Трудова мобільність в умовах регіонального ринку праці: Автореф. дис… канд. соціол. наук / Н.В. Коваліско, Харк. нац. ун-т ім. В.Н.Каразіна. — Х., 1

Oa?e?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? A.I. Ea?ac?ia

Eiaae?nei Iaoae?y Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE: 316.334.2 +316.52](477)

O?OAeIAA IIA?EUeI?NOUe A OIIAAO ?AA?IIAEUeIIAI ?EIEO I?AOe?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 22.00.07 — nioe?ieia?y oi?aae?iiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
?aaia O?aiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oi?iiaeee Aiae??e
Aiaoiae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nioe?ieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Iieoi?ae
Aieiaeeie? Aa?aiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? i?aoe?
oa oi?aae?iiy

eaiaeeaeao nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe Aeoaieiaa Oaoyia Aaiiaae??aia,
Oa?e?anueeee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo Ia’?aeiaiiy i?ioni?eie
Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ? eo?niai? ?iaioe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
aeiiii?/ii? nioe?ieia??, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.15 o Oa?e?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? A.I. Ea?ac?ia ca aae?anith: 310002,
i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Ie?iiineoeueea, 1, aoae. 2-13.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
A.I.Ea?ac?ia ca aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie.Naiaiaee,4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “22” aeiaoiy” 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee aeioe.
Oa?aiao ?.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? ye
noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ii? oi?ie ?ooo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ui a?aeiia?aea?
?eieia?e aeiiii?oe? iiina?aaeeiao?oueny o?oaeiaith iia?euei?noth,
aeiaaa? a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae oeueiai i?ioeano ia i?ioeaaao
eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaiei iaoai?ciai ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ye?
ia?aaeaa/aee aieueiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ?iciiae?eo ? ia?a?iciiae?eo ?iai/i?
neee (i?aeaaeocaaa, oa?eoi??aeueia oiui).

O?oaeiao iia?euei?noue iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaiao?aeiee ao?eaoo
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ye i?ioean, ui o?nii iia’ycaiee c? naiaiaeith aeai?o
i?noeue o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? (iiiaeeii?noue i?iiiceoe?e ?iai/eo
i?noeue, eiieo?aioe?y i?aoeaaeaaoe?a ca iaea?aeaiiy ye?nii? ?iai/i?
neee), i?ae /an yeiai a?aeoai?th?oueny o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae,
oi?iothoueny oiiae aeey a?eueiiai ?icaeoeo iniae. Ia?ao?ae aei
aeiiii?/ii? naiino?eiino? i?aei?e?inoa, iinooiiaa ?o ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy ?
i?eaaoecaoe?y aeoea?coaaee o?oaeiao iia?euei?noue. Ia ?eieo i?aoe?
ii/aee oe?ioaaoe oae? aaaeeea? aeanoeaino?, ye caeaoi?noue ? aioiai?noue
i?aoe?aiee?a aei ci?ie ?iai/iai i?noey, ?o eiieo?aioiicaeaoi?noue,
caoe?eaaeai?noue o iaa/aii?, ia?aiaa/aii? oa aacia?a?ai?e ina?o?.
Noaiiaeaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? aeoea?coaaei i?aeaaeocaaa, aioo??oiueiaaeocaaa,
oa?eoi??aeueia ia?ai?uaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a, ni?eyei ci?i? i?ioan?e ?
eaae?o?eaoe?eii-i?ioan?eiiio aaeineiiaeaiith.

Iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea — oea nai???aeiee noeioeyoi?
iia?eueiino?, ai, c iaeiiai aieo, a?i ni?yiiao? eaae?o?eiaaieo
i?aoe?aiee?a ia iiooe i?noeue e?auiai canoinoaaiiy nai?? i?aoe?,
cae?aiinoae ia ?iai/eo i?noeyo c aenieei oai?/ei ci?noii ? iieaoith
i?aoe?, a c ae?oaiai — cia/ia /anoea i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, yea
aea?eueiy?oueny c ae?iaieoeoaa ? oei/aniai ia ia? ?iaioe, ioneoue
i?ioiaeeoe i?ioan?eio ia?ai?aeaioiaeo.

Nioe?aeueia neooaoe?y. ?icoe?aiiy naiaiaee i?aoe?aiee?a o aeai?? ?
ci?i? i?noey i?aoe? ciaoiaeeoue ae?ac o nooo?aeo a?aeoeeaiiyo oaeoe/ieo
iai?yie?a o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a?ae oeo, ye? aaaeai? aeey noni?euenoaa
(iai?eeeaae, i?iaeiaaeo?oueny ia?a?iciiae?e i?aoe?aiee?a i?ae
io?oe?eiith oa iaio?oe?eiith noa?aie caeiyoino? ia ei?enoue inoaiiuei?).

O ca’yceo c oeei nooo?ai c?inoa? aaaeeea?noue ? neeaaei?noue oi?aae?iiy
o?oaeiaith iia?euei?noth, ine?eueee o niinia? eii?aeeiaoe?? caeiyoino?
ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe? ia?aie?oathoueny iaoai?cie ?eieiaiai,
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?iueiaiai ?eieo. I?e
oeueiio ieoiia aaaa ?eieiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, oi/a ? c?inoa?, aea
caeeoa?oueny iacia/iith. O i?aenoieo aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino? iathoue, ye i?aaeei, ia no?eueee oai?aoe/io, ne?eueee
i?aeoe/io ni?yiiaai?noue, a oea ?iaeoue iaiao?aeiei aea/aiiy ianooiieo
aniaeo?a:

aea/aiiy caaaeueieo ? niaoeeo?/ieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieo oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a, ui iathoue aieea ia
o?oaeiao iia?euei?noue;

noaaeaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy aei o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?, coiiaeaia
?o iio?aaaie, ?ioa?anaie, oe?ii?nieie i???ioaoe?yie, ??aiai aeiiaaaiue,
aeeoo?aith, i?ioan?eiith no?aoaa??th oiui;

aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee ethaeae (??ciee nooi?iue ineoieia?/ii? aioiaiino?
ie?aieo a?oi i?aoe?aiee?a aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa ??ciee nooi?iue ?o
aaeaioaoe?? aei ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue);

?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo aea?aeaaieo nioe?aeueieo i?ia?ai, ui ?aaoeththoue
aeiiii?/io iiaaae?ieo iniae, cie?aia ?? iia?euei?noue ia ?eieo i?aoe?.

Iaoeiaa neooaoe?y. O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue inoaii?i /anii
aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?aaenoaaieeaie ?yaeo noni?eueieo iaoe, ia?o ca ana
aeiiii?noaie, nioe?ieiaaie ? nioe?aeueieie ineoieiaaie, ui iaoiiaeaii ??
aaeeeith nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith cia/ou?noth. Iaeiae nooo?aei
iaaeie?eii aea/aiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? o aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao ?
iaeiia?/iee ?icaeyae aeaii? i?iaeaie: aai a aeiiii?/iiio, aai a
nioe?aeueiiio aniaeoao, a?aenooi?e anaa?/iee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei
oeueiai eiiieaeniiai yaeua.

Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iiai aea/aiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?
i?aaenoaaeythoue nenoaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeeo a/aieo, ye
?.A.Aioinaieiaa, E.N.Aeyoiaia, O.?.Caneaanueei?, ?.A.?eae?ii?,
I.?.Oea?aoaia ? ?io., ye? noi?ioaaee iaoiaeieia?/i? ? i?aeoe/i?
i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?. No/ania iaoea,
aieiae?th/e ?acoeueoaoaie i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino?, a oie aea /an ia ia? iaa?oiooaaii?
aeiiii?ei-nioe?ieia?/ii? oai??? oeueiai i?ioeano.

O no/aniee ia??iae aeieeathoue iia? i?ioan?ei? oeyoe ia?ai?uaiiy
niaoe?ae?no?a o?aaeeoe?eieo i?ioan?e, ca?iaeaeothoueny iia?
niaoe?aeueiino?, i?ioan??, nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?ei? a?oie. Ia oea a
nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo caa?oathoue oaaao, cie?aia I.N.A?euaiei,
A.E.AEo?aaeaa, I.I.Iieeye, A.I.Eaeoa, A.A.Niieueeia, I.A.Ia?aiueiee?i,
A.I.Iicaeiyeiaa, A.?.Iiaeoeaaee?ia, A.A.*a?aaeie/aiei ? ?io.

Iniaeeai aeooaeueieie o nueiaiaei?oi?o oiiaao ? i?iaeaie
nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy c iiceoe?e nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo
ia?ai?uaiue, ui ciaeoei nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?iaioao ?.?.Aieiaaoe,
A.E.Innianueeiai, I.O.O?oie, A.I.Ooae?ia, A.I.ssaeiaa. ?ic?iaeith
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ie?aieo iai?yie?a oe??? i?iaeaie caeiaeenue e
oe?a?inuee? nioe?ieiae N.E.Aiaeaie/, N.I.Ceoiei, A.N.Iaaoi, N.I.Iaea?a,
?.I.Ia?oeithe, E.I.Ieaniaae/, A.?.Ieeeiaiei, A.A.Iieoi?ae, ?.I.Iiiiaa,
I.I.Naeaaea, ?.A.Nai?a, A.?.No?iaiei, A.I.*a?iiaieaiei oa ?io.

?eiie i?aoe? ye iaeia c i?ia?aeieo i?aenenoai ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
i?eaa?oa? iineeaio oaaao iaoeiaoe?a. Oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaee/i? oa
i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe aeaii? i?iaeaie iaaoee cia/iiai ?icaeoeo a ?iaioao
N.?.Aaiaeo?e, Ae.I.Aiaei?, ?.E.Aiiaea?a, I.?.Aeie?oiueiai,
N.?.Aei?iaoioeiaa, A.I.E?aaiiai?, A.A.Ii?e??iea, ?.E.Iao?iai?,
E.N.Oaa/aiei oa ?ioeo.

Ae?ae ia??aiii??iei ? i?ioean aea/aiiy ie?aieo oi?i o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino? i?e iaeaea iiai?e a?aenooiino? aeine?aeaeaiue, ni?yiiaaieo
ia aea/aiiy oeueiai i?ioeano a oe?eiio (iaea?eueoa oaeoe/ieo aeaieo
aoei c?a?aii i?i ieeii?noue eaae??a ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo aaeocae,
i?a?aoe?th o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ia?ai?uaiiy eaae??a ana?aaeei?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ? iaoeiaeo onoaiia). Ine?eueee aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ii/aeinue ia a?ae caaaeueiiai, a a?ae /anoeiaiai
(c aea/aiiy ?? eiie?aoieo oi?i), iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaieie iaaeae?
caeeoathoueny ca’ycee, ui ?niothoue i?ae ie?aieie oi?iaie iia?eueiino?.

Aoaeoeai?noue iiaeaeueoiai iaeiie/aiiy oaeoe/ieo ciaiue i?i o?oaeiao
iia?euei?noue o aeaiee /an iineaaeth?oueny /a?ac ieceo iaae??oaieo
iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue. Aiae?c iioae?eiaaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieaco?, ui
iaa?oue eiee aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeyoueny c iaeii? i?iaeaie a ??cieo
?aa?iiao e?a?ie, ii??aiyoe io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye i?aaeei, iaiiaeeeai.
Oea iia’ycaii c a?aenooi?noth caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo oyaeaiue i?i no?oeoo?o
oiai i?inoi?o, a yeiio cae?enith?oueny o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue. O naith
/a?ao a?aenooi? oeiia? iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ia
??cieo ??aiyo: a ianooaaao e?a?ie, aeiiii?/iiai ?aa?iio, i?noa, aaeoc?,
i?aei?e?inoaa. I/?eothoue iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaee aeae?eaiiy oei?a
i?aoe?aiee?a ?c noiaeith iia?eueiith iiaaae?ieith, yea iiaea a
?icaeyaeaoeny ye aeaiaio a?eueo aai iaio oe?e?niiai ia’?eoo
nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue, neeaaei?noue, i?aeoe/i? iio?aae noni?euenoaa,
iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue,
coiiaeee aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaiiai? oaie An-271A “?aa?iiaeueia
aeiiii?/ia nioe?ieia?y” (? aea?ae?a?noaoe?? 0197W017011), iaae yeith
i?aoeth? eieaeoea eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aaciina?aaeiuei
iia’ycaia c ?ic?iaeith ?icae?eo “O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue a oiiaao
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o
oai?aoe/iiio inieneaii? ??cieo iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a, ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue oa io?eiaiiy aii??e/iiai ciaiiy uiaei
oaiaeaioe?e o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?.
Oea coiiaeth? ?ic?iaeo oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a uiaei
eiiieaeniiai nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy oeueiai oaiiiaio, aiae?c nioe?aeueiiai
iaoai?cio ? oaeoi??a, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue o?oaeiao iia?euei?noue,
iai?yie?a ?aaoethaaiiy ?? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

— aeaoe oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aeoiae?a aei aiae?co
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ye nioe?iaeiiii?/iiai i?ioeano;

— cai?iiiioaaoe eiioeaioe?th o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

— ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??aeuei? iieacieee aeey oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueii? iiaeae?
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei;

— ?ic?iaeoe oeiiao iaoiaeeeo nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino?, yea a coiiaeea iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ii??aiyeueieo
iii?oi?eiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a ??cieo ?aa?iiao;

— ia iniia? nioe?ieia?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?iaanoe oeiieia?/iee aiae?c
?aa?iiaeueii? o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c cai?iiiiiaaieie
e?eoa??yie oa aii??e/ieie ?iaeeeaoi?aie;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe niaoeeo?eo ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?, iniaeeaino?
iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iiaaae?iee, cie?aia iia?eueiino?
iniaenoino?;

— ?ic?iaeoe iai?yiee iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaith iia?euei?noth ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiaei
i?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiy i. Eueaiaa oa i.Oa?eiaa. Aea?? ia’?eoo
coiiaeaiee iaeiei ?c caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?iaiae?coaaoe
?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?eie?a i?aoe? ia iniia? nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue a oiiaao
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?, aeyaeaiiy no/anieo oei?a iia?eueii?
iiaaae?iee, aiae?c ciai?oiuei? ? aioo??oiuei?, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
?aaeueii? oa iioaioe?eii? o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?, aeyaeaiiy ??aiy
“i?eoiaaii?” iia?eueiino? ia ?eieo i?aoe?, iioei?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy oeei
i?ioeanii.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. O nai?e oai?aoe/i?e iniia?
?iaioa a?oioo?oueny ia nioe?ieia?/i?e ia?aaeeai? aea/aiiy o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino? ye nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai??? a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?. O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
eiiieaenia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia yaeua, ui iio?aao? nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei eiai aea/aiiy. O oeueiio aniaeo? aiae?cothoueny
ia’?eoeai? ? noa’?eoeai? oaeoi?e, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Aii??e/io aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue iaoa??aee iii?oi?eiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aoee i?iaaaeai? eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia?? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.O?aiea ca o/anoth aaoi?a:
“Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?” (ea?.
Eiaae?nei I.A., ea?oaiue 1998?., n=600); “Ioe?iea i?aoe?aieeaie
i?iieneiaino? ie?aieo i?iaeai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua a
Oe?a?i?” (ea?. Ia/eianueeeeTH.O., aa?acaiue 1998 ?., n=292); “?eiie
i?aoe? a i.Eueaia?” (ea?. Eiaae?nei I.A., ea?oaiue 1999?., n=606);
“?eiie i?aoe? a i.Eueaia?”(aenia?oia iieooaaiiy, ea?. Eiaae?nei I.A.,
ea?oaiue 1999 ?., n=50); a oaeiae iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
iaea?aeai? No?aeiioe?a?inueeei oiiaeii nioe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
“Iioei?caoe?y iaoai?ci?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? o no/ani?e
Oe?a?i?” (ea?. O?e?inueea E.A., n?/aiue 1999?., n=1209) ca o/ano?
aaoi?a.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? ianooii? a?iioace
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue a iaaeao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
aeaoa?i?iiaaia ye caaaeueieie, oae ? niaoeeo?/ieie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie /eiieeaie, ui ? oiiaith a?eueiiai ia?ai?uaiiy
i?aoe?aiee?a.

2. Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aeieeathoue iia?
oi?ie iia?eueiino?, iia’ycai? c ia?aoiaeii a?ae ?iaioe ca iaeiii aei
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?; ia?ao?eaiiyi caeiyoeo c? noa?e
io?oe?eii? o noa?o iaio?oe?eii? aeiiii?ee ? iaaiaee; c?inoaiiyi
naiicaeiyoino? ianaeaiiy o aeiiaoiueiio oa i?aeniaiiio ainiiaea?noaao;
iiooeii ae?oai? oa o?aouei? ?iaioe (aeiaeaoeiaa caeiyo?noue).

3. Cia/iith noa? “i?eoiaaia” iia?euei?noue, a oaeiae caeeoa?oueny
aenieith iioaioe?eia iia?euei?noue ianaeaiiy ii?yae c iecueeith
?aaeueiith.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaeniee nioe?ieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei
aiae?co i?ioeano o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?, ui a?oioo?oueny ia
nioe?aeueieo, aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo /eiieeao, ye?
niaoeeo?/ii i?iyaeythoueny ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai
i?aeoiaeo c’yniao?oueny, ui o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue ? iaei??th c
iniiaieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
i?aoe?, yeee iaoiiaeth? ia?ai?uaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a a iiooeao iaaieo
?eieiaeo iiaeeeainoae ? noeioe?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe neeaaea?oueny c ianooiieo iieiaeaiue oa
?acoeueoao?a:

o aeena?oaoe?? eaoaai??y “o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue” i?aaenoaaeaia ye
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee i?ioean, ui aecia/a? aeeiai?/iee noai,
aioiai?noue ? caeaoi?noue ?iaeea?ae?a aei ci?ie nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai?
iiceoe??, noaoono o nenoai? ae?iaie/eo oiia ? eii’theoo?e
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?;

nioe?ieia?/iee i?aeo?ae, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny aei aiae?co i?ioeano
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a?aoiao? no?oeoo?oaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
i?aoe? ? a?aeiia?aei? oi?ie o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio;

c iaoith iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaith iia?euei?noth a iaaeao
neooaoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoai?cie, ye? ?ice?eaathoueny
/a?ac aca?iiae?th ?o aioo??oi?o (noaaeaiiy aei iia?eueiino?, noi?iiaaia
iio?aaaie, ?ioa?anaie oa oe?ii?nieie i???ioaoe?yie ?iaeea?ae?a) oa
ciai?oi?o (aeiiii?/ieo, aeaiia?ao?/ieo, oaoiieia?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ?
nioe?aeueieo) oaeoi??a. Oea aeicaieeei aeyaeoe ia?oi/a?aia? i?e/eie, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei noeioeththoue iia?eueio iiaaae?ieo i?aoeacaeaoieo in?a,
a naia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia;

ca e?eoa???i noaaeaiiy aei o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? (iiceoeaia,
iaeo?aeueia, iaaaoeaia) oa oeio oaeoe/iiai aai iioaioe?eiiai aeyaeaiiy
iia?eueii? aeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaii ?? oeiieia?/iee aiae?c, ui aeicaieea
aeae?eeoe 6 oei?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee;

?ic?iaeaii oa iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ai?acaioaoeaiiai nioe?ieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?, ui aeicaiey? eiiieaenii
aea/aoe oi?ie, /eiieee ? iane?aeee o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a oiiaao
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?;

c’yniaaii, ui ?aa?iiaeueia o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aenieei iioaioe?eiei ??aiai (iai??aie ??cieo a?oi i?aoeacaeaoiiai
ianaeaiiy cae?enieoe nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ia?ai?uaiiy);

aeyaeaii, ui a oiiaao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo o?oaeiiu?a cae?eniaiiy
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a ?aa?ii? aeieea? oaea ?? oi?ia, ye i?eoiaaia
iia?euei?noue ianaeaiiy (“aeiiii?/iee oo?eci”, “/iaieea?noai” oiui);

cae?eniaii ii??aiyeueiee nioe?ieia?/iee aiae?c ?eie?a i?aoe? i.Eueaiaa
? i. Oa?eiaa (cao?aeiiai ? no?aeiiai ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie), yeee iieacaa, ui
i?e ni?eueieo oaiaeaioe?yo ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a
?niothoue ? iaai? a?aei?iiino?, naiy niaoeeo?ea;

?ic?iaeaii iniiai? iai?yiee ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a
oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?, ye? aeyaeythoueny o aea?aeaaiiio
aieea? /a?ac caoiaee ci?oeiaiiy i?aaiaiai iiey caoenoo a?ae aac?ia?ooy,
aeoeaii? nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee uiaei a?aceeaeo eaoaai??e i?aoeacaeaoiiai
ianaeaiiy ia ?eieo i?aoe? oa a?aooaaiiy oe?eae oa ?ino?oiaio?a iie?oeee
uiaei iaoi?iaeueiiai naeoi?a caeiyoino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia
oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui:

cai?iiiiiaai? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? oa iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee
nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co i?iaeaie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
i?iaaaeaii? a?aeiia?aeieo eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeicaieythoue cae?enieoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a
aoaeue-yeeo ?aa?iiao e?a?ie, ia i?noeaaiio oa iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a oi?ioaaiiy aea??eiaeo noeoiiinoae
aeey ianiaeo nioe?ieia?/ieo iieooaaiue aeei?enoaia a ?iaio?
Euea?anueeiai iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee c iniaenoith o/anoth
aeena?oaioa i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiai? iaoiaeieia??
oi?ioaaiiy aea??eiaeo noeoiiinoae aeiiaoi?o ainiiaea?noa aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ?aa?ii? (aeia?aeea
i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? 17/5 a?ae 15.04.1999?.)

no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? aeicaiey? ni?iaiicoaaoe ??
?icaeoie ia ia?niaeoeao, oiio ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue
i?iaeoo ?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Euea?aueia-2010”, cie?aia a
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo aei ioieo?a: “Caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy”, “Iai?yiee
?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe?” oa
“Iai?yiee nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy” (aeia?aeea i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
? 1/1- 508 a?ae 16.04.1999?.);

iaoa??aee, aeniiaee oa ocaaaeueiaiiy, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao?
i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aoei aeei?enoaii o i?ioean? neeaaeaiiy
?iai/eo i?ia?ai oa eo?no eaeoe?e c oaeeo iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i:
“Aeiiii?/ia nioe?ieia?y”, “Nioe?ieia?y i?aoe? oa oi?aae?iiy”(aeia?aeea
i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? 880 a?ae 14.04.1999 ?.)

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiiin?aii
iaienaiith iaoeiaith i?aoeath, a ye?e aeeeaaeaii aaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae
aei ae??oaiiy aaaeeeaiai iaoeiaiai caaaeaiiy — nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co
iniaeeainoae o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? oa ?ic?iaee ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a
?? ?aaoethaaiiy ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? o naie iaeiiin?aieo
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo ? o?ueio o ni?aaaoi?noa?. Eiie?aoiee aianie aaoi?a a
oeth i?aoeth aeacaiee a aaoi?aoa?ao? a ia?ae?eo iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?e ii
oai? aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeeeaaeai? ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie”
(Euea?a, 1995); ia I?aeia?iaeiiio e?oiueiio aeiiii?/iiio naiano??
“?ioa?aei”: “Oai??y ? i?aeoeea i?aei?e?iieoeoaa: i?iaeaie aea/aiiy oa
aeiiii?/ii? i?ina?oe a Oe?a?i?” (O?oneaaaoeue, 1996); ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??: ”O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai ?aae?caoe?y
a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee” (Euea?a, 1997); ia
I?aeia?iaei?e e?oi?e oeie? iieiaeeo aeine?aeiee?a ? aeeeaaea/?a
nioe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i “Noni?euenoai a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae: iaae?
nioe?aeueii? ?iaeaia???” (sseoa, 1998); ia Oa?e?anueeeo nioe?ieia?/ieo
/eoaiiyo-98 (Oa?e?a, 1998); ia aeanyo?e iaoeia?e nan?? Nioe?ieia?/ii?
eii?n?? IOO aei 185-??//y a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy O.A.Oaa/aiea (Euea?a,
1999); ia e?oi?e oeie? iieiaeeo aeine?aeiee?a ? aeeeaaea/?a
nioe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i “Noni?euenoai a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae:
noaiiaeaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa” (sseoa, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 10
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (154 iiceoe?e)
oa /ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeeaaeaii ia 175 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, i?i?ethno?iaaii o 11 oaaeeoeyo, 25 ?enoieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy; aecia/a?oueny
nooi?iue iaoeiaiai ii?aoethaaiiy i?iaeaie; oi?ioeththoueny iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao; aecia/athoueny
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee e aii??e/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy;
iaa?oioiao?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a; oi?ioeth?oueny
oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a, a oaeiae oi?ie ?o
ai?iaaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aea/aiiy o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino?” i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? o
nioe?ieia?/iiio, aeiiii?/iiio, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio aniaeoao,
?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? ?aa?iiaeueii? o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a oiiaao
no/aniiai ?eieo i?aoe?.

?icaeyae oaiiiaio ?eieo a nioe?ieia?/iiio aniaeo? aeicaiey? i?aaenoaaeoe
eiai ye nenoaio, yea ?icaeaa?oueny /a?ac aca?iiae?th i?ioean?a
aioo??oiuei? ? ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?. C iiceoe?? nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo aeyaey?oueny, ui eiaeai c aeae?a o?oaeiaeo ia?ai?uaiue —
i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?ei? (a ?aieao aioo??oiuei? iia?eueiino?),
oa?eoi??aeuei? ? aaeocaa? (a ?aieao ciai?oiuei?) aeeiiothoue iaai?
ooieoe?? o oi?ioaaii? ?eieo i?aoe?. Oae, i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?ei?
ia?ai?uaiiy aeeiiothoue ooieoe?th ye?nii? ci?ie
i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?eieo i?aoe?; oa?eoi??aeuei? —
ooieoe?th ia?a?iciiae?eo ? naeaeoe?? ?iai/i? neee, ui ni?eythoue e?auiio
?? aeei?enoaiith; aaeocaa? — c iaei??? noi?iie, caaacia/othoue ?iai/ith
neeith ia?aaoaeiao no?oeoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa, a c ae?oai? ?aaoeththoue
ciai?oith o?oaeiao iia?euei?noue. Nioe?aeuei? iaoai?cie ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?eieo i?aoe? iiaeii? ae??oeoe noia?a/iino?, caeeaaeai? a nioe?aeuei?e
iia?eueiino?, ? ni?eyoe iaea?eueo iiai?e ?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo ooieoe?e
eiaeiiai aeaeo o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? (o?oaeiaeo ia?ai?uaiue).

O?oaeiao iia?euei?noue ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee
i?ioean, ui aecia/a? aeeiai?/iee noai, aioiai?noue ? caeaoi?noue
?iaeea?ae?a aei ci?ie nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai? iiceoe??, noaoono o nenoai?
ae?iaie/eo oiia ? eii’theoo?e ?eieo i?aoe?.

O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue ye aeaia?nii?o?eiaaiee i?ioean oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ianyaii, ?ioaineai?noth ? iai?yiii iaeaaaeeea?oeo iioie?a ?ooo, iaaiei
nioe?aeueiei iaoai?ciii, ?oo?eieie neeaie, i?yieie iane?aeeaie aeey
noni?euenoaa. Aeiiii?noe, ye i?aaeei, noeeuei? o?aeooaaoe o?oaeiao
iia?euei?noue ?iaeea?ae?a, aeoiaey/e ?c ci?ie e?eueeino? oa yeino?
?iai/eo i?noeue. ?oi? ?ioa?ane cina?aaeaeai? a iniiaiiio ia aea/aii?
aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a iia?eueiino? ?iai/eo i?noeue, a a?aeoae ia
i?a?aoe?ei?e caeaoiino? ?iai/i? neee (iai?eeeaae, ia aeo?aoao ia
ia?ai?aeaioiaeo ?iai/i? neee oa ?? ia?ai?uaiiy). Ioaea, o?oaeiaa
iia?euei?noue ?iaeea?ae?a aea/a?oueny aeiiii?noaie ye /eiiee aeiiii?/ieo
i?ioean?a.

Nioe?ieiae, ia a?aei?io a?ae aeiiii?no?a, cina?aaeaeothoue iniiaio oaaao
ianaiia?aae ia ia?ai?uaiiyo ?iaeea?ae?a, oainao ia ea?’??o, a oaeiae
oaeoao ?? ona?aeiieaiiy, ia oe?eyo ? iioeaao o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?, a
aeiiii?/i? yaeua aiae?cothoue ye /eiieee ?? oi?ioaaiiy.

Iaei??th c i?e/ei iia?eueiiai e aaaeeiai noaiiaeaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a
Oe?a?i? ? iecueeee ??aaiue iia?eueiino?. A oie aea /an i?e aenie?e
iia?eueiino? eaae??a iieaaoo?oueny i?ioean aaeaioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aei
aeiiii?/ieo oie?a, ?, ye iane?aeie, aeiiii?ea oaeaeoa aeoiaeeoue c
e?eciaiai noaio. Aeniea aeeiai?ea ?iai/i? neee na?ae/eoue oaeiae i?i
aaeaioaoe?eiee iioaioe?ae ?ia?oiee?a. Aeua iia?euei?noue i?ioyaii
iaaiiai ia??iaeo ni?e/eiy? a?eueoo e?euee?noue a?eueieo aaeain?e, oiio
i?aoe?aieeai eaaoa ciaeoe ?iaioo. Oeae /eiiee aeicaiey? ianaiia?aae
ciaioeoe o?ii?/ia aac?ia?ooy, iniaeeai aeey iaeaae?o?eiaaii? ?iai/i?
neee.

Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee coiiaea iineeaiiy o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino? ia oe?a?inueeiio ?eieo i?aoe?. Iniiaieie oaeoi?aie oeueiai
i?ioeano noaee ?icaeoie oi?i aeaniino?, i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?,
/eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, ye? iieaaoothoue ci?io i?noeue i?aoe? oa
i?iaeeaaiiy ethaeae. Caaaeyee oeueiio iinooiiai neeaaeathoueny ?
?icaeaathoueny o?aaeeoe?ei? aeey ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee oi?ie o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino?: oa?eoi??aeueia, aaeocaaa, i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eia,
aioo??oiy oa i?aeo??iiaa. Iii?oiiai ?icaeoeo iaaoee i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane
(ye iniaeeaa oi?ia iia?eueiino?), ui ii?aeio?oueny c oa?eoi??aeueiei
ia?ai?uaiiyi ?iai/i? neee.

Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? a Oe?a?i? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??cieie
iciaeaie, o oiio /ene? e ?aa?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie, ye?
oi?iothoueny i?ae aieeaii ??cieo oaeoi??a. Ianaiia?aae, ?aa?iiaeueiee
?eiie caeaaeeoue a?ae iayaiiai o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, aonoioe
ianaeaiiy, i?a?aoe?eiiai ?ooo oiui. Iiaeeeaino? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy
cia/ii caeaaeaoue a?ae iayaiino? ?iai/eo i?noeue, a inoaii? —
a?ae i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a, ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo, ??aiy
aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo, no?oeoo?e ?eieo acaaae? oa
i?iieneiaino? iniaeeai. Oiio, ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae caeiyoino? a
??cieo ?aa?iiao ia iaeiaeia?.

O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue ye aeaiaio ?eieiai? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?
?ice?eaa?oueny: ii-ia?oa, ye eaoaai??y ?eieo i?aoe?, ui icia/a?
caeaoi?noue oa aioiai?noue i?aoe?aieea aei ci?ie i?noey i?aoe?;
ii-ae?oaa, ye i?ioean ?ooo ?iai/i? neee a aaeocaai-oa?eoi??aeueiiio oa
i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eiiio ?ic??cao.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy — “Iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe
nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?eieo i?aoe?” — i?enay/aiee iaoiaeieia?/iiio oa iaoiaee/iiio
iaa?oiooaaiith i?ia?aie nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. O
iaoiaeieia?/i?e /anoei? i?ia?aie ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oa
aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, aenoaathoueny iniiai? a?iioace.

Iniiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiiy i?iaeaie
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ye o oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiio aniaeo?, oae ?
oeyoii aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Eiiieaeniee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei
oai?aoeei-aii??e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?
ni?yiiaaiee ia aea/aiiy caeaaeiinoae i?ae aeiiii?/ieie ? iaaeiiii?/ieie
aniaeoaie o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?, aeyaeaiiy no/anieo oei?a iia?eueii?
iiaaae?iee, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aaeueii? oa iioaioe?eii? o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino?, aeyaeaiiy ?aaeueiiai ??aiy i?eoiaaii? iia?eueiino? ia
?eieo i?aoe?, ui aeanoue ciiao aeine?aeeoe aeai? i?iaeaie a oiiaao
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?.

Aiae?c iniaeeainoae i?ioeano oa iaoai?cio o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a
oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? ia?aaeaa/aa cae?eniaiiy aeaio ??ai?a
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iniiaieo iiiyoue:

? ??aaiue — iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?;

?? ??aaiue — iiae?e ?eieo i?aoe? caeaaeii a?ae niiniao iaeio ?iai/i?
neee oa naaiaioaoe?y ?eieo i?aoe? a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeth/aiiy ?iai/i?
neee o o?oaeiaee i?ioean, eii?aeeiaoe?? i?aoe? oa ?? ioe?iee. Oe?
aeaa ??ai? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ocaaaeueiai? a ?en. 1.

Neeaaeiaeie eiiiiiaioaie iaoai?cio o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ?
ia’?eoeai? oaeoi?e (oaoiieia?/i?, aeiiii?/i?, aeaiia?ao?/i?,
i?aai?caoe?ei? oa nioe?aeuei?), ye? aieeaathoue ia oeae i?ioean, a
oaeiae noa’?eoeai? oaeoi?e (noaaeaiiy ethaeeie aei iia?eueiino?,
noi?iiaaia ?? iio?aaaie, ?ioa?anaie, oe?ii?nieie i???ioaoe?yie)
i?aoe?aiee?a aei ci?ie nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai? iiceoe??, noaoono. Ioaea,
o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee a?ae ia’?eoeaieo, aea
oaeiae ? a?ae noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a, na?aeiiino? ? aie?, oe?eae oa
?ioa?an?a.

O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue iiaea aooe iioaioe?eiith oa oaeoe/iith
(?aaeueiith). I?ae iioaioe?eiith iia?euei?noth ne?ae ?icoi?oe
noeeuei?noue, aaaeaiiy, iaiaaaiiy ethaeeiith ci?ieoe na?e noaoon ?
ia?aeoe a ?ioo a?oio. Oeae noai ia? a?ae??cie /ano i?ae i?eeiyooyi
??oaiiy i?i iia?euei?noue ? oaeoe/iith iia?euei?noth aai ae no?eiaiiyi
a?ae ia?. E?eoe/iee ??aaiue iioaioe?eii? iia?eueiino? i?eaiaeeoue aei
oaeoe/ii? iia?eueiino?, yeee na?ae/eoue i?i ci?io noaoono ethaeeie, ??
ia?ao?ae a ?ioo a?oio i?ae ae??th ia’?eoeaieo ? noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a,
oiia ? noeioe?a.

O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue — neeaaeiee i?ioean aca?iiae?? iio?aa, ?ioa?an?a,
noeioe?a (ye ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a iaiaaaiiy ci?ieoe nioe?aeueio
iiceoe?th), onoaiiaie, oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e (ye ona?aeiieaiiai
aaaeaiiy caa?aaoe aai ci?ieoe oie /e ?ioee nioe?aeueiee noaoon) ?
iioea?a (ye eiie?aoi? i?e/eie iiaaae?iee). Iane?aeeii oeueiai
neeaaeiiai i?ioeano ? iaaiee oei iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee ye
?iaeea?aeoaeueii?, oae ? a?oiiai?.

A?aei?iiino? a oeiieia?? ? no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? i?aoe?aiee?a, ii?yae c
ia’?eoeaieie oaeoi?aie iia?eueiino?, iathoue aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy
noa’?eoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei iia?eueiino?, ui o?ainoi?iothoueny o o?e
iniiai? oeie:

Naeoi?e

aeiiii?ee

Oeie iia?eueii?

iiaaae?iee

naeoi?

Naeoi? noi?u.

Naeoi?

io?oe?eii?

caeiyoino?

io. ? iaio. caeiyoino?

iaio?oe?eii?

caeiyoino?

OI?IE ??OAeIAI?

IIA?EUeIINO?

?en. No?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?

1. iiceoeaiee (i?eeiyooy iiceoeaiiai ??oaiiy ? cae?eniaiiy aeoo
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? c ia?aoiaeii a iiao nioe?aeueio a?oio
(nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eio a?oio, aa?noao), ui coiiaeaia i?aai?ciaaiith
ci?iith nioe?aeueii? iiceoe?? ?iaeea?aea, ?c cai?iaaaeaeaiiyi no/anieo
oaoiieia?e, noai?aiiyi iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, ci?iith oi?i aeaniino?,
oaiiiaiii i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oiui);

2. iaeo?aeueiee (ia iathoue iai???a uinue ci?ithaaoe);

3. iaaaoeaiee (i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy aai cae?eniaiiy aeiooaiiai aeoo
iia?eueiino? (nei?i/aiiy, ca?eueiaiiy, iacaaeiaieai?noue oiiaaie
i?aoe?, n?iaei? ianoaaeie) i?ae aieeaii iaaieo ia’?eoeaieo ianoaaei a
oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

O aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii ?icaeyaeathoueny iayai? a no/ani?e nioe?ieia?/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? i?aeoiaee aei oei?a iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee (?iaioe
O.?.Caneaanueei?, A.A.Iaaeaieiaa, A.?.Iiaeoeaaee?ii?) oa i?iiiiothoueny
aeani? i?aeoiaee aei oeiieia?? iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee:

1. aeoeaiee (?aaeueii iia?eueiee, iiceoeaiee) oei — o?, ui ii??aiyii
iaaeaaii ci?ieee i?noea ?iaioe (iinaaeo, i?ioan?th, noeeue aeeooy oiui),
ui a?aeiia?aeathoue iiaei aeiiaai /ano ? ia iathoue iai???a uinue
ci?ithaaoe iaeaeeae/ei /anii;

2. iioaioe?eii-aeoeaiee(iioaioe?eii iia?eueiee, iiceoeaiee) oei — o?, ui
iiee i?/iai ia ci?ieee, aea iathoue a?aeiia?aei? iai??e, iiaeeeaino?,
ye? ?aae?cothoue iaeaeeae/ei /anii;

3. ianeaii-noaa?eueiee (“eiina?aaoi?e”, iaeo?aee) oei — o?, ooi
caaeiaieai? (aai a ye?enue i??? caaeiaieai?) oei, ui iathoue ia aeaiee
/an (i?noeai i?aoe?, i?ioan??th, ??aiai aeeooy oiui), oiio ia
cae?athoueny ia?ac? i?/iai ci?ithaaoe;

4. aeiooaii-ianeaiee (oaeoe/ii noaa?eueiee, iaeo?aee) oei — o?, ooi i?ae
aieeaii ia’?eoeaieo ianoaaei (iniaeno?nieo, n?iaeieo, ae?iaie/eo oiui)
iicaaaeai? iiaeeeaino? aeoeaii ci?ithaaoe naith iiaaae?ieo, a ioaea
nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eiee noaoon ? i?noea a noni?euenoa?;

5. iioaioe?eii-ianeaiee (iioaioe?eii iia?eueiee, “ciaa??ai?”,
iaaaoeaiee) oei — o?, ui ia iathoue ia aeaiee /an i?noey i?aoe?, aioia?
i?enooieoe aei ?iaioe, aea o?eaaeee /an ia iiaeooue ?? ciaeoe ?
ae/a?iaee aeey oeueiai an? iiaeeeaino?;

6. aeiooaii-aeoeaiee (oaeoe/ii aeiooaii iia?eueiee, iaaaoeaiee) oei —
o?, ui ciooai? aoee ci?ieoe na?e aeeoo?aee oeeaae i?ae aeeaii iaaieo
ianoaaei (/a?ac ca?eueiaiiy, ao?aoo iniiaiiai i?noey i?aoe? c ??cieo
i?e/ei, n?iaei? ianoaaeie oiui).

Aea/aiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? iiaeeeaa a ianooaaao iaoe?iiaeueiiai
?eieo i?aoe?, aeiiii?/iiai ?aa?iio, aaeoc?, i?aei?e?inoaa. Ie coieieeeny
ia oai?aoe/i?e iiaeae? iiae?eo ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? oa eiai
naaiaioaoe??. I?e i?iaaaeaii? ianoaaeaiiy oa aea/aiiy iio?aa ianaeaiiy
noiniaii i?iaeai caeiyoino? ia ?eieo i?aoe? aeae?eythoue aeiiii?/ii
aeoeaia (iia?eueia) ianaeaiiy oa aeiiii?/ii iaaeoeaia (iaiia?eueia)
ianaeaiiy. Oe? eaoaai??? ianaeaiiy caeiyo? a naeoi?ao aeiiii?ee, ye?
iathoue iiae?e ia naeoi? io?oe?eii? caeiyoino?, naeoi? noi?uaiiy
io?oe?eii? oa iaio?oe?eii? caeiyoino? oa naeoi? iaio?oe?eii? caeiyoino?.
A iaaeao eiaeiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee aeae?eaii iaai? naaiaioe ?eieo
i?aoe?.

O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue ? oi?iith naiii?aai?caoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ia
?eieo i?aoe? ? aeyaey?oueny o ?o ni?yiiaaiino? a o? aaeoc?, noa?e,
?aa?iie ae?yeueiino?, ye? iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeathoue cae?aiinoyi ?
iio?aaai i?aoe?aiee?a ? iiieoo ia ?iai/o neeo c aieo ae?iaiee?a.
Iia?euei?noue icia/a? a?eueia ia?ai?uaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a o noa??
iiaeeeainoae ? noeioe?a, ui ?o iaaea? ?eiie.

O iaoiaee/i?e /anoei? i?ia?aie nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaea?oueny iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeai o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? oa iieno?oueny ?ic?iaeaia aeena?oaioii
aaaaoinooiaiaaa aeiaaeeiaa eiia??i?nia aea??ea aeey i.Eueaiaa, yea iaea
o?noue nooiai?a a?aeai?o iaeeieoeue niinoa?aaeaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Ioe?iea noaio oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueii? o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino?” (ca iaoa??aeaie nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue) — cae?eniaiee eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/iee aiae?c
?aa?iiaeueii? o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? aeyaea c iaeiiai aieo
ni?yiiaai?noue, oaiaeaioe?? oa ?ioaineai?noue nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo
ia?ai?uaiue a ?aa?ii?, a c ae?oaiai — aeaa ciiao c’ynoaaoe oa?aeoa?
nioe?aeueieo onoaiiaie, iai???a, ioe?iie iieoaiiai ianaeaiiy noiniaii
aeooaeueieo ieoaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, a oaeiae
iiaeeea? oeyoe eiai aeiiii?/ii? iiaaae?iee o noa?? o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei.

Nioe?ieia?/iee aiae?c noaio o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? aeaa ciiao aeae?eeoe
oae? oaiaeaioe?? ?? ?icaeoeo ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe?:

1. Ia?ao?ae a?ae ?iaioe ca iaeiii aei i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?.
Iioaioe?eieie i?aei?e?ioeyie iiaeia aaaaeaoe o?aoeio euea?a’yi, ye?
oio?ee a ?icii/aoe aeanio ni?aao, aea ia iathoue aeey oeueiai
iiaeeeainoae, iaoa??aeueieo cania?a.

2. Ia?ao?eaiiy caeiyoeo c? noa?e io?oe?eii? o noa?o iaio?oe?eii?
aeiiii?ee. Iieoaia i?aoeacaeaoia ianaeaiiy aaaaea?, ui a no/anieo
oiiaao aeeooy cia/iith i??ith aei?aaaeiaothoue naaa oae? niiniae
aeaeeaaiiy ethaeae, ye caiyooy “/iaieeiaith” oi?a?aeath, niaeoeyoe?y
aaethoith, ?icae??aia oi?a?aey a e?ineao, ia ?a/iaiio ?eieo oiui. Iiaei
niiniaii aeaeeaaiiy aaaaea?oueny iaio?oe?eia ?iaioa ca iaaeaie Oe?a?ie.
Ioaea, cia/ii aeuei ? ??aaiue i?eoiaaii? iia?eueiino?, yea io?eiaea
niaoeeo?/io iacao “aeiiii?/iiai oo?ecio” aai “/iaieea?noaa”. C?inoa?
naiicaeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy o aeiiaoiueiio oa i?aeniaiiio ainiiaea?noaao.

3. Aeey iaeaea iieiaeie euea?a’yi oa?aeoa?iei ? iiooe ae?oai? oa
o?aouei? ?iaioe (aeiaeaoeiai? caeiyoino?).

4. Naia o ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iniiaiei iioeaii
cae?eniaiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ? i?aaiaiiy iie?ioeoe nai?
iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua, ciaeoe oaea ?iai/a i?noea o ??cieo naeoi?ao
aeiiii?ee, aea iaoa??aeueia aeiaai?iaea ca i?aoeth a?ae?a?aaaoeia
iniiaio ?ieue.

5. Ii?yae c iecueeith ?aaeueiith iia?euei?noth ?nio? aeineoue aeniea
iioaioe?eia, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aioiai?noue cia/iiai ianeao caeiyoeo aei
ci?ie ?iaioe. Oea ia? ni?inooaaoe oaco i?i iaaioiai?noue ianaeaiiy aei
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue, a na?ae/eoue oaeaeoa i?i ?o ooo/ia aaeueioaaiiy.

Ca?aeii iaoiai iieooaaiiy ?aaeueii iia?eueieo cao?eniaaii aeecueei
24,5% a?ae on?o iieoaieo, aei iioaioe?eii iia?eueieo ie iiaeaii
a?aeianoe 42,1% iieoaieo euea?a’yi. Oaeoe/ii noaa?eueia, iaiia?eueia
ianaeaiiy neeaaea? 32,8% iieoaieo. sseui i?ine?aeeoaaoe iniaeeaino?
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae noao?, oi /ieia?ee ? a?eueo
iia?eueieie. 28,6% /ieia?e?a oa 20,6% ae?iie neeaaeathoue ?aaeueii
iia?eueiee oei iiaaae?iee ia ?eieo i?aoe?.

?aaeueii-iia?eueiee oei o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a?eueoith i??ith ?
oa?aeoa?iee aeey ethaeae a?eii 32-38 ?ie?a (36,6%), iaea?eueoee
a?aenioie (54,5%) na?aae iioaioe?eii iia?eueieo neeaaeathoue iniae a?eii
18-24 ?iee, ye? ?aae?cothoue na?e iioaioe?ae iaeaeeae/ei /anii. Oaeoe/ii
noaa?eueiee oei oa?aeoa?iee aeey in?a a?eii 39-60 ?ie?a, ye? ia
cae?athoueny i?/iai ci?ithaaoe o nai?io aeeoo?. Iioaioe?eii ianeaieo,
“ciaa??aieo” iaea?eueoee a?aenioie ? na?aae in?a a?eii 46-52 ?iee
(17,2%) oa 53-60 ?ie?a (18,8%). Ioaea, iaea?eueo aeoeaieie ia ?eieo
i?aoe? ? iniae na?aaeiueiai a?eo, iaeaeeae/ei /anii ?aae?co? nai?
iiaeeeaino? iieiaeue, noa?oa ae iieie?iiy ia noeeueia uinue ci?ithaaoe o
nai?io aeeoo?, aiii ia? a?eueo eiina?aaoeai? iiaeyaee ia o?oaeiao
iia?euei?noue.

Cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno iioaioe?eii? iia?eueiino? i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy o
i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe? o i.Eueaia? ia ??ai? 0,22 iieaco?, ui iaeaea
/aoaa?oa /anoeia eiioeiaaioo ? iioaioe?eii iia?eueiith ? o ?ac?
iaiao?aeiino? ci?ieoue i?noea i?aoe?. Ie ?ic?aooaaee ?iaeaen
iioaioe?eii? iia?eueiino? ii an?o eaoaai??yo ?eieo i?aoe? a caeaaeiino?
a?ae niiniao iaeio ia iueiio. Iaea?eueo iioaioe?eii iia?eueieie ia ?eieo
i?aoe? ? aac?ia?oi? iaca?a?no?iaai? a neoaea? caeiyoino? (0,39),
aac?ia?oi? ca?a?no?iaai? a neoaea? caeiyoino? (0,34) oa naiicaeiyo?
(0,34).

Cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno iioaioe?eii? i?ioan?eii? iia?eueiino? ia ??ai? 0,33
iieaco?, ui o?aoeia iieoaieo euea?a’yi i?e iaiao?aeiino? ci?iyoue
naith i?ioan?th aai ia?aeaae?o?eothoueny.

Ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae caeiyoino? a ??cieo ?aa?iiao ia iaeiaeia?. Iaoith
iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa ? ? ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?eie?a i?aoe?
Cao?aeii? oa No?aeii? Oe?a?ie — i?noa Eueaiaa oa i?noa Oa?eiaa.

Oa?aeoa?iith oaiaeaioe??th aeey ?eieo i?aoe? i.Eueaiaa ? ia?ao?eaiiy
caeiyoeo c? noa?e io?oe?eii? o noa?o iaio?oe?eii? aeiiii?ee, iiooe
ae?oai? oa o?aouei? ?iaioe. Aeecueei 66,7% euea?a’yi oa 33,4% oa?e?a’yi
aeacaee ia oa, ui aiie iathoue aeiaeaoeia? ca?ia?oee. Oey oaiaeaioe?y
a?aeia?aaea?oueny ? o ae??oaii? iaoa??aeueieo i?iaeai, 43% euea?a’yi
ooeaoeiooue aoaeue-yei? iiaeeeaino? i?aeca?iaeoe, na?aae oa?e?a’yi oaeeo
23%, 35% iieoaieo oa?e?a’yi i?e ae??oaii? iaoa??aeueieo o?oaeiiu?a
i?/iai ia ?iaeoeiooue, iaiaaaoeiooueny aeaeeoe ia ca?ia?oio ieaoo,
na?aae euea?a’yi oaeeo anueiai aeecueei 10%.

Aeiaeaoeia? ca?ia?oee iaea?eueoith i??ith iia’ycai? c aeeiiaiiyi iaaieo
aeae?a ?ia?o ia caiiaeaiiy aai ia i?iaeaae. I?e/iio, euea?a’yie a?eueoa
noeeuei? aei eiia?oe?eieo ii?caeie a ?io? i?noa, ?aa?iie oa aei
iaaeaiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueieo oa o?iainiai-iina?aaeieoeueeeo iineoa. ?aooa,
ye? ia ooeathoue iiaeeeaino? aeiaeaoeiaeo ca?ia?oe?a, iioeaothoue oea
oei, ui aeiaeaoeiaa caeiyo?noue caaaaeaea a iniiai?e ?iaio?, iaa/aiith.
Aii??e/i? aeai? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue noaoenoe/i? a?aeiiino? uiaei
iiaeeeaino? c?inoaiiy aac?ia?ooy. Iaeaea o?aoeia euea?a’yi ia?aaoaa? a
i/?eoaaii? iiaeeeaiai aac?ia?ooy, oa?e?a’yie a?eueo aiaaiaii ii/oaathoue
naaa ia ?eieo i?aoe? — na?aae oaeeo eeoa aeanyoa /anoeia i?aoeacaeaoiiai
ianaeaiiy. Ia?oi/a?aiaith ae??th o aeiaaeeo ao?aoe i?noey i?aoe? ?
naiino?eiee iiooe oaei? ae ?iaioe ye ca?ac o i.Eueaia? oa i.Oa?eia?.
Euea?a’yie ? a?eueo i?aei?e?ieeaeie oa iia?eueieie ia ?eieo i?aoe?, o
aeiaaeeo ao?aoe i?noey i?aoe? caii/aoeothoue aeanio ni?aao 11,4%
euea?a’yi oa 4,0% oa?e?a’yi. A?aeiia?aeii, iiooeaie ?iaioe ca iaaeaie
i.Eueaiaa caeiooueny 14,3% iieoaieo, ca iaaeaie i.Oa?eiaa anueiai 1,5%
iieoaieo. Oa?aeoa?iei aeey aeaio ?aa?ii?a ? iiooe ?iaioe ca aeiiiiiaith
iniaenoeo eiioaeo?a, ca’yce?a. Euea?a’yie a?eueoa aeia??ythoue
aea?aeaai?e neoaea? caeiyoino?, oa?e?a’yie ae — iiooeai ?iaioe ca
aeiiiiiaith iaieioaiue.

Iniiaith aoaeoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe? ia? aooe ?aei?noue iaoai?ci?a
naii?aaoethaaiiy oa aea?aeaaiiai aieeao, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue iaaeaoe
naii?icaeoeia? iia?eueiino? nea?iaai?noue a ?ioa?anao ie?aieo a?oi oa
?aa?iio a oe?eiio. Iniaeeaa oaaaa aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino?
cina?aaeaeo?oueny ia eaoaai??yo i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy c? cieaeaiith
iia?euei?noth, ye? a?ae/oaathoue cia/i? o?oaeiiu? a ci?i? ? iioooe?
?iaioe. Ia oe?a?inueeiio ?eieo i?aoe? — oea aac?ia?oi? oa i?eoiaaii
aac?ia?oi?.

AENIIAEE

O aeniiaeo aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaaaeaii i?aenoiee, ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a oiiaao
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?, aecia/aii ia?niaeoeae e iai?yiee
iiaeaeueoiai iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie.

O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue a aeena?oaoe?? ?icoi??oueny ye
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee i?ioean, ui aecia/a? aeeiai?/iee noai,
aioiai?noue ? caeaoi?noue ?iaeea?ae?a aei ci?ie nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai?
iiceoe??, noaoono o nenoai? ae?iaie/eo oiia ? eii’theoo?e ?eieo i?aoe?.

Nioe?ieia?/iee aiae?c ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? ia?aaeaa/a? a?aooaaiiy
iayaiiai o?oaeiaiai ? ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo, ??aiy aeiiii?/iiai ?
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio, iiaeeeainoae caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy oa
oei?a iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee oiui. ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? ye ia’?eo
nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe o aeaeyae? nenoaie,
yea ?icaeaa?oueny /a?ac aca?iiae?th i?ioean?a aioo??oiuei? ? ciai?oiuei?
iia?eueiino?.

Neooaoe?th, ui neeaeany ia aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo
i?aoe?, iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye e?eoe/io. Aeecueei iieiaeie
i?aoeacaeaoieo ?aniiiaeaio?a ia?aaoaathoue a i/?eoaaii? ao?aoe aeaniiai
i?noey i?aoe? iaeaeeae/ei /anii. Noaoon aac?ia?oiiai ia aieeia
aeaci?aai?coth/a ia iiaeaeueo? ae?? iiiaae iieiaeie iieoaieo. Iaaiaee,
cia/ia ?o /anoeia aoaea aeoeaii ae?yoe, aeei?enoiaoth/e i?e iiooeao
?iaioe iniaeno? ciaeiinoaa, ca’ycee. I?noea, yea a?aeaiaeyoue neoaea?
caeiyoino? aeeoae? ?aa?iio i?e i?aoeaaeaoooaaii?, ? ae?oai?yaeiei ?
iaeicia/ouei.

?acoeueoaoe nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i ??cio
aioiai?noue ? caeaoi?noue ?iaeea?ae?a aei ci?ie nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai?
iiceoe??, noaoono. Aeecueei o?aoeie iieoaieo aeneiaeee aaaeaiiy a
iaeaooiueiio aeieo/eoeny aei i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ? caii/aoeoaaoe aeanio
ni?aao. Iniiaieie iioeaaie i?aei?e?iieoeueei? iiaaae?iee i?e oeueiio ?
i?aaiaiiy oaeaeei caaacia/eoe iaoa??aeueiee aeinoaoie, iiaeeea?noue
/a?ac i?aei?e?iieoeoai iaaooe naiino?ei?noue ? iacaeaaei?noue. E??i
oiai, na?aae i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy cao?eniaai? no?ee? nioe?aeuei?
onoaiiaee uiaei aioiaiino? iiaeaeueoiai iaa/aiiy, ci?ie i?ioan?? ?
iaaoooy iiai? niaoe?aeueiino?.

Aeoeaiee oei iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee oa?aeoa?iee aeey aeiiii?/ii
aeoeaiiai ianaeaiiy, aeey in?a c iaiiaiith caeiyo?noth oa naiicaeiyoeo
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-o?oaeiaith ae?yeuei?noth aiane?aeie ieco?aeii?
o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? — aeiooaii aeoeaiee oei ia ?eieo i?aoe?. Ianeaiee
oei iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee oa?aeoa?iee aeey iaeaea iieiaeie i?aoethth/eo
in?a. Iioaioe?eii-aeoeaiee oei iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee cia/iith i??ith
oa?aeoa?iee aeey iieiae?, ui iaa/a?oueny, oa i?aoethth/eo in?a, ye?
iathoue iai??e uiaei ci?ie nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai? iiceoe??. Ioaea, ii?yae
c iecueeith ?aaeueiith iia?euei?noth ?nio? aeineoue aeniea iioaioe?eia,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i aioiai?noue cia/iiai ianeao caeiyoeo aei ci?ie i?noey
i?aoe?, i?ioan??.

Ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae caeiyoino? a ??cieo ?aa?iiao iaiaeiaeia?. I?e
ii??aiyeueiiio nioe?ieia?/iiio aiae?c? cao?eniaaii oae? ni?euei?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? i. Eueaiaa ? i.Oa?eiaa, ye ia?ao?ae
a?ae ?iaioe ca iaeiii aei i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, c?inoaiiy
ia?a?iciiae?eo caeiyoeo c? noa?e io?oe?eii? o noa?o iaio?oe?eii?
aeiiii?ee oa naiicaeiyoino? o aeiiaoiueiio oa i?aeniaiiio
ainiiaea?noaao; iniiaiei iioeaii cae?eniaiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ?
i?aaiaiiy iie?ioeoe nai? iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua oiui. Iaeiae, ? iaai?
?aa?iiaeuei? a?aei?iiino?: aeey euea?a’yi a?eueoith i??ith oa?aeoa?iee
iiooe ae?oai? oa o?aouei? ?iaioe ? “i?eoiaaia” o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue;
oa?e?a’yie a?eueo aiaaiaii ii/oaathoue naaa ia ?eieo i?aoe?, o ieo
cia/ii iaiueo? oaine noaoe aac?ia?oieie oa cia/ia /anoeia
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy ia iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiai? caeiyoino?.

Iniiaith aoaeoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe? ia? aooe ?aei?noue iaoai?ci?a
naii?aaoethaaiiy oa aea?aeaaiiai aieeao, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue iaaeaoe
naii?icaeoeia? iia?eueiino? nea?iaaiino? a ?ioa?anao ie?aieo a?oi oa
?aa?iio a oe?eiio.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?EIIAI AeINE?AeAEAIIss AEEEAAeAI? O OAEEO
IOAE?EAOe?ssO:

1. Eiaae?nei I. Nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eia iia?euei?noue oa ?? aieea ia
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie ?eieo i?aoe?. // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy no/aniiai
noni?euenoaa: iaoiaeieia?y, oai??y, iaoiaee. ? 416. — Oa?e?a:OAeO,1998.
— N.190-193.

2. Eiaae?nei I.A. Caeaaei?noue aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i? a?ae
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a. // A?niee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Oe?a?ia ia oeyoo aei ?eieo. Aeione 28. — Euea?a:EAeO,1998.
— N.62 — 65.

3. Ia/eianueeee TH.O., Eiaae?nei I.A. ?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe caeiyoino? oa
aac?ia?ooy a nioe?ieia?/iiio aei??? //Nioe?ieia?y:oai??y, iaoiaee,
ia?eaoeia. — 1999. — ?2. — N.89-96.

4. Eiaae?nei I.A. Aeaye? aniaeoe aea/aiiy o?oaeiai? iia?eueiino? a
oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?. // Oa?ueeianeea nioeeieiae/aneea
/oaiey-98: Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio. — Oa?ueeia: Oe?II “?aaea?”, 1998. —
N.190-193.

5. Iao?iaa ?.E., Eiaae?nei I.A. O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue: nioe?ieia?/iee
oa aeiiii?/iee aiae?c // Caeiyo?noue oa ?eiie i?aoe?. I?aea?aeii/ee
iaoeiaee ca??iee. — 1999. — ? 9. — N.227-237.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: c?iaeaii nioe?ieia?/iee aiae?c o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino?.

6. Ieoanthe ?.?., Ia/eianueeee TH.O., Eiaae?nei I.A. Ioe?iea i?iaeaie
aac?ia?ooy i?aoe?aieeaie Euea?anueei? i?nueei? aaeiia?aoe??
//?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — ?4.- N.159-164.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: iniaenoi aaoi? a?aea o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiaeeee oa i?iaaaeaii? nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia oaio:
“Ioe?iea i?aoe?aieeaie i?iieneiaino? ie?aieo i?iaeai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua a Oe?a?i?”.

7. Eiaae?nei I.A. I?aei?e?iieoeoai ye iaeei ?c ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a
caaacia/aiiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy. //Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a
Oe?a?i?. Iaoeiaee ca??iee. Aeione 1/Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
?i.?.O?aiea; Oeaio? ?eieiciaanoaa “?ioa?aei”, — Euea?a: EAeO,1997. —
N.47-48.

8. Eiaae?nei I.A. Aieea no/aniiai ?eieo i?aoe? a Oe?a?i? ia ci?io
nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa. //Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a
Oe?a?i?. Iaoeiaee ca??iee. Aeione 2./Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.?.O?aiea; Oeaio? ?eieiciaanoaa “?ioa?aei”, — Euea?a:
EAeO,1997. — N.99-100.

9. Eiaae?nei I. Oe?ii?nii-iioeaaoe?eia noa?a a nenoai? ?aaoeyoe??
iiaaae?iee ? ae?yeueiino? ethaeae o i?aei?e?iieoeoa? //Noaiiaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Ca??iee iaoa??ae?a Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. — Euea?a: EAeO,1995. — N.114-116.

10. Eiaae?nei I. O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue a oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
i?aoe? (nioe?ieia?/iee aniaeo) //Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeiiii?ee
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?. Iaoeiaee
ca??iee. Aeione 4. Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.?.O?aiea; —
Euea?a: “?ioa?aei”,1999. — N.285-290.

AIIOAOe??

Eiaae?nei I.A. O?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue a oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
i?aoe?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 22.00.07 — nioe?ieia?y
oi?aae?iiy. — Oa?e?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.A.I.
Ea?ac?ia. — Oa?e?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny nioe?ieia?/i? aniaeoe o?oaeiai?
iia?eueiino? a oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?. Iniaeeaa oaaaa
cina?aaeaeaia ia aiae?c? iniiaieo iaoai?ci?a oa i?ioean?a, ui ??
noi?iaiaeaeothoue. O ?iaio? oaeiae ?icaeyaeathoueny oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? o eiioaeno? oei?a iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, ?aaeueia oa iioaioe?eia o?oaeiaa
aeoeai?noue ca oiia oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. O aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoiaothoueny ?acoeueoaoe ?yaeo aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
i?iaeaiaoeee ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeaiee oa ii?aoeueiaaiee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee
i?aeo?ae aei i?iaaaeaiiy ii??aiyeueieo nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?oaeiaa iia?euei?noue, o?oaeiaa aeoeai?noue, ?eiie
i?aoe?, oeie iia?eueii? iiaaae?iee.

Eiaaeenei I.A. O?oaeiaay iiaeeueiinoue a oneiaeyo ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea
o?oaea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia iieo/aiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa nioeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 22.00.07 — nioeeieiaey oi?aaeaiey. —
Oa?ueeianeee iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao ei. A.I.Ea?aceia. — Oa?ueeia,
1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony nioeeieiae/aneea aniaeou o?oaeiaie
iiaeeueiinoe a oneiaeyo ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea. Iniaia aieiaiea
nin?aaeioi/aii ia aiaeeca iniiaiuo iaoaieciia e i?ioeannia, /oi aa
nii?iaiaeaeatho. A ?aaioa oaeaea ?anniao?eaathony oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey
?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea a eiioaenoa oeiia iiaeeueiiai iiaaaeaiey
o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey, ?aaeueiay e iioaioeeaeueiay o?oaeiaay
aeoeaiinoue a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey ?uii/iie yeiiiieee. A aeenna?oaoeee
eniieuecothony ?acoeueoaou ?yaea yiie?e/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee ii
i?iaeaiaoeea ?aaiou. ?ac?aaioai iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneee iiaeoiae e
i?iaaaeaieth n?aaieoaeueiuo nioeeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee ?aaeiiaeueiuo
?uieia o?oaea.

?anniio?aiea oaiiiaia ?uiea a nioeeaeueiii aniaeoa iicaieyao
i?aaenoaaeoue aai eae nenoaio, eioi?ay ?acaeaaaony /a?ac acaeiiaeaenoaea
i?ioeannia aioo?aiiae e aiaoiae o?oaeiaie iiaeeueiinoe. N iiceoeee
nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea eaaeaeue ec aeaeia o?oaeiauo ia?aiauaiee —
i?ioanneiiaeueii-eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiua (a ?aieao aioo?aiiae iiaeeueiinoe),
oa??eoi?eaeueiua e io?aneaaua (a ?aieao aiaoiae) — auiieiyao
ii?aaeaeaiiua ooieoeee a oi?ie?iaaiee ?uiea o?oaea. Oae,
i?ioanneiiaeueii-eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiua ia?aiauaiey auiieiytho ooieoeeth
ea/anoaaiiiai eciaiaiey i?ioanneiiaeueii-eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u
?aai/ae neeu; oa??eoi?eaeueiua ia?aiauaiey — ooieoeeth ?inoa
iiaeaeaeiinoe, ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey e naeaeoeee ?aai/ae neeu,
niaeaenoaotho eo/oaio aa eniieueciaaieth; io?aneaaua ia?aiauaiey — n
iaeiie noi?iiu, iaania/eaatho ?aai/ae neeie eciaiythuothny no?oeoo?o
i?iecaiaenoaa, a n ae?oaie ?aaoee?otho aiaoithth iiaeeueiinoue ?aai/ae
neeu e i?aeoe/anee ia nouanoaotho a /enoii aeaea. Aeaenoaea nioeeaeueiuo
iaoaieciia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea aeieaeii ?ac?aoeoue
i?ioeai?a/ey, caeiaeaiiua a nioeeaeueiie iiaeeueiinoe, e niaeaenoaiaaoue
iaeaieaa iieiie ?aaeecaoeee iniiaiuo ooieoeee eaaeaeiai aeaea o?oaeiaie
iiaeeueiinoe — eae e n?aaenoao nioeeaeueiiai i?iaeaeaeaiey e ?acaeoey
ee/iinoe ?aaioieeia. A ia?aii neo/aa iu eiaai aeaei n nianoaaiii
o?oaeiaie iiaeeueiinoueth, a ai aoi?ii — n oae iacuaaaiie o?oaeiaie
ea?uea?ie ?aaioieeia.

O?oaeiaay iiaeeueiinoue oa?aeoa?ecoaony iauaiii, eioaineaiinoueth e
iai?aaeaiiinoueth aaaeiaeoeo iioieia aeaeaeaiey, ii?aaeaeaiiui
nioeeaeueiui iaoaieciii, aeaeaeoueie neeaie, i?yiuie iineaaenoaeyie aeey
iauanoaa. Yeiiiienou, eae i?aaeei, ?anniao?eaatho o?oaeiaoth
iiaeeueiinoue eiaeeaeaeia enoiaey ec eciaiaiey eiee/anoaa e ea/anoaa
?aai/eo iano. Eo eioa?anu nin?aaeioi/aiu a iniiaiii ia eco/aiee
yeiiiie/aneeo aniaeoia iiaeeueiinoe, a iinea oiai ia iea?aoeeiiiie
niiniaiinoe ?aai/ae neeu (iai?eia?, ia ?anoiaeao ia ia?aiiaeaioiaeo
?aai/ae neeu e aa ia?aiauaiea). Nioeeieiae, a ioee/ea io yeiiiienoia,
nin?aaeioi/eaatho iniiaiia aieiaiea a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ia ia?aiauaieyo
eiaeeaeaeia, oainao ia ea?uea?o, a oaeaea oaeoao aa iniciaiey, ia oeaeyo
e iioeaao o?oaeiaie iiaeeueiinoe, a yeiiiie/aneea yaeaiey aiaeece?otho
eae oaeoi?u oi?ie?iaaiey o?oaeiaie iiaeeueiinoe.

O?oaeiaay iiaeeueiinoue eae yeaiaio ?uii/iie i?aaiecaoeee o?oaea
?ane?uaaaony: ai-ia?auo, eae eaoaai?ey ?uiea o?oaea, eioi?ay ii?aaeaeyao
niiniaiinoue e aioiaiinoue ?aaioieea e eciaiaieth ianoa ?aaiou;
ai-aoi?uo, eae i?ioeann aeaeaeaiey ?aai/ae neeu a
io?aneaai-oa??eoi?eaeueiii e i?ioanneiiaeueii-eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiii
?ac?acao. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaoaieci o?oaeiaie iiaeeueiinoe — neiaeiue
i?ioeann acaeiiaeaenoaey iio?aaiinoae, eioa?ania, noeioeia (eae aiaoieo
oaeoi?ia iiiuoee eciaieoue nioeeaeueioth iiceoeeth), onoaiiaie,
oeaiiinoiuo i?eaioaoeee (eae iniciaiiiai aeaeaiey naa?a/ue eee
eciaieoue oio eee ae?oaie nioeeaeueiue noaoon) e iioeaia (eae eiie?aoiua
i?e/eiu iiaaaeaiey). Neaaenoaeai yoiai neiaeiiai i?ioeanna yaeyaony
ii?aaeaeaiiue oei iiaeeueiiai iiaaaeaiey eae eiaeeaeaeoaeueiee, oae e
a?oiiiaie.

?anoe?aiea noa?u auai?a oneeeaaao aaeaioaoeeth ?aaioieeia e iaiyaiui
oneiaeyi eo o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe e, /oi i/aiue aaaeii, noaiaiue eo
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ia ?uiea. Aiciiaeiinoue iaiyoue ?iaioo e aeoeaii
eneaoue ae?oaoth i?aaeinoaaeyao aiciiaeiinoue ?aaioieeai iieo/eoue oi
?aai/aa ianoi, eioi?ia, n iaeiie noi?iiu, iaeaieaa ioaa/aao eo
nianoaaiiui cai?inai, niiniaiinoyi, n ae?oaie — ioaa/aao ?uii/iiio
ni?ino ia eo o?oae. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi
iiaeeueiinoue yaeyaony iaeiei ec eino?oiaioia aeaenoaey “iaaeaeeiie
?oee” ?uiea a noa?a o?oaea. A oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee iiaeeueiinoue
yaeyaony n?aaenoaii inouanoaeaiey aieaa yooaeoeaiiai auai?a ?aaioieea.
E?iia ioia/aiiuo auoa aeaeia auai?a, ii iiaeao auae?aoue iaaeaeo
caiyoinoueth e iacaiyoinoueth, iaaeaeo ?aaioie ca iaeiii e nianoaaiiui
aeaeii, iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie oi?iaie caiyoinoe: iieiie eee /anoe/iie,
iniiaiie eee iniiaiie e aeiiieieoaeueiie, ii niaianoeoaeuenoao e oiio
iiaeiaiia.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ?uiie o?oaea eae iauaeo nioeeieiae/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey
i?aaenoaaeai a aeaea nenoaiu, eioi?ay ?acaeaaaony /a?ac acaeiiaeaenoaea
i?ioeannia aioo?aiiae e aiaoiae iiaeeueiinoe. Nioeeaeueiay
iai?aaeaiiinoue ?uiea o?oaea noaiao oai aieaa i/aaeaeiie, /ai
yooaeoeaiaa nioeeaeueiua iaoaieciu aoaeoo ?aaoee?iaaoue ana aeaeu
o?oaeiaie iiaeeueiinoe a ?onea iieiaeeoaeueiuo oaiaeaioeee iauanoaaiiiai
i?ia?anna.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?oaeiaay iiaeeueiinoue, o?oaeiaay aeoeaiinoue, ?uiie
o?oaea, oeiu iiaeeueiiai iiaaaeaiey.

Kovalisko N.V. Labour Iobility under Conditions of the Regional Labour
Market. — Manuscript.

The dissertation for a scientific degree of the candidate of
sociological sciences on a speciality 22.00.07 — sociology of
management. — Kharkiv State University. — Kharkiv, 1999.

In the dissertation the sociological aspects of labour mobility
under conditions of the regional labour market are investigated. The
special attention is concentrated on the analysis of main mechanisms
and processes that accompany it. The tendencies of development of
the regional labour market in a context of types of mobile
behaviour of the able-bodied population, real and potential
labour activity in conditions of formation of market economy also
are considere in the work. In the dissertation the results of
number of empirical researches on problematics of work are
used. The scientific and practical approach in realization of
comparative sociological research of the regional labour markets
was also developed and processed in the work.

Key words: labour mobility, labour activity, labour
market, types of mobile behaviour.

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