Удосконалення технічного діагностування тиристорних систем збудження потужних синхронних генераторів і електроприводів ТЕС: Автореф. дис… канд. техн

AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO

Iaoiia Aieiaeeie? Oaaei?iae/

OAeE 621. 313. 322 : 621. 301

OAeINEIIAEAIIss OAOI?*IIAI AeIAAIINOOAAIIss

OE?ENOI?IEO NENOAI CAOAeAEAIIss IIOOAEIEO

NEIO?IIIEO AAIA?AOI??A ? AEAEO?II?EAIAe?A OAN

NIAOe?AEUeI?NOUe : 05. 14. 02. — «Aeaeo?e/i? noaioe??, nenoaie ?
ia?aae?»

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Neaieiaeeaiei Aioae?e Oaaei?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e » Aeaeo?e/i?

noaioe?? «Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?iaicii Aai?a?e A?eai?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e » Aeaeo?e/i? nenoaie»

Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

E??/iai Ieey Na?a?eiae/, aeioeaio eaoaae?e «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y aeaeo?e/ieo
nenoai»

I?eacianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?13, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «26» eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11. 052. 02 a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio

oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith : Oe?a?ia, 340000, i. Aeiiaoeuee,
aoe. A?oaia, 58, 1 iaa/aeueiee ei?ion, aoae. 201

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? AeiiAeOO

(i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, II iaa/aeueiee ei?ion).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 20 » aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio A. I. Ea?ii

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe

Ia?aae aia?aaoeeaie Oe?a?ie iinoaaeaii caaaeaiiy ?icaeoeo aoaeoeaieo
iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a ? cania?a aeiaaiinooaaiiy, ia aeiaaath/eo
a?aeeeth/aiiy onoaoeoaaiiy, ooai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy iniiaieo aeae?a aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy ? ?o
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ia iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ia’?eoao aia?ainenoai,
oi?ioaaiiy aaeocaai? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie ae?aaiinoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aia?aaoe/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia an?o ??aiyo oi?aae?iiy
Iiiaia?ai Oe?a?ie.

Oaoi?/ia aeiaaiinooaaiiy nenoai caoaeaeaiiy (NC) iiooaeieo neio?iiieo
aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe?? cae?enith?oueny, ia?aaaaeii, o?aaeeoe?eieie
iaoiaeaie ? caniaaie oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue
i?iaaaeaiiy aei?iaoaaiue NC a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo oo?aiaaia?aoi?a ?
a aaa??eieo ?aaeeiao aia?ainenoaie, ui ? ae?ae iaaaaeaieie aiane?aeie
iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao ? cieaeaiiy iaae?eiino? ?iaioe aeaeo?iiaeaaeiaiiy
aia?ainenoaie. Oaeiae ia cae?enith?oueny eiio?ieue iaeaioe/iinoi
iano?ieee ? iiaaae?iee NC aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe??.

A?aenooi?e eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC neio?iiieo iaoei (aaia?aoi?e, aeaeaoie a i?eaiae?
eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a) oaieiai? aeaeo?e/ii? noaioe?? (OAN),
ui ia aeicaiey? caaacia/oaaoe iaiao?aeio iaae?ei?noue aeaeo?ii?eaiaeo
eoeueiaiai aoaea?iciaeueiiai ieeia.

Ana oea coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?
cania?a oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ?
aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a OAN.

Ca’ycie oaie aeena?oaoe?? c ieaiii iniiaieo ?ia?o. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaie aaeocaaeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
i?ia?ai. Aacith aeey i?aeaioiaee ?iaioe ,ui caoeua?oueny, noaee iaoeiai
-aeine?aeieoeuee? ca?oe ii cacia/aiei oaiai c oaeeie iiia?aie
ain?aaino?aoe??: 01825044219; 01840071030; 01840071029; 01850070543. I?e
oeueiio aaoi? ? ea??aieeii oeeo ?ia?o ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiei aeeiiaaoeai.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Iniiaiith iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoiae?a ? cania?a oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo
aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a OAN.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? NC, ye ia’?eo?a
ae?aaiico, a oaeiae caaaeueieo e?eoa???a oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy,
aeeiiai? ia iniia? cania?a aeaaa?e iiiaeei. I?e ioe?ioe? oaoi?/iiai
noaio NC aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe??, iaeaioe/iinoi iano?ieee ?
iiaiaeaeaiiy NC ie?aieo aaia?aoi??a, iiooeo iani?aaiinoae, aeei?enoai?
caniae ?ic?aooieo iaeano? noaoe/ii? no?eeinoi aia?ainenoaie ? aeai?o
iano?ieee A?C, a oaeiae caniae iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio NC i?e aaa??eieo cao?aiiyo aeeiioaaeeny
ia iniia? caaaeueii? oai??? ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a iaoei ci?iiiai no?oio,
cania?a ia/enethaaeueii? iaoaiaoeee, caniao neiao?e/ieo neeaaeiaeo.
Iaoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaoiae?a aei??o ia?aiao??a ? ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. No?ia?noue iiaoaeiae nenoaie oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy
aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiai ia’?eoo aia?oa iaa?oioiaaia ?ic?iaeaieie aaoi?ii
aen?iiaie, ia iniia? yeeo cai?iiiiiaai? ? aeine?aeaeai? caaaeuei?
e?eoa??? oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a
? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a, a oaeiae e?eoa???
aeey ii?aoethaaiiy inoaii?o.

2. Iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeniiai oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo
neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo
ieei?a i?aaenoaaeaii iiaith eeaneo?eaoe??th NC, ca?aeii c yei? NC a
??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeeiao ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aaaaoica’yciee, iaeiica’yciee
? aaoiiiiiee ia’?eo ae?aaiico.

3. Ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaeniinoi oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy aeey eiio?ieth
oaoi?/iiai noaio NC ye aaaaoica’yciiai ? iaeiica’yciiai ia’?eoo
ae?aaiico ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee iaoiae ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae, a
iniia? yeiai aeei?enoaii aeanoea?noue iaae? iaeano? no?eeinoi NA?C, ye
aeno?aiaeueii? e?i??, /ooeeai? aei oaoi?/iiai noaio aeaiaio?a NA?C, ui
aeicaiey? ii eiioiao?aoei? iaae eiio?iethaaoe oaoi?/iee noai NC
aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe??, iaeaioe/i?noue iano?ieee ? iiaiaeaeaiiy NC
ie?aieo aaia?aoi??a, aeyaeyoe iani?aaiino? ? ii oaaeeoe? ia?ac?a
iani?aaiinoae cae?enithaaoe ?o iiooe.

4. Aaoi?ii onoaiiaeai aca?iica’ycie i?ae ae?aaiinoe/ieie aeanoeainoyie
NC ? oacaie i?io?eaiiy aaa??eiiai i?ioeano a aia?ainenoai?, aiane?aeie
/iai ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee iaoiae aaa??eieo cao?aiue, ui
caniiaai ia iiaeaii? aaa??eiiai cao?aiiy o aeaeyae? aeaio oac eiai
i?io?eaiiy, uiaei yeeo ? ioe?ith?oueny oaoi?/iee noai NC.

5. Iaoiae ?iai/iai oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC a aenieoaoaoe?eieo
?aaeeiao ?iaioe aaia?aoi?o ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee ia iniia?
cai?iiiiiaaieo aaoi?ii e?eoa???a, ? a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui ia i?noeoue
ia?aa??ie a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo aaia?aoi?a, ye ae?ae iaaeiiii?/iiai.

Iaa?oioiaaii?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?iaioe. Caaacia/o?oueny canoinoaaiiyi ai?iaiaaieo
iaoiae?a aeaaa?e iiiaeei, iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo iaeano? noaoe/ii?
no?eeinoi aia?ainenoaie ? aeai?o iano?ieee A?C, iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a, aeaeaoi?a ? ?o NC;
iaa?oioiaai?noth i?eeiyoeo aeiiouaiue; ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia ae?th/iio onoaoeoaaii? aeaeo?inoaioe?e ?
aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? aenieoaoaoe?? i?eaaaeaieo a ?iaio? iaoiae?a ?
cania?a oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

1. Noai?aia iaoiaeeea aeiaaiinooaaiiy oe?enoi?ieo NC iiooaeieo
oo?aiaaia?aoi??a, ui aeicaieeoue ioe?ieoe ?o oaoi?/iee noai a oiiaao
aenieoaoaoe?? c aeiyoeii ia?aa??ie a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo aaia?aoi?a,
ye ae?ae iaaeiiii?/iiai.

2. ?ic?iaeaii caniae oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee, ui caaacia/othoue
aoaeoeaia aeiaaiinooaaiiy oe?enoi?ieo NC iiooaeieo oo?aiaaia?aoi??a a
oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??.

3. ?ic?iaeaia NC aeey aeaeo?ii?eaiaea eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a
OAN, ui i?aeoe/ii ia aeiaaa? ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

1. Iaoiae ?iai/iai oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC a aenieoaoaoe?eieo
?aaeeiao aaia?aoi?a i?ney eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo caai?iaaaeaeaiee ia an?o
aeieiaeo aeaeo?inoaioe?yo aia?ainenoai Oe?a?ie. Ioe?iea oaoi?/iiai noaio
oe?enoi?ieo NC ca iaoiaeii, ui i?iiiio?oueny, aeicaiey? a?aeiiaeoeny
a?ae ia?aa??ee a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo oo?aiaaia?aoi?a, ye ae?ae
iaaeiiii?/iiai.

2. Iaoiae aaa??eieo cao?aiue aeei?enoaiee ia Noa?iaaoaanueeie OAN aeey
ioe?iee oaoi?/iiai noaio aieiaiiai ac??oey oe?enoi?ii? nenoaie
naiicaoaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaee caaiaeo “O?aeaeaeo?ioyaeiao”, ui aeicaieeei ??
na??eii ai?iaaaeeoe ia ?yae? aeaeo?inoaioe?e.

3. Iaoiae ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae aeei?enoaiee ia Cii?anueeie OAN aeey
ioe?iee oaoi?/iiai noaio NC aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe??, iaeaioe/iinoi
iano?ieee ? iiaiaeaeaiiy NC ie?aieo aaia?aoi??a, ui aeicaieeei i?eeiyoe
caoiaee ui aei i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? a oeueiio aoce? aia?ainenoaie.

4. Caniae oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee: iiioaoi? neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a ?
caoaeieea, i?eeaae eiio?ieth no?oii?iciiae?eo /a?ac u?oee cai?iiiiiaai?
aeey ?aae?caoe?? cacia/aieo iiaeo iaoiae?a ? oiio oaeiae caai?iaaaeaeai?
ia an?o aeieiaeo aeaeo?inoaioe?yo aia?ainenoai Oe?a?ie.

5. ?ic?iaeaia NC aeey aeaeo?ii?eaiaea eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a
caai?iaaaeaeaia ia an?o aeieao iiooaei?noth 200, 300 IAo aeaeo?inoaioe?e
aia?ainenoaie “Aeiiaanaia?ai”.

sse iieacaa aeina?ae aenieoaoaoe??, cai?iiiiiaaia NC aieiae??
iaeneiaeueiith iaae?ei?noth, i?i?ioiii ae?aaiinoe/ieo cania?a ?
i?aeoe/ii ia aeiaaa? ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy ? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee
iia?aeiieai?, iaaiai?ai? ? noaaeai? ia XVIII nan?? nai?ia?o “Eiaa?iaoeea
aeaeo?e/ieo nenoai” ii oaiaoeoe? “Aeiaaiinoeea aeaeo?ionoaoeoaaiiy”
(1996 ?., i. Iiai/a?eanuee); nai?ia?? ea??aiee?a aeaeo?ieaai?aoi??e
aeaeo?e/ieo noaioe?e IAN NE “THaeaia?ai (1996 ?., i. I’yoeai?nuee);
?anioae?eainueeiio nai?ia?? “Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? aeaeo?e/ieo
iaoei ci?iiiai no?oio” (1977 ?., i. Ee?a); ?anioae?eainueeiio nai?ia??
“Ia?aaeia? iaoiaee aenieoaoaoe?? nenoai caoaeaeaiiy iiooaeieo
aaia?aoi??a” (1988 ?., Cii?anueea OAN ).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii iaoa??aeai aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ae?oeiaaieo
?ia?o ? 2 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa ia aeiao?ae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, i’yoe aeaa, oeeaaeaiiy, nienea e?oa?aoo?e ? aeaio aeiaeaoe?a;
iniiaiee ?? ci?no aeeeaaeaii ia 114 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
i?noeoue 56 ?enoie?a, 10 oaaeeoeue, nienie e?oa?aoo?e ?c 72
iaeiaioaaiue. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 197 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo,
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?ic?iaie. Iiaeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo
?iaioe.

Iaaaaeaiee noai ieoaiiy aeiaaa? ??oaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

?ic?iaee eeaneo?eaoe?? aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ia’?eo?a ae?aaiico;

?ic?iaee aen?ii oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ia’?eo?a;

ooai?aiiy aaieo aeaieo iioeiaeaeo?iinoi NC oo?aiaaia?aoi??a
iiooaei?noth 200( 800 IAo;

?ic?iaee caaaeueieo e?eoa???a oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo
neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a OAN;

?ic?iaee iaoiaeo ?iai/iai oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC a
aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe aaia?aoi?a ca aeiyoeii ?aaeeio
oieinoiai oiaeo; ?ic?iaee iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae aeey eiio?ieth a
oe?eiio oaoi?/iiai noaio NC aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe?e, ? iiooeo ?o
iani?aaiinoae;

?ic?iaee iiioaoi?a neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a ? caoaeieea aeey ?aae?caoe??
iaoiaea ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae;

?ic?iaee caniao aeey aeiaaiinooaaiiy u?oi/iiai aia?aoo aeiiii?aeiiai ?
aieiaiiai aaia?aoi??a;

?ic?iaee iaoiaeo aaa??eieo cao?aiue aeey i?iieneiaeo ?nieo?a aieiaieo
ac??oe?a NC iiooaeieo aaia?aoi??a;

aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ? cania?a ae?aaiinoeee NC a oiiaao
ae?th/eo aeaeo?inoaioe?e;

?ic?iaee e?eoa???a, ui aeicaieyoue c iaiao?aeiith iaae?ei?noth
i?iaeooaaoe NC neio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a a i?eaiae? eoeueiaeo
aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a OAN;

?ic?iaee ? aeine?aeaeaiiy NC aeey neio?iiiiai aeaeaoia a i?eaiae?
eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a, ui aenieoaoothoueny ia OAN c aeieaie
iiooaei?noth 200, 300 IAo.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c ?nioth/i? eeaneo?eaoe??
ia’?eo?a ae?aaiico c aeei?enoaiiyi oai??? iiiaeei. Aiane?aeie
ia?aoai?aiue iieieeiny, ui an? ia’?eoe ae?aaiico iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
oae? eeane: aaoiiiii?, iaeiica’yci?, aaaaoica’yci?, a eiaeiee eean — ia
15 iaeiaeiaeo i?aeeean?a (?en. 1). I?e oeueiio aaaaoica’yciee — oea
ia’?eo ae?aaiico, ui ia? ??ciiiai?oi? ca’ycee c aeaiia ? iiiaae ?ioeie
ia’?eoaie, a iaeiica’yciee — ?c iaeiei. Aecia/aii i?noea a eeaneo?eaoe??
ia’?eo?a ae?aaiico, ui eiai caeia? NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a
OAN. NC o?aaa ?icaeyaeaoe, ye aaoiiiiiee, iaeiica’yciee, aaaaoica’yciee
? i?oaiiaia?iaeiee ia’?eo ae?aaiico.

Aeey i?aaeeueii? ? oi/ii? iiaoaeiae nenoaie oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy
ia’?eoo iaiao?aei? iaai? i?aaeea. Oeeie i?aaeeaie ? aen?iie oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy ia’?eo?a, aeaaaeai? ia iniia? a?aeiieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae.

Aen?iia 1.

, (1)

— i?eaaaeai? aeo?aoe i?e aenieoaoaoe?? ia’?eoo aac canoinoaaiiy
aeiaaiinooaaiiy;

— i?eaaaeai? aeo?aoe i?e canoinoaaii? aeiaaiinooaaiiy;

— oaoi?/ia aeiaaiinooaaiiy ia’?eoo.

Aen?iia 2.

, (2)

— iaeneiaeuei? ? i?i?iaeuei? i?eaaaeai? aeo?aoe ia aeiaaiinooaaiiy
ia’?eoo;

— iaeneiaeueiee ? i?i?iaeueiee ??aaiue iaae?eiino? ia’?eoo ae?aaiico.

Aen?iia 3.

, (3)

— iioeiaeuei? i?eaaaeai? aeo?aoe i?e canoinoaaii? aeiaaiinooaaiiy;

— e?euee?noue ia?aa??ie i?e aeiaaiinooaaiii ia’?eoo;

— ia?iiaee/i?noue aeiaaiinooaaiiy;

— oaoi?/iee noai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico.

Aen?iia 4.

, (4)

— aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue caniao ae?aaiinoeee, ui ii?aoeueiao?oueny;

— e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a ,ui ae?aaiinoothoueny.

Aeey aeai?o aoce?a NC, ui aeiaaathoue aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy, aoee c?a?ai? aeai? ca 11 ?ie?a i?i a?aeiiae NC
oo?aiaaia?aoi??a iiooaei?noth 200 ( 800 IAo, ui aeioneathoueny na??eii,
ye? a?aei?aoethaaee a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe?? iiiaae 5 ?ie?a. Aei oaeeo
aoce?a iaeaaeaoue: aeo?aei? o?aicenoi?e a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy
ia?aoai?thaa/ai, neeia? oe?enoi?e ? ae?iaee ia?aoai?thaa/?a, ie?ai?
aeiee A?C, nenoaia ioieiaeaeaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a, u?oi/ii-eiioaeoiee
aia?ao aeiiii?aeiiai aaia?aoi?a.

Ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo aen?ii aeaaaeai? caaaeuei? e?eoa??? oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a.

, (5)

— iiiiiici?iaaiiy ia?aa??ee;

— ia?aa??ee ie?aieo aoce?a NC a ??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe
aaia?aoi?o.

, (6)

— i?i?iaeuei? noia?i? i?eaaaeai? aeo?aoe i?e aenieoaoaoe?? NC c
canoinoaaiiyi aeiaaiinooaaiiy.

— i?eaaaeai? aeo?aoe i?e aenieoaoaoe?? ie?aieo aoce?a NC ?c
canoinoaaiiyi aeiaaiinooaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?iai/iai oaoi?/iiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy NC a aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao aaia?aoi?a. Aeey oeueiai
iaea?aeai? ae?ace, ui iienothoue anth aace?/ ia?aa??ie NC, ye
aaoiiiiiiai ? iaeiica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, e??cue aeae?eai?
i?aeiiiaeeie A, B, C, L ? M, N, K:

_ _

(A ( B ( C) ( (A ( C) ( (B ( C) ( L, (7)

M ( (M ( K) ( N ( (N ( K) (8)

Aea?aaeaioi? ia?aoai?aiiy ae?ac?a ( 7 ), ( 8 ) ia iniia? caeii?a
aoe?ai? aeaaa?e iiiaeei aeicaieeee aeae?eeoe iaea?eueo ?noioi?
i?aeiiiaeeie ia?aa??ie NC. Aiane?aeie iaea?aeaiee aeai?eoi ae?aaiinoeee
NC i?ney ?o eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo, ui iine?aeiaii i?noeoue ?o ia?aa??ee
i?e ?iaio? aaia?aoi?o a ia?aae? ia ?aca?aiiio caoaeieeo /e ia coieiaiiio
aaia?aoi??, i?e iae?e aeoeai?e iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a ? i?e aeoeai?e
iiooaeiino? aaia?aoi?a, aeecueei? aei iiiiiaeueii?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iioeiaeaeo?iinoi NC iieacaa, ui oa?aeoa?iith
iniaeea?noth /eiaei? /anoeie a?aeiia ? ?o ?aioiaee oa?aeoa?.

?ic?iaeai? aei oeueiai /ano iaoiaee aeiaaiinooaaiiy ia aeicaieythoue
i?iaiicoaaoe iiae?ai? a?aeiiae. Oiio caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii?
iaae?eiino? aoce?a NC ne?ae cae?enithaaoe iaoiaeaie ?iai/iai oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy ?c ?icae?eueiei ?o ?aca?aoaaiiyi.

Aeei?enoaiiy caaaeueieo e?eoa???a ? aaiea aeaieo iioeiaeaeo?iinoi NC
aeicaieeei ioe?ieoe i??o ?aca?aoaaiiy. Oae aeey oe?enoi?ieo nenoai
naiicaoaeaeaiiy aeioe?eueii ?aca?aoaaiiy A?C ? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy
ia?aoai?thaa/ai, a aeey aacu?oi/ieo NC — iiai?noth oe?enoi?iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a, aeeth/ath/e eiai nenoaio oi?aae?iiy, ? A?C.

Aeey eiio?ieth oaoi?/iiai noaio NC, ye aaaaoica’yciiai ? iaeiica’yciiai
ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee iaoiae ae?aaiinoe/ieo
iaae. A iniia? iaoiaeo aeei?enoaii aeanoea?noue iaeano? iaae? no?eeinoi
NA?C ye aeno?aiaeueii? e?i??, /ooeeai? aei oaoi?/iiai noaio aeaiaio?a
NA?C. Iaaea iaeano? no?eeinoi, ui a?aeiia?aea? iani?aaiiio noaio
ia’?eoo, iacaaia ae?aaiinoe/iith.

Ae?aaiinoe/io iiaeaeue ii iaaeaiiio iaoiaeo ooai?ththoue iaeano?
no?eeinoi NA?C aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe??. ?ic?aooiie iaeano? no?eeinoi
NA?C ye aaaaoica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico c?iaeaii ia AII, ao?aeiith
?ioi?iaoe??th aeey yei? neoaeaoue aeai? i?i ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean a
aia?ainenoai? i?e iaeiio no?ae/anoiio neaiae? oi?aae?iiy ia aoiae? A?C.
Aecia/aiiy iaeano? no?eeinoi NA?C ye iaeiica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico
c?iaeaii oeyoii /anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoee aaia?aoi?o ii iai?oc? noaoi?a ?
no?oio ?ioi?a, a oaeiae aiaeia?/ieo eaioetha?a caoaeieea. *anoioi?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aecia/ai? aenia?eiaioaeueii ? ?aae?ciaai? a i?eno?i?
ae?aaiinoeee, iacaaiei iiioaoi?ii (?en. 2). I?aeeeth/aiiy iiioaoi?a aei
aeoiaeo NC aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oiiae no?eeinoi nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy i?e
caieeaii? eiioo??a ?aaoethaaiiy ii a?aeoeeaiith ? iio?aeii? iai?oae ?
iio?aeii? no?oio ?ioi?a, ui caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy iaeanoae
no?eeinoi NA?C, ye iaeiica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, iacaeaaeii a?ae
aaia?aoi?a.

?enoiie 2 – Iaeano? no?eeino?, ye? aecia/ai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?i?oaoi?a
(1,2,3)

? ca ?nioth/ith iaoiaeeeith (1`, 2`, 3`)

Aeai?eoi ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae ia?aaeaa/a?
ia??iaee/iee eiio?ieue iaeano? no?eeinoi NA?C, ye aaaaoica’yciiai
ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, eiaeiiai aaia?aoi?a aeaeo?inoaioe?? a ieiuei?
eiao?oe??io?a ?aaoethaaiiy A?C ii a?aeoeeaiith ? iio?aeii? /anoioe.

I?e iiya? ae?aaiinoe/ii? iaae? iaeano? no?eeinoi NA?C a?aeiia?aeiee
aaia?aoi? aeaeo?inoaioe?? ia?aaiaeeoueny ia ?aca?aia caoaeaeaiiy ? ca
aeiiiiiaith iiioaoi?a cae?enith?oueny iiooe iani?aaiinoae a aeaii?e NA?C
ii ae?aaiinoe/iei iaaeai c aeei?enoaiiyi oaaeeoe? ia?ac?a iani?aaiinoae
(?en. 3, oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — Ia?ace iani?aaiinoae NC

Eii?aeeiaoe

iaeano?

no?eeino? Iiia?

ae?aaiinoe/ii?

iaae?

2

3

4 ?ic?ieiooi eaioetha ?iiino? N2 ao?aeiiai o?eueo?a A*3

Caei?i/aii ae?inaeue Ae?3 aeo?aeiiai o?eueo?a A*3

2

3

4 Caieiaiiy ?iiino? N9 a eaioethc? noaa?e?caoe?? IIA

Ia?ea eaioethaa ?iiino? N7 a o?eueo?? O2 IIA

2

3

4 Caieiaiiy ?iiino? N29-N33 a eaioethc? noaa?e?caoe?? II

Caieiaiiy ?iiino? N41-N61 a eaioethc? noaa?e?caoe?? II

Ia?ea ?iiino? N41-N61

?enoiie 3 – Iaeano? no?eeino?, ye? aecia/ai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?i?oaoi?a
i?e ?i?oaoe?? oa?aeoa?ieo iani?aaiinoae

Aeey i?iieneiaeo ?nieo?a aieiaieo ac??oe?a NC, ye aaaaoica’yciiai ?
iaeiica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee iaoiae
aaa??eieo cao?aiue. O aeaeyae? aaa??eieo cao?aiue, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
caian aeeiai?/ii? no?eeino? nenoaie, i?eeiathoue ei ?ioe? caieeaiiy ?c
ianooiiei a?aeeeth/aiiyi iioeiaeaeaiiai aeaiaioo.

Iaea?eueo aaaeeei aeaeii ei?ioeiai caieeaiiy (EC) ? o?eoacia.

. NC aaia?aoi?a a oe?e oac? cao?aiiy noaiiaeoue iaeiica’yciee ia’?eo
ae?aaiico.

A ae?oa?e oac? aaa??eiiai cao?aiiy, i?ney a?aeeeth/aiiy iioeiaeaeaiiai
eaioethaa aeaeo?iia?aaea/?, NC aaia?aoi?a noaiiaeoue aaaaoica’yciee
ia’?eo ae?aaiico. Ca?aene aeo?ea? iioacia ioe?iea oaoi?/iiai noaio NC
aaia?aoi?a a aaa??eieo ?aaeeiao.

Aeai?eoi ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo aaa??eieo cao?aiue ia?aaeaa/a? ia?aa??ee
NC, ye iaeiica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, a ?aaeei? ?aioiaeo neiao?e/ieo
? ianeiao?e/ieo EC ia noi?ii? aeui? iai?oae aeieiaiai o?ainoi?iaoi?a i?e
?iaio? aaia?aoi?a ia oieinoiio oiaeo c? cieaeaiith iai?oaith noaoi?a ?,
ye aaaaoica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, a ?aaeei? cao?aiiy an?o
aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe??.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? ?i?oaoi?a neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a ?
caoaeieea, yeee yaey? niaith ?o iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ? i?ecia/aiee aeey
?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae, a oaeiae iaoiaeo ?iai/iai
oaoi?/iiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy NC a aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao aaia?aoi?a.

Aeey aeiaaiinooaaiiy u?oi/iiai aia?aoo aeiiii?aeiiai ? aieiaiiai
aaia?aoi??a ?ic?iaeaiee ? aeine?aeaeaiee a oiiaao aeaeo?inoaioe?e
i?eeaae eiio?ieth no?oii?iciiae?eo ii u?oeai. I?eioeei ae?? i?eeaaeo
caniiaaiee ia aei??? iaae?iiy iai?oae ia iia?aeoe? aeaeo?iu?oee i?e
i?io?eaiii /a?ac iueiai no?oio caoaeaeaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ? cania?a ae?aaiinoeee NC a oiiaao ae?th/eo
aeaeo?inoaioe?e, ye? i?aeoaa?aeeee a??i?noue ?o iaa?oiooaaiiy ?
i?aeoe/io aeioe?euei?noue.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iieacaii, ui NC neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ?
aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a OAN — ooieoe?iiaeueii
iiae?ai?, oiio, ye ia’?eoe ae?aaiico, i?aeeyaathoue noi?niiio ?icaeyaeo.

Aecia/aii i?noea a eeaneo?eaoe?? ia’?eo?a ae?aaiico (?en. 1), ui eiai
caeia? NC cacia/aieo aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a. Iaaeaio NC o?aaa ?icaeyaeaoe ye
iaeiica’yciee i?oaiiaia?iaeiee ia’?eo ae?aaiico.

Ia i?aenoaa? ae?oai? aen?iie oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy, ui anoaiiaeth?
aca?iica’ycie i?ae iaae?ei?noth ia’?eoa ? eiai aeiaaiinooaaiiyi,
aeaaaeai? iniiai? e?eoa???, ui aeicaieyoue ?c iaiao?aeiith iaae?ei?noth
ii?aoeueiaoaaoe NC neio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a eoeueiaeo ieei?a. E?eoa???
aecia/athoue aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy NA?C a NC neio?iiiiai aeaeaoia.

, (9)

, (10)

aea (i.n. — /anoioa eieeaaiue iiiaioo iii?o;

(n. ?. — aeania /anoioa eieeaaiue ?ioi?a neio?iiiiai
aeaeaoia;

— i?e?ino iiooaeiino? ,ui niiaeeaa?oueny ?aaeoeaiei

eiiieaeniei iaaaioaaeaiiyi i?e ??ciiiai?oieo iai?oaao a eiai aoce?;

— ?aaeoeaia iiooaei?noue, ui aeaea?oueny neio?iiieie

aeaeaoiaie eiiieaeniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e ??ciiiai?oieo iai?oaao a eiai
aoce?.

Ia iniia? aen?ii oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy ? e?eoa???a (9, 10)
?ic?iaeaia NC aeey neio?iiieo aeaeaoi?a eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciieueieo
ieei?a, ui aenieoaoothoueny ia OAN c aeieaie iiooaei?noth 200, 300 IAo.

Ia AII aeine?aeaeaia aeeiai?/ia no?ee?noue neio?iiiiai aeaeaoia
eoeueiaiai ieeia ?c aeaiith NC. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo iieacaee, ui
aeaeaoi i?e cieaeaii? iai?oae aei 0, 68 Uiii. ia i?ioyc? 9n ( ?aaeei
aeeth/aiiy iiaeeaiiai aeaeo?iianina ) ? i?e ianooiiiio i?aeeii? eiai aei
aeo?aeiiai ??aiy ia aeiaaea? ?c neio?iiicia. Iaaeae? oe? ?acoeueoaoe
aoee i?aeoaa?aeaeai? i?e aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeo?ii?eaiaea eoeueiaiai
aoaea?iciaeueiiai ieeia a oaeiio ?aaeei?.

Iaeneiaeueia iaae?ei?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? NC aeinyaiooa ca ?aooiie oiai,
ui aeeaeaiiy iaiioee caoaeaeaiiy neio?iiiiai aeaeaoia cae?eniaii ca
noaiith naiicaoaeaeaiiy a?ae eiai aeaiae?a noaoi?a e??cue niaoe?aeueiee
aei?yieyth/ee o?ainoi?iaoi? ? aeiiaeii-oe?enoi?iee ia?aoai?thaa/, ui a
ioneiaeo ?aaeeiao aeaeaoia i?aoeth? c ?aeaeiei ea?oaaiiyi, a a ?iai/eo
?aaeeiao — ia?aaiaeeoueny a aeiiaeiee ?aaeei.

Caeiaooie iaeneiaeueii? iaae?eiino? NC aeicaieea cieceoe aei i?i?ioio
aeo?aoe ia ?? oaoi?/ia aeiaaiinooaaiiy. Oae aeiaaiinooaaiith a aeaii?e
NC i?aeeyaa? o?eueee ?ic?yaeiee ?acenoi?.

A aeiaeaoeo i?eaaaeaia iaoiaeeea oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy i?e
eai?oaeueiiio ?aiiio? oe?enoi?ieo NC a aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao
iiooaeieo aaia?aoi??a, a oaeiae i?aaenoaaeai? iaoa??aee, ye?
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeei?enoaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

AENIIAIE

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeaii oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy ? iiaa ??oaiiy
iaoeiaiai caaaeaiiy, ui iieyaa? a oaeineiiaeaiii oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a
eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a OAN oeyoii eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo, ui
aaco?oueny ia aaieo aeaieo iioeiaeaeo?iinoi NC, iia?e eeaneo?eaoe??
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ia’?eo?a ae?aaiico, aen?iiao ? e?eoa??yo, ui aeicaieeee
?ic?iaeoe iao?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee ? cania? oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC
a aenieoaoaoe?eieo ? aaa??eieo ?aaeeiao aaia?aoi??a.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe:

1. No?ia?noue iiaoaeiae nenoaie oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy
aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiai ia’?eoo aia?oa iaa?oioiaaia ?ic?iaeaieie aaoi?ii
aen?iiaie.

2. Iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy
NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a eoeueiaeo
aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a OAN i?aaenoaaeaii iiaith eeaneo?eaoe??th
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo ia’?eo?a ae?aaiico, ca?aeii c yeith NC a ??ciiiai?oieo
?aaeeiao ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aaaaoica’yciee, iaeiica’yciee ? aaoiiiiiee
ia’?eo ae?aaiico.

3. Aeey aeai?o aoce?a NC, aeiaaath/eo aaeineiiaeaiiy ?o oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy, noai?aii aaie aeaieo iioeiaeaeo?iinoi NC ca 11 ?ie?a
aenieoaoaoe?? oo?aiaaia?aoi??a iiooaei?noth 200(800 IAo.

4. Ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo aen?ii aeaaaeai? caaaeuei? e?eoa???
oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC ia i?i?ioi ia?aa??ie ? aeo?ao.

5. Ia iniia? aeaaaeaieo e?eoa???a ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?iai/iai oaoi?/iiai
aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC a aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe aaia?aoi?a, ui
a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui ia i?noeoue ia?aa??ie a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo
aaia?aoi?o, ye ae?ae iaaeiiii?/iiai.

6. Aeey oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC, ye aaaaoica’yciiai ?
iaeiica’yciiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiico, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae,
a iniia? yeiai aeei?enoaii aeanoea?noue iaae? iaeano? no?eeinoi NA?C ye
aeno?aiaeueii? e?i??, /ooeeai? aei oaoi?/iiai noaio aeaiaio?a NA?C.

7. Onoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae ae?aaiinoe/ieie aeanoeainoyie NC ?
oacaie i?io?eaiiy aaa??eiiai i?ioeano a aia?ainenoai?, aiane?aeie /iai
?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aaa??eieo cao?aiue, ui aeicaieeoue ioe?ithaaoe
oaoi?/iee noai NC uiaei cacia/aieo oac aaa??eiiai i?ioeano.

8. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae ? iaoiaeo ?iai/iai
oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC a aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao ?ic?iaeaii
i?eno??e ae?aaiinoeee, ui noaiiaeoue iiioaoi? neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a ?
caoaeieea, ?o iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue.

9. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo ?iai/iai oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC a
aenieoaoaoe?eieo ?aaeeiao aaia?aoi?a ?ic?iaeaii i?eno??e aeiaaiinooaaiiy
u?oi/iiai aia?aoo aeiiii?aeiiai ? aieiaiiai aaia?aoi??a, ui aeicaieeoue
eiio?iethaaoe no?oii?iciiae?e ii eiai u?oeai oeyoii aei??o iaae?iiy
iai?oae ia iia?aeoe? aeaeo?iu?oei i?e i?io?eaiii /a?ac iueiai no?oio
caoaeaeaiiy.

10. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ? cania?a
aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC a oiiaao ae?th/eo aeaeo?inoaioe?e, ui i?aeoaa?aeeee
i?aaeeuei?noue iaa?oiooaaiiy ? i?aeoe/io aeioe?euei?noue iaaeaieo
?ic?iaie.

11. Iieacaii, ui NC neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a eoeueiaeo
aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a OAN, ye ia’?eoe ae?aaiico, iiae?ai?. Oea
aeicaiey? canoiniaoaaoe aeey ieo o? ae nai? e?eoa???, iaoiaee ? caniae
oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy.

12. Ia i?aenoaa? cai?iiiiiaaieo aen?ii aeaaaeai? e?eoa???, ui
aecia/aoue aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy NA?C neio?iiiiai aeaeaoia a
i?eaiae? aoaea?iciaeueiiai eoeueiaiai ieeia OAN.

13. C o?aooaaiiyi aeaaaeaieo e?eoa???a ?ic?iaeaia NC aeey neio?iiieo
aeaeaoi?a a i?eaiae? eoeueiaeo aoaea?iciaeueieo ieei?a OAN, aeeiiaia ii
noai? naiicaoaeaeaiiy ?c aeiiaeii-oe?enoi?iei ia?aoai?thaa/ai, ui a
ioneiaeo ?aaeeiao aeaeaoia i?aoeth? c ?aeaeiei ea?oaaiiyi, a a ?iai/eo
?aaeeiao — ia?aaiaeeoueny a aeiiaeiee ?aaeei.

14. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? NC neio?iiiiai aeaeaoia a
i?eaiae? eoeueiaiai aoaea?iciaeueiiai ieeia a oiiaao OAN. Aiane?aeie
onoaiiaeaii, ui NC aieiae?? iaeneiaeueiith iaae?ei?noth, ui aeicaieeea
cieceoe aei i?i?ioio aeo?aoe ia ?? oaoi?/ia aeiaaiinooaaiiy, ?,
i?aeoe/ii, ia aeiaaa? ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ? i?eeeaaei? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
i?aaenoaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo

1.Iaoiia A.O., Ethaa?neee A.A. Aeeaaiinoeea ninoiyiey nenoai
aicaoaeaeaiey iiuiuo oo?aiaaia?aoi?ia. – Yeaeo?e/aneea noaioeee, 1985,
?11. — n. 38-41.

. 2.Iaoiia A.O., Ethaa?neee A.A., Iioeeueei A.E., Oeeaoia A.E.
Aeaooeaiaeueiue aiaeecaoi? onoie/eainoe ?aaoee?iaaiey aicaoaeaeaiey
neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia. – Yeaeo?e/aneea noaioeee, 1986, ? 10, n.54-57.

3.A.N. ? 1156235 (NNN?). Niinia i?iaa?ee nenoai aicaoaeaeaiey
neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia. – Ethaa?neee A.A., Iaoiia A.O., Oeeaoia A.E.
Iioae. a A. E. 1985, ? 18.

4.A. N. ? 884066 (NNN?). Niinia i?iaa?ee aaioeeueiie nenoaiu
aicaoaeaeaiey neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a a ?aaeeia oi?ne?iaee e aaoaiey
iiey. – Iaoiia A.O. Iioae. a A. E. 1981, ?43.

5.Iaoiia A.O., Ea?aeaoaa N.A., Naa/aiei A.A. ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiea
aaioeeueiuo nenoai aicaoaeaeaiey iiuiuo neio?iiiuo aeaeaaoaeae. –
Nai?iee. Iooe iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe yeaeo?e/aneeo iaoei ia?aiaiiiai
oiea. E.: Ecae-ai EYAe AI ONN?, 1977, n.96-98.

6.Iaoiia A.O., Ea?aeaoaa N.A., Naa/aiei A.A. Aeeiaeii-oe?enoi?iay
nenoaia aicaoaeaeaiey neio?iiiiai aeaeaaoaey. – Yia?aaoeea e
yeaeo?eoeeaoeey, na?ey: yenieoaoaoeey e ?aiiio yeaeo?e/aneeo naoae, aui.
12, I.:1979, n.3-8.

7.Iaoiia A.O. Iaoiae aeeaaiinoeee nenoai aicaoaeaeaiey iiuiuo
aaia?aoi?ia. – Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea, 1995, ?2. – n.69-73.

8.Iaoiia A.O. Eniieueciaaiea a?aieoeu iaeanoe onoie/eainoe aeey
aeeaaiinoeee nenoai aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey aicaoaeaeaiey iiuiuo
aaia?aoi?ia. – Oaoie/aneay yeaeo?iaeeiaieea, 1996, ? 2, n.55-59.

9.Iaoiia A.O. Eiiieaeniia oaoie/aneia aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea oe?enoi?iuo
nenoai aicaoaeaeaiey iiuiuo oo?aiaaia?aoi?ia. – Eca. Aocia,
Yeaeo?iiaoaieea, 1997, ?1-2, n. 101-102.

O [1] – aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue noai?aiiy aaieo aeaieo iioeiaeaeo?iinoi
NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a aia?ainenoai Oe?a?ie, ?ic?iaea
iniiaieo eiioeaioe?e oaoi?/iiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy NC.

O [2] – caeiaoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a ?i?oaoi?a, aeei?enoai? iaae?
no?eeinoi, ye ae?aaiinoe/i? ia?aiao?e.

O [3] – caeiaoaa/o iaeaaeeoue ni?eueia ?ic?iaea iciaee aeiaoiaeo.

O [5] – caeiaoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaia ? ai?iaaaeaeaia aaioeeueia NC aeey
aeaeo?ii?eaiaeo eoeueiaiai aoaea?iciaeueiiai ieeia OAN.

O [6] – caeiaoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaia aeiiaeii-oe?enoi?ia NC neio?iiiiai
aeaeaoia.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaoiia A. O. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oe?enoi?ieo
nenoai caoaeaeaiiy iiooaeieo neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a
OAN. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05. 14. 02 — Aeaeo?e/i? noaioe??, nenoaie ? ia?aae?.
— Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Aeiiaoeuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy oe?enoi?ieo nenoai caoaeaeaiiy (NC) iiooaeieo neio?iiieo
aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a OAN c iaoith ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaeo iaoiae?a ? cania?a ?o ae?aaiico. No?ia?noue iiaoaeiae oaoi?/iiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy NC iaa?oioiaaii aia?oa ?ic?iaeaieie aen?iiaie ?
caaaeueieie e?eoa??yie. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa eeaneo?eaoe?y ia’?eo?a
ae?aaiico, ui aeicaieeoue eiiieaenii cae?enithaaoe oaoi?/ia
ae?aaiinooaaiiy NC iiooaeieo neio?iiieo iaoei OAN. ?ic?iaeai? iia?
iaoiaee ae?aaiico: iaoiae ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaae, ui aeicaieeoue
eiio?iethaaoe oaoi?/i? noaie NC aaia?aoi??a aeaeo?inoaioe??,
?aeaioe/i?noue ?o iano?ieee, aeyaeyoe iani?aaiino? ? cae?enithaaoe ?o
iiooe; iaoiae aaa??eieo cao?aiue, ui aeicaieeoue ioe?ithaaoe oaoi?/iee
noai NC a aeeiai?/ieo, aacia/ieo ?aaeeiao aaia?aoi?a; iaoiae ?iai/iai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui ia i?noeoue ia?aa??ie a
?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo oo?aiaaia?aoi?a, ye ae?ae iaaeiiii?/iiai.
?ic?iaeaii iia? caniae ae?aaiinooaaiiy: iiioaoi? neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a
? i?eeaae eiio?ieth no?oii?iciiae?eo ii u?oeai aaia?aoi?a, i?ecia/ai?
aeey ?aae?caoe?? cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a ae?aaiico NC. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeaii a aia?ainenoaiao Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaoi?/ia ae?aaiinooaaiiy, nenoaie caoaeaeaiiy iiooaeieo
neio?iiieo aaia?aoi??a ? aeaeo?ii?eaiae?a, oaieiaa aeaeo?e/ia noaioe?y,
?ic?iaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, iaoiaee ? caniae
ae?aaiinooaaiiy, eeaneo?eaoe?y, aen?iie, e?eoa???.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaoiia A.O. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoie/aneiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey
oe?enoi?iuo nenoai aicaoaeaeaiey iiuiuo neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia e
yeaeo?ii?eaiaeea OYN. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.14.02 — Yeaeo?e/aneea noaioeee, nenoaiu e naoe. —
Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Aeiiaoee, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoie/aneiai
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey oe?enoi?iuo nenoai aicaoaeaeaiey (NA) iiuiuo
neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia e yeaeo?ii?eaiaeea OYN n oeaeueth ?ac?aaioee e
aiaae?aiey iiauo iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa eo aeeaaiica. No?iainoue iino?iaiey
oaoie/aneiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey NA iainiiaaia aia?aua ?ac?aaioaiiuie
aeneiiaie e iaueie e?eoa?eyie. I?aaeeiaeaia iiaay eeanneoeeaoeey
iauaeoia aeeaaiica, iicaieythuay eiiieaenii inouanoaeyoue oaoie/aneia
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea NA iiuiuo neio?iiiuo iaoei OYN. ?ac?aaioaiu iiaua
iaoiaeu aeeaaiica: iaoiae aeeaaiinoe/aneeo a?aieoe, iicaieythuee
eiio?iee?iaaoue oaoie/aneea ninoiyiey NA aaia?aoi?ia yeaeo?inoaioeee,
eaeaioe/iinoue eo iano?ieee, iaia?oaeeaaoue iaeni?aaiinoe e
inouanoaeyoue eo iiene; iaoiae aaa?eeiuo aiciouaiee, iicaieythuee
ioeaieaaoue oaoie/aneia ninoiyiea NA a aeeiaie/aneeo, aaciianiuo
?aaeeiao aaia?aoi?a; iaoiae ?aai/aai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey, ioee/athueeny
oai, /oi ia niaea?aeeo i?iaa?ie a ?aaeeia oieinoiai oiaea
oo?aiaaia?aoi?a, eae e?aeia iayeiiiie/iiai. ?ac?aaioaiu iiaua n?aaenoaa
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey: eieoaoi? neio?iiiiai aaia?aoi?a e i?eai? eiio?iey
oiei?ani?aaeaeaiey ii uaoeai aaia?aoi?a, i?aaeiacia/aiiua aeey
?aaeecaoeee i?aaeeiaeaiiuo iaoiaeia aeeaaiica NA. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou
?aaiou aiaae?aiu a yia?ainenoaiao Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaoie/aneia aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea, nenoaiu aicaoaeaeaiey
iiuiuo neio?iiiuo aaia?aoi?ia e yeaeo?ii?eaiaeia, oaieiaay yeaeo?e/aneay
noaioeey, ?ac?aaioea, enneaaeiaaiea, aiaae?aiea, iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey, eeanneoeeaoeey, aeneiiu, e?eoa?ee.

ABSTRACT

Naumov V.F. Perfection of technical diagnosing of thyristor excitation
systems of powerful synchronous generators and electric drives of power
station. — Manuscript.

Dissertation submitted for a scientific degree of the Master of
Technical Sciences on speciality 05.14.02 — Electrical stations,
networks and systems. — Donetsk state technical university, Donetsk,
1998.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of perfection of technical
diagnosing of thyristor exitation systems of powerful synchronous
generators and electric drives of a thermal power station with the
purpose of development and introduction of new methods and means of
their diagnosis. The strictness of structure of technical diagnosing of
an exitation systems is for the first time prooved by developed axiomas
and general criteria. New classification of objects of the diagnosis is
offered, which enables to execute in complex technical diagnosing of an
exitation systems of powerful synchronous machines of a thermal power
station. New methods of the diagnosis are developed: the method of
diagnostic borders, enabling to supervise technical condition of an
exitation systems of generators of power station, identity of their
set-up, to find out malfunctions and to execute their search; the method
of emergency disturbances, enabling to estimate a technical condition of
an exitation systems in dynamic, safe modes of the generator; the method
of working diagnosing, distinguished by that it does not contain checks
in no-load condition of a turbogenerator, as extremely uneconomical. New
means of diagnosing are developed: the simulator of the synchronous
generator and control device of a current distribution on brushes of the
generator, intended for realization of methods of the diagnosis of an
exitation system. The main results of work are introduced in power grids
of Ukraine.

Key words: technical diagnosing, excitation systems of powerful
synchronous generators and electric drives, thermal electrical station,
development, research, introduction, methods and means of diagnosing,
classification, axioma, criterion.

?enoiie 1 – Eeaneo?eaoe?y ia’aeo?a ae?aaiico, ui i?iiiio?oueny

Eiia?-iaoe?e-iiaaco-ieii?

A?a?eaei?

Iine?-aeia-iinii-aaco-ieii?

Eiia?-iaoe?e-iiaeen-e?aoi?

Iine?-aeia-iinii-aeene-?aoi?

Eiia?iaoe?eiiiine?-aeiaiini?

A?a?eaeii-eiia?iaoe?ei?

A?a?eaeii-

iine?aeiaiini?

I?oaii-aacoieii?

I?oaii-aeene?aoi?

Aacoieii?

Aeene?aoi?

I?oaii-a?a?eaei?

Eiia?-iaoe?ei?

Iine?aei-aiini?

Iaeiica’yci?

Aaoiiiii?

Aaaaoica’yci?

IA’AEOE Ae?AAIICO

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