Удосконалення соціально-ринкової житлової політики (інтегрально-гедоністичний підхід): Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / О.А. Карлова, Харк. держ. ак

2

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?naa

. Ea?eiaa Ieaia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE. 65.05.92.25.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeeoeiai? iie?oeee

(?ioaa?aeueii- aaaeii?noe/iee i?aeo?ae)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue . 08.10.01. — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee

? ?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — e.a.i., aeioeaio *a/aoiaa Iaoae?y Oaaei??aia,

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — ae.a.i., i?ioani? Aaae/ Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

e.a.i., aeioeaio O?oy?a A?eoi? ?aaiiae/, Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia
aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao EI Oe?a?ie,
i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18.02.1999 ?. i 14-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.089.01 o Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e
aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith: 310002, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.
?aaiethoe?? 12.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 18.01.1999

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Eaethe I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee e?a?ie
iio?aao? i?enei?aiiy ?ioaa?aoe?? aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa o caaaeueio
nenoaio ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa?
iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy nooi?no? oa iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo
nioe?aeueii-?eieiaeo aeaiaio?a aeeoeiai? iie?oeee , ye? noai?youe oiiae
aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui aeicaieeoue
caaacia/eoe niiaeeaa/?a ye?nieie aeeoeiaeie iineoaaie.

Ae??oaiiy oaei? caaea/? iiaeeeai ca oiia, eiee aeeoeia? iineoae,
ye? iaaeathoueny niiaeeaa/ai, aoaeooue aeciai? ?eieiaei oiaa?ii, a
eiai aa?o?noue ( eaa?oe?ia ieaoa), a?aeiia?aeii noaia oe?iith
a?aeoai?thaaiiy ? aoaea ?aaoethaaoenue caeiiaie ?eieo. Eaa?oe?ia ieaoa a
?eieiaeo oiiaao iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe iiaia iie?eooy aenieoaoaoe?eieo
aeo?ao i?aei?e?inoa aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa c iaia”yceiaei o?aooaaiiyi
aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea. C iaeyaeo ia oe? ianoaaeie
iaiao?aeiee iaoeiaee iiooe aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio oe?iiooai?aiiy a
aeeoeiaiio ainiiaea?noa? iio?aao? iaeii/anii? ?ic?iaee caoiae?a uiaei
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo iaeicaaacia/aieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.

Caaaeueiith oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iineoaeeee
a?aeii? a na?oia?e iaooe? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ca?oa?aeieo oa
a?o/eciyieo aaoi??a, i?enay/aieo ieoaiiyi nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaae oa ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aeeoeia?e aeiiii?oe?:
Aiaeaeae?/? E., Aaea?aa A.A., Aaeaiiaa ?.O.,A?iia?a Ae.E., Aieeiaa A.I.,
Aeaoaa ?., Aeaeoiue A.I., Eaaaiiai? I.?., Eiaaeaaneiai A.A.,Eina?aai?
I.,Eino?ii?I.?., E?oieoeueeiai I.E., Eoene A.I.,Eioea?a O., Iaoa?niia
Ae., I?iaa?ii? I., Ia?oaeea A., Iaeeiiaeea E.?.,I?oaeaae/ A.N., ?oey
I.A., Oeoy?aa A.?., Oi?aae ?., Oaeiaa?aa A.?., O?oa?a N., *a?eaniaa
A.A., A?oa?ae E., A?eeoiae E. oa ?i.

Aea/aiiy iioae?eiaaieo a inoaii? ?iee ?ia?o oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
aeina?aeo aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie aeicaieeei ae?eoe aeniiaeo,
ui oe?eee ?yae i?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy aeeoeiai?
iie?oeee oa ?? aeaiaio?a ia ciaeoee naiai ae??oaiiy ? noai?ththoue
na?eici? o?oaeiiu? ia oeyoo oe?ieiai ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
aeeoeiaiio ainiiaea?noa?. Oea ? coiiaeei aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
oi?ioaaiiy eiai iaoe ? caaaeaiue.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeana?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iieyaa? a aecia/aii? ? oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? iniiaieo iai?yie?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeeoeiai? iie?oeee oa ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?ic?aooieo eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe c
o?aooaaiiyi aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? aoee ae??oai?
oae? caaea/?:

aecia/aii oa ocaaaeueiaii aeaiaioe aeeoeiai? iie?oeee oa iaoai?ci
oi?ioaaiiy aeeoeiai? nenoaie ;

aeine?aeaeaii aeiiii?/io nooi?noue, iaiao?aei?noue oa iniaeea?
oiiae noai?aiiy ?eieo aeeoea oa ?eieo aeeoeiaeo iineoa a Oe?a?i?;

cae?eniaii oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ca?oa?aeii? i?aeoeee
aenieoaoaoe?? oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo;

i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo
Oe?a?ie, yeino? aeeoeiaeo iineoa oa oaeoe/iiai ??aiy eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe;

aecia/aii oiiae oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaioe?? oe?iiai? no?aoaa??
i?aei?e?inoa aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy eaa?oeii?
ieaoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea;

iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ?aaiia?nii? oe?ie ia aeeoei oa
aeeoeia? iineoae a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

I?aaeiao ? ia”?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
i?iaeaia oaeineiiaeaiiy iniiaieo aeaiaio?a nioe?aeueii-?eieiai?
aeeoeiai? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? oa ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy
eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeeoea. Ia”?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ia?ai? ?aeiii? ae?iaie/?
aenieoaoaoe?eii-?aiiioi? aeeoeia? i?aei?e?inoaa i.Oa?eiaa.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith oa
iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee i?aoe? i?ia?aeieo
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo a aaeoc? aeiiii?ee
aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, caeiie Oe?a?ie, oeace I?aceaeaioa,
iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie. A i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? aeai? i?i ?iaioo aeeoeiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
i.Oa?eiaa, iaoa??aee aooaaeoa?nueei? ? noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?, a oaeiae
?ioi?iaoe?y, ui iaea?aeaia i?e niaoe?aeueieo ianoaaeaiiyo i?iaaaeaieo
aaoi?ii.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee oa
i?eeiie oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, iaoaiaoe/ii-noaoenoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, iaoiaee eia?/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy, iaoiae aenia?oieo
ioe?iie, aieaooaaiiy. Iniiaio /anoeio ?ic?aooie?a cae?eniaii ia IAII.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a,io?eiaieo iniaenoi aaoi?ii iieyaa?
o oaeiio:

— ooi/iaii iiiyooy nooiino? ? ci?noo aeeoeiai? iie?oeee a iniaeeaeo
oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie;

-?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?ei? iciaee iiaeaeae aeeoeiaeo nenoai a
caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiai? aeiiii?/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa;

-cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ?aaiia?nii? oe?ie ia aeeoei oa
aeeoeia? iineoae a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

-?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe c o?aooaaiiyi
aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea, ui ? i?aea?oioyi ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?eieiaeo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a aeeoeiaa ainiiaea?noai;

-?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo iaeicaaania/aieo
aa?noa ianaeaiiy ca oiia ci?ie iaoai?cio oe?iiooai?aiiy a aeeoeiaiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee ? ?ic?iaee uiaei aecia/aiiy eaa?oe?ii?
ieaoe, ni?yiiaai? ia ye?nia aaeineiiaeaiiy aeaiaio?a aeeoeiai?
iie?oeee a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Oai?aoe/i?
?ic?iaee oaeineiiaeaiiy aeaiaio?a aeeoeiai? iie?oeee aeei?enoai? i?e
oi?ioaaii? i?iaeoo AEeoeiaiai Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoai?ci
aecia/aiiy eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe aeicaieeoue ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ?? a caeaaeiino?
a?ae aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea. Canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy noai?eoue oiiae aeey aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe aeeoeiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa, ui aeanoue ?i ciiao i?eaanoe ainiiaea?nueeo
ae?yeuei?noue o a?aeiia?aei?noue aeiiaai no/aniiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, aeicaieeoue caaacia/eoe niiaeeaa/?a ye?nieie
aeeoeiaeie iineoaaie, aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaoe aeo?aoe athaeaeaoo ia
oe?eueia? noaneae?? ianaeaiith.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe oa ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? aoee noaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Oa?ueeia –
21 aae”, Oa?e?a – 1993 ?., “?aca?au ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey ia i?aaei?eyoeyo
aeeeeuii-eiiioiaeueiiai oicyenoaa”, Oa?e?a – 1995 ?., “I?iaeaiu
ianeoaeeaaiey aeeeeuiiai oiiaea a ?uii/iuo oneiaeyo”, Oa?e?a – 1996 ?.,
“Oi?ioaaiiy oa?eo?a ia aeeoeia? iineoae”, Ao?coo – 1998 ?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei aecia/aiiy eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe c
o?aooaaiiyi aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea aoee aeei?enoai?
Aea?aeaaiei eii?oaoii aoae?aieoeoaa, a?o?oaeoo?e oa aeeoeiai? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie i?e oi?ioaaii? oa?eoii? iie?oeee a aeeoeiaiio ainiiaea?noa?.
Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee oaeineiiaeaiiy aeaiaio?a aeeoeiai? iie?oeee
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeoo AEeoeiaiai Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie Eii?oaoii
c ieoaiue aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, oi?aae?iiy ia?iaeiei ainiiaea?noaii,
aeaniino? oa ?iaanoeoe?e Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaaii 5 ?ia?o caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,5 oi.ae?.a?e., ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, 10 iaethie?a, 14 oaaeeoeue, nienea aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e c 184 iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaeaii iaoeiao
iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? -“Aeiiii?/iee ci?no oa no/ani? oaiaeaioe??
oi?ioaaiiy aeeoeiai? iie?oeee” — ooi/iaii aeiiii?/io nooi?noue aeeoeiai?
iie?oeee a iniaeeaeo oiiaao Oe?a?ie , ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?ei?
iciaee iiaeaeae aeeoeiai? nenoaie a noni?euenoaao c ??ciei ??aiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo, iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy a Oe?a?i?
?eieo aeeoea oa aeeoeiaeo iineoa, aeine?aeaeaii iniiai? /eiieee oa
ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe.

1. AEeoeiaa iie?oeea aecia/a?oueny aea?aeaaith, oi?io? ?aea? oa
iiaeyaee ia oa, ye? aeeoeia? a?aeiineie iathoue neeaaeaoeny a
noni?euenoa?, noai?th? oiiae ?icaeoeo iniiaieo aeaiaio?a aeeoeiai?
nenoaie uiaei ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa a?iiaaeyi ia aeeoei, ??aaiue
nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy, e?eueeino? oa yeino? iaaeaiiy aeeoeiaeo
iineoa, iaoai?cio aecia/aiiy eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe, ?icaeoeo nenoaie
o?iainiaeo ?inoeooo?a aeey noai?aiiy ?eieo aeeoea. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee iayai?noue nenoai c aeii?ioth/ei
oeaio?ae?ciaaiei aea?aeaaiei oi?aae?iiyi, eiee o?eueee aea?aeaaith
ae??ooth?oueny “noaiaea?o” aaciieaoiiai caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy aeeoeii
a?aeiia?aeii? e?eueeino? oa yeino?, ia?ae?e iaaeaiiy aeeoeiaeo iineoa
oa i?aaeea iieaoe ca oea aeeoei ?, iaeii/anii, nenoai c ?eieiaei
iaoai?ciii caaacia/aiiy aeeoeii oa iieaoith ca ei?enooaaiiy iei a
caeaaeiino? a?ae yeino? oeueiai niaoeeo?/iiai aeaeo oiaa?o. Aea
iaea?eueo iioe?aieie ? nenoaie, ye? ii?aeiothoue a nia? aeaiaioe
eiaeii?, a?aoiaoth/e ??aaiue aeiiii?/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo
e?a?ie. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii, ui Oe?a?ia a?ae?eoea a?ae i?eioeei?a
aea?aeaaii? iiiiiie?? ?iciiae?eo aeeoea, aea no/ania neeaaeia
aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y ia ni?ey? noai?aiith iaiao?aeieo oiia aeey
oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aeeoeiaiio ainiiaea?noa? ? o?eueee
ie?ai? aeaiaioe nenoaie ii/eiathoue ?aoi?ioaaoenue, aea aeey ?o
?icaeoeo a?aenooiy ye ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa oae ? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia aaca.
A aeena?oaoe?? aoei ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?ei? iciaee aeaiaio?a ??cieo
iiaeaeae aeeoeiaeo nenoai a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiai? aeiiii?/iiai oa
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, ui i?aaenoaaeaii ia ?en. 1.

2. Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo aeeoea oa ?eieo aeeoeiaeo iineoa iiaeiii noaoe
aaaeeeaith /anoeiith aeeoeiai? iie?oeee aea?aeaae, ui ? /eiieeii
caaaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoo ??aiy aeeooy oa aeia?iaooo ianaeaiiy.
Iaeaeaa ?eiea ciaoiaeyoueny a o?niiio aca?iica”yceo iaeei c iaeiei, a
oie aea /an aiie iathoue ??ci? ia?aaeoiiae ?icaeoeo.

AEeoeiaa nenoaia

AEeoeiaee ?ano?nia I?aai?caoe?eii
Ii?iaoeaii-

oiiae aaca oaoiieia?/ia
i?aaiaa

aaca
aaca

AEeoeia? O?iainia? Aoae?aaeueia
Caieaei?en-

iio?aae ?ano?ne ?iaeono??y
ooaaiiy

AEeoeiaee Iaoa??aeuei? AEeoeiai-
Oe?iiooai-

noaoon ?ano?ne
aenieoaoaoe?ei? ?aiiy

i?aai?caoe??

Oi?ie O?oaeia?
Eiioiaeueia Niaaeueia

aeaniino? ?ano?ne
ainiiaea?noai

Aia?ai?ano?ne Aeieia?y

?ioi?iaoe?ei?

?ano?ne

?en. 1. Aeaiaioe aeeoeiai? nenoaie noni?euenoaa

AEeoei oea oi?eaeueiee oiaa?, yeee ? aeeoo?aith iaiao?aei?noth aeey
eiaeii? ethaeeie, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?? nioe?aeueiiai noaoono ? a oie aea
/an, oea aei?iaee oiaa?, i?eaeaaoe yeee iiaeia o?eueee iath/e iaaia
iaoa??aeueia caaacia/aiiy. ?eiie aeeoea ?icaeaa?oueny o?eueee oiae?,
eiee ia? i?noea iino?eiee iiieo ia oeae aeae oiaa?o ? i?eiineoue
i?eaooie aeanieeo oeueiai a?ciano. Ocaaaeueithth/e aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a, c?iaeaii aeniiaie uiaei /eiiee?a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo aeeoea. Ii-ia?oa, ia ?icaeoie ?eieo
aieeaa? aa?o?noue aeeoea, yea aecia/a?oueny oe?iith ca 1 eaaae?aoiee
iao? aeeoeiai? ieiu?. Iiieo ia aeeoei (Q0 Q1 …Qn) c?inoa? i?e
cieaeaii? oe?i (?0 ?1 …?n), ca?aeii /eiieo caeii?a ooieoe?thaaiiy
oiaa?iiai ?eieo. Ia ae?aa?ai? (?en.2) i?aaenoaaeaia caeaaei?noue
i?ae oe?iith oa e?euee?noth aeeoea, yea aecia/aia e?eaith iiieoo ia
aeeoei. Aeanoe/i?noue iiieoo ? caeaoi?noue ?aaaoaaoe ia i?ieea?noue
oe?i. Oe?iiaa aeanoe/i?noue iiieoo aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

aea Q — ci?ia iiieoo ia aeeoei o a?aenioeao,

P — ci?ia oe?i o a?aenioeao , yea aeeeeeaea ci?io iiieoo ia
aeeoei.

Iiieo ia aeeoei caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee a?ae ??aiy oe?i, a aia?oo /a?ao
a?ae iioi/ieo a?ioiaeo aeioiae?a n?i”?, ui ? aeooaeueiei aeey
a?o/eciyii? aeeoeiai? iie?oeee.

Oe?IA

I?IIICEOe?ss

(o ei?ioeino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea?)

I?IIICEOe?ss

?1 (o aeiaaino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea?)

?0

IIIEO

(c? ci?uaiiyi)

IIIEO

Q0 Q1 E?EUeE?NOUe AEEOEA

?en.2. Ae?aa?aia caeaaeiino? i?ae iiieoii oa aa?o?noth ia aeeoei.

Iioaioe?aeueiee iiieo ia aeeoei a Oe?a?i? aeinoaoiuei aaeeeee, aea a?i
ia iiaea ?aae?coaaoenue ia ?eieo aeeoea ?c-ca iecueeeo iioi/ieo
aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy, oiio ui iie?oeea ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a e?a?i? cian?i
ia ia?aaeaa/a? oae? aeo?aoe ianaeaiiy. Iaoiii?noue, iiieo ia aeeoei
i?a ae ?aae?coaaoenue c ?icaeoeii o?iainiaeo ?inoeooo?a aeeoea, a naia:
?iioa/iei e?aaeeooaaiiyi, ?eieii oe?iieo iaia??a, iice/ie. Aea e?eciaa
ianoaa?eueia aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y, ?ioeyoe?y iaiaaeothoue iaaeaiiy
aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeo?a ia i?eaeaaiiy aeeoea,oa ? e?aaeeoi?e ia
aiaaiai? a iioi/ieo ? iaeaooi?o aeioiaeao n?i”?. Inoaii?i /eiieeii ,
yeee aieeaa? ia iiieo aeeoea, ? ?ici?? iaeiie/aiue n?i”? (eai?oae), ui
i?eoaiaiii iacia/iiio a?aenioeo ianaeaiiy. Oaeei /eiii , ?eiie aeeoea
aoaea ?icaeaaoenue o?eueee iaeii/anii c aeiiii?/iith noaa?e?caoe??th a
e?a?i?, ?inoii iaoa??aeueiiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy, ye ?aeeiiai niiaeeaa/a
oeueiai oiaa?o.

?eiie aeeoeiaeo iineoa a Oe?a?i? iiaeiai oi?ioaaoenue naiino?eii,
iacaeaaeii a?ae ?eieo aeeoea. AEeoeia? iineoae ia aoiaeyoue o aa?o?noue
i?eaeaaiiai aeeoea, a iaaeathoueny ie?aii aeey i?aeo?eiee eiai
iioi/ii? aenieoaoaoe??. Aa?o?noue aeeoeiaeo iineoa caeaaeeoue a?ae
oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea: eiai ?ici??o, eiino?oeoe?e aoae?ae?, oaoi?/iiai
noaio oa ??cieo eiioi?oieo oiia. Oae? aeeoeia? iineoae iaaeathoueny
iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie aeaniino? aeeoea. I?aai?caoe??,ui iaeoaiaothoue
aeeoeiaee oiiae ? iaaeathoue aeeoeia? iineoae iathoue an? aeiiii?/i?
oiiae aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, i?e yeeo aeeoeia?
iineoae noathoue eiieo?aioiei oiaa?ii. C iaeyaeo ia oe? ianoaaeie a
aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii iaiao?aeiee iaoeiaee iiooe aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio
oe?iiooai?aiiy, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe.

3. Noai?eoe aoaeoeaiee ?eiie aeeoeiaeo iineoa iiaeeeai o?eueee
ca oiia, eiee ??aaiue eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe aoaea caaeiaieueiyoe iio?aae
aeeoeiaeo i?aai?caoe?e uiaei iioi/ieo aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy aeeoea, oa ?o
iioaioe?eiiai ?icaeoeo. Aei oeueiai /ano, ia aecia/aiiy ?ici??o
eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe aieeaaee o?eueee iie?oe/i?, a ia aeiiii?/i? ??oaiiy.
O?eaaeee /an eaa?oe?ia ieaoa aaaaeaeanue aeaiaioii nioe?aeueii?
iie?oeee aea?aeaae, aoea iaaaeeeei iiaeaoeii, caiaeii — oiiaiith
ieaoith, ? an? aeo?aoe ia oo?eiaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo iiaeiia aoea a?aoe
ia naaa aea?aeaaa. Caiaeii oea noaei iniiaiei /eiieeii coaiae?eiai
noaio aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo, oiio ui eiooe ia aeioaoe?th eiaeiiai ?ieo
ciaiooaaeenue. Caaaeath/e ia cacia/ai? ianoaaeie a aeena?oaoe??
i?iiiio?oueny aea? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe, a naia: a
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, eiee aeii?io? aea?aeaaiee naeoi? aeeoea, aecia/aoe
eaa?oe?io ieaoo, aeoiaey/e c i?eioeeio aenieoaoaoe?eii? ieoiiino?
aeeoea, i?e iiaiiio ?icaeoeo aeaiaio?a ?eieiai? aeeoeiai? nenoaie
eaa?oe?ia ieaoa aoaea caeaaeaoe a?ae iiieoo ia aeeoei.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “No/aniee noai oa ioe?iea aa?oino? oo?eiaiiy
aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo” — aeeiiaii aiae?c no/aniiai noaio aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo
Oe?a?ie oa yeino? aeeoeiaeo iineoa, aecia/aii iniiai? canaaee
nioe?aeueii-?eieiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee aa?oino? aeeoeiaeo iineoa,
ocaaaeueiaii aeina?ae aenieoaoaoe?? oa oo?eiaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo a
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao ? aecia/ai? iiaeeea? iai?yiee eiai aeei?noaiiy o
a?o/eciyieo oiiaao.

1. Iaei??th c aino??oeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai Oe?a?ie ?
caaacia/aiiy a?iiaaeyi aenieiye?niei eiioi?oaaaeueiei aeeoeii.
E?euee?noue n?iae oa iaeeiae?a, ui ciaoiaeyoueny ia eaa?oe?iiio iae?eo a
Oe?a?i? noaiii ia 1.01.1998 ?ieo neeaaea? iiiaae aeaa i?e?iie.A ca”yceo
c iia??oaiiyi aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a e?a?i? e?euee?noue ia”?eo?a
aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa ??cei nei?ioeeanue. Ca 1997 ??e aoei aaaaeaii a
aenieoaoaoe?th aeeoea a 2,8 ?ace iaioa i?ae ca 1990 ??e. Ca ianyaaie
aaaaeaiiy aeeoea a aenieoaoaoe?th a inoaii? ?iee Oe?a?ia aeyaeeanue ia
??ai? 50-o ?ie?a, a na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? aaaaea?oueny, ui aeeoeiaa
aoae?aieoeoai oea iaeei c iieaciee?a aeoiaeo e?a?ie c e?ece, oiio ui a
aeeoeia?e noa?? ?aae?co?oueny a?ey 30% a?aeoai?thaaiiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aiaaonoaa.
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2d010200050000000102ffffff0005000000090200000000070000001604a4014a020000
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0102ffffff00050000000902000000000700000016049e0144020600060007000000fc02
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ffffff000e0000002403050037006f01370024004d0013004d005e0137006f010e000000
240305004d005e014d0013002702130027025e014d005e0109000000fa02000001000000
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020101000500000013025e014d000500000013025e012702050000001402460137000500
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4d000500000013020b012702050000001402f3003700050000001302e2004d0005000000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990093006f0152006f0107000000fc020000000000000000040000002d01070004000000
f001050007000000fc020000bf7300028020040000002d010500050000000902bf730002
050000000102bf7300020e0000002403050093009900a900890068008900520099009300
9900040000002d010200040000002d01020009000000fa02000000000000000000002200
040000002d01080007000000fc020000ffffff000000040000002d010900040000002d01
0300040000002701ffff030000001e00040000002d010200040000002d01050004000000
2d010600050000000102bf730002050000000902bf730002070000001604c8008900a200
5e0005000000090200000000050000000102ffffff000400000004010d00040000000201
01000d000000320aaa00620004000000352c31360a0005000a000a00040000002d010200
040000002d010800040000002d010900040000002d010300040000002701ffff03000000
1e00040000002d010200040000002d010500040000002d010600050000000102ffffff00
050000000902000000000700000016049e0144020600060009000000fa02050000000000
000000002200040000002d010a0004000000f001060007000000fc020000804d00028020
040000002d01060004000000f0010500050000000902804d0002050000000102804d0002
0400000004010d0004000000020102000e0000002403050009016f01090170001f015f00
1f015e0109016f0107000000fc020000ff9900028020040000002d01050004000000f001
0600050000000902ffffff00050000000102ff9900020e00000024030500c8006f01c800
70000901700009016f01c8006f01040000002d01070004000000f001050007000000fc02
0000bf7300028020040000002d010500050000000902bf730002050000000102bf730002
0e00000024030500090170001f015f00df005f00c800700009017000040000002d010200
040000002d010200040000002d010800040000002d010900040000002d01030004000000
2701ffff030000001e00040000002d010200040000002d010500040000002d010a000500
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320a7f00d60004000000362c31370a0005000a000a00040000002d010200040000002d01
0800040000002d010900040000002d010300040000002701ffff030000001e0004000000
2d010200040000002d010500040000002d010a00050000000102ffffff00050000000902
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0a0004000000f0010500050000000902804d0002050000000102804d0002040000000401
0d0004000000020102000e000000240305007f016f017f0134009601230096015e017f01
6f0107000000fc020000ff9900028020040000002d01050004000000f0010a0005000000
0902ffffff00050000000102ff9900020e000000240305003f016f013f0134007f013400
7f016f013f016f01040000002d01070004000000f001050007000000fc020000bf730002
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00001e00040000002d010200040000002d010500040000002d010600050000000102bf73
0002050000000902bf730002070000001604620077013c004c0105000000090200000000
050000000102ffffff000400000004010d0004000000020101000d000000320a44005001
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020102000e00000024030500f6016f01f60125000c0214000c025e01f6016f0107000000
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6f01040000002d01070004000000f001050007000000fc020000bf730002802004000000
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ffffff0005000000090200000000040000002701ffff0300000000000000000000000000
0000 ?en.3.Aeiey aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiiai
ainiiaea?noaa a AAI ,%.

Iia??oo?oueny oaoi?/iee noai aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo oa ye?noue aeeoeiaeo
iineoa a ?acoeueoao? cia/iiai ciaioaiiy o?iainoaaiiy. Ciaioaiiy aeo?ao
ia eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio aeeoea oa eiai iioi/ia oo?eiaiiy, a ii aeayeei
aeaeai ?aiiioo ianyae ?ia?o nei?ioeeeny a 10 ?ac?a, i?eaaei aei
ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aaa??eiiai oa ca?ooaeiai aeeoea, yea neeaaea?
nueiaiaei? iiiaae 4230 oen.ea.i. Aiae?c iieaco?, ui aeo?aoe ia aeeoeia?
iineoae a Oe?a?i? neeaaeathoue cia/ii iaioo /anoeo aioo??oiueiai
aaeiaiai i?iaeoeoo (7%), i?ae o ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao Aa?iie oa NOA, aea
aeo?aoe ia aeeoei oa eiioiaeuei? iineoae aeinyaathoue 18-22 % .
Iacia/iee i?e??no aeie? aeo?ao a AAI c 5,16 % o 1995 ?ioe? aei 7,97 %
o 1997 ?ioe? ia icia/a? ca?eueoaiiy o?iainoaaiiy oa iie?auaiiy noaio
aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo, oiio ui aeinyaiooi eiai o?eueee ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy
aa?oino? iineoa, ye? iaaeathoueny aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiei ainiiaea?noaii.
Oiio iaaaeueiith iaiao?aei?noth ? ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie o?iainoaaiiy
aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ye c
ei?enooaa/aie aeeoeiaeo iineoa, oae ? c aea?aeaaith, /a?ac iaoai?ci
aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaieo noaneae?e.

2.Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? a noa?? aeeoeiai? aeiiii?ee iieacaee
iaaoaeoeai?noue /eiii? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee oi?ioaaiiy oa?eo?a ia
aeeoeia? iineoae (eaa?oe?io ieaoo). Iino?eia i?aeaeuaiiy oa?eo?a ia
aeeoeiai-eiioiaeuei? iineoae oa eaa?oe?io ieaoo, ia aieeioei ia ye?noue
oeeo iineoa oa ?o ca?eueoaiiy, a o?eueee i?ecaaei aei cieaeaiiy
aeeoo?aiai ??aiy cia/ii? /anoeie ianaeaiiy, yea ia a ciic? niea/oaaoe ca
oe? iineoae, iaoiii?noue, aeioaoe?? aea?aeaae aeeoeiaiio ainiiaea?noao
noaiiaeee a 1997 ?ioe? o?eueee 28% a?ae iaiao?aeii? noie ca
?ic?aooieaie i?aei?e?inoa. Aeey noai?aiiy oiia aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoa aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa aeioe?eueii ai?iaaaeeoe
eaa?oe?io ieaoo, yea a caaacia/eea iiaia iie?eooy aenieoaoaoe?eieo
aeo?ao. A?aoiaoth/e iecueea iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua ianaeaiiy,
i?iiiio?oueny iaeii/anii c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiaeo oa?eo?a, oaeineiiaeeoe
iaoai?ci nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo iaeicaaacia/aieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy
aae?anieie noaneae?yie.

3. Aeei?enoaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo aeaaaeoeyoe iaeii? e?a?ie Aa?iie
oa NOA uiaei oo?eiaiiy oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeeoea aeiiiiiaea noai?eoe
iniaeeao, ye?nio oa c?o/io aeey a?iiaaeyi iiaeaeue ?eieo aeeoeiaeo
iineoa ca a?eueo ei?ioeee ia??iae. Oeae naaiaio caaaeueiiai na?oiaiai
?eieiaiai ainiiaea?noaa a?eueo iia?eueiee, aio/eee ? iiaea aooe
ia?aianaiee a oiiae Oe?a?ie nei??o, i?ae ?io? iaoai?cie ?eieo, ye?
iio?aaothoue aaeaioaoe?? aei niaoeeo?/ieo aeiiii?/ieo oiia iaoi?
e?a?ie.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? -“Iniiai? iai?yie noai?aiiy
nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? iiaeae? aeeoeiai? nenoaie noni?euenoaa”,
iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaioe?th no?aoaa?? oe?iiooai?aiiy i?aei?e?inoa
aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo eaa?oe?ii?
ieaoe c o?aooaaiiyi aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea, cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?aaiia?nii? oe?ie ia aeeoei oa aeeoeia? iineoae a
oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

1.I?aea?oioyi oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aeeoeiaiio
ainiiaea?noa? ? iinooiiaa ci?ia aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? ia aeeoei ia
aeani?noue i?eaaoio, iaeii/anii c a?aeiia?aeieie ci?iaie oi?i
ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo. Ae?th/a o?eaaeee /an nenoaia
a?aeiinei aea?aeaaiiai ?iciiae?eo, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue anoaiiaeaieie
aea?aeaaith noaiaea?oaie caaacia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai i?i?iaeueiiai
??aiy aeeoea ia /eaia n?i”?, oa noaiaea?oiei iaai?ii iineoa uiaei
ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo. Ci?ia oaeeo a?aeiinei ia ?eieia? a
ianeoaiaoaaii? aeeoea, ia?aaeaa/a? , ii-ia?oa, oi?ioaaiiy o i?aei?e?inoa
o?iainiaeo oa iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a o?eueee ca ?aooiie i?iaeaaeo nai?o
iineoa niiaeeaa/ai, cai?noue aea?aeaaiiai ?o ?iciiae?eo; ii-ae?oaa,
e?euee?noue oa ye?noue iaaeaieo iineoa iiaeiia aecia/aoenue
ieaoini?iiiaei?noth niiaeeaa/a, a ia aaeeiei ii?iaoeaii iineoa ca
oiiaio eaa?oe?io ieaoo; ii-o?ao?, ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ci?ie a iaoiaeeoe?
aecia/aiiy noni?eueii iaiao?aeieo aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy aeeoeiaiai
oiiaeo, aeey oiai uia cia/ii ciaioeoe ?ano?nii?none?noue aaeoc? ? ia
ia?aeeaaeaoe o?iainoaaiiy aeo?ao ia niiaeeaa/a /e athaeaeao;
a-/aoaa?oa, iniiaiei /eiieeii oni?oii? ?iaioe i?aai?caoe?e ii
ianeoaiaoaaiith aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo, ca oiia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? nenoaie
eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe, iiaeiia aaaaeaoenue iayai?noue i?eaooeo.

2. Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ?aaiia?nii? oe?ie ia aeeoei
oa aeeoeia? iineoae a oiiaao ?eieo. Aeey aecia/aiiy iaoai?cio oaei?
oe?ie aeei?enoiaothoueny iiaeae? ii??aiyeueii? noaoenoeee. Iai/ii oea
iiaeeeai i?i?ethno?oaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith /ioe?ueio eaaae?aioii?
ae?aa?aie, aea eiaeiee eaaae?aio i?aaenoaaey? a?aeiia?aeiee ?eiie
aeeoea aai ?eiie aeeoeiaeo iineoa. Ia?aaaaith oaeiai i?aeoiaeo ?
eiiieaeni?noue, iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaiiy ?aaeueii? oe?ie ia aeeoei ?
aeeoeia? iineoae, iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe aa?o?noue aoae?aieoeoaa iiaiai
aeeoea oa ianya aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo ui i?iiiio?oueny ia ?eiie. Oea ?
aeioe?eueiei a i?iaiicoaaii? ae?yeueiino? ye ie?aii? o??ie oae ?
i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai aeeoeiai? iie?oeee.
Eaaae?aio 2 ia? aea? a?n?, aa?oeeaeueia aecia/a? ??aaiue eaa?oe?ii?
ieaoe, ai?eciioaeueia — i?iiiio?iee ianya aeeoeiai? ieiu?. A?ao?e
(e?i?y iiieoo) iieaco? caeaaei?noue iiieoo ia aeeoei a?ae ??aiy
eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe ? eiaeia oi/ea ia a?ao?eo aecia/a? ??aaiue iiieoo ia
aeeoeiao ieiuo, yeee a?aeiia?aea? aeaiiio ??aith eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe. O
eaaae?aio? 1 aecia/a?oueny iioi/iee aeio?ae, yeee iiaeiai iaea?aeaoe
?iaanoi?, i?eaeaaaath/e ia?ooii?noue. A ianooiiiio eaaae?aio? 3
aecia/a?oueny ianooaa aoae?aieoeoaa iiaiai aeeoea ? a?ao?e iieaco?
aeo?aoe ia iiaa aoae?aieoeoai. Ia?aoeiaiiy a?n? oe?i a oi/oe? N
a?aeiia?aea? i?i?iaeuei?e aa?oino? 1 ea. i aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo ca yeith
aoae?aieoeoai ua ia? aooe aea?aeiei. A inoaiiueiio eaaae?aio? 4 ??/iee
ianya iiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea aea? i?e??no aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo ia
?eiie aeeoea. ??ci? ci?ie a aeiiii?oe? e?a?ie iathoue iane?aeee ia
a?aeiia?aeiiio ?eieo, ui aeinoaiuei eaaei a?aene?aeeiao?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith ae?aa?aie.

?eiie aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo ?eiie aeeoeiaeo iineoa
(aecia/a?oueny oe?ia aeeoea)
(aecia/a?oueny eaa?oe?ia ieaoa)

Aa?o?noue aeeoeiaeo iineoa (eaa?oieaoa)

ii?ia eai?oae?caoe??

e?i?y iiieoo

K’

Oe P I S’ S

Oe?ia aeeoea Ieiua aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo (i2)

?eiie aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo ?eiie aeeoeiaeo iineoa

(aoae?aieoeoai) (iaaeaiiy iineoa)

Aoae?aieoeoai (i2)

?en. 3. Ae?aa?aia oi?ioaaiiy oe?ie ia aeeoei oa aeeoeia? iineoae

3. Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aeeoeia?e aeiiii?oe? aoaea
aeiaaioeaaeei i?ioeannii, u?eueii iia’ycaiei c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi aeiiii?ee
e?a?ie ? oaeei /eiii, a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae iio??aia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe, ??aaiue yei? caaacia/oaaa ae naiiieoii?noue
aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ae??oaiiy oe???
caaea/? iiaeeeaa c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae?.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ia ?ici?? eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe
iaea?eueoee aieea iathoue eiiieaeni? oaeoi?e, ye? a?aoiaothoue ye?niee
? no?oeoo?iee neeaae aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo ( Oi ) oa ??aaiue iaoa??aeueieo
aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo (Oj).

Iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy ??aiy eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe, ?ic?aoiaaia ca
??aiyiiyi iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an?? ia? oaeee aeaeyae:

k n

O = ai + aj o j + ai oi

j=1 i=1

Aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee ia IAII ?AI ?N/AO aeicaieeee io?eiaoe
iiaeae? eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe ii aeanyoe ?aeiiai i.Oa?eiaa. Aeei?enoaiiy
oaei? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe aeicaiey?, a ia?oo /a?ao,
aiae?coaaoe ??aaiue aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy 1 ea.i aeeoeiai? ieiu?,
aecia/aoe eaa?oe?io ieaoo ye ii ie?aiiio ?aeiio i?noa oae ? ii eiaeiiio
aoaeeieo aaciina?aaeiuei. I?e oeueiio ?ic?aooieiaa oi?ioea aea? ciiao
iia?aoeaii ?aaaoaaoe ia ci?ie oiia aenieoaoaoe?? aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo,
ci?io oe?i oa oa?eo?a ia iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne oiui. ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ic?aooie?a eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe aeicaiey?
aecia/aoe eaa?oe?io ieaoo eiaei?e i?aai?caoe??, yea caeia?oueny
aenieoaoaoe??th aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo.

4.Aea/aiiy oaiaeaioe??, no?oeoo?e oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
i?e?iaee aeioiae?a aeeoeiaiai ainiiaea?noaa aeicaieeei c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui aeioiaee oaeeo i?aai?caoe?e iiaeooue aooe ca?eueoai?,
yeui ae??oeoe i?iaeaio a?aeiia?aeiino? eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe ca
ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo ia o?eueee ca e?eueeenieie ia?aiao?aie
, a c a?aooaaiiyi aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea. Oaeee i?aeo?ae
aeicaieeoue aeeo???ioe?thaaoe eaa?oe?io ieaoo a caeaaeiino? a?ae
niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo. Aeey oaei? ioe?iee eiaeii?
eaa?oe?e cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee —
eiao?oe??io yeino? F. ?ic?aooiie eiao?oe??ioa aeeiio?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith nenoaie aae?a, ye a?eueo aio/ei? ? i?ici?i? aeey ?icoi?iiy
niiaeeaa/aa?. Iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie ae??ooaaeinue ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoiaeo ?iaeaeniiai a?oioaaiiy ioe?iie aenia?o?a. ?c cai?iiiiiaaieo 20
aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaea?eueo nooo?aeie aenia?oaie aoee
aecia/ai? oae?, ye i?noea ?icoaooaaiiy, a?e ia?ooiiino?, a?oia
eai?oaeueiino? aoae?ae?, aoaaei?noue aoae?ae?, aeieia?/i?noue ?aeiio,
o?ainii?oia caaacia/aiiy, ??aaiue nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ??aaiue
ciai?oiueiai aeaaiono??th. Ca aeia?oieie ioe?ieaie eiao?oe??io F, a
no/anieo oiiaao aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo, ia iiaeiai ia?aaeuoaaoe aa?oi?e
a?aie/iee ??aaiue — 2, oiaoi aaciaa eaa?oe?ia ieaoa — O, iiaea aooe
ca?eueoaia o?eueee a aeaa ?ace. I?e a?aeiia?aeieo ci?iao a aeiiii?oe?
e?a?ie nenoaia aae?a iiaea ia?aaeyaeaoeny. Aeey ?ic?aooieo eaa?oe?ii?
ieaoe c o?aooaaiiyi aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea i?eeia?ii
ooieoe?th oaeiai aeaeo:

K = O F ,

aea E — eaa?oe?ia ieaoa, c o?aooaaiiyi aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeeoea,

O — aaciaa eaa?oe?ia ieaoa,

F — eiao?oe??io aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea.

?ic?aooiie ei?o?oe?aioa aaaeii?noe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?iiiio?oueny
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaeiae i?e iai?i? aeeoea /e eiai i?iaeaaeo, ui
aeicaieeoue ni?anoaaeoe niiaeea/? yeino? aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo a ??cieo
?aeiiao i?noa.

AENIIAEE

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee aaoi?a aeiiiaiththoue oa
ooi/iththoue iniiai? ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy aeaiaio?a aeeoeiai?
iie?oeee. Aiie aeathoue iiaeeea?noue:

ooi/ieoe iiiyooy iniiaieo aeaiaio?a aeeoeiai? iie?oeee, yea
a?aeiia?aea? iniaeeaei no/aniei aeiiii?/iei oiiaai e?a?ie,

iaa?oiooaaoe aeiiii?/io nooi?noue, iaiao?aei?noue oa oiiae
noai?aiiy ?eieo aeeoea oa ?eieo aeeoeiaeo iineoa a Oe?a?i?,

aecia/eoe iaoai?ci ?ic?aooieo ?aaiia?nii? oe?ie ia aeeoei oa
aeeoeia? iineoae a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee,

?ic?aooaaoe eaa?oe?io ieaoo c o?aooaaiiyi aaaeii?noe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeeoea,

caaacia/eoe aaoiiaoeciaaiee ?aaeei ?ic?aooie?a eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe
aeey eiaeii? i?aai?caoe??, yea caeia?oueny aenieoaoaoe??th aeeoeiaiai
oiiaeo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ea?eiaa A.A. Aaaeiienoe/aneee iiaeoiae e ioeaiea aeeeuey
//?anioaeee. iaaeaaaeii. iao/.-oaoi. na. “Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai
ai?iaeia”. Aui.14.-E.: Oaoi?ea, 1998.- N.197-199.

2. Ea?eiaa A.A. I?eaaoecaoeey e ?uiie aeeeuey a no?aiao n
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieeie // ?anioaeee. iaaeaaaeii. iao/.-oaoi. na.
“Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia”.Aui.13.-E.: Oaoi?ea, 1998.-
N.167-169.

3. Ea?eiaa A.A., Eaethe I.A., *a/aoiaa I.O. “Oi?ie?iaaiea aeeeeuiiai
?uiea a Oe?aeia”.- E.: Oaoieea, 1997. aui. 10 – n.166-169.- aecia/aii
iaoai?ci ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo aeeoea.

4. Ea?eiaa A.A., Eaethe I.A., *a/aoiaa I.O. “Nioeeaeueii-?uii/iua iniiau
a oi?ie?iaaiee nenoaiu iieaou aeeeeuii-eiiioiaeueiuo oneoa” //
?anioaeee. iaaeaaaeii. iao/.-oaoi. na. “Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai
ai?iaeia”.- E.: Oaoieea, 1997. aui. 10 – n.151-153.- ?ice?eoi
i?aea?oioynioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeeoeiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie.

5. Ea?eiaa A.A., TH?ueaaa O.I. “Aeeooa?aioeeaoeey noaaie eaa?oe?iie
ieaou”. // ?anioaeee. iaaeaaaeii. iao/.-oaoi. na. “Eiiioiaeueiia
oicyenoai ai?iaeia”.- E.: Oaoieea, 1997. aui. 11 – n.147-150.-
iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ciaiueoaiiy aieeao aea?aeaae ia aa?o?noue
aeeoeiaeo iineoa.

6. Ea?eiaa A.A., Eiyaea/aiei A.A. “Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe i?ioeanna
?acainoaea?noaeaiey nianoaaiiinoe ia eiiioiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo”. –
Oacenu aeieeaaeia, OAAAO, 1992.- n.36-38.-a?aeia?aaeaii niaoeeo?eo
iaoai?cio i?eaaoecaoe?? aeeoea.

7. Ea?eiaa A.A., *a/aoiaa I.O. “I?iaeaiu aaoiiaoecaoeee aooaaeoa?neiai
o/aoa”. — oacenu aeieeaaeia, OAAAO, n.43-45,- iaa?oioiaaii
iaiao?aei?noue aaoiiaoecaoe?? iae?eiaeo iia?aoe?e a aeeoeiaeo
i?aei?e?inoaao.

8. Aa?aeaeia A.A., Ea?eiaa A.A. “Eiiioiaeueiay einiaeoeey ii eiio?ieth
ea/anoaa niaea?aeaiey aeeeiai oiiaea”. – Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee
“Oa?ueeia – 21 aae”, Oa?ueeianeee AEE, 1993.- n.67-69.- aecia/ai?
i?aea?oioy ae?yeueiino? ioi?oe?iaeueii? ?iniaeoe?? ii iaaeyaeo ca
ye?niei aeiaeyaeii ca aoae?aeyie.

9. AEo?aa I.A., Ea?eiaa A.A., *a/aoiaa I.O. “?aca?au ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey
ia i?aaei?eyoeyo aeeeeuii-eiiioiaeueiiai oicyenoaa”.- Oacenu aeieeaaeia,
OIE OAAAO, 1995.- n.32-34.- aeeiiaii aiae?c ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaeoi??a
a aeeoeiaeo i?aai?caoe?yo.

10. Ea?eiaa A.A., ?uiaeeia I.E., *a/aoiaa I.O. “I?iaeaiu ianeoaeeaaiey
aeeeeuiiai oiiaea a ?uii/iuo oneiaeyo”.- Oacenu aeieeaaeia, OAAAO,
1996.- n.17-20.- ?ic?iaeaia a?aenoaoiy iiaeaeue ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo.

Ea?eiaa I.A. Oaeineiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeeoeiai? iie?oeee
(?ioaa?aeueii-aaaeii?noe/iee i?aeo?ae) – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01 – ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. – Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Caoeuathoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiiue,
iia`ycaieo c iaa?oiooaaiiyi nioe?aeueii-?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aeeoeiaiio
ainiiaea?noa?, oaeineiiaeaiiyi aeeoeiai? iie?oeee, oi?ioaaiiyi
eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe a oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee. A ?iaio? aecia/ai?
oae? iiiyooy ye aeeoeiaa iie?oeea, aeine?aeaeaia ?? nooi?noue, ?ie? ?
caaea/? a no/anieo oiiaao Oe?a?ie, e?eoe/ii i?iaiae?ciaaii aaiac?n
aeeoeiai? nenoaie c aeii?ioaaiiyi aea?aeaaiiai ?iciiae?eo aeeoea.
Aecia/aii oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia ??aaiue eaa?oe?ii? ieaoe,
iniaeeaino? noaio aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo oa yeino? aeeoeiaeo iineoa,
cai?iiiiiaaii aaaeii?noe/iee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy ??aiy eaa?oe?ii?
ieaoe.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeeoeiaa iie?oeea, iiaeaeue aeeoeiai? nenoaie, aeeoeiaee
oiiae, aeeoeiaee noaoon, ?eiie, aeeoeia? iineoae, aaaeii?ci, nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae.

Ea?eiaa A.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea nioeeaeueii-?uii/iie aeeeeuiie iieeoeee
(eioaa?aeueii-aaaeiienoe/aneee iiaeoiae). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 – ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. – Oa?ueeianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey
ai?iaeneiai oicyenoaa, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Caueuathony ?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey aii?inia,
naycaiiuo n iainiiaaieai nioeeaeueii-?uii/iuo ioiioaiee a aeeeeuiii
oicyenoaa, niaa?oainoaiaaieai aeeeeuiie iieeoeee, oi?ie?iaaieai
eaa?oe?iie ieaou a oneiaeyo ?aoi?ie?iaaiey yeiiiieee. A ?aaioa
ii?aaeaeaiu oaeea iiiyoey, eae aeeeeuiay iieeoeea, enneaaeiaaia aa
nouiinoue, ?iee e caaea/e a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo Oe?aeiu, e?eoe/anee
i?iaiaeece?iaai aaiacen aeeeeuiie nenoaiu n aeiieie?iaaieai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey aeeeuey. Ii?aaeaeaiu oaeoi?u, aeeythuea
ia o?iaaiue eaa?oe?iie ieaou, iniaaiiinoe ninoiyiey aeeeeuiiai oiiaea e
ea/anoaa aeeeeuiuo oneoa, i?aaeeiaeai aaaeiienoe/aneee iiaeoiae a
ii?aaeaeaiee o?iaiy eaa?oe?iie ieaou.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeeeuiay iieeoeea, iiaeaeue aeeeeuiie nenoaiu,
aeeeeuiue oiiae, aeeeeuiue noaoon, ?uiie, aeeeeuiua oneoae, aaaeiieci,
nenoaiiue iiaeoiae.

Karlova H.A. The improving of the social market-oriented housing policy
and the hedonistic approach to the housing market estimation.
–Manuscript.

This is the manuscript for master’s degree in economic according to the
major 08.10.01 – Location of producing forces and local economy. –The
Kharkov state municipal academy, Kharkov, 1998.

The results of scientific investigations concerning the formation of
social marketing relations in the field of housing economy, the
simulation of the housing policy and the hedonistic approach to the
creation of the housing market costs estimation in the period of economy
reforming are under consideration. The notion of the housing policy has
been defined and its essence, roles and objectives under the present
conditions have been examined. The genesis of the housing system with
government distribution domination has been critically analyzed the
substantiation of the housing rent has been provided. The peculiarities
of the housing recourses fund and the qualities of modern amenities in
the Ukraine have been determined. The methodological backgrounds of the
housing system formation in the transitional period to the developed
housing market model have been elaborated. The price formation mechanism
for the housing amenities is determined and the hedonistic approach to
the housing market estimation is proposed.

Key words: housing policy; housing system model; housing recourses fund;
housing status; market; housing amenities; hedonism; complex approach.

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