Термодинамічні характеристики, кінетичні властивості та критерії самоорганізації носіїв у телурі в області біполярної провідності: Автореф. дис… кан

*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a

OAeE 536.759: 621.315.55/58

?IAEAeANOAAINUeEA

Ia?aa?eoa A?eai??aia

OA?IIAeEIAI?*I? OA?AEOA?ENOEEE, E?IAOE*I?

AEANOEAINO? OA E?EOA??? NAIII?AAI?CAOe?? IIN??A

O OAEO?? A IAEANO? A?IIEss?II? I?IA?AeIINO?

01.04.10 – o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?ee?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

*a?i?aoe?, 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?ce/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ai?eae
Iao?i Ieeieaeiae/, *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeoi?aa?neoao ?i.TH.Oaaeueeiae/a,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith o?ce/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oii/oe
Iao?i Ieoaeeiae/, ?inoeooo o?ceee IAIO, i.Ee?a, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii
oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeueie/oe Noaiai
Aaneeueiae/, *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeoi?aa?neoao ?i.TH.Oaaeueeiae/a,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
?.O?aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 1500 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae76.051.01 i?e *a?i?aaoeueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a ca aae?anith: 274012,
i.*a?i?aoe?, aoe.I.Eioethaeinueeiai, 2; oae. 2-52-48; oaen (0372)
55-38-38.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a (aoe. E.Oe?a?iee, 23).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «27»aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.A.Eo?aaiaoeueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

? ia?aaaaeii iai?oaeieie iaoai?ciaie ?icn?thaaiiy inoaii?o.

Aeanoeaino? aeaiiai iai?ai?ia?aeieea aeia?a aea/ai? a iaeano?
aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino?. Ui ae noino?oueny iaeano? a?iiey?ii?
i?ia?aeiino?, oi aei ii/aoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeeaaeaieo o aeai?e
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, o?ceeo i?ioean?a ia?aiino a oaeo?? o iaiao?aei?e
i??? ua ia aoei c’yniaaii. Cie?aia, ia aoei a?aoiaioiaaiiai iiyniaiiy
aeeeth/ii ae??eiaiai oeio i?ia?aeiino? oaeo?o, aiiiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?ii?
?iaa?n?? eiao?oe??ioa Oieea oa ai?cio?ii?? ?ioeo e?iaoe/ieo aoaeo?a.
C’ynoaaiiy, iai?eeeaae, oa?aeoa?o caeaaeiino? eiioeaio?aoe?? iin??a a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e, aieeao ia oeth caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? eaaoth/i?
aeii?oee ? aeoaea aaaeeeaei aeey iiyniaiiy iniaeeainoae e?iaoe/ieo
aoaeo?a o oaeo??.

Iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui ei?aeoia a?aooaaiiy ?aaeueiiai caeiio
aeenia?n?? aia?a?? aeaeo?ii?a oa ae??ie o oaeo?? aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy
a?ii?caeeeo ?ic?aooie?a ca aeiiiiiaith /enaeueieo iaoiae?a, ye?
aoaeoeaii iiaeia cae?enieoe eeoa ?c caeo/aiiyi no/anii? eiii’thoa?ii?
oaoi?ee. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? c’ynoaaoe o? oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy, ye?
neeaaeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe a ia??iae aeoeaiiai aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeo?o.

Cia/iee iaoeiaee ? i?eeeaaeiee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey? oaeiae i?iaeaia
aeieeiaiiy aii?yaeeiaaiino? aai naiii?aai?caoe?? a iaeii??aeieo
a?aee?eoeo nenoaiao, ye? iai?iththoueny c ioi/oth/ei na?aaeiaeuai
?a/iaeiith aai aia?a??th [4]. I?eeeaaeaie oaeeo i?ioean?a o o?ceoe? ?
aoaeo Aaiia oa ?io? iano?eeino? a iai?ai?ia?aeieeao, cie?aia, a oaeo??,
ye? coiiaeai? a?ae’?iiith aeeoa?aioe?aeueiith i?ia?aei?noth. Oe?
i?ioeane neeaaeiei /eiii caeaaeaoue ye a?ae i?e?ineii?/ieo aeanoeainoae
iai?ai?ia?aeieea, iai?eeeaae, aeaeo caeiio aeenia?n?? aia?a?? iin??a,
oae ? a?ae aaee/eie oaeeo ia?aiao??a, ye oaiia?aoo?a aai eiioeaio?aoe?y
eaaoth/i? aeii?oee. Oiio aaaeeeaei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aaee/eie
cacia/aieo ia?aiao??a ia aeieeiaiiy aeeneiaoeaieo no?oeoo? a
iai?ai?ia?aeieeao c aeaiia oeiaie iin??a ca?yaeo i?e ei?aeoiiio
a?aooaaii? iniaeeainoae aeenia?n?eieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeey inoaii?o.

Ana aeeeaaeaia aeua cana?ae/o?, ui oaia aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
yea i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee,
e?iaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae oa e?eoa???a naiii?aai?caoe?? iin??a o oaeo?? a
iaeano? a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino?, ? aeooaeueiith ? ia? oai?aoe/ia oa
i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?acoeueoaoe yeeo i?aaenoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, aeeiiai? o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei i?ia?aie iaoeiai? oaiaoeee eaoaae?e o?ce/ii?
aeaeo?ii?ee *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
TH.Oaaeueeiae/a: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a ?inoo e?enoae?a, no?oeoo?e
aeaoaeo?a ? aeaeo?iiieo yaeu a neeaaeieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeao ia iniia?
A2A6 ? A4A6” (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0186U060721) oa o ?aieao i?iaeoo
Aea?aeaaiiai Oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa
Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iaoee ? oaoiieia?e: “E?eoa??? aeeiai?/iiai oaino oa
naiii?aai?caoe?? a aeayeeo o?ce/ieo nenoaiao i?e iayaiino? noeoiiino?
ciai?oi?o aieea?a” (i?iaeo ? 2.4/745).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaaea a iaa?oiooaaii? ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae?
aeeeth/ii ae??eiai? i?ia?aeiino? oaeo?o, anoaiiaeaii? i?e?iaee
iiaea?eii? ?iaa?n?? eiao?oe??ioo Oieea a oeueiio iaoa??ae? oa
ciaoiaeaeaii? e?eoa???a aeieeiaiiy i?ioean?a naiii?aai?caoe?? a iaeano?
a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino? oaeo?o.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeiaaaei ?ica’yceo ianooiieo iniiaieo caaea/:

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ai?cio?ii?? oa iaia?aaie?/iino? aia?aaoe/ieo
niaeo??a iin??a ia oa?iiaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeo?ii?a oa ae??ie o
oaeo?? a iaeano? a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino?;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae ae?aeoiaeo ?ooeeainoae
aeaeo?ii?a oa ae??ie o oaeo?? i?e a?aooaaii? noeoiiino? aeii?ioth/eo
iaoai?ci?a ?icn?thaaiiy;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaiia?aoo?e oa eiioeaio?aoe?? eaaoth/i? aeii?oee
ia aeieeiaiiy i?ioean?a naiii?aai?caoe?? a oaeo??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1.Aia?oa iieacaii, ui ae??eiaa i?ia?aei?noue oaeo?o coiiaeaia
niaoeeo?eith caeii?a aeenia?n?? aia?a?e aeaeo?ii?a ? ae??ie o oeueiio
iaoa??ae?.

2.Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia iayai?noue cia/iiai aieeao aaeain?e oa aiaa?iii?cio
eieeaaiue e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee ia oaiia?aoo?io caeaaei?noue
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaeo?o a iaeano? ci?oaii? i?ia?aeiino?.

3.Aia?oa iieacaii, ui a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae ciiiiai niaeo?o iin??a o
oaeo?? oa oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? a?aeiioaiiy ?o ae?aeoiaeo
?ooeeainoae aeicaiey? iiynieoe iiaea?eio oaiia?aoo?io ?iaa?n?th
eiao?oe??ioa Oieea a oeueiio iaoa??ae?.

4.Aia?oa iieacaii, ui i?ioeanaie naiii?aai?caoe?? a oaeo?? a iaeano?
a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino? iiaeia ea?oaaoe oeyoii ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e oa
eiioeaio?aoe?? eaaoth/i? aeii?oee.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a iaea?aeaii?
oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a, ye? aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe ieceo
ocaaaeueithth/eo caeeth/aiue i?i nai???aei?noue aieeao ai?cio?ii??
aia?aaoe/ieo niaeo??a iin??a ia i?ioeane ia?aiino a e?enoaeao iecueei?
neiao??? oa a e?euee?niiio iiyniaii? iayaieo aeine?aeieo aeaieo. Aia?oa
aecia/aii aaee/eie iino?eieo aeaeo?ii-oiiiiii? aca?iiae?? oa
eiao?oe??io?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aiaa?iii?ci eieeaaiue e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee oa i?ioean ooai?aiiy aaeain?e o oaeo??. Iaea?aeai? aiae?oe/i?
ae?ace, ui iienothoue oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioa oaieiaiai
?icoe?aiiy oa oaiei?iiino? i?e iino?eiiio oeneo a oaeo??. Aeno?aiieyoe?y
aeaieo caeaaeiinoae aeicaiey? ?ic?aoiaoaaoe cacia/ai? oa?iiaeeiai?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee a oe?ieiio oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?. Iaaaaeai? a ?iaio?
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy noeioeththoue iinoaiiaeo iiaeo aeni?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue noiniaii o?ceee e?iaoe/ieo yaeu oa i?ioean?a
naiii?aai?caoe?? a ai?cio?iiieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeao. Iiaeeo?eiaaiee
iaoiae aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee oaeo?o ca ?acoeueoaoaie oaiia?aoo?ieo
caeaaeiinoae eiao?oe??ioo Oieea iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e aecia/aii?
ia?aiao??a ?ioeo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a. Iaoa??ae aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae iiaea
aooe aeeth/aiei o niaoeeo?n c yaeu ia?aiino a ai?cio?iiieo oaa?aeeo
o?eao.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe aeena?oaio
a?aea o/anoue o iinoaiiaoe? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiue oa i?iaaaeaii?
aiae?oe/ieo ia?aooie?a [1-10], cai?iiiioaaea oa aeeiiaea /enaeuei?
?ic?aooiee ia AII [2-5, 9,10].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ?
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ianooiieo eiioa?aioe?yo:

-Ia?oa I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y “Iaoa??aeiciaanoai aeiaciiiae?aieo oa
oaeueeiaai?aeieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a” (*a?i?aoe?, 4-6 aeiaoiy 1994 ?.);

-Iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa nooaeaio?a,
i?enay/aia 120 – ??//th canioaaiiy *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (*a?i?aoe?, 4-6 o?aaiy 1995 ?.);

-I?aeia?iaeia oeiea-eiioa?aioe?y c o?ce/ieo i?iaeai iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai
iaoa??aeiciaanoaa PPMSS’95 (*a?i?aoe?, 11-16 aa?aniy 1995 ?.);

-Ae?oaa I?aeia?iaeia oeiea-eiioa?aioe?y c o?ce/ieo i?iaeai
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa PPMSS’97 (*a?i?aoe?, 8-12 aa?aniy
1997?.);

-O?aoy I?aeia?iaeia oeiea-eiioa?aioe?y c o?ce/ieo i?iaeai
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa PPMSS’99 (*a?i?aoe?, 7-11 aa?aniy
1999?.).

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oaeiae aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao eaoaae? o?ce/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee oa ?aae?ioaoi?ee *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? o 10 ioae?eaoe?yo,
na?aae yeeo 5 – noaoo? o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, a oaeiae 5 — oace
eiioa?aioe?e. Nienie ioae?eaoe?e iaaaaeaii a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
o?ueio i?ea?iaeueieo ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
nieneo oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeaio aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
117 noi??ieao, aeeth/a? 27 ?enoie?a ? 106 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaaiai?th?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa
?? ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aeeiiothoueny o *a?i?aaoeueeiio aea?aeoi?aa?neoao?; noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
oa caaea/? ?iaioe, iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe.

? ae??ie aa?oiuei? aaeaioii? ciie I4 oaeo?o a iaeano? a?iiey?ii?
i?ia?aeiino?. I?e oeueiio caeiie aeenia?n?? aia?a?? iin??a (o aeiaaeeo
aia?a?e, cia/ii iaioeo aia?a?? ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? aca?iiae??)
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o aeaeyae? [3] :

, (1)

, (2)

.

=const n?aeeiai? oi/ee. I?e ?ic?aooieao oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
a?aoiaoaaeiny, ui oe?eia caai?iiaii? ciie aeaiiai iai?ai?ia?aeieea
ci?ith?oueny c oaiia?aoo?ith [3]. I?e oeueiio aoei ?icaeyiooi aea?
iiaeae? aeii?oeiaeo ??ai?a o oaeo?? [3]:

a) iaeiiai ae?th/iai aeoeaioi?iiai ??aiy

, (3)

a) aeaio aeoeaioi?ieo ??ai?a

, (4)

?en.1. Oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? eiioeaio?aoe?e ae??ie p (1), noia?ii?
aeaeo?ii?a n (3) oa aeanii? eiioeaio?aoe?? iin??a ni (2) o oaeo?? aeey
aeiaaeeo aeai??aiaai? iiaeae? i?e Na1 =5,5(1021 i-3 , Na2 =1(1021 i-3.
Ia anoaaoe?: caeaaei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?e iin??a (o i-3) a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e. Ioia?aoe?y e?eaeo a?aeiia?aea? iniiaiiio ?enoieo.

— eiioeaio?aoe?? ae??ie oa noia?ia aeaeo?ii?a, a?aeiia?aeii, (-
o?iiioaioe?ae, Na oa Na1 – eiioeaio?aoe?? iaeiiai ae?th/iai iiai?noth
?ii?ciaaiiai aeoeaioi?iiai ??aiy; Na2 — eiioeaio?aoe?y ae?oaiai
aeoeaioi?iiai ??aiy, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeoi?ii ni?iiaiai
ae?iaeaeaiiy ( oa aia?a??th aeoeaaoe?? Ea.

I?aaenoaaeai? ia ?en.1 e?eaeie 1–3 ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui
eiioeaio?aoe?y ae??ie p a?eueoa ca noia?io eiioeaio?aoe?th aeaeo?ii?a n
i?e 100K430E –
i?ioean ooai?aiiy aaeain?e, ui aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie [8].

oa ca?eueoaiiy aioo??oiueie?enoae?/iiai oeneo i?e oaiia?aoo?ao aeua
e?iiaoii? coiiaeaia aeaoi?iaoe??th e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee oaeo?o aiane?aeie
ooai?aiiy aaeain?e.

Aeacaii ia iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy iayaiino? aaeain?e, ye?
?icaeyaeathoueny ye oa?i?/i? aeoeaioi?e, i?e ?ic?aooieao
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaeo?o. Cie?aia, iieacaii, ui i?ioean
ooai?aiiy aaeain?e i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy ??cieoe? i?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?yie ae??ie oa aeaeo?ii?a.

(? = ||, ( — a?aeiia?aeii, acaeiaae oa iiia?ae a?n? N3 e?enoaeo
oaeo?o) aac a?aooaaiiy (a) oa c a?aooaaiiyi (a) i?ioeano ooai?aiiy
aaeain?e (e?ea? 1 oa 2 ia ?en. 3). Iai?eeeaae, aeey iicaeiaaeiuei?
eiiiiiaioe aiie

iathoue aeaeyae:

i?e O<500K, (10) i?e O(500K; i?e O ( 320K. Aeei?enoiaoth/e iaaeeaeaiiy iaeiiai oa aeaio ae?th/eo aeoeaioi?ieo ??ai?a, ae?ace aeey eiioeaio?aoe?e iin??a (ia?oee ?icae?e), a oaeiae oi?ioee (10)-(11), ?ic?aoiaaia caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa Oieea ca oi?ioeith [3] , (12) - a?aeiioaiiy Oiee-oaeoi??a aeaeo?ii?a An oa ae??ie Ap, a ?io? iicia/aiiy ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a R(T) aeey ??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?e aeoeaioi?ii? aeii?oee i?aaenoaeai? ia ?en.4. Aeaeii, ui cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue ye?nii ? aeineoue caaeia?eueii e?euee?nii iieno? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai?. Ii??aiyiiy e?eaeo 1 oa 2 na?ae/eoue oaeiae i?i iaeiaeiaee oa?aeoa? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? R(O) c eiioeaio?aoe??th aeoeaioi?ieo ??ai?a. ?en.3. Oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue a?aeiioaiiy ?ooeeainoae: 1 oa 2–b|| ca?aeii (10) oa (11); 3 oa 4 – b|| oa b(, iaea?aeai? ia iniia? i?e?ineii?/ii? oai???; aenia?eiaioaeuei? oi/ee - [9]. =1.56(10-20 noeoiii aeey aeaeo?ii?a ieaeiuei? oa aa?oiuei? cii i?ia?aeiino?). Aea?? aeuacaaaeaieo ia?aiao??a i?iaiaeeany ca oiiae iaee?auiai ocaiaeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie aeey eiiiiiaio ?ooeeaino? aeaeo?ii?a oa ae??ie (e?ea? 1, 2 oa oi/ee ia ?en.5), oiee?anueei? ?ooeeaino? ae??ie (e?eaa oa aeine?aei? aeai? ia anoaaoe? aei ?en.5), a oaeiae eiao?oe??ioa Oieea oa aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?. a?ae oaiia?aoo?e. ?en.4. Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa Oieea (iicaeiaaeiuei? eiiiiiaioe) a?ae iaa?iaii? oaiia?aoo?e: 1, 2 – oai?aoe/i? e?ea? aeey Na1 = 7.5(1021i-3, Na1 = 5(1020 i –3 a?aeiia?aeii; ( - [2], ( - [9] . Aeyaeeiny, ui a iaeano? ci?oaii? i?ia?aeiino? aeonoe/i? oiiiie i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue ia aaee/eio ?ooeeaino? ae??ie, yea i?e O<430K aecia/a?oueny ?icn?thaaiiyi ia iioe/ieo oiiiiao, a i?e T(430K – ia aaeain?yo. ?ieue aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?thaaiiy aeey aeaeo?ii?a aeaui c?inoa? c oaiia?aoo?ith, aea ana ae ia noa? i?aaaethth/ith a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?. Ii??aiyiiy i?ae niaith e?eaeo oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? bi(T), iaea?aeaieo ca oaiiiaiieia?/ieie ae?acaie (10), (11) (e?ea? 1, 2 ia ?en.3) ? ia iniia? i?e?ineii?/ii? oai??? c a?aooaaiiyi ?icn?thaaiiy iin??a ia iioe/ieo, aeonoe/ieo oiiiiao oa aaeain?yo (e?ea? 3, 4 ia ?en.3) iieaco?, ui aiie iathoue ye?nii iaeiaeiaee niaaeiee oa?aeoa?. I?e oeueiio b((T) a?eueo nooo?ai ci?ith?oueny c oaiia?aoo?ith (e?eaa 4), i?ae b||(T) (e?eaa 3), ui oe?eeii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aenia?eiaioaeueieiei aeaieie [3]. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aieea ciai?oi?o ea?oth/eo ia?aiao??a ia iiaeeea?noue aeieeiaiiy i?ioean?a naiii?aai?caoe?? a ia??aiiaaaei?e noaoe?iia?i?e iai?ai?ia?aeieeia?e nenoai? a?iiey?ieo iin??a. Aeine?aeaeaii iaeiii??io iieueiao iiaeaeue, yea aeicaiey? iienaoe aoaeo Aaiia o iai?ai?ia?aeieeo, cie?aia, o oaeo??, coiiaeaiee iayai?noth a?ae’?iii? aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? i?ia?aei?no? [4]. ) a?ae iaa?iaii? oaiia?aoo?e: nooe?eueia e?eaa – oai?aoe/ia, aenia?eiaioaeuei? oi/ee – aeai? [11]. I?eeiyoi, ui oa?aeoa?i? /anoioe caoaeaeaiue aaeee? ii a?aeiioaiith aei iaa?iaieo /an?a ?aeiia?iaoe?? oa aaia?aoe?? iin??a. Oiae? iniiai? ??aiyiiy, ye? iienothoue a?iiey?io i?ia?aei?noue o iai?ai?ia?aeieeao p-oeio, iathoue aeaeyae: (13) Ooo E – iai?oaeai?noue ciai?oiueiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, Na – eiioeaio?aoe?y aeoeaioi??a, ye? caaacia/othoue eieaeueio iaeo?aeuei?noue i?inoi?iai-iaeii??aeiiai c?acea a oiiaao ??aiiaaae, p oa n – eiioeaio?aoe??, jp oa jn – no?oie, Vp(E) oa Vn(E)–ae?aeoia? oaeaeeino?, Dp oa Dn eiao?oe??ioe aeeooc?? ae??ie oa aeaeo?ii?a, a?aeiia?aeii; ?io? iicia/aiiy ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie. ?ica’ycie nenoaie (13) ?icaeyiooi aeey aeaio ??cieo oei?a a?aie/ieo oiia: a) “iai?iieeeea? a?aieoe?”: (14) a) “i?iieeeeaee eaoiae” (15) . Ooo L – aeiaaeeia c?acea; (n oa (p - oaiiiaiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e, ye? a?aoiaothoue iayai?noue iaiaeii??aeiino? a c?aceo; ( - oaeoi? ?iaeaeoe??; jn0 , jp0 – iino?ei? ?ioaa?oaaiiy, ye? ni?aiaaeathoue ?c cia/aiiyie aeaeo?iiiiai oa ae??eiaiai no?oi?a i?e noaoe?iia?iiio oa iaeii??aeiiio ?iciiae?e? eiioeaio?aoe?e oa iai?oaeaiino? iiey. A iaio aa??aioao a?aie/ieo oiia ciaeaeaii noaoe?iia?i? ?iciiae?ee iiey A0 oa eiioeaio?aoe?e iin??a n0 ? p0 o iai?ai?ia?aeieeo. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia cacia/ai? noaoe?iia?i? ?iciiae?ee i?inoi?iaeo cao?aiue, aea?aieo o aeaeyae? (16) ?en.6. Caeaaei?noue ?ica’yce?a (17) a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey o aeiaaeeo iai?iieeeeaeo a?aieoeue. Ia anoaaoe?: Na-T-E - a?oo?eaoe?eia ae?aa?aia . . Oa?aeoa?enoe/ia ??aiyiiy, yea i?e oeueiio iaea?aeo?oueny, ianooiia: ?en.7. Caeaaeiino? ?ica’yce?a (17) a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey A o aeiaaeeo i?iieeeeaeo a?aieoeue (O=300E, (=0.3125). Ia anoaaoe? – caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioo ?iaeaeoe?? (O=77(1), 200(2), 300E(3)) oa Na ((=0.5(1023(1’), 0.6(1023(2’), 0.7(1023(3’); O=300E) a?ae A a a?oo?eaoe?eieo oi/eao. (17) aea ai – ae?eni? eiao?oe??ioe. Caeaaei?noue ?ica’yce?a oeueiai ??aiyiiy Si a?ae ea?oth/iai ia?aiao?o, a yeino? yeiai aea?aii iai?oaeai?noue ciai?oiueiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.6 oa 7 (aeey ni?iuaiiy cia?aaeaiiy oyai? /anoeie ?ica’yce?a (17) o aeiaaeeo i?iieeeeaeo a?aieoeue ia iaaiaeyoueny). Aeaeii, ui ?nio? e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey (Ae?), i?e yeiio aeaa c o?ueio ae?enieo ?ica’yce?a oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai ??aiyiiy Si ni?aiaaeathoue i?ae niaith ? aeieeathoue ia??ai? ioeth ?o eiiieaenii-ni?yaeai? /anoeie. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui no?eeee ei?aiue S3 (?en.6 oa 7) caeeoa?oueny aeiaeaoi?i o an?e iaeano? ci?ie iiey, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iano?ee?noue noaoe?iia?ieo ?ica’yce?a a?iiey?ii? nenoaie iin??a a oiiaao ?nioaaiiy aoaeoo Aaiia. Aaee/eia iiey Ae? caeaaeeoue a?ae cia/aiue oaiia?aoo?e oa eiioeaio?aoe?? eaaoth/i? aeii?oee. Oaea caeaaei?noue iiaea iineoe aeineoue neeaaeiee oa?aeoa?, i?i ui na?ae/aoue aeai?, iaaaaeai? ia anoaaoe? aei ?en.6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e ciaioo?oueny aaee/eia (, i?e ye?e ?aae?co?oueny a?oo?eaoe?y (aeea. anoaaeo ia ?en.7), a i?e o?eniaai?e oaiia?aoo?? ?nio? aneiioioe/ia cia/aiiy iiey Ae?, ieae/a yeiai a?oo?eaoe?? ia iiaeooue a?aeaoaaoeny. Iaea?aeai? e?eoe/i? aaee/eie (iiey oa oaiia?aoo?e) aecia/athoue, ii noo?, e?eoa??? naiii?aai?caoe?? iin??a o oaeo?? a iaeano? a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino?. O aeiaaeeo iaeeaaeaiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo cao?aiue ia i?inoi?iai-iaeii??aei? ?iciiae?ee iiey oa eiioeaio?aoe?e iaea?aeaii aeenia?n?eia ??aiyiiy /aoaa?oiai noaiaiy ii oaeeueiaiio /eneo k ? eaaae?aoe/ia ii /anoio? (: , (18) aea ( ? oa (? – eiao?oe??ioe, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae aaee/ei ea?oth/eo ia?aiao??a. ??ai? ioeth, ui a?aeiia?aea? iayaiino? iaci?iieo a /an? oeoeooaoe?e. *eneiaeie iaoiaeaie ?ic?aoiaai? ?iciiae?ee eiioeaio?aoe?e ? iiey acaeiaae c?acea, ye? i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith eiia?iaoe?th neeaaeieo eieeaaiue c ??ciith /anoioith. I?e oeueiio ia ii/aoeo c?acea a?ey eaoiaeo aeieeathoue neeaaei? eieeaaiiy iainiiaieo iin??a (aeaeo?ii?a) oa iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, ye? i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith iaeeaaeaiiy aeniei/anoioieo aa?iii?e aeae?eueeio oei?a. Aeae? oe? aa?iiieee ceeaathoueny a iaeia aeniei/anoioia, iaeaea aa?iii?/ia eieeaaiiy. ? cia/ii ci?ith? naith oi?io i?e ci?i? ia?aiao??a caaea/?. AENIIAEE OA INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE 1. Ae??eiaee oei i?ia?aeiino? oaeo?o coiiaeaiee iniaeeainoyie aia?aaoe/iiai niaeo?o iin??a oa noaiii aeaoaeoii? i?aenenoaie aeaiiai iaoa??aeo: a iaeano? a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino? eiioeaio?aoe?y ae??ie caaaeaee a?eueoa ca eiioeaio?aoe?th aeaeo?ii?a, a i?ioean ooai?aiiy aaeain?e i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy ??cieoe? i?ae p oa n. 2. Aiaa?iii?ci eieeaaiue e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee i?e O > 100E oa aaeain??
i?e oaiia?aoo?ao aeua 400E nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia oaieio?ce/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeo?o. Ioe?iai? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
i?ioean ooai?aiiy aaeain?e oa aiaa?iii?ci eieeaaiue e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee
a oaeo??. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace, ye? c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth
iienothoue caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e eiao?oe??ioa oaieiaiai
?icoe?aiiy oa oaiei?iiino? i?e iino?eiiio oeneo aeey aeaiiai
iai?ai?ia?aeieea.

3. Iieacaii, ui a oaeo?? a iaeano? a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino? aeeiio?oueny
ae?oaee caeii A?thiaecaia, ca?aeii c yeei a?aeiioaiiy oaiia?aoo?iiai
eiao?oe??ioa ia’?iiiai ?icoe?aiiy aei oaiei?iiino? i?e iino?eiiio oeneo
? iacaeaaeiith a?ae oaiia?aoo?e aaee/eiith. C?iaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui
oaiia?aoo?ia ci?ia aioo??oiueie?enoae?/iiai oeneo coiiaeaia iayai?noth
aaeain?e a a?aooe? oaeo?o.

? c oaiia?aoo?ith.

5. Iiaea?eia oaiia?aoo?ia ?iaa?n?y eiao?oe??ioa Oieea a oaeo?? iia’ycaia
c ai?cio?ii??th oa iaia?aaie?/i?noth caeii?a aeenia?n?? aia?a?? iin??a
oa iae?i?eiith ci?iith c oaiia?aoo?ith a?aeiioaiiy ae?aeoiaeo
?ooeeainoae aeaeo?ii?a ? ae??ie.

6. I?ioeane naiii?aai?caoe?? a oaeo?? i?e iayaiino? aoaeoo Aaiia
nooo?ai caeaaeaoue a?ae i?e?ineii?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
iai?ai?ia?aeieea ? iiaeooue ea?oaaoeny oeyoii ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e oa
eiioeaio?aoe?? eaaoth/i? aeii?oee. Anoaiiaeai? cia/aiiy iai?oaeaiino?
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey oa oaiia?aoo?e, ye? aecia/athoue e?eoa??? aeieeiaiiy
naiii?aai?caoe?? iin??a o oaeo?? a iaeano? a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino?.

Nienie oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e:

1. Oee?eoey?iue oioiaaeueaaie/aneee yooaeo a oaeeo?a /Aaa?eeaa I.N.,
Aneei A.I., Aaeoi A.A. e ae?.//OOI.-1984.-18-?4.-N.648-654.

2. Nieii/oe E.N. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe yeaeo?e/aneeo e oioiyeaeo?e/aneeo
naienoa iiiie?enoaeeia oaeeo?a : Aaoi?ao. … eaiae.oec.-iao.
iaoe.-*a?iiaoeu, 1977.-19n.

3. Ai?eae I.I., ?aae/aiei A.N., Oaiaea?ianeee A.A. I?ioeannu ia?aiina a
oaeeo?a.-E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1987.- 280 n.

4. Ieeieen A., I?eaiaeei E. Naiii?aaiecaoeey a ia?aaiiaaniuo nenoaiao. —
I.: Ie?, 1979. — 512n.

5. Ainaeuei A.E. Aaaaeaiea a oai?eth iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- I.: Iaoea,
1978.-615n.

6. AEe?eoaeueei E. Noaoenoe/aneay oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea.- I.: Ie?,
1975.- 382n.

7. Ibach H., Ruin R. Thermal expansion in tellurium // Phys. Stat. Sol.-
1970.- 41.-? 2.- P. 719-724.

8. Horstel W., Kretzschmar G. Akzeptorbildende Gitterdefecte im Tellur
// Phys.Stat. Sol.-1967.-23.-P.639.

9. Ai?eae I.I., ?iaeaeanoaainueea I.A., Nieii/oe E.N. I?i i?e?iaeo
iiaea?eii? ?iaa?n?? eiao?oe??ioa Oieea a oaeo??. //
OOAE.-1999.-?8.-N.993-996.

10. Aicei A.A., Eine/eei TH.A., Iaaeaaeaeeineee A.E. Enneaaeiaaiea
oioii?iaiaeeiinoe Oa i?e eiioeueniii aicaoaeaeaiee. // OOO.- 1979.-
O21.- ?2.- N.377-379.

11. Hoerstel W., Link R., Neubert R. On the impact ionization in
tellurium // Phys. Stat. Sol. A.- 1973.-19.- ?2.-P.451-458.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a ianooiieo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ai?eae I.I., Ai?eae I.I., ?iaeaeanoaaineay I.A. Oaiia?aoo?iay e
eiioeaio?aoeeiiiay caaeneiinoe i?ioeannia naiii?aaiecaoeee a
iieoi?iaiaeieeao // Iai?aaie/aneea iaoa?eaeu.-1997.-O.33.-?2.-N.242-245.

2. Ai?eae I.I., ?iaeaeanoaaineay I.A. Oaiia?aoo?iay e
eiioeaio?aoeeiiiay caaeneiinoe oeie/aneiai iioaioeeaea e nianoaaiiie
eiioeaio?aoeee iineoaeae oiea a oaeeo?a. // Iai?aaie/aneea
iaoa?eaeu.-1999.-O.35.-?5.-N.556-559.

3. Ai?eae I.I., ?iaeaeanoaainueea I.A., Nieii/oe E.N. I?i i?e?iaeo
iiaea?eii? ?iaa?n?? eiao?oe??ioa Oieea a oaeo??. //
OOAE.-1999.-O.44.-?8.-N.993-996.

4. ?iaeaeanoaainueea I.A. Oa?iiaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeo?ii?a oa
ae??ie o oaeo?? // Iaoeiaee a?niee *AeO.- 1998.-Aei 32. -N.22-27.

5. Ai?eae I.I., ?iaeaeanoaainueea I.A., Neeoeueei A.?., Nieii/oe E.N.
Oaiia?aoo?ia oa eiioeaio?aoe?eia caeaaeiino? oaieiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee
iin??a o oaeo?? // Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. 1998.
Aei.40.- N.36-39.

6. Aa/eineee A.A., Ai?eae I.I., Ai?eae I.I., ?iaeaeanoaaineay I.A. I
oieiaie iaonoie/eainoe i?e iaee/ee oaea?iie eiiecaoeee a oaeeo?a // ?
I?aei. eiio. “Iaoa??aeiciaanoai aeiaciiiae?aieo oa oaeueeiaai?aeieo
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a”, *a?i?aoe?, 4-6 aeiaoiy 1994 ?., oace oii II.- c.94.

7. Ai?eae I.I., Ai?eae I.I., ?iaeaeanoaainueea I.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioean?a naiii?aai?caoe?? a oaeo?? i?e iayaiino? ae?aeoiai? iano?eeino?
// Iaoa??aee iaoe. eiio. aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oi. oa nooaeaio?a, i?ena.
120–??//th canioaaiiy *AeO, 4-6 o?aaiy 1995 ?.- o. 2.- n.19

8. Gorley P.M., Horley P.P., Bukatar I.O., Rozhdestvens’ka M.G. The
temperature and concentration dependencies of the processes of
self-organization in semiconductors // International School-Conf. on
Phys. Problems in Material Science of Semicond., Chernivtsi, Ukraine,
11th-16th of September, 1995, Abstract booklet, p.63.

9. Rozhdestvens’ka M., Gorley P., Buzhora M., Kushnir M. Hall’s
coefficient double inversion in tellurium // Second International
School-Conf. on Phys. Problems in Material Science of Semicond.,
Chernivtsi, Ukraine, 8th-12th of September, 1997, Abstract booklet,
p.223.

10. P.M.Gorley, M.G.Rozhdestvens’ka, V.A. Shenderovs’kij, L.S.Solonchuk.
Heat and kinetic characteristics of tellurium in bipolar conductivity
interval // Third International School-Conf. on Phys. Problems in
Material Science of Semicond., Chernivtsi, Ukraine, 7th-11th of
September, 1999, Abstract booklet, p.203.

?iaeaeanoaainueea I.A. Oa?iiaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, e?iaoe/i?
aeanoeaino? oa e?eoa??? naiii?aai?caoe?? iin??a o oaeo?? a iaeano?
a?iiey?ii? i?ia?aeiino?.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.10 – o?ceea
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?ee?a. – *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, *a?i?aoe?, 1999.

a?ae oaiia?aoo?e o oaeo??. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue, ca?aeii c yeith
a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae ciiiiai niaeo?o iin??a oa caeaaeiino? b(T)
aeicaiey? iiynieoe iiaea?eio oaiia?aoo?io ?iaa?n?th eiao?oe??ioa Oieea
a oeueiio iaoa??ae?. Iieacaii, ui i?ioeane naiii?aai?caoe?? nooo?ai
caeaaeaoue a?ae i?e?ineii?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
iai?ai?ia?aeieea ? iiaeooue ea?oaaoeny oeyoii ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e aai
eiioeaio?aoe?? eaaoth/i? aeii?oee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaeo?, oa?iiaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ai?cio?ii?y oa
iaia?aaie?/i?noue aia?aaoe/iiai niaeo?o iin??a, a?iiey?ia i?ia?aei?noue,
aaeain?y, ae?aeoiaa ?ooeea?noue, aoaeo Oieea, naiii?aai?caoe?y.

?iaeaeanoaaineay I.A. Oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, eeiaoe/aneea
naienoaa e e?eoa?ee naiii?aaiecaoeee iineoaeae a oaeeo?a a iaeanoe
aeiiey?iie i?iaiaeeiinoe.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.10 – oeceea
iieoi?iaiaeieeia e aeeyeaeo?eeia. – *a?iiaeoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao.- *a?iiaoeu, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aeeyiey iniaaiiinoae caeiia
aeenia?nee yia?aee iineoaeae a oaeeo?a ia eo oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee e eeiaoe/aneea naienoaa. Iieacaii, /oi nouanoaaiiay
aiecio?iiey e iaia?aaiee/iinoue yia?aaoe/aneiai niaeo?a yeaeo?iiia e
aeu?ie iicaieyao iauynieoue aeu?i/iue oei i?iaiaeeiinoe oaeeo?a.

Enneaaeiaaia oaiia?aoo?iay e eiioeaio?aoeeiiiay caaeneiinoe
oaieiaieinoe e yio?iiee iineoaeae a oaeeo?a. Auyaeaia nouanoaaiiay
caaeneiinoue oeacaiiuo oaieiauo oa?aeoa?enoee yeaeo?iiia e aeu?ie i?e
ieceeo oaiia?aoo?ao io eiioeaio?aoeee eaae?othuae i?eiane, /aai ia
iaaethaeaaony i?e aunieeo oaiia?aoo?ao.

I?aaeeiaeaiu aiaeeoe/aneea au?aaeaiey, eioi?ua n aeinoaoi/iie
oi/iinoueth iienuaatho i?eaiaeeiua a eeoa?aoo?a yenia?eiaioaeueiua
aeaiiua ii oaiia?aoo?iui caaeneiinoyi iauaiiiai eiyooeoeeaioa oaieiaiai
?anoe?aiey e oaieiaieinoae i?e iinoiyiiii aeaaeaiee e iauaia. Iieacaii,
/oi aiaa?iiieci eieaaaiee e?enoaeee/aneie ?aoaoee e i?ioeann ia?aciaaiey
aaeainee a aeaiiii iieoi?iaiaeieea cia/eoaeueii aeeytho ia aai
oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee a iaeanoe aeiiey?iie i?iaiaeeiinoe.
Ioeaiaiu cia/aiey ia?aiao?ia, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecotho i?ioeann
ia?aciaaiey aaeainee e aiaa?iiieci eieaaaiee e?enoaeee/aneie ?aoaoee.

Ia iniiaa iee?ineiie/aneie oai?ee iieo/aiu au?aaeaiey aeey eiiiiiaio
oaici?a ae?aeoiaie iiaeaeaeiinoe aeu?ie aa?oiae aaeaioiie ciiu e
yeaeo?iiia aeaoo ieaeieo cii i?iaiaeeiinoe a neo/ayo eo ?annaeaaiey ia
aeonoe/aneeo e iioe/aneeo oiiiiao, a oaeaea aaeaineyo. Ii?aaeaeaiu
ia?aiao?u, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecotho iioaioeeaeu oeacaiiuo ?annaeaathueo
oeaio?ia. Iieacaii, /oi neiaeiue oa?aeoa? niaiu aeiieie?othueo
iaoaieciia ?annaeaaiey yeaeo?iiia e aeu?ie iaoneaaeeaaao iaeeiaeioth
caaeneiinoue ioiioaiey ae?aeoiauo iiaeaeaeiinoae iineoaeae b io
oaiia?aoo?u. I?aaeeiaeaia iiaeaeue, niaeanii eioi?ie o/ao iniaaiiinoae
ciiiiai niaeo?a iineoaeae e caaeneiinoe b(T) a oaeeo?a iicaieyao
iauynieoue aeaieioth oaiia?aoo?ioth eiaa?neth eiyooeoeeaioa Oieea a
aeaiiii iaoa?eaea.

Iieacaii, /oi i?ioeannu naiii?aaiecaoeee nouanoaaiii caaenyo io
iee?ineiie/aneeo naienoa enneaaeoaiiai iieoi?iaiaeieea e iiaoo
oi?aaeyoueny iooai eciaiaiey oaiia?aoo?u e eiioeaio?aoeee eaae?othuae
i?eiane. ?ann/eoaiu a?aie/iua cia/aiey iiey e oaiia?aoo?u, eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeytho e?eoa?ee aicieeiiaaiey naiii?aaiecaoeee a oaeeo?a a iaeanoe
aeiiey?iie i?iaiaeeiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaeeo?, aiecio?iiey e iaia?aaiee/iinoue
yia?aaoe/aneiai niaeo?a iineoaeae ca?yaea, oa?iiaeeiaie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee, aaeainey, aeiiey?iay i?iaiaeeiinoue, ae?aeoiaay
iiaeaeaeiinoue, yooaeo Oieea, naiii?aaiecaoeey.

Rozhdestvens’ka M.G. Thermodynamic characteristics, kinetic properties
and self-organization criteria of the carriers in tellurium in bipolar
conductivity case. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree by speciality 01.04.10 – Physics of
Semiconductors and Dielectrics. – Chernivtsi State University,
Chernivtsy, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to determination of paculiarities influence of
the carriers energy dispersion laws in tellurium on their thermodynamic
characteristics and kinetic properties. It was shown that anisotropy and
nonparabolicity of the energy spectrum of electrons and holes make
possible to explain p-type conductivity of tellurium. Unharmonicity of
the lattice oscillations and vacancies formation process influence
substantially on the thermodynamic characteristics in bipolar
conductivity interval. Expressions for drift mobility tensor components
of the high valence band holes and two lower conductivity bands
electrons were obtained for tellurium on the base of microscopic theory
in the case of their acoustical, optical phonons and vacancies
scattering. Complicated changes of the predominated carriers scattering
mechanizms in tellirium cause nonlinear drift mobilities temperature
dependence of the electrons and holes. This makes possible to explain
double Hall’s coefficient inversion in tellurim.

Self-organization processes depend substantially on the microscopic
properties of the semiconductor under investigation and can be
controlled by varying temperature or dopant concentration.

Key words: tellurium, anisotropy and nonparabolicity of the carriers
energy spectrum, thermodynamic characteristics, vacancy, bipolar
conductivity, drift mobility, Hall’s effect, self-organization.

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