A.I., Ai?oa A.A. Aaeineiiaeaiiy
eoeo?oaecieae(a?oaaeueieo caaiae(a. // Iaoe. i?aoe( “Oaeineiiaeaiiy
(nioth/eo ( ?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia(e aeey oi?/iai( oa ca?iiia?a?iaii(
i?iieneiaino(“. – Iaeana: IAeAOO, 1997. – N. 16-24.

2. Aoaethe E.O., Ai?oa A.A. Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu eoeo?ocieaeea?iai/iuo
caaiaeia. // Iaoe. i?aoe( “I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa
oa niiaeeaaiiy oe(aii?iaeoeo(a”. – Iaeana: IAeAOO, 1997. – O.4. – N.
27-28.

3. Aoaethe E.O., Ai?oa A.A., Oaaa?iia A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
iniiaiiai oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey eoeo?oci-eaeea?iai/iiai
caaiaea. // Iaoe. i?aoe( “I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa
oa niiaeeaaiiy oe(aii?iaeoeo(a”. – Iaeana: IAeAOO, 1997. – O.4. – N.
29-30.

4. Ai?oa A.A. Oeceei-iaoaie/aneea e oaieioece/aneea naienoaa naiyi
eoeo?ocu. // Iaoe. i?aoe( “I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa
oa niiaeeaaiiy oe(aii?iaeoeo(a”. – Iaeana: IAeAOO, 1997. – O.4. – N.
33-35.

5. Ai?oa A.A., Noaieaae/ A.I. Aeine(aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae naiiia?ooa
eoeo?oaece ye ia’(eoa noo(iiy oa caa?(aaiiy. // Iaoe. i?aoe(
“Oaeineiiaeaiiy (nioth/eo ( ?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia(e aeey oa?/iai( oa
ca?iiia?a?iaii( i?iieneiaino(“. – Iaeana: IAeAOO, 1998. – N. 50-51.

AIIOAOe(ss

Ai?oa A.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia(( i(neycae?aeueii( ia?iaee ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe(y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi(/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe(aeuei(noth 05.18.03 — ia?aeiia ia?iaea oa caa?(aaiiy i?iaeoeo(a
?ineeiieoeoaa. — Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai(y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia(e,
Iaeana, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe(th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aeine(aeaeaiiy o(ceei-oaoiieia(/ieo
aeanoeainoae oa oaieio(ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece. Io?eiaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien caeiiii(?iinoae noo(iiy (
iaa?(aaiiy ian(ii(aiai ca?ia eoeo?oaece i?e ci(iieo ?aaeeiieo
ia?aiao?ao. ?ic?iaeaiii ?aaeeie noo(iiy naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai( eoeo?oaece
aeey ?(ciiiai(oieo i?eno?i(a oa oiia noo(iiy: eaia?ieo nooa?ie oa
aoiea?(a aeoeaiiai aaioeethaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe(( ii
oaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia(/ii( noaie i(neycae?aeueii( ia?iaee ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece. Iniiai( ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?e noo(ii( oa i(neycae?aeuei(e ia?iaoe( naiiia?ooo ian(ii(ai(
eoeo?oaece.

Eeth/ia( neiaa: ian(ii(aa eoeo?oaeca, naiiia?oo, e(iaoeea, noo(iiy,
iiaeaethaaiiy, ia?iaea.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ai?oa A.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiaee iineaoai?i/iie ia?aaioee
naiaiiie eoeo?ocu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.03 — ia?ae/iay ia?aaioea e o?aiaiea i?iaeoeoia
?anoaieaiaenoaa. — Iaeanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey ieuaauo
oaoiieiaee, Iaeanna, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai enneaaeiaaiey oeceei-oaoiieiae/aneeo
naienoa e oaieioece/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee naiiia?ooa naiaiiie eoeo?ocu.
Iieo/aii iaoaiaoe/aneia iienaiea caeiiiia?iinoae nooee e iaa?aaa
naiaiiie eoeo?ocu aeey ia?aiaiiuo ?aaeeiiuo ia?aiao?ia. ?ac?aaioaiu
?aaeeiu nooee naiiia?ooa naiaiiie eoeo?ocu aeey ?acee/ieo ono?ienoa e
oneiaee nooee: eaia?iuo nooeeie e aoiea?ia aeoeaiiai aaioeee?iaaiey.
?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth oaoiieiae/aneie noaiu
iineaoai?i/iie ia?aaioee naiaiiie eoeo?ocu. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou
iaoee i?iiuoeaiiia i?eiaiaiea i?e nooea e iineaoai?i/iie ia?aaioea
naiiia?ooa naiaiiie eoeo?ocu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naiaiiay eoeo?oca, naiiia?oo, eeiaoeea, nooea,
iiaeaee?iaaiea, ia?aaioea.

ABSTRACT

Borta A.V. Advances in technologica1 productivity of after-harvesting
treatment of seed maize. – Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Cand. Sci. (Engineering) under the
specialty 05.18.03 – Primary Treatment and Storing of Plant Growing
Products. – Odessa State Academy of Food Technologies, Odessa, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to investigation of physica1 and
technological and thermophysical properties of self-hulled kernels of
seed maize. Developed are conditions of drying of self-hu11ed kernels of
seed maize for various drying arrangements and conditions that is
chamber dryers and aerated bins. Kinetics of a mechanism of drying of
seed maize at variable conditional parameters is described
mathematically. Efficiency of operation of basic process and
transportation equipment of maize-sizing plants is studied.
Recommendations on the improvement of the process of after-harvesting
treatment of seed maize are given. Basic results of studies done have
found use in drying and after-harvesting treatment of self-hulled
kernels of seed maize.

Key words: seed maize, self-hulled kernel, drying, treatment,
simulation, processing.

I(aeienaii aei ae?oeo 20.11. 1998 ?. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iae.-aeae. a?e.
1,0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? 461. Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai(y
oa?/iaeo oaoiieia(e. 270039, i. Iaeana, aoe. Eaiaoia, 112.

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