Удосконалення індивідуальної виховної роботи командирів підрозділів Прикордонних військ України: Автореф. дис… канд. пед. наук / І.О. Грязнов, Акад.

AEAAeAIIss I?EEI?AeIIIEO AIENUeE OE?A?IE

ii. AIAAeAIA OIAEUeIEOeUeEIAI

A?ssCIIA IAI? IEAENAIAe?IAE*

OAeE 351:355:37

OAeINEIIAEAIIss IIAeEA?AeOAEUeII? AEOIAII?

?IAIOE EIIAIAeE?IA IIAe?ICAeIEIA

I?EEI?AeIIIEO AIENUeE OE?A?IE

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 20.02.02

Aienueeiaa iaaeaaiaiea oa ineoieiaiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe

Caeiaoaa/ A?yciia I.I.

Oiaeueieoeueeee — 1998

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aeaaeaii? I?eei?aeiiieo aienuee Oe?a?ie ii.
Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai. Aea?aeaaiee eiiioao o ni?aaao ioi?iie
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iuaiei
Aeieo?i Aaneeueiae/, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia?? Aeaaeaii?
I?eei?aeiiieo aienuee Oe?a?ie ?i. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai, ia/aeueiee
eaoaae?e.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Niaoainueeee Ieeiea ?aaiiae/,
eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaeueoeaa Aieiaeeie?
Ieeieaeiae/, eaoaae?a aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo Nooiiooieo
a?enuee, noa?oee aeeeaaea/.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Aeaaeaiiy Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ?noi??? a?ei ? ai?iiiai
ienoaoeoaa, Iiiinoa?noai iai?iie Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny 1 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 10 aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 70.705.02. Aeaaeaii? I?eei?aeiiieo
aienuee Oe?a?ie ii. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai (280003, i.
Oiaeueieoeueeee — 3, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Aeaaeaii?
I?eei?aeiiieo aienuee Oe?a?ie ?i. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai,
(280003, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee — 3, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaii 25 na?iiy 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao a?enueeiaeo iaoe, i?ioani? Aano??/aa A. N.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Anooi

O?eaaeee noia?a/eeaee oeyo ?icaeoeo, ianooaai? iie?oe/i?, ai?ii?,
aeiiii?/i? iio?yn?iiy, a oaeiae cia/i? iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? aeinyaiaiiy
caiaaiythoue ethaenoai a ia?aeiiaii? oiai, ui iaeaeuith oe?ii?noth ia
Caie? ? ethaeeia, iaiiaoi?ia ethaenueea iniaeno?noue. Oe?
caaaeueiiieaiaoa?i? oaiaeaioe?? no/aniiai noni?euenoaa nueiaiaei?
caeiathoue aaaeeeaa i?noea i o noa?? a?enueeiai? iaaeaaia?ee,
aieeaathoue ia ?? ni?yiiaai?noue ? ci?no.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey iaoiaeieia?? a?enueeiai? iaaeaaia?ee ia?
e?eoe/iee aiae?c ia?aaeeaie, ui oi?iaeiaae e?eueeio inoaii?o noie?oue
aoea iai?aiith a iaooe? acaaae?. Ca?aeii c iath, ia’?eoeai?noue iaoeiai?
?noeie aaaaeaeanue oei aeuith, /ei a?eueoa iaoea aano?aaoaaeanue a?ae
noa’?eoa, a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?. Naia oaeee i?aeo?ae ni?eya iiya?
iaaeaaia?ee, yea, ?aii?oth/e ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, iia?oaaea
aano?aeoiith ethaeeiith, ia yeo i aoei ni?yiiaaii aeoiaiee aieea.

A?enueeiaa iaaeaaia?ea a iaaeaeaeiio ieioeiio na?aae on?o ?ioeo aaeocae
iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee aoea iaea?eueo aeaeaeith a?ae ?aeae aoiai?cio
aiane?aeie oioaeueiiai ?aeaieia?/iiai aieeao. Aiia a?oiooaaeany ia
?aea? ae??oaeueiiai oi?ioth/iai nioe?aeueiiai aieeao, eiai aeneethceai?e
?ie? o oi?ioaaii? iniaeno?no?. Iaoa??aeueia caiaeeeinue o?eueee aei
nioe?aeueiiai, iniaeno?noue a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey ?icoe?ithaaeanue ye
i?inoee ia`?eo ciai?oiueiai aieeao. A ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e aeoiai?e ?iaio?
i?aeoeeoaaany i?yiie?i?eiee i?aeo?ae, ca yeei ca ac??aoeue a?aeiny oi/ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ciai?oiueiai o aioo??oiueiio. I?e oeueiio ia
a?aoiaoaaeinue, ui ethaeeia o a?enueeia?e oi?i? ia? nai? iniaeno?ni?
ineoieia?/i?, aio?iiieia?/i?, a?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, nai? iio?aae oa
nai? i?iaeaie.

No/ani? eiioeaiooaeuei? ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao Oe?a?ie, ?oiy iinooiiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y ?c nooi a?enueeiai? a
i?aaiioi?iiio no?oeoo?o, noai?ththoue ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
noai?aiiy nenoaie aeoiaaiiy ia canaaeao aoiai?cio.

A?aeiia?aeii aei caeii?a «I?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie» ? «I?i
I?eei?aeiii? a?enueea Oe?a?ie», aeac?aie Aea?aeeiiei?aeiio c
i?aai?caoe?? iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino? uiaei ioi?iie ei?aeiio
aeoiaaiiy an?o eaoaai??e a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a-i?eei?aeiiiee?a iaaoaa?
i??i?eoaoiiai cia/aiiy. Eiai na?oeaaeiith iiaeiia noaoe
?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa, iiaeaeue yei? ia? a?oiooaaoeny ia
?aea?, ui naia iniaeno?noue ? aeaea?aeii naiai naii?icaeoeo. Caaaeaiiy
aeoiaaoaey iieyaa? a oiio, uia noai?eoe aeey aeoiaaioey oiiae aeey
naiiaeoiaaiiy, naiiaecia/aiiy ? naii?aae?caoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi naiai
??aiy ?icaeoeo. O I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie i?eei?aeiiia canoaaa,
canoaaa i?eei?aeiiiiai eiio?ieth, a?aeae?eaiiy eii ? iniiaieie
i?ae?icae?eaie — oeaio?aie aeoiaii? ?iaioe, oiio naia eiiaiaee?e oeeo
i?ae?icae?e?a ? aaciina?aaei?ie i?aai?caoi?aie aeoiaii? ?iaioe acaaae?
oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe cie?aia.

sse iieacothoue aeine?aeaeaiiy, ooo, i?e ?icaeyae? ieoaiiy uiaei
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe, ia aaea?oueny oieeiooe e?aeiiu?a.
Oae, iaeia /anoeia ioioea?ia aaaaea?, ui iiaeeaiaeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa
ia ? iniaeeai neeaaeiith. Aiia iieyaa? eeoa a oiio, uia i?iaiaeeoe
aaniaee c ie?aieie aienueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie, i?ae /an yeeo c’yniaoaaoe
ieoaiiy ?o aiia?aoi?, aeeooy, neoaeae oa iiaooo. Iioa /anoeia io?oea??a
iaiaaeo?oueny a oe?e ?iaio? aeaciaeaie, aeiiaaie, ?ino?oeoaaeaie oa ?i.
O noa?? ?oiueiai aieeao ia??aeei ciaoiaeyoueny eeoa iaaeenoeeieiiiaaii
ai?ie, ye? aeeeeeathoue noo?aiaai?noue. Oey eaoaai?iy ioioea?ia
caiaeeoue aeoiaio ?iaioo aei caeieniaiiy oeo caoiae?a aieeao, ye?
canoiniaothoueny eeoa iiney nei?iiy i?inooieo. Aiie ia ona?aeiieththoue
ianyao e no?oeoo?e iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe, ia a?aoiaothoue
iiaiith i??ith ?? ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ieo aniaeoia.

Iiaeiaii oyaeaiiy i?i iiaeeaiaeoaeueio aeoiaio ?iaioo cieaeothoue ??
?ieue i ia aeicaieythoue aeinoaoiueith ii?ith aeei?enoiaoaaoe oe?ie?
aeoiaii iiaeeeainoi, eio?i aiia iinoeoue o niai ca oiiae i?aaeeueiiai oa
oiieiai ?? i?iaaaeaiiy.

Ae??oaiiy oe??? aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie, ia?aaeon?i, caeaaeeoue a?ae
eiiaiaee??a i?ae?icae?e?a (oiaoi, a?ae ethaeae, ye? iaa/athoue ?
aeoiaothoue iniaiaee neeaae, aaciina?aaeiuei i?aai?cothoue ioi?iio
ei?aeiio) a?ae ??aiy ?o a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
(ianaiia?aae, oi?iiy ia?aeiioaaoe oa iia?e?coaaoe i?eei?aeiiiee?a ia
oni?oia aeeiiaiiy iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiaeo caaaeaiue).

?aeay ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai, aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei i?aai?caoe??
i?ioeano aeoiaaiiy naia ii nia? ia ? iiaith. Aiia noi?iaiaeaeoaaea
?icaeoie iaaeaaia?ee ai?iaeiaae on??? ?? ?noi??? ia ??cieo aoaiao, a
??ci? ?noi?e/i? aiioe coneeeyie i?ia?aneaieo iaaeaaia?a: E.
Ianoaeioeoe?, A. Neiai?iaee, E. Oienoiai, I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, A. Aauaiea, A. Nooiieeinueeiai oa ?i. Oe? ?aea? aoee
iieeaaeai? a iniiao ?o iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoai, ?icaeaaeenue ye i?eioeeie
?icaoaeiae iniaeno?nii-i???ioiaaii?, aoiaiii? iaaeaaia?ee, ia i?ioeaaao
iaaeaaia?oe? aaoi?eoa?i?e. Noni?eueii-iaaeaaia?/iee ?oo i?eoeeueiee?a
iiaoaeiae aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ia aeuacacia/aieo ?aeayo i?eiaaea? ia
na?aaeeio 80-o ?ie?a ? a?aeiiee i?ae iacaith «iaaeaaia?ea
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa». Ineoieia?/iee aniaeo oe??? i?iaeaie ?icaeyaeaee ?.
Ae. Aao, A. TH. Aiai?ee?i, I. E. Ai?eoaanueeee, N. Ae. Iaeneiaiei,
I. TH. Inaaeueei, I. ?. Oii/oe oa ?i.

Inoaii?i /anii cia/ii? aeooaeueiino? iaaoee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaiieo
a?aeiinei na?aae a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ? o a?o/eciyi?e a?enueeia?e
iaaeaaia?oe?. Oea ciaeoei a?aeia?aaeaiiy, cie?aia, a ?iaioao oaeeo
aeine?aeiee?a i?iaeai a?enueeiai? iaaeaaia?ee, ye A. A. Aoii?i, A.
I. Aaeaoia, I. ?. Ai?iiia, Ae. A. ?uaiei, TH. A. Eieiaeae,
I. Ae. Nao?i, TH. ?. Na?aethe oa ?i.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy i?iaeaie, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, noaiiaeyoue iaaiee
?ioa?an ?iaioe aiae?enueeiai a/aiiai Ii?iaiaea Eioieaiaea, yiiinueeeo
a/aieo Oiineii ssnonaao?i, Oayne Neaai.

?acii c oei, ye iieaco? aiaeic eioa?aoo?e oa aeena?oaoeieieo
aeineiaeaeaiue, iiaeeaiaeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa ioioea?ia i?ae?icae?e?a
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie, c o?aooaaiiyi no/anieo aeiia, ia noaea
i?aaeiaoii onaai/iiai oa eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aoaeoeaiinoue aeeiiaiiy i?eei?aeiiieeaie
iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiaeo caaaeaiue uiaei ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
caeaaeeoue ianaiia?aae aiae eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia, yei
aaciina?aaeiuei i?aai?cothoue ? i?iaiaeyoue iiaeeaiaeoaeueio aeoiaio
?iaioo, ni?yiiaaio ia ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy
caaaeaiue i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae.

Aea/aiiy aeinaiaeo ?oiuei? ?iaioe a /anoeiao ? iiae?icaeieao
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie na?ae/eoue, ui ia oeae /an i?iaeaia
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aeii aei
ci?i, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a noni?euenoa?, ia io?eiaea iaoeiaiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy; iayai? iaoiaee/ii aeaciaee canoa??ee ? ia
caaacia/othoue ?ica`ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo ia?aae eiiaiaee?aie
iiae?icaeieia caaaeaiue; a?enueeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia oa ineoieia?/ia
iiaeaioiaea eiiaiaeiiai neeaaeo ? iaaeinoaoiueith aeey aoaeoeaii?
i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe
a i?ae?icae?eao I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. Oaeei /eiii,
iiaeeaiaeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia, a?aeiia?aeii
aei aeiia /ano, aeiaaa? ye?niiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

Aeooaeueiinoue aeaii? i?iaeaie oa ?? iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeaiinoue i
aecia/eee aeai? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy, a naia
“Oaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia
iiae?icaeieia I?eei?aeiiieo aienuee Oe?a?ie”.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoeiy aeeiiaia caiaeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeineiaeieo ?iaio
I?eei?aeiiieo aienuee Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy — iiaeeaiaeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa eiiaiaee?ia
iiae?icaeieia I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

I?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy — oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aiii oa iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaiii
oeyo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia
iiae?icaeieia.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ica`ycoaaeeny oae? caaaeaiiy:

Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? nooiino? iiiyooy “?iaeea?aeoaeueia
aeoiaia ?iaioa” ia iniia? aio?iiieia?/iiai, iaaeioeaio?e/iiai
i?aeoiae?a.

Aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo noia?a/iinoae, oaiaeaioeie, caeaaeiino?,
iniaeeainoae i?ioeano ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia
iiae?icaeieia.

Aeyaeaiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? ai?iiy i?iaiaeeoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueio
aeoiaio ?iaioo eiiaiaee?aie i?ae?icae?e?a c? nai?ie i?aeeaaeeie,
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?? e?eoa???a.

?ic?iaea i iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia
iiae?icaeieia I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie .

Aiiioaca aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aoaeoeaiinoue iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe
eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia iiaeaeueoueny ca oiia:

iaieiae?iiy eiiaiaee?aie iiae?icaeieia oeieiniith nenoaiith
iaaeaaiai/ieo ciaiue ? aiiiue, iaiaoiaeieo aeey i?aai?caoe?? oa
i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

noi?iiaaiino? o eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia iiceoeaii? iioeaaoe??
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

canoinoaaiiy o i?aeoeoe? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee??a
i?ae?icae?e?a iaoiaeeee ioeiiee ?? noaio.

Iaoiaeieiai/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy i?i
aca?iiiaoiiaeaiinoue aioo?ioiio ineoi/ieo oaeoi?ia oa ciaiioiio aieeaia
ia aienueeiaineoaeaiaoeia; aeoeaiinoue iniaenoinoi o i?ioeani iaa/aiiy
oa aeoiaaiiy; aca?iica’ycie naiaeiiinoi iiaeeaiaea oa eiai aeiyeueiinoi.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy ai?iii? aeieo?eie
Oe?a?ie; eiioeaioeiy ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie; caeiie
Oe?a?ie “I?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie”, “I?i I?eei?aeiiii aienueea
Oe?a?ie”, aeac?aee Aea?aeeiiei?aeiio uiaei i?aai?caoe??
iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino? , ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae, i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o a?enueeao, iieiaeaiue iioeo
ea?iaieo aeieoiaioia.

Aeey ?ica`ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue i ia?aai?ee aiiioace aoee
aeei?enoai? ianooii? iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy: aiaeic
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? eioa?aoo?e, aano?aaoaaiiy, aiaeiaiy,
niinoa?aaeaiiy, aaniaea, aieaooaaiiy, iaoiae aenia?oii? ioeiiee,
iioa?a’thaaiiy, iaaeaaiai/iee aenia?eiaio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
ianooiiiio:

io?eiaii ye?nii iia? oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/i? aeai? uiaei
nioe?aeueieo, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe ia iniia? aio?iiieia?/iiai, iaaeioeaio?e/iiai
i?aeoiae?a;

oia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe eiiaiaee?a i?ae?icae?eo;

iaea?aeaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iaa?oiooaaiiy oeyo?a oa oiia
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a i?ae?icae?eao
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
?ic?iaoei ?aeiiaiaeaoeie uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeuee Oe?a?ie oa ??
iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy, a naia: iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaio
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe; iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
i?aai?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee??a i?ae?icae?e?a
c ??cieie eaoaai??yie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, iaoiaeeee i?aai?caoe??
i?ioan?eii-ineoieia?/iiai a?aeai?o eaiaeeaeao?a aeey iaa/aiiy o
iaa/aeueieo caaiiao (/anoeiao) I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? o i?ae?icae?eao
I?ai?/ii-Cao?aeiiai iai?yio I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa?iaee aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani aeueo aienueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia,
a oaeiae ia eo?nao iiaeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? oa ia?aiiaeaioiaee
ioioea?nueeeo eaae?ia.

Aeinoiai?iinoue ?acoeueoaoia caaacia/o?oueny oai?aoe/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi
eiai aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue, canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy, aaeaeaaoieo eiai i?aaeiaoo, iaoi oa caaaeaiiyi;
?ai?acaioaoeaiinoth aeai?ee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O noaooyo, iioaeieiaaieo naiino?eii aai o
niiaaaoi?noai, iniaenoei aianeii aaoi?a ?:

“?ic?iaea e?eoa?i?a i ?iaiia ioeiiee noaio iiaeeaiaeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe”: iaa?oiooaaiiy e?eoa?i?a ioeiiee noaio
iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

“Aeayei oeyoe iioeiicaoei? ciinoo aienueeiai-iaaeaaiai/ii? iiaeaioiaee
eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia”: i?iaaaeaiiy aiaeico noaio
aienueeiai-iaaeaaiai/ii? iiaeaioiaee eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia uiaei
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe oa aecia/aiiy oeyo?a ??
oaeineiiaeaiiy;

“Iiaeeaiaeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa c aienueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie ca
eiio?aeoii”: aecia/aiiy iai?yie?a oaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe c oe??th eaoaai???th a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a;

“Aeayei iniaeeainoi iiaeeaiaeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe c
ae?ieaie-aienueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie”: ?ic?iaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoeie uiaei
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe c aienueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie-aeiieaie;

“Iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee uiaei i?aai?caoe?? i?ioan?eii-ineoieia?/iiai
a?aeai?o eaiaeeaeao?a aeey iaa/aiiy a iaa/aeueieo caaiiao (/anoeiao)
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie”: ii?aoethaaiiy ii?aae uiaei aea/aiiy
iiaiai iiiiaiaiiy o iaa/aeueieo caaiiao.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny:

ia iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? c i?iaeai ?icaeoeo
iniaenoinoi oa aea?aeaae (Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1997);

ia iiaeaocianuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? i naiiia?ao
(Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1996).

Ocaaaeueiai? oai?aoe/ii iieiaeaiiy i i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei?
ai?iaaaeaeoaaeeny aeena?oaioii i?ioyaii oni??
aeineiaeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe. Ie?aii iieiaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy
oaieoee aei iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie oi?aae?iiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe
Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo o ni?aaao ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, aei
iaoiaee/iiai iin?aieea uiaei i?aai?caoe?? i?ioan?eii-ineoieia?/iiai
a?aeai?o eaiaeeaeao?a aeey iaa/aiiy a iaa/aeueieo caaiiao (/anoeiao)
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie; aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e i?iaaaeaiii
caiyoue c aienueeiai? ineoieiai?, iaaeaaiaiee oa iaoiaeeee aeoiaii?
?iaioe a Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca iaoa?iaeaie aeineiaeaeaiiy aaoi?ii iioae?eiaaii
oinoue iaoeiaeo noaoae, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee iin?a-

iee.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.
?oeiien iinoeoue 166 noi?iiie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Iethno?aoeaiee
iaoa?iae iiaeaii ia 1 oaaeeoe?, 5 ?enoieao oa 14 aeiaeaoeao.
Aiaeiia?aoiy iinoeoue 171 iaeiaioaaiiy.

Iniiaiee ciino aeena?oaoei?

O anooii iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy; aecia/aii
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo, caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy; noi?ioeueiaaii
aiiioaco, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe; aeeeaaeaii iniiaii iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe c a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie”
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?noi?e/iee caei?aeiiiee oa a?o/eciyiee aeina?ae i
no/aniee noai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee??a
i?ae?icae?e?a; eiie?aoeciaaii nooi?noue iiiyooy “?iaeea?aeoaeueia
aeoiaia ?iaioa” ia iniia? aio?iiieia?/iiai, iaaeioeaio?e/iiai i?aeoiae?a
oa eiai neeaaeiaeo: ?aeae, oe?iiinoae, ye iaoa??aeueieo, oae i
aeooiaieo, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeianaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, ??
naiiaeyaeaiiy oa naii?icaeoie.

Aiae?c ?noi?e/iiai ieioeiai iieacaa, ui i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy,
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee??a
i?ae?icae?e?a ? neeaaeiei i noia?a/eeaei. Oeae i?ioean aaciina?aaeiuei
cae?enithaaany i caeaaeaa a?ae ia‘?eoeaieo oiia i noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e aeicaieea aaoi?o aeyaeoe
oaiaeaioei? ?icaeoeo i?ioeano iiaeaioiaee eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

I?iaiaeiciaaii no/aniee noai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe
eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. Aeyaeaii oaeiae
aieea ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe ia oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoinoi
ioioea?a, eiai iaaeaaiai/iiai ieneaiiy, eoeueoo?e iiaaaeiiee,
i?ioanieieo yeinoae.

sse iieacaei aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiaiiea, ianooaaiinoue i i?iaeaie
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe iia’ycai? c ?icaoaeiaith oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae, ?? ei?aeiiia c e?a?iaie aeecueeiai oa aeaeaeiai ca?oaiaeaey;
?aaeeeaeueieie ciiiaie o naioiaeyae?, aeooiaiinoi iniaiaiai neeaaeo;
noia?a/iinoyie iiaeyae?a uiaei aio/eciyii? inoi?i?; no/anieie oiiaaie
aeeooy i?eei?aeiiiee?a. Oe? i?iaeaie iathoue aaciina?aaei?e aieea ia
noai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a i?ae?icae?eao I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Ieoaiiyi nooiino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia
i?ae?icae?e?a i?enay/aii ?iaioe A. O. Eiaeeyioey, TH. ?.
Na?aethea, I. ?. Na?a?thea, I. O. Oaaeaiea oa ?ioeo. Aaoi?e a
o?aeooaaiiy nooiinoi i?iaeaie aeeaaeathoue iaaecae/aeii oe?ieee ciino,
ui oneeaaeith? i?aeoe/io ?iaioo eiiaiaee??a i?ae?icae?e?a o aienueeiaeo
/anoeiao.

O aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny ??ci? i?aeoiaee aaoi??a aei aecia/aiiy
nooiino? iiiyooy «?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa» oa eiai ci?noo. C
o?aooaaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co oa iniaeeainoae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee??a i?eei?aeiiieo i?ae?icae?e?a eiie?aoeciaaii
nooi?noue oeueiai iiiyooy a no/anieo oiiaao aoiai?caoe?? a?aeiinei i?ae
??cieie eaoaai??yie a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa oea nenoaiaoe/iee ? oe?eani?yiiaaiee
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aieea eiiaiaee?a (ia/aeueieea) ia iiaaae?ieo
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey c iaoith eiai iioeiaeueii? naii?aae?caoe??,
anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa i?aeaioiaee aei oni?oiiai aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue
i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae. Aiia ? noeoii?noth aca?iiiia’ycaieo eiiiiiaio?a:
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ia iniia? anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy iniaenoino?
eiaeiiai i?aeeaaeiai; iaaeaaia?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy eiai ae?yeueiino? oa
iiaaae?iee; oe?eani?yiiaaiiai, iaaeaaia?/ii aeioe?eueiiai aieeao ia
iueiai.

Ci?no ?? aeeth/a?:

1. Caaacia/aiiy aaciina?aaeiueiai e iiina?aaeeiaaiiai anaa?/iiai
aea/aiiy iniaenoino? eiaeiiai i?aeeaaeiai, iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy,
nenoaiaoecaoe?th e aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a; ?ic?iaeo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo aeaieo.

2. Oe?eani?yiiaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee aieea ia iniaeno?noue ai?ia,
aca?iiae?th c iei, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ? ei?eaoaaiiy i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.

3. Ea??aieoeoai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith aeoiaiith ?iaioith, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ??
ieaioaaiiy; iaa/aiiy i?aeeaaeeo eiiaiaee??a; eiio?ieue ca oiaeii
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe; ioe?ieo ?? aoaeoeaiino?; ei?eaoaaiiy
i?ioeano ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe; aiae?c ?? ?acoeueoao?a.

O?aoiaoth/e oa, ui a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a oey ae?yeuei?noue ia? oa?aeoa?
?aaaoaaiiy ia aaea nei?iee a/eiie, aaoi?ii aecia/aia aieiaia caaaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?a — anaa?/ia aea/aiiy
i?aeeaaeiai ? ia oe?e iniia? i?iaiicoaaiiy eiai ae?yeueiino?, a, i?e
iaiao?aeiino?, oaeiae iiia?aaeaeaiiy eiai iaaaoeaieo a/eie?a.

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo o ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a i?ae?icae?eao
ciaoiaeeoueny o i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae i?aaeeueiiai ?icoi?iiy
eiiaiaee?aie ?? nooiino? oa ci?noo c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee neoaeae o
i?ae?icae?eao I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee, nenoaiaoe/iiai aea/aiiy iniaiaiai
neeaaeo ? iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao ia ai?i?a, anaa?/iiai o?aooaaiiy
iniaeeainoae i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae oa iayaiino? ??cieo eaoaai??e
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei «Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao Oe?a?ie» ?ice?eaa?oueny i?ioean i?aai?caoe??
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiai ?acoeueoaoe.

O oiae? aenia?eiaioo aoee ooi/iai? iniiai? oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a i?ae?icae?e? ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo
a?oiiaeo aenia?oieo ioe?iie.

I?e aecia/aii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo i?ae?icae?e?a aoee
a?aoiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? eiiaiaeoaaiiy caaiio uiaei aeioe?eueiino?
noai?aiiy eiio?ieueieo i aenia?eiaioaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a ia
eiiaiaeaoo?ao Euea?anueeiai i?eei?aeiiiiai caaiio.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe aeiaaa? aeei?enoaiiy
niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiii? iaoiaeeee ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo e?eoa???a i iieaciee?a aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a i?ae?icae?e?.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aiae?co iaeiie/aiiai aeina?aeo
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe ? i?iaaaeaiiai aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?a i?ae?icae?eo, yea neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
aeaiaio?a, iieacaieo o oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

E?eoa??? oa iieacieee iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaio ?iaeeaeaeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?a i?ae?icae?eo

? c.i E?eoa??? oa iieacieee

? I?ciaaaeueiee e?eoa??e:

1. ??aaiue ciaiue eiiaiaee?ii i?aeeaaeeo;

2. Nooi?iue iaieiae?iiy eiiaiaee?ii ciaiiyie oa iaae/eaie
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe

?? E?euee?niee e?eoa??e:

3. E?euee?noue iinaaeiaeo in?a i?ae?icae?eo, ui a?aee o/anoue a
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e aeoiai?e ?iaio?;

4. Nooi?iue ioiieaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith aeoiaiith ?iaioith a
i?ae?icae?e? on?o i?aeeaaeeo

???

?acoeueoaoeaiee e?eoa??e:

5. Oi?iiy eiiaiaee?a aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy i?aeeaaeeo o
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?;

6. Oi?iiy eiiaiaee?a i?iaiicoaaoe ae?yeuei?noue i?aeeaaeeo

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe eiiaiaee?a i?ae?icae?eo i?aaenoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??.

Oi?iiy eiiaiaee?a i?iaiicoaaoe ae?yeuei?noue i?aeeaaeeo ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
ioe?ithaaoe ca ianooiieie aca?iiiia`ycaieie aeaiaioaie:

iani?eyoeeaa aeii?eciaia na?aaeiaeua;

iaeaaei?noue aei i?e?ia?oie, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeaeoeeaiiyi o
iiaaae?ioe?;

ao?aoa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o eieaeoea?.

Iaoiaeeea, yeo aoei canoiniaaii, aeicaieeea caaacia/eoe ?aeeiee
i?aeo?ae aenia?oii? a?oie aei ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe.

O ?acoeueoao? cae?eniaiiy oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ??aaiue
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio i?ae?icae?e?
i?aeaeueany a?aeiia?aeii c 3,2 aei 4,0 (?en. 1), a a eiio?ieueiiio — c
3,3 aei 3,4 (?en.2.). Aaeaeiny iie?aueoe iniiai? iieacieee, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue a?ao?/ii iieacai? ia ?en. 1, 2, o oaae. 2.

?en. 1. ??aaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe ia ii/aoeo
oa ii cae?i/aii? aenia?eiaioo a eiio?ieueiiio
i?ae?icae?e?

EMBED MSGraph

?en. 2. ??aaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe ia ii/aoeo oa ii
cae?i/aii? aenia?eiaioo a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio i?ae?icae?e?

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea caaacia/o? ?aeeiee i?aeo?ae eiiaiaee??a aei
ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe, iiaea neoaeeoe aeey ieo
i???ioe?ii o ?iaio? c iniaiaei neeaaeii, aea? iiaeeea?noue ii??aiyoe
?acoeueoaoe o oeueiio iai?yieo nai?? ?iaioe c ?? ?acoeueoaoaie a ?ioeo
i?ae?icae?eao.

Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo oa aenia?oiiai iieooaaiiy
na?ae/aoue, ui iniiaieie oeyoaie aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe ?: ?icaeoie o eiiaiaee??a ciaiue, oieiue ? iaae/ie
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe; o?aooaaiiy ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae
i?aeeaaeeo a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e aeoiai?e ?iaio?; oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiaeeee i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;
canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ona?aaeiai? ioe?iee iieaciee?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?

?iaioe a eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo i?ae?icae?eao

Cai??e I?ae?icae?ee Na?aaei? ioe?iee ca iieacieeaie

1 2 3 4 5 6

1 eiio?ieuei? 3,2 3,4 3,8 3,5 3,1 2,8

aenia?eiaioaeuei? 3,2 3,4 3,6 3,2 3,0 2,8

2 eiio?ieuei? 3,3 3,5 3,7 3,8 3,2 3,0

aenia?eiaioaeuei? 3,6 3,7 3,8 4,3 3,4 3,2

3 eiio?ieuei? 3,3 3,5 4,0 4,2 2,8 2,6

aenia?eiaioaeuei? 4,0 4,3 4,0 4,4 3,7 3,6

o?aoueiio ?icaeiei «Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie» ?ice?eaathoueny iniiaii oeyoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe oa oiiae, ye?, ia
iiaeyae caeiaoaa/a, ni?eythoue oeueiio i?ioeano.

Aea/aiiy noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee??a,
aeeiai?ee ? niaoeeo?ee ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy aeaei iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe iniiai? oeyoe oa oiiae, ye? aeicaieyoue iii?oii i?aeaeueoe ??
??aaiue.

Iniiaieie oeyoaie ?:

a) ?icaeoie o eiiaiaee??a ciaiue, oi?iue ? iaae/ie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

a) o?aooaaiiy ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?aeeaaeeo a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e
aeoiai?e ?iaio?;

a) oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

a) canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe.

Iniiaieie oiiaaie ?:

iaa?oioiaai?noue iaoe ? caaaeaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia ieaioaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

?aeeia ?icoi?iiy iaoe ? caaaeaiue ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

?aae?caoe?y i?eioeeio ia?niiaeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca
i?aai?caoe?th ? i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

iayai?noue o a?oiaaoae?a i?ae?icae?eo iaiao?aeieo ciaiue, oi?iue ?
iaae/ie i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;

aoaeoeaia ea??aieoeoai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith aeoiaiith ?iaioith;

iayai?noue iaeaaeieo nioe?aeueieo oiia;

a/ania caaeiaieaiiy iaoa??aeueieo ? aeooiaieo iio?aa
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a;

noaoooiee aioo??oi?e ii?yaeie ? i?aai?caoe?y neoaeae a?enuee o
i?ae?icae?e?;

iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue cao?oiaaiino? e aeoeaiino? a?enueeiaiai eieaeoeao.

?iaio? eiiaiaee??a on?o eaoaai??e.

Iniiaith oni?oiiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe ?
aeoeaia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy on?o oi?i ? iaoiae?a iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy
i?aeeaaeeo ? iaaeaaia?/ii iaa?oioiaaiiai aieeao ia ieo, i?iaiicoaaiiy
a?aeoeeaiue iiaaae?iee, c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao, ye? ia?aaeon?i iia’ycai? c ia?aoiaeii ia
eiio?aeoio nenoaio eiiieaeooaaiiy. I?e oeueiio iaiao?aeii aoaeoeaii
ii?aeioaaoe iaaeaaia?/iee aieea ia i?aeeaaeiai c o?niith,
iianyeaeaiiith aca?iiae??th c iei o ieoaiiyo eiai i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee, aeoiaaiiy ii?aeueieo oa ineoieia?/ieo yeinoae.

O no/anieo oiiaao aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe eiiaiaee??a, ?? oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?noioii
c?inoathoue. Oea coiiaeaii ieceith /eiiee?a, ia?aaeon?i, iaiao?aei?noth
ae??oaiiy caaaeueiiethaenueeeo nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo caaaeaiue uiaei
aoiai?caoe?? oa i?aeianaiiy iniaenoino? ethaeeie ia iniia?
aeaiie?aoe/ieo i?eioeei?a. Aaaaoi i?iaeai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe iaea?aeothoue iiaa cao/aiiy o ca’yceo c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie a i?aaiioi?iiio no?oeoo?o; c?inoaiiyi ?ie?
iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy o ci?oeiaii? aeenoeeie?ie oa i?aaiii?yaeeo;
iaiao?aei?noth oi?ioaaiiy caei?iai? ii?aeueii? aoiinoa?e o i?eei?aeiiieo
eieaeoeaao.

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee

Neeaaei?noue iia?aoeaii? ianoaiiaee ia aea?aeaaiiio ei?aeii? aeiaaa?
a?ae eiiaiaee??a iino?eiiai iiooeo iiaeo, a?eueo aoaeoeaieo oeyo?a
ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae. Iaeiei c
iai?yie?a ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe o i?ae?icae?eao, ?aae?caoe?y i?eioeeio
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ? aeeoa?aioe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo o aeoiaaii?.

?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa aeeth/a? a naaa noeoii?noue
oi?i i cania?a oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aea/aiiy i?aeeaaeeo, iaaeaaia?/ii
iaa?oioiaaiiai ? aeioe?eueiiai aieeao ia ieo, aca?iiae?? c ieie, a
oaeiae i?aai?caoe?th ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe oa ea??aieoeoai
iath.

Aiae?c iaoa??ae?a, ye? aoee io?eiai? a oiae? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeicaieeee noi?ioaaoe oae? iniiai? aeniiaee:

1. Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo oeyo?a aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe o i?ae?icae?e? ? ?icaeoie o eiiaiaee??a a?aeiia?aeieo ciaiue,
oi?iue ? iaae/ie i?aai?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe,
aoaeoeaiiai aea/aiiy iniaiaiai neeaaeo i?ae?icae?eo, iaaeaaia?/iiai
aeoiaiiai aieeao ia ai?i?a. Iniiaith oeueiai ?: oi?ioaaiiy
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? eoeueoo?e eiiaiaee??a; oe?eani?yiiaaia
ica?i?iiy ?o oai?aoe/ieie ciaiiyie oa ia?aaeiaei aeina?aeii
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o i?ioean? iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiai?
ae?yeueiino?.

2. I?e aea/aii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeanoeainoae ineo?ee iniaenoino?
ai?ia-i?eei?aeiiieea, ia?o ca ana, caa?oao?oueny oaaaa ia ni?yiiaai?noue
eiai iniaenoino? — oeaio?aeueiee eiiiiiaio no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?. Oea
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oa, yeo aeeoo?ao iaoo noaaeoue ia?aae niaith aeaia
iniaa; /iio o aca?iia?aeiineiao c ?ioeie ethaeueie /eieoue naia oae, a
ia ?iaeoa; /ei iaea?eueoa oe?eaaeoueny; ui a?eueo ca ana oe?io? a
aeeoo? oa ui canoaeaeo?.

Ciaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/ieo yeinoae i niaeeainoae
aienueeiaineoaeaiaoeia aea? iiaeeeainoue eiiaiaee?o aea?aoe oaei caniae
aieeao, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo a?i iiaea ia oieueee onoiooe iaai? iaaeieiee
iiaeeaaeiai, aea e nai?/anii iiia?aaeeoe iaaaoeaii aieeae a
eieaeoeai, ui caaaeathoue oeiaee aeenoeeieiii, aieiaie aioiaiinoi oiui.

3. Ii?yae c iaaeaaia?/ii ai?eith i?aai?caoe??th ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe ?? aoaeoeai?noue aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae
aeineiiaeino? iaoiaeeee, iniiaieie neeaaeiaeie yei? ?: aea/aiiy
ineoieiae/ieo aeanoeainoae i?aeeaaeeo; iaaeaaia?/ii aeioe?eueiee aieea
ia ieo; ei?aeoe?y ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a oiae? ??
i?iaaaeaiiy; i?iaiicoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeea a?aeoeeaiue iiaaae?iee ai?i?a;
ioe?iea noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?a
i?ae?icae?eo.

sse na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ca nai?th ci?noiaiith
nooi?noth ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa a i?ae?icae?e? ? a?eueo
aoaeoeaiith o ii??aiyii? c eieaeoeaieie oi?iaie aieeao. Aieiaia ??
ia?aaaaa iieyaa? o oiio, ui aiia noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae aeey iino?eiiai,
?acoeueoaoeaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao ye ia eiie?aoiiai
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey, oae ? ia aanue iniaiaee neeaae i?ae?icae?eo.
Oiio inoaii? aeac?aee Aea?aeeiiei?aeiio uiaei i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii?
?iaioe aeiaaathoue oeaio? ?? aaae ia?aianoe o noa?o iniaenoino?
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoey.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeeee aenoiooo
a?iioaco oa na?ae/aoue i?i aenieo aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo aaoi?ii
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe a i?ae?icae?eao I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Iai?yiee iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe ianooiieie:

Iniaeeaino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a oiiaao i?eei?aeiiii?
neoaeae.

Iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ai?i?a-eiio?aeoiee?a aei i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe c
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie-ae?ieaie.

Nienie iioaeieiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoei?.

1. A?yciia ?. I. Aeaye? oeyoe i?aai?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe a i?ae?icae?eao I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. ? 2, /. ?II. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeaeaaieoeoai AIAO, 1996. — N.
65-67.

2. A?yciia ?. I. Aeaye? aniaeoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o
no/anieo oiiaao // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. ? 2, /.?II. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeaeaaieoeoai AIAO, 1996. — N. 68-70.

3. A?yciia ?. I. ?ic?iaea e?eoa???a i ??ai?a ioe?iee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. ? 2, /. ?II. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeaeaaieoeoai AIAO, 1996.- N. 71-74 (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c
?uaieii Ae. A.).

4. A?yciia ?. I. Aeayei oeyoe iioeiicaoei? ciinoo
aienueeiai-iaaeaaiai/ii? iiaeaioiaee eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia
I?eei?aeiiieo aienuee Oe?a?ie // Cai?iee iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?iaio. ? 4,
/.II. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeaeaaieoeoai AIAO, 1997. — N. 156-158 (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c Na?aetheii TH. ?.).

5. A?yciia ?. I. ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa c
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie ca eiio?aeoii. // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. ? 5,
/. II. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeaeaaieoeoai AIAO, 1997. — N. 85-87 (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c A?oaiiiiaei A.A., Eacuei??/oeii N. I.).

6. A?yciia ?. I. Aeaye? iniaeeaino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe c
ae?ieaie-a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie // Cai?iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. ? 6,
/. II. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeaeaaieoeoai AIAO, 1998. — N. 88-93. (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c ?uaieii Ae. A.).

7. A?yciia ?. I. Iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee uiaei i?aai?caoe??
i?ioan?eii-ineoieia?/iiai a?aeai?o eaiaeeaeao?a aeey iaa/aiiy a
iaa/aeueieo caaiiao (/anoeiao) I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie // Ca?o i?i
iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo ( ? 298 — 0038 E “Aieaoa -I” ) ( o
ni?aaaoi?noa? A?oaiiiiaei A. A., Oi??oeeiei I. TH.).

Aiioaoe?y

A?yciia ?. I. Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe
eiiaiaee??a i?ae?icae?e?a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 20.02.02. Aienueeiaa iaaeaaiaiea oa
ineoieiaiy. — Aeaaeaiiy I?eei?aeiiieo aienuee Oe?a?ie, Oiaeueieoeueeee,
1998.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii aeineiaeaeaiith ieoaiue aaeineiiaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe eiiaiaee?ia iiae?icaeieia
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. I?iaaaeaii inoi?eei-iaaeaaiai/iee aiaeic
?? noaio. O aeineiaeaeaiii iaa?oioiaaii iniiaii oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe, yeeie ?: ?icaeoie o eiiaiaee??a
iaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue, oi?iue, iaae/ie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;
o?aooaaiiy ineoieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e
aeoiai?e ?iaio?; ?icaeoie iaoiaeeee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe;
canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee noaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

Eeth/iai iiiyooy: ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeoiaia ?iaioa, iniaeno?noue,
iaaeaaia?/i? ciaiiy, ai?iiy, iaae/ee, ineoieia?/i? aeanoeaino?.

A?yciia E. A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoa-oaeueiie ?aaiou
eiiaiaee?ia iiae?acaeaeaiee Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 20.02.02. Aiaiiay iaaeaaiaeea e ineoieiaey. —
Aeaaeaiey Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu, Oiaeueieoeeee, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey
iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aii?inia niaa?oainoaiaaiey
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou eiiaiaee?ia iiae?acaeaeaiee
Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu. I?iaaaeai enoi?eei-iaaeaaiae/aneee aiaeec aa
ninoiyiey. A enneaaeiaaiee iainiiaaiu iniiaiua iooe niaa?oainoaiaaiey
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou, eioi?uie yaeythony: ?acaeoea o
eiiaiaee?ia iaaeaaiae/aneeo ciaiee, oiaiee, iaaueia
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou; o/ao ineoieiae/aneeo
iniaaiiinoae ee/iinoe a eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaioa;
?acaeoea iaoiaeeee eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou; i?eiaiaiea
iaoiaeeee ioeaiee ninoiyiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou.

Eeth/aaua iiiyoey: eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ainieoaoaeueiay ?aaioa, ee/iinoue,
iaaeaaiae/aneea ciaiey, oiaiey, iaauee , ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe.

Igor Griaznov. Personal educational improvement of the units commanders
of the Border Guard Troops of Ukraine. — Manuscript.

This thesis is for obtaining the scientific degree of the Candidate of
Pedagogical Sciennes on speciality 20.02.02. Military Pedagogics and
Psychology. — The Academy of the Border Guard Troops of Ukraine,
Khmelnytsky, 1998.

The thesis deals with the problems of units commanders of the Border
Guard Troops of Ukraine personal educational improvement. It
incorporates historical pedagogical analysis of its state, ways of
improvement due to the development of relevant knowledge vested in
commanders pedagogical skills and habits of personal work, development
of methodology of personal educational work, use of estimation of
methodology intended to measure a state of personal educational work.

Key words: personal educational work, personality, pedagogical
knowledge, skills, habits, benting, psychological peculiarities.

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